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The Fairfield herald. (Winnsboro, S.C.) 1849-1876, August 29, 1866, Image 2

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84026923/1866-08-29/ed-1/seq-2/

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comiiposed of delegate.; .it :eVry Stato
!01 Territory it) tilt Union, aitioniislied
I the 5olema lest whiebh, for tih last
five. years, it iias pleased tho Supreme
Ruiler of Ile Jiverse to give to the
American people, profoundly gratoftul
for the retirn of peace, desiroul, as are
it largo majority of their countrymn, in
all sincetity to forget and forgive the
past., rovering the Cotnstitutior. as it,
comes to us fromu onr anceestor;, regard
Ing the Unioi, in its retoratioln as moreI'
sacred than ever, looking with deep
anxioty into the future as of istant and
continuing trial, hereby issues and pro
claims the following Declaration of
Principles and purposes on which they
have with perfect utanimity agreed
First-We hail with gratitude to Al
mighty God the end of war and the
return of peace to our afflicted and )C
loved land.
Second--The war just closed has
hiaintained the authority of the Consti
tutiolt with all tihe powers which it con
fors and all the restrictions which it
imposes upon the General Government,
unabridged and unaltered, and it has
preserved the Union with the equal
rights, dignity and authority of the Uni
ted States perfect Ind imimpaired.
Third-Rlenrosentation in the Con.
gross of the Unitod States and in tihe
Electoral College, is a right recognized
by the Constitution as abiding In evory
State, and as a duty imposed upotn its
People, fundamental itn its nature and
essontial to thbe exorcik of our Republi.
can institutions ; and neither Congress
nor tho General Government has any
authority or powor to deny tihe right, to
any State or witlhhold its enjoymet,
utnder the Constitution from the people
thereof.
Fourth-We call upon the people of
the United States to elect to Conlgress,
as members tuereof, nono but men who
admit this fuidamental right of repro
sentation, and who will reetive to seats1
thereini loyal represenati ves from everv
State ill alleghnea oo ti te Uiited Stiate,
subject to the coislitiational right of
eahouse to judge of' the election, re
turns ani tlquahilications of its owtn m1iemi
bers.
F0ifth-The Constituoti of 1hw Uni.
ted States, and the laws tmsade in pttrsu
ance there-of,aire the S'tpremoa law of t het
land, atnythinltg in thm Coantitlion 01
laws of any SttIe 1-0 tile cont I II rar not.i
conferA' by th,11 C0onstituatin 0 ith'
(0nr1 rnI ti U v "u1teIlt. b. pt.rohivnil, 1 \ ,
it to the Sta t'-. e verv ta' th
Stoles or 1.ho Ison ia h1 ,, :01i .1
tile rights t iu ra re ,* h ;
theu righl, to ir.sviiU . alh sti i it
the elective [..a.chim I - l, wit h
which right, Conga cont ed..w.
No State or tonyOtion ..t., . ht
the right to withdraw In 1a 1h" I io
or to exclule, tihiugiA tih - . n
Congress or otherwi, .11 1it .'
States from the Union. i , a
these States is perpetual, :11'
thority of its Governmen i,
withitn the limi ittions and Ire1t aW
the Constitution.
- ~Sixth-Such amtendmnent s t o the <ii
stitution of' the United Siantos min' hie
mlade by the people thereof as they'many
deem oxpediet, buit ontly in the mtode
poited out b~y its provisiotns, and ill
proposing such amtendtments wvhethor b~y
Con~grean or by a (Conventiotn, and in
taifing 1te samto' all the States of the
Unioii have an equal and an indefoasi
ble right, to a voice and a vote uhiereon.
Seventhi-Slaivery is abobshted and
rorover prohibited, -and there is neither
desire nor pur'poso on the part of thte
Southern States that it shtould ever he
re established,-upotn the soil or within
the jurisdiction of the IUnitedi States;
and the enfranchised slave in all the
States of the Untion should receive, in
comlmoni with all their inhaltbitatitS, eqtnal
protection in ovary tight, of person and
property.
Eight-Whilo wo regard as utterly
inlvalid, and never to be assumed or
made of binding force, any obligation
incurred or undertaken in making war
against the United States, we hold the
debt of the Nation to be sored and in
violable, and we proolaim Our pur'pose in
discharging this, ais in performing all
other national obligations, to maint ain
unimpaired and utnimpeached the hotnor
and the faith of tihe Republic.
Ninth-It is the duty of the National
Government to recognlize the services of
the Federal soldiers and sailors in the
contest just closed by mneetin g prompltly
and fully all their just and rightful claims
for the services they has rendered tihe
nation, and by extending to those of
them who have survived, and to thec
widows and orphans of those wh'lo have
fallen, tihe tmost generous and considor
ate care.
Ton~th-In Andreow Johnson, Presi
dent of tile United States, whlo in hits
great office has prov'ed steadfast in his
devotiotn to theC Consititultionl antd tile
laws atnd interests ofihis country, unmuov
ed by persecution and untdeserved re
proach, hlaving laith unasailable ill the
people andc in theo free governmet, wo
recognize a Chief-Mogistr'ate worthy of'
the niatior atnd equal to the great crisis
upon which his hot is cast ; and we tenlde.i
to him in the dischairgo of his haighl antd
responsible duties our profountd respect,
and asintrances of our cordlial anid Sill
care support.
These resolutiona w.ero r'eceived, as
each was read, with great a pplause ; anud
they were adopt' I by tilt unantimitOns
I ~ ~vote of tile Ciotvaio.m, followed by
loud an '1 lon~g o nititied che ei'. '
Parls t'orrespoinkciit oh (Ito ('imlioittin.
Tile WCI'k P i .i .ugusIi), lt . 180
are protgreOssmatt rii u m tiabut ts rap'iatiy.
'The fltaius Cam~p <10 *"me.1S (int waicli
have seen thh'y thouisa'nd. mten maanuouvret,)
- is the locality eltosen for' ihe exhi.a~it-anla I
asalow, flaltt~.aco' o 'a" i ,-ite ''i'a..
''roendero having been translated across
the Lriilge of Jea, anid dittompo upon tlo
tainwap de Mari', 1an4l (ito Clatijp <10 Mors Is
now a pretty sinart hill. Imagine all Col
umbia frotu (lie State louse to Arsenal Ill I1,
pickedt up aund carried over the Congarce ]
a1d dtimnisod o li the silo of ancient Granliy,
leaving whore the town was, a phiin on the .
level with tle lFair tI rou'ils. To effect this
transfer a datible trnck raiilroatl was laid
over 1lhe bridge, two 11hout1ud nean putl to
work, who till a train of' fifty trucks about, I
every twety maintir es iu'.l keep them tgoing(
dhay and aight t. I have hearul 1ait one huni
trel loadel (taints ptas over the bridge
every twenty-'our hourat. IHaving removed
one iaountiati by the substitute of .'aith,
in thno Ilecltaical ilayil, ntln pilcil 1p an-i
otlher, on the artificial elCvation, the in- t
Imnso buildinlga are going uap with magio
specd, while houses and gatIens a1re ah-ea.
dy rising on tho platin of Trocdero. The
ehhilut ion building Will lie aloltit six huna -
dred yartis lon.g :al live liatiliel Yards
vide, of a soianewinlit rotiataled shlttp,', en.
Vlosing" within the tItarea foul. or live acre. <of
grount. it l6 or' cutrso entirely and of glass
iron.
'('l graaIel ainil novel ilea of (le exhibi. t
tiota is, illat it i's to exhibit naot onaly sIpeci
tanean's, amo,lt antld "chow for1ans3" of artat aid
intlusries atnid lrodluctions, bit, it is to ex
lbibil, tlat not lul working of tnawn nature
all over tie carhI Ia. Of courtso I cOan give
you but a slight, illustration of tlis idea.
There vill bo it sliop of shops for showing
(lae ciatiro lroccess for naaking stenam enl
giaaeas, faoana tle tsmtaoltitag of (lo ores to the
rutning of (lae engit on a track. Perhiaps
jtt OutSio ti sla 1top yoU will-see wheat
growinag, al a mill to grindi it and a hak
cry to cook it, antd t res a traillt, to have it
oaten. Next yoit amay see a woolen fatoory,
fromn a S!aeep 1 It 111:111 who wears I Ito com.
You will see strange lookting silk-worais
froi China atld the Chin"eso laly welviaig
the loout iI tas icgnat atid finishited ona the
paul , all, iMilterhis, Catilig 110l iy laanealed
to her by t Greek girl who has brought haer
bees l'ra aan13'a is 11 anaRl feCtis tlei liily
oat Ithymne. growintg netr hy. I have nao
donht if South Clrlliatl hall an agent hearo
lie cotild get a little cotto laid itn which alt.
tli teganaainig, iai Api-il, he0 c0auld put, int at
croi, witork it il stiinner, pick it iaa Septunlla
bea, ail laivo it, spitt anld wove before ex
hilit ion is over. To add to (la ite rest, hae
Iaight Ila]Ing over it cotaplo or tilrc darkies
:ni exhibit ile oisniti(ioa itn its pa1st itano
torit "eaa Y nkee staltae patrgeat tle genitle
wetl," with aill ils utalaient, coticaitailns.
Soie Vikalee atnight tia'ertako it, yet tle
rth i4, ")sp(.n1l l yatomr exhibiition tas naeh
tiotl) ts poaswoie lint you are niot, to iake
oar takeo a way a Iotas ly it." TIis very mttecla
prechle s Yan ikie etrprise. Thecre tart to
bto cIag liu ttet of' every ltuitio where the1
ser vie aitl touil is exactly lte saite Is il
hotate - tal a here tre tl be ieopl of every
ititit itig li eL, its 1 licy eat. at lotie.
In l int t' ii, 'a rib'Aai a I have seam, the
car( t ii f e, ;vk %th till itta aisfers an
ti, I. he nloustei( actua3lly livi. vp -
iawn a n l it niain tat' 1. Id :at hajit ini hei
n h:ai~liitastion. lu in a1 compa411ny
i' giay y-ti what', gabtllin., in coral,
cares ii witi Slaa r fia .11an wits ate
I t kt ti an . ny of t le SCi-I. :il
.no:1 he- ir l u l-e. in its of l' t) sea. lit
eli 1.d i1i Yortar aney till tlaiioltgh Ithe
lli ' natti'e anO l humlianta art, aid
Ilin-nI -tppio; 0 it. aill colleoe ril in l nu real ol'
Mwe niile! . itre 1i,11 youl have thle l'aintest
.I w I..a is lloilig laea'e 1 l il'aig (ito worlit to
tatj l aatinel t Ittt woral what it. ii, lnil
I a is 4loinag.
It atny nlext scribble I willendetlavor to give
.t .ua i. a0lligiblo restmto of whiat (he how
'a. pintilaitailis, press and people think
I iaei .tit. nt ito of al'atirs, natil W ilt. itny
14) wilo (if It I a 1111k I "cc aitot i0
-ar fii diskc of' tho st al' paoeia, a
tit a 1. it (ti' "Nill t laN 1 lezar'
paw'a', i oitiV n t' lajitsamott, a little
hni.. ita~as at' to ha taaliii Cook wans aaov inir
his l't her-s. Ihas to "'Teat y of' Vienna"i'
btoon explilu~d ? 1t. muilst. be, crows atho
l'ock, tagh I grunts (htheUar II Wta alll
soco. "Exua,.
lloW Ullicil SthLtos Spies~ illitt tolf'Irdtetc
Traltors Operated illiillihmOltilhl rilig
'ITheI Riholtnttd cor'resp)ondet.of the
NewV York Timl f.C.~~' X(,'' in htis lot..
ttr onf thle ah,~it relates thet fol low ing
nuaique st ory:
'I'ho coutr ty wil aremomber tlamtt dui
ringt the 'wintter, ourt Go tvernmnttt r
ocivod to assurranle tat the haopeful-.
Ieassn~ess oif the r.obei casuso lay comaintg
inito l)osssit'.ont of the test imtony of
(G01. L'eo before- a Commtaittoo of the
rebel Jongr-ess, wichl wats never r
portd to the H1ousos~e, except iat secrt-.
session, if at all. A full hiistory of'
the matnner ini whtich the (Gov'ernmaent
obtained t hat infiotrmattion would beo
maor.e interest ing than an ty romantao,
but it is too soon yet to do mtore thtan
outline it. VTe evidencee of'Gen. Leo
wais taklena Itato in the witnter by this
Commttitlt ce, atndt long bofore the Comt-.
mtittoo hadu deLte~rmineitd whtt ceurse
they should puriunot-nhlnost before- the
trc statemtenat of' the rebol Gontoral,
word b)y wor.d, wats int possession of
l.residetat Lincolan at Washtington. In
thte t-oomu whero thme Commoitteo met
wits a closet, and fr-omt that eloset im
miediattely af'ter their adjournmont
etitn thte pricoloass informaatton. Out
side the htouse it at ono(o chanttged
handa, atnd a secontdparat~y walkod lei -
surely throuagh thae streets of Rich
motnd with it, until upon the envitrons
hto encouinter-ed one of the commtuon
coauntr.y eats of this section proceed
ing with the htalf of a niewly killed beef
toward t ho rebel 1ines int Buatler's
fronat- No cotmunicationt that thte
mtost lynx-eyed could por-ooive paussod
betwoont the main and thte cart, but tho~
formoret gratdutally chtan~ged bis diro-.
I ion and wats son walking back int the
ditect iota wheonco hto hatd come. T1he
et': wetnt on,~ r-eacd and panssedl
thr-ough the rebel camps wvithot mo
lestation anid reached the pickets,
whtore it lted as a matter of course.
The beef was destitned for thoe haousae of
a planter- jntst beyond thte rebel lines
andat in plaina sight of thte outp)osts, an~ad
ablotut eqjui-iast ant betweent themn andt~
ourt ownt outt po(sts. rThose expliantatiotns
matde antd a care-loss seairch of thte
,art tnando by the rebel sentry, thtat is
a look itnto a, th e13art pr-oceeded on its
way. Just as it voare'd tho htouse a
small party of mar eav-alr.y made a
datsh att it., anud to thte utter surtprise of
thec re bel piokots,who saw the whlto
a ffair, ousr men only huover-ed a nmoment
ariomund theo cart, thten galloped back
onei m aoro niana titan t-hoy catto
leainug oat tand lbeef, aund dri-ly
it theat, bitt u~ndher thte beef'
,,atd thte tattn had a pttakage,
nua~t theo nankaan nantninna the stna.
tients of G cn. Leo beforo the commit
co of Congress a few hours before.
In outline, this was how the thing
's done. It may seem strange, but
Aincoli aid Grant know long before
fainy of the highest oflicials of tho in
nrgent (overninent the sworn state
teit of their comiander as to tho
Opelessnes4 of further resistano.
Cnowing that the Government and
rant had this information explains
inily things in connection with tlior
ival within our lines of Hunter, Sto
hens and Campbell, at the timo of the
lampton Roads Conference, which at
ho t i..io woro inoxplicable. The feat
f obtaining this information is umi
aled in the annals of war, and graqIu
lly, as thie ficts Como to light, it will
io found that Granlit had every day
ntelh particular information from the
ehel capitol that he lkinew what Jeff.
)aivis was talking about each day in
lie st lpri'vate of his coliversltotis
vith his Cabinet and members of his
'oigress.
WINNSBORO,_S. 0.
W EDNESDAY, AUG. 290, 166.
[. A. GAILLAltl), EIToR.
The following gentlemoti are re
juested to act as Agents for the Iitn
MiD:
Mafijor A. 1). IfILL:Ann--locky
\fouilt, Bosier Parish, La.
T'. P. Sriunin-Chairleston, s. C,
]i. S. Dr)Eslon-rr:s-lidgeway, 8. (I.
MAlijor Wmar. Br.r.-Ionticello, S. 0.
iI. 1l. MIc3l. s-r.l-lossville, S. C.
Dr. J. L. M.ARTIN-x-Jackson's Creek,
D)vi EIC.KIN-r-Ahlston, S. C.
J. W. Mc(nsionT-Salemn Church,
i~. c.
The Wentiher,
The average temperature for the
past week 77 degrees. Moderate
vaiis oil Monday ind Tuesdty, 27th
andh 28th.
The Lergishltre,
It will be een th GOV. ORna as
c1ll the Letil't to mee3t on the
'tih (' Septeyinher. This call i: a
very iniI)rtalit )1ne Oil the part of Ifis
Ekxeelb-ney, and will meet with a hear
ty "Aien l'o all tle State.
News froin liester.
'Tle Sbin'bid !/ if iS week gives a
ll acconut ot'thle arret of tvo Of the
plty implieated inl tle muillrder of Mr.
Al.nx. D). W.1u.nin. These are ne
groi mleIll who have confessed the
whole thiiing, and it epImes out that a
It White lan1, 011e 1ih.. iMoIunl[ (Waes
Cn IAs. Deuras, elias Wvr.ru Monnis,
was at the head of it. $500 reward is
offered in the ,Standard for his arrest.
"A SliggCsti0R."
Thue inlsinuaitions of "Poliey" are
wholly gratuitous, ie has been anti
cipated, ho might have seen, by our
last issuo ill whic~h we said "with this
e.rpose~ we are done ;"-that is we are
done wvith objections. Besides we
have no0 conitroversy with thmose we 0op
poso inl opin ion, and mean to have nono.
TLhie wvholo matter resolves itself sim
lhy into thisi. We told our opponents
they would ho dlisappoinlted. Many
have confessed it. We simply gave
their confossionls. So "Policy" need
not shake hisdisappointed head at us
anld say we did it. If pridec of opinl
ion koops him "of thle same11 opin
ion still," he mnust beware not to
throw stones. Wro have (1011 jus~t
wvhat his allies havo done-.odorsed
the good, ignored the bad. Onnu cani
dor', can justice, can aniy muan with a
particle of liberalit y in his soul ob
joct to thati MuC.
Ring of (the True Mletal.
If President JOHNsoN adopts
the course indicated below, andl by
1'promlpt, vigorous and decisive ac
tion," shlows his hand, we too will re
gard the Convention a suceOS, for we
will consider it as the spring of on
couragemoent and aetion to him.
MoO.
The New York News, of Saturday,
says:
Lot the President strike the opposi
tion when and where he can. And
Iirst, let himl ousat every radical office
hiolder' thait dopon1d5 uponi the Federal
,atrona~mgo. Not a mian of them should
1)o retained in any office over \vhich
the Exent ive authority htas control.
lhat done, let him take measures to
protect the Southern mnembers of Con
gross ini their seate at the next session.
Hie hats declared thmat they have the
right to be thlere, and lhe should pro
teot them inl that right. The emer
gencey calls ,for prompt, vigorous and
tilcisivo actionl, and every bliow dealt
by the Executive hand will be an in
<pirationl to tile conlservative cause.
This Is Clever.
Ini thle following extract from the
U'ommit too's Address to the P'resident,
ani presenlting himn withI the ofieial
proceedings of the Convention, is ex
pressed the vie .f every Southlern
nuan. It is let ini which wo can all
wvish the P),... id . ,,-so
>f the Conenontion will oauo.o- to
idhero, if possible, with even greater
Irinness, to the course which you are
pursuing, by satisfying you that the
p)olplo are with you, and that the
wish which, lies nearest to their heart
is that a erfect restoration of the
Union at tE earliest possible ionient
be attained, and that the result can
anly be accomplished by the measures
which you are pursuing ; and in the
lischarge of tho duties which these
impose upon you, we, as did every
member of the Convention, again, for
mursolves, individually tender you
'our profound respects and assurance
Df our cordial and sincere support."
Thisis Candid.
We clip the following from the
Pleenix. If PnR, Onn, and STEPHi
ENs can enfdor.9c both resolutions and
address, in full, why should any pa
pors, friends of the Convention, ignore
m part and accept a part1 We think
that in bad taste, under the circuim
stances. MCC.
A correspondent of the New YroliVTimes
telegrapls that paper as follows :
Late last night the nature of tile resolu
lions was well known to tile Insiders, and
big, good-natured, energetic Browning, of
Illinois, mceting Parsons, of Alabama, in
the corridor, patted him affectionately oi
the back, and said: "We must have a
unanimous vole off-hand for thom to-mor.
row."
"Why, certainly," answered Parsons
thore is nothing In them anybody can ob.
ect to."
Gov Perry, of South Carolina, moved the
adoption of the address.
Gov. Orr, from the sanne regenerated and
disenthralled State, signified his hearty
acquiescence in both resolutions and ad
dress.
Alexand-jr II. Stephens, of Georgia, lying
sick upon his bed, when informed of tlie
purport of both, expressed his great satis
faction.
Other representative mon-such as Ian
dall ilunt, of Louisiana; Flournoy, of Vir.
ginia; Yerger, of Mississippi, and others
apart. fron the fornmal and solemn ondorse.
ment by the vote in the Convention,nmani
festeil an acquiescence that was the reverse
of sullen or enforced. Curious rebels thesC.
Thus far I have written to give tlie ground
of my conviction that tihe South heartily
and honestly endorses both resolutions and
address.
The Colivenilon--Olur Views--The Views
of its Friends.
On the 14th of July we used the fol.
lowing language in the Nnws
"If Governor Onn is willing to put
the cemeteries of the Federal dead un
der tho peculiar earo of the Oovern
ment, while those of the Confederate
lie "unlionored and unsung," and if
he can "sincerely" turn over to the
tender mercies of that Government
the fiailies of those who died that
Government. might live, and leavc
those other families tothe cold chari.
ties of a country that ignores them,
wo cannot. IHeaven knows this State.
even at the earnest appeal of Vice
President Onn, can hardly "cordially'
do such a tihing."
On the 19th of July we said in the
"Our first proposition in the way of
objections is, that a representations by
delegates in the Convention wouhli
commit the South to measures that
would be entirely humiliating."-.
"We cannot do this without commit
ting ourselves. We have not lost
everything. We have some self-re.
spect le ft."
On the 26th of July we said in the
N~ws,
"The State, if she enter that Con.
vention, does it with a knowledge ol
tihe breakers before her."
We declared for the dignity and
honor of our State for these were all
she had left. The majority differed
from us. We are now willing that
they should be heard, when it is too late,
upon the very point we laid so much
stress.
What thme Charleston News and the
Now York News think, will be found
in aniothmer column. The Phee'nix says
"seone of the resolutions might have
been very properly omitted." The
Patrijot says "Doubtless there are few
amongst us who will be willing to re
cognize as "principles" some of the
doctrines set forth in the declaration,
nor endorse all the theories contained
therin-nor admire' the terms in
which these declarations are made to
The Patriot and all the friends of
the Convention are obliged to recog.
nize those "eprinipls,"m nolens volens.
They went with their eyes open, if not
they were purposely blind. If there
ever was a people in the world that
went into a snare voluntarily, it was
the Southerners when they enter
ed that Convention.
If the most enthusiastic friends are
dissatisfied, how can they blame the
opposers of that Convention ? How.
ever, it is their own doings, not ours.
With this expose we are done. We
will aid the good fruits, but discard
the questionable means adopted to
obtain them. MeC.
The Empire of Mexico.
It is related of Napoleon III that,
before lie became Emperor of thme
French, in conversation with his most
intimate associates, he would speak of
what. he had to do as E~mporor or
't'r, more than of how ho
u . at high position. It
was fixod in his mind that ha mnst
reach it. To speak, however, of Napo
leon's intimato associates, one must
use the phrase in a sense very much
restricted; for 1e has no intimacy
with any mine but his own. It ap
pears that he has never taken a stop
as Emperor, in which that same foat
ure of his character has not shown it
self, to which allusion was made in
the outset of this article. Now to ap
ply this to his agency in establishing
what is now oxisting as the Empire of
Mexico.
While we are not willing to accord
to Napoleon divine forsight, still p1
has shown a penetration of mind that
places him1 high in the scale of far
sighted statosmanship, and he has evi
dontly soon his own designs and plains
from the beginning to the end with
singular sagacity. Has he done this
in placing Maximilian. over the Mexi
can Empire I Is Napoleon the pow
or bohind the throne in that Empire T
We beoleve he is, and that ho inteis
to maintain the foothold he, through
Maxmilian, has got on this continent.
If England has possessions here why
not France I The deep plan in the
conception of such a grasp on territory
here, in which he secured the co-ope
ration of England and Spain, ushered
him into Moxico without any fear that
a protest would com from either of
those powers. The time was oppor
tune. The United States, which he
did fear in peac'e, were then at war
among thomselves. And Napoleon
knows well enough that there is
enough to engage this Government,
now, in managing its own storm
tossed craft, to keep it from any deci
sivo interference with his plans in
Mexico. Henco his own terms are
acceded to by the United States, as to
when lie shall take his troops out of
that country. Napoleon knows that
elements are now at work hero which
may eventuate in issues that he may
control. So that with the very unde
cided status of affairs in the United
States, and the deep and perhaps sig
niflcant, signs of a revolt in Ireland
which would distract England in his
favor, the slurs cast upon Maximilian
by the Northern press are premature,
for it is not at all probable, that the
power which holds him there dreamnis
of letting go its hold.
The Life and Campa Igns of General
(Stonewall) Jackson, by Prof. R. .
Dabney, D. 1)., of Va.
We are indebted -to Mr. Jemn
FR A SER, Agent for the sale of the above
work, for a copy of the Life and Camn
paignis of Stonewall Jaekson, and in
addition, for a lithograph likeness of
Jefferson Davis.
This is a Southern work, by a South
ern author, from a Southern publishing
house, and its subject the greatest
Southern hero of the Lest Cause of the
South. All this gives the work great
merit. But it has othier merits. It
the only edition authorized by the
widowv of our lamented Jackson. The
author, a distinguished divine of Vir
ginia, was a personal friend, and Chief
of Staff of the great soldier.
The typography, the plan, the style,
the diction and the truth, make the
work all that the most fastidious could
desire. The argument on the cause of
the war Is the ablest defence of the
justice of Southern effort for indepen
dence we have ever met. The work
is dedicated to "widows and orphans
"of the Southern soldiers who fell in
"the cause for which Jackson gave his
"life," and no fitter monument can be
built to the almost sacred justice of
that cause9 and it is well worthy on
that account to become an ornament
and a record for reference in every
Southern household.
As a mere literary work, the book
is entirely fascinating.
The descriptions of battles glow
with a vivid reality that every old
Confederate soldier will enjoy.
We would urge .everybody to secure
a copy of the Life and Campaigns of
Jackson, with which will be given aa
copy of the likeness of H~on..Jefferson
Davis. Call on JOHN FR ASER,. Esq.,
familiarly known among his friends
as Jack, who can be found at the store
of TnoMmsoN, WITHERS & Co., and
add to your library a book of superior
merit.
The illustrations consist of what is
said to be a very accurate likeness of
Jackson, and of diagrams of the prin
cipal battle-fields in which our immor
tal hero gained his laurels.
What of oor Prospects?
A far moire important subjeet that
cmbittering politics can be to us, is
the prospect of the future. Hero we
are on the eve of a harvest which is de
pressing to contemplate. The corn made
in our District this year, it is said,
will not feod the population, not con..
sidering the stookc ; the system of la
bor has not given general satisfaction
(for it is no system) and there is no
prospoet of a better system- for next
yoar. Qan this be remedied? Xt n
true the Legislature about to meet
may put affairs in a more satisfactory
shape, and we hope it will be done.
But can not somo kind of District con
vention of planters accomplish som
thing 7 If so, it would be very desira
ble to have it done. Capital and la
bor must work together upon systom.
Capital bears the relation to labor,
that the seed does to the soil ; and to
expect profit from the former without
a system of labor, is to expect fruit
from tho lattor without a system of
cultivation.
[rfon uc rnAou.)
A Siggestion.
Every District except two, we be
Hove, was represented in the Colum
bia Convention ; the State was fully
represented in the Phibi adolph ia Con
vontion ; theso Coiveitons have as
sembled and adjourned. So the pa
perVs say.
Many persons, some of them men of
sense, think that the action of the
'hiladelph ia Convention will do good.
But if the Radical papers can publish
extracts from a Southern paper here
and there showing that the South i
pudiate the action of that Convention,
no good can be done. It will be assum
ed that these papers, although in fact
they may be exceptional cases repre
sent not only their localities, but their
States.
Can not papers keep silent, and ex
ercise a little prudence for their coun
try's good I Where a District after
full and fair discussion has decided
upon a line of policy, has an editor
the right to place the District in a
false position ? It will be assumed
that papers represent the sontiment of
their Districts. We know that this is
not correct, yet such is always the as
sumption.
- We know how powerful pride of
opinon is : and at the same time we
know that it is possible for any man,
editor or not, to be mistaken.
We beg those who are not responsi
ble for the State being represented in
the Philadelphia Convention, not to
become responsible for the guilt of
defeating the good results that may be
produced by that Convention.
Pos.cy.
Items.
The capital stock of Adams Express
Company is $10,000,000 ; of which
$2,000,000 is owvned in Hartford,
where at sold, on Friday, for $l.25per
share.
The New Yorjc evening papers of
Tuesday, published dispatches from
London and Paris, up to noon of that
day, and we had theirin laid before us
what Tito Paris Monite ir of that day
said. It seems almost miraculous.
In 1842 Professor Morse announced
to the Scretary of the Treasury of
the United States "that a telegraph
communication on his plan might wgi
certainty be established across the At
lantie." 'The professor has lived to
see the prediction of a quarter of a
century ago realized.
The Emperor of Austria scnt his 300
horses and 150 carriages to Ofen for
safety. He could open a first class
livery stable if things go much harder
with him.
"Do you knew wiho I am ?" asked
an officer of a fellow whonm he had by
the collar. "Not exactly, sir," the
fellow replied ; "but I think you must
be the mulignant chlarer-.
The following notice recently ap
peared on the west end of a meet
irng-house : "Any body stickinig bills
on this church, will be prosecuted ac
cording to law or any other nuisance."
The total receipts of cotton since
September 1, 1865, has reached 2,
009,'700 bales, and since the close of
the ,war, 2,428,300. The total ex
ports from the United States since
September 1, 1865, has been 1,500,000
bales, and the stopok on hand abou
320,000 .bales.
Tus Paocr.AsArrioN.-Thme P'rcsident'8
Proclamation, which we pubbish ini anal her
column, pitts an end to the Provisional
Government of Texas, and formally declarea
that the "insurreetion Is at an end, and that,
peace, order, tranquility and civil aut~hoiiy
now exist in and throughout the whole of
the Unitod States of Anmerica." The pro.
olamation bears date to.day. We presume
that this proclamation is itended to, and.
de;, otabordinate tho- military to the olvil
authorities throughout the length and
breadth of the. Union ; and that, from this
tw ntieth day of August peace once more
begimis to reign throughout the land -N. .
A Mussaeu FROM 'rHB SuA.----The loss of
the ship Monarch of the Seas has boon -an
nounced. .A fortnight, ago a bottle contain.
ing the following message was picked uip on
the beeeh at Davenport, England: "Mon-'
arch of the Seas. Left Liverpool 19tha
March. May 2, no wind, short of provis
ions and noQ water. In a gale, 3d April,
latitude 260 20' N., longtitude 47* 8' W'.
WIlliam Johnson,' passenger.
ENOrANI's ExPEss.MJ, is remarked in
England that although Earl Derby's gov
ernment has been in power only a muon th, it
has ,alreedy increased tJ. -expenditure by
close upon half a million pounds. Of this'
a goodly )r oron is. for breech-loaders
Local Items.
Col. Jus. 11. Rion
HInt boon designated by G overnor
Orr, to receive and distribute to desti
tute widows the funds that may be
gien by the Ladies of St. Louis, 1lis
souri, to this District.
New Adtlr(Siseents.
C. & S. C. i. R.--Soo change of
faro.
Annual Baptist Association. See
Notice.
Executors Notice.-D. Rt. Steven.
Son.
Adams, *Brice & Co.-Solling out at
cost.
Armstrong, Cator & Co., Balti
more. Soo notice for 1860.
Seo Auction this evening at The.:
plan Hall.
COMMERCIAL,
\V NNsuonO, Aug. 28.-Coll.on
None offering,
Country liour, *9 a 9.-.
Bali imore "lour *15. a 16 per barrek
Lard, 27 to 30e per pouid.
Corn, *2.00 per bushel
Peas, $1.75 per bitslil.
tion Sides, 26c pe, poundlu.
Shoulders, 22e. per polnd1.
1(eal, $2.00 per bushel.
Sorghum in, 80c per galloi.
Salt, *5. a $5.50.
Yarm, $2.50 a k'S3.00.
Bimer. 25e. per pomi.
lEgs, 12.- it 15 per dozen.
Tobacco. 15 to $1.10 per pouid.
Gold, 40.
CirmtOTTr, A ng. 25, 1860.-Cot ton.
A few bales sold to-day at 26. a 271
currency.
Nev Flour, *16.00. Northern.
$13.50 a 14.00 per barrel.
Bacon, 18 a 2 1 e. per pound.
Corn, *1.50 a 1.05 per bushel, in do
Inaind.
Peas, $1.45 a 1.50 per bushel.
Meal, $1 90 a $2.00 per butiel.
Wheat,. $3.00.
Oats, 65 a 70 per bushel.
Sorgium, 50c. per gallon.
Gold. *1.40.
Silver, $1 :135.
Coi.U. I AI. A ug. 23.-Co t.u, iA
21, gold; 22 to 30, curreicy.
Corn. *1.50 to 1.80 per busin-l.
Flour, $19 to 19 per harrel.
Oats, *1.00 to 1 10 per busIhl.
Peas, *-2.00 to 2.25 por bushel.
Hay,.*2 25 to 2.50.
Rice, Rangooni. prime, 12 to 14e;
Carolina 15 to hGe.
Tobacco, 40c. to 2.00 per pound.
Coin, gold 47 to 48.
Ai- TIlE ANNUAL MJEETING OF THE.
FAI1IELD ASSOCIATION will lake plaoo
at the ]Bapt let Bhurch in Winnsboro, orn .
Friday before (ho second Lord's dny in
Sept(embers.
Persons who are willing to assist in
accommuuodaing delegates, will please meet
at the Churh, at eleven o'clock oni Thuurs
day previous. aug 29-xlft1
SELLING OUT A T COST.
T Ewithdtrawal of the mnembers of this
frm, oomnpels us' for the precsent to.
elose up our business. We will, thlerefore,
until tile 1at. of October, sell etr cntire
Stock of Goods at
- ORIGNINAL COST
and1 lranspor'tation. We thuank our' cut..
lmers for their former pat roanage andl hope to
see aot onily them, but the District people
generally at oulr Store, where we assure
them they can obtain bargains.
aug 28-tli1 AAMS, BICE~ & CO.
FALL AND WINTER
IMPORTA.TION
MillIsuery uasad Stmw Goods.
ARMSTRONG, CATOR & CO.
IMP'ORTERs AND D.ALTts oF
Ribbons,
Ilonnet Silks and Satins,
Velvets,
Ruohes,
Flowers,
Feat hers.
Straw Bonnets,
Ladies' ilats,
Tirlimmed anid Untrimmned,.
Shaker floods.
No 287 and Lofts of 239 Baltimore St.,
lBaltimore, Md.
Offer' a Stock unsiurpassed in the United
States in variety and cheapness Orders
solielted andl promapt attenttin given.
Termns--Casht. aug 28--2mo
GernlFSiy0ifle Oharlotte
&; South Carolina R. R. '.
CoJUarnr A. S. C., Autgust 25, 1860.
f~ N and afner September 1st., the Local
'. Freight and Passenger Tariffs over thtis
Rloadl will he reduced as follows, viz:
coLUMDTA TO OHIARLOTTE.
First Class Freight 75e. per 100
Second Ciass Frel hlt 600. per 100
ThIrd Class Freight 40c. per 100
Passenger Fare $700, through.
Corresponding rates to intermediate sut
tion. Thtrough. Tickets 801ld to all points
Northt at, reduced rates.'
aug. 80. .JAKss ANDERsON, Supt.
3US REOEIVED,
Aassortment of PAINTS and OILS---.
cI onsisting in part of
White Lead,
Bllaok Paint,
Red Lead,
English Venetian Red,
Dry Pruslan Blue,
Lamp Bllack;
Churomo Green,
Turpentine,
VarnIsh,
For sate by LnedOl
BIACOT, RIVERS & CO.,
thng 9t.-t .2, oto Ran

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