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Shilo w -keaves of rugged elin,
'Tlrown tIn cool, green inemI'low pjans :
fliht, bOyoIl, and Ilowerel reams,
l'assing Iees' deepi orgn'clhanit I.
. ' :ir t I ouch ihe check 3
1,iko a roso, Is "of' a nl brief:
Hlappy Ihoiughts that neted not speak,
Lapped in ist null 1-)ve's belie'.
1"ippling stream1 b1Y stul and sha-le,
; olel en1,4.41eaheil orldil lab dep
Wher thlie ditant con they reap.
4.11l all hlour. 13eni n swveel,
Hliishing" the .inio.;< frown
1 anniiig ache and t1inbles IleaMt
hiing tLeaveliy ii;geds down,
S"eC00ol of tho Hon. W. Munigeul, of
The spcloi of thI lion. NV. Mtlgell,
edf 0hio, dehivera li mLthe I louse (of' Itop.
.ntative,: at Lth Iito sittihig of Coni
111. h 1 1 ,htely Sent to itv, says4
, onX / r'A, by il.3 author. I
eve i,, d]"Voted to
n t litnilla races, to
" Which illust bo jiro
n I O .9t Soth1,i, but
of tie United States
) ey', of f reling an
tC rac03, inhabiting
Igliues vith great
1;11%u into of.ur govern-i
CUT:", ais eletnlonts ofI
un have a gove-11
vennt. A froee
r. th& infliuee of the
III an impos.ihility. WI 4! 1
h over, hl is nusinken in Suir-:I
1,:-1n.1t there is any ign~loranlce onl
thi4 point, by thle I 1!helal ;. They hulow%,
poedeutly weull, Ohe incapllacit'y of the ne.
1'ro race, to appreciaktt or to carry on
a fre governlniliilt ; a1d a now llini3'
im for the express purpsi of deIty
ing frwe gJviit utn in tl(o WWnited
States, and of erecting a cen-ralized)
d.es'polism in it:11. T0h re con
plirator, not. only agaislt Inaitliaiiey
but libtrty. M r. M1nen say4 :
"If thle wh ile h ne'groes, Inin,
('linei, anld Est.'iiniaux, are all alike,
iien the races or tyh( ls l nhk, i all
lao.:s to ma11ike pll and conIsl itte
tlir Innianity, fi le Ii unnnity of each
rOw lkm their 'I ille tah Capacities,
their anatom.ical .Irnet'ulres, their phiysi
ltcical deve'loponent, and their lon
IyVity, then our aiulical friend., inny
w i S)IIt degree of propriety 111 ai
rn e n the "el a11nd1C. brotheii."
J Iadmit th-Air hum11anlity, that they are
alli mann i notqmonkey ; but. I. den y
L~ho 'brothe. -htood;' I (Ieny the fraterni
"Iln suipport of this proposition I would
"I. Tiey do not look aliko ; no two
of' te typos or races look alike ; they
are Unlike in lorim, in color, inl sizo an'd
"2. They aro unliko in each amd
overy poi011tolm pai-60ointar Ivhi ech oh Itil.
gnishies men01 A-om beasts, as. abovo sta
led-in shap, inl weigh, in height, ind
also in thie duration of lile."
I [I., nipwal to Cranioscopy is very for.
cibile. lie says:
"But qulite (lhe mo10t enrlious, :I; per.
11111s the m1ost iiportankt i.o ver
which cranioscopy has mado r'elates; to
the position whi'ich each I lypo hldS in
the O alo of civiliation. It is found
iti mt racet's of' mon0 wvhose brain meas1111
lii ." tl~y-four enbic ineLs or' 1ess arc
aays.V barlbairons and lwtath len pop~le?,
thmt they haive not, intllee~tt.nlal power
jiullicitent to frameni a goavernmien t no'r to1
elnnt tys; ini othier wior'ds, to mlake for
ter'than hlthle'inuiik ma i. TheIu races of'
menh i whiose braein mieasulres. from1 sevenity.
four1 c to i h--iour enbie inthes aro$flt the
civillized or hal Ibarbar~toni ; thoc govern.'1
mett s they ftound alre ahvays)i despitc;
the laiws tey e'niet, are ailways: pe ltenliar,
byany ou ln-r type of' p.eple.
'"T'he peop~hle of C'hinia, ~Japanl, lndia
*--in sihioir, the grea'tor porltioni oif thet
ltpen of mu -are'ni embr~uaLced an I ineha
tded bet we en :1 ixty-e'ighi :m id eigh'ty fourI
enhw mehe eit l of rami.
nrecs iinity-four enie inch~les or up.
waurd arec the en'.y na'tionaluiti'who are
iera'I caable of eu~ dvattinig the~ hysical
* jt.Ar /th cknyui1,/ of
*''deetlar's thant thle differi.
.'eh a diee n't or'gan.uI.
oriids a dill'(''n I Creationl
tdclres that thioio ate
it k'inds of' men3 13Vi havn
ci'f humnanities ina the
A are Lifforont kinds of
Shore and1 tho ox areO
* ~ ainily ditterent creationis
1.n1 an d t~he indian, the
n. * :\ frician, the A frteaui and
.iosco~py maps ont the types andh
sho(ws to) wVhat countries they belong;
whla t realms prodncea ch ty po ; tat
they arc novel' produced eXcept in those>
realmsul; thatt raco antd climlato are
inseaparatbly connlected with typo and
form), andI that11 se8ce01' and ci'vizationl
na aiso inlsep1arablo,
"Physiology testies thant thle ty'pes
of man are diftorent creations, beceanse
<hsease aieets them diflorently. TJhe
ne'gro will live arnd enjoy good health
wheuro tho~ whlite man11 wvill die suddenly
ol y'ellcw fevecr, for inlstanclo ; and lhe
wilt not only live and~ enljoy good health,
hnlt wdel mnultiply typo or race rapitdly
wheore the atlf is 141 degr'ees F~ahrcheijt
whore tho air is literally lied1 with man
whieto man11 coudt hIvo three dhaysl
})erhafps not live tlhree hours.
'People a easily known, races are
as easdjy distlingniabod from each other
))Yihoqutomsu aind usages to which
they conlform, by thie hai~its of thir'
societies, by tho lawvs they enno0, t and
L'o (ne'mse ornmm.t ,,,d.. ...c
hey live, as by any antomical or
ihysiologicaul difl'orences, or by the col.
iri of the skin.
"The North American Indian nevor
nlade a law or govorimiieit--the whito
tan never lived witlhout law and gov
ruenint. Sixty-thre cubic iices are
niustiicient. Tho Indian was created
or a savage n 1 Ibarbroul I, Ha is
ven now, in following the instincts of
is barbarity on the plains, liastening
lie extilicion of his race-which ricO
i being rapidly brokel uip to give place
o a higher ami better type of inc
hil.iint ph-ysically, an.atoically, in
ellecitially, Morally, socially-diIferent
it all that, constitutes ium anity.
"There is a natunral antigonim be
ween the ras, called prejudibc ; but,
tis not prejdice ; it is not a creature
f class or caste ; it is not confined to
he low anu ig..noraIt. but it is flound
1ion01g the highly educated, cultivated
ithlivaled and 1inl1ightenied. It is the
.i(dle wall of partition between the
aci's, sett and built up thire by the Al.
i gity. This feeling or prinlet', call
'd prjinhee, is a pail of type; a part, of
fe ;an evileInce of dilfireti, hiimanities
id1 diff.it Creatiho, and of different
udk di.stinet, races;."
The Iron-CladI Oath.
1, - nd of' - and
3late of --,do 2,olnnily swear (or
flirm ) that I live never voluntiariy
11reiit aims :.gaiinst, the United States
ine I have been a cit izU thireof ; that
have voluniitarily .iven no lid, cotIi
(1t:i ance, counsel, or eicourageuent, to
erisoI en gaged in ariel hostility
hereto ; that I 1. have neither sought nor
iceepted, nor attempted to exercise the
umctions of any offieo wiatever und.r
my authority or pretended aithority in
lo:,tdiity to t he Unlit-d S-llates ; that I
mve not yieled a vollitary support to
Iny p-'ended goverimntelt, aillority,
)owNer, or conIsitution within the Unitt-d
Sitte, htosl '.e or miinneal I hereto. A i'l
I do further swear (or allinin) "tha, to
the" bestI of mly knweg ua. blily, I
will s !'port, ;111, def-Inl( the Constitinion
m ie, ori l r omesiie; Haint I will
hItr truefaith and i to ie
maiteo ; Iht I ta;lmI Ihlis obligat ion freely,
wahloult iloy Inen'ltal reservation oil pur
InVe (if evasionl ; and that I wvill wvell
und falithfully iharg thle dutivs of, the'
Alito oil wh ichl I amil about to enter.
As help m God."
TIn: NIm. OF R.roArrION.-Tin,
New I ampshire Dady U(n, published
it Manlchster, in that State, says tha,
IeverI dring the last thirty years, ex
rept a shoit,L time during the carly d Iv;
of the war, has the cotton ain11 woolen
mai:innluaclihig bitsiness been in snch a
Lleprssed lcolldition. The imlills are
riuning" at a loss in LJowell, L1.a1wrence,
luia most of tho other manuifactmti1in g
towIls m Massachustts, and through
Lint NOw M11nglanid. The Un alsl
that, to M anlhester mills and print
works havo gootds on hanil imsold to
bo atmount of $2,000.000. Te sanme
date of things exists in otherestablishi
nonts-onle m111tanufactory havin g sit ik
10,000 w-itluin a few months.
In :ildition to tie statenlwnt of ilw
hetories, it, is said that th sloo busi.
Iess, at Lynn, and other largo shoe
nanufacturing tow ns in Now England,
s im a very deprossed coidition,as coi.
Mared with wlia it. has been in former
'ears, when orders for shoes came ill
hiick and fast, freim the South atnd West.
TJhe paper no~ticinig this imi otuteii~lC
o'alition of aUlhira,~ attIributles it to thle
bootice state of' the pol itical aflits of
het coimtry. North atnd Somb I, H-:at
md11 \Vesat are all begining to 'sorely
feel the need of' restora tion antd peace.
RA umtei.u~ \W r: .:xtN.--A conl.
h'entioni of the I"Uniion party" of Oi rr
mntyv, Iniitana, w~as held Ite och r
lay, by which some very sigiinian
resoluitions were LAdolpted. TLwo of them
1r0 as8 folows : -
"Re1tsole. '.That while we rnjoice at
ho downfh Il of slavr awl', the111( estabt
ithmont of un iversal t berly thrtoughout I
he IRepubllic, we do tnot bl~oievo it pos.
il''e or' desirable to establish social or
oliticail equ ality between the w'hites
mid lalck races. As citizens of a loyal
ktato in the Union, we claim thle right,
0 establish such laws itn regard to suf
rage as to us shall scom1 best clculated
0 securei tho hanrnony a il pros;pori ty of
".Iesotlted, That all attenpfs to es
ahsh~ either social or political equality
>y legislation tends to disturb tdho pec
>f societiy and colrrpt, thme ballot.box.
lheref ore we are fort the separati mf of
ho two races by colonizing the6 negroes
d' the liTnited 'States in some1 localit~y
eng~eni:dl to thleir wecll being, as thle
neans (If a fmtal settlement of this vexed
pilesiitin ill American puolitics."'
The0 l'all Mall GatUe describ~es the
iow inlvention of making furnaces con.
am their own smoke as follows: "'Iho
uoths of tho short chimneys or cupolas
>f the b~last, furnaces are closed and thp
uioke and gas are carried dowvn and
>rouight round hv means of ironi pipes to
Ito tireplace of th'e engineo w'lch keeps
ip the blast. TJhese pipes dischairge
list il froiit of. a snudll briight co'co fire,
ni passing over which their conitents gel
dnd'ed, and so feed the engine. Thtus
ho saving mn fuel is immenso, t ho fire ini
lie smiehting futriace being made to do
linu)st, double duity, and the~ consumap.
ioa of smoke is a gain to all concornied.
[Probably the plan admtlits of oxtenisioni,
ii that by-anid-by acts for forcingr main
ifacturers to consume their own smoke
nay niot be quite such a dead letter as
hey have htitherto been."
To PRES v lIEN's IEoos.--A lot
)I lien's eggs bur'ied on theo ranch of
Ir 8. WV. Johnson, near Sacramento,
luring the flood of 1862, woero recent
ly disinaterrod1,andl found to be por
hoetly prorserved. They 'ero un..
doubtedly envelop~ed in a lino clay
lilporviouls to air. Any other
impe~trvious coatinig will an1swer tile
The Now Baukrupt Law.
The followmg- hints to practitioners
are understood to have been prepared
by the Now York board of Registry:
Frst.-Make i) your petitionr with
the eloven forms-ol' chedutles A and 11
mi dupliento ;. swear to both ; file ono
With tie clerk of tho court, a1nd ask to
bave the case'referred to a reistrar.
econd.-At the hour specified in the
order referring the case to a registrar,
appear before the registrar to whom thro
case is assigned, and make oath before
him that the duplicato petition and
schedulos which you.thon present to him
is a tru d uplicate origil I of t ie pet iLion
Rud schiedules onr filo with the Clerk,
and movo tiat it be certified correct ill
form. Tihis being done, move that the
petitioner be declanred a bank rrupt. This
il done by anl order Irade byI the regis.
trar, of which lie will givo you a certi
fled co)y, you will thIn move for tIe
warrant. Sono time will be rniinred
to make this out. At the timre appoinilt.
ed call upon the registrar for the war
anit and tako it to tle marshal. TlIe
mn:a1*rhal will reii re sati.ifactory securiiy
hIr his fees and1j isjbtjirse.. enws foil tie
iiws'paper publications, &e., wliich yot
will arranige wjith hjim. Yotu havo noth.
imy more to do till the rott-ni day of the
Thirdl.--e very enreful that your
einon arnd seledliehts are written out
plhiily, frec fromi all erasires, inter}im.
eationls or abreviationl. As tihe
whole proceed ilg is stritly statutory,
th, eistat 'nd rule' made mder It must
be imlo.st strielly" compli]ed with.
P,)r/h.-Ii case the registrar refuse
to ceitify yotr petition to be correct in
point of form, vou will take a certified
copy of tie points wherein your paperzs
are certified to be defect i ve, and pro
CT'td to pre-pare amendbnentl, or an
alnenlded pet it ion', as mav le inost conl
venlieni , inl diiuphicato. W hen this i is
done, have sineI aineniown'its or nmrenid
ed petitioni, &c., swoni to in dtplicate ;
thelr apply to the re.istrar, upon an ai
(bivit exculsinr.g ihe einr4, for ain oiier
to amenil. SIch or'l- beingc allowed,
otain fromi the rei Irar .a! a certified copy,
anid file this w idh one of th Ie driuplicates
with the clerk. Calrry the other to the
registrari, who W:ill exarinr it, and if
correct, certify it; and you then proceed
What Will bo the ETcot.
Tho New York 1/'rr , of* Friilay,
bieves that, iegi Conrgressiteln wiL
be elected from ie South. anrid sa -
We are called thn to ininirii o' w1hant
will Ie tho iioral ell'et inl ate political
world of this staring inovalion Ipoin
tire old order of things ? We mav be
mri'e that r-g. o rcpiality, proclaiming
itself thrroigh nregro voic'es from boti
houses of Corngre. will make a pro
foud imupressionr u1pon the ipiblic minI
throurghout the North. We appreienl
that tle re'suli t will be a general re
action arg: inst thep ~o-'nbicaie~rn part ini
(hle is a stronger wall oi' whit e projit.
ilie agaist the negro in tio Noith
thaln exists in tire Suil. This preijl
ice elected Buchaman, in 1856, a nd
woch. hIave clel('d Dou ;as or Brock.
irilge, in I8Gi, had 'the Clharleston
Conventiron coniselted to unite upon
eitlher. We may execCt, tI-n, when
the blacks assume, the poli.ical halance ci
power of ten reconstructed Southern
States, and send rip thirr bhck repre
sentaiv es to Congro'e~s, thrat there will
he a irevolt.ionrary re-action aiga inst,
them amngrci lire whies of thce North,
wich will rup~set tire Repuberhrn pa~rrty.
Tis may be the real obicet of thr'se
leading Souithetrn whitec p'oliticians who
are urgm their peoplo to thre ex peri
ment. of allowing IhIo radicals and iho
lilaceks all tihe rope thmey miayv desi re in
ti buI~rsintess of Sorth~etrn I leeconrstirue
tai. 1200 us~ push thiis ting of nergro0
eqiahty , say these So-rn l'r eaders,
ito Congress, a rdlirhe laboring wiru.
mia~sses of' tire North against th ais South
errn negro po1lical balanrce 01 poweir wil
take tire alarm, and a NotrIhiern re-action
ofC tire whritesn against tire blIac(ks will be
tire inoevitahlo resu~lt ; andl thusr tire Re
pumblcarn negro p) ay will be destroyed
b~y its own weaponis.
Tire following anecdote oif Gonver
neur Morris, which we ext ract fromr a
book, recently pubihlished( by Illichmard
son & Co.:a "Plensantr'ies about
Courts and Liawycrs ot' theo State of
New York,'" will servo ast illusratration
or ,porhap." tire v'ery ne plus u//ru of
self-possession,ntrt to ealil it imrpur
dene. Years ago toasts were givon
al'ter d inner arid du mring tire doessort.
At the table of tire older President
Adamrs, G~ouivernedur Morris, thlen a
Senator ini Conrgress froum tihe State of
Newv York, was one of thoe inrvitedl. It
was at tire timro of tire feud exi.stirnf
bnetwoon tire President and Ghener'al
llanntilton, arising fromn thre animnad
v'er'mons of thre latter upon tho'studden
Somnpromniso of otur (dif'onces with
tire French Republic. Mr. Morris
was carlled on by Mr. Adams for a
toast. "Maidamn,' said Ihe, "I will
pr you thoe health of mny frienrd Ifam
alt on." Tho ladly irndignanrtly replied:
d8,ir, thnat isr a toast nover drunk at
thIn table.'?. ."Suppoao, then, mad
Ann,". was -the cool rojoindo', "we
tlriek it now for thre first time ?"
"Mr. Morr'is," exola imed tire exoited
hiostcss,, "if you persist, I shall in vite
lire lad ios to withdraw I" "Perhaps,"
retorted tire imnportturablo Senator, "it
is time for themn to retiro.'' Thre sig
ril wans givern, andh, as. tire ladies rose
mn obedience to it, thoe Senator spr'ang
Croim hris sent and stumpel~d on ihis
woodoin log to tine dloor, thnrow it wide
pon, an~d, with his constitutional
boldness, fairly bowed Mrs. Adams
nid her lady gatests out of thne room.
Who was wrong in thnis case?
. REMED~rY FOR 'hiooTl~cllE.-Pulver-.
izo anrd mix equal quantities of alum
and salt. Wet a small piece of cot
ton so theo powder will adhere to it,
md fill it into tihe tooth., It is said
to be infallil.
Lottor from Colonol Ould.
Tle following letter 1ha1s been pnb.
ished from Colonel RIobert Ouil, lato
Confederate comminiissionier Uf exchango
> prisoneirs of war, to lion. Charles A.
i ridge, sistaingli tho stateliietit of
he lattor, lately Imaldo in the 11011ous of
Representat ives, controverted by Gen.
Ibitler, relative to tile oflfr of the 'on
rederates to return sick and vounded
Wederal soldiers without equivalent.
I'The letter says :
I have sCen yoiur remirks as publish
. - They are sibstantially correct.
livery word that I said to you in Rich
Mond is not only Irie. ut can be prov
(! by Fedoral ollicers. I did olliur in
A ugust to deliver the Federal sick and
wouniided, without rerlliring eruivalenti.
and urged the lecessity of haste in send
Iog lor then, as tie mortahaty was ter.
ribl. I did offer 1o deliver from ten to
lifteen thomnand at Savannah without
I3ley. Although this oler was inaad
in A ugust, t ranspoit ation was not sit
Fer thei liau il De!cem)ber, and diriii the
niterval th Illortali ty wa'i periaps at
ts greatest 1 eight.. If I had not imiade
the oll'r, 61why did tile 1dedal athilori
ties rld transportat o 11av111ana fi'
teni or lifteen tLhoaand i-n ? -1 1 n.le
the VAir, Wa.sed only on eqprivalenits,
wvhiy did the samle trasiport~auion0 Carry
dlown for deivery only thriilee t'ioulaInd
I llerays the offei' was made in
thw fail, acco'rd I to the newspaper re..
port, %nd that 7,000 were. lelivered.
Tie offor w:as Imodl ill n31q3st. an)d
they were sent ;ih in I).-cembeur. I then
dliveredIe than 13,000 aUnd woUil
havo gone 10 H5,000 if th Federal
transiportation had been suflicient. ly
instruel.ions !o lily agent.- were to de
liver 15,000 sick and wouided, and if
that mulber of tIhat classi were not on
I.and, to make upl the mnbir by well
mn. The0 olier .ws mdeWI by m11 in
pursua nce of int4ruictiuAms flomn. tile Con.
lederate Setcreary of War. I was
reatdy 1" loo-(p 111 the(, arranlgemenit until
every sick and woll-'led i:ml had beil
Iretuiiiriled. The ,h)I 111n !eIt to Sai
vaiiahi by the l'e-arls wer ill n.
wr11chedI condition asi ly delacheni t
of prisoners ever .-sent fromt a Conlfeder
ate prison. All thou things are sus.
ct'1uible 1of proof, 1 I 111 iuch Ili.i'
tal~on3 if I caliot prove thmil1 by Fede.
ral auitholity. .1 .11m1 Iuite sre that
M~ulf'ordwill :mtstain ever-y allegat~ion
li're made. (Genoral Bultler's coirres.
poildece is all (',I one side, as I was
ilnitructed ati tile date of his letter to
hl'-ld 10 cor-espondenee with him. I
corN'SpolIed with Ilorl oi G eieral
I itche-ek. Yours truly,
Th New York Swl a a:1 eiditorial
llad(eid "Turnmig v(er a.1 now Loaf."
saying IO'it aldltigh two years haye
ps.id since then war ensed. no per3Cepil.
ib l C 8 prgr S W 1 e n de in thw re
01-ganIi iaLionl of tlie Suithern S--takts. It
says' this 3 owin to the fAct tIhai tie
North aind the Stnih have 1rsistentily
refusewd to 111ll together. It ass \Vill
the aspect of th caso be any imore ani
encouragim one, two or ten years benee
1muiter suchl circinst' alnees ?, adhng,
"Pimlo eo' lum 11;1.1 been1 wastedl, 1n1d
Litis foolish quarrel shou1j be continue:1
110 longr.." The IIZ 6 cotiue : Ub1li..
mately thei North and l.he South mnuit
join imi:1di, and marel forward Logothio,
keepmig step Lto the noiuet of 31he Uiion.
ais they1 31ow are. T'hel diameso5t Lwins1
aro t so ci)los'ely bound31t togtheiir ini lie
llesh as~ the N or:th antd Sou11 th re in ma-11
teialn inltereOsts. T'henl why not ceaseo
thniii hurtfu wragl nlll: o Iide1ts, and1
com~o togetheor at on3ce, 3as gO )d judgmi1ent
an~d c~liono sense dlemantld. 1 etIh sides
are to blame~l for thle pr'0eent political31 en1
I :anglemen031t. Th! e SouthL is thle miori
lblameible, bet' hcaoi 3 it. wa~s the1 rash act,
of tl~at sectio 33w hich broughit nal the
presenlt traouable upon t he (com33 ry ; but
th1e North is h blaeblte, also, for theii inl-.
ttemperalte anld exaspelratinig manner1Ct in
wihicthe Ii extreisCtsI act 331on1 the (<ptes..
tioni ofi reonistruict iin. \V'ha tever tho
diegroo of' elailit y malhy be, ho~wiever
it musi3t ho aditdlted1 that it~ woul ho
bectter four both sides, andt the counltry
gsnerally, if' animonsity were nowv trop..
pedt, and its placec.3supplietd by that, elo-is
ieo toward 3none. We hiavie hiad enIoneh
of tihe past, hiet it nowv bo forgotten. 'It
canI dot no0 goodl to gazt) upon) or' br'ood
over* it., and the blest policy is to turnu
away, and l1heeorthi look only to the
bright and hlappy future'."
Thell Empe iror of' China has issuedl a
decree for thle os'tablishmentll of a Eu
ropeani college at Pekin. Tile Minis
ter Ouojoni, it seems,34 opposed thie
found ing of t lhis tcollego, and theo de
creo0 targues with himii anid disposes of'
his~ hostility. Tlhi mleimorial of' Oto
jon sa0ys thait "'in a. conn1try so vast as
Chlinla every tlent cn bc fountd. if
astrlolnoy and( tile other sciies are'
necessa93ry, Chincuo letter's will bo
foulnd. If aistronomly and( thia other
sconeos10 are nlOCessary,' Cihiinoso letter's
wiill be found by m1Cmi:. of' which they
can bo tauight."' Th'loroupon the de
ecro rejoins :"Lot Ouojohi, thenl,
soek for the letter's of which lho speaks.
We hoereby enltrulst himi porsonally
to open1 ai schlool, over which 1h0 wili
preside and teach tile things taught in
th10 Euroanl school. Tile examfina
tionls will show at a later tme tile
rolative merCIits of thie two .schools."
Dunring a sovero thunllder storm~
whiich passed over Memphis last Fri3
(lay, a-Ieak from a gas pipe wa~s set 0on
iir'o by at flash of lighitinrg, and somo1
wvorkmon ongaged ropa irin~g the street~s
woero badly burnod. Theo gas conltinl
uod( to burn aftor thle explosin, until
nearly a cart load of earth was thirono
on theo flame.
Colonel Charlos S. Von~abie, wh~o
was8 oni General fLoo's stafl, hafs nocopt~
ed a Professorship in the Unaiversity of
- Tho Lato Convention.
A correspoudent of the Now' York
Time, writing to tIhat paper concrning
the lato Union Republican Convention,
After a three days sitting, tho Union
Republican Convention 6ms to-nighil
compio ted its work. It has embodied
its'principles in a platform; it has or
ganized its comnuttees, and the party
may now be said to be on its legs bofor
the State and the country. The mem
bers are almost unanimously well satis.
fied with their work, and they express
the utmost confidenco i their ability, or
the basis hero ]aid down, to carry tih<
State (f Soith Carolina. But whethm
they have planted things liko to last I
knew not; whether what they have
raised is destined to prove really r
platform, or only a scafllldng for a plat.
form, or mero wasto lumber, remains t:
be seen. it is clean and clear and out
and out radical. But it is quito cortait
that outside of those who havo taker
part in this movement is a large body
of Republicans, including many of the
most respectablo and intelligent and
inifluential men of the party, who havt
not united with thoso who have coni
to Columbia, but have stood aloof tt
await the upshot of the thing. It may
be that they will now take the oppor.
tuity to form a distinct organization
in which case the Columbia Convention
will havo played into their hands by
the adoption of a platform that is een
sorious in its character, that contemplates
indirect confiscaiion, and that is likely
to divide thOe State sharply on the line
of race. It may bo on tihe other hand
-and is so claimed by tho radical lead
ors here - that the Columbia organiza.
will show much strength as to draw all
these moderate Republicans to it. Quicn
sahe. Things are altogether too chaotic
yet to tell.
Ilonnmnri.i MoriICATION O Til E
Fix-su ny (iumin. FANATics.- inht
the Chinese are eapable of enduring
nmuch for religion is to be sceen by tho
long and toilsome pilgrimnages under
itako by mainy, as also in the works of
mortification of the flesh in whib
their zeal finds venit instead of pros
elytisin. Oin on occasion, a few
weeks ago, I. was witniess to these
Imortifications of the Ileshi. The place
was New Wang, a tomple close to
Ningpo, which has recently gained a
high reputation for the piety of its in
mates. At th time I entered, two
priests were undergoing the operation
of having the linger burned off. The
way it was done is as follows :
A string was tied arouni to ' finger
under the second knuckle ; the hand
was then surrounded by a bail of clay,
and the fist doubled up,- leaving one
linger sticking out. Round this fin
ger was tied sandal wood, which was
lighted, and boiling and blazing rosin
and oil poured upon it. Tho person
operated upon sat in a chair untied,
with tie bur-ning hand on the altar.
Nothing prevonted him ioving his
hand at any momnit. At any time
lio could have asked, and the torturo
would have been discontinued. I
stayed for an hour and a half witness
ing this strango sight, all of which
tine gongs were boating and prayers
being said. Bohind onoof the sniler
ora stood an aged priest, his hands on
tho shoulders of a sufferer, a young,
healthy looking man. From the
hands of the old Blonzc five fingers
were missing, they having been burn
ed off'. I must confess that though I
am used t~o see operations, etc., with-i
out a shudder, I sickened at thue sight
of this neodless pain and deformation
of G od's image.
'rho number of Colored people in
New York city, which seventeen
years ago was 16,000, is now only 10,.
000. Among themi are twent-y clergy
men, and an egnal number of doctors
and drnggists, two notaries public,
two rich merechants, one lawyer, fifty
,rhool teachers, two professors, twen
Sy-fivo musicians, twenty shoemakers,
thirty tailors, five hundred coachman,
ninety-five barkeepers, two thousand
waiters, four hundred house painters,
five hundred washiorwomen, 0one hun
dred nurses and twenty fortune-tell
ers. Two papers arc published by col
ored persons. Omic claimns to be a pro0
fessional poet, and thirteen p'ossess a
fortune above $40,000. There arc
seven colored schnoo's, arid thirty-two
mnixedi marriages, niamely, of a white
person with a colored one.
The _Lond on Sippngn List, on thme
authority of a letter from Rio Janeiro,
states that, in consequenoo of the
opening of the Amazon to navigation,
thme State of Bolivia has concluded
with Brazil a treaty relative to the
navigation of the Madeira, one of the
tribuitaries .f the great river. In v ir
tue of it Bu'livia will 1)0 able to send
to andl receive from Europe different
sorts of goods under Eur'opoan flags.
'rho Madeoira, including thme Mamnoroe
or Rio GJrando, its principal branch,
has a length of from one thousand to
two thousand miles, for nearly one
thousand of which it is navigable.
A company has just boon formed ini
France, wvith a capital of three million
francs, t~o search for three Spanish gal..
loons wrhieh were sunk by thme English
fleet at the commnencenment of the last
century. The galleons in questioni
wore returning from Mexico, and had
on board about five hunudrod million
plastres. They are still at the bottom
of tho sea, and several attempts to
coitio-at the treasure have failodl.
Powerful nachinery is being construe
ted rth Bor'deaux.
*Ini New York the nowvest expedient
of the illicit whiskey distillers to clieat
tho'Governmont is to construct and
wvork theirs "stIlls" on boaird yessels
in thoe harbor. One of those wvas
seized the other day, and the detec
tives are en thme track ofoethers. WVhat
The Printer's Ton Commandmnelints.
1. Thou shalt love the Printer (e
poeially the Ladies) for be loveth you
2. Thou shalt subscribo for his pa
por-for he keepoth much to obtain to
obtain the news of which you remain
3. Thou shalt pay him for his pa
pr-for lie laboroth hard to give you
the news in due season.
d. Ift a business man, thou shalt ad
vertise that thus thy profits may cna
ble thee not only to pay for the paper
but ut the mnonley in thy puirse.
5. Thou shalt not visit him regard
loss of his olico rules--in doraiginig
6. Thou shalt not touch anytlit.
that, would give him trouble-that no
may not htold thee guilty.
7. Thou shalt not read the manu
script in the imnds of the compositor
-fur he will not, hold thee blameless.
8. Thou shalt not, read the iews be
fore it is printed-for he will give it
to you in due tuic.
9. Thou shalt ask him but few
questions of thilnpigs in the office--froi
it , oitlu shalt tell nothing.
10. Thou shalt not at any time seld
abusivo and threateningu lettors to tie
editor, nor cowhide him more thati live
times I yeur--nor bring tile printer
old rotten wood--nor bring produco
that defies the d-l to cat.
Josh Billings on Linohi-Pins.
I want to bet thro dollars no man
ever matched himself agin the devil
but lie got beat.
A im hi, if you strike low. The man
who uidertakes Low jump three hun.
dred and seveityfivo foot abed will
certainly itmake a good try.
.1. never kuIu a anwh- it wa s
anxions tew repeit of lis sinls eforo
he0o had conmitted them lWho did '1t
want the sharpest kind of watclii.r.
. Inever bet, enny stamps on the man.111
who always telling what he woult
have d i'l it lie had been lthar. r have
nmotised that thiskilnd never got thare.
Faith don't appeari to tme tew be en
iNythinl iig Illore tIlall tip-top good soence;
and tile faith thero is inl this world
n0w won't keep a man from falling to
tile bottomt of a well if le lots go ny
the curb to spit on the hands.
When I got to not having any good
luck, it (OZ seem1 to iie that I kan
have iiore of it thaln eniiy mn Iii 1 ever
knewnisstld not haltf try ;I [ supposo it
.eeomsjis so to you, my friend, don't
I kant. think ov enny talent now
that iz so apt to doecod from Cather to
son uitarnishied as time gift of exagge-.
A man may have a perfect right to
be born single, but I doubt whether
he has a right to continuo ol so.
"Iforo lies the body of John Grier,
Who had a month from Car to ear
Ye friends, tread lightly o'er his ash
For if he gapes you're gone, by gra
Heire lies the body of John Mound
Lost at son, and never found.
There once lived in Georgetown,
Disti'ict of Columbia, a tanner named
Anthony Ilydo. Ihis sign was as fol
"IIyde's miy name
And hydes I1 buy ;
Four' cents foi' gr'eon,
Eight cents f'or dry."
FoR lIsnURK RPERs.--Tle folIwing
ai'e a few valuable household hints,
which arc woi'thi prCeerving:
Save your suds1 for gar'den plants;
or for garden yard'(s, when sandy.
Wash your teatrays with oold1 suds,
polish with a little flour and rub with
a dry cloth.
Frozen potatoes make more starch
than fresh ones ; they also make nio00
A hot shovel hold ever varnished
furniture will take out the whiite
A bit of glue dissolved in skim
milk and water will restore old1 eraplo.
Ribbons of any kind shouldd be wash
ed in eold soap suds, anid not rinsed.
If your flat-irons are rough, rub
them with fine salt, and~ it will make
Oat straw is the best for filling
beds ; it should bo donoc once a year.
If you are buying a carpet for dura
bility, chooso small figures.
A bit of soap rubbed on hinigos of'
doors will pro'venlt their creaking.
Scotch snuft' put in holes where
eriekets~ conmo out will destroy them.
A gallon of strong lay put iln a bar..
rel of herd water will make it as soft
as rain water.
Two young ladies, says the Miusical
Review, wecre onco singing a duet In a
concert 'oom. A -straniger, whoi had
heard bettor perf'ormnanocs, turned to
his neighbor, saying:
"Does not the young lady ini white
smng wretchedly ?"
"Jxeuso me, sir, replied he - "I
laardly feel at liberty to express myl
sentlhoelits, not b~eing impartial in the'
ease ' it ISalily sister."
"It >og your pardon, sir," answered
the stranger, in much confusIon, ".1 1
molant thle lady in blue."
"You're perf'ootly right, thr, re..
p~lied the neighboir ; "I have often
told her1 5o myself ; it is my wvifo I"
SwEETERI TH AN IIoNEY.-For the
honefit of our lady readers, we note a
statement that two pounds of >ure
whilto sugar, d issolved in as much hot
water as 1s nocessary to reduco~.it to
syrup, and mixed with a >Ound of
strained clean honey, and added wvarmt
to the melted sugrar, will make honey
nore palatable t aan the genuino arti
ArriE Tus,*s vnost SEEDS. -A wri
ter in the Englieh Hlorlicultural Rickw
says that in 1802, ho collected some
applo pips of the boat varieties of eatm
apples, and sowed them in his garden.
Dl)ring -;he first few yoars thoso which
cameo up were greatly reduced in num.
ber by several accidents, and afterwards
by being removed to another garden at
an unlavourablo period of the year, all
but three wero killed, and these much
retarded in their growth. Of these
three plants, ono produced fruit in thor
tweity third year of its ago, and proved
to be a pirthidar juicy and well flavor
ed fruit, which keeps to the end of
November. Pho second treo fruited
the twenty-fourth year. It is a sweet
fruit, but not. remarkably good. The
third tree produced fruit in its twenty
six It year, and proved to be an excel
lent fruit ; the tree is very productive,
and the fruit keeps remarkably well. Ie
seems well satisfied with his result in
raising seedlings, and says that, although
the process is slow, it is the only truo
way of originating iew varieties. The
writer abovo mtenltioned, says tilat a few
year ago lie raised a nectarine by seed,
which fruited inl its seventh year, and
tuiried out t.o be of most excellent quali
ty. Ile advised every owner of a gar
den to sow scds of the most approved
fruits, and to norturo toe plants tender.
ly, recollecting that
The huitsbandinan, the seel who sows,
MuIist. wait with patiieioe while it grows;
Amd ho who woult the oak uprear,
Must cherish hope from year to year.
CnAPsoN E;s.--A t the Winter
neetig of he Illinois State of Hlorti.
cultural Society, the lHon. John B.
Turner, a successful grape grower, du
ring a discussion oil the grape, advo
(atLIed the growing of grapes Oin elms.
l te saH :
W hen, years ago, I taught [Latin to
hoys we ised to read of tihe ancients
lettinig their grape vines clamber on
els, bit I thought little of the state
mnCi, as a pralcicill suggestion. But I
find I lint I Cannot. keep in v Vines out of
Whe ehnils. If I plant near my clm the
vine goes tip into it. 1 havo one vil
that, despito inmy remonstrances, insists
on going miito lie top of one of my elms.
Wiromi it I sold during the past year,
$100 worth of grapes. I am therefore
tolerably wyell antistied widi its wilful.
ness ; for these grapes did not cost me a
cent for culture or care. I am now
planting live stakes in my orchard ; and
0lim1 stakes they are. Such stakes will
save tbe annual cost. of training and
pruning, and. j idgin g from my oxperi
enee, they will insmne fruitfulness.
A mixi Nr M .a x U .--A writer in
the Rurad ,|vrican savs :
Within the last seventeen years I
have purchused and put into g'od cul
livatin three different farms. The
land of each was said to be worn out. when
I made the purchases. Untit receitly,
when mat.uring land, my practice has
beein invariably to cover the manure
witl the .plough, iever allowing it to
remmNi long on the ground before
plou:hin it. If the land is to be
141 noml in corin, or other hood crops that
root deep, I continue the practice of
phughing in the manure. It is put
in heaps and spread as ploughed in.
Wheat, and all small grain, roots
near the surface, reqpuires the man
ure nearer the top than when covered
with the plough. I manure my w~heat
after ploughiing, spreading it after the
wheat is sown and harrowing in togeth
er. I thiink the whleat stands the Win
tor better anid growv stronger, than when
lie manure is covered with the plough.
ft, should be well rotted so that it mix
freely wihm the soil. If the land is faml
low, it should be broke up deep, the
nianuro ploughed' in very shallow, and
the wheat, put in w'ith a drill.
I never spread manure to remain on
the surface, unless it be land laid dowvn
to grass, or under~ fruit trees. When it
is thus a pplied to the surfaice, it should
be dlono in the WVinter or very early in
the Spring, so that the rains may soak
its virtues into the ground before the
sun has much influence. In hiauling
manure cii land after it has been plough
e'd, care should be taken to cross the
field as much as possiblo in roads, so
that they may be ploughed again before
I IORTES' Ewr u intE Moistuutj..
--Nine-tenths of the diseases which
happen to the hoofs and ankles of the
horse are occasioned by sianding on thoe
dry plank floors of the stable. Many
persons soe to think, from the wa'y
they keep their horses,"that the foot of
a horse was never made for moisture,
and that, ii possible, it wvould be bene..
ficial if they had cow-hiido boots to put
on every time they wvent out. Nataro
de(signed the foot for moist ground-the
earth of' the woods and the valleys ; at
the same time that a covering was given
to protect them from stones and stumps.
A D,.crIDED PunsrJxu cE. -The Mo.
bile Register says: "We advise the
negroes in the present condjtion of
tinngs to prefer their own color as Scii.
istors and Representatives in Congress
to inported scalawags orapale faced ro
gades. We prefer thenm an hundred to
one, and we do not see -why the negroes
should not do it. ,We profer them, be
cause in the first place, we cani truist a
Southern black man wvhen we cannot
trust a white traitor or a Yankee specu
lator in negro votes. If "reconstruction"
--so-called-is to be carried out an the
plan of the last anpp~llement, the choice is
bet ween the two classes wo have named,
and it is no "Hlobsoni's choice," either.
Give its the Southern negro, every time
before either a .dornostic ot' an imported
*UNDER I3AN.-All the poWers o
Eur'ope have recalled thieir representa..
Lives from Moxico, not being willing
to roeogais'o the existonoo of a Be-call
ed reg ide Governmiott. Mexico is
thereofore, under the han of civilizec1