Newspaper Page Text
by 11oN. IHNRY I. JAUKsoN, or OiootolA.
As dii the embers on (he henrth,
And o'er I lie floor (the shtadows fall,
And Creeps ithe chirping cricket frth0,
And ticks the death-watch in tle wall
I See a forim in yonder chair,
That grows beneath (lie wailing light
There are 1ihe IVan, sad feattiro-~Ihere,
The pallid brow, aid locks of white I
My 'aller! when they laid thee down,
And heitapedl tie clay upon thy breasi,
And left I lhe sleeping all alone,
Upon thy narrow couch to rest.,
I knew not why 1 coild not weop
The so(Athing drops I efwed to roll:
And oth ! ithat grief is wil at detp,
Winch Suttles Learless on (lie soul
But when T.saw thy vacant chair
Thinle idleo hat uiponl the wall
'hly book 1the pencilled passage. whoro,
Thine eye had rest ed, last of tl";
The tree bennath whose friendly shade,
Thy Irewbling feet ha'd wandorod forth
The very prints those feet had iade
When last they feebly trol the earth ;
Antd thoughf, while coutnless ages fled,
l'ihy vaAnt sealt would vacant stand
vorn thy hat, thy book unread,
c ed thy footstem from lie sand
witowed, it this cheerless world,
'ha hteart (hint give Its love to ftoe
itn, like a vino. whose tendrils curled
A1er closely round the falling trool
.....!......, on c, iur l 0e 1 nuil heie,
iisled mnaliy forthIt (he scorub ig tears,
Atl o11, nil Imig, aid bitItrly,
Thost tears have giushed in Inter years;
For, as fle world grows-Cold IrIiad,
And things lake otn itir roil thue,
".is sad to learn (lhit, love is fotma.
Alone above (lie tars witi you.
[/*'rnm the Atl'uatic Monthly fur July.]
AN EMBER IITURE.
M' .IA'MI1H it us-st. nwrmg,
flow stirange are the freaki of memory i
The lessons of' lifo we forget,
While at I rifle, a t ick of color,
inl tie wonderful iwel is set.
Ai. by some iordait or frany,
Aud tspilo the wear and tear
Of* tim-1 of disltaneo or- trouble,.
I nsits on its right to bo thtere.
A cianue had brought is ogael ter
Our talik was of athI r.i of' cou;
lye wore iotling, ono to tire ol tier;
Illt. a shrn-I haf hioutr's resource.
Wye spoke ef Frenlch icting and retors,
And their easy, natiri wiy
Of the wet Dior, florl it wits itt iing
As wo drove horo from tire play.
We dehaled the social niot hiigs
Min take such pains to discuss
The itinders ruhimor of it lie
Wero silent tire while for us.
Arrived at her ilor, ve left hier
With a drippingly huirried adieu,
And our wheets went crttehing tire gravel
of' tie oit k darkenred avenruro.
As we drove away ihroigh (lie shadow,
The aotndle ho held in flhe door'
Fromai rain vartrished lree Irulk to free
litmiaed aintor, and flashed to moro
Flashed failter and wholly faled.
hlatore wo iad plassed 1ie wood
hot tte light of tie fiten behid it
Went wit ime and stayed r good.
The vision of scarce a miomentt,
Anid hrdly ieitrked at at Itie timei,
It iiomeis unrbidden to harunit tie.
Like a scrap of' ballad rhyrme.
Had she beauty ?1 Woll, not what threy call
You may fiand a thtound as f'air.
-An yel 01t there''s hier' face in rmtry mem'itory,
With noe spe~ial irightt to hto (here.
As I sit 'omret imres ini I he Iwi'ighit,
Andl callI bact lio in ciD t he coats
ldi (faces and hopites tol fanocies
Lonrg buried -- good irest to thecir souls !
leor face shines out of' (lie embers;
I see hrer hlintg (lhe light,
Aind hrearthIe ertanchi of thIe gr'avel
And (lie $weepl otf tic rairn thratnight.
'Tis a face that. can nevreir grew olbler',
Thtat never coat part withI its gl eam ;
'Tis a gracious possesioni forecver',
V''o what is it. alt bitt a dr'eam.
[ WJrittenfior the PaIi:ieh1 llerald J
History of tho Mount Zion Sooiety, and
the Collogo Established under its Aus
p~ios in Winnsboro, S, 0,
StY P. ii. M'CaiOttT.
Tis paper elosos thre "Rules of' the
Mloutnt Sion Sooiety," as adopted in 1777.
THlE StULES CoXoLUJDED.
XVIII. The Anniversar'y and Quarterly
teotinga shall lie tie only tirre for the
mittttanico of chidren on thIe charity, inte
ode holrel; whIch taftor (the Governors
nave given six weeks pulblio not ice in the
. laizetles of thris State, inftormttg what. nm
br thieir faundi is ahilo or enn al'rd to pro0
sido for, ehall be performied In (lie followiing
htnnnor, via: het0iiren of' stuch ndi
gent Membhers of thris Society, as have been
.Alembehrs for thei space of (lvo years shall
have (lie profoerceo--The poor orphn shall
lie niext noetjeed; (lieu tte child of' an idi.,
geirt widow or widower; anad lastly, tire
chiildr'en of such poor' parient as the Socie
ty sihall deemr worthy of threir bounty.
If I le p'irents of' tie children aure able
to tind clothes for theto, then tire Soct
will tindl t hemr iu board and educat ion: r ci'if
the paurenlts of' stuch chIldren live neair (to
schtool, aund nrio able Ito-boardlli th hIIa
scelves, then the Society will find thema tn
clothres andI O(lduontin. hut If' tire chiildren
ire orphanus, or' their parenits in v'er'y inidi
gent eircumnstanioos, the Soiety will then
find them in clothiee, boairing and educa
tiou, until threy are of' a proper age to lbe
putt to seime trado 0or proefession, No child
whtateor shall be aidmitted 'who Is not, above
(Ire ag of' live yeara.
The tnms of all childiren 'who are candi
dates for admission, are to be tado knowr
to tire Society three weeks beforoe the Anni
versary il due Glovernors bihall make
strict entdry whether they are proper ohb
loots of onarity or not, and report accord
tngly. Such of thie chidron as thre Society,
0n thie considoration of the ireport, shall
adjudge to lie proper objects, shrall be ad-.
mitted on theoihar'ity. hlut niotwitiistand
lng suchl atdinssioni, If' the Soeiety shalt
afterwardsfrud they wroe decoived, they
shall mako soti order on the matter ai'to
thin shall appear just.
XIX. If any Member should die in such
low oircuiinstanos, that lho cannot out of
his estate or elfects be decently injorred,
the President. and wardons s4hllhve pow
er to order all things niecessary for his
fIiuneret, and the expenlce shall be Paid out
of tho fund of ilho sociely. III osii of I lie
denth of any Member in town, the rest ofi
lilt Members, i' regularly Invited by tlie
Ierson appointed to Imvilo I hem. fihall It -
11end the funeral on the forfoiture of one
shilling sorling each unless a sufici ent
excuse as iade at ithe neXt Mccli ; and
the (eretary if called lipoll, sIMI fritishIi a
lit of the members to the pirson authori
ed by lie friends of the decensed to in.
X X. The expense of (lie Society, at each
4f their respective Meetings, shall he do
frayed by le Town meinhers whether p -ie
sent or absent in all equial propoirtion ;
which shall not oxcoed (lie mum or one
dolaWr per nitnber, at cach Au nieist i'
Quarterly Mfeeting, excilsive or oir ienue
Sterling at ech of' thie weekly ois lhi ouighi -
out the year. Thte( country immbliveri are I
piy the samo ratlo also, whenever ley
altend any of the said me etings. Ibe
Presil~idet and Warden10s L11ha1 llive 14%powe to
order. or agree for (he enterilinment of' lie
Society, at eUaLIh Anuniverary niil QUton uirly
1)ay, not, exceeding (1h0 aforeittl suoml:.
Any member giving one week's notive to
the Scoroiry, of hit intention of not at citend
ing, shall be excused his line oil the Quar
XXI. None of (he foregoing Rules sihall
be repealed, not any new oies madel uniit
th flame lias been propose(( iandl djeliverid
in writing, aid uiidergosne flhire Neparate
readings, at three distiiet meetings, one of'
which must ho a G ueneral Alcel ing,at each of
which meetinigs, it imiuil have iet vil I (lie
11#)iWobation of a mljiority of (he iiember
ihe preuit. All queslions in this Siociety
. I''l be deterined byq a idijiiy tor hain
or by ballot, if nay two iiniber.is repii rei,
and if t1e voles are qijil1, tihe Uri. ..leo
shall have Ihe cast1ing vote.
XXIL. That nooin ember h iermiiil lo
s.peak moro thai t wice O one subj ret, un
lessf with the consent of it Inn-iiy 1o eX
plain himself. If rat anly tinw, dlen!hts
shotill nriso cenucriing the ilig "I'
ei th- ohese Ites, the .u inc sil be ii "J,
justed and111 dcketriniiliedI by a niiiijority 1 f ili.
meinbet premsent at, any tiienuil .vct ing of
X X II. Otomuniume. (if lImnigh 1 nec
ry) shi ll , Oin applienliin, hi e peri n t i cI, o l4
formledl by ainy live geteoi u-whe11rs or
th Sociey, who re.aile! i lie couil ry. Tih'
ulisines$is of wtld 0 'mniiillees, which live I.
ho I illed frini thiri' loal siluiions, rh l!
hoe, it, admit, membler-i ino Ohe .oietvy;
likewise to Collect aill ainial :11u11 Iuiarterly
contribtitionls which shall b~econl~.e dute from
tl~ho m iomhet res-idinkg ill ar :t it teir
rempective neiglhuoroilo, ril ti it) :idll
o(her blsinies Itit sh.all be repire'l 01
t.tiomi by thtie Sucioty. They nro alo (1)
nalk1he proper reit'iis ho Ilhe 8ocily, a. I I e
Ano .Ial- n1141 31eetinVIgV of itij.i
proceedings ; the names of trember, with
the itmes of their adiih sion, aiti li Him
they ha ive received, so th :it l ty miv he
rteg illm ly eh t lired i pon tle Io 't flit
Soiedy. WhoWever are npliile O'iceri
and retluse to servo, they phul ay a ile ot
flamrieen shlililings Sterling, nlad lihe C'omlmil
loolshall apiniti oheri , who in like enmie lie
tlinder Ithe '4an111 penally,
XX I V. The chairmen of h Cun my
Coniittes shall lie aippoinitii tieida:ily,
nVild shall haIve pOwCr to Miike hye-Iw5 foli
their own governmient., hitt no power to
tiller or.aniend these Rules, or 1o dlispose of
any monies (hey may receivo for the find,
withtou. first obtaining leave from te socio
ly, unhoss in cse of' tIe diat h of' a lenml
her in indigent cirutimstanevs; then fite
Chlairmlanl 11nd4 mleltbers presenit, fsluI have!
hull power ald auf hor0ity I-) IcC. ngjreenly.
to It thlie IineleonthIi: .-l\d 1hose Iale's
shall lie hinding and in force with all Com
laving orgatized (ho Snelofy, the nex(
s(Ley wias to lalv it inorporit ed ; and the
eatrly udat e of t his act iifter Itie first, shiows
the ener-gy ol'(the adlvociatis of eduecatiiii
prtogresus in thie ealy) thistocry of' Bomb lt 'aro.
lina. It( was but little over- a mnnhI afmt
the ruiles were' iadopfodl in (Charlostoin, whIo i
appliciition was imine to the (Genendl 1i.
sembi~ly' fori an Ac't o1'f iucorporl:i nn. Th'is
was grant ed on thle 13th day113 of' February~i'i,
iln andl over thti State of' 'out hi Cari'itjm, by3
t he I honorable (h tieg'ilaul re (onnil and
(ienorial .\ssembly of the saisl Stiito, &c."
It. is worthy of notice that' the M timi
Zion1 Society was born with (ho Riepublienti
formi of government in t his Stato. .Johr
Ilutledge was the first, lopubliennt (ioverno110
over eocotodi in South Carolina.
hip to theo dato of its inicorporat ion flht
following umeis wore aidded to thei hisI of
members~l- of the Society, besides 11ho fir's
twelvo alrendly given, vir: flobt. Auston,
Jolin linohannu, Joseph lirown, Will jiam
li'own, Sr., Wnm. 1)enny, 'Thomuas ( ordon,
WViini (iveun, William I11ill, ilober't K nox,
Richmard liza m, A lexande'r Love, (XIindimt
M~cCraidy', IIlugh Me oeownI, Andro Tho ''leuip.
son, llenjamini Waller, W illiami Wayne,- in
all sixteni mlor'O.
As wihllaa in tie seilluel, there is ne1
record of any pioceedings of' the Soviety'
for sovoeral years afer' thie dateo of its incor
poration, except int lhe accession ot' new
members, all of whose nes wiill be ginna
ini their pr-oper order
It Is remnarkable that lOhl Mount Zion,"
ts It Is so famliarly cnlled, hias passed
Lhrougth two Inighty revoiltions, and in biothi
lost, valuablo records of hier career.
It. will be lintere~sting to go out of' thic
immeidiate track of this thistor'y, to take a
view of the lives of somue oif the emnoent
persons whio lent t hir~t eniei'gios (o build tup
thisu Society. 'Their talentus and vh-r(ties
elothles its early existence wit h a halo ol
hionor that contemporary supporters of the
Miount ZAlon Society ought not let ga ow
Among the chief of those faithiers of the
Institumtion wichl has tor' foiursooro' yearst
been (lie pride and boast of lFaiirliel 1)is
trict, wvas (Jul. Jons Wis~s. Nuor was this
miilitary title unideservedly given himiu.
Comhilig to lie Carolinas whlile they wore
coloiiios, anti bearing in his bosom tiat
noble but modest patriotismi whilch has
charaoterized so inany of Virginia's "nioll
men byNatureo," lie throw himiself early
nto the struggle fer. indeoedence. llis
worth was too conuspionous to allow tihn to
be kept by an appreoiating pooplo in (lie
backgiroundl. Accordhingly lie was one
among (ho chosen to represent~ what is now
Fairtlild in flue Provineial Congi-ess which
assombled firtu. in Chiarlestlon on theo eleventth
day of January, 1775. lie was also one of
the Comattn fr, the m..~c tcu
Broad and Catawba rivers, whose duty it
way to Carry '-into execution the Contineni.
tal Assouition, atnl for receiving iaid de.
t erinining upjon tijyilicdotils relative, to
JUlNi Winn roso to a Coloneley in (th
levolutioll. lie and Mintor Winnla were
prisoers of l.ord Cornw-illi- while the lat.
ter hwl him whilur quarters in Winnsboro,
aid wvere un-iler tentence (of deatlh tit the
limae. litt GA. Wini had teore (his cast
brei Upon tlie wlater:;, and inotw it wis in
relitn unto hit. Col. Phili ips, of this
hIstraiel, who remaiied loyal to tIe Bit ish
Cirownt, hedl a comiaai.tsioni inl Is AlaIjety's
armily, aniad Was onico captured by 11le A tei
cal troops aitd ituprisoned inl Ca(tIdo:.
Wih th t( replietatiota 11amtong his captorsi of
fihe severit1y hie exhib-ited towa-Itb hliA cap1
tie', it 11my be rI'ni ily infe ri tliit It.
iiaoe would to- ios;t. inl fi ing his djoomi.
ThughI Cl. Philips ] wil no i all reputa.
tion fo anaiiy.ioitvrf.ro
kind il done ! iml ; he wa,; ( qlualy imp:1!a
mlle when : I-ot- I. WeIt it huppecdu t hat.
(Ie god ai inble ('01. Wimia plaCd inl
behitdl of' col. l'hilips, wheriuon file litter
wav rI e:lae Si) Cl. Philips, true to hJim
tintitre, hasten to 11hirow hitimislf hImweent
lis benettr and Illlh---which hl did
d4, 311" 1 ar(1i fie releasC C boathI Co.
Winii ild his Irot h.r llinior.
Cul. Wii was thie e mibAs a prisoner,
durin' whcicl tirne him ar'a For exc-eo was
very cottracled. At (tie extreio end iotf
his daily wilk Ihere wa i i biel: trrow I It hof
hia-11.11-hery, biatt lat. well guded, lie Said
after Ilkte wtr le oien, di ing his cap.
Ii' -, tired fr prayer betoneitt iis i ivi.
fin: hue-o. h t t , stuti- Ia's ot
tie .\lunt Zion College ntow lies in ruinlts,
TAi i he Mout Zin Society hul for iS
tair-st pr enIt a greaut at good man inl llt
wra o 'l. Jolml Winln.
Ge'. WIlia Srother a- Capl:iin l'lI
li.hl n ro lthe ttrsl. WaIeirn of lthe .ie
o., as a, c:tly shied. Of the-e ther, is
lit itle upron tre1oni. They vere hothI in lile
an ay, ihQ :trnier '-ta: iing cnritn-ed n[
ke-lit 1.>w :onelinoa I y lite enemyIl:, while lhe
i .i n l' !
MIii given sotwe incidels in the live:;
ofire of lite originIl foun-tr.i of' the
Ilie e hitory oft ithers will t')w Ie
taivtly itto1-Ikne t uyon, viz : itat. of Col.
Col. a'lylor ah1to, 11 Col. Winntt (tidl, repre.
sente the lDsictL between t he lhrowl aw-l
Ctawha rin-r in a14 tIh irst Provincital Coln.
griss, Anto when ich lev. Mr. Tennant
atil William11 1 .111ry Ityt tio ere .seat fro tt
Chalec.-I'n up1 the countn-ll "to explain 11he
camm of their e'ialnce to #hu lIritish al
tho-itieS, and itduco the inhabitants to
unite in the association, Col. 'Tytor was
re gnete lt join thet and proiotlo the
ohljl." Ile wast~ nle Colonecl of a regi
imet, nad tiing that file pItple of te kip
coutrty wire not eib:ralflced in file cajitila
lion 0of Charlest ona, ho, afteTr nt-ting his
frinidi, tumove-' with theicani t. S4tistert' camp
in North Cariolinia, ile took part in the
batlei of illelvy's Tlecling House, 1 us..
grcea ANill, Ibihy ;Nlqoulll land Ii I ll ning
IRock. lie, vith his b'ot!hcr .hutnes, was
capitured by fihe h it , i the (upioro
for t'undent't unader' ebarge oft a (let aiacmet
oft Tat-' on'si draigoiot. Ite, ttmw evert, ei'
fncted-i hi-i ecae, a1 n well i as hitbr- e':t
Itle did gaainat ervice an nIacstocks, antd
foundert.t.s of the 3tount A 'in .e.iet y.
'attain Thlo~tmist Woodtward, like hit dis-.
to, titledII high pees~illonS in (lie early hi i-tot'y
of u'ourt withidrawal rt lho IlC -~titl Elipire.
- tit w:t; l:eit asouicile by list constitinetncy
asu well ase in Iihnt. itiiortant c'oiuitttee
h)i the~ (ifthI day of I hie first sessioni of thie
Proinetti:tl (Ciongrecs, it wast deite rinianeud
anttigi its memerstorai re iet ot
taah- t ager's. Tw'o'a t igimiets of' itnfan.
Ia'y hlaI i aready baeent otlicered., For' thle
ranagers th lave-ry bet mtatial tI, it, wasit
theigtt, a'nidt bue fotund in t he ' 'back coun.
Chretnwas I then calledl. L wits to be
CoTottlede ut tutne cinpnieillics, and th Itom-.i
tad il' l ii itof ltem was giv'etn to Catain
Thoasitt Woodtwtard. Th'le regiament wats
unttder' the comanid oft (Col. WaVillitatm 'IThomit
soti, iif t.Oangebitrg, whto aterw m atrdt lsto
b~camet i atembtier'ci t .th Moiunt Z ion soce.
the hti e of t rt Ml o1(ultrtie, Jun ii 8thI 1 776a.
An it impor-tanit series of events in thle Ii fo
of' Ciataill Woodilwar'd is cont anedin httids
COnnection withI whtai was calledt thec "'ltegu.
hit ion," a st'elf-con.ituitecd Ir'bunatl fot'r tie
trin d pun r ishmentait of' out lawry. Whlile,
Ithe prilatj of01 tLytnch Law is to be eon
dtctomne, in its'elf', yet It is a sitngulai' fatie
It haL this '-li egutlat ion,"' of whtich Capta in
Wioidar li)iwtts oneo of the foundeilrs, led
eventtually to iho ostablihmtaent of cointty
'our'ts uder (lie Act of' 1769. Hie htaid thent
beena ini thle Carioli nas aboaut four yas
havining etutigr'ated friom Vir'ginia with a large
family3 in 17i65.
Abtout fourteen years afltr Caipt. W~ood.
autd unttitedli ith elteen othter patriots to
estalish a Society ithe object of which was
to butiild uip knowloedgo uphon tho basis of
indtepentdcee, heo fell a v'ictimn to a gatng of
tev'es whtich lad "ado a lodgmtent. onl
(Cdar' Creeik." Delterin ud to bt'ing thtemi
Co jutstie, lhe with a par'ty'of hit neoighblor
went ini putrsutit of Ithema, whean they fit'ed
upon01 his pairty and mortally wounded Capt.
R~ober't JDuehaanit, anothtor of te oilgI
nal twelvo, wos a citizen of Charloston. Ito
wvas ont of' the unfortunato patriots who
dtied utpont the prisotn ship. 1t is said of
htim thtat hto could easily have secured hits
reclease If Ito htad appealed to Col. PhIilhps,
his own 850m4; bitt, heligg an uncomupr'om
isitng enemay of' Groat BrItaIn- lao choso
deat h uapon a pt'ison shIp rathter than a
releaso (lhat couki bo obtaIned In that way
Johnt, 1thbantl, a brother of- Robert,
performed Important servioces in the Itovo.
lut ionary War, and died ait a good old ago
about 1the year 1823. Io was a gentleman
of the old school, and never gave up his
kneo breaohes, sho 1'uokles aud long stock
NotWS on the Situation,
nly 101N. ns. H. 3111.
"'Nevel. despair of lito Ilepulblio," was a
i111,ch lau(ded illiom ll an axilt. Bti imaXimIls
nIvC Iai:vCd a country, and this One (lid not
iave Itomo. 8hm was, very wveak. The
comblined world was too weak to lirm ier.
litt sho lell--/I// /,p /r oren /ands--and fur
coniturti11s ruis laied fai llen I
I, ood. libcri y-loviieg A lnericans almiiost
d mi of, Ith eir country, Ithe events Of h
Li.t t hirteeni years wiould seIn to ho suitli
(ient to wave 111011 from reprollch. From
the repeal of the( AlissItiri Compromise
4ulni S now, IO poriod in but-nan annals of
!!ricofthe ihtraiti'n exhibit Huhtl exception
:tiing lenlers, suli creulidty amltong lthe
people, stlulh tre.1m:hery by rulr1nd11141 ilchI
eiorgotio sel-detrlctioll by the n:ation.
Tie United States have done uore ill
dlth 'e years to awaken confidenco In freo
inlstiluions, and have inflieted mor. injury
upon their own people, uinl created heavier
lmriets lur their children and clilrenl's
chil-Iren, then the united IrIllies and nravies
,t' the icli h could have aoloeoiplished in Iifty
yi:is. Beforo those nlotC close 1 I mny
mIIflerta k0 1o show the ra ITOMUes of ihese
ev ils. U is sulliieit now thit from IM 15I a
h.P.ri whieb is emlpty to thle lit'e of, thle
Constitution Ias been dominiant. The Gov
crnti 24l1Jll I n. bel ill the keeping of its ne
tonus. We reanl of a great man who, whilo
an illflit, was nuirse.d by a wolf. This
inly have been and may again )e IOSSible ;
bt it never hitis beten ail never will be
pu'sible for luen1 of extroeme feemipers 11111
1litolsi to nurse a coisLitttion whoel oly
IWo ik mutual concession for fihe ColIlllull
- TheSou tern peoiple, greatly provoked
nid mIli ogll, abadhilled ithe Un1ion (to
PIS1ervo 1 tie Io s II tittion. \Vhiimn tIe
N itlhern people, less provokied but equtally
ilirgiiled, made warl to preserve ithe Unlit1,
by pIlacing hemitselves Ilnider Itho lead of
uon.011 Who were thle hitter, imtiplieablo ene
inies ( thle Conistitutliont, and who were fore
deteuni1ed to deltroy or reform it.
Aftcr fori yearm of hereoic -ti'nggle, ftie
Soitheri peoplo hiill town their lris be.
cause they were assureill by their enmoties,
Ituel Itaulght by long ItrnisIte but fitiihless
coun.seler iand ollice-holers amolung Ihein
selvis, Shi, by- a) doiig ily would be
again ill tie Uni.)n as hletore- The Slimy
jelievde this and wiihilrew their supports
ind drted their colors. The few who
diboiiieved wer' overpowered. Bult Ioro
(hant Iwo years-i have passed--imore than
imir fihe pIt eriotl of tI h actual confliet-and
ithe Southern people, now (Iliice delitled,
have not enjoyei tihe lessig of the Union!
Why ? oleenuseIheseles of te North
--(rtre to their original hatircd and perfect
Iy lyigicl ii that. halred--declar (he
Union sal111 iotbe reAtirl1 except upon
telm whil p11ractical(ylest r'43oy the Cotnti
tut iol, aid whibch Cilainly leavo 110 Union
except, one ftound iln foreo. And itus far
the Northern people eider have failed to
copilllrehleliI, or have conisonfed to ststain
their ireachery. tud to give lie last devel
opilent of thi mo11siAt remarkable history, we
see me of 0our Soutthern counicellors, who
irged us into secesion as thie only peaceful
method of securing our rights; who ifter
wardls led its to suhjtgation as tile only
net hod. ofesotaping mnilifary despotism ; now
oas ing of the great confidete heretofore
rep'osed In their counlsel, And ad.visilg u1s
to accept (110 ptroposed terms for a new
With such experienteo fresh and still
illerem'ilhg, hiow shall we wonder it' tIto
Mel doubt, if brave mei1n fear, and if good
For thiricon years (he aital revolutior
ham beetn right onaward, and is still onward.
110 is 4tupidl blind h t does n.ot see that
the evils before usare far greater than the
evils pIresien -and bhtiid us. Otir people
htave dea nk ba)ter i lups, but they are ats
hotey whlelfnoprd with CupIs theoy munst
din if t ue ('hil-. ist not.I ten from the
I he m1Iirsing carec of tho:so who1 hiate it, If (the
Gti olemet shall continuel to he admin~is
tertil biy its1 enmtieos,
If' tanylhingt I ma~y say ahall tend, however
slightly3, (Io aver't (lie evils which Ihrneaten
the coulil 4y, 1 shaill not. otnly be slatislied.
imt hiaj y. I hatve no0 par'ty to serve and1
no0 periOal endis (o accotiplish,
hanve. 14 n oite acceptedl by a mtajorlity of (lie
peopule'. I have~' nOeer thtout,~i that wvhat
thle mi:1iitiy bl)0i09ved w'as, t herefore, (rue;
('ore, r'ight.. M~y politiceal life tins beent but
liies0. Wheni policies hatvo been'i adopted
tnd i ixed ini spite of my) opposition, I have
Ilboretd to wortik good results in spite oft my
conitIioits that the piolici ' ere uniiso.-,
Andl whetn I see thie ruin which ha.'s bee
wrought, I tfnn buit l'ejoice in the recolico
Ition tht. I was5 not 0one Of the chosen arolhf
tOcts. I dto hotleove the people hav'e imon t1
edl and1 st1ill miourn't only3 becautso wielledl
men'l htavo riloed and stil1 ruto; antd I bolavo
wicked men have been chioseni to rule inly
bieauso they have made poliiical issues lo
foment populartt passions, and1( hiavo spiled
thteir comilnet andl op)iin to the polmtlar
passlIns so fonmentced.
TheIise notes are, therefore, given tpthe
pulic, claiminig ito title to consid. ation,
exceptI that(1 1hey nyie wiirilleni, ntolt (/ lease
I that pub~lic, but to aid in arrest ing heIt fur.,
Ihcr progress ofa r'evolution whiceh ais heetn
so pirolitio of ruhini inl IhIo past, and .which~l is
so fearfully pregnlant wih ri'tii fur thle
future. .lt may turn out, thaht /o mnnlt-a
nto himan poewer 0(an arrest1 lhis eviohition.
It11 may be (lhat a change of gbvement,
I hrlough ant orldeal of unarcOhl:,/ ineovit able.
lHut th is mutchi every manlh catn 'do : Ile can
son) to it thatt, if' this dostrutctio. luist coof,
it shall not) 0ow0 ifs cin~llg to 1iis conlsent,
if tho Constittioni mulst h' violated, It
shll1 'nb by himt. If' tht Uovernmnent
iutst bto sublverted, it shall lpf the work of
oter's. 'Thils thtertfor'e, pat 101ic render, is
whtatever others may do, y u will sulpportL
I th Contstitut ioni, and 0oppo ~ w~hat is contr~ia
ry thoreto. F'or mark Ithi Whtatever' else
people andt rulers may1) dlothe~y canttlt suip
por't or preserve the lOv ritnment, by violat
In&g its futndIamntIal law,
A Washington felegr 'n to (lhe iloston
Journal says: "r'l e iPr sidenit gave an aul.
thence r'eeontly to ~stvo al represenutatives of
the press~ from a dist cc, who called spo.
ciailly to see him. It lie initerview Iho. sill
ho was willing at,.at ino to furniph proper
informtation for piub atlon, but, ho had rea
son1 within a shiort t ~ 0 O complaint bitterly
of certain personsa o had been to see h110
puihinltg exaggor, edl and false aoco'unts
of conlversations WI -him. Tis praotico
had become no a ylng . to hima, he .said,
lthato should tak earo in $'uture to grant,
iln'or'viewvs only , -seh respetable and
h onorablo journahl to as he know porsonlly."
A nero nmefaligston ptpp'hied fo'lte
1InylIon lnister p; but P'raident John.
son informed hini to Was io' vhaeaoy h
adding, (lint shou1l a Vaoanoy ecetur, ho saw
so roasoni why Las qtont's claims should not
be consIdered. T- (110 InquIry whether the
PresIdent would ..:ant .Lalngebon another
interview in a wnee, ke replieal "ye."
Goueral M, Jef. Thompson on the roliti
Louisvirlie, June 16, 1U07,
George D. Prentice', Esq. :
MY ]:u' Fuunn: You desire me
to writo you my feelings and opinions
under the existing poliiical condition of
th0 country. Your friendship to mno in
0he dark days of the late war, while we
were politically enemies, gives you the
riglht to command ily services in any
way that 1 can return your kindnerS,
an1d therefore I will comply Withi your
request, and ill as few vw9rds its poisible
express my present sentiments. 1 might
cover the whole ground When 1 say
that I heartily concur in the semimonts
cf General Jautes iLongstreet, ; but,
Longst root was a professiona I sohlier,
who fought, like a hero and siurrenldered
like a knight who has beeni unhimiorsed,
anud hie may not go far eniouirh inl his
laniguage to placo himself right before
tile World ; therefore , who was a civil
inn before the war, and only buckld on
lily sabro . , contend for certain "rights'
(as was tUe case with lie artmies on 6i.
thier side,) I can go i t.her than (.cin.
Lun gst reet, for I have resuimed lily so
cial status and have not clianiged my
I tell yon, then, pliinly, that I nover
fought the United States because I hated
the Ufited States. I never fought the
North because I hated thi North. I
did not desire to ho one iota freer than
I was uider the flag of' the Uinion btt
thoro was an abstract political principle
of States rights, and four thousand mil.
lion dollars' worth of Afeani slave ,
that I thought could only be saved out.
of Union. JFIroil the first hostil gun
fired by J)hn Brown at I[arper'a h''r.
ry until the fifth day of June, 1865,
when I surrend'ered ily troops, . was a
fir, square, 111d consistetit clietnly of
abolitionism and those who fought their
battles, but when desolatioll came.
and starvation and ruin stared our
wonen and 'hildren in the face, I fol.
lowed time example of my noble leaders
surrendered all politicaLi 'ights aiid he.
ealn(3 one of the cominlered but still
proud people. Our war has been no
"boy's play." Our surrender was no
farce. , No politician hiad aught to do
with the finale, and our- proulest
and nobleut, simly received a parole sav.
ing, 'lie shall not bo interfered witi by
the United States authorities its long as
ho observes his parole and the laws inl
force whe' u lie may reside." This t ien,
was our actual condition on J uIly 1865.
Inl a short time a iilionl cf soldiers
stacked their guns and resumed the
peaceful lpursuits of life. And in two
short years we have taken giant, strides
inl the marclI of improvement and recon
struction. We have not, been asked to
love the domiinant party, nor to kiss the
rod that smote us; but the victors have
the right to say, "shall we make time
brave mn our friends by courtesy, or
shall we make the cowards friends
through fear?" And they, only have
the right to obey, or leave t he country,
or romain aliens in our own land.
The proper policy for the victors to
pursue is not my policy to discuss, nei.
ther have I a right to complain ; nor wVill
I presume to advise. I can simply set,
moy soldiers al example of' patience. in
dustry and eiterprise-t.o build l) our
hoikemi fortunes and mako the land
bloom again in peace. confidence, and
plenty ; therefore I will accept all courte
sies and favors that the lawv imay grant
me1, and not let lily individutal likes or
dislikes interf'ero wvith my diuty to the
countr'y in wvhich iiy children at least
have an :nterest. 1 Caln now but repeat
what 1 had occasion to repeat once be
foo: '"A pologies for' the past or' prom.1
ises for the future would inieni~te a want
of confidence in liy own integrity. 1
!(ave simpliy doneu what. I coniceived to
beL ily) duty, anid I proposo to do it, now."'
Theli Coiifedei'ate governmtlenit wiped ont
State rights the first yeai- of it s existence
--abloody' wvar wviped out slavery, and
wvipnd out the Confederacy, so they are
obsolete ideas ; and the plain question
niow presented is, "Will you accept
citizenshipip uinder our tennis as conitainied
in this lawv ?"' and I emphiat icall y an
swer, yes. Let chcl and~ every white
man in the South say, '"Abstract ideas
or obsolete thieorieis shiall not govcern inc
for I will look facts in' thie face as lhey'
exist, and iniako the hest out of' lie fmi-.
ture wvithout moping over the past. It
is not to 1)0 presumed that I shall be
asked to compromiso my honioi', or he
false to my friends, for I anm coiiipelled
to obey the la ws, and beinig an~ elector
smuiiply gives mie an opportunity to make
the la ws more favora ble"- then wtill
confidence be restored, and plenty
aboiud on ce more.
Yours, most respet fuil'y,
M. Jl:lwf. TuIOMIrsoN.
The Telegraph gives us an inkling of
Geiieral Sickles' argment against" the
policy of allowing thle F"ederal courts to
iterf ere with matters in the unire'coin
structed States. We huavo heard of'lhis
airgunmenit before. I4 occurred in a con
veisation between two dar'keys emngaged
in robbinig a lieu roost. Omno of them
asked the other whet her lie ioonghit they
were doing right. Th'le reply was,
TIhatms a great moral gfnestion, Samibo.
IlandI down another pullet," So with
Siekles. lle wants the wor'k to go oni,
right or wrong; cnd actually argues that
because thie courts wouild decide the
Reconstruction to be laws uncoulstituttion.
'u1, thorefore they must not be openmed to
the owner of the pullet.--Richmond
A wise man once said, "There are
three things that will surprise us when
we~ get to Hong'-en lmFirst, to find many
bhore whom we did not expect. Socond,
act to fumd many there whtom we did ox
poct. Third, thie greatest* wondor wvill
do to find ourselvos there."*
Tn 'Washington City rumor says .that
aegotiatonms are positively in) progress
Ior the acqtaisition by the IJnited States
A the SaimulwVinh Islands.
The Two Racos--Harmony,
We are gratified to learl, from the
.lexandrit Guzet/.e, that the colored
population of that city are waking U p
to the issues of the day, and aro begin
ning to realizo thu truo character of'
8011 of their would-be leaders from
abroad. Many of thu noro intelligent
ald prominent among them ae Ienoun
cing, in lierco terms, the duplicity and
party trickery of thwose wio seek to use
theni as a lever to hoist thom into oftiee.
'they declaro they vill iever iioninate
on of thoso peopie, or vote for one iun.
der any circmnst anees ; but that their
votes shall, if east, fo a wito in, be
given to Soluo old anid t rust-wortrli eitl
znI. The Guvz tie reiarks, that those
who express ileinselves ill this way
occinpy) a position of intluenew amanong
the colored peolle, and are- fiimiliar with
their pretensionsid w redelietions.
This reivolutioni in Ifeelitng. as we eiarn
[roi the V irginia paper, was caused by
tho a to ehinuaomil Conivition, the
tiijoity of tlt. delgtes. aidmg that
mongrel asseitb'go expres:sing themll.
selves as heing disgusted .with the coi
duct, of tii heleader., and, the disgraceful
manm ente. of that, Imeeting.
Wu have no doubt. but that. the
thitnkinig colored mn in Virtiimia as
well as every whir 06, will hel that
whatever may be their power, it wosihl
be inpolitie to use it in a way to exas.
perate the white resideints, w hetIm they
shol A rahe' strive to oneiliate and
would be, if ithing moe, to ie'ir ir
terest, to cult i te Ilie kildly sentiments
.> the wtes toward them, seeing tihat
they nist, hivo with and be dependent.
ont hieii, at least for some years to
C"1m1e. A bove all party considerations ,
above all dehisive t horis with rea'rd
t.o iit benefits h-stowed uponl thitt by
their recent nfacimetwe hlop'
ihe colorid p(ople of' l te South will coll
-ir their true posiliotn, anid instead of'
opp"eingi tho104e amt1onig whoin they were
rai(e, at Iho bidding of' stiangers for
1:t31y Pimrposes, haey will work withi
tii- ' I)r the bene.. of their section, not
Only nIl >!ti but in, indiustria! p1ur1
Burning the Worms,
AV goiatlonan who has just roturned
fromt ai trip Io the outry iforls us
that th le a a gainlst th Coiton wortis
has assimlled a new type, and that the
situation his thereby become imiore prom.
ising. It, appears that lie worimis e. is
their custon at, a certain stago of their
carreier. have %V'ebbed ti imselves On the
upper branulhes of tlie phat, anl th
plain is to go through th i&els wit.Ih
scissors or shears in hani, cut of t he
banch or branchies on which the coc.
Coonied webs are attached andi burn thn
on the spot. This phn, if geneirally
adopted, cannot fail to utterly desiroy
the pest which has proven such an im
pediment to out planitors. Nor i its
proseeution so ditlicnlt as might. bo im
agined. Wo beheve a hand is expect
ed onan average to cultivate four acres.
'he woIms make their appeara nco after
the ordinary tilbige is over and the crop
is "laid by,' and the hand who ciilt
vates four acres can cutoff tie vebbed
colonies of youtog. worms fromn these four
acres in two days. The clipper Is fol
lowed by a boy with a firo of pine knots
in a wiro basket, or ld tin pan, and with
the destructioni of each n eb millions o
embilryo wormis e'xpire. In those poir.
ions of thimsState anid M\hississippi w~here
thme above menitioned course has been
pursued [lie hope5 of he a phaniters are
beginmtng to revive. Th le reguilar arumy
wvorims-whoise counthL1-se myriiads des
stiroy acres up~on ncres of cotton ini a
sing~lo night-alwayus mnakei their' ap
pearianieeafter thie- webbed .staige hasi:
been~i iasisumed, anid thirii procreatu i en.i
tt'.gy for' the~ season hasi) beent exhaui sted.
Tlo slay lhom [lien you slay them by
the imill iotn, and sh~ould the destructiont
le 'omple- it is piobable that the a rmzy
wormn would not again b hlearid of fotr
y'ears. F~ormrcily it was supposed the
the genuaine Cotton worm did not make
it. appeamntieo imoreo thani once in twentyv
years, but we have been troubled witih
it now for' three siu'essive seasons, iand
uitter exteornmitnat ion lby ire seemis alone
to promise security in the future. We
trmust th1e war ofox termintation will be
puirsted ini all por'tions of thie coun try,
ando that t hereby a goodly piotioni of the
once expecd crop may yet ho sav
Lietters whlich have fr'om time to time
pubilishmed <ml th tOcropj qutesion have' saig.
geste .1 varlions reimeieis on t ho subl ject.
at issue, bitt none gi ves such comIn iete
proimise of success uts the shears anid or
deal by firo. Onte of the pins pr'oposed
by a corresponadenit was to go through
the fiels and1( crush thie webbed amasses
of younig woarms b~y hand. We, how
over, would plrefer' to put our trust in
tire. -N. a.Tns
G a:N. Por r.s [Axrrytt 'ro Os:N. On-.t'
TJho WVasingtoni correspondoent of thae
New York Tribune says :"The letter
of GIenieral Popie to (General Grant, has
occasionied a good deal of commet.t here,
uih is genuerally tbelieved the hiltter ofli
cear will order thio arrest of B. Uf. 11idi
and othier discontenitedl persons. Un
der the Recoustruction Bill Ihe has a
perfect righIt to do so. It will be re
tmeimbered that some time ago General
Giant couuns'elled the arr'est of Governor
Jenikins for' doing exactly what I fill is
now guilty of. Thius .fact strenigthiens
the opinmioni that GIrant will act, in. IIill's
case as ho advised Pope to do in Jenk,
. When oneo of Dr-. (Chlapman's pa
tients revolted at a imonstr'ous dlose
of modioino said :"Why, doctor,
you do not imeatn such a dloo as flhis
for gentlemon ?" thme doctor replied,
"Oh, no, but for working meni."
A Westor'n editor thinks if' the pro..
por way of spelling thio is 'thiough,'
antd bo 'boatax,' the pr'opor way of
spellimg potatoes must be 'pouigiteigh..
toaux.' T1ho new way of spolling
A Dof rorida F.o'ol.
Tle Now Orlouns 1Pic(tyune ia te
They had down inl Florida, not long
since, anlee) Id perhaps have now, a shrewd
old fellow kniowii as "Old Ilunter."'
I'Everybody knew himl). leo was as
deaf as a pout, and through his deaf
niess and ishrowdue ts ho managed com.
plotely to bido his sympithy for eithor
party during tlo war. It was ss
pected, however, that he Iva with
Conlfederates in heart, -.nd that though
hishouse was guardud by the Union
troops, lie sold as many supplies to
ono as to the other, for he dealt in
"stores." ],very mcans had beein
tried by the Union officers to procuro
some admission of preference but
no avail. When reduced to a corner,
ho never lacked expedients to got
himswelf ouit- But o1 day a Union
captain put u1p a het, that he colt]4
trap him ani get his seret. Ilc no
cordin gly went 111) to u11nter's and
skirmished, but not one hilt could ho
get. Ie woul be dead to questions
that were unpleasant, aid the enquir
er Wits hilho. At last there camo
two larte bull dogs into his5 store
fiero flIlowS, and exactly alike.
"Vine dogs, those," Veiled the in
qi~it or inl his ear.
"" '1 lwas t ie reply.
"What are their iaaunes ?'" in tle
SaUnO loud tone.
"Why, ,aid thle (.ld man11, "1 Call
0110, lauregard and t'other MeClol
"1 You do,'' shouted tile enquirers
"which one do 3ou liko best Il"
"ley ?" qteried Hunter, putting
downt his ear.
"W hich do you like ?' was repeated.
"Oh, wall," faid ho, with. a twinklo
inl his eye, "both of 'ei are as ugly as
The cap apin paved thlie let.
On another occasion a party was
drinukinig inl his store, whel on1e of
theiI takilug advaltage of' the old
ilnuI's deaf:ss, proposel a toast
"Iolfre's to old IIouter, tihe two sid.
ed old villaiin ; may.he be kicked to
death by miules, mnd his body sunk in
the sea a hundred fathomrs deep. Mly
no praoyor he said over him, and his
lind soul wander ray less through all
'l'ho toast was dirank in great glee,
in whichl the old man joined.
"hI'e sillo to yOurselvCs, gentlC
Of course ie had not heard a word
that. was said.
Electioneorine tho Darkies.
Tho followin conversaitioi occurrel
betweeI Saiulbo anid a Yankeo itinerant'
Jacobini, in lil gecombe Co.,North C .aro
liii; anid shows how tile tho thing is
manooged down Somb i
J acobin.-- W lSambo how do you
think of voting! this coming election ?
Sainiho -I don't kioV iiuch about
J.- I suppose you know the ecopper.
S.--Dat is a wenomous saipent as lies
ill de grass.
J.-And it ii te a appropriato 1nm
of a party laborinug inl the grass to re-en..
slave yo. or race. You must voto for
8.-Ie people 'hout. yere has 'friend
2e1 me sinc weJ's beeni ireo. Could you
lurnilh its up youri way wiol prowvisions
aniddand to 111 mke crops antd so on?
J -We0 hav'e not got so much01 landl
idle as hwre, hbut t huen wo inltenld thuat
S.-1 tinik I. had better stick up to
myc owin folks I 'so boeen know ing so long.
D ey ain able1 to beidp us', and seeml berv
J.-Yes, but if you1 will voto with as,
we wvant to pll them down from where
8.-H ow can1 dait, do me alny good ?
If dey was pulled down ally tower* dev
could not help1 m11( so muchi. I shill
stiekl< un to 'eml.
J.-if I see you again I shall remlemi
youi. You are a d-in fool, anly.
A Dr.slnn-ren I1raXr,-On Satuirday last
a white womian in I lamburg regniested a
colored womairn, th1e wifo of an old colored
manl in Ithe empl~oy of t ho South Carolina
Itailroadl, to takoe charge of an infanlt for
her for a few hiours, sta1ting t hat, she wished
to go down t he ronid and would ret urn on
ho evening train. Thle colored womianl
took I le child and has it yet, Itie white wo
mar hain~g fauiledl to return11. Tfhe womn
is dhescriiiied as "'goodl lookinog,' and about
i wenity-thriee or I woiuiy-fouir years of age.
Thle chil is4 a fine boy ablout four weeks ol
Cohonch James W. Meredhith has the littlo
st ranlger il chaiirgo for thle present. Heo
thbinks thle moot her shoohl conme for hecr chi lds
or send himo somne olihes, ais thle 11ule fael.
low wals nearly naked whenu luft in charge
of the old' colored womnan.--Augualda (Jon
A mani anid wife were Hitting at, bo Ofas'.
ihe 0 olher day-thte hiusboand trying to rn
the panper, ,while the wile was leotuirig him
oni ins <hissplted hours. Hie sudenh'ly4Mi
ed up fromu his pnaper anid said : "Hlere iiI
perfectly correct. se11nment. A writer hi
this~ paper says tile hest caupital to begIn lifo
wiuh is a caplital wlfe" I' That's very true
dear,"' replied the ii ifo smiling, thInking
I liat hois )ererk would elicit a complImont,
"But where cenn you always get, them ? In
the deaf? tand idunmb naylu, of course." As.
symipaithleti novelists say, "we 'will niot fmr
thr invado this scene of quiet do~mestioi.
'Six things," says Hamilton, "are
requisite to create a happy hoen. In
tegrity must he the a'rebitect and tioli,
ness the uipholsterer. It, must be warmi.
c'd by auf'ection and induistry must be
the ventlilator, renowing the atmospheore,
aund brmigmig mn fresh salubriuty day by
day; whlilo over all, na a protectitug
glory and canopy, nlothing will suIIico
except the blossing of %Zod."
An Iown paper is printed entirely
mn rod ink. An exchange attys that
bte editor is determinedl to have his
It is said that Rloger' A. Pryor, in.
Lends to start a wvo ly Johnson pa per
niex6-Fall ini conjunction with JBen.