voij.U1.] WINNSBORO, Si 0 22
,n TR1IIBKLfYNB S,
I' I3.1E1 D EVERY TU3sDAY,..THugg.
DAr AND $ATUEDAY
#'dOaillard, Desportes & Co.
t Winstiboro,' 8. C., at $6.00 per an.'
num, in advance.
IE FAIRFIELD RAL0,
) JOL1,10PP- EVE Y WEDNEODAY i1045
.Ul' *. 9.-9 PEg ANNUM.
The u OqtielG 1 fos the London
Pall e#09. 4d 'Will be rvA With
intertst: , i
The .ottoo famine - is now over ; supply
tnd oonsanption are tNat resuming .he P.
bltion they occupied before the great do.
fndgelebt 9aised by the Atnerican civil
- at entailed such seter. suffering upon our
artlids, and such heavy losse upoi our
Inaltat manufactures; the aggregate amount
of ouri hports has grown to be as large as
ber, ari every ftices are tending rapidIf
toward an approach at least of their former
level. .I Id d ftttaig time, thetefore to take
a sort of bird'A eye vie* of the terAble dis
turbance, -*ud to fotft poMt conception of
the consequeno6s *1flo' are likely to re
main after the atorrd tilt swept over our
staple Industri shall have dNogether sub
In 1860, odr 04ttotidpVd, "An otir oena
sumption of the raw niatridl, reached the
highest fgure they have over attained. T 9
total supply Va's 8,807,000 bales, and 6
weekl consumpiIon was, ot seemed to 9,
.60, bales. This year, if the prop on
of the fire% Aght months are prese till
the.end of Decetaber, the import46lue will
amount to up*ird of 4400,000-Va and
e weekly oousumptkon to abot ,000
Already we have received &ore than
threi sillion of bales. But two remarka
ble direeoes ame to be not6ed0 via: the
sources flrom which we ob'ia our sup
plies, and the prices w pay kr.them. Lot
us look at these in tav.
Previous to te 'ar, the United States
habitually furnishe4 about 76 per ent. of
our entire importatfon. In 1859 and 1860
0hey sent us 4,660,000 bxlos out of 6,19..
000. In 1802 th us only 8 per ca4t.
of our supply. y. , thus far, t hey have
sent'ps only one~ ion out of three, or
about 80 per eni ext year, of course,
their proportion 4. b4far larger. As ao'o
as it became clea4 at some years must
elapse before the' 6otton otop of AnteAta
could.resume itiold position 4ad eei'af,,
the whole world was ransacked for t_ arti.
ale, and every ceuntry that prodMoeetton
Ingreased ite produation as m "S 4 pei.
ble, India, that used to . s
bales a year, has sent on w'mege 1,2A.
000 blnce the war begn a th7i w
have forwarded 1,700,000 or 1,.0,000.a
least. In the same manner Egypt and.Bra
1l respectively trebled their production,
and 'last "year supplied J80,00 bal be.
iween them. This year we Rgyptian cro
f4iled te. eonsiderable extent, but the fakl
Ure lit not expected to be more than tempo.
rary. Besides these sob' of supp1y the
West Indies, Turkey and Ohina made g t
eertions to meet our Aeoand, and their
-contributions f1 a.hile were by no ns
-despicable. T it will be seen tt we
*ere fast beconAng, as far as mere 4uallty
.was concerned, tolerably indendeA of the
United States. But this iWffpenM41ce did
not extefid eit'r to quality or prf6e. No
4ther country was able to ftrnish so pre.
6isely the sort of cotton sould farnish the.
right quality at so low a rate. The East.
India articles was cheaper, but Inferior, the
Egyptian .a ln and stroager, but coSt'
6gra, and *a iaier Inl .
- Baroely .ever Is6ny ofUs e.gee
Gumption have aase, stu- s h ed.
.to spobgroviousaed 1saimstadtio
nrfot as have ooot_ I rar.otton
since 1860. For a' long. series of years
guiddllog Orleans (Atneriean) need to be
*robased at tid..per lb., andi Middling Surat
uEat Indian) at 4. perv-b. Te thMs range
he ideas and habit, of eoehumera bad so.
dustomed themselves and it was ne easy
i.rto persuede t(o that any higher
des oold be general ut long suptained,
soareijy, 'nanely, in '1868.4, th! frst men.
tioned qaelty roa6bed 3OM. p , ,,,sd the
ed t.hat Orleans oot40p % .1taetotd af, 12d.,
- W'the uamt at 8d.. It is eawf to coneie
the disturbance and cotfiuion ereated in
the minds of bofth buyers and sellers by
el@h,*uetatini, as well aa .hM$~arm and
-dibtress they caused tota ate con.
af the mang'fe ctu te. in
. nausare th rte' lston for
a-b I, wh . 4 ' ehoawe.
9 9 n q ~ e to p s y
VzC t6 en n je ob.
tainas *0k as we e.;) y sitop'
ta at~t 4I IWfA susp.
'lon will seo er
tain-st -leas6 es ~ perIsnee
e It. to th1%dro~,ie4~q otdthe
a Se&tate. t ,alw a.1i I~be I,-h
to ~r~ea qui d6tI e be
ligence, boundless water facilities for trans.
port, and unlimited supply of labor, have
en able tO surpass 'ad nearly drive awa
all competitors, and to produce a good art
ole cheapr than any other country.
Speaking roughly, we may say that before
the war we only bought Indi-a cotton be
cause it was cheaper than Orleans, and
Bgyptian or Brazil because we wanted that
special quality forspecial purposes, and be
qause the Unitu States could not send as
quits.s much is we required. But negro
labor in the oottoh States will be neither as
cheap; as abundant, nor an reliably at com
moond as It usqd to be; probably years may
elapse before the American crop attains its
former dimensions, and it can never, in all
likelihood, be grown at its former cost. We
must, perhaps, fiever look-certainly not
for a long period-to have middling Orleans
sold in Liverpool, as it has been, at 44. per
pound, with a handsome profit on the transe
But we have no idea that either Egypt or
India will at any time be able to grow cotton
as suooessfiull. or economically as the Uni
ted 6tates, and the result whlch all oonsid
eratfops point to as the most . probable we
appredtf to be this: The Amoren supply
wili, # iy year, constitute a 101ter porw
tion dt 9&tolal importation, to in former
tiaes, Wf.t ther *1still reaift a conside.
rable argin of , whiof dist be sup
plig1 om-the 6d Au'o4s; and as prices
will tinan perm'ent highetj this mar
gin Oil he relatively hgher than it used to
be, fice it is evident that India fill be abp
and #ill be Induced to sed us A ter
numlier of bales when the avag pri of
Surat is Od. than when It was . Ot 44. per
p'ound. There will- moreot, al.
ways be soils and te, in .Egypt,
Brasl and Hindo' ' t, on wh ,0 a cotton
crop will payJ')terthan any other, eiren if
o notye Q large x p6f as is reapoil
the Amerian produoer. Is dankerous
to prophecy in such matt*fs; but as far as
the data of the past are a guide to the fu
ture,. we shall probably 6et bl' far wrong if
we prognostloato tha, Jd.the course of two
or thee years we hif hai settled down
into apositong oaft in 4 theUMited
States will f s *%a 66 o. 60 pee eet
of our loss *#oh*e willtrags
somewhere or luct.PPpsmad 0r
"" ka en 4 pti4ta SW
3teanuthl, it is a spatte fo'4lue4 'con.
gratulation that ode crisis of manufacturing
distress is past; t al i.otories ae agaiA
fully at work a skely emain to ; and
that the whole of Mir oplrative po ulation
Is one ore ;iployed, and eonoyed at
even Aher wages than Rretofore. It is
grat , too to recolleit that dn'ring the
four o mito years th%t we h,A to on.
counter, wheit nearly a $ilion of people
were more or less depentlent upon haerita
ble aid, not mingle erson is 1own to
have perIshd from w4t; -and th&V we tra.
versed a protrictcld. peilod of unptiralled In.
dustrial disortanisitidh with less rmaneant
misohhr of either a tneral t soci harac
tor thi any one believed poselVffe. There
was wIde.spread ruin among eapitalists;
therb ias sad Impoverishmedli and bitter
distred among the laboring. poor; there
was 1Vere pressure of many eos among all
elauddl but through the -whoTe period the%*
was sAroely a single attempt at riot; .thre
was little dmaukenness and still less crime,
while the feeling between' employers ani
employed, though far from eqlto, still was
softened rather than: emutored by the
TUR MOnIAK'P-xUDrIoN ro CUBA.
-Copytng whft the Northern papers
say of the '"ghts of Arabia" and
their expoditi* to Cubs, the Mobile
We doni how much about the expe
ditions which'are to'sRil from New York.
and New Orl%ans, but that which is to
sail from th)is port. is now about ready'
to start. The fleet, now lying wt anch:
or in a frog pond near the mouth of Dog'
River, o -formidable one, con
sisting as it des of no less than two'
yrash tubs sinda slop bucket, each arm.
ed with riled bricbats and a double
barrelled oretalk. It - is confdently
believed thit the expeditioh will sail awt
snos'astho otwnlnding oMee en g1!
his shirt bhone hom the whsher woana's,
Lot- the Queen of the Antilles trem.
Autemus Ward, in ozne othis letters
to Aeks~ pens of the .'lraitors'" Gaits
at the Towe which, );cesy7.. is large
enough ta1d twenty t,raitor. .abie.et,
andadde;"Trters,' 'l*ntl here re.
tr an opforni claes of peopls.
*nu eth.yfeuuln't be trnitera
i DUst''5 ~ up a' #ountvy
U&ome tekhlwtb They
her-a tltey,. becontS' datsWseeA
SlI lsqo T? *ute*w lIoy?3qm
h ist 'I.th
ar9#s . Yhe1a" Des!W4.r
The fb roowb h
bona., I,-is i,enfrth
Rev. J. 0. son, ith *hom W
miby months to prison. . se
most iatelligont eddbet"m -jp
knon, and we shall be delit
promised book, We are sore
word In it will be asq te as .rb"
quete. We recol'set porfecty
he hate relatee-ahddany
which we he he will' e:
Messrs. 7tors.- I se that e su,
tion has been formed In the Noroh
lead of General Streight, the er,
of men who were in the 8Ns
during the war, and who 1t7. -
"Asurvivors of rebel bwbart
of the organization is to eolleoi
a history of that rebel bsr
Permit me, through your
nish.one chapter.for them.
While OC. 8teight wasa
South. he, with some of hiso
raged a plan fer"esep. This
knowa to the sath4ritlss
means to frustrate it.
They wefe pemitted to
plan, but puar4 *er$ e al--A il.
terdep them t i
plqkd 'theta sap
No* a plotate *4 oth4i'
mark the aesifto.i
niout at Camp 16011016. .qIuI
were made by UWh
diggipg tunsl, ex,
fenoe. These were te
One night a tu
pleted, abd a mate .
Their abeenoe W6 Pe
next morning, a w etbe
tunnel was found.
The Yankees, hofes a
tra guards were
to arrest and ret&lw'
with Streight d t
shoot the Ast t1 h1.
'A yoaug Miso*v1W. _
wac the first to veator46% sedavai
mediately killed. - As' seen n'a the shots
wer fired the ofitrzot , -
d'med Datch end, nateo 0 I believe
rft down to the buldk ft whish the
tdanel was dugand AM a shots -Ino
1a house, whlCn'oontained a ltthree btn
fted men. 8 t 'to . MW4i, one was
struck. He t nno49ed 0i dead beq
dt the murdeid man. s4yngriYes, daut
u ou thotgt Sadf were Srump.-. bls
Another i4buman wroh sftaed Col ' a
surgeon in t%e has tal, who -illed ro
rebels b hi-unfe g negleo and bar .
ty than 1 iuld.hae- done had be. be In
active serwi& at the ftont, ex o re
giet, that'th% man was kilo!7 he
wishehe*d bee" ehot th* t-f he
might ave'xw the eth itog
At an time ee UsW;aa was
foully mr 1* 6014 I: by 4L"06401
on guard. Next mo *al fthe tn W
was a pVat4, was made S. put
in charge of the division to mur.
dered man had belongd.
These are but instano'e out of tse long
list of maniftetations of $&Tos druelty
which will make up tho &of
work which -Iill= aI&re'
"Prison. Life at Cam eosad Ironrt4.
aro.." S . Ws
iemale College, Hu4tvlle, Ata., Ot4
-INTERATif TO AWflS0.4ndg
olayton, of' MissI pit- a. y an ex.
dhao ,- dadthly hg1d that le t' dor
dOtes We'6, buch and a id te .
stopping itteret, when toade, Tat
tie Act of COngrevs taking such' notes
a legal tender ivas 'constitutiona,. and
that the po*er to ideoa*.nowes io d
vived from :WAr'e* f to e .,Gov.
mrment, ~a41ht4th% thg ,gg.
pb:4sion of tin'etatutdneV - li gan
riIg Uhe. v'al as congtitutional ead war
ill, and that no eviL can ' e rasiamlained
to recov.or ou a ut(# -she oqq14rat n~
for which *s -~fd~. may or
oa eny est be atid f,#9
onIt anote v~
-ikblnborso 0 dIagen
sad. - .
A& deate hWeb said.l4tely by
skohe ak*Uthe. ipeoOaChment of
. PL. The following well.
."eTvswon the spbject are from
be A EvD ngft qournal, a Rep,ub
Jie of ability r
'i'.. W peaekwont was ordered, it
*ould not Mperel thestial of Andrew
also I* arihignment of a
part,~ ~ represents a ve eat and
ex insy active minority a large
ima tity, counting the Southhn,) of the
rAica people.. That partacceptq
Rpst as its leader and efonent.
t_ltaP , his polie with eneti t
inat:en.. It 1efenls, upon *fit
S lo~ ikstittional grounds, the very
0siwh Are relied upon to justify th4
boI- ofarraignmeat.. It says that
a i"hfto with4rqw this power
the ve would, in itself, be
woe. Wo cannot doubt that, if
bf iifieachinent were tobe pre
IMsW4 he Defocracy would sidr
%WAi*4V4been placed at the. bar
0 agl the ju4gmeut as the
tton one pasty against thi
a iWould 04nd iW t d
F hOjAt rr%ig ehoWidTWAdt16S
Voks would bo nat Ikely, ioth
'esd 404 of the publio mind. ertain
-diila thie 4onditi6h. of
Ief fisgistrate condemned
)OV"ewlse Juridiction * is denied,
the. 6utke by- s9vorli million of
"a jS ' Perefuses to obey
doglares' hiis o4t
i. he prjals ih the exerciis
of fe. ongiesi, then, tepts.
~iiw Govrament, undertakee to~
%ft j esmons - tq his aid
14ihe cacomOmWnd d pre
eduyestin f o ce.
plot yet fu Y recovered fyom the delin,
bm of war. Parties are idoveloped in
each- town, city 'and * hamlet, holding
Otaitedly to the most Oronounced opin
ions on bne side or the othe%e and read
-to fight -for thde opinions. A spar
tnight at aqy *koment drdp into such a
nagaip, and 'hen-whit thep ?. We
i orh 4 hardly know *hat
civj #r. rpea as they tave leaVned
itk Wl% have set street divided against
street, and- family against famil, law
oblitera -dder destroyed, oivi secu.
W- kfrthown, aqd neihbor arr'yed
in dhortal ednity against'neighbor."
A Qos. 1kToz1.-The CinaiAglati
mM' having k&unted Alabha
*ith miWeA her)p*npers, the t6ills.
Jille OWrW th'a intdignantly retorts
upon the fodisheet
Thii is eierous. go* came Ala
bans with so, many p 9 ? The
Comuraial well knows tII .y were
Manufactured for her by th Northe
hordes who marched through her bor
derv, leaving long blael trailb of desola
tIon behind them. Bause the people
of Alabama hsppened t, believe with
the Declaration of Indipendence, that
when a form of governmedt becomes
o PresidWe the peqple hive 4 right to
t * w it of, their com.try wkt invaded,
kl"go'skpghtered. t 'eir women' in
we WIVIV l.oses4red,and their whole
und deastatWd. Their misfortones and
flnt their fault have reduced them from
4019"noe to penury. If they have not
I ,Widt'is beftsa they have been rob.
othe 'insto make it. If their
ads.re nentivaed,it. is becibad'
their fbmloe were taken to build cabip
Aree, their houses and mules atote4-thir
aricultusral inipletmants dstrofed with
*uthless vandalism, and theh ifdsd laid
urseYet those whlo idit.d these
dptdpidne poiw ta ~ gho.e whoms
44'rdlsed. w -thef 'pernury.
TMWLGen. Sherman ,iI. rtl1
reidte' sut n to m V es
ddIit,'wh.en he 3ztse rn~l
uefalsd on~k a org
Ibs p t uhanu4 *ich
iry adtisoaft, ooeupylag to
lore than'ten lines, (one square,) will b6
inserted ii TIB NBWO !4 $1.00 for the'
n d ih fe "fi iub.
Larder advertI's4: edds~ 'Shen A6 0tit9aci
made, wifl iP 6 in Ce941 ropor
f piot, hobor oorjtust, 10.00,
Nieriage, Obituary Notices, &c., will be'
Dharged the same as a4vertlsaments, whei
aver en lines, and must be, 00d for whed
handed In, or they will not appear.
Gov. JENNis QN TIE AMENDMENT.
-n his ' message, Goi. Jenkins, o(,
Gleorgia, discisses the' constitutional'
amendment. Of the third and most obs
jectional clause, lie says:
The objection now urged against' the'
imendment is; that it %ill fall upon 'citi.
rens ihhabiings one lattitude like an
ITalanche f.lom. iti mountain ,perch,
orushing where it settles; .whilst Upoll
6hooe of aother . lattiude it will alight,
ult, like a 'feither floating in "still
The third sectiott eftgRaft upot t66'
Fundamental law a'tw disqualification'
For office, State and dderal-ia disquali.
icotion not the resilt of any act to be
lone after tho ado fiti .f the amerid-'
ment, but consum&ated before its! con
eption. The act entdiliti diequalifica.
tion for office poni'ti in ha'iig hereto.
Fore taken an path to suppr' i Cortpi'
ttion ofhe United StateP;-aAd''aving
thereafter engag6'd i r6blli61' i Yisur
rection against the same, or 'having'
iven aid and comfoit to the enemies
Mhegef.". Considering the number of
)ur citieas who have taken the oath
rhder the circumstauces set forth,* the'
riber peisonally engaged in the war,'
ti the breadth of ground covered by
he - words "giving aid and * comfort'
hieeof;" we can readily perelve the
i eepiog character of. the disqualiaca
.n. It is as procriptive,as if the per-f
tons to be afrected bad been scertained
md their names inserted.
Let it be ioted, also, that the pro-'.
optibed are all dwellers.ou one side of
4 certain geograical line, whilst the'.
ithors of the proscription have' theit
oal habUitation on the other side.
It is quitp femarkable, motover, that
here is in the entire section no saving
a favor of those who, in . the interval
;f the ceaion of histilities and #.h1'
Idopqff aiondment. may - had
Pardoned they may haye b'edt, b411ie
ranchised th#y' will be.'
You are iisked to give, ycur consent
:hat such' a fate be visited upon many
>f your best citizens, who have long on
oyed the public confidence, and some
)f whom now fill important public trusts.
"an Georgia spare all of tha,e from her
Tni PxlTiENT IN BALTIMon.
rho Sun, of Friday, says:.
The GoVernor gives his opinion in
Full in relition to the malfeasance of
Dffice on thi part of.ithe old Police Com
missioners, Ad completely justifies hin.
telf in apponiting new ones. He con'
oludes his decibnon as follows:
The evided1'e,i tige - ae proy(s'be
yond a doubt' that thio. ~olice Cdmmis
nioners have'violated te rase dad ren.
dered themfelves liable to tho 'dharge of
misconduct In offie:.
1. By di-eating or permitt,it4t to -grow
up uinder their eyes. and with their om.
plicity, d' iolent partisani' drganisation'
treanfll as disloyal who do iot adopt
the views of' the radical perty.
9. By dlenying the right of the,Gov-'
ernor to entertain jurisdiction -'of the
charges of rficial misconduct as prefer.
red against said Commissioners.'
8 . By appointing to office, 'both an'
Flhdges of election, special policemen'
and 6letke, exclusively from their own"
patty s au'J in many instances incompe
tt, ibd ift some of the Virecincts of the'
re diuable charactern, dh4 denying
dppoltments to a;ny other cefh of our'
-4. -By delegating to thWd' rish~al1 and'
offloen, under him the pWi,to appoiunt,
special policemen, w .jbd hemselvest
inquiring into tlie gna iiations or 'moral
standing of said ofBbdisi,'thaus sittempti nt
to throw the respofasibilky - of bad ap
pintiants, wIhidhtle reigi to
accept, upor tiaiimibrna
to throw'aid~ thdbie' 't'V e
ballots, udi~vidgtlin dd'&d~vd e to
their o i ItiV 4i14M the.law to use
th to,lreiing to r,nmo them tros
o edomaifst a q v '" of duty.
shows how utterly riega,edless the Po
lice' Commissionere have boon' of theie
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