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A i n-Beiutful Dreamer.
?liserable screitmer, over 1he way,
:ullfrogs and toirents are echooing Ohy Ty
bounds like thile own eacth ,unorning we
Jit as the man with the charcoal draws
Misdrablo screamer, murd'ress of song,
.1,1st while I beg thee to cease thy wild
(ono aro (by fearus of sleoping too long
Misorable screamer, you've ruined ly
Mkiorablo screamer you'vo ruined my
Miserable screamer, out on the sea,
lany it pojrpoiso is sighing for (he;
O'er the blue waves liostroamer:i are horne,
Oth, do buy a ticket and start in tho inorn I
hiiserablo screamor, gladden uimy heart
Cease that "queer" song Lilat disturbs miy
It from tiat window you (o not dopart,
liserable Sciemer, I'll call I th polico I
Alisorablo screamer, I'll call the police I
History of tho Mount Zion Sooiety, and
tho Oollogo Establishod under its Aus
pioes in Winnsboro, S. C.
BY Di. 11. l'on'ilii'r.
1778. Maj. Htendrson and Col. IHarden
lotl took an active part in Cho levolutioia.
ry campa:;ns in Soutlh Carolina. Itobert,
Li:h1'gow served is a lielonant. John
Laurouce was woundeil fi a c!tish near
onufort., Fobuary t"(, 1779.
Captain Iinglh 'ilillng, of tils District,
ws very active in the cause of ladopen.
donce. Io was once pursued by tories who
entered his house, anud domanded inforina
ionl of his wife as to (lie Captain's hiding
plaeo. At that, very timo ho was conccal
ed under one corner of his humble cottago.
The enomy ran their swords down through
the oponings in the floor to discover him
but failing, they resorted to their accustom.
ed cruelty to extort a revelation. They
heated ho ltongs and applied them whilo hot
to the limbs of Mrs. Milling, calling upon
hor to tell whero her himband was, but
tort uring could not, bring outl. the secret. So
they gmve tip tho hunt. Capt. Milling
served as shcritf one form.
A ndrew P'ickotn commandel a compatny
in the fortilied camps, tit. Ninefy-.Six, when
IlIo garrisin thiere, minder Maj. Maytion and
Androw Williamson ((th latiter subseputt
ly icoming a memiber of the Molant Zion
HoClety) wits nl ached by (the lories uider
Maj. ihinson. Capiin Pickutns became
distinguished afterwards for his gallaint con.
dut, il the war fur lIberty. William St rott
or, Jr., who joined Cto sooioty iis year,was
the son or 1n. Strothier, one of i he early
iettlers of Fairifehl. O(no of these Villinm
Strother-s died in Ihoejail in Camden whilo
it prisolner thereo at (hi limo Col. Winn, aind
several patilos were hold captives Iy rord
Raclon. Thlo rooord doca nut dtitu whoi
or it vas to "8eitor" or "Junior" Wil.
1779. It appears that (lie active work
d iianded by I ho military necessities of this
year, did not. provent (le imeol ings of thme
lociety. judging froin the contiited acecs.
smions of now nombers down to the close of
Alex. Alexanler, a schoolimnaster in
Chiac'leion cast in his itnlhtence with Ithle
buihllora til otf Aount. Zion College. ito
was one of the 8ieoretarica, as wi'll be sebut
heroitter. Alore I ian this, he wits Oneo of
t.hoso twontly-tivo pitriuts who in Ih liFaill
of 1 7Gii, after I le repeal of' ihe Stamtp Aet,
invYited Christopher (indsdenm to nmeet t hem
uinder thi .ie Oak in Chiailest on (which
wats after titt mee't inig calied ihe "'Liberty
Ock''), wher'e t hey hadl a collat ion prepCared
f'or the ooonsiont, which was onte of mui tual
contgratuilatiotn on the repeat of said Act.
Theriet also biename membhers (lisa year,
WjIlianm Irown, WilIliami Ihenson, Isano
iRrad well, R1ichiard Buchmnastler, .1 eremniahI
ihrower', Johniiihennell, Johnt Brya n, Julhn
Jlury3, Daniel Iloll, John Unaddley,---whio
was Otto or those confined otn hoard of the
Prnison-ship TIorbay tha lnt hin uthle Charles
ton liarbor it Mlay 1781 - enjmnin ('d.
worth, Francis Cobdin, Gilbort Chalmers, J.
.lwintg Calhtoun.-w~ho was a cousin of lion.
J1ohnt C. Caltoun, lived it Abbevillo Dis
tiet, andi was lho "flist person edutonted in
ithe ntative woods of CarolIa." Hoe after
wttrcs graduated at P'rncoton College, it
Now Jersey, becamon emhlttnt as a lawyer,
and cied white a Sonmator it Congrss.
Clement Ccityers, Jolin Chappello, Georgo
(Carteri, Pecterr Conyors, Nat han Ch ildo,--a
prlint or of Charlest ont who puiblishe~d thie
''Rules" of (lie Society wichel have already
appeitred itn these palters; Jaites Carmtn..
chnol, John Cox, WillIam Downes, John'
D~av idson, Thoitas Darriogt on, Johni Frow,
James Fagain, 'imton Floretinet, James
Flolin, Field F~arrr, Jno. Fratzer, Ilonj*
Ford, Thee. F~oll, Wmn. Filshboutrno, Jamies
Fields, llenj. Giodfrey, Johni (Greon, Wim.
Grahatm, Jas. CGready, Jino. Oliuore, Satm.
Gtrtbetr, Wmt. Ha. (llbbes, John Hu ger,-.
who was a member of thle Commtnons-Hotuso
of Aembly frotm Pobruary 1773 to Soptom-.
bor 1775, whient It was dissoolvedthent a
meomber' of the 1'rovlnolal Congress, and
also of thme Counoilof Saf'ety--thon elected
Seeretary of State tinder is Exoellentoy
John Ructledlgo; Thoe. Holmes, Wma. Hoext,
Rloht. Howard, ElIy Korshaw,-a eaptain In
the 3d reghtmont of Rangers, was itn the
siego of Chiarlosbtn, and whon te City
capitulated ho was put aboard a prison-shIp,
witht miany others, sent off to Dleoudla, but
umpon the voyage died of typhusa dysentery ;'
'/oph. K(ingsley, Eldward Lacoy, Nathaniel
LIbby,-another of the "Liberty .Tree"
patrilog sroll as a captive ott the prison.
shItp Tor'bay ; is trade was tht of a' ship
carpentor In Charleston ; Etel Laurence,
Jos. Laatr, Georgo Logan, James Mlooro,
Jas. Midkeown, J. Mcoelloughc, Johnm hiun
*orqof,-.-amother vlotim of te prison-shlp
Thos. Ml'Crea, Jno, D. Millecr,-.woundled In
the a (ne~tutar Deoanfort, 3d Febritary,
17795 af~I orrow, WIlliam Mtills, Jame
Fur kois.Peter Prow, no, om.,
John Peak, Henry Peronnoau,-appointed
one of the public Treasurors, 23d February,
1771 ; John Parkitlson, Philip Prioleau,--a
prisoner on the ship Torbay; Jonj. Postell,
Archibald lisk, John Italph,-woundod in
the skirmish near Beaufort, Ad February,
1779; Wmll. Riddle, William Russel, George
(lenorson, Uenfantir 3tussel, Peter Smith,
Jaq. Smith, Wm1. 8.11! 'idge, James Sled
1nan, Jeremn. Seym ou;, Jamnes Stricktind,
Alex. Smith,.William Smith, Robert Smith,
DnAis SWienCy, John Sullivan, Bracey
Singl oion, John Suteliffe, John Vander
haost,-who was a lieutoiant in the third
regiment of laugeris, and once owned land
in what is now the corporato limits of
Wmnnsboro, near (ho site of Mount Zion
Collego Josiah Watts, Chrisfopher Willi.
man, El h. l inohoisfor, William Wostona,
Robert Way, Philemon Waters, Isaac Woth
erly, John 1. Nixon, William Nesbit.
1780. In the course of thia year oily
about half as many auw memberns were
received as had been the year previous.
The Rloyal forces under Sir licury Clinton
laid seigo to Charleston early in the camt
paign of this year, and those interested inl
the welfare of the Mount Zion Society had
their attention called off to Inectiengs of
moro imnediate importance than thoso of
the Society itself. Still, up to the ti of
lay, just four days beforo tho city was
surrendered to the Iritish army ad navy,
there had been about fifty names added to
the list. And from that dato to (to 111h of
March, 1781, there is a blanmk in the records
of tho Society.
'As the British did not evncuii.'le - '
Ion until tho 1'ith of December, 1782, it is
fair to infer no neetings4 of tho Society
wero held in (te meaitime. Nor i-i it im.
probable inhat ihlo records we e dest; oyed
atier the fall of the city. Or Ihey itmay have
been destroyed by Cornwallis' arily when
quartered in 1780-31 in Wimnsboro, as it in
not unlikely that they wore sent Up to (lie
Comiitteo here for safe.eeping.
Tho following are lhe naimei of those who
were admitted to iammbership this year
Eanmuel Abrahms, James Beathlaman,
Davit 1!urger, Peter Ioc.iuet, Lacob,
Ilmino, Daniael Cannon,--aioi her of (lie
twenty-five palriots vho in 1706 met unelor
tho Liberty Tree to hear )Ir. GJaddetn ad
dress them, and who was a plain carpenter
by trado,--ho was also one of tho thirty
mombors representing Charleton in (ie
'rovincial Congress ; William Clancey, Jno.
Caldwell, William Doughty, .oseph lliot',
J1ohn11 Ellison, William tiElliion, aJohn Grigg,
tichard U oagl,- one of lie coimmui (teo of
Cho larish of St. Jolin for carryl ig inlio
excoutiii tlie Conmtineintal Association,
&cu; Tucher llarris, Thomns l iarris,--one
of (lao Torbay prisonl-ship eApt ives ; Williaim
Hazard, Jauies Keninedy, Willaiam Keith,
Sam. Logan, Charles .Lining, (leorge Logan,
Jr., Lambert. Lance, Samtiamel AoCorkell,
Anatlony Monteil, Wmn. Mitcholl, ly. Mou1l
trie, Jr.,-who was in the battlo of Port
Moil trio ; Wima. .cCrOm,, Wmi1. IAalarhy, Prn.
Nicholson, Charles l'incaey,-who was
ChJiaef Justice of lo Province of Souith
Caroliia, lresident of (lie Provincial Conl.
gress, oue of tho signers of the Federal
Constitut ion adopted in 1787, aidii more
than once Giovornor of the State ; he was
t0o frather of Charles Cotesworh aind I hos.
Pinckney ; Abraham Pearco, Michael Quit,
Ilugh Swinton, James 8tedman, William
Sooit, Chanrles Skirving, lRichard Savage,
St opho n Shirowsbury, -a ibwisoner on (lie
(tie shaip Torbaay, 1781 ; Richaard Thodld, Wmn.
Ta'te, Abraam Waighit, Jno1. P'. Waurd, Wm.
Witahaer, J ames Weehly, and Andrew Wi!,
As before stated, (hore is an inlerval of
about two yeais, which is now reachled, and
in which t hero Is no record whantever.
Passing over this b~lank in (lie history of (lie
Society (though it was a period of gr-eat
sual'oring to (lao infant St ate), thie slyhectI
or'thmeso papers now oponis intoi abroaukr
elhannel, and thie prospect of'(lao growinag
socie13y attracts nmore attention, iad elicits
Thlero is ono notable featuaro in this
record so far as it per alins to (ho lint, of
names already giv Jt is, (lout out of' all
those gliven, an 1 mauny more which are yet,
to alhpear-thint is of (lie four hunaidrLd ad
thirty-three mneimer of thmo society up to
near lthe close of 178.1, there are not maore
than a dozen who had a middle namea. As
a contrast to that niow, it Is doubat ful, thme
same number of names of personms liviing
being taken promiscuaously, if thero could
be found a dozen that, bore hut one name.
IL, will lhave been observed thiatne intima
tIon has yet been givenm of any mochool being
established by theo Mount Zion Society,
althmough (lie condition upon which it was
incorp~oratedl lsreciteodas follows in thie Act
of thae18tl(h of'February, 1777,viz: "Whereo
as several of the ihbitants of this Ar nte
have assoclatled thaemselves toget haer, under
the name of (ho Mount Sion Society, for (lie
purpose of foundingaf, ondowing and suppoa-t_
lug a Publio School in the Dint, lct of Cam
den,* for (lho educationi and istruchtion of
Yoth and have mado humble appliciuon
&e. It Is not diflicult, however, for us to
undoesanl wvhy this dciay was caused hav
lng so reccentlhy a severe ilhust rat ion of' whit
ani impediment to progress war is.
*Abouit that (lane Camden District wasa
divided Into counties of which Fairfiel was
1788. When "grimn.visaged War [had]
"smoothed hals wrinkled fro'nt," and Peace
came gilding In with mulling face to eloer
the land so lately bathedl 'I blood, there
might have boon seen a few war-worn
pat riots, and liberated captives assembled
in theooity of Chanrleston on the 28th of
Februanry, 1788. Thore was Charlos Cotes
worth 1ickney, tbo ratatesman and warrn
ar; thore too DanIel Cannon, the carpenter
-acme Whose deeds are written apon the
Indelible monuments of history, othere
whose clvio and military glory shall ever
remnain " unhonored and unsung." hin
(hey have all met under the most auspici
ous oircusaaos, and ,outl,. hert
congratulatious nre iutually extended,'
that. the war over and ludepeindenco gainsl,
th o.jeot of their licouliar care, the Col
lego o be0 efsabslel in Camtden li:rlct,
coIccived nnid tie tgonies of i bloody
strife, shold be born urAder file negis of
1iherly iad nmid tilhe hliciniigs of Peace.
h'leqe cligrafulafions were net to be kept
within he(l limits of tle Society. They
it be extended to flie Commitleo whIlol
had very early after tle formation of tho
8oclety been organIzed in Winusboro; as
the following letter will allow:
Charleston, March 7th, 1783.
After congratulating you onl fhe nembers
"of ite Mount ion Society having it once
'm re in their power to meet regularly,
''and again promuoto ciel a I:laudablo under
''taking; it is with siigular. plesutro I obey
"the orders of the Society, ht ice in hig
"you, tlint, at our anniversary,the 2','t h Feb
"'ruary list, fhe following oijccers were thuly
"'elected fur (ho enisuing year, except tle
"'Directori wici Ogrecablo to tie toth
''rule, are for three years, iiz :
"'.dohns Hinger, Plelctl ; Peter e
"3enior Wattlens ; Tucker iarris, Jur-ior
"WardIen ; llugh winton, Tr-easurer ; Wit
"'linl- Itusel, Secrclary ; lehalbodi Aftwell
'and eorge Dolnor, Steward. -G ovornurs
"'or Dirtectors, John 'iainn, Jos. Kirkltind,
"John I chananJolni Woodward, Rtichard
"W~vilitn, lluitry hlunter, John Milling, for
"4he Coutilry--and Clarles C.- Pintchne y,
"IoetKnox, John Dhaddeley, Pl.Lllnjami
WlIler,1 liel Caunson,anid William Doughs
"'ly, for tle loInn.
"Inl Iopel Ilhit IhIto Sociely will shiortly
"'louraih ts 'rapillv s hicIofor:-lIto,
'lave su(evibe mydf with rincero re
Oenis. your mo-tt ubedient i'crvzanl,
WV 1. ,:4 n .1.,p
T)hai j letter i; adtdressed to "The Commatit
c of .Uont liin Itill." Aid] just. hacre it
i I ell to nof01 the origiN of (Ito niame of fihe
&> ndy and Colhge which fourms the n-ub)ject.
of the 1hitory. The render will ren et
ai it the Iveninable to tihe iles is prefaccd
with ait 4jotltiotn f'oa-1 tho prophecy of
Iaiah. Ily refrenco to thar, quotal ionl it
Will he enl (It Ilhat Ilic'nPci occtrS the w-ordl
"Sion" (i e pteanf. rpell*ng i., nat ogether
with a "Z"). '.nI it. is plainl ihat tihe Com
tiie iln Witnm;boro 110 nIrcased ':It
M1ount .'iont lill" lecuse. tlie College to
which a1llahe Society's enlergy was devoted,
ad all its hiopes directed, was to bo nih
ilted itn IvnintAtsloro. Upon a lit O examoi
aialionl, tite quotniion alhittle-I t) will discov
er'itself ts pectliarly adapted to lito ue
whichi is inalo ot' it. For ht peace,
beaily, joy nid I.raisie was tihe w-reath of
bltMints whilt ctowned tle liopes itf 1777,
atid (ihe realtieut o i.
At (the annivet ary meing allttded to in
ilie le tir nhrn:e, a Czntnittco aipointed at
a previouas i g oi tho atine year made a
report nijon (th tate of I he Sociely after
the war, a pIat of* withith oport. was trats
mlitled throught l ec einry of the Colms
mtifto it Winnsboro. Thia c:drsact reads
"The Comniiiteo ont the state andi comil
tiou of tie Monti Siott Society.
Titit.on en(juiry (hey ind ithe temporary
school at WinitsboIo broke up1 by tile oie
tay, ihe country books ai jomi-nal; of tle
Soietly destroyed, It (lie temporary cthool
ho w:e. boat dinu house andA otlher buildings
ate stantding anid emalirely safe, and undelr
t ecato'ot CIl. ilichainnti aIiit t ptresent.
'Theay trecontemii Ibi.t, lhe, and (Iho rest of' the
ciiitnt' y G ovrnors ort l'iitc t . , h erques
so1Ps ti t'esiditi the 3:5 ihti ildingtd, ot'
ol therwisei to let.l ihe ill ai mannerot most to
the advant:a:'a o f theSoie y, till they are'
ale to tetiuino thet oiina i piiilan of the
Y'our C'oommittec areo of opstiiin tat, the
schcool cannttot h~e erutled' on immiattl etc'y oat
accouti of (the want of' a nmtatetr and btook.
th scar'city cf pr'ovidons int tho coutriy,
nndl (tho presen't. low sttet of the Socciety's
IThey recolmnendi that fihn (ov'ernors in
the coaufry bcedireofed to enquitaro ini 0to
furthecr coitiont.t of1 thle lihilitni, antd re.
pi ieeoti to thut Aciety as early as p'os.
lyor' ler' of: tho Socicly,
W. Ecr ssmn~.,,
Hlov- tr'ue that htiit'y irepeatts itielt' I A
repot opon tho sf ato and iondiit ion of the
Booiety and schtool just cifter Hbielrman's
destruietire marchn~, in almotst (lie ver'y words
of thte tabovo, ntight htaye bootn corr'ectly
'VTohe blilingct alle to lan the report
sf 11tood t' what is now the r'esidenace of'
C'apt. Jordant, andl (the teto mietioln t.
tho schtool the~re was brokeni uip by tho ene-.
tmy is all thant is left uts of the uchtool 'ring
theo levoluttiont. Whlo wtere the teacher's, or'
htow long~ thet exel ciseS of' the school continu
edl before the livasiona of hord Corniwaltiu,
does5 not ahpear. Th'le ll-iflish troops coou
pied WIinnshboro0 fr-om October, 1780O, uintil
somet imo its Jantuaty, 1781i. T1hereo is no
dout thte bcooks and joursanas of Ito Society
and school wvero diestroyedl durting thtte~.
viodl, nor were the exer'cie of theo schtool
resmted unttil uomei time after (the watr ter -
A I~-taRn Coox.----Theo Lyntchburtg DI 'n
iian ayei a white coon wits recen'tly captured
neatr F~amville. Tlhat. coon htad nao righat to
be white. It was disoyal. It ovitnced a
rebellious spii. it shtowed tithe wits not
elevatbed above low preiudices of' erast e andi
clor. Heo ousght to be dlisftanisied. Somto..
bodly outght, to reconitn tt himit, andt f'inally
conaflscatiotn would (1o him ntohatrm, and per
haps mucthf good. The Nationtil lifo Is im-.
prdedioc whten coot~ huist en being whlito.
T'he mtost pastriotlo Cottgress thalt 'over sat
otight to tatke tat coon tuder consideo'ation
andti guarantee to htim a republican forms of
A colored mn in Mautry Couanty, TFot.
whose itelont patohk had oft en beets invadied
hiir'ed an'other colored man to watoh (the
patcht at night, glviktihim a-gun and ordler- I
nfg hti .0fire bit sottig any one In (tho vil-i
nhy. Tito propt-letor- coneladedl tht Ito
wotild walk ronud that night and see if lila'
setinel was attending to hals duty. The
entinel fired atnd killed hn itnis lttatl.-(
[Froan tho 8t. Louis Domoorat.]
Wilkes rooth Again.
A NEW GOLUTloN oU THE MYSTERY--A
GoOD STOnY AwlYAYOM.Y TOlUD.
We pulhlishi the following letor
becauso it comcs to t froli a goutle
man in whos.e tvIluhfinos we have
ren,4on to ut conficonce, and who
holds a potion v.ihich shaoult be al
guaranitee of hi44 integri ty. .But thle
story which be tells is a very stranlge
one, aind i may have been imposed
upon by the Alabama refugee, though
he assures 'is that the said refu"ee
was known to him ais "a gcniianmu lo
uniinp-achable haracttr."' The isto.
ry is as drinitie ai tlie topic upin
whieh it bear.s is mysteriois
Ea1trronts DEIMOVInA- : i-llavin heard
s5o muItch conecrning this most 1iysteri
oui of all mysteries, I ani led to re
lato a story as it was told to tile by it
gentloinan in the imonth of M ay, -1 86
who was tipwards of fift y years old.
Thili man was not an entire :,Aranger
to mizysolf, and I feel boin to say that
so far na iny bushiess transactions with
hii woro oncoriod, lie proved him
self strictly h1onior'able. Il1 was a,
refitgeo fromn the Stato of Alabama,
and employed in 1864 and 186.5 inl
tll) lulrtilitrmiter's department at
Wlsingtoln , D). U.
WO weru scated 1 oun evei11'g ex
cln:1ging" our v ieVs :is to the bes't mlode
of reconstructiig the Monith S4 itaot,
whon ho stated : "You believe J.
W%,ilces .11ooth is dead, but do not
and at liy apparent surprise, he cn
ttimlt "Ye V Iure!y h.elieve' thatd he4
was alive dun1e 1 , 1 8(, and my reas
01ts for so believing are these : I had
just boon discharged from governmeint
cpllII'.oy and was seatel il my roolm
011W Cvciinp, soon after tie iigmed
Booth had been captured and ki led,
whon I heard a low rap at my room
door, and at a request to como il, a
poor old bear entered, p~parently
sixty years obl-gray-haired, w
kIed visage, a id Ilumped back--carry
ing a imiall Ilurile ofi clothe::. 'Ile
igged lem to pity th lorriv.ows of a
ptoor old lali, who had just lot his
Only son1 inl the ion armV, ani ak
ed shelter for the night. ~. g:avo him1i
a 1)b(1 inl l a pairtment separiatod Irolm1
ily owl 1by planl l Itpliorarl 13ily ntail
ed upright, which had beti don011 by
other emphuyees, who vero then di';
elarged and gonle hottme. I gave the
old begg:Ir 1mly lam1p ald refired to
my cot. Fromii where F lay I could
sec all him ilovemnctits within tile lit
Ie rootim flit toui a knot hole Il the
plan1k, and 'I nloti e'd lie was extreme
ly particulhr about a M.lind for the
little window, and he even f ook of his
cont and used it for a blind :he t10(hen
scated him.elf i at a small table aid le
gain writing with . a pencil. I watched
liiti closely, aid he wro' ' perhaps tenl
minutes and thlou walked out into myi
root0m and asked the way out, saying
that It was .ok. I opened the door
for him and'hiwalked out, and I re
sullod ily bed. li1 had niot been out
long when some11 one askel him in a
low tonto if ho Was ready. He replied,
"Yes, what news 7' and Vas answered,
"Nono , only Mr. JAhnon wishes you
to mako hasto. 110 usnyvs, ie cannot
breatho easy tintili you aro oi board
tle vewsel." "And no donbt ie wish
es tili vessel may founder," was my
guest's reply, ra ther hoarsely antil
scarceely audible ; but ho conttinued,
'"1 ntu't be ofif in thie m'orn ini', so fare
Th'len lie returned to hiis r'oomi, antd
I asked himt if lie wats going~ across tihe
oceant', whtjl jic quet ion somacd to i tar
Hle hiim ; atnd a fteri a short pattse, lie
relied thait ha expected to be oil' eatr
whien inlorniing camrie, he was gone
atnd( I hiave ttever seen himi since'.
WhIien iswep itng outI my little ealhin
n~ext miornI, I. pi cihed upl f'romn the iloor4
rix tomallI bitts of palper' near the tale
where the beggar wast~ wtrit inrg the igh t
b~feore, t hey hav in)g been torn u1p friomt
somie causes. I phlaced themit toget her,
but could( ee0 no0 senso( in the wriitim -n
yet beCingL s0ioo t curtious to kntme
wha~t i.timeant, I lput the, ieces inito a
smtall enivelope, and labd it awayv, andl
never thiought of it ag~taituitil '-n
13', when 41II wias overhauling mny ol lpa-i
pers' thtis envolope drewCi miy afttention,
atnd. I thon pasted all the hita. otn a
scrapi of cleter plaper. I could See) iin
a tioinout that it was cyper', anid moy
curiosity' was cxcited1 to tselve thie miys..
tory. Wreek after week I. p'erpiexed
miy brain ovecr it, and~ finallly, avhenm
ab~out to givo it up, luck favored mte,
atnd I stumib~ed uplonl the key, anid the
following tranislaftion was~ imy r'eward:
DEAR.n JNRI; i: I shlall-ever' i'ememi
boCr youri kindness. Tl.he J. 1D. gover'n
mionit cannot'ad a o n10 ow, and if' I fail
to) escape, God only kntow.; my fato,
atnd your arma will bo powerless. Itf
y~ou Suic~ced ig your' part, I shall1 ro
turn ; other'wiuo, nover. Yes, 1I leave
to..morr'ow. Yotu's, in lifo anid dleath ,
Juno 1, 1865. J1. W. 11.
"Now," cotinued this old mian,
"this lotter' csplains miy reason for ho
lieving Uootl oscaped. I1 believe the
old beggar vas no other than .
Wilkes Dloat ~, thia assassin." Huc
wtis hia3 story~ word for word, as no0 ar
is I cani retniber', aind such is theo
my~stery coninected with the terriblo
riaged1y of April l-ith, 1865.
August 30, 186'7. W. W. Z.
ossion of tha1board for the voting
riecinot of 4ui~tor, on) thie 2d, 3(1 au11
Ith days of Sep'toiubor, resulted as fol
'. (Sum ier Neows.
CoWFEURn&TJ. IIONDS.-WO learn
rom the Charleston iferary that the
F'irst National Rank, of Washington,
). C., adveortlas that .it will purchase
ho eight por cont. Bonds of the lato
Ionfederato States. No prico is nlamed.
~ht does ,t man?
LFromn tho Sonlthern Cultivator.)
Tho Kitohon Gadeii.
Plants have, liko animals, an assem
blage of orLgaons Icess.ary' for their
support-na me Il y : moutls, uing.s and
exeretory ducts 'Th'ougl devoid of
is tion, he~yjposse the power, to
a certran extent, of selecting their
food from fhe .oil, an1d this lood, to
be available, inust be il v, -olule1
stato. The old theory, that tho soil
itself was ab.orbed, has been proven
to be utiirie. The roots of a plait
are by ihir the most curious part of its
structuie. They,.tcrminilate in .uch
1mall filiain ts as oily to be seen)1
wlici examinied by the aid of a Iiii
(ris"opco. Thl eare the mouths of
the plautlk. W ater forms the meiuim
by whi ch food eliters the plant, and
any sub uAilce whi0ch the watr hohlas
in solitioi n aV pa: in with it. InI
this way plnits receive iheir food, and
cannot receive anything whicn is not
(i-solved in water. Bit the roots
have anothler propery which il as yet
uneiOXplain ed. While they absorb
iniost ubstaneo dissolvd." in water,
ther are sonmo wichl they reftuse to
receive inl their cie'Iiatil alhough
read ily dissolved in water. Tho.;hi
the routs hae t1,N h i powr IiI SOmO de
gre) it is not liniversal ; for Solo
:mh:tan~cs are absorbjed wich act as
ji'Ans4115 and r1lIidly destroy the ptlint.
I , has been su!gsted that valuable
tiltiber trees miglit be colored like
u i 1 rots to ab
sorb Some coloring m1atter. It is very
generally known to our lady reIders
that they enn change the color of the
lowers.of t~ (Pihe I y14rangen, by the a
p lica tion1 (o coloring mat ter to the uoil.
ont pla ite'rs hlatve ObSo'vcd Low soolI
the cotion plit h'ocomes sickly and
rust:-, in t b soils t hat abound iii stil
phate of iron in excess.
As wo hiave soon the miiouths of
plati ar. t tw extronities of the
lie root4. It is important in cullti
on, t A salve as iany of these as
i l and furh1:11 thiei with penti'
"I plait food. The i iportan1e o'
(thoroug'h tilla is well-known by
o ., r1ners, tvinough the reason for it
is not alwalys iderstood. If the soil
is hard, the roots cannot penetrato it
in search of nourishincnt ; inor can it
be dinsolved by water, uiless it is re
duced to a fitne powder. Every per
son has observed t dill'crent, results,
whenl a new grain hIas been tested in
1 highly cultivated garden, and the
.m11110 grin1 planted in the field, re
comilng the usual poor cult ivation.
The carly promlisie is seldom realized.
1lece the imiportaneo of deep and
thorough preparation of' the soil be
fore thle Crop is planted, anld conitinl
ued but shallow cultivation as the
The leaves are to the plants what
the lung are to animals. During the
uay, anu under' the ilfluellee of light
anl heat, the leaves absorb carbonic
acid which they decompose, using the
carbon and giving off the oxygo.
During tho night, this process is re
versed. All persons have noticed tho
dilferico between the upper and the
under ide of a leal'. Oino side absmorbs
moisture from iote atmospliro, while
frinm the tother, evaporation takes
place. JIonco we see how deliente the
hbalance0 is bet wecen the roots and the
leave.s and the imi>rop riety of cutting
ol 'ff lr i brnches I uiringe suunner'.
Th'le rceeds plhanted last mionthi, for
the renewal of' vogetables, aro niow
supposed to be up~ and growing rapuid
ly, underci the stinu111lus of heat and
mioisturile. Urg2'o them oni, b~y slightly
cultivating the soil nbar the plants,
andt dee ply at a distance, so as5 not to
inur a single ro.ot. Apply terti lizer's
in al lhluid ic, to the roil, not on
the plant. When ai:ppl ied in this man
n1er, it is wondecrfutl the irapid ity of
If' the turn'iipo lanited Ilast month have
failed to comel nip, or have been destroy
od by inisects, plant again, selecting an
carlier variety. Sulphate of Lime scat
er-d over the tuip s wvh ile tho ~dowl is
on t hemn, we have lound of great service
inl dri ving off' insects. 'i'ho winter cab
hiage ut. 1be lookedl closely a fter, for
two hinds (if wormts attack thenm durinv
tifs mnonth, completely destroying t hem.
' he only way to get rid of' them is to
pick them ofi andt destroy them. If a
leaf is br1oken off and laid oni top) of the
cabbtago in the morninig, all the wvormis
are collectedl on thle uindersidoe of it, for
pr'otetion fr'omi the dewv, and be easily
killed. Would it not lie easier to
dlrowni the moths beforo they tdeposit.
the ri e:ss ? It is a night, flying miller.
This cani be tdone by placing a hlamp in a
largo tub of' watuer. The miillers are
attracted by the light, and fall in the
water. I lundlreds of' h)0l worm miltiBr
have been destroyed in 02ni ght in this
Com 0t'rr.Pollk Watson, color
oil, publishies a card in the Franklin
(Tenn.) Review, in whIch ho says:
"I dleemu it my; duty to state thaI. I
wvas a member of the Loyal Leagno in
tuma placoe but after being a member
for somo1 time ; and finding that, it wvas
no0 placo for a colored man; I have I
"In withdraw~ing, I wold appeal to
my colored fellow-citizens to abandon
the League and let us join the great
Conservativo party, wvhoso motto isI
'umiversal aminesty and impartial auf..
You are right Polk. No decent no
gro ought to associato with the white
material of whiich the Leagnes aro com
poe, and wo prodiot that it will not be
long before overy rospectablo "culludf
pusseni" will po ashamed to confess thatr
lhe over hand any conniection wvith the
What crop is that which is none the
worse for being backward ? Tile pork- I
kroP. If you don't bhlhove it, tyy it e
Filtering and Other Purifying Agonts.
The London Lance, in adition to
its ordinary duties of journalism, vol.
untoers investigations on a large scale,
ror public benefit, into sanitary Mat
tCrF, thus givilg to itself a wide
range, and we may venture to say
performing higher servicos than when
it is the record of medical and surgi
eal proceedings, valuable as this is. It
was alanitary collnission of its own,
which has published two reports on
the interesting subject designated by
the heading of thi3 article. In the
lirst report it stated the following fil
ters had been examined: First, the
yphon filter of tho London Water
JP'urifying Company, inl which tihe fil
tering and purifyiig material is aid
mai charcoal; second, the moulded
rarbon filter ; third, the silicated car
bon lilter, aid fourth, the magnetic
uarbido filfor. Of these fou" the comn
mission gives a decided preference for
the filter last named, the composition
mid general merits Of which we des
er'bed in the Ledgcr nearly a year
ago. Tho filtering substance, some of
our readers may remomber, is a black
oxide of iron, or red ochro, with saw
dust. The filter for domestic use, we
now state, consists of a stoneware jar,
divided into threo chambers-the
lmowor for storing the filtering water;
tie middle for holding tihe filtoring
material, and the top for receiving the
water to be filtered. The lower par
tition, on which the filtering substan
oes rest is provided with a hole, pro
0ected by a patented invention for
keeping these substances from gotting
through. On this partition is placed
i thin layer of sand, and over this a
hop layer o' image'tic carbide, inl
oarCse powder. Tihe upper partition
is perforated with holes, the upper
mrface of the perforated part being
lovered wifh a stoneware dome, usual
ly left open oil top, but intended to he
loosely stopped, when the water to be
iltered con taills much suspended mat
,ers, and thus to prevent clogging of
he filtering bed. Wo are assured by
he Laucet Sanitary Commission that
his lilter has not, only the property
)f removimg nearly all dissolved
rganMic matter from water, but it
et-Ains the power of doing so for an
mlimited period, therefore requirin g
to renewal of material. This opinion
s repeated by tihe commission inl its
cond report, in unqualified terms.
-'ed with water from a' noted Thames
valor works, stored in a housecistern,
t gives a rapid supply of water, of
xcellent quality,biright and colorless,
ioc from odor, even when warmed or
torca up for d'ays, and containing
ily an exceedingly minuto cnantity
if organic matter. It has not been
'ound to coimunicato any substance
;0 fie water.
''lie silichted carbon filter consists
if a mass of "silicated carbon," made
of coke, ground to powder and incor
[orated with pitch by the aid of heat.
ft is then formed into cakes by pres
sure, and subjected to a high tempera
ture so as to carbonizo the pitch, the
filtoring mass is arranged in the filter
by placing a layer of animal charcoal,
mixed with paiticles of silicated car
boni, between tw-o propared cakes
cemented into the vessel. The water
yielded by this liltor does not pass in
desirable quantity, mid it is not so
free from organic matter as that yield
ed by the filter prleviously mentioned,
nor is its act ion permlanient. The
sinfple-mnoulded carbon filter is analo
gous iin its comporition to time one Inst
mientioned :it does not find favor with
the commission. The~ samoe may be
s'aid of the animal charconi filter of
th e Lond On comipan y. Tho (cistorn
jilter acts umuch thmo .same as the last
namecd. - .-. -
Beautiful Faces and "Lovp,"
Thme author of '1Leah, thme Forsaken,"
forever bound him to that large ariny
of g~rls whose beauty to use a homely
expression, "will never set the Nortli
Itiver onm fire," when tho put into the
mouth of Rudolf, the lovemr, a justi fica
tion of his affection :"No man loves
a woa b)eause she is the most bean
tilbml in the worl, but because she is
hel miost beautiful to him I" A plain,
>r even an ugly wvomanm, if she cnnot
nako horselfI ha ndsome, can alway's
natke herself desirable, to sonme one, and
iing ilius desirable, sho is more beauti
uml to him than all the other women in
us5 knowledge. This is whaimt is meant by
he saying that "a girl is seldom ulnmai
ied save through her own fault." E~d
nunimd Yates says : "Every woman gets
nanly chances if shin bitt know them ; not
ivry wvoman, however, will recognizo
ho lover whose infatuation is suflicient
y> pr'ofoulnd and desperate to bring hiim
o0 thle p~oint. Unreasoning admirers, it'
adios bu know it-admirers .who are
~aught with eyon, or 'tangled in Nmrca's
~oldenm hair,' make as good husbands as
t.e most sensitlie and speculating of'ad
wirers. A man who has pluniged hlope
essly into a sentimental attachmeat,
receepts the situmation after a will withl
8 teady and enduring pertinacity,if onily
airly encourage.d ; and nothing will
rmg him more swiftly or more assured
y to this state thban thme sight of a type
ma manner of face on which some sub
Io emlotion is stirred within him when
ver he sees it.
Thmis is all true. Men will cling to
heir ideal of a wvoman's face years after
lie woman, throughm ago or familiarity,
ris negativedl every expectation t~o
vhich it gave a prompting. And a
nanm will watch as piali'ently and as per
eoringly sometimes for thme duo senitm
nent to reappear upon the surface, and
lay upjon1 it as in thO past, as thmo angler
vatchies the trout stream on which hlis
lies float. This is what makes mautri
nony always young, and constancy
Iways ondurable to the good andl strong,
airls, cultivate tile exp~ressionsli
.A Hartford author is engaged on a
istory of' womnan's progress from tile
arbiest ages, to be entitled, "From thme
A Cat Story.
A groenhosior, who had followed a
bacon wagon from Tonnessee, found
himself for the first time in A ugusta,
Georgia, and in pursuit of a frcsh sup
lly of "tangle leg" whiskey. lie
slowly, as a coon approaching a trap,
entered a highly decorated saloon, and
after Iuch misgiving and besi tat ion,
the premonitory chills of a "big skecer"
chasing each other in rapid succession
down his back, he modestly ventured
to ask the attendant to fill his jugy
and while this was being done, he
chanced to raiso his head, and his eyo
fell on a throo by seven mirror behind
the counter, in which he was fully
represented ; but Ie did not bag' 1.0
know himself. Behind him, on 1d
wall, was a fine large painting of a
Royal Bengal tiger, in attitude ready
to spring forward. .le instantly
dodged aside, shouting as lie went :
"Run, you cussed infun'l fool,
thar's astriped boar cat as big as a
yearlin fixing to kiver you!"
Pale and trembling, lie strode to
where the bar keeper was filling his
"Say, gin me that jug jest as it is,
empty or full, an' run and shut that
ar doro (pointing to the mirror) durn
quick, of you don't want your glass
struck ground ip, and your hasslet
tore outen you, for thar's the devil to
in that ar back room !"
Seeing the bar keeper rather slow
in his motions to suit his hurry, lie pit
for the street with his eyes stuck out
and his hantls orect saying :
"Durned of that feller don't hava
sassidge meat to sell soon of his life's
spared. Well, I've seen cats, but oh
my, sich a Cat /"
I fore lie stolo a suspicious look back
at the house, and scratched his head.
"I wonder of that ar breed of hoss
cats am plenty around here ? Say,
mister, how far is it to the Tennessee
l Fo beat the wagon back to Tennesseo
in six days, and the Uniitel States lmitl
two. And lie is telling his ginmid
child.ren to-night about the 'orful hoss
cats they keep ruihin' round loose inl
Georgia, as big as yearlin's, and ven
tures an opinion how they procuro
thar yerthen war' and "sassidge neat,
by skarin smart fohs away from thar
jugs, and lettin the cats chop up the
darned fools," and wondershow Geo
gia manages to hold her own inl popu
lation, considering the latitudo the
"hoss cats" have.
One man took a paper, and his life
was happier than a king's ; his chil.
dren all could read and writo and talk
of ien and things. Another took no
paper ; and while strolling through
the wood, a tree fell down upon his
crown and killed himn-as it should.
Had ho been reading of the news, at
home like neighbor, Jim, we'll bet 'a
cent that accident would not have
liaponed to him.-Lyons Reublicean.
Editors know lots of such stories.
They don't often tell tlenm, because
they don't wish to harrow the feclings
of their readers. We will add this,
however, as a solemn warning:
A youig married man was solicited
to tako a paper. Ie declined on the
ground that any village paper wasnot
worth a DAM ; though wO do0 not know
whether le meant a female beast, a
saw-mill dam, a coff'er-damn, or the
other kind. 'Well, the evening of the
same day, not loving his wife as lio
should, and1( having no0 virtuous emi- 4
ploy ment on hand, and not hav'ing a
village paper to read, lie went into
"b~y andi forbidden p~atha," slipped
ddwn and broke his leg.
If lhe hand beeni a subscribchor a
village papier, and had been at home
r'eadling it to his lovely wife, or had1(
been listening to her reading of it,
this seriomus accident would not have
happened. But worse than all, lie
dared not have an account of time acci
dent sent to the village paper ; anmd his
wife wept many hmours beause lie had
no right to have his name in the pa
per's. lie had six weeks to figure up
the value oif a oAM.
Let uts hopie that others will be
warned b~y this tragic affair, not to
spea5k profaniely of v illIage papers, nor
act pirofanely, in not subscribing for
them, and paying in advance.--vFx
"Amelia, for thee-yes, at thy conm
mand, I'd tear th~is eternal firmament
imto a thousand fragments-I'd gather
the otare, one ,by one, as they tumbled
from there~gions of etherial spaco, and
put thorm im my trowsers' pocket; I'd
plueck the sun-that, oriental god of' day,
that traverses the blue arch of heaven irt
sucai majebei spleindor -I'd tear him
from thme sky andi quench his brigh
efl'ulgee it the fountain of my eternal
love for thoe I"
A molia- iDon't Hetnry, it would bo
so very dark.'
.I say old fel'ow, what are your poll.
ties? sid one friend quinzing another.
Domiocratia, tny father was a demo
crat, ho replied,
A nd what is pour religion ? contin
ed1 the ' other. lbrotestant, my father
was a Prtestant,
And whyr are you a baelor ? said
the other. JBecause my faither wasn a
--lh conmfounad it! dhoi.' bother mo
with your' stuii)d questionms.
Hie w~ho weds a bele must lookout
for the elapper-this never-i seen un..
til after thme ring. ]34 sure to ascer..
tain whether the ung lady is
"sound" en such thinng as pie-mnak ing,
else your house wvi allM be pi at a
timte when it will be imnpessi 1)1 to
"set 'em up again."
GJoDJn.Y$ nir.vsOU)A.-.Dissolvo half
an oune of opium and one dralihm of
aassafras., in two ounces of spirits of
Wino.- M'ix four pounds of treacle
widh one gallon of boiling water, and.
when cold mix together. tIhis is thmo
.colobrgted cordial so much used for