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The Fairfield herald. (Winnsboro, S.C.) 1849-1876, September 19, 1866, Image 1

Image and text provided by University of South Carolina; Columbia, SC

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84026923/1866-09-19/ed-1/seq-1/

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Ga. Ila rd Despo r Wte Vo
Terms.-Tns HnToLD is publihol Week
ly in the Town or Winnsboro, at 93.00 in
- areably in advance.
AW All transiont advertisements to be
paid in advance.
Obituary Nutices and Tributes $1.00 'per
The Burnling of Columbia-letter from
Han. Alfred lluger.
CHAnLESTON, S. C., August 22.
To the Editor of the World:
Slt :. I most unwillingly leave the
retirement and obscurity which oki age
and circumstances have provided; but a
remark in your paper of the 13th seens
to doinand it. A writcr signed "S.,"
replyitg to au artielo in lIurper's Maga.
z ine for August, introduces my name in
tiese words "'lhcy nitist --fer toAl.
fred Huger, for many years postmaster
at Charleston," &c., &c. I ti .n 'o O'he
Magazine., and to my supriso finO a con.
'tributor whose pirposes and motives it
is not my business to define, niking a
capital out of so batren a subject as my
'I self. Beginning with the "Burning of
Columbia," and the abuse of General
Hampton, he says: 'Anong others
to, whom I was sent to give assistance
was Mr. IHuger, a well-known citizen of
South Uarobiia," and then recounts an
ni!aborate conversation about a band of
thtieves, calling themselves Wheeler's
cavairy, &c. ; and in atiother part of his
narritavo writes: "W hen the citizens
of Columbia begin their investigations
of the bnriiig of tiat city, and the pit
laging of bondes aid robbing of citizens,
let tem not forget to take the evidence
of Mr. ltiger !" I am thus put on the
stand wvitLhout being contiled, aud shall
commence by saying that if this inidivid
unl or tiy other was ever sent to my
"Cassistatnce,' - the mission has * been
'strangely disregarded. I never saw such
a person as he claims to bte, though I
was an eye-witness to the burning of Co
lumbij. I never had'any such -inter.
courso with jiny hutnan being in Sher.
sitarem.NyAnnes of it! and t inveti
gatons are made and: the evidence.' ,
Mr. Huger is called for, I shall,- wkh a
deep conscionsness of what is due to
trIhttli ay tilint, before Almighty God,
all , tuat I saw, all that I heard, all that I
suflered, all that I believe, is in direct
opposition to what is affirmed by the
writer for Harper's MAigaziue, .and for
wlill lie quotes Mr. Hiuger'as a portion
01 his ntRlio ity ; and I ask leave ta add,
a ft er maturely reflecting utpon the events
of itt fearful night, when every feel.
ing of hunmnnity seemedto be obliteratod
if my "well.baing" here and hel-eafter
depended 'on the accuracy of my state.
ment, I would say- that the precision,
ordcr niethiod, and discipline which pro.
vailed from the entrance of the Federal
army to its departure, could only ema
hatu from mih*tary antlhorit'. flow
could I com11e to any other conclusion,
5 with the fact, regitred as indisputable
that the city was doomed before it was
taken? and that, as the trnjegy pro
gres'ed, everybody saw the pogramni)e
carried out, as they previously expected
or how am I to believe my own sensis
when an.individual, pretending to be an
ollicer, talks -of burning the city, pilla
ging houses, robbing citizens,' &c., as if
"these" were unifounded charges ? Why.,
sir, I never supposed l was dealt with
rnore hardly than others, because I know
that the "plunder" was universal. Yet,
Mr. Hunger, who is to bear witness for
tine who was sent to assist hitn, now do
cl ares "that he was muercilessly robbed;
that his~ persqu was rtdhlessly violated;
t ~hat fond'was taken away from 'his or.
phan children, and that is family were
S brutally insulted by well-mounted and
well-armed men in the uniforn of the
~' United States!" For aught I know, it.
nisy be usual or even necessary to grant
thisljcense, whtile the denial is egnally
absurd and wicked , anad the, attetript to
implicate other people is -the cotnsuma
tion of bothi But;-this is thieei that
sutch things come to, and the natural
gonsequence of calling witnesses to prove
wvl. the witnesses themselves know- t~o
be false. T' saw those who weres appar
e ntly plying their vocation deliberately
set fires to lboases, carryimr with thbem
combustible prepartaiotns for doing so.
Of the eff'ort made to .prevent theni I.
say inothing,because I saw nothing. It
gratifles me, however, to relate this in.
atance of Ikindntess. My owni hotuse was
about to be destro'yed by the firing of
an adjoiniing building. 'There were two
WVestorn men looking on-soldiers in the
trite sense of the word, I asked, oue of
thiem (their names were Elliott and
Good man, one from Indiana, the other
f'romu Iowa). liave you a family at
home?" ie answered "Ye.' I& said
to hipi,"My famiily are ill in that root';
hiave you no thought of your own ?"
'The mian showed 'that .he had a heart,
and, as the incendiary moved off to oth-.
er ojjects, he did assist nie, without be
ing "sent," and with my servants, and
the only child big enough to hand ''a
abucket ~t, save dtho house, with its
.helpless inmates, thanks to this gdod
Afy conviction is that Columbia was
*cruelly and uselessly sacked and burned
*without resistance, after being in 'com
plete possession of Gen. Sherman's army;
bu w ho gave.tho order to apply the
tcrch, is not, for the victiuis either to
- e
know or to care. Hundreds of helpless
women and children were turneiT out to
their fate.. It is the historian's busitiess
to find evidence to meet thQ case, not
mine, and my voice would never have
be. n heard had I Pot been unjustly
dragged before the public. The "truth
and the whole'truth," will probably nev.
er appear ! but it is "recorded in the
High Chaicery of Heaven," where no
human power can-make the erasure.
Mr. E'ditor-I crave your patience a
little longer, and beg your attetion to
the first selitence in the articleof which I
:oniplain. It reads thus: "If Mr. Wade
Uampton is anxious to add a deeper
shame to a dishouored name, lie has at.
tained that end by l'!s renewed attempts
to hold General Sherman responsible-for
the burning of Columbia and its terriblo
consequtmce," &c. Now, sir, I speak
for every hiounet man betweenl the noun.
tains and the seacoast, and between the
Savannah'River and the Peedee, when
I say, "If this ogiition and this epithet
are not equally revolting and insulting,
then the common sensibilities -of nature
are made extinct-by the sufferitigs we
have endured." If Hampton is a "dis
honored name," there is none within tle
limits of this down-trod ien and perser.
ted State that can be considered as -
bullie&. Here in South Carolina, and
throughout the South, every human be
ing, fuels that where the name of Hamp.
ton is best known it is the most revered,
and he who bears it is the nost.beloved.
Before the present incumbent saw the
the light that name was identified with
all that waslravo and honorable and gen.
erous. W hat a noble sire (who emphati.
cally and habitually "did the honors" of
his native state) has left impressed
upon the hearts of his countrymen as a
legacy to his children, tibis slandered Mr.
Wade Hampton, late Lieoutenant-Geno.
ral of the Confederate army, will trans.
mit to anoth-r generation,. bright and
unta.nished. If there is one among as
more cherished than the rest, it, is h1o
upon whon this gratuitous. assault is so
brutally and yet so feebly made. And
if to-day or to-morrow a einvass should
be opened for our "representative mian"
to fill the highest office in the gift of
a b.roken-hearted but grateful people,
none could be found strong enough to
" with.him for their favor; and
dea if such were ieot the urtanmmons do.
cision. I have said that the historian
must get evidence as to the burning of
Columbia, and ie will find it; the fool.
ish attempt to he0dut Hampton responsi.
ble is beyond the tether of his last ea
Iumniator, and is hardly of a serious re
futation, These few questions, who
they are asked, will be found difficult to
answer. Where was Hampton - when
thm conflagration began to take its regn.
lar, course at eight o'clock .at night ?
Did the cotton which-was burning at
the east end of Main street travel against
a gal of wind to i.he extreme west,
more than a mika off?- Was it not there
anud then that we were called on to, per
ceive that our doom was sealed? Why
talk of putting qut the ffro in a church
yard when it is notorious that teh sacra*
ment silver belonging to the altar was
stolen, and I thimk, subsoquently given
up? '. Did Hampton burn the comuitry
seats "surrotnding Coinmbia, leaving his
kith and kindred without a shelter? Did
lie burn every farm house on the ~way
side ? every gristernill and flour mill ?.
Did he burn Camden, and Winnsboro,
and Cheraw ? Was the quantity of
silver plate taken from the citizer.s of
Columbia sold for H~a-pton's benefit in
Now Ymlk and elsewhere? Is it the
necessary province of war to obliterate
all mierey ad all shame? 'But enongh';
when the Searcher of Hearts commen.
ces His "iinvestigations," Ham pion will
be found entrenched bj' truth-surround
ed by that strength, which "prosperrity
and victory cannot give, and which ad
versity antd miihgumity" cannot take
away. W r on
Mr. Editor:W ardon our best
with J-Ieaven's hllp, to have ji cquntry
once mere. North, South East and
West, are enlisted in this holy enterprise.
All have joined hainds in -this saci-ed
ivork, and a Chief Magistrate, distin
guished for' his high "sense of 4dty," and
tor his ;ifoxible "courago" in its perfor
matnce, wisely tells us, "if we cannot
forget the 'past' we can never hiavo a
'future;' and standing as I do, almost in
sight of thme grave, amniag tha oldest meni
in the State that gave me birth, I will
say Amen to their sentiment. Let the
past be to ttten, if such Is possible ; at
an~y rate, 19 it not be referred to if the
object is "peace, and .he hope'is iii,. the
I anm,'verysrespectfully, your obedient:
servant, .L - DHGEL
The Richmond Examiner says:
"Passengers from Hampton report
that Genoral Armstrong has recently
made a speech to the freedmen it
Ham pton, informing themi that on thid
1st of J)anuary they must leave the
landi they now oceupy, and emigrate
.to.Florida. 4ome forty families we
hear, have enrolled the~r names. 'J1'hls
is the ogly mode b~y . which they can
es great suffering from want dutr
in ,comuig winter."
.Why Is *eeeish friend like the let..
ter P. Blecause, though he ,Ia thie a
in pity, ho is thilaat 'hlelp .
When sorrow 'thasleft its a
what becomes of- the re ksh f the bor.
ness ?
The Senate met at 12 m.
Messrs. Davant. Thom pson and. B uist
presented reports of sundry committees.
A message was.received from the
House, refusing toconcur in the resolt
tion relative to the action of the General
Assembly, ut this special session, sont to
the House by bhe Senlate.
At 1 p. in., Message No.2 was corn
municated to the Senate.
Mr. 'Woatherly introduced a bill to
secure advances for agricultural pur.
M r. Shingler introduced a bill to, pro.
hibit the sale of agricultural products by
laborers and einployecs. Also, introdu.
cod a bill to prolbilit and punish hunting
and fishing on the promises of the others
without permission.
Mr. Buist introduced a bill to enable
certain banks to be put in liquidation.
Mr. Thompson introduced a bill to
amend an Act entitled "An Aet to
establish and regulate the domestic rela
uIons of persons of colo, and to amend
t'o law i1i relation to .paupers and va
Mr. Townsend offered a'rosolution,
which was agreed to, that it be.referred
to the Cdminittee ou Roads and Build
ings, to examine into the oxpedienoy of
tinishing the new State House, in such
manner as to *iake it suitable for the uses
of the Legislature;- anl to this end, that
they obtain reliable estimates of the cost
of covering the huilding with a good
-shingle roof, and finishir.g off tihe interi.
or of the san, together with the neces
sary stairs leading thereto, in such plain
manner as shall be least expensive to
tihe State, but which, at the same time,
will be compatnble with the convenience
and comfort of the Legislature whilst
occupying the building.; and that the
Committee be allowed until the first
week of the next regular session of this
Legislature to obtain the information
and make their jeport.
After the transaction of sonie other
unimportant buisness, the Senate ad
Message No.2 was received rnl is
-Excellency t be Governor, and was read
by Johi L. Boat wright, Esq., his Privato
EnX:cuvUv-: Dr'"T CoLuXn1uA, Sept. 7.
Gentlemen of the Senate and House of
Represcntatives :
The Congress of the United States,
on the 2d day of July,. 1802, passed an
Act, entitled "An Act donating public
lands to the several Stites and Territo
ries which may provide colleges for the
benefit ofagricultural and the mechanic
arts." By this Act, 30,000 acres of
lanid was apportioned to each Stite, for
each Senator and Representative, by the
apportionment under the census. of 1860.
\Vhere no public lands are situated in
any State, then the quota of such States
shall be paid in land scrip,- Which shall
be sold, and the proceeds applied to the
uses and purposes preseribed in the Act.
All the expenses connected with the
securing and selling of the scrip are to
be paid by the State, so that the gross
prodeeds of the sale shall be appropriated
as aforesaid ;.tho proceeds to be n~vested
in stocks yielding not less thtan five per
cent, iuterest; the interest alo,nn to be
used in-'mamntaining one college, "where
the, leading object shall be, wvithont ex.
chuding other scientific and classical
studies, and including militarr 'Lactics,
to t~each such branches of learning as are
t.related to agricultural arnd thme mechanic
arts, in such manner as tho ldgislatures
of tho'States may respectively prescrabeg
in %rder to promote the liberal and prac
tical edncation ofthe industrial classes in
the several pursuits" end professiona in
life." Other conditions are annexed,
uneo of which requires a' college to be in
cotaillete operatidnr within five years
from the..passage of tiihot; otlierwise,
the grant to the State ceases; arnd an.,
.othler "rhat no State shall be entitled to
the benefits of this Act, 'unless it shall
excpresa-its acceptance (,hereof, by its
Legislature, within two' years from the
date of' its approval by the Pre*sident,."
On he 4thApril, 1864, thme tinme was
exeddtwvo years from that dat e, anid
.on thm-day of July, 1860,. it wvas fur
ther extended, so that no impediment
now ojists to this State except the pro
visions of thme Act.
,The quantity' of land ' tcrip to wvhichu
thtis State is entitled will be' 180,000
acres, mand will, perhaps, realize to the
State more than $50,000. .
.1 ecomimend that the Gcneral Assent
bly, at its prteent session, acoopt the
provisions of this -Act of Congress. A
joint commi~ttee of thme two Houses, or a
commuission, can mature .a plant for or.
ganizing and establishing a- college, in
conformity ' to the' requirement of' thbe
Act of Congress, and report at the an
nual session of theo General Assembly..
'I - comtmumcato herewith, ~ f o dt
information, a copy of the Act af Gen.
gross of the 2d July, 186.,
Messrs. Mikell,., B. Aiken/~Wage.
ner and others Aubmitesd reports of egna
- Mr. -Waudey irtrdattesn the 4ylotri
bills: A bill two. synend the h ir i t
tion to~ textanoisa i.0 bill (t oid~ ans
expedtionsmodeof ejecting treapassori.
Mr. Wgenerinteodufd a bill to
arend-an Act, entitled "An Act to lend
the credit of tile State to secure certain
bonds to be issued by the South Caro.
lina Railroad Company."
Mr. F. ). Richardson 'uitroduced the
following bills: A bill to dissolve* the
corporatio known as the Presideqt and
Directors of the- Bank of the State of
South Carolina, and to transfer assets to
the now Bank of the State; a bill regu.
lating suits brought against the incorpo
rated banks of this -State for the recove.
ry of notes issued as circulittion; a bill
to amend the law allowing-discounts to
be plead iN action at law.
Mr. Hough introduced a bill to raise
a fund to provide .'ok the necessities of
the people
Mr. Lord introduced -a bill to enable
certain banks to be put in liquidation;
also, a bill to amend the law establish.
ing District Courts.
Mr. J. S. Richardson, jr., .ihtroduced
a resolution, which-was agreed to, that it
be referred to the Committee on-Roads,
Bridges and forstes to inquire and report,
by bill or otherwise, upon the propriety
and expediency of authorizing the Boards
of Commissionors of goads of the several
Districts and Parishes to levy a tan
upon the inhabitants of their respective
Districts and Farishes, as is now don by
the Boards of Com missioners of Public
Buildings and of the Poor, for the pur
pose of kegging up tht roads and bridges
of the State by contract, instead of
working them as now provided by law.
Mr. Maat'in introdaced a resolution,
which wasagreed to, that it be referred
to the Judiciary Committee . to inquire
and report upon the expediency of so
ameriing the laws in relation to trespas
ses.on lands as to mttke-it an indictable
offqnce for any person to enter a dversely
upon tile real estate of another,'whether
enclosed or not. %
- Mr. Talley introdluced a resolution,
iwhich was agreed to, that it be referred
to tile Conmit.toe of Ways and Means
to consider and report soine more con
venient ano dxpeditious mode for the
transfer of State stocks than that now in
'use. .
Mr. Hayes jntroduced -the fullowing
preamble and resolutions; which w'ere
jordered for considoration on, Mohda
Whereastuany persotns.1ittl;
U ~ '
raise supp Ies or tie ye r e .
in October, 1865," aid ratified on i(11
21st day of December last, have failed
to comply with the conditions of said
Act; and whereas itis the donviction of
this General Assembly 'that such delin
qIuency. has resuld.not from any wilfil
11utention Lb in ilde the paymiit .,f a
just and equitablo portion of the expe-nses
of the StaL butL. is due to the-emburrass.
edi anid impovished condition o: the
country consequent upon tie late die
astrons war; and whereas it is the poli.
cy of the Government to render Ohe bur.
den of taxation as little oppressive as
possible; be it, therefore,
Resolved, That all persons who have
failed to pay their taxes, are hereby al.
lowed until the 15th day of Novem.
ber to do so ; and all executions issued
and lodged in the- hands of any oillcoi in
this State for collection, are hereby. sus
pended until after the .day and date
above recited; and no doule tax shall
be imposed or executed until after said
Resolved, That the time .allowed Tax
Collectors to compete their retnrns, is
here by extended until the 15th day of
Decembe~r neCxt.
.Mr- $huaw intrediiced a resaotat ion,
wiilt was agreed to, thamt it, he referred
to the Conlnmittee on the Jndiciarh to
inquirsatndrepett at tiris, or theQ next
regylfkr.session of the Genet Assembly
as to'thid.expediincy and'necessity of re
qvir.ing the re-registry Sithm a limited.
1period, of all ntortgagks,.deeds and othm
er lpapers now r'eggired by liuw to be re
corded, tle records of which were 'de
str'ayed oir lest during ie late war ; with
leave to report by bill or othuerw is.
My. Ea'aly introduced a bill to alter and
amend tihe jaws of: tis tate in relation
to insolvent debtors,
-On puotion of Mt, Warley, the House
Rr9%ep4ed to tile consideration of resolu.
tiodh (by MJr. Qarlington) in rdtion to
the condzitlaw of tde pulie, growing opit
of their indebtedness as ofreoted by the
results Of thao war, and thIe naecessity of
remedial legislation ; whien were discuis
sed and-finally made the special order of
the day' for-Monday~ npxt, at 1, o'clock
p.m. . -
MOND A Y, SE PT EMB!CR 10, 1866.
'1'e Senate met a 12 m.
Mr. Thompson inttroduaed a bll to amend*
an Act entItled "An Alt. to etablish Dis
trici, Oourts';" and a bill to suake parties
plaIntiffs and, defenudants, in all caisecom
petest/Ao give testimony in sucha Cases la
lke maunner as other witneOses
Murs Tilman offered a resoluitan, which
Was agreed to and was ordered to be senat
to the Hoasso for concurrenoce, that, the At
tor'ney.G09neral aid Sellettors, of this Site
be, and they are hereoby, -instructed and
a'eqired to take immediate iesures to
thhuekany. and all vielgliop; bj th. csvera,1
rgilrvoad comp nies chartered by the Acts
ti the Genera Assetnbly of the State, En
the~ma et ie verwoharetof the sid
4 orither oef theme, for -freight
-G . t Soioltra .be-requirelto
ry o ig by ue.
otW e geN o~hW .haaftsra'of said
now violating, te Prviions of theair char
Str or chartrs;-and that the Attoraey
Generals and Solicitors ench mirke a speci.
fio and seporate report to this Oeneral
Assembly, on the first day of tie ensutig
regular session, of their action respectively
uider the resolution.
The ouse met at 12 o'ciock, . -
Mr Sheridan presented the memoriaV of
sundry citizens of Colleton District, and
accompanying documents, -in relation to the
financial 'ondlition of lie couitry and the1
relief of debtors.
Mr. Warley introduced the following pio.
Anmble and resolution, which were made the
special order of.the day for to -iorrow, at
half-past 1- o'clock p. m.:,
Whereas, the condition of the cointry
demands that the Legislature shalt, by all
legal means, Interpose to prevent the saori
flue of property a sheriff's rales;
Be it remitled, That a cominite, to coai.
sist of live uclnber? of the louse illd three
of tio Senate, h1., appointed to ilnquire and
tepert upon the propriety and expediency
of appointing three assessors i enoli 1)i
triot, whose duty -it shall be to assess and
doternlino the real value o' any property
upon which levy, under eecution, has beon
or may be made, and to return such assess
mont, under oath,- to the sheriff. And to
report fufthor upon tlie proprioty of a laiv
which shall provide in substanoo: That it
1he property levied on'bo sold for snore't han
Its assessed value, the plaintiff inl excesitio:
shall pay five per cent. on the aissessiot -
if it be sold for os that its assessed value,
but for more than three-fourtis of sutch
value, the plaintiff shall pay fifteen per
cent. upon Nho. assessment; if it he sold for
more than one-halfatud less (nan I liree.
fourt.hs of Its assessed value, the plaintilff in
oxecution shall pay thirty per cent. of its
assessed value ; If it be sold for less that
one. half of Its assessed value, the plaint ifl
in execution shall pay forty p1e' cent. upon
the assessment. Thatt ho tax itus impoivfl
shall~e retainell, by ihe sheriff, and be sh)
Ject to the order of the Commissioners of'
tie Poor of the District in which the sale is
Mr. J. S. Richardson, .jr., introduced a
resolution, which has agreed to. (lint it be
referred to the Committee on Officers anti
Offices to inquiro and report, what, legisla
tion, if ony, is necessary to continue the
Conmmissioners of t.he Poor in oiceo util
the next. general election, ind that ihe cot.
mitteo have leave to report by bill or other
Mr. Johnt S. Richardson, Jr., introduced
a bill to alter the law inl regard to lions and
miparlance in certain cases.
The following bills were ordered to bo
"d on the table: A bill for the establish-'
Sof agricultural and mechanical sohools
tb !various)Districts of the Sthtte, and
iacal night school for apprentices
t t'n btilettosa In'Charleston:'a hill
Sn ori ndent of Free
& e ihoolo ; a bill to provide for the'eleo
ion'of onmmssioners, blasters and llegis
tors in Equity &y the people; a bill to niter
and amend See. 28 of Art. I of the Consti
tution of this State. -
Air. Keltt. intrbducocd a resolit ion, which
was agreed to, (tat all teho unflinished busi
noss of tIh last regular session be contintued
to the noxt regular session of the General
The resolutions (by Mr. Uarlington) lit
relation to the condition of the people, grow.
ing out of their indebtedness as effrtoted by
the results of the war, and the necessity of
remedial legislation, were considered, anid,
ott inotion of Air. Warley, referred to a spe
oial committee, with instructions to report
thereon, at .this session, by bills or other
wise. .
Air Bolnhan introduced a bill to amend
the law in relation to the bonds required of I
public officers.
Mr. DePass introduced a resolution, which
was agied to, that tie bill to provide arti.
ficial legs for ail citiens of the State who
have lost their legs during the recent wtir,
read for the first time Inl this House, he
referred to a special joint commillee, con.
sis'.ing of threo membera of-tie House aind i
Sio ofLite Senate ; and that this * resolution 1
be sent to the Senate for concurrence.
.Thie Senate meut it 12 am
A resolution was rebo1'ed froim - thu .
H1oumse; thunt the' bill providi'ng artifieial
legs for all.citizents of the State, who '
have lost their logtidurinug the recent war
ruad (or the first titmo mn the House, be
referr~ed to a special joint. commnitteeo,
consisting of three memblersg of thto House
antd f'wo of the Sofnte, which was
adreod to, and Messrs. Weathuerly atnd
Wianhwere appoint~ed. -the comn'it
Mr. Buist introdtuced a bil11 to provide
forl thme funding of the intereot, and prn-'.
cipal of the stocs ansd bonds of the Stata
past dtto. .L
Mr. liemphill submitted a report of
the joinut dommnittee rel'ativn to the os.
tablishmewnt~ of it pen tent itry int this
Stato, and recommthended the aduptiont of
a resohttionthiat the Goveatior he, andl
he is herg y,' inst rtucted to asppoint a
commission, t'o oonsist of otne or tmoro
persons, to prepare a' plant for the estab.
Iishinent and disciplinq~ of a penitentiary
in thi's State; to make investigations in
respect to a etsitablo location for tho
same, and fui-nish estimates as to thte
probable coat of.conatru~ctionu, anud report
to thte General Assembly ntt its netoa
regular session ; whuich was latid on thme
tabl~e -tel.. -
''Te Hujtse met, at 12 o'clock.
Mr. Win. WValac p.resented tIj pe'
tition of "the Ladies.' M emorial 4ssbeut.
tion of Columbia," asking permission to
use certain granite and marble -belong-i
ing toThd State, '(or. hoad-stones for the
graves of Confederate dead.
Mr. J. 8. Rlichardson, Jr., introductd
a resohtion, which was agreed to: That
t1im Comnaissioners of the Poor (or Sum--. r
ter District, throuh mismapprehensiori as]
ttheir tenturo of t4Ce have failed to
levy and gollect, Poor Tx'for the said t
Disef ct and wheresis the -distress atl i
suffering in this unfortutnate class in Baid t
District, owing to the uroat scarcity of
provisions of all kinds. must be greatly
increased by the failure to afford them
the usual relief extended by nani of
thie tax aforesai( ; and that it, be- reforred
to thC Comittee of Ways a1d * Means
to inquire and, if practical fiad expiulieni,
to report such le.gislIion as will fT.-et. an
advalcte by the Stite to lie Cotiminission
era of the Poor of said Distriel, for the
benefit, of the ploor of said Distriet,
eq6ivalent to 10 per cent. upon thq gen.
etIal tax of said District, the amouni t, thus
advanced to bo returned to ti Stato
out of tho Poor Tox of said District for
the year 1867.
Mr. Wagener introduced.a resolution,
which wts agreed to, that it is expedi
ent to make le poor hiouises in this State
inidustrial instituitions, and that the Coin
mitee on Public 13niidings inquire into
and submit a plai for the ime, by bill
or othierwise.
Mr. Trescot introduced a resolution,
which was referred to tho Comnmittee on
Railroads, that the President ant Direc
ors of the Blue Ridge Rilroad Compa.
ny, in South Carolina, be, and are here..
by, authorized to deal with tho shares
held by tie 8tat inl sa'td Company in
ilit saine manter as with tile siares of
Ill other stockhollors, in tny arraige.
m-nt that may be made with any other
:ouiimnies, or it.dividuals, for th com
dletiun of the said road, by the issuing
>f pn-rri- shAn res, pr redlueing Cio umti
)Lr of shares held hy the State in- the
min rn.tio-in Which tho city of Charles.
-I nid 'other sto-:kholders hiay consent
.lint their shares shall be reduced, or in
ny '.hter inatner li which -it may be
oiutieceossary to surreider a portion
> tihe capital already invested, to ac
mimplish the icontruction of the said
-oad : Provided, That in any arrange
nentI that may be made, the stato Shall
iot bu held liable for aiiy additional as.
sessment on tle shares so held.
M[r. Martin introduced a bill to malco
respasses on real estate liable to indict
Tho-Senato met at 11 a. m.
Mr. J. It. Ililliams presented the potitlon
f W. W. Ifouseal, Sheri' of 'ewberry Dis
riot, praying an appropriation fo subfa
ende 6t-prtadou-i .
Messrs. MoCutchen and IeIomhill sumibilt
ed reports of uoamkitteps. -
A bill to aniond an Act to lond the oredit
'f the State to scouro certain bonds of the
;outi Carolina Rallroad Company, received
lie second reading, was agreed to, and was
iered to b, sent, to the louse of liepresen
The report of (to Comnuittee on tho Lu
Latic Asylum and hieical Accounts on thie
idniorial of George H. Tresootl. and Samil
,ogan, relative to sautpply of limbs to so)
liors, wss post poned to tle regular session.
After the disops sion, of several matters,
lie Senate adjdrned.
The i1on's4 met at 12 o'clock.
Messs. Easloy, J. J. Ityan. Coker, Simaw,
fatrmett, MoKown, Campbell, Trescott and
.8. lItiohardson, Jr., submitted reports of
ommtit tees.
Messrs. Bachiman tind Price gave notice
f the introduction of bills.
Mr. hiaskellintroduced a resolution
ehich was made the speoisl order of the
ay for to.morrow, at 12 b' lock p. In.
linti a commitiee, consilting of three mem.
>er, shall be appointed to frame an address.
o be issuied by tlhid louse, to thae peoplo of
his Staito, concerning the peouniary di0i
ultiqs of' the country, and reoowmending
hia, which hs dleemedh tho best miannter in
rhich those dlifiloultiis may be oorit tiution
hi ete, aind lisfA comittee relort. -(lhe ad..
ress proposed by thiem to this flouse.
Mr. Hlanokel introduumd a resolutIon
rbich was agreed to,and was.ord~ered to bo
sint to (lie Senate for conicurence--that as
lio South Carolina ilroad and the Char
ot to ahd South Carolina Itailroad hutee bean,
or somne time, allowing refugee famnilies ini
educed elronmstances to trayel over their
cads at reduced rates o' tare, anti as timer.
.r many refugee frmities in the upper Dis
alots anxious to return to their homes, but,
re unable to do so at -the present st, of
raveling, that the 4irectors of all the rail
o-ads of ipe State be requested to reduce the
arc of thes.*roads for retugee families anid
heir sortants.'
Mr. DePash lttrodluced ai bill to further
irovide for (hao cellection of debts and for
lie rollef of debtors.
Mr.. Trosoot,, fiam~ the Special Cornmittee,
unado a report on a bill to raise .a fund to
rovidofor the necesettles of the people, andI
eporthd a bill for the purposeo; which svns
eadi the Girst. tiame, sud wais made the spe
mal order of thie tday for to-morrow, at half
ea't 1 o'clock p. ni.
.'Tie senato meot at10 a. mo..
.Messrs. Sullivan,'Tillman, -Traoy, Wit.
lame and Townsend submitted reports ok
Mr. Frierson preseirded 'the petit ion of
tev. 0- lrue Walker, praylutg an appro
riation to *epai* mutilatedl furniture be
Iuging to Iie library of Ine University',
-Thme hlonio met aL 12 so,
Messrs. Shaw, Ceker, GIodwyn, Hlutson,
<: It. Aikeng Perry, B~uttler ap~d. Qarlington
resotnted reports ofoanimlttens.
Mfr. ?rice introduced a b',h1. t'o suppresse
ho distillation of 'spirituous liquors f'romn
ny 'of'the ceresi grains of the State.,
Mr. Dutie loaInrodeeed a bll to, doelare.
he law Ja regard to the .liability of pur
haso of slaves. - n~Mliggv
Messrs, fluteon, Lord adMliggv
totice of the imtrodluction of bills.
Mr. T. P..'Mlkell nt reduced a bill to pro.
ide ioompenssationa for the servIces of certain
(Ecers ef the- Senato and hlouse. ~'
Mir, Bieojiap. uttoducid a bill to vesl in
lie city of" Cofll bla thf right nd (fige of
he St ato in certain jois,
fhe Comiuilltee on the Judiciary.
To whom was, ref red "A B1ill to
aber find fix the time. of' hlding the
.Courts of Sessians and Common leas .
i this State," respediu[lly
The1y haftve'eln~nsieel 1e
recommend thatt Said Min . 1 % .1A i . I,
striking ont all pjj t hre f id-r ie
enmictilig word., and ilsertiig th e hi lIw.
-:1. That from and iflimr the rati..
jition of this Act, the Jndges of the
Superior Courts of Law in this State
shall hold the first and next sitting of
the Court of Common Pleas for the tritri
of civil cases, on the several Circuits now
established by law i this State, in tho
ensuing Spring at the times and pli'.cos
in each District already fixed by Lw..
Sbe. 2. That all suita and other pro'
cessa of the said Courti, mesuc and finai,
now made returnable to the Fall- Terms
heretofore stablished, shall be return.
able to the Spring erms of the Court,
in the year of our Lord one thousaPA '
eight hundred mid sixty-soven, the sailio
as if already so directed ; and that the
mie rules of imparlance, and the sana -
order of proceedings now existing, shall
a pply to the Colirts as established by the
first section of i his Act. -
St-,. :3. That all Acts and parts of
Acts of the General Ascombly of this
itate, in conflict with the provisions of
this Act, be, aud the same are hereby-,
Tho Commitboo forthur recommend
that the title of saij 11ill bc amnended',.
by striling therefron thu words "Sea.
sions and,"
Respectfully submitted.
For the Commnitteo.
To alter and fix the Titiies for Hold
mg igo Courts of Sessions and Conmon
Pleas ill this State.
Sim. 1. Bo it enacted by the Sonato
and House of Rleprerentatives, now inet
and sitting i General Assembly, and by
the authority of the same, That from
and after the ratification-of this Act,. the
Judges of the Superior Courts of Law-,
in this Sato, shall hold .tlie courts of:
so,;J reid
in this Stto, annually in the Spring .of
every yoai at the timos and places, in
each District, alroady fixed by law.
S.c. 2. Bo it fiurther elahted, That
nil writs and other process of the said
Couri, mesne and final, now mado re.
inable to the Fall Terms leretofore es
tablishod' shall bo returiabil to, the an.
nual Spring Codlurts, the same as if al
reatdy so directed ; and that the samo'
rules of imparlance, and the same order
of proceedings, now existng for the
seli anlinal Courts, shall be extended
to and qpply to the Courts established
by this Act.
Sim. S. Be it further oiacted, That
all Acts and paris of Acts of the Gene.
ral Assombl-y of this State, in conflict,
with the provision-s of this Act, be, and
the same are hereby, repaled.
COTToN.-Tto following statistical
infornation may be of Interest:
TIM 113"P.
1 853-5.P................3,929,130;t
I845 ..:...-...2,855,729~
18571-58.. . .............-..;17,496
1859-0..'.... .... ......4,06,4i17.
1853-54........... .....39,6.86h
1855-56....... ..... .....,..44,512
1856-57................ .45,814
1857-58... .... ..... . .. ..40,56G
The estim@ of this year's yield v.
ries from 4,000,00O---a' most egregi
ous brror--to 2,207,700. This latter
estima te, a Southern oneo,is almost ex.
ajpy hat of the New York. miarket,
2/00000.Tile truth is, the croy will
not *i'onch evon that, and-produers
should be caroful to tot full value..
Goxgia is 0st~mated; nl the foregoing
figgregates, at 260,000 bales, South
Catrollna at 158,000, Alabamnaat S60
000, and Flor.fda at 65,000--al
d&oubtless much~ too high. ]Hotwoon I,.
200,000 anrd 1,800,000 will izbont hit it,
''I say, Mister, did you' seea dog
cotno by hlore that look as if lie were a
yearay year and a half, or two year.
old ?' said a Yankee to a cotrty~pan at
the roadsideo.
rYoe," said theoun'trymanistheinking
hmefquizzed. -1Hq passed shout a"
hour, or an hour and. a half, or~ 'two
hojire ago; and is now a milb,4 a mile
and a hall, or t wo miloa kh 4; atid he
had~ a tail about an inch, or an inch and
a half, or two inchses long." -
"~'ia'ht do," said the Yankees~ "yoftre
into me a foot, or a ?oot' and'a half, or
two feet."
Tile rapidacoumlatlon oef pJ dli
the Treasury wIll,- If. oontinuo p O
affotd a 'tallo basis for the T~~t~
nota~s ~n 'orocuatdorik Jtht4I
that by thaaend of thit in~,
troanurt will iavo nearlfj, it~tq
ono )i drea nillions in

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