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The tri-weekly news. (Winnsboro, S.C.) 1865-1876, November 15, 1866, Image 1

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VU .. II] wINNI RO,S.C., T HU RSDAT, *OVEMBER 15, 1866. 125
TIlE T I-1VIMYEWR,
j L'UIILISIIED EVRtY TUESDAY, T tIURts
DAY ANAD S.,TURD.%,I
I'v Gaillard, Desportes & Co.
I t Winusboro,' S. C., at $6.00 per tln.
nttn, in advance.
liME FAIFIELD' HERALD,
I tini.IS.0ED EVERY WEI)NESDAY DOltN
ING, A-r 3.00 PERl ANNUM.
[From the New Orleans Picayune.]
Let Me Sing a Song of the Olden Time,
Let tme sing a song of the olden tilme,
Let. me dream a dream of the paet.
Whie the stars gleam bright in their gold
en light,
And the night sdles are galtering fast.
I would wreat he a chaplet of eypress leaves,
And gem it withit cypress flower,
And crown the grave where the wild flow
ers waye,
O'er the friend of mny happier hours,
I not asd to night, Ihlough the stars are
brighl,
Atul my ceiek.s have lost Iheir hue -
lor hieniory bri%gs-n In her ren wingls
Sad dreamis ot'tiy'fallen true.
Sad echoes nre floatintg upon Ithe nir,
The v'it-I is sobbing iloud,
Aud thie tiisy ap1 violet blou1oi.ig sweet,
Aro imy bIravae soldier's only shroud,
ht I'll ringg a song of the olden time,
I"II dream a dream of t he past
VIi ilet It stars are bright, in their golden
light,
And Ilty tcr.;sy are falling faQt..
ct:'.. efNew Orleans, La.
[Prom the Anti-SlaveryStandard.]
Wondoll Plhillips en Grant and Sherman,
'"'I'ie l'ay has gone hy," said a frienl,
'"'when it man ca:l ,e Pre" sident of the Uni
.el Stat: Iterely bhenttse lie keep" his miott:I
bt111." No liying again a --,ig in pokoi
'here is a retteeere which hidet s n o hinl .
.ness. Surely that is no gtaltiahmtin for
ri'sponsible ofliee. '''here is a re etience
whil hides somthing W witisi to know
WhItt that soietliig is before wte truf-t s'lIt
i'eticenco tech 1 ower.
ifGeneral >tranut's friends mean t o a'k
Ithe country's support of hlimr as P'residlet,
Ihey must allow Vs at least al mn masl,
wear the tntifort of one party or the o,ther.
This Genet a Grualt deelinee to d1o. I lien,
like all neutrals, he mnust. be y'trehesl and
prev:tited trout wirchief, bitt never tCustd.
Tills o.cohltt werettik, judginlg kimenly
by his words or lack of words: When we
como t'o aclions. he lots himiself' ha the tool
of the reaction. Alike from the dities
which li neglects aut[ from the sttservien
- st which 'Ihlow.4 when Ito does act, wo inl'er
A t Gratt, does test want to havte ny opili
oits on .lte great. r:ttional prol-leln. lie is
oalont to be o iti neaosouitg tool of tacit
bout him as his own guns in Virgitia. la
these days, lowver, we need a man, andh
apt. merely a fgured-head, for Presideht.
Va who, loldlng the thunderbolts of tIe
aOernmitt in his hatd. allow.:d the N::v
P1tns lassacr and th Memphis riet
cbotniler who lets the world see that
I th torritory ho professes to have cm,
eI' r I law ca1nnot he eXectlel, na r.s one
'of iid otI1 cluios is safe benelath t e i, ,
Is either incompetent or disloyal. If this is
ftdlmeoiten of his lit ntess fir oflie', the nt
fit has had. more than enough of him. Ili:
futur' shoull occasion ' n surpri-". 'Tho
routino solnlier, liko the routi io a,tilol", is
gehorally till fit for anything el':'.
Shtertin cant lide undier no such n'eeus
There is ito -lioiht hie hii genius. l1 :ttt''-on
t ells of a Colonel lloid, i W est Ptin r, u hi
ttrock IhIo triurnnitus ohf a cato titol: 1. iay
housndi blows withi a Iitn:i..I that at b:st
ilni'oke them. Jut so Gut int broko thie
r'ebolliott;, S3hermnan conquetitredl it h his
bri'tns as truly as wit.h his s'wordn. Iile will
neover be a King Log It is vitally imtpit'.
tant that his steps toward the Priesidanecy
abiould he vigilanitly stcr'tutizld Ihhng titt
a io.ident. of' the SoothI, lie hts all thie n-ti: o.r
pirejudioos antd abIsuird .opi.nivais of ideas it
- ce r:ement-:. lIe ittn nothitng buil t u's ti and
Jtemtptuous5 critihismt f'or Anlas.sanichsis;
W, of' coiurso, thne geogr'ahin-ili Se. t'but
tho prinipes,iide'asn, andt uros w hich
wh'io hoatrs it Wne fear' h1e has lear' nI litl
frotm t.hte .war. liigontled, hal f-ittni itemI,
inttensely.scotionnal the itnomie't.itarmedl 'esis.
tenico ceaists, he is jnust I lie mian to i arvo
Sthe South in her eff'ort to regain by intrnigueo
what site lost by arms. If' he is out' next
Pr'esit. lhe wIll carr'y out to itii fulihnltet ,
ont nami l Helen, t hat dlisgrace.f'ul indo
a Not'm.n growl, thant drowned~ even the
hinder of Niigara, frightened hnim mdd i
comrades fromt comipletinig. AfIo livIng
t Wetyt years lit thet P'othi in itijujate r'eih
ions with ..hot' leaders, aft or sweepintg
I hroulgh her terrtitor'y at Ithe head of a vie.
t'ritous armty atnd tkintg the latest surtveiy
-osf her' mood aond resoureos. lhe proposed to
troat the war its na frotlio, andi let both see,
I iotns resume, subhstaittiitlly. t Ite relations
* hey hold. hofore the rebeilion. Gentero:1
Ebeirt@an Is too.shriewd anod calpable a matn to
adlow of'one explaiing~ t his on tany grotijid
ef crodulity or tmi.sappreheonsion. Such ni
ell'or could h&vo Comio only from a iii in.
curably Sotuthera in itsi hinas sabn opinions
IIf the hotL'fwres of usfoh civil .war'. conid ntot
hurn t his folly anti wickednte.n soutnt It himt,
Inanse tu~ lit. haini what honolr ltand ftair lay
ik mand .While lie hadt noit relish for thle
#itn of allowing negroes to fightt. andl Iluntg
bli..induence wrginst . ht,It ioirnid that.
'to admit the negro to this struggle for
aty purhoso was to give him a right to stay
in it. for tll, ant tint when the fight is over
IIho hand tint drops the musket canhot bo
detled the 'ballot ;" still no mai lifts sinco
hear<l one word f'rom him in sttppirt of that
role of justico anl fair play. His narrow,
sectional hate has smothered his logic. Ilia
old, bitter aristocracy of 'he skin still clings
to hin. There is an old proverb that "an
In tlianiz.e.d Etiglishmtan is a devil incar.
unte." A Northern-born slaveholdor was
always the worst tyrant. A Northern poll.
ticint e:eeped in Southern hate is the most
incurable of all bigots and most dangerous
to trust with power.
.VENDK,L PtIL.LIPs.
Labor for the South.
We do not know what to say on this
subjept. The labor of freedmen, at
the close of operations for the season.
has proved to be an utter failure. The
experitmcnt of introducing white labor
froI the North is nearly as bad. if not
worse ; so that the Southern planter
must be at his wit's end to solve the
problem of la bor.
At Beach Islaid, in this State, they
have an agricultural club, and the in
format ion there developed shows that
the great question of Southern labor
has yet to be solved. Mr. Jonathan
11. Miller made a statement to the
society, which would induce the plan
ter to believe that foreign white labor
canuot be relied upon. Mr. Miller
say,.
"At.th coimntenceetnt of the year,
I iamploved as atany negroes ts I
thoug ht n cessary for the cultivation
o y lan11, but itt conse(Ience of it
t)ortit n of thwim being dlissatisfied, dis
mui.,d them, thinking I could procure
iitiere inl their places. In thisIl was
disapplointet, and after repeated of
fort8 to otiiu other negroes, and fail
Ig, i)il'er-ig to4ay the;n' a.t,.thrl'*.ato
of $12.50 per month, I wits induced to
try white labor. Consequently, I
wrote to my brother-in-law, Maj. N.
W. Smith, inl New York, to send me
fifteen white laborers; which it did
thirteen mien and two women. They
arrived at Augusta on the 15th of
March, I -paying their passage to Sa
vannta;h by steamer, and thence by
railr'ad to Augutsta, at $25 dollars
each, and was to pay thetim at the rate
-for men, ,12.50 per mooth, and for
tlh itomen, $8. At the expiration of
tie first imoutlt, their wages were paid
them, and they insisted that their
wagcs shou!d bi raised, for men, $15,
and fti wnmen, $10; -notwithstanding
thiat they had made a contract for the
list mont ioned amount, before leav
lag New York. I agreed to do so, as
theY worked very faithfully. Their
ratiOnS were Corn h0~rea(1 itnd bacon ; as
t hey we're not aecustomctl to the corn, I
gave them oceasioat:lly rye and wheat
bread, wit it fresh beef ; also, vegeta
bles, snch as pe:s, turnips, sweet and
Irish potatoes, as s0011 Its I raised
them. I also frnished then eoffe
likewise tlte.ir bedding, they furnish
ing their own Clothing and paying
their doctor's bill. At the end of the
secoitd month, several of the best
workers amongst them insisted on
their wages being increased still high
er, two of them $17 per month, and
one who acted as a gardener to $25.
I put up the wages of the two to $17,
as they wero the best handa, and the
gard nier I dismissed ; several of the
others left ; one of the women I made
cook and wash for the men."
M-. Miller goes on to hay that the
plmr. of introducing foreign white a
br athrough the agencies of Now York
iemig eation companies is all a humbug.
Theset societies, when they got orders
for laborers, send out runners and
gather tip the dregs of the city of New
York, and all such as they can pick up,
riud make{ from three to ten dollars
pet- head for each .hand furnislied.
Tlhtey chai-go both parties, and om.'
ployer and employee--the former for
ltirinig him laborers, and the latter for
getting situations. They bind botir
nart.ies in contracts, whtich might do
m thte North, but, an we htave no laws
0o etnfotce such contracts in lto'So,u thi,I
ad( its thtere is no honor in sitcht char
wcters, Mi'. Miller looks upon the
:ompjaniee and most of their laborers
is mo-re.swindlew4he solo ob,om,i b...
ing to make all the money they can
ont of the South-the societies by. fur
nishing thon, and the laborersbr ob
taining a free passage to tle Sot.
I'l(en:x.
Tn MEXICAN QUE TION.- de
spiatcl to the New York Re , of
Monday, says
Gen. Grant has at last--nz pro.
bably per instructions from tha esi.
lent-taken up the Metfoan \na - in
earnest, and will attend to it eal
so far as lio can be concerned On
Saturday morning, he invited nor
Romero, the Mexican Minis "to a
confidential interview at his he uar
tors, which meeting took plas nd
lasted for some time. After- nor
Romero's departure, there- was a staf'
nmdeting. What connection th may
or may not have had with 1f loan
business, I cannot say,' 0 thing
more : There is no reason to- ieve
that the Mexican questiotr Neb re
opened with France, but A6Nt t re
mains just whero' Thid last pa ' bed
note from Drouyn du l'Huys Sr.
Seward placed it. The Gove nrcnt
is waiting to soo how the Pre t act
up to the first of the comi ear.
If at that time it is seen that o is
any bad faith exhibited or a enoy
to duplicity, then such aotiln 1 1 bE
forcibly recommended as wll tXe
our feeli gs and interests .to. ie
spected. ..
President Juarez has writt4l: a$ let
ter, in which he again, Paorts up
willingness to consider any. ootb
looking to a cessiop of tie' ern
States of Mexico to the Uni teo.
FurthermQre, it Is well that.
some three years agoDot omija
go Cartez ae to hLa h tyr.d - 1ro.'
p,osod,,}efo'
ation to the Untte~d tates tiie &tatj
of Chihnahu and States of' Mexico on
the Pacific coast, in order, as he said,
to free them from French interven
tion, and that Juarez instructed Senor
Romero to officially deny that. Cartos
had the'right to make any.och propo
sition.
The beginning of the new yea' will
witness the inauguration of tinbroken
Rteam communicat ion artmnd the gl'obe;
It l's hienceforth prosecuted' r'egularly.
rThe steamship Henry Chfiney.will
gail on the 1 th of hececmber. for the
Isthmus; will connect tihere with the
Gulden - City fur San Franci'o ;- and
from San Francisco, on. the lst day of
Jnnuarv. the steamshit, Colorado will
Qail for Yokahamn, in Japan, stid Ifong
Kong, in China. I, arrived at the
latter port., the passenger still wishes to
journey Westward. lie can proceed by
by the boats of the Peninsular and1 (h.
nital Company to Bombay, and onward
through the Red Sea to the Isthmus of
4nez, which, crossed by tail, conducts
in the British line of Mediterranean
steamers, touching at Malta and Giba
rahar, ani arrive in England, where he
ann take paseage.
"BuicK" Couixo.-M. M. Ponmeroy,
ditor of the La Crosse Democrnt, wil
his winter visit all of the Southern
Iates, traveling by public and private
onveyance, from city t p'lantation,
xtending his knowledge of he coun
ry, and writing fully, impartially and
ruathfully, of the wants, capacities, re
iources and b'sines,c of thin South ; the
enuminent and suff,rings of her people ;.
he ravnges and marrings of war; the
ravery and the vandalism of' troops ;
.he .condition of' negroes be'fore the war
md since ; the triue workings of' the
P'reedmen's Bureani; and all suich infor-'
ntion, which will be ol untold value to
he cosmtry.
A tew kind of harpoon for whale Ashing
us just been invented. It is sr arrange,l
a to contain a imouuid of powde*, togethero
utt a ik whigh becomes ignited in about
wre seconds, and can thei. detroy thme
whale instantanueonesly without-censing t1e.
sin its hold. This harpoon will be of lin.
sense ties for the fisherie. of the great
rhahes sidled sulphur bolteop whsiEh abond
n the meigiborhood of Icelad and Spits
tour'g. UIp to the present timse helse
chals, haive not been sought to be saptur
d for the reason-that. they isisk to he-bos
om at the ses'as soon se taI. are -mortelly
rounded.
A rird rield System
"Notwithstandiug what we have said
of the profitable experience of those
who have practiced the four-field sys
tem with clover, we should be tempted
to guard agarnst and risk of ultimate
failure by a change in one point. We
should utake the four fields five, and
sowing timothy seed with clover, take
a crop of timothy hav, when we now
take wvheat, and hr ' follow imme
diately after the ly. The year
devoted to clover in this case, be
a year of pastur:a d thus allow a
considerable addit . , the stock. This
stock would, advntageously, consume
the large quantity of straw and corn
fodder, otherwise entirely lost except
for mannre, and thus bring a large extra
item of profit. If to this stock the corn
be fed as it should be, the manure would
be greatly increased in value? and the
fertility of the soil proportionably in
proved.
The only objections that could be
made to this change would be that the
additional' year given to' gras might al.
low the nwtrve' grasses to mt'ilt ly to
the prejuiree of the clover ; andl that no
old a sod r.it ht be tinsitablo to the
growth of wheat. These would be
fery. material olietion shouid they t>e
realized in practice. The whole profit
of the system is baod 'upbrr the success
of the clover, and that m%t be made
Recure hAt any rate; and thk' wheat crop
on the tbver falliw is the chief money
orop.iand deserves to be especially re
garded. - -
As to the effect upon the clover,. we
think that a well-set sod of clover and
bimothy woold, during, two years. so
completely hoki possession of the ground
as to excude entirely all intruders, and
'het-the intermediate workings between
W lttet , .ntfi4t'%6ai 'uitli ha
suffeient to put the ground in a good
state of preparation. As regards tihe
wheat, assuming, as said above, that the
clover and timothy will exclude native
'grasses which might prove hurtful to it;
and being well assured that the sod of
timothy which would prevail when we
break the ground for wheat, is very con
genial to thwt crop, we apprebeud noth-,
ing on this score. It is said, indeed. to
take a preparation for wheat, oi.ly in.
ferior to clover, and, in this case, the
good effects of the clover growing of
the ptevinos year areadded tat the good
qualities of the timothy sod. Snch a
sod, it' has been asserted, is especially
advantageous on lands liQble to ieavin)r
inder the infineues of frost. W'heat is
said' to be undr nn' circumstances so
secure agaihst "-winter-kiIling.' go
soil in the world is .o uncertain as th;t
of the prairie oi- aet'ount of winter.kiilig.
TYet tho early settler raises wheat on
the original tough sward with very uni
form success; so it is maintaitned that.
the sod of timothy is, itt this respect,
very favorable to wheat . Onder the
influence of theso opinions we should h
temnted to seek the advantages offered
by the extra grass crop, and maks, at
least a fair trial or five fields instead of
fotr."--Amrican Farmer.
GENaiAL SHtxtMAN'd SYMPATHY
WiTH TU. PUIK8i\T.--l..ieattenant
Geineral Sherman, when in Washington,
madreno secret of his support of the
P'resident's policy. On one occasion he
said: "Soldiers have something else
to do now besides fighting. We fbught
the rebels as long as there were any to
fight.' What we have to do is to secure
the sul,jects for which we fought. W'e
fought to restore the Union ;; let us re-.
store it now,," He frequetntly express
ed hits surprise and it'dignation that hie
Southern Siatess were dbprived of the
right of reprmesentation so.long sfter the
terur.inatin of the war.---Q. 1". Corn
mercial Advertier.
It isu iintimated from Wvashington that
the Pu'esident will, in his f'ort.hcoming
nmessage to Congress, lay t2efo,re Ita
body an. amueiment to the (j6nsi itutiont
simdlav to' the one passed- at t he last
sesutotw of Coattwus, with a few medi&
estions.
WVhaght agreedymqsef.o wear a
plai Wastdosa o'kep acheek
onLhiemach.
ADVEltTISING RATES.
Ordinary advertisements, occupying not
more than ten lines, (one square,) will be
-nsorted it ThE NEWS, at $1.00 for tho
first insertion-and 75' cents fot' each sub
sequent ibsertion.
Larger advertisements, when no contract
is made, will be ch trged in exact propor
tion.
For announcing acnndidate to any office
of proth, honor or trust, $10.00.
Mat"riage, Obituary NGtices, &o., will be
charged the same as advertisementa, when
over ten lines, and inust be pail for when
handed in, or they will not aplear.
RoMurertc S-rony.-The New York Ierald
of.yesterdity says : A somewhat, remarka
ble.ch'nge of fortune has occurred to a
young man known by the name of George
Olson, and occupying the humble position of
lamp trhnmer and "Jack of th-e Dust" oi
board the United States steamer Madawaska,
now in port, by which he has suddenly come
into possession of $30000 in gold, together
with the ilunagrian title of Edward Louis,
Count Bafthyanyi, and the oxtenhive estates
attached thereto. It appba't's that Olson, or
the Count, left his c'ou'tt'y in 1848, wheur
very young, after his father had been exo
cuted for treing concdrn'ed ill the rebellion'
tinder Kossuth (to' whom' he is nearly ra
lated), and has s1inc been' in the United
States fie kr' littl'o of his fam'fy or their
real position, ani supposed in cohsdqtenco'
of his fathers disloyalty all their posses
sions had been conti eated. Finding it
difficult to gain a livelihood he joined the
United States navy andl was drafted on board
the Unite-l States steamer Madawaska at a
lanttdsnan, was employed as a lamp trimmer
and assistant. to the captain of the hold.
llappenig to get hold of a newspaper a
short time since, lie discovered an advertise
ment requesting Elward .ouis llatthyanyi
to comnunicate with certain parties and ho
would ''hear of something to his advantage."
Our young blue-blooded Iungarian lam p
trimmer lost no time in complying, and
haping proved his identity, received an in
Atalvient of t300,000. Instead of inforlii.'g'
his"comnianding olicer of this strange vi
cissitudo of fortune, 1hich had metamor
phosed a Uniteil States navnl lamp trimmer
and "J'ace of the Dust" iuio a llungarian'"
noblethan', *ith a revenue of upwarj of
$50,01 0 a year, Batthyanyi, or Olson, de
serted from the Madawaska. lie is now in*
Washingfo: under the patronage of the
Austrian Atribnrsador. endleavoring to pro.
crtte a fot'mal dischargo from the, service.
That he will succeed we have not the'slight
est doubt.
Ttt.AT's So -A correspondent of the
Chronicle and Sntincl, d iscussimg tit
most fensible mode of obtaining release
from the general and opprasive butdin'
of debt, says truly
."The beat and strest way to get re
lief is for every able bodied man to go
to work at something; a ", ' y i1dus ry,
each and every fatnily wilt tc relieved.
Debts can he paid very fast with the
pre--ent high prices of farming products,
and most men can pay one-foufth their
idebtedness this winter, even with one
third of a cotton crop ; and, where they
cannot, and have done the best , they.
couli they will not be sued.
"Many debts Rhould be reduced heavi
ly. The people have lost their slaves,
and mneh of other property, and every
credi or shottl feel' willing to give up w
part of their claims ; but theso thinga
should by by the mirn.al consent of par.
tie=.
tx w *' *. * e
"I am suprised to see so many men
wa'nt to htold on to large bodies of ind,
anid remain im debt, too). Bet ter' - givo
their credlito,rs :.art of' theo land and rid
themttselves of' debrt ; for there is nothmiii
so depressitng to ~ tman's spirit.sas to bli
in debt. Stmall fatrms, wilh plenty of
guano and goodl farming implements arm
nmuch morm profitaible, with less risk and
Jameos Brboks, proprietor of' tlie
New York Neeninug Erpress,-lia' lien
elected to Congress by a majority.
This is a rebuke to the Radicals in
Congress, . who ouistct1 Mr. Brooks
from his scat, to give' place to Dodge,
Radical.
A colored cook expecting company
of her own kind, was at a loss bow to
ontertain het friends. H1cr mistress
said :
"Chloe, you must make an apolo
gy.
'La! missus, how ean I make it ?
I got no apples, no egge, no butter, 'io
nu1in to make it wid."
In his letter to Calvin Colton, S'hp
t'elaber 2, 1843, Henry Clay wrote:.
"The slavery question ib tho free
States will destroy all liarmony and
finally I d to disnin.-n The conse
queniosY disunion are'pepptpal war,
the extinetion of the AMrican racs and
ultimate military despotism."
A country man who was ch:arge4
with ten gallons of whiskey whieb a'
grocer pttt in an bght gallon4eg, said
he "didn't wityl the mene ver.
oharged so 'much aa ho did the strain'
in1 the keg.

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