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The Fairfield herald. (Winnsboro, S.C.) 1849-1876, October 10, 1866, Image 1

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S. C., WEDNESDAY M*RN1NG, OCTOBER 10, 1~6b'.
THE
FAIRFIELD HERALD
IS PUniatilED wE.KLY BY
GAILLARI, DESPOITES & C0.
Ters.-Tus IInarALi is pubHlished Weeke
ly in the Town of Winnsboro, at $3.00 in
A careably in advance.
ftQW0 All transient advortisements to be
paid in advance.
Obituary Notices and Tributes $1.00 por
square.
[From the IHouston (Texas) Journal.J .
The Gallant *Pelham,.
Where m there a sobber of the old
-army, Who Was on tlie heights of Fi de
rick4burg, b--it* can recollct Lite. hero,
yonnd Pe'lhiam, fighting his guns in front
of Franklin's corps. One thrill of ad
miration ran throughult the army, and
the great hero, as brave as te was mod
est, had his reward .in the general orders
of Gen. Lee, of the battle, when he styl
ed hint "the. gallant. Pelliam." a uamo
that wasqt once adopted I hroughoit the
tirmy. 'ie 'sublimity of this compli.
mont. is enhanced by a fact lhat he . was
the only one. ever mentioned by Gen.
Lie in General orders, under the rank of
a General.
We watched him fighting with unre
mitting ardor the gints that he command.
ed. No* firing, now retreating. and
i lien returning ulnost to the very line
of the ret.nrning foe-at each dischiarge
it silver line of while would gleam wherq,
tht lite of bllte hind before stood. It
was a graivl and terrific sight. We
could hear all ar .mnd tihe -ihotts of our
ietn as they Cried : "Sce how lie fights.
1: Who is if.? What a soldier I It is
Pelham I" and cheer after cheer wenlt.
up when making his siand near -the cen
tre of the fi--id. he fonght titil- nearlv
every horse he had was iKilled, and the
mnn torn.o fragments b. shot and shel.
TIh en we understood his work, for glid
ing to the right of its came Stoniewall
Jackota's and A. P. H ill's corps, and
the lines collided. Pelliam's work was
done, and den Lee, in presence of his
X corps comrpanders and his StaIf'madb
the renmal k, "Is it not a wonder how
one so young cian be so brave ?" This
compliment benight from him only a
blash upoi his beardless check.
Brave and heroi '.heart, wo saw hin.
f'ill in the front of Averill's fierce tii-,
prise.' Ilo . was leading *to the front
some stragglers, aiid endeavoring t'
rally a broken 1'.io, his fine snl)re 'glis
tening in patriotic circles over his head,
and his clear voice cheering ip each
weary heart to one more hinest effort,
when a sholl burst over .his head, and
OnG fragmnent went. hissing through hig'
brow. I.f fell, and for a moment therb
Was a pase. Stuart for a moment
ctopped 'and looked at him, and said inl
n1 solemn tone, the tears trickling from
his eyes, "Sorving on mj stall is. fatal
it is fatal."
The following narrative of -etity
Gilinore tells the rest of the close of
this puro good life: .
1Ho was taken from the field by Col,
I IHarry Gilmore, laid upon his horse arid
4 placed in the charge of two dismnitited
men, with orders to carry him to an- n
bulance and call a surgeon. Col. Gil
more thus relates in his book, entitled
'Pour Years in the Saddle,' the. subse.
quent fate and brutal treatment of otie
of the'noblest spitits that perished for
the 'Lost Callse.
'On my way to -Culpeper, I oyee
' took, bear Brandy Station, the -tros
*men I had placed in charge of. Pelham;
ti making their way back to- Oulpaer,
with the body .across the lhorse, pia *
they had started from the field of:'att ,
*his head andl hanids Ihaging . down on
oi:e side, bjis legs on the other-fdtvp
hauitr andl hands soaked and clotted iW~ah
mud antd ~lood
"Overwhelnmed' with horror, I had
him laid on. the gr'ass in the fence cor
-ner, and then', to , my astonishment,
found him' still alive. Imagine my m .
.dignation and vented wrath, when'
found that instead -of looking for an ainw
bulance, they had mioved towvard OCil
9per, a distance of eight miles, four of
iilch they had already accomplished.
I firmly believe that had eurgical aid
been called to remove the compressIon.
of the b'rain, his life iniight, have been
raved.
"An ambulance wvas immediately sent
for him, atid by the time I had dispatch'
- di my business wvit~h the telegraph, Pel
h Jam had arrived in town, and was ut
-once con veyed to Bossie's home, whero
the' ladies had all things' ins roaditne
' for his reception. T1hree surgeons wer~e
soon in attendance; and after, by -.gepntle
hands ha had been washed with warm
,watt.er, his' feet and hatnds swathed in
flatinet,.. and some .braiidy poutred in his
month, the surgeonsconupon~need tele~
.ing the cout pression on th brain.. Te
.piece of shell t):at had'straek.. himni as
not larger than the end of n it11.h.1 fin
ger. It-enteted just at, the 'curl of, the.
Jhair on the banck of thi --head, rakin'g
1hrough the skull withouteeven. piercing~
the brain,- coiming out tavotisches 1ielog
--thue point where ii. had -entored. Theo
skuli was badly shg'tot-ed between the
enttance and the ext. of the shell..' As
the surgeons removed the pieoes,140.1
leoted on't as a memento of
Dipst gallent an tighmly estA'
cers of the Sent hernsnyy He WaS
* years of ageY"
The surgeons soon 'pronounced:. his
case liopeless, and left hint to the date
of Bessie and myself-- othier ftsnde
.ecrowded in. About I, p. mn. his eyes
@pdted-.he turned toward mie in arn
unconscious look-closed them-drew
a long breath, and died' without, a strug.
gle. We dressed him in his best uni
form, yand had but just laid hint on.the
bed, when the door was gently opened,
and Stuart entered, having returned
from tbe fight at Kelly's ford. Great
tears rolled down his cheeks as lie si.
1'lcntly gazed on the lifeless for-m, and
then retired.
"Exhanated with- fatigue, Ilay down
upon the floor, and slept soundly beside
the mortal remains of a companion who
had ridden to the field that. morning in
usually file spirits; bu.t such is the for.
tunue of war."
Thu', inde', perihed a great and
-good lad. He was carried to his home
in Alabama, and btried beneath her
loved soil. I it ichmond. his body lay
in state, and the ladies of the doomed
city not only covered the cofflin with
wreaths of evergreens, immortelles aed
pure white roses, to designite the puri
ty of His life, bit they paid to the form
-san peur, sans reorocho-the tribute
of their tears. Everywhere on the way
Ie was greeted with funeral honors, and
the noble heart of Pelham passed into
history is the type of that pure chivalry
ihat. glowed in the hearts of t1h youths
of 'the army, and the loss of whom hath
caused much mourning throughout the
Southern land. .
I wrtte the above, glad of the opp-r.
tunity to bear my testimnony, feeble
as it is, to the virt.ure, to i lie honor, the
peerless cournge o' the subject of this
sketch. Yours,
Trivoir.
Judge Aldrioh's Charge to the Grand Jury
of Riohland.
We are greatly embarrassed in the
mainngement of our domestic affairs. by
the presence and interference of' the
('reedmen's Bureau. I believe, if they
difficult and d.-lica.e problem of organi
zi i Egthe -labor of our former slaves was,
entirely left to ti, who once owned tie
freedmen, .ind. rg'and their characte
and feel for their condition, -things would
be so managed as to enable us, very
goon, to regain their contfidence and to
infusie into their minds a feeling of se'u
ri.y and protection, which will he mutu
'ally beieficitk lBut, as matters now
S4jdsqr )Pgeng )F :ered, 1he freed.
r.uIen arc taught t0 e stielons of their
old masters-o believe that their inter
ots are antagonist-.and encouraged to
distrust their-counsel, advice and "aid ;
Wil which would soon cease 'if this inter
*4sted and prejiidiced Bureau was remoY
ed. It is a great, useless, axpensive
and minschievons machinery, which seems
h be kept up simply to gritid 'taxes out
of the people for the support' of cunning
politicians, excited Innatics and political
preachers. Our black people. "wards
of the nation," as they are callud, whose
best friends are the men who reared and
d6wned them' would receive little sympa.
thy from their new-found' friendg, as do
the poor white people, of tio North,
Were it not for the millions 'of money
1veiolh the congreso has placed at the dis
posal of theiBureau. All that we cain
do,-under iresent cirunistances, is to
trout then jutatly.and kindly, encourage
thm. to work, and .issia, them in every
way to better their condition and im
prove their education. . The State has
,placed tho" as flly under the protec
tion of the l ai as the white residents,
and it 14:49 ly qur duty, lut our in
Leiest~ toweo hat they receive tis pro
tectiot, at~4 are not imposed upon.
Here t tju ere, I hav.e no doubt, there1
are instan here~ a feeling of domi
tieering Ise miaiife'sted against the negro ;
but thesehihstanuce~s are rare, and, I will
venture to say, it will he found' on ex
ammiation, that the mlen who thlus -out-.
-rago public seinient are thiose , who
never owned slaveesud -were always'
known as bullies and rowdies. Such
violations of the lae are not to be en.
courneed: The i egro, now, as hw was
tu:der the did system, is protected by the
laws, and it is our~ olicy, an.well as our
,duty, to see t.hati this protection is secur
ad himn. 'We must letlhim know and*
feel that we are his iet friends, that we
thus buo hcin to become o tieu
membe1'f!4 ety;In .how ofther way
can we. mk (hipi-'a profltablo laborer ;
in no othk. Way can we hidaco him to
assist in developing the resonrpf of the
'country. Jt is true. he, follows, now,
his old instincts, and there are frequenta
cases of theft, .ihi raust be punishpd,
:until he learns the dotlids and- feels the
dignity of freedom. In time, -he will
discover. that he "it, suoiali th'einsti
tutions of society. tiswelfat ,the white
man, and that it is his initerest to do so;
but, whenogedi oe Ciommit crime, let
the'puintshment 'he admuinistoted -in duo
counree ofiewj )y thbe proper atiorities,
ind hre wll ~soon begin to feel his respon
sibilities anf a0 thii disgrage iad' u
ishment hioh tollovw a avloration of the
lhws cf'the hahd.If a diff'erent course
be pursued, and hq aggrieved parties
take the .ppnistnihito ut their own
hlan de, it-will exchite afelng of. resenf
rised a:ind hesility, which wall bring oht
colliseico t ~myo e-', bloodshed.
The j lctdrpeeaffe-. lioie
Who hiau 'aiah frnlataiped good char-.
aeeeti 6te'hatd.confl.
for the imxofoirant aAt 'np bii$
t thseir race;ad brI'ggal ,Otrp p~
tlle law to jusince. -I Tis is a hih duty
whiohithey Wie'4to themselves: and to
the country, because If 'tboy -MIril'dt
orime anid screen offenders, the disgrace
atuackes to the whale race. and afl suf.
fer alike in character and reputation.
They must do as the white people do
,when the'huws are violated, turn tie of.
fenders oyier to the magistrate, let war
rants be issued, witnesses bound over,
and the case bought to , trial. In (his
way, and in no other way, can society
be protected, an-1 the character and dig
Tity of of the race promoted. I think
the black people wvho are trying to do
their duty to themselves and to their
couintry, will take , this counsel. It is
the connsel of wisdom and the advice of
a friend.
As paupertsni is not to be encouraged,
so ought vagrancy to be punished. The
laws, if pioperly enforced, are amply
sufficient to put down this evil. Let
overy person, white or black, who is
living on the community, wit hout known
or visible means of support., be brought
up for exanination ' and if lie cannot give
a satisl'actory account of how Ie makes
his living, let the laws against vagrancy
be rigidly enforced, and tie vagrant put
to work for the public good. In this
way, the highways and public buildings
of the State may be much improved,
and the crowds of idle consumers, both
in the cities and in the country, greatly
diminished.
A Singular Character.
There are few residents of Mobile
who have not seen the Sicilian, Andrea,
hobbling through our streets upon his
patcheid crutch, and walking staff, or
lying on sonic d'oor step basking in the
sun, always wrapped in the rags of pov
erty-a picture of fihh and patiperism
withoul. a parrallel in this or any 'other
city. Many report.a are given of his
early history, of the cause by. which lie
lost his leg,and of hiseccentricities; but
from these conflicting statements it is
difficult to arrive at. the I rut I; and no
inducement can be offered him to speak
of his past career. Importunities in
Ithis direction are most certain t0 be mta
by a fit. of passion calculated to deter the
most persevering from pressing the sub
ject too closely. But report states that.
in his boyhood lie. was one of JaRihfto's
crew, and lost his leg during atn action
between the Gulf. Pirate and English
man-of war.
This statement is without any .8inb
stantiml anuthority, but.there
inach tnujtetrith idwfliN1 . c
las just been related to us, by a gentle.
man who has seen him idmost, daily . for
the last; fifteen fears. About eighteen
years ago A ndrea resided in New Or
leais, and while one day assisting to
put some heavy timber in a vessel under
going repairs, one of them fell upon and
crushed his leg. Amputation became
nesessary, and was performed at the
Marine Hospital in that city, and a few
years afterwards he came to Mobile,
where he'soon becatme an institution.
He ias relatives here in good circim
stances, who have made many efforts to
reforin.his vagr-ant habits, and once pre
vailed upon him with sich success as to
establish him in a fruit-stand, fitted up
for his 'benefit, in which lie continued
but a few days, wheni he broke tip his
stands and boxes, poitehed his fruit into
the dock, and without, giving a word of
explanation resumed his uicouth iahit.
.He has been repeatedly provided witi
good clothes, which sem to di-gust him
nore they approach gentility, and a few
days will find them torn tip, patched an'd
repatched, until all semblance df shape
has ben destroyed in them, and Andrea
rejoices ia his rags again. -. Strangers,
thinking hint an object of charity, some
times offer hiim money, which he almost
invariably thros~ys back at them in a fit
of rage andl passion.
When~ driven .by hunger lie will
sometimes aisk for a piece of bread, which
is never refnsed hiri, 1but;mpre frequent
ly enters a saloon or bakerf in whatever
part of the city lie mnay'-bs, and helps
himself to any article of food desirable
to him, and coolly emeorges into the street
again, without sayung."by your leave,"
or "thankt you." At the market lie has
been known to take uip a fish, sometimes
devotiring it raw, but whoa his appetite
gives him leisure; he goes. thro~ugh a
proccess of cooking it- pecnliar to him
self.
Withiotut scaling, cleaning, .or giving
it any civilized preparation whtntever,
he wi:1l place it oni the coals of s~omo' of
the furnaces on Front street, ond per-.
mitting It to broil but a few seconds,
draws the tempting morsel forth, and
instantly devours it. Taking his posi
tioti instle atta, dhoe vermin stith ,which
liis rage nret popmilated soon wvarm into
life and activity, wheni Andrea's ocouips
tion begins by an'.onielankht on the gy
backs. He will go under tone - of. the
docks when the pt'ocess of Abltition be
comes a eecesety with: him, wash bis
clotihes, an after hiangi."g thenc Oflt to
dry, tak~es hula dratolke'andswim to the
opposite aide 'of the river rernaltnle'g
there until his appatidis sutriciently'dry
to be wnen,:h'en he returnis and restumes
*his.. peregrinations through the city,
sun orin the rain, wherever add- whm.
ever fdtigue overtatkes him.
Andrea Is. never . ishoiest-ataked
nothing withotit being seen, an4 1gevey
accepts anythingthat is not, alkselptely
necessulty tb the suppdrt'.ot life, -Ths
constitution is of iron ;,Ii n ho s. tr,V
been sick,.or,,.rather, has nevii . een
niged froem thetyrget,,i, esd ,(Iit d)
ottiftull efshego; ,wyhou heolio
mnorose,' and ippar9'nt .otut, of his :mind,
Leftdhffielf holis b ar mless enough
~ut when set uponi by miscShie~ods dyh,
Is~ easily worked intoe dangbrous ps
k
gln~~fbie ax te,
South Carolina Ralroador'
I The several railroad companieln this
State, and all persons who haoe com
plaints to make of excessive or nequal
charges, or violations of their 4arters
by said roads,,will take notice ist ithe
following joitt resolution of th Gene.
ral Assembly was adQpted . -at he last
regnlar session : -
"Reolted, That a Special (6mmis.
Sion, consisting of two niembern of the
Sonate and one froin each Conyession.
al District in the House, be apointed
to investigate and report to thiejicral
Assembly, at its next. regular iession,
the 'complaints made of exces-re and
unlequal charges by the differentrailroad
companies of this State, and tr inquire
if and in what minner they han iviolat.
ed their respective charters. hat tlie
said Commission have power to immon
such witnesses and'to requiro ';ho pro
ductioni of such' books and ptpers as
may be necessary'; and also V inquire
and report whmt charters are sibjeot to
amendnment, and in those~ cas's where
adlendments aie practicable, whit chaaig
Ces should be made to protwi! gie inter
ests of time public."
The Commission appointed wider the
foregoing resolution, ereby (nil upon
all persons having knowledge of materi
al fact relating to the matters unbraced
in di said resolition, to forward stato
mnts duly authenticated to thit several
ieinbers of the Commision Ps herein
after indicated.
Complaints and charges relating to
the Greenville and Columbia Railroad,
the Blue Ridge Railroad, the Lairen
Railroad, the Spartanburg aa:d Union
Railroad, maiy be forwarded to G P.
Yownes, -at Gr'wnville, C. If., or to W.
S. Giisham, at Walhalla.
Charges and complaints relating t<
the Sombh Carolina Railroad may be
forwarded to M. U. Bttler, Edge-field
C. H1., or R. S. Duryea, at Charl 8ton
Those relating to the Charlotte antd
South Carolina flailroad, and the King'
Mountain Railroad, may be sent to B,
W. Ball, at Laurens 1.. -.
Those relating to the Wilmington and
Mancheater Railroad, and the Cheraw
and Darlington Railroad. ' be sen
to Harris Govimgton,- at
Those r 'rthens
Savaninat,
ailroad, to . Dnyel,, at Uharles
ton.
The Commission will meet at Colim
bin, on Friday, the 23d day of Novem
her wext, to make up their reports, al
which time any persons interested may
app3 before them, and birnish sich. in
'fornition as may be considered necersa,
ry, ralative to the matters tinder conside
ration.
G. F. TowNF.S,
Chairman Senate Committee.
M. C. BUTA,
. Chairman House Committee.
rcoliabi sooth (arolinitan.
- Cotton,
Dr; Wight has'publialhed a book, in
New York, en.titled "Cotton Cultiva
tion-Madras vs. America," which gives
circumstantial details of tbo etporima;iLa
hi qoiton culture, maad in India, and
assigning.reasons for their failire. The
following are extracts from the book:
India, Dr. Wiglit says, is not too hot
for. our Southern- cotton plant, since, in
theoCarnatic, it had borne unharmed the
hot winds of May and' June. But, on
the other hawad, it 'a a ceianed that
the cultivating 'seduin in 'India is toc
cold'i. c. ~the ellinate. of the Carnatio,
during the cold months, ichb f'ormed
the cotferowing :eneajn in India, ii
actually cblder thsrithoenminet in Mis)
sissippt." In AmWerica, coiLton I .cuiltivt.
ted froin April to Novenbhei, ; in India,
fro Se tembe to. Arij. It is well
cotton grwnoreiit isoe l
others in tigeffm'rjd1 i tljM equable teti
perat4re duirpig'a long-inm er.i
As regarde-'th~ superior t.,Ameri
can Cotton to'r:dian,.D r.3 iht~report,
1ed that the Amutltiieof tyas aboui
twent.g pe'r. cet..nopr6 valuible than 1he
Indiani of pearly '.am. 5d. 'is 'to 8(4
IAg1in,' tle American 'sed, produoci
from f 'to- per cent, more cotton wool
thatt 'the Indian :seed ; in other words
1100 pounds of American ~seed yielded
from 286 pounds to 80 pounds of clea
cotton' wool, while' 100 pou~nds of Indlar
eend only yielded about :21 pounds o
clear cottoni Wool.
Our seed, it' 'woiild appear, Iii no
found to suicceed well in the East. Ir
Southern; India, it failed on account of
thecold nights whIch prevail after the
let, of F3ebruary,- kheti .the weathei
becomes werel, and'if the ravages of
insees could be also a voided, then th<
I AmA'IAncotoUn would ewen4 tamire
bly; but; in the abece 'of' raIn qithai
sgason, Mr. Winnie (Au exteinsiW Indiat
4otton-growet whe is here quoted,) ays
ho is af(raid that it ne'9er '*i11 becoab'
the staple of India. Nor did he thisi:h
the Ameirican cotton gin would ever be
aduated to the statives.
-Thre is -eering news to ouri pool
platers, who ried something to encour
a~ 'them, in the'faco of bad' labor.anum
thre-e4#te pdud intez'ual revenu
It is said that General l ossedu. a
determined,. in comipliance withi manj
urgent soligitatIons, totake ,,the. stumj
in I1ndianasand Ohio-and 'eanvas thee
stateos until the elections - take plade
T[here are no more 'effectiye *politiod
sneakers In th. connter than he .
Ex-Govemor Letoher on Bouthorn Affairs.
A Plea for Peace.
Ext-Governor Lotbehr, of Virginia,
delivered an address, at Lexington,
Va., on the ocasion of the reinaugu
ration of the statuo of % ashington, at
the Virginia Military Institute, in the
course of which he said :
The Southern people . regard the
question at issue as settled ': and for
ever settled. They accept the result,
and are prepared to abide by it in
good faiti.. They pledge an honor
th t is untarnished,. and 'when bravo
and honest mon give such a pled gwho
can doubt their sincerity, and who can
hebitato to believe that their pledge.
will be redeemed to the letter I
No gotornment can endure which
does Liot rest upon the affections of its
peoplo. A wise, just, tolerant, up
righ'administration of public affairs
wfHl ivin back the affootionm of the.
South and etwino them around the
pillars that upheld the Union as the
"clasping. ivy" ouciroles the majestic
oak. kindnesa'bogots kindtioss ; con
fidence inspires confidence ; charity
and tolerance generates love and at
footion. Let all these ennobling vir
tues lie cultivded im encouraged. If
the scenes of the last four yot1s C.!
not be forgotton by either 'ido, lei
them be at least forgiven and passed
by -hr solenun, dignified aileuce. L,0
I each side cose to remit.- the other of
the disagreeable incidents that occurr
ed during that sad but eventful pe
riod.
Lot us, then, be of good cher. Let
no one be disheartened or discourag
ed. We must all do our duty in a
faithful, independent and manly way,
and then we may reasonably antici
pate a bright and happy future for
ourselves, our.posterity and ofr coun
try.
It shouM'be the policy of all to in
culcato a spirit of conoord, and so not
each to the other as to advance the
common interest of all. We should
do everything in our power to secure
the prosperity of the nation, augment
its wealth, develop its boundless imi
eral and other resources, arouse up
its dormant energies, multiply its chan
0 munication, encour
ralturm, mechanic)a and
manuieturing industry. This is duo
to ourselves as well as those who are
come after uts, and who look to us for
the adop'tion of a poliny that will place
them b-foro the world ih the most ad
vantageous position. Lot us deal can
didly, fairly, honestly, justly and
charitably one with nnother, and then,
kneoling around the altar of a coin
mon country, let a united prayor as
cond to Heaven "God bless America."
Ourious-If True'
- A foreign newspaper, which devotes.
much attention attention to the mo
tives and movements of. the Empress
Carlotta, relates that when she was on
the eve of leaving, Europe for Mexico,
where she expected to reign and*
whence ohe did not expect to return,
she nald a viit io her grand-mother,
the old ex-Queen Aniolle, widow of
Louis Phillippe. at - Claremont, and
dutifully asked her ancient. Majesty to
give her a blessing-which was. done,
with a great deal ofsolemnity, many
tears and several pious exclamations.
She bmle adinu to her uncles, the
Princes of Qptleans but observing that
the Duc d' Auaa to whom she was
'fost-attaohod, was silent, if not sad,
gently rallied him on~ his retidenco.
He amdwored'",WellI;my. faig'nieco,
whiafehall 1' say to you? You' wish:
o'ouya throne. You have it. 'I
*pgay God that yot umay keep it-but
.in.op fa'iily thamt is not the cus tom."1
ittis gott on bither sido of the Orle.ansI
hoiuse. ILoitis Phillijpe died in eille.
His eldest son Was ki Iled by a fall out
ofaoharlotf and his holi-, now Count
do Paris, has not the slightest chiuice
of ever' reigning ini France. Queen
NIrio Amelie was a Neapolitan prtin
tess, and Francis II.~ %x-K ing of Na
plo: gb. ho is .boueiri to her children, is
nefab poo that heo'-aan' no longer af
ford'to liverin:Rome, where he is ex-,
.peeted' to' asintain a. sort of royal
'Athito. Wheni he tittedn Naples, in
I 1860, be bore with himt a very large
amount of private pr-operty, but he
lavished most of this upon the gallant
but fruitless defense of Gaeta. WVith
his wife, a member ot' one of the junior
branches of the royal house of Bavaria,
be had a dowry of youth, beauty, and
----ten thousand. dollhats I ~ At presenit
the atmost income of' these "monarchs
retired from busIness" is thirty thous
and dbilars a year. Th euld live
'I 419. Se it ini fingana, andt ro'niy
in America; but will probably remain
Sin Europs, waiting for ."domptiiin@8t~
turn up." i#4~ King of -Hanover,
wbo its vi'rtally ddpiosed, is said to
have madeptwple .provision for what
Dr. Frankli i calls "a rainy day."
Desides having sent the crown jewels
over to London, wherl, his fathr had
let't 4$8,000,000 invested in tha ritish
fmxide bid~otVi savings, also seirohlf
r hmvoted 'aVe sad to amount to 85,.
000,000, which anakes him wealthier
than even i. careful cousin, Queen
Vtoxla.
m 0o4. Patton f Alabarna, h as to.
~td~4o I~ap td.he re-issue of
' lu ite~ Freednion's.Brea,
a" og 'titt0,600 to080000
an States chle4y W!lbws
I an or ha, *r A&ring for thse
Tar. Woowccrt'$ FOnESIo'T.
"The woodpecker in California is a
storer of Aevimns. The trees Ih selects
are invariably of the pine tribe. Io
bores several holes, differing slightly in
size, at the fall of the year, and trheh flip*
aWay, in miany instance to a long' dis.
tance, and returns with on acorn, which
Ie immediatoly sets 'about ailjustinig to
oto of tho holes prepared for its recep.
lion, which will hold it tightly in posi
tion. Buti he does not cat the acorn ;
for, as a rule, Ito is not a vegetarian.
11i.4 object, in storing away the acorn
exhibits acute foresight, an'd knowledge
of results more akin Lo reason thaii in
stinct. The eucaceding winter tie
acorn remains intact, b1t, becoming
saturated with rain it pre-disposed to
decay, when it. is attacked by maggots,
who seem to delight inv this special food ;
it is then that the woodpecker reaps the
harvest hia wisdom had provided, at a
tie when, the ground beind covered
with snow, lie would experience a difll
culty, otlherwise, in obtaining suitablo
.F patIt.ablo food. It is a subject of
speculation why the red-wood cedar or
sugar pino is invariably selected: it is
not probable that the insect, the most
dainty to the wbodpeeker's taste. fre.
iuents only the ontsilo of wet trees;
;,t. so Ui i t, in Calaveras, hiuriporee,
a1d other districts of Oalifornia, trees of
this kinid may bo frequently seen cover
ed all over their trunks with acorns
when thero is not an oak tree within
several miles."-A. B. Baron.
DArTIs OF TN' SK.-A French
journal saysihat the soundings eflected
with referonce to the new trans-Atlantic
eable have eibled comparison to be
made of the different depths of the sea.
Generally speaking, they are not of any
great (tepth in the neighborhood of conti
ients; thus the Baltic, between Germa.
ny and Sweden, is only 120 feet deep ;
and the Adriatic, between Venice and
Trieste, 130 feet. The greatet depth
of t he channel between France and 1ung.
land does not. exceed -300 feet, while
to the southwest of Ireland, where the
sea is- open. the depth is more than 2,000
feet. The seas to the South of Eurbpo
are milch deeper than those is the inte
rior. In the narrowest parts of the
Straits of Gibraltar the depth is only
1,000 feet, while a little more to the
East it is 3.000 feet. On the coast of
Spain tihe depth is nearly 6,000 feet.
At 250 miles South of Nantucket (Sou',h
of Cape Cod) no bottom was found nt
.7,000 feet. The groactst depths of- all
are to be 'met with in the R4 'ern
Ocean. T 0te West. of tho Cape of
Good Hopo 16,000 feet, have been meas
tired, and to the West of St. Helena
37,000. Dr. Young estimates the aver
age depth of the Atlantie at25,000 feet,
and of the Pacific at 20,000.
To MAkId Cows Givic MIx.-A
writer who says his cow gives all the
milk' that'is watued it' a family of eight
persons, and from which was made two
hundred and sixty pounds of but ter the
year, give the following as his trtitnient
It is chetp and worth a trial:
If you desiro to- get a largo yield of
rich milk, give your cow three times a
(lay, water slightly warm, slghtlv salt.
Ni, in which bran has been stirred at,
the rato of one quart to t wo gallons of
water. You will flid if you; have rnot
tried this daily practico, that, your vow
will givoiwonty-fiv . per cnt. Are
milk immediately under theo effet of it,
and sho will become so attached to the
diet as to refuse to drinkl clear water
unless very thirsty, hut tlhis moss. sihe
will dunk almost any time and ask for
Atore. The amount of this drinik nee
essary is an ordir'ary water pail full
ea'uh-time, mtorninig, noon and night.
79ua amnmal will thben do her best at
dliscounting the lacteal. F'our hutndred
pounds of butter are often obtained from
5ood stock, and instances are mentioned
wvhere the yield was ovens at a higher
figure.
Tiui IaMRaCsS Evuoisaru.--Napoleon
is doing all that he possibly can to pro
duco popularity throughout France for
the E~mpress, who is deostinled to be re
gent, and th~e young P'riince. who is to
wear the Imperial Crown. HeI puts the
10mp'i-ss thremgh ft good deal of exorcise,
aind makes her travel a great deal,.in
order to mlke her beloved by the 1)00.
ple; a thing wvhich this graceful autd
gracious lady can 'do when elhe se
about it. But It is hard work. For
,example, after v siting the cholera, hos
pitasls at Amietns, when she returned in'
the evening, she had searcely' time to
change lhar dress when she WAS summon.
dtsist al A . 9%)~liI of ministers,
where ehd hd to sit for two hiourW n
a h'alf, .trying nlot'to sleep. A fdew days
af'ter ahle nmust, go to Nancy. A grand
fete was to be given, and sehlad to
meet many bishops and mayors, under
go many addresses, and tnsake,answer,
receive many bouquets from white robed
girls, and make many compliments in
return' had to attered a solemn dinner
every Aa, both at Nancy an.d on the
'route 'hither, to say nothing of the
regular ball each evenning, where sho
had to dance with prefect. and mayors.
It roth, she was overywhero 'received
with e~eshted enthusIasm the stately
city of Nanoy,.whiose .pp.pplation is less.
than fifty thtousaund, contained on the
occagion a multitude' of two. hundred
and fifty thousand ; It was *ereywvhero
ttdorned wtth t'lhimphal arches, and all
abloom with flowers,; the U1IVass es of
people cheered themselves hoarsh' end
still, time to time, shouted Amiens I
Amiens / thui celebrating the benovo
lent aution of her Majesty in visiting the
cholera patients.
11- TO AVOID TJE COTTOrN TA.
The Itoit Radical Congress, with a
view to further burdei the cotton,
plantor, laid a tax of throo cents per
pound on tile staple, which mnw be
paid before cotton leavos the (. *' - 0
tion dkitriot. But the ta.x .j
elargoaflo unless the Cotton is
forward for sale or shipment. Now,
the way to save the tax is to iautfac,
turo-cotton where it is grown, Thore
will be double advantage in this, not,
only in the tax of $15 per bale of ,500
pound saved to the producer, but the
ianufactured article will bring hi
twice the money that the raw naterial
will. By forming aosociation in Oeery
country, the planters have thus the op
portunity of doing themselves as well
as the country, the greatest 'scrvico,
Lot'thomz profit by th6 opportuniy.
We may add to those wise words of
the Georgia Citizons that'every manu
facture w1 recently met on the Border
echoed similar advisory expressions.
iThe largest 'cloth 'manufacturer in
Maryland, a man of' pure Southern
blood and lineoge, said : "Toll the
people of the South that inanufactur.
I mug their own staples is the proper
wvay to be rovonged upon the Yankees.
Nothing will bring the New England
or to his senses so amazingly ; no other
vindication is so worthy of a great and
magnanimous people. They can boat
us in abuse and trickery ; lot us boat
them in arts, science, statesmanship
and honest craft. Nothing pleases
your Yankee so as give hin a chance
of ribaldry or ridicule. Be still
vigilant-industrious--self-austainig -
those are winning trunis."
GENERAL LcE's HoUS91moLD EMCTS
AT A HLINGTON.-Under au order from
the President, the household offiet left
t the Arlington mantision by General
Lee, or rather the fragments11)ao re
remaining of them, were yesterday de.
livered to the party authorized by.G4.,
Lee to receive them. It hppears:.th.
nearly everything of value had Metl
stolen. Many valuable heirlooms.SfI
cluding some of the family portraits, had
been purloined. The po-traits were ti
ken from the frames' packed in bo*es
and stored in the upper loft of the 13r1n4
slon for safoty, in 1861. Thmesooe. 6-s
had broken open and everything. of va).
uetakeln away, iud thm 00 Wters aidi pr(.
vate papers of General Lee ecqtered
over the loft. A lady friend'of the Intamo
ily, with Mrs. Gray, the old and faith,
fill houehold servan were -yesterday
looking over and gathering up the fr'g
ments worth preserying
The furniture, including .seVeral-bd
steads, a considerable-nnmer of cditm moii
chairs, twq.or three sofas, se'eral tables
and bookoases, a sideboard, bureat-, and
some half dozen large ancient ricmnre
fraies, and avariety.of other drtictos vy
the ,ldad,.wer6 tunble I tgethr, br4k'i
bruised, an'd its a most vandalized condi
tion, in the sut$p of rooms orece nsed Ia -
parlors, o4, theo f flor,' 'preparat try
to being shipi'd Ahwiy' The only ar.
ticles renlainig th)re from Moinit Ver
non were thr ookVaSes awid A M od
hll chl1 Tlii f, hj I lie i
1u', n" Wre irthe nlsr, an1
blo con imf, m b -n -c.
mn a rumumoila ,mantier tny enrt e
ters, thim rad volvet. con-tmieir ad
having in this way more itan one ..
taken, off.
It would seem to havm, bee'n only ldw
performance of clear dut-y (on m le piuru-of
the authorities whe~in they t~ook posda
sion of this property, a portioin ci .winch
was historical and of some cnsiquene
to the nation at lar 'e -to have provided
for its careunl p rydtovion-Waona
Intdlagenoer Odoe n
Tuzx A TT EMP'TED AsuAsnuNA'xbONM-~
The Indianmaponlis Ilerald publishes a
list of promineont c itizens, officc-hold
era and others,- who avro engaged in
the recent: disgraceful ~riot in that
city, by wh loh the President was pro.
vented from' speaking. It bolIdly
charges thiat the rio4 was incited in orM
der to cover the issassinatoa of Mr,
Johnson. .Ono p-stol shiot evidently
aimediat him, struck - within'-a' :pw
feet of his head. 'The eviddcqa a
youth is given to the effoot4 ~ie
was paid five dollars to hurl s tdMnd at
the President, tid further proof 1s ad
duced that despomete qheracoues worse
brouglit fromi others pla.cos to ekmoh
in tho . rlof. Thre ate were e o~~
made for several daja ibefoeq tho ,i'
of the Pre ident thad hoebhuld not
leave Indi anapolIs alim Suoh are
the legitimate fruits of radiosy~sm
nila ~ era says "Some tinme sa wo,
we lishodh at-.tfeG request of a
frlqpdj i *roeeltg to Guil oe v
rmonia, (n anx'onc
to be take'ateed on 6
and the ade regtdis~sl tra~ j
at interyold of live ininutes, W
pain be niof fo1ello.ed t nee ~trF
a doxen diffdhuitnbersons hav~es aq
trl~dlid'idelpt, aundin 07 oeg
an Immnediate outeV6 d es ot~
one, the sufferey,:a lpdy, t*0 & .
,feoted for more U a w~iei4
sufferings, whmeu .%lt4i%
ingonii ii oamphor *at*r ne1ivd
in a-.ew Inute

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