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Desportes, Williams & Co., Proprietors.] A Family Paper, Devoted to Science, Art, Inquiry, Industry 'and Literature, r $3 0 p A
-VOL. 11.] WINNSBORO, S. C., WEDNESDAY IORNING, O 3
"01109 o Csf), k8(o
iS 1't.Sil1:1 w :iR.KLY BiY
MISPIORTlES, IVILLI AIS & Co,
'/'erm.--Tii i 1i:tA.nl is plish he:1 Week
ly in the Town of Winnsb->ro, at 3.00 in
vurrabhly ill adtvance".
Asf"All traniient, advertisentcnits to bec
pairl in :ilvaiice.
Obituary Notices and Tributes $1.00 per
THF LONG TO-MORROW.
Ol ngo, that sttails Ile web of lii'o,
.\fil Cheis that shttle's eager paces,
]ringing 'ret froni fill the wold's vainistrife,
.\n.1 weaves anl ol manl to old l'aces.
Anwl mlill ,ly h it b iS armil y yet,
Although .;randlbrilren Ilay before me,
Andl I can easily uorget
That eighty uinmers have passed o'er
.Sweet nmiden with the downcast eyes,
To whom ii.y grandson gaily chatters,
And treasuires upt thio low replie~s
Youk noanko on iay t'oolisli matters:
I woider, whenit dlealor alioliC
Ie w hipers hthroui;: those shiniing tress
If' you beliov"o I'v ion0e the SamIie,
And thriilei a hi:ut wih iny ctaresS.
Anil when mely yonigest joinell his ship,
So t .l at tii e si.111 ite f ces
A :ia. w h i:A i e ther'" .'itgvoerine lipt,
The h iw ile h e it i:h. w t'.ar - tt' f'aces
I wol'ter it' he ever th'onj.ht
I lt h 111 Yy dtleain of <l eemth nid g' tzry,
JIsit :i'lver 1101 il h .- sernly
Thej wort by of' that he!i sory.
A~ulwhe themery ji-st goes romni,
Aw sp-aini ine itule eare,
Anwl wI inn.uS Silver voic has crowned
The iir ith with sweter, e.
Ali. nil il , th yi s k1 n)i w 14
Ilow wrinlkles cheek thke (lngue's begulil
To charm a ma:;1it ittto ninilin; .
Aiot ofteni in thle nuzy thriong!.
Wiln1 ile fet r le lighly ,lancing
Anli-[ v~tch nailen whirls along,
The bonniy eyes give sweeter. glncin:,I
\Xtc . Ibok hope s : it ' fiecn n.
To (ive ife f'r mllore tenier hiealltl.
3liy lilii S a (y spri .g had many (7ujoys,
The inlte brouhlt, kiln Lov's first ros.
The anmtimn gave nie nily brave boys,
f waid uit it the winter coue . (
Evac se 11aon. itn vorfler broght.
Th we iig~li flowers if .iy an sorrow,
Atil inany ll earneitdleson toa Iliuht
Ai so I wait the long To-mnorroW.
1'he OF A ii ND COUNT VON
IThe fond tloin is taken rom an ae
count. of a dinner wi h Bi m1:11reb, t pubso.
lishred mli t (in tit Coarat
.1el, yotreellncy, we were t
Wi ndi t.hi eo <ey's cout.ry. Onte
woerful dinotr. for 1.h rest, I Shall
nvle forget. tw the bat '1'ltle Cr of
Muncena aitd W hid foh t until
We iweedra l tired an limigry
andt1e what, id wo get, to eat the ?
Dr patoeswirvithout. salt, and-chame
wi e ing, himself unerwent, all
tlhose privatio," said ah Countlit grave
I n thatppsdwt, hcausd all priva.
vrw ilkdil. t W in ht, l . 'ysn
taions ynd fatirues to appear to th sol
iers ]ig. n iNsi ui4elity I was at
the hawte ofl Kongsrty dinte i"n'
in Kin broiketo thse ft.Ad notn
t here wast aoenitaryu King th ter
rible fns ofI And batle. The Crown
.1u erdwith heeis n is DryigL tis
anio pasi te K itg Nored hinite
if they ha id oehinto leaeti ornhim
- he wasg huing The roo hiadut somo
winle knl had fhixed hin whicer atetiid
oy atsal pogrs of sae urige; frmli
sloltr pouch, anu all siodhliert Tadian
whll h oy theppurerou fup,hlm a r pcice of
roywn rely in his hamndi 'iy son,
havte yillugyouref diped arady ?'rskedl
oddthe g.'Nyu Mato adane 'Well
then the bombshoes divide al'-t
againg btrouno thsi, of betred it(
to rayos agan. handed hmjosne af them
dore jt tae it your sKingy thanksit
youafor tir Aingdi thenathe Cownli
I'ronle aprayred wto learmy jusstanm
sOlis aot'lle inm tbenedt onlyi
rideon Kmg helting wrmahis turnedo au
smaell kmore, hadovix his whole ahenion
andf gdid nth minie terla the bttle
shelola whzzn althl aron sim. gallop
repted suppougaion werhcatrhis Mdjes
the Linden (o the Thieirgarten, at Ber.
lm. Well, I fell. a quiver in mliy hands
and feet. All of you and somo other
people, besides, ar' akcIIlinteid witl hot
blooded old Bismarek. I rodo my
chesuit horse closo i) to Sadowa, (the
King'zi mare), and gave her a smart I
kick. And she darted forward, and the
Ki g looked bround wonderingly. I
bliIevu lie had noticed it, but, he did not
say a word.
"Did your Excellency carry a revol.
vor durinn the war ?"
"No,'1. did not, and missed it only
oe wIth genuine regret. It was in
mediately after tihe battle of Konniggraz
I rode III alon. across the battle field
with its piles of corpses-it vas a iight
which froze tihe blood in imy veins;
terrible, bloody*, never to be forgotten.
All at Once I saw-in.front of mile a poor.
linai horse, 1)oth of wIvhose hinad legs had
been torn away by a boml)shell.
Treml bi ing and neighmaig lanentably, Ie
raised haInself' on has fore-legs and look
ed at tie with his large moist eyes,
as if irmploring me to assist. him. Ah,
a lien I wished for a bullet to send it into
lie heart of the poor creaturo I 3it
thero woro to be seen, too, scenes full
of touching, poetical pathos ; anid, aga in
of ai irresisti bly hudicrouis character, on
the balttle fihl. Thus, for i: tance, I
saw, during, the fight, L very youn
ofhcer-as pale as thaoughha were
alep-leaning againaist a garden fenlce.
Ito wa-.s dead I i the garden there
were plenty of beautiful roses inl full
blood. A soldier was just gathering a
handful of them ; lie then climbed over
the fenicoe aid laid tie roses oi tilie
yoing hero's breast where there was
seen a small round hole inl the uniforn.
'Do you know tle ollicer," I a4ie(..
N'o, Major,' lie replied, 'bu1t1 I saw him
dih. liko a lion and fall like a lamb. I
wislhed to prevent him at least from be
inlg trampijled upon by the horses, and
Crried l am up to fetice. We put, like
Wi3e, roses 11.1 the grave of any dea
amothr.' So saing, lie vaulted into
tie saddle ald rushed again into the
thickest of t lie figlit."
"Dear Conti, yOtt S.)roko of having
ccn ludicrous things on the battle
"Yes, PIrincess, uotwithstaniing the
gravity ofthe situation. I iever in my
wholuto l&if sa iaything moro langhable
tha.n the gigantic lie-goat whom the
1ealii Unard Artillery had brough t up
Lia:d hd taken into the fiehl, and who
waLs nIow furiously galloping by the sido
of the buglor towards the An.4trian
r1aiks. The Auistrians have really be
lieved that old Nick hiad assumed the
gaib ofa lie-goat, and fulfilling thus the
egreeme;t which poor 1isnarck had
made with him for the destruction of the
Tn..ll, AcE:iEx O TEr: Wi L INTON
AN M aaxa.:sri.:n I't iLo.% .-Thie'
50'.g1r; by the Nortleaster Rail
road yesterday confirm tie report of the
accidenit oin the Wilmington and Man
chester lailroad, and bri, further
parculars. We learn that the acci
dent occtrred at Soldie r's Creek, about
thimty miles from Wlhington, at five
A. M., Siniday moriing. Tile heavv
rainas had caused the creek to rise, iad
the trestle was undermined, tho em
bankment being washed away. This
was not kanown to thie engineer, and as
ti down traiin struck the trestle and it
gaive way, andl the enigine aand thio bag
gage and( mail cars wero prceciitated
iato tlhe creek. 'lThe engineer leaped
from the cnginoe aand saved himself, but
Mr. Jacksoii larral, a trestle bmilder,
and Mr. (C. J. Btird, a section master,
wvere caug ~.in the wreck and instanitly
killed. Thmo engineo went hieadforemnost,
int~o the creek, bait gained the opposite
side, tand stopped ian a perpendicular
p)ositioni, wvithi the smokestack and cow
catcher out of the wvater. T1hie fall of
the engiane carried with it the baggago
and madi cars ; these wero brokeni ianto
fragamonts, and the mail egenit saved
(only by a mairace. Most of the maiil
matter wvas lost, and t.hat saved fronm
the wreck wias too wet for dit.qribution,
aind was carried back to Wilmington.
Fuortunaately, tho passenger cars wiere
stopped ivhaen they wvere almost on the
verge of the chasm, the passengers
escaped ivith a rough jiolting and afw
petty bruises. In consequonice of t.his
accideat, we have been without a
Northern ai sinica Satuirday, but uin
(derstand that rep~airs have been already
commenced, and it is anticip~atedl thamt
tho travel will soon be restumed along
the road.-.C'harleston Ne ws,2 351h.
WVour.DN'T IlAVEi IT.-A good joko,
is told us by a friend who was present
at the freedmen's elebration ini Clay
ton last week. It was proposed, be
foro the proession wvas formed, to
head the column with the stars and
stripe)s prouidly wh ippinig the breezo,
and tail it with the stars and bars ig
nobly trailing ini the dust. The pro
position wats submitted to one of the
most prominent and influential of the
colored marshals, who, when lie heard
it, sufoered huis indignation to get the
upper hand of him. Hoe replied that
11o such thing should be did what lie
was. He fout under do Confederate
flag, and if lie cotch any fool nigger
draiggint it along in do dirt lie was
gwinio to hurt him.--Bqfaula (Ala.,)
Theli coroner's jury, on the late fatal
duel in Charleston, returned a verduet
that Mr. Roo (who was killed) was the
Scientifle 1111d Useful.
Within thbe last live vonrs our stock
of Mineralogical in forination has beenl
vastly increased. Time was when we
we were satisfied with our simple metals,
gold, silver, iron, copper, lead, and
tiif. The nixed mntals, brass, brote,
powtor, etc., succeedel, and they have
all been useful to mankinid, as have the
variiouis modi ficat ions aid nixtures of
metals in certain degrees, which have
b eeii applied to vCy impo'tant pr-t
es. 1minagilling that ill the ie al s
winch a kind providence had provided
were already within our power-adopt
lg. in fact, the comfortablo idea that
we know all that was worthy in regard
to this natter, wo were not, prepa red
for the inl tix of iew% metals which witi
inl a few years past, have burst upon uts,
and bade us prepare for whateover ad.
vantage was to be derived from their
use. With aliniimi in, the metal de
rived from clay, we have been longest,
acquainled. Wo are tolerably familiar
with its <pialities, and have seen anticlos
made from is which are very light and
Magniesium is the0 next mineral sub
s1alnce which has Con)Inendled its'1!f
to our attenion. fts bprilli-int qualities
as an1 ilinimiat.or, and the prospect, ht.11:.
it, will liecome a coimfort to mankind a:
a special imean of' aflbrding a cheap ar
ficial light, render it of peculiar interest.
Of the other now l'melals enough is not.
yet known to jusniry a predict ion that,
they will will be of any special use In
himan aflei rs. Maliiun, idion, rub:.
duini, and.1c exsium are the mott lately
dliscovered of tlheso substances. It, is a
remarkable oumntaice (4f the curious wavs
of icienlce, that to the prismi-fornmerlyv
consid-red curious only as demmin'o w'g
the linea of solar i-, are we indeuted
for the discovery of most of' the new
m Atals. A phifosopher well acquainted
with the appearances presented by the
bilrniing of* various substances when
Viewed through the prism, fintds thal.
ie&tals upon ling coIIsiumed, mak liies
of certain colors. The result is al ways
lhe same, and the presence of a known
metal becomes as well shown to a prae
tical philosopler by the spectrum or
prism ra it eild ho to an .:ns-y wh
in burning a substance before ulnex
perim:iented with, lie detects lines of
color different from anything which he
hid previously known, ho detects the
pre'sence of a new metal, and setI to
work to drag it from the si tance in
which it is diffusied, and to r-euice it to
a permanient form. \ry, intersting
experiments have been lately nliille 1is
to the iature of indium. It is fou nd to
be most generally <ltTised in blende
proenred in Glermany. But in fifteen
Slecillells ot blendo obt.a i ned in the
Ujinited States from loCalities at, great
distances apart, no trace of idiuim could
bo perceived. The metal is whiie,
brighter thain tin. and approaclihing the
lustre of silver. It is soft and-' ductIcle
and does not tarnish. It melts at the
same temperature as lead. It i.s re
solved into oxvdes. chlorides, suliides
andl other forms. The benehit; of these
in the arts is vet t.o be tested. No doubt
they will be of Advantage.
Rubidium is another niew met al, the
uses of which are to be determinel.
It also was discovered by the prism.
It has been found mno.st lentiifuilly in
lepodolite, and is dletected in luany'
stony subst antces, anud in crude,
saltpotre, tobacco, coffee, ten, the sugar
beet, and other articles. What isto beC
done with it cannot yet be deteirmined
fromi the little wo kinow of it. It is
beliuved that the salts may be empl1oyed
wi th adlvainago in medicine, but, the
partieulat' disease~s for wlnch they will
be ulseful as a~ remedy aro yet to b:.
Cosium was discovered in the. resi
duumi remaining after the evapora tion
of a mineral spring. It resembhles
potash very closely-so nmuch so that
the ordlinary cheml~ical agents or the
blow pipe fail to supply the proper test.
The prism or spectroscopo furnishes thec
only mleanis of dletectinig this metal.
It found miost plentifully in thme miinerai
called polhux, found in the isle of' Elba,
and resembling fluor ophir. Polluix
contains thirt.-our -per cent. of the
oxyd of eamsiua.. Thle uses of' this
metal and its resolvents are yet to be
ascertained.-Jildlph/i~ Price Cur
The New York Jerald1 declares:
"Congres., must, go straight to tho mnaik
-boldly, fair'ly, openly, mi the eyes al
the nation and thme world-and impeach
Mr. Johnson for the high crimo and
misdomeanor. of a usiurpaitionl of plowei
of' the exercise of' anthority against th c
law of conspiration with lisa Cgbinet te
renider null and inoperative lawvs the
energetic- and honest enfor'coment oj
which was vitally necessary to the pros
perity of thoe.peoplo andl welfare of the
contry. On these broad Issues hic
must be imlpeachied and removed, and it
nmust be done this smamomr, or it will bc
14r'm a private letter received by r
gentleman in this village we learn thiat
there have been twelve deaths froir
yellow fever on board of a steemer al
Hilton Head. The stenmor camne frogr
Havana. It is Lp bo hoped that tlii
Government will takce the . precautiona
ry steps to prevent this dreadful plagg
being introdce into any of' our seapor
The Cotton Trad1e,
The New York Shippiny a (inl -
mercio/ /:s of the 15th inst., pilishes
the following, inl reference to til' cotton
Si Elnglisli antliortud are noted
for kcpin., carefil and a eci::ecunt3
of the imoveients of C,1toni, ',ether
With tll' fittIre pirospct' I f I'.h trde,
are nuaniminons in the opin iontim it, Got.
ton h::; about tot lhed h-)tom ; that tho
poin ihas ben reachl'): whivib coil
sUMPr", in nltand ann >n the CIonti
lent, can buy reely and -. u tao mod.
erate profit, and1 bOnee, 141Lthere is now
a. legiuate foundation for a healthy
bliieiss. On the other nd, the sulp
ply is so aiapl (80tt,00. hale;s of a1l
kinds at Liverpool J'e.- 1,) and the
absence of .pectulation w> m:.rt l tiat
no in poitai!. n val' id :',is for, re-.
Cent indeations pointg i I I al 1.1.. as
the ntiral price, at pies it, for :Mlid.
(Iling A merican. Owitw- to the la~w
figutre at which the ock a thiis cotiltry
has been reducel throghi tlhe free shtip
mnttis of the lad win'.or and ing,
Eniglish Spinnters have ii :a ri'iitly Imlate
up their iminds that fron Jily, It to
Decemiber first, ty . practically
Speaking. receivc seareci * anay c. otton
fromti this sjidIe. of' Ilhe A tihtotic. Unt
thly (10 not argue fromt t4i probalbilit.y
that any miterial advapne in' price is
likely to fillov. They .ro cleaily of
the opin)ion that, the tiort of tw,jndlia
stapde 5wil increa:i in thn nme degri.
that. the arrivalk of the A me rinn fall
off, and 01hu", width the stock ktpt pret
Cv full till hle in the :nitin, liiulo
change in price w l probably Iak
place, aside fiom the pG.-'hlt w. nin
of the margin v.i at tres-. es~i
bte n Svt1i i. ralsad At.eictan. The
arrivali of -;pti on at Liver
poxol have about eensed Aor this season
al the crp has untodot ut ieh
than was t:peate.I, the Kninrt to Jine
1It showing the trifling increaso of
8000 baleI over that oh he. year. Ow
ing to this Iisapoiting i.lnh an ad.
vaitce in this land ol.'i.:i. from te
lwed poIint im d L(en '.1' hed, whie
Brazil and udia, Whic ha ani-ed
freely in Miy, rule'd vit: gioat smi.w
ne.ssi. A ttiti iO i now at ;cly direct.
ed to tl( prqspoetk o lth wmg crop
on dohis side. the geeneral. onilioti being
tMt Whe yieldWH wil be OU o e h! in ::
oft th lat one, nter tnking all duo
allow:mtuees for ilneions and lie un
SCitle tionCi i to i tihe cincli
Sion being fone rrgl uo h
fact tiat hat inw was VCan untivlra
ble, anthe sod p':.r. 'i 'h1o state of
Lide in Ma ce.t has visabliy im.
proved mia . the ntiragigccoutmis
from) I .ia, whtre the narl;etl had
shown inte pcttd trngh, in view of
th enorious supplies of goods from
The A thnta J:1uelbi ncr publishes
tho fUll 'wing e:t rahc fron a letter re
ceived by, v a gettleman in that city,
from iis brother, ill ''oxas :
"A.% negro man iad hired limself to
Mr. A. for 1; 15 per iont i, and at Ihe
expiration of ten ionthtli sited Mr. A.
for $l 150. A. admitted the contract
as alleged by the negro, atnd admIiittod
that lie (the negro) had Worked for
him the length of timo for which the
negro clitiied wages. 'h -ca was
isIbmitted to t-le legro jutry, tun)der
thie charige of Ithe coutrt, and to tiht as
toni thmentctt of till presentt, thiey
boutgiiht it a verdicet ini fatvor ot thie
lahinttihl for $1 10. '.hc judge told
them lie did niot 5oo ho(w they) coldt
render ,tuch a verdiiiet~ ; that thie negt'o
plaintilf wa's ceadrly ontitled, by thie
adiion1 of Mr-. .A., to $150. A
large, dirty, greatsy ntegro jurytman
ra ied upl in the jurys bIox, andi wi th
much giravity informited hiis honor th at
$1 l Pur moth ' wats tall the negtro'si
services wereo worth ; (biat he knew the
pdaintiff to be a triifling. lazy scoun
drel, and that the jury would not al
low him1 anty muorie. The-u hitec mtan
(Mr. A.) of course has no catse for
comtplainit at thie votdiet. 33ut (this is at
samptile of their ideal of law and facts.
At the closc of the first week of Coutrt
in tioustton, thie negr~o jury were pid
offat herat of$2por day for their
daty mnoring following, wvhen court
oponed, thie negrooe'.literally beOsoiged
the court houso .to got upon the jury.
One old (riled( negfro st oppod thie
judge on is way~ to court, and bogged
for a piltco en theo jnry, urgitng his
crippled and ialmost helpleats conditioni
its a a rcason why ho shoutld be soleet
ed, and futhIer prlopSoed to take the
jlob of sitting ont the jutry by) (tho year.
Whietn the judge informetd him the
court-woutld be i nession only three or'
four weeks, ho noemied to think thtis
w(Is only an artful dodge of his honor
to atoid closintg to coitract, and1( in-.
gentiously pr-oposed to take tbe job by
to year at $1 -per day I This is to
pure untdefilcd ohitnntel through wicho
verdicts niow flow."
A 'PrATFORDI P'OR, Ail, 'AaRTI:s.
WVilliamn Muirphiy, a froodinatn of
GJainesville, Al abatma, was called uip
on to define his position, and did so in
tho following brief platform, upon
which theo wholo. South could stand
with h'onoi' antd profit:.'
"I am in fa~'vor of all hands going to
wor~k atid inaking'glenty to ont,- and
kiop.loa noiso ;-thon. all wigl come
r-ightt. Ii toll you the Southi is thec
greatest country in the world. I ndw
pronose ibron chnnrs for- the Routh'
T'11-: T iil13s, \V 1 .A a;v i.;;;, 'iili 1-: 1c 1.1 i
AND TiEl- CITY Ciolk).--.--Tho storm of
raill which has been passing ovor the
city for moie than foi:r days reached
its height on Sa.itrday, and 'was then
accoplliamlied by a stolI of wind which
'i"a fully\ het termled at lorricanle.
Snch a storin at thW Sensoii hall not
heeloli kl)w lit the meiory of thi citi.
/ll' Who lilave:reifled here for iearly
half a century, and the storm which
equal itd i, i power and firy tosk p'ticee
ill tilte Pall of 18'15-. In tho city the
allillt and Valh;t of inh- don .cannot
well 0 eslimate-d, hnit a Jew pa rtic(:lar;
will enabl or reladers to ju!g for them.
Trces wcre lown down in every
direcI ic(I. It UralJge- !;trees a tee olne
yard ill di:iamtte-r was 1i prooted, and all
Ie fruit and ornamem al 1 rees throngb
oult the00l% hayo b d:maged. The
grape ines sulred mrticularly, nnd
the cor'i (i e varic. gairdeni lots has
been blownl down alucst without excep.
'1116 till roof of 01e now Cust omi
Holism was rolled up by the wilmd and
C.r'ritd by it to tho corner of Cuimber
land street, and th d'.-rricks in front of
the Cuistom I fonp; wer blown down
kiling a cow in their tall. A porIn'ln
of-the roof of the outh Ca.rolina ittii.
r'oad depot was rolh l up, but SeerI'ed
alul fasi.e!d down beloro einy d:11.ago
haid bwn don1 to t.h blildonig or its
Ti roof of the shed on Brown's
wharr was danlmgeud, the roof of that 0on
lk1'rr' wiarf w:1a ho danaged, and
som litt le diniai ua done to the
roof' of A ll;altie whaIf.
The itnhing" mu1e waa injlur.; t;hree
bruaches were iad ill 1East fluatu
ry, auid an iron st:iiud near the corner
of' Church anild 1road strvee.ts was forced
to the grould.
Y 3, whatever the da mago done in
th Ci.: it Ix- b nothing"' it! compari..
sun w"h that done in the cotmry d is.
trieml'. [.I allot her collimni will he fouied
SoI accou.t of e iijury done by the
r1ins alonJ, and We await With many
liisgivings, the accounts. of' the ravages
of th e ge at, tor im of J ne '22, 180'.
T IT: Mov J"U.cn. LA--N
T V.vlw w CTi G-N. iSiCKl.;..e---AL
I w l:0 .'cl o c: On ye stlerI J , es-rs.
ll-I , 1 bia, Marhai! Haw~: and
(i. rne y, a Committe of the Char.
l:no na ar of Trado, representing tie
upon Go'en. Sickles to coner with him
in rel iion to those port oins of Genteral
OGalr:' No. :2, which refer to transac
tions in spiritliouls liqu1iors.
The several i1mbers of ti Commit-.
ec explainetd to General i' tLe
iozes, nco00ven-itencels, an.noyance that
might he ocpecte(d to ri.s from the
exectilon of hi. order, and Mr. Hasti)
presunted a Statellnilt of theniei in wri.
General Siel.:l sid tiat is pirposo
Inl isuingC the order1 Xws tO curltail
,he consumpion of ardent lqiors in
iresponsible )art, rooms, so n1 to ivoid
any danger of riot or disorder .in the
list ict, during Ihe re'gistratitonl adlit fol
lowing elees ion. HIto raid that he bo.
lieved that in Charleston all these tLhings
migl.b avoidul, ndi til. I ie munici
pal oWi-rs an.d polic% would in all cases
he0 sallIcienit to) presert'lve 1th peace.
Tis, hiowever', het thlought, wVol not
he the care im thle ct' ryli X distriicts, and
lie couldlt ma~ke no' (exc(ption in favor of
this~ city. .1 I said I hat. the mieasur'e
was inteonded to be at teoraryO'~' one0,
and wold ho in foce for seiveral
Theli conrnit too was ini consiultation
with GIener'al Sickles~ for uneaily two
hiouris ; and, before t hey left., Gener'al
Siehiles inforrned them that lhe wvoutld
reply mf writing to thle writt.en eommu
nientioni hlandedl himi by M.r. Iiastie..
13rsM Ane l's3 .mr -i Si:a An .- 'W
learn to apprecinto thle value of ia good
sogar'only whenl it is the last (of it~s
tribe, and when('t thiero is little prosp- et,
of get ting anlot her,'" sa'id Coiunt, BI~isa rk
smioking hu IIavannafithatll t grt eat, rel'ish.
"At Kohig'a'z I had hut a single se.
gar lefh andthI kept it. during the wholo
battle as a mieri gtuardos his treasuro.
J ust, then I would not Itreat myself to it.
I depicted ini liny imaginationi in glowing
colors1)4 th bissfuiIlihour whlen 1 shiotibd
emioke it, after the battle in glorIous
ttainilIy. Ut t I had made another
miscalculhation. 'Y'ou wereO wtronig iln lus.
.alscribing . to 111 Qnly -0on0 iijacailen'ia .
"'Anda w~ho spoiled y'our calculat ion ?
"A poor d1raigoo~n. Hie lay lieholess
both h is airmns uhad emn alhat tered, and
he wtas wtailing for somue r'efreshmient.
[ r'ansacked all my pockets---J found
niothing buit gold--and that would dto
him no good ; haj, bold on. I hadi that,
precilous sogar I I lighted it and1( pt, it
bet woen his teet h. You ought to hiave
seeni thec grateful smilb of the poor' suf.
forer. No' segar has ever done me asl
muchi.good as this one whichl I did not,
smioko.--Cincin natii Cormeial,
JTames Birown, agod eightt yeoars,
whtilo fishing in the iver at Pouigh
keepsio a day or two since, was drag-,
god into the wator .ad drowned.
WVhen foun d, hais hands 'still claspod
tho fishipole, wvhilo up~on tho 'l1ook was
a hugo eol, whlich lhad probably dragg
od tho littlet follow overboard.
Lotter from General Sioklos 'to Senator
1I't:DQ'n~s !> M-Ninnmy DrS-RnVT-,
Charlesten, June IS, 18C7.
lion. Innry Iilson, (i C/ Mif ry CAninittee,
LUnited States Sena(t c.
MY )i, an Si il :-It is probable, in view of
exst ing circutmstanese, that Congress viil
coive.n*o1-h iml J Lily. It is proper, t-eroll.hL,
I should inforut you that. tihe appropriation
of S,-00,000 to executo (ho reconstructioit
ac01s m, altogether inadequato. I ai infror-i'
ed that. nmy estimlaate3 f'or A pril Iad 'May nre
les t han thwo of other district coInmniandi
( iideed, (lite WiholC sum was moro than
ilb:iorbed by tle eA liates for May. For
the Carolinas at. least 3001,90 will bc.re
I hilavo applied to (he navy trearury (10.
partimit for certain facilities, which, in
view ofi the rsmall appropriasion, I pri-onn-l
ed would ho ralnt cl, but my requests have
not bount favorably conlsilirerl. I under
stand that tlie :coretary of thIl navy ais
Aigned as his r-easoin tlatt no aid must be
oxpcted from that departmlelt. inl tho exe
ut(ioni of thEo reconstruction acts of Con.
g.ess. 'The seretary of tlit treasuiy ex
pressed his desire to do a1l lie could, but
did not. feel at. liberl V to iake any dibourse
meils for objects not, precisely vitlin the
jurisdiction of his department.. It is usual,
I believe, when (he appropriation for an ob
Joe. authorized by Congress Is insulicient. to
'atake tle ncssary ox penditures and to 1trust,
to a "deticiency bill," but in thu execution
of thene acts this course will be impractica
Me,, inismcih a's the principal disburse.
Oments are for the rervices of persons who
dempend uitonx their pay *oi ,pport. I have
the honor to ;uzges( for your consideration
aal ot' your colleagues as well, Ihat the ill
I eereta of Qhc public service reqiire, wit h
out delaf, a furt her cppropiiaiou to exo
cute the acts of Cmgress for tho govern
Cmt of the I cel hI Ntes.
- ~1). Fi. eos
Maj. Glen. Conlainding.
A 1X lter Htvr It tll this slory of
the elder Ditutms: .\. Alexattder Dumas
went. before a court of justice latoly inder
tlse charit eristic circumfs( taices. 110
h):Il for , great.my yeare, a NJ. IFountaninoi
a- secre'tary. Tfhe lattI recontly died.
His wisow rad daughter lia imed to he cro.
dilors of M. Alexandeir )umas, and levied
an atthacllent. 01n the lonley at his Credit.
with Mesars. lichell, Levy Freres. They a..
leed - h owed 850 'francs, tie amliouit. of
seven roles given by M. D)umas, and -577
franes, with intereq(, being h . ailoullt of
the balance of M. Fuitiini'i0 salar I'fromil
18t to 1 1. M. Inas most positively dte
nied leo oil a:;ingle cent. Thereulaponi the
plaintitl's (as warranted by French law,)
challangeud imi-. to anisw'er upon oath whetlh
er M. Fountai hi not been his seerctialry
aldil whei hei'lao di iot owe tihe latter a bal
ine of accoount.. 1M. l)maanas made thi.s (x
phunttion : a'Thanf excellent fellow, I coma
fesm, relled wiV10 lh m for. learly t wenty
y:i asC enet ary. I empl~oyied him to
mak re(' archles for le. lie lodged and
lived with me. Like everylbody, wihen hie
watei m1oney, li took it from my secret a
ry.-w hen there was anl V (hlere. On11, Ilay
hi: imtil her was ill. I gavo i ha everything
I haIl abuat mlle-it w~las fave luildr-d francs.
h 1r was never aIy agreement, bet ween us.
Ite drew molley olt of lly sesrry just as
I myself did, and Is lie willnted it. My c111
idence ill him Was bllidless, au-l I mus't
say lho deserved it. When I was on (he ev
of going to Caucasus. 1 gavo Ii m ioney,
not because I owed him money, but hut'entc
I had money, nnd foinlI pleasutre ill s0aring
it. wit I m 111. When, sulseqientIly, I wcnt. 1o
Itily. I caiea'd hinm With hImle. * * *
e collompanied me to Naples, but I mus .
say lro I was obligsed to tli.Illiss him, asi
tle Neapolitai Wine , did not agree WIth
him." Tho court decided in favor of the
Tun I SRnAT- TniALr.- Pho Siratt trial is
still itn progreM, anm1d to..day tle prosecition
elicited testimony of a very importllit
character on their sido. According to the
testimlony ol' ar. Carroll liobar-t, a conduc
19r Onl the~ Vermaot. Centrual liailroad, it
would seemll that Starrai I was at. St.. Albans~l,
Yt., (al his was ti) Monitreal, on (11e m~ornling
of Ap pl I 18th, ItM, theo 'Tuisday following
the a~assimlatio of21I Presidenlt LiAncoln.
M~r. Char-les It. JUlinn, now omployed as a
clerk in St. Albans, Vt.., but. in 1805i a
w' Iahnmn at the depot, in lhuirlington, tesati
fles to (lie iluding 01f a handhkerebaia1limark
.\p'ril 18thi. TPhis hanltdkerchaief had been
diroppiul illn t depot, by 0one of Iwo persons1
on1 thao prev1ius night.
It' this lest imony romins~l untcontradicted
It will a1ipear that eIthler Sturrti or 01somel
0ono havinug a haandkeirchief belonging to him1
wasi miaking his way 301 nortwardt' fotm New
York a day or two after ihie asassiationi.
The( pr'oseution3 claim to have yet str'onger'
test tioy, anid ailloge t heir ability to tra-oe'
Sulrratt, ateop by siep, from Washington, on
thienighat of (lie assainiation, to Is arrlivll
in Montreail on tho I8alh of A pril. They
havoY yet a larg.numtber of witniesses to
examnelO The defence athppears (.o treat, all
I his evideuce with inilferce~lC, and~ tieem
conlidenit of thieir ability to pr'ovc an alilbi.
Wav' Coxru:sts Wiimj Do.--In discussing
(lae extra eeCasion of convgress', thle Now York
Hera/.I uirges that, body to irst Vegulate
reconlst ruotion .auid (lhon repeal the 12aw
est ablishiing naial1 bankihs. 'i lie Washling
ton corrospondaenlt of thec Chlarle~stonl Coumr,,
says the raidicaht havo dlehlared thecy ill
nowl carary oult thao designi which t hey tform..
c.l in (110 last congress, butl whichh was, for
the time, deferred, ofaking Gonoal Granlt,
atS commande-~in~'.~-chief of (lhe army, snpsri
or to lie P'resident, fandl indepenadent of iay
ordiers from haim 01' thae eeretarly of wara.
Thela subordtinat e (Genertals, Sheri(danI, etc.,
ar ahmo to be clothedi tharough GJeneral
(rnat, and congress, withI full plower' over
(1h1ecivil andi judical oflicora of I hon soultherna
sates. Tile r'adicals will find. sltength inl
tis positionl Ihrouigh (the popu~hlaity (if
Grant, lShirilltan, etc. Blut thecy have no0
cotlionoi inl any otheot' positlonl that Mr.
aSevenst and (General Sciahck hlave lahkon.
Clontiscation, theay admtit, woul upset, thole
own~l paurty rule.
if toultv InrPon-rANr lJils10N.--lIs I10on
or the Chiaef.Justivie (Chanse) delivored yet
torday a very Important, opinion, In whIch
his-tssoeiato, Judge hirooks, concurre'~d,. t
the off'ect, thlat citizens of the prtotid
Confederato Slates yh~o paRd deb1)s dutc
Northeran clii.ens, lnto (he hiatid of Con,
federa~to r-eceivers, are hereby discohaarged
from~ (1he debt. *fho restualt is, all such debts
are'i now collectable, and (the partIes who
voluntarily nal o.. mio were fr.d to p..
over (o receivers, will have their rene
dy at. law agiist. fite receivers, who are
bound F1o funds tIus unlawfully obtainecd.
Tni: Wnir MAN AN ) -rit: Nraono.-Tt
has always been graunl that. Ohero woro
radical dillorence:i of structure in tho va
rius races of moen, but it is not generally
k nown that tlhe opposing characteristics of
the white amin and black main are as great,
as they aro said to be by 'rofessor Agas
eiz. The 'ollowiAg retuarkable passage
front one of is late letures will therefore
be read with interest, intore particularly a"
he speaks wit an iuthority t hat it sehlout
or never diaputed, either her or in Eu41rope:
4I have pointed out. OVer1 one hundred
spe ifi0 diflerenCes be Iween the bonxal anal
nervous systeils of the white mail and thn
negro. Indeed, their frames are unlike in
every particuhtr. There is not a bone in C11h
nieglo' bud y which is relatively of the sato
oh ae or si.e, articulationx, or chemically of
tlie s.xa-x coixposition, I:; that of 11lhe w hitu
1:11n. The Iegro's bontes oontainx a fat'
gruet er per ceux age of calcareous Balt than
I h of t lie white tian ; even the niexgroe'H
blood is chuctically a Yery ditferent iluit
from that which courses in de veins of th11
white man. The whole physiolal organisi
of the negro ditfers quite its much froi I he
white iani's an it does from - that of to
chimpanzee, that is, in) his bones, imusoles,
nerves and lfibres. The chimpanzee has not,
miuch fuither to progress to become a ne
gro, than a inegro has to becone a white
maix. Th'lis fact science inexorably deolini
strates. Climate has no more to do with
the diferencei between Clhe white man and
the chimpanzec, or than it has betweei Ct
horse ail th ei ass, or the eagle and the owl.
Eiaolh i:- a distinct. and soparate creation.
Tle negro and white mn were created as
ditfereni as Che owl aml the eagle. They
were derigned to fill iA fert plan: in the
sysefm of nature. The negro is more a .
negin by accident or misfortune, than the
owl is the kind of bird Ie is by accident or
mlis:fortune. The negro is n1o amor Cho
whie mant's brother, (imn Ctie owl is Ctho
sister of the eagle, or tho ass is the brother
of the horse. Ilow stutipelouts, aid yet,
hoW Simliple i (he dictrine that, the Al
:ixughty Maker of the utniverse has created
Ihlferent s.ecies of the lower animals, to fill
the dilferent places and otliccu in the graud
iUoontery of nature!
A\.oxt ut COAL MmeF lsUsrTua.-A fear.
filatcoideni which resulted in the immno
diato death of ten men and lads, occurred
at Washigton Colliery, oi the Weir, in Enxg.
land, M ay 31. Sixeen ii men and lads hadl
been buried up in the Maudlin seuam, and
were prevented getting op with CIhe mnci
who catte out of the pit in ithe afiernoon.
Albout. I; o'clock, the fall having beon clear
ed away, the Men and lads had bcn sent to
lie foot of lie shaft to go Co bank, and felt
of themt were in a caigi of two deoks be
tween 7 and 8 o'clock, and were drawn tip
ite slaft by the enginte. Instead of' stop.
ping his engili when lithe case got. to bank,
Trilor, the entgineimam, had let it go oi, and
Clie result was tIhe ten por creat ures were
run u1) to tho pulleys in 1lhe cage. Upon.
passing the bank the men shouted with i al
their strength bitt no notico was taken of
them, and as soon as the cage struok the
chocks near the pulleys or wheols, which it.
did with considerable force, the wire ropo
Lroke and the whole of the men in tho cago
were precipitated withl it down the shaft, to
Lthe sump, a depth of Iwo huidred and fifty
yards, tad it i6 needluss to say Cthat they
were killed on the spot. The cage cesheod
froimi side to sido as it was precipitated
down Cte t'earfutl chasm, pitched lie men,
out, smashed through the luntig, and fell
into the sumlp. Imimiediatoly after the oc
cureice C lie brakesmuan disatpetared, but
he was approhended during the night. andul
was brought. before (1lie Gt atelhead mangi.
Irates on Saturdny and remanded. Tho
bodies of the men wero got out of the pit onl
the following day,
A Ttaum nous bnMPIl'ATION.-A so called
clergytmn at New York, hungering and
tihirstiniig lotr Chie Ilood of Jefersoni Davis,
recently gave his puarishxoners a few Sab
bathI reasons why the unftortuniato ex-P1resi
denxt ought, to be stsupended frtomu "a .souri
aipple tree.'" As several of' these 'xsonxs
are iou obsecene eveni for week-diay reading
in a work-day world, we n ay state Cthat.
te final count. against hiim was, Chat /a' had
been a rm/nber of Congress. "Th'lo las
charge," the New York lI'orld says, "is nin
Anest ioniibly serious; but. C le comnpar'ativo
reCspectatbility of Conigireses wxhien Mr'. D)a
vis was ax mxexmber mtitigates (lie enormity of~
A )Vashiingtonm papier tmnakes Cthe followinxn
mxentiont of a nativoy of this State: "'The
Mlomtit ninect" is Ctho naine of' a verVy bout
and strikinxg lit tle pictur'e, by Mir. J. B. Ir-.
vm tg, a youig South Cat.iroliniain. Thie
Mounitaineer' (Swiss) and hist chil- are seat
ed on a donukey, and cominxg downt Clhi
mtotuntain gorge over a t'oad that, wvintd
amtong thie rocks and huge bolders. 'Tho
painxting of thxo xoeks is extr m'oely birondl
andxt strong, anid the figutres atre well dirawn.t
and life'-lIke. The etl'ects are well balanced,
and in colot' it. isx remnarkably pure andi
utronuug. T1hxis puiturc, htowever', imuti. not,
be taken as a fahi' spechnienm of what. Mr'.
Ir'ving cant do. Having taken up htis resi..
tdence in New York, it ha bunt Just ice to saty
that he has painted somie figure pieces
'which' foir purity of' colouring, corcec. draw
ing, beutCirfuil sent imenut, and nimiteitess of
finish htavo not been excelled ini this cotun..
tr'y. 'IThese works hitve alreadly established
h-is reputation among the artists, anid cauis
eduu hisi pictures to ha souight for buy our cn..
noisourts. Iloe has nuow a picture on his
easel called Clhe "Mohiters P'raxyem," which
woe shuould liko to see in Clue possession of'
sotie of our WVashxington friendls, for ini fin..
ishi antd delicato teintitment, we have tte'n
nxothintg itt Cthis counxtry by ain Amuuericani w.
tist, to compare with it..- Charleion Ne'wa,
M~r. Rheid, Supeirir.tendehnt of the Unmioni
Pacific Rhailroaid, htas arrive'I at. St. Loutir,
fr'oin.Northm Platte, ait tays te work ott
te roatd will htave to be abanudonxed, nntles
inotetion fromux tho Iditas isi fiumishetL
Gleneral SIheridanm is at. Nort h Plat t . The
following dispatoh has been sent to General
Gruat andl theo Secretary of te Interior:
"Oumahat, June 15, l8i7.-Ilf Genoral Bufordl
hast reported. whit-theli telegraph attributesu
to haimu, inm regard to Indlin tiatters, ho is
gtnli~y of reckless misrpresemation or
erimintal stupidity. A warfrare Is now being
earied ont upon tho lahmx by sutvago In
dlianii uponi' small pmxties of -defonelesa
settlers, and tupon theo ruit-oad survdying
parties andu laborers, barbarous and unapro
vokedl. Tlhie Governmuont must not. ho do.
llxded by any suhm ireports as fofrd's.
Johnt M. Thayer, United,~ Statos Senator."~