Newspaper Page Text
'ir 1i ua; T lJi.t..-Tho bankrupt, bijl
was ptssed in tie 6en t :'11the I i ht1 inl.
When it was brutght np \rB4-tnu'ir again
insisted, in Me miot vehndtentt mAnoiner, thO .1
Lis test oath ineahent. should 14enig-og;
ed uponl it, an. -itene his sto'chaurgda
agaibuit the 8-ttuieiro people, of; Oruelt.fo
l ute tegroeit and lIrs(ention of nion t I.
le dcimittoed so long in this 'straitt iiat ,
finllyta Ibe Iore 0111 Ilte pattience of his own
friends, totcing the ratheruncomplimetary
retitrc from M '. Connons Ilfat (Ito senate
its ick of suit sl ulY, undt would not ub
init longor to ho bullied b' tho eoa'
tor fim it.assachtusetts into th t suitlort or
hli:< loolish0 notions.
Mtr. Lutoner laving opened the itubject of
1th4 p >litical condition ot' t ho SaouthI, I.- was
tecondeld by his colengue, ir. Wilsun, und
Mr. IlowaIi, f lchigat,% who drow tsuchI
fe.trful pietures of the nnaroiy unni crime
now running riot over the Month, as vis
enough to sauke the hair o1 tinid people
itand on end, anid genorate tIto approlton
ion tilt Itis pandemiontiitin would 80011 ol.
velop the wvholo cotuntry. lil support. of
theso statlemtis more tnonyimous letters
ir. Dixon, nmid considerablo sensation,
phluiply pronounced suah wholesale asser
Ions St fit t1seho tds. TI he dis ussiV ion nui on i n
f his strain for tiomo ltme, wheat Ni\-.,nno
gut. ithe floor utnd proceeded, to discuss tho
rulyjet. which was proporly before 11he Son
ate lie olpoud ail Iakrup bilhe, and
deolared tht, i held to te ntedeltvianI
doctrine, that. wh.e'n men owed debts they
houhli pay ttm.
The vote was at. last re:iU'&Acd. It wals
known that It would he very close, nn ans
io little feeling had been enyondered during
tie debates on the hill, and there being hit
tor opposition oil (te part of (ho Western
iombers to this species of legisla ion, the
progress of 7tho call was watched with much
Interest. When all tho Sentors prosent
hid bo'n onlled, it was found that the voto
stood twenty to niutotoen lgninst.
The Chair (Mr, HIarris) then proceodod to
nnounc (the passage of the bill, when Pt
t his juncttre, ir. Put terson onterd tileho
chamber andt aiddresited thleo hair, Wishing
to record his vote. Tho chnir either did
not, or would not hear, and the bill was do
clatred passed. This did not. santisfy ito Op
polents of the measure, and ite point. was
biuccessfully iade that Air. Pittterson's vote
lstltt be r'ceived. iNlr. ntt1erson vot ed n1o,
which made A lio. "I is killed," was now
board 1'rom several, Witi a ohnloke, but as
ite vote was being a scondtim ittlo annoutn.
wi, the two New .Ietey Senators, who hnil
heen Senit. for post haste, Catmo- inl, and deo
ionanded the calling of their namnes. They
both voted aye, nit it. now stood 21 to 20;
mo te bill wtias passed beyond pernldventuro.
It. has now to go to (ite lfonso for concur.
runce inl lthe edetSn
FOn TIM Famruuiti:-q.-The negro, Drald
hy. who Iis beenstirrin'g ltp StiIfe aiong
hlis brethrien onl thle islands below savannaifh,
i t hus roteed to by te lioston orrospton.
dunt of Itho Springlield ejmblican, under
ditto of 1, t llthimo:
"Atron .I(radley, th colored lawyer,
frot Ioiltolt, Who It'll; been tirrilg tp tmis
chief amtoltg I he legtroes down near11 Saviin
itah, is well known hevre. Ile wias dismnis
--ol fromt thoe har several yenirsango for mait
prtctice, whioht consistott in forgery or itnoe
14uch1 peccadillo, but undeilr Ith veil of time,
nnild Ito tentdertess of tile new buroau ftor
(te colored manl, ho tried t year or So ago
(o got rointlitated, andt thits (to WAS put oi
extialtttion before two promihtent. Inwyers
i to Ihis acquiremetts. 'The result was a
ridittluso exhibition or ignoranot antd char
Itntlry, which Mnde ail n msing chtapter1 In
I1ih local law literatulre, b1tt. was fatal to lila
- profess4ionall amb111ition in this ladtitudo. And
to ie naturally took his cheap wires and his
goss lputtlente to Another imarkot. Jlls
utitring upl) of tre amung hisli mor igno.
noraint, and more honest. briabren in - lthe.
Houith is guito in keoping with Iis previous
charneler hero- rnidly knows just. enough
Io be a utsoftI service dotl less to Ithe no.
g1tm's lnatd to good mtor1a, to sulljoot, him to
i tride of old-fia3bioned platttiont disceip.
A resident of Springtvild, writing to a
fr-iotnd in 01his city, (enevluu"ng lthe papeor Conl
ittting tie ttbov,) siys. lantg Ihe scamtp
(In the itrst tte.."--Milloigeri.ll'oordr.
'Nin. PnAnony.-liThe Watshtingtonl Rep~uls.
Ilan grtatlfles ni genetriil mitrtiosty, which htas
beenu excited by the t princoly genterosity of
MtIr. Peatbody, as follows:
"WeO ltearni ihnt, itn 18X05, Mr. Peabtotdy
iiadeil a will, wh Iich demlroutat etod thIat he
was thon WOth aot tioi f ty ttitliont pountds
mterlintg. We prhine'5111, from th iet'a
tItit h le hits not gronl Itanty ptoorert Pinice.
iI hetad not.-t t'ntetd aniy huslinloPS stince
thatt. (ime, t ho tilel interes'.~t ott such ot
onormotus stn wanitti havto Iar'goly increnard
hisi wonith It bitt the Itet is Ithegs, evetr since,
been1 tt tat' of1 thitagest, mottst ntiv a0nd
catiiotts ban kor$ itn tligtworld. IIeneeo, htis
pr'Ooent w~oatlutist. oxcood one Itiun ltde
tmtlhlon of ptitttds stortlinig. Thiis is-a sang
lit tle suit fori a raitny da~y."
The pudic'an addls that Mr. Peabody's
Thyo llnnhr, pubdlishIed at Oenini, filed
mnnt wh~o Cenme wthtI hii fiunty to Smtytrnat
ont IhIo 'A tlatic side of the ptentinsub, in thIt
< 'tlonyV recettily brotught utt by Gen.i Ely
('retm$111I oith tirlina. tthit large numbli ers o)f
Stet mtro tan cis to get lino(to th t inoti'
nt here thtey tmay get amtiplo toward for' lieb'
Inhor, nnud woutld comto hadl t hey anty waA
itt' getting away. T'y'ii nrIo reipresete d as
being sadlly dbsappoint edl antd dIlscouraged
its I hey tee ito menna~~ of prtovidintg thtema.
selves and timles with sutinitet food to
pre'tvent stintynmtlonl. Several of ourti citizenis
says (to he anner, have gono down and will
dloubtless'seentro a uutflioy of laborers."
(Texas) Reghter ays latst year a young tiatn
living ntear (lhat place--lot. ht sanmo be
knoewn-Alber't Sears, roittod a pleoo of
gool land, bitred a good old ftroodmnan and
wvitht his owni hands wont to wotrk to eutbi.
vate thte soil. And now for (he fruits
nuf htis indutstry. le hias gathtered twenty.
four- bales of conton, two thiot:ttand bushtels
of corn and mlade four hiutndred gallons of
mothasses fr'omt Sorghumn. lie also lhts soe
pork to spatre. lie hats sold sixteen him
dtred butsheols of' cotrn for twelvo hundred
dollars gold, obtainted three hundred for his
moolttsses, antd htis cotton Is good for $1,800
mtore.-mintktg itt all $3800. ie wats at
sotme trithutg extra expentso dur-lag ootton
TiRENTz0aANA.---The followir g Into ttilbs
-from (tho Louisville Jour'nal are not had:
"Otno of Foirney'st Oorrespondeonts says It
is eniought to siokeit htim to road the col.
iunans of' the JohInson newspapers WMio
"Dolelow discusses the crops of the cotin.
try. 11o doesn't 11 in'a that. thme Souath 'will
yIehl mtuch. Wo dont't lelieve she will
*yiold an Inch."
-.-M. . e W .....
The Now Y'ork Timna states that a single
flrmt In New York hins prodtardl, for (hals
yeaIr's trade In valenttines, tnu aggregate of
over two and a hatlf' million valetin ies,
raogting fin price frout throe Ocnts to one
bundred'Cu dollartsP andi the~ total value' or
whtich, as si~ld at. retadil, its . tor thtan three
hlundred fiottaitnd diblirs. lThis lv Ithe
'prodution of jt single Airth
o?.k.6 WAY Or tIPUCIG foi l DHn..
SOun4:Thoderh p litn( 00ottoisiatl(gges
tihat tior4 are twenty millions of people In
the North.', If enoof those wouldt-dustroy
a t1P9 en.currenioy Ilot0 (Iaily.iI Wot04
amniouint tola iIllivjni At dellarod in, el tp
wairds the rinoval of the national doeit. It
this , weredone every day for' year, It
wou1li dini'aisal (lie debt by hlree hundred
and sixty-five millions of dollars yearly,
wi ch is more than (le whole internal ro
vomie protee. *We know a Man, says an
excliange, who thinks it iR duty to birn a
fIo go.)t bill every day ont this ncootant. It
is less th1an the tax on a glass of whiskey.
The Journal of ComimercA says: "Preisi
Jo0hn.on wais asked liais morniig by a lies.
tonian how hae caei to apilmint Mr. fanieroft
,-who is no'i-residenit-Oolloci or of Wioson.
'Sir,' repliel 11-o l'resialceat, 'it hns recent ly
beon ofmohally declared i a nesachutanCits,
if I non not mnistaken, that non-resldeneo is
mot a disquaaalification for office.'
Pinon-riox.--The Springfield (3fasma.
hot1) Repindlican thiiks the coolest thing
out Ia tIe prolootivo line is a pltition whilch
Is cironlaait.g in that part, ot' tie country
for a dity oa imported loo. It recomnends
thait olaahsetask for a prohibitory
tariff ona lhe 'as win-i to previlt the bluo.
n'se competition, and hopes Congress will
g r nu t i . _0
On (lie 17th uit., in Accoanac county, Va.,
whilo the whole C1arth was covered with
siow, there was one of ile soverest thunder
storns ever k nown in tihat. country, and the
lightning struck in several places. Miny
people Ihotight file end of the world was
By a vote of West Virginia Legislaturo, it
has been decided that Morgnutown, in Mo.
nongalia county, is to be lite now capital
of State. Ircretofore the sent of Govern.
ment has been at Wheeling, in (ho extreme
northwest oarner of West Virginia. Mor
gantilown is situated on the Monongahela
A oompositor in Kokomo, Indiana, is
snit to have had a sore finger froin whi ch,
after sauffering great, pain, lo sq1e0sod I wo
brevior types. 1. cotonsporary advises him
to Ftieein a1gain and get lite rest of the font,
unti a iltit-l .cyliiilor press.
WINNSBORO, S, 0.
FEBRUARY 20, 1807.
1D. I. McCR MIGH T, Em-Tr.
THREB DOLLARS ieor yenr , TWO DOLLARS
for s. inoiths 1 ONM DOIslA t fAir tiore mn-ilia -
Ip ' tgromnhricks." Stugl, clinta 'TO" (*otnts.
MY- The ptlier wI hd i:m-nmit: mauted -1 the "X I.
ratt-m of th1o4 tmno air Whiclo imylneiit ine hoenn in 1lo4
suito lw ri whio hmil a er.- s mttrk oi tih wr. pipler 'r
1nnrgii of tihe r papecr, wil I niderstamd t Imat the tilne
ailli thr h1M. e litrell.
AiV lt'ISINt) RATES.-One Dollar per tIiti
for the first, n netl ..viety-five ceits fr cicte h itnoli
rmnin t ierionl. A 21L.'ro coniti.ss otr (of(ie siaco occ-tl
I.-I lav twelve 11 n1 th's uI41 tlypnl.
(;I.tlI aATi.9 --in ropleet mo year Tw--nty-five
Doillars. Ani extra ciipy to top li urioi aki g oilt li tie
clatb, tnh r tlh 1.st ji antin r , 1807.
UP," Within oe oinn ta 1 'in tho el -he a cih-6 ni
returne'I ai tie, mioney its pairl. the prmit makinklgm: the
c-las, Iinmt- a' n(alay niimber t(i ailoio it thUs1u rita.
10 -~a Vn winm it intiietty uinilerstooa th-st otr
ternin for stbcriptioi, adivertisingond jaib wrk stro
The District Court.
The Court closed its sittings on
Tuosday afternoon, after disposinig of
what entisos woro on docket.
We havo observed in our exchanges
somIo sovere animadvrions upon1 the
District Court system, as burdening
the Stato with a heatvy tax for which
1here is no adequate oquivalent.
This scems to us to ho altogother an
error. It is absolutoly necessary that
mnore tribunals of justico must be es
tabilishied, tromt the nature of thte cir
coinstances ini which we are now pilac~
ILtiut bto remtombleredl that about
four hundred thousanud more inhabi
tants in South Carolina haveo rcently
been addpd to the nmnbtller of equals
in law. The coutmmon s0enso quest ion
then arises, will it not requiro mtoro
Courts to d1ispense jutstico to a popula-.
Lion of seven hundred thousand, titan
to onie Of three hiundredl thousand.
Resort must be had either to the Dis
trict Court system, -or to another
eqanlly an expensivo, or rather mnoro
cxpensive, which is to oxtend the
taerms of the Superior (Jourts, which
would require a greater number of
uircuitr and of judges.
There will be thousands of enses for
two or three years to comec, tried in
the Distriot Courts, whore there is no
rand Jury, and but one petit jury,
and that consist ing of but eight jurors.
Ifere then is a feature recommtend
ink the District Court as one of econo
my. Dispense witht this now addition
to the Judiciary of the Stato, and the
docketa of the Superior Courts would
b)0eoncumbered with a burden of oes
from witich they never would be
There are other f'eatures in the sys
tomt in question rocommonndinag, it but
we do not pr'opose at present to recur
to all of them.
Below are the sentences prononced
by his Honor, Judge R obertson, avho
did it with we think the judgment and
prudence characteristie of him.
3. M. Kirkland for assault and battery
fned ten dollars.
Simon Stewart and Lowis Park (eel.
od), con victed of Grand Lorceny, the.
former to be imprisoned itn the jutil for
six m~onthI\ unle'ss tho Penoenatiary is
sooner ready to receive convicts; the
latter, toe be imprisoned one week and
fined five dollar.
Harry Lautghlhin (co'ored) petit lare-.
ny, imprasoned one imonth and fined
twenty dollars, to be released if fino anad
costs be sooner paid.
*Joe Gibson, Anthony Glenn and An
7yNtcConunel'(oolored), for cow steal
o'g, fned each twenty dollars and- im'
prisonod thrtee mont hs, to be releaed AtI
the end of one month it fine and costs b
Adam Brico (colored) for cow
talitlg, fined twenty dollars and im
prisond two mouths, with the privi.
legoof disoharge at the end of one
ionth, Iif the ine and costs are then
Who Pays the Cotton Tax?
Having been led to the conclusion
that the cotton producer in Fajrfold.
pays the trx of three cents as a pro
ducer, or in other words, that the tax
is a direcot one and each one pays in
proportion to the amount of property
in cotton he holds, we are now to no
tice another relation sastained by the
producer to the income dorived by
Government or by trade from the ar
ticle of cotton.
The first point deserving attention
is that every cotton producer in Fair
field is also a consumer. This is a
point giving rie to considerable con.
fusion. The confusion is in confound
ing a direct with an indirect tax.
There can, however, be no conflieting
here. Either the producer pays all
the tax, or the consumer does it., An
exanple will perhaps best illustrato
Assuming that froo trade is estab
lishod betwoon.the United States and
England, the producer would realize
a profit upon his cotton equal to the
amount be received for it in Liverpool,
less the costs of production and trans
portation. Of courso that proft
would be In proportion to the cost of
production vit-h the demand for cot
ton. But now suppoe a revenue
duty to be imposed to tho amount of
three cents a pound. It iI certain
that the importer of cotton goods
must pay in addition to the profits al
lowed by demand, three more cents
more ccnts upon his manufactured
cotton goods than he othcrwio woul4
have to do. Now if that importer is
only a consumer, as for example a
planter, ho has of course the revenue
to pay upon cotton cloth, and lie only
has it to pay. It is true, contingon
cios may arise wheu cotton goods may
be bought by the consumer and Ie
not have the duty to pay, as when a
broken merchant is sold out at public
out-cry below cost.
But suppose in addition to tho tar
iff upon cotton goods, a tax of three
cents a pound is imposed upon the
raw material, which is really now the
ease-does the producer pay part of
that three cent. and the consumer an
other part 1 Is the tax divided be
twoon them I or does the producer pay
the whole of that tax I
Of courso our remarks apply now
particularly, to the cotton producer of
Fairtiold. They are applicable to
what is really the caso hero now, and
not to whatmighitbo the case if so and
so were true.
If cotton producers could control
the demand for cotton by controlling
its unipply, they cotild thon make the
burden of a direct tax of three cents
a pound fall upon the consumor.
But they have no control whnatever
over the domand.
A supposable case ofecontrol might
arisio under the following circumstan
es :If every mill in England and
the North were still to-day for the
wont of rawv cotton, and every pro
ducer in the South and in all other
countries where cotton is grown, held
the cotton and had no inmmediate use
for the money, thon thme cost of prod uc
tion, and th'o tax of three cents, as
well as a fair profit upon the capital
invested in cotton, might be realiznd.
But such a ease is not possible, and
therefore any additional cost to thme
produodr in the wvay of a tax upon the
raw material, is that much added to
the cost of plroduction, anmd the whole
of it must be paid by the producer,
without a probable reimbursement by
Our remarks are mnado more to
draw out discussion upon the subject
involved that as a final exposition of
the principles in political economy
embraced in it.
The Newspaper in School.
It is a strange and accountable fact
th'nt, though newspapors are the in
dices in every country whore they
thrive, of the progrossof' over'y art and
science, of p)hilosophy, of finances, of
trade and of practical philosophy,
they have never yet been introduced
as an important feature in the educa
tion of tho young. They aro the
great reservoir into which flow strearns
fromn each of the great sourcos of 'art,
soiencoe and literature.
Newspapordem Is a panorsdna of the
sieving world.. It gives daily. oppor
unitios of discovering a preotical ap
lcation of the book-knowledge and
he theories of pupils. M!any illustra
ions mniglat be given of the advinta
~os to be gained by lntroducinag a
oewspap'ot Into the currioulun -of stu..
lies, and devoting a part of every day
n the sady of li. Wheroyor it, has
boog tled tO tho ulest Ilipitod exto661
h6 -ice4 found on5ientfyUsofud.
TiOnflion but one 04vant0,
takete ophortuualtles a newspapr
Villew1 h usscellaneous matter wa Wo
in-the artiolo of applying the princi.
pIes of language. Hnving been
taught, or rather while undergying in
structiop in, the principles of tl!u con
struction of language, no better pigo
can be put before a pupil, than that of a
neOwspaper, fNr practico in the analy
his of the hinguage, Then, every-day
errors in the use of the language, arc
detcOted, and there is no use for erro
neous exaniplos to be huddled togeth
er in the pupil's grammar, which hie
is more likely to regard as bita-of an.
noyances put in his way to punish him,
than as means of iniprovenhent.
Swo have been led into this expros
sion,briefly, of our views upon.thls sub.,
Joet, from having just como across -a
sentoice-containod in the short'histo
ry of a piece of poetry writton on a
speoial ocoasion. There is.no doubt
the sentence alluded to came from an
eduented mind, and yet Boo what an
opportunity for correction by a child
who has been taught only a short time
to analyze phrases. Omitting a namo,
tho sentence roads thus-"Lines sent
to Major-General - -, "on his be
"ing wounded, by a young lady of
A Real Model rarm,
From an artiolo published in the
Caroliniamn of the 16th, wo find thefol
lowing description of the National
Model Farm, at Glassnevim, in Ire
The British Farmer's Magazine in
speaking of this school says : "Per
hais the most successful example of
the capabilities of land under proper
manage ment and of the immenso crops
which can be raised, may be son no
the National Model Farm under the
Board of Ed ncation at Glasnovin, noar
Dublin. This farm strictly conduct
ed on the improved system of green
cropping and house-feeding, contains
fifty-two acres, and there wmore kept on
it during the year, twenty-two head of
cattle, and throo horses. It supplies
on an averago, ninety persots during
the yerr with farm produce, milk, but
torl potatoes and vegetables of vari
ons kinds, furnishing the farming es
tablishnent with pork, bessdes a
nuihber of privato families with the
above artieles. A considerable quan
tity of vogetn bles are carried to mar
ket and afl kinds of grain which iN
aliidant. There is at present a crop
of oats on the farm, the product of
fourtoenind a half acres. It is so
cure. ht cirbt stacks and is estimated
by the beat judges to be equal to the
averago acres. It s'tood perfectly
Close upon the ground, from six to
seven and a half feet in height, the
hlead an-l car corresponding.
The other crops are of liko quality.
The mamiger conducts the fari on his
own account, pays 256 pounds 7s. Gd,
rent (egnal to agout $25 per acre) be
sides other expenses, anmounting in~ all
to upwards of 400 pounds, and we are
imforined, and believe that lie realizes
a very handsome anntiual snm bside.
llo labors and manages it t1n'd: cx
elusively by a nutmber of I"mp. ngri
eotltural pupils and teachers. who. ar'e
-thtere in training in the science and
practice of agriculture.
"T1here are perhaps more emp rn1.t
ep), more cattle fed, more hontan~m bie
in'gs supplied with coinmn necessa
ries of life, more manure aceunmulated,
more employmetnt given, and in fiact,
more money made on this spot of land,
thatn on any farm of the same extent
in any part of the World."-So. Qr.
R?., Aprl 1852.
Life of General Lee, by yames D: Mo
Oiibe, yr.. of Va.
We have receivedl soipeo advance
sheet. of this forthuconming volume
publish6d by the National Publishing
H~ouse of Richmontd,. Va. We givoe
the headings of the ciof divisions of
the wvork, each of which is sub-divided
into soctions. -Those heads are as fo]
I. Early Life. II. The First Days
of the War. III. The Peninsular
Campaign. IV. The Campaigns in
Northern Virgin ia. V. The Invasion
of the North. VI. The Fredericks
burg Campaign. VII. The Chancellor
villeoCamyalgn. VIII. The Second In
vasion of thme North. IX. Tho Seeond
Campaign in Northeorn Virginia. .
Theo Overland Campaign. XI. Thme
Soigo of Potersburg. XII. The Last
We will give some ottracts from
the advance sheets in our next issue.
The work will be got up in the style
of the life of Jackson recon~yglssied
by the same Cotpany.
'Sterling's Southern Series of School
We have re~eived a visit from Mr.
Richard Srorting, author of the above
series of school ~book.. The efforts of
Mr. Sterling are toiintroduice into South
emn schoeols this merles. Upon even a
limited' examination of thme sbries we do
not hsitato to p,0nOUftco it aniotig i'
best 4ver offered for use in the pydmy
4epartment of our schools, Tho aumthor,
wrho hs PNincipal of Edgeworth Fe'mie
Seminfpry, ft G3reensboro, N. 0. has had
mn exrpbence 6mf thirty years la teaI4
g, miin j savholt ceic~ is l~asedi typon'
a Ough kapwledge:Ot whaot a"e the
defe e iri : ttof.o books of tbo
*o reaily liovo It wbldd be td he
ierpst o( pmilt, clhtid 'nd toaIer. to
adopt the whole series abofe named, and:
hold on to its use.
, The authol wi accept our thaniks for
sample Copio8 of the ierios, so far ats it
has yet been ptblished.
The' grootest opIo poet who 1has
written in the E]nglish language uses
two superlatives to describe wonian.
Sho is the "last best gift to man."
Man was mado to onjoy intelloutual,
social nud domestic life. In the first,
ho goes within himself for material of
enjoymoit ; in th second, abroad in
tile world, lhe finds a field for the ex
eroise of socialiky ; but in the family,
at hisown fireside, is drawn out ii
full play those tender, afiect.ionate,
and soul-delighting faculties with
which the Creator bansendowed him.
The union of hearts, is simiply the
consumimation of e natural' teldon
cy of the hearts ta' man and woman.
This tendency is to sook "a help
met." If the coalition Is not sus
cptible of all tile qualifying torus
doseriptive of the tenderost affection,
It is often owing mot-e to tile frailties
of fallen' hunan nature, than Q to
a deliberate purpose to produce a rip
plo upon the tranquil surface of its
Two hoarts to share the joys of lire,
and to divide its sorromw, are just as
as indispensable, as aro two banks
of a stroaml to divi'lo and share
the weight and use- W a bridge.
With rapid stridos the unfortunate
Southern StAtes are getting back to
the days of tyranny and oppremsion
which sorely afflicted them just after
their surrender. But it is not be
cause they are doing anything to re
mand them baek'to the prison house of
tyrannical rule. Deliberately, per
sistently and vindictively, the Radit
cals in Congress are dragging them.
back. Read again the bill published
in-the NrEsof the 14th, called the
Stovens' bill, which forces us of the
South under arbitrary military rule.
That bill since. then published has
passed the IHouse by a large majority.
No doubt it will be vetoed, but' what
signifies that 7
It is no use to repine howevor.
The only romedy, tile only relief be
fore the people of the South, is to cul
tivato the soil with firm onergy, and
be considerate and forbearing to
wards one another. There is no
question about It, there ought to
be an experiment tried once at least
of raising not one pound of cotton ex
cept for home use. It migh prove
somlewhat of a self-.defonoe. It is cor
t ainly tile only hope of any defenco,
though its trial is almost wholly imn
"lHe thlat hlath ears t'o bear, lot iml
hear." The great* Garibaldi hIas
spoken on American politics. Bome
body wvho aspires to tihe renown of
having writton to theO Italian Libera
tor, has written, and behold thle an..
swer from thle man who wears a red
shlirt on a camupaignl. Do, reader, sec'
tihe horrible jargon. Boe the projnl
dice, lie wanta individual prejudice
sacrificed, and wanlts tilo Presnident to
do it. What would he havc dione with
the hateful prejudice which Congress
has towards the Southl ?
Garibaldi hasl forwarded thle follow..
ing reply to an Amoleanm who request
od toknowhis opinion upon the pres
ent state of affairs in the United'
~CAPRF.nA, January 8.
"SIR : I am hlappy to be aile to re
spond to your wish to know my opin.
10on upon the present controversy be
twoeon tile President of thle UnIited
States and the majority in Congress.
I sball certainly give it with tihe con
sciousness that the question at issue
conerns not only-Azmerica, but hu
mnanity at large.
"Yes, for us friends of the Amerl
oran Uhion, wvho treohiod for a' me
went for its integrity during thle gi
gantie struggle which you hlavo so hap
pily broughlt to 'an -enid, the impor
tanceeof the vote of the colored race
is lesseoned In presence of the danger
"Members of the human fraternity
we make no distinotion of race. We
have, thereforeo applauded th -ee.
trion made by the generous population
of Massachusetts in the personls of two:
colored deputies as their representa
tives, and We shall applaud' any such1
demonstration in a onntry whore lib
erty' and progress' are not emnpty
'Whas we, however, chiefly desire
Is, thattihl harmony, mo'o or less comn
phete wioh'~reIgaos at1hong ;the menm
bers of the Americah - fassily,-may not
be disturbodv and that every sort. of
Iindividual pre'udice may be saerifioed
at any ccit4 ja orderito maintain in
ot'the inlegit of the geent repube.
iAothb stoghent adlem of Liberty
,wMaj your 'rreidezte' therefote,
fotae to as undeefE*ndingsiwhy 4Jo 1
frss and many dissension nibu~1ger a
exist betwoon the States constituting
your admirable political syston.
Such is the wish formed by youi 'sin
core friends, aim -rig whom I am proud
to include myself.
The Columbia Phenix says:
An intelligent freodinan who went
to Florida several ntiontlis ago, to set
tie, has returned to Columb,i, perfect
ly satislicd with his axperi.ce, tid do
terminod tostiok to6outh Carolina to
tle last. Hie states that great induce
imonts are held out, but the expect a
tions of very few (if the inmiy+aants
are realized. Numbers of others, lie
says, who went out, nra desirous of.
rot rniing, but have not tlC mnsC3 off
Some have returned to. this plao
also, who a few woola ago left for the
El Dorado of their iminnagiittionis. One
we heard sty, that of the hiindreds of
nogroes who have left Fa irflvld, some
of them have entered upon fair pros
poets, while others have got into pros
poets of starvation. He adds that
more money can be carned in Florida
thain Fairfild, but, to nsao his own
words, "when you go to the store
they take it every bit from you. The
meanost whiskey is two dollars a bot
N7ominations for Congress,
If tyor a greator farco was played
in South Carolina, upon the po'itical
stage, than is now going on, we would
like to know it. This is the nomina
tions now started in some parts of the
State, for Congress. As well might
we nominate represcntativs to tihe
moon. Our chanceo of getting thom
there is about as propitions as of put
ting them in the hallsof Congress.
Do lot us,for the sake of self-re
spect. have done with this mockery.
It does not comport with tho claimed
dignity of the State. It is steantting
upon the stage only to be Innghed at.
The lsouth Carolina Railroad Company,
he'li stockholdrs of iblis company are
inl sefssioi in Clirleaton, a4 the work
dann on the road since the Ilst annndl
meeting, as shown by tlie reports of tie
offienrs, is almost incredible. The fol
lowing summiary of the work we Lake
fron tihe superm'tendon:,'s report, whiebi
we.find in he Cha rle.ton Courier: Thie
work dlono onl lie Chmnt leston division
was six miles ; hniel down the rail.A, ro
biilt Liestles, seven cottages 1n1d two
tanks, at tile varions turn ot.. On
(oliila division, nitie miles iron
straightenel and put down ;. 1-m'e iew
iron pIt on Sn!loton's J lilM ;-5k miles
rebuilt with new rail., na 1114he balance
ol tle livimion with the rails froin the
Caimdon branih; tresuts gencially re
paird ; washes inl I tie Congaree Swn ip
all piled and mostly filled in; all the
building absolutely iecessary, with ex.
ception of a h(1nso for pump minder at,
T1e work ot time I.In r branch
was 431 mi-s biult wia'th new rails and
3. with .old ;all the turn-outs tad nee
essary building foir hamnds, trestles,
bridges, &c. ; bridges across Savannahi
River and weaiher--botarded tracks
Thuo work on the Camden branch.
wich lins beenl suspendel1d fo~r want, of
means, lias been restinmed, with apr
pect of its early com~ple.tie'n. na there a ro
only fifteen miles to be rebna.:~, and the4
company has already ont h41and 10,000
tie's and 600 ra ils.
We learn Irom the Courier ihnt thcg
pohicy adopted by the Board of Directors
mi its finSancital airranigemetits ihas prove'd
an e~c~onmy of six per cent. upon the
stock of the comipany, amill was1 carriedl
of its bonds TJhis fact isaistaimed by
th'e following snecinct staiement of, the
bunss - of the road for the 'past
hromp passengers $41 .902.53
leromo freight, 887,5i1 6.79
From mails 2(0,349.20
Cni rrent $697,336.0 1.
Int.'rst, foreign 120,006 8I
" domestic ';8,647.j55
Minor 2,u89.39 $924,000,80
Nat income . $387,821.60
Or 6 per cent. on the capital etock.
Trho bond debt of the company amonnts
to $3,534 798.92, of which hi2,212,014,.
40 is palyale in) rietidon. As thme fot'
('ign ihoutd-holers ilava accepted th.e
terms of renewal offered by t.be comnpa
ny, no0 dificulty. is approhended in the
speeduy adjnsi ment of this portion of t he
ik-t;. there remnalns the snim of *133,
637. 50, to re.present tho balance bf past
dune hona and interest, ' ind tnnch t he
larger patt sf this amount is inl tho hands
of pat ties qnite willing to rehew.
TPhese reports show that on tihe whiole
the fiinancial affairs of thme company and
the condition-of the road of aro. mneh
bettOT thap there wits reauson to expect,
and reflect great credit on the energy of'
the President and untirirag Superintten..
Orfos. r TO'r.--A special (Icggatch
to th'e Now York Tiimes says that it is
iderstood that 'the members -of' the
cGabinet are unaum nioshy opposed to
bhe uiiitary governhnont bill for tho'
3'olm C?. rookinu'rdga is the chuoice
f'1all'ad oo'uney, Koentuoky, Deh'o.,
rata for nett 06vcrnoi', they haing
o'ranly juttted then eeud 6
for'~' his Irotlinatioti.t
Hafyon Forgotton Us?
T Cndebted I;i hICf ,;
tio,* Adveritisig and Job Work, will do a fa.
vor by calling and settling their bills. Wo
have to pny ensi for materlil, anId we cannot
indulge I hem any longer. Man.y of theil nro
owing us sitico 'Slx'rY-FiVE." W e an
not work for notoling and support ourseoves,
so don't expect it.
llic'turni t'ay lor ti On-r t-.l w.o no
gra'tilled ill statingthu14i'liet ib ro a e
issued iuponi is likely to be iit su I i
C4)111lmi--on 14o thle generl expe olf 'I f
thioso beo lieve.1 hi(t. Ihe olpeling 0t- 11he
Coirts would 1ro0dutce drealfiu resos. # in
oir opinioni. the1 agillutation of the Odlt gnm.
tion, hoi. I: 4e C(Alueed tle toriijuity of dist rust
now inl the coluntry, antd to that carup-o ttny
be atltribulted1 the mnoit pat orsuing the ap.
Coon.-Soveral youing ladies of Columbia
haive iom t readling club, Each contrib'..
tiles ive doullii, ind the suml1 lot l' is In.
Vestdil inl books, whi.-h 1.1- lonnel ott to th6
ieinbers fur pern-. .\ t I lie el or it year
or when they h.1ve m 111e iao, the voluit a
are to be distribputed iuwr liemotelves nqi
gifts, adtit a new installirnt will 1ii1rehatso
mi1ito. Sole of out yoiu n Woild not,
object to joining that Cirttlating Library.
I WIFL ttend at the different, precits to
UNC1. a S ess1ipropery, an. receive tax re
ii'ne on the following days, to wvil : At,
Shilol, . ,lit lay 25thk inst., lontiticello,
Tuesdrkv 2t6h1, Sliterq Wednetday 27th,
litytiold's or Jacob Fensier's, Thursday
28thi, Fearterville. Friday, Alarch 1st, But
t74o, Monday 4th, Doko, Tuesdiy Cii6,
Rlibgeway, Wednesdny 60t, Longtown, (or
1Ihrrison's 9tore,) Thrslay 7, Mlr. Johit
Aclcilly's, Fri-lay Z4th. Mir. Davi-I Mlilling's,
Moubuly 1111h, I irice's, Iitesday 2lt,
yiigoueoville, Wenlliesday 1'hh1. (1ttin.,'s
Gro1ve, Thuhy I 111h, 1m14 a11 Winnsmboro
duingil. coutrt w-. i, (Sprinig Term11). I will
alo . give.(! an'oio. day at elachl, of itle abovo
iaimiedi places, it S.) r-i-l'.4. d. I Will illo mo
lihe I-oiks Ofhe I~l--t d y 41f'.11net, afir . Which I'
eenetlo receive returns:.4 al fihe moniley mjust
htie 1- by Ili 28th of .1utne. :mplo'yers
wil I reniumt tibler t ita. t hey ire required by net,
otf t. Legishiare to iat e ritteturn its c.f their
OthIdoyt , thi capital i n Ix runt1S froia 21
to iit years-i~ 11 ii. JsN NI NG1S.
feb I 11- x8 T. . P. D.
SE have for sal i iact c 'te set fit T N.
V N i;s TrIxms ano.t Wl IN l.:h,
whi-3h hanvu bieen. Very l.01le useivl. IIIico0
low. ?: Ti'llN, MeAi3TEIt & CO.
CA i,14 1. IN, EW U k, I E'S
0 F Sperio- I'otliinnlip at DiY oltd stantir
IEI.&.'.1ib.. T3D e5,
to hie "old tit for, prices.
All 'o-.lers promptly it:ntiiled in.
feb 7--I** T08il. JORDAN.
NO. 2, BANK RANGE,
bogt n wet ele eycib
FROM 16o., UP.
SA L CO .ES,
Fl'OM Go , UP,
FLANNELS, WHIITE AND) RED,
as3 TO bo CENTs4.
:1 YAflxDS WIDE1, 75i CINTS1.
1'IJOM 35 TO .J.5 eITS.
ALL W00OL G~OODS,
A T N. Y. COgT.
..8L.A. T S
F ROMf $1.00 UP.
For te Cash and Casih Only.
AoO0i9JhI0Cl COW ; ti purcht ~r oam
. . b famndt by ana.1lhm ... l'.t