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VOL.1 WINNSBORO, S. C., WEDNESDAY MORNING, AUGUS 7 1867.
T1' I N'~
is I'tll B1.1311ND) WE'ICYi BY
ESPOR'E, WILLIAMS & UO.
Tr. II- ilAL is publiheI Week
ly in the Town of Winnsboro, at 93.00 in
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Obituary Notices and Tributes $1.00 per
The following tells its own story, and a
beatiiful one it is too-- to be read best andl([
sounding i'weeter when (lie family circle
have gatlhered arouid thl1e evening- lamp,
-Which simii it bo i which shall it be ?"
I looked It .ohii-.iohn looked at me,
(Dear, patient John, who loves mo yet
As well is the' my locks were jet.)
And when I thil unt that I Iiist. spIWtlk,
blMy voice seemed strangely low an1 weak,
"'ell mile agaill what I bert said ?"
And I hen I list'ning bent Ily head.
"This i hil letter :
"T.wifl gi ve
A liouse and ltil while you shall live,
U, inl r-0111ra, from11 Out y-Our SOVZan,
hie1 child to ke for nyo is given.
I looke.1 at John's old gairller.f worn1i,
1 thouht ot'ail it hat .ioih had bornc
Mf poverty am-Iff v ork and Care,
,Which 1, tholul.gh willi1ng, could not spare,
1 thought of seveii 1110111s to feed,
tisevel little children's Ieed,
And then of this.
"Come, John,"' sail I,
''W"'ll cloose amolng 1he iasl (hey lie
Avleu:p:" so walking hand inl hand,
Dear, John aid I surveyed our band.
First to ti;o eradlle lightly stepped
"Whoe Lilian, Ihe baby, slept,
A glory 'gainst i ho pillo w hitle,
Softly her li 1.or stooped to lay
1is rough hand down in loving way,
When druamo or whisper made her stir,
And hiuskily he said, "Not her--not ler."
We -i ooped besile I he 111i1undlo -bed
A nid one long ray (it' lainp light. sled
Althwart ihe boyisi face:; th-ro
I, Aleep So pi Itil and fair ;
I s:aW oil .h ull ie's rough, rel cheek
A toar undrlied.. Ere J ohn could speak,
'le's but. - baby too," S:1id, I,
Arnd kissed hi In as we hiurried by,
Palo, pat ielt l1lubbie's Angel raoc,
Still In his sleep bore sufferinig's traco.
"No, for a Ihoulsan Crowns not himl,
lHo whispered, while our eyes were dim.
Poor Dick ! had lick ! oir way ward son,
Turbillent. rocless, idle one
Could lie be spared ? "Nay, lie who gave,
Iidls Is bfiriend him11 to the grave;
Only a Inotlier's hIealt can ho
Patiot ellough for such as he;
And so," said John, "I would not dare
'L'o send him from her bedsido prayer,"
Then stole we softly up above
And knelt. by Mary, ohilil of love.
"Pe'orhiaps for her, 'twouild better be,"
I said to John. Quite silently
lie lifteil up a curl that lay
Across her check in witrl way,
And shook his head. "Nay, love,not thee,"
The while Imy heart. hent audibly,
Only one moro, our eldest lad,
'rusty and rtiuthful, good and glad
Ho like his father. "No, John, no
1 cailot, will nIot let him go.''
And so we wroto in courleous way
We Auld not drIvo one child away
And afterward tol lighter seemed,
Thinking of that of which we dreamod,
Happy in truth that not one face
We missed from its accustomed place;
Thank'ul to vork for all the seven,
Trustirug th0 rest to Oxn in HeavenI
Lotter from HEn. B. F. Porry.
.To ilhe EdIitor.l of the C'olumbia Phoenix:
Th'le action of 11)0 rump Congress, thle
olier dlay, in extra session, ought to con
vinice over'y one that thle radical party hlavo
no intention of restoring the IUion until
the Southern States are thior'oughly radical.
ized, and will elect Sonators and members
of the 11louse of that party. The Konitucky
reopresentativs--nino ini inmber, mid all
Democrals-.have been denied their seats
in Congi'ess, simply hecause they woro not
Black Reopublicans, If 11h0 Sout hern States
under theo reconstruction policy of Presi
dent Johnsoni, hlad elected radicals, and
given anyi assurance of their adhesioni to
that par'ty, no one can suppose thlat. their
representatives wouldl have been oxOluded
f'romn Congress. In thne fall of 1805, one of
the first things done by Congress was to
purge the Senato, and exclude D~omooi'ats
enough f'rm that body to give them a t wo.
I bi'ds mnajori ly.
Tihie quest ion will lie for the people of the
Southlernl States to decide', in the cioming
elections whether they proefor t.o r'emain as
they aie, or' by callhng conventions, adopt.
log negi'o sutl'uags andl eleeting radlicals, go
1~ 1into the IUnion.- What adlvanitage to
'V'?outhi will it be to increase the Black
Ilopulblicain majority In Congress? Ilow
cani we be heneittod by stre ngtheninag t ho
hlands of our oppressors ? What Interest.
can ivo possibly have in being represented
Ili Congress by trtitoi's to the South--mon
wh~omi we must scorn and displso as Judas
.Iscariots in politIcs ? It is a sad and mel.
anclioly reflection on huiman nature, to seo
men wh i11naugunrated the war, and were
going to die In the last ditch, now soeking
Sn go back into the Union, etrlppedof every
prmielcple and right which they vowed to do
-I'ond, with lilack ltep'ubliennl collars around
their necks. hiow diagnsting to see base,
unprIncipled whIte taen seeking oflice and
position by hypoorltloally panduring to thse
igniorant, ormuonal and ripious prejudices
and1 aspiirations of tho negro ! I would
greatly prefer seeing every office In . the
St ate tilled by the honest, Intelligent ne
groes, than by such unprinicipled and shame
I onco said to President Johnson, In ro
ply to a despatch sent me, about Union mn
being exoluded from oillcounder the Pro.
* visional (lovernmeont, that I had mado, I a
rtule through life to confide-In the politic.
of no oue who was not morally honest and
trttworthy in prlvato life. aLt. that my ex.
plerienco had taught me the faot that, a maon
v'ho h~ad no moral prIncIple could have no
pbolitical prIncjple. .Hence It Is that, we see
those who wore foremost In secessioni,
whilst secoossion was in the asconidant, annd
the road 1o honior and distinICtion, power'
aun . ~ l mlion, nlow fa'v nint at t ho feet. of
sion are all powerful. They care not whom
they serve, or what principles they advo
cato, provided they can promote their own
seltish views. But they would even have
us believe that the great, interests of the
cou~naary wore foremost in their tehoughts.
Inmediatoly after it was known that sla
very would have to be abolished, I express.
ed the opinion that it would be wise and
priuent to pormit negroes, who had acquir
ed ta proporty n(l edcational qualification,
to vote inl all the Southern Statee. I
thought t his would be a safety valve for po
liticat society. it would gratify and ap
pense t-he intelligent and most infliontial of
that class, and make them good citizensI,
instead of being disturbers of the peace.
It would told out an induceanut, to all, who
had any disposition or wish to rise above
the common herd I And no evil could result
from it, as 1 supposed very few, compara.
lively, would ever be able to attain tlho pri
vilege, and when they did, they would al
ways vote with toia higher and better educa
ted class of whites. I expressed a similar
opilion many years ago, inl regard to recap
luring slaves. I thought it, well for society
a hat whent a slave had acquired such a love
for freedom as to prompt hna to flee to the
Northern States, and possessod intelligenceo
sl'licient to mAke his escapo, lae ought not
b. iie mght back. In this way, the bold,
dbii,- and reckless-they who were most,
liheil to disturb tie publio pence--would be
out .f the country, and there would be
greater safety from those loft behind.
But my opinion thus expressed was do.
nouncd by those who are now urging uni
versal suffrage for the negro, or it least ad
vocal ing sulfrage for (lae negro, or at least
advocating the call of a convention, by
whiel univrsal negro suffraige is to be os'.
tablisledl. I likewiso advocated, at the
same time. tie propriety of permitting aae.
gron.s to give testimony in all casos in our
courts or justice. This, too, was sternly
resisted by those who are now willing to
confer on the negro tlie right of holding
otlice, to get back into the -glorious Union,"
whilt they once hated and dispised so cor.
In one-of my previous communications, I
stated that Professor Agazziz had proven
conclusively that the negro was of an info
riot race to thatt of tie white mn't, and had
at different origin. In saying this, I did not
intend to insinuate, as sone of the negroos
seened to think I did, that Clod was not
their "fiatlaer," as well as the white mau's
fat her. They are certainly both creations
of the same Almighty hand. They are
dotmless, tog, equally under tiae protection
of the Ahnighty, and equally doar to him
in their respeotive sphares-spheres inl
which heo placed them and for which he
miande t hem. The haorse and the jankass are
both ialike the creations of God. lie did
not creat o thoni of tle S1amo typo, or make
them one aid the same animal. le gvo
in onla beatuty of form and symmetry, spirit
it id led tiess ; and to the other st rength,
endurance amd other valuable qualities.
So lo has distinguished betweon the negro
and whito man. To the former lae has giv
cia a black skin and a wooly lacad, greator
strength and less braint. lie has adapted
hitt to labor, and given Iiut pores which
defy malarias and fevers. To the other lho
has given a white skin and a head of hair,
loss strengait and Larger brain, adapted to
higher thoughts al greater intellectual imt
I;i( CGod loves lis whole creation equally,
and it is to be presumed tat he has ito
samo regard for the owl as he has for the
eagle, and -o with lthe horse and jaukass,
(le white mann and negro, provided, al way s,
ttiif he otne is as falthfurl inl thla discharge
of his mission on earth as the other. It is
by no means a crime or fault. oan (lie part of
toh jackass, that lie cannot tun as swiftly as
the horse. lie was not created for saelh
Ilectntess ; and so vith tle negro; ie has
not been endowed by God with tho same
volne of brain that the white man has,
and le is not to blame for being unable to
onpoto with him inl sciece and knowledge.
Ile is an Inferior being to tle white man.
God made hin) such as lie is for vise pur.
poses, as lae mado the ass inferior to (lie
horse. It is as foolish to think ot' making
poets, artistiaand statesmen out of negrocs
ats it, woutld b)0 to make a race htorso or a
spirited charger in battle out, at' a jackass.
Yotu may give theo negro the right of stilY,
r'ago andt the r'ight to htold otlice, antd imake
haim a legislator, and so you may enter the
ass for a four mile heat with thme blooded
htorse, or you may mount him itt bat tlo for
a charge on te enemy ; bt, both would be
equally unawiso and disastrous, for youa are
attemplt ing to pervert nature and thoe laws
Professor Agassi:, of IHarvard College,
Massachusotts, the most learned and soen
tific naturalist the worl hans ever produced
declar'os most. oonfidenttly, after a life..time
of thotughat, anad observation ont the subject,
"That the negro snnd the white an were
enteted as specifloally different as the owl
andl the englo. They wore designed to fall
dliffet'et, places In the systema of natauro.
The negro is no more a negroe by accident
or misfortune titan theo owl Is the kinad of
bird heo is by misfortune. Tho negro Is no
more the white man's brothter thtan thte owl
is tihe sister of thae eagle, or than the ass is
theo brother of the horse. There are," says
thto same great authaority, "over otto hutn
dreda speeitie differences hetween thto bonal
and ntervous system of the whaito nman and
te negro. Indeed, their forms are alike
In no particular. There Is not a bonte In
thte negro's body relatively of theo same
articulation or cmically of' the samo comn
position, as that at' thae whito man. Thte
negro's haonoua contain a far gareater per
conttage of calcaroons salts thaon (those of
the whaite man. Even the negro's bleed Is
chtemically a very (different fluid from that
whaieh couarses in the veins of thte whilto
mani. Tihao whole physical organization of
the negro dIffers qutito as much from the
whtite man as it (does fromt thtat of thte chain
panz'iee-that is, int his bones, mu~tseles
and tibres, 't helhimpanzoo has not macli
further to progress to become a negro, titan
the negro lasa to become .a . whiteo man.
Thais fact soience Inexorably demonstrates."
It is agreed, by all shintillo men whlo
htave turned thteir attention to thtis subject
that "the capacity,, by measutreanent, of the
skull of thae white man Is ninety-seven
ecubic Inches, thaat is, in thte average of one
thoeuaand, or any greater nunabor of skulls..
The negro has sixty -sixc cubic inoee; the
North American Idin has sixty-three
euble ineohes the natlre Atustrallan haq
fifty-six cubio inuches." Sit' Char'os Lyalla
than whoma thore enan be nolhigher authori
ty, saya flho feet and hands, the arlts ain4
legs of' the whild maon aand negro are -unlike.
In mdasauremoent. The hand of thoie' gro is
one-twelth larger, 'and ono-tenth bratkedor
Itan the hand ofthea white man; his feel is
one-eighth lngore, and ones-nintht broador,
lhan alto whaite miani's: his for'e~-rm is onp.
tenthi shtor'ter atnd the saute is trauae of a hie
hones fromt the knee to the ankie. The
skeleton is unlike in the wholo w weight
and mensure ment, and unlike in evo(y boeo
In tle most. adlirablo speech of the
lion. W. Munegenc, of Ohio, lately delivered
in Congress, (and to which I am greatly
indebted for much that I have said,) it is
boldly asserted, on the authority of soionti
lio men, that the world does not afford an
instance of a mulatto in thoe.fifth generation.
The hybrid race becomes oxtint, after the
fourtih genoration, nualess I hey have inter
mixed with one or the other of the original
raoes. So it is with all naimlcs. The mu111lo
does not breed at. all. The wolf and jackal,
the dog and fox, havo produced hybricla,
which always becomo oxtinct. in lie third
generation. These aniials, like (thopegro
and white man, woro regarded, at ono tiamae
as oanly different varieties of tlo xaaae spe.
cies. But experiment shows theml to have
boon different creations, as it does the negro
and white mann.
I ropeat. what I have said in a former
article, that I have over been lhe friend and
pirutuetur of thu iagco t1ihrough hfe. This
my former slaves will voucl for me. My
houso-servants, eight or tote in number,
havo never left ie. and are still living with
tio on tle same terms tley did whilst slaves.
It is because I wish woll to the negro, that
I am unwilling to see him placed in a false
position. lie is nnfit to exorcise tlo right
of stiflrage, nI will bocomo the dupe -and
tool of bast a I lesignang enen. A war of
races will m , and the negro, being the
weaker an , . intelhgent, will bo extormei'
nated in such a war. Extinction will be
the result of this great boon bestowed on
them for the solo purpose of strenagtheninag
ihe radical party ! eneral BInejm F.
uaxtler said to me, eighteen months ago,
Chat all tle radical party wished was, to
have "4 impartial suffrage." lie said that
we might declare that ano one should vote,
unless le was a graduate of the South
Carolina College. All that file radicals
then thouglt of was equality between tlae
races. Upt, now, they are deterinied to
have the negro %oto, in ordex to radioaliz)
In a negro convention which snt the
other (lay, in Columabia, it was claimed t hat
in (lee next Presidential election, there
should be placed on tle radical ticket a
negro, eilher for President or Vice-Presi
dent- it was contended, too, that tihe lands
should be divided into small farms, so that
each hoad of a family might got a home
stead. If the land-owniers eofused this
division,then their lands should be ta'xod so
ieavily as to force themc to part with then.
There is a considerable ingennity in this
solcmee of Contisoation. The wAites who
vote for a convention, to avoid coniscation
oe tle part ofiCongress, will findthemselves
nicely caught by tie anegroes in convoenion.
Ai I have already said, they will aind that,
after sncrificing dlchir lonor, time rights of
tle State, and the principles of sell-governc
eaneout and const ituionld liberay, they leave
lost their lands into tle bargain. Another
sobemo of tle negroes, promlulgael ice their
recent convention, is to have nothing taxod
but property. This will 'release, feomce a1ll
taxes, as they do not. own property. Then,
the property of the1 State is to be tnxed, to
establish free schools and collnges all over
the State, for tie education of e heir children,
withontexpeneso to flee negroes! Againl,
they declnre in coneventdin, anad ha~vo amad'
it a part. of I heir ipla to , that tto old .to
iroos, ined iNtrmex negroes tnd pl.ormeeles, are
to he supported 1-y the cpoperty of tle
white menl, instead of taking care of their
own nged parents cted liuper kitlrd.
In tIe twelfth article axdopted by tlis
radical negro convention, they avow openly
their purpose of disrxanchising all who leave
sorved in ithe Confedorato army, or nidedl
ad abetted (the war. They are disposed to
take a step, aced a wide onxe, heyond (le
radicals in Congress. Tho white radicals
lenvo disfranchised only those who have fill
ed puablio oflices ; but tle black radicals are
determined to extend it to all who were in
the army, which incluedes almoit the ontiro
white population. This will be accomplish
ed in that convention which the white peo
ple are goicg to vote for-a cocnvenction to
disfranchise themcselves, conliscato their
property, and pla:co [le State absolutely
unader thce conttrol of the~ negroes. Was
there ever such folly and anndnoss hecard of
before, in flhe civilized world ? In ack
clothe aced ashes, thcey will heave to reponct of
thceir stuapidlity and dishoncor.
This negro radical convention futrtherx
decmanxda a revision of our laws anxd the
re-orgaizaction of ouar. courts. They, a set
of paupers, ignorant .ancd debased, are to
govern thae State, and theo whlite tmen, who
ownc all the property, are to pay ihaox peni.,
ses of fle State. 'They speak of building
rnilroads I No doncbt a theousandl schemes
will be conocted for spcndiung flee wheite
manm's money, for the honcofit of flee neegro,
before thcey proceed to take it fromc him by
force or frauduelent legislatione. Jiorribale,
most horrible, is the future of our poor
State and degraded p~eople. No one sceome'
to realize our true situation. It is now as
It was In flee days of secessionc. We are
standhing, like idiots, on a cmagashno of pow,
der, fiourishaing in ouer heands a fire-brand,
and~ laugheing at lice boeautifual ing of ribbonx
itrmakes inc ihoe dark., Thxe explosion will
come, rmust come, sooner or later, and brintg
with it ueniversnl deathe and (lest ructioni to
thme people and property of the State.
In Liberia, where there is a neat Ion of
nogroes, sent fromi lee UnIted States, acnd
wheore they heave .formed a goverhmaent, neo
'wheito man Is allowed to heold office, or vote
at any election for any odico. This is wvise
acnd proper; and thcey have theought it neces
sary to meako tis exlusonm for thceir owcn
ponco .and' peosperit~y. Have ncot thae wheite
rhen the same right to exclude flee ncegro
from-thce righat of suffra'cge, whcen they kceow
ft. flee r~egroes leave a mnajority ine Ice
State, and~ will seize flhe Govereent of the
State, If permitted to votoe?
It Is 1(dle folly to tell the people of Soncth
Carolhna thaealutal axnd immxigrants will
flow int~o the Stato,cwhxen reonstruct6d on
t~leo Ilack Ilepublicn platforme. On fle
contrary,. as soon as ies neegro governmnent
is organized, every (dollar of forelgn cagital
In Soueth Carolina will be whidrawn, anid
not one cent wilhl come hero seeking invest
ment, Nor will any forelgners move here
to settle, nneder ncegro. rule, and thee conmfi.
sion and disturbance which It 'will give rise
to icc the State. Mr'. Calhoun predIcteod,
years ago, that If thee negro was -set froo,
.lhe Northern people , would insIst on. his
right of gsuffragos.attiallowedl, thenegrops
would4 seisothe Governcment, and the whIte
pe~op)e wouhl bayq tolqayeo thje State 1 . ie
futrtheteaid,~ that the. ormtu~own era would
lost. ,h ,iala04c000 toyerdh4letr freedmen,
'whosge6ylphipfLe and~ partia.ities swould be
for No~-ihorn ieen and vileoemissar'ies sent,
hero to eontrol thorem. ,1 thlik I6 is pretty
gaeriil!y aekknowledged, 'even now, that, all
cntrol of the negro, ina thee cming elect iona,
is already gone' fromc their formter iaestees.
G en. 11aimnian acnd hi i ex..d. had j. ..s
well I(ry to cmirol a heit of wil
butralops in the vast prairies ef the West,
as the negro vote of Columbia.
.B. F. PEttitY.
O ni:t:s v ., 8. C., July 27, 1867.
The Virginia Cototdion.
-Rotnctioxn, July il.-A large number of
delegates arrived here on the train this
evening, and the streets are alive with col
ored delegates wearing the bluo ribbon, the
badge of last. convention. A I irge crowd is
gathered airound the Republica:i heat-quar
ters on (iovernor-street. Ticre ltve been
four or five caucuses alroaly to-day to ar
rango matters for to-morrow.
Up to ten o'clock to-night, about three
hundred colored and one h undred white
delegates have -irrived: lucl more inter
est shown by flo oitizens in tie proceed.
ings of this convention tL.ati was evinced
towarda the last, as among the aties of the
delegatos are the familiar ones in Virginia
of the Carringlons, Watkins, Flournoys,
Gorlons, Lewis, and others. Caucuses are
being held at the Nt. Uharles lotel and
Custom llouse. At. the former is being
Sulbliitted 'Mr. ltts' address to the people.
The blacks of the city will he ent the co:nren
tion oin masse as invite'd to be by Mr. Iflun
nicut in t speel last night. To day
thoso employed in the tobacco factories no
tified their employees that they would not
be at work to. morrow The ibbeo hotels for
colored people are packed by the arrivals,
and in 0he vicinity of all the animated galh,
erings of colored politicians, discussing fihe
events of to-morrow. The names of MesSrs.
Botts, llattxhurst, McKenzie, Lewis and
Underwood. are bting discussed to night for
President of' tlie Convention.
A mneeting of ex-Federal ofticers was held
to-night and re-oltios adopted, ndvising
co-oeratioll with all who would strive for
the restoration of pence to thd country. It
appointed fii'oen delegates to'tihe oonven.
tion. Tihe following is one of the resoli
Rcsolocd, That in the spirit and chivalry
of true soldiers, who have toiled and sulter.
edl, foutght and blued, to uphold the emiblemna
tic colors of (,ir cause and couitry, no are
disposed to forgive and forget the pa-st ith
its errors, grievaniees land calamities, to en
fortain inalice towards none and extend
clarrity to all who will now and for the fit
ture come forward with the open right hand
of patrilotic fellowship, resolved to make the
nat ion once again happy, and we cordially
offer I lie olive branch because we feel in our
.joldier hearts, secure of the approbation of
the no loss gallant and gencrous Atnerican
Tho platform of Mr. MotIs, which was
subimiitted to-night to tle caecus of tle Con
servative wing, was approved :It favors
tle restoration of the great body of the peo.
ple to their political rights, bat urges the
disfranchisement of those more artftl lead ,
ers. It was stlated that the pttforn has al
ready been submittted to and approved by
the other wing of the party.
The Presidont and the Oouut-y,
The long-il-awn batt l, says file Charles,
toin Nl ws, between ihe President, and Coi
gress, may non fairly be considered closed.
First, lie cnleavorel by I lie exercise of his
Execttivo )ower to restore the Soithern
tat es by t plan of recon-struction, which,
nlthohtgh not tre. frot diffiluity tind olect
tin, wai yet ill 1 great dogree both just
and gencrous. This was dofeated by uon
gross, who inatugurated, after two yea-s of
controversy, their own plan, which wRs
neitler just noi- generouis. This plan thle
President. oliposed by his veto. That was
overruled. Then the President. undertook
to modify its execution by his method of
construction and administration. Congress
imtediately met, and by a new law madeo
I teir construction explicit, and took the
administration of file law out of his hands.
And in his last. veto, which has been over.
ruled like all t ie otliers, le concludcs the
Atruiggle with this emphtlic language:
The rltiedy must. comlie frot thlie people
themselves. They know what. it is, aind
how it is-to be applied. At the present
ti me they cannot., according to the Consti
tution, repeal liteso laws ; they cannot re
move or control this dispotlism. The reme
dly, neverntheless is in their hands: It, is to
be found ini tihe ballot, atnd is a sure 0one, if
not contr-olled by fr-auid, overawed by arbi
trai-y power, or t'rom apathy on the~ir part
too boug delayed. Witht abidling conitidonoe
in their pthe i-ism, wisdom andl integrity, I
anm still -hopeful of tihe future, and that, in
the end the rod of despotism will be broken,
the armed rule of power be lifted fronm the
neeks of the people, and thme principles of a
violat ed Count-!tution preserved.
NothIing can lie cleatror; the surrender of
Gon. Lee was not. mrc complete than this
abdication of Executive power. Like the
Souith, tie President submits to his conquer.
or, ,and waits for the returning seniso of
justice of thme "'people"-tmeaning thorieby
lie Noirther-n people-to terminate "the
despot ism" wvhich tyrannizes over hinm as
well as its. And how, inudeed, could It be
Netano SurI-nAOn xx Nr~w Jansar--We
must do the lhadicals of New Jer-sey the
justice to say that thtey have come ouit fair
ly anid squarely in favor- of negro sulffrage.
At, a Stato Convention, hold ini Trenton ont
Tuonsdaiy, they passed, amoig others, the
"Resolated, That, tlthoRepiiblican par-ty of
Now Jersey, encouragedI by past trititmphst,
and pt-end of tihe high rcord of its oxoeu-.
tive, its legislature, its senators and repre
seuntatives In CongresN, chieerfutlly accept
the issue of Impartial suffr-age as one of the
most important questions to beoltiscssetll in
thme approaching camnpaign, confident that,
it, will he sustained by the calm judgment
and patriotic sehtimentt of the people ot
thia..dtalo, and by lhto grace and approval
of Almuity God."
The World'. corresponident says:.
"The loading fladicals give tup * the State
as hopelesstly most., and say. 'Ali gone up.
lBy New Jersey law: the -tamendment they
propose t o the Slate Uonsltituionmusmt pass
two successive 4egislatuires by a majority
vole, and it then becomes a part of that in
Tnrmusuxura OxaA-Ono' of' .thte muost
healthy and nytiltous vogetabic~s ls the
okra, whti'oh Is Iaised in such abundaunce in
our climato. W~e are surprised that so little
attention Is given to preserving it .for use
all throught tho winter, when It can be done
so easily andu so choartly, The follow ,ng
recipe for d'obiig It is" funished by one of
oarmoest, praeloitsdan exporienoed garden
the shlt.ithen, ba'this', aVuotfiet layet' of
okra au befofe, 74g~o otn till the barrel is
futll, or.yomu have ptt as much us desireqd,
cover-inig the whole when done with at thk
buver of salt. e
Colreo was first brought to Marseilles in
10 - from- Egyipt. At Ma rsei:le. also, 1671,
was opened the first store for the sale of
colleo. London had been using (te fra
gratt berry for ten years before it reached
Parls, but in 1072 an Armenian opened a
ca/c in L'aris, which, however, obtained no
Success, and the owner was obliged to )lose
it, and emigrate to London. liis'successor
was i little, humpbacked man, who sold
coffeo in the stroots, and who for nearly
twenty years possessed an undisturbed
montopoly of i he buriness. Finally in 1080,
one 1rocope from Sicily opened a cafe op.
posite (th present site of (he ieatro Fran
eals, which is still in existence. lhen
another enterprising Armenian opened a
cafe in the Rue do Uussy, where ie devel
oped the original idea offurnishing tobacco,
pipes, and newspapers to his customers
withIt their coffeo. The press that ttio wits
represented by the Mercury and the Frencht
Gizette. But thisliterary convenionce (did
not become general in Paris till tihe timle of
Ite itevoti ion. Finally, a third cq/e thl1e
Cafe6 of Parnassus. was opened near tile
Pont Neuf. This cafe has enjoyed atn artis
tio reputation, greator almost than atny
other, from the f-.ne of the I wits wiho were
accusltoimed to assemtible ntround its tables- t
Voltair, .loissy, Vernet., the Abbo Arnaud,
Crebillon fils, &c. It is still in existence.
Cafes rapidly became centres of the litera
ture, and more especially the wit of the
timo. In those days a man made his debut
in a cafe with a new poem or epigram, as
to-day in the colums of a newspaper. It
was at the Cafe 1'rocope that Ilonssean weit
to play chess ; and at the Cafe of the lie
gonce, at -ithe corner of tfhe Place di Pidais
lloyal, that lousseau, Voltaire, tihe Mar
shatl de Rlicheliei, the imperor Joseph It.,
Franklin, iMa-imiontel, )iderot, St. .Foix.
Desohapelle, Blarnardin St. Piorre anI
Bonaparte we-e aiong tle frequent antd
(listinguished guests. In 178 there were
eleven hundred ca/es in Paris, and every
one knows the prominent part they played
in tie levolution. Bun, at the timo of the
liestoration, th li umbuiher had mounted to
three thousand, andl to-day they nre as the
stars of heavel-innumie-tble. It is said
fihat now, whenover a store is to be let on
the boulevards, it is inmediately eigagel
for a new cafe, so thirsty have grown the
people of Paris.
The following official information has
been received at. the Greek Legation : Ao
cording to the latest oflicial accounts from
Crote, Omarr Pasha has been repulsel with
severe losses fromt the itiouttain roedqm of
Sphokia, and returned again to the Fortress
lIerodeon, burning fifteen villages on his
retreat, and dooming all (lie -iireks who
fell into his power to denth by crieitixion.
The f,:reign Powers have rejected the Suil
taint's proposition of a (retan commi teo of
inquiry to consist of Turk's alono, they in
sistiig upon ta mixed Christian and Turkish
commn1ission. ThO Turks will not consent
to til itttil after the depariture of tire Grok
volinteers froim Crte, while tihe Cretanis
decline to accede until after the departure I
of the Tukish and Igyptian troops. 'I he
fimou. Grociani blockado runner Arrili has
mado, in tie meantime, its fiftoentih expedi
Hion to Crete, landing munitions and provi
sions-, and onabling ia Ia-ge numbnher of Greek
vomt-en and children to qa.capo froi Lte Sul
In the New York Timas, of Tuesday, we
find (lte following : "Your able corre-spon
dent, 'Liber,' has given you a-faitltful pict ure
of negro registration. I have beeni many
such scones, and I can assuro you with pe
feet sincerety, and free from all prejudice,
(flat. not one in a hundred of tihe negroes
whom I have seen registered had the most.
distant. conception of the object of regisitra- I
lion, of the meaning of the oath they took
or of the purpose of' the sull'rage. Many of
them believe that it is a compulsory census
of tho colored people, that the Government,
may learn the number who are to get "free
fitrmip," andl that voting for the Radical is
the prico which they must pay to acquire .
these landed estates. It is this utter ignor
ance which makes the prospect of* negro
judlges, sheriiffs, ordhinacries, ftistices of t he
peace, notaries, leginlators, &o., appalling 4
to those whto understand the duties of these
olicos, and wvho see the rinii which this ig.
norance in piower- must. of necessar-y br-ing
upon01 thte whiole people.
Naaors rn N-ew JEasY.-Speaking
the Radical Convention's resolmation, the
Nowiar-k .Journal says :
"If the Frelolinysens, the Cattles and
the Pat-kers, of Now Jersey, have no more
self-respect nor regard for their own raceI
thtan to sanction iund applaud this mongrel
scheme, no matter what may b~e their mso
tive, they will soon discover that, they do
ntot lead the independent white tuon of thteir
p arty, and flint for this folly they will be
laid on the shelf, nove-r agaIn to take patt
in political life in New Jersey. The negi-o -
suift-age politieians ar-e a doomed i-ace.
"The right to hold office, to sit on juries'
andl oni the judicial henolh, and gener-ally to
mingle in every publie walk of life promils
eously with thte whbites, accmt panies fthe
right of voting, which the Republicans p~ro
pose to confer upon f-he ignorant, incomupo
tent, anal incapable negroes."
[Of course the Radieais deny that the nie
grocs wvill be eligible-to ofile.]
The artesion wells' in Algeria, long
-t(,iptedl without, success, no0W nunmber
pronbablyabout otto hundred, delivering fivei
or six millions litres of water per hour, i
andnnvertig desertitb gatrdenw whorov- te
er thley ha'v~e boon bored. The work ia
going en, defrayed by tax upon the boniellt.
ted population,-and io destined to :roclara
incalculable 'wantos, In a sliglo district
thiat Ouled lRir--stretchiug far South into
the dlesert,'andl now contaIning thirty-five
wells,-2000 new gardens have been feormed,'
antd 150,000 date lircos planted. Four mill-.
-taif boring brigades, well provbalod with '
impteonts, andl with growing alill anid
experience, are steadily pushinig otn the
conqulest- of the desert,, anid with almno~L
unerring success in every attempt.
Thie 8c.lma Timre learns from a gentlemani
who has recently traveled over Ilie gier
part of Middle Alabamna; that the cot-n erop
is magnificent. The entire country .10ooks
like a land of promise. ,There is no doubt
thyaffthe corn crop tIs year 'hill be oao of'
the finest over raised in Alabama,
The Miarion (Florida) Courier says then
Otop prospoot in thtin (heckson) coamf ' is
muoch hetter. than'it was .laayear-at this
lIime. - Ootton -is. of- good ite ati -vigorons.
Cesrl is growg Ainely, and thteoa~oli is too.
far advanod f,~ at ast y o revent a~
11 Aro(.bol ade. e an theri food
Fifteen htippopot amus' Itides. orrosecnt -
ly sent to a tannery in New Hoston, Massa
chusetts, to be tannedl. They were 'in
halves. and weighed togother 3000 inounde.
3pioy Corrospondenco Between Adiiiiral
Semmos an([ Gen. Brisbin-Tho Radi
cal Roughly Handled.
A HAD. To A HEn. (nETING.
LxixNo-roN, KY., July 18, 1807.
Raphael Scmmes,% Editor Butlel'i, pirale,
Sin :-Someo 110e has sent me a copy
)f your paper., in which you devote
leIarly a wholo coluna to my late
Ipeech In Lexington, Kentiek v.~ You
hlinkl mie "-inconidmry, wickedo, 1',1d, and
I party man on tihe Fourth or Jily."
WV hat right have you, a vile wretch,
ivig by the grace of Cod and the iner
-y of a too humane (overnment, to
ake a loyal man to taink for what le
nay see fit to say ? H fave you so far
orgotteni your Criles, or are you ins"ane
mnough to believe that they are forgot.
en am m101ien, and that treasoi after
.11, is not to be punisled ? For ihe
ake of your soul, 1 beg you not to forget
he past, nor be unini ad ful of the futt re,
or the day ik coming w hen you and
o'erreSt will both be called to a jIst aIC
ounmt for your misdeeds. Pirates and
mlitchers of innocent monl cannot lone
ivo in America unlmung. Be constant.
y prepared, for you know not the (lay
ior tle hour wherein the right onus
udge will comli to do justice. Being
Christian ii man, whlen your troulble is
,reat, and deep trih;lationi is upon you,
end for me, and I will come and do all
can to prepare you for your end
hiougha 1 tell you fra k ly, I believe nio
arthlily int.erces.ioni can save you front
hli hottest hull in daml nation. Yor fear
'such meni" as I am, will 'ri.o t> pow.
"on tle sholuillers of the black.
vlen you recollect you r awful guilt,
mld ti'.t by the laws of natbis you are
m outlaw, wevll may your coward . con
cielice mak you ear such an event.
ou say mtich menr as I insti-ate the ie.
,roes to do la wes act.. You a pirate
d a traitor, are a pretty fellow to talk
hout instigators of lawless acts. TIo
levil rebukig sinl would be a mild com.
iarison. I have alwavs advised ilie
iegroes to be law.-abiding, quiet, sober,
ndustrious and peaceful, and shall con
inue to do so. They have 110 occasion
o tako the law in their own i hands, and
vleu Iley do so, I sanll as mn uchl cou
emn them as dI do you.We, who are
heir friends, by the help of God ard a
tadical ConlgresS, will in good time.', it)
egal way, properly punish you and all
heir enetes and the eCnics of the
?Iepublie, mnd in the meanatime the no.
,roes will be quiet, orderly :.nd ind u.
rious citizens. Yours truly,
JAs S. 13nam'nm1, U. S.
ras. S. Bribin, U. S. A. :
SiR-I former times. when a ner.;on.
vho had the honor of signing U. S. A.
ifte.r his name, felt ngrieved, lie adlress
:d a private note to tihe party% w1ho Ie
upposed meiant to offend him. Such
a ite from yoit woildl have lound ready
esponse at iy hands. This was a
tile in the old service, where the il.
orm was a guarantee that the wearer
>f it was a gentIiant. 'W hat changs
le birth of tho "New Nation'" )ra av
iave bronught about among tioso who
low wear shoulder straps .I am munble
o say. As you . have departed from
his rile, I ami constrained to regard
roui as one of those new men of the
armyw, whotse education has lbeen defec
ivo ; though I know nothiin g of your'
mntecedlents, never hiavinag heard of y'our
tatte or fame until .I read your incendi..
try speech delivered by you to thlo
>lacks~, at Lexington Ky., the other day.
iaving voluntarily placed yourself
vithout the palo of' gentlemen, by as..
atulting me, personally, t hrough the
iewsp)apers, ther'e is no othier resource
cft mne-uieas you should her'eafter
hange your mind--but to r'eply to you
broughi tho same chmamiel. I do lhve,
hope, by the gr'ace of( God, buit not by
he nilercy of the gover'nmenlt of which
'oi speak, since I puirchase myv perso.
al saf'ety with a~ consideratiim which
ins long sinice been~ paidl to, and( enjoy.
d by tho other contractinag party, s.o.
vit: theo layinag down of mny arms. anad
he disbandment of aly troops. There~u
re, no0 dloubt, plent y of such c reat ures
.s your'self, who would be glad of the
p)portni ty to disgraee the gove-rnmiient
mudor wvhich they live, by counselling
L to dishionor ; but I have the satisfac
ion of believing that thero aro other
nen in the United States ar'my besides
lhe cana~1e, of th6 Brisbin oi-der w~ho
'rtun" the Fareedtinen's Buireau, a mlato
v'ith negroes for siatistor purposes, and
triko at, overything gontlo in the land
n compliance'with the base ~istincts
vith which an inscruftabio Providence
ans ci :ted them. But I am wasting
oson such nice follows ais -yoitrself ;
.nd so, if you will permit mao, I will
lose our correspondence by toliing you
hat, mn my judgment, no, oflicer of thae
1itod States army, who eintertaineid
lie senltimen~t of honor which shoutld
har'aterino a noble profession, could
a~ve. written the coarso anu slanderous
~t~a~k upon~m a cluetji9er which yout
myve l.had thistinlction or p~roducling;
or Llho jrati~eation of a certain class of
anhckguanls with whomi probably you
- MA'IIARtJ SEMMICs..
A. f'rien4i pays ho knows. bu iono
iranch of' busrd~ss whioh is very pro
ht'able nd buy 'littlo followel; auth
"-Mind yono non ad
The Difficulty in Columbia.
Co .cu-m in July 30.-21he statement
m\lo in the Now York Tcnes of this
mnorningo is an exaggeratiol. Messrs.
\V. Arllstrong atnl J. b. Tholipoiol1
correspondent of' a Cleveland paper,
w(re assaulled niight, beforo last1 at ight
o'clock, by two drunken men. Both
were arrested before midnight, by the
Chief of Polico, who is brother of one of
the assailants. Citizens without excep
tion deniounce the assauiit,
1 was the rilt, ofi loinor and entire.
ly unpremediuated. ArIstrong is act
mgas mag nni nol y in the :natter a
ic behaved brave vin Iho b rief lgt.
but Thompson desires to he con1tered
a matyr, an 1s ssendiir out selsat lioll
<lsjpatChesY. GJenerail rLhrol i.ay try
the assailant by military Commlli.isioln,
but il citizels ar aimall:4 to show -
that tihe laws will b' vinid icated and
lesire a civil trial. Whatever at teimpts
to show premeditation or facts diilim-.t
from the a b w sta t is false. 1This
lipatclh explans the ca:se of tho spo
Cial order imAt Will be fOund in our loclI
The following order has been issued
froi District 1[eadpuarters :
9r.cosn Mul rut Dis-rRIC-r,
Clarlest ol, S. C., July .;o, 167.
I'Secbel 0rders NSo. IN I?
Y\ i iT. J. T. Z.aley, a Maigistrato or
Columinia, ichl Ditrict, South
Carolina, is disml isseId from ofico for re
leasing oil insufficient bail, Without (111do
regard for the pible peace or the uranb
t.y of whe offence Coil) III tted, Chlarles (".
Hadelif l. 1 Owen I).iiley, eharged he
foI' him11 with ae3al1tin1g andl heating .1.
Q. Thompslmon. of New York, jourliahst
and W. J. Armstrong, of Washingtol,
tiken present at the capital of Souli
Carolina, the fo.-mer as aecredited repre
sentatives of the1 pless, anlid Ih latter an
envoy of a national political orgalliza
''ho Commandiring Olficer Militarv
Post, of Cobunbia is charged with tihe
execilion ofl this order.
* * * * *
By commainId of Major Genreral D. I,.
Siehi . J. W. (1.mus,
Capt. t U. S. llof1ul4ry, A. ). C. and
A. A. A. C.
Oii :lic.m: J. W. Cr.lsO. (iU'apt. 38'11
Infantry, A. D. C. andl A A. A. G.
The announcemnt of the safe arrival
of the life-sa ving raft at, Sluthampton
will cause many exclamation of sur
prise and wonler. "A fter thie," it will
be said, '-10 only requires to oross tho
meoan in a wash tub, or bowl, a littlo
ronger tHian that which broke downa
ilder the three wise men of Giotham."
'h'llat is: o10 view-the astonishing viewIV
-of the occurrenco. But, there is an
other viow, more commonplace and
lensible. The Nonparicl was a raft.
built expressly to save lives at sea, if
sie had fonidered in mid-ocean, thiat
event. wou1ld haIVO )r'ove( that11 she is
not. a suitciently good raft, fmr it is her
business to keep above water wheln
nverything e'e would go to the bottom.
The Nonlpareil fuhlilled hicr flnction, and
i hat is all there is about it. hlad sho
sulki, whein she was llade expressly to
Iloat, with every conttrlvanice to that,1
01nd, we olught to hiave beeln moro surt
pul sed than11 wo) now) are that shlo cross-.
edi the ocean 1 safelv. Let 110 personi
p'res'In Iu pon)10 thel srenlgth of her
achiievemeini. to goto sea inacck
boat. o i oke
The Mobile1D)ady JTimes at the 2Gth
says: The appeal of General Jame(s
II. Clant on for a State Conivention1 of
of the Conservative men01 of the State,
is meeting with) the0 approvai of all true1
men withlout dlistinction of races. M~anv
h~onet aned inftinen~tial colored menu haCv'O
already inqujlired whet0Iher tho le'woubl.
be admitte~d to tako part. inl its'proceed.
inn, and( in) the prliina111ry meet01ings
whiich will precede it, and wo' halve tio
hiIghlest auIthori ty for anlswering tha t all1
such wvill be0 weleo:ne0, anid due reglard
paid to tir0 interests. it is thnio to
ratlly agrainlst. the0 'Irovt'i of miisereanltsI
nnd(1agitators, and presen~It a bold front.
against1 thlelIir mvidions mairchi amn1 Is
in semeh of c h~h(2.od20 a nd lndI. WeI
hand long~ since expre)sed~he hloplO thait
the dlay was not far distant wVhenl tb
tmoos it.tolligent of tho enlrranobised c1las.
es would join) anyI party having'for itst
object order, seculrity and1 prosperity.
Says a San Fr~ancisco correspondent:
Formerly the smaltlle'st coin im 1se wals,
iln ntivo phlraseology, a two-b)it piocP
25 cen~Its. Of lato years the publie
mmd11( has1 accomoda11ted itself to th1e nso1
of dimes, but) tihe manl who sholdh en
dlevor to mai11e a purehaso .with it small..
or coii would( ha~vo thie articlo , presenit
0 idam11), nndc Iho itOlmdiately aslked,
"Just from tho Staten, - aren't y'on ?"
A t a frm11 stand( recenltly T met al nuew.
earner trying to induce'tho~proprietor to~
paIL with1 one~ QfrangO for fitihy hiero.
-"No, no--hoop Vour IlIoney," was the~
peirsistenIt reply ; ''wc ne ver soll an1 or.
In1e. I'll give youI one-pIek it out."
Amnze.d at teh nn1 eloeent, inl trade,
the strang, fiding tho Imanl iln e'tarno,
felt, bound to pniraiso eniouigh to pay
for im the coim of Lila count1ry,
Tn Nr~ono FRtiENDJ).-A negro'
wasil lncdland'hanged by at partvy of
United Staiton'mrarlnos'at Mound City,
Iowa, cul I riday kaut. The ml~aines
were al l adical.