Newspaper Page Text
Flow down, Cold rivulet, to th5fe 'e
Thy I rilbate wave deliver
No Iiore by th10e ny steps shall be,
Forever and forever.
1:10w, Wifly flow, kV )An and lo0,1
A tivtlet. Iien a river:
Nowlhre. hy thee mily steps shall be,
Forevvr and forever.
u litre will sigh thino alder tree,
A"ml here ih11o aipeln shiver ;
Aw'l hero by 1hee will hun th beo
Forevor and forever.
A thutsiid suns will etro'lr on thoo,
A Iliwanil ioois will ,quiver ; I
itat not by thee iny seelis shall be,
Forover atind forever.
TO MY FRIEND TOM GREENE, ON
HISDOULEURS ABOUT MISS QUI
Vig for your love I nill fiddlesticks I
A sparrow's chirp, a boo'lu's hum;
:coie prity airm, soue prelly tricks,
A nil you aro in your kingdon cone I.
Don't mnke a dolkey of your brains,
)on't mnko a pinydting of your heart;
Your ploasiros are 1st potty prins,
Your pains, a iuero Mlis Quita sam art.
Go to the desk, (ie wagon, plough,
Till ground, trimi trees, your t:ao'o ply
Do iomething, as you best know how,
Anti dun't b) bing or butterfly.
You're at your studies now, yott say,
Then tax your mnidnight hours wih th
Bnrin oil, even though you drudge by day,
Lest all your labor ocome to naught.
Work's the true wisdomtu never man
Weve worth a singlo dolt or dime,
Viil ho does tho hing ho can,
in his brief ieasured termii of timo.
Btuln r no wonian on thi brain
'Till with true work 3'oi'vo mado a start,
AndI every imtuscle bravely strain,
To get lifo's lesso 1 all by ho-irt.
.Late lianter, now Knife anm+l+ ors Grind
er, 7 8:nugg Alley, Frog (Gardon Court.
Troasury Notes r Logal Tondor,
Cfoifgress, on thi 25th of Fubrunry
18G2, pised an Act muking the Trens
iry Notes isisued in pursntice of it a
le'gal tender inl the pa' yinent of debts.
Thue Stipremo Court of the Uinited
Sit i.e. lias just - decided in favor of tho
validity ol this Act.
A State, it, is evident, has no power
to pass ni Act of this kind. This is
1 X presa1y dei'ed to it by the Constitu.
It.. The tehlt.i section of the first ar
t , Iv is (.x plicit upon t his point. It says
n.1o Sta sti a111111 Coiln loney, omit bills of
cril. or imake anyhsiig lut gold and
silver coin a tender in paytuent of dobts."
The grlyo gn1031osi) is, however,
whet.hir Contgress his iany 81neh nower?
The eigtlil sectiol confers upon it tihe
rit horit.y to borrow monvy on the credit.
of tilo initod Stntes, to co in niley, to
reigullTI.e th vatii thereof, an i fix tho
sndirlld6 of WeiIhts and mensires. Up.
on I le sibjre't of whet her Congress can
mako any) ing but gold or.silverl coin a
tnder in pnyment, (if debts, the Consti.
t.ution is 'ilent. 'I'lhro is no clauso
-which prohibits Con:'.;res froi so doi mg,
bitt there ir, at thi same timo itone
whiclh confers it. It is not among the
eitimeratod powers delogated to the
United States by the Constitution, and
itsbxercise ae, therefore, been gravely
ijti.,tioned by many of the able legal
minmids in the country.
Messrs. F. Mnitdlebauni and C.
Klau-er were merchiads in tho Territo.
ry of Nevaida. in puranane~o of the
Te'Lrrit orial Iawiis, leederail, Territorial
4lndt Ciounty taxes wiereo levied nupon
thiril goods for the fisca.l year 18302.
Th'Ii validity of tho am.ouint taxed
was disputed ulpom vanuious grounds,
m.d, amiong others, that a ftortion of
w'ho goods had nlready been un previous
iissedsmets. Thue can s was heard
befoIro the Distriid (tourt, anid :judgmieit
was rendered agiainst thtom to tho
al mount of $1,15 2 iinud costs, "ench jndg
onent, to iso cijlected in Aold and silver
cmoini aflhe Uniite.d States."
An apipen1 was5 taiken to'tie Supreme
Courit of the Te'rritory of' Nvada, wvhero
the jutdgement was afirired.
Friomu thence the case was carried upl
for error to tihe .ttpromo Court, of the
. United States, who oni Monday last
r'everso.1 tito dlecision on this gsoinit. The
Court, says "thu judgment, of~ii Iheistrict
C.ourt was err'oneous in boing reondored
for gold and silver coin of cho United
St es. The obje'ct ion to paving the
tax, if a subject or'suit, as it, is stated in
this case, is a debt and falls within the
Act of Congress of Feubruary 25th,
'1802, making the Treasury notes issued
ni pursuanee of it a legal tender in pay-.
meats of debts. The judgmnent was in
direct coniliet with the Act., a. in re
quirmig the ppiyment of' coin, it-denied
the rightof pay mont in legalised paper
It will be observed that the debt in
tis case wvas contracted after the-pas
sage of the Act, and this deoision, there.
fore, may be regarded as a definite
judgment on theo part of the Supreme
Court that the Act coistitutional, -and
that U ted States Treasury Notes are i
n good legal tender in payment of all
debts contragted since its possage.
-'What their decision will be it a case
arisinig as to-contracts inade beforo 1802,
it is, of course, impossible to predict,
It ees o showover, tateAt
iight well be regarded as ant expost
fjhdo lawv, in its application to pre-exist
lng contracts. Othierwise it wonid be
made to establish a mode of payment
not in contemp~lation at the time of the
contract, ahd in reference to which the
contreet was not mi.do. Blefo 1802
gold~and silver coin we're, umnder the
laws of thie count ry, the alone legal
tetnder. -All contracts lvc're iade soes.
ly' upont tis basip. Fo~r Congress,
theorefore, to provide antotiher and diffesr
ent mode of paymenoIt for those, would
certainly. isap- thbeobligation of con.
trapte atim come' within the ha*bitbon of
an ex pOSt faCto law, which, by the
terms of thme first article of tho.Constlk
Iution, neother State ol' Costgres een
There is a ina out West- whose mespory
Is so short that it only reacheffo kt-koeca,
*an)Jenutly he neve pa- im. sa. boa.
Beachlng the Groat Eastorn,
After. he) IeQen arduous performan.
14 the Groat 4 1astern has boqomuo more
hanit ever an object of interest, and Inow
,Jirt shlle is bodily ont of the water she
3 in a still groater degree a sight to be
eeon. Her projeoted dnty for, tie onau
erg sumbier-thnt of convoying passen
gers from Now York to tihe Paris 10.
bibition-has rendered a throughout
averhauling and refitting. necessary.
Part of this refit has beien in progress
for somn weeks, but to reider it com
Pate An outsido survey was necessary,
tid to that end it was reqillsite that sho
ehould be placed on a grldiron.
Liverpool, or rather Birkeinhead, can
lock the Oreat Eanstern, but the effort
would havo beenr atteided with. Rlme
isk, antd more inecon venienrce ; and it
vas thereforodecided to placeo her on a
gridiron espe 'ially conrstructed for her
)n the fore-shore about 200 yards South
>f New Furry, on the Clecshiro sido of
lhe river. It is placed abdut one-third
> thle distance between low-water mark
if spring tides and the highwacter r.ark,
imd is about 400 feot long by 60 feet
iroad, resting on a firme bed Of clay and
i ingle. The operation of placing so
uge a mass on this fralme must of neces
ity have been onto of considerable deli
;acy andl, skill, and some doubt was
xlpressed whether ii. could be safely
)erforied. The risk certainly appoar
d to be great. The first and only
ttenpt was made with the morning
ide on Saturday, and as the monster
,lided quietly and easily to her resting
laco it seemed to be the simplest thing
it tie world.
Tile Great Eastern moved from her
noorings shortly after 9 o'clock, draw.
erg 18 feet 0 inches of water. She was
iropelled by her scrow, and was assisted
>y a tng or two. The tide was it,
te height at 10.20, and registered 18
'cot 1 inch. Caeptain Sirlanes Arler.
1011 (101c manedd, and wss assisted by
Mir. Breorton, C. E. successor to tihe
ate 'Mr. Brinte, and Mr. Tocking. She
vas put side one, and caIe sm1ootily anl
)asily to tire bed prepared for her with.
mt a single hitch. She was at once
recured in her position by powerful
muelors and chain cables, and in the
marly naternoon was high and dry'
The glance it ; distance of 100 ynrds
)r so, was disappointing, for tire long,
low line of beavch hlad the effect of
making her appear much shorter and
nhogethor smaller than at:e is. Orn get
Ling underneath ir, however, her vast
'zowas at once apparent. It was
traite an exercist, especiatily with the
cmid ankle deep, to Walk round her. For
18 or 20 feet her plates were covered
with a peculiar kind of gray weed,.like
course liir, which, to any one standing
rfinite uiderneatll, Ave her slrell tie
rpp aernee of the skin of at hurge Polar
bear just e(merged from his icy bath in
il Arctic sea. Tire wintry surround.
ings gave 81 rongth to tifis comparison.
Myriads of mussels xind barnacles had
found a hroteo among this weed, and,
Lhoregh her bottom is niclh cleaner than
was expected, it will take much labor
to thor'oughly clean tire vast surface.
Her screw appears to be very small In
proportion to her size, and it is marvel.
o0s how it can have any command over
her enornous Lulk. Her paddle.whoels
are of course, heinense, but, as she now
lies, the lowest paddle is fully 12 feet or
14 feet above the head of the spectator
on the~ beachr. Threre is enow a fuell com
plemeent of workmen engaged npon lher,
acnd site will no doubt be rgaedy to onter
upion her danties mi good tunee.-Livecr
Tun. NIurr Coxoncss.-Specualation
is already rife as to thee presidineg omcer's
of thce uext Cocngress. for rae Seneator
F'oster,s term of oflec will expire on lihe
41th of Marche, a now Prosidoent of the
Scenate will have to be chosent. This
latter, however is a small matter asi
comiparcd with the Sprakership, t tire
IHouse. Speaker Co'fui is anxious for
re.election, anrd bia personal popularity
is such that. lis preoepets are very good,
iBut ric 'e tly it has been nescerta'noed
that there is ane unedercrrent againg ~t
htim, A nutmber of the leading Radicahc
are quietly working ine opposition to-lhr
fearing test hce may not give themn tht
assistanrco which they( wril need to so
cure thre success of all their projects.
Thcad Stevens is understdod to favor
thce seleetionu of a new Speaker, as h<t
feels sorei~y at being cmed~ to, order r
few darys ermoc for ihis rermarks about Mr
ligheeam, of Ohio, and the call being
sustained by Speakner GolfaK. loe hear
not naed~ a canedrdato for tl* Speaker
sitip, but it is believed that Ite woulh
prefer the election of some bitter Radi
cal, otheorwise too mild tooffer thslighet
ost opposition to any proposition intro
duced or indored by lhim. Yet it is nel
likely thtt tire opposition to the re-elee.
tion of Colfax will amnotnt to much
Thre presoet Speaker is intensely Radi
cal, and heas never refrained to express
tire most extreme views whoa suech ox,
prossion mcghet prove advanutagoones. t<
hiam a a partisane. Ho~will lond~ all the
aid in hris poeor to the. impeeacent o:
Mlr. Johnson so soon as-he -thinks .thtal
the majority of his party favor it.
Onea HUNDRED Pra Cstr.-NA cor
respondlenitwriting to the Boston P'os
states tieat & woolen manrufaotory ai
WinOoskI Falls, Vt., hea for several
years pest doolarod yentl'y dividonde
of one hundred per ent, but the fact
has never been pulied, owhsg tc
the owners, who are few in number
not allowing it to get into the neews.
papora. thermanufaoeuring estab'
RKS10NAI'T o 0EPmn---Theo Wasli
Ington corresotdonc. of thes New YorI
2' Massays t at the Government har
rce19ed anid Accoepted the roegnation of
Mr. PliihRPa Teded &Stt Dittlbt
Sittorn9y at Obarleston, 8. 0,
.1,e on thre Potomeaoe at Aheandrlia war
Qo foot thick jaat waak.
Tius CQNSCTjoN OF SUAnATT's An
REST WITH T-r InbsrEACdnumsr Quse
TIoN.-O-o of the chief topics of dis
cussion in Radical circles just now is
the arrivai ot John it. 6urratt, who
loft AlOxandria morie .than a month
since, on board the steamer 1watara.
The vessel is now fully a week over
due, and some1 apprehension. is ex
pressed for bor safety, the more as she
Is known to be able. to carry but coal
enough to last her but thirty days.
This, however. need cause no anxiety ;
for, oven should her supply of coal l
exhausted, she, cotld easily sa il under
canvas, and, unless met off the cou9t
by some severo storm, may be looked
for at aity hour at Fortress Monroo.
The secret of this approbeision, hew
over, has yet to be toll. It is desigit.
od to have the trial of Surratt play an
important part inl the impeachment
business; and lu this way : Some
leading Radical lawyor (probably Mr.
Bingham, of Ohilo; who fgured in tho
proseoution of tho other alleged con
spirators,) is to be retained to assist
inl the prosecution of Surratt, who will
avail himself of this opportunity to
rehash all the horriblo circumstancs
connected with the death of the late -
laitnonted Lincoln. This, it is belicv
ed, will revive the Intonse popular
fooling which prevailed at the tiie,
and by a series of well-turned inneit
does arouse a projudiceo against his suc
cessor, and on the strength of both the
impeachment matter will be pushed
through the House at once. Of course
the Radical press will dQ its part in this
work, toisay nothing of the l adical ora
tors, so that you necd not be surpris
od to hear of the formal impoachinent
of President Johnson early in March,
The Radicals clai mn that they have
nearly enough votes to pass the Imeas.
ure inl the preseit 1otuse, but they
prefor to wait for tho meetiig of the
next C'gress, in which they- will he
stremger, anid bywhlich time they hopue
that there will be a larger 0pular
sentimiont in favor of this hi h-hand
Wurr is 'rim. Oils-r.c0--VhV
has not the .Union been restored ?
The war was fought to restore it, and
the war being over, all resistaneo to
the (overnment having ceaied, why is
the Union still unrestored ? Ill the
very beginning of the war, op0res4
unanimousl y dCelired that whnol the
robellions Statos ceased their opposi
tion to the Government and re'urned
to obodience to tire Comstitutim)n, they
should be restoretl to their ilace in
the lnion. Why has not this been
done 1 What is the solo obstacle in
the way of tha-t desira-ble end ? it is
the sato that stoOKd persistently in the
way. of all patriotic efforts to- avert the
war ; the same that deluged the land
in blood, covered it with mourning for
its lost sons, and burthened the people
with unparalleled debt and taxation ;
it is the Radical party. But for the'
selfish, factious and mercenary course
of that paity; the Union would never
have been broken, and I it for that
faction it could be rei tored in a day.
The Radical part-y alono stands in
the way of such a consuninat ion. The
loaders of the party are oppos-d to a
Union of all the States. With quch a
union they would be in minority. A
minority Congress could not then rule
the majority, threaten thle President,
and bully and insult the Supreme
Court. The election of a Presidentr
would then be partieipatod in by all
the States, and the Rtadical candidate
would he defeated by an ovorwhelm
ing majority. A united nation would
be the (eath blew to Radicalism, and
honce thme action of that party in 0op
position to all atteinmpts to restdro the
Southern Stateis to their constitution
al relations with the General Govern..
mont. Let patriotic men, business
ment and tax paiyors tlhinik of this fact,
--for it is a fact. To thiem all, a re
storation of the Union, and the conse
quont return of peoaco,, prosperity,
conomy in the pub lie expenditures
and reduction of taxes, is an objuet of
the first imnportano; but it can never
b~o scured while Radioalsm rules,
Think of this, and carry the thought
with you to the ballot box.--Now
WuVmo O Iri ?-A "RsInm," Oww.
CRWAviCD.-A correspondent, at Shl'.
byvillo, Kentucky, writes us concern'nu
a wiork of art he a tw on exhibition at
Wheatland, Clinton County, Iowa. last
IOotober, which was displayed as belong.
lag to a person. who served as a Vuder
al officer during the late wvar, but which
had evidently been stolen Iromi somec
It was not a painting or engraving,
bitt anm exquisite p ieee of needle 'work,
rtpresenting WVash ington the "Fatheri
of hisa country," staning bosido his horse
the i-oinis le.asely thrw~ ever one armhi
Our correspondent describes it as a most/
life-like and perfect piece of work, thme
product; of skillful and patient fingors,
and so aithfully and. beautifully exeen.
edthat a child at all acquainted with
the popular reptesentations of Washing,
ten, could not fail ti recognize it. Tho
writer judges, and not without reason,
that it wvas someblody's hbousehold treas.
utro, perhaps oneo day dearly prized, in ai
Souitherni home, before the Northern
thief captured or confiscated it. If any
citizen-of' the South has been robbed of
ench a picture, (and we hiope our Sou'h
erniexchanges will inake mention of these
(acts,) we hope they will lose no time
iapplying te dither. (t, M. l. ,IRogers
et ldwjn Carter,,both. gentlimien, and
residents of Wheitthiid, Ilea, for fur
erinfonrmat~pi a 6 theo prasentau hero
otAV Z0 mlN A liNG."-a
li train' from tlti-riburg *ae a gentle.
n~an Jack Tar, in a go. aslbore out,
jolly, genteel and happy, with a~ded.
dedlv pretty Qpeimen of eighiteen yeam
old orinoline, to whom he had been a
week spliced, atid was convoving Phila
delphiaward: Opnnnia .Tack .at lui
vife Were % coumlo that any ono conld
ie wre 0n. a hoiieynoon cruiso, the
irido all bliishos, beuity and bashIful
mess aind the gillant bridogroom all
levotion and endearment. Atono U
.he way Stations the cars -stopped,. and
ho careful bridegroom thus addressed
tis timid brido ;t
"My love, I am about to Step out
i few momients for refroshments. Do
tot bo alarned during my absonco.
Gentleman Jack took tho cup, and
,atting his wif oin the shoulder, sung
lut as if he. Was hainiIA the mainl-top
pIlati, yard in) a gale of wind.
"I say*, wifey, I'm going ashore to
vet moy winstile ; don't tielo overboaiu
rile I'm golie."
\gricultural and Horticultural.
[F roml1 the 8ow0t1horn Cultivator.]
In giving an article on cotton, 1
an11 not speak of its introduction int, the
voritI ; but I was liviig to oao the first
otton )laltd(( in (?eorgia, (except by
he womeui for spinling cotton,) wIeli
ras in Burke county, in 179:3, or -1, and
:u WTashi ngtoln county, in. I he y'a r
705. A m1an uinained EAwI: an1d
IV father wero the only farm .lh
linted the article inl Wash: in
795. Twenty-five pounds h11.;. 4,
omposed the task to pick out to the
mnd. A single lock was only 1'i'kod
1, a ti me,, ichu lock exainlinmd, -'1n1d the
rash picked off from that., beforel tho
wxt was o8ughlt for. This ' tliak was
Ilarged, as the hanids learied to applY
-ah linger to its e-pairate lock; when
he siiglo pull took the wholo bull at a
My father's m-groes were picking
heir -weity-five poniinds per day, with
vhiich hN wias Satifiedn, until gIng
wiy from home, lie he.ar'l Ofa 1lan
er VhIose lwst h1:a10'1s pielmd Cixly
,onn1d14s per day. 11o calm hoie and
Iid - ingroes Iltey iiust do hlier,
afd de1terninIled to picli at <hy himzx-T.Ii
o rho.v hlieml what. conhl.. he done. Ife
oni unenced early in th iorninag, ;i ad
hfter lie ia gt, well at. work, a L4 ien
alled at the Ihunse to see hin. D.- - r.
nined to imlake out, his dy's wok, he
oild not stop, bit. sen. for him to come
o the patch, and while with him11 did
lot slacken his wo. k-moviiig along i the
o while talking. At. night ho weigh
d hs day's work, 1m11l fouid I1 ha-ld
athiered '2e. lbis I Of course 1th m
Irroes Were delighted. ONie of his grnd-l.
ons has since had sixteen neigroes, who,
luring the three best, weeks of the lpick
ng season, averaged twreU IinRld
10:1ids per day'
The ebIanaige of times from Tobacco
:nfa-tre to Cout n, as regards prowperity,
va truly astoiishing. The bad farm
og of ourt people in the first, staple, and
ts low price on i tle plaiitation, gave
hem but litle of the necesisaries or
nixuries of life-not, onough to inidigo
it drinking coffee al all, except on Stun
lay mornings, Aat cotton diryeliv
:oimnanded Iwent.y-five cents, and tho
armers eunid Iot either eat or wear it
ill, and lad not thwn dreamed of ever
mying at negro, More-werr the Metho
list people, by heir Discipliine, could
tot own a negro. In i hree or four yen r.,
lowever, (all wore 1eyig negroes -the
1ethodist too-and the "General Con
erence" hn l ) sI new-modelled . their
Discipline asto suit the onmorgency, and
ndo it allowablo for thme Methodist,
arothren to buy aund own slauves, -as well
is other cit izens,
Novr, as to the enivatri and pro
petir preparation of our land4, to snit ts
nrluable stapile. WVe wvill observe, at
Is first, iintrodneutionu, all planted it in
hills like corn -giving a huttlo less dis
Lance. Lan mds were then fron tier
noitheor trod o~r hard, and wvanted lit.the
prepj-aration ; the Eottoni came upj well,
riid the crops were aubundant. But, we
have now to chanmge tlhe Iau~m-paa'.ion
and culture,, to suit. onr worni-oint coun.
try. I would yet, advise the lill-modo
of pltin~iig, if, in. our worn aind hard
lhods, we could proeure as certain
standu's ; but thie cotton really belongs to
anid imutst hatvo beeun introduced, origi
nally, from a warmer climiate, w i iha
longer anuamor than ours, and it is found
to re*quire all! the grosving Seasoft ini
this couunt y-comimng then, short of iti
Cnamcity in prodiuctioni, in muore. conmg.
niial clinuiates. I thierefore .adviso thnq
drill mode. 'of phunting, as -boeing theo
muost, certA n) to -pr9curo a utnd of the
firii pluab i. ig:; for no time mus', c~ lo:t
to the cotton planiter, by a re-iiuting.
The twmo plans ti .managing ctA . of
thbe mor L importance, anid abomi w h en'
oair pluriters, oiori at this lat- d :.3
very difl'erent-opinioasaro, om- e12
"the flat culture," and the oth 'r e. :.:
' the ridge, or raised euliuro." -I great..
ly prefer the latter modo of prepar: ng
lands, as having many advantages;i
whlile, in my opinmon, the "flat, ciulturo"
has nothing to . recommn.d it. t. is
cortainly important, in culivating~ a late
plant like cotton, that it shoulillhavo
every advantage to stari, oli, well in
the Spring. if the- cultur~o be flat, tho
spring rains -lie about it and keep it
back. Moreover, the snrface of the
earth keeps cold much longer in the
spring, wvlent n10 ridged. [Nons
Ridge culturo is pretty' generalhly roert
od to in thoecase of plants cultivated
muchl farther North thani the place of
their origin. Corn, for instanco, is
sometimes thus cultivated mn the colder
and more hurmid portions of New Eng..
Inuad and~ Now York. The ridges get
wvarmed through so. as to gave the plant
aun earlier starty, and tho ramt falls' plen.
t~ifully enough to supply all needed
moisture.-ED. So. CL7.). The hand.
some tV op e.ver aw* ,(it~was. on
river bett4sihaj by ,gr4iping. eh
ridges borti g'n lik 'the preparntuon
of' 8W 0tpottOUS. ~tgrew ofl noly in
nt n during1 the' sumw -
to mature (aster a64d open more quick"
Part ind parcel of planting. and itak.c
ing otten, is the manuring. I onue
propared forty acros of levol it pland on
the ridge plan, "listinI in a the
Caroh(as call it, so dorii-sta)W, pea
vits, grassa &o. Drawing upon this
rough manuro more dirt th:1u tho plows
could raise, by the hoo, and enough for
cotton nlood to Vegetato kindly abovo
the inuro, I noxor saw liclingrowth on
such latta. IFinding the cotton grconi
and floturishing inl a July drought, I had
the curiosity to see the state OF the ma
nure. I-found the L.od of stalks, &61
retaining still the vatei- from the Spri'
rais. L did niot, see tny. drolli 6f mois
turo fall when sqIeezin the piths of the
corn sta lks., 1,tt iy (ingers woro wet
witl the Iioistlre. I hivte, no doubt of
tie ridge pro'parat ion,. and wi ridges
evoIn higher Lhan lislailly imade, being
the proper in10de1 or preparing cotton land
genetially ; aid t liat it is nlio-st indispen.
pable ir swanp and other damp land,
in order that the ctop may open welt,
nil befro iiot-tiig inl the fall. This mode
wihlilso becomo n-cessary in all our
up-.lam1ilh, as we advnieo Ii manuirinig
them-nIvow too much worn to pilt
withotit il 'I I'o " li i i),," of rough aIt11
n1111r0 il the ridges will have to j adopt,.
id, or sowed broad east, as we have 110
proces ii operatioii to proctro decon
posed. mannre suflhcient For ia cottoi Crop
My choice of modes fur the application or
manur genierally, is broadcast; but I
1hve fomtid .khiL cotton mid such like
hot planl-t will not fire or tn.1i1 yellow1
like corni will, bfy the close nplication
rf even tile hot and r-nigh manures
albout it.. Having recomIlml Illdod above
die ridge preparation of Iai'd, we have
oily to add a few wonth as to the mott
of' phla:in4g to siAt it, and fire proper pro.
eSS l eniivat lion. - planlt iegl high,
nidges, tle "culter,'' wit l a iaall
')os&! bill poinIt, 11may be ruti to Open.
land cover the seed wit Ih a board or rake.
Il lt enhivation, take ln-ei efy the
sam1e ui'ed il lie potato crop. J0tm Ie
low wr'ongi siul, or hari nie.\' t.e phla,
-a"iVing iat lilk ',;r it h lo weed
wii ea, o l1 ppe ouyt. Thir. pecoumd opre
tlgte io, mraw oW t b ly muni ront linm mi I bs
6bY turn.1ing plow)v.-. <ira~wing up thec dirt
vwith i 11, heal crhisiignearly to a
-tad. The abter operatin i4 by the
V01t11,11011 ottu ('31 ti in ul i loitt
cn odo scrape pl nhsd of thi~ ,~. 30oe
iinlgEr ollowed by1. 'ib,.-g s; and V. the ,
ngfa i, thlrow oilt ( th mi i pon Lit)
Thtr, co ( nii well 1h-vatd inl tho
pho ints. i foid eaer i~ '1cultivat ion,
ald 1ade cltoeant of writs , 1r., n o.e
wl dwniv, it this striag I improvem ent
ite ap'fiehi tre. Pianteri hmavt, hereo
f-re, b)i' too impetiom an10d aIsty to
plitit, il any catrIfull way , t. They 'have
ltooted , ivih lrapih tldan ! mlllif mo,
t1ion, 'Without regardin thr Ia he and tna
Lure if Lt 111,11. Thaot 1m111:,o snegiod
ed ech te lieo1-.-e t'u cont lWas
nlew, the soil openu '1nd po0 ois-lited*h
tolp let i g" a . , litict (h hail
umcr less preparluiit I . ..ll. h resi
tll, whor ite mout ti, pti of
our laid is oor-becyam e tooclse
ni'ad hard, and 'elie omfs t, hIebttr
broke, ad prepared in sthle otjudici
eioes in afer. The eton! a'ntAj1 w ill
reach all the moistre nded frmelly
top of the ri es, i a safer mannerl that
w1en liced in reach of ilto floodi t0f
water that fro-<1otly ofll. oreover,
it calls for at little moishir, rather than
requireg leditiih rain. Let farmers be
gCovelled accordinlgly, and't I mee sPuceis
yhen orote 1 prepaat r ladsh
elt pohe cot:eratio oa onr0c1nnr,(an
ih ptrke lawts of ceur sp pommodi
c onco experiemts bydfrn
perlowi haen sctatin t hats
onet tuhel far colr will hs acoittl
Takin thed reut salns the f oo'nl- pr
owhn deneions r de whlich all
ouli farmis oul doat wellt la~y-Ly.
W hen corn sel fo' 4. eclitspr
pbuhe por cost~ 3.2 eel s e pud
Wen concs I1 ots pr bush-i
plpr ot scents ao pon~pe
Wou itorin-os 5 cnt p r .bush-I
c hrn. cr ot 3-et o uh
pork. cost's 815 n s ripond.t N'
wen sodi the f4ros'-mn. of or :ik
W idhteprk ol Prfor 8icents pof
ontli mt bis5icnts por1( buasiobin
W hen pork sols for 4V ceit~nt. per
woun Clfit br i 3 d ceni pifor ul idn
theA r OF ns.~n rOlti-:in.\s, leios
- General Sic'sclldt e
lilriand yterdy krig unws~ wastb
recid her de pjim'aath:r. tihe ei as o
the' dauhtern o .Professri lg oli o
aiNw i Y ond iilbs ln reem e aes one
woamen evar usee ahi ngil iton.t'd She n
wstelegnly ldednhearedlan fted wl.th
hrelost faicnat ing m~uier. onShio was
wnreto Gnealn 'piie eryt. ytthe
aus er oflrr. aerace tat h hoightof
her yonthful bea duin PV/ierce'
adminiaion, wi*,. on roalleted
nam wa unhpl hid leted fa shi oa
stpea exolt.~ude h~ers .from al.- lo
'alirou nd whichm ee was 6 t it o -toie
welcom anduridadiuprin'ipat Wiet T
casof yor dceat \vsboi"d :
&MAc8ts. r~-~-V14 'WON Y'uik
ilerald, of S3aLtr~q~yg:~8t fvl wing
of OI M ~)I88lcl),Iltts .~8lt~u Ii~
(uineuidint. 1 iis is (itlitq trcui4
ulways 09.J. llry Irrw v! ho P91,rPs)Igiiio.t
ovqrytLliig -QItLzI'~ tlltt III *po1
setts, anld witJ , o )p f )A o"-Pe n
preino laxv o( ~h6 1,11 , 19' 114 11
haive the int. ~c~o, , 41 "iRtl,* l" . , .
ihjg IItit slo is 6mih* d~~ n ,010t
wrong sideo whloaevor th .0m, I (i
p ro~ijpority orl.110 clutiaikry id.01uue'ira
NASHILL~, Apel)u: 'V-i 111 ty t
t0-c1:) tlivre- whs a d.ebito -onr'the' -n'ogr
iufirago bill, anti it tohi 'etc. W49, thkolle
which resauiud,yuns 0"u, nivi 25:
friouds of l ietrar 'fhetfl
'1helUnit(,d States s&nnito hasR passed
a bill to itinond the. law i of. 178 7 (-sta 1)
liiig-tho Judiciail Courts of tlio United,
Statecs. It La ill lioriizes aity Judge' or.ti
lice of tim ntlaited States Colrma to i~sao
wvrits of indies. Coqius ano) regatlato- tho
coitrso of' irocndi, iticlor them.
Things Wise and-Otherwisob,
The followers, of 'St~mis are catllA-l
Cciulilaiti sIli hteod 23-1A 1 6 hops
T16e Nfifarquil of 1cti~zidr .1 nit
ivicotne of $4,0010'000.
Lord Nas, the newly appoltia.4
Governor General of Ciiumtda, is I'll I rish~
lit -r,. and wivlit' ill Pitrl.inixio was
dallt'd to "Ifat I rishi tboY.,
(L~rr, (ll Vou askc Hicks' for tbat.
I n111iy 711 "1yes.'' ",Nlint (did h&e
lay T1 - 'Nothing :ieo kicked me1 int.
lilt road. 6'II,:. 's titlihe tiaid ."
Archbishop ~\lftV describig
#hoi i surniotis they "iini at not hing afidl
A\.c(olorvd illy, liii;ir hi oilit',,
flay, 0~ 1%- p.);orns lo:,e lsN hvr : Oli ill'
al1itilimt a, extit highIN - aill, 'ho was Ill
Llm A t1) rI I Ii e IktiQ I sI kj It"
JvIT ohii*'pe is ill AN\uitinltnl 'clijily
ingthin firstLi cilv i il~ hts Ihald l vit
tv-11mir (lns-rv* i e "leuve" ilhat.
hie was pt'rstiido-l to uacevia. fromi (Iic IIO
rid Jzicks.i titt Nfaisas (Gap, ill OHMi
"V onl lyalit iqtljli dj ou"i.1
rlt.. "Bitig'1idt an,' if It's no6thiig. yolt
wallt, )'bi'll finld it ift the jug wlui'ra,
tile wliiakoy wa.1"
It 4* genclle-ly coii-'ehcd thlat W11o1.
IIooj)$ go, uutiroly out of , fas'hill) 11141
tile ladhns(lb C4.11 doi to (lit i - atkiril'.
stanldard, tbeco will be. a grl, all deal
inure vacm )t, roomi ill tho Nvou-1, th:qln
theroe is at. pre~etat.
WO lately inot-a graiarian, says a
XiCalifornin paper, vwho hias Just wnade
aI toie through ltho 1110$ cOtliigat Ii ug,
or r.1thor ogittig tims " Posit v
Ali 'mctioncer exclairncd-1Vwily,
roalv. ladi ,sc tid go-wi1 cunan. I Ril gfv
Tu MisEnizE OF A - IAClRI.OR.
What a pitiful thing an old- bachelor
is, With his choorliss 'hotso and bi
rue'il'pbiz,, on ti bitter coldniglit,
yhln 'thto cold winds blow, when th
earth is covored vith snow. When
the firo is out and in shivering dread
ho slips 'Iieatl the shoots of h1i nel y
bed. ITA he dratvs uj> hia toes, a I
encased in yarn hose, and ho buries
his nose 'etath thu chilly bed clothes;
that his noso and his toes, still enoas
ed in yaarn hose, iay toiot ebanco tQ
chano- to get frozo. Then Io arffs
aid ho blous, and says that lhe knows
no mortal oin earth ever suffered such
woes ; and wi tl al's I and with oh's I
with his limbs . to dispose, so tlat
noeither his toes nor his nose may be
froze, to his slueinbr in silonuo thu
bachclor goos. Jn the morn when
the cook crows, and the sun has just
rose, from beneath the bed clothes
pops the bachelor's nose, and as you
may supposo, when ha larg; how the
w ind blaons, sees the windows all froze,
why back 'noath the clothes, pops the
poor follow's nose, for full well lie
knows, if from that bod ho rose to put
on his 'luthosjl that ho'd surely be
T1h AVashinl:-laigton iiJton states thit
on h'llursday, tho fimeral a(i a yotug
man nam1d Collinsworth0 took pla'co ill
that cimy. AiAr the cerinonies tihe
horses rfims:d to daw tb hiaarse. 'he
horsen were as good as any in te city
belonging to the nuidertaker Holh. T';e
(orpse wias then removed fromi the
hearo ntad other horse~s 'procured but
wh the xmaino restauh. The corpse wits
again renmoved. and the hiorses, without
one word fromn the driver, started off.
The corpse was Ithou conevik'ed to the
btiri:il gramid by six pall baearers. This
i3 certainly ion of the most remark.ble
cas's tlat we have evor lard of, and
to sol ,e it w are quite ntiable.
T cl d n- sectiOiofi the A riv
Bion 11, recently rp.rted lby
the Mihny Cimuniile to the Ilinso, is
both novel and important. It, provides
that Hie hadqirters of fl.e armny sIhl
be :at Wvas lhingt on; that all orlders re.
latihliz to milit iar rations, even when
in made by the PresLidiit and Secrtary
o Wlr, shall be i.ssi-ed tiroi.-h the
Gieral of the Army,; that tlie eneraul
shall not be removed, suspended or re
1ieved from coninaid, or as-signed to
dity elewhere t-han at hoeadgi.i rter.;,
witiaitt 1 approval of the Senate;
that gidl orders issued contrary to the
retiaremnts wf this secition tlall be ull
1an1d void, 1aind ianV oflicer: issuing sneh
orlers shall be dend gniiy of misdo.
WHAT is Ms PLAnDY Won-r ?
An c xchiainge says ihis q-ies-ion bris
ber-~n freca ally aisked, aind is a natural
o:iiw. I i statel iai, in 1856, Mr.
Peabody ainade a will, w' ich deonnsra
to.d t heat ho-aI lhen worth about, ift/
mili.a p 'mn /s st ring I \Ve presiaime
from the liberal ulialiler in wlii4 he
scatiers his clanr1itie1, that lho hahs 1n1o4
growin any poorer since. 11 io itad not'
tiransavc ted 11any buisineBs Sinco that time
tho sipleltterost on sneh ain eniornis'
sinm would liav-i .largely increased his
wealthh ; bait tle fact is he has evr ainco
lasen one of the largeet, mbost aetive and
ennatioas buankers mn the world. HceO~
his~ pres.it~mlea miust exceed one he-.
d/redl million pcuiule sterling I .T his is
a sanug little Banin for a rainy day,
Veoo y.-WVhun a Spa inarrd eats a
peoach osr pear by them roadside, where
ever he is hoe d ags a hole ina thae groundii
with la~s foot. and,. cov'ers t ln seed. Cona.
seqja~unly, all over S3pan, by athe rotad.
sides and elsewhecre, fraait ini great abiln
daneco tealpts the taste, andh is ever free.
Ilaet t his pr -tic 'be imitated ini this
doniat ry, anid dho veray wvandorer wvill be
blesaed, and Wess hei hainad thiat, minis..
Er-redl Lto hai comaf *rt uiad joy. Wo aro
h..u.ad to leave thec wurhd. as good, or
besi t -r, than .we foamnt i, aind beo is a
salf ilh cl.uarl whao rusks nudor the shtad
uv rapd eats the fruits of trries whichh
othier hands haivie piiated, if lae will not
also pliant irees whicihshall yield frnit
to the coming genorations.
*CONDI'rloN OF JIlFF.nS.aN I)AVI -
Ar\ gentlleman wh'lo ibas4nt returned Jrom
h4'rtress Moonroc, says, from per.ional
kanowledge, that thu henalth of Jefibrson
Davis-is nmeuh better: than it, h'as. boesn
for six muonthus Wash ai. that, lhe is
aliwed free inttercoaarso with viSitors,, bait
avoids all converation with referene to
all politidal allhirs and to his own condi4
tinas a prisoner, 1I a is fith range of
the grounds of the Fortress, and lives as
comnfortahlo asiany of tiio Uniteda States
oflicers. -We~ihrondl .:xamawr.
Thit h h twenaty~inch gnun over cast
ini this conntry wuas hoisted out of the
pit, whore it was caste somo tht-e
~wooks ag&, a t the F'ort 'P'itt foundry
yostterday. .domo Idea of 'theaainognt
of ltabor rogiuirod to finihsh these mona
stor gtms nuary be formo~d p rom ther
fast'ihm atit; takes geveral tnen three
mnoijths~ tao finishi on6 of thecma. TPhe
all51 used'lIs solia and waghs over half
aa ton, ruianamg one haunadrod .pountds
of power at a churge.- A navy gun of
this calibre wais trieod a few days ago,
at tlio if~dy bg rouina near W all's Staa
ioaai flie Ihjinenuse . all ljunctra-td
into the banik about forty foet,. and
pi-odneed titoe a -.jar.- Pusarg R~o.
?i~arlie, my dear,' said a Ioqin~
ino~jr t ahiopefaul san, giek - shaldde4
it't btoecheos, 'O litrie, my qa a', .nme
heres and got somno . candly" gappet
won's mind It now,..mnotlaer," replied,
Chario., e .go hii - somei stoba..
Poinita e y hi elIxahhnoy ..Qovenor
Otr- DistrichiJdg for Abbuiile, ties
tud go mJuk tee naed -