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P'(TO following beatillol pocm lits made
.1s1 icai lmrirnianle ii t -:wspapurs. TheA RVa.
wh~ '. /n7/.q ys: -Th(''ose who have
h ! i -ichain elisionk r.ecited by the
eh-brued tiaf lian,'.Mr. Porrest, vill nev
ihi' et eitier the p athos with which lie
I ilers if, or his sitiple, ifeotI ng ititrodu
Iion to it. lIr. ton'vest tIhin j tie writer
wa.3 tho.brotler of" thu poet tSouhey g"]
TIEi IDIOT BOY.
I hA ))lea3al GoI to t'orm poor Ned
A iir.g ot'idiol muind,
el to tite ior tnre:asn'g boy
16 1o i r i ntwl been kiini.
Oh, Farah l1oveil her hel pleris child
Whoin h lplssness iaile lent,
Ari !& we evrt -y 1. hinm
Who knjew no hope tor feari.
'he ktnew his wnnmts. she tuderslootl
i.el 11111 artie'hoe :all;
l-'r Itw wits every thi ig to her,
And01 bile t' hkim was all.
A til so fil ity a yenr they lived,
Nor linew a whisli beside,
llf. ngu lit Ilnyth ()n Sarnh camet
Aad she Itel sik nil died.
he tried ii vaiti to 'waken her,
lie cal led her o'er mit o'er;
Thle,y toilil in Slo was dead-tho words
To ii no i n 1t1 im I bore.
Teiciy closcl her eyes aid shrouded her,
w-ihi li e smoodl won-'ring by,
A d n huti i hey bore her to ihe grave,
liN f'llowd silently.
The.y anl her in the ntarrw house,
A wl sung ihe fntteral stave,
Anl when ihe m inonrtful train dispersed,
II.u luitereil by tile grave.
The rablt; e boys that uel 1ojeer
When-' ihey ,,: p )oor 1 N et1,
iNoIV :,I )(ill atil wam ei'd htim1 at. the gravc,
.Ali ne0 a word was said.
'Thev cro.c .n1d weti and c1me again,
A iii niglt tit last dtew on:
I i l he lintge.eql at the placo
'Till eVery onU htadl gonle.
Ani- wheni lie i'ounl inIelf alone
Ile A.t,1h retovei time clay,
Awl .lised the Cesain inl his aral
At I bore it swi-t ai way.
'traitglt I went he' In I hi1 tmoter'3 co,
A mid laid it on 'ie floor:
Anst wfiI h nt engerness of joy
lie btire't (!he cottage door.
.\t oice lie pintecl lik mother's corpso
plighti wittini her ehair.
.\inl theiti h alped the le.alt and blew
'Thu 16in3ilng lire with CAI-ea
e ow wasu inl tite vonidclehair,
1: was Itr woti'd place,
Aindi brighim mlhe fire blai zea mnd flaflied,
liellected l'ront hot' faee.
Tli, ber.kiig down ho'd feel her hands,
A ona letr a lu iol ;
Why. I iothber, do you look so pnlo-.
Aal why arc You so cold ?
At I whn neighbors (in next morn
it l f'orced Ih-- cotiage door,
01-1 Saral's corpse was in the chair,
Ani-I Ned's was ot lito floor.
It, ha-1 pleased (io.1 froni this poor boy,
Ii is only 't'ieil to call;
Yet. (loll wa tit utikintl to -im,
Fur ilemub ro.,Itlred him fill!
TAhe Wrave Pilot lRoussard.
A ROMANCEs OF REAL LIFE.
Oil tho'lst of Auigmst, 1778, says Bar
im Grim, from w'hom the story is trans
lated, at nile in tie eveninag, a ship for
Sechell, carryinig a crew of eight
mad t wo psegrapproached thle
Loa l I tle pioar lit Dieppe. h'le
wind w.as so impeu tis (hat a coasting
-pilot eideavored in v.it four times to
:get otat, mand (direct its Citrani.e0 into.
ilhe p}grt. I oJlI5sard, antothert pilot,
perci'ivmitg thiat the~ pilot of' the ship
imndo a false innu uverCt, wh'ich plaiced
it itn greatt dlanger', enldeavor'ed to
guidIo it, by me i~its of at .speaking trunm
p1i and by sginals ; but, time dtarkness
it' thme nighat, thme roa ring of the winds,
1thenise ofi thtt waivee, amnd 'the great
a7gitIaton (t' the son, prevented the
itaptiit heaing 01 or eing anything,
:0I tntaII vesel uintiiimg upon ia r'ock,
was~ wrethced about thmirty fathoms
bmet\ thle pieri.
.Eouss~at'd, hieaii'ing the cries of the
midiotunattte crew, who wereC itt thte ut
Imo':t d anget' of' peiabling, itn spite of
all1it the represetalttis miade to himt of
the i mapossibhility yf giv'ing them as
Ois~ti.ce, re.xlved to tmake ant effort to
mtave them0, and( ordtered his wife and
thild~iren, whio endlnav'ored to provett
im~, to be carrmied atway. Uie tied
oneo end( of' the r'opet fast to the pier,
and1( girding thie other' r'ountd his waist,
threw htimaslf into the midst of the
furtiious waves, to carry the rope to thec
icssol, by mttns of' which thme people
iamt be towedl cnt shore, lie apj
prtoachted thef shipt, but was thrown
hicnk naini to the shore b~y thte mnighty
f'oro~ ot tihe water'. Manty times wits
he tus reputlsed, ana r'olied with v'io
lenIce ationg thet shiore, while lie was
:mttiroundeld withm bro'iken relies of the
simip, whichI was goitng to picees very
fast. II i ardin., was not dannitnished
- at wave carr'ied-him under the wtreck,
anid he was~ colnt'ded to he lost, when
hesoon. appealred, bearing ini his armis
at sailor1 who had been, throttn .fjdm
tihe sliip Ithe bronght -hiin ott shoire
tmotiinlessi, and almost lifeless. At
length, alter at grecat itnbor of train
at i tempta, he~ succeedc'd in conveyln
the r'moe to tim bo'vssol, and those of
the creaw whlo 1had st rength enough re
-a~mag, tying it ariound themi, they
were d.trged on1 sihaore. ]oussar'd
I bent tbought he haid -saved every soul
Ex~'hausted with fatiguto, bruised (I
and battered with the bilows ho re
ceived, ho reached his home with
d!iihculty, and theti fell dlown in a
twoont. I10 wits jutst briought to him
e lf, hzLav ing d iscahtarg~e 1 a vaest qjuaniti
cyoa waer, andt was recovering
hi~spirits, whmen he~ was told that a
groa ing was still heard on board the
Thme mloinaent holJented this, he
steemed itnspii'od with neW- strength,
an.Joa)kitg away fromn- those wvho
wtAbotuthitm, ran to -the shoto, 6~i
0:tabourdjan d was fortutet (1oe~ to '
savvine 'of tihe pssegs; gig pg~
. wofkhAs, had ti been hlabnld'o, aivkij A
Li'chlf of the assistanqc givau to li.I
3oinpaulons. Of ten men who had
beeln in the ship, only two perished ;
tud their bodies wore found the next
lay. Oi this occasion, the following
letter was written by Mr. Neckor to
Boussard, agreeably to the order of
"Brave man I I did not know, till
yesterday by means of the Intendant,
the courageous notion you performed
an the 31st of August. I gave an ac
count of it to the King, yho has or
dered me to express his high satisfac
tion, and to announce to you, on his
part, that he makes you a present of a
thousand livres. I write with orders
to this effect to tho' Intendant. Con
tinue to succor others when you can,
and put up prayers for your good
King, who lovos bravo men an do
lights to reward thetm."
The courageous pilot received this
letter, and the reward which accon
panied it, with the utmost gratitude,
only expressing surprise, that his ac
tion of tle 31st of August, should have
made so much noise, since he had
shown the sane zeal on many other
occasions, without ever thinking of
any reward, or receiving any.
After paying his debts; and buying
nw clothes for lis wife and children,
-a thing which he had rarely been
able to do befor,-ho asked porinis
sion of the Intendant to go to Paris,
and thank M. Necker, and see, if pos
sible, the young King "who loved
brave men, and delighted to rewa' d
them." 11o went to Paris in the
sailor's dress which he had formerly
bought for his wedding. Some one
having asked him what could have in
spired him with an intrepidity so rare,
he answered in these remarkable
"numanity, and the death of my
father. Hie was drowned ; I was not
in the way to save him, and I swore
fromt that momtent to devote myself to
the resono of all whom I might behold
in danger at sea."
Was ever a more pure, a more
sublime homage offered to filial piety?
How RAIr. ROAnS AtnK MANAoND iN
Russa.-A correspondent of the L on.
doi Tims, writing froim Moscow, says:
The distancea travelers have to perfo.-m
in this country are so immense, and the
weather frequtily so severe, that the
idea of gi ving a sort ofdonictic arrange
ment to the cars naturally occurred to a
people laboring mnider such disadvantc
gCes. Russian railway carriages are lit.
tOe houses on wheels. In the first, and
partly in the second class, their inlerior
may be described as a saloon, with nil
the necessaries, and some of the elegan.
ces of such an apartment. IL is furnished
withi looking. glasses, healed with por.
calain stoves, an1 lit by lamps and can
dies. Along the sides soh divans are
Rangod; the middle is occupied by a
maihoganv table, and double windows,
with red curtains, exclude int only the
rude touch of the Russian air, but also
the aspect of the wintry sky. The con
pany sits or lounges about chatting,
reading or playmig cards, ciess-or domi
noes. The day passes pleasantly enough1,
and as night comes the passengers betaike
themselves to rest almost as cornfortablv
as at home. By a siniplo process th'e
divans are made into beds, and supplied
with pillows by the officious guards. In
the first class the carriag-s are also pro
vided with secora stories, so to say,
reached by an elegant staircaae, and fit
ted with complete beds. In the second
ii there are too many ,pasengers to be
accomnodated in the divans, part of themi
arc lodged in berths, which take tihe
p lace of the rack provided in E~ngland
for hats and caps. At length every one
is snugly enscoinsed, the ordinary good
wvishies are e-xchianged, and it is nught ii
the car. rTe guard and the driver only
During the twenty hours a passenger
is whirled along between St. Petersburg
and Moscow tihe train stops twenty times
at least. Theia stations are elegant build
ings, painted red, with broad white (a.
cings around the the windows and along
the eaves. Without, the very picturo
of cleanliness, they are well stocked re
eepteles of the good thing of this worldl
within. The passenger onters a large
vaulted hail, scrupulously white washed
and paved weith flags. On long tables
ci sumptuouis repast awaits him, every
plate ever a lighted lamp to mantain the
warmth egnally necessary in this country
ror tasteo andi whlolsomneness. The wines
mud beers of every clime are represented
in umerous bottles, alternating on tihe
ieatly covered tables with steaming
lates. The hall is in the bare-, cold
style so often met with in this country
whmen pomp is not intended ; buzt time
riands Are good, the waiters ready and
heir wvhite gloves unexceptionable.I
ieed not say that the whole affair is dear
3tmch luxuries as these are still tegarkd
nmd paid for as exotio in this li tritndo.
LPhe station is an oasis. Rounid about
he aborignal race of thme country live ini
vooden cottages, including the wvhale
emily aind their quadrupeds, too, in a
A Washington dispatch says the
sommnittoo to investigate the burning
f the New Ironsalesa at League Island,
aavo ascertained that the grossest
srelessness prevailed on the.vse
hat an offier was seldom seen on her,
imd, that the watchman In ebarge was
>usily engaged in mending slmoes and
ilothos for the officers. Some of the
estinony goes to show thiat it was te
work of an incentdlary, but the bettor
mphression seems to be that it was thme
esult of negligence, for which the
flecors are responsible.
During thme recent session of thec
iqnl Rights Conygstigs, at strong
ninded female enteresd a orowded street
aihroatd oar,. An Old gent rose to gives
m9r a seat, but af-ked, "So ye one of
'koul1glieve a womai smld $
ho ri.ghts of a man?" "Yes I do,.'
Then puiand up and enjoy them lk*.a
rtaii" ind she did4 stahid Im.
Horrible Discovery in Auburn.
That staid and respectable journal the
Auburn Adverther says t
A genttloman from the West was re
cently anirried in this city, and retired to
rest in th bridud chamber of the Blano
que Hotel in company with his blooming
bride, whoso 'rosy cheels, surpassing tihp
rich gloom of Pomnia's choices ; briliiant
eyes viving in sparkle with the diamondi
lustre ; Ip, of cherry plumpnes and col
or; trim built limbs eclipsing the statu.
esque proportions of sculptured marble;
flowing tresses of more than Hyperiun
luxuriance; m shortwhoso every grace
combined with full chested hialftinlbess
and fascinating appearance, had wqn
hini rapidly at the provious evening's
ball, to the subsequent, calling in of a
clergymian, and the investment of' A $10
dollar greenback in matriony. An
alarm of fire within the hotel aroused I lie
sleeping bridegroom in the saill hours
of the morning, and without disturbing
his lair partner, he bounced ont to tibe
hall aid found the alarm to be a false one.
Rtuturning to his chamber 6to turned on
the gals, when-horrible to relato-ho dis
covered, as he supposed, the mortifying
fact that ho had mistaken the room. 'rot)
much bewildered to collect his disturbed
faculties, his eyes too in a display ofhor
rors strewn about th apartment, in
chairs, on tables and the floor, and sois
pandeod to the bed posts, which caused
hin to suspect Io had ent.ered the den of
someo praictical anatomist, for upon the
bed, clearly defined by the light of the
gas, lay-the shape of an almost 13oshlss8
skeleton, with bare skull and only ons
dull, browless, lashless eye, toothless
mouth; wrinkled brow and sunken
cheek; shrunken limbs and consumptive
thorax About the premises lay frsg
monts of humanity, to all appearance
here an eye, freed from its socket, but
glassy and sparkling ; thero a grinning
row of snow-white teeth, detached from
the j:tws, but with the gums still adhr
ing ; two fragments of human limbs con.
taututing what appeared to be the floshy
part., or calf of the leg ; also what seem
ed to be a fenmale bust, or chest, still
i moving as in the act of respiration ;
while netar by were the innor portions
(apparehtly artificial) of the human'
cheeks; a saucer of rouge, seven bot les
of cosmewics, hair dyes. pearl powder, a
st-rv lace in six fragments, a box bearing
thbe label "patent fal.me calves." anou.her
I Oje.led "phumpers for the cheeks," still
another marked 'lieaverv." a set of
'-patent .eyebrows and lashes," were
grouped about, and added to the light
which was slowly brenking over the
bridegroom, who, upon finally appronch.
ing the bed, succeeded in tracing
amni! the bones antd parchniont, what
was left of his lately blomiing bride.
Crowding the whtol lot of bones and
traps into a satchel, lie rushed to a coro.
nor and do ivered ip the debris, not even
waiting to attend the inqtest. The next
tasiin West bore the horrified widower
to his home, where he is now living im
d er vows of eternal celibacy.
Pretty Sharp and Deoided.
We copy the following paragraph
from Friday's Constitutional Union,
published at Washington. The edi
tor of the Union, Col. Thomas Flor
ence, is known to be a very intimate
friend of the President, and, perhaps,
speaks "from the books."
THE DLooDY TREAsON OF THlE N(EWv
.The Now York iterald, of the 17Tth
mnstant, has two articles on the sub..
ject of the lmnpcehment of the Presi
dent, which for malignity and falsifi
cation of history have no parallel in
journalism. Whilo red handed trea
son held the pen, bitter unrelenting
enmity to the Constitution and our
form of Government fired the brain
which was bold arnd wicked enough to
say to the world that what it calls the
"idmenos of the President
"render him liable to impeachmont."~
The transpai-ent design of these ar.
tieles is to move the minds of weak
hnood Jacobin Republicans- up to
their work. Let them take tils ad
vice, pr'ooeed in their wicked designs;
and som~e morning, in other places
and mi a now condition, they will
realize the bitter consequeneea. In
d bed, as the IHral sitys, 'tho strug
gle is still going on." "Thegrz
U nion movement of the war wil ruh'
its coursd,1' but not as the Ibratid nfy
plies it--to utterly destroy the Goy
enent, but to savo it, and if necos
sary its strong and iron hand will be
invohod to slay tlpo course and pro..
vent thme consummathon of Radical
tronison. The great oath of the Presi
dent to protect and defend stho Con
stitution will not be forgotten, and
the people who sustain hhlnh with
their five hundred thottsand niajovitf
of the voting poptylat ion, North: and
South, wil I not forgot him. The
Ilcra/d Oares not for~ OoaubeifenceL
Nothing would plpase It qomuch as
to see ruin an)i Afarhyramnpant.
Let those who woiuld& tak sits aidvice
UrON WHOM st C dNOn7.ss OA LL.
Events hav. itlveady brought the
Goverinent to the very verge of an
other revolution. If the liaedical my~
jority in Congress pursues ltu troasodd
'aide course miuch longer, the Govern.'
ment, in order to atatoitl ltsel ll
have to Arm its iip ottrp, Atth
call oV the~ f'rosl~nt a ls opdI
North and South, and the: artny anu.
navy will respond.' In' snehb a, contosn
the Issue oaneot be dotlbtfttl."Ou
gressfnen na he 6 i3 hip L~ Qg
thie foli q9ngrtq J - yr agho
comoe (o lea tl* cohorts i nto .tho.
field it will be. ~other thin . The
real armies anI grat hol to o t.
Republio10 u to -~ wie
it don't. cos much to bo Lem.
TlANrIXa-SoUNxD A ovies.-A Mis.
mieippi planter gives the following ad.
There is danger that our own. mis.
guided policy may do us moro injury
than any meru political movement.
Sinco our cotton is heavily taxed,
ought wo not to raise that which is not
taxed ? As I have said before, the best
and wisest protection which we can
have against the high tariffi and himrh
taxes on our cotton, is to manufacAtnire
the cotton which we raise, anwl I miiglt
stdd, to produce 6o fool which we con.
If we escapo general conifiscation, t.hlien
there is dangeir timt tlh,- policv we have
beei pirguiig (mid [ fanr will cotlinm.
to purene) will produce general atarva
tion. I think it vary p're ha ble that M is
4ii.ippi is III i worse condition to day,
so lair us the necessities of life are con
cerned, tinin hate was on tie daty of the
eutrenaer. It is all owing. [ tiink to
our attempt to raise too mneh cotton, inl
whiuh wo have failed sigaillly, Suaid
change of policy can only save s
raise our supplies and let cotton be the
surplus. It repafiira-s imch cont ititiois
labor daring the whole year, and is sub
ject to so man1y casualties, it is not safe
to rely on it. as th sole IeO1iA of provi.
ding outrsel Ye-s wit I the nemcss iries and
comforts of life
.The tax on cilton, an Alabama paper
says, is eqttivalent, to a rental of, an
average, about seven dollars and fifty
cents an acro upn all the land * ilanti-d
im cot on.
If this should have the ern'ct of dlivert.
ing the atteniton of plaiters from cution
to the production of corn and ment , the
South may yet le belefitted, at thie ex
pense of New Enigland mannaunfturers
an'd North western fartmers.
.it would be weil if ie free-cnen cmld
see thi I heir radical frienls (?) are tax
ing their labor rather heavily.
NI:Tw MoDF. oF Nf.tINo TrniN':'riNF:.
-We wereshown, yesterd.iv, by Dr.
J. M. Hines,t 8peciminii ofth(i'spirits
turpentine and aietic avid, mannalictur
ed by the Company of which lie is a
member, through the process pateited
in A pril,1860. Their machinery is it:
operat ion at Moi.ks Corner, S C.
The wh.ol operation coniist in ab
stracting fron the pine wood he tlnr
pEltinle anud act-Lie livid coit:inead in it
and the estimat is that one cord o( this
wood will yield fifty g.ilons of spirits of
turpeit ie, Lw-lve loulids ac-ic a(cidii aid
two harrels of pitch. Tho iigwdiens
are simply distilled from the fore... wood
The specimens we saw were crud.a
Olt-s, bitt w ro capable of be-ing refi
so as to be eqnal to the best in co
merce. We shonid thmk the b
according to aill cale-nlatiots, would
very luerative, and the discovery i, one
whose importanco will harlly he w, or
estimated, as it. mist result il clihenpen
ing an article of very, general coniinmp
tion the world over--DJ)nville li-yis
EX.14an CRIrIs ON LONantt,tMV.
The Pull Hall Gaizete aid tie Setur.
day Rivtiew are very tevere on L-mgfel
low's last volume. 'The Guzetle says -
"They are musical ; they aro morad
they have all an air of chastened and
elightly melancholly mediation ; they all
smnell of morocco leather; and thero' are
not five separate fiandiamntal ideas i;r
the whole batcha; they read pleasantly
alouad ; and besides that, there really is a
gentle stir of .hioumght ini them, anid have
i~o e-mo t iaonal effect which even dowtn
right nonsense prouces when tittered
from the pulpit in that tone. In saying
this we do not nean to deny that Lmg
fellowv has zmchi merit ; but we do men
that there-is a great deal nmore art thani
poetry in his producations, that, his art is
often little hotter tihan artifice, atnd that.
his pretty way of putttinig common place
ideas lasa imposed too much anal too bong
ripen the world. -* * - * * How- I
ever, the 'Bells of Liynn' will prove an. Ii
other of his suiccesses, no doubt, andl will
be set to nmusic, just as those trnly Ttip
of Life,' have been, to tho admiraionr o I
ten thonsand adrawing rooms; while the
very best of Longfellow's smal'er poems~,
'T~he Fire of Driftwood,' remainis coin
The &aturday Rleview, which is noth
ing if not Lever-ely critical, says:
"Among the ranks of imipassionecd
poets, Mr. Longfollow occupies a very
l ow place indeed, or rather lie lias no
place at all among them. Hie mutst be
classified with the largo band of pleas
ant versifiers who, without rising to
genune~ passion or the hIghost emotion
of any kind, are distinguished by a
good deal of tender feehng of ipfoirior
strength. Wey thiss in lisa syitinigs any
thing like a deep or swift current ; we
find. J10 str'ong and vohimnt sonsg of
the great'forces at work ii human na
tjuro as In the outer world. But there
is a certain oosciusness of the (10epnor
ljtsues of things. Not that Mr. Long-.
follow over egot. relly down aptong
thos dethabat etyfros smie honrd
of there being such depths, arid this,
peraps, redeems hint fronm mod iocrity
tdu1,"however, heis at bottomt emuphat
Ically coommion place.".
ONE JIUNDnF.D AND TrriVv-snx
YEARS Or.x.--'Almo Milly," a color- r
-e womian, formierly belonging to r
Captain J necs M." Harris, r-esiding
near lioekfish Glap, in Nelson county, i.
died at the residence of this gentleman
onl the 7th instant, 1in theo oso hundred?
*atd thrt!/,-stb' '1W of lur a-ge, " She C
vas born-ig 1731,in.theo beglinipg of*
.thogoign olf George It. Sho. was a
nprem norary. of. Pope, Sws'ft - and i
111l njroko-'thoughr probably -she o
uever Iieard of them.-- Qharlottesville t:
?'ronicle. :3 A CM *..
~IoEd'# bRddge in the -world;
nsh WPhames-from JBatterw . c
th u .ip~o s it - W
d ed r~TeE Ide, wih space ra
*pough o heglines of ran. . r
Fiftoon Thou-jand Workmon Idle.
Our readers will I e proparod, fromt the
itaistics whielh wo Jiaolreaidy given
hiem, to hear that accordaing to the esti.
nate of a Now York pa er, t hero are fifteen
housauid men in the Uited States out of
eady work, in soue, way or another,
onn cteod with siip building. This par
icular' nililustry was, at one time, in i most
lourishiig condlition in fihe Uitied States,
piviig (mploymant (o a largo number of
iraizans und iechainics, and addlig to Ilhe
at imonal'weallIth. Wly is it doprossed now T
imply because, by the operation of Ilho
tintiral lawx of protection. file builders
aro not, en:b04ld () gilI fhe mnaorials whihli
mter iilo Ili iutu43litre or ships at their
narket1 price. The cuttoms dtiy on iron
las beein raised so high for tle beinetit of I
1nall clitss oi ronnoerb ini liisylvania
hat Iliose wll) are e impelled! to use iron
inve in pay Aor it :t Imtieh greater price than
liy oould get. it fur eLsewshero. Aid so
VA l ot her art icles. Th iroi msters are
'protectedi " t h t [lie sh .-i ; .i !lers ilnd Ilie
hismsis of t,1innics daming uon ship.
I)hilthii i shouild sitarv. I -i t 'he railronds
11hobli he 1o bunelm'dii w b'gli priced
'ailt; anm-elichiniery tihat thiy miist charge
'Ilnilolns freights on 11he farmers' produic ,
rhis i.-! always tile way in which proteclion31,
is if1.4 called, works. A particielar kind of
nltiqlry appears to Ilourish, but at the cost
f sonio otier amini of inlusiy. Witi
toni aind iron at their verv doors there is
it renson wihy Ihia Penn y IlIvaniia iron men
ihiouhiil deniim fild plrlotectionl; or, in other0i.
V06d, shioiil.-1 ask to irob tile whliie comlhin
lly foi iheir binofii. They oi.,ht. With
h ndmintago in their favor o' Ailatic
rieghlt, imurlance, ianud other elnlirges, to be
bleo compele with foreign nations in tihe
nanuliffacitrc of iron. 11 e have no doubt
hey coul, for their l 'rfits now are enor
1nois, the wihole capil invested ofte being
unde in a itgle year. Tie result of )ro
cotling Ihe iron-iaslers isthe Cnhlan)ceillent,
if t le prices of iron, and Ot is einii hnternent.
orc otr eOpl0 to clirge high prices
'er'n ricus they tilako into which iron ei
ers: or failing to get this increased price,
he industry falls to (he ground. This is
dLways 1lhe wny in WIich * proteclion"
vorks. The United States Will never get
>n iho right comm1110erci. I irnch uintii they
h'op the protective systcini which now hianm
bora hlim country's progress so friglti fully.
WasniNaTON Ni:ws AND Goss r -U-Tit.
'5.N1ixo TIi Sr Ptana.CouRT. 1-The Supreme
'ourt is a lion in iaho wny of some of ilie
irogrissive lailicals., and they are trying
o itivent a net in whili to eninesl the 410an
erois aniimd. Yesterday a very brilli.,nt
iii'Pr)oosit 111n wIas mal0de in thI e lou1se by way
>f fel 1et i'g the comtr, viz : to r'citoire I lint
in Ilha a-Ijudient'n of any c'n iiiutinmil
juiesion, it. shall be nrgued before a full
mech 11n. noa de-cision lim) given un., thile
listicesa0re nanimous in their opiinion.
When CongrCss shiall CeusO to mke laws
)xe-pt by i nili-kiliinm voet 0. we te people,
will consider this I roposit ion respecting iho
L'ip. eie Court. In order to get a nnAi.
nous coult, it will be liccepsSiry to "run"
1, notw gU, Us i1h0 C0o1tant ry hlottewives ido
hoir conlles ill a mould, all aliko, exactly.
,hier'e's dittiiily in tile way, however: Ih
;ourt. itself will pronounce ti is reitoulding
if that body unconat it ilutional.--Kat. 1t,>.,
CiAOI.pRs sUMNF.'s APO.10Y.
"UNImFn S-rATs SENAn:, December 19,
186:>.--1 have no relecti i n iaks,. on1 ie
patriotism ur3 tihe truith of the President of
he United States. Never in pililic or in
private have, 1 mad1e fny such reflection, and
0 do not begin now."
The above was Mr. Sumner's apology
when called to ani accoint for declaring that
tie Prosident's messnye o of irit I n
nitling Genaeral (1-am's re'pml .,
Tiiam L.inouu n.im: --lat re. sf a let
or from Macon, lit , writte Ib n hI'3 .fn.
:husett.S gent leman to I lie l'ittolleldl Sun:
"-Thero is onec tiing at hlia South that hfs
m011)0 Undr illy notice [hat is h.i-riblo. A
11h431 of' metn, call'ed 'iegru br'oker's,' who
)liiiie a tramo~l wh'ichU is 1th0 slave trade ill a
>nd( foi'm, andi whlichi could be carrnied on
A thiout. tile comiplicity of' thie o~icor's of 11h0
?reedmani's 11u4-ou. Thley represent thiem
elves tuis being pilianters ini the west, of' Mis.
isyptu, Ar'kanisas, 0or801 0om oter region,
mid ofi'er negroes largo wnges to go withl
hem, and they, like tho hutnanO~ race0 gene.
ally. wishing to bolter theoir cimnditlin, bo
tome tile dupes of thle broker. The lattecr
ltes fifty or a hundred blacks, as the case
iiay be, puts them on the train, and ofteri
;ottinlg them well away from their hmes,
neots an accomplice, and, in form, sells out
o him, perhlaps for $10 a headi. The latter
ranspor'ts themn still fart iici and4 solls out to
inother,4' and when wvell bnok in the linteiorifl
40 drops thiemi wher'e they 00an obtain work.
L'hcy p.1 in thir clahn for waigos, accord
iig to tho agreemenm of thle fir.<t rascal, buit
to one knows anyilming aboutl that ; so they
uaivo to go 1(o work for whant lihey can get,
vhich Is loss, pei'haps, tiha ai bey wvere re'
ml ving whei'e Ithey were1, bi haingi no0
neans to got back, they aro obiloi to r'e.
nail) and malke the0 best of it. O~no ot these
>r'okers5 has been arlreel since I camel heoe
mid the cit izons are anxioits that he should
>e made an exanmple of,"
We borrow fronm an oxchange the follow.
rig concentrated "mllik in the~o:a-nut" of
recent, atl'alr In Memnphiis, ocoupying imoreC
olumons in theo paper o1' that city than yv o
iave leisure to wnde thntough:
*'One of the Beechmor famnily--Dr'. P'eyfon
). Ileecheor, of Memphs--hns gotton inlto a1
rery ugly preidioment. Io is not. only inl
Is ugly predicameilnt.--ho is also in Ijil.
imong the adventiurer's who camoe ion0th1
ntih the Federal armlies was Di'. Iteeher.
Jo stopped in Memphis The property of
.Eairly, a Confeder'ate surgeon, was sold
or' Unito4 Stales taxes, and Bieecher bought
"After thle war,. Dr, Early went bock to
okemphais. atnd attempted to recoyei' his pro
cr1y. offering to pay all ox pen -es. Fear
nig that he would succeed, Mr. IBeechler
letermninatedl to get. him out of the way,
'Nd lht'ed a fellow named Walker II. Hook.
or'd to nmurdeir him. iteokford, concluding
fler a while, thlt, 1)0 .could mnake mere
rioney out of Earily than out. of Beecoher,
madeo a full confession of the oonspiraoy
a the former, not, knowiing. that four or
Ivo of the most prominent citizens of Moem.
hIs wore list eninlg to his story. Bleecher and
Leckford 1vere arrest ed, thle grand jur'y
,unid truo bills against them, and they arc
ow ini jail. lecer hlas been one of the
oldest. of the MemphIs radicals since the
rar en~ded. and hence nobody is surprised
fi0nd him iii thIe ihanids of the law, with a
ur prospeot of going to the penitentiary."
A Washington cot'respondent, snys f ho lat e
coislon of thc Supremoo Court, om the Test.
'alth will iundocubltedly influence the aotioa
f .the Executive to same practical ox~tent.,
nd~ we may conontl(ty expect that, tile
Oth wi be rolioved f'rom the1 alfernative
1' having either the W emal olvi1 ofiees
lore filled byi tiner'ant,,Yankcees, or be de.
rived of mail and other facilities altogethw
A number 6firmitte's in Now York,
nigiosed entirely of' South Caroll.
inoMe relgearsin; the phriy ot
teiA.Primfh e ral of sa er;
atlatean~., - .Ii
CoDIPORTS OF AN EHDIToR.-If ho doos
not fill his papor with news of impor
tance, whether there is any or not, it. is
condemned for not being what it pur
ports to be-a newspaper.
If Io doon not fill' up ono column
every wveok with something laughaablo,
his rolio is pronounced uninteresting.
If a public nuisance should exist,
notice of it would offend ; and failuro
to notico would be censured.
If le does not publish all the mar
ringas and detatls for 20 miles around,
whether he hears of them or not, le is
not fit for ..an editor.
If every paper dtoes not contain I
goodly portion of suicides, horrid
murders, atnd melhancholy acecid ents, it
is a dull and unwelcomo visitor.
If tihe paper contains advertise
m1etxts, the general readers murmur -
if it does not, (he business men will
not give it tli r patronage.
If It write against loops, the wo
men tare dowl on lin ; if lhe don't
the men are.
If' he steers an impartial course, hto
is sn id to be oin the fence, if ie jumps
off he is besmeared.
If a dozen or so kind friends enll on
hita while Ite is correcting his proof
sheet, antad ani error esenpeis detection,
lae is the greatest blunderhead inl the
in n tapaar through one of the wildeat nnd
llost siartsely settaled rgations of Arkansas,
wait est a correspondont,' '1 nirived nat the
fertry oni Cache lIiver. A little log house
grocery tood on tile a.enr bank, abont fif
Ieen steps litrom where tet! ferry that Iy tiel
to n sling in it! edzte of the wait er. Several
hear skiiis thr skins, and coun skins were
nailed tup to try naiinsat file walls of the
grocery, buti lite door wits closed, anid Ito
bar keoer, ferrynan, -e other person was
it sight. I halulocal at the top ot' tmy voice
some liair dozen I itue:i, but ito one nn it1wer
ed. Seeing an atvertisentc on the door,
I proceeded to rend as follows
'of ely bodaly eims hear arier licelr or
to git akross the rivver, They kini jist IAo
This here llornie.nl a et' i dion't. enn, whei
lity wir betsey iU p to the hone heers t he
lotno abloinit' hilteel ea111 dowi antad sel the
linker, aor set et Akross the Itivver ime
gwine a tishin'. no credit when inie nwaiy
N. It. Them that earnt read will lev to go
too the hotase arter betsey, inint but half a
'it ohelienco to tihe 'nonlis,' I took lte
blowing hort, which it tink ai lite et.ck of
(ie dour, noiti1 gave it a toot or I wo, which
reverberalet far aroncl file enne ad
swaip. andlit n 'ew r noments wts aiser.
ed ty a voice searcely less lomi iind rever
beratiing than tha of tle horn. It seeme'l
to be abont a hiatl a tille up the river ; nitm
inl abunt. fifteen minuates a sialwart. feaiiile
made her appearanc and askeda if I w.aied
'No. ne'lam. I wnit to cross the river.'
'Don't you want soine licker fat -'
'No, ralan, I dton't ilik I never
totelt hligtor of any descritit.
'Nevet tech licker? Why you utmst be a
preacher then, ain't yoa '
'No, mninm, I am simply a temper-tance
inan. I wIsh IP get across I lie river, if you
please. DO yOU tow ath boat '
'Oh yes, I cani take you over inl less than
nio tite. Fetcha tme your blioss.'
I oleyed, asking r.s I led tlie horse into
'.d y''urt hus1vibliiil write hilat advertlise
itit on the do r there 7'
'No. Sir r ! Sholnias.or Jones writ that.
My olal mani uin'd it got nao rin!iti'
The old womain rowel tle bont tnt'ely
across lie ugly stireaim, anti, handing her
the forry fee iacle her good morning believ
hig t hon, as I still dho. ihat site wvas one of't.hoe
hiipiiest wontena atnd best wivecs I evri saw,
paerfetly aotentedl with hear lot, becanso
shte kneaw no batter.'
i:s.-Accordinig to the I lairt ford 77mes,
lhe inv aentor of' frictiont matttces was
A lonizo D~wightt Phtillips, who lived in
E~ast li1artford, anad wii a laborer in a
powitder minll. Itn 1831, frtoim mtixiatg
theb ingredients of gun, powder, lie first
conceived the of igtmtg a comnpoatnd by
f'rk'tion, and after tmatny e t rimnents sne
ceedted in doing it. A fler lea ving the
powder tmtu he workedl at sho0 miakitng
in Ilartf'ord,. and on a very limrited seale
tatl.etmpte'd to manuifatttre his mantches.
ife culdl not prodntct many, hotwever,
and applied to Dr. A bicl A. Colbcty, a
blackitng maufactutrer, for assistanice,
whto itided lhim in getting his mattches~t
uipont the market, 'iad soon after M r.
I 'htillipts, with atnother person, e'stalish.
ed a mtatchi factory at. Cabotevillea, Con
ntecticuat, anid made lartge quantities.
Phillipts sold towtn and county rights,
butt, nlth)oughl he ree'ived considerable
sumts of mnoney, heo expendled it as ftast,
as hie mtade it, rand thet Times. sayti, hte
was a poor nmnui whten lhe died. Ilts in
vt*ulaijon is now otne of' the most tagmjvg.
soal atnd indispensiable articles of' use.
A gentleman who recently put up at
a log tavern itn Wisconsin, wvas awak-.
one dby a young man who commeno
ed a serenade thtus:
"Oh Sally lieo
I've called you-twice,
Anid yet you lie and snore I
II pray you wake,
Anad see your Jrake,
And to1 to himt thte door - or
thte window, Idon' t care much wichl,
.It mnakes but little difference
To either yrou or I
Riging, little pig
Root, hogi or die."
A disgusted contributor to an E
lish paper justly complllains of thec sub
stitut ion of "Tomn Beast the Chrjs
tian" by a typographaical error for
"Ypu onBust, the Austrian."
Geo. Ponbpdy, since 1852, has'glv
en awa 44,000,000-an average of
about $1,0 00 a day for fourteonryoars,
if we omit Sunday and holiday..
-Wshboard1 are now
recommendcedt to ladies who comt lain of
dypesa Young men troubiled in the
same0 way .may -'be cand. by a stronag
proparatfoon of *od aw.
W y4irin~ th.,oat dissipated'
db an~sotr lf..Maniama
Things Wise and Otherwise.
A rare combination-dollnrs and
Tobacco should not 1 chowod, but s
The gayest smilers are often the
Why is tin endorser of a note #
called a surety 'I Because, he is ol
mlIost sure te liive to pay it.
Whenhav malmarried people popsod
through the alplitibet of love I Vihon
they teach the ha bo.
Why is a mad bull an animal of a
convivial disposition ? Uccause lo
on'ors a horn to overy one be meets.
Ilussia will spend over sixteii mil
lion rubies to arm with the Spencer
Tine first gold in thii United States
wis found in Carharrus county, North
Carolina, in 1799.
Tie E'rie /Hipatch says tha1t light
hnig hugs would be an imipovement
oni the gas they have in thant city.
Youig mnci of tine first fannwlics in
Chrlieston, Soutt Carolina, are work
ing is policentu or railroad conduc
Joseph ind his brethren established
the first corn oxchange,
The an11 that thinks inmef happi
est, is really so; but lie that, thiniks
himscif wisest, is the greatest fool.
"Tiaink God that [ hnavo got my
hat back from this cotn:regation '
said a disappointod clergyman, turn
inng it upeide down, who it wias re
turned CIIIply to himl at the closo of a
'ow does that look ?' said lfr.
Cramp, mold ing out his brawney hmid.
'That,' interposed A mo., 'looks as if
you were out of soap."
'1'll tell you how you can sell much
moeal than youil d o,' said a wag to
the hmidlady .a :i ale house. 'How's
tit I Do.'t sell so much froth.'
A sclnool-hoy, being usked by his
teciheor, 'O)' what is the ( ermitan Diet
composed ' re, lied, 'sour krout,
schnapps, iugar b. er, and nix-cum
A dandy inquired at a fruit-stand,
'Aro these poaches fit for ai hog to
eat ?' 'Tey them and see,' said the
A wag wrote ca the back of a fat
ailderman, 'Widented at the expense
of' tihe Corporation.'
A printer, wh -- b,-e a physician,
gave as a reason f:r ie- lo.ne, hat
ill priting, all tie fGo:s vceiesed
to tine eye ; in phpiei, 1i' are buried
with tihe patient.
A merchants died suddenly aft- er
writig a letter to one of his corres
pondents. His clerk wrote at tho
bot om, 'Since writing the abovo I
have died,'and sont tie letter.
A farmer refused to hire tin Irish- 9
man b'ecause two previously hired by
him had died on his Iauds. 'I.Fith,
said e, '1lie e wronght in may i
place, anid niver onen planyed such a
An editor congratlated himself
that his headit was satfe fn'omt a donkey's
heels. ik opponenlt gave as a ren
sont, that lie was never able to nmake
both endse moot.
A genttleman residing ner Iloston
calllOdt the attention of tine Townt Couni
cil to a sloughn in the roadas a nnisanee,
bitt no n'tice was taken of it. One day
he founid to his amusement that two
Councihor's had walked into it by acei
(lent, and were floundoring al ouit in
the mtire, whien hto addre~ssed thiem
thus :"Gentlemen of thte Town
Counlcii of Boston-I htave oftoen pe
titioned3( to your honorable body
against this aldiamgh, but. I neover had
any3 attention paid to my petition.
I now como forth to express miy de
light to see you at last moving-in tha
A Awrs ) Tn NVENTIOg,---A comnpa:
ny has been formecd in Cloeelnd,' Ohid,
wvith a capital of $.300,000, for' manu
tnctutring niphnuric acid anmd ot her checpn
iciils iusedl by cii rennters. VTo' works,
which are nearly fmnishmetl, are very ex
tensiveo. Abont 110 tons of' le~d w '
needl to line the chmambIors fo'rrci
thi fumtes of sulphtr. Tiio platina beil
ers cost. *22,000, and were imported
A split railroad ,spike In hast iA
Venited, wv.eh when drive~n rjio tijo
sleeper the Lvo. prc~ugsa vIll diiirigoC iip
opposite ditn'cioing o'liiel -J~ cugeet
timg thne way foFoacta panmgdad thme
hovel edgei trriving it;"outwadd It re,'
Anires ihtree tunmes tie pewY to dra'te
thnis spiko thatni is .ngcessanry ' ( ren'6yo
thne atraight one.
J. II. Seyienoiir, of HIgto yStwi Maey.
hand, hias invetled nai patMitd a raid
way spittoon'.toJ bie inbefried leVel in thm
crfloor. Whe~n ihn ilIi 'covc i
pushed back for niu a otvoi~ to. .the,
spittoon is brottght lip by' a lhver~nnmder
t)Uaih anid cold air shit off. A boitchof
the foot illh open or clesoe ap n ra
Sn AmR.--Eun aumrnfa siory .js eo d og
etninig cyibiton at receht.'X utlluraI
fai' in ECouneotlcut,; i diidi6i(
peaohes amnd .ontefod> ones-halftla is own
mmn for competitlan.,9.ad .thom otlierr lalf,
in@m of nu infineptmilgp 'aUi3
Prie, mm th ohiiornfiu
off thh SatueG treem WAS tot i(6nhed't~t.
teph 6 ji: t
wi ace(cto e e ym
w~ie~i~ot~d Q)r I