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iNM,:tA4$8.00 r.?. AgNKum. Vol. IV.] WINNSBORO, S. C., SATURDAY, DECEMBER 15, 1866 7'
('reated,by a tiaIton'a glee,
With jest and song and revelry,
We sung it in our e.arly pridd
Thr ghout out' Southiern borders wide,
Wlhi fromteri thousand throats rang our
A p.rotmise in ont' glorious shout
"To live.and te for Dixie!"
ow' 'l t.at: promise. Was redeemed
11 witu . eli by each field where gleamed
VictoriotL-like the crest of' Mars-.
Tlhe Banne'r'of the Stars and Bars I
'The- annonS laf our warrioreglow
We 1ill the r'atiks and onward go
'To livQ and die for Dixie,!"
To die for'Pfxio !--Op, how blest
Are tihoso who c arly went to rest.
Nor knew the fatture's awful store,
lit, deemed the cause ;hcy fought for sure
Asaheavon itself. ttnd so laid down
The crosseof-Mchh, fhr glory's crown,
And nobly die for Dixie.
To live for Dixie -harder p'trt!
To sty the hand--to still the'heerl
Ton stay the lips-enshroudt the past
To have .no futute-all o'ercast
To knii life's.brokei throads again.
Anikeep Eer mem'ry pure from stain
This is to live for Dixie.
Deloved.Tand ! beloved song,
Your thrilling power shil lest ar long
Enshrin'd within each Southern soul
ATin's eternal ages roll:
Made holler by the test of years
;Baptized,with our onuntry's tenrs
God and the'right for Dixie!
WAstttNGToN, .DeOcttbtr I1.--SEN
ATT i .--A.. umibor .of ptitious were in
trodtteed and referred, and uaong one
.from the New York' underwriters for
e'ln appropriation for tio rvunoval t f
the stgatiishii Scotland.
Mr. Wado, fyomthe Com'nitten .on
Torr' or ie:+, ro? ,ed back'tho bill.- for
-Mr. F'sastitloe t att tariff
bill had beot referredl to,the 'Finduco
Committee INst Session, w"ich instruu
tions to ieport'on the second Mondtay
in Ieedinber. The- conluittee had
bot 'timo to 'consider '"th,is 'bill,, but
would do, so at.an oaty' 'day Five
hundred Cxtra copies were ordered to
be printed.- -.
At 12.30?..M. the bill to establish
nogro .tffra'o .tr the District was
taken up. b question Was upon the.
atuencment of M. (owan to strike out
43 Word "nmale," sb as to grnnt suf
lrago to both esexes. Mr. Anthony
advodated thd amendmieut ,and.',Mr.
. The ato on the Suf'rage Bill was
continuetl up to the titme of the ad
journmont of tho-Soenate.
Housa.-Mr..ofly presented the
memorial of' the Central Republitan
Committee on Reconstructioi..
A bill was passed requiring the
Clerk of the' Itouse to insott- in th'
roll of members only the ' names of
those f'om.statos represented Il the
next proQcdlug Congress, as prolimt(n'a
ry.to organisation. .
A -bill also report,ed to provido
punishibnWfor tleo counting.of frau
dnleit electoral votes, tlte prepmble
of which asAerth that the Iate-- intu.r
reetionary States can be restorea to
.ropreseontation only by the Ia nak
ing 'power.' .The con eratiton o ,. the
bill 1MAs otitpgned.,
Tihd. tevet made i speboh oi tho
bif tr rtp-l the statute of. 1,pitsr
tions with.egard totl-eason and'e pi
tal-offences. lie opposed the 1bIll o
*tehding that the orim 6tpq1jw
.one tipt requiredl to be urA
that4the.offene was ppn
a pea8eproolampstion WR y~
n teh.proclaiion 'tjdAV l.
le undersiadctifia VI
her ~n6 f '
of the ex-Confederate General Piokelt
THE CASE OF GENERAL PICKf.TT.
It appears that Judge Advocate
General Ilolt recommended that Gen
eral Pickett be brought to trial upon
the char go of having mnurdore'd twon
ty-two Union prison%rs of 'war ; but
the Secretary of War declined to do
this, on the grounds that the Supreme
Court had -decided against military
ti-ibunals trying such eases.
Genoral -Piakett addressed a letter
to'the President asking for amnesty,
"tud also one to ,Generil Grant asking
his favorable consideration, and ex
plaining the circumstances under
which the men were exeouth. He
said that he was simply acting as the
general commanding the Department,
and uudet: the sanction of the Coifede
rate .Government. General Grant
made an endorsement on the letter to
the President, recommending elemon
dy, or that an assurance be given that
no trial should take place for o1rences
charged agai*1st General .Pickelt.
General Gtunt said :
"During the rebellion belligerent
rights rwere allowed to the enemies of
our country, and it is clear to inc that
tlie par' c g v .n b*y t.e -a mies l3 ing
dovn thei grons protects them against
pimshment. for acts lawful in any oth
er belligerent. The punishment of
the men was at harsh one, but it was at
a time when the enemy, no doubt felt
it necessary to retain by. some power
the services of every man within their
reach. General.Pickett I know per
sonally to. be Im hooniable man, but,
in this case; his judgment prqmpted
him to do what cannot. now be stlstain
(d ; though I - do. not sec' any good
either t6 the friends of the deceased,
or as fixing an example for the futtfru,
can be secured by his trial now. It
WouTtliiTy~ open~ nis'tie qus'e tion
whether or not the Government (id
not, disregard -its contradt, entered 'in
to to secure; the surrende'r of an armied
WAsUINGT!N, Decemher 12.-i the
House, yes'er'lay, Steven"u1 made a
speech on the bilf to repeal the stitnte of
inmitation with. regard to treason adt
capipl -ofrnces. Ho opposed the 1jill,
contending that. the crinp of treasnil was
one which most required to be quieted
by time. The oetice wws cotinuoAi nn
til a pesq proclarnmtmon was issued. io
nmderstood that tihe man, at the' other
cnd of th1ea 'avenule had issued some
pie.ees of payper, but he dil not. regard
tlem as prochamations of peace. .'Iose
w.ho rebelled against the G'overnment
shold hu punished as captives.
No acti.n was' taken'on the bill.
i the .Senate. tty-dciy. Mr. WVilson
gave niot ice ihit to-Dmlurow he will in1
troduce a 'ill . - continno in force the
f'rtdmeni 'lnreau and to amend thl
act establishing it.'
Mr. Morgan introdnced a 'oint reso
lintiont of bliks to Cyrus M. Field, for
his serilces in laying the- Altantic Ca,
ble. Referred .to the Committee on
'.tr. Ttnmboll introduced a resolution
"a ing upon the President to inform the
Se'iawhe;h y any person appointed to
auy.omlce'req ltd by law to be filled by.
eo akof t h"SenatP, cotinii ioned
dtlririg thI r stof the Semite prvidus
t.ihle ettisi'e rg pf. jhe 'pruse,nt Con'
gres,his been continued in such' o&ie
Pitoe tIm, end ufhe 'session without the.
bmini4er of trfe ap' to ite'Nnate'frr
cL Ifrmati0rn.(ndt part ulgrlyNyhvIether
.4~rve'yor or nmmval otfeer* of;t'h4 port
o(blRdI hhIa tnag.beeih soi continned
difk#ihoutthho e of thc.8 n
t n odhtitr hhM ece,te
fare. -'That the Constitutional A nitd
ment is the most conciliatory. offer that
the rebel States could expect, and that
the theory of universa' amnesty o01ght
to be discharged by overy loyal patOt.
Objection being made none of tte\ tso
liitions were entertained.
The hill to. repeal the statute of imi
tation was taken *up and diescussed.
V itNOTON, December 13.="+ 'he
Senate, thirty-two against thirteen, as
e"d a bill referring snfiraAe. in the -Dis
itnet of Colinbia. -on colored persons,
but. exchlitig persons who, in the an
gitage of the hill, may have volun ily
given aid and comfort to the rebria in
the lae reb.llion.
Mr. Stevens introduced aill td re
establislh civil Government in North
Carolina, and to citable it to restime its
forner telat tons as utt of the constitt
onts States of the American Union. -e
tlid so at the reqest of several gentle
men frctm North Caroline. Referred to
the Conmittee on Territories.
On imotion of Mr. Taylor, of Tennes
see, the Secretary was reqested to.far
nli.sh any -informiition in the War Do -ri
meint, relative to the Now Orleans rips.
Tho disension on the frosidont'9,an
nitmd miosaago was coneticed, uld
Ward, of New York, made a speecl. in
wiich ie generally denounced the Pfesi
Tihe hill which Senator Yute. ititro
dtced to-day, ierites to the publtcation
of t he constitutional attiendinent,.wbich;
lrovides talint upon information bbing
received fv the Secretary of the Seriaie
ind the Clerk of the hjust', of the ra .i
ficatiot, of any of the amondmenttta J,he
Constitntion ..by re4t.isito unmI of
'States duly qnlifle<t to pass a hq ie
same, it shlunl be the dut.y o'f th r sj
dent of the Senate and the Clerk 'he
ionue to publish the samlie ill thi S
papers How aut.horized to puhlijJ Ie
htws,. e,cifdto ' inder their cit
and is now ii and binding as a partt
qf the Constitution, in'the same manner
as fornmerly cettified to by the ?ecretary.
if Slate. Thia object. of this bill is to.
leprive the PresideMt nd.the Secretary
o State of"any action in t.h' premise..
Congress has agreed to adjourn front
theo 2.0th instant until 3d oftnusry.
The Highest Di 'y of Southern Women.
A ppeal after appeal has been niade to
he young men of %he .Sint.h,." nrgin
the-n to devote their eieigiles to the
restvralonj of their contry to prpsperity
rttd the homes to hapritness. -They have
been told that they ttustb'hcontent ' to
ahor; that the day fo. phi1rsophical
liscissi and- etaphysicalfspecui4tion
anpad ; and that upon them and
Cheirs.murt rest the . resptnsibility.,cf
miiking the S.ithert SLatt rnd her
people respected, honored and admired.
Nobly have the majority responded -td
the call; anid in the Garolitas,in Vir
ninia, in Florida, in Louisana, i' evev
State of the 'lto Confede,raey, tit ground
has been furrowed and commerce.' has
bnen directed by those who, five yeai
ago. know labor but :hy name. ii: the
fiel.l, and on the plantati , in the
counting-room and -warehon , in - the
merchant s.hip and .swit. gliditig teitAmer;
in the mine and the. factory ; or1the lute
of projected railreau and in the halls of.
oplleges atd' ins.tituteo, the gallaht Sol,
diers of thotonfederata armius are tight
ing agaimt pot.-rty, privation .ah.d die
tiess, 'strengthoiiig .their - cournge. by
the. constant,: remuembrance th,at they
have a high reputation. to maintanand
spotless namea l.o uphtold. Whetnev.r
thne mortificafins .an eflghfe .of" thd
(htey Wer/i~Qd tp' Iooltwiti rtyerenceI
townrds thd-oteiue oa
edre-d ilg bi'Nfif tiemt'T$ wera
ttnd 4 iy; in lon Mt.L'edi~ ldd
like 'the t ' "bit
tolklo 26 9
continue to bo worthy, of some dear
Southern wopian--mother, sister, or
friend and must never, by repining or
complaint, bring the flush of shame to
her cheek or the-tear of regret to her
loving brown eye; "Better to die than
to live dishonored in the ey's of thosi
whom we love," is the legend burned
by the red hand"of war, on the souls of
the men of thd South, and, like trusty
soldiers, they have not faltered or hesi
tated in the- hard path they have cho!
It is not 'needed now to speak in
praiso of wha Southern women have
done. Their ct -will live through time,
and will be recorded in eternity. But a
task is before thema now more diflienli
than any that they have yet undertaken.
Admir*ly: and well as most of the
men of-the South have conducted theni
selves; there are still thousands who arf
content io fritter nway theit - time in
nonsensical nothings, iand to tiu t to
-somethinit turning up.' to sco ire a
brighter future. Such of these are par
ticilarly 'found among those y.ung. men
who have but recently attained their
mnjorita,-and ' whose mental training
was interrupted, or terminated by. the
vicissitudes of war.. They look 'upon
dress *as their noblest ambition, and gos
sip and scandal as their highest aim.
.They'congregate arqund church doors,
and se'hlom enter in ; they read, but will
not heed t he lessons thAt ever. the poorest
romance may teach, and thity willingly
and obstinately close their eyes to all
that life demands ofthem., Remonstrance
or entre.ity with those people would be
worse than vain ; and it is hero' the wo
nien of- the'Somh11 mn.t again show of
whnt. they are gtapable ; it is here that
the.y can fulfill their highest, .noblest
Cu y ,- Those men of boysr who must
indige in. fishionablo afetctation or h on
chalain' , a still .p rfatl'srnsible of'
ths6 ilnei o;fl - o&n virtuous wo-'
rnitt" eftee Webtawen
the woman and tler:lvas; and try to
adapt their,manners andctstodis-to her's.
Here, thet is.the new sphere of influ
ence; ;for a wgart i,to a gteat-extent
to. bo- praisea or'censured according to
the habits aid manners of tlosu who are
most fretently. with. her. This may
seem a harsh assertions but it is,i in'
ha'pily, nothing nmre than the . trnt.h,
for, if a- wonman ,eaunot make her com
panions like mitto hvrself, she slioudI res
ol:itely decline to,toid anf intercourse
with thorn I Men, in gpnertl, respect..
and reverence the women whom they
meet, and const.antly endeavor to' win
their admiratiotr. . All their litthl arts of
dress and pre0tiness ofspeech are inf td
ed tp attract wonianly. regard; and no
man worth knowing or seeing will con
ti'nuj to do that whlich is 'evidently dis
pleasisg strd diatnsteful io (uo-. whom
he.prufesses to respect. '\V+non,. the,
Southt'rn women,. must., by their words
attd deedaahow ,their frjends that scan-.t
dil and goasip hnvA no charms for them.
They musc show them that tihy are not
Ir to idle'or dream,'but to cWork an'ti
'wpit. They must, teach them thtt there
is no-g'reater.f+tant. than tit of, being
content tojiv.e upon the renembrrnce of
tla paat, ' Theyi mnst teatch thet, , I
ilne, that only tlt inn who is, earnest,
gnerou, unafleo ed and true-unly the
man 'wlho will lee&fnlly look Fortune in
th + face,t.ovever darkly sl may f own,
can expeot t<r wit affetion or love from
a rue woman, and.that such a-'nan cit
ai will,'under.'ll circnumtances, con
mhnd. her sinoer respect. 'Woinen will
einvatt.henelve.by. ,-levating those
with wliomi.thy live.. "T.iey idll trake
*ha eveif' possiblte, esihl more uteited
bundJketil'iby 'encoIirgiethe -in
tehle'cL tddetetognt of oi lie,K Thuey
~ill (gitt1b hgnof for themnsel'e iii
teachmgt Qt*nt liow e ,ode: bey
'SuTh$ fr}'( atmp (b con#
S4 or ooIoron9mi
t i i
it is alm8ost lc(A3ss to sav thrt
try at .v the nOn-segititurand acquiued
the derf: Ldant.
The convoutinon of Southern' rail
road- officors tnt on Katurday in Wash
i tgt n, and arranged a schedule of
eighty'th' e hours to Now Orleans for
passenger trains' and sAeyn' days fur
express and frecightlropgh from Now
York.. Passengers hiange cars - at
Lynch1>arg, . Virginia, and' Grand
Junction,. iss;, freight being only
broken at -Lycchburg, Va. ITn vief
of the fact thai by this route twolve
hours is saved to .New Orleans ouver
other roals, Postmaster (eneri I
Randall completeal a contract to-av
for the great Southern nail to be car
rioid this new route, and sti'pulated
for tiproved'postol .ears the whole
distance. The new arrangement goes
(uto operation unday night.
At a rogular meeting of, the New
York Cliambn. of (m nierce,. Thur-'
day:aftornbon, 4. imemorial was rgud
prayfbg 00agress to abolish the ' ov
port duty on cotton. A resolution
was adopted potitionig. Goye1omen t
to emp~loy a sqjuadro:L. ofnaval 'fossels
to fnake the flocessary?BC, easoninlingam
for a now'omlo, fo connect the Uinited
States w ith-1 Fram.ce tand Sogthe
hurppe It was thought that undi a
litaemutght he laid fromt C.pe Cod to ~
~on$ayk P'oint, A a ost. of $6,000, A
Yti ee ea 6he -dea.th of
the 1Tycoqu of Japaiyt4on high - digni
tario demnand4 0he immpenkatble
aer.o beial)e d to ' ?p -thea(
eto tz~ .It.