Newspaper Page Text
It is said that tie Etipress of the Fr-enich
is ngtin <nelvnte.
T'1 iiiuimers in Ruti.i an A erica last
about ti wetly miiinuos.
Never relato your oniort niiue, atl never
grieve overt wihat yoil cannoit I vi- ut.
There i. a prospet a i largo etigration
frontj Newi% 11hani1.hiretoSot Catrolinia.
Newton, N. J., and they are :illid to be eu
perior to 1t0 1b, t tallo".
.1 is n i-ertainl. th.: feiv neni were kil1.
cil and twenty wounded during the riot i
Dr. JAhinson, being once he whute'
he0 ias in the habit. of say iog hteater or
ni-her, very laconically repltied, nay-thur."
A Tennesieo paper anys that PIiuoh
Drownlow will not. dlie until thej ::chool fuit
of tha $1ato tis ctomptl!, tely exhatted.
)iamlionts of tie very first water have
been found i ll all coutay, Georgia. So
says an exetatnge.
Ana ignrt1u of aln apothecary k ille a
poor ninit in Pitstsurg, P., onl Fid,13 by
giving lim' orpino in I.lIe qui inieQ.
Tho colorod nilitay orgatin,,ttions!u inl
lItone, ia., htave beun disbanded by or-11 r
of th muilliary inuthorittes.
Tho conmmtittIec inl fie INtassallchutet Iits
Logisltatutre, having the tiqutor ainestijont un
,der consideration, tu presenteI a tajori
ty report. in favor of it license lIa.
While tho (mi;ratitn of Irish to this
coutttlry itriig Ite past tow years hat tn
nually ditiim in2e1 pci-er veht., it unitetr
of Geroinl emrraa as teld
A thenttiei-l (lais.) doe .tliister
u1ponl him1 while un1'ler itsL inlIinene~e.
The lhatrford4, uf'n.) pulihrshve
issuled 1,2.,i00 viht ner; of I Q11i in i ,
jnet-" 0-1Connee I With Ohe Late W31r, 0:1. v~tue
of which wa -1.:, !,. I!
lli !nolvek 111nd Ohw 'ilel A e .l se
Mo1.)lley roIoinedltghrlo ee~lya:
AtL iterOilutit 1111ve. Ity, 1113d [alght each1
other Ithe lan u i th ir nt:! ivo couttn..
i't1tI i' te el e iil' in up
IatS ol ,tu . rin s. ! wa I c t i e l1 0.
V, I i S. The I ttIt.- A c ittl i t y I: tive bl..
<ptet+1 W,'all sizes, lil.1 eiheenl crownsi a(
the elo. t- oi t ev ii
Av . heilnuel 8. liah ;t ha - d line-I It)
nti it nt yorally ,,' Tuient.hin, .\ht,
to which he Nw;a appoiniedt by tin.1-vl (.0
fill Oi e ivutI: II-y oct,ionel: b I he Iliny I
01, Nlayor- qlo.,.
A larmer inl (a1f1Co1y, New York
bus tl aietiabrl co'niing 1 nu inahd
aatd forty five pittit oft h
leit , itl er wh ic-i h e oih - hio i :st tibit.
ie .oubit lift it with i i::y - i t . e
pouo.int on it.
A% lig t'Iin In, d or, th U lh
t lac mpii, p tsoved t t.I. tains t a ha
der-.vtroke, in I rtoettne'cf ot bietin I iitnni
1ted in a citeen o iater linted with 1,01
ithit o at a nbi ta ture (e.-: t f t ('ur t'te
imp iity atilk: 1ro a liue I 'et'alk on 1he
Ashurin1b ntail ; Ii p e, it wi re it
wvill flow away.
The first chitteo' hit e ll in .lnerica Iwas
prescutediel to Christ Chiu1-ch, Salvinl -A. -0,
itostikt, onti hun111dredt It iid ( ettity -thr t te
years ago. '1ho beli exists in t i.ot state
of t'rr.,crvratgo. 'ITe i'un cript it po the
titO bii tor readl "e re he it int'
toft hels catct l'ort the y Uri thatmr in oth
Aieria, bA.i v. 177 ."
we orae ioy lo learnv t l'g e h'iI''jt~ i~ i m
'illt i e it is f'tt u-tt l in t , hit . 'l'he
stil iL)nu I.~ toeso If hitts iii lal f:~l
11it, as~1 tttr nm ear h-c ane i ug p wlster-~
Ituly aich, t ist e th:t al iirmiasti
ngo,) Ctt even Uthe Cstoiuftt heartt ut
ItS ild totn'itt. iitckttd h
W t in Wfin alliatie may t e .ngreszen ia
bed-otg erhey Incait wih -t cl
qu-a tlity ols~hru a -l ath ~i
waytttttr ia e ctritS1 in a metal selv
praovidl ig't ,vit heled I to ednetss. n't'
Ta hoilcolotealme tof Ammits tption P-tu-ish
listaiu from :It11 natural claim as the
elnet iat, th4e leki-d synpathy, tho
'or:il stuilo, ih ichocked t0ic'onversiation,
he tuting cmpiliantie, the well-of
1 " to) apt to unmifet,-.t to tho.se a Ilt tlec
"Wil, Nith wili colaiparionl or' ill
elleet and prlhwile(4 of %irtue, they
rT41itii(ly ,illk into init iusign iIicanev.
WINNSBOR,, Is. 0
Weduvday Mhbif;, May H.9, 1067
ii . 11. 31e imr xiIt !-. p lvei'i T, Eu mon. ti
T UR~ l'OR H. R AI.D.
T IN.I iiil. % r. per e-wr : TMI DOL A\RS
6rsix 111-m'hI:: 09N11 DL 1.i l 1--r thret' maim lt -
m i ll - in m n ibxek,"' :;n !a 1-1p-e Tenl ('*-lats.
1 , " Th pil r n i ll ch'i-ont titiald oi the tel
r- o thu r. -neiiiI S et wh yiv ty 11ent bi v bei'lt mine.''
ilb it erwr< t h i it cross uimIk ui. the wrn ppr w
i),r - of Ch-- r 1. t ecr, willI sme n thatt the thnu
. l e h- e , e iei i~r, .l
a bv I :i Hit %l I T .r.--Onue Dol lar per m i ieli
-r th liirit, iid Si mgiety five cv its lime suii bic.
t i' t. e se tiot A~ ,llimim r .! i:i e 'li 'i jahe l eite a
Mi.~~~jc..'rI te rye spaa Ltt': totCUhen
le 1el e vi. t t h ai l te.
O1la I*ATl*..; - 0~ evi, 4 lw. year 'Twe uty-five
-a it i - reI t" i I' I'rsua r ixiir g updi th
-.u l..n r Il-- 1-- .nin t ry, V-67.
Sj " W ithillnt P1" I'ilt-n 'l'r I I) Itsl n ClItIII
re ticino ,u 11 thi s is ti thid frs Milt Ihe
bh b. tm !i n t i it i listr l' tiu - the 'it tti i t'' rate.
it We iI l is tl.at 1y l -ir (-l yth i ti
ein '' for cle ti t' ini jti. d j Ltrk tiro
M- ijor Pryt Le tter to the Phoenix.
It ha:.l :..aid b'y somei one (anld
wve tIlink ,hi-mwilly said) that wdhen. aI
mni ;AA to writig letters ie *tis apt
to in dilliyulies. IT this be true wo
ifine that Major Perry is ll in"dilli
cultics," for this is the tird letter hie
has given U4 eon the ".ituation" with
inl a very brvief perioid.
It wa: a thiat dteiury Clay, whel
he vwats tiad -t ettle idate for the Proi
deney, thtroyved his ek"neo for the
t.i b wriin l ; in Other
w lr mit wrIte him f elf o n. Wt
think tht .1jo IPrry iA in dangtr
it tin th same~tt W tth ii wihout the
(INeI'lis ' of b ing aI caulditiatc fl0r the.
W 0 v'. * tr w i the TejI t v. aIl eor wit h
11 in li e iity comii. ents
mot this IrA md lat lWier tip to
Aaik, which. 1:4 si-lm blin: !ike the third
he t llr n ac ; ha e af1rc. ( ie i fi two
hItr beenc, relm! l-ahe weak, we
k ! N I ,w t al i " dIle IieIutll o (li()itol
.1,. wh'..ed udIru,;"ta of 3 jer Perry.
Wo ne i t( :iure tthat, the Major
wuila hlavo loaie Il!!"!. 1.tilld chanr t.
:- it Ins ee Il Iti a aint (.(, the enl
cor iap' :entt~ ie him b y his i allant
al'!,(!t Ty. vW%. Woodward, who like
int a til h / roi forward u.1 itnh
nho will h biae tll t hac aiMain.
In ti h lir art o thet litter tr .t
ui t lir lfee li k ledge ol
b ryto whoic we ia to o prhte
.\ er - i' :.with aI -orl t of hly
al t s "it Wi for us to neetae the
"stain"ho vahnly rem-Ilarks
"There ti, thig in thes hi,try o al
to the o carth Nr the i t. iix
tI Wmmuu yearsl Co~luparahl to it, in
iolly .n euae This runs. back
to 2thoutmd cc, ther tan oui
lariiled2e o hidor11~y ete~ndo. Weci
thd nt lutaw .ltill tiOhe ao tld uint
bu t smpiig"oprble to adnit, i
m/ul lin at eui o int anscttileii)m
eing;es t tWeyould be wt iei the te
I ajor wouh a eft r atuai to hiiiauthorvit.
for ti blofroad aor ib'e'. to nks do
ard sted'hion asiti the imi-aienth hsto-.
MaIs trall't i a (Andy~ 111I Jm n said n
ab'touteI thle ipe nof th PiCaol fin
"hugg. tingll it tyrannye andopesin p1yW to
lth''etrt. b ioss and thekingi the ro
'tht sm o te then &c.~ hifie th enta
jo. r h ai h~ o e 110 e --x f's/ he e-- ro lt
duce atll t t lid aenleintstof that.
th sinya ond theac iiajo~ ~t th at
Lajr'l s ealy hon. mt) Wer ofi fet
divi de. teir w Lparty, atlI enable us,
with the aid we would get from the
North, to crush thont out of Cxistonce
as a party. Tiho world-yea, even
the ladical party-k not entirely
lost to truth, honor, and virtuo.
They would not, daro "to do this
Tje Maor admits that tho purpose
of thle lq)IIilicani party iats not bee
Solely t of revoo'e, for if it had,
says he, "they could have institutvd,
aii over ti h coIt r-, prosecuting for
rO~eam, and! by inilitary comutimia
tions or' negro juries have brouglht any
prominlent. mil to thle gallows."'
If they had undertaken to rook
their vengeaneo in thi.A way on
i" ineit ien'' of the South, who
pamrticipated in the robellion, the Ma
jor hiinself would have been In somo
daniger. But Ie still lives to hurl de
fianco at them, and to refuse to bo
"re-construct.d" except on his own
The fact is tihe lIepublican party
thus far has exercisd greater forbcar
aliee towaris us tlan we hiul a right to
expect under all the circumstances.
It is true they aro handling us a
little roughly, but not to the extent
they have it in their power to do, and
we should be thankfal for all the suf
feri!ng they lLVO spared us which they
mlight and could have inflicted.
The Major Soulins entirely to have
ovclOoko'l the fact-the great fact
that we are aI conquered, a subjugated
leople, and insists on his dictating to
his cotiiuroril his own terims of con
cilliatiln :and recoistruction. This
looki li!:e "putting on airs."
But, what dhoes Ie adv;ise us to do
Ie sav.:-"if we will have ptience,
ani bear our wrongs liile Ch ritianms
111141 patriots, our deliverance will
eolmic, but hiede (11A t tell uts when
or how. lay 1 le tlil uk that s m c
Mos4es will ,pring up among ussome
Fome day, Inid l us out of bondago
to smue prroisediu land ,onlunrhere.
Thei Major. .oeems to think if we canki
succeed in defeating the call of I Con
vention at present that the matter
will ond there), ati that. Smalh Caroli
na, by that manIs will save her honor,
atid that we shall in that way escape
thel "humiliation" and "dogradation"
of Icing ruled by our former slaves.
las it never occurred to him that the
- Radical; aiil negroes can re-construiet
lui without tht) a id oi conre-Clt of the
white population of' thiis State ? And
just assure as we follow Major l'erry%
advice, so sure will tlis be the result,
sible mode of I.Bil ical izing the State.
The Major takes tle position that
ifI lero suifrage is allowed it will be
"gi Ii up self t-governmeni ct, re pubIi
Can priii'ples, constitutional liberty,
the rights of the States," &e., &c. It
seems to us that the very rever'se of' all
th is is t rue. [1 the negroes are free
ciizensi s of 11:ec South I (and Majo r Per
ry) ;almits that they aret) is it not,
antli-r'epltican to re fuse theu (lie
rightu of'i huirage ? Is it not niaant by
"aelf-go.,eiineint,'' thuat every lreemuen
whi blhe Iives ? col it be callod
elf!-g..venilinenlt whlero a lmnority
ruls tom thme excl usion of' the majotrity?
Such would( he-thme ease in this Stato
if' thle negro were deniled the right of
snu'rage. We havo aulways been
taught tocalil this style of' government
an aist ocracy.
H ow is conistitutionial liberty d~e
st royed by gr'ant ing to every citizen
thie right, to vote 'i
Th'le Ma:ijor .says "when South C'aro
l ina~ abolished slavery, shme h:il an as
sur'ance, too, that she would be f'or'th
with restored to the U nion, withI all
heir constitutional rights unimipaired."'
IWe don't r'ememuber to hamvosee11nay
such assurance. Whmen, and by whom
was it made? It miust have been
made by President Johnson to Govern
or Perry privately ; and1( it' so what does
it amount to ? it certainly was not
TheI Major has a groat deal to say
about dlishonoring himself and the
Statoibyivot ing for a convention. As to
all this we can only say our views dif
for widely from those of tho Major on
this branchl of' the subjet. No man
can dishonor himself by acting under
at necessity. Theu Major writes like lie
was angry-as it' ho felt enr'aged at
something tho Republicans have done
to him 'persionially. Hio scoums to bo
We imagine ho frets a little about
the political inconsistences which aro
charged againust him.
The argument ho resorts to,. to acquit
himnselt'fo the charges is rathzer amusing.
Ito says, "I r'egarded i tmny duty, imn
pose~d by honor, and( patriotism, to a id
8,000,000 of my fellow citizens, who
had uni11ted, whether wisely or Iuwise
ly, ini their attempt to establish that
sacred right of selhf-governmoit pro
claimed in the Declaration of indopen
\\e nicaima if itf la 1ec ..l
eight mon imstead of eight iillions, he
would not have assi4ted theni "wisely
or unwisely" to break up the Unlion.
liut Can the imposing llagnittide of
numbers count'wrong into right-error
into truth ? Surely not, yet Maj. Pcr
ry argues as if he thinkls so.
The Major tell us that when South
Carolina Seceded fromt tihe Union, Uov.
Means desired to know thio:eourse lie
intended to take. lie said to die Gov
e-rnor "that lie State was going to 6he
devil, and he was going vit h her."
lie thinks sho is "'going to tho devil"'
again if she votes for a coiveition ;
but I swears he'll lnot go with her
this time. Is ilot this a little inceon
sistOut ? WC should like to have the
Major's company, and hope, after he
reflects moro upon the subject, ho will
conclude to go with us.
Tho Jongrossional Plan of Feconstruc
If every man of and over twenty.
one yearsof a, in S-!Ith (Carolinia,
untderstood ex'ietly the trie import of
the Acts of Contgress, under whiel an
opportunity is given to their State to
resume its Federal rolation to tlie
United States Glover.nment, we believo
every tnai, both white dind colored,
would agree that to unite harmonious
ly to carry out the provisions of those
Acts, as far as that power is entrust
Cd to us, will be the itost effectual
way to remove the anoiylous power
by which the State is now governed,
and restore her to a condition of law,
C(iity and jiust ice.
With a view to opetn the eyes of
our readers as much as we can uponi
the real situat.ion, preseit and o.isi
ble and promised, of South Carolina,
we will present tho record by whieli
we are governed and to be guided in
our co ure, with such running comn
ments as the presentation may in our
I this resUnt it will be unnecessa
ry to quote the whole of eacht law to
which we appeal, as will be obvious to
--The ictfe!wture t which atten
tioi is called i6 found in the preamble
to what is coatinuily called the \I ili
tary Bill, ot, as- exactly delined, "An
"Act to provide for the iore Meieti
"go)Vermniieit of tle rebel 3tates,"
which Act was passed over the Presi
dent's veto on the 2nd of Mareb, IS 67.
In quotlig this preamble we will use
it in the sing lar number, as thoutAh
its sequel were applicabl only to
or Iadequate protection for life
"Or property now exists inl the rebel
S'tate of * * outh Carolinia
"4 * * *; and whereas, it is lecessa
("ry that peadd and good order should
"be enforced i_ said State untI i [a]
"'loyal and Republic~an State Govern
mntCanl be legally established:
A mnore ingetniously devisedl pr'eam
ble, we have never seen befoure. T.t
Onitainms the very pith of the view.; anid
/prposes of the victorious North. W\'
ask~ the r'eader to learV' (Yje tlh
cnd of thlis SCiutuice, to refer back to
thle preamble above, and read it over
very carefully againi. If the reader
has done this, hte will perhanps have
d iscovercd the fact dihnt the Northernm
iew's therein cxpr'essed ,of the coni
ditioni politically of South Carolina,
is, that hers is not a "legal State gov
ornmiient;"' andt that the Northern pur'
pose is, to miake ours a "loyal and Re
puibilia Goennu. And to etf
feet this "it is necessary that peaco'
"andi good ordeor sh'ul be enforced"~
i South Carolinia "unitil'" such ai gov.
er nenit "cani be legallycestabl ishied."
-Such is tho p~uripOo of the United
States Congress, and it has thec powe,
booanso it has the backing of millions,
to cO'ect its puroso -
-So muoh then for then preamble.
Nowv for the important part of its so
The first section of the Military Bill
div'ides the said reboel States into five
iliitary districts, of which districts
South Carolina forms a part of the
second one North Carolina is the
other part of thme same,
Woaro all fully aware that section
has boon exactly fulfilled.
-The second sectioni gives the
President the duty to assign to the
comimand of each district a general of
This too we know and feel has been
done. Rlemember, the President ve..
toed the 11i11, but hie IS nlow scrupu
lously executing .all its provisions.
The Supreme Court has not yet decid
ed upon the qutestioni inivolving the
constitubionality of the Bill, and Caln
not now, (because it has adjourned,)
alnd will not, though it be adverse to
the Bill, until ai/cr the whole law has
gone into effect. Does not coven a de
cent restpect for law made by the Gov
ernment which we acknowledge has
the power over, us, dlemand that we
shall faithfully observe its proviso
until they are lawfully modifled or
But objection is mado an this point,
on tihe ground that there is suilicient
option left, u; to enable us to control
the power of' Congress. We will show
incontrovertibly, before we havo fill
ished this review, that nothiig, is
further from the real ficts of the sit
ation. It will be worse than usoless
for any man to roll suci a ihope as a
sweet, morsel under his tongue. It
might eventlly "bite him) like a se'r
pent" or "sting him like an addoer."
Wo entreat tilei not to be doceived in
this part ieular.
The third and fourth sections in
part detine the ditty of the Command
ing (eneral and the liabilities of the
-Thic fifth and sixth sections are
those with which we are mo1wst inotte
diately coneerned. The fifth wo will
now quote entire, as its provisions are
so important. It is as follows
S Irc 3. And be it further enacted,
That when the perp!o) of ally of said
rebel States shall form a constitu
tion of govelrmnllenIt ill Conformity with
the Constitution of the United 'States
in all respects, fraimed by a convent ion
of delegates elected by the male citi
zens of said State, twenty one years
old and upwards, of whatever raoe,
color or previous condition, who havo
beeni r'esidenit inl Said Stato for 0oe
year previous to tie l day of such clee
tion, except Snehl as may be disfrial
CIsed for part iipat iotn ill tle rebel
ion, or for feo.y at comlinon law ;
aiil Wu suCh con4st it tit ion 14n1 I'.ro
vide. that the eletive; franchiise shall
be enjoyed by all such person s have
the < ltalili.-atius hereini stated for
electors of dleptes: ; and wtvihenl2 ruh
conslituti .shall be ratilied by a ia
jor-ity ofthe p(r1 ms v~ ot in ontie
in tion [it' ra4 i icot iica o who (are quali
i mI as electors Or delegates; and
whenl sueh Constiti.on shall have
beenl submilitte d to Congress, forexamui
lmtion and appr-val, and Con141 rugre.ss
shall ha alproved the saite ; and
when the aid4 State, by a vote of' its
lIegishiture, elected undr :aid consti
ut 1ion, shall hav adopted ti he amend
Illenit t) tle Co.stittit on of the United
States, propo(1d I y the Thihirty-ninth1
Co.gre, andl kiown as artile fourit
teen ; and when said artide sdhl have
heco4ine a part of the consetitution of
the United States, ail S(atv shall be
dchlred entil td to reoplta41t-lttion inl
(1gr1, mo'I Senatos-; n liadHpreell
taf.ives shall.1 be adimitted tIer'sfr'omAi ,
onl their taigthe with presc ribedl by
law ; and then 11and thereafter the pre
ced ing sections of this act shall IC ill
operative ill said Statc. Provided,
That to person excelided from tle
privilege (if holing ofic.e by Said1
aiiend ment to tile cnlist itut ion of the
iJuitel States shall be eligible to
election 14.as tj itoillu r Eif the coniveil
r 1 1o l'4**. L.- , wL .'it1(4. l l 104- aly
said rebel States, n11or shall anly sueli
per ')nte for ueibers of Suchi COl
-We hope thei reader Will not. re
gard us too prolix in this ilatter, for
we regard it andl the(y will r'eal ize it,
to lbe of ye ry great impllortane. We
are likely to extenid this r'ev'iew into
two or thriee Copjies of the NIews, anid
if anly ireader' regairds the series as of'
sailicienit im lportanice to keep4, wec hope
he w.il 11(1 so, until all the numilibers of
the seiali pr1esen1tatio 1 ar1 e publ141ished.
Now it wiill be discov'ered by the at
tenthive r'i~eade of the above section that.
thero14 are1 thirteeni 20. [conitios upon which(1
S uth Carolina14 can be admlitted into the
Untioni. Wor willh close Ibis1 artiele by a
succinict statemewnt of t hose coniditions,
I. A\ C!onusfitiun formned inl conf ormi
ihy wvit~h the Conistitutjin of the tUnted
Slatecs in all r'epcts%.
2. It mu.st be f'rame'd byV repre'senita
taves of' all [lie people, both wilte andi
colored, oft[went y-one aund up1ward.s.
3. Recep'yt such) aEs nw y 1be dlis/,anchsed4
f'or particpaton in- the2 rI'.llion, or)'b
/'c'ny at commonvn law).
[WVho aro disfr'anchiise~d does not yet
fully appear ; but. will, as soon4 as At..
horney Genecral Staurry's opinion is
4. And this Constitution must p~ro.
vudo for a ftull enljoym1ent~ of the ele'ctivo
franuchilse by both white 4.nd colored.
5. That Constitution mullst be ratified
b~y a majority of thie persons1 allowed to
0. Suchh Conlstitultion nmust be suibmait
ted to Congress for approval.
7. Congress mu4.st applrovo it.
8. Thel( L~egislaturoe of South Car'olinar,
elected under this app~lrVOed Conlstitui4.1on,
mulist adtopt the "Consitutional Amenold.
[ We wvill give this Amendmenit inl its
9. Said Amencldment must be aL part
of' the Constitution of the United States.
10. Then South Carolia will be on
titled to r'epresentationi in Congress.
11. If the Rlepresentatives can take
thlo oath known as the "TIest Oath."
12. Then all tho military govern
ment of South Carolina ceases.
13. Provnled 1no One disf'ranchised
either holds office, or votes for thiose
-Wo will conltinue this subjet in
Author of' thQ "Life of' Christ;"
lion. 1'K (t cRaanton; .mis Muha i
withstanding; and the sooner the white
people of the South definitely decide tlia
stubborn fact, the 6ooner will wo become
secure In "our lives, liberty, proporty and
L('OMM'% UN WAED.vn
Ex-Governor Ferry's Lotter,
in a former oommunication, some of the
inconsistencies of the position assiumiied
by (tov. Perry In his letter were oxposud,
and it is now proposed to go some farther
and point out the evil elfects of the issue ho
It will have been observed' in oxatnining
his letter, that, whilst. Gov. P. urges upon
the people not to vote for a conventionh
1hats in no wise set forth any good resubl
consequent upon voting down the proposi.
tion. lie does not proposo by this course
to roconstruot the government; upon the Con
trary, he only IoldS out the protise of
military rule, uniil a Radical Congress shall
have retraced their steps and acknowledged
the wrongs perpetrated uiot us. Ite does
not promiso us that a passivo resistance will
kave the elfoot to reconstruct the govern.
mont in a man ner to ensure t ho ascendency
of the whito man, but only lits us to undor
stand that such a course would leave us
''staiu quo" indefinitely. lIe does not. pro
mnise that, his advice taken, will ensure for
us peace and the full enjoyment of our pro
perty, but. proposes that tie act, of uonfsca
lion wore better done by others tif our
selves through the power of thu n* co ita
jority. The only point of consistency iiado
in his letter, was that which related to thle
"'honor and dignity" of the people of South
Carolina; now is this point well made, for
that honor and dignity so miscalled of
which he speaks amounts to nothing morn
or less than foolhardiness, and has cost us
muore than a century of wisdom can even
But Gov. P. does not show conclusively,
that there will be 60,000 black votes against
40,000 whites, and that the issue between
the two must be made in the election for a
convention ; but we were not told how the
-10,000 whites were to out vote the 60,000
blacks ; a very important. considerat
Ile did not tell the people that ti k
Republican party had adjourned in Ch.les
toil to meet-in Columbia on the 24th1 July,
nor how to prevent the introdluctiont ot'
Black Republican emisaries amongst us to
direct the negro vote. These are all impor
tant considerations, an4 should be well
pondered by us in the present crisis of our
Having shown that Gov. P. proposes only
a passivo resistonce and points out no reni
dy for thO evils complained of, let us look
at the eflects likely to be produced by this
letter. It should be well understood, that, if
not already dono, the black people will bo
tight, that to register and vote is tIe high.
ost duty they owe to themselves. To un
dertake to persuado or deter then from lis
cause will be as unwise as futile. That,
they will voto for a convention is also per,
foctly certain, and the efeoct of Gov. t's
letter will be to form two parties ; tho ono
for no convention, composed of it few whites,
the olier for a convention, composed of
black and white. Tie majorijyer blacks
iglornilt and suspicious, willit on0o say,
that tile anti-convent ion party meani no
good to them, and may bo. induced to sits
poet others who sincerely desire their wel
fare, find the consequence ill be, that no
white man can intluenco hlis former servant
or presenlt laborer,'to vote rationally. liiis
luttur., if' iit has tho etffect 1h0 desires, will
produce an~ antagonismit betwveen tile blackc
and white races uiih no0 time can over
app~oaae. And will Gov. 1P. or any other
man say that this is a state of' things to be
desired ? On the cont rary, shouldl not every
fair and honorable etfort, he madoie bring
about harmony, to live together in peace,
itad 10earn the black man that, being a
South Carolinian, his~ intterest, and that of
the white is identlead *?
Old party tines anid plat forms must be
ignoredt, andl newI issuC5es autiously made,
or 0o11 couttry will only have seen1 troulble
in its infiandly. Once wage the war of races,
only array ourselves omnnoingly, at this
time, aginslit the negroes and black re
publicans, and no moan ean predict, whtt a
scenes of strife andi bloodshed this ago may
present for the futulre historian.
If followed out as Mr. P. desires, this
will 14e the efl'ect of his advice.
The whole teller of' 0ov. P's lotter points
to division. In alluding to those who fa
voured recolnstructionl, lie <:ould not refrain
from thrusting it at t hemi, that, they were
secessionists before the war and would be
come r'epudliat~ionists and agrarians. Sucht
epit huts comec with an ill gr'aee from an ox.
Confederate Judge. Hie would hlave tile
world believe himl the persoiifation of con
sistencey, although he0 caught, secession by
the tail and hoel on untIl she made her
leap). -t. was found, hoeever, that the tail
hold was relaxed at the proper timo and
whoa thle Governor made his spring, his foot,
was plan ted upo n an oflice for life wih
good salary ; but,
"Manners with fortunes, humors turn with
Tenets with books and principles with
Goy. P. says, that by voting for a conven
tion (or whicoh I, the safte, for r'econstrue
lion) we disfranchise m any of our ablest,
publie servants, &o. Now this is a dodge
wiche no fall' mlinded statesman should use
for it is wveil knowvn that their ineligibilityb
has already boon etfected by the aot of Coni.
gross, and the votes of the people have
nothing to do in this behalf. Any argu..4
mont, with some, however, is better thian
nothing--and sineo thme applIcation of the
epithets above alluded to and such decep
tive laegunage used as argument, it would
be well that. parties were reminded thlat, the
Governor and some of his. adhiorots are al
ready disfranehised, hence, haumn no voice
in, the matter of reconstruotion, thiey might,
wish all in the Wfamne catagory.
.it should not1 be entirely forgotten, in
viewing'thais subjoet dispassionately, that,
men, even politicians, are not, entIrely free
frorm solfishness, they have been tie from the
beginning of time, and someo, It is feared
would even play dog ini tho manger to grati
fy soifisi or ambitious moetites.
IL Is plain, that the issuo is to be made
between the while and bhack races, If pos
sible; and Godl avert the calamity,
autlhor of'J-oseplh 1. and hi4 Court ;"
Madaune Pf'eifer, author of "LFashion,
the Cricket ; Phrenological Theory of
all's Organ izationi - Metaphysical
Absurdities ; Shakepeare's Supernatu
ral Characters ; How to talk to ladies;
Plain words with big boys ; Abprigi
na'l Legends of America ; the Gospol
among Animals, by Rev. Dr. Osgrood
llealth at lio ; Whoni to Elect;
Our Next President ; Our National
Military Systemul-The Navy ; Pope's
Essay on Alan, given in the Phreno
logical Jouirat0 l for Juno ; now ready.
A new Yoh11ne begins with the next
itilwber. 'Three dollars a year; sin
glo iuiibers 20 cents. Address S. R.
Wells, 389 Broadway, N. Y.
"For a Convontion" or "Against a Con
Thoso who road caroftlly tho. Acts
of Congress upon Reconstruction can
not fail to discover, from existing
facts that the Convent ion will be hold.
'PTosc facts are that the colored popu
hatioullnldertald that a convention is
to their interest, aid as they ire in
the majority, the convention will be
Now ihall we go into the Conven.
tion and aid inu 'raming a Constitution
for (he )enlit of us ill, or stand
aloof ? Sound judgment, sasys "go in."
Ex-Glov, Perry's Lotter,
Mr. 7diinr :
The letter of t Ik gentleman, deserves n
little dissectiona, as its glring illoonisist en.
ciei liy )ossilIly escape the peoplo tiunob,
Hiis coistcncy prior to anid during th<
Wa1r1 wa ctaendable, but it is out of tiU
now to remind the people of tle fact, and
advise tle,t to a couirso of lction tentlinig to
the very worst conse,1uences.
lie says that we 1110 going to enfranchis<
0,)(0)0 black votes, whilst in the Stato ti
whito vote amnounts to .10,000, and yet ad
vises the whites (o veto "110 convention,
thu 1111mking at issto at OniCO witi the no
groes, for the black.A, ein masse, will ftRvor 11
coiveantiol 1111d will have helise enough t<
suppoliart.candidttles Ilvorlblo to wiat thOY
conccive to lie their interest. 'Ibis poini
Gov. Perry concedes.
Agini, he say s-"just als soon as genera
Sifrage is givenl to the leglro in Soutt
Carolinaa, lie will feel his nunerical strengtl
:1 id ioner itIer iucer tile vile lead 0;
llack liepublicai emisaries seizo the poli.
tical power ot tle State, anl1d exercise it It
oppiress al i pluader tile whito raco, &c.'
ItI this be Ie case, h1o'v mutach more it, be
hooves tile while to conliliale thi mijority
antl etideavor to convince them, that we ar<
the better friend to them ihan the Bilack Ro.
publionnt. So far as the white people o:
tiho South are colcernIed ticy have nothinig
to do witI the granling negro suffrage, that
has beeni already done by the Congress, ai
we are reqired t 0114aew eg 11un .le
One Ih ing is Very C-rt..'.a, that, if tlie no
gro is left alone to fraane his own govern
muent alnth ile whites refrain from action it
lhe prEaises, we will laltve truly a sweet
coluntry indeed, ani wvith the assistancc o1
Congresi'S conftiscatio.1 Will take place
thoiigh Goev- Perry thaiunks there is no dlan.
ger f'roma Conagress. A momeant's r'eflect iot
w ill coinv i nco any mnan, thatt if the policy o1
iamacionci prevails with the whites and th<
t60,0tn) negroe~ts ol' South CJarolinat frame *r
ionstitutlion, they wvill be admiait ted by Con.
gres andi iia et it ionl of' thisi 60,a0 whla
wiil have comiedwt h eiieet
that bodly will assuraeidly have some11 weighat
GJov. Perry' scoems to dahink t hat. if' fhu
wh lites whio ard in a large iniilaty vote "mu
univentioni,"' there will be no Convention.
anad consiequentaly 0our livesl, honor, and pro
par'ty will be safe, but thec 00,000 v'otors o
A taican decent. will by a two-thirds vota
haoltd a conivenutionl amaongsit themselves, aum
give tas the liakest, Itopublican governmlen
on earl h. The tue policy for us5 to adopt is i<
conciliate and haarmionize 0our intecrests witI
thle negroes, by which a very large mnajori
ty of' the convention and legislature will bi
whlite people, miay of' whaom, though no
beiang disfancihisedl, will show thecmselvca
not1 greatly infecrioar to thae ex-Goveraor i1
.all'the neces:.ary elemnents of trtue states
Gov. P'erry objects to being "representei
in Congress by negroes, Black Rtepublicamn
or porjulred Sontherners ;" lhe says, a!
others are excluded by the ''iron clad oath.'
Now, notwithlst andi ng tho G1overnor'j
show- of consistency, there are many otherni
iln the State whlo have proven themoselve;
still moe consistent, can lake thle iron chat
andI with more consistency still, may ba
able to) go to Washington and take thiei
seats ini Conagress withiout being sent bach
hlomea on acceount of deficient Union qualifi
cat iins; andli yet canl reprecsent the Statt
thecre withl as much01 honor, if not ability as
any disfrl achisedl politician in SouthI Caro,
Gov. Perry highly commnends the policy
being purlsuecd by the Goevernmors of' Georgia,
Mississippi, and othlers in attempting to ob'
f'rom tihe Supremoe Uourt ant acknowledg.
meat of flhe tuneonstitutionality of the mill.
tary bill. Now itf the efforts those gentle.
meln could ecifect the objeot~ of their desire,
their couarso wouhtl be very very commienda.
blo, btut does it not Ooccur to the ex-Ocover.
nor, that the efforts now being made ens
only virtually amnoutlt to the.1 same, which
was eflccted by the decision in the test
oath ease. The amount of good arising
froma this decision was to give n, few law.
yers the privilege of'practising in thae U. S.
Ciourts, furthler thlan this, no political point
was gained, and if the Supreme Court renl.
ilers a decission favorable to the Southa,
there wvill be no attention whateve,' paid to
Thae trulth is, the enactmonts of Congress
rare the suiprenme law of the land, the eon
itit ution of the United Stat os, and a,11 de.
Masions~ if th Iliurts to he a nary... - - a