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Thb 0:Aad ita a t , AA&4AIb.
N bw viaw enFoM A NOVEL STAND-POINT
- OF Ilot. -A. J. REQUiER, oF
SOU 'if oniOANA,. IN BROOKLYN.
One of tho.most remarkable spooch
s delivored att tio North during the
hot political canva-ss just closed, was
from the lips of Judg Requery a na
t ive of S outh' Carolin)a, s8ubsequontly
the UnOMe States Distr10t Attorney|
nd Confederto .States Attorney for
Alabama, and since v the war a lawyer
in New York city, - where inl a fev
months, although at first a stranger,
le has built utp a reputation of which
tany man m oay proud. Distinguish
cd for his great ability sa ilawyer,
his womlerful analytical powers have
been brought to bear on the Constitu
onal. A mnodmient, and notwithstand
ing the searcling and conclusive expo
siro a's i gross political fraud- to which
it, lias been subjected by. Seymour,
Brown img, Conistock and otherz, J iidge
iequie*r tlIWo uinpi it, unt w lght,
which strikes to the very roots of tIh
uiational controversy, and ddinoustrates
at once the injustico and illegality of
the proposed ieasu re. lie matin
First : That an organization which
.s sed in the purpose of enforcing
moral ideas by law is, under the (oil
stit tittIon of the United States, -whicIh
posiively intordicLs that field to the
liegislator, and from the very necessity
of the case,a conspiracy against that
(lbnstitution; and not, in nlly calse, a
political party under it. oney that
the whole 1tad ical party is, legally
collsildcred, a Iremendous conspiraey,
the inevitable Loudeney of whoso ad
m ictod object is to destoly the Governi
101nt provided by the Constitution,
find to'sutbsite! for it a i GoJveriiOit
of Chiich ad1111 Slate.
Sonldly '1hat this Con0spi0tiracy
have nlo right, to propose Cither tihe
ann-io llment inl question,'or ainy other
coli11)tion1s to (Ihe h outheri Stalte, 111.4
the te3m onl which they will restorc
to tlhose Sties their represeltation it
1110 Selate,. becalso that, represeitl.
I oll has n11o only ne1verbee lawfully
taken aliway, tfe Cointitution ha13vilg
placeI thisi. llriviloge o' the stalts, b,
express exce tiol, ill the alllendatorj
eaulls, .l pol even the power of
amen1CIldillent. It, follows that whia
even i regularly proposed and adopt
ed nimleln1 tihlent vouil nt do, the act o
Ml. lci'hirson did no41t accomplish
-1u.11 that b1e1n1e the (01r of thle Ri31
Oonlgre:s (to resl ore (o thet 'South whal
h-y hav l ot. 11ken, 14 tialnnot con
atitutioall411v take froi tlie South, i
11 )1 , 1 an ;11f,,' to resfore stolitn proper
ty (o t le riglitfill owlier, upol con1di1
, 10ns prescribed by the thief, and art
(nlly .1ln :ggaval l 0tion of th outrag<
(Iolumeroe of. theWorld.
1''ranc exports winea,. brandies
flk:, ,l-y a rt Iales, clocks, jowqlry
w1ateos1, palr. iPrfumnery, and fane)
Itly- exprS corn, oil, flax, wine
* 0$M~esseeo, dje'-st uills, druigs, line( miarle
- 011,P ioap p In mgs, en3grav1igs, muosarie
I l'rusisia1 ex por s linensi, woolen, zine
arlticle ol'0 ir, 111~ copp1or anud brass, ini
*d1igo, wia x, hamis, mial i~ nstriumlent'
tobaceo1, wines0 and14 porel ain3.
'I &11rl many exporta wool, woolen gooth
liunouls, rags, corn, timiber, ironl, 10ead
ilm, Ila x, hemilp, wines, wax, tallow an31
A. stria1 exports- inierals, rawI atu
man13ufactured silk thread, glas,
gratu 1i~wax,,tar, nuitgall, wines, hone
andit maithiematical inlstrumnents.
England exports cotton, wolet
ai ha5,111rd vgre; ea rthonwvare, cutlery
roin; metall311IC waros, salt, coal, wateh
es, tinl, silks and linenls..
itussia Oxp~ortsi tallow, flax,. liomy
(tour, j ronl, copper, Ijinseed, lairdI,ide110
wa1 x, ductk, coJrdage, bristle, fur,. pot
ash1, and1( tar.
Spain explorts wine, brandy, oil
fresh and3( dried fruits, qicksilver
* slph lur, salt, cork, saffron, anchovies
.Ohina export s tea, rhlubarb, anusk
gimger, zIne, borax, silks, ciaSiani, fila
ree0 works, i vory ware, lacquere(
wa re, and1( porce1Il.
TIurkey exports coffeoe, opiuml, silks
drugs, gums, dried ftuit8, tobacco, Car
mIorroceo and( shiauwls.
II indostan exports silk, shawls, ear.
I'tts, opiumli, sallpotre, pe1pper', gumti
imd igo, cinunmon, cochiineai, diamonds
pearls and drugs.
Meco exihorts gold 311nd silvor1
<;o~h inloal, iidl go, sarsa parilla, vanilla
- iutie, jaLlap, comnpeachly wod pimen.
to, dIrugs and dye-stufls.
Brazil expotUt cofeo, inidigo, sugar,
rie,~ hides, dnied moats, ta wfl, gold,
d iamonds and other preious stons,
. g~ums, mahnlogaTcy anid india rubber.
W~est ind ios OXplorts sugar, molasses,
rumi, tobacco, sigars, mathilgany, dye
wood, coffee, lillniento, fresh fri'ts, and
preserves4, rubber', wa1x, ginger and
*Swi tze'rlanld exports eattle, cheese,
lbutters tallow, dried f'ruit, lime, silks,
vots, laces, joelery. paper and gun
Klast radios exporta oloi'es,nuitmeogs,
mlace, po >per, rice, indigo, gold dust,
camnphor, bonzion, sulpjhiitr, ivory, rat
anls, sandal wood, zinc anid niuts.
Uited Stato. export.. princ~ily
agricultiiural produnce, cotton, to~baceo,
flour, provislons of all kinds, lumber,
turpjenties and Woaring apparol;
. JInA vE NoA.-D illesioCk, who
runs a pack trailn betwe'en Ued Blhuff and
1 Iny fork of Trmilty, gives the partieulars
of a darmIg and no134Cular exploit wor.
- thy a re(ordl 1and1 Uicuriy4 rie. Mrs.
Sarahi D~onmelson, for merly .a resident
of10( Re. luff, is livinlgin a lo house on
the trail witlh her children and father.
A fewv days age her fatheor Want out
bumnting stock, and Mrs. D. was' look..
ing after her poultry a short distance
Iromi thle house. Suddenly hvq lI'idan
- rndo their appearanoe. Mre. D. start.
ed for the house, and was intercepted by
two Indians. Throwing thetm Qom her,
a third caught her by tho shoulder. She
knon'ed hiin down and reaching the
htouse i safety, sho barred the door.
Tie Indians rested one or inoro- riflcs
on the window, leveled at the wonan
who approached then. took down her
father's rifle and returned the fire of the
Inlianis through the a pertures or "thinks'
of the log ous .0n attempting to
cock her gun As. D. found that the
thiln) of the right hand had been .shot
away by an Indian bullet, but 'siig her
lft bCandl, she soon had the pleasure of
knowinigthai, her woul.I be murderers
had retroated, whether withi whole hide
or tnot she coud noL tell. Musclo, cotr
ago and alf-possession won a victory,
one against five-and that otto a1 wo1nn.
.No chajlleigo the Stath) to exhibit an
instance in Indial in 1g117htin1 wherein a
womani has netIinitted herself mlore credi
a bly. - Occidenthl ( C'aliforniu) Van
WINNSBORO, S. C.
WINNSBOIO, S. C' NOV. 21, 166
II. A. (iAI LLARtlD, Iron.
D. 13. MicCREIGIT, AssocI-r'n a
The following gentlemen are re
qichted to qct as Agents for the IIcn
M1ajor A. D. Ilmt..mum-Roh
Mbixunt-, losier Parish,, Ia.
T,'. I?. Sr.titet-Cliarieston, S. C.
it. S. Ih)nronriEs--Ridgeway, S. C
ajN 4 VIt. J1n.r.-lont icelIo, S. C.
II. B. M8'Ar'n--Rossville, S. U
DV. J. 1. AlAItTIN-Jak oi'S Creek
T)AVIn .xw-All.ston, S. 0.
J, W. M~CCi airr-S.lemI Chtuloh
Evido'co in tho Case of the St.at, "s Hlon
ThoSolicitor .t ated hit', he eeed t r
provo in this caso, viz.: T1i1i ( de,+1nt
Went to (ho mill arimted nft er ha ving had t
diflioully with a freedactnii, and t;at wiwei
the negrodrovo up lothe ittill withi the At eani
!astles caie out of the huilt order ed I lt) lie.
gro to leave (te teanm, wic lei sit he wi
untwilling to do as Mr. Y arborough hl ontler
ed him to drive the leam, wtereipoin ca'tle
laid hold of a gun whilih the negro seiz
and turned Ithe muiizzle froimu him, and wii,
himself turning rotiind to resume his weih1
was ihiot in ftie site hy ftie gnu inlt Ie hand0
of Ithe def'entiint nnu iiatd ely diii.
.Iii Wm eu?.r!ough, sltorn.--Wi nsii .'lt,,
ed, tttn b- was pisent onl tliv Itth .Jy
1860, 1'..n the freteman, Ciairles ung
wits killed at Castles' Mill. Witness kn<t
oharge of the mill. Dvceased had beite 0omi
Illoyed by C:astltes to to any hind (or wort
about t thei mill ; ganierally drovei tie wng11
-to haul wood Io lie t il1 Wiliessi was it
the mill house, looking out it' fie w inude
when dtecen sed' was :sbot. Iletnd1jost'.I ppu
to tho window wh'ten pi isoner raised I h
gun anid decaed einighit.IA ii run.le will
his left'laaand an,1 pushtd it iti frion, lim
-Prisoner. raised the gun agn;ii an tifre.1I
SThe gun was not bron..;htit to 1the' shotuble,
- Wi toss showed tic po:--iton of athe go
"when fiived.' Witness saw dlecnsedt tthroi
thet gun fromit him n trn,, halfromint, wlu.i
the wais shiot. in the le'ft u'ide, antt immtite
ately died. D idtn't I live ititnint, es. Wn~
dteadi i lhen witnessn got sout to imi. It tit
poed~ about two or' (hiree sip fiomi th
wagon. WVit nes.i look Ithe gun..to he ai
Enlitold triiti. Did not know w here prisone~
haid thle gun. Prisoner bronught the p it I,
(the mill ahout thalf' an hour b~eforoe tic t'ray
Whlen prisoner onmte first Ito tie null lbe I ol,
, witness that. de'eased hadt sttruck himt tha
dayi in tho woods, and that tie (doecensed
t, hart.o leave. Witnticies replicied tt t didn
care .what. prisotnor didtutahtil it. l) egnsei
was undter' the timmediato charge of witnet-ss
Prisoner had given witnesa charge of th:
mitt. -Deceased-had beeni employed abou
five months. D)aconsed was at (the mitt tun
der thochargo of witntess. JTa'. day, de
.onsed wau haulumg wood by order of wit.
ter-s. Prisioner' asked witness-to walkc out,
but vitnes~ dOelitnedt. Dild not htearpris.
otter ask any othier one. There wore olheri
stanoding about the tmili. Witness had n<
bica prisoner wvould sihoot, for ho had ofteri
seen prisoneor chatrgo about In a pasision ani
neover saw hIm %, antything yet ; wonthl
make threats but niever dto anylthing. Pris
oner was subject, to violent fitu of passion,
but, they wouild pass aitr
Cross-examinsed.--Doccasedl had given pris
otter a great dloal of slack jaw ; thad.putlled
off lils hant, nd dated pr'isoner to striko him.
Wittess-ad ofteni told prisoner to huirry up
the negroes, and htad hhlnself gono to hnirry
them upt. Witnmess,htad complained to Can.
tIes several times about the wnt of wood.
Saw deceased only once dare prisonter to
strike him, and that not long before (he fa-.
t at difficulty. Prisoner had told deoense'd
hie could not, "putt uip" with him, for ho had
abused te mules ; and told him to (pris
otter) would send for the y ankees. Prison
or said Ito--ddin't care ta dam," butt to go
ansd report, and'it- woltid save himt (the de
ceased) thot trouble.
Deponent thien gave an 'accenint of a spur
about witioti th prtsoner and deconased had
had some words. Ii was during this alter
eation that deceased hail dared prisoner lo
strike, and tol prIsoner that lie would not
have taken off hits (prisonter's) spur, If Var
borough hadn't hold hInm. WIitness did not
know tha~t Prisoer oamq to Witnsboro to
se t-he Yankees. Ne ard prisoner order ite.
.00ased two or 6Bmeie timues to leaivo, and do.
oeased apdd he would net. ileard priso'ner
omaplai the day of the killitig (hat deceas.
ad had sitick hian on the head; Prisoner
*houed witnessa bump on his head and
said deoased had struck him Ithero. 'I hiM
was. abogt half an hour before the killing.
)Iexqrmined.--iltness did tnot know. yhieo
'that bloy. was given.- Witness did not tell
decased- toloave, biut it'eatod him as hue htigl
done befor. he was tol by prisoner to
leave. It was prisoner', buysiness to drive
hIm off. Pris'oner bad Lold him to leave
lhpt he continued to drivo the team. Wit
11SS13w 110 ik in:thle liatia of- decae
didn't. 0e his right hand at. all ; saw his
left whenl he caught the gun.
Jerry : e ' ored) ateor-.--W it ness
was present at the killing ; wa employed
ais fircinall. Deceased wus standing by the
saiddle tuule wVhlen prisoner calne out of the
mnill; hnd just drovo up, and was doing
nothing. Prisoner ocren him to leave,
and he sai "o, 1ie, may orlers to haul1
wood wero given 'y PIl.. Irborouigh, nl j
ain't going to Icave." .Misoner told de
ceased if lip didn't leave he woull Sh..ot
him. - Prisoner hail tho gium in h*' iand
this way [Ahowing th p.,eiiI 1i.
kept walking u1), tel.ing Ieceawl to 'eave
When he caine close to d.,ostill, deI'-;M ed
caugh the i1n'e of the guin. Prioner
ha-1 I 1e g1m ill h-h1 I '--I 124. Wit iveg4' did1't
reInse1ibel wh4ich lalli .itee:.-<1 4n2g1t he
guan wilb. Deceased did=- ivy 1P b1the the
gun awny, but bld IHe in!uzzle i:k4. hhtio44 11.
lf r-isoitwr ca l1l ! 'i pl,, .:. .,,I. :- oeb
hi4141 hiln. .i,!.a i kvi. 1,;I ig6
lIo thIl 4I I. t-. - p.Ii ' %er 111 w 11oh nt t Im,
find to go I hr-ow I I1h, wood 4th1' . ,
I)eeensedI tiI Ies g'I . to h -ahe w 4o .
and Canmhm Ilet him harve iH." W"ide pI is
011 ' was.12 orldeiri2'4g -l'ca4 . , I O "oin I y t1 (0
hi1o with tI . m, h(4 Le -i.ie i" -,i lo L i t
back parut of I he w( ..w . phvn they met
deceased lp:shed Ihe gull 'A', ulA to
t urn 'r-ound t o eul h wtv -ki v il "w ; .1'1,,,
a1out have routi, I. illin(e- a( o11 U 114 2
Tlage 1 .e I2dy to throw off 111l 1,en ,e -
thle ofther. Winlels aw n414.o1., .te 14
of' deetured 11 . When .-1'A, ' devvt114d 14144'
-Lord ha1ve! melrcy." ANl ,V(Ie f l.t)1-l
afer 6h:1. and it' prisoner. ktid anl hinig,
witne.2:. didl not kioi 11it.
Crmn-1, 4an,'?,. - - 1) 1'ens1:4I had lol bIng ill
9 Iia1a d " hi(I I il r' :,11, prki n..
er r id t wo or thr(.I 1tmet to hiim' 14)1 Iev
the teamn. Dlop:-ed rvepd utYah,
righ had ubibred 1on to hn. wood. '-.Y
deccreed hIve (o V , e. Ive-. f -c Irs2I
he hol he .'M00 I t tv .2 ' th
wagon a ie ~ on"ner me Aidt, d .!
cea.'h21 d.a 'pedj yh. Ali 1rw. 1 o n.
1 br'll n tf yet f4:'t :l) to 'ev pri
Sa.ie "dot- i ihn;- w. t:,e w.. 1( : on lil,," 'itfi
d:21I 'i:t h, ar h. L m I':- 1 -r wi, b 412lm t
* vg 41 c t42 144.1' 01 It-v 4' U4.21 l, 1.id II:'
Ill -.. i.ti k . i,: : ';,1 d.ve' .. ; ,. I i t ! - 2 (.
I ick. NOvir li : ' Aecest J ny
linp' denIt2 l ' . a .toll i Is er. I :i h. l-d 1h:111
ay3). he t 11hl th et';AI wd 1p.,:on -.. 1;1., 11141
h4:1d o4t'r S1y b 111uA a.42 ,ltftenI 1 i" Id.
(1i1-11 quarretlinig. I'r*-1is .e -:omlo behlimi~
ie wag. t2 1 n'cui~ h hi t-01
huand toward.- himi. WVitne!- .i-i. not I'lo ly.
how filr d-ceasedA La'! n t vet pri-oner.
licease d vtat a 14; 11i"t 3 s -is01ne' ; . V.Is e 1
ing up. Pri $l.m'r 11h 1 I i i 1141 Iig to dc
with witnewss tbis ye ; did IL.VQ bef"O
"1freedom, i" im lice, hie Lais a 1 -o hing to
d ) witlh whoents nor w1k~w ith him.
1.4 beore te war. W'a1 h11ed al t t, 0 t4.11
by Iiussell 8114dl y I'tb 4
.I"' 4)iu -'"-s (4'....4en :)' 2 earnP.--Wtpr
w.p11 1 Oen OWh dAy ill qet~ 4 ; wu4
mployed to se' about the tile 1nI o1 e10;
was14 at the4. enIgis 14 o I' e when1' 11I deeensed1'1;1'
h11 ve upii the24 wa' en, .'44'4 - t '1214il i4
.41 en t. Ih'en el .1a~ V1 II ' >4 441 laid lac2hl
must )lea441-'. I.'e...edI 4. 1i.1. byt 111 he4I
whA~ al1.1ml n,;d way41 of 11he, 111'ag ; got
gun111. .lohn41 1)2.ve tol1d lhim 1' 1ilet gol 11(. g
ceased. hld let1 go the1 gun2. WiltnIS (iji 11
1threw. iV!t ff.1 Witne41ss4 then14'1 t oredgl (In',
heard'1 thle gunl Isre', nud14 -saw'. dI'eeased1 t'.11
Didl not1 see1 pr1isoner21 shoot(4 the1 'gun4. 1,'id
eensed2(44 tfell, Wine 11124I'ent. immediately -13 for
mor'e stic'k heroI'i-o 1he caught~1l. ilhe4 gul, bult
hlad n1on11 when11 he1 did 1ah hold, of414 th 11 n.'41
wa'lg(on holste1r ((o a111ll1e.'t .
stick but11 the4 0one de4'('ensed1 r'ais.d off the0
1had4 tha41t stick inl 1both hands(14 orI not-. Wit
113e2 i4s 1 hnot heard1'4 deceased4.44 threaten O~ theo
lie of3 (t'h e pr1isone1r 11:ad4 1hear d them241 quaril
lIinlg 4and4 I'lursing each 1 other21..
Jno,. /Aol's,.'nr.rn. -Witness saw11 ("4st11es
the day' he k illed Chlal Y4ounItg frollna
met0 pr1isoner' goin~g to his h141ouse, 111nd 8111
h111 imhave hjit hYnd- Iup to 1his fore(hed.4l
Spoke to prisonler; but.1 prIisoer did4. nat r'e.
l1y, Wit ss remarkedi t o his compa'nionI
whO was r iing w1itlh him11, t hat ''somethiung
wa~s tIp this. mornl'Iinlg." Witness s4aw- at
501m1 distance aheaid thle d0ceased444 andi Ilea
himl call (out to0.pr1isoner4' lthat 111 he btr
not como0 down1 thereIl'. Prisone01r d id not say
a word ill rep~ly. Witness went1 ott to the
mill1, and~ hald 1)0t been thero'l' lon~g btefore
cornelr of the0 mill1. S.4on deceased1 drov u00lp,
pr'ion lessed by witness441, got the0 gun~
and1( called ouit "b)oys, como41 and1 i.e1o me1 di8.,
chartgo (lhe boy''. Pr'isone1r w~alked out,
whlenl dec'.2'e(ed s;1tte briiskly towards414 11im1,
grasped theC gun~ in his4 left hal1d, r'eeled. the
guna up an~d had1 aI stiok ",in his~ hand. The'
gun was fired just as8 dIeOensed wasi1 puslhing
It ~tp. D~oeaaed soizecd 11h0 gunt In his left
hiaind, r'aised4'bo atick Witha his r'ight, avid!
somehOIow tile gti tired:; conunen~lcd i-ais
ing the stIck when hoeiaugh~ 1th0 gun. Tu
stlok 'was about. I breo feet long. Igecgace)
wals'a stouter andltr4lllonger 1man1 than prison
er. WItnosa showed th1e sticke toJesse Gae
Alee after t he killing- It waIs a whito pool
ed stick, looked like ash. Witmness haearq
141 ordhers8 from prisoner ; did11 not. gej out
of' thle mill only in timeo to see thdt last $f th10
Crose exennined.-P'risoner had4. been to time
l11ouse and was coming book when01 deceased
cald out to hlim.. Whnlmn pt'lsn. .o. to
4 hose1 0 h1e1ha no gun, but when hoca''on
from th olouse he bd.
[Wimness here Statod that ho did intend to
explain why he did not stale theso portiou.
lar-4 kit first.] Wh)en 1-risoner look up the
gtm amid starled ont of thle mill, h1o said,
boys, coie nail see 3Me dischargo this boy,
or coeic and itee tine out," wi-ness didn't
h now whicih. - Witness hais talked with 8o.
lili(or befoie about this matter, mid told
8olicltor (lint, Castles said, "coiac, boys,
and1 son no out." Witness did make an
itllilavit, ftint Caitles s:id, 'boys, coie and
see moe out this iiiimoring." Docensed ad
vanced on prisoner, and when lie grabbed
th1e gunm raisedl tim1 Stick, I-1nd11 when Lthe gun
weill oil time s k was ii Over risonier's
head. ;W iness wis it cel in flint. wris fihe
w)y:.ll not kno4]w whethiler or. not 1that
wV;:fhe 41e wily ie told it im. S41lickir on
.!M nday. Wit nesms rienllect in lad nit
e vn ret'reshed since .Mowday.
Hero the Soliimor read the aflidavit Ivit -
uad .jreviously mViade imm ihe cenoc, and
pited c1i1 ij. I b1 di.<erevanlmcy beiweeli wit
niess's afflbhav~it-wl1hi3 te!stimlony.]
If WiOMI had mAk a PMistke, Ik Was
inad!e to-day. Wit had rtolot to puit- inl
8'limo thinig.'s inl I afi llfi,vitt that he - had
[ iore (he u o) aA lll the a ttenio of
I Ie witicss to whtit he was Paying. It was
tito evident that itihe wi being quito
diiterme, w= itt this p1) itt cim:pletely non.
uartiin Dunn being ,iwimn hest.ifted that
.01 one oemnsioii whe i lie and deceased wer
iiulling rai4, fie prkotter Cme to lia
plaeo,they weo'rte, an33d coIlaine1d velement
ly that they vere do4ing too lito. Where
upon decensed Iook i'tm a rail d I Mbrow it
lown o! 'tie priso foot, and (old the
risoler it' he 'id ! ' ofW lie (deceased)
would kill im nid m.,i -o hash of him. A r
1erwardq, f(n, time witness henrd the deecas.
ed ,ay ht: vwoid sil castles if he did not
J~aId3t.' Gun-/ (;. '.rrd) ,.wrn. --Wi tines'
iied o"I hrilne's pace ; knew dcce.ed
S.11 lihard1 him Fay lie wMI going to kill
Castle r d -1.% hewkoubl ''.-:plit 0ou1 l41
ilt-m bris" %' wih anl axe. Dceasced : !
A lt n , and hiA wife that. he would kill Cns
Ilesi h ta 1, ie. e . N1 )lot -:now that 1de.
was hopadent to prisoner.
Jilt . ), r.-;- ?,/ n,/ e.r .,u vd....W i! cest
did not Il 0i io "let go tie gun Cor
Ca l(8 woul.t nt sh~'roim " WI tiess-as
(.'r -e.po i., ' --% if iess did not believt
pI-kui oneor ini"tei1:0 :1! 'ot i when le wei
ont of' Ofh! iill : thon1cht hie waits o'ly go.
Ing to pt Ohe de(e:ed off.
A' S. 1n3 bi sworn, i-lea.iiled th
ilida3vit i re ! ' i' in thet da-ml.
-MAfer al,le 1'nlng rom bolh psroweentt
.ig and def'endi:- co'tmin'tel, 11d fle chnrar'
J iudge, thejry 'retir'ed and soon- re
Nk Wih Iho ventiet 'not timy;" Tl
prittoier, i-nry an' was thcrenpI di.
Lealt a iT U , YVoilli .mau.
spoke .i wei.hty Pilerco 2o yioung men, it i
now.','13!M Ti2e storn1 ofla hmavingi W~I wet,'ve
otir0 lan.1 ,:i:i1 lefi iit. esolte~ amid de~vastated,
ovexy i''in ii let" to his( ownO reCsomrcs. W(
iuill ca.-' ti o i' ' ep-tieming to3an youing
inni33tt iti ..C :.0': wh I tati -~' 1%.Ye'' he:tr'i d
ti.1l1, htt ii','t, i . n33 1.' tte . ir nmu~
itit in R Virgitia nmiu aco'iilty erflisinmgim
thme l11miie'- St amtes amy a inhoist resort foi
Sa iig -!' uised to be saidi~ that-1 rradei
32n' was1 a mchantie Toii uIts..a war--phr 3ai
tim1' tis "gonu." 1' It has ''played out4.'
t wii 5 h113 n .i as': reaonabilo ais it wouli
have, ben 3io 13 ny tt was2i dl'istrful to) I.e
iman beeautnsetvue a e we3.s a'i. hiI 2um n. Ti'
. al3o t ,independern1L' I r!' nre lis''a i htbinglO
3mn. wo1( entre 133ot hthter it heo at. fairingi
ilr 212nymt!i on io 1he 1.ueol iicai:l arml s. Thial
Sis an1 ittl:lmln t;41133'ntplite: whio cant cat'
mechanumical knmowledgo. * he ideo that - 'Il
bumsiinesa: de'grad3es t hto iminui is as far-fetchet,
33 thmat of' the mooni bin g gr'en checeso
The ntan maly elevat e anad make hoorabb
iti trad n, bt thme trad4.e cami never' degrad<
thew iman. Menti of 23'3nal brainia anid les;
sense maey e~xpatiate utpon ihe plebanc$ oi
purin2 g niechmaniial tradett' but thir repnCO.
tina Is of' good pari suifi'ers nimr'
thanmi Ihe oblje.ct of' their puerile .at Iacks,
'Thieref-to', younig 33nan1, whethecr you b<
yet aspire to acquire one; ~' dlay not to pmi
your' shioultder to theo whteel, an sho 21w' your'
self 5vorf~ ineh a1 31an1 by miasteinigome
tierativo trad amid (lien wthini fortune
smiles ont yu anid 1'elieves you of llho 10'
ccssity of working. wit'- with your owni
hans, f se gain fr'ownn depr'ivoyo
of a competaoency, then you will have 'your
r'esoures still lockced up ini youtr hiead, andt
ean turn Ihetn out againi to-do your bidding.
Lean a trado, young man.
Oonoral Logan, tleo Groat Horso Jookoy.
COnerai'l hLogant ivho dealt prett-y. largely in
fino horses wheon'hlin visited Wtinsboro wtithm
Shierwmin, hmaa lately been olelehih -"Con
gressman at large" from thei Slate of II.
nolij- TIhie p)3Onliar cironimstammces whichl
give to l,iois a Congressimn of that elas,
are the f'oltowing :"An act of Marsh (4th)
18U2, incroased time nmbier of llopreenmta
tives f'rom two' hutnded and forty-ono, by
allowig one additional Reopr'eoentative to
oighmt States, of .which .Illinois was one.
'The inmber of Congrosamen of Illinois was
tus raisedt from.thi'teen to fourtoon. Time
State liegislatuir'o of lilInois, Instead oC dl
viding ltho Stt~o Iito furteen distriots, pre'
for'red to- eleet, only. thirteen .mmbr of
Congr'oss ini soparate .distr'iots, and to hiave
thte fon'rt centht'elected by (lhe vote of the
wholo Slate. This Is the 'Consvosman at
large,' for whioh Logan has rocontly recely.
oil a mna'ority.ot near'ly sixtyv t1o'usand. 11.
linois Is the only SS'to wiilh has a .0e0?
gressman 'at large,' (not counting the St~tes
wheeh eleet only one Congressmen.).
A Quick Trip.
Ono of' our citizons~ who 'has rooont.
ly gorie to Now York writos thonee
that ho tuado the trip frmthisple
In about 89 hours.. fo pao
Help i Help i I
Such is the cry coming from vax*ious
parts of the Sta'to. And "holp" for
what.? Whyfor the relief of Obbt
ore. It really 'suftoks of childishness,
to apply ..vcry mild term, this apial
to the Legislaturo for relief as be
tween debtor and creditor. Any
debtor who sliow's a detornjination to
do every thing in-iis pgwor to pay his
debts, will-find ne're *oliffrom-ith'at
very croditor, botwhen whom and hiinh
solt he wants the State to iiterpose,
than from all that oan 1). doie -by Leg
idlation. The same rule will not apply
to any 'two debtors, for one can pnay all
!i:4 d obts, inother half of his lebts, an
ot ier otic-fourth of his, and so. or.
Now if' the Legislature interpose, 't
will pass t general act equally appli
cable to all cases. Wo venture the
assertion that there is not a inan in
the State who will not be benefited
more b y ia non-interferenco on thb
part of. the Stato than by iny;
action of it, looking to anl adjustment
of private indebtedness. Tl66 fact is,
the creditor who has large clai.ms
upon others is not disposed to flush
them to the wall for a final settle
ment, for the simple faict that he-does
not care to imitato the fool in the fa
ble wljo destroyed the feathered gold
The Ootton Market.
Tbe heavy and sudden decline in
the New York cotton mar' t has de
pressed cottoll buyers , lsi icrably.
Sonlo aro disposed to Ott routo this
fail in' cotton prices to a - discovery
that cotton was brillging -too im ucl.
Otlers again tlilnk that thero has
beon a inuel larger crop mado than
Was at first sulpposed, Whatever the
cause, whether either of the above, or
the control which speculators have of
the whole cotton trade, it Is certain
tha~g.reat doubt exists as to what will
botho upshot of thia-declie.. It ap
,pears reasonably certaiii that ootton
c.nnot go down much more.. Iltit evon
if it should go down to twenlty-five
cents Per joluld, it will * prove suni
ciently romunerative to inducoe very
fariner and pmlter to cultivato it.
'The number of maniufactories now
building and in contemplation
troughout tho Southern-. States will,
when il nll oeraLtion,,givo a wh'oleulc
immipetu1s to thlCrie.l'ce.of cottoil.
An Omhious Announcement.
It is publicly anno-unced 'that the
~Ioney dtectives of thme Goverinouelt
are unale to dla.t inguish som1e of theC
coutnterfe.it. hills no0w iln circulation,
fromi theO genluine. Th'1is is unlf'ortu
nate for a Government thlat extends
.wverso vast a territory as'ours. Every
enuin1o bill mlay now -be' dupl icatedI
dloule the already ormous almount
of Government liabilities. This may
eventul~ly lead to a financial - er ash
without a parallel in the history of
Amnidst the "entaegling alliancs" of po.
litical annoyances It is well to turn asidle
andi consider thos0 inlterests which directly
1,vlv vhewlfare of our District. Theil
best-metho~j% iu rcerd to thle lands, as sug
gestod by (lhe liihmond Times, is without
doubt to lease all surplus parts. Land
owneors inl some1 paits of tis Distriot~iave
nu11mb)ers of nores they cannot u1se. If tis
s urplits land were laId off' in -small. i'arms
andl leased, say for-firo, ten,-fifleen or tuen
ty years, it would eventually be a benefit to
thle owner imself.~ We heard a planter a
few days ago say thlat niext year he was do.
ter'lmned to make a thlousandl pomuds of cot.
Ion to the ace.' liis plan will bo- to culti
vate *&s land thain' heretofore and to ma
niure that hlighlly. !f hinds1 were loased It
would give those whio lease themi an oppor
tunlIty to eter largely irtoitelligent farm
"K-g Let. p4lllios ahmo0 anl 1 look to the ner
mai~noUt materIal prosperity of the District.
.The Decline ini Oottoai..
Yesterday's news. guav a' declline of
one cent morec In the Now York.ooo mar
ket. Why is this ? We are not versed.in
theo cotton market sufieotly well toanswor
It is a certainty that far less cotton has beqn
rnade in thle States thIn year than was made
-an 1800. Anod it is no. less certaIn that a
far greater demand now exists for this staple
than or existed before. Still Cotton has
falleri In Liverpool, Englaind, within a fort
nighlt, about one and'a half pence, which is
abont thlroo contse in Amorican' currency.
IBorhapsl onoeganie of thoedeclino in Egland
Is owing to thle fact tliat her extensivo mills
are running en shorts time. .TIs practice
is extending widely throughout tile manu
factories of' Great Britain, and.ikis net im
probahlo that, as "short tfme" Impies less
consumptionr of the, crude Ilnatorial,.the de
oline ls owhig o-the exeof upyoe
The Sotihern CJuldUatfor pulilished' et
Athens, Georgia, at $2.00 a'year, kaa bee
. The Amelof an Afrter, published injBalt.
more, at $2.00 a year, in. vey neat pareh
let form, Is a treat to (overs of 'the rural
science and art.. .
-The Jouysal 9? Applkd OM.kkay, pub.
lished sim'lanously Ia ?jew York, Phila.
delphia- and Doston, at $2.00 a year, or
$1.60 If paid'in advance, is a paper, tha
Overy -profasnlan4 tr1ade.: Oto . a.
Euigratiou of Laborers.
A few days sino quite a number of freed
man passed through this town oi their way
to soie.Mississippi cotton plantation Wo
know that nunbor- of planters in Florida
aro looking to Fairtielid to supply Uthon'with
gborers for next year's crop, and fair
enough componsatlon is offered to indoe
many qf the to go.
Will convene on Monday next at 7 O'clock
Hollywood Memorial Bazaar Assooiation.
Th I Ladies of-the Hollywood Asso
cintion propose- holding a "Dazaar in
Richmloid Va., in Febiary- next; for
ti pntirpose of raising fEnd. to enahle
then to cirry oit their plains in care of
the. Cnfederate DeaT.' i is their wish
1.hat each of the bIzte Confederat3 Siate',
with Mn rylind; sh'ould hn represented
in this nzar, As the Association is. in
terested cq:m !!y hA all the d,evneasel .ol
diors oftho South, from whatover State
they may have couie, who nru buried .I
An Agent. or Agents will be appoiii
ed in each State, who will notify the
putblic of that. Stateo of their readiness to
recive contribulions of nioney, or of
articles that, may be dis1posed bf at the
It is hoped thnt1 iii thi is underiakin,
which a ppoals so tonolhinglv to the La.
dieS Of -th-Santh, and tIl'oaso who gmyni.
pathizo with them, there wii'bo nmani
fested a becomig eiisinsnh intd that
the Bazaar will 'illusiril.p how nobly
theso States can emilat(- (,nach ollker in
lovo and good works on this gcnsionl of
so mnieh iiterest to all.
The following named Ladies have been
appointed Omleers and ian ixvemiiivo
All money and articles of Valon from
Virginia shonid he tiraiinmitt ed to to them;
contributions from other Sintes should
be reported to the Stato Agents for their
An efficient Comineitie oCf d tilemen
will aft mn concert with Ihe Ladies. in
tle manngemen t. of lie innds.
Ni rs. Laewis N. Vebb , President;
Mrs1. 1). Crenshaw, Mrs. Jaie.s 1Av.
ons, Mrs. Dr. IFaxall. Mrs. Robe'rt
Oil, Viee Presidents; Mrs. William
Brown, Secretary ; Mrs. C. Gnsiet,
Treasirer ; Mrs Dr. C. G. Darney1, and
others Execet ire Commait tee.
Mrs..,L'unEs H. R .EJ, A gent
for Fa ii field Dist rict.
I.\ t l ClI M i-:-N'P-o F T., I U n1-:S.nI -;N
Tile fltlowiing forI of al petitin to Coll.
grenr. prainlga for hl le itmpeachmlient. of
P'resident Jo'hnsmonm. is being cirenh: ed in
Ohio for siptua:1t ires:
'To te S!amle anel liius,.e fR-rn
latives of tic Urni,&l Slab-, of -r1 if)1ca1I,
in Conr/Vs a1seml/ed Thi pi*tit I
tle umilersignld, eitien of the Saie o
(Ohio, resph'elfull e shiowezh th-ni .-\ldrow
.Johnson, Priesidl'nt of thl na ii tsifes.
is guilty of dive'rs and sundil:-.- high crime(s
andi mi'sd~ee nors, anad of oging. ani
conduiet ttery un wor . ofh i
OlIe), andet etteIi il f itemta hio
bring the aliority of C ong'sess into ('on
tempt; that wiithout thie :e il v of t he
law .h e has rest or-d'toIn irnitors ihe I'rop.l
er1)' forfited to atal owne hv(1b ihi. Uni.
I ed States ; Ihar. lie ha~s ap'piinTed to
oflies of trusat notoriotint titors, coot ram
rv to law ; thatt hie bas ineikd i., siioin,
niot anmd mnurder' in thnt *ci y of New
Orleans; for whieb erimes and miisd..
mearnors y'our lpe'iione rs earne.s-1 v prav
liat lie may fort hw~ith be i impen<hed h'v
the H~ouse of IRepresentnmlves, a'; :idr
.by the S.-na tr, and dismtissedl from the
exalmnd olico lbe so scan mdalouisly dis..
A nd your petitioners as in duty bounid,
shall over pray.
Fm!.. Pr~owuixa.-Tfhe Ciel is thle time
to plow land1( that is pretty .well .run.
-lapecially ml this caso where clay pre.
dlominlates. In such edge tle plow
should be run an inch1 or two dleoper
than usual. This should not ho -neglect
ed, aa the soil thrown up fi-omi belowv is
'.io originl soil, and has the strength of
the top-etiil ere it becamo e'xhaiisted
This will ho like a coat of manlnure, th<i
frost and die rains havmng the effect to
decompose antd mellowv alprepare- the
sod thuis thrown up. It r.oed(s the -.
mpentsio prepare it. The slut die suc
eeedmng snmmer finishes n hat tho front
fuiled to (10. A coat ofmannre worked
it the top-soil would aid this opera.
tio-but, it, will~do wvill withont the
rThis plan (of plowing dleiper) has
another advimttage ; it. mCreases t he soil
-tho- availtable soil -for the grow th ; and
is-equvalont to suibsoiling to a small de,
gree--so that two important pointsar
reache-at on'e~ operation1 and thie .extra
outlay is a k~tie more horse power-not
noCL'ssarily an addjtjotbal borge, So
there is no interference with thie- plati
no Qxtra expense ; it is simply adjusting
your clevis pin -Raral World;
Tho Treasury Dopartme~nt have dis5
covered that counterfaits of $100) noters
.of thue.First DNtional B~ankc of lBoston,
the $100 notes of tlho First, National
Bank of'Clneinnati, and the .$100 notes
oif the National Central B~ank of Now
York City, nre in circulation. 'ril0
conterfeits of the latter nahied notes are
prononnueed exicellonit, the engraving
bejng first-class, and the general appear.
anco goat.. The only diffe~rentco known
o oist is in the 16tters "T' in the - Word
"mamntaih," near the fernaio afgure -on
the right hand facoe of the nole, that
ter being imperfect in the conutterfeit,
B~utlpr will go to th'o next Congrcss,
says the Louisville Democrat, full ofi
rath at all mnankind about spoonfi,
ehas the sublime im pudonco to talk
f the dangers lhe had f aced, when lie
is himself only dangerous to unarmedc
nnand helpless women. "P'm n
Afraid ot-nn le..n ..uout..a i gI
Notice, by Robt. 1. 0'otpoy.
8 1. Stratton, .Dealer in Qotton Rags &Q.
Goods I Goods fI by Jamos D. Milnor.
Mount Zion Soolety.
Valuable Real 11tate for Salo by U.
Goods Below Cost, by 1iliott & Co.
For Sale, by Samuel Jaokson.
For Rent, by It. W. Boney.
Dress Goods, by Ladd, Bros &* Co,
$50 Roward, by T. Lang of Cam.
'Winusboro 'Prices Current.
Urrecctcd -Tri-Weekly b/y Cathcart 3 Miatthews
WI.sNoRo, November 21, 180u.
Apples, 1ishol, $8 00
llagging, G uniy, 'bl ynrd, 40
" Dundce t " -
itale Roper bIanilla, jjl I), 1i A
" New Vork or Western, 'Vlb 11, 20E,:h)
11110c 11, li a ms, '1 'ib), - -
46 Sides, il 11b, 25
4 18houbers. ) b, . 22
Bluffer, C'ottury, jltib, - - 25.,
'ot trVt. Yarn-lI' y0 hullph, $300 .
46 thrditudy. V., 025
46 Mliling,. 27
(-!andil'9 l..iraine, ib, 650
4. per44, Ib, -5
' damantino, Ilb, 3
Co'fue, Rio; 1b, . 32 3
"s J'aL. ayrat, lb., -15
"4 Jalva, Ib. 60
t'hoese, English Dlairy, 1),
C" 0 o'hen, 1b, (u
Mlides, Dry, II;. . J l10
I nrd, 11h, 2 5
.\,>ase, iscovadlo, gatllon, .86
" Srglhun, $ 60,
New Jrleans, " $1 25
Nails. 11), 8),@g9a
I Onions, bushel,- $1 00
hil, Kerosinc, gallon, . * 20 -
of Tainners. " 1 70
Otorn. White, bushel, . 1 :60
. ival, Iverpool, snck, 4 85
Unrds. ("010on, doz, .IQ 00
o " v 00
Sugar, Crushed, 1b, 28
* - l'owdeealI, lb, 23.
" lronoU1 1b, 11"i
" , %E:a V, -
Tea, Extra (Gun powdor, 1b, $2 00
lolb, 1502 00
Black. 1b, 1 25(21 60
Tobacco, Chewing, lb, 8801 61)
n;i.Country 1Extra owl,9.
1ihi4, Extra, hhl. 14..0( 16' O01
W. . enyc &Co, ozL$200
Collns, arrnu 50@.24 00
a \-T88@"T5I '
"L persons having demands against (I
Esta C oun Joseh x lowry, dece,'ed
ar" otitie to hand 4.he 0 in 0properly at
irsted to nal Attorney,. James It. AMc~anls,
Et.,or to myself, withIin a reatsonatble
es. W OT. J. CLOWNE
"1ov Co-n Warrn Add2 'r.
I I E attention of pthCnas edris invitol to
ar ntiled tokhand them in0 proffered at.'
JAtd omyS Dton. JmsLNOcRn,
1.ti9., ort ton myl, wlTithminga rfettoal y
(iti 4xRaOT. (liJ.menLOWndEi
' ti's atntCinesof rcasrsies covited to
Cdyhfe shoc aof godsr nw ffre f
Vil ues, dCrope are, tgelho wii r h
Nails, hoes,- gate, oe,-l Hofiy lib
ohfere auttons arTprimins.efuey
dr s oosFGu s, PsALaPodeShot
Bn Vnys.u Aof suvry esupeiors tic of
hrertes n whimnly off foale siz. cosant- l u
Cyor hond. oap tin ratvariy and dat,
reale h rosl, toC ihes andd forn,
Candy- theh foang rielrprt.1pt
Wiell Unct, aRoinon andseof Fixeure,
Nutand thergin lanid pone as ofhc rparo
offereds atlw. mauret prie sui. f
OnY trat of 400ndres (exein o le di
ladireed Jwitlfe foain andsaifid
J.ourt Ialse on theBoll, Mrs.a and deay
olong i Dehc eme nxt, asithin propert
galhours:of .aBe ato the hit ofidder, for
chsrps itpay forties:
One tract or 170} acres (ore orn ins f
lniPifiell isti' iot, a ji g lands of og
Tion, Ms. 'Brn, Jouhny IEstate h
entadohrlevied upon as the property onC el .
o.hmaJpurrat the stiuo a~ Vhinpe aoft. W.-~
One tract of 2400 acros (more or less) 'of ~
land In Fairflild District, adljoining lands 0of
J. 1K. Dariso, John . Bli, r.Jaah Pea
Gill and others, levied upon as the prorty
of' fbos B. PeronlJ. at the suit of Nany .
-QOe tract of 370 acres (maore- or less) of
land in~ Fairfieldr District, adijo:Iuig lands of
lA.d. ofipkn Dr.homas F. Furlean and thes,
tne .Mbelevied upon as the prpryo onC el
paopeht sut' oftNncyJ. Thbompattso suitofh
Onto tract'of 704 aeres (more or less) of
land in Fairtleid District, adjoining lands of '
V.. arson, Sr.,'Wt . Eslairf - JarbMc -
ieiladohrova upon as the prptyo eun ob.
Icf a, t.PasoJ.,aoh suit. f8nth& lof R
1 ".2tah of ne1800r.(oo rls)o
land mI Fiiehl'Deiri dnng cls dfe
AE.. Lumpkei aIn, y whll Moblly and folos.
Inteof Johen Te. Mobley levd pona h
proertya~ of m. M5obls e, poth und. f
- Ldesio ofd 700acos, (mor ntorpaes) o
hind, m atsol Larc, k adoroglandso
&. Lumpki .an, v E stte of-- - arhe,.
N.t upo as th rpertye o ebulo Mob
tcy ast ten suitof 8mith & Metone ,ut
. W.i &0~