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bY UKORoE1 AR.;oLU.
4O cool green waves that ebb and flow.
itellettting cal,tn, blue skies above,
Hllow gently now vo cono and go
Since ye have drowned mly love.
"Ye lap the shore of beaten sand.
Wit h cool sait ripples ciroling by :
But from your depths a ghostly hand
Points upward to the sky.
"0 wavos, strew corals, white and red,
With shells and strange weeds from the
To make a rare and legal bed
Whereotn my love tony sleep ;
"May sleep and sleeping, dream of me
in drenns that lovers find so sweet,
And 1 will couch me by the couch
That we in dreams may meet."
The Cotton Crop-Causes of the Failure
Comparison of Stook and Prioe-Cause
of the Deoline.
A corrosponidt+nt of the N. 0. Cres
cent writing from Carroll countv. Missia
s,ppi, giives the following as the reasons
for the f:ailre of the cotton crop:
1. A less area of plnnted land, prob
ably not more than two-thirds.
2. Land balv prepared previoni to
planting. resulting from defieient plow
stock, cornmot: and old fatrn implement.,
and the gent"ral had condition of planta
tion:, dlilapidated by ti war.
3. -"lica stands," or a dtfici,"nt supply
of cwtit,u. plants n t he ground plantted,
reatng from old and defective seed.
4. The general wet spring, tii. rains
extending into Jtne. causing much of
the best, low lands to be overflowed. and),
as a consequence the replanting of the
5. D.'fi:ihnt labor of the freedmei.
Thtev could not. be pushed, as formerly,
inl the crisii of the crop, whict is in
working it the first tite, and cleanir.g it
well and in early time.
6. A slight drotth succeelin; Ih(
Spring ramtit, catotng the embryo bolls to
, ,a I.....,- . ...., .t
''liie sate corre.pondent writes : Now
Olt great mvstery wit m ite is the present
p rice of Cotton compared with the price
The quo'ation in Liverpool. October
27th, 1866, is 14d. for Anmerican Midi.
duing Uplands. For same tim,-, 1805,
I am no Cotton speculator, but a hro
ken nerchent, having done business
evnteit.ten vears previons to the war, and
never bonght a hale of Cotton on specn.
Intion. But if [ 'tow had the means I
would itlVt"at it. in Cotton at the present
jrices, on speculation
And I wi!l give my reasons. I have
before elia it file pf Liverpool, New Or.
leans and Bremen Cot.ton circulars The
late.t Liverpool circula.r l.ears 4t. No.
vembe.r 2d, I866. Froin ;hs I learn
tihat t he stock ont hand of ial dsacriptions,
Atimer:pan, 4ndia. Egyptian, Brazil, etc.,
itt dat.. of circuilairs is 665.160-la~st
y'.ear of' thesarina time 323,070, showin'g
sit increase of stock this veair 342,090.
NIow thid~ increase is more tipparetit than.
real, for there is now 149,fl00 bales less
at sea for Great Britain thantr there wats
one year ago at this time, whiht dedutct
d from 342,099 I.avintg 193,090 as the
alinmcrease of stock. From this~ circia.
I learn thai. Great I1ritain teni months
1)January lam. to November 2.1, re.
eid fronm the United States, l.08,
Tier awerage weekly counumption
nerl6an Qotton for thtese lt te onth.
hen 19,401, which anlounts to 957,
22 r h year, Her exports of Atmori-~
can Cotton during the ten months
amount to 191,901, making 1,149,
Great Britain, as we see, took 1.058,
044 of our Cotton t ten months, besides
having on hand the 1st of January last
144,000, and she has now only 199,730
of it remaining on hand. Will she
want less the coming year ? \V hat
amount other European countries took
during the same time, I have not the
means of ascertaining, though [ perceive
from one of our ports, New Orle atts,
Havre took during 'he year ending
September 1st, 1866, 141,011.
Another important item to be' taken
into considetra(tion is the description of
the preset.nt stock im Liverpool. Itere
we pt-rccive a large amott, of it constcists
of the East Inlia, or short. staple Cott.,.
which am'unts to 361,0.10 hales. T1'hi.
cannot he successfully worked unless
combined with the American or lont
But the great. item to lm taketn into
cotsideratio: in arriving at prospective
prices is the amount grown in all part
of the world. From l;vpt 200,000
bgles above last. year's crop is anticipa
ted ; from Brazil about the same. ntithiet
an increase or dimintltion ; bit. ir. India,
the main produciing cot:ntry aside from
te United States, a deficit is admittil,
caited by the heavy declno in pricee
since our war closed, and the seriou.
cominercial revulsion in that trade int
volvirg Ihose engaged in it in a loss of
two imndred millions of dollars.
WilO wit.i. BID TiF. tttol EST, TiHE NORTi
Bitt Europe calcuilates and says tis
deficit will be made up in the (extra
amount they will get from the United
States alove what they got last y('ar,
Here is E,urope&s del:tsit>n, ttd Mhn will
awake from it when she fully under
stands the aimount of our preseit crop.
Sie will require every bale of it. :\ nd
if we mak only one million, the United
States will r,1iiire, every bale of it.
Now the question arises, who will get
it? I answer. the one that bids the
highest.. And when the present delnsion
in tite North .and IE:rope. in rvteard to
the cop. gives way to actual fiacts and
fig;ures, the btddir.g will cotnnence. I
cuinot See why the prices should not. go
as high as t v('ar. for ti-re cornriiinly
is not. half the Cot toin in the Sot.h now
that there was at the time of tie sir
retder, whi h consisted of a full crop
in 1861, and partial crops for four vear,
succeedhng, deducting the losses by war,
and the anl-ttit rout t.hrough the block
ale which was gt eatly ,over-estinmated.
We, here in the South, were all deceiv
ei in the ailoiuit of ('o1t on otn hand lit
the close of the war. 'h e, greater por
tton of the amount remaining had bet
carefully cotl,e(alc,d in the woods antil ob.
scure out houses, to kee, it from being
burnt., and persons passing over the
count.ry did not see it, and, therefore,
inferred little wat left. It is true in
some s 'c:ions it was ontirely destroyed,
but in others not. a bale was lost. a
CAUSES OF TIlM DECI.tNE.
From the circular before rr.n. I per.
ceive there is a de.:line in Liverpool,
caused from the f<llowing telegraph re
port from New York :"Reculpts from
all tho ports, for the week ending Octo"
her 26, 49,000 bales (against 36,001),
25,000, and 15,000 three proceeding
weeks.) Crop accounts better; white
frost, but no damnage." It is very nat
ral ttat, early receipts should be largo
in respect, to the tot-d crop when we
take into consideration the following
circutmstantc"s: "The necssilies of the
people compel them to senid it itn.
mediately to market, and take what thery
ein get for it. Maniy were destittte of
it?eans, and had to pledge for provisions
goid suppilfas their crops, to be delivered
int October andc November. Some here
sold their Cotton last Spring to Ant Agent
repres4nting N'orthern and Eu~iropeami
capttal for 20 cents a pounid, to be e
liveredl in New Orleans itn November,
the planters paying all taxea and expen.
see ini shipping, tand nport th.ei.r failure
to do so at the speoiled time,1 everything
they had, event the"ir Ianvi, accordinlg t
the bonid th hadlce entered tn could
he sol-1 in thIrty dl:,v. Again, it inkea
less time to gather and send to market
smnall crop than a large one. Formefrly
when full crop,- were made. the picking
season extende"d into January. but now,
wi.h one-fourt.hs crop, it. can 4 moved to
market in oie.fourtt of the ti ."
I stsated that, the United States would
retire one million bales for;ome con
simiption. I suppose this tQ be the casee
froi the fact that we conmned of tiee
crop of 1858-1859, 771,9E17 1859-1810
810,362 ; 1860-1861, 669, .
From the increased number of cotton
mills built in the North, and to sornt ex.
tent in thee South, and the increase of
population, I do not thinlk Limo home con
sumptioun will be less than the amourtt
AMoUNT OF PItESENT (1O1' ItMTRD WITU
Cau' OF 1859 AND 1860. .
According to Ctrnwal).& Zerega'
New York circular. t.he'ree-"ipts of the
crop of 1859 and 1860, at 0l1 the port
ft)m Septenmtctr st to D'eelmber fa, 3
mouths, was 1,2 13.000 whkh was 26
per cent of the total crop, w ich was 4,
675.770, the largest ever ada. The
rtceipts of the present crofro m all the
p.rista for the same period ol'ime, accord
ing to the Mobile Prics Current ol
sante per cenlt. of the tot crop in in
market. we would ha ve 1,408,200 as the
imt,unt of that present. 4
lbit this is not a fair W4 A . A greater
pe"r cfti.. of the present crop haS been
rece"iveed for reasons befop stated viz:
the' ahsolute necessity of a planters L
stendi their crops to mar t' a soon as
gatheared and thm great fat 'ty of doing
this with at srmakl crop. i evide to
tie' most simtpe that one d a quartep
nilhein hales eti be put irket much
sooner than four or five mi ns.
Aecording to the nuthb . ut.ee
thn reempts of,- thta.: . 165% iit
to tihte end of December amonnt.t4 to
945.01)0 bales, being 411 per cetnt. of thte
The New York herald co;resnon.
dence from Chihuahnuu, Junrez' terit of
governtmettt in Me xico. is dated No
vember 21. The Iune"i i::;+ts tre en -
gagei in withdraw::' i:-. ' 1 eops atront
their outposts in the r itrtion o;
the country, with t.h.- ie "tai ,n, doubt
less, of encentratmng abo;:. the capital
In speaking of t he losses in the country.
the corrrespondent says of $8,u00,000
of Amuericatn working cepital in four
Slates, onie eighth renastins, tho rest.
having been tsed ip by the F1rench.
Tise Mexicsa niople have no disire, ,e
says, that the Un:lited Stattes shoull
assone a prit'ctorato over their cou
try, and a ay sit Lim p, to int.roduee a rmed
bodies frut> the United will be opposed
by the: Libiral Government.
\Vto ;'L.t. PAY TItRt11 UIEnTR ?--i
the St;ate" Governments at thei Siuth ire
abrogated al the States are converted
in Territories, governed by Congress,
who will pay their present State debt-s?
Some of them owe, as Sttates, from forty
to fifty millions; their obligations are
held in Feuropo. and thro.tghont. tle
North iad East in this count.ry. If tit e
States are aboelished *by Congress. the
debtor disappears by the act of Congress
and the creditor is l-ft. tuus his Stete
bonds. This i.s Sueanvr's wisdom ; Ste
Vens' state-in anship ; Bout.well's e'qutity
and l3ntthss"'a sharpuess.---Phid!t lr ealed.
Thie fol .witng co.lored.-t reliion.ti . i.i. .
bigence we fiud in the lIahrrish-uLrg (Pa.)
A n old negro ofC our town--otne ofi
the few wli:0 Sa vS that ite wou~eld rathe'r
be 'back in dem cabin"-ini speaiking of
thu new order oft hings, hme re'latetd thae
following to otne of' our old cit izens: "I
tell you, o)e mastor, it wona't do ; now
mntine, I tell you. WVhy, why. sir, 1
went out. .yondeir d'e o,ber nigh;t ta a
meeting, amid dir was ain ol0 black rascal
dat preached abouxt a hotur, deni sung
aboutt a hour, and by L,hia~ time it'. .was
late in de night ; do seven st ars wasi waty
aup y'onder ; bitt dat ole mintister ob. d'e
Goipil didn't sleep till he had ps nnedl
otte of his whsite neighbor's cows and
took de last. drop ob milk fro her.
Bloody Affray at Portsmouth.
On Thursday night last a bloody affray
occurred at a drinking saloon in Portsmouth,
Va.. in which a number of whites and no
groes p.,rticipated, and which resulted in
serious injury to four or five persons. The
Norfolk Journal says :
Thu "Star" saloon at the Portsmouth and
of the Gosport bridgo, on Market square, a
small doggery, kept by one Charles W.
Clark, a mulatto, was ctered by a party of
young m,en belonging to Norfolk and Ports.,
mouth, who happened to be on "sort of a
spree," tne contents demolished and thepro
prietor and his wife pretty badly beaten.
The assault was proceeded by a bombad
ment with brickbats, which smashed the
windows and broke the bottles in the bar.
After" the ,ayailanta got. possession, a robust
c~lored barber named John Francis, doing
httiness neat door, entered Clark's plibtc
through the side door leading from his shol
to see what. wi going on. lie was assault
edl by the whit.s, and in the melee three o1
the young men. Mr. D. F'itzgerala, Thomas
Ferguson and Robert Peed, were badly cut,
The barber, it Is thought, used a razor. ani
intlioted all the wounds. The row wat
brought to a closehy the interference of thi
police, whoariested tll the parties found it
the promises at the tine, Fitzgerald. Fergu
eon and Peed were discorered to be so badl)
injured that it was necessary to take then
to a drug store to have their woundseiressed
Mr. Fitzger*'l was the worst sufferer, hbi
neck being cut in a most gastly manner
and he will h-tre a very narrow escape if he
-,urvivr". l-e was taken to the Americar
1otel. wher, he stilt lay yesterday, in h
very crirlei:rt .ndition. Mr. Ferguson wa
also cut irn the neck very severely. ind wmt
t'iken home. Mr. Peed had one of his ear'
cut, and recerive1 a very serious contesed
wound on rhe back oft he head : he was aise
carried honme. The barber who performed
all this b oody work, wits badly cut in the
hande nnd about the neck. Two or threc
razors and a billy were fonnd among the
wreck after the affray. Charles W. Clark,
the keeper of the house and Johnu Francis,
the liarber, were arrested.
Tea: Ur.cat ci is Got.n -We clip the fol.
o rom the" Vationual InteWllgencer of the
Gold still tends dowunrd. It stands at
thirty-seven anda fractiom, hut it isthonght
Ihat it."will go lower. There is less demnand
for gold for the payment of dnties. as the
exp;rts of cotton and other proects are
Iit: the lhiefcnuse for the declino ogee,ld
ts the uncertainty of the legislamion of Cout.
gross upon subjects which will affect itt
The hill before the Committee of Warts
"nd Menns, providing for the sale of two
! millions of gold in the open narkct every
Mondny morning, till the suplns in the
Treasury shall lie reduced to forty-three
nillons, hangs fire. There is some doubt
whether it will ho reported in that shape.
Tte prospect of its psavage tends to make
golb temporarily lower but. it may bedouh.
red whether, in practical effect, the meas.
ure would long depress the gold market.
The Jarlxnrr ller"ahl, of th,' 29th Septen
ber, t:nnouncrs that, the. ''yco0n die'd '
O,:-ico ;ot. t thr,e week, prtviouslty, o;
a dieaso resentbling iropsv. unkto'wn
in Euraipe, butt to which the Jananes;
ar- Ilabh- and c;all~ed by them ktak. It
ad.is : "lie was very inert by n:tore.
attd. althemgh syty,pathty 'i. f.-tt for on
dying so votuig, and j-sts. as family en
do;,mrienta were commencing with hin,
vet for the good of the country a much
mrte ttlie mtan was rergnisito. This wt
are led to expect in his successor.
Stotshishi, for whom the Gnrogio hae.
untnimutslt' voted and mado known
tii.'ir choice to :bi Mikado-nnd Stots.
hashi i." new in fnll charge of the govern
A Naw Pr.ANr.-A new planet has been
discovured by a French astronomer--dis.
covered en the night of the 4th of \oven.
her, flow it is situated - he describes as
tollow! : -
Novt.raer.a 4, 1864-At.11 h..'. .i.
tes, 26 seconds, P. M , nu tan $ita &
Mlarseilies-planet.In Aris; . .g...
simn. Onte hoer, 45 minutes. 9 seconids;
polaer dlistane, 77 degrees, 84 iminutem;
diurnai oon, i2 seconds In right ascen
nion, and 4 minutes, 58 seconds in dist-ane
rhio new asteuriod. whichi matres tlhe 01st
of the group sittuated betweeni Jupiter and
Mia-'. lias th'e brilliane.y of a star- of the 11th
Ge.n. Shirnian anid Minister Oiarnpbell
sert repor tad to bo floating aihonit on
the Stisquhanmna, ini theu vicinity of Nesw
Orienns. Theey ihave bee-n at Vera
Cruinz, but could not find Junrtea, fltntan
signs of the Meziennu Repunblius:40- they
I.a#e cu)na) ifsc1 t o Necw- Orkaita to ask
Gen. Shce.ridla so show them the wiav
ERaotna OF THE PlNTER.--A West.
ern paper lately published an address
by a Mr. Brown, and in its next issue
noted the following correction
"For 'dum swizzle,' please read
'prominence ' "
This w as bad enough. but the next
week the same paper had the follow
"In an advertisement which appear.
ed in ot,r last paper, for 'Bumblyton's
storm .destroying porringers,' read' Ham
ilton's worm'destroying lozenges."
No ote would wonder at such mia.
takes if ha could sen the nanuscriptii
which editors and printers are some.
times under the necessity . of decipher:
ing. One cane to us a short time
since which began as follows, as nearly
as we could inake it out.
Br. Quanbog--"Yelp, zarkny song
frog dog naught poppet so long," &c. 1.
closed with--"Ie careful in reading the
proof as I write in haste." This last,
sentence he studied out after an hour's
trial at three sittings. The communica,
tion was three pages in longth. Of
course it. was thrown aside as iutter.
ly defied any e.pert, on earth to Eng
lish it. Any author who cannot, witit
hi3 own harrd, furnish a fair, legiblc
manutsc'ript for the printer should ei
ther employ a copiyist, or "iorever icd<1
his peace, when errors occur in his arti
AR-rVUS WAtra LAwr & n Bsr.
-Artemlls Ward is coining money in
London. and no one can wonder at it
after rending the following puff of him
TorNFs, Octo her '20, 1866.
To fr. Artenus Wrd : Dear Si!
-\y wife was dangerously unwell for
over" l rears. She was so weak that
she couldn't. lift a teaspoon to her month.
But in a fortunate moment she conl
mIenCd rea'ding one of your lectures.
She got ht.te,r a', once. She gained
strength so r:"pidly that she lifted the
cottnge" piano quite a distance from the
floor, and 'h"n tipped it over on to her
inother-in-law, with whom she had had
some little rotmh:-e, We like your lec
turt"s verv rmi:ch. P'lease ser.- me it
barrel of them. If you shonid require
any more recommendation you can get
anv number of them in this place at two
shi'lings each, the price I charge for this
on", and I i rl.:t you inav be very hap
p-y. I an, ir, yours truly, as is my
"R S. SPRINGR."
1ix-I)r.:ssU. -Thle Partisian hair
dlre,sfrs, who c<mtrol the fashions, have
held their f:rst. ball of the present sea
stin, and at it. ltid down thn:r inexorable
la ws. The rage for f;thle ha-r shOws no
nbalwe in-nt, and ladies' eeads are still
t~ he .emded oown. with some one else's
tres-:*s. \rith thu front hair drawn
back and liftrl up fromr the forehead in
pufls and rolls, the back hair spread out
into an enonrmous lump, tied in spread
inig bows or rolled into an intricate masa
of short, thick, ge,omett;eally diaposed
aausageQ. how ean a womn contrit-e to
place on her head anything bigger tharr
the few inches of tulle, blonde or velvet.
with which she covers the infinitesimat
iolio'v lhft at the summit of tho head,
hetween,the hilly protuberances of the
front and1 the mountainous ones of the
Irnsi..tnt --Lielittrnant Lawiwcr. for
merly of the 9th Connecticut regiment.
wvho hiM lately' been im prisoned in Ire.
hand as a Fe.niAnm, has arrived in New.
Hanven. Connecticut, having i*-.i sent
homne by tho itng'iali Goveun r.:rd.. Ito
reotata there are 500,000 well
armedl anid well-drilled F'etjians in Ire.
land. who- are dt.ternmmed to strike for
liberty by the 1st-of January. LINent
Jaawler will soon raturn t,, Iroland to
assist in thie revol(iion thtere.
'The New York Ierald, of the 159' Co -
tanm a long anid very liereatIa~ ,nof
work connaected with the of~ the
K~tnAmerican telegraph 11#whIi t
ito give us thatirrtdth
haus been suirveyed, and w.~ ius obgtiolo
tI on: T da will Meln n
from Europe,'with~ madas Uns hu