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VOL. 111WINNSBORO, S. C., WEDNESDRNING, OCTOBER 2, 1867. [NO.15
IS Ptl.'iiStIl.:) wI.i.KLY BY
DESPORTES, WILLIAMS & UO.
Termsx.-Tur HEnALDn Is publishedl Week
ly itn the Town of Wiinnsboro, at o3.o in
f All transient advert isemttts to be
paid in adyvance.
Obituary Notices and Tributes $1.00 per
Original Poetry ,
Yon A CI1.'S1 -otusTON13,
Soared froi is heaveilwarI'd
our birdling-our dove
Nor here hie sleepej h;
lie restet h A bove.
Fromn earth's stormny blast,*
Our dove 1atht found refuye
lis wanderings are past.
Gov. Orr and Gon. Sioklos.
WasnswroTts, September 22 -The follow
Ing corrmsponaonq has passed between
Governort Orr, or Sotu It Car ilina, tial tent
ral SAicls, relative to Ith removal of tile
Ex :e -rivi. D E ra. wriTMF\- or S CARnoLIxA, }
Cat.U~tut., Seltember 7th, 1867.
.M'jor .Gen. D. E Sickles, Charleaton, S. C.
Sin: I have learnte frmt the public
press, although I hive received no ollilnl
not ice of Ihe act , I hat yot have been et.Iiev
ed froml thle commuleIimi of the 'Seeand %]IlI
tary lDi.,triet, em r:.-ng t i-s ,S t i and
Norlh 'arli. ,t . tht by:1 orth-y of the
P'resi lnt. .\ajor Gen. Catiby ha suceeded
to thle :mmel.
I desire to express Ioyou'1 the gr-eat regret
w ' :I I feel IeC-Sntlly, aitl ollicially. at
the cturse Itken by the Prtesidetnt and his
ad*visers ilk this matter. l'bere nre itany
of the 4itrder's whicl have been is.suedI by
you sintoe the pt ssiage of1' ithe reconstt rul ct ion
bilis inl .areb hist which dlid not meet tmy
apprv'ti; but it is due to you and votr oli.
cat act iuo that I shoubl hear volintary tes
tiumny to) the wistli mutl success of your
ahiti*;iratini, and tn expres the opinion
r!t 1 . !i, h 0li-l prtwers Iit It
tititlity to I liii wisit y the .ittO&'s o
which ytt w.'r* Io :'A'Sl by 1he acts fCotl
gres- havre beoen exer!cikvd wilth moderation
2A dIo . -t u.'o Your gettel. ord-ers. No1 .
10, .) i - ibi-,' . ile is conloec e' , were,
-st sp: nilmy op1inlion, albsolutely neces
sary. loo4kin.g, to he Impoverished con(ition
of, tie conl srIt y, the shorili-tneS4 of the prIt o .
visionand st.ipl' crops< or list year, to the
general eary itstl (ars:it pervaidig fte
coultry. awn il t Ihe nzossity of prolet ing
It small meoat .1f ttla .oas ad p'auted r tll,
that tieii f ith 1e process4 oft couts. They
wior titereby Id iib le to subsidt hir famti
liet 1ttd goow (te present ITre.
This cr-op pr1oniises 1o bie inl many replects
and in many sectons of tho soupe the mms
important and larve-'t that b ht. ie ) grow
for several years, auit when. harvested y )it &'
coubil. wit hout htzard or at ppeli ve,
execule yortt purpose, a declared ito ti,
of "miyinggenerai orders No. t0, so that
creditors could faave enforced their dem-ands
without producing general distress' , if nlb
Iut alsO duo you t say, that in my
judgment, if genein orders No. 1) had not
been istIsued ist 1 4prin' g ai veri y considerable
increase in Ithe S 1ttt 1un-htr oft atroops in t his
Statet wiuhptihve been nre:.sary to have
b'en stationed at many of thle court-houses
to have pre:rve t tehe publit ro.:ords fromt
destruitlio: , nd insure tii aiot cty s ieri
iif in executing Nivi process in ihair hands
which they nad been ontered to levy sy
thogle s and liharilt si creditoris'(. Itn my
opitnion, general ordrs No. 10 received the
appril ons ai Itr Itarge maoiy of nt~ wtheI
ctA ieo Stht'tl3 Carta, kind our gone
rtav laiitati.eotas cialnt it~ tho
dit ati t appoved* byit a majoritey itst
orvtohbe, egnto tner truy thankeseftr
thllyuyitrm kindnes and couitt srtsith
whc Ih veino'f r oated t p rsoliyand
frThe dispoitinyIu the elys meali
stcke to maketheo burdosor hem: ~ r
h resit t a it werenpoy'le ner the7~
c iri c'taned Ioan o the pleash. ur'lo Cof'~i
ait otper dptsonal acui rnet your tltcces.t
s %o. eeral Canby, yott whal mee olit
theci sameiaro andll kxeineelingd (ichrt
havet charaeried. ourte o*itil i~ntousod
f4t or n ey ewotyourn paof Iv the hou'ttn
or vo e, 1 Geerler t~ulye alredy reset
fulytour f~srindi a odet prbanletta
Gestt(c hovernuioro Snount.I taoya
Thseitolloing is thurepl of Geneh ratila
Slikle to Gov ie rior rre:n -odtino
ottto i Wu ro, et. 21l Ilo, 1i7
and remived coitittin e thTe c orialf
etrs't inaictouae ' plaete rte d
Iy seite iolntheCaona acr o'e grattefull
appo~rctityatd. ordmy sucssor, b5eve.
itgor-Gihate h eneral Cabyeouwll et an111
olicier o he amlple expoere tnd d~istn
guishe servces. ave.nty comendber.
thto tthe conidtene of te Governm ie
cIn vlow of'vl heallotnoent aolread madeut
byi h'tnera ab.adp. n cnimn
theordrsheutofrein orc i th Seon
The jturisdiotion of thle court., although a
perInitte-l jurisdio'.tion, has never been
restriet etl excel)t in larticular cases impera
lively denmeill by tihe exigencies of' thle
situation, anil lti civil a1t inorities in genlo
ral have been uphold, anI civil haw has
be'in ad iii it ered, wit.h only such limita.
Hions us bectmi necessary in the excetition
of tho several acts of Congress. The par
1icular neiiasure' ofl my adiuiinistration which
you are pleased to 11nenltiol With special
commelt ion-enier at rders No. 10
was, it is :tid, the occasion of ly diernis,
U-it fro: colllllid. Youk have 'jistly des.
scribol thte, orkler ill que.,uion ..s at eidled to
enable (tie people to make a good crop thib
year, itid thereby tiaill tie iteals to sup.
port themseles atid pmy their debts.
It' ty reoitival hadl been provoked by
sono a1ct of oppressionl, spoliat~ionl of' crulel,
(y, it (Wou04 h4ve beenl :t un1Itter of' More
regrel to myelf. As it Is i find no reason
to reprollall liymelffor eideavoriig t') re.
.,toIre inl some degree tie natural p Losperity
o all il)poverishe populil onl, and Io n vel
tie serious disturbances that. would iave
l'llowed tie prosetcution of more thai thir
Ly thousatl suits for debts pending in
Soulti Caroljina When Geeral Orler No. 10
was issued in April ht. Althotigh my
Oflicial rtlations to lie department. of lie
I'arolinant is cen:<edl, I canot, be indillereti
oi tile wetro ol' comimnities whose inier
ests were to long confiled to mily et-irge,
1111 is heir prospterily a malter of itidiffer.
te o t ie peupl ot ' tle Unit el States or
4heit represntittiveis in Congress.
The population of the Caroliis have not
ried to preventt. tile orgenir.ition of legal
civil Governnaeiits in (he rebel States, and
it is only .ijust l'r i stale that your own
promtpt and patritotic aontiiesceo ill tite
requirem-msor of 1h government relieved
I ie people you represent. of many of tihe
bultIleis of military goverlmlit11., a1( at ihe
s..ne tieli removed soite o17,the itost Seri
ols impeIliments to tho execution of ite
recollstruction acts ill South Carolina. I
irtrust your people will not suffer tiny detri.
meiti. by reason of omplicaotions for which
they are not responsible. It, only retains
tor theil to comply with the conditions pre
sciblud by Congress, and Routh Catrolitta
will soon be restoreil to (the Union, iwithli all
hoer antcient rights nmt dignity as a suve
re'ign Stato uliipaired
Tie.e conliiols have no o(hr object.
1han to make om- institutiots truly republi
canl in substance and form, tial.jtstice mny
be done, and that no occasion or pretoxt for
conflict mily hereafte be found. There is
not, in ily jidgoimeit, aniy Bulieont reason
to appreliend that (tie colored people will
ntot make good citizeim. Freedom anil edu.
cation are rapidly developing this long
ctlrmanilt, helpless calste. With advanllges
tatr iirtior' t tle other 'acos which have
'ound their way to 1his coutlry, tho African
has proved himself loyal, industrious, and
obedient to thle laws.
Generously fostered and justly treated,
(lie free'lmen will becomo the bone and
sinew ofSouthorn population and power.
With te olution of this problem and (tie
disappearance of tile asperities incident. to
a long wtar the Carolinats will enter upon a
new career of prosperity, alike attrmc ive
to tit) philanthropist who seeks tle happi
ness of hi1s fellows, and gratifying to tle
statlles whose aihition is gratified in the
progress (if lie 0ctrnionllwealtht.
ttelmltlecritig wIih pleasure (th courte
ous, codl..WeraIC ioll l1ways hown to tme by
yirexcellecy inl all our intercourse, oi-.
.cial atit per'sotal. and Witi (he liveliesm
unerest. in thie hatppy terminigtion of the said
yeairS of strife which have already too long
afilicted our coutlry.
I remain truly yours.
D. E. SiCKr.lus,
To his Excellency James I. Orr, Govern
or of SotiLi Carolinn, Columbia, 8. C.
Pntocut.sF, PnIor"mI1-\\re finld ilhe
ftilowing in, the St. Loms Republi
S-r. Louts, July 8.
S1n1: Tis Inte meteor has caused
cons irb-l talk1, and several per-sons
itve calhl on me to hind out. its my s..
It'eriOns meaninttug, I phrtophtesied tihree'
JoTur'nal, of tho direfutl pilagne or ps
IIltine coming onl tis ethlI, somewhat
likie the onte foretinld by William LtIlly,
of I4ntglandt( forettold of 16045 ; bult as lie
fore'ttoild it. woulid mark the pait pit bhictk,
w ichli it. did, and killed nor' i v all
wtho look it inl tihe city' of~ London
Tis oine forh~t~thoing wiill spot on
whomI' tt it. seliz/eu', ai purtplel black, and14
Iiheyv will full itnd de~l, whetrn ihoy to it..
troljgienit study,3' ttnd as I the iplat . Salt
nrn ulestti~ supji''remy this yeatr, hto for
bodes a great, tdea of tmischtief by beingt
nearI'tit the arIth, antd rulinig the sigtt,
Leato, Scorpio antd laprlic'o. In threte
yea'trs f'romn hencle this plingue will ser. in.
Oh. the trotnbo nto man has ever seen
Thuis is thet great tributlation. The
prophts of Godl foresaw Dantiel, Micha,
Isaith and1( Johnt the~ divinte in the Re
IiThis doentment, is signed witthte
.1a1toe of a Gr ieitn Warrior, to which is
add.tedl "Astriologer and oracle of uthe
A "S-r'urrtpn."-T he M acon. Tele
graphJ)I says: In an) anu artice copit'd
eis whertol'i this mnornting, tho New~ 'Yorkc
Herald proponl~ntls a most troutblesomer
qitesttiln to Thal~d Stevent~, Mr.-Binghiati
antd titiir- brothter radicale, -who umainitain
that three .futrths of thle repr'eseted
States are competnt to pass a .consti
tutdinal ametndmt. It is this II
tile amentltdmt ttf'tiin thti tertms for .hte
admission of' the Southern States,- pro
posed last years, he a part of sthe Con
stituuion,-by wvhit authority did Con
gress pass the military biils, whichl are
clearly in COnflict avjiIi said armendment, ?
We would be glad-to-stiesouio ..of6 the
radicals answer it.t
would hoshW~l ilue Auhjet
no Manl'ain enfdr c'dnid "hiit has
can safely rejoios bitt himtflthat has th~
testimlong~ of a good conscience.
The Roal Moaning of the Roconstruotiot
Aot of Congress.
Tho Round Table, an able and vigorous
weekly journal, which has been a st etdy
supporter of 0oniservative IOpublilliliism, i
pitilng in dark colors the el'ects of Itadi
cal rule. I says:
Thle plini iieaning of the pseudo-Recon
st rution Acts of Uongress, now being push.
ed to their.most merciless consimmation, i
simply this: First -To register in the South
tie entire negro poputl ion atid such w hiles
ali 1n17y unie Wilih them11 inl siipport-ing lihe
llad.Cd iarly inongr.ss. !le1c1'nd) -T<U
pirohibit lite registirailn of the vast 1.: ajori
ty of the witeus who have a red0 interest ill
the qpuiet and pr'osperiiy of lihe c outry.
Thirdi-To mintliit to lie voilers oif' tihe
Stiles tihs registercul (lie quteslion whethei
they will otr will lint holti a conivelntiotn foi
the recolistiulocdion of their Stities uiler (ti
Con gressional plan. Unoiler thir Illode o1
procelure it Ilay he Seenl What a Ipeill itt.
titro lies bef'or the South id Ithe whole
Cotliry. E ither the teres will votu for
convention or tio coivention. Tlohe wihii
vote will be largely cast againisl Coliventliol;
for the present military rute. with ilt its
disatdvantages, at least alfords i protection,
while reconistirtl ioln such is has been per
petrted in (tie Sltate of Tennessee give lit.
tin protection but to negro brigamids. Tihe
ladical whites ail (lie nLegro Voles who
are int crested in subverI ing all decent, rtile
and nut horily will of coui're ilnite ill fivor
of Conivenition. Now sippose-th touglih tie
case is hardly possible- ihat tle co:.velnlio
is by such it linoikery of' stilfrage rejected.
Then tle Radicals will, avail theinselves o1
the cry of S0ou1tlei coituiay ; Mr. Ste.
Veins' "i04l contliscatlioll" is broutght in to)
play; the South t is wholly rl uiled by ti is
villantitous atrocily for merely saying its omr
generous Congress has invited her to saiy,
I tint. (lie prefers tihe rule of nmilitary s111raps
to (tie hitrier rule of unrecotistructed lie.
groes and white bravos Oa the othee hand,
suppose-tiid this is tht otily supposilion
justified by lie registradion which is beinig
made--that n convention is desired. Then
it is pra-ictically a negro conventiloi. It will
frame a const itio 111 that will throw tile
whole power of tle State into tie hanls 'i
I tie negrocs awi'l whit iten who hopo to pro.
lit hy lhe sulfiiges of the negroes. The
prsciripti)in of wiite men wilL be more
sweephig than Conigressional proscription.
Coniiseation of the property ol' white meni
by their negro rulers i ill be stire to fellow;
and the indirect contifsciation will be inore
lestuc tive tin contiscation ot right. The
ruliig class, having no properly Ihernselves
will look upon (lie traisfer of their sub
jeots' property in1o their own possesion as
the one great end of goverinielt. With a
pentilesu negro Legislature to tax, and do.
Fenceless white mui to be taxed, tho lie
cannot long be doublt fill. In every county
taxes will be laid in the sa...o way by n,3.
groes upon tle whito well. In the towns
and cities negro councilmon will votO them
selves large salaries, eoate unnecessary
otlloes for purposes of plutider, and for like
ends unlertako enormous jobs of fanciful
public improvenent. Juisice adnlnistered
by iegro ingist rat sP. will he a fareo; re.
dress of wrongs will be Impossible. Lihor
ly of outrago will he amtuply secured. Tie
liberty of dceali will be (he only liberty sc.
cured to men whose crime is that they were
RUVomi.:n Ai.t .Ac'N OF RussIA WITH
.rHE. U.Nm:0 S-r.mrs.-A correspon
dent, of the Pall 'Mall aZett1, lit. St
Putrbtirg,- writmg on tie 28 nht imo,
says : "Il Swedish St(1lldr'on1, which
e ime to Cronstadt t.ho other day, wvas
reevived very coldly, unid tite formal
C miplinletits puil to Ihe olliee'rs by the
s.5-inn athorithor Sies coitrasted s'ritgliv
W th th,- cordJil eninuminamI Shown tit
thie America sqiuadron under Admnhal
F . rriaguit.- The Aiiiirneian oflieors wer
inliteid to dinneirs and f-tes every day,
alid Ith Grand Dntko Constatitino gatc
a inngitilicetit, haninet, in the iholloir li1
bii plcite, at Palowski. Thle splendoti
of Iis r(cepitionl gavo somei col ur to (lie
that ant aillhanceu1 isconttmlaitid htweeini
Rtussia. and t.hte Untiiot S;tts itn iewt of
certain cont ingcesCI whiich it, is suppoti
ed may led to war. Hfowever this
mayv be, it 18 certajin thtat large quanti
Iie's of armti~s have been)10 pusrchatd ml ihe'
Sttes by the R11ssiant Governmenft't, and1(
thlat ll the nuli tary nrsi'nails arou hatrd a'
work. It. is ex pected thnt, war will be
originat ed by an insurrnctiont of' the
silaves II in Tuky, w ith whoim Ite mlosI
open1 -symlpathli y is oxptreassed, both ihero
nlitd at. .\Iscow. Coin Ilittet's l yae
bee~n forimid ithli thi -alvowed pulrnose
oh' as'iting ihe Siutvoman sub ju'el s of
the Porte to libe'ratto thtemeulvyes f't'om
it, rule, and latrge sumns hiav e alroly
been stubscribedt in aitd of the 'ulgariati
Junax~ OHgASg AND ONIIScATION.
Chief' Jutstice Chnso8 seems) deter'lmined
to b)e President. Ho muido a htigh buil
to-day for the ratdical vote. In alluiding~
to tile powers of Contgre'ss ovor I he otnes
tion of' rteconstruct ion, lit said (.oinrs
that. of' confiscation, atnd -that should
thorto be a slip up on theo preson'. recn
strnction acts, ho had no doubt a law
conhigcating Southerni property wottld be
passed(.- This is cortaily a sten forward
of thi position occopied by the Chief
Justice while hioldtag his .Circuit.. Coturt
itn tihe State of'North Carolina.- Thuer
he recognizes the rights of the Southerur
States undler the Const.ittiuion,. Hietnow
seemis te 1)0 stealing Mr. Stoen's ittn
der, anld talks ouitside of the ConstituIior
aboutC cinfiscattion wilthout trinantid 00 1'
viction, aMr. Chase has ovidIally the
inside track, and he is. dtmflined 'to
hold it.-Cor'~r~Joston Post'.
Hotirp,..u'Wo lMarn, in A qunarrol
bot'~eon John .Btrgess and Wilani
MXauldI, du the 6th inst, tile latter
'wiakihd 'bys a blow on the hoa'd witli
krtook .by the former. Tho' fatftl
'0oetronob~ 'took- placo near Enoret
Factory, in this iDistriot. It ia.'seafdi
that M auldin was p ursuling 13urges)
with open kuife.--C'arolina ,S4artan.,
The Cotton Supply.
Our readers are aware that. there hIas
existed for many' years, in G reat Bri.
tain. ai associaniotn of inflience and
power, whoso blusiiess hi - beei to pro
moto the growth of cottoi in all parts
of th() globe, other thI the Unlited
Sttiles, with the view of raisiin_ up coii
Ititiion with the A mer ie'i-growin arti
cle; and also for providin a snpply for
the British mannflieturer, in ease the
Atirieai crop should bo dimniiished inl
quantity or bie entirely out oil' This
largeo and importa o cii- his lately
li-id a metinig ati Mainel-ster, in Mng
Iind, at. which the ananitt. reiport was
inadI, aind suatemens pn forth which
contain atite' of great luIerest to all
cit iz.ensofthe 1o1th, an1) some of the
most, strikiig points of w.eh we here
with niotic The omilietee -tate thnth
they have received, di urini;g the year,
on1. thlons'and onie hunlldred an10l ninlety.
folr lel ter5 fIraim the Varoios cottotn di.
t.ricts of tlie world, s-hAiit (ig advice inl
reforeic, to the culttire of whte plant, and
asking for graits of seed aid machiierv.
The quiauty of seed distributed ly
them chiel~l y American-i amount t~o
three thonsa.nd andl forty-inei hundred
weg;.tIs from Manchester, and oneo. hui1in
drel aind sixty hiiudred-eights from
Alexandria. The seed was sent, to
Conls.antol , Bagldald, 140gypt,. thle
aulcass Soth of" Spain, Majorca,
A'giers, Greece, Italy, loiombay, Cal.
entta1, Kuutache'o, Sinigapore, Pilli pino
Islaids, Cape of Good IHope, Seiiegal,
La W, West Coat. of AL-icai, Canary
shicd, lu'ernmildo Po.Berkie, Auntigua,
ublia, Porto Rico, Novi, Wolmgo, Bar.
badoes, rithit, San Pauila,' Rio Grande,
Santos, Peru, Bardimnk, leivivlhy Isles
11d Queenutsland. It was held that t
elica1) supply of cotton was of the first
importance to the English manitlactuir
er, aid that no efTort, shoi I bo spared
to ensure an abuitdait and low priced
product. Inl estimating tho supply for
the British market for tile Cming year,
they place the amount to ie recieved
from this country at about 2,500,000
b:al0s, which iq too largo y probably
700,000 or 800,000 bales. They. next
speak of tho brobable ar,-mmt. to be
received from Nrazil, ar nitut. it at, tho
samo as last year, uiq iibtit '400,(00
bales, and talk in sanguinte terms of the
prospect of the staple in that empire.
Not much is expected from the West
Itdies, but they are hopeful of Per,
which tetn years ago seit 400 bales to
miai ket, and now raise 40,000 to 50,000
The growth in Turkey, Ikypt and
tho Levant generally, has rapi'ly de
cined during the past two years, ind
istelild of 4130,000 b)iles which wits the
atmoutit received from Egypt, i1 1865,
the supply last year was reduneud to
167,000 balt-s. andL this year it was ntot
inoreased1. Ttrkey had been nearly* as
delici.nt, 1 and fell from 30,000 in Is5
to 3:3,000 last year. They hopo to
realize from their attempt at ctetlire in
Q1uecen. nd, (Aust ralit, ) som) 3000
bales diurinig lie year. BAlt. the hopes
-)I the . t.ion re it mamlv placud on
India, w hich sent them in 1 860, 563,.
000 bai'. hast, par 1,847,C00 bales,
al is ye-ar the supply is estimated at
1,450,)0(00 b:dl's, showilng a falling oU' of
some 400,000 hales itt the Iulia re
ceuipts. They make var.iots stugicstions
and recoiinidaiions in regard to the
culture in that conniry, and hope that
rregtion when prope~rly cairried nit
wi ali'rd ai large tterease of the crop).
Onie pointt is9 not iced whicht st~rek as
as of iinpfortatnce to opeiktratri d gow.
ers of thio stapjlui. and that, was thd great,
infhience whgich tin intcreasmiti the price
of food had on tie conisumipt ion of cotton
goods. In the Bitishi Islands provisons
hiad risetn in pri-e during t he past t wo
years somefit) per' cent., and as long as
thiis st ate hf ait irs shou~ld ~ con ie, andic
thie workmttg mani rece'ive 1no addinon to
hits wages, he( wou)ild ne(cessarily have to
redurco the i amount of ils clothsng bill1.
TPhi, ait present, is untdonhbtedhy one of
the groat causues of reduced conisti p
tion of' the atticl not wit hstnand ing thi.
griudnailly' falling pr'ico. In closinig we
w ill say to our Sothorn r~eiaders, thait
aftr psn'tming (the report, "that we are
more Sni no ti than Overt, that t ho old
atnd dlensely populate'd country of Eu
rople atndi Asia, wvdl not be able to grow
large crops of cotton for a series of yours
at how prices, and that with energy,
eoomy, arid ai skilful use of labor, anid
alil the improvements of tihe dayi, a few
years wvill see the Soithieat planter
again master of (the cotton world.
CJoMUTATIoN .OF SEN4TENCE.--Mr.
Jamos Garrison, of D~arl ington, who,
some muonthisago1. was soni~9fpeed by
military commission to two yeairs 1m
praisonent with hard labor, for shoot
ing a neogro whio had trespassed on his
promises, has had his seonteoo coml
muiiited by Gcnheral Canby -to six
inonths, and in two: months f'rom this
time will be releasede--Mercury.
SUFPI1[nING IN THEi SOUTH.-The stuf
ferinig ina the South, it. appears, has tnot
*fdotntiro~li? ojased. 1Thiirty. wotnon iti
-Montgothery, Ala,, wtth ch'ildrent .nu.
bermine iltyrsii :n t):e atggregate, ihaya
publishod s.car4d in thie pa poessf, that
city, itn which they declare thuattiy. are
suia'ring for the - absolutt. nsegespries of
life,, and can gete no work with wimjh.wo
supportthemseelves an4l their, .helpless
been receiving assislance from thy~e Utnn
ted 'tates Government, bitt that sourcp
of snnnly Is no longer aonilahil +
|From the Asheville N,,ws.
Who are Loyal?
Mr. Editer: It hais been a perplex.
ilig oionl with m.-my to know what
constittd a loyal mni ; and as I hlave
been it Uinion S ld ier. and never en gag
ed in the rviltbllion -mad1uie it a MIstdy for
Rome time--i .hink I have at last di.
covered tie the tue alswor, and propose
giving it for the benefit of all en(1Iirer;
after the truth :
1st. To he loyal now, a man at the
Comen1IRcemetul L of t wnr tiust liave
sylpathized witi the Rebels.
2nd. The first Compiny Iiat was
111.111v ni), for home defence, subject to Mhe
call ol'the Goeernor, lie tuml1st hive 1rt31
3rd. Before Conscript mon came along,
he musll-I have takent a colt1 In. m3t
Arinury to furnish 11)alu0 lumber to
nmakti gluns to kill aill 1nion m , atid
muIst have lilled s aid contract, lor at
least, eighteen mtonithis.
4th. In conversation wii tih niglhbor.,
in regard to the Ctmfeleracy. he' ltist.
have declared Lthat Ito vas; 'am oyal (to
the Confederacy) as anybody.
5th. When arebel soldier from Lee's
army, came back imis a horse', I
must have stood secirity for him ii
Ordler t1 fit liti out a1gaii to kill Yan31
Gth.-Ho must have written--when
his hImbe Contract expired - to Gov.
3alCe, as ljn r to lie coll j I isiott as
Captain, witi. permisision to ra :se a
Company, anu enter his (Yance's) army
to kill Y;inkees.
7thi. Failing in this, ho muitst. ht3m
le.ft lhomo aid gone into the Federal
lines, but nover entered the army to fight
8th. When pence was made h must
have coie himoa Savilig, "ail't we brave
-all rhebl must be punished and thei?
le-aders h Iget.
9th. 110 mu1 3st joill the Utlionl League,
and go tooth and tou-nail for u'gro
10th. Io must then swear on the
Holy Bible that ho Ievo aidel1d it) the
Iebellion--th, hie never ylpathized
Iwith rebels-that ho never hehil office.
nor sought oqice inl tei Confederaev.
In a word he mst. Inke tho test qatil.
and be imatdo a Registrar.
11th. In order to show his true loy
alty, he0 musit llake 13 the t.gro, who is
on board with him, and lis acktiowl.
eilged superior, swear in Union soldiers
wlo do )lot belong to the negro gaJI(lity
12th. Ito inn1st icknowledge that "h
and the negro are mado ofthi s inne dirt,"
bitt that he wits mado wrong side out -
that is black side in.
Stich, M3r Editor, are the reqliro.
metnts for a trite loyal mtan-miny, truly,
are called but few chosn.
A UNION So .i:.
The Rice Orop,
The SavannahI Adveri-ser publishes
the f.dlowing extract from th circu
lar of Messrs. Willis & Chisoln of this
The Rico crop wilh idonbtedly be
sm1all, even shoilkt wo be b3voutre-d with
the most propitions weather the remalin
(er of tlbo season.
The raiis of tenrly tirly day dunra
tioll havo seriously damaged the grow
intg crop, in many instantees cahlsing the
rieo *lread 'y cut to sprout. in -the fields.
Wo givo the present coit ion of the
crop in tho followintg localittes:
W laccamaw--TIto lowver places oly
will make a crop, and in these the pros
Pecdco-The crops upon tho rivers
are seriously damaged, while the plan
tations lower have not suffered t~O tile
Santee --The reports from tis region
aro nutfavorablo, but, less.so than in the
p reced ing.
Cooper River--1'Te prospect. cncoutra
ging, and a fair crop wdil probably be
made 0on the latnds phltted.
Pon P(Dn--In titis locality. t crops
are doiiig wvell onl the lower platces andt
the acouncet~ generally. fa vourab hlo.
seve(r3ly fronm than rains and hlas rutt .too
mntEhl t:o wVed to advauitage.
G/eorgiu-( A tsamlanu atd Oghteeheo.)
On Ih li muited area of lan td planted the
general prospect. is good..
Cap Fear, North Carolna--Utt a
small extent of land has beuit lhanted,
and thte crop has stilfored serioitssy fromt
A ]BAunAnious MURDEtR.-A young
Iman nlamed~ Magrath was tlutrdered by
a negro at his htoin. noar Pocotaligo
on1 Friday last.' It scoems that ai free
vogro wont itto Mir. Magrath's yard,
and was at onoo ordered ont. At thi4
timno Mr. Magrath was sitthng on theo
steps of his bonso8 talkitgto Is fathter.
Thotnogro, a fter receiving the order
to loavo, eruawled ronnd thte fonceeahnd
fired at Mr. Magrath, inflicting a; moi.
tal' wound. The nogr-waas free -before
the wari and has always ltly bootY ie
the -habit of carrying a gnik We have
not ieatn'ed -whether tho. nogto has
been arrestedd. *. .*,
and rbceived a seriona wound .in go.
.tinfrom.thosoffeots ef whiekho p'ovi
A spirit(d-anJ 'ageymplighe@d .yonn
Was tIme gent em n at olinmbi
' fNapoleon's Son.
The Prince Imperial tills it large space
in the Fronch press. The good little
boy is very bright at school, stands
giiard inl imilitary costuiie, appears at
puiblic -gathlerinigs, and- is altogether
imidei imuch of, as becomes the heir to a
thliroine which lie is not lik-y to occupy.
Tihe Emperor is about to buy an estate
for him, anid is said to have selected the
historic ground lying between Bourg la
Remite an(] Sceaux, now the property of
the Duke of Trevisn, for the future resi
dnce of his so'i. The house ont the es.
tut was built by Henry IV. for Ga.
brieille dulitrees. The kmperor is said
to have outred the Duke of Treviso
threo millionls for the estate but tile
Duke demnduis four Itillionts.
The other day the Prince's tutor, M
Monnier, resigned his place, and has
simce piubilshed ia serio-conic letter i
which he s-tys:
"It had hecomo imtipossible fo. tme to
perform my tasc as ill the preceptors do
in :all Fiuropeant Courts. 1 entered the
p-.llace to perform at ditty. but upon
win.g depirived of the necessary means
of acconiplishing it, I relinqtuish my
mit on. W hat I did I did conscien.
tiotusly. IIeart-broken but convinced
that it was my rutty to do so, 1 let. *
* 1 had always taken advantage
of the walks drives and hours of recrea
lion to insttruet him in overy wny, elo.
vate his mitid, fill it with lii eral ideas,
and plaic in his heart the holy fire of
patriotism. Yott should have seen the
arming coim positions lie wrotie, in the
form of letters, narrations and historical
eSsIV-so well written, so correctly
spelled! How oftien in the evening,
before tho whole Court last winter, t,)
astontished every one by the way in
which lie played at, historical and geo
graphical gamties, showing tIhat lie was
not only conversant witi datos and
ImIleuls, but also with the nintet s, cus
lois n:d at ate o progression ot all the
printcipal couttitries. EBverybody was
dtlighited and O told te so. 'Who would
Ilon havo thought that, three months
later, it would he said the studies al the
young Prince were neglected, and that,
1.he professor, who considered his educa
lion as tie work of a life, would bo
obliged to quit palace basely oalumnia.
ted, and even forced to leave Paris to
escape from the scene of so much decup.
tion and bitterness?"
The new tutor is M. Filon Profes.
sor of Rhetoric at. the Lyceum of Grano
Prussian rears---Tho Effect of Napoleon's
While Prussia is prejiaring to with.
draw the last lingering reimanut of her
gurrisoin front Luxemboug, a force of
someip 60,000 meon 1s ting assemihbled inl
the Northeastern Provinces of France.
Sich is the latest intelligenco oficially
received. I believe I timl right in say.
ing that, although tite Prussian Govern.
ment gave their Imperial neighbor too
much credit for sagacity to suppose him
to be mneditating the capture of the de.
sorted place, this extraordinary concen.
tritlion will yet. cause them to remind
lolland of its euagements to raze the
wolks without loss of tine. As I have
hatd to exprsrs myself on some previous
ocpasions of the kind, it is not otn any
immnediato aplireiension that such a
step is likely to be udoptud ; but on tile
onie hand there is the ugly reiniscence
that a coup de main w~as actually
thought oif not mniy monihs sinco, and
on1 thle other hantd, Prussiau probably
duems she owes it, to herself to notice
a nmeasure almost amountiniig to a mnili
tatry demonstratin. TIhere is a grow.
ing conviction in these p arts that if
Natpoleoni will not cease diverting the
mtore restless among his subjects by
t reating them to indefinite foreshiadow-.
ings of war, it mtight he iteither oxpe
hetnor honorable for this Governtmet
to ignore his conduct ontire'ly. The
most, painful feature of the afleir is its
occutirrence a week after the disavowal
of the Salzburg alliance and thie delivery
of. the speechtes at Arras, Ljillo and
Amtiens. Contradiction followintg each
oilher so rapidly, have a tenidettcy to dis
cruetthepuli however much the more
intape a be convinced that, in the
circmstacesof Napoteon 1II. to feign
a~ littge at a neoightbor, is by no tueans
n'cessarily promtonitory of a thrust. To
mark their sentse of the imnortance of the
Salzburg Conferenice, the'Prussian Gov
(3rn~int a fortnight ago ordered, home
their Amibasisadors frotu Paris, Peters
butrg and Florence.
IExdPaaDWP DAvts.-Ve have been fa.
vored WIth a yhotographlo vlew of the once
*g y at oltlof of Itho (Jonfedeoracy. Weq remem
bar him as he9 stoo'd oh the steps of Godoral
SOhesnut's residence la 1864 addressing'lhe
atudiiono gther~ to, hest hs wordls of
ona!ndcer. 'Then his halt' iymas of
an- hron gNey, lil-face fuil offire, the 'ye
* undhimmed. the bireoolmar, .mtd the. poryon
*tright as an (p~dlan arrow, but ime andl
trouble ldite eviduorly wrodshtt a
chngo1 aad~ one:ottnot fall to obspry~ tjit
Mrt' Datisas -ledt, suffered frog, anore
thh arlnti shmafo of iisitsortunfe. 4he
figuio-IS that, 'o an. bidorlff onleqaane
.pla, Agniod, butt' dteprnes,. 7
andhordhewhilto as ,~i#.*/ *e
up~on a st aff, and the ,tiek'v'of 'fe . . 5O:
64t whIcli e'I' owe that, ile4a
to be eveor11ttteg -~?.
of lj ilse. ,tluephotmte*w~l fal~
1tsahd to be thle only one 'of the n4I
e Southeori coutnr*.---00u5#b4 Chroni .
Intorosting Lotter Writton by Maximilian
just Before his Death---The Disposal
to bo Mado of his Body---Madame Mir
anion to Remain with his Mother.
Tho following letter was written by
Maximilian two days before his execu
PRIsoN OF LAS CAPL'CIINAS,
16th of June 1867.
Dear Bcron ],ago, .Ainister of Austrie
I am done with this world; my very'
last wishes ar in regard only to n v
mortal remains, which will soon bo
freed from all pain, and in regard to
thos who must survive me. 'My
physician, Dr. Basch, will have mt * body
brought to Vera Cruz. lo will ho ae
companied only by my two servants,
Gull and Tudos.
I have ordered that my body be
transported without any pomp or sulem.
mlitv, to Vera Cruz, and that on board
the vessel that is to bring it to EuropA
no unusual ceremony take place. -
have awaited death calmly, and I wisah
to be left in the same stillness whilo in
You will take measures, my dear
Baron, so that Dr. Basch and my two
servan'.s, who take my body in care,
m-y accompany it to Europe on ono of
the two war vessels. Over thero I
wish to b buried besido my poor
If the news of my poor wifo's death
should not prove true, my body should
be placed some where until the Elmpress
rejoin me in death. Have the goodness
to see that lie necessary orders be for
warded to Capt Groeller.
Have also the goodness to tale meas
urses so that the widow of my faithful
companion in arms, Mirainna, can go to
1lnrope on oie of the war veswelh. i
reckon the more on the fulillment of
this request as she is charged by m
to remain with my mother at \ien
I again thank you from my heart for
the trouble you take oni my account,
and I remain your well wishing
MAXIMILIAN, In. P.
oneral Beauregard's Speech.
The following letter ch-ars up the
doubt hanging over the remarkable son.
timents reported by telegraph to havo
been publicly expiessed by General
BALTMOnE, Sept. 19th, 1807.
To the Editors of the Baltinore Gcu.
Dl.An Sins: I notice in your paper
of yesterday an article copied from the
New York press of the 17th instant,
in which certain political opinions aro
stated to have expressed by me at a
(inner given to me by a friend at the
New York Hotel. The dinner was a
private one, and the statement of the
Express, being but a brief and incom
plete abstract of the remarks which I
made whilst conversing with the few
friends present, conveys an erroneous
impreasion of the views expressed by
me on that occasion.
Being still an "outlaw" in my own
native country, I do not feel called upon
to publicly uphold its government es
pecially at this time whon that country
is divided in opinion as to whether Con.
gross or the Executive Constituntes "t/,o
government." But I am free to state
thlat unless the Conservative element of
the nation soon awakens to the dangers
w hich thbreaten the liberties of the coun
try, I confidontly bailieve that its lorni
of government will, ore long, be chang
ed to a military despotism, after a
period of anarehy more or less prolong.
Yours, very trui -,
G. T. BEAUnEGA RD.
We learn from a Northern exchango
that an accurate observer of agricu~tni
ral matters reports with regard to the
harvest of .1807, the following as the'
probable comwparativet crops of the cove.
ral States: Illinois is much the largest
produnccr of Indian corn, more than one
sixth of the the whole crop of the country
being grown there, and also the largest
producer of oats (more than twenty pei
cent, of the awhole), and of hay more
than twenty per cent. Pennsylvan
takes the lead in the produotion of rye.
nearly ono-third of-the product of tJ
whoe country---and in buckwheat Ont
42 per cent. Now Jersey producr'
ing to population. Now York takes -
t~he legd in- tobacco--about thirty'
cent. New York, Ponnsylvani
Newv Jersey together producet
of all the rye. Newv Yor ndiien
ten;th State in the r nd Ms* n
corn, bemng ooexe e o **'enl
vania, Virgin ' otkh s ~eed
ri. -In w isciopsln, Michligan and
by Illi ~ ohs alone hasj n corn abous
I?~ A 0We; in wheat, 2,198,000
Shm rye,845;600' adres : In oats,
811,000 mdres' Ia briey, 41,000 adres.4
The, elatipt) pf MrTBsia aend Itaiy,
which .were'supposed a shobrt time simee
tb e df lveryllcttO' cliantor, are
CAdtt Biaitlarck ii wresnted to hilve
ol~ereltrge ridvancesof money to .the
Italian Government, and pomita to
by F'rance in Rom.