Newspaper Page Text
The poont helow, which was first publish
ed in t he Kickerbooker JMagasine, Is Iade u p
of single lines from twenty-five tnglish and
Amerioan poets, beginning with L fnellow
and ending with Byron. It would take
some time to affix each writer's name to his
line or lines, though the majorit-y are, of
course, well known:
--"Pearls at random strung,
By future poets shall be sung."
-The night has come, but. not too soon;
Westivatrd the couso of enspiro takus its
Te banks and bracs of Donnie Doon I
Blue spirits, and white, black spirits and
"Ilocked in the cradle of the doop,
Old Ciasper's work wias done;
Piping on hollow ree-ls to his pent sheep,
Chargo, COester, charge I On, Stanly, on!
''There wits a sound of revelry byf niglht,
On Linden. lhen hI le suti was ow
A voice repied far ill the height,
Tall oaks frIom little noorns grow.
"What if a little rain shonl.I say,
I havo not loved the worl.1, nor the world
Al I well a day I
Woodman, spare that tree I
"My heart leaps up with joy to sec
A priiroso by the water's brim;
Zacohous, ho did olitb I he troo:
Few of our youth could oopo with him,
"The prayer of Ajax was for light.,
The light that never was on noa or shore
Puriding aitti beet inake liritons fight,
"Uu'lor a spreadiitir ioatuut treo,
For hours thegi' at,
I and mny Annabf i he.
A inat's a mal hm t' th at.
'-Trull crushed to earth :ball. rlse again,
Anid waste its sweetness on Itie des, .. air;
In th':n:.ler, light niig, or it rain,
ono but. tlhe brave deserve tw fMlr.
''.'ll ine not. In mournful iii ,)r,
The chil is fit her of' tlw- ua
111ush, my dear, lie stilt anta i slmbor;
They can conquer who believe thoe can.
"A change aine o'er the spirit of my drenn;
Whaitever Is, is right ;
eI th:Ings Alre nt1, wist they seOm;
My native land, good night I"
THEY SAY I
bl.l well, stippose0 they do,
tt. ct.i prove the story true?
IIi.'ililei1nlly V"iso from naught
Vhy count yo,.,lant f lhoight ;
Who0 whispr wha metthy,'
em'0 IV hai4t. W1141, n~. ot sayf
They iy-lut wily t io tAtle
And hlip to iiiik te mat fl ter sarse,
No gooil cal possibly neerno
t'rom telling whlat nay be nntrue;
And ism it nmot a nobler plan
To speak of all the beot you can?
piey say-well, if it should bo so,
Why ieed you tell tho tale of woe?
Will It. tIh bitter wrong redress,
Or iinke one pang of sorrow less ?
Will it. tie erring one rest ore,
1illeefori i in soi. . as ig nmore ?"
They say-Oli I pause, ani look within,
Soe how thii in l rt. inclines to sim;
Watch, lest iii dirk templtation's hour
'T11t. too, sh,1l.lA in1k benoath Its iower,
Pity the trail, weep o'er their fall,
But speak of* good or not at all.
The Dea hi Struggle At Bitea
DY GtonogI. IP'lnD.
It wM near the setting of the sun,
whmI the Mnn of Il Alo, Rosaca do
la Pahina, and Moteoy, sawv tihe clouds
omne dowvn on the last chnrgo. of uena
\ ta, that a scenc wvorthmy of Washmng.
tn, closed Ilie day in glory.
D~o you behmold that dark ravino,sleep
nunkeni bet ween these precipitons baniks?
Hlere no sunnlielht comes; for those wvalls
of rock wrap thte pass in the e'ternal
twilight. Withored trees growv between
tihe masses of' granipte, and scattered
utones make thme bed o( the ravitne nn
cerjuun and dimnit for 'the tread,
liark I That cry, that rtush like a
bmomita in torrent burstinog its barriors,
and quick as the lightning 1iuashes from
dar'kness, theO dismal ravine is bathed in
red battle lights Fm'omn its northern
extremity, a c.onmsnd band of Mexicans
an army in, itself, come yellitng along tihe
pass, treadmg one another dowvn as they
fly, their banners, spears, b.rses and
men, tossed togethter in itnextrienbie con
By thtousand.s they 'u.sh int othe sha
(dows of the pamsn, their dark faces red
denied by' the sheeted lazee utfmnsketry.
TIhe caverns of the ravine senid back tho
roar of time panie, and the gray rocks are
wvashed by their blood.
lBut tho little band whlo pursues thtis
army. W ho are they ? Yelu may
sce mt their Iirm, hleroio, ranks, the vol
inter cus'tmo or Illinois and1( Kentnc.
ky. A t their head, nrging his men wi'th
abouts, rides the gallant A'Keet by hisi
side young 11[enry Clay, that brtond
forehead, which reminds you of is
father, bathted ini the glare n's his sword
linivers on hightoro it, falls to kill. There,
too, a wild figure, red w~tb hia owny
belood and the blood of Melxican :'es,
his nnif'ornm ront in tatters, his arm bair'
ed to the shoulders, striking terrible
blows with hmis good sword--Hardin of
I liiois-comles gallant ly for ward.
TIhe small, but iron band, hurl the
Mlexieans from the hteights into the ra
vmne, and follow up the chase, far down
tOve the ern lcilgtfa, man onsai
ted black youm dode thikliAntone
eans dash. on their way, never heeding
the dwrwhelming numbIers of' their foes,
niever beedmig the paitatitng forms be
mneatht their feet, with bayones and rifle
and sword,.6hey press steadily on, their
well ktnown bastet etfoagming eormuore
Tihn:howl of lihedy ing war-ho'rse~.
hark I ,lDoes it not chtili your blood to
hiear i t? The lib bhtig cry of .ihe
woimded man, with, th~d'yrso's hoof p11oh
his nmouth, tramplinig Ihip 0o a~
tideous wreck-does it not sicken your I
oul to hear it ?
A hundred yards or more, into thu o
mas the Americaus have penetrated,
hen suddenly a young Mexican, rush- I
ng back upon their ianks, soizes the
allen flag of Anahuac, and dashes to his j
dehth I I
To see him, young and beardless, a I
rery boy, rusht with his bared breast,
lpon thtt line of blarp steel-it was it
iight to stir cowards into manhood, and
t shot tIo the Mexicain hearts like an
Eveu in their panic ctricken disordr,
,hey turned, by hundredy, they grasped
heir arms, and rollud in one long wave
f lance and bayonet itpon the foe. Woe
o the brave men of Illinois and Ken
ucky now I Locked in that deadly
ass, a wall of infurmted Mexicans b
,weel theimI and tlhat wall of rock
ibove their heads through every aper
ure amoig Ihe liff-, the blaze of imtus
kets pontring a shower of btllets in their
Iaces-wherever they turnod, tIh long
Riid deadly lanco poised at their throats
it was a moinent to think once of home0
and die I
Thoso who survi ved that fearfil mo
ment, tell with shuddering tritinpha of
ti deeds of the three heroes-Mckee,
Hiardin :,nd Clay,
McKee, you sno yondor, with his
sittered sword dropping blood, ho en.
deavorA to ward off tho Aim of those
deadly lances, and fights on his knees
when lie can stand no longer, and then
the combatants cloze over hiu and you
see him no more.
Hlardin rose from a heap of slaughter
ed foes, Lis; fhce streaming from its hi-lo.
ouis lamce wound<, aid wvaved a Mlexican
flag in triuimph, as his life blood gusies
ill a torrent over his mtseitlar form.
That instant the ftll light. of baltie was
upon his maingled face. Theni, flingiig
the caitured flag to a brother soldier,
lie shouted : "Give it to her as a memo,
rial to litena Vista I Mv wife ?" 'I t
ivas his Ia wordi. Upon his breast
the fhiry of ten hlces rushed, and the
horses hoofs tramped him into the heap
Unt most sad and yet most glorious
of all, was to see the death )f the Second
llenry Clay f You shonid have seen
hn, with his back against yonder rock,
his sword graspod firmtIly, as the coli-2i*
onsness that III bore a imme that mist,
not die ingloriously, seemed to fill his
every vein, and dart a deadly lire from
hi eyes !
At that moment lie looked like the old
For his brow, high and - retreating,
-ith the blood-clotted hitir wa ving back
ro.' its outht, 'as s Wollen in ever y
VOIn, al ough his soul .Whone from it,
ere she fleQ forever. Lips set, brows
nfgitag routiin M it Ied 11,Ll
Nkxican timil lIis sword was wet, his
.trn weary woih blood.
A t last, with his thigh. splintered by
a ball, lie gathored his proud from to its
full n-ight, and full. Ihs face ashy
with intense agony. he bade his com.
rades to leave hIn there to die. That
ravine should ie the bed of his glory.
But gat.hering around him, a gumid of
breasts and steel-while two of their
number bore him toderly along t.hese
men of Kentucky fought round their
fallen hero, and as retreating step by
step, they launehed their swords and
bayonets into the faces of the foe, they
said witht overy blow: -'H[enry Clay !"
It wvas wvonderfuil to see how that na~me
nerved their arms, and catlk-d a smiile to
theo face of the dying htero. How it would
have made tho heart of thte old man of'
Aslanad throb, to have heard his tnme
yelled as a battle cry down thto shtadows
of that lonely pass I
Ahontg the ravine, and up this narrow
path t! Tiheu hero bleeds as they hoar himi
oni, and'*tracks ite way w~'ilh his blood.
Faster antd thiker t he Mexicans swarm
-they see the circle around the fallen
man, oven his palo face, uplifted as a
smile crosses its fading lineamenuts, and
like a pack of wolves enting thu froz'ent
traveler at dead of .night, they come
howling uponi the rocks. and chtarge the
devoted band with one dense n.ass of
Up anmd on I Thle light shines yonder
on the topmost, rocks of the ravine, it
is the light of thte setting sun. Old TaIyA
lor's eye is upon thtat rock. aimd there we
will fightt our way and die in the old
man's sight I
It wvas a mnrtderouts way, that patht
up the steep bank of' the ravine I Litter
ed with dead, slippery with blood, it
grew blacker every tmoment witht Mexi.
cants, and the defenders of the wountded
hero, fell one by one, Ito the chtiam
yawng all round.
At, last theoy reached the light, the
swordhs antd hay'onets glitter itn sight of'
the contending armios, and the bloody
cotttest rears towards thme topmtost rock.
Thon01 it was that gathering up his
dying frame, armed with superntatumral
vigor, young Clay started from tile arms
of his supporters, and stood wvith out
stretehed hands, in the light of thto set.
tong sun It was a gloriotus sight which
Ito saw there, amid the rolling battle
clouds; santa Anna's formuidable array
hurled back inito a ravinie and gorge, by
Taylor's hitlo band. liut a more glo.
unous thing it was to see that dying tman
standing for the last time, in thme light, of
thtat sun, which shall never rise for him
"heave me I" he shriekod, as ho fell
bacok on thie sod, "1 mtrst die, and I will
(lio here! Peril your lives no longer for
me I Go I There is work for you yen.
TIhe Mexicans crowded on hungry for
blood. Even as lhe spoke, their bayo
nets, glstening by hundreds, were lev
elled at the throate of thme devoted band.
Bly the mere force of thmeir overwhtehn-i
intg nmbers, they crashed them back
from the side of the dying Clay.
Oly one lingered ; a brave man who
had >nown the ohivaluio solier, and
loved hulhi long; ihe stood there, and cov.
ore A li e was with blood, mneard those
"'Tell.my uir howm ie, .u ..:..
OGIN or ALM.acs.-As the time
of the year hts coto for ,electing a
almanac for 18G7, a brief history of
the origin of this indi spensable fire
side comipanaioni will priably be ac
Tie Word alnac, whilch is olma
nack in French, is compound, accord
ing to one authority, and of German
origini-al-mon-(j//t. Ot'hers say it is
derived from the same compound, but.
is Saxon. Until a very late Period it
was alwaiys spelled aluanack. Pil
leyn attributes the word to the Ger
manaus, and accounts for its origin as
follows : They formerly used to en
grave, or cut upon square sticks about
a foot in breadth, the courses of thoi
moon for tihe whole yar. Prom this
day they could tell when the new
moon and the other lunar chianges
would occur, as aho their festal days.
Hence they call the arrangement "al
mon01-aght, (III must 1, ed.
The Egyptians are said to have
computed their time by instruments.
In the middle ages the monks were
The first printod almana whielh
has come down to its appeared at
Augsburgh in 14191. t. is entirel y inl
rhyme, as was the early style.it
as computed for several suceossivo
years, inste;d of one, as now, and
goes on to toll how it was formed to
describe the months :. they aro made
by lature, an-l the influence of the
stars; td give instruction n., to meat
and drink ; on physicing, bathing and
the imiangement of health ; to teach
how a child should be educated I also,
how the pplague is to be esen1ped, etc.
It is h curious evidence of the little
depth that popular edientioa has
reached in England, that the great
and wealthy corporntiron of the S-ta
ti-mer's Company should contitnue to
publish and sell every year rsoie hun
dred thousand copi e (is of "Moore's Al
manac," the chief attraction of vhilch
consists in the astrological predictiuns
and hieroglyphics,savoring more of
the spirit of the fifteenth century than
of the nineteenath.
It is a singular fact that among the
first aluanaes computed in this coin
try, was one by at colored man in
Maryland, named hinjamin Banne
ker. This descendant of Africa, al
though self-taught, gave this as one of
numerous proofs of rare scientilio n
quirements, which caused even Thom
as Jelersoi t tthink it no dishonor to
own and cherish himt as a correspond
3FAU-tFUL SENTIMENT.-T Cohf*sS
that inacreaisitng years bring with them
an increasing respect fur mnon who do
not. aneceedl inl 1m, %Q thiose word.; are
coituoily nsed. I lcavon is said to be
a phice for those who have iot succeed
(qd upon Vatlh ; and it. is surely trite cel
esti il graces do not, best, thivey antd bloom
in te hot blazu of worldly pros.perity.
11 success someLimies arises from a
muperainndan- of qilitics in them
selves good--from a Conscience too sen
sitive, a taste to' (astidious, a self f )r
get lineis too romantic, a modestv too
reiring. I will not go so far as to say
with a living poet, "that the world
knows notlhing of its greatest, men," bit
there tire forms of greatnss, or at least
excellence, which "die and m:ke no
sign ;" there are martyrs that dniss the
palm, buit not the stake , heroes wvithout
the lanrel, and conquerors without the
.Sum-:N Dr.:xia.--We regret exCeed
mngly to chironaielo the (lea tn of J. Be
tlthnte Gla~ss, E'sq , who for so nmany
years was our nttentive and erlicien't
postmaster. Ont yesterday morning, heo
was at. his lmisiness, as usual, at t hle
otlice of di thecrenvile Itailroad Comupa
ny. F'eeling unwell, lhe ca m( upl to thle
city. and, meet ing his physician, the
latter gave lhim a prescription for what
was then thionght to have been a mere
cold, which hard (alletn npon the chest.
Whilst the liniment was being prepared
at D)r. Miot's drug store, Mr. Glass was
suddoenly seized aid died ini a fewv mini
Mr. Glass was one of our beat citi.
zenq, and his sudden and untimely death
is deeply regretted by all who knew
An inmqucet wvas held by Coroner
Walker, atid after tle exatminationt of
several w:tnessxes, the j-i ry rendered a
verdict that the deceased came to Is
death fronm disease of the hieat t.-P'ha
Mr. Cameron taikestlais seat in the Sen
ate we suppos, the Secretary of that
body will be 'rimpoached" for at~tempt
to defeat the will o ft th people in the
e'lectiotn of a Uniated Srtaeenator from
Pennsylvania. Mr. C'ameron will feel
bottnd to 'impeacha" him, unless it
shonld prove trite that the 8eeretary, at
the last moment, sold ont his so-called
friend to Cameron, in which case lie
would (101ubtless be "'iampeachted" by
Stevens. Tt is quite likely, in any
evont, that the Senate will order tip 'a
new Secretary.-Nat. Rep.
[A t the Rleputblican cancus at Iharris.
burg on the 10th, Cameron receired 40
votes, (Curtin 23, Stovons 7, and Grow
SENsinLEp YVraws.-The freedmen of'
Texas umet in Convention at Bastrop,
on the 6th, and ptassed a aseries of roso
lutions, of whichl the following is-the
"We~ make nto demand for impartial
suffrage. Vie will cultivate tho earth
with mdustry. Our artisants, smaiths,
shoemakers, joiners, earpontors, and
mgehamecs of evory' kind, will follow
the occupations wisth whichb they are
raihlar. Thie body of our p)eop)10
sf both sexes, will do likewise ; di- i
root their labor to the production of s
grain, cotton, raising d omestic ai- Ii
nals, meat for their own consumption, I
JIftiig his ashy face into light, io
nrn ned his eyes ipon his comradu's face,
placed thepistols in his haud, and full g
imk to his denth.
That comraio, with the pistoh in his
;rasp, fonght his way alone to the top 1
nost rock of thei path, and only once 3
ooked back. He saw a (iuiveritig form, e
:anopied by bayonets.; Ie saw ltosO
utst.retched hands grappliing with points
d stel ; ho saw a pale faco lifted once
ni the l ight, 11n41 then darkliesi riusihd
ipou tho hi1 of young Ilenay (ly.
Sayinga of Groat Men.
No points of history are more impre3
ive than the mob, or st.ricing expres- o
iuni, which havo dropped fron the 'l
nonths of great men oni memorial oceai
ions. These, heing brief anid so pun- 1
ent s to stick like burrs i t the memory t
m110 mtighIt Suppose to have been citu
-atly cangh t and reported by hIistor. 1
YetL n,.t one in a hundred (if tiwso fir- c
nons sayings was probalil over tittered d
>y the men with Vhose names they are I
Perhaps no hicro of ancient or modern
imtes has been Credited with so man ,
vranild and oven mnblime ntterances wilich ti
h1e never uttered as Lord Nelson. Inl ri
,oitiey's aIdmirate life of ttie hero, it is i
related that win goiig! into the haul ji
>f the Nile, Captain Berry, Nolson's e
;econid ill coilinani1d, was 141(1 the plan
uid its prolm1iAo resilts, Ioll"I excllilmd c
wvithli transport, 'i we succel'ed, wthlt C
will the world say ?" Thereis It i ini
tle case," replied Nelson ; hat we a
ilhlli succeed-is certain. W to may live I
Lo tell the story is a very difTerent (piles. ,
Mr. Maissey (jptotes the story inl his I
hlist ory of tIle re(ignl (if George I V., 1n(
()ds "W \\ r e 11 s11, r-<1 , o. ( he anlihol-i.
y of Ci niii Berry himself, I 11at nto snieh 1
cen4ie I took pinco." Agllir, wh tI hnot k,
adilluirred tbe simple imajesty of the senti r
mentI expressed ill il order of Nelson m
it Trafalgar, wichi a is been so oft en a
Ale ba.ic cry of Briit mi la's sonsol lid t
nd Bea : "CI 'E'nglaInd expcts VoVry 11111 r
to do his duty !" Yet the real order v
wnab, "NAelson expocta every man11 I'. do t
h6.1 duty," for which till former vas in- r
rmItiionsly substitiuted by the ollicer whose i
biisness it wits to tlegira ph thie order to v
he flect, simply because lhe could find |
no flag to t.eltgralhl the word Nison. c
Once more--whose soul has Iot. thrilled s
by the subliim sent iment of te reply i
wit.h which I.hle smin e liero is said to ha ve o
silenced tie IfECtonate importunitiCs of .
his officers whenl tier (:i1entr ed him to 1
conceal tile stars on his dress at TrIiIafal
gar: "Inl honor .I 'ained theml, and inl I
honor 1. will (ie wiIth .hem !" 11 istory t
has recordld I nobler iglititis ti
IS lull .. Illis cuill(I 118)1 I I Ill A tillor
into tile month of Agricola. Bnt its it
Ilerit is prilly iltmagilnt:ve. Tile facts
Ire, as )r. A rnold gathered thell From t
St. Thomas lirdyv, thit Nelson wort! t
Din tihe lily of thle battl to e ntnlle coat, .1
lie lad wolnt hor weeks, having the Or. v
Icr of the 1 1itt emiroidered t)n it ; '
Ind, wten isk frieints3 expresspedl solme r
lears regarding thu danger, Nehiglnn- r
mwered I hatIt e WaS a Iwar10 of t Ile danger,
but that it wits "too late. then to slhift a F
''Up gnarls, and nt 'em !" m1ieii will fi
ilwa*s believe to ive beenll the excla.
ntiout of Wellinlglton whilo I they feel an
miterest in thle story of Warltoo, ini o
ipito of thel lUnke's proest tht h e neer1
180 no81eh n1onsens~e ; nnid julst, ias imlplie'.
.t1y wvill t hey believe the 1tal1ying staito
menlt that Itic timperil iGuardi88 uit teredl
ho b riaado, "y' ga>mut qet I.(S, ne se 'I
'end~ p)as /"-wh'lich is purl'iy mythI, al i
thouigh inscribed, too, onl tl h onumlienlt
>if NantesI(1. 'iThe laSt bombastic phrulas 13
wa~s a pure II iventioni of at Jrench ju-n
itist, two diays after tho battle. Whtat. i
Vas reatly sid V ictor lingo ini:ke's
'Iili'wn ini Le isaerablues. A le'ss imem- 1V
yrablo Freinch moit -is lhe cry of Pilip, e
i'hent, tyina from the battle of Creocy,
Il amlnved before tho gates of the0 Castle
>f Braye,~ and exclahime1d, "Ouvrez, on- Ii
1'ez, c'estfortIune de la Fr'ancec /" (O pen,
pen to the fortunes of Franc.) Turn
itg to Froissart, the originarl author of "
~he an1cdote, we fidi-whlat? InIstead d
f the fine hsentimentl, hast qtuoted, by a
v'hiich the King embodies ill im~self thte
itriicke(n fortunes of hits coiutry-onily
1h0 tamno exchiunatilon, "Ouvrez, oureaczi;.
,(est hlO'frtuneC Rhoi dC France," (O pen, a
o~pen; 'tis the un IfortunatLa King of'.
Liralnce.) Wilt any one, who knows the
nitenity of a Krenichmn's love fort
'oll'cts," bo surprised to hoar that. Cha-I
eaubrianad, hlaving mnisrehted thisstr 511)'
n his j listory of' France, re'fusetd, on e,
Join~g iniformied of his error to correct it? il
)r is it, strange that, with the same ni'- h
>1e scorn for strict, accuracy and11 exchti s
iiveo regard for Artistic ('fl'het, YTohair,
n being asked whelro lie found a certr in C
starthing fact, replied, "It, is a lrolic of e
ny) imtagmnation I" h
For three cetulries histor'ians hav.o a
lelighted to replent the heroic senltimienit o
axpressed by Franlcls I , while wiriting n
o his mother fromi the batik, field of
Pallvia : "All is lest but hlonor'-' But o
mw runs the0 real le'tter w~hiich t he
King wrote otn the occasioni, and1 which
ins been presorvcd ? Instead of the 84
nithy epigramnie cotfmmunicationh, as terse Lu
is a telegram, whichl Flranicis is said to- at
iiyeV dlitched tromt the battletield, and1 b
whiebi so electrifles the ronder AS the c;
grand out1 burst of a spirit in sudden 111- t1
Versity, it turns ont tiat a Freneht'mounia
troihvwroto inf prison, by permissioni, A s1
ong letter, it which, after doscribting o
hio battle, tie says prosaically : "With ni
regard to the remnaining deotails of miy) b~
'nsfortuno, honor aind hf." which is safe, '
Ire all that is left mie." &c., &o. Ihardly a
ess dilutd in the original i's the senlton 01
ions dispatch IHenryv IV. is said to have S
w'ritten to ono of his noblea after tho ..
>attle of Argnuos, "Ilaig thyself bravo ti
'Yrilhion; we havo fought, and thou wert r<
tot thorol"' When we hlaVo learned, oe
oo, that "llang thyself" was a hack
aoyod expression oi I~einry's, repetedo
mn tihe mfost trivial occasions, the mol c1
'tk. it tha vacriost comnn')aoe " it
Science and Philosophy.
Coperious appeared in1 1473, and
ave publicity to his astronomical con
usions in 1 543-. Luther was born in
48.3, and published his letters in 1527.
epler lived between 1571 and 1630.
ralileo from 1564 to 1642 ; and the la
Als' great work appeared in 1020-21
'lin we find co-existing in about one
itury, the great leaders in thu mighty
ro-fold movoinent of Modern nwad.
In physioigy, the t'o greatest dis.
eries ever made, were by 'inglish
hIilosophers. Harvev detected the cir
tIlation of the blood, and S~r Charles
MVi distinignished between the nerves
fisensation, nid those of motion. Sv
e'naliml laid the fouinidation of medic'al
:ice', and John liniter, tit. of com
iirative ainatomy ; while Jenner invoked
io wonderflul secret of vacciiintion.
In chemisirv, also, the English have
-d. Dr - Black of Ed inburg, discovered
arbtonii acid gar, aid first announced
i0 doctrine of latent. heat. Dalton first
xliiii( the wonderfully adjusted law
f chemical eqiivalents.
Priestly discovered oxygen gas ; Watts
nd Cavendish ascertained the composi.
oin of water ; Davy founded agricultn
11 Cheiiltry and inveiled the saife.ty
inmp; nn-I Newton discovered the law
r gravitittiol and the analysis of
In America, we see men equally nc.
Dssful inl the st.idv of the fphysical sci
nens. .F4rainklin discovered the identi.
y of elect ricity ind lightliting. 4ul11on
pplied steaim to iti'lionI. Manry
as fenced the ligihway ofthe seal and
.iitten linger boards itpan '.he t1mos.
hero. Morse luis banrnessad the fiery
ird of heaven and mado the lighitning
uir post boy.
VI Tu ne 1s NO RAIN IN PHnu.
n1 Pern, South America, rain is un
nown. 'T'le coast of Pern is withini tho
1-gion ot perpetial South ast tra'de
imls, and though ilhe Pernvian shores
re oil the very verge of the South Sea
oiler, yet it never rans there. The a
0119on1 is plainl. 'T'hie south east trade
.'inds in tihe Atlantic ocaan first attike
lie water on tho coast of Africa. Tinv.
ling north west, they bl->w obliquely
cross the ocean until they reach the
oast of Brazil. By this time they are
ienvily laden with vapor, which they
ontiline to hear along as they go, aid
ipplying witlh it, the sources of the Rio
e ]a Pita iand the sonthern tributaries
f the Amaizon. Finally they reach the
now capped A ndes, and here is wrnng
rom them thi last particle of moisture
hiat a very low temperathire caii extract.
teachmng the snmmit of that range,
icy now ttimblo down as cool and (Iry
ins onl thle Pacific slones bevnpid.
e en witI no eV:aporatmg su race,
Id no temperature colder than thint to
hich t.hey were subject oin tlie Imonl.
ii lops, they reach the ocean beforo
hey becoino charged with fresh vapor,
ad lifore. tlierefore, iwv have a1n1y
Illicit lio .Ierivian climalte can ex tract.
'hIs we see hov I lie A nide, become the
oservoir from which are suipplied tho
Oiers of Chih and Pern.
How A MAx Frxm.I ro D1-A0 I--M.
onchejt lately road ill Interesting paper Oil
i ubject before the French Academy of
ciLence. The author's inference3 are as
1. Thnit the first phenomeion produced
y Cold is a 00111rae.hn of capillary veuseli
> ilucht anf extenit that a globuile 'f blood
mnnol enter'; these vessels, therefore, ro
iin completely empty.
2. The!i titoond pli~henomenon is tan altern
on or thle blood globtnles, which amiounts o
eir' coml ete0 d isorgailzationl.
3. Every animal conaiplotely frozen is lb
11 utesly dead, and no power can reanimate
'I. When only a part is frozen, that part.
destroyed by gangrene.
5. Itf the pairt frozeni is not extensivo, anid
nily few idisorguized blood gloubles pass
ito ciroulation, the animal may recover.
63. Ihnt if, on the contrary, the frozen
rart is of considerabloe enet, then tihe mass
f altered globules bronghtu nt ie siren
itlin when the part is thawed, rapidly
ills the animal.
7. For this reasoni a half frozen anlimal
ves a long time itf miaintaineid in this condi
Oil, since the alteci-ed globulds do not get
110 the cirdulationa but it expires rapidly
s sot n as the frezen part is thawed.
8. lIn all cases or onagelation, death is
no to the alteration of tile blo'id globulos,
nd nlot to any effect of the nervous system.
9. It results from thoeo facts that the
i'e rapidly the froen part is tliaiwed, the
lore rslowy altered globuiles find their way
ito the~ circulation, and the groator the
bances of the recovery of tile anuinal.
F"ou N 11 Drun.-On Thniraday e venuing
lie dead bjody of a imn was discovered
irmg in thme water at the uipper part of'
'iher's Pond, about two miles b~elow
iir city, by Johni Glizo wvho was huant
mg in the vicinity. rThe body 0on being
rought to tis city wvas identifled by
*veral of' our citizens as beitng that of
r.'Rank y, a dentist, who passed through
ulttmbia about six weeks ago. Do.
ased was ablouit. 5 feet 8 itnchies in
ei ghit,.shlitly grey.Ihair anid whiskers,
id was betw een forty -an td fifty Ifears
age.. Thme cause of his death 'is a
An irtemst will be held to'day.-- ear
BecKwnrA T CA1(E.-As this is thmo
ansotn for lbukwheat cakes, a little at
nt ion to wvhat ljall's .JTurnal of HJedthii
mys as to this preparation may be of'
mnt to thlose of' onr readers who can
ijoy the Ituxury. Thtat journal says
nt buck wheat cakes, properly baked
o very healhy aid nlut i tons. They
tonid be put on t~he soapstone griddle
rer a good fire, asnd turned once only
id the sooner they are enton after'
iking the bettor and heahieor they are,
/hen turned over more than) once, like
hleat. cakes, t~he are spoiled, rind instead
becoming the most indigestible.
amo hiouspwifea, not knowintg tlins fact
-which is really a chemical one--poil
is favorite food. Boapstone gnidioes
quire no grease, and noter burn the
Switmorland is tio only foreign pow.
that does not reciprocate int acored
ing to Washingtnn a Mii~sato
P'ouv 0r -ri ir 2etco~un's Itr MT. -AL aJumry
of Imyte. t summonedlo inquire into the cause
antid circutmstane.' of the burning of the
jail, tihe following verdict was reundored
after four days' Investigation:
:-That the twenty-.wo colored persons con.
fined iti the jail of Kingstree camte to their
dea bs by the buuinig of the said jail,
wihereit Iney iero all consumed, except the
Portions (if throo bodies inspected by th
jtry. They further r6und that the fire orl.
ginated between the ceiling overicad of th
second floor andil the floor of the tilrdatory;
that it was communicated by some of the
pisoners coni nned in thejail, but whet her
communicated by accident or design the
jury are unable to agree upon any conclu
sion. I hey also stated that had the jai or
been inl his proper placo at, the jail, and
witi the keys inl his lpotessionl, whien the
jail wa4 flist discovered, to be on fire, and
when iie alirm had first been given, the
ltee womnen, nid perihpsitore of' lhe pi1.
onters, couhl have been sived, anil that for
thi neglect aunlt derelietioui of duty the
Sherill'and Jailor are consurable.
In witness whereof 1, T B Logan, )ibtric,
Judge ofsnid District, nting as Coronert,
aid the Jurors afo5resaid to tis85 i)(i sit IOn1,
have int erclmeiabiily put our hands and
seals, thir eleventh day of January A. D.
T 11 Loa.%,
Distdrict Jndge and Acting Coroner.
Edw J l'orter, t'oreman ;W M Khe ,
I Nelson, Wim F Ervin, D M uike, J C Mc.
Cants, E It Iesrsno, Jos G Kirkit md, J M
Staggers, M J liirsch, M Schwartz, Jas M
Nel-on, 8 1' Deft ,kin.
Mi mT.uY AiT.--Lieut. Ross, com
anling the garrisin, at this place, acting
under instructions-i from Gen. Scott, of the
FreedIm ei's bureai, arrested Sheriff Mat
thews, James 1' Barrineau and J 8 Beck on
yesterday, and sent them to Charloston this
morning. This arrest was made in conso
quetce of their being in charge of the jail
whihli was recently destroyed by fire at this
These ofiicers were arrested while in dis.
ehtrge of their tiuty on the Distrit Court.
--h illytee Star.
Conox t 's Iit 1 i:sr--Tux horI FolUN IN
Fismut's l'osi.--Coroner Walker having
receivel in foaiizrition withi refcernoe to loiie
findiig of a boly inl Fisher's Mill Poid, on
Thursday h1it, lie imlediately proceeded
to in vesligate 11lie muau ter', and, it isblielieved,
has been micce:ssfrul in cleariig up the lys
I ery. It ailpea rs t hat tlie iilknrnnt uie man
was Dr. J. hnsky, a dentist, who resided in
Co!umbin soveral years ago, but moro re
cri1y iln Fernanitdai lina, Florida. From th
evidtence ndduced before t he jury, it appears
that, the deceased had lecen labori ar tingder
mentail aierition for somi time, lie had
been bo:iding at Nickersonm's hotel a few
lays, bIt. was missd from Ihereo about tiho
'th of Icaier, tithbough lie lias beena
seeni by differt poraonts is lato Is Monday
last-at t hit time in tho vicinity of the
polanad where Ilhe body was founid-il of
whom testify Ihat lie acted very atrangely.
No an-ky of violcoo could be found -i
thorough examilatiion having been made 0V
Drs. Templeton and Roynolds. The jitry
retutrned a verdict, that the deceased onme
to his deatil from some catso uiknowii to
ftem. The body was taken in charge by
ite Mnttons and tlie religious- denomination
with 'Which the unfortunate man had been
conlnect ed. -hanmx.
The riml of tio negro hforace Greely for
the murder of Il. 8. iliit. Esq., last July,
began Friday last., in Charleston. It is toia
first capital case tried here tutder tlie new
criminal cole. The Court assigned U. S.
8enat or Ctimpbell and ot-lier etinent. coun
Hel to defend the py;soienr Tile evidence
for the prosctition is chiefly by negroes,
and conclusiv of' the prisiner's guilt. Thp
tri1l exciteal much interest, the court room
being denmsely crowied. florace was con
victed of mut1rado', mbut, his alleged accom
plicO was aicqulitted. Under thle provisions .
of the lew code, lhe prisoner made a statio
mnlt on the witness stand.-Carleston
FA-r.u. Arnat.---We learn by passengers
on the Qreenuville Road that a diflicult.y
')cca red near Chappell'n Depot, on Friday
last, bet ween 8tanmnoro Chappell amnd a mian
namied Payne, which resulted in the dleath
of thme formier anmd the severe woundin of
ihme lat ter. A fmeedmani was aso kille ins
the ilrtay. We hmave hot learnmed the full
liarticulars, andl therefore refrain from fur
A&ccording to ai OCnsus just comnpiet..
ad, the popula tion of' Paris and its
suburbs is 2,150,910. At the last
census taken ini 1861 the population
was 1,051,60, an ir~crease in five
years.of 197,'25G, or about ten and
one-tenth per cent. 'During the flyo
years prcocdiJg 1801 the inoeronso was
thirtoon per cent.
Mr's. Saiturn, one of' the ladies-in
waitimg upon the sun1is said to have
bteen theofirst lady that woreo hoops. '
.High authotrity for the fashion, that;
and the way men have been gazing at
her' for so many years shlows that thtey
Osxv,1uau -The New Orleans (Vreseent
says that several of the Vieksburg men
chanits mnade up a purse of onue hundred
dollars for the men of . the Twenty-fonryth
United States Infantry, as a testimonial of
gratitude f'or'thle great service rendereod by
that command at, time late disastroums fire
F'he gallant Twonty-fourtht immediate~'
turne the amiount, ovi to thoe Mayor for the
relief of the suil'erers.
The reerutitinag which Is to take place i
Russia from the 87th of JIanuar'y to thme 27tht
of Fobrutary, at time rate of four conscrIpts
per 1000 inhabitants, andl fire per 1000 In
oertnIn disariots, wil'I produe. 850,000 mers.
Tho usoman army nt i pesont. nunmbers 80)0,.
000 mna uinder arms; add to whicht 85(0,000
prodnced by the new levy, and the round
numbers Is 1,050,000.
It was so cold in Louisvillo tho
other dlay that an1 Irish woman, wvashm
mng at a wash tub, hamd the garnits
frozon in her hiands, and thiroo linos or
RIory O'iMloro" str'oehing from her
mouth frozo as she sung them. We
(d0 not vouch for this, but P'rentien
Gheneral Thuther has commenced a
libel suilt against "Brick Pomey" of
theo La (Jrosso D~emocrat, Wisconsin.
lie claims one hundred thousand dol
It is roported that Genoeral Sher
man Is about to lead to the altar one
of Lou isiana's fiirest daughters.
In Berlin, Prussia, horse meat, has
Pounid so much favor that the numbor
>f horsess slaughtered in a year has al
endy reached two thiousatnd six hun
Ired, ano is conistantly increasIng,
A Chicago paper intitmates taat Son
stor Trumbull has been doing a thfring
tUSintess och burrowed brai.
Things Wise and Otherwise,
"Can you toll tme what this is, sir V
said a man to a chemist, exliifitiing a
box full of specimens. "Certainly ;
that is fron pyrites."' "And what is
that P 'J)ross.' And what is it
wortI.' 'Nothing.' 'Thuiider I A
woninui in our towni owns a hill full of
that, and .1vc married ?.cr /'
Sambo vas hacking away at a tough
oak, when light ning struck a tree
nicar him, und shivered it. 'Bress do
Lord ' said lie, '1 jes like to see umt
try dis ono ; I reckon dey find dare
Ait old lady, who had insisted on
her mnini.iter's praying for raii, had
her cabbage cut up by a hail storm,
ad, on viewing the wreek, romarked
that she 'never knew him undertake
anything without over doing the
11 you would find a great many
faults, be on the look out. If you
would find them in still greater abutn
dance, be on the look in.
Two Eniir.ders were enught out in
a gale, wheii ono kneeled down and
began praying, 'Be nisy, Mike,' said
the other, as he ranl his oar down ; '1
can tetch bottom. Be aisy ; what's (ho
use of prayin' when we can toch bot
In trying political times, a squint
eyed courtier asked Tallyrand how
things were going. 'As you see, sir,
said tle astuto diploiatist.
One horso power raises 33,000
pounds one foot, per minute.
'Pat,' said Judge Snilffto his neigh
bor il a sleepiigng Car, 'you wonlid have
remained a long time in the old coun
try before you could have slept with a
judge.' 'Yes, yer honor ; and ye
would have been a long timne in tlie
old couithry before ye'd been a
An English paper adverfises 'A
piall) for sale by a lady about to cross
tle chianiel in an oak case with carved
'I wnt to buy a sewing-iiaeaine,'
said an old lady, entering a shop.
'Do you wish a machinie with a fel
ler P inquired the clerk 'Sakes, no;
don't want any yer fellers about me.'
Ani old sailor objected to the pro
pobed invention of an India.-rbber
ship, becanse it would rub out all tle
lines of latitude and longitude, to say
nothing of the equator.
Mr. and Mrs. Brower, of Ky., have
twenty-two children. This is tle
most extensive browory in the West.
A yankee vitness in court described
a hiog as having no particular car
marks, except a very short tail.
The following might be -called the
Forty milkimen were arrested in
New York one morning this week
while patronizing the same hydrant
to "attenuate their lacteal Limrchai
HOn-TiCU.TRaL. wiNTS FO Evruny
nOrY AN) AI.wAvs.-ult ivato ae
Juaintances, if desirable ; if not cut
Never aowv the seeds of Dissensi'n.
Weedl your Liblrary.
Get as much Heart's ease as you
Attend to the Wall flowers and
trimi Coxcomb is.
Fmunla te the Cacumbor-b3 cool.
Avoid Flowers of Speech.
'Tao the advice of the Sage,or you
miay Rue thie conseqfeuces.
By (lie disobedience of a lad in 1809,
a garden gate in Rhode Island was
left open, a pig got in and destroyed a
few lanuits, a gnarrel between the
owners of the pig and the gardeni
grew out of it., which spread anmon g
their friends, defeated the Federal
caindidato for the Legislature and
gave thie State a Democratic Seniator,
by wvhose vote the war of 18)2 with
treat Britain was deolaredl.
Art emus Ward, (Chiarles F. Brown,)
no0w delivering his quaint and polmlar
Lect ures in London, was formioily a
Jour Printer, and some ten years ago
entered London, Ohio, in search. of work
a stroPpcd individual.
Now lis "n ears the belt" as chamrpion
Tux 1(INoS'rnKE JAY,, AFFA n.,--The
Courier learns from a private letter,
dated Kimgstree, S. 0., Jnnuary 12,
that thi' jury of inquest em panne led in
the above case, alter hearmng the mass
of1 testimony elicited in thme investiga.
lion, rendered a verdict censuring thie
ilheriff for dereliction of duty in not hav
mg the koys at the jail, an'd that, in their
o'pimon, had] the keys been on hand at
first, somne of the inmatee might have
Losr.--Rotwoon sunrise and sunset,
two golden hours, each set with sixty
brillianit iniutes. The advertiser
lever exp~oets to recover the a bove
nontion articles ; but introduces this
is a warnimg to others, that they
veigh well the value of time; and note
ts rapid flight.
Gener~al Sterling Price has been
>resented by a few citizens of Now
brleans with a large tract of valualel
rexas lands. He reached theo city on
lhe 1st from Mexico, and is on lisa
ray to St. Louis. It is said that lie
'as notified by General Sheridan that
lie Government would llo informed of
IIA.PiNfls.--Our life, it is true, has
ts bright and dlark hours, yet none are
rholly obscmured ;for when the sun of
appiness Is sot, tIle refleeted moon
gut of hlope and mnemory is sltil