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steceseetfully a11l funit'y pastl. wit hout; iI.'
p:airinig its t"rigiwai ,ttrengtk ,il tit tmotry.
'l'he ite esty of the ntat ,tn Iu e twa l, l obe
Irt motttd by the reini al o ti t rti% rela
ions. the compla.te o,litc ration oi our pa n"
d,iterenceQ..nad tle- retiningllt-ion of nll
the pursuii of peace. ltireeting otir efforts
to the early nct:otmliislhnent of thetse great
ends. let us umiel:av.r to pre:serve harmony
htweenll the cu-rdinat, Departnents of
the ;overnmenIt that ench in it proper
-phere ntay or tlitil'.y en lo,nt-e with thu
other in '"eurin;t th in itaaiIt it' the
Constitution, the preier.tion of' the Union.
a:nt the perpetuity ot .otr ree in stittlrions.
Washington, lic. :nlu . 1. US.
'Tu:slay Mirnitu, Iir'tbrr Il, lS66
The Cotton Crop of 1860.
In the (Chi:arle0t->: .11 rc +e ry, of a lat
t.ie, we hind a very inter.'estitng article,
wh1i'h ai-,t"ats :IS a tidensati it' a
report ltrli Soits i1"'putabic firm1
which tas jaid part ientlar at.tc'nt tin to
t e1'tttc1 er(p. From that irltport it
a pplears that Alanmstnta will for 1 0CG
produte from 29 to 35 per cent of her
Crop for 1859 ; while Louisiana attl
)1issis ilppji will v ietld fruit 35 to 39
j.cr cent of .sheaggregautt+ thiet. F'rtm
the t;aro litas ald Virginia is xjct.t"
'1 from) "i to -1.5 p'r c,tt Olf tle Crop
of 1859-61) ; wl.iie fr.1n ieo,rgia and
'lorid.a, is exy, :t.-d fritl 51 to 5a1 per
ceont,, of the samt to ;oar. But Texas
:td Tennessee jromisi very favorably.
Texas, p a ti ientla ri ly is ex ptect ed t,o
give 7 to iS per 1,4:nt. of the larg-e
cro,v voar rcferrt"d 1,..
As\ for 'ttuth t'~(a we arr not
sre Ltt what her croj .tor I.NO will
be 4 1 per cent of her 'rtp) fur 1860.
lxpcriruene forui antts:nd; planters dif
f"t:r as to the irtjp for tht p,reStent year.
T1h" maxinnml of p,lansta:rs i:= petrhapjs
l3. per etnt of tie rtsp for 1860, b ut
si:t i erchan.tts inl this i place v.-ould
jerhaps put the iuttre, ligler.
(n: pIlInte r infitt edtt" its th at he
m,adlr 5t petr ceit s1s,", this yatr than
in 1860. 'lhis opitnion wo uld sltent tt,
counformt well with the calcnlation of
the int,tili.cenit firm to which the .llc,e
+cr"1; allidls. It itk txperientr be
that of the getniralit .l ' f;arttrs andt!
planters, then there' would he, isttrad
t' :a.l per ceIt t i the crtj, of 180t0
ntide inl Fairlield i istrict, 30 per
tevnt mde, which would amnoultut to
10,000 bales, for therte were about
. 20,000 manle in 1860. Of this Inm
ber butn moderate proportion perhaps
has reached W'innsboro,. Much of it
los gIontt to Coulinhia, some to (lhes
t.', and somte to Cam1dent. .\1il we
i:nuw some has goue to Liverpool. Per
haps on1e-tenth has been sold in this
place. Now if'this he so, there onght
to be a rettrn of 1000 ialos of eotton,
f 400 pounds each, retitrned Is. the
Treasury D)epartmnt. frtom'i this'! is
triet, that is, ther'e wout sli e a tsaxiof
about $12000.00 f'roim the D)istit, for
the priv'ilege of 'aisinig ost ton.
We commitend the closg remitark,
of the Mercur'yi'1 to theu favor'ablo cin
iiide'ration of'. those wiho arie able to
hold their cotton for' a whsile. The
.Abreus says .
~Still it is well~ knoytn thaut thi" e'arly
part ot' the09ti(f season s ldi ad th'ni
wet and grassy', ani -this was followeud
by a terr'ible d rongbt' of- about Ithri'ee
monsiths (durat ion. T'his is a r'ertauity,
asnd the cr;p Cannfot pos.ssibly he anty-'
thting but very smsallI. 'I'his is,'of
course, a f'avortable time for hunvers.
They know that, . lIanter~ r'einire
inoneoy to set tIe with . their hsandis and
bneet factor's adva:nces, asnd try to~
keep quotatIons downi so as to tIake:
advauntige ot' forced rats's. Afte r
these forcedi rate l'ss h eoee made
Usotton muitst 'iige to its real value.
Near'ly '2,00~J 'GermIas' tiow leavo
JEurope every .week for. the Uni.ted
States ini the Bremnti ands Iljiutrg
*mail stea.mers. A nomipainy is estab
Sishied at gopenshagetn to encourage the
eniigrationt of D)iiae, Norwvegiants and
Swedes t.o tlis 1:tited States. The
*sbildrenvpf till these emhigr'ants are
tat ~tEnlish languaige-as 'their
TIh ree larga whfale's were scen int the
hai ri or >1l' F,:-tr Morl.ro(e, it few dau vs
Leri"4latro of South Ca3rolina.
iiUR'.W. A' DECE.lliF'lt 6, 1866.
'PTh Senate met at 12 in.
Mr, Dozier presented the petition of
11. M. Gourdin, for the charter of
Lounds' ferry, over Santee river.
M.t. F. rt presented the petition of
Jacob Geiger, Jacob N. luffman, and
Johi S. LTeaphart, for the charter of a
ferry over Broad river above the
ruins of the burnt bridge, near Colun
'Mr. Fricr:on presentcid the memo
rial of the Coimmissioiners of Public
Public Bxuildhigs for Sumter District,
praying authority to sell thejail lot.
A message was received froirr the
House of liepreseItative., proposing
an au:endtet to the bill to acCept
:1 donti.m of public lands for the
i~nt.ii of ALgricttltutrc an Meclhanie
Arts," by striking out aft after the
enacting clause. and inserting instead
the aeconpanying schedule, marked
"A ;" antd that leave be also granted
to ametnd the title of said bill, so that
it lnty read as follows : "An Act ac
cepting the benefits of an Act of Con
gress, entitled -An Act donating Pub
lie Lands to the several States and'
Territories which may provide Col
leges for the benefit of Agriculture
and Mechanic Arts," approved the
secontd day of Jutly, in the year of our
oIrd one thouind eight hunindred and
sixty-six ;" which was adopted.
H0 OUSE OF EPRESENTATIVES.
The 1llouse met at 1'' o'elock.
Mlr. lyNburn presented the I:etition
ofi the cit izens of Lancaster District t
prevent the sacrifice of property it
Mr. 1iachman presented the peti
tion of L. .. 1 [ancock, 'praying pay.
m"n.t for litniber furnished New State
M1r. M[ag ratlh introduced a resolu
tion, whtieh was agreed to, that it be
referred to the Comtnittee on the Ju
d iciary, to imtquire and report as to
whether the Coast itution does not in
tend to give exclusive jurisdiction of
ail critintal offenses of persons of color
to the )i.triet Conrts of the State,
and w%-hetlher the said District Courts
have made aiy provisioss for th%1 trial
of c:pital offences by personsof color;
also. whether there is at present, ex
isting under the Constitution and
labws of thi; State, any tribunal for the
trial of such offences by persons of
etlor, and whether additional legisla.
tion on the subject is necessary ; with
leave to report by bill or otherwise.
Mr. Townsend introduced a resolu
tion. whieb was agreed to, and was or
dered to be sent to the Senate for con
c(urrence, that Theodore ). Wagner
and George W. Williams be appointed
proxies to represent the stock owned
by the State in the Cheraw and Coal
fields Hailro;idl Compalny, in all the
teetings.of said Company, until the
next rogular session of this General
Mr. Bowen introduced a bill to s
cure to laborers a lien on the produtets
of their labor until paid for their ser
Mr. Richardson introduced a bill to
e stabliAh a Homestead Law.
Mr. liawlintson initroduceed a bill to
tax mtoneys collected by prcs of
law, in aid of the revoaues 'of the
Mr. Honihatm introduced ai resola.
ion, that it be referred to the Comn
.nitrtee on the Jludiciary to inrquire
and.rer.ort as to the expediency of
isubjectong to line. and imaprisonmtenit,
and a forfeitulre of oftice, of' any putbliO
onieer who shall uisc funds paid into
Ihis ha 11ds ofliciallyv, or who shall, ont
demnid made, fail to pay ever such
funds to the proper ownter ; andic that
the Commuit tee have leave to report by
bill or otherwise ; whtich was agreed
A. bill'for die enciouraigetmetnt and
proEtectiont of E'utropean intttnigr'ationt,
anid for the appointmnt of ai conitnis
sibner, itnd for other purposes thereiti
expressed, wvas dhiscusbed, tamenments
proposedl, and finally the aubject was
madi(e the speial order for to-mtorrow,
at 12-. o'clock.
Mr. flrownting introduced a bill to
alter die road law.
FThe Senate met at 12 im.
Mr'. Soivansi initroduced a bill toeos
tatblish the J3ank of the State of South
Mr. Tillmain introduced a resoluion
to adiourn sine die on the 18th inutanru.
which was agreed to, and sent to ti
HOUSE OF ItEPRESENTATIVE
The House met at lI o'clock..
The Speaker laid before the Hou
the following communication, whii
was referred to- the loiomm,ittee i
Offices and officers
December 6, 1866.
To tie General Asmmia5Fy of S>ufhi Cm
GF.NTIxr.N : I beg leave to tend
to you my resignation of my seat
united States Senator fro,u'this Stal
commencing from December, 186
and ending on the 4th Mrruh, 1867.
The credentials which I receiv,
from the Governor I herewith retut
with the seal unbroken.
I am led to this step by two consid
ration,: One is, that the State at
may successor should haTe the adva
tage of both the long and the shc
term the other is that I deem it d
to the position which. by your form
favor, I already occupied.
I have the honor to be your mc
,ToiN L. MANNING.
Mr. Black presented the commul
cation of the Comptroller Gener
asking instructions of the (eneral 1
semhly as to the disposition of the o
debts (it long standing.
Mr. lu sIll presented the potiti
of citi :e o Anderson District, pra
ing that a lakrupt law be passed a
an annual court established for t
collection of debts.
Mr. Fair introduced the followi
resolution ; which was agreed to
/"lm , That it be referred tc
Spcuiacl Jount Committee, consisting
three members of the Iouse and t
members of the Senate, to rep
whether any action can be propel
taken by the State, with a viow
testing the validity of the recent t
sales of the property of the citizens
this Stiite, in the Parishes of St. H,
ena :nd St. Luke's
The Speaker announced that 1
J. P. Rood, having received a majo
ty of votes on the fitnrth ballot,
duly elected Solicitor of the Weste
Mr. Barker introduced a reeolnti
which was referred to the Committ
on ICducation--that the' General
seibly of this State recommend
teachers throughout the State, I
adoption in all schools rnd academi
the 8outhern University Series, p
pared under the supervision of Pr
GIco. F. lIolmus, LLD., of the Univ
sity of Virginia.
Mr. Cannon introduced a resoluti,
wlhih was agreed to. that it/be 1
ferred to the Conmnittee on te Ju
ciary to inquire whether any additih
al legislation is necessary to secure
landlords their rents, where tenal
are removing, or about to remove, I
crop or any part thereof, before payi
their rents, agreeably to contract, a
report by bill or otherwise.
The following Acts were duly ra
An Act to authorize the issue
honds or stock to pay amount due t
contractors forarblo work of nm
hAn Act to repeal the usury laws
An Act to incorporaite the You
Anmerican Fire Engine Company
Au Act to alter and amend an A
ent itleda "An Act tonilter and ame
the law ini relation to the -metlhod
counting votes ini all elections by
IAn Act to provide for the adamiss
of wills made in the exeoutions og
An Act to alter and'namend an A
entitled "An Act to aiend the char
oif the Calhoun insurance C!o.imny
A calico ball took place ini Pete
burg on Thursday last. Every li
present was~ draped in calico, andi
dresses they wore are to be given to1
poor.. Woll done Petersburg, e
first in charity and benevolence as
patriotism and courage,
Wenidell Phillips says that h1
"wedlded to-. principle." Ho must
muc.h such a huTsband as' Brigh
Young, who, it is said, doesn't
somec of his wives once a year.
The scientific world is muchi int
ested inraun eniormnous torohite sent
the Acam~y of Sciences- by- Maral
Lraaie, from Mexico. It wei
sonio 870 kilogrammes.
.lHeroie.< of novels are always wri
l.ug tlhair hands or handlhug thm
to Oommanding General'e Report.
Gen. Grant has submitted to the Beore
S. tary of War this reports of Guns. Sheridan
and Sickles-the Generals respectively of
the Gulf and the Department of the South.
so. In presenting these reports, Gee. Grant (
h thus speaks of the condi,ion of the South : li
"Passing frot civil wnr of the magaitude
of that in which the United States has been d
engaged to go.vernment through the courts, t
it has beerr deemed necessary to keep a mili. t
tary frorce i, sill the 'rebellious States, to d
ensure the exeut ion of law and to protect t
,o llfe.atul property against the acts or th.se p
who, as yet, will acknowledge no 1tw but it
force. This chass has proven to no mustch t
or smalller than could have been expected alter i
ns such a 'eunfict. It has, however. been
eaftieietsl.y t'ormidablo to justify the f
course whih has been pursued. On the J
I whule, the condi$ion ot-the. States that
were in rebellion against the Government o
Qd may he regard'd as good enough to warrant t
the hope thut bus a shs'rt time will intervene e
betorg the bulk of the troops now occupying L
them can be sent to oui growing Territories,
e- wliere they are so itch needed."
d Sheridan's report is long but of little in. 1
ni- teres. Its drift is to show how admirably e
art he has put down the rebellion ,*nce t1 wari.
Sand how cosutmmato lie las managed Mex
or (eti. Sickles' report is still longer than
Sheridao's, but the following on l,lbel As- t
mat sociations" is the only portion Which will 1
interest Carolinians: t
"it has* ikewise been fo und necessary to a
. prohibit assciiations tr aysemblages com- r
1" posed of pets'ne- who served in tha rebet v
tl, armies. astd hnvingr fur tin tir object th-: per.
- petuation of any military or other organiza
ld tion engaget in the rebellion. This pruhi
bitiot has not bcestentorced against any so.,
ciety which has, in good ftaith. confined itr- I
on action.. 4o c chiritable'relief of disabled f
y- andiudigent asrvivors and the Al:dinary'ob- i
tid servances for the bttrial. of the dead. 1
he "itecently ai neeting of mte of these as.
sociations was nude the occasion for an ad- 8
drnss delivered b.y Gen. Wade llatnpton, in
119 which he. is reported to hive emmented
upon the (lovermnwt ar- mise irtnsics or the
i aUnrtited States, and especihlly ipona the ope
of . rationaof Generals Shernn and, Sheridua,
in a mtanner well caleulamed to incite did- t
content and it 5osility against the ant horities a
rt of the 'rttited States. I have ,dtrected an
Sinmiiry,juto the ntatter, in order tiflt the
of "ssoeiatioss of rebel soldiers mn?y he sup- ,
nx presleil, ond Gen. ' li:atptots adnionished to
of observe the terms of his parole, if upon in.
vestig:tion, it. shall nppea: to have been die
regarded it this instance.,,
[r. LYsoutina or Titar Dtsex-nanoKs.-On
ri- Shsurlay last,.a terrible scene occurred at.
id -Lrb,tnon. Ky. Central Kentuckj has. since
the war, been the scene of the most atrn.
1' oious crimes. lobberies and) morders have
become so frequent that at last. the incensed
mi, community organized a band for the ezter
:e snination of these desperadoes. andl com.
menoed on three young men confined hi jail.
The committee, armed with guns. marchedI
to into tho town about 11.45 p. in., picketed
For .the street.s. and arrested all inquisitive citi.
s, sons. The front door of the jail was bro.
re- ken open. The jailor ran up stairs and hid
Of. himself. Not being able 'to find the jnilor
the mob attemptod to break in the iron door
or- of the jail with sledge-hoamsmers. Failing
in this they found the jail.r. and forced him
todoliver tip the keys. - In life meantime
the prisoner-, eight in ntnbkr, were awak.
. ened by the hammerng at the door. Fully
1- understanding the danger that menaced
in- then, they shrieked and yelled forhelp, ahd
to arme) themnselves with hillefs of wood, fil.
mts ly determined to sell theh- lives as dear as I
.p.nsaible. When she mob catne to the door i
of the dutngeon they unlockel it. and after I
nlg. some parley. part of them entered time cell
nd without resistance. The leader of the mob
then called for Clm. Crowdtas. Wm. Goode
ti- and Tom. Stephens, who immediately an
swered to their names As they delivered
themselves up, the leader said: '"Crowdas
of ishave been lntking for you for a long time."
ho Crowds answered. "I . know you have. Mr.
ew- --.'' calling time -nanm by name. Forming1
in procession, the mob immediately started
offor a himl abot one and a half miles dis
tant, giving tine triumphant . shiont ins they
.passedl through town. WVhat took place at
ing the hill, prior to the hsanging, no one but
of te membsters of the mob know. In tihe I
morningf time bodies of 1hme,- three men -were
ct, foundia hsanging to a tree. CrQwdtts' heels
'sarly toiuched a root ot t.he tree,.. ansd he
nad e,tdently suffered time borror-s of sufrocation
of .withi his toe's upon te groiumd, t ho rope
he upjon Goodel'at neck slipped so suelh that lie
* stood upon his'feet, so lis legs were doubled
uo tp anal Isis feet nied to Isis hmands. Stephs.
-ens swuing clear, hitt neck heing diit1ocated
ra A comipanmy of Unmited States troops were
drawn up in hate in uhu*eonrt.houis* yard,
.ot, snt theA commatndlng oftlicer refussed to Iater
ter fere unilessrequiestedi to ado so-by the civml
of thlorlties,. but although ihe marshal' was
-- .resnt,thetroops were not oahled upon to
- deen heJail. _*
A2a Rr.vos.-The Toronto ehr r
rs, retMAing upon Mr. Seward 7m- oalling the
dyFna rsnes"oiia ffenders, ' andl
ch-teeoedsrigo lemency, whmich
ho comild not attachs to erimes of a eriminmal
ochsaractei-retortintg by asking such qutes.
Ver tsons as these:..
in flow hams the American (Goveranment acted
towards political ofrendears? Al tihe very
hmead of time .list stanad/President Jeffersona
, j Davis. By the united voice of sall parmties
. .in the United States. not to say .anytiing of
U0the opinion of outsidle natiQins, Mir. Da is'
ditu continued imprisonmnent injP'ortress Monroe
see is a dilsgrace to the' eousvry which keeps
hsim incarcerated. 'Doses M r. Bteward thinmk
that -she way in which this tian has been
or- trenated by the Government. deaer'ves to be
to called "eminently huamnane;" that the hard
ml soolatedl with h1ss imprisonimnent unrtil with
ah in a very late period, evere snob as to give
hmm time right to preach elemenuey to the
people o( atother eount:ry?i
oar There aro '750:nalined Confederate
soldiers in Viraa.
Nrw Onr.rAss,. December 8.-The 'Nuw
rien Theatro wats t<xally destroyet. by
re this inorning.
OALYvKTON, December 7.--lrowttnwillo
ntes recei- edl on the 80th, subsequent. to,
,e rtception of Shleridan' despatches state
at Sedgowick had appoi ted J L. Sheri.
tn. civ liat, cotntnitsioner. and detanided
re surrender of Canales and his troops 'ts
risoners of war to the United States. Cat
ales replied ttat lie would ratlier sirreuttlee
Escobedo. and did so, Sedgewick agree
SAx FKAStssco. December 7. --The "1)e.
tmdlers of Mexico," an org:anizition in tht
tarez interest. held at net ing here yes..
+riday, organized at battalion. an-1 elected
Rlicers. They propose to sail f'or Mexico on
se 11t.b of l)ecember. folly armted and
qluipped. and offer their services to ttu
WAtsoNn'TON. December 8 - l'he lIonst
erolutiota looking to an a'riatlgetment ot'
xeeutive nut tority in the p:trioning pow.
r, prontises to give tthe- whole cnhject, ot'
ardon grnnting *, a- thorough ventila ton.
everal Senators. it) is s:iitl. will dofond the
'resident in reference to pardont tlreaty
ranted-showitg. anong other thing.,
hat all politictal pard.tns grantetl to per"sons
pplying under other than the first svand
Iirteenth exceptions of tihe pruclatmatiOta
f antnesty. were npprove.l at the etrnest
equest and solicitation of pronainent ratdi
Trna-trrPtAi. Govan%sNt:s r ron -raE
otrtt.-.-The folluwi-itg is the resl:t:titn
ioking to a territorial fotan of goveritnettt
r the Southern States. which was offere-d
is the lunse of tepresentativcs by .\t.
Iroomall, of Pennsyl-tnia. The t-h4t01ma ion
ins adopted by a vote of yeas 107; nays
Resiret, That tihe Committee on Terri.
.tties be insttrueted to inquire into the ex
ediency of repor tig a bilt providing terri.
orial governments for the. <everal dlistricts
f country witllin the jurisdiction of the
Jnited States. fdrtnerly otscnpieti by the
nee existing St.ttes of Virginia. North Caro
ina. Sout h Carolina, Georuit. Florida, Mis
iip-i tpi. Alahanta. Lonisittn. Arkanstas,
ad Texts, and giving to nilt ntuit minle
ttabilants born within the lima of tIhat
Jnitel States, or daily naturalizet and it.
articipants in the lare rebelli,,n. full. eqaial
tohtical rights in such territorial govern.
'.tutniRTAN FEAT t SAy %X \u -."ltitn
%hepherd. who attetnpted to walk one hin -.
Ired and twenty honrt, In Savannah. with
mat rest or eleep. hecanie completely ex -
tanated. and fell hitensihle when ho ht
ralked one hundred am nine honrs and
ifteen minutes. Prevlous to this his legs
ail swollen so that. he was compelled to.
ave Ithen band round with bandages, andt
is feet had burast srough the stout brcgans
rhich heo wore.
The enormous quan; ity of counter
eit" fractional currency which cotaes
o the Treasury for redemption, soic
if which is ho good that it is taken fur
enuine, has stimulate.I tho detectives
o unusual activity, and ia'st week ti
umber of counterfeiters, ewith tho
)lates for printing fifty cent notes and
t large antount of currency for circu
ation, wero captured.
P'rom. recent experimetnts male by
he London Pneumatie Compattay, it ap
ears that one hutndrod and twenty.
ons of go ads enn be ;cnt through
heir eighteen miles of tubes evety
tour, at a cost of leass thanu one penany
two conts) per mitle.
285 gallons of sottru molasses
eare mtade fromu one acre of cane 'thtis
eason by a Rock inghtamt (Virginia~a)
A Washintgton danto says Southternt
~entlemten are leaving Waashtitngtona
with the convietion tat theo Preasident
till net issuO a n,W amnesty prochat
don git present .
It is said that stomei of Morrissoy's
)orsonall frie,ndsa urge haimt, now thtat
ae has satisfied his amblition by sectur
natt election, to resigtn. lHe do
,hned "aeedinag to theoir requesp~.'
'An iexcang.. aanvi Lhat Mir. Mor.
aCy vtfi4l t.h'e Catpir.ol i fe .datys ago
ad ti (l4intg t he aapmnkar's-da.k, inmqutir
'(d wheiter "thaat, was whaere thte referee
The results of the California ex per
menuts in the iantuftacttu of silk are-~
aow seent in the show windows of Stan
Firancisco. ln the shaupe of elegatt d ress
The Navy Register for 1867, will.
show that of 600 vessels Ita the navy
at the close of the war, there are now,
baut 294, moeuntittg 2,5,63 gunls.
Since last January, 45,643,3098
riuarts of milk have been sent to No
ork over the Erie, the Harlem, a
the lddann i.ve 1iaiI.ma. -