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The Fairfield herald. (Winnsboro, S.C.) 1849-1876, February 07, 1856, Image 1

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~4iIt
. LARn Editor and Propritor.]
VOL. VIL] WINNSBOROp ,_FEB., 7, 185. _NO 51.
THE
FAIRFIELD HERAID
Is PUBLISIIED) WEEKLY ST
F'RANKLIN GAILLARD,
iK TRIN tOWN OF WINNSBORO, S. 0.
Terms.-Tuu HERALD is published
Weekly, in the Town of W'nnsboro, at
62 invariablt in advance.
(*- Mr. V. B. PALMER is the only autho.
wtfttdr Akent for this paper in the cities of Boston,
New York and Philadelphia, and is duly em.
powered- to takeadvertismente And subscrip.
lons at the rates required by us.
Prom the Washington Union, Jan. 25th.
Special Message froi%the President.
'o the Senate and
House of Representative.:
Circumstances halve occurred to di.
lurb the course of govermantal organi.
zition in the Territory of Kaisis, ad
produce there a conidition of thinags
which renadiers it incumbeut on ilme to
maill your attiention to the mttject, land
urgenittly to recommend the adoption by
you of such rmetaures of legiamition as
the gravo exigencies of the case fap.
ponr to require.
A brief exposition of the circumistan
ees referred to, miad of their causes, will
he tecesantry to the l'ull umadermtitmidimig
of the reconinaendations whicil it is pro
posed to submit.
Time act to organize the Territories of
Nehraska and Kmmias wts a mmmnaiisat.
t.1 of, the li n I.. tae oiamaiom of Coll.
(Jam n *V.w great 41gnts- oII coatitm
tie''til cor.I a arm on sam , i t tme demig.
nat ma oniaae,~ m o a i ie Ter
r toa y, nod pr Vi-1on for mts poiitical or
d':11lmmla1am .mm1 aa maaiastratioaos a Ter
ratory, ar meassures which IInI right l'il
withim the powers of tle General Gov.
ornmment; atd mime other, thit the inhabi
timats of tiny amtch Territory comsidered
as inm itsolonte State ire etited itm the
exercism of self-government, to deter.
mine for thenselves whaa. shall be their
ownm domestic institutions, SuIject only
to the Costitutiot and the I.aws duly
tmatetitd by Coitgres under it, and to lime
power of lhe existlna States to decide
nt-cording te ise provmimm .ad prmei.
iilmsm of the Cmntaaituiom it vlm t tame.
the Territory slall le received as ma
Smtame into tIme mUnionm. Sucl ire the
great puihtiail riatim which tare molennly
deelgred and aiflirmed by tihat mnot.
iased upon this- theory, the fact of
Congress defimed for Pmela Territory the
outlines of republican goveraient, lia
tributing publc aihority amomg lawfl
ly erild ..V -.. n n. ,be. a
at~melav.--.& be mtppinuatam,.inme,,
Sther Geriefoi Oero'n nemt or by tme
TVerl'.y. , The l-Klativo fuanctionsm
I -rt intrusted to a council uad a hoatse of
represetmatives duly elected anmd empow
ered to eacta all the locad iaws whiclh
they amight d,-em essential to their Iros.
peirity, hmppimness, anod good government.
pnting imm the smio spirit, Conagress also
lied the persons who were Ia the
first instance to be considered as tje
people of eich Territory; enacting. that
epver free wfite mmale inihabitiant of the
Imtanfi above tle itige-of twenty-one years,
$eing an actual residenqt thereof, and pus.
iessinmg the quaificattions hereaifter dem.
eribed, should be entitled to vote at the
first election, and be eligible to Iany office
witiin the Territory; but that the quili.
ficatiom of voters and holding office at
all subsequent, elections should be such
ae inight be prescribed by the legisl.
tive mssembly : Provided, however, that
,=he ight of suffrge and of holdinga office
shadi be pxercised tonly by citizens of
the United Suites, and those who should
h1ave ieclared am oath their intention to
become such, and have taken aromth 'to
support the Conitutlni oh .the ,Uited
States and the provjeih. o th6 'adtt
A4d provided' furifiuir,ihat no ~offer,
soldier, seduath, or mtmarme or other per.
son i the - army or .navy of the Undited
States, or ttacled to troops in thmei
serviee, should be allowed to vote or
hold offide mn either Taertitory by reason
'of beling on service theureina.
Such of the publio otiicersof the Ter
ritorlds -as, by the. provisilons of tihe at,
foere -to be appolinted by time Gen~ueral
Governmmeaat, haciudinag thea Gbvurnore,
were appoiuted amnd canmadsijoned -
tltw' miasota; , .t law manvita gd). ienact.
ed~m #time Spth olt ahj B6'si d Akt
rlaory of Netidaka beinag dmmtcfdmn tte
.d49. of Augpst,\18*4, *taI o the
4oi.g thne dpilss irnposed b6 a i
the voernur4 was that of' dl , ntg timd
'aj atnriing thle poiicil siajtiton
er' specil vi Teurmor elq4$.
ngthd Idl ttn
* t~ pfr4m4 atd rn4ten el
n md mihe returirs tmereof; st4.erari,
t.aimulnihe of tim' a'mhae of(h gn
amnd fousA of r apraemnageg f e
~sini1igt -appear to bae duly elhetd
at &tdidrci to appclors whmat a pig :
de ppriie thie megidiptive e
se i In sa ~ i ,time: usqe dudfe
Wte.votve4 ' iffQfn9rnor ,of No.
byt nt~ prinalpis of the
0 . otfer.a'I fitiotla
I I) ' neio lisi9
utf~eg~emess armnie
e co
ts efet 14Iet.en
05,thinf.
01.; h
the designated seat of his government un.
t IIth of the enatig October; and vveiI
then failed to make thdfleat step in its le
gal orgainization--that of ordering the
census orenumeration of its inhabitants
until so late a day .that the election ul
the members of the legislative assem-I
bly did not take place until the 80th
of March, 1855, nor its teeting unta
the second of July, 1855. Sit that, 1ot
a year titer the Territory was consti.
tuted by the act of Congress atnd the
officer, to be appointed by the Federal
Executive had been comnaissioned, it
was without a complete government,
without any legislative authority, with.
out local law, and of coursa without
the ordinary guarantees of peace a nd
public order.
In other respects, the governor, in
slead of exercising constant vigilance
and putting forth all lis energies to
prevent or counteractt the tendencies
to illegality, which are prote to exist
lit all imperfectly organized and new
ly associated communities, allowed his
attettion to be diverted front officiali
obligation by other objects, aid him
self set an example of the violation of
law in the perfurtuaue of acts which
reidered it my duty, in the sequel, to
remove him fron the office ot chief
executive aitagisrate of the rTerritory.
Before the requisite prepuration was
accomplished for election of a territo
ral legisahture, an election of delegate
to Cotgress had been held in thu Ter
ritory on the 29th daty of Nov., 1854,
aid the delegate took his seat ins the
House of Representatives without chal
lenge. If arrangements had been per
fected by the Govertor so that the
electioan for suembers of thi legislative
assembly hight be held in the several
recinicts at the same tinte as for a de.
og ate to Colngres, tay question alp.
pertaining to the qualiistion of the
persots votitig as people of the Terri
tory would have passed necessarily aid
at once under the supervision of Con
gress, is the judge of the validity of
the return of the delegate, and would
ha ve been determined belre conti .
Ing passions had become inflamsei
time, mnd before opportunity co
have been afforded for systenatio I
terlerence of the pepple of indivi
States.
This inte~ferenes, in, so far .as
(ernte its'primntr..ctiael land its i
1lsatito Commn1en, cusenti was one
incidente of that PdIicious a
otn the subject of 'he jooid
tht clored persions 'eid to a
som of tlie States, whioh h
diturbed the repoop of.ou
and exciged indlyiduai,
triotic and law
itiausdi-ected
paigase ist
wh
ti
a
z
St
of
to
was
tions o
recourse,
ral object,
ure qf propagatt
Territory of Kasas, it p the
and natural action of its inhabitants
in its internal orgaiization, and thus
antiipaate or to force the determination
or that question in this inchoate State.
With such views, affisociations were or
ganiised its some of the States, and their
purposes were proclaimed through the
press inlanguage extremely irritaitiig
and offenisive to thtose of w hom the colo
nists were to b. conse the neighbors
Theme designs anmd acts had the neces
sary cotsequence. to awaken etmotions
of intinse indignation it States near
to the Territory of Kaitas, and espe.
biully in ahe adjoining State of Missou
ri whose donestle peace was that the
nsost directly -eidanimgered; bIut they tre
far from justifyig the illekal amnd re
prehedseible counteramovements which
-ensued.
Unader these Inauspicious olreuaismtan
cei thte primtary, electiotns for meaauberp
of the legIslative-a~iaambly were hteld int
mo~t,lf no all, of the pimucinct$ at -the
timte and the places, and hiy the. persons
Tdesigntated 'td appointdba heGvu
-nor accou'ig to law. )b e~u~
SAuagry .acauatains that illegal votes
ha~d beata folleabounded on iall aide*g
an ..hsuputationtj#'e~ madd :-l of
.aud and violen . But the O,erud
in the eeroIse of th p'ower, Oandjtrijd
#flsoharge of the duty: confei~ed -at'd
ipsdbylaw on luim ane, o1Eholally~
-reuived andi Considered the returns ;~
dgalared a Itarge unajrity of tbu amerng
.rwnf the- soutlall ated lhehotbg of
bllctes rl Qthawts becqgo&:ue
*iy *. ie upply pi4o
it itl'the farptesoE g
aie oelMaauthe ntlif I
g 7iy wats givent C
Th doofalons qf al, Igi
maybs adad~l4t
aesesmbly.thtusIjbate :dct, p
dptrmintesn (h#~ Inst risurt, t14g qQahl
e'qionsi nnltta eleotlu9 of its stedibe
Tbeaujeiciw6n, byli ~jura,
petruhjma sayel ..bMp'
Whateyei' ine%%ltll di ay~
red -itt~h tbel onN .Itseit-i
htow t raise tkardtquostle I
t9 ?4usatitjak t&%f$
pre le
hi s a enl auuat~~i
ti ae idbf
hte generil business of Wgiadti
uered upon by the legislative ass
But anier a few days, the Hs
solved to adjourn to anothet
f'erritory. A iaw was --
tet, against ii con8e vern
ar, bitt in due' orm mrny
Lite sent of govert pafarily to
lie "Shmawnee h . bor School"
(or Mission) and r the assembly
proceeded. After receiving a bill
for the catamblisih f a ferry at the
own of.Kmcke governor refused
to sign it, andl, -Apeuial message, as.
signed for reas refusnl not anything
DbjectionlalhIe e bill itself, nor any
preence 4l. egalimy or incompeten.
,y of the as ly a1 such, but only the
act that ith 1 bad by its act
ransferred th o vernmilent tell
orarily from City to Shawnee
fision t f . reasonm lte con
ilnued to refuse titer bills,'until,
it the course of a deye, he by off
'ial message, conim ieated tO h as
eitibly the hiet thatk hadjl ved no.
Lificationi of the ter 1 atl,.tI >ifun
tionts tin governor, a duties of
the office were legal 'dimvolved oh the
Secretary of the Territory; thus to tile
last recognizing the body as a duly elho
ted and. cotistituted legislative assembly.
It will be perceived thti, if any con.
stitutional defect attached to the legisla.
v e0cts of t11e assemily, it ie not pre
tended to conlist in irregularity of elec
tion, or Want of' qualification of the
members, but only in the chanige of its
pAce of session. However trivial this
jobjetion may seemi to bo, it requires to
be coiisidered, becaustt upon it is found
ed all that superstructuro of act, plain.
ly ugnimst la1W, whiebl now tihreatmes the
pieace not only of the Territory of Kin
Has, but of the Union.
Suo objoetio to the, proceedings of
th I laiive assenbly wawsofexception.
ibl, rigin, for the rensoiin that, by the
pr ess tertms of the organic law, the
seat of governmeit of the Territory
a,4. "located temiporarily at Fort Leav
iworthi," and yet the goverior himself
remaimned there less than two months,
and of him owin discretion transferred
he sneat of government to the Slmawtie
ssion, where it in fict was at the time
he assebntly were called to nmee at
Pawnee City. If the governor had anty
Wchi right to change tenaporarily the
Jht of goverimnent, still otir had the
Jegin ive assnaimbly. The ot'jectian is
afex9cepioamitD origin for the further
reasn that. the place indiented by the
governor, witliout hiavimng amny exchusive
haimu of preference in itself, was a pro.
loaed town mite only, which he atnd
athers were lttemtpting to locate un
fually. upgl ladIl within a amiitary
i 4 awtiiationi itn
-ot
rut' the urnoy
-49pf4faitied by seutence of
66iy 1ee w7y t ::o isla
ive assmitly amih -ot with p tiety
A rrit , rrorial toot tramnsferrig its
%ldtxig he t ha w eils b iin. W it
91 ,ndtatatm. e om-acobunt& of
Spro.hibitor f -oillcon tible pro
-o .jof 'fLet of. on rtis. :utm- 10o such
lision exists.. -TiVt-. orgnlc act, 'as5
dPquted,Say'. "hIe.seat of Gov
fit is hereby osted -emporarilV
rt Leaven worthi," ah' hn.tra
Altit certatn:of the public biild ngs
"iiay be occupied and used umnder
treeton of the Governor and'legiik
a saseimibly." These -expressions
(p.ossibly be construed to implf
el in a previous section t.9 the
a a emnoted that "thie first leg;isla
tive 11y'0yall meet at suoh i pl8e.
and d Uy as the Govern'tr hc10a1
appoint, d "place" means plcf.
at Fort - orth, not place any
where in , Territory. If' so, the
Goavernor ' # have beeni the frst' to
err in this ,.. r, .not only in himself
havmig r-mo 'd .the seat of Government
to the Shaw , Mission,, but inl again
remuoving it to ' awnmee City. If there
was any departur'.efrom the letter of the
law, theriore,it tag his in both in.
stances.
But, however this A iy be, it is most
unreasonmable to suppose' .that by the
ternms of the orgamnic act. Congress ini.
tended to do imupiedly .what it has not
done expresshy-thait is, to forbid to the
legislative assembly the power to ebooce
ay piece it mighit sep fit as the temipov
rarny seat of. its deliberations. Th'lat
proved by the 'signmfient language
olie of the subsequent ants of Coin
on time subjet, that of March 8,.
which, int wnakinag apirop riatiomns
lio buildings. of the 'Teritor~ te
that the sa' siahall not be eX a "uti
have eIedye a e~
pre~sionq, >esop
griihg~; spo3Wer it
r4
'F /Drnhsksh
4iosifelinrte n
66
zed iidias such were. * P'.t a
Union without a previout enablinIa a
of Congress It is true thht, w Iile, ie
majority of cases, a previowes act of Cu
gress lies been passed to autlhorize t
Territory to presenat itself. a State, al
that this is deened' tl+&most regul
course, yet such uian atct ladaa lot been h
to be indispensable, aid, ' some Cas
the Territory has proceeidM without
atnd ias uneverthelesis beitd~mitted in
the Unijon as a State. ItAtj with Cu
gres to authorize beforelheind, or to cc
lirr afterwards, m it Nrenon. 13
in no instiac las a S ; ' t-n idni
ted upon the applican mae l rons at
ing againast authorities d constitut
by act of Congress. In ary caise
is the people of the Territ 1% 1101 a pill
amxiong theta, who have tie power
forsiha Constitution, and-r for adim
sion a, a State. No pt inciple of publ
law, ndoraticte or precedeant under
Constitution of thou nited 1tates, n1o ri
of reason, right, or colamoh sense, at
fera any sich power as thgt now clii
ed by a more party in the Territory,
In fact, what. has been done in of revo
tionary character. It is avowedly so
motivinuand in aim as reEpats the loi
law of the Territory. It will becoi
treasonable inisurre.etion if It reach 4
length of organized resistanae by (of
to the fundamental of any iither fede
law, aind to the authority of the Gvue
Gouverninuent.
In such en event, the pa* of duty
the Executive is plain. T lu Consti
tioi requiring hisn to take caire thiat i
laws of the United States le faithfu
exeuted, if they be o the tot
tory of Kanfias, lie ma -a .ould pl
at the disposal of Ie arshaaal a
public force of the UniteS tos whi
haippens to be witiin the judrisdicti,
to be used as a portiln of thte posse
Mitatus ; and, if thatis d ns suffice
oumintain ordor, thet* .u ll forth I
.militia of otteor inore aStasor that
jeot, or emiplo-y for the samoen onject a
part of the land' or nsaveal ire of i
United Statea. St aso if tiviobstructi
be to the laws of thle Tert*y, and it
be duly presntied to him Is a case
isurrection, le sey employ for its Is
presion the irsilitia of anty Sitte, or
anid or naval forc. of the njied Stat
Atid if the te'rritorV he - td by
citizenis of other Statei a er for
purpohe of decidig el or for I
other, and the local authoJ e fliui alite
selves unable to repel o . withastatnd
they will be enti led to, aI upon the f
being tally ascertained, it y abal11l 111
certaumy receive the aid of tue ,-ene
Government.
But it Is not ti id,
ror-turAnited siUatae
positian by force to pres " the pui
.of elections -either. in a Ste or Te
tory. To do so would.be auuversive
public freedom.': Ad wiether a- ltow
wis or unewiluloit-toy uillollt, is to
questioin for 1imntujud i be a
steatuonal-thatsis, iILt A h law of
ha i' nd-it is hia e
ecUted,or to autgtiin the 'autorities o* t
State or Tettrty-ht ekieepting- it in.
position tW all 5npurreottutary-'* me
Our syston 'orda to justifncatiot
revolutionary lAoJsor the tonititutiu
fetean of relievingiti people of uij
adninistratiot una Id we, by a chanig
public agents matidby repei, are ate.
and mor prompt and effec-tive ci
Illegal -sok'nTh aiui
mansia faust bb xqra4W- gi
the egreat prerogativ of po1aa at
rlgity.sokiredly respectea. 4
Is the uliddubted rig the bem
fble and ordehiypeople o- Territ
of Kansas to elect their legislat
body, maki thieia own l'- Id regul
their own social inastiutio s, with
foreign or dostatib anolestation. In
ference,b othe oineshand, to procure
abolition or prohbition of slave laboi
the Territory, litn produaeilA&Lischtiev
interfterence, on the other, tir its mi
tenitnce or inttoductioni. iu& wr,
begeta antothier. Statc ' ettt
unefounaded, or grossly exeag , de
cerning events witts. ~lO Itc
are sedulously diffus4
States to feed thes
caimosity theere; antd.
exert thee.el Ady
toe : a
stwiatoryg
iku ha piar4
yoaea isa < 4 othing
aed evali .ortit nd Stuntip *i
the o barac.er of thil' do'I hins
tio t te fb utuire nlew
'have een a tmatwer-of Ie si
test to thme inhaebitatnits ig~u
tes, per pally or coll eto
tI'lue a na
true ath
it
* wI
ft. V
S.governmnent assured
-] to them. i uou and 0e or
I ganic no .
A. Although.^ threatening die.
a turlinces in -ty of Kaneap,
It- announced to me. 0o4ihor in ,
lie Deciember last, w ilv quieted
id without the effusion of d, and in a h
ar satisfoctory manner, the I regret to reip
Id vay, reason to apprehe disorders cau
In, wil coitintue to oCCuP with in- shte
it, creasing tendency to V until trit
to somesdecisive mneasure b to dis-., ov
n- pose of. the question itself, con. Mor
n1- stitutes the hiducement or ion of
ut internal agitation and of ext inter- frew
it- lerence. son
It- This, it seems to me, can Hc- apI
ed complished by providing ti a the jeal
it inhabitants of Kansas may d itand the
'ty shall be of sufficient Lnumbor nti mO
to tute a State, a convento, atoo, as
is- duly elected by the quali hail" a
eo, assemble to frame a .o and m
he thus to.. at 9re re glit.eagd wiuliiha
ile means oF 4 JIuito the nion galt
in- as a State wa
m- I respeedhl dahe end t- ty
- ment o a la'to
Il- I reconmmendidoO eelal ap
in propriatiozn be mitde fray alny ex
381 ponse which may bea fra ie iln
ue the exepution of the 4 . th 11nain
he tenance of' publico order n .h Tt(ritory j(c
'ce of Kansas. FRANKv.. N Pi ucz. pa
ral Wushiigton, Ialtt. 24, 1856. - ob
ral -t" e++ -- -its
A SER:ous Loss.-Mr. Hunt, the r
ror tor of the Merchants' Magazine, has re
tu- ceived a letter from Einoch lale, the ait
he thor of the series of historical sketches be
ly on the Commerce of the United Sttes,I LO
-ri- which have appeared in twelve or i en SuI
c-, successive numbers of Hunt. Mr. Iile oti
ny writes : ve
Ch "I have met with a misfortune which
i, must bring to an immediate close the
co. series on the commerce of the United
to States-a destructive fire in Rondout E
ho on the Sth inst. pulverized the Courier PC
b. office, and with it about 2,000 pages of ini
,ny manuscript, in which were ill my notes an
Ale for the Commerce of the United States. bo
ol I cal never again go through the labors d4
it I endured In preparing notes, and vilh. jI
of out such labor the series could never be
ip. completed in iny manner it atll corres. s
hpning wilh the style in which they in
e., have thus far been carried." at
thle -- - M. . - oih
he MESSAOE OF TIE GOVERNOR OF MIN- do
my NEsoro 'I'Eiairoty.---Govei nor Gor- tlh
m. man, in his iessage delivered on the 9th - av
i, instant, avows hiiiself a supl)orter of a
act the Kantisas.Nebraakat bill. The prospo.
oot rity (f Miineisto is thus alluded to
ral "Itis a source of. stulig -t, t
ness th st d
-Y elevate our moral, sotii id polideld
rri. ondition. While most' of our neigh.
or horing Territories, are being convulsed
b, With Indian wars and internal pohitical ci
t a stril'e, almost verging upon civil war, we s81
Uare ealmly moving forward to. the ac- N
the coim plishiment of a high destiny, by faith- re
ex. fully. observing the laws of our country, ti
my avkd resting our hopes upon the virtue to
OP.- ad moderntio)a of the people, with a
' firin reliance upon their capacity for
self-governmenalt." h
nai The Washington'Uiilon refers to the pi
ust. rumtor thit 'the President was about to on
' setd into Congress a special messuege T1
pie relatiig. to-our difficulties with England, a
an lid says
a The effect, if not the design of all
ruors of iis kind, is to excite appre. Ok
ve- liensions as to a rupture between our
- vernment aid that of Great Britain.
To avoid an : uah consequenoes, it is'
ary only ncesa for us to any that th
ive whole batch of reports-of the characteI
lte alluded to are entirely without founda.
tion. and deserve 'no sart of attetntion
from the readers of the joarnals to whil a
the they are sent. They not only do gi'at r
. injdstice to the President, but they pto w
Dunl calculated to affect the interest of ct "(
merl men, who are kept in a f th
gsupetise by the repettion ot -
ACONDENT AND WoRD -~f
a .ANOS.-The Gran ~ '~r#
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From the Charleston Mercury.
"Whe4 guatre to do 1"
No. 3.
incient mythology tells us that it was
feast-the nuptials of Pelous and
utis--where joy and conigratulati,ns
,ned, that the apple of discord fell.
sing strife in heaven, wle medkilood -
d upon earth. And so, amid the
mphs and shouts of party, there
i steals in the spirit of selfish ambi.
, uprooting harmony, aud sacrificing
h pledges. in the hot pursuit of per.
ai aims. No people have had the
ile of discord so often cast, by soI
lous. hostile, or treacherous hand,
midst of their hat mony, and at
st critical moments of. their existe1o
the peop'e of the South. Her sta
n, her sturdy, unbought patriW
re witnessed, again. and again, the
hering spirit o ser people, weakened,
sted-until n9 distrust in her abili.
to appreciate or,4ltil the destiny
ich seems so clearly held out to her.
As stated in our first articlel the Ad
tiser proposes tlie unioh of 'the State,
I the union of the Southy as the otb.
ts to be accomplished by our partici
ing in the Cincinnati Convention
jects great and glorious indeed. But
to the first? we think we have al
dy shown, that it has ever been pre
'ved by Ihe very policy now sought to
subverted ; and that the surest way
divide the State, is to adopt the men
ie proposed by the Advertiser and
iers. And here it is d ue to the Ad
rtiser to state, thatt between its pro
sition, and that of the avowed Nation.
Democrats, we cau see no practical
lerence. Both subvert the established
Svf the State ; both conduct hor
1 aucus,'whose unconstitutionaltv
d ruption she has ever condemned;
t Ike at her complete indepen
party ties, and betray her into
I with Abolitionimsts and Free
it here be any difference, it is
1W National Democrats, who,
lIa no colicealment of 'their
jects. openlytolamn their
-termnis commit the fortunesof
e State to, Democratic party ; they
ow their .4 to a National or
nization, roe blush to show the
tohing But the 4dvertiser,
lile s . at.the same altisr,
r r Aweet words of hon
sotest mIfth : Sny^
SL ,. ~ lid, "ss. circum:
inces alta themselvi' must
ange, V1 why the 1s4
oubl r. abo th -
StiQOg r
Ply aguag. of t same dis.
' Uefy f ,n'oa .aiord
pQ single 0tion Ibay life,
glarity. f th~i'timesa ever
4 'st infuence 0'i deter
t on I thank God, I'lhave a more
I-man id steady rule for my own
ndue le dictates of my own breast.
lose L have forgone that pleasing
lvis v and given up their mind to be
o ve of every pophtilqr impulse, I
i ely pity ; I pity them still more, if
, vanity leads them to mistake the
puts of a mob, for the trumpet of
So, too, whon, in tlp san; 0 rii, our
telnporary tells us that, "to bring for-'
ird" a time,bonored * eistom, "is but
reeble argument after all;" we would
mind hiiniof thlesaying of Lord 'oke,
h1o was both a statesman atIM a lawyer.
Justom, is on0 of the main wngles of
a law.;" anid of tIbjt other maxim, "a
steum which exalts itseff on King's pre:
gative is void ;" and ask him whiat sort
respectato the prero sove
ipo Usle, does II a S
pnsibwire.e.
vote f thandl
yj 'are' compell nomi
eeof their sel- I A
stem * t such
patti, all 'pyie
ti will Son' particlia
n mithse Cioqinati: Conveistion pro'
ott'the umnogfbi, Sputh, indfe,
Ahe fi/A? lit it will- prom
iionit aghleving a party triumph,U
teiygenodlghi )3ut iQ j fails, as fail-W
ust, to uooijsblish hat, otlwr* nd only
110on9 n. lmh's Southm has laity reafl
Ws-at rin dv.id is~ the victory.--.
(r0)# glanice into' the
storyo oflth queslioni shpuild sutisiv
|Itatsali4,#e to nuatlil iprties is
*mhb~ Af resis
and fear, appealed to, to unitu theom for
the struggle. The dd'p divisions and
bitterness of national party strife couh
Mjb1 _U aeemed. Demodracy was the
Pry; and Wiiggery was the ory, and the
South-the South was drowned amid
the jargon.
Let South Carolina, then, go into the
Cincinnati Convention, and what can be
accomplished at the most? Simply, a
union of a party in the South, ot of thue
whole South. tier act ' bli
rate the national divisioiWW el
where ex'st, throughout the -Sogth.
will ratlier intensify them. It will strike
a pang to tho- heartswof tyrusbut. scatter
mn, who have watohed her course
independ.-nee with patriotic prido. as
of a State devoted solely to the cause
of the South. She will ceaso-to be the
pole-star of inteue Soutlivi n feeling and
principles.
Our cotemperary spenlis as though
the past course of South Carolina is just
cause of offence to her sister Southern
States. Where is the reason or justifi
cation for sueh an opinion? What io.
have they a right to ask or expent of her,
than that shets'bould sustain their ieasu
ies, and, itf proper, vote for their nonik
nees ? Georgia nud not be assured, by
our sending delegates to Ciicinnati, of
our readiness to stand witit her upon the
platform of her Convention. She and
the whole South know, in udvaince, the
soit of Instil that- will receive our sup.
po't. tler iifluence in making thb ito
mination will be fartf-oniger. whein it is
known that. she will support none but a
tituindidate, than if, by going into the
Convention, she were bound, with the
rest, to vote for thei nomniniiiee, whoever
he was-a condi ion exacted by thecau
ous system, whereby the minority are
Made to execute the will of the majo
ritv.
Where, then, we ask our cotemporary,
a e the gi ounds of his expectatioa that
his scheme will accoumplish the union of
the South I I ', as we have seen, it Call at
best eti1uet only the union of a party in
the South, and that not I autherti, but
itational obljects ; it It W aet SouIth
Carolina hersel', What 0 in it to
coinimend 6it to our appro tion I
CAPT. PosKY's CorANy FOR' KANsAs.
.-The Abbeville Banner, we regret to
say, has the following iotice of our an
nouncenenit, which was sde on what
we were assurred was rehnh, autliority.
We hope an effort will be niade to unake,
We have not henrd the slightest inti.
intion of such anl - expedition. We
11fink -it a graidehoax, and only regret
that it is not true. We hive tried to let
i toot a knsas staupede, under the
ire.cti'i of. lWarreit P. iBloqlcr, w o is
-recruiting .dr bnj. Butord's Conitnny,
but regret to state that the project has
not inet with a ucess conneneurate
with its iiportance. The nunber who
have registered their names on his
list is about fifteen, all told. Mr.
Beleier had appointed Wediesdny, the
30th, its the time of ttirting, and his
colipaly met at this place on Tueiday
evening, with the view of' lenving next
day ; but on the day of rendezvouns the
iitelhi gence was received by Mij. Bu
ford's letter, publiahed in the Carulhnian,
stating 'thalt in conseque lice of' the Mis
qpuri ad Kaiens Rivers beiig blocked
with ice, he had, ior this and other rea
a" "tined the tiuiof' starting utiil
of" ,next.---Soul/h Caroli.
FoL KANsAs.--npnin E. B. Bell,
of Edgenfeld,annonens that he is about
organizing a eoipant of one hundred
men topuroceed to naii"s, atou' the
last of' March and appellls to his native
State for aid,.in the no1,e that his itlla I
will not bit in vain. Col. P3. 8. Brooks
has liledged t'e Souih CarolIna De-lega.
thon for stoo hundred and ,'fty Aallara, to.
he paid so boosuithis Comipany is pr-.
pared-to emilgratte. Ht itlso: offers ntire
hund redl diulhtre to iech Coinipitny of
I00 itsen that itnight go tu IGtsaas uinder
pledge torerhnlin two yeare.
.'All the Soluthern State are now nhvu
id, the irihjom'I.nie of "Setti hig Kaitiee -
wvith mten~ who wil.l eiihei woak or*1ftiai
for the trighits.and interests of thisi ims..
portnrit 5011 tiin oif Our Coitinoji ectu tiry,
and evre. ituothier year -relIe rouiid, we
sae niny hear soimethinag of' her prowes,
'and valor.-.--Curo ina Timees
AOW of TRIt GQ 14 10w M# -.
.-Giv- Mhltieuf Mss., in hii.
mnensatgegsenys thaere is a bafrie4
69405 in'epTke Smnto tre.sury.
Upopgife s tlaviery qOiislion hut Iilkes a
Siutfw'rnt p'oa.tigg anid argtes dt itimer -
fdrialy b~it ocImff.r~,'lHe r-ecominwendfs lhe
return of. -uoruain ami-invery -ty
letionis recevived frin Mhaine," adfa
r-e-tnfliaiiaon' of the detev.miintutio' oft -
Misenissipp)i lo^)iitii tier- righzte- ttl
hsardiA; leauving tha(Nordl if it tiutkest
theIssue with thy Banitn on tjwe ConsI.
A PiaevAa ao.Al I. idielited
that Annie e~ ik tuniie
oinrap fostl iut I ocgAte ao Ne
Iatd i d
asitipe enrgo'o
k he n
lit'10a
hoit

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