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[ Wrillen for the Fairfield IIeraid ]
HiVtory of tho Mount Zion Suoioty, nd
tho Collego EstablishoId undor itW Aus
pioS in Winsboro, S,.0.
nlY D. 11. j'oMlOUT.
'ith what particular individun origina
ted the soheme of orgnHizing R Society for
tle oRpcOial promotion of Edictnion thro'
out (h State of 8outh Carolina, thero is no
rocord to show, at least, no (aoe to which the
author has as yet hnd access.
Io far as 11ho history of the Mount Zion
(or Sion) Society Li placed upon record, tle
names o' twelvo citize o, f Sou Ith Carotlina
Illust claim the credit, of (his laudable cn(er
The firs. item of The record of the Mount
So Society which is extant, is con
Cained in a panipllet published for the
Society by Nathan Childs & Co., of
Charleston, in 1781. Tis publiantion cm
)races, according to its own titl-pnge, the
"Iles of (lho Mount Sion Society, estab
lishedi at Chiarlestion, in South Carolina,
Jamnury 9, 1777, and incorporated by an
Act of tho oiueral Assemily of the sail
Stato, February 10, 177'. To which is pre
iixed The Act for its Inoorporation."
This pamphlet recitos in twenty-four Ar
ticles, fhe rules adopted for ihe good gov
ernnitm of the Society, and besides these
rules, there is a list of the names of il tihe
mnbers of Iho Society who enrolled t hen.
selves up to the lth of Outober, 1701.
Thesw iunber 138. Of these only 11le
names of twolve (12) mebuliers appear ulmn
(he record as having adopte the tule al
Before giving thew Rulems, as well tas at
coniiploto list of the laiost of the meaimlersa'
enrolled tip to 1781, it. will be proper to give
tle nams of thoso 'inaos t welve.
These are, Frnieis Aamns, Itobert I i
chian, lobert. Ellison, .JosephK li'hliad,
J ohn Kennorly, .Join tilling, W)avid Tl
ling, William (trot her, ItiChard ", a'd irt',
Tionma Taylor, John Winn, and Tiliouin
The 8etef wa oair'ed in (li' itmilt of
niartial iRene~s niid evenits. Onm the~ 'aery
hiy o if it 1 formnr1t ion, til orider wa isue
by (tenl. ilames 'aooe, com11u11aiuit inag in
'harletaon, lividingr and11. rear'railging the
i oolpi. Thoiilas \oodward, Thmias Tay.
lot. al .laohn WInn, were dvleg:kfev. to le
Provincial Congre's, n'id il Iso emuicetedt
w'ith the 1ilhitary.
It wIas not log before qnito it 1unae'r of
file ies't plistgii shel (lit el!.4 of Xalth
4lanoliia ont lled hiir 011'0a11's inmb
of tho Mount. iuin 'acity. hnany , riy tna
beiig Citizeis of ( 1Iirles41 til, fill th mlii el -
in gs wore h'ld t here, of t lae S1civdy priope.r,
butl, iitloried CoiilleeU were "Pt'int -
ted (v lie f diiiel by inny live ginlemii,
uen hen of the eoiy, who reWiled in ihe
John Winin waa the first Presidenmt, anl
.iobert. Ellison and William i1rother tho
Thel general desigin of lao soiey as fia-.
forimeed is sot, foulrit Ill the (i preaible to tle
rules adollfed. TIhis premiile I' leefaced
with two versos fronthe Old Testament,
tl. readi ats fo'lows4:
Pwunn:..-.\riFe shie, for ilhy big
i. a coimo, 1tah the Ahn'y of tie Lord is iison
ll"l tee,- to appoint luito ihem that
miiourni in Siin, Io rivo 111110 thtia ihuuity
for Ashet; lie ()il of doy 'or M~otr'iing;
lo arimein. tf PX ail fir Uhe Spirit. . 1
lt3leis: itit ilhey .nughtt hao enlledl ther
Loard, .ha:ii ht iight bo gloriitled.-*- bIsaiah
r, . ia 3.
"Whe,'lin we cit, onr eyes aroundta nil be0
hold( a iing gaieneration, (ho great est por' t
wavhioo mu~ti live in Iioratnce, onli 'naount
of there bieing nao lae of inast roction near
them, wahaeir t hey' enn be properly elctetd
Also, when wo bohohl (lho orphaizn let't. for.
lorti, nnd( thle chiiulen of lndigenat p'~aents,
growing Lp more hike a race of' s ages t han
t.'h'istilanst, baeominig t hermeby usteliejs to0
t heir Couintry', to sooey, iandu thaeiiselv es:
weC cann ot. heilpt beinog senisibile to Itoso (cen.
der' teehlaing which lho liivijie Ilingi lutth
imapreied en our1 naltuties, as a 1pur1 (Li
promp~t. us to0 lend a hlpinlg loiuid to siiccor'
mind assist (lie dest ituLt..
"lI min 'aill look, iinto the~ir owni hioSoms,
ii ad consideLr (lie gencrtos sneda whmich nae
thero planted, thiat, mi glht, if rigttly ouhi
vaited, ennoble thulL' lives, ati tuako thieur
'YirtuLO vener'tale t.o futuLry, surely I he~y
caoitlt, waithmotit tear'%i i'ulleot un1 th li eany111
lie gonIiuses, hii thea remote par'ts of tIhis
lStato, whare en. CItirely biejd in oblivion.
through lack of eidnetion.
"Our country calls, naty lhe voeCO Of rea,
ron ories aloutd to ti10, to promoiteL hiaowle'dge
11ts(hio tiest. cemient otf a Stait ; alid cutni.
ttcienaco lnsirtii, ihnt it. is out'I inipensmale
dauly to lust ruct thao ignoratt in thle Piii
plLes otf Chisti'anity : Thae more etlicaciously
to dlo which,
c.:r'ad!,/ Cfentm io a a'ai'ey,"' &c.
Tne1isS-atii utn's Miax ix 'Tan Waoutmin.--A
nativo of AesI ealla, ML'. J1. E. Evans, re
coantly gavo nu ex halbitionL of r'emnkale
oltrength nithela SeiIat oh.01 in Chesterlieold,
Engialand, to es tbl iih his~ clailis mis theC
straonagest an inL (lho waoirld. 110 hiohl a il tl y.
six laoundl waaeighst. In vaious posit ions,'ut
I nm~am's longthI, anid i ncreasied (lath nmbiert n
til lho ralisedt. fourL Ifi.y-sx ptounad weight s
abaove hiis headh, hoalding~ them at. nal's
legtha, anid at (lie samtim o u, as liaig upo
fur' tuntlhr glaeses. Il aL l.tm hebta the
w'aeights tan thie (01) of thio glamssuitdt allowed
a glass of waltr to be phired uphon) thi liip
oit itla weighats. Ito hiaid flat upon1 ahen (loor',
aand let a (Il'iy-six poiundt weighit ll ha is -.
(naco of abiL,)1 ia ytad onL his bareL~ chest, naid
lie weight roeboundedl is t houigh it had comane
tu contact. with aL piece0 of Imihn-t'ubber'. A
picco of stone, four inchies (hiok, was neoxu
placed tipon hais ohest, and Mr. hiincha,
balacksmaitIa, smnasho-. it, with t wo blows inato
fr'agmenouts. Mr. IIlinch nad Mi'. Turmier
(hon out a pleco of twao linchl ironm in t wo
across hisle olaeit with hammeiar anid ohisel.
TLIaoe feats concluded by Professor Ii erotos.
lying .flt upon thie (hoor, andl allowing gr~'
Uinoh to striko hima waith all his st ren gthI,
with a 81x(gcn piounad stedlgo hamimer. 'hoa
btlow wastmet by die Priofessor', and (lie
upon his body,
AAsastATIon oP Tili TfataToli Ly':%.
T he p~artlihmes (if tho antnio n or lope
the betratyer 'ot' Mtaximiliati, tro ats fultav
I .z u12 $)'iy ut w g iol in l'lat01
witere him w;NfI.i iint sp reti her pres
vnen. Cuarly ono :norniing It ,NIe xican1 arriv
il anil faniliavizeli hiinself wvio tin oil.
inl alivery ,t ible ltljoi In gl' the h1otel.
Gen. Nligitol l.001., Va illpi.:n d for, bul
tot being in, t1 1t stratger wts told thil the
IonertIl wOUdl 1h it titittner. jIef'e (i liin -
el. hour 1.Lopez r 1.1H' :111. at ; Iuti'inevd
aIt. 10 the i tanger, whi o n ie S ,s- l W"'.
1' hit n: t%) e'ni t 4 t;M I- alit , I ll
:v/ and heis llas ili l n i' " 'o i e t
0 tle Nlbl f r oloIO IiIII es. fl rin.
which to tinestrwuimercalln ii for a.droa
1 glas a of wine. he dMo il-erat ey ro e, drew
I coceale if an p n .
Ind . he 442 him in ie int n 'i- , thou ;(.I
hol lo k 1:.jh i, an1'h1 as he sl:krledl to
knieo, ! ni4l: "T i.3 l Q the ay u.ll tra1itorst
ihoul 1 b .' Nn W 1 i) e inhTro l or Io. -
ven il1 the o I loi 2ni . 11 ,us
wai iheldowo "r of 1: "aii , M.inuko n, Mle.
lin, yes, anm thouwanls of Kum,.s uven ol.
l hisb r-epor t$ I regalill 11 athlentic.
WINNSBORO, ). 0,
Wuda4lay Monn. n.21 G
D HE 13por-t , li inu & C .. I) o
II IIRE IllO.4 .1s 4eryar: T2 e4, . - Io .\n
-"'Ilr its n inh or : -o~c~ , ! VAm eo
fit ',. dI1i.y o -1
payabi i n "loI i j . :,.t 1!' ; I -tItI I ll
'at aI nri l' t'eo nn W: I e~ m nern 'r in,. lr
it ...4 ut th l I t it n l tia tie ti
. A l ifr li'l- r i\07 -O eD Pi a p
for ti .l to i. : ;i. .l eott hiv re l'v r hit) 11
y l.ltili - th A \ o 'vr~ i-.. ; r si ' e
71-j 4 111: i i . -a.,1 til,
L''' 1 . ll '. AT I t it 1 1 i l t-' 1 T w. n1 fi
D I*. LAnv'.: p: tl 'ou rie st t i tih vey
Sti b.l s in- 1 )l ' l t it IUII . hi\nair , Iil, t. I 11f
V,11 oti vt :i b il :1e . (Ito . ri w' r
lt i '; .12 aI :, t r j olt) 8)4 1) 1 , i on. : .
- to i att e O i l CO nit.'I (h htc1)11 -
I ra .t1 io n (It n or-.tv-.II)Il1; kci'11 (!u 4 1 ) ,11,
1'0'tiet I n eali rupt.1) I _ri ! ( 2 .i t urit -
T )0'Oday (.th ' . th i at, '00t w i b
ht Inall)) il 'n p:to1c ne oi-m the'
iiv11i11l e . (It :1!! .;4 PI, f -.. i:
nI r vt inn L of -6wl ifn in IPAn
14140 ~ ~ ~ on clt) Z,! lt~ I Ia.'o to b
Ilifi'rit,: ,:, for i 'd, ic i . 1'lt i .nney
t , h 1 1 1: ira!let o III, : .0 oc9 '1114ter
Sec4.hm 1 a p Iale, a h;r ri n
i en I t' n o1 y, ) . 1 ;.: 111i l
- al nyn tv o t a1' 1 o11 i.. . i .,
SH i lrian ith a: . off thi;I:. A' vern
Lio of-iolt-o iiIi~ I
We011oi e ri u n t rea I-,- ht it 1 nvotl~ s.
t 'if" In its lo ra-hIoj nI V!h l 3u ciin,! to~i
::c.sali - A e:: ftheri0htn lop r
(eim len , alIy or idi t)a
to) it do ~it r II a i vy. 1 i , I
h~~ufhu. imen t !Ine-. an l -
Liti i ie ro e \e :of liv .r r al. ecIt -
im sa wv of fru non. Ip ane : . imer im ..
ont~~~ ~ to a: exore I r mfeln f tr
member tha the Con! hm kold )1 -e1ap11
any expeitive or ' iidicial oflice inl any
Siate4 a;d aferwards e iga1d i.mir.
rection or rebell* ion againat tho United
it '', or itV 1 nid or Co2itfort to the
enew.. '-rvof; that. I havo never talion
11 Oat1h aIs a inentf,br of Congress of thle
UTIited Slates, or a all ollicer of the
initel Slates, or a" a inember of an22v
SAtM begi9ture, or no enu e:nTiveoa
jilticial otlicur of any 1tate, to support
the (onstitti on of the U niLted StUtNs,
and almrward cngaged i in insurrectionl
or rbllin againt thle United States or
!iven nid or comf:>rt, .o the elnelies
theriol; th: It . w:!l faithfily stupport
th4 CO ins1tittion :2 olhev thle lwsi of
th0 UPSte St t , ] \\:ill, to thelbt
f ii abilty, encoura ' oitirs sot do
S (e. G. Tha o hI- true intent and
meicaning of the o'1h preihCldt il i
Oentr- ni. : 10n othr th
: I t lo n a nw b
of !b -- 41 4.ur: e 6 y 1 t ot i joli .
tod o I c in : :- wIhthe CL iha
pf ;iI ally l Aalo n : n l hehe
I I a ti'c Ict 1i 1. 2 h11 eb' com
m t im f ti h r eb I ( on or had bIh
ir f ire t n.1 ta afwr rd 1 en.g f in
Winel I-tn ehrr i al o cor
to ian inti ed it tite touiLry
111 d who cani l n!') i lltest re (1 O
;rtal law o oth or fo th a mbinit -
tr12io 4oj!ius1i'. 'nd I:;i sibic trust
wvith pakvt:ivo :i I2 1 iiiiuaiy ald j'us.
Thie s wi n1 is row mno enimlo w'. -
lfoe e litItI.: iby thle ay erot mle wh
iTey or fior2 byth ion: , it prudt,
Ir:e tieynild w-th the th ut
ttam i whoca have1 no in*tot or tietpoii
AS no lOr i'...t tho porth,
s(ti ' to doilmr w i e in d iiser'
their d':ento ad r pni! rs
ith ati-Aence oyi' (libel, 'ity:umu.
T he t w il r w n q t ea p n IT or fac
t nsdiiculi in thle way .fte x
hi-1. W ot~r thel fact. xi or not,
:l id i n ;6 W lil i t la: - 1 fit pr
in1a No ttheir sit-.
Rei~notio at, the N4rtht n
%I i:() 141221iig" 'A' H1l4 J1t2Illidlar C~on
!"c::- na 4)21121 1 ilI 22 t we wVill not Von11
to Iwa mneh of rec increytio1,
22 c'*. e illcr t!N 111 I x ii I2n 1
:122 (hio ;> w e t r i st m yint h4 l th of
~n i n was msN'hore nd b itns,su--i
ihe wari'1 l avo tooutto per
2tte tsy eto ae ilnedtilt to
haitver.; Slince beY fi-riodieth nad t
wh4'mv e ce W 'i. uf u ;ri a ent
meQ. ntil as waxinig h-t and trong,2~1 m212
1hn-i42 i ~long wnot agony11211'41$ of10
mit ten tohemsln stobdoye.pt
factition 1hope1 by p1riodint adtde
lm iv ideas' 2 of) "rt t urn W' i e ason and i
reion,"2: 1 ,, c.,i th)at have neveri
ben 1e we:arnve1il e el
h..ed "'1) un i t h al 4<2higinnet e n
cont21':ltnotion ofv dli the s po
whiif e0 NCrthu hy acted fomit~ he
ginig i tiot eml.oftit ta hcplc
WIm r theiv warimal moil thitnetuay
WIenrhance of2( 2i wha we&~ ':deme te c
:11ve 41ry 2111W i a i t l lc al or1( 2221 acidien1tal
2res2 f con:2 r'W tism at the N sws o
rolca ltier tu l dur1:1ing the our
who1 vs canno t fel ad w~ti fth ar pifu
ilil'e, t ow feitlyp01 ~ and' ornularly2
lin n c isis ofto a the policy1111101
wato"io raic as rope d to
wili 1 : han tenuo11ves"-an thi oed d)elu
sion212 pleased us----end-hor, bearse
weI hgged the infa:lta tou
h~ert and ~l 112 extactd cmft from Yit,
ando behli iM2t N otn ofS ilriinovita.
bilte21 etrucion the ltli Yank)0 natiiimon.
Whent~~i o'n el h.ope as tahed tol e
foateso tw what, a tiveenrg e
replaed t~iit 1~0will anoter-noersonr
hade Lr.: bure his logld aed byn
nitors1 and epactked hi11wello airmsi
Vrinti, than112g bra g igtway (1hc.
aioo0 stinadon: off* itCar4 lies harbor,
lietup on 'oitheioint otf 1ne hundred
thuandmi French baityonts, th falen
iotun2s2 th e ou Cuth,02 & ;. &ic, &c.
er ali creduloplan susceptiblen
oplea ~4l. 'hi islt it isi to~ b
cervto b-le iday f pongplbo rayod to
dlecet-v pcaions ofi~i orsnttimoro
apoViniiilt.ont. tCWere are th eh12ibi-.
It ons of ation ? Nt--oi Con gs
surely2 : at lea2t theid not222 i2 d0isply
tism, without any actual change in the
8s1etimdenits of their ropresontativOs we
yould porceive among the latter a sys
CR11 of political acratimi and Sum.
Mersaiulting that would amuso the
country. They are the mere breath
of their constituenies. However, our
peoplo imay act in this emergney, we
hopo they will net without making the
idea of reaction ai element inl their
calculation. It is timte to seo our
selves as we are,-hopolessly impo
tent aid at the mercy of an over
w1helmiing power1-0esolute and nexo
rall acc-omplishling ib;ts puposies.
Rcgistratiov in this Distrot.
lael of the regktration boards has
held one session at 4110 of tle boxes
inl each (if the precliet into which
the District i.s divided. The res.ult is
W hites,.... .... .... .. ...... ....a
Whits.... ... ................17
Majority for Blacks,......
We have rec(ive d as yet no intelli.
geio from Alstol.
ivon wilt or acIttainltaneo with
tho great apathy and indifference
prevalent among oi' people upon
this subject, we were not prepared
for this meagre record.
Again wer0 all who aro permi'it
ted to do so, not to negieet the oppor
tunity, but to coiim forward .and11 rei(s
tor their name;. W~anta-d*t wilful iiis
fralchicie1t Ima-ly be a mat tar o' but
small consideration to the individuial
-who is indiilTreit to the exercise of
tihe franchiso, lut from such a one so
ciety d emillids the perforlmance of. a
dulty which clmnot, ri-ht0y be ignored.
Who can foresee that tho ti tue may
not. Como n tiat s peedily wieni the
)!Ose'sC5Sio1 of a voiec inl 11le form atiou
of tho government anil iti itions
under which we live-Iuay not be es
teemield a p-ivilege anid a safeguard.
Wo believe may errors still exist
respecting the intaliioeations for regi-s
trat ion. If i ro-furthe s ' ruction
ti rotghI our column is usl ess.
V ho'e doubts exist IL the party el
tortaininig thimn, in.st:a'l of abandonl
ilg the idea, ask advice from the
1Boards--and he w-ill be informed
bonestly and k indly of his caso.
A second Seesioni will be hold by ile
boartds; at Ca on1 of tle boxcs--ihus
a:fording to all the fulest op'Irtun(ity
for reeiring tle right of sum'rage. in
the interval between tlie two Sessions,
we are told that it in the design of
the boards to expose dui plicate books
of reg.istration at two promitent locali.
tils in tile vicinity of each biox-in or
der to givo publicity to their actions
atnd entable till intecrested to inspect
:udexamine them at pilasure.
Tributo of' Roopect to the Meiuory of the
Late Hion Edlward GI. Palmer,
We pubillishi to-day with sad cratlif.
eatLion the proceed ings of thle hoard of
D i rectors of the Char ilot to & Southi
Crro'ilinta Railroatd, in honor of thle dis-.
I ingiished citizen whose death I has
beeni lamtietd biy the State at large.
Thbis testimioial is a fitting tribuite to
the nmemory of this trite ma~n and citi..
zon, whose public virtues and quali
tieos, whose initegrity3,' patriotisml anid
ability were muingled with the public
events of so manny years ; but it is cm
inen tly a ppropria te from a corpora
tion whose earliest fortunes were com1
mnitted so largely to his zeal, clear
judgmonit andi ablility. TIo thle s4ymp1a-.
thy so well expressed by the board
our District will tenderly respond.
'..hmo pr'ocecaings which we clip from
thie P'/noib are as follows:
C oLM~iAa, S. ., August 14d, 1867.
At a mei eting of the Board of Di.
rectors of the Charlotto and SothI
Car'olinar Railroad Comnpany, hel this
day, Col. Wmn. Ri. Robecrtson, of ['air
tield, offered the A'llowinig preamible
und resolutions, which Were adopted
At the last meeting of this Bloard ,but
one month ago, [here satin its coun-111
cils a Direotor from t he District of
Fairfield, in the enjioymnent of full and
vigorous health. Tlhtat Director is no
longer numbered among the mem tbers
of this ltoard-death los assigued to
htim another scono of life-a dif'erenit
stage of actiont.
Ont the 27th day of July last, and
withini one woek of hisi being .gxt v
seven y'ear's old, at his home, mi tihe
bosom of hi~s ownl faimily, and si..
rounded by sympathizing friends,
I fon. Edward (Gendron Pyhniler
breathed out his life-paid the last
dlObt of nature.
This interposition of Previdence, to
whose decrees we should sutbm it with
Christian resigniation, has suimmioned
fromt amongst us one of our most use
ful, energetic and valuanblo Direetors,
and bereft sooiety and the community
generally of a citizen greatly adlmircd
for his numorous virtutes and uiniver
sally esteemed for 1hi8 many estimable
The deconsed was a native of St.
iStephien's Pa rishi, Charleston Dist rict
h orn of motst worthyv and re'c4JCtaible
ljfariAti on tha neUd tAuguat, 180')
In December, 1819, he graduated
at the South Carolina College, in the
class with tho lato Franklin 1U. El.
more and oilier emiinent and distiun.
guished public men ; and in iDecem
her, 1821, was admitted to tl e prac
tico "f law in the courts of t'is Stato.
Being, however, possessed of it
hiaidsomeuo and independent fortune,
and having more tasto for agrioultu
val 1mrst its than the practice of a dry
inid todious profession, ho, soon after
his admission to the bar, abandoned
to legal profession and tirned hii at
tentionl to plant-ing, in which pursuit.
he Was skilled and energretic, andl
wouId lhave left a large es tate to iiis
bereaNcil family, had not tho ensl'1
ties of the recent war anti its results
deprived 'ii fi the greater portion of
As a citizen, he was Over pr 'ilpt to
d(veliharige any public duty ; as a
ncighbur, h' was kind aind obliging;
as a1 icid, warin, candid antd silcere,
a111 as a fatier, hi usband and brother,
affectionate in the hihicest degree.
As ani ('viincin" Cvidieie of the ox
eellence of' snch qualities, anid of the
manner in which they were appreciat
ed, he was repeated ly selected by the
citizens of I is Dist iet to serve them
in variou's publie apnacitier', and was
for many years their ' representative in
one or other branch of the State 1Le
.Anl whle that (onmpany of wiehi
this Board is now the exponent, was
first organized, in tlue town of Char
lotte, N. C., in A tigust, 18.17 ; and
when it was all-i In portan t( that a man
of energy, zeal and ability---ono in
whom the public id entire confidence
-should be pl1aed at the helm, to pi
lot. he successfully through her nmoor
ilngs, the deceasedi was, with enltire
unianimin ity, fixed upon fir the posi
tion ; and froil thlt time - nintil Feb
rutry, 185(, a perid of nine years,
he, a:s Presidlent of the (omipaymiy
muianage1 if.,; affalirs imiost faithfully,
enerCgtica II y and'l slce(Ssfull I y.
In Fehuary, 1856, when tle .1oad
was in full and success'fl operation,
and when its affair.s were in a prospr.r
oils cond ition, feeling that lie needed
and reqired re1t from the toil.s and
labors thriouth whi; he had passed in
the service ol' the Conimny, he volun
tarily retired from its presidency, and
SoIglht, reposc aiid quiictudoe in the
privacy of' Ills own personal afirs.
Thm he remained disconnected from
an'y managemzuent of this Company un
til February, 1860, whou he was again
sol.cited and urged to take a scat at,
this lard, and contributo his aid
and experience to a service in which
Ie had for so many years, been so..
f Ill y and suiccCsful ly identited.
Char'acte'ist i of his puf1ic spirited
ness, lie ac.opted a directorship, and
scI'lulously d isch'arged its duties up
to tle day of his deatl.
Thus, whilst occupying a seat at
this board, where i is counsels wero al
ways sought, and respected, has death
clained him as its victim, and created
a void extiemlnty dilicult to be filled.
Be it thieref'ore,
liesolved, That this Board has
learned with deep aind atbitid in - sorrow
lhe deca tli h1' o1 Hon. . . . Pahnier, late
a member thereof, fronm the District
.esolved, h at the loss which the
Coinipany has sustained by the death
of' onie who was so long; identified witE~
heru iteresits, and i whio cointr'ibuted so
(dfectiuall y fto the imaaeenof'it
a1ffairis, is of noi orinariiiiiy clhariact er,
unLm one whichl will be f'ound very dlit
ficnit to r'ela~e.
.lesolved, TVhat (lie deep) and in
tense ry ma thy whIiichi each me miber
of thiis I oarid f'eels f'or' thle h~euroavd
fami ily of their lauto fr iend anid br'othi
er' iirecetorm, inducnes t hiem to offer to
hiis fa miily the ir perusonal condolenice
f'or thle giea t afilliet ion whmichi they have
b.een cal led upon to bear.
.W'solved, 'That as a f'ur'ther testi
mmony of r'espect and( esteemn for the
mieimry 0our dheceased frtiend and
brother D)irectoi', these prioceed~ inigs be
iiscrubed at length on the minutes of
this Board ; that a copy thereof be
forwvarded1 to his boretvcd family, anti
that copies of the samne be funishied
the Columbia Phazni., WVinnsbor'o
.News, Chesteor kSindalrd and1( Charlotte
Dcnmer'q/, with the reqfuest that each
of these jour'nals give thoem an inser
tioni in their columns.
(Signed) C. [I. MAN8oN,
.Socretary and( Treasurer.
Up to our last advices the number
of registered voters in CJharleston was
Whites,.....- - --.--.....-.8d0
Mar~jor ity for Blacks. ..-.. 1800
Nano Re r.a.'-Wo (10 not, says thme Mom.
plus llullehin, thfnk Ithe rule of' the negro,
backed by thme bayonet, will last long. Theii
bamyonuet itself wilt become disgusted iih
negr'o rule bof'oro half Len yeairs shall havo
elapsedt, anid thie wit le man of' Ihe RoumthI
will he aided by I he white man of' thle Nor'tib
in viadioat ing time rights of his blood and
race. Th'le negro fever is like (lie snmll..pox;
it will u i'aIts cour'se and leave sonie scars
behmnd, lbut it can never be taken a second
Sinme. Contlact will make the patient sick,
but it'wvill euro him at the same time.
Paoqrcuos- Tatui WVoMN---Ano-rI.
in Casa ron ThIS UL'usAm.--We learn fr'om
a reliable inmfom'mant that a lady ini this
county notified heri hiusbaind on the mom'ninig
of the election that If' lio voted t ho Radical
ticket she wouild leave lhim, Tr'ue to h.er
word, on that evening she moved to lher'
fathmer's house, wher'e her huisband~ went
aflter heor. Aho ordered him to leave her
presenice, fellimng himt that she would not
live with im amnothier day. Shme hlcd in
eoatenmpt tho nman whoe would voto for a
party lthat wore Reeking to drifg bor and her
chIldren to degradation.--pringfiey4 .Regie
A rufn'an recently bit of a nman's ear.
Str'ange e'nough hie was immriediately hound
over to~ keep the peace'.- Wonder' ,f lie
'houghts for Tradesmen.
The business scasol will sool com1
ionce, and tho business men will do
roll to advertiso in the Nsws and IlI:n
Lii Which circulates in a large port ion
f the country which looksto this town
s the centre of trado. It is woll (lat
our business and name b'o know te
ond the limits, as well as within the
iiits of your placo of trade.
We continuno to hear eneouraging
ecounts of the crops in the Distn
'lie corn crop is made and ai fo fromi i
ont ingencies of Sensons, and it is beliCv
,I with economy will bo sn(ficient for
lio next year.
Tho cotton crop is also well reported.
Tnder the effect of the favorable weati
r for the last. three or four weeks it
as improved from an ordinary condi
on to one of (ine promise, and in many
ases we hear that it is ad.lmirable.
In publishing tho sentences im
losed at our last District Court, by
hie omission of an initial letter we
ave Made it appear that our friend,
iWAIn Hon.milcK of Charleston,
ow residing here, was senteneed.
'lie namo should have been Eowinn
L. IlollI.IIE IC.
But what now is in a name ? We
aung IIOACE G It ErLEY, ilprison J U
IUS CEAAn, bind G tson 1 WASHNG
ON over to keop the the poce and
reat other worthies. with similar in
Tho Pon and Penoil,"
Number Three is before us, contain
ig many beautiful illustrations,
Mong which we notice a full page
ititled, A Luxury, Lost in the Snow;
'ith poenls, etc. This new paper
ids fair to become a favorit-o, and
no of the most romarkable featurc.s
bout the enterprise, is that adopted
y the enterprising publishers of dis.
ibuting or returning to their patrons
50,000 of the proceeds, in prizes va
ying fromt $1 to $10-O000. Every per
>n buying a single copy,price 10ets, or
y mail 13cts., will have an equal
htanec. Sold by all newsdcalers.
. R. Dawley & Co., Publishers, 21
23 Ann St. N. Y.
Wo commenco with to day's issue a
ries of coinmunications from our friend
nd predecessor on the history of Mt.
ion Society. It will be an interest
ig record of this remarkablo organiza.
The Third Q(uarterly Meeting (Meth.
list) for Fairfield Circuit will bo
old at Bethel, the 7th and 8th of
Special attention is called to the
alvertisent of VANN NEss & IlnO.
hich appoars in another column of
>-day's issue. Hie will bo with us
a the 29th inst. D~o not fail to givo
im a call, to have your pioturo
iken, you will not regret it. Sjpis
Sea advertisement of 0. *W. Jack
mn & Co., "cWanted, Agents."
WinnnAugust 20.--Cotton 1t0 a 21)
Cot to'o Yarns, $2.25.
Gunny Cloth, 33 a 85.
Bacon 8idos, 20 cents.
Shoulders, 18 cents.
Lard, 18 a 20 cents.
Molasses per barrel (05 a 76.
Country Flouir, $6.00 to ;6.50 por. owl.
Baltinore Floiir, $11.00 a $12.00 per b~ar't
Dry Ilides, 10c,
Wheat $1.76 a $2.00.
is to be a moderato demand, principally
Onanus-rox, Anugust 1 7.--Sales 17 b~ales,
e quote Low Middling 264 a 20 ; Middling
fAN NESS & BibO. will open a suit of'
rooms at '1'hosplan llall, Winnsboro,
Thursday, August 29th, and till be pro .
red to make all the abovo styles of 1'ie.
ros. All wvork guarantied, and no one is
sirod to t alfe any picturo that is not par
The prices are ranged to suit the hard
nes and will enable alt to havo pictures
Particular attention paid to copying old
A good assoritnent of Photograph Al.
mis of fmne quality, and very cheap on
f6Y7 Don't forget we will only rcemaiu
Givc ua a call. aug 21-tt
2 "\ PERL MONTil Tite Year Round,
Oor 900 Per Cent Profit en coum
sslon. Wo guarantee the abovo salary or
mnmison to 4otIvo Indhtstricus aydata at
eir own liomnos, to itroduce an article of
lisp ensable utility in eory houisehold.
r alil partloulars calli on or addlress
0. WV. JAClOON & m).,
11 Sothl Street, fhdtimore,, Md.
WIsNsnono, S. C., August 14, 1807.
lin my former coinmmunioatlon, I stated
soine facts concerning the seeds of the Chi- a
nese hemp aid the early growth of (lie plant. V
Whent the plant s are three inelion high, they
should be transplanted ; one writer says, in
a stronger soil; another writer sayst, they l
should be transplanted far from .mulberry a
trees. Tito beds on whioh the young plants y
are yet growing should be vatered on the
night before traisplanting; ot the next
morning, ihe beds to which the young plants
are tranisfvrrel should he watered before C
the transplantuing takes placo. Wheii trans
planted, a smiall hunip of eart I is left'around
tle roots Unit the plants should be four inch
Thite hemp may form a border to corn and e
vegetables, and by this nioans those are pro- C
let'd front tle depredlitions of domestlio
niinals, all of which animals avoid the
ihemp. At tlie end of from three to five
dy: -s lie plants should '>o watered and Ihe
wa ering should lie kept up for twenty dayt
every three or futir days when the weather 1
is dry; then they ean be watered every t
tenth or fifteeit Ilay.
Ili November and December they are to
be inanured with hors.o or buffalo dung, C
eart I, straw or any rubbish. a foot. or more
hliok to protcet them froncold. III March the
manure is to be raked away, tle phitit to be
exposed and watered in dry weather; any
kind ot rubbish can then be used for ima.
nuro except tle dung of swine which is said
to be salt ish and injurious.
In the third and fourth year (some say
the second) tle plant may be cut and used. }
Tle licmp when it becomes fit for use, yields
three crops every year. The first, eutting
takes place in June. A caution is given lest
(Ie yotung shoots should be cut, when per
soils are engaged in cutting theoriginal stem. T
We are told therefore to keep an inch from the V
grotund. In a month or two after the first d
cutling, the second takes place. The origi
nal si em is not to be ert at the second cut
ting. but the shoots are to be cut. At this
cutting tie shoots are seven or eight feet
high. During the last part of $eptember or
October tlie last cutting is performed, fron
which the linest cloth is made, the first be
iiig inferior, coarse and hard After each
cuttbing the lplant is to be covered with mni
nuro and watered. The plants should, 0
however, bo watered in the night or in a
cloudy weather; they should never be wa
tered inl full sunshino. If this is dono they
At Canton, there is a plant belonging to
heip family, that is pulled up by the roots,
instead of beiing cut. S
I close with an extract from a Chinese [
work the Imperial Encyclopedia of Agricul
ture. It has considerablo reference to the
sidclars of the hemp. ' When tle tufts of the
chau/I mah are very thick, tlie eartI Aout
thtemi is dug away and the suckers detaolied
and transferred ; after which the main stock
vegetates with more vigor. At the end of
four or five years, the bottoms of th
roots become thickly matted together, when
they are divided and transplanted to other ir
beds. Some farmors bury (lie stalks length- tj
wise in tle carth and thus obtain layers.
When a bel becomes too crowded, a new one
is NVeie, which is roon followed by an. &
other, whereby the number of plants is in, 1b
A rich soil is chosen beforehand, and well
prepared in the autumn, and manured with
tine dung ; and in the following spring, the
shoots are set out. Thme best, time for doinig a
thisi is when vegetation starts,'and next to
that (as it respects suitableness) whca the
new shoots appear'. The third period, or
he least. suitable, is when the suckers have 0
a:'endy at tained - a considerable sizo. The li
new planits ar'e placed about eighteen inch. t
es aimr, and when the roots have been well g
surrundied with carthI, they are watered.
In siumer or autumi n , It. is well to Improve
tie tinto when theo earth is moistened by Si
rain to) tranispdant tem, but a cloid of so I
shold lie kept abioiit thle root s."' I imay con-.
tnun my commnunicat ions on this subject.
Respect fully yours,
------------------.. - ci
There is an evil under the sun not muchx
complained of, but it Is not because com
plaint is irrelevant..
While vocal music should be practiced
with a regard to Certain rules, It Is certain rt
that. no particular rutles are observed.
IDistinctness of pronunciation should be
lie first requisite in the qjualification for
good Church , music. WVhat, advantage is
there in "caw-hmaw-baw.-ing" over a se
ries of stanzas In poetry?
Let the mouth bie well opened, and each
syllable of each word be brought, out with
dis-tict articulation, and emphasis, where 25
it is needled, and not mouthed tip like an over ..
doe~ of hot mush anid cold1 water.
One element in singing is to give clear ar
ticulation, arid to (10 this, proper attention
shoul be paid to euphony of sound, If the
expression may be allowed.
Vowels should run into vowels with a ]
marked distinct ion of sound, or where the
terminnl vowel ruins Into the opening one,
it should be with a disthict, separation ; as
for instance, when the former is "c0" and
the latter the same letter, thme vowel should *1
have the soundI of "'o" as In "boi,"' butt:
when It (c) terminates a word before anoth- d<
Cr beginmning with a conionatnt then the "c" fo
shoul have the sound of "e" as-In thme sea
cound syllable of counterfi.ii
Another feature in pronunciation when
practised in singing Is, to follow, not the p~
practico ofthle singer, but that of the cenm
poser. For instane, when a writor miakes
the word "wind" rhyme \tith thio wordh
"ind," no matter what many have been the (h
practilee, or edutcation of the singer, be or
she should pronounce the word with a long
' Thoso hints are thtrown out becauseo
they are not snapplicabloi In many
oases of singing as we have it In thIs dlay cc
and generation. If any application can be (h
madte of theim, or any further thoughts sug-. in
gested utpon titemi, thme pmurposo of this-brief
notice will lac accomiplished.