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ur o+eI eoquonL insertion. VOL. VI.- WINNSBORO, S. C., TUKJRSDAT DECEMBER 16.1869 148 I EXECIJT4) 1'11 DISPATH
You are el teen to-day and life'e sunny
Have ih splendor over your head,
Bright a. 'deW on the opening flowers
That ati ily hide in a soit mossy bed.
+1es, eighteei to-day---in the bloom of your
. youth +
Aim high to, the holy, the pure and the
B. steadfast in virtue-and bat le for truth,
And lite In the beauty of true womanhood.
Just eighteen ie.day-then arm for the fight
'Gainat psion, and folly, and wrong ;
Grave on y.ir soul-shield "God and tle
And yoi/' arm and your heart shall be
Yes, el bteen to-day--then here's to your
Not,with wine, but with water refined.
My 1o0st is your purity-anl a f.tleless
Of beauty-, heart and of mind.
The C,1: o ir's Repo Ft.
The follow lo' a brief synopsis of
the annuall Keport of Ililnnd R. Iul
burd, Comptroller of the Currency:
Since the last annunl report, nine
National banks have been orgsnized,
making the total number up to Oeto
bor, 1869, 1,694, of wbich 1,620 are
in activo operation.
The total amount of notes, and
fragments of notes, of all denominn:.
tions, outstanding September 30th,
1869, is $299,789,895. The total
amount of U. S. 'bonds held by the
Treasurer of the United States to se
cure the redemption of the circula
ting notes of national banks on the
30th of September, 1869, is $342,
Owing to tl"- abuse of the present
law concerning liquidation, it is re
commended then Congress pass an act,
requiring all banks that go into li
quidation to deposit legal tender notes
for their outstanding circulation, and
take up their bonds deposited with
the Treasurer of the United States
within sixty days from the date of the
vote to go into liquidation.
It is recommended that all taxes
imposed on national banks by the
United States be tnnde returnable
and payable to sthe Treasurer of the
The recommendation of the estab.
lishment of an agency in New York
City, to redeem the issues tti trans
act the business of national banks, is
The average dividends made by
national banks during the last year,
are said not to exceed ten per cent.
upon their capital, af.or deducting
taxie and expenses.
The total increase of United States
currency for th y 'ar is $3,713,6.12.
The volume of rency now stands
$390,000,000 issuel by Government.
and $300,000,000 by banks. It is
urged that there should be but one
paper currency, and t'hat should em
nate from a source that is influenced
by and amenable to the laws of the
State, It is claimed that the present
banking system is an improvement,
and its faults are the result of an
irredeemable ' curr oy. A self-ad
justing system of o reney is needed,
and tnay be res tied through the
agency of the national banks, before
the return of spo'e payments. By
the etabllphmnt b1'1A4 a specel
1ass,.the;, resut '.of specie pay.
aoent fs bAff ated, and famil.
iarity with gold *iues will tend to
relieve the suh'jeo4 of its mayateryr.
* Looking for ward to unifor m. values,
by wise legislationi now, a national
banking system cen be established
which will furnish. R ound currency
.of uniform value melevery State in the
Unono.--S. C. R?ep Iica.
The Georgia pers neot'ioe the
'Venesuela entton I rod.nced and out..
tiwated by Dr. 1tner, who makes
twee bolls grow 4 e only one grew
before. This b~ tiful and silky
plant put down 14 uly will mnaturo
*opner than the boi species planted
ispring, and It gItes one hundred
and fifty boll. on a 4talk--ft,y boils
taaking oe. pound.
ThQse ao*the twords of the four
teenthamendment :-"No State shall
make or enfo.rce any low which shall
abridge the privileges or immunities
of citizens of the United States. *
* * Congress shall huvo powcr to
enforce by appropriato ltgislation the
provisions of this nrticle. . By the
adoption of an amendment with these
words the States have in el eet vacat
ed their sovereignty as to all the sub
jects that can be brought under t:.at
amendment, since for all euch subjects
Congress is the supreme law-making
power. What is to be done in the
case of Georgia may give to the States
at large som light as to the practical
possible operation of the anodment.
In addition to these important top
ics we notice two propositions already
up for complete amne."ty ; an inquiry
from s'runch old Cameron as to Cuba,
and a hint from the Censss Commit
tee that the legitimate suecepor of
the slavery ait.ation i., .- be an agita
tion as t, railroad.s. Among the most
important matters which were brought
to the attention of the Senate yester
day must he enumerated a communi
nation from the Governor of South
Carolina, enclosing resolutions of the
Legislature of that State relative to
the recognition of Cuba as an inde
pendent government ; a memorial in
favor of according belligerent rights
to Cuba: the necessity of the nubli
cation of a new map of the United
States illustrativo of the laud re
sources of the country, to be made in
connection with the report of the
Commissioner of the General Land
Office ; a resolution by fir. Sumner
aiming at such legislation as shall so
oteo for medical practitioners in the
District of Columbia equal rights and
opportunities, without distinction of
color, and a report from the Com.it
tee on the Judiciary of the bill relnt
ing to the appellate jurisdiciion of
the Supreme Court, with an anend
inent in the nitture of a 'substitute.
The House of Representatives was
mainly occupied with a discussion as
to the most economical mode of tak
ing the census. Evidently we are to
have a session of very great interest
to the people, and if, as rumored, it is
to be short, it must, perforce, be very
practical.-N. Y. Hera,ld.
The President, in his message, tells
Congress about various policies that
should be adopted, but it so happens
that he doesn't want them adopted at
present. lie say" that.,ur taxes might
be reduced $60,00),000 to $80,000,.
000 per year, were it not for some
experimeint.that h,o wants to make in
funding the public debt- but, as
thigs eare, he thinks it host to phst
lone reductiou. le desires a return
to specie payments, but this, he tells
us, must be deferred for the present.
HIe asserts that the tariff ought te be
c'ut down, but the process, he holds,
should be put off till another season.
The internal revenue tax, he assumes,
should be adjourned for three years.
The Alabama olaimn.i, he resolutely
contends, must be i igorously settled,
but the settlement, be is well convinc
ed, should await a future and calmer
condition of feeling between tb Uni
ted States and Great Britain. All
these things, he tri doubt, will de
mand the energe'.io action 'of fut>are
aidminiattits, bitt bt of 1ie.
nS~tate Rights seem lik~ely to come
up in Kentucky once suore, and in a
shape in which it will be hard to get
thema out of the wa,y without going
near to the decision that there are no
States. It is a question of taxation.
The power to lay taxes is the first ne
cessity of the existence of governe
ment; that is its moat vital .funotion,
and one in which it wmust be absolute
ly free. This general prinoiple is.no
ddubt the basis of the deoision just
given in Louisville, that it Is uincon
stitutional for Congress to deolare that,
States shall not tax certain kinds of
propert.v, such as United States bonds.
-N. Y Harald.
The first vessel freighted through the
Butes canal sank in the Red Sea.
Thae Treassary Report.
Mr. Routwell's report is of the
hiy?est im portance. Among the more
salient and gratifying points is his an
nouneemeut that, including the inter
est earned and not paid, and deduct
ing the cash on band, the debt of the
United States on the let of March
hart was $2,525,463,260.01, and, sub;
ject to the so conditions, it was
$2,453,559,73423 on the first of the
present month, showing a decrease of
$71,903,525.78 This apparent de
crease of the p4blic debt is less than
the actual de$reaso. Considerable
sums have boe paid on account of
war and other eld claims not previ
ously ascertain d, and therefore not
included in any debt statement.
The Sooreta found the Sinking
Fund provisio of law utterly neg.
leoted. le io reports the law com
plied with, the being a surplus of
of. $55,432,000 i redeezsed bonds to
be added to the Pond.
Mr. Boutwell proposes that the
resumption of Fpedle payments be de
layed until a part f the Five-Twenty
bonds can be fund in a new 4f per
cent. gold loan, wb h bhe would limit
to $1,000,000,000, at most $1,200,
000,000, one-third payable after fif
teen and within twenty years, one
third after twenty sod within twenty
five years, one-third after twenty-five
and within thirty ears, for which
Five-Twenties should be ezohangable,
which National banks should be re
quired to keep as the basis of their
circulation, whioh thoild be free from.
taxation, and the intere4t of whil
should be payable either here or at
the loding money oentors of Europe,
as might be desired.
He makes many suggestion, worthy
of the gravest consideration in regard
to the currency, bankh_t, the develop.
ment of our- conn gftl marina, &c.
-S. C. .Rtpublcan.
BOwEN AT No DIRTY WORx.
Congressman, C. C.'Bowen, who, ' if
he had received his deserts, would now,
be either in the Penitentiary or a
corpse, made such by a sheriff and a
gallows, is still here. It has been a
matter of surprise that he should
linger here when his dntiep and per
diem call hitm to Washington. But
he has been busily engaged on other
than Congressional duties. His ob.
jects in remaining behind have been,
if report be trugs to secure the pas
sage of the coip,Uill, and the election
of Whipper t4he Supreme Bench.
By securing Whipper's election he
removes a formldable rival from his
path, for itris, pderstood that he
would run for. as against Bowen.
What hiq lit are In seegring the
passage ofthe :ooin bill are not so
easily divined,'but it is understood to
be to get the tluence of the State
officials, who supposed to be inter
estea in the, l1-ooly for the credit
of the State It is freely reported
that money ht been used or pronised
by Bowen to Jniuence members to
vote for the eFeotion of Whipper and
the passage o he bill. During yes
terday and to hren the oin bill
was under disusid, nolored mem
ber", as I am hformed, were heard to
remark to eslr other, "Hews yeo re.
cae0d your money for lhis ' and to
make similar, r.mFrk. Tbftu re
mark* were bt ovevrhearj by me, but
knowing the character of my Infor
mant, I have no doubt that they wore
made-Co. Okeriston Ne. -
An inventive Frenchman who wit.
nessed the great petrolenm conBlagra
tion at Bordeaux, reeently, suggest.
a new mode of harbor. defemsee: "li
ease a hostile bet, shLould bombard a
port, all that woutPk be necessary
would be to pour several hundred
barrel. of petr-olernm on the water at
ebb tide and light It. Wooden ships,
would be burned, while on tre, ships
the crews woutd beroasted.,"
A noted Wetern express company
prints on its shippingreeaipt that i will
Inot he liable for ''any loss or damagi by.
I fre,'-the acts of. God, *r of Indianos, or
other enemies of the gpveripa.''
A FAT Jon.-The general provis,
ions of the gold bill, now before th<
Legislature, are these :
Ecton ". That the principal o
all bonds and stocks of thi4 State, an(
the interest thereon, shall be paid it
gold or silver ooin.
Sec. 2, That.6he T,easurer of thii
State is herebf authorized and requir
ed to make the' ' necessary exhangei
through the Financial Agent of tli
State, in New York, for carrying thit
Sao. .3. That this act shall take of
The "interest" is a small matter tc
the Radical speculators. What the'
want is the power to pay in coin the
B per cent. stock due 1870, $314,453
6 per cent. bouds due 1871, 500,OO
Supposing that they buy up these
securities at 60 to 70 per cent. in cur.
renc-, and obtain payment at par in
gold, there would be a profit on the
transaction' of about three hundrea
thousand dollars in gold. This it
worth.praying for, lobbying for and
paying for 1-Charleston News.
T! "difflcult and rarely attemptee
lorg operation of the transfnmion o
blood has recently been successftely per
formed if the Pensvlvnnia Hospital.
A yonng man in the upper part of the
city was wounded on the inner surface of
the upper lip. The wound continued tc
bleed for 10 days, after which time the
patient was sent to the surgical wards o
the hospital. Several remedies were
applied, and the arteries supplying the
face were tied, but without success it
controlling the flow of blood. Recour
was naxt hs, to.:.,i- anu to th<
common carotrd or great artery of th<
the neck. and applying a ligature, so of
to obstruct entirely she course of the
blood. The oozing of the blood stil
continued. but in lessened quantity
On the 19th of October the patient wat
in -such a state of extreme exhanttiof
fron the long continued hemorrh'age
sht his death seened to be imminent
and, as a last resource, the attendinp
surgebn resolved to try the effect of
tranafusir.' Two medical students
bared theb arms and gave the blooc
required for the oreasion. Five oticet
and a half of tbe' blood was intnsed intr
the vein of ea.h rm of the patient, th<
marked good 09cts of which were
evinced in five d utes by a r.llying o
the pulse a 'otherwise beginninp
reaction. The as no fnrther die,
charge of blood the original vouind,
and in 10 days t natent was able tt
walk in the war . a d rapiJy regaine:i
In the Senate th re are 6 Demo
erate; 7 negroes,mnd I white Radicals
For the Senate from bbevillo there
are two olaimants-Co nel Cothran
(Dew.,) who was legall eleoted, and
Mr. Oufin, (Rad.,) who s defeated
In the House, therw are I Democrats
72 negroes, and 36 white Riadioals.
Tat Tsxas ELacSos.-Galseston
December 9.-.Returnaifrom fortyssi
counties give Davis 5,489 mtyerity,
Flanagan, for Lietttenant-GovernOi
8,260. Gineral W. T. Clarke, e,
btse.ol;~ . 9hoa the t
dWA bl ;Wira3 elect
Go} *o: prob4 ifries are tha
all tlbe oanAldq4 to gree on th<
Davis tiokes ar eleted, with goo<
u.ajoritles indt .bta es' of th
A Csi4A si p sdEk to promot
the natim~ prosperaty by furnishing fre
pae to any pa4de la Europe wh~
wish- frsake their isom.. in this. coon
try:" To dQ this he calTs ona congress
~pppriate $90 00,O00 a year 1r av
~ear fs the employenent, of sukabi
ssserbel. to ha ,onisenuded b
*Ibt. M~be~w.' ashed atesell
4 A i ~ obuit.r," was th
cepfrt~4~gp lid fellow. '!An
&~Jfr"One of thirer
diIIiI~'~IJ is evident.
Agricu aM Facts.
Tutf a.ou io;l ; tree does as
tuch harm as ht, eboker on a
Four hundr t,;is a day are
used on the bar o; the Purugua in
making Liebig' cr'et of meat.
It is a little s"us that the mak
ing of potash a 0 1 diseses of the
potato are co ectcs:. The less pot
ash the m.re ot.
On an a;:ge th..-ule can do a
third more wcork, l"v s third longer
than the h,rso, saue iv, 11s particular
about its board.
Mam Earl of Ii" : on County, Ind.,
b.d a corn patch of nc;, -rres. Cau
"anybody say is e o h,.e.r ? The
grain is now fatteuit:s 4,001 beeves.
le o.c farmer i he w-. makes
the most t,,snoc. The nei. best
farmer is b., i..r hu- - he most.
Many far..;cr . brA, bit:
butter in winter, because they skim
too much milk with the cream and
do not churn often enough.
All manures that are handled with
the shovel and fork may just. as well
be applied 'between rrw and April as
in the busy season. T-ime is no ex.
oeption to this rule.
The vine has give: more comfort
and joy, with less loss .-nd cost, than
any other fruit-plant. Apples are an
American fruit ; grapsi are eaten all
around the world.
The wisest farmer is '.e who has the
most experience to light his way.
The experience of others well notsi
and applied with discretion may mak,
the young farmer as competent as the
A FAIR Tuin.---"I uydorstand, Mr.
Joncst that you'can irn anything
neater than any other nan in town."
"Yes, Mr. Smith, i t4ink so.''
"Ahem ! Mr. Jones, I don't like to
brag, but there is nobody on earth
can turn a thing as well as I can whit
''Pooh ! nonsense, Mr. ,mitb I
Talk about whitthng-w-"%%hat can you
whittle as nice as I can tern I"
"Anything--everythisoz, Ar. Jones.
You just name the urticet. th:at I can't
whittle tha, you can turn, and I will
givo this dollar if I do net do it to
the satifaction of these gvtlcmen
present. (Here Mr. Smith tables the
"Ahem ! Well, then, Mr. Smith.
supposo we take tuo grindstones, just
for a trial, you kuow--you whittle
the one while I turn the other."
A fair "soll." Mr. Surith stared a
moment, and vamanotsed. The fur,feite.
dollar was quickly .e1 e of by
those prezent, with t rne ;e and sat.
It muust, moreover, be mentioned
among the cignsjof 'he times that on
the same.tAy the hishomt met in Roma
tho Deiys aasemlbled in ctonvertion at
Naples=,' and that the news of this co,n.
vention and of the opening of the
Ecumenical Council was anshed\sinul.
taneously by the Ailantic teleg'Jph to
One by one, the old ban 'f -fr
State are teauming busmnessi T e test
cheering tndicaton of the kd in. the
case of the 4, an nsti
tt.tion ' K'i; . c, ' s iformttf ld,
%oepenud its dorifrf br y.ester
SThaSt. Louis DemocraL, one of the
ablest And most influential of the
papers traich have advocated a. oon
traotion'of the ountenov. bas dIiscover
ed that perhaps contra'etion is not ne
ferteefforts of the contractioniaS
"Lenny, you're a pig," aW4 a f
*f to his litto Qve yeas' o'd 7
"Now, do yom kon'r wbat. a r- M.
7 Lsnn-y 1'" 'Xes ir, a #:g's *a .g's
little boy." A
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