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WINNSBORO, S. 0.
Wodnesday Morning. Sept. 4, 1807.
Iesportes, Williams & Co., Pro'ps.
W. IV. IEIBERT', Emlton.
TFlRii E)onIAns8 per vent; TWO DOLLARS
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lT.-V- Ul wih It diwll tly ilitierstooi tihnt tir
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With this issuo Major W. W. Hocr
bort assuics tho ]kditorial manago
rIeit of this paper.
A gentlemain, whoo interests and
futuro aro identinled with the ])is
trict, of ability and large experience
we corllially commend him to our pa
It, has bowilio fashioniablo with
tiloso asmiliniig the duties of Editlors,
to fioresilldow, at tho utist, what,
may bo eXpeuted o(iff themii.
'Tillh, u1ndersigniotl, upon talinlg
chargit of thu editorial dopartment, is
well aware (thc prejudices wiib -
ist, agaiilt him1 inl the minlds or many
of the readerd of th N aws and lin
AL1). Theso prejudicos havo arisont,
ywinclU //y, froi his not having had
tile ineana at his owitrol to cradicato
thema by propor explantatiomS of the
motives which havo governed him, and
thO ends to be Itccoiplislied by his re,
ceit political couirso. lut now, that
the opIort'ulnity is presented, no fear
are etertainod, but that some of hli
polhitical enemies ilay be induced (i
lay down their arns, or ntr least, yiv
iulioving that a citizoens hiighesi
duty to the coulli y is obdiloce to till
law, Lihe undorsigned shall fool it eii
cUmbliut oil hii to su0pport thios<
lieasu8res elnaoted bly Ite la'w-lanklu
power its lain, until they 81hall havi
beIm abrogatod by somne tribuna
clothed with the proper authority.
Thme question of reconlstrutction a
presentod to the peopio of tho Souti
is not one of of vrinuinablnL----C
It would lie unljust in the extrouno
to attribiuto to those differing with u.
inl opillion upon tl) politicl questiom
beforo 11s, ia waiint of patrioti.tmttt, how.
ver, unwiso wo Imaly iiagino theit ill
the couis they are pItrituing. We
should take it for gratited, until other.
1 is Khown), that CVCIy mlan would do.
sire to 800 the country pea~cefull 1and1
prosperous, niot withlstand ing'thei differ
(1nce(i oflo-iiion whIichL mlay exit as to
thme host meians of bringing ab1out such
Ini thto discu11sion of the issues be..
foreo the Couttrt1y at. this time, te
muilitary bill shal111l boh writer's guideo,
believing as lie does, that Ithe accept
anco of tho conigressional plan of reo
(onstruCtioni is the only one which the
peoplo can look to for a solution of tho
dlifillilis which surround~ us8; and1(
never~l haiv ing beeni 111 extremiist upon
any political questionl, heo will suffor
no ociumstanccs to load hmiml to a1 sup
po0rtof any mteasure, which, ill his
judgment, will 110t conduce to the
good of the whole1 people.
W--------- . . Isne-r
In ar'guing against (110 military re
constiructioni bill, the loaders of the op
position start out with a false aissumip
A1. man, by airgumnent, might bo able
to prove, that the 11oon1 is yollowv
obeeso, if allowed to assume as a fact,
that thore was a larige dairy establish
311nt1 close by nid the pliace the 1moon1
0co1up)es was one0 of deposit for all thle
eheese Imado. It is thus, by assuming
falso0 promises, that many have under
takeni to arguo the inconstitutionality
and injustico of the roconstruction
acts of (Congrets.
All parties will admit, thait the
groat issue of tho war was based tupon
(lhe doctrine of States Rights, and
when the South surreindered uncondli
tind/y, thie doctri ne was abandon ed.
Nowv, whethor we elaimi to be States,
.Territories or Provinces, we must ad
mit, that "it is necessary, that 8some
proper power abould reliovo us of our
singular position. Thel question then
atrisos, wvhait particular departmelnt of
(Government has legitimtate authority
to reonstruct these States, Territories
or prov'inoos 1 So far as tho cons9t.itu
tlon applies to us as conquered States,
wo do not know of any provisioni
touching suhl a easo, and if We arc
States, it is noeessary and propmor that
some law shlould be passed by (lie
law making power to apply, bunt no
whore do wo find in tiho U-nstitution,
nuthority for the roconstruction policy
of Mr. Jolnson, as President. If wo
are torritories--which we believe to be
tho true position--then Congress and
Congress alone can mzako "nced cul
rules anl regulations respecting'' ts.
Congress inl all cases of the Territories
have established their organic laws,
and havo proeribod who should be
volers aind their qualificationis. Tliesc
organic acts for the Territories have
always boon recognized and sustailled
as tile sipremno law, so long as they
remained in that conlition. And tle
power of Congress in (hose cases tIms
never boon disputed until now. In t
put, us in any shape, as States or Ter
ritorios, still the legitimato authority
must rest with Congress to pass the
necessary laws for reconstruction, for
certainiy, no man of common sense
will con1tend, that aniy otler depart
mentof tile Government c:i mi
laws. It is contended, howeveir, that,
according to the terms of surrender, it
was understood that we were State;,
and had til right to be rest'orid to the
UJnion. When0ho and by w.homl
wero such terms agreeed upo 'I Th I te
truth is, 110 Ste1h termits we (0 madei amt4
no persoll ever. claimild, that, so-hli was
tho ease, unil the (C ngreIs ialsed
tle Alilitary hi :rll. 1 ht her', i
the startintag poit, wit ithl e o ed
to the ( Conlgroinal lan. Tlh<y a;
sumto1 as faet, wyhiat is Iol so, :m1 write
volennstes uponl falso I us u.ln s; p!1
pose it was so 111nderstulM, ani Iappowe
the only issue inat',vd inl the wara was
the tmainlctasteue of t he I heiiln, woI
ally one preteId that we l1' a
to reconsti--,t on a 11:111 of' our own
Does anly party cotetl tha , a iy
tioll Oil onr0 pi"i-, wollid, of itbscf, have
been sihcient for restora ain withllt
the acti-> of ('o res ? iIt atters
not witat opin)ioln we Imay have itter
titiledl nCfa refusai to admit us on tle
partr~t Cong ress, yet. we mcnilot, dlimy
tle lpiriii t ion, that thiey have ai righ!1lt
t-o relt hoiwvr'Vt m i. i Mnllijst in
dividuals' may reg-I ard. it. Agan had
tha l'rest'.ieitd a right, Ito rein.ruet
these State6s mul4er11 hi's plan11 ? Silp
poe, limt it he true, tha ft we wverv
itts, iltt the war wvas catrril oltt
for pirposes;n ablve ret fotl ihmie, and
slppose( le iadit entered into) a writte.in
agreementut. to tlis offect, woilid anly
mnan conteld that these State' antd
Mr. Jonsonllil wer thi e onlyt par1tisi to
the cont ract ? - Most ceri'tainlly nQL.
pover exist Ito whetre to restore u. to
the Union except in Congres'.
1' preCsmillo it Vill t(ut I)( dentieil,
if we are Territories,---which must be
the ease, if tle act of F ece:-sion was
warratiod by tho triginal compact of
go0ve*rnmltenlt-that Cogresi ias lower,
to "Ilke nIeedritl rul1es anld regula-.
(ins" and has the right to prescr ib'
wi'hoshtallI be, tand tiO hei inaltientIiotis of
voters. As wo sa'id before i'tlt, thet St ate.<
R1 ightis d octrin 111wa:s bitied withI lthe
wel'cl. For suppose, afiter iur eil
mtissionI to tho liaaiona, it, were to be..
cotaetnecessary to)( alt er'or nitnend'ii t lm
franehise laiws. Suppilose the pr'esent
experimenu~tt wereO to prlovo1 a failtr ;(
whyl), unider the oldi doctr'ine of' States
Rights our1 hainds would be tied and11
the prosent laws woitul rin itt
force idefluiitely, antd thle chanctes
are, that, thecy could not lhe heitii'l
wit~hout subjeting us to atnothaer cilvil
war. 'WO initoil special attenition to
this po'int of our11 subhject, f'or we do le
lieve the courlse being pur~tsued by the
Opposition is ealculaited to lead to re
suilts which we would all av'oid it pos
sibile. We take it for giranteid, thiat
all of te oppositionl will admit that
their greatest obtjoet ion to thle 31l it a
r'y bilil is theo neigro sull'rago ela use,
this is thue gr'oundt work ot ai//Ipoi
t ion to it. Now let. us see the ocfct
of thiis oppositijon., It is conced ed I that
tihe colored people aro~ in th laj toitIy
in South (Carolina1, tiley' have the t'ight
to vote anid to go to theo Conv'ient jot)
anid fr'ame ai contstit ution for' the State.
Supposo then1 the whitts adopt Mr'.
Periry's policy andi v'ote' atgaintst a Con
vent ion and assert (lieir opposition to
general suaffruage. ho tey suppose
that one11 colored man11 I in a tosanld
would vo0tot tor' thema ? (Certainlly 1101
T1heni t he Conven)titn wotuld be comn
who would tmako a conist itution)1
anid be admnit ted to the Untiion. ()n
obsolote ideas~ of States liigl ts. The'n
supposo (lhe whtolo Staito Gove'rnmnent
should be placedu iln tihe hands1 tof the
blacks (which is c'ertain if' Mr'. Pertry's
advico is takon) rind thecy wvoro to un
dertake to enact tlao most opprecssivo
laws tile iaiginlationi ctan piotutre, un
der' the doctr'ino of (lie r'eserv'ot rights
of the States, and our people still
mlaintain (te1( olexplodetd idea ; what
wovuldt becomo of us ?1 We could ttot
appeal to thie Nor'theirn States for tre..
11cef hease from our Own' 11' sitOulIi fint 0h
Stantes individiual ly have a r'iu~ht to.
maunago the ir a'airM s iu thir own way.
We could not appcal to the Congr.s
or Courits, for the ame reasoii and be
caulSe We woIIId be di honored by ask
ing them to do what ve would not
coenscnt to do ouelvtives. So it will
be seen, itl Ito contend at thik t io
for the niainte:ci ie orf these surreud
cred ideas, may lead to inextricable
colifusinu an1d bring uponhl u1s tho Very
TheCoglhve tknthle matter
of general suffrage in their own hands,
it is the leading idea ink the Military
ill and Aat:iLs forth as a platforn ot
priciide', ; n ow it seemto 1u; t9 be
wise, we voi atccpt the0 platformi,
aid toget,ber with tih republivzctuis teist
tie Oxprimen10Lt fiuly by demanding,
that every State should adlopt it, then
after a f(Ati trial Mn-' ainue, we My
use thi same eains to eradiente the
evil (if it prOve. (ne) that was brought,
t o hwar in its e4tablisAlum-uit.
Any other iicy mit l wee:Sarily
make he I ho preseIt. fInuhise law a per
manent fixsture with us , :nld no nulttor1
wdhether fror. oIrl weal or woe, oe
wolild be powtrlets to reli'VO ol11
Conwtitutionaity of the tilitary Bill.
it is ilile fahioinbile for p lit icians
to di:o'u-s thecnstitionality or t114e
C.oni.w5onaIil [paan of reC('ni1rnetion,1
aul thoi e OPP1sed to this plu, are I
elll ii v fei vere ill thiairconi(leliat ioll of
th( Cor p.~roi.i nd~ tin>l to.-4 i will
*jiet. Wei\ ar1' not cunstit 4
.umi lw ye Is, ot from our , little
i 10 1e.d1, of the un. ena ground]
wor of) Ii our* : lw. we have' been foci--i
bly t uc it the position asunued
by I. l i in: :ud i-n-construt ionilst.
'ini c 2lcl o the war we do not
iviinI.hir to have hliard 41f ally I1ucol
stitutimal 1ct: -onuinit tml by any par
ty until the miitary bill wa.< p:sed by
Congre.,, :anI yet viry b"'dy was in
favori of reconriletion. I f we re
meimuer rightly, the Presi-lent (Mr.
.~lohSOn) propo-ed a plan. ls first
act after the uncondiimmeurlstrender of
our armiis, was to garrison all the
CA les, towns and villages inl (ihe outh,
then ame his an est.y )vulganrly and
properly ealled damnasty) procci-la
t ion, by w h ich mry w/y man in t/,
.%/,w a 4,/ r em no t a1 170 W o I
inhoi still remain in that condition,
not 1ving been lAM b) obtain ia par
don fromi his majet.sv. Next Conven
tionls are calledh.
rcl t' abouish Sl 1ver, througl
their Constn'mi ions, Ohen Listure
woe r called togerer and memnb)bers o
Con(gre's ected, .k., &. no, mi
(Edone b) the i resideOnt. _N ow wVIN
Iwoi lik to ti low it .all these iaet
ni'iO in accrdance with (he pIowe
vest 1 in the President by the Conti
tut ion ? It. hasi been1 said tat (1on.
gress mitakes0 fish, liesh ) Ii: fwiii out f u
just as it pl eases, bu oifII the P re--i dent
h~cd m::le lidh, liesh or f'iwi, ine at a
time or all1 t'iL;thnor as it nuited hi.
purpmecc.;. hO could4. not hacvc formd
(inliaiiitiinal authlorit y for' his acts.
Statesi, cie Trito riesc, if' th were' v
all wer gnI0 ~Iilty (41 triealson1 agaInst thle
4Goverunent and14 (ifer pardion uiiier
cra in con,)d it iuons? Wha:1t rit.:ht to
call a Coniven ton of' th peo ple to4
tframei a C ons~ t ittion a nid abol)[ih
slacver'y ? Whait rigiht to for'eo ever''
whiite mani to takho the oath1 of 111le..
g iline am 111swear to sutpporit 3l1r. Li n-.
whIcichi wasc held by all part ies as uin
consl~t it ut i on al iWhat r'ight to 14)4(1r--'
(ter iroops in (ourl han~se< 01' ofi hotr la:ces'
if' wa were States ? Wh~iat righlt to re
4111u0i thoise ith(I twent y lthousand dol
lars worth'Ii of pr'oper ity and4 I upwars
antd Miilitary and other31 ulieer's to suoC
f'or special pardon ? If' thiee or) any13
ofC theso powers are0 granted((1(4 to the
Pres~idient by thce Constituitioln we
ditn' t kno 11whIero t o lindt thlem.)
'\ iinl nothiwith)st anding 1111 t his, no
man11, r'aisedl his 1voiOcef, aginst the man
or' his acts, who at thie ver'y t ime was8
r'espondinug to cal ls otf soronadinug
part ies, withI speechles in wh ith the
bood of tra itorisc was3 demIlandedl, aye,
the1 blood of Jefferson D~avis and other
So0uthern't leaders. I low was3 it, that
ouri politicians f'ailed to obser've in
.\'. Johnusoni what they see so glar'ing..
ly in (lie Con gress; ? Ilow id c they over-.
Icook thei pailpabuil f'act thiat Andrew
J1ohcnsoni by htis tlan) was seekinug pre.."
eisely wvhat t hey--the r'epublicans are'
doinig by their policly ? Namely:
)Olc'ou ? "They alone are disldoyal
andI tri'utors who violate the CJonstitu..
tion, and they the vilest of' tr'aitors~
who uise th powver of' the Govr'nmenut
to) aid and shiold thomn in tho viola
tioni." And yet, Southernors, who
haveo "boasted otf honors conf'erred on
themi by the peoplO," they who would
"ucornl the wrtohcl who would violato
lihe Const itut ion they aroe sworn to
onnor)0It)'' unaiht and ob..:.ca hii
positiqigs froin th vY. c
man who -disgraied himsefolf aid his
offico by tho.very act which ho '49
fiercely denounces in others. TheSo
very Soutboreors, tlIrougha plan in di
rect antagonis:ta vith the Conistitution
they have sworn to support were
ready, by the acceptance of high olli
ecs, to pIuge thonsolves and their I
country into the very depthsof degra- I
dation and dishoior. Yes, these
Sothiternter- were illing in te pres- i
ence of tho' wold, to kiss the .11oly
hook ald swear to sipport, the Conisti
Iitiot which hal been so foully viola
ted by the act which gave thetni thei'
olliUCS. Aid yet they proclaint to
have contcmttpt for ia inIan who would
accept the Congres sional plan of re
const ruetion, and wo fear all hteeause
they are disfranchised. God save the
Messr;,. Perry. Mlungen and Agaissiz,
the distinguished naturalists of tithe
ieten.tolt ceinttury, have ascorttined
frott exporiieit anld philosopht io re.
sarebit, hat Gentesis, the first book of
the fie] V Bible is a lie.
WO beliere it is not sated what
part icilar complexion of skin old mai
Noah bore, but, it is laid dowtn that he
was the father of tihrce sons who hind
three several wives front whomtt the
worbd Ias sin:eo been peopled.
We presumte no otn- will take issue
With Mr. Perry on the propositiol of
the d istinttneSs of the jaektss tind
raeo horse., but with prolper training,
the fortner would tb le usceptible of an
increase of speed just as the training
or a race horse ituproves him. or
coilrse, the Colpartisilon of the rae
Itorse and jack ass was introduced, by
Mr. Perry in his lito letter as a simile
of tho differonc hetween the whito aund
colored races; and if Mr. P. intended a
comiiment to tho whites, we fear it
will prove a doubtful one, for whilst
all will admit the superior racing
(inalities of the horo, we have never
yet know it disputed, that the jackass
possesse-id more hard horse sense than
the htorse hitmself.
Iti tie same letter, Mr. Perry
speaks of t mit( a tOwsureinent of skulls of
pooplo of differetnt race.q.
There is a diseaseo known amuongvst
physiciais as hyqi'r/hrojhy, and it imay
be possitil, that imanty of the skulls of
white porsons said to have boon exam
itned by naturalists, when in a live
A t any rate, we are constrained to bo
lievo, that ossified substances greatly
prodominate within nany of the live
sktlls of tie presont goteration ; and
whilt mne heads have not become so
itrdened as to preven t speakin.g and
writing tle .tEtgliA language with
Iluoneey, there is a lack of sound sub
Stlce and wisdom in all tley say and
w rite, which num istakably betrays the
workings of this terribie mtalady.
We Itre hteatrd it said by p;hysi,
uiants, thIat personts titus effected were
apt to d eal in high flown, c'lialrocus
ileaof1 the unixoti ICOrder, and depie
Viv remedIt iis are~1 recomntded as a
Weare painted to learn, that tis di
ses pre'vaIils to an ala rinlg ex tent
amon tthe t antti-recnrctt UI iont poiliti.
ian ototh (iarolinta, hut is it be
Ilieved th lt Vthte "negroes black repnh..
I ienn an:d perjured 8outtthernor'' are
peparing a dose to loe ad minisiteted
fthis Isall, wichi w ii lprobably erad i
eat the mttischtievons intfet ion.
General Longstreet's Latter,
readers a letter from this distin
guished pattrlet and sold ier upon the
politiles of' thte day. We would ask
all, to give this ietter a careful p~erul:
al attd weigh well the views presented.
It is a source of the gteatest pridIe to
its to bi~e associatedl in sentiment witht
'i'hte is hardly a man, wmnor
child within tihe torritorial limtits of'
the~ Utnited States whlo does not revere
tite namno of Longstreot. llis deeds
of valor on an htundred battle fields,
itis Itigh social position, and a comnbi
tntiont of all thte reqttisito qiualities ofI
a genitleman, muist give to all lie
writes or says an interest whicht few
persons can coimmand. And at this
particular timto of our great danger
antd ainomtalous political cotndlition, we,
are to look f'or mten of mnoral courage
:md persotnal wvortht to guide us safely
throng~h ;anid wo nmust say, thtat we
feel a peculiar satisfaction ini offering
to the peoplhe of Sontht Carolina the t
opittions of (General Liongstreet wh'ichi I
so nearly coinicidho wi th those we have 1
often oxprossed. to our personal friends.
It does scomt t6 us, that witen snoelt
men as Liongstroet,' Sommnes, Chmalm- 1
rsand Jfoff.' L~ompson, whio htave f
sited their blood for tht htonor of thtee
So~uthI, advise utste accept terms, we t
are in no danger of comproniting our-i
solvos. On the coontrary, of all the a
fieceo advootes~ of passive resistaneo
and ppposition. to reonstruction un- n
docr tihe C~ongressional plan, whlo are of a
mucht note. wo onnot ec.ll the a
'f n , who .uf6ered the os10 of a drop
>f blod during the hvliole 'four years
>f the war
. That (oat,
During the war--not having bcon a
01,Isary or Qtua rteritier
roro a Confederate gray uniform, and
a the strugglo progressed, clothing
cooam1 gradually higher in price and
ur pay just as gradually diminisihed
ii value. Our uniform gradually be
oming soild on thd outer side we had
esourco to an c'xpedient to renovate
t. Our tailor proposed to turn it iii
ide out and did so, returnlog us quite
l handsoiet lookir g coat which we
voreth us mietamnorphiosed for somec time
md uiutil the outer side again became
nuch soilc(l. The same remedy was
epoated again, but unfortniately tle
lot-h had becomoic So rotten tlat the
bread would not long hold it togeti
r,and finially we calmie out of the war
vith 1no coat at all.
A distinguished Confederato Gtenor
il of South Catolin wears a political
noat exactly like our old uniform.
In 1865, the. Geceral's wias (uitc
low and lIc had a minl to show it to
he Mayor of Columbia ; but didn't.
Ln 1867 the coat was turnod inside
>ut and shown ait the great mass met
ntg in Coluimtbia at which 15everly
Nashm igmired, aid now again, the coat is
c-turned mid paraded before (he pub
Lic. It is rather old fashimiod iand di
lapidatod,but with proper carc may last
iatil Mr. Perry drives Vnothir "hrd
Af wild buffaloes" through Coluimbia.
Tho General !Ily consolo limself
towever, with a part of Billy Barlow,
by perverting it th. :
1-0 dear ! miy Coat. is tur1ned 0o'er,
lor ile darlies 'll vote Ior a 'invention"
They Look Mad.
We have observed an angry frown
m the faces of a great many of our
Aitizons of late and were at. a loss to
livino the enuiso ; upon inquiry we
loarn, they are atd because every
body don't agree with them in poli
ics. See people have always had
lings to go according to their own
Iict:tiont, and now, becauso all tle
Jlogs wont wag thoir tails when they
Whistle and snap their finigers, they
[et angry, but they should recol
lect, that evei dogs, occasionally, are
not willing to wag for bad tmasters
who don't promise to food thom.
have always been rather an unruly
"purp" and feel no better disposed
now than heretofore. So, if we are to
give an approving wag of our tail, the
approval must bo baesed upon the
promise of something imioro tangible
than Mr. Perry offers.
We are sorry that people will
infto- a passiont w ithout proper provoca
tion, antd hope-as time dleveloples thle
truth andii corroectness of thle pol icy
of Southern recontstru ctionists,-they
may wag their tails as a pprovingly ats
they were want to be waggled to ini
dlays of yore. "Eriery dog shionbi
have htis daty."
As many cit izenis of this~ District
are in doubt as to whether or not
miilitia oflicers before the war are ex
clud~ed, we would state, that the regis
ters of Fairfield have received 110
orders to exclutde thtem, and will
not, unless regnli red so do biy thie pro
per mtilit ary aut hority. The registers
are required to give all the necessary
information and we would suggest
that ito one shtould be d eterted fromn
gointg before thte board and leatrn for.
thmselves without listening to ru
miors or obeying pubilihed ordlers
wvhiich may be spurious.
Wc dceem it also proper to state in
this counction t hat rumitors have
reaichied thie ears of somne otf thle board,
hat in some inistances igntorant color
Ml mien have been deterred from reg.
strat ion by boinig told1 by whites that
he not of registratiotn would mako
hem liable to be drafted in the army
o fight tIndi ans. We bel ieve thItis to
>o wrong, and hope thoe rumors maiy
>c incorrect, as when officially noti
ned, registers would be compelled to
inve the partiesa(rrestedl and miight
ubject them to vory severe puntishi
nont,shtould they fall itto the hands of
Gen. E. R. S Canby,
Glen. Canmby wvho has boeen ordered
o this District is an old army oflicer,
romn whtich fact wo offer promaise~ of
ct tor timtes to our p0olIc.
A good soldier is apt to be a gen
honma'n and wvill always obey orders,
>ut the people have everything to fear
rom1 a miani who is only a sold icr by
haneio, of doubtfutl character as a got..
lemnan, and more espocially, one who
a addition to thoeso, claims -to be a
tatesmian and a lawyer.
When (Gen. Can4f assumes comn
ind we hope theo people of North
rid South Carolina may be able t
We have hcard frolu a reliablo
source, which we are notat liberty to
publilh, that there will be anl immlenise
pressure L'ought to bear upon thc
Constitutional Convention -of this and
othor States to induco - tloim to so
fraic their Constitutions as to m1ako
it easy for the Legislatuire. to "offor
practical induceen ts'' for innigrants
to settle anmongst us. In order to
place the subject. propOrly before our
readors, we ptropose in our next issuc
to "offer practical inducemenits" to
our laboring chases to think well
over this imatter beforo a fital nis
takn le niade, and will do so under the
head of confiscution.
(14l- Gen. 1"'. Lee h-'is but liCCi
to say I about poltitis, thout1gh whinever
the (q iestiol ik brought Up in his
presece, Ito inivalriably' adh ides his
frieionds to reconstruct the sou thiern
States on the Congrossional plan.
Woul.1 our- people ianethemllselves
dishlonored by (iking thio advice of
this gloriolts old hero ?
Ru1u-mr ummutn'riun Civi"I. Rui a
-.-The foAllowing" decisi.m11 has been rendeired
by the liiited States Cimntilsioner at lHih.
lLtitcnos), August. 20, 180'7.
Lieuttenant HFrml ric, tFr adma's .littcau .
I have tie honor to ackntowliedgo ti h re
c::i V. your W a refurring the caso of
W... h tUll tou lie for imy noction tas United
81t-s Co1itaiSSioner tinder the Civil tighits
bill. It appears that. a colored man, i citi.
zen of Canada, waYL ref'usel Iirst, class ac
coimodatioa onl the steamer Ilatteras,
thoulgh he oflered a11 irt dltic. I n Ill
moplinion the Cii Uiihs bill secures
istic:o and equalty for ail perjms before
I It aw ; ii OtIer words, it laces the color
ed inan1 and white mail ill eia4t11l positions,
but de3 not n" gi t h colored man any ad
vantia that werC not. her0to-oro0 einjoyed
by the Wte lman ; and in this cao at color
ei" 1m)an is lt.1 to sek th e saille remciedy se
einred to whito mnn similarly treated, aitild
bring suit tor danmiges before ittl) courtsJ
having proper jurishetion. I im nit satis
tied i iat a criminal notion can he mustailnel
against the ollicers of thc iletrs in this
cas as the Civil litghts bill appijes only to
Citizens of thle UJnitedl Sttes and territories,
and 0onhl not be conistrted as It protection
to citizn11s of .a foreign country.
V'ery respectlty, your obedient, servant,
Untited Ittes Conuno issic.neri.
It will be seer 1hat the calored unin is re
quired toI seek reth-.:s at. lIw.-icrcury
Spaiug ot "negri) supre icy," the
Tiii:ne, G recley's pa ptr, says:
"T'lere tire 12.000,000 lit* peoplo in tle
S ttt h, u hereof at least 8,00,00irc whites.
There is ample rootin tihero for -5",000.001)
:ior ui crowils are flocking in-ill of
themi whites. Europe is enmding us a lull
thou 4:1nd per dity, and the South proffers
them1t Iceap 11an1d, a 1eiaMl clime, And em1,
ploynent. for every :tort of industrial capa
city. Now, that a good harvest has deliv
ocred tho South froiii t'ainte, and her rccon
strution is itn rapid progrese, thauo l. no
utnly itinnigralts. Twenty years hence
shi will have 2-,000,010 to 10,00),)0 of
peohIle, whereof tilt) blaickS will number
5,0J,.t00 to (,000,00. Uiiless all 1h l Iiws
wiich have hitherto g.verned tie incrlease
of' population aro siv eiried, (ho whites of
tile d1olith . increase fastor than tihe
blicks by i least fatur to one. Not Ilthat the
blacks will lail to inticreaso a(lso, but itey
are nowise reulittel by immigiation, and
caout be. Aie:t ci s four]th Nt volun.
y emigrntis; tho slave Irado is nit itS
ist lo'gs, a:lul no necgr'oes cotittg to thlis
Clountllr1y fromi any:, utert i. Ii ow, thlen, is
it, possible thait Ite 4.00,t00 A' bicks itt
Ithis c'.unttry shtottl overhear. the 8.t,t0pji
tejl luint lit flock'inIg hithter ?
'iTi l ax rri;i, St-orns A xN CX ni IN is t.t:
3uneC~131U5tt.uTt,3. -Th ' Cub (ita Cablet
i- to wotrkin ii r (b'r. 'Thte following tils.
Ipatches pa.:sed thirough tie line ont Satur-i'
Y'To hi E.cec1lenty (1he C'aptain (Genn-a
.l/j/n :Jvo:-As our fascil it ites ot iintericurise
unIlprove. 5o tiny111 our ut ual itereisti 'anid
E. O) (wvsa.
Mayor~'. of Key West."
Thle retply is ts follows:
wi his lionor R. 0. (Gwv'itn, Mayor ofI~y
i'c./:-I. celebit tiihihappy event, wichel,
gi ving us imoro rapid co imica1111ti, will
paweorfully con1 tittribu liwars tilt deilopiul1
menslt ot ouri inutuail int Irscts aiid pr'osperi.
Th'ie first of' thliese diispatchiest was sent
f'rutm Keiy lA'st atl tree (t'clockC iln tihe
afnit ttnn, niilti del iiedt thei1 Ciapjtain)
GIetclt' at eighit o'clock itn theo evtning. -
I t aii .1. ii. liar risont, oneo of the olet
tatd mo115 respected citi'zens oft Selhta, Ala-.
hamau, waus wa'ylaidl andu shot tromn his ho rso
trinti th liuCity to hiis homite nihout twso iiles
in thle cntry. 'I hut wound frotniappear
ance0, wasi1 ilnIIiti'd with ai utisket, . 11s
hal wats bardly biriised, donte apvpatretly
withi the bt ot a1 gunt. il. I. wasII~ robbedl
of valua01 blo papers5, his pistol, a doubile Case
goild. witchl, tandt a Mlasonic badgo whtich lio
always9 carried with im. TheI Mtyor of
Scihna has1. ollferedt a rewti'at' of one thiousand
d IiItts toiri the appriehlon .on of' thle nnitrder-'
nticintg lie a ffair, says:u 'Thi t makes the
fift t hn muride com C ildtit(1 on at ineari thait rouabd
witli1n at ye~ar. Ai. Ltove', an ettitmablo ci.
izen, was killedl andI trobbte ten or I welve
mnth s algo, wvtthini a toew yiaids of te lspot
t hat Wi:nessed tihe mutrder of Mr. Ilar'ri
Tl ho Anigtist a C/hron irle und Sninel assort s
ont the autthority of a memtubor of thit Board
of' Ihegistration, that privato Instructions
lhave beent issued fliat no t'r'edmnan will be
ptormuit ted to lake seats in (fIc approacing
(Git. P'opo having boon3 written to, to
knowi wheltiher' thtero was anty rnuth itt the
report ltto intended issuintg an ordor
stayinig tlho collcotion of' debts, iroplies:u No
conceeivablio cir'c'nistantces couild indnCO moo
tbo interfet'o wIthI the genet'il business of the
St ate, or thiq relti ons of' debtor' atnd credl.
tor :the ontly or'ders. issuedl, or to bo is
suedl, aro such as ar'o considoredl necestary
to th 3OXecti on of' the lleeontstru~ci Acts,
which do tnot. warrant violet changes in thie
ordinary courso of civil busiiiine..i. 'huo 1100.
1)10 itust loo1k for relief to I th State Comtven
lti. I do not consider sucih tuatte1rs WithI.
in my prvovincoe to tadjust."
Tho1 fellow wbio waits toldih fln.he best cure
for thte palpitatlin of the, heart was It) slop
Ihutgdnrg an td k issintg the girls, said: Itf thlti
is thte ontly remecdy which can be ptroposed, I
rny, k-I eor paillelate.
Rail Road Aooidont.
The down passenger train on the
iarlotto & S. 0 *lailroad, met with
l accident on Tuesday tmornin-, re,
;ulting in a gencral smashi up of cars,
t. We are glad to learn that no
perfons were injured. The accident
)ccurred 7 miles above Columbia, and
vas caused by the recent heavy rains
vhich had washed up a portion of the
Tho recent heavy rains must scri
)usly damage tihe crops. Tho cott -
rops especially must suffor, and it is
much foared that the water courses
wvill overflow a groat deal of land nil
submergo portions of the best corn inl
1'ho following report has loen
handed to us of the progress of tho
liCgist rat ion at this placo
WVhit es, 7
Njority for Illaeks, 431
Wo are nuder obligations to our
friend, Mr. Jothin P. Matthews, jr., for
late New York, lltimore, and .licl.
Sn1h1a gem an we present to our
readers to-day, by "IA Pwrt-rn:," is
rare in these our times of prose and
reality., and carries us back on tle
wing of imagination,
"To cheer us as the song of gladsome bird.'
Hon. W. W. Boyce.
This gentleman formerly our imuic.
diate relresentative in Congress and
follow townsman paid us a flying visit
on Thursday, on his way to Washing
All were glad to see Mr. Boyce, and
his friends wish hiin the greatest pros,
perity and happiness.
A trention is called to the advetise.
ment of (. 11. Mc Master, ex'r. Persons
wishing to invest ill real estato will find
it to their intcrest to attend the sale as
proltvy will sell cheap.
Change of Schedule-It will be seen
that there has been a change of schedule
oil tile u. & S. C. It. R
"The Mirror of Life,"
Published in Atlanta, Ga., is a neat
lit tle b und l0 of fun. Though sial I
yet "multum in. parvo" will apply if
there is anything in enjoying a hearty
Tho "Pen and Ponoil,"
The greatest novelty and perhaps
the mot sensilble plin over adopteil to)
give a new p)ublica tin a momentuni
from the sIiart, is that adopted by tho
publllishiers of the "Pen and Pencil.'"
No. 5ia before us, and it is really a
good paflper and well worth the price
10ets. (13 ets. by mnail), besides every
purchaser will have an equal chiaan of
getting $l0.000. Sold' hy tall news
dealers. T. Ri. D)awley & Co., Pub.
lishers, 21 and 23 A nn St. N. Y.
Y virtue of authority conferred upon ma
1 by the Will of Jlohn McMaster, dec'd,
I witt sell on the 1st. Monday in October
nextI, at thei Court Iotnse in Winnshoro, to
the highest bidder, ali the lleal Estate be -
longing to thre estaito of sail- deceased, to
lst. 'The liotel and Loet, 1(60 x 210 feet.,
2dt. 'lThe Si ore and ILot, 50 x'210 fcet.
3d. 'The Stablo, east of liailroadl, and Lot,
105 x 211 feet.
dth I. Tlhe lDwelling lionse, south of Dr.
lluchaan's residence, and lot,80I x 2 I2 fee.
6th. Irilf-acro Lot. in rear of dlwellinag
and1( fronit ig on Vanderhrors.t-strt.
tI h. 'i4.l acres Lnnd adjoin ing Mrs. (il.
hard's farm, 1.1 miles below Winnsrboro, withI
outIlet on I 'anrilen road.
7n h. About. 201) nres bertwreen last tract.
anrd Itie ra ilroad, andu u pon whtich thle farmi
buildings ate sit uatedl, withi outlet on Canm,,
8th. 72 Aces south of tract. No. 9, called
the Etsey tract, adjoining lands of Drx. lu..
chanan and T. W. Woodward, withI outlet
throughi N o. 'i, to t he Columbia roadl.
0th. About 50t acres between the Rail
r ad amli thle Columbiia road.
T1here are old-iel pines on all tho above
tracts. No. 7, has ab~ou~ t) acres of o
nal woods, arnd No. 'J has about 13 acros ~
.F iTmotis On e-six th cash, also cash suffi
cient to pay expenses of sale and costs of
the suit of Riachel McMastor n's. 0. it. Alo.,
Master, et. als., far the b't!aneo, a credit, of
one, t wo andl three years, wvithi interest. fronm
1st day of January, 18t18, purchasers to
give bond and a mortgago of the premisert,
aind to pay for all necessary papers runt
stampi)a. t'o5sessioni to be given on tiho 1st,
of January, 18'08.
(1. H. MeMASTERI,
sept a-t3c' 5xli Executor.
Wmn~snono, S. C., Sept. 2, 1807.
1 E assessorst list-oontining the annual
Taxes of 1864, 1865, and 1866, and
plecial taxes from May 18(15 to May 1868
ave ben placed in moyhands for collection,.
Laymnis of the same is retnh'ed to be
nado to Calvin Brice, D~eputy Collector at
'h following time and places: Yongurea
dlle, 1'.hh and 1 3thI, Winnsboro, 16th, I17th.
8th cod 19th, Alonticello, 21st, Itidgogpy,
Five per cent, penalty will he imnposedl on
Il who inil, to miak e payments at thle timo
Peoitied.A. 8. WALJLA(nIs.
~elnt Collec'r 3d Dist., $, C.