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The Fairfield herald. (Winnsboro, S.C.) 1849-1876, September 26, 1866, Image 2

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84026923/1866-09-26/ed-1/seq-2/

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S-iphen A. Douglas,
This distinguished statesnan and parti.
an still lives in the hoarts and momory of
is coiintirymon, and will continue to do so
hife the present generation shall live; and
he.n it shall have passlecl aivay, Coming.
enorations will see him I lirougl (lie mout.
onut.whiceh is now being crocted at Chicago
'). his frienda and polit icil admirers.
We tako (he :ollowing bi graphioal sketch
f this m'an from the NeW York Tribune:
The President of the United Statos, first
General of the Army, the first Admiral of
.he Navy, and .aniy thousands of their
'elIt4-citiens, will assemble tooday on tle
beautiful shores of Lako Miohigart to do
honor.to the late Stephen A. Douglas it
is not often'that statesmen find their culo.
gists among men of their own goneration.
Tihe then who stand around the grave of
Douglas were his companions. They linow
'in well. In the course of nature he should
still be with them--for Douklas died com.
paratively young, in the veey fullness of his
life. In fact, the oratof Who will to-day
discuss his career is almost old enough to
have booni his father.
It is thirty-t wo years sinco Douglas, a
poor-Way fing a'ingeo boy, went, to seck
fortunes iii the -tite which aftorward ion
UrAd hii as one1 ofther Iost etaillllt citizei.
lie V;-iderd chely from1 his Ut0n .Mouinitin
ome i I io ''ing but a plain Now ligland
educi n. and a determitiation to rise.
Tired of cabinet-making and tenching, he
engi.ged in what was called "studying law."
The fame of Jackson filled the land, and the
smart Yankne, not op:woessed with scruples,
saw that. the sign in Tennessee was the star
of conquest. -liis great rival, Lincoln, Was
keoping a post.-oIlce, fresh from the glories
of the llack litwk war. Andrew Johnson
was Mayor of a little mointiin towi in
Tennessee, Jotffrson hnvis, . Lieutenant of
dragoons,.was chasing the Indians, Seward
wasgrieving over his detrent. ai Governor,
1recokinridge iias situilying tihe orations of
Cicero against Ciatilino n a Ruicky col
lege, Chase was eidoavoring to gain a law
practico ink Cincinia'i. r-u1.11or was ot ier
Ing the Boston har, liroderick Vas cuttiig
stone, Grant was ia school toy in his teens,
Farragiit was watch ing .the hoior (if' his
flag on the torrid eom it of lizil, andiu.t ho
orn(or of te-laiy, (ierd ao war und Lw, had
Otitered rolit;i( till.[ bee .e.vt he No.w Y.rk
Scoretary ot Stao. I'iNt i' 1: 1%,(it' tho'.o
mn,-h.incoln 'spo'i'' v. , )'.ughlts Shi 'eov't
early . II. ; .mige.! I . Ih it 411arIy I -.0 '0f
mnii Who niit1 - ny .g I -.(I qvery lattitmo.
Torrid or frizi., munsh,-e -, ,nw, n . ire
in IliI was e1 rii. , lie tIliv A l inl iho
lowdy v1ii'' o" A. t 10mo povities. i:d111 ItI
iuch of if,. Iwdy i ii t.i!. til n o;a.
. ged his.. l f . vor 1!ichl w; M .. I If n.. 1
lInanages14' i r ehit ' lk, '1e111e11p .1... )O,v
sheer tllililing I he r .i . oftil-.S'-nate
slhown 110 u hel( i . i it ii. 'I'. ' ;, ew y t 11i .
iweril, Ilmn ' - 1).4 1' t)'a.g ..., .1-ci j .l y
i ihe I Itm P .)I--u I 1 : .-i., i n i, .
1ll1s-U101 0%ile ; I: l l Ait 4, v.V III. I- e 111n A
. Whilr '.eliv'.l gi-u~ti C.* I- it '
A macricani itt aktusinan1
We say "A ini4iCn eM . -
IeT cann1ot11 rank .\lr. D...
niteni whaI livis havo beorP..
nation' 11story by t(e Ve..%
t1hojr servioes and ih6 iti. .
it Illinois I s that of 41no IV I .. -
by energy, audioity, and 1uain
ind boly (hat made him the i.
niob. As a poulalir liieler, no 'io.e p...
ed0 tmnly *eleients of sIccess or M r. Ih.
las, an d when wo any this w li-ive IIIIW.
ed the highest demands (it his fame. Jo:i
science' woild have imndo himn ia liliiI,
but, fly pantderitig to iln 111ikmig mob., i-i
inn tinged to to 1,111 thlie greatoer part. of his
career aiilays virtorionsi liy Hirrendoiing
hii eilf I" the -pt f' sivery, lie helt'imw
col nsicuolt I wi ider of lh xo pro 1X 0 111,0
ur vhe Dis"o1ri Coinrti pa y. cic
ofn t he Sout ii ot draeau ofn do'inat
teacithiny ,ardrn to skhr ouglasMr
did The sra otmpoi sC.enrifice
ise was the great, evenlt of hibs public life.
It, is not for us to cailer .Ihls afterthought
of an arg1gment ealled "Popular Sovereign.
(y'-,-not an'argumient, indeed, but an ox
ouso and propihtion. The nation stiw only
an amb~ftous, striving politicIan, olamoring
for the Presidency, and willhng to rise upo10
* the ruins of a sacred, timue-honored co@
promiso, Whether ther judgmnent. was tht
true one or not, we have not (lie power t<
say, but certainly (lie Aimerican people0 thus
Ibelleved,.and Douglas lost, the confldonot
-that otherwise would have mlado himn Presi
cont. Even thle Missouri Compromais
would, not, propitiate the South ; anid at Cin
-. oinnati the 1110n for whuom lie had incuri'c
pble seorn, for whoi lhe hand risked hii
amde and fortune, abandoned him with cow,
trly iidity anid selected James Biuchan
*tn.
huki desertion conivinced the ns'pIring
Seonator-thiat thie system of sliavery added I<
other sins (hat of duplicity and heartless
ness. .Frocn (lhe momient of Mir. Buchanan'u
election, Mr. Douglas ceased to act, with th<
slave power. lhad lhe lho d through the war,
tis might, have been thro turninig-poiintvt
an illustrious and usefuil careeor. HeI creat,
ted thie Anti-Locomopton party and foughi
Mr. Duchianan with1 as mnoh coutrage at
00-.tid be expoeted from a statesman wh<
'would insist upon being a' politician. ilt
eaw nothing grander in our systemi than th<
Democratic party, and to this party hoelii
witla supersitious tenacity. 1i0 i'ofuse~
that step Ia 1860, when the couintry yoarned
-for hig when leaders of the Republica:1
party wvere willing to carry lis coloiw.
Rathier thtan abandon an organization that
aas really in hands of thioves and money.
-ohangers, lie stood begging in the Scinate
't'or lia old committee, only to be repulsed
withipontempt by (lie South, aud'to go to
Illinois andi do thielir bidding. It was thie
nat of moral purpose which makes men
. frest~ oxpedlents (liat in teho case of Doug.
Jass ~d himi to Reek a thir'd party when he
tran forthe Presidoney. -lis friends in the
Soeuth haerhticed him for Briookinbridge.
.Whilo other frIends int the Nort h, elaing to
'follow his principles, walked over him, as a
-bridge, to the sido of'the viciorious Lkioln,
di, wa n these last days~of his career that
we yd the real merit of Donglas's life.
Ta~k ng him all in all, as ouo oft t he lustlest
'me'n of thi'generation, his fate rcminds us
of a Spanish Matador who goos down -tp the
arena gorgeous with spangles and feathers
and sahiant, with lis speiar. ieo thirow the
red rag at, the country and mnade amagnlll.
centi, ght. lBut nuatad~ors have miisfaiiunos,
end'b s from Illindls was tossed amnd gored,
end trampled, dtying in thie very momett
swhen Jie sof all men soemedl callkd utpon to
lQive-~.nover to flout .hils -red rag any moe.
What the wair -would have madetl Douglas,
it is vain to imnagine. ilo was-a .strenuous
'American, and lie -knew that the Sumter
guns meant war. Time last words ofhlia lire
-were loyal and brave, ie saw the necessity
*ftnational unity pund energy. W 'hile nrging
and wapming the people, anid iisU'ing muon
i 13y, p~u riotic actionsthie btr.uo ;-l Im i' n -'
byof his 'nature songit. 11gs ti i . . .i
'oclarathon'thtat.'the Domicorim.. *.
- not be perpotual unless every I). a. -
.came a patriot i The -pa ty wi a nt --'a.
id if men would be good lDii ,ce., I
. thami fight I Mfr. Doug.las's liu'b.phytli
., never sought a higher lhvel. hi.' tlt .ioi.
eeco a princIple in the issuc--a g'e a t . -
- strugglingelo extend Its simit~l pwl.
mighty naihon waurrinig whh; ii ai crum-..l;a .
had nurtured. lie was koennt nemia...
lived merely in the day, had no more earn.
est prayer than for daily bread, and, like
all lo(ed men whose lives lre governed by
more polioy, leaves but a din mark upon
our history. TIhe party which' he nade is
dissolved, and we speak of Douglas Demo
Crats wit it stunch a feeling of lorg ago as
tiough we were speaking of the Federalists
and auti-Mnsottv. There is no sure fame
that is not based on truth, and tIhe bes. we
can say of Douglas Is that lie %as gxpedi.
.enit.
WINNSBORO S a,
WINNSBOO, 8 EP'P. 26, 1866.
I. A. GAILLARID, EDITOR.
D. B. McCREIGIIT, AssocIATE EDR.
Tihe following gentlemen are re
(uested to act as Ago'nts for the HER
ALD:
Major A. D. Ir.r.IARD-Rocky
Mount, Rosier larish, La.
T. P.orn--Charleston,S. C.
R. S. :8-sowrr~s-Ridgeway, S. C.
Major War. 1r..--Montiecllo, S. C.
If. B. IMcNASTK-r-RosviCl, S. f.
Dr. ..L.A A II- N-.Jacksoni's Crock,
S. (J.
DAvID ELKIN-AlIston, S. C.
J. W.' McCRElGnT-Salei eChurch,
S.C.
The Sale of Cotton.
.i another columni will be found the
ordoi' in regard to the sale.of af agri
cultural productions. From - the
source of the order aid its contents,
we infor there is no obstacle in the
wiay of the people of Fairfled solling
their cotton.
Tile Act Pusponding the Courts.
Ti.< A ct, a ciupy or which we mado
from tho en u.yosed Act, will be 1(found
m to-dayv's issum. It onUtains the re
ston- Xwhat, wiai said to 11o the chief
cry of the pe,iude. We Will give
smAthing of 'ts hilstory in. our ,nxt,
The Aots of the Legislature.
E',lscwhaero will be found a list.of
the Iies of the Acts pasAod by the
ie ex11 !sion of the General As
I'lf' the 8t ite. About half of
oldy are of general interest.
- is n11 important resuoltition
hieh gives the faith and
.X the State to ' the amount
.*10 fo) r the purchase of corn
ispev (l i eessitics of the
e1p. [t. authorizes the Executive
#40 .1ppoiiit. an agent with a salary of
onet thousand dollar's and expenses
p l, whu il I mnae the pr"VOLaMs in
the Northwest.
The Logislature.
TJhiis bomdy adjourned on Friday Inst
ab1oult 12 M. T1hec Senate and House
on Thursday appointed ai Committeo
of-freo conference which could not
agree uplont aniy plan of compronriso
upoir the Bill to . .Alter and fix the
times for holding the Court of Com-.
mlonl Plens. Upon their report of a
non-agreement, by a joint rule estab.
lished .during this extra Session, it re
mined for the House to accept or not
the original bill fronm the Senate.
TPhe House did accept that bill, whieb
became an Act, and wqs ratified 01
Friday.
The difference between the original
bill from the Senate, and the .amend.
mont to that bill from the Ilouse, wa:
thnt the former only suspended thet
Fall ternm of the Court, while the hat.
ter proptosed as a -law that hercaftet
thore would be held annual Courts in
the Spring.. It is trute thlat while this
JIouse amendment sooeeud to.be for an
indefinite periodf it was really intend
ed to -subsorve the very purpose that
the Stay Law itself did,
Blate Money..
The following mteasure has been pto
pared a's a corrrcotive fo'r the doereo
olatioti of our State bills. These billa
have been issued only to the extent of
abont one-third of the estimabod tap
of-the State and arc roivable in pay.
ment of all duos to the State and not
withistain~hg tIs are circulated at a
rate of discound that rofieets 'serlonely
upon tihe orodit of tiio oominonweahth.
-This measure if it beomies a law
o0ight to restore them to par vahio.
The Hous18 of Representatives pass
ed a bill authorizing the Troasurer of
the Stato~to redeem the State isstuo by
exchanging for all such bills an equal
amount of Treasutry notes of the Uni..
ted States, or te ntotes of any Nation
al Jlank, and further'authorizing him
to use for the purpose any funds in
the Treasury not otherwise unappro,
pria ted. The~ Senate will . doubtless
follow tihe example of the House, and
thus give stability, and confidenoe in
the mnoreantihe community to the State
bills.-Car'oiana.
"Kind WordM"
FrheSunday Sehool Children is
the title of a neat littlo illustrated .p..
,il ienJ published mnonthly,by the Sun
-holEl Board of the Southern Basp.
m1~2vent ion. I has. *n attractive
'a nunce,'and we know is many times
wta'f? tile unprotoq~diag price--ton
t a year in advance. Address 0.
nei~'Corresponding Scoretary,
G souv ille, S. 0.
Stay Law Again.
Thd last intolligence we have on
this'subjeot represents that all the
neasures .looking to that end. in the
House, have been tabled by a large
and we hope decisive vote, on motion
of Mr. Mullins, 0110 of its most ardent
supporters. It is to be hoped that
this is significant of a quietus to flys
chimora of Logislation . interposition,
and that it may cont'iuo to lay upon
the tablo forever. Now as we pre
suno this question may be regarded as
romandod back to lndividual, parties
where it proporly bplongs, .we arm
sure that it will be "managed with
the patience and forberrance that
we believed have heretoforo mark
od . the position ,of cieditors, and
with tho policy and good senseo which
characterizo individual tranactious
.4.
and which will surely furnish the safest
solution.
By ou' Editorial lottor in. to'day
issue it will ho Sc0en that tile Scnato
has passed without opposition the Dis
trict Court Bill..
Editorial Correspondence.
CorumlnlA, Sept. 18, 18606.
You littio Printor's.devil, you little
big old humbug, you ' but never
mind, I won't quarrel with you now,
but don't you. do . me so again.
Look at-the l8th's issue. Where you
say "speci'a with horo and there a
courting scene," I said "spieod"'&c.
Where you said "grsciitlled aind pams
'od with aniendllent4s" I ,zaid recon.
sidored" &e.
In the Senate yesterday the Bill to
establish Dist-riots Courts was aga in
taklen ald paSd witluoit opposition,
after being ipended. It was ,n
nouiced ill the course of the dilcus.
sion upon it, tlit there wir the high.
ost authority fop stating thatif' the
General %ssemly i assed this Bill,
the Provost Courts would be abol ish
pd throughout the State within two
weeks after these Courts shall go into
operat ion. u imder if 't is so I
All the measuires before the Ilouse
smacking of Stay Law priiciple were
yesterday Mnid oil tile table. It i
likely that to-day tho ]!ill from t hc
Senate, suspeiding action in certain
casen before the Courls, will como up
before the House.
It is an evil omon that so many Leg.
islators are counselling a repudiatior
of ti highest Judiciary in the State,
and trying by subterfuges to ovade
tile letter of a Stay Law while the
enact a law of that kind In spirit an
in fact. We have for .monlths beoi
chlarginig the Federal Legislative do.
partmoncit w ith-gross violations of theil
Constitution, and now we ignore oui
What is tile country conming to
Wile tile elements of discord, aye
of civil war, are gaining in strength
every day in the North, apples of dis
cord age lavishly strewn in our midst
in Missouri, what is the einet stat<
of political disturbance 1 Gathoer.
from the appeals, not of Radical jour.
nials, but .of 'the Conlservativc onles
"Get" say theCsejoulrnals to their par
ty--"yet caps and guns and tlmmnuni
Lion, an~d be ready for j~ho confilict.2
To niiy mind it is a foregone conclu
sion thiai suchl a conflict ,will tak<
plaeo North. Soe tile declarations o
tile Now YorkiHeralId, a paper which
never had a fixed prinoiple, but th<
best.weathier-oook for Indicating till
direotion of' Ltio popular breeze, to b<
found in the whdlo North. In its is
suo of Friday last, it delares thlat thu
sucocess of the-Radicals in Maine islbn
tho:ground-nweU that will sweep th<
North.;.and it adds, whlich is prieg
nantjv signincaist, "we bow to the de
oision pf the mighty Nol-th."
We then- of the South should preserv<
Scalm and united body, not -that w.
can do anythling for the benefit of ouw
fridnds in thle go-alled loyal States
but that we may not .aggraivate th<
evils incident to one present politica]
status, by -admitfing -and oherishing
domestic disturbing elements.
Thlose two savage wild beasts, des
potio power and democratic ambition
as Alison denominates then, are ram.
pant now, they are -broken loose fron1
tile confines of conservatism, .and ar(
seeking whatever thley may devour,
The womb of the future is filled 'ivitti
horrors for this countny. before wili
tile bloody r'ecord of thleFrench Ri~ogr
of Terror may turn palo.
As for my longer hope of a return tc
first principles on the part of the peo
ple of the United States, there Isnot
a particle of ground for it. -A bloody
civil commlotion Is now inevitable, and
Wlon .its howls and shrieks are passed,
will arise a repetition ofthe sconei of
thle last days of Bomoe and of tile vai-.
ous experimeonts by France to esta'b
lish government three-quarters of a
century age. I pity the 'sanguine
spirit than ean look at -The fme now
staring us In the face, and say that all
this Is the wail of ran alairpist. Ho
will be most wofully disappointed.
wM
coiAusznl4, Septembor 19.
If tlhpre is ev'6r a- time -when mon
should eool keeni the *elght of respQu
sibility frestin " on th, it is w61
they. stand ath teprosontativos -
people-fl a 'epublioan govermnent.
A reproeetptiveo is exhplatically a
Conseor.ro He occupies a peculiar
position. 'Between We right4 of his
constituents. on ono hand, and.the ro
strietious of the Constitution on the
other, his ppslbtibn is one to call .forth'
all the energi6s of t'abund , judgment,
in order to keep from infringing too
iguch upon one side or the other.
Now on which side is it better for him
to erg Tihis Is a nice point to decide.
If ho err in inruging upon thc rights
of hi.k constitudits without t violation
of the Constitution, it is easy to sup.
plant h1m with one who will prove a
better guardian of those rights. But
if he infringe upon the re.trictions of
Constitution, and be sustained' inl that
infraction by his constit ueits, ho rc
tains his place, but he and his con-.
stituents are better prepared for fur
thor infi'actions of the bouidary line
of constitutional limits, and the gap
being onco thrown open, there is no
.telling where the flood will stop.
I am lead intO these reflections by
the lamentable fact that allusion has
been made inthis General AsseInbly
to the violations of the Fedoral. Con
stitution on the part of Congress to
palliate the efl'ort now making to dis
regard the decision of the Coiit of 1.r
rors,-to step ovorthe rostrictioius of
our Sato Constitution. It is laion
table as showing the crumbling away
of that respect for constitutional law
which once was the jewel of South
Carolina.
Ihow mieh better for the credit and
honor of our little State had it been,'if
instead of calling Ieetings to rebuke
the Court of Errors, those meetings
had been called to sustain in loto its
(deision, and doelared that 'omie weal
oi woe, the citizens of South Carolina
aekn o wlledge their pgecuniary obliga
tions, and though believing they can
never Iieet them all, yet they shall be
met to the extent of their ability.
Cor.usImA, Sept 20.
The hroo most important-n:easures
before this General Assembly are
thoso in regard to the District Courts,
to suspending the Fall terms--of the
Qourta ofG oimmou Ploas, and to per
petuating'testimony. Two of those
have been pasbod, that in relation to
the suspension of Courts is not yet an
Act, although so rdforted in the Phwe
nix of this morning. The difference
of the two branches of the Legislature
seems to be Irreconcilable, as the fol
lowing will show:
- The il'li originated in the Senate,
was adopted by a majority of one on
its second reading, and sent to the
House. The House struck out all af'
ter the enacting clause, substituted
their Bill and retitrned it to the Sen
ate.
The Senate refused to .concur in
their amemndment, andl sont back .the
Bill after striking ont all after the
enacting clause, and,' substituting
their original bill.'- The* House again
returned it amended with their amend.
fmont. And this mo rning the miatter
stands. in stats u o. The light to-day
in the Senate will be to adopt or reject
the House amendment. The vote will'
be so close that it will -bo impossible
to foretel.l whethmer the b ill '411 be
come an act or not. 'It maj he that
as a last resort.s a oonfem'once 'e.9nnxit
tee will be appointed wvhich may adopt
somie compromise acceptable' to 'bth
Houess.
P. $. Since thme above' was writt'en
the vote -in the Senate has been I;&ken
6e copeur in the amendment from the
H ouse. It - was 18 to 13. the
Prestdent had to voto, an'd voted
negatively. The House, as I expoo't-.
ed, has by a large majority refuseod to
reee from its amendmnit,' Ed, lias
appdlnted a confoeido Commnittoo.
But I cannot wait 'for the result, as
this must be closed for the mail.
[roa ran annRA-D-3
MESSRS. Enrrons .' public moot
ing hold to asedrainfbtlo sentimhent of
theo public, avd-.to-consubt .artl advis~e
foi the pablio -good 'is a good tshing,.
'he publid consists of evei'y man in
a community, and as every man has
hig own opimolon there is conseliuently
a great d~lvorsity of opinions ia a'comi
nmunity. The objet of- consultation
is to ase~rtain and :determine ivhat
o sjions slou'ld be .pragtically - aban
oaed an what, praoticallg adopted
hmg 4er to scure the greatest porn'a
rient'good to the greatest number, and.
i~zh himrsocty entangled with dif
ffent inpterests, conditions, pursuitsj
tilntiht there ,are tow
dastions of' importance, the dedlsion
of whi~ol, in this respect, is: not attad
(dWith great :dwi~ty.:y We are apt
to form a notionr pf , publIc sentiment
itomithe oninionna which we ka .0
pressed. How importan iin i'r o
der that'a-just notion be formed that
the expression of opinion'be general I
Hnce, when a publie meeting is dall
ed it is proper' that the subjet 'or sub
jeots to be discnssed be named in or
der that they may be considered by
the people and opinions foreed so
that they may be able to' voto with
judgment on the summary oibodi1
in resolutions. Hence, again, it is
iiportant that every manii who feels
an intorest in the subject relating to
the public wYolf're, a part of which ih
his own ishould atteld whez. conve
nient.
In order that rosolutions be drawn
up with strictreiforeaee to piblic opin
ion, would it fiot be well to discuss
the subject bofore appointing a comn
nitte' to draw ip resolutious I A so
ries pr)ared. by a committee, after
heaiug the-discussion would be mioro
likely to' receive the approbation of a
uiajoritj than. ono preparod befo're,
and should-this fail to be approv'ed,
mon residing at a distance *oild be
unwilling to wait for a discus;sion of a
secoud,
Akllow me here to prospit- a few
thougits relating to the subject pro
posed for the conideratio'i of a meet
ing recomnimonde'd to be hold on the
first Monday in October "for the pur
poso of devising some .uniform plan to
regulate tle employment of free la
bor." It is th. opinion of the writer
that any plan that might be devised
would be 'found impracticable, for the
uniformity must ielate to tle m.odo of
employment, th' rato of wages, or the
c-haractcr of contracts ; -and any plan
in rogard to any of these would fail k.to
meet universal approlbation, and con
toquently woul'd fail to bo' obligatory
in absence'of the power of law whicli
it must fail to receiv'e ; for, society,
througli its agent the Legislature, has
no more right to decide how a mna'
sihallemnploy labor, for what wages, or
by what coutract,than it has to decide
how he shall cultivate,for what price
to soll his products, or on ihat feed his
horse ; nay, Ahan to pass on agrarian
law. The last barrier overleaped ly
a Legislature the danger becomes im
minent. ' Everything- beyond its logit
imnato range should be left, to thocon
trol of the individuals of a communi
ty. e
Res6lutions, to adopt uniformity iU
this matter, not carried out, would be
useless, but is this all I Would nol
any public acti6n tlatihas the appear
ance of a combination be impolitic at
this jmictumre ? I am glad that the
meeting has been called, for it wil]
give ang opportuity for an expressiora
antd interchange of opinion, and hell
to form a public sentiment which it it
h ighly important to know. If there ar<
'any meins by which the country car
be redeemed from its sad conditior
no one would rejoice moore at its adop.
tion than I ; if there is none, the soon
er we know it the better.
I will take the lib'erty of suggestin~
a subject for theo.consideration of th<
hold'ers of large quantitios of real es.
ta te. If these would take into con
sideration the,. policy of dispsimg o'
such of thir- lands as they dannot us<
proflhably, to industrious immigrants
theotorms most pr1oper for such' dispo.
sal, anid theo means of inducing immi.
gration of a desirabhe kind, a course,
it seems to-mre, the dictate of. both in.
res ;md 'patriotismi, much good
a iht 10the result. -The aetorj
n.dght live t~o see their ,country' ro.
doomed .from desolation and ruimhnm
themselvespuirrounded by pi-osper'ity,
'Fo wie-r is not able to do. muel
inthe matter 'propos~d, bait - makcet
tb-suggestion because hmis only hiopt
6f su'#oessful lad'or points,. to intolli.
jdhfand interested laborers, and of
t4mese the supply is to limited, and ti
his only h~po of'increase.
-The subject certainly deserves the
gr~avo 9onsideration of, those who feel
that this land is to be their home
that they are wedded to the soil.
C--m.
An Aet to alter and fiz the time fe hold
ig the Court of Common Pleaa,
Ane. 1. De it'onacted by the Senate
'and H-ouse of' Repreientatives now meit
and 'sitting, and by authority of the
same, That from and after the rat ifica.
410o1 of this Act, the Judges of t'.3 Supe,
rier Courts of Law in this State -ehalJ
hold the first and next sitting of,' the
Court of Common Pleas for the. trial oh
civil cases arismng ex cont ract a in the
several Circuits now established by law
in this State, in the ensuing -Spring, at
the times and places in each District al
ready established by law.
Sno. 2.. That-all writs and otheipro
oess of the sai Collrte, mes:ne and final,
now made returnable to the Fall -terms
heegfr esabbhe, . xcept 9e
the year of' ou~r Lord one thousand eight
ndred .and sixtyseventhpo samb~ as' i~f
already so d ir'eoted,:aia th4. thel sm
rules of imnparlancq,4p4,the sa~me o"r
aowroepins ogp jp h .ap' ~
section of' tlijeAct. ,
8So, 3.: That all wit In cases ef
tort shall be returnabl6' M heretof9 e
proVidf HEffl -the r~gultlat terms of
the Courts now established, and it shall
be the duty of the Clerks of the Court N
of Conimon Plea1 to prepare dockets of
all cases of tort for the regular term of
their respective Courts. r
Seo. 4. That no Cotof Eqtfity shall a
be held in Jihis State before the first day 5
of February in the year of ouri Lord one
thonsand eight hundred and sixty sov ;
Provi'ded, that nothing herein contained
shall be so construed as to prevent tlie r
hearing of motions and cases at Chain
.bets as areprovided by law.
Seo. 5 That not hiig in this Act
contained slill prevent, Judges of the 1
Coiirt of Coinmon Pleas, and Genoral X
dessions from hearing and determinim r
applications for the suhsibstidin of judg- f
monts and decrees, destroyed or lost
luring the late wavr, as heretolore. 9
Suo. 6. That all Acds nud parts of'
Act4,of the-Goneral Assemly 0f this
State, in confliet with the provisions of
this Act, be, and the same are hereby
repealed. 2
List of Aots-passed by the Legislature.
An Act to aniend an Act entitled
an Act to make appropriations for the
year coiinicncing in October, 1865.
An Act giving authority to the
City Council bf Charleston to proecod
iti tho inatter of a Fire Loan, with a
view to aid in building up the city
anow.
An Act to amend an lct entitled
an Act' to lend the crcit of ithe State
to secure certain bonds to be issued
by the South Carolina Railroad Com
pany.
An Act to provide for the drawing
of the Juries for tho.next torn of the
Court of'Common Pleas and Gonoral
Sessions for Darlington District.
An \ct to make parties, plaintiffs C
and defendants, competent to give tes
timony in such casea in like inanuor.as
other witnesses.
An Act to-incorporato the Planters'
and Farmers' Relief Association.
An Aot to declare valid the recent
election for Intendant and Wardens
of the town of Darlington.
An Act to incorporate tho' Phonix
FIiro Enginq Coihpany of Darlington.
An Act to legalize the elections of
municipal officers of the towns of
Moultrieville and Mount plonesant.
An Act to provide for the establish
mont 6f a Pententiary. 2
An Act to provide for the funding
of the interest and principal of cor
tain stocks and bonds of the State
past due.
An Act to incorporate the People's
Mail Steamship Company.
An Act to alter and fix the times t
for holding the Courts of Common
Pleas in this State.
An Act to declare the rights of per
r is lately known as slayos and as free
persons of color.
An Act to amond an Adt entitled
an Act to establish District Courts.
An Act to require the Uonimission
cra of Public Buildings for-Groecnvillo
and Pickons Districts to pay over'cor-.
taini funds to the Commissioners of the
Poor of said Distriots, i-espectively.
An Act to iicorporate th6'Stonewall
Fii-e Engine Compa'ny of Charloston.
An Act to scoure advances for agri
cultural purposes.
Ani Act to amend the law in r'ela
tion to the bondr required of pnblic
officers..
An Act to atnend and extend the
oper'ation of an Act entitled an Act to
provide a mode by which t6 perpetuate
testimony in relation to deeds, wills,
ehoses in action, and other papers and
records destroyed or, lost du~ring the
recent war....
An Act to provide for the redemp
tioni of bills recoivable issued by this
State.
An Act to Vest in the city of Colum
bia the right-and title ofth a State in
Icertain lots.
An Act to make appropriatiens to
meet cortain deficiencies in the appro~
priations for the year comnmenclihg oug
1st October, A .D.l -865- :
Headquarters Asgistant Oommissioner.
Bureaq Rto(dgees, Freedmen aindA. Lands,'
Cn Anr.vsvTOS, S. C., Sept. bjih 1866.
General drders, NO. 21.
:To regulate the divIsiont of crops where
the Fr'eedpoople are working for a aharo
thereof, and to protect, both the Employer
and tjho Enpr'oyees from the' injut-io'u~ re-.
suits arising fronl the practice'of soritd pe'r
sons in byng the props In small quantities
fromti'teedmen, payi ng therefor a mere -
pittance of their .nrket value, ghuoreby
many of the, freed* pe'ople are loft impover
ish'ed. it'is' ordpred-'
I. Thnt ll orops, when -harvest ed; shall
be if ored in a sedu.re place, prepared for.
muarkcet, asc divided between the. etnployer (
and tLb. ex~ulogoes, In accordance with- the'
contract, *rb contracts havb-been approv
caiby this ueiau1
II. When thle. eolton shall have been pre..
pared for market, and rio oficer or agent of
this Bureaut can bepresent, the contract ing
parties sy' 'ree upon. sonie person In
whiom~ theyoyave conhdencooe' choose
referees to dliide the crop ;.and If they can.
not agtee; the offioer In Oharge'will act..
,In all 4dasoe, ofhlcerts and agents of thie
Buf~eau will rendpr eve'ry assIetapoe in their
power to prevent unfairness or. dIshonesty.
IHI. Officers and 'agenits of this Butreau
will see that. aecounta between the emnploy. 2
e and employees for labor 'or advances,. of
provisions or money ,be.jt~tly ,arrange~ be.
fore ither party dispose of: their: crop.
IV. A statIon or landin'g on each of d4 L
Islandh will b~e establishedcy where all cotton
for-narket can be taken ; and . an agent, to'
weigh the cotton, and to see that the ,freed.
nien at'o.nqither cheate4' p gyeIgat nerpri
asil tht they receire Aho .momunt, of nioney
duie.thsta p.m t-he s'ale of thelftdrops.
YV.J p taons .either buyingg or selling
oottotr n itolation of this order will .be ar
rested and ptunished. By order of
400t U R C, Bvt Ma. GeftJ~VA4A
r, a in, litor of 'the "Ptison A
L dof Jefferson Dams,"'"has already L
r rem Oareton, of New York ,
mh> Whll il' eh omtinmues to' L
sell Juta aplrly afonti he-first "da~ A
lts bIa n. Crifven 'has else
esvd 490 i8 hep.is
S oki' Engn.
L0o8a" ItemB8.:.
cw Adverlisements.
Ladd Bros.lavo received and nro .
ceoiving- d largo and- well selcouted
Look of Dry Goods, whiob they oihor to
3ll at small profits. Call and exam
io their goods, they don't .chargony~
iing for looking. Soo Advertise
Bacot, Rivers & Co., aro st ill to be
Dund at No. 2, Hotel Range, with a
trgo supply of choice Grocorios,
Vines and Liquors. Those of our
adors who wish good things will not
01 to read their adtrtiscment and
ive Eheim a call.
COMMEROIAL,
V NNsnilo, Sept. '725.-Co9 on
2 a 28, tax paid.
Country Flour, *8& a 9
nDdi Imore, 1"Imur $14. a 16 per barrel
Lard, 27 to 30e pr pmmil.
Corn, $1.55 a 1.75 per bushol
Pens, '1.50 p(r bu oIn-l.
Baticon Side.s. 27! per pound.
Shouldeis, 23c. per pouid.
Mtea), *1.71: a% l..80 per bushevl.
Sorgum, 80c per gallon.
Yarn, $2.50
1ti ier, 25c. por pound.
Egg , 12fi a 15 per dozen.
Tubaceo. 45 to $1.10 pr -pound.
Gold, 40.
CHAR Lr.oTT-, Sept. 23, 186G.-Col ton..
les light., but we note R bett.or feel
ig and higher prices. Middling 29
LntS, tax paid.
New Flour, *$16.00. Northern
13.50 a 14.00 por barrel. -
Bacon, 21 a 22c. per pottnd.
:Corn, $1.50 a 1.60 per bushel, in do.
and.
Peas, $1.45 a L.50 por bushel.
Meal, $1 70 a $1.75 por bit Iel.
Wlent, *2.50.
Oats, 75 a 81) per bsiel..
Sorghum, 50c. per gallod.
Gold, $1.40.
Silver, $1 3'5.
CoXINImAS pt. 23.-Coton, 17 to
3, g6ld; 23 to 28, curren':y.
Corn,-41.45 tb 1.60 per bIshel.
Flour, $12 to 18 per barrel.
'Oats, 90 to 1.00 per bushel.
Peas, $2.00 to 2.25 per bushel.
Iay, $2 25 to 2.50.
Rico, Rangoon,. prime, 12 to 14c;:
ar(lina 15 to 16c.
- Tobacdo, 40c. to.2.00 pej pound.
Coin, gold 43 to 44.
FALL GOODS.$
REA'T ATTRACTION!.
. DRY .GO0DS .
LEACH ED SIlIRTINOS and Shootings,.
Unbileached Iiornespunks and Drills,.
Vhite,' Ra~d anid Colored Flannels, Colored
nd Black . Calicoes, Fancy Jpelaines and
'o~ilna, (Jassinmeres, Satincts and T weeds,
flack Alpaccas, all grades.
.HATS! H ATS1 -
A fine assortment of Men's and Boy's Fue
nd Wool tints.
BOOTS AND SHOES.
'lho very best from a common Brogan to
flue Calf.skin Shoe.
ALSO,.
Yankee Notions, Hosiery, Stationary and
very artiola kept in a first class Dry Goods
Our goodsaal'e bought for chasli, and we of
er the beost ind(ucomnents to cashi purchasers.
Call and see.
sept 27-tf LADD BROS,
JUST RECEIVED
BACOT, RIVERS & CO,
NO. 2, HO~TEL RANGE.
A FULL su pply of OROCERIES, WINES
1 and L.IQUQRtS conssitinag in gar'. of
rushed, Olasrifld , C., Light. Coffee and
Brown Pyugars.' . o.amd -Java doffees,
Greotn and Black ' Teia, Comtnon ,
Faily and'No. 1 Soaps, Su
gar, Wibte and Butter .
Crackers, Bodai Biar.
0 oldn .i
Syrups,
ahvice article,) Musoovado Molassea, Peer1
apd Corn Starch,Adamantino and Pearl
-Candles, English .Cooking Soda,
Potasht and Consent rated Lye,
Broomus, Tubs and Cot
* ton Cards,
Qtuirter Cask Superior Port Wine, Quarn~
ter Cask Superior Cheu'ry Wine, Case.
Lemon Syrup and Boxesof fine ad
'contmon Chewing Tobacco,
ALSO,
Ulhds. Baltimore Sides, 20 Barrels Balt i
mor.IFamily, Extra No. i, Supeor New
. Flpur, and 1~ Jarrel.Choice Family
Stugar Cured Ilame--for sale
Slow for CASH.
sept 25..tr . -
Behedule Over tile Southl Carolna R, IR,
.- . GENERA L SUP'T5 OFFICE
*CH ARC~5s'oN, S. C., Sept. I
'iN'and attor Sunday, Sept ember 28d, the
/ Passenger Trai'ns df this road will run
ie following schedule: :
-AIOUSTA TnAIre'
lavo Charleston 11.00 a m
riivenat. Augusta, .8,00 p mt
save Augusta, - . . 4.80 ga
rrive at Charleston, --1.'00 p it
COLMuuIA TBA iR,
e Obaleste - -5.00 ani
yplve at Chuarlos Ion, 7.20 p. m,
*t 11. T.PE AKB, Gen'1 Stup't.

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