Newspaper Page Text
VOL. uI.] WINN8BORO, S. 0 * P66. 122
I, t*UB.idurBD EVEaR - TNDs..Tas.
JDAr AND SATURDArr
S aillard, Desportes & Co.
t Wininsboro,' S. C., at $6.00 per an
num, in advance..
riE FAIRFIELJ UMBAL0,
PPNBLIeM$U - -VZRT WEDISDAT MORN
P* 1 $8-Q0 PER ANNUM.
Th"a1bjeon.4jRqG tIes 6014n the hoodon
P64 l1 QOtk. #(WiUt e teMd With
The .*tton famine is now over. supply
-1d aonsamption are fat reuig li the
it,ion they occupied before she great
itigeet cansed by the American evil
* sat w eiled such ser. suffering ap9n our
artiidne, and such heavy lossee upog our
that anufactures; the aggregate amount
of our I ports has grown to be as large as
brer, a e ory 66 ites are tending rapidly
toward an approach at least of their former
level. it Id d fittg tiue, therefore to takei
a sort of bird's eye vie of the terAble dis.
turbance, dd to foriV Lott cone6ption of
the consequenes *111 are likely to re
main after the storni tlidt owept over our
stapla industri shalt have oWegether sub
Ih 1860, odr oottoti -Iitupd, iad oire odn
sumption of.the raw Matiridl, reached the
highest figure they have ever attained. T d
tbtal supply Was 8,867,000 bales,- and X
weekl consumption was, ot seemed to be,
.60, .bales. This year, if the prop on
of the fires eight months are prese till
titeend of Deoember, the importtus will
amount to up*ard of 4,400,000.a
t0e wee ly 06s;ii tion to aboft 48,0W
bae. We have received iore than
thre4 MIllIon of bale.. But t*o remarka
ble diteveso ae.to. be noted6 vis: the
souroes from which We ob e our sup
plies, and the prices a pay .them. Let
us look at these in tgrn.
Previous to the ar, the UnIted States
habitually furnish abeut 76 per sent. of
our entire importato. In 1869 and 1860
t hey seat us 4,660.000 bales ont of 6,194..
000. In 1802 t it us only*a per ox.-t.
of our supply. V , thus far, they have
sont~ps only cne ilon out of three, or
about 80 per cent . 29 yest, of 6ourse,
their proportion Wbe far larger.- As so'o#
as it became cleaf hat some years must
elapse before the' 4otton atop of AmeMU
could.resme itild position qad efifi,
the whole world was ransacked for l " rti.
- o10, and every count that PMtMcotton
in reased it0 pro au o f as ",. a
his. India, thaA used to ,sia.*004
bales a year, has sent oh erge M#" 00
000 hince the war this will
* have forwarded 1,7 000 or 1,80000)
least. In the same manner Egypt and,Bra
iU respectively trebled their produotion,
and -last year supplied J80,00 bales be.
'twean them. This year we E ptian crop
fAlled to.a onsiderable estant, bUt the fa4i.
*sure It not expected to be more than terpo.
-ary. Besides these so'e of supply the
West Indie, Turkey ang. Ohioa t6ads great
Vvertions to Meet our "end, and their
-aontributions f a.*hile were by no 016ns
-despicable. TM it will be seen tjMt. we
*ere fast beconAng, as far as mere 46ality
was concerned, olermbiy independa of the
United tates. But this ioependoe did
not exteid eitl4r to quality 6r prilde. No
4ther Country was able to tarnish so pre.
6isely the sort of eotton ould fhuish the.
right quality at so low 0 rate. The Eapt
India articles was Cheaper, but nferiot, the
V 1gyPtIan *as 16nfi and stroger, but cat
'49re, and Was infM is
he evor aey $ e .
arutopte reu ada p ulamejto
Ipric a hav oetr, n wotto
since 1860. or a' long ters of years
niddling Orleans (American) sed to be
*rohased at 6d, per lb., and Middling Purat
(ast Indian) at Ldper-ib. .Ys this range
Te ideas and habits oftcoesumeurs' had ao.,
Eustomned tib4mselves, and it6 was' no easy
it,r to pceuade thae that any higher
e doldeeo be general #a long stained.
Bu during the soereet .pressa* of the
sor aely, 1868-, tho 4etnmen.
r y d .p fa.ed th
- l ebi o far subsid
e bat Oreans cotton *.~ quotedl at 11d.,
6Wd the guaratal8d. .it Is eW( to conceive
the disturbance 'and confission created in
the minds of boltbuyers and sellers by
d1U6. fiuetnatiess as well as tl A~arm and
-d(itres they cauused teo aV u ate con.
, f tematfs tuW f1o. .
We*eilestion.fr .thes fbrde4ed, in
ag*tmasee' the otV, on tor
V*om~l ebv,, mn b
e su w,er,Rte,e
~ se-a leas . hing ; ee.
Stte etawa~ in
ligence, boundless water faoilities for-trens.
port, and unlimited supply of labor, have
been able to surpass -and nearly drive awa
all competitors, and to produce a good -
ole cheaper tha an y other country.
Speaking roughly, we may say that before
the war we only bought Indi4a ootton be.
cause it was oheaper than Orleans, and
Egyptian or Brasil because we want4d that
special quality forspecial purposes, and be
4ause the UnI&A States could not send gs
quiteas much as we required. But negro
labor in the oottob States will be neither as
cheap; sa abundant, nor as reliably at com.
mond as It used to be; probably years may
elapse before the American crop attains its
former dimensions, and it can never, in all
likelihood, be grown at its former cost. We
must, perhaps, iever look-certainly not
for a long period-to have middling Orleans
sold in Liverpool, as it has been, at 4d. per
pound, with a handsome profit on the trans.
But we have no idea that either Egypt or
India will at any time be able to grow cotton
as uocessfull- or economically as the Uni.
ted gtates, and the result which all oonsid.
oratk.. point to as the most probable we
appreM to be this: The A"a supply
will, ft9rVy year, constitute a ter Pro
t on 9& tela Importation, 99 In former
tmes f t still rewIs a conside.
rable 'argin of6t, *hiolf Aast be sup
pliqd om-the 614 46u'f.s; and as prices
will imain permaztn" highei this mar
gin OfRl be relatively gher than it, used to
.be, dMnce it Is evident that India ili be ablp
and tII be Induced to send us 4' e t
number of bales when the avarag i of
Surat is 6d. than when It was 8. d* 4. per
p'ound. There will- wo ' tsbijabl9
ways be sols and ta, In jgypl,
Brasil and Hindo , on whie a cotton
crop will then any other, eien if
(t-do notyie dIs lrg a pztz? as is reaped
'y the Ameriean proucer. t Is danke'us
9P prophooy In such mattis g but as far as
the data or thepas are a guide to the fu
ture,. we shall probably 6 b'e far wrong if
we prognostIoat th6ourse of two
or three yr we8 hav, setted down
into a o 6e of in thea1tAd
.4e5 w 12ruis t 65 owEs per e"
of ow bisJjsfi
somewhere 'i II. or 0O 1 es
Iteawtd1' 4 is a Zatt7t for e ee7n.
gratulaton that ode crisis,pf manufatuking
distress is past; al ftories ae again
fully at work aikelv Iremain'lo i and
that th'e whole or dur opffative pbulation
is oneoe tlzploye4, 'nd e oyed at
even Ver wages than &retofore. It is
grat ,too torecolleA that dn'ring the
four M ItA 'years tht we hAd to en.
oun,er, whe' nearly a 411ilon of people
were more or less depentlent upon charita
ble aid, not $single erson is nown to
have perishedfrom wt; .and thaV we tra
versed a protritoted. peflod of unp9ralled in
dustrial disoruanisdtidh with les#rmanent
mishkr of either a Inoral ot soeM oharao
ter thW any one believed possiff. There
was wide.spread ruin among capitalists ;
therb ias sad impoverishmedti and bitter
distreet among the laboring. poor; there
was $%,ere pressure of many stt among all
oYasei but through the Whofe period she'a -
was 400coly a single attemp Pt riot -then
was ittle drunkenness and still less rime,
while the feeling between employers ad
employed, though for from pefet, still was
softened rather than- embtered br the
TaE MoI2Ld'iHZPED1tfoN 'o. CUBA.
"Copying whA the Northern papers
any of the "ghts of Arabia" and
their epditiq* to Cuba, the Mobile
e doul 16ow miuch about the expe-'
ditions which' are to sail from New York.
and New Orleans, but that which is to
sail from this port- is now about ready'
to start. The fleet, tow lying at csnob
or in a frog Pond, near the mouth of Dog
River, is a,h p 'fortnidable one, con
sisting aq atroe of no less than two'
rash tuba anda slop bucket, each arm
ed.with rided brickbats and a aouble
barrelled otstalk. It - is confidently
b4ieved thIt 9e expedtiofh will sail ad'
msn's,he olaanding oicer cen gqh#
his shirt helnesqe this waMher weisan'e,
Leg, the Qtaen of the Antiles 5 rea
AsusWard, in oqe of his letters
to plits of he -Traitors'' Gate
at the 'towetwhioh, begn..a large
enete to~aqwesnty traitors .abte.es,
gpadta'"'rters,I triIl here ro
)~Ar,6i'forwis olass .o peoplb,
wasnth. ..1eidn'tbe tritters
t y --belgo 'h
ati 'tti h
Sadm iary isa
The h1wh he e
14v. J. G. so*, o th 1
maby months fn prison. .
most Intelligent Idd be uiV
knofnt and We shAll be deltbi
promised book. We are egre
wo n it will be sq tae s a.
g9te. We recol'est perfetly t0
he het. relates--aid daany
which we hope he will'gi*g:
Messr. dtors;:-- I see that saA
tion has been formed in the Norm " $e
lead of GeneralSAreighi, the .oh
of men who were In the I , o
during the war.. nd who style-,
6.survivore of re6be rar
of the organizatibn Is to
a history of that rebel bdir
Permit we, through your a s
nish.ose ohapter.for them.
White Gen. 8tteight wasa
South. he, with some of his a
reaged a plan Se'eeaps. This
known to the mothirlUss.
means to frstraie It.
Thq weet permitted to
pa, guaards were soetoi!e s.
tereopt thei t :-vseq t,
plqked' themi a -44
NoW a plotate * h eth~
mark the -esa&.
met at Coosp UWO*,
were made t Of
fence. These were
One night a tuw #
pleted, ahd a aftest
Their absenoe vaqp
next mornIng, a 4 ton"
tunnel wa found.
The Yankees, Io
tra guards were
to arrest and ret"t to
*ith StrEigbt d di
shoot the"itt Aft06
WSWt Ast t Uent4.s ad wa
dhediately killed. -A seen'Ta' the sh
were fired the offV ase
dft6nd Dto Bed, I believe
ra dowh to the buildSe whisk te.
donet wa's dag d e shots:sAo
1ge house, whi 'oentallsd ethree b4n.
fted men. 8tn to -sW eone was
struck. He takneed h dead.
4t the murd man. sdying SYes, daii
ou, you thoit'glit 6 d4 were trump. b1;
t: held higher .1 I
Atiotboe idbuman wreto Usaed 0l0' a
surgeon in the' hus'who. -iled- d re
oebels by hiWnnfeelig aegIeos and bar 1.
tY than h oFuld:baedoAe 'h4 h6. b ia
aetive ser*i& at the ront, 0ir.1' 1 1e
giet lat-t # man was hill* he
wished he beei shot I' 6b,* I _he
At a U000--es st 'a.sISnader, Wpm
youlynis i%MK oby
en guard. NeI"t se e
was a private, was made se t, at
In sharge of the diviMpn to- mar.
dered man had belonged.
These are but instanoes out of te long
list of manifbetatione of age elty
which will make up th Iof
Work which - I will ere
"Prison Lufe at Catmp . ad For t.'
emle College, a' l A%Wt4.
INT~K~ICnNd To 4wAs5paJugt?
laytoin, o MissIsipi an ex.
ohhn fdil#htld t I d oe r
dge Wa4%, atch and a vaid te i,
stopping iiitittj when nd. . Tiat
ti9 Act of COnreu Wflking sach' .otes
a legal tonder was 'Constitationwl,. anM
that the poer to Idoak .nowts 0d
lived hem wa 'M-4eIf h ,.0Qov.
4..Uent. I Ih ts ,l
pisaiop.96 tJWtatuwd16- in
rikg the. iWa1 fad oonMstuteoskely ,a~
iii, and that .:i9 6q 4 e mjasined
to, recoQV pu a. w the. oId
, uwin caemaenthe Preodent.
A*"r &alb bb" said.lately by
0h A ".t?p o iachment of
Oh. s, le following well.
-' vlson the spbject are from
xr :P *vE,p Journal, a Repub
ie .of ablity r
Uptohnsfnt was ordered, it
V1d no .srOlY the ttial of Andrew
$o114"Oot also the arhsignment of'
",r,,M. represents a ver eat and
Se 1ingly active minority (a large
SObnrity,uoontig the South b,) of the
uiesa popl.. That peracceptq
4awest as its leader and e*nent.
his plicy with enero ai
. io.. It' efen'de, upon O
i'l.'tUtional grounds, the vry
Wcsudhieh Are relied upon to justify th6
60e-;ofarraigmet. It says that
twithdr4w this power
."ave would, in itself be
W*f. We cannot doubt that, if
iseachinent were to bi r*
"4 De ocric* would d
PUbeen plaoe4at tbebar
W.Mthe ju6"ueent as the
Aul 4M nd d t
W06s wooldbe I n- t likly,Wi the
elsised e pfthe publio mind, qortain
4 ' the 0onditibit of
4 WdWeUWn juriadietion is-donied,
4e ousets, by svorol 'millions of
qexg1an19. , refused to obey
preoess. The. doglareii oqt
of he pfrsjets in the exercise
.*e. (ogre, then; topi.
GOer nieq -adertdk'e. t
W 4wrnao"I - to his aid
eanco;mFW end pro
. Wysectiot6 #f a countrr
not yet fuljy recovered ftom the delin,
tm of war. Parties are ideveloped in
h- town, city and 'hamlet, holding
sietedlyrto the aost Oronounced opin.
ions on ae side or tfe otheN and ready
to fight for thee opinions. A spatc
inight at aqy itoment.drap into such a
ranesin and 'hn-whait theq?. We
of th 6Nor.h 6 hardljf know *hat
civa Or. ipea as they Aave leaVned
it, oli have s6et street divided against
street, and family against family, law
obliters. -der destroyed, aivil secu.
$s'o erth0own, aqd neighbor arrayed
in diortal edlity against'veighbor."
A-SoqV . kaoa'f.--The Cinoidglatt
1.aing AWed Alabfta
-i4h Wea. ',her pnpers, theot6ills
lil Ob ue augignantly retorts
upon the fodSeet:
Thi* isgellerous. Ho* came Ala
baws *ith so many p Vpds? The
Gonperoi well knows l ti.y were
manufactured for 41er t Nowern
hordes who marched through her bor
dir, leaving long bladit trail of desola.
don behind them. B0 !use the people
of Alabama happened t4 believe with
th Declaration of Indpendence, that
when a form of govarnmedit becomes
ojress4 the people hve i right to
,,w it off their con.try ikb invaded,
MYh I 'sksghtered. tjie.women' in.
etflWy itee-red-and their whole,
Utid dev'astatQd. Their misfortunes and
iot their faulti have reduced them from
d noos t9 penury. * If they have not
Vo- "It'I beesa they have been rob.
the tma!s to make it. If their
Jaaae tunsulivated, it- is becahs'd'
their 16%se ere isken to build4cb'
Brq. their horses and miules stoIe -tliair
a coultdral i nfleitvtnt* dentroe with
jteus andblism, and tJisk lAs laid
SYet those *eio lIbit.d these
iIi*eet1tuois tanu' ' dNop whoni
dJ4 h~ rdI(nd'. wihIf eiGy
"Zi###Gen, Sherman wI1 ehprtly
n ken conductbd
rditar' aderutissnte, 00upylat' not
than*ten lines. (one square,) will bt
Inserted lio T14 .NZWd at $1.00 for the'
Ant is#0ion ad Id it for e4h Iub
- Laerdverti4AAs? i'hes.:-$6 tai
y mnadze, ui b ~. hink ropor,.
.. iosn*Oaig ae 6 is $ f &&ol
f p*ot, hobor.or tust *10.00,
Iser8ge, Obituary Notioes, &., will be
charged the same as advertlsement, when
.over Ien lines, and must be. 0i4 for whed
banded In, or they'will not appear.
Gov. JRW]UNS QN THIE AMENDMENT.'
-n his' message, Gov. Jenkins, of
Georgia, discisses the' constitutionai
amendment. Of the third and most obt
jectional claise, lie says:
The objection now utged against*the
4mendment is; that it 4il fall- upon citi.
zens ihlbiiing' one lattitude like an
hyalanche fiom. iti mountjun speyob,
crushing where it settles; .whilst upon
those of a"other .lattiude it will alight,
ur4It, like a 'feither floating i still
The third sectiott' etgtafte upbb tfig
fundamental law' a'tipw disqualification'.
for office, State and Federal-L-a disquali.
fic%tion not the resilt of any act to be
done after tho aao ii6h of the anieid
ment, but consum&ated before its' con
ceptiot,. - The act entdiling disqualifiea
tion for office oni'ts in haviii, hereto.
fore taken an path to supp6A loni'.
tation. o"e United Stated, ;afd Wa1in
thereafter Tngag6d iN r6blliW 60 i%sur
rection against the same, or !1hAving
gven aid and comfoit to the eiiemies
he*ef.". Consid6ring the number of
our ci.ides who have taken the oath
mher tbp oircuimstaaoes set forth, the
number peisonally shgaged in the war,
ai the breadth of ground covered by
tbe -words "giving aid and ' comfort
thereof*" we can readily peceve the
sweeping character of the disqualida
tign. It Is as proscriptive as it the per.
eons to be afected.liad been scertained
and their names inserted.
Let it -be tioted, also, that the pro-.:
sptibe4 are all dwellere.ou one side of
aestain eograhicql line, whilst the'
'uthors of the proscription have' theif
Iba h"abitetinon nthe other sida.
It is qt te matkable, mor4oter, that
there is in the entire section no saving
in favor of those who, in - the interval
qf the cesa ion of hbotilities and 1h'
Pardoned they may hiye bet bs die
franchised thpy will be.
You are isked to give ycur consent
that such a fate be visited upon ,many.
of yonr.best citizens, who bave long on
joyed the public confldenc, and some
of whom bow fill important public trusts.
Can Georgia spare all of thase from her
Tnit19IITEMENT ik BALTIMORE..
The Sun, of Friday, says:.
The GoVernor gives his opinion in
full in relition to the malfeasance of
office on th4 part of.the old Police Com
missioners, Ad completely justifies hin
self in appountifg new ones. He conq
clude. his decibton as fpltows:
The evide4Ie,I htl h s provebe
yond a doubt, t'hai thi. ~oliQe Cdnms
sioners have'vio1ated te l'a* O(td ren
dewed thomnfI1ves liable to the dharge of '
misconduct In omoie:
1. By d'reating or permittidIh to -grow
up under tlueIr eyes, and with their comn
plicit.y, s tiolent partisan' drganisation,
treatmil~l as disloyal who do fiot adopt
the views of the radical party.
9. By denying the right of thue.Gov.
owner to entertain jurisdiction of the'
charges of offcial mismconduct as prefer.
wed against said Commissioners.
. 8. By appointing to offce,-both as
jhdyse of election, special policemen~
and 6letka, exclusively from their own'
pafty i atY4 in many imatances mncompo
dhid itt some of the pirecincts of the"
S.<By delegating to tltV'd16Mshaland'
omeerem under hun the to apojint
special policetmen, w~~iL~ emselvea:*s K
ingniring into tignQall ictions o*'mordi
standing of sid offibbw,' huisateptint
to throw the .respaosibail j' of bdap
poinknehte, whdb: t4 -t
acpt, npoly thdiifcgh n
5. leiy sfe thej ha ion
to throw aside . ' he
ballots, dWd ia'ts to
their' .b. w to use
1hm i*&refuiieg to rmn) 4.e trowe
o ?rdo tannffeta M diuty."
very 'ahsoeofU ' festigatitri
alyows how utterly negafdless the to
lice' Commiissioners bay. bhen of theo r ?0