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* ~VOL. 1.] WINNSBORO, S. C., WEDNESDAY MORNING, NOVEMBER 7, 1866. NO 2
GAILLARD, DESPOR(TES & CIO
'erm..-Tu IIuA.L is publishel Wook
fy il Ohe Town or 'ininsbora, at $3.00 in
idlu tI>.1/ in tia' ,ice.
*7 A ?" All I'lisien ut r..ver(iseoients to b
Obitnary Notices and Tribito.s $1.00 pci
I inpealiment-The Only Four Oases i
the Hisiory of the Government.
'Jho 1 1i . 'derliser' -and Tribum
reI he f.>llowing succilct statement of
lthe oily ci ue'. of iipeachmont which
4nive oeenrcd since the foundation of th<
Or-vermnenwi. -14 . is a radicall sheCut, and
iiing this suawhlat interesting re
COn: it, (of courlse an1ticipates thle im
p ah n o(f It:
\1 ill:1 i lit, of Tnneis!see', for
Vn.; ears (ov01enor of th(- territory
)111.h of the I:o Itiver, having been
l:c: id to tle ITnitoed States Sonate,
'vai, inl 17191, expelb-d from that body
-y a vole o twnwy-ive to one, and do
cLin'd to be "gihidy of a high misdo
11ntiolr entirely ilconsistent with his
pliii triusit . iI diuty as a Senator."
I Iis ofll'ien was in at'emlpt to seduce an
U nited Si ltei ilit (rpret.er from his dulty.
11andt o alienate-t e affections and confi
dafce of le Itidianis from public officers
esi-hng among them. 1 was believed
I- l it Iho iistigated the Indians to assist
th wi ritish i conqueringI the Spanish
tirritory adjoining the United States.
T.1wo poinits were made for the defence,
*Mr.-t. That ll3unt, had not done these
'vil deeods iln his capicity of a public
afli'II, biu. a. a privato Citizen. Secoid.
Thiat his being a- Uniied States Senator
Vcri'etni'd him, fll'or ai officer elected by a
ta~e !-eiHlature, andl neither chosen,
1'no ppited, nor reiuvable .by the
(era Gvernme-nt, could not be a
"civil ofiteer o f the 11 iiiled Stiates3' witli
il tO ScOle of te inii.p'achnielit clauses
1,f the Conltitilltion. Oil ihese technical
Or'in Lt ! S4.11a1,0 **1et, himi down
V," I, dismisiig tho case. Bliount
bti iny'M fi'neds and Ickeri, the
I-,' mth wA , uitn-ing hen corrupt and tur
inlleitl, to a dgree that fOes1lIdOWCed the
preal. rei-lion latel-y qutiled by thle
Nori:.h an Wt.t
2. In Is4. Johnl Pickering, Judge of
tho United Statos District. Gourt of New
1lntlmpshiri, was impeached before the
Snate, by or-er of' tho 11louse, for
drnnken ness and profanity on the bench,
and refntiig to per'formI his duties in a
ase winroho wits called to enforce tho
re0venne1 lat ws of the Unitid States. Tihe
Jiidg(' did it apper ; but hisson sent a
pit itill, Se.iluig forth that his father
was ii.ini', and a.sking leave to be heard
by coielt'. This was ,granted, and,
:'everal depoisions were put in going to
-how in'anily. Thd reply was tlit he
ul broujgjt 'r'm crziness" op himsellf.
dgO P~i ckerin- hadl raved and'blas
phemedl <m the bench inl open court;
- cur1se'd thliprie;chd pbole'o(Somle
t'imles pel fetl trangot-s)' to comb til and
tbesd himl) oil th10 benchl, fhreatening
to cane them if they refused- We can
find no evidence that he compared him.
Self IIto-h Saviouir of mankind, ot black
giarde-d that branvh of theGovernment
whiebcvh nd him his ':brail and butter,.'
or calh'd 01' ho hianigi:'igof thoso'who
ditl'ired. from him inl opiniota. f'ut, per
hiaps, thle wh'iskey of' those times wias
not so fi.'i'y as* tfie Presidenitial bieverage
of to duay. Judge Pickermng havimg
exerclised jnidicital aiuthority during m.~
s:it yi, a1 (d not ofl'ring' to resign, the
S'naite voted himl gibly, anid removed
,imi flowi fie-yeas t wenty, nays six.
All Ijo F'ederal Soniators voted in the
na ve;jutst as the Democrat.9 of' our
ilm'', having swung c'lear "'round the
v'ote on Johnson'scs, if ho were to be
.8. In 1S05, Samunel Charse, ofNfary
anan Essociate Justico of the United
8tLa tes 8mnpie me Conurt, was impeached
by the llouse (78 to 32) and tried by
tho Seniato. .1e( was a grey haired old
miani, of powerfuil intellect,- vast legal
learning andi irreproachable morals. He
-hac sat in the Congress of' '76 and sigh
ed fl ie.Declaration or Inidependence, and
bad by bi- zeal andc energy done won.
(ders iln redeoeming Maryland from British
and Tory swayv, and bringinmg her od&r
to tihe side of' A merican libert, He
h~ad, by hard word, sharp "figuring':' and
legal shiriwdiess, secured for his Statoea
debt, oif *650,000 (due her mn Enigland
biefoire tho Rlevolution. Not a man ol
o!'greater rabilitvy and patriotism theu
sat on the judicial bench in our land,
Ulis faults Were ult ra Federal notion%. aii
* abusive. tongne and a quiek temper
The great public services of the accused;
tihe national eminence of the tribunal
. ie excited state of party, feeling, well
represented by tihe colobrated Johr
Ratndolh, of Rloanoke, as- accuser on
the part of the Ho~use, and the continiU.
anice of the trial for nearly a month-all
thieix things combined to make a mosi
inotablo and interostin g brilliant deserqi'
tive pen of Motly or &tacaulay. Judg<
Chlase waa allowed one month to prepart
hiis-defonco, and, in considbration of i
nge and infirmities, he was seated: in-the
centre of tile area of the Senate chamn
bor, in front of the Vice-President. Thai
-officer was thle "black sheep" of our ear
ly politics, Aaron Burr, who, with pros,
pects and repittation- blasted by h'i
Southern fdlibustering and his murdor o
Arexander Hamitonl1 yet presided will
I all hIs wonderful dignity, tact and g'raco.
There were eight articles of impeach
tuent. Largo numbers *of ~ itinossos
were examined on both sides, and the
forensic displays remind one of Warren
Hfastings' trial in England, ton years be
fore. Chaso's counsel were three most
ablo lawyers-Luther Martin, of Mary
l*nd; Charles Lee, late United States
Attornoy General; and Robort Goodloe
Harper, a former Federal leader in the
House. Randolph had six Representa.
tives to help him manage the case, and
lie never had a more exciting themo for
his peculiar sarcasm.
. Article I. Charged Judge Chase
with unlnirness and oppression at the
trial of John Fries for treason, in 1800,
whereby the accused was condemed to
death without having been heard by
counsel in his defenco. On this article,
Lhere were 16 Senators for conviction
and 18 for acquittal. Article II charged
him with.arbitrary ruling n regard to a
juryman, at the trial of James T. Caljen
der for libel on President Adams, in
1800. There were 10 Senators for con
viction and 24 for acquittal. Article
III charged that at the same trial tne
Judge had unjustly excluded the evi
dence of a material witness for the de.
fence. For conviction, 1S; for acquittal,
16 Senators. Article IV charged him,
at the same time, with "manifest injus
tice, impartialifX and intemperance," in
refusing a postponement; in the use of
"unausual, rude and contemptuous ex.
pressions towards the prisoner's counsel,"
"in repeated t'nd vexatious interrup,
tions," and in "indecent solicitudo" for
the conviction of the accused. For con.
viction, 18; for acquittal, 10. Article
V charged him with illegally refusing to
admit Callender to bail. Acquiued un
alnimously. Article VI charged the
Judge with illegally hurrying up Callen
der's trial at the term . of con'rt when lie
was in-licted. For conviction, 4; for'
acquittal, 20. Article VII charged.
him with "descending from the dignity
of a judge and stooping to the level of
an' informer," by refusing to discbargo a
grand jury at New Castle, I)elaware,
because thiy did not indict a seditious
printer. For conviction, 10 ; for aequit.
tal, 24. Article VIfI charged him
with malking a 'highly indecent, intern
pvrato and,inflammatory political har.
angue" to a g'and j'ur' at l3driimore,
rttading- the legislation of Congress,
and' opposing certain reforms in the
State Constitution in Maryland, thus
"prostituting the high judicial character
with .which he was investod, to the low
purpose of an electioneering partisan."
For conviction, 19 ; for acquittal, 15. A
two-thirds vote of tho Senmntors presenL'
not'being'given in .sip'port of any article
of impeachment, Judge Chase was ac
quitted .throughout.. Ho held his scat
on the Supreme bench -during the re
mainingsix years of his life.
thie impeachment, though it fell
through in a legal point of view, yet had
a good result in checking tliat judicial
arrogance. insolence and spirit of brow.
beating which some magistrates display
ed, as though the majesty~ of tle law
nee&d intellectual ruffianism to support
it. No judge, for the last sixty years,
excepting two or three in fugitive slave
law times, has ever dealt out political
slang from the bench, or attempted to
persecute opponents by his ruling.
4. Thelast c.ee of impeachment was
that of James H. Peck, Judge of the
tUnit'ed States District Court of Mtissou.
ri, irn the winter of 1830--'3I. le was
charged with "illegal, arbitrary and
oppressive conduct" in his office as a
judgn, towards one Luke E. Lawioss, an
Fttorney, by imprisoning his person and
depriving him, for eig'hteen nmonths, of
the practice of fils profession. Lawless
had published a sharp criticism on Judge
Peck's decisi~n in an important land
case, in which ho~ (Lawless)'was coun:
sel,, and the pugnacious lawyer w'as
dealt 'witii as above for "contempt of
court." The matter wvas brought before
Congress as an unconstitutional interfer.
ence with liberty of speech and of
the press. The House impeached Judge
Thek, 123 to 49. After a wearisome
six weeks' trial, the Senate voted gl for
conviction, 22 for acqaittale
The New York craldi says :
Combinations lhave already been
formed which render it certain'thatrthred
Sandat'es iill be eritered 'for the next
Presidential race. The ultra Radicals
will concentrate on Chase, and will look
for powerful aid'fronm-the national banks,
'Whose strength is great and increasing,
and~whao have already fixed their gi~asp
ujion some of.tjhs most importa~nt Fede
ral ofierk 'inu e country.- The conser
vative republicans and war democrats
will unite- in nominating General Grant,
tmolcu, t'olen*, and he will stand, with
.his immense popularity,-'as thdi canidato'
of the masses of the people: me old
copperheads will britig back their pet
Mct iellan, who in now in Germ'any
studying tactics which he ought to have
learned before ho took command of the
Uniioni army, and will run him..again.
Tu. DIRDiiTy or Tzvimua.-Of the du
rabi~lity of timber in the wet, state, the piles
of a' bridge built by the Emperor Trajana
Iaeroas the Danube are said to be a striking
example. One.at these plies, when taken
up wasfud to be petrified to the depth
oftreeqarters of an incb, whilst the weed
inside was in a state of perfect p reservation.
Theopiles offthe old ILondon bridge were
ditnninto the 'bed of the Th'Ate five himn
dret years ako/ and 'when examined in 1846
were found but little doyod. They are
The Constitutional Amendment-Letto
from 0. H. Browning. -
The National Intelligencer of ydster
day contains a letter of I-Ion. O. H1
Browning, of which it 'says, editorial
"We call attention to the letter fron
the Hon. 0. H. Browning addressed t
a committee at Quincy, Illinois, in repll
to an invitation to address his friend
and neighbors on the political issues 0
the day. It is a calm and powerful ar
gument agaiast tho Constitutiona
tmendinent, and a triumphant vindica
tion of the restoration policy of Presi
donts Lincoln and-Johnson. The Rad
ical press has filled the air with rumor
that the President intends to abandor
the Constitution, because a majority o
Congress has abandoned-it. This letteo
is the voice of one of his most trustec
advisors, assuring - the country of th<
firm nnd immutable purposo of the Pros
idont, as 'the executive head of the na
tion, to maintain and preserve the Con
stitution as it is.'"
We have tried the old constitution
and know its capabilities. We have not
tricd the now, as proposed, but can readi
ly see the confusion and disaster whic:
it would bring. We had better lt wel
enough alone. But, if we should change
it at all, we should not change it now,
The public tempor was ever less aus
picinus to calm, cons ientious, wis<
consideration of the great questions ol
State. Passion and prejudice should
never lay rude hands upon fundamental
and organic laws. In a day they may
do mischief which years of repentant
patriot labor will not repair. In a duy
they may open a Pandora's box which
the patriotism and statesmanship of a
century mey not be able to shut.
I do net regard the recent and gend
iig elections as indicative of the jndg.
ment )( the peopfe of the Noithern
States upon the Constitutional amond.
ments. Th-ey Are really not the issues
presented to and considered by the peo.
pl1. They have not been calmly and
dispassionajely discussed and reflected
upon.. Tho people haye had their fears
alormed and their prejudices and ' pas
sions aroused, and perhaps never voted
under more delusive ideas as to- the
character of the issues before the coun
From the letter itself we take thel1
low ing brief extracts. Of the - proposed
constitutionai amendinent, Mr. Brown
I can see no good to result from the
proposed amendment. I see mdch evil.
We had better adhere to the form of
government our fathers gave n.. It is,
in my judgment, the most perfect politi
cal production of human wisdom and
patriotism. For threo quarters of' a
century it soicured us uinexatipled pros.
perity and happiness, and at the end of
that time enabled us to meet and over
come the most stupendous rebellion in
the history of nation.s Why change it?
For seventy-five years we have hardly
known that we had a Government.
When *e didknow it , vo know is only
by its beneficence. And it has shown
itself as strong, as beneficient-cap'able
of successful resistance. to the fiercest
and mosi desperate assaults that it is
possible to make upon a government.
Why change it just as it has vindicated
its power and glory,.and lifted us to an
eminence - among the nations of the
earth we never till noW attaiked?
Our country is in peril- -in a very
greaut peril-not from a public enemy,
but from the violence of our own pas
sions. Safety is to be found ouly in a
strict adherance to the Constitution and
jaws. As long as they are obeyed' ne
evil can come upon us. We are in
danger only when we attimnpt somethin~
they do not sanction, I trust it will be
the pride and glory of the friends of the
admrnmistration, in Ithe thr'eatonitig con
tests through which we are paasing, to
keep their passions in subjection to res
osi, Coi1atitutsion and laws. Ourp is a
republicau Governinant,- hdo'thd' ma'.
jority has a right to rule. Minoritie.
cannot, without subverting the Govern
mont. And when, accordmng to the
forms prescribed, the Will of the majority
i9 expressed in thb Congtitutioni'or the
inw, it is the di1fof all to submit' to it,
until it can be fairly and uinconstitiitIons
ally changed.' Such I kinow to bo the
Peie'sintentions, and such I know~
ho 'wishes to ba0the rule of contluet foi
his friends aiid supporters. *No mar
has a profonder reverenbce for the Con.
stitution than he, anfd -his purpose as the
Elxecutive of tho nation to maintain.-ani
peservo it- as ifit ufitil it be citenged
in the forin puesribod by it,'us fiftn" and
immutable, Hie is not 6ravo enougl
wilfully to violate it. H~e is bravi
enough to uph~old and- deforid it in al
that his duty requires. -
PAo~a Mitre.--In the United Statel
theid6 are 7f>0 ptner mills in aetive operation
They produco 270,000,000 pound. of piape1
wieh, at. an average of ton cents per pound
wonld. he worth $87,000,000. As It require
about apodaddone~half of rags to made
ono oun ofpapo, terbare consumeod- 1i
these nills 600,000,000 pounds' of'rags i
a ingip year. If -we estimate the wags I
cost.-4'oents' per pound, there would be
profit of $11,000,000 in. this branch e
There is ia mystery 'conneoted witi
the ways or habits of the grasshoppers
that swarm on our Western prairies.
A Colorado papor says, when the wini
blows from the southwest' they fly' witl
it. When froith any other clIrcotion the
alight and cover the ground in places tF
the danch of an mob.
r A Fnxe, PASssfb DEAimy Bou-r.
-An anecdote from a Lyons paper ho
been going the rounds of the Paris pres
Some of the journals doubt its truth
but si non e vero c ben trovato. IL
as follows : Sonm dhys ago, about 11
o'clook at night, an,individual dresse.
in a blue blouse presented himself t
the Lyons railway station. His et)
tranco was hailed with a cry of genore
f terror. T'hie ian in a blue blouse .wao
not alone, but led. in by a string, a splein
bear I The bear was inuzzeld, and bl
lowed his master, balhincing his enormdut
body as lid proceeded. The persm
present soon recovered from their frigi ;
for tho bear aecmed quite accuslont'd
to human company, and demeaned him.
self quito like a model Binin. 11is
docility and gentleness gained theis,
teem of the lebs bold and the careas4'
of the. more courageous. The' bell of
starting was about to ring; the master
passed to the wickot and took a thlra
dlnss for Marseilles, and then conducted
Jack (for that was tihe name of the in.
toresting animal) to the weighjing in.
chine. They there pasted a number in
due course upon his rud-brown fur ; his
mastor turned out a very iiidest sum
as the charge of his transport., and Jack
was installed in a special wagon.
And so the train, started. Sin e
miles beyond Dijon one of the railway
servants had the curiosity to look* imo
tho fompartnient in which Bruin wi.s
deposited. What was Jack doirn?
iUe was unmuzzled; his breast half op--n,
at each side of him was~ a litre of w6ino
and some Bologno sausage, and between
his paws he held the Petit iureal.
Jack did not perceive the astonishien
wiich his unusual proceedings excited
in the employee. The train arrived. itt,
Beau 0. Ihire the station master or
dored the bl0 blouso 'to get .out dThiis
darriage, and conducted him to his ofice
Jack was there already; a genda-mv
watched the door, and during tie day
the train sot off again,- Jack was re.
quested to divest hnself of his fur, aind
he and his companion wrg questioe.4d.
They acknogyledged that not imaIg
enough money to pay for both to 'r.
seilles, they had agreed that o.e of
them should dress himself as a b6A' t o
make the journey cheaper. Thr 4wo
artists have been sent up to Py to.
answer for the fraud on the. nIPr4ys#.
but worse, they were charged, in adii.
tion, with robbery, for neither Jack nor
his temporary master. can .account for
how tho bear's skit' got into' their pos
Cora'AYAA AND AUGUSTA RAILROAP.
-The Augusta Chronicle vnd Scntine?,
of the '.9th says:
We had the pleasure of a long inter
view with Col. Johnson, the able and
eno.igetic Prerident of the above road, a
fewy days since, and were pleased t.o find
the enterprise in so very satisfagtory a
c'ndition. The grading is very nearly
completod over the- whole line, and the
mobt extensive and expensive bridge on
(lie road is in rapid progress of constrnc
tion. The road bed will be ready for
the superstructhire in a few weeks, and
we learn that contracts for the necessa
iy cross-ties have already been nadoe
in which the contractors, in most -in.
stances, are turnishing the ties for the
stock of the cornpany. By this arrange
ment,' very little ready- cash will be
reqtired brn the- completion of the road,
except for the iron, ch'airs, spikes, &c.
An arrangement hiasah 'oaly beem n made
fdr the .necessary supply of chairs and
spikes with 'the Tredogar Iron- \orks,
at Richmond, so that really thet only.
piressing want for mone' is for' tloe pinr
cho of iron, and a small amounit which
is required. for the complehtion of.-the
Congareo bridgo, and tie remaining
I ootions 9f earth..work rel masonir nozg
- We are gratifled to state that the
company is entirely free, from debt, hay.
lug adopted, mn the outset, tho piman of
Ipayhig'cdsh far all work'' done aind ma
terial furnishe'd. This was a wise and
judiciens policy, the benenits of whichi
are being now realized. 'With the road
bed entirely complted, withohit debt, it
cano gointo tlibmarie~t and rahoe nfnnoy,
onits ondls,:to' isrchain the iron, on
mofe, fhiorable terms' thaiiiorhaps any
elinilar' entbfp'nisd in' th& South. The
desit of'the' Presiden't and Directors is,
to complete the road, in every particu.
Iar, for the reception of the jron, wvith-.
out encumbering it with any )iens or
aebts5 of any cjaarke'ter'. They liavo a
small cash ~alance still, in their favor,
Sfroni'the'sales of cotton purchased dar
ifilg'the War, lynt this is not quite suffi
cient to pay foi. tii6 bridge atio for the
completion of the grading and miasomnry
near thise city. They, therefore, .ask
from us the subscription of $100,000 te
their stock. With this amount, the
road bed.can be o'ompletely finished, and
everythingmado ready for tlie reception
of the iron. .
The London Pall Mall G e, comi,
Sparing India- 'and othef' cotton witlm
American, says: "Ono ~hing appeart
certain.-at, least all our ~rmezr experi,
onceo points in this direction---the'cottoir
of the UnitedStatps will always, in th<
masin', be prefodied'to every .other quali
ty and at a sunIciently low r prc. *h
being the case, wo-shall -only puirchans<
the articles furnished to us by Inditi anu
i Egyp~t,-eitho'rao sapplementary, or ni
i case tihey can .tereit ud oather by pric<
r or quality ; 'for thiere are certi 'charac
terialjics in which the Egyptian staple ij
preferable oven to Ainerican"
Tit 1, Vr DA vA or - Cour.- atur
day mnoraing, the caR'r of ti( Statw
M;.;ainst Mrs. Siral Caslholm, widow,attnd
Flv;jd Crag, colored, charg(id widh' I
fanilicile, wan taken 1n. Gen Haskell
and J olgo Wicklilno 'appeared for the
freedman, and Maj Adams for Mrs.
Calholm. A ft er s men lime spnit there.
Onl. thnt Case wi giVCnt by' 1-1i4 innor to
Sthe jury. wI > found a verdict of ''guilty"
ttainut, M r. Calhoun, and of I not giuli.
ty" as to lhe freeidiant, Flo/( Craig.
Cato l/illums, freed m an, charged
with itirder, was admtitted to bail in the
nium ofr. I,000. This case goes over to
the IOXt termiu, to (.iable If 4 oP.,vciri o
the law to n'rrest, it posib'. the .r
UieS who were precn. at the killing of
Y0111g Wil1.1hams, of Ankiderson Dis
At nooi, 0w p4risonerg were brou..t41
to tho "bar of jut ice'" when I [is lon.
.or, in guchuiig au d eloquent, language,
passed the seiteico of the law, as fol.
Patrick Clifrord, horso stealing, to be
hung -on Friday tho 23 Novomber
P"rry A. Diirham, nturder, o bo
hung on Friniay the .14th December
Jas Perry Loiopor and Allen Dur
ham, imlan1slangthter. Looper, to be im
prisoned in the Penitentiary, at hard
labor. for five years, .Durham, like
punishment, for three years.
Mrs. Sarah Calhomi, murder, to be
ltmng on Friday the 21st December
tne x t. The presiling Judge, in passing
senteie iml this cye, said that, with ant
experieice offorty years at the bar and
on tihe benlel, ho lwid never before heard
of such a rovloHing cnso of imurder atd
blrbarity. as tis o1e. ,
Ralph Rogers, 'colored youmb1, petit
larceuny, three motl.hs inprispnmeit and
hard l.bol on the str<ets and-roads.
John llichards, white yourh, petit
lareeny, three mot.lis imprisonment
and hard labor on the s8reots and road.
ALsiTnA AN ) PnicSSI A-RUMoRS OF
Duisi:n :NT.--Shouhl M. de BenSt
be appmnted A ustrian .\M inister of .For
eigit A urs, is is not impossiblo that
Baron Werther, the Prussian Ambassa
dor at Vienna, who recently returned to
his post, will bo recalled forthwith Bar
n . etstso in Sxeii A$iqlser, is the
- most inveterate of all tho avowed ' ene
mies of this Governmentt and the unify
i.g policy it endeavors to carry out.
As a statesiman of considerablo talent
aid energy he would be a more dange.
rous oppoint tha. iny Austria has
mustered agaiiust Prnsia for years pjast.
-Berlin Cor. London 'imCs.
The rumor that the Ex-Primo Minis
ter of the Kmg of Saxon)y, Aaron do
Bust, was about, to be a ppoiuted Mintis
ter of Foreign AffTirs of Austria, is not
new, bift it has now gained a ccrtain do
green of contirmation. The app'oint,
mtient would be atn eorcssively disagi-eca.
ble demonstration towtrds Prussia. atd
pe:-haps Count de Bismarek meant to
allude to it at tho closo of the session,
when Ito said in the Chamber that "the
spirit of conciliation has not yet mado
ils way iito the imperial residence of
Vienna."- In(hepedence Belge, Oct. 6.
UmNqor. AND Cos-ri.y Giv.-The
following lotter is presented among
tle reports of tho Southern Relief
Fair at St. Louis :
Sou rnrRnx Hio-rrr., October 8, 1806..
Mins. J. 0. BIAn row-Dear Madam:
Will you accept tin huitble donation
to tho glorious, humano atnd holy
chuso int whicht you are at present on
gaged, thie accomipanying~ seti of an an
tique lace, Thougvh I cal itaniqe it
is far, far beynd the different articles
N VlUl a ini indood, I can also say it
cannotjustly bo called antique, dat-i
itig only as far' back as medioval hito.
ry. Yet, still with only eight hun
1dred years over "it~shecad," it htas the
~.present boast of standing without poci
i the art of' the noedle : atni speakt;
iog of the class of lacos of' whieh I scha
you thisspoeimen. Of thte specimten
iteolf, it stantds alone in Am-oriea.
Mrhs.Cai'to'of Newv York, hasn offord
me $5;O00 or it. . It ism f. shigular
fajct. tiat under' the microscope the
thiroad used( in it is of the samno ex
quisite texture as that employed in
the finest point d'agunille in Brussells
andfinttr .thian-tho& I nitotf of EtW
lantd.' So much for the linen looms of
the middle ages. In. givinig this dear
relic to the Southern tmatrons and or
phians, I feel I am giving them a bit
of tmy'heart 1 I kept it out of the
celebrated 'set I reontly sold for nPWr
onaly ohild. In giviflg it to the or
'phans of Amerionn heroes, I fool I
dcdikato it to as holy and swoet a pur
pose. In haste, yours 'most' rospdot
.MATILDA IERON S'TOEPE.'
'Rannanovs OuTnAor.--'hoe Abingion
Virginian nays: "About, two wv94eks ag one
ahito and ilvo black atnkees. woro sent. to
exhuma thme bedies of a nutmber of Fe'doral
seidiers who hadl died in the hiospital and
wore decently burled.' Thioe bodies were
to be taken to Nashvil for intertuont,'bu
after they were exhuimed tey wore left
upon lime grouind for a week or more, entir6
ly, exposed, and wot'o rnangled and .parts of
(tom devonred by, htogs - an'd 'doge. Tallk
about hteathtens or barbariana) JNo South
ei niatt wouki have boon guilty of sueh hia
aovornor Orr authorlsos tihe ,South ?Jaroll
naian to say thmat. X4o is opposedl bitterly and
unequinvocally to thoe const~it't onal amen~td
montt, tand will not rcoomiaond Its adoption
by the LMgislatui'o.
Axiotis are truths so plain as to be
solf-avidont. ' Tho following taken
from Mr. Langstroth on the honey
bog, are most'excollent, and will coim
mond themselves to the caroful atton
tion of the amatour :
Thore are a few firstprinciples in
be-keping which ought to be as fa=
niliar to tho apidirian as the letters of
his alphabet :
Ist. Boos gorged' with honoy never
volunteer an attack.
2nd. Bees may always be made
peaccable by iducing them to accept.
'f liquid sweets.
3. Bees, when frightened by smoko
or by druniming on their lilv's, fill
thomuselvos with honey and loso all
disposition to sting, unless they are
4th. Boes dislike any quick move
ments about their hives, especially
any motion whioh jars their combs.
5th. Boes dislike tho offensive odor
of sweaty animals, and will not ondure
impure air from human'lungs.
6th; The b.co-'keeper will ordinarily
derive all his proits' fron stooks
strong. and healthy, in carly spring.
7th. In districts where forage is
abundant only for a short period, the
larget yield of honey will be secured
by a ticry.moderato.inerease of stocks.
8th. A nioderato increase of colo
nics in any one season will,'n the long
run, prove to be the easiost, safest,
and cheapest mode of managing bees.
9h,1 Queeness colonics, unless p
plied with a Queen, will inevitably
dwindle away, or be destroyed by the
bee-moth, or by robbor-boos.
10th. The formation of new colonies
should ordinarily be confined to the
season when bees are accumulating
honey ; and if this, or any other opera
tion must be performed, whou forago
is scarce, tho greatest precautions
should be used to prevent robbing
The essence of all profitable beo
keeping is contained in Oett's golden
rule: KEEP YOUR STOCKS STRONG. If
you cannot succeed in doing this, the
nioney you invest in bees, the heavier
will be your losses ; whilo IT you'r
Ptooks a:e strong, you will hhow that
you are a bec-master, as well as a beo
keeper, and may safelycaleulate on
generous returns from your. Industrl
or' ubjoeta. --
IMPORTANT DFcTsIoN CoNnn1fNN "Co'..'
FEDRnA'E" DoND).-In the Probato Court
of Sumter county, Ala., a decision has boon
rendered, of which the 'following are the
"1. The ordinanoes of the State Conven.
(ion and the different acts of the Legisla
tre for the protection of administrators,
executors, and guardians are valid, and
ins catnents made by them in good faith, in
lato Confederato scouritids, under color of
law, will now be upheld, the loss falling
upon the estate, anid not upon such execu
tors, administrators, or gpardians.
"2. Contracts mado during the war
which recognized the lawfulness of Confedb
rate bbfidt mid t'rensliiy zbte, and which
vere then valid, will nbt bb pionounced
"3. Callections of debts due an estate by
lie personal representatives in Confederato
treasury notes will be upheld if pnado in
good faith, even though the debt was duo
bofore the war, and the notes became worth
less in the hands of tho administrator.
"4. Where rights had already vested be
fore the surrbnder, or nots had boon per
formed under the laws then inlToree, the
public policy which exists at the time such
rilht accrued, and not lirosent. public poli
cy, will eontrol the questions of their legal
ity ; and loyalty to the National Govern,
mont (lees not requiro interference with such
past transaetions, If honestly made, and in
accordamnce with then lawjs 94'th0o 8tato at the
".Tihe administratorin thoecase, having
ingocod'faith sold a large amnounit of' cot ton,
bythe advice and order of the Prob~ate
tdourt In 1808, for a fair price, and having
taken a note for the purchase mozrey from'
t~he purchaser, which was delivered to the
guardlian of the heirs, and( afterwards col
lected by the guardian in Confederate modl
cy, is not liable to account again fo,r .said
eott on ; although time sale was mnade w1!t.li
referenoo to the matket pricSin Cofoderoto.
MIITr'Any TVIRANN.-Military out
rages are atiil prmaticed in the South.
We .see it' stated , in the IHouston
T'elegraph, of the 18tli instant, that ma
arrestod thloClerk of the District Court
of' Guadahupe county, forced hini to give
up thme key of his office and took -there.
f rem inilortant docushents portaining' to
'suits for daninges agains one L.ongworth,
an agent of the negro Bureau at Se
guin. Tihe soliers, it is said, were act
ing under the orders of Gen. Sheridan,
who is well Igiown to be one of thme
most inuibttleit mihtat' tyrants
which thme late war producedi..
Judge.Ireland, of the district in which~
this outrage was peirpetrated, has in.
structed'the gi'and ji'ry ,of the proper
county to investigate' the6 the outrage
ahid indict the ofltend~rs
' The latest n'ews from. the construc
tion-trains on tihe Pacific railroad is that,
the track is completed 286. miles west of
Oma~ha, anidis still going .down pt the
rato of two miles a (lay, A foreo of
froni9,000 to 1.,000 mechanied and
laborers is steadily at work on this groat
highway to the Paoifle.
A silver toa-sot'vioo was p'rosentedto
Mt-.'Kingsley, of the Continental Hof,el
Philadelphia, -on Monday evciing,' su
tokon to thomr gratoful apprecimation ol
theo hositohity rondo'ea the Presid4nt.oI
tihe Umnted Staites and his rnite dorinS
their late-visit to thiat-city '
WANTING FRIEND.-Ol. wish that I had
some friends to help me on in life I" cried
lazy Donnhb, with a yawn.
"Good friends I why you have ten I"
replied his master.
"I'm sure T tawn't half so many, pud -
those that I have are too poo'r to'holp Mo.
"Count your fingers, my boy,*' said his.
Donnis looked down on his big, strong
"Count thumbs and all," added the mas
"I have-there are to'n," said the lad..
"Then, nevar say you have not ton good
friends, able to help you on in life. Tr9
what those true frit.als ona do before you
go grumbling and fretting because you do
not get help from others."
DIDN'T AswEi.--Bon. MuAe't is
pretty generally known; lives at Low.
ell, Mass. Among those who heard his
.spoech at the court housp, Saturday'
night, was a gontlcman who also lived
at Loweil uY 18r0. During Ben's
speech, in the crisis of his eloquent do
nunciation of '.tr'aitors," this gentleman,
in a clear voice, asked tho speaker :
"Why did the people of Lowell throw
rotten eggs at you in 1860, on your re
turn from Charleston ?" Ben. has a
glib tongue and a ready wit, but lie
could not, and would'not, and did not,
answdr that questibn ?-St. Loais Dis.
DON'T WRIT inu -- Don't write
thero," said one to a lad who was writing
with a diamond pin on a pane of glass in the
window of a hQtol.
"Why ?" said'he.. .
"Deonuto you can't rub it out.6
Thoro nre other things which men liould'
not do. becauso they cannot rub them out..
A heart is aching for syynpatliy, and a cold,'
perhap s a heartless, word Is spoken. Tho
inression may be more durable than thltt
of a diamond pin upon the glass. The in.'
seription on the heart may last, forever.
On many d mind and many'a heart sad
Inscript.ions are deeply engraved, which no'
offort can erase. We should be careful
what we write updh the minds of others.
J. W. FORNEY AND FUA'ON, O THE
BALTIMORE AMitidCAN, TO B3E INDIJCT
iu.-New York, Qclober 21.,-Tho fler.
ad's Baltimore special correspondent
says that aniattempts are being made to'
se~cure indictments against John W.
.1orney, the editor of tho' Baltimore
American and the Police Commissionors,
for an attempt to incito a riot and in. -
gurrection. The witnesses are all
summoned, but the Grand Jury have not
Puzzr.E.-A friend who has traveled
duriig the sulinhi, picled up the fol.
lowing'puzzle, which we publish for our
little friends to solve. Set out nine rose
bushes so that there shall be ten rows
with three bushes in each rbW'.
THE WHOLE Oo'T.-The Now
York Evening Post has the following -
gratuitous assertion. It says :
The discussion of the conatituibnal
amendinont is bfoumufli livblyi in the
Southern Statos.- The greater numn'
bdt of the journals oppose it, but the
ablest journals favor it'
We have but slight respoet, genor
ally, for the journalism of the North
when candor or honesty aro-e6tidernod.
This is a very fair sample of the man
ner in which public opinion is manu
factured and ignorant men deluded.
The editor who composed this -rg
eious paragraph know for 'i dorbalnty
that he penned a delibera falsohood.
Or if this be too harsh a' dgtnent, it
follows, as a necessary consequence,
that he was ignorant~ of' his business
and wrote without reflection or investi
gation upon a grave subject-the hon
or :nd welfare of a prostrate people.
Either horn of the dilemma is sharpl
enough to gore him through, as wilful
or ignorant perfeiifions of truth are
equally base and contentgible. Let
the Post name its ablest journals. As
it has made so brazen an assertion,:
it would be quito is charcicter to forge
I$AniDolt Oil MR. TuCNnoLM.-The
pardon of Giorge. A. .Trenholm, who'
,wsthe rebel Secretary. of the Treasn.
ry, was granted at the aspecial request of,
Major.-General 0. 0. Hioward,OChief of;
the Freedmen's Biureau ; M'ajor.Gbleral'
Daniel E. Siokles, commandiug'in S'outh'
Carolin; .Major-Generi Ir', and a'
number of othir pprsooha of similar mill
tary and, politocal pfoihinence.-atof
'JNhe New York fl de'el s tlhat
mere promises wvill .n'ot Tie. aaceptd from
the people..ofthi .Soih ; thkt 'constituh
tional guarangegs mitt, lbe gen. Blut
what wqulid. constitutional guarantees
amount to' if ,tife South should paiy an
lit'lo respoet.to 'the Constitution as theo
radicals do ?
General' Sherman. held an Indinn,.
council at Fort Dodge on-the 7ith Instant. -
Tie gave- the Indians eight d3ays to bringei
in .tho the three white womeon theye
have, and if they did n6t return thiem'
without prosents,. it wor1dd be war.' The
Inidians started hoiio (o h sd'' a council:
among themselves, -
'onny, does ybuir fthebr 'take a pa.'
Tes sir, -,wb of themn. One-of theihX
bolongs to M& Sith and (he other' to'
Mer. Thoni n. -I hook 'fn" both off
1 thj r gular psn M b'
ffdiyau -.-. WRuolmge ef
fa'atonal odrroey. th 1r-rodotmtion
at'the Trreauy on'~hwA ato lieh
cont*Iping rome hundred i0ofyve doe
ara,. two hundtrea :and (Mityf~ We 791
founfd tbeo#attttfi, -