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Th1 ii '-V ilo . . ona)Mf the 5th
inlst.- say .s: In thel( cours4e ot' lin Inter
Niew 01h't we. had1 With .1-l-J4iero-Dhavis
inldl o :-, I8.,, t',o subjeot of the
I ,m11s ?f, %I ..eew ., Iinirod uved. M1r.
IRyis kts -.Lhat was te chief ob
j(et i ill of' tie North to th11 reco nition
of Soltiiter iidleidelilico. 10 atll
swored thiat the North know perifiactly
uell, ats Ilu unistionably lie did, that
if sht would lay (own her arms and
consent to the division of the Union
into t'wo confederacios, she herself
would very soon be dissolved ; that
Stato after Stato--States singly and
States combinedly-would secede and
the whole No.rth be split up into'pOtty
pwer-, or no powers, all of them con
in tie eyes of mankind and
-Xthomn willing to contribute
- men1lit of the nntional debt..
Sirepl ied, wit his character
- mu', that this was certainly
-m 'ha l the same thiing would
h1 punild probably happen all the
* o'n ii' the North should prosecute
the w:. We thought at the time
that A. Davis was greatly mistakon,
and told him so. We still trust that
wo were correct in our estimato of the
charactor of his opinion, but just now
we Ctnl ind ul no 114) over confidence that
we were. The North continued to
proscouto the war, aiimithe South, after
the bravest uid most desperate resist
ano known in war's annals, was con
quered. But now comes the North's
trials. Now we are to see the test of
her internal pt-ength . If out. of the
dreadful war between the North and
South a northern civil war arises ; if
northern arliies march against each
other, vengeance before them, and blood
and death and desert behind, many
Northern States will very soon weary
nud sicken of tho .horrid work, and will
probably adopt secession as tie surest
und quickost remedy, fully relying upoun
the nIlighLty troubles and perils of tile
foderal governmenti as a perfect security
against coercion. Most. likely the north
wester i.States wi!l go off first, repudia.
ling, of couse, their proportion of the
public debt., ind thus piling higher the
monstrous bmancial .burden upon ho
shouldors of the remaining States. Theso
will have neither the will nor the ability
to bear ip under the crushing weighi,
and so otihers will secedo, and then oth
trs, till the whole north shall b divided
up into such poor, litle non-debt-paying,
fouble, mock nat1ionalities, as. a Itzn ofI~l A
one of lie Mexican Stat es, or one of the
.South Amorican ripublics, or one of wt
petty, miserablo Gornan principalities
might look uponi with Contempt and
scorn. Jeff. Davis's declaration to us as
to the consequences of tile war to - the
North, if prosecuted, will be amply vin
dicated, nrad whatever resentments. if
any, he clierislhes igainst thO North- will
bo abumdantly satisfied. We toll the
northern faniatics-as a lover of our
whlole coat ry we solemnly tell thiem
-tat- inlss iniadiiess luas seiZed upon
I,hiqir hieart s and bruuinte, u-.r -, m1 m,,
1i'1i'it en puishing t.he dissensions be.
lw w-i-n tihl Prc~esiet, and Conlgress to
then fight ing poinit. Theyi~ maiy rest as.
sitred ihat if the fight comies, it, wvill be
to thlem such a o'ne as they have no0 ae.
count, (of in eli her history or tradition,
They wvill find it an infini-elv diff-rent
thing from t he war i f th e rebellion,
**'' dresdul as It. wa~s i-hronghioit all it s
in nails. .jayt~ . w'll (indtheml-nsel ves a
divided pIeouple, diivid.'di amlost. e'q'nally
ivided- all mtmi ly ho Ii*Suti- iwil. tin'.
nlit, n'le to strike for their friends or
at a id afar fiomi th 1luash the crack an
the roar olf wiir, as~ in9v seem best to
then. 'lThe thiek clou'.tnow oinveloping
the SonathI may be pa.-tially lifted ; .but
night. at d storm surcharged with bloody
rain will close over the North.
. A &lENERAI. wAn.
-The rlio correspondlent of the
Ne'w York Tlnnes offers tihe following
'iu on oni the wvarliko preparationls,
iand r m. nrobabilition of a goeneral couti
-, Ina ox plosion ini Europe.
On t he conitinenit -the wvord is peace,
withI thme most. active preparations for
war. The Etnmeror has selected the
bre.ech.-ioader, wichlo he considers the
most. effective ini the wvorld, after a
thorough trial of a great nunmber at Cha
Ions, and hals ordlered the rapid mlanutfac.
turo of' 200,000. The press of Belgium,
ans weoli is of F'rance, apparently under
The samne inspiration, is ecCitin~g the pub.
]ic feeling against Prussia. PThe people
'of [Hanover' have vainly proteated against
- heir abflIoxation, andii suibmit BsulleIniy to
Candla i in inlsurrection, buit it is
hoped that it may lh qunieted without.
bloodshed. But why an inlsurrc~tionl inl
- 'Cndia, an oint-of the wany Grooco TIurk
ishisland ? It is litko'one of those Jor
got ten shiella of Col. Schofiner, dhat nn.
expectedly exploded, or the Charleston
*torpedoes, that went, off after the wvar
wvts over. Count Bismark, before lho
entered uipon1 the~ wvar .with Austria, hiad
.arranged for a 'whole system os insurree
tionis arounid A istria. Primeo Charles
Wad sent to Roumania, and thlere were.
said tobe explosiohs in Huntgary, Poland
T Iraiisylvania and the christian provinces
of Turkey. rbie war ended- idmost be
fore it began, with the victory of Sado
wva. The tratins so carefully laid wvere
not, Jired, but this outlying island of Can
din, whicoh was a part of the sy'stem, ox.
ploded,uand ,thie Stanm may. thank M r.
rthe Emporot .of' Austria is now at
w ~ ork withl great earn(-stnesB, re argani:'
sing his Empir-g, his Bliances atnd his
nf y. If Ihe cat, dai this, lie is all thei~
tronger for the loss oh an unwilling
provineo. H~e will also be 91h( stronger
for lisa disonn'ect ion from'- Germa ny,
-lhthe Prusiua ;a- the wor'k of reconcil
ing and satisfyiing her antnexed popula
tions5. and the fate of nll Southlerni Ger
miany is still to be decided. In- two
years, the. advantages given-by the ntee
-111 will have disappeared. In two
-lt grcat eXposition over
-,i 1 icei will bo re4dy to pronounce her
II im en Laum. IIThe belief, or -the feeltng,
.int I hero will be a great war ii Europe
within I wo years, is geperal. Ii that
wa r it it probabke tht. l3elgimn Iol
Ila iI, Deonirk, and Eiropean Tirkey,
%-ill dis-appeeae r rom14 (he 1np of i'urope.
IIrnce will 'ndvanco to the Rhin,.
'lI'liere will be ow- great Gernany. Aus
tria will novo South and- Xist, Id Rus
silt will bo up1)o1 the Bosphortus.
WINNSBORO, S. 0.
WINNSBOII01i 8. (N OCT. 24, 1866.
It. A. GAILLARD, EDITOR.
1). 1. McCREIG I1T, ASSOCIATE ED'a.
The following gontlemen are re
quested to act as Agents for the Han
Major A. D. ILr..IARD-Rocky
Momit, Ilosier Parish, La.
T1. I'. StI)E.e-ChIrleton, S. C.
11. S. Disroires--Ridgeway, S. C.
Major WMr. 1r1.-lonticel o, S. (.
11. B. MCMASran-Rossvillo, 63. ,.
Dr. J. L1. MARTIN-Jackson's Crok,
DAVID ErKIN--Allston, S. C.
J. V. McCaUmIwr-Salem Church,
-TO OUR SUJ38RIBERS.
Wo earnestly appeal to our friends
to come forward and cancol the claims
on our books against them. Many of
them subscribed to pay when the cot
ton was sold, and wo would respectful
ly that now the cotton v solling every
week, reiind our friends of the Im
portance of calling in at the Office and
settling up. Wo have to pay cash for
all material used in the publication of
our plIpers, and hence the nccessity
for prompt payments on the part of
The Romains of Oorp'l John W. Jordan.
On Saturday last the remins of
Corp'l J. W. .JORDNAN, eldest 8011 of
Capt. Thos. JORDAN, reached this
place from Elnira, New York, where
the subject of this not ice died while a
prisoner, Sept.. 22nd, 1864. Corp'l
JOnDAN Was captured at Trevillion
Station, Virginia, in tho torrible fight
between the forces under HAMlPTON
an1d those uder H8E1 uuRIAN-ono of
fiercest battles fought during the war.
Ie was a iember at the time of Co.
"ti" 6th S. 0. Cavalry, and a noble
young soldier he was.
T1he dreadful war is past, and the
"lost causo" tlnds upon the record of
the things of the past, but our sorrow
and mourning for thae dear lost ones is
re.-11, amlt ~jimntkg lio e pros
ont, tear op'on aifreshl the deeply in
flicted wounds mlade by cruel war.s
It aippoars hard for the ipeopie of the
South to realize their true situation 'in
relationl to tihe Governmoet of the
United States. Some mon01 and1 somel
pa~ l re cautiously touchting uapon
dte (tIetionl 'ias. to thibyyropmdoty of
ad~optinlg the Constitutional Amend
mient, and appear to dloubt whether
ourLegislaturo should (do it or not.
N'ow it is .just as well for us to put
asidle this shamt independoee. We as
a State have 1n0 more power to effeet
anything positivoeby Loegislative action
than we have now to secede, We arc
just as completely under Rad ical con
trol as the buoy is unidor that of the
stormy sea. To talk about eeoking
Rodioal aggression and power either
by doing or not doing Onl our part, is
all a fare. They are masters 'f the
situationi anld all we can do is to (10
their bidding ; so that it nmatters little
really whether wve adopt tile Constitu
tional Amendmomnt or not--it will be
ado1 ted, it will become part and
p~arcel of the Constitution *wh ich is to
govern us8. South OCarolina may or
miay not be ('le of tihe States to do
this, we do inot believe she wvill, anid
we wouldl muhl rather she should be
one~ of tile nlino States wYhich nood( not
act at all in thil- promlises,- for tihe
twenty-seven others are sure to adopt
that amhledment. However unani
mous11 thlen we of this State may be 011
the question, there is but one side to
it, and our pleoplo may just as well
look inito thle provisions of that amend
mlonit for it is goinlg o"be a part of
the sure~ol lawv of thle land, all our
tastes to the contrary notwithstand.
The Fair has been tile echief attrae
tionl th is week. Tile weathler has boon
all that could have bepn desiredl. It
is a pity all the Fairs coulid not strike
upon snoih lovely seasons. Three ta
bles adorned tile Thespian Hall1 and
were filled with all that could be de.
sirod in the way of eating and seeing,
We understanld the proceeds of the oe.
easionm have mat thle anticipations of
its friends, and( hb~pO it 1s so.
"Hunting a some in Brasil." -By . J.
- MoF. Gaston, MI. D.
This is the title of a booik soon to bo
publishod, and an agent Is wante'd for
this District. For furtheor particulars
apply to D. T.Mahrekt
The Health of the Town,
31any a time has it been saW tha.t
the dwellera in the Town ought to buy
tile small body of forest growth lying
just to the west of it. #$ hat is every
body's bslus ia.no body's business,
and if the ohill and fever were as in
different about taking kold of the
denizens :f this onco notably healthy
town, as these are to take care of their
health, we need nut write thoao lines.
Nor Jo wo expet to do one.paicLole of
good by writin;; them. Thmore has
never yet been found a citizen with
guiption enough to take tie whole
mattr in hand and by indomitable
perseverance compel the community to
open their eyes to what is beneficial to
their hygione. Hero one and their
anotie.' and everywhero else some
other one is shaiking with the ohills,
and nearly (if not) every one believes,
who knows the facts of the caso, that
broad marsh only A quarter of a milo
duo west, whence blow night and day
in the suminmer and early fall the west
orn winida, is the principal cause of all
this chill and fever. And they be.
lieve further that oloacing away the
original forest growth which inter
Velos is peculiarly disattrous to the
health of the town, and yet the clear
ing goes on. There will soon be no
trees to shako in that region, but we
opine there will be lots of bones in
this Oorporation to quiver to tile
strokes of the chills.
A Two-Sided Nuisance.
This community and vicinity are
just now-suffering from atn ovil that
may or may not be remedied. Owing
to the difficulty of keeping farm fences
hraproper condition, the milch cows of
town aro constantly making inroads
upon half-protected crops. Owing to
a scarcity of food these same cowscan
not be kept up all the time. Hence
cows must be turnid out and crops
inust suffer. But this is not the
worst feature in the case. Several
cows have come home injured by gun
shot wounds. It is hard to have one's
cow thius mutila-ted, bnt it is equally so
to have one's crop ruined.
It seems to its sonm1 one having
lands in tile immediate vicinity of
town mlight turn a good deal of it to
profit by enclosing a largo tract, sow.
ing it down in simething for .stimmer
and winter pasturage, and let the town
cattle graze upon it for a cortain com
pensation. Th land- holder and the
cattle owvners would both be honefited
by such "a .course. Isn' t. -~worth.
whlilo eu thiC seriously Qf' such' a
plan, especially in view *of the fact
that probably the fence laws will be
so mnodifledl as to require eattle owners
to keep up their stock altogether 1
A Heavy Tax.
The tax uploni the cotton. made in
Fairfield this year will perhaps be in
the neighborhood of sixty- thousaald
dollars, about throe dollars por head
for every muan woman and child in the
District, white and colored. But in
spite of this spitoftal tax we would not
have our District even attempt to fol
low those wisoneros who toll us not to
plant eotton because itlhas a tax upoxn
it by the Yankees of three .ceents a
pound to seven and oight cents. a
pound will be time enougfh to advise
about short crops of cotton. In the
tneantitmo, if several hundred thousand
dollars can be turned loose in the Dis
trict, even at a tax cost of sever
al tens of thousands there is no uso to
try to kill the first on account of the
last. We believe our farmers and
planters are all able to take care of
their own itntei sts..
.We ropublisht from an exchange 4
letter from Hon. B. F. Moore, of
North Carolina, oi the subjoctof re
pudliating private d6bts. We wish
his were the uncomnpromis'tng, ivinoi
ble and unehangeable opinions of
every citizen of the State of .South
Carolina, no nmatter were he swallow
ed head and heels in debt. No credi
tor will blame his debtor If he' knows
he is not able now to meet his pay
ment, but lie will have just oause to
do so, if that debtor deolare tha6 ho
means to repudiate it
Moo could not be said In so Short a
letter upon so important a subject.
The National Hol,
Thhak new and cmfortable hotel,
near the Greenville a:fd the Charles
ton Railroad depota, in Columbia, la
under the immied late charge of Rt. Joy
nor, Esq., Proprietor. Mr. Joyner is
an old experienced . landlord, and
knows wvell how to eater to the public.
Ills table Is richly and boutntifully
.supplied with thte best the market can
afford, and his patrons find every noim
fort that, a good hotel oan, furnish,
Gen. Sratten's Letter,
Elsewhere we publish a part, of the
lot ter of Gen. 'Brttonm o the So'di ars
(embryo) AssociiatiC Pavkens, which
we copy fl'om the Kuowee Cowrier of
T Illustrated Anmti of Phrenology
and Phyopfgnomy for 1867,,
1Y6 published, contains-How to
. 4y Phrenology ; Names of the
F4091dota; Hindoo Heads and Charac
tO I Fat Yolks and Loan Folks ; Im
in tality-Bolontifio Proofs; Thomas
Ca ,ll, the Author; The Jew-Ra
eil clleuliarities ; Civilization and
flaeuty-Iwlhe iottentot; A Bad
1ead , Forming Societies; Matrimo
rilal Mistakes ; Handwriting ; How to
Opaduot Public Meetings ; Eliza Cook,
t!Io Poetess ; Rev. Jas. Martinoau, the
P eaoher ; Rev. Dr. Pusey, the Au
th ',; Froudo, the Historian ; Thiers
the French Statesman ; John Ruskin,
the Art-writer ; Rev. Charles Kings.
lof; the Author ; Bashfulness-Diffi
donce-Timidity'; Cause and Cure ;
Einuopt American Clergymen ; The
Opirlttial and Physical ; Large Eyes ;
Ird Aldridge, the Tragedian ; Influ
onte of Marriage on Morals ; Society
Cl;e ified, Ete. A capital thing,, full
of PNitraits and many other Illustra
tions. Price 20 cents. Address
Fowlor & Wells, 389 Broadway, Now
. Letter from Gen. Bratton.
TO Tt1 BOLD191RS' MEETINo AT WAL
Col.unlA, S. C., Sept. 17,1866.
M.Xt. Lh-wis, Pendleton I. C.;
My Dear Lieut.: Your letter invit
ing me to attend a meo'ing of Soldiers
at - Walhalla, on' t.e 22d prox., is re,
It is wit': much regret. that I find my
self c6mpelled to forego the gratificatiL'o
of a meeting, face to face, wit-h so Iany
of my old comradi-s, anti debarred the
privilege of p:irticipinting with them in
the noble work which, if I have coeceIv
ed it right., it is the object of this ne(t
mug to achieve.
I have been for ne:rlv two years,
und-r' the d ictate-tof ncesasity and the
advive and counsel -'f the politicians,
accepting the stumvion and realizine the
changes made in the old thing which
-was so dear to is under the namne of
"on1count ry " Tie sad and agohiziig
pati traversed by the mind in t rtcing
out these changes, leads to dark aid
glooiny conchisions in which it is almost
imposiblet to discorn the old i thing for
which'we. fought. It is vaini to look to
our $ta:te, at present, its a covering
bhiiel4to our maimed and mutilated com
radei; o* to the orphans of our dead
heroi-i. It. is, as it were, held in a state
of auipension by the victors in thim late
struggle, who seem to find some diffi
culty In agreeing among themselves (,n
the !position to be assigned us or the
term - to be allowed us. It. is a que'siion
of g ant moment, mnvolving, in my judlg
hm~~kle late of constitutional -liberty
: af .'Iconifiieient ;~bit one, it the deeta
sion 6fbwhich we can take no part. We
have~nade our fight, have beeni over
conie, and have sub~mitted to an uincon
dutional surrender. The questioi, is pro
perly in the hainds of the conguerors,
and there let it rest until they see fit tc
decide it. 0
While the powerm of 'the State are
thtus- inoperative and she is unable to do
her full duty to her sons, it, is the glorious
privilege of her true people', in whose
hearts she'is enshrined, to combino their
eflbrta and use every means in their
power to make good the obligation to
presofve from oblivion and sufl'erng the
memnones anid families of her heroic
It had been in m~y thought for some
time patst to organize, if possible, a
Brigade. Association for the beinefit o
the likipless of our Brigade ; and if othero
Brigadesl wonia do the same, a central
assoCiation of the whole might finally be
consuimmated, which would be a common
receptacle for cherished memories as
well as a common centre from wvhich
charity could be elficiently and largely
dispensed. Our Brigade is so widely
scattered over the State that it will h'tp
impracticable to organize in timo to
meet the necessities of the present emer
gency, which requmres immediate action,
such as can be taken by neighborhoods.
You in your section are 'entitled to thfe
thianks'of the Stato for leasding off in tliss
direction, and I trust that your example
will be'generally followed.
And now, my dear. Lientenant, ac
cept my thanks for the warmth of kind
ness that characterized your letter. It
stirred feelings of no common gratifica
tion, -ad awal~ened sad but glorious
recollections of my tiobte comrades whoc
are and ever will be idetineod and asso
ciated in my heart with thai sacred and
hallowed name--"our country."
I ami, most truly, yours,
JNo. J3R ATTON.
LIR oo SHORT FOR STRIFE.
Charles Diokons relatos the following
of Dogzglas Jerrold. Of his generosi
ty I Gd a proof within those two or
three aen which it saddensme to
think of'-now. Thore had been os..
tra' ngonht between us-not any per
sonalaubjeot, and not Involving angry
wordi-4and a good many months had
pase without my ever seeing him in
the rikete, when It' fell put that we
dli: aoh with his own separat#
p arty, in the Stranger's Room of the
Club. -;Our chairs were almost back.
to baok uid I took mine aftei- he-was
seateil md at 'dlnner, (I arm sorry to
remepi er,-) and did not look that way.
Before o had sat long, -ho openly
wheeled his ehair around, stretched
out b'otlyhis hands in. an engaging
mamier, and said aloud, with a brrght
and loving fale, that I can see as i
writ. t. you : e "Let us be friends
agi. A life Is-not. long . enongh for
th." Trr'ofd ws not a Chisatian,
bath ol o duct In this pase was wor
thy of4 hrIstian character. On a
dyinig Nd how insignifieimt will ap
pear lgy .thingu about which we
contend in bitterness and wrath ! |
Life is too shortriievitable sorrows so
many, its responsibilities so vast and
solenin, that there is, indeed, n1o time
to spare in abusing and maligning one
another. Lot not the sun go down on
your wrath. Never closo your eyes
to sleep with a heart ang1,y towards
y our brother and follow-sniferers. See
hii and be reconciled to him if you
can. If lie is a truo man and a Chris
tian, he will listen. If he is not, you
wifl have done rigIit, and your soul
will be bright-with the sunshinb of
NAPOL,N ON RUSSIA AND Auriuir
CA.-In Napoleoi's circular of Septen
ber 10, addresm-d to the (ibloimicL rep'
resentativets of lFrance, occurs. thu fA
lowing remnarkiblo paragrn :i
"An irresistable power-can' wo
regret it?--iije!s the people io unite
themselves in grand wasse., and is calls
ing - the disappea ranieg of secondary
States. This tendancy springs fromn the
desire to plaeo general interest. under
ti-. most afeideaciois of guarantees. Pos
sibly it is inispired by a ind of piovi
dentiaf foresilit of the destiniea of the
world. \Vhile the old p*pulation of
the continent increases slowlv in their
rest.rieted territorwe:, Russia and the
republic of the United States may eaci,
within the next hundred years, number
a hundre .millions of men. A lt1hough
the progress of these two grenat empires
is not for ts a subject of 1solicituie while
ralier we applaiil their-generous efforts
in favir of oppressed races, it is for the
interest of the nations of central Europe
not to -'milaill boken up into little1
States, without either force or pubic
A SAI CONCI.USION.-Tho Charles
>i News of Friday, says:
"Disagreceable, as the prospect ily
be, we are forced to conclude that, I
without any'power in us to control the
tide of events, we are drifting siowly
back into the Union on the basis of the
Constitutional Amendment, and that
we will only coase to occupy our pres
ont anoinalous position when we are
represented in Congress by men who
can take the test-oath, and- when our
State oflices are filled by men who
have never violated an express oathi
of allegiance to the United Skates."
In throwing out this Cautious "feel
or" of public sentiment, does our con
tiemporary wish to have it . understood
that it, is not. the duty of every jourtal
ist in the South, who is tru-e to her
people to make at least an effort, to
stein the tide, and deiiounce tire infai
inous swindle that has set the -curr'ent
in moti on ?- Carolin ian.
- WHAT RUSI.Ns TiiINiC*Oi' A N Al.
LIANCE WITH -ruE UNI-rims STATE.-A
correspo'ndent of the London 1 !Tmes
says: ' The valuo of an alliance be
tween Russia and the Ujnited States is
being discussed b.y thie Russian paspers
apro/pos of the recent fraternizing at
St k'etersburg and elsewhere. The
Moscow Gazette says:
"No alliance is possible for Russia
except one with the United States of
Another Rulssian-lpaper, thlo Golos,
otherwise aniolpponenit of tile journai~l
namin, IS gjinto igreed with it uponl this
mlatter-, and proceetle
"Where arie the alliga of Russia in
Europe ? Nowhore. Then let us
seek thoen in Ainerica, cud conch-ude
a holy alliance like that wbieih Mr.
Fqx, mi tile namne 6f his Government
spoke of tile other day."
As to the desire of the United
States to secur6 a naval station ini the
Mediterranean, the same paper says:
"Thle nearer the 11imo apsproachiesfor
the d issoluti'on of the T1urk ish' EmpIJire,
the snore do our interests demand that
part of that Empire thiould rovert to
the Uuiited States. Whieni tho latter
possess a naval station in the Mcdi',
ranean, the Ame'rican flag will be able
to prevent the fleets of .WVestern Eu
rope making a forcible enitry iinto the
Black Sea, while our Baltic fleet will
protect .Ainericatn -interests in tihe
North of Europe."
Lo -rO -rus'Fu-rv.--.The Now Or'leane
Times ha sran admirable article, from wh'oh.
we extract thie subjoined parasgraphs,, anid
commend them to the attention of our read.
Na poleon,- in his prisou,. hom ,- on the bar
ren rooks of St.. Heolna, said : "Lot 118 lIve
upo the past (" lb struiggledl hard to tame
his prudui, amirbitious spirit--to cbeck thie
longings of Ills soul for tho ex~ciements of
.the court and camp, and thne -adulation
*whioh authority commiands. But the at
totapt prov'ed to be . altogothier vain. Like
tho caged eagle. chafing against his prisoni
bars, (lie captive became gloomy and; dos
pondent. lic had no.sop iO e('or the ex
orciso~of lis genuius Rte couion a necessi
ty of his situation became oppressive, and
hope had no bright plot wres- with which to
relieve the todsjia-of his enforced inaction.
ilecould not "live up-on tho, past."
Equally vain, would it hoe-for cur Souithern
people to- wrap thiemusolvs in the new
threadbare mantle of othty days ignoinig at.
once tihe demands of the present. and tihe
promise of. thiefiuturo. We .'nusg moet the
diflicult les of ouri situaiti'on fairly and squma~re
ly, not with the spasmodic acts of those who -
contre all their hopes on the issues of a sin
gle houtr, but withI such a~ display of Oahnl
4et-erminatlin and philosophho foresight as
will nIt imnabely prove creditable to our znan
To become exdi'fed- beocause of (lie mar,
pranks of part isan ext re'mist's, anid d'espon
dhept heon use of the temporary.aind acoiden.
'aldifficulties by ,whiceh we'aro siroanded
are evidences of weakness. That aspiring
manihood which is worthy of success-is over
det ermindnlAand ever hopeful. It makes its
faiheres tihe agents of future stucoesles. nndl
wr-eats vlct'ories evens from defeat.' Such is
(itoo maidhood Whnioh our pooplo shuouhla strive
to win. They must look to thme futuro,
make ser'vants of their necessitios, and. ti
umuph over difficulties -by honorable, effort
aund manly perseverance.
The St. Louis (Mo.) Dispatch says
"The othier day, in (lie afternoon, a wolf
camm into the dooryard of Mr. Hlarrold,, two
miles east of Butler; .Dates county, iii this
State and commonoetd . cateching chicken.,
A woman of the house ran it to the fenco,
andh, in attempting to pass throisgh,..Inid
hold of its hind legs and held it fast, while
anothler womnan present ran to (be opposite
sad with a club boat it to death."'
Calicuttl (A ujust I I;) Correspondence of the
E'amino in Indla-Sad eights in the Oi
ties-"Crawling" from tho Rural Die
triots to Die.
There are sights to be witnessed in Cal
mtta which would lead tle stranger to be
ieve t hat the city was perishiig of ainine
tad pestilunce. Sincc the famino has been
allowed t9 attain such hideous IWoportions
n the rural districts it is inundating the
mapital. All who can crawl from the in
erior, from the alicted subdivision of
lehanabad, in the rioh country of Hloughly,
%nd the misery of what was once the flour
shing indigo district of Nuddeaas well as
rcomu the more wre'iohed Midnaport, sond dis
ant Orissa, flock to the charities of Cailcut
a. They would receive food at their own
1omes, but they will get more in Calcutta,
ind clothes ws well, and so alt tile present
nomeut no less than two hundred and fift y
ramine 4tricken wretches a day seek the
Itlniochultters" or tlengal o feeding houses
)f tile native gIiuier or cilttta. to late
is tIe 9t h of Ji ly last tie llengal G1 overn
ment a second liol refused to Vicournge
the formation of a public relief (ollmittev,
laid soon rot ired algaill to the hills.
lit the city was.being so crowded with
paupers, a pestilenc was so imminent, tlat
he municiple corimissioner, Mr. 8tugrt
Ilogg, and one or two merchants organized
ri coniit te, and on Monday last toi public
mnetilng of all classes was held In the town
hall to raise subscriptions. Judges, mer
DIhaIs, barristers, chaplains adl zeinduirs
urged tihe claims or the st-rving, and eulo.
gized the chaa ily of the nativo genttleaomoni
who lud already done so much, with an elu
luence hardly requIred, but. quite justified.
Lificial ronnre were rend giving statistics
which, completed to date, show that 'at.
wenty-two places 17.475 poor are daily.
red, inl aildition to tie sick .in the- hospitals
rind as this nuimber is Inoreasing- by two
hunidred and tifll a day, it inay be said that
20,( 00 starvliings are nqw sabsisting on'
olarily daily in Calcutta. A som of ?1510,
DOO is reultired to grappil with tle imistry,
and of this within tour days of tlie meeting
being held more thanone-half has been sub
.ATrn Or A .VAIA F-1 CI''IziN- At
i lato hotir last evening, we received
the painfiul announceient of the death
of Dr. R.. W. GOibbes, Sr. Ie has
been ill for soveral months, and the
most painful apprehensions were en
tertained for hitn for some days "past.
it is unnecessary to attempt to sketcl
the life and career of, Dr. Gibbes in
this brief paragraph, and we Will tako
occasion to. do his mdmnaory justice in a
day or two. The doetor *was bort in
Charleiston on the 8tlfM July, 1809,
and was, consequnently, in his fifty
soveno year. lie was one of Colunt
bia's best beloved citizens, and there.
will be many tears shed -this *morning
on reading this annoutiicement. WO
record his death tas 'we would that of
a near relative, and extend to his fam
ily our sincerest sympatlics and con
A new musical ittstrument of. striking
Power aind sweetness', and ait tle same lime
extriCiely simple, has hecn recently exhibi
ted ait. Pa;'is, where it caIled forth' great
admirat ion. It resembles a piano wit li tip
rIght. strings, except tlint I h latier are re
plaiccd lay tutaninig forks, which, to sitrenga len
thle sound, lire airange~d hiet weena Iwo smtall
tubes, 01ne ibove anal thle -other belowethemi.
Thec I lning forks are scaunded bty hanmmenrs
anel are. br'ought to silence at thc j'ropce
time by mans of daiampers -Thne souands
thuts produced, which resemblde these of'he
harmnoniuama, without, beitig quteo so soft, are
ext remnely pure and penetrating. They. are
very persistetit, y'et instantly arrested by
the use of th'e darmpers.
EI.RY WEr.I; Pu-r.--Somogo~ writes
both graciefully and forcibly:
"I would be glad to see more par~
ents understand 'that when they spend
money jundiciously to Improve and
afdorn the houliso and the, ground around
it, thtey are in effect paying their
children ai premium to' stay at home,
as much as, possible to enjoy it ; but
that when 'they spend money unneces
sarily in fitno clothing anti jewelry foi
their children, the~y are" paying them
a prmiuml to spend their tilne away
from home-that is, these places where
they can attract the most-at boution and
make the most display.)
A LeassoN roa L.v,. Wzvmss.'-One day; a
sturdy pecasnut was at work In the fldk
amidtorm and rain, amid went home id the
'evening, tired and drenched to the skin;
h~is lorimg wife said :--"My, dena-, it has
been -ralating so hard that I could not fetch
water, so I have not, been able te make you
any dinner. As you are wet thirough, I
shall -be obliged to yon to fetch me a e'oiple
of buckets of wateri; you cannot get.- any
wetter." The argument was strikIng; lie
thecreforc, took two buckets andi fetched
some watler from the well, which wias at-a
e'>nid~erablo distance. On reacehing his
house lie fouiid his wife conjfertably seated
by a fire ; then, liftIng oeobucket after an..
other, lie poured the-contents over his kind,
conwider'ato parttfer. "Now, wifeo," said
he, "-you are quite as 'wet a-s 1-rim, so you
may as well fetch water for yourself ; you
can't get any wetter."
Tn lF. ESUL'i OF' THlE ELEcTONs.
The Radical majority in Pennsylvania
htis been slightly reduced, compared
with the elections of' 1863-4-5. The
Conservatives lose o1nicmember of (Con
'The Radicoal majority in Indiana
has been shorn of several thousand
votes. Thle- Conserva tives have gain..
ed one Congressnfan. -
Iowa is ultra Radical and holds
about her usual majority. All her
Congressmen, six in nun'ber, are
-The Radican had 'it all their owvn
way in the Blaltilnorb municipal oloc
London is a wiord inislf. The
last English censut developes the cu
rious fact that there. are'moro Scotch
mtnn in London. thaun ini Edinburg,
more Iris than 'in Dublin, maore Ro..
man Catholics thtan in Rome, and inore
Jews than in Palestine. Next to
London, perhaps, Now York is the
most coqmnopolitan of cities, It has
lot so umany Scotohimen as Edinburg,
but according tQ the consus. it has
rlearly as many Irish as Dublin, whiile
is a ,erman city, it is probably -the
shird im thle world, ranking next to
Berlin and Vienna,
In-.battle the Aine fashos an'd is gone,.
~he smoke rises 1ethe. air .and'vanfr&
is--the ashes repose beneath,
Jacob W(X-Rock Island Cassi.
meres &ee., Go atd look-no ebarge.
Jas. Johnston, Ordmary-Citation.
F. Gerig-Soddles, Ma iness &c
Also to rent. Mr. Gerig is suili at his
old stand where lie is prepared to a, all
work in his line in the most satisfac ry.
and substantial manner.
Miss P neau will open her school
Feb. Ist 1 oni an enlarged scale.
Dubos 1gle stonl & Co.-White vino
vinegar aid other Very deirab-le nticla
in tho grocery lin'. Try their inw
1Visher & Lowrine-Boots aiIhoes
in vast u111nt)ers to suit ladwvs, geite,
en aid ehild'ren.
Zeb. Mobly]) , Rxr ,--O.fvs "a
gritge" for rent. Rvfers to Col. Rion.
Ketchin, MeMaster & o.-present
a capital assortment, of new goods f fill
kimds and jqities. One of tie (ril
has recenty returned frrom X%w Yurk
and they now offer at. reasoniait) prices
as pretty a st4ock as can be *fouiid ele
whehre. "Quick sal.-s and short. profits,'
s tht ir montto.
Ladd, Bros & Co. --Thle reader. wvill
nlot fail to notico the displayed ailver
tisement of' this houso. A. hlarge and
varied st.ock &ow crowds i heir store and
they are rea(y to- nit al tastes,' and,
wit.h Drnga and Medicines. to improve
the taste of those who h nvi ot good
.Prait, Wilsoni & Bro s.-Thi4 irm, of
Charleston, is engaged ex' ensivel y in
mnnct uri ng Druigs; also u .r in
Chemical", Perfuierv, &e. Soo aduver -
Witsborod Prices Cu1rrent.
Correeed Ti i- WI'eckly.h Cathcarf . Mlati .
Wixxsnono,-Otober 10, 1800..
A ppls, Buhel,$1 75
ligging, Gunily, %! yard, ,-Si5 47
" Unndco 11l. "80,
liale l1opo, Malailla, 11 11b, 28
" Now York oi' Western, 11), 25
I1acon, llam, 1.11), .
Sides, Itl 1b, 2
" Shoulders, i'l ib, 22
tintter. Coutry, bl -1b, 25
t'olton, Yarns Itd buneli, $2 50
t' Ordiuitry lb, 80
"4 Middlingk, ' ,I il'
Ciandles. Paratine, 1b, -6 5
' Sprm, Ib, 50)
e4 Adamantine, 11b, .*5
'offee, Rio, 1b, 32(): 15
S laiguayrn, Ib, 15
" Jav'a, lb. 5
i.'hueose, linglish Dairy, lb,
"' G oshen, Ib, 25(d,.:8
lIides, D~ry, Itb, 10(,A1'.
Aiolasse'us, M'uscovando, gallon:,
" New Orleans, * 12
Ilinions, bushel, $ '
)ii, Kerosige, gallon, 14
"' Tanners, ' 7
" Yellow, is
Salt, Liverpool, sackl,4.0
Uni-ds, Cotton, doz, I)0
" Wool -" J0
" Blac, ib, 25$1 25)
Tobaco, hcwig, I, d$1 N
''Colns Wruaitdt~x 10 00
ugars, Crushd, lb, 102
"'lty Bron, l, 146~ 518
xTracen, 18i'," 5
" Geson, 'p, 1 50 25
"'gs BlackOi, . 2(1 5
Tot acohing, b, .av aetind@ 5he
oolo Goal, o ic epti J'ac
Flur amn anr~ Ehoa wv, by .}hg
w hi , Exc~Stra bb(lri-iai15 001(
Axesi, . J. Tato the C~O.,os 2 do.
,"aCllinsa therrantd o.ec 24s 00th
"nl h Boofo li, 8@ !nnhi' n0t
"ii M111uion 111.-1 11 0(ei )12i
willtry, Tureys diitr, 1ou 50@2 c50
tin (hickens ir, unu ioal the
"J~ u aes'air, i. une ar2t5nm
thConi-The 11risnobil rosprngpon
dnta iclaineeave acertaied th
ofrryrabiot pwhi catrink ainea
csaturer o he hesaepoako, iro the
slged.GadCnnndr ~ as
plat cteri conestol l of'ome courry's
whic nreedc toie iInCroist ize and
ivilizedl acthat to propoedo.It
wonl be iknc al anoa n otot f, 0to iem-i
callyt, tharheugandy objec has nMoth-o
byeing o'do i.thxio; hat pits en'tire
feencommentnoons mayexotern th-e.
diod and Unin en. O~~Itl ofeum Ciet
Juwiceno bea' dienijore plyonomder
tonhi the d.otinton' to' th~le expkeAoudi
ton -ag iu onb . unqestieonal thiel
aMo ueh as aine is nd ie n or rgad
.6to torasnizaon i Snole po'peig te
hur abfpcinegumy f hais rotrunk a'ndbe va
lxibaifor andi lakai ntveplnt from tshe.
-rA oun elel onte olail, of-h ria