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p tr A Family Paper Devoted to'Science, Art, Inquiry, Industry and Literatur r
VOL. 11.1 WINNSBORO, S. C., WEDNESDAY MORNING, OCTOBER 9,1867.
IS PUBISH1ED WEEKLY 11Y
DESPORtTES, WILLIAMS & CO.
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Obituary Notices and Tributes $1.00 per
BY C. a. 1oYAS.
weks mniut. pasaa away,
lh I ia vly 1l-ii- ls ja18 i aerelaloi ,
E'e I I ly witch iig Smile shiall seo
Or. mwetI thy trilliant glance -
Thy l)rillia ti glance that like i flash
Of sumineor lighinating plays
Tihrtowiig ia hialo rotil the close
of lire's d.olining daiys
TIhy smile! 0. it hIs power to wake
Withi tully boasion's Close,
'I lie silmb'eringv 1 hope that. In it lies
As titabeamas wake the rose ;
As sunbthte:uns wase the slee'piag rose
Wihin her fragran, bower,
And to n to gems of sparkling light,
The sad night's dewy shower I
Thy word-thy softly whispered word
Floats 'is a zephyr light,
Uponk lite siitil.s aroubled tido,
As hreezes ofal tniglt
As breezes of the sin ry nught
I'lay W.'er I lit leaa v-ing aa,
On i ai ry monagaiitus.It.ai dna'nce
It tiry sporta ive glee!
il'hy smile. tly jelanle. tity whisperel word,
Will they te galcred all,
Until upon thy -aaiie earl .
TVa1 waI kaitiw a fofitsfeps fall I
Or, wil lou cao - thlse precvious gits
Amaong the light naod gty,
A11l heilless al aiae lovitag heart.
That's breaking far away ?
The Aimnety Proolamation--Its Personal
Bearius--Wiho are Embracel in it and
who Exoladed. -
A ciirrespm .. , r 1-t - N.- y !
Hcrald, writinag il'Atam W :aIingt ott i'll
'Tah i lta noiceablie clasA of perslonts
now (or tIh first atio nadmitied ui am
na'tv arat tit14 nmaemubt'rs of t ht! Utite 1d
&ates Ciagresst, wh'!o a wsigied th eir ts
and wen Southand th membe'rs f
Wilal W4a,1a1, steal I, ac atal tlaa1. a1a'nllaa't'aa aif
tlhe' Con derate (tngress t. Richlond
natli Motlgaomer'a'y. 13ntt. it. aldesearvesa to Iaa
ml ted tait qan- aa innbar of alaa aara'
still taiu gh-d ina thIe m-shs of aiv pIra
oint papei-r, as will alppvar har'n-r, ana
a good anily o tiera eanv'. on herl nta
nt. one tlie (atr antothr' got. their pardton.
Amng tise I nty ininnaa Pare
Waiker, Un1 iaiiiql Stat's membeli(r oi Co
gr-oss frotm Alabama ; J: attai L i'tghi.
from Aliahaman ; IT r M Carry, froam
A lalmai ; Williaam Porebo r M il-, f
S h Ca roli tn \V W Bove if St bi
aroliin ; De Jarnatm e and Glhion. of
Virgiia, and maniy others A goid
m11:any too, of lae sessaon nembars era'
d oad. Syndenham Moore, of Alahama
dii frmt wotil in ate ; laa io t, of
Kaatneaky, larkadala, of Niaa'issippi.
who ell at Gettvsbug; Brantch. of
North Carolinsa, killed noar Rich-notd;
M 11 H Garnette, of Virginin, and
T his proc('tlamtionl, haowvevr, lets ot
a fewv pronminn'tt man'l-amaong thetm
Bocaock, af Viargintia, Srne'ake'r of I the
Confeade'rate Hotn of' Reapraesentn Ii ves,
einhbo the wa'r practicinag law quietly
nonr Lynchbutrg; 1Henry A Wiso,
Bariga'dinr-Ganral ,- now practicing law:
' Roblert Baranwell, of Saouth Caroina, a
4 ladaig memnher of thme Confedrate See-.
ala, ahdi aouott 1851 a U~nited' Statest
Sa'namror f'or a brief' pet'iod ; Ei Bairksadale,
C of M isissippi, a onaferiorat,e memrber of
Caaitgresas ;. Williamo A Gaama of Nort
(Caroaahtn, a memberl)Pt of' the Confiedaerato
S ane, one - Un~aited Sat et Secretary of
i. .'v ; Ialwad Sphrrmvw, oif faunii.
.a .aa't.aber oif t hie Unite'd Statee
a a-';I Jaaine- (Chintt of S th ICatii'
im-. a ta' lirtt 1Untited Sttateis Seat or wvth
re agwad bis aaenatI t o go i nl o thae rebtelliona
t he'a a meiberl~'t of hIa ConafadaI'ralt'Sen.
-.I lha a -t nembetir fa i' ~ pearsaonal
(f Inatat laatly a braigierl geneiral~ ;
HerscheaIal'- Jaohtnsoni, aI.~il onfeda rte
Saanatar.: ttad Is'.Yy, I tmaly nltllliont Di.
vid lb Y[aleya, Unthed'a Staw4 ,Sentator at
thea Itii-ha waur broke ont.' Thi.s pr
-son hnas htada r'alther althard timeia of it. Ia
wvas undl'rstood tat, 'he was v'ery loath1
166in for seesisiaon,: lut woas carrie'd
in bystha. gM~tound.:sell, Uas resigriied
* his seatjn ie.Uayitcd Statesa Seate and'
that was atte ni of htirn. M r. Na a is
gae hun nolthilg f lls own St ata 1, Flari
dat, gave himtf nothting ; lae ltagmt'hed ini
baent at terly. fortgottes Jmt, faor he a 'a a:
tIavae zea a taIal h.rerin rlaw, Mr. Tea
sepha IloIt,.of thae Bifrelib oft \Mial rs
Ihaa Med 'atamtatde4 p.iaad 'Abigged4 ,ft
Fi Patlasaki*' y. revel on iatuch daaabties
jua porktand .laeguaP, il~pd Ithenfl cjnt td all
aframtknd.iera- a~a~t'alanag Hou/coattivyd
Ihe ouald stay-ying -t~he aer'y da
ilair. La thielElttai. adnttagft ~ naulah~er
a Igh alfliedi a ttt ioiV d - oinugly for
haavinag a ktidr -ireitIlgiwheasJ yop
of Ma'itvbetAnif' gpa hoia sanne.
t7 dieiper4e #jtA 1avtdtIjrat'
"L ii&A Iroam thil afitbri'sMaaby.
the partisa~n, stranagely enough, wa4dm
Bramjd hw Mr.- Jahnen'q amanty~C Mil
29th ot May, 1865, being only a Col
meol and liable to nono of the except-ng
-liatises. He came in promptly, took the
.ath, and then it was too late to do any.
hing with him. lHadl the case been
oreseen it would probably have been i
Besides the names above giveni, th1i
.nost of those pardoned are small fry,
ab)oit, whom so much need not be said.
l'hore are still from one to two hun.
trod persons excluded from amnesty by
this last proclamationi, embracin'g a
large number of the leading Confederate
',fficials. I will run over some of the
most conspicuous of these as briefly as
Among executive officials, we have f
first., Jeff. Davis, Ox-President ; whoso <
t.rial at Richmond cotmis off November I
inext ; Alexandor 11. Stephens, Vice. I
Presidmit; Robert Toombs, tho first s%
rebel Secretary of State, then a briga. s
'hir geiieral; R M T Hunter, an ex. a
Unit.ed States Senator, successor to I
Toombs in the State Depart.ment, niow L
engaged in liarming on the Rappahan p
nOck ; J P ll1njamint, the Conffederato a
Secetarv of Stato for three years and c
ge'norally deemed Mr. Davis' most in
ftiin'il adviser, iow a nmnher of the 'i
Ninghsh bar ; Jame's A Sfdlon, Confled.
ersite Secretary of War in 1862-3. now
Mngap I in 1armme:1111 on ie JIames RivOir,
n'ar itchmndl ; John C. Breekinbridge,
first a .nnijo 1r-g.. i l and th('ln siccessor
to qaddon 11q Secretarv of Var, now
livin- in Paris; C G NI.-mtninger, of
S m.t 'Ci-Om-luuia, I1' lir- rebe'ln S -cn- ir
(it Ihe. Trin;snrv. now livingr in (Chmiil-s
lain :S 1 It Mall~ rehe-li~l Secrtary of
ih.-, N:ivy, 11-%Vn r:illhne! ill.n~co
Pala , 'I'l'h; n 11 11 : 1 . \\ i s. , 1C ,g i*,-r-in -
Aiiorigns. G-.ra1. now pr-tinog ha w
at. Montgaomer v, Ala. Fin of' Mr.
Davis' (Jbieot. ofisvi.-is hatv. btemn pa r.
donied, viz: L PoLp, \Vniker, of Ala ,
the lip-st. rObel See're.:a rV of Wir at.
Monfigoimnry, who 'resigniad in Septeml.
her anl becan-e for awtile a Brigand ier
Genmueral, nfwiprt icini la w at 111 1st.
vil., .Al , Jihn Il ll an, Pa 1RO!oY ntr -
Geniena11-, now isyt r m T a-(-; ,a
D e -,of Nori' nldl. .\n ,r .,
N oia,-.. , n. a,i 6..... * :v i t.a a,* ti ,
1* . rat I Se r taI v Tf 1 . ''. - ar
0, g. \V R nal. V hI.t f V iI gri i: ,
wa S < r ei' ol ' WV ar tar ( I : m1i - I lt..
Iin-ri.-l hr-s 0-.-en , %- hv !- b n.
power, haiving <16:d lst. .\pril ill .\
marle con 'y, V\t.
A mong the diplommtic and emmi'r "
einll agmet'a exe-l dil' from ams tt11 ; av, WV
thos- Johnm~ Slidhall, N liij'r tmn t1% a, now
livinig in that. eiov ; Jauns M Naiaa, .I
V irgiOia, Niiniler to G111-1-1m, now ' -
a.idinlt at, 'Tol'rotnto, 1a1nadila V -.sI : A
Duldl-y% Mainn, who git at tig lanv at.
Brulssels, ndobAnY kno Vs for what, 'now
livini.g at soms1 Gran bor'l n lii ;av.
ings ; L Q C LIanar, of' MissisZiI11pi, a
co'loneul m im C1nf len-e .--rvic0 so
tby Mr. Davis dliring th1 Wa tolu ,
andl now pri'aticinig law in N l4sissippi;
Join T Picke'tt, Cmfi-derate ('on ais
-ioneiir to th1m Illpublic of Nex iceo Gen.
William Pi ston, of Kentnaeky, a Con.
federa-e brigader then sent. to the Court
of Ma imilian. but never received there;
Georg Eustis, of Lonisiana, Se-cretar(
of Legation to Slide'li ; Jamea's E Maic
fairland, of VirgInia, Secretary to Nia
son ; Walker Fern, of Alahama, Secre. c
tary to Lamar; Henry,Wote., eit.or of i
'.he index and cominercial agent lt Lon.
(Ion ; Edwmn DX'eas'nn, of Soth Cn roli.
tna, (employed( to wrti te up the Conifeduera
ey abroiad ; Chiarle~s ,J, Ioham, of Kean..
tucky, Coinmissionor or Consu'l at Ha- L
vana, a nd somne fsew others of les~s note.
.Among thu agents employed by the
Confe~deracQy for i cellanecous puriposes L
not, yet fully disclosed, and except ed by
this proclamatioti, ivo may mention
Clement 0 (Clay, of Alabama, now a
lawyarat Huntsville, Alabama ; Jgke
Thompson. who, with Clay, was sent to
(Ciati, anid is still living there ; Gen.
E6. 0. Ujne, an emissary in Canada ; .Bev
oily TLncker, wvho' wavs engaged in ship- (
ping heef sonmewhlere in Nova Scotia
and runniag the blockjaido ; Capt M F"
Matnry and Capt Bullock, sent abroadt to
buy3 ships ; Furgerson atid HTuse,.aenat to
Lon don to bny army supplies--the lastr
of wvhom, it is. said, madeo a good thling
ont of itnaha a few others on similar
buisimesA The notorious Georgo N. a
Sanider's, whto affected to be a diplromiatio
agent 'of the Confederacy, never 'reld
~iny sort of office er commissioni init
-The military men unnpardone~d area still
quite niimrons, and there is biara y
space to gi ve the namVdes -of th miosta
conspicmt'na. First we have Robi-rt E.t
Le, Josephil E Jo hnston, .G TI. .I-amnre.f
ra rd, Soia'l Coosape~r an B11 3ra x ton
Bragg, amlI of ihar full Geniersia;. oon
er w,,aS also .A djttnt-G.-nral at ich- I
iaond:l aon ItOt. LiL' m -n'n i.( jm..
ral s -imre Johnm 1B. .1loa d, .f l in. k.v ; .
'John i C Pemb'toni''tii, E6 K ftby Smo th,
1!ti; T'hialiphimts 11h.1 a, Noih Ii
Otlhia ; Jhtines Liot'gear(det. Ljoiilanai ; J
titp d shid Early.
.Atuon~g lihiMatjor-Gen~rergis not par.
odd'thr H'fbvael (Cobb, of Georgia ;
stri; Et Mern ,i rin ; iesr 1
iouth. arol OiaaIc Forrith, v
hKton4, 19h315to 13 . '~iiivola WndoflF
an ,am nt, entsenr Ci
Only~ two navel ien of the Oonfede-I
John Ruskin ou Marriago.
J01111 litskI thilks that lhl is a great
'r Politicrl ecolomibt, than critic of art,
s Fi nin thouight tllt his laiilet was
atter than his ]llt) Acres. lhiskij's last
roposition is to i-mlose res'nrctuojns On
mrriage which no Iihi t ror ever dain
d of before, :11- tL!, Inake tie Siate the
tvIi IWayv of the. h)(de. The following
assagen, frgm 1Iw14 state twvt of' his
chli'm shows what idiotic trash bright
ln can sometimes 'write.
"Pormission to mrrry should be the
ward held in sight of youth during tile
iro latterpart of the cotrs of their
ducation ; and it shouid be grniite'd as
ic national attestation that the first
ortion of their lives had been rightly
lifilled. It should not be attinoable
'itiout earnet ain. consistent effort
tough put witliki the reach of all who
re willing to mako snch e'fort; and 1.1o.
ra nf ting of which sliolid be a public
!stimanony that the outlih or tile maid to
homn it was given had lived within
leir proper sphere I modest and vir
tous1 life, and lad at tained such skill
i hir proper handieraft, nnd inl arts of
ansehold economy :s mt)ight give Well.
mtided expectations of their being able
Aionorably to maintain and tetach their
ild ren. No girl shoitid receive per
ission to marry beforE' her 171t birth
ty, nor any yoith before lis 21st ; annd
should be a point of somiewlat distinl
Aished honor wit.h both sexeas to gain
i-ir permission of marriae in the 181
11 22nd year ; and .a recogiiz'd dis
m1e' iot to have gained it at b''tst be.
I' t he cloise of th 21 m ial 2 111b.
'i'i t tmery sho 1 tmbl b-V given
"Ay lothelI Imidens1'. na vo'l ibs who
al -I w *1n4ch 1m ill I buat 111 h *l y - ar. ;w
4 shonIl be crowi,14 he m b
e ob4l li'rendh title fRo i.. 'i .11 theV
nith- perh: p-4 by some liltano rightly
-iived from onea sup' d signiietion I
the word "b)ach ir," "iniel fruii
id so led in joyful procession, with
uIsle iC nd shiging. througttih tlie city,
rIeeta or hine. anid Ihiw day enied wi Ii
amting of Ite poor. but not wiit thaiis
w1p; qui'-ly ti. thir hoines.
iMe'erv balivhel 'r itrd rosi-re should bo
-r .1 in il, - l) ,.91o9 l Illlilt& at Ix
e.me froml - ll- Rrsevenl years1.2
mb.-.h..........tom- nri1g- f
rh ti.vv mi.h .- h b ria il-i
COInI Sh11311 I not he p10tunarId to ex.
('.iti - no I ' toporti mr l (o th.- r
uik.-for se1venl yearhS fllowingf tha11w
I'ich i"'y o11-1 'i-issn to nirry,
i -h'ndh weninldate in ith trust, of
Sunti uin'il i.- se-..nthI year, in
hieh the s'ol. h iml, (onl e..rrain
lilt iot)t in t; ill 's of s i (i e. ir
-111r1,4 an, th, n1n 11hus necessarily.1
at hilt It i I, ]a - r tw n ttl d hi l, tie
a1 J 'Y - i Ih l Oh tit -firtpiiI tail
o war (l if, -. ; buhi bet Olne suppolned
:aist il- firs: str's of it ling 'non:..h
enlabh- theml, with proper Iforethoullght
:'cinomy, lo to ee're their ftotintg,
I the Ctliar Itrtited someiti'wlat inl the
o of moderaite meas beforo ttov w'oro
imit ted to have the command of abun.
Frazor, Tronholm & Co.
The cia' of'tluw Governmentis. Fra.
I, Tr.-n'olm & Co.,wlli('hi haa occupied
m h1 tim in (be Englih courts withI
liiilit chatn'e Cof suces, is no0w in r.
r of set itn'-t. on Condlitiolis iadvan
*r. .df Chatrl~ir',. a piratt.; oIf ihe firm,
e.itiar witi;h d12 anie. B. (innpbell anid
-Gove'rno "r ?,bigrath, the'ir cunse5l,
di ex-G0overnior Wia rd, of' Georgiii,
tinsel for' thIo <i uside criiitot's, hiavo
en here for the past, week endeavor
g to arrange flite case. It will bo re
i'miIered t~hat itn the En~glish couirt8
oocsi of t ho United State's rs. Pr'io
an1 English pa rtneri of thle fi rm, has
-ver maitde mucht~ prges The Pe~t' Ie
innin. of Morse and( Gibbs was f'ortn.
I.CIy -repudliai ed by our Go'verilnent.
ud 'ill May lotttt, shortly before tihe.
hire of thei firm, thle Tr'etnsnry Depart
alit, intitue ai((1I suit in e'riiityv against
co. A. Tretholmi, W.T L. Tretuhim,
.A. Welsmanur anid TI. D. WVaizier, ihe
iall es iln tmembmers of itho fitrmi, and by
innieiion pr-ohibhiteid them from) dispos.
g oif any prioperi'ly heldl eithlir ini he
II naimo or itrdividniallhy. In t.he ment-r
no the priivate credttorC, wvhose claims
achl in the aggregate ?500,000 stei'l
g, haovo cornuneinced proconidings, anid
thin-r enrrjrritn find thait. Geco. A. TPrtn
dIm climsi to iavo gone.- ont of the1(
ta two 'yea&rs ago, atnd. that, W. L.
re'nhotlm and WVelima also claim to
ivele'tt it about, a year ago. Anti
rihi'r, itat iinarly all theO f pro)prty of
Ci firtm,,whi'lt C'nitiast most ly of real
ins, is I hl- in their' *iiidiviinal ifnames.
Nev'i I herefre ihratent.i o put t1e part.
nrs huE) in volun2 tiary Ibankr'upitcy,.Antd as
stohy t ied tup e'veiyihiitg. -and -a's. this,
im fenira thle proco:udiitigsby thb priyqtao.
editos evilk be corried intQ., ef)'eet, h
id tlbeniselves in ~tincI a .si.tatijd~
>mpela 'bem to mao.petue
overnplent f'o a aeittlement pfi
ich mter ts now pendintg. ttad,ii
~'o~baby g bwtughtr'o ii satisafactory,
1bnob'ndy who vfflestporei tn th
utoh ot'n1tVttdhttft afta dti18 ith a
rio of' grenhaoke.
[From the Jackson. (Mis4) Clarion.]
A Practical Su ggestion to Land Owners.
nliy persons are offering their lands
for sale. Where this step is tn!o wilh
the view to abanmdonl t he country in:
despair, and ilk seareh of it bett r oil,, it
Sii tich to bit de-ploreid. We invtli,
our people to reminiii on fir s'il,b:.r
their burthenis with foritind, st'rive ito
build tip the wast ,o places, anl.1 h v ;I
Irident line of condiici. endeiavor a hr
as they are able, to regin)I recognit ioll
by the supreme power of their right of
local self government.. If they are true
tN theniselvous, it may be that,inll itime,
frioei willingly aind able to assist, will
coMO to their a id.
As a menns of re populating theI
abandoned plaw.ntions, it has been tig.
gested that owners will offer inds in
sinall parcels to corrispoil with tho
liited ile111 of iiiigr tis. A writer
Oil this Subject, wiselv observes that
"land cannot be sold inl large iract' it
nct0u14l settlers ; and (he tr1u priniciple is
to sell in sumIll <ilant ities It, lolw I'rice..
The prolit imlust not, be expecteId to Come
from the first sle. It m1us come from
tif increaed vailno of tlh laid ret ainol,
which will rise in valne inl the nrkr.
n proportion to the increase*d deiisity of
the population, calused by i imngralion.
There aire but, rew planters who catiliol
well afford to sell one limud..d or (is.o
hund red aen:. It : temling pn, amd t
still have more than they canl prpel y
cultivate. These are the prorns w~ho
can offer the proper idineiments to tihe
immigrnim.; -ind they will have their
neihborlood set Iled (1p), and theiri pro- "
pertY donhilefd ini value, wiile t ho.. w\ ho
Will not. sell aillo w one half or two-I hirdl.4
of tiwir h:11l to ble ail erlloi-rl na inIMib le- I
(1e. (i op tho fariu, ki'ep the/ prices
Iw, yne l yigil1* ii- n-imrail mctirge c
knlown), and' inonI ;,!ral ionl omIst come(.
The ail'eet of conrolring clm elective
frnnchise III lte black. will give hien
the nonerical aseeinhei * y iii svera
S.tlt.e, (vei noiler the miliary lill -
tild Ihis as.ucendanlev of mei1iIelr.i will b,.
inlcreasedl n indrel f.dl i1 tIe prezent
sei. -mo of adju:stm.ieiit. sliundd he rejected.
Unt. 11f an cef..Ctivo svte -n of inmigra
'111 silt. on foor, and actively carried 1
drendel iigro iseendiney will eie, Ime ,
a m t h. I ,-t no ?ne S(a it c-:
I'ds t h1is obje-ct from mlotnvis oil re. I_
iowaids the ced populion. ii .
e'd' r to ee a 3mi.r i -
nidce legi in. caeiiaho -,.- : .
ordl , r 1to 'v re '!r .i -p-. a d
wealt1 o t e .a
mtion:II oni finl th1- 1'..m ;: u at illr
ed :t111(1'ion to 6'im at. the \\'e t. I I
oirganized scuts, penitralo.1 h.e e(1miiV's
lineS, nid wh. nev1 r his :ueriors wis'ell
to le.IIrued atinvigli conOwrg h' f4
tihlise toU C(loel Simridon,8 's riihnnt
A wiite; in 11e Ti; l:k..w\%s- iI ot.
the hosne popilarit y in connee iii wi: II
lhis opea~itioins in tiie Shen3andioah Val
Iiy. liee says
It. was o of, Sherida 's poenlil iies
that. he gen'.rallh knew as imich :ilnit
the enemiy its he did about his own
army. (it' had learned from'his stcouts
that Kersihaw's Division was surely to
be ordered back to Hichmond, 'l3..ini
apprised of this Nai," says he, '1 I had
for two weeks patitiily aned its withI.
drauwa I before flitacinig, b eev inig I le
conidituiiin 1 of aliri throughout the
counitry requiire'd greatt prtuece oin my
parit. Ini this~ viww I was cii'neiding
dnoti thie I17th of S-p;tembher, lhis
recorded.( ant mitere~sti ig remni is~e'e ecf
the iite'rview : "I met hiimi ati (hlie..
townu," says ie, "'and hie pa)inted( out 8
distinelt 1ho1w each a rmiy layv, what lie
coutld do the momeniit lie wits ath~lonzed,
anid expre34ed'steh conifidenice of sue
cess, that I saw there was bitt t wo words
of itistruct ion neceissariy :(Go in I 1
risked hirm if Ite cotuld get ont his oen is
and soupplies in Ltime io mak , an atnack
on the onomny 'ITuesdany mtorning. 11lis
reply wits, that lie could before daiylight,
Pnor1rrant.a FAit'n i.-Dri. (co.
13. Lor'ingf, thec Presidenit oif thie New
England13 AgrliInitralI Moe itty, telbh:
whint scientilic farm ling will do ini thIe
comnparttively sterile s:oil oft New Eng..
land. H sta tedl, in a reccenit addreoss
before thec society, thant lhe knew a~
mian in; Massachuseatt~s who, in1 lie),
boughit twenty acres of' land, lie lhas
a ppliled to it all thie accutrate knowl
edge that hiocould got. There is no
month in the year flhat somnethting
does not blodm on his farm ; there' is
something greomn there ahlways; anrd he
always bassomeo crop to send to mat..
ket. You walk through it IindC find
.overythinig going~ .inust sirngnhii-ly, ace
ourately' anid cat-ftully as thle cottoni
goes through thie loond li lhan inan.
aged. his affaira with pyulo'nco,ntetn
~y and care,- and has made from Ils,
t am of twenty acroe 25O,000 in for.
VI~ bir Rsmeiacna bas' had nhno
'dd i" gthlesd fl~oe were shot or
effrj dh d'tm ,one 'drowned hintaj
$6f nigsves'ely'svoinded, oi~
I4146dfyllowv foeor, nd one. was ae1$I
extreme risks of editorial'lfd n the I
rato States are excluded-Adilral
Beuiics itd Admiral 1Uchnnan.
Tle Governors of' rehel States aro
11o excepted. Among tise I note
3overnor Si it, of VN irgin (tcher vi'
Ins been pirdonuled) ; Z B Va nce, of
\orth Carolina; J f larris, of Tenne. .
ce; Clark, of M :ipi; Moore, of Lioii
itna; A llen, of same State. died in Mex
co; Lubbock, of Texas; Rector, of Ar.
cansas; J E Brown, of Georgia; M L &
B3onliam, Magrath, F W Pickeis, Gov. r
,rnors of South Carolina, and Acting
Jovernor Alston, of Florida. r
On the wh )le, 1 tako it, tho number v
>f persons still excluded from ainnesty e
nay be stated at one or two itindred,
md certainly does not exceed five hun. p
red at, the utmost. Mr. Johnson wonid f
ave satisfied the cotry better if h
Ad taken the advice of the Icrw I, in- ti
lend of Mir. Seward's, and plainted lii- i ,
flf on the broad gronid of univ iersal g
mnesty, receciain I loll all progress.
hit few men in ofilce have tho invalti
le faculty of iewspaper senso; they if
eddle about trifles, and when they give .,
way aniiytiing think th-o virtue is gone i
lean out of thlrn. h
'he Fort Pillow Affair--A card From fh
Gen. N. B. Forrest. e
!'o the Jgditorr of th New York 'Times : I
A correspondent of the Timnes whose d
itier was published on the 20th inst., it
"AI th1e- timer of the cap: iire of Fort U
'iil'1) b y llw rebel iee Forreist, and d
. ma rn-r-i ll its; iiir.. garrison; G o-! t'
rol(:h..11 l n 1 n ~ i - was ill b
IImI iI l i ' 1.1 C i ilI a point' on
NI.414 .\ . I ippI riv r ho I'm 4 ' , 11 1 1 : 1 - \\. ,
'- I. i r r I, IfI-fih.-d w it!h i.i., v1h-IIr4
mld hi, IImrIdiers, non:1-eb.-d( froml I r
'ifow direct fy oni Fort Coh timbu111s, no i
el ol. Tpl wroteen that the comm)t1andeler *V
iid uarrison of P'ort. Pillow hn14 heien
M8nsMnered1, indfarnw1(d him h-a t heco.
431(laedl 10,000 troop. , IInId kneiiw 1ha,1a
I (Ieavrentce) hid O lv 1,001), nld orl
1-d him to sitrr-ri'44r Ili 4ne h.. I
Itn-, or lie Indf lh1s comi tu11:,1l . 1.
Ie'r the fti t se i which 11 .-1 n vi-.ilmd ,i
* f4- 34rrho 34 Jl',..r Pil~~ 'w
--r 4-i :4- .111' 4444 .4 449\' ( ':4t4 -
i 9ti : ..4l :4 .1oI 4i.-r al i 4 h-.4 - 1
.1 994r 444439 re!!n'P:ill., , aui
44 l~n lilit t l l-r t 11.111 !r t e11 ,.
- l t .1 I ' il t i le' It'
.1), W i t') pl ttif9.1. lilt- Ill 14i944:r4j s3! i
.44 I ' I e-r. i 44 w.9 i 4-rel'et . .,k %- ( o
tioh i'.; - ,d ll w - 4 i litie t Ira
t 4-4tlli'4n IT. Ill.- 7 , ars, ll;i( lii.
III 394 44 I' I 3*r3 af i
'T'fi- I4l 1 tI t! ii . a tI0l , 1'he -
111110-11 h - 1,. il \-I 1i-. on l a e h \- i
r--l w hl, i 1:1 in .-: - . 11 c.ch.1
Th.- o qlv- r.p r of th 10ii.C
vt ait'h il.'l cat11.I0: 11 phro 'a
w,41 ne1 IlleY lno t tii \ - i. carle, I f 141
4!'."T :.c it:;9l I n s i zt:C ( . dm44 il l4
wieb \'a Ur-t-r n.-ut. \\'41n.le w.
si-tit(41l 4-41 3414w 4b41, i )~ 94-tr.o c4444
Ited ofly aot ado. 250 (11rs11i
''n. O Iheri pf-f, wheb C i .1 (:491 pro
et , atie. iime,~ tih w t i:it I e ow iltir e
li4 's ilY c ill fIII , tlo r' ih.fill i ft i'le
niuired orfthese-mliyv-five or thnmni,
Iho were'( baly~i, wonnilh-d(. fhavitig bceeni4
-hivor'ed~ byv me to lt he oflics'r command-i te P'
g a Uitetd St ates gun.t-holt in the vi- d
nty~ of the4 fort, ata9 ahont. 250 (an
imi d4'eripn iv Vist o11,(f whom01 is no0w
I this city', ill thle pos'3esdoni of Gen- ze
hiomas ~Jordaun,) faing bei~ ten htrned ,
'4er by m to 1 G.-nera'l l'44lk, 4a1 D)emop-)f . r
6i A'\l:fithina. Of thbe.-e(4 f~tirt 141(-n, [g
ntety we..44re negro'4 sold4.iier.. NorIi were'4 ii
4e res't. (of the gttisoni all kilb-d4 ; fir i
niy oif them91(. f1llieed the'ir esenpe,
fb lc~ 4.tflers were drownedvic'( in th9e at..
opt.. It will thius he. seen that 1.ho m a
'oportin of killed is not gireater' thtan e(
usual in. the case of so soveresr a fight, bt
~companiied by a desper'ate assault antd.i
Thoise fa(,s na known to thie Gov- tf
nment of the Unui.esd Statos, and acqulit ho
0, not1 only in) the oiiion of the Pr'esi- a
Int, Mr Stanton, and Juldge Hohbtl
that of Congress, (of anly viofat on of m
n r'ules of. civilizAed wvar'fare. 0Other-. A
ise, I1 would hav bonn 1 lon 1)tg ag~Ooar Ii
stodi and iried tuon that. chiarge. For tm
y own part, cnacions of myv inne-. .g
'nc, and knowing perfccly wvell tfLat ]>
have alwayvs w~aged war with tho c
r'ieletst reigarid to',he usages oIf 'i vllized iii
.4i ons, I havye niever shuiInnied any n.v i
'34igatioll to which thie 16xec1iive or1'
onlgress13 might sublject my military con-It,
As t.o the absurd chargo that 1 march. in~
i aigaiinst Cobimbus with 1 04000 men al
d dmiaindedl itS siurrendotr, with theh
preat thant I would. in .he evenit of re
iwnl, "inasscro'' it-s garrison, I have Tp
Iy 14) '44y thatl I InlOVer wias, ifetring tile b
lir,~ widt ell rt miles ef G'tnmbuis,
ri-r iIt ineti9'3n1 by th~eCnified.,ratesq~
~iacotig part' y4 1 of43 lo 'lhan- 10)0 mein ;i
14 tha fi e 1 11f9ibcial repoIrt of G~em-rpi li
itwrenen1C' hiimse'lf iulyf~u~ dspjrover ji
our corre.spondentt's stateintg. - fi
.OARI&ONIC 0DFORt lEXT~tM IA(tNQ
Uon4UTOE8-t .is StatedthA- jC C
d'ilit aold hass recently41heen snee a
JUfysed na' Rtahway, Nothhe*
ft d'de~rinit ions bfer ,(td3'
lhurat'ed with the aid, . avaji hiuig up
Ip iiot~o)4n, and ini t~o 1iooiia the flitts
new tennblesome. withi like macam j b
Oomion Salt al a Spooial Manure for
The Contery Gen/cman publises the
following conai it)ckilltll ion :
The. artivles which Iavo recelitly ap
pealred ili you r lpa1per, on this Subject,
I Ihalve bit of I; ,I iL in terst ito Zomne oif
II. TheV aret colia ii yclionVilicinl 1s
I.) the val i t ,f S:It as a 1anu:r11iiio 1or
the whea', crop. The cause. too, is easi
ly veXplainid ; soda biig a large consti.
tlIeil. of sal, and that combining with
hte miex iml tle soil, formin g silicato of
Soda, a large ingredivlt, both ;II the
straw and in the grait of wheat, as well
is liany other grains.
We have corroborating -ovidence of
lis ill the action of cauistic soda upon <
31raw Il In le iie w process st yled the Iv
lros'all, for makitig paper. Seven I
easi oh straw are cut up withi a straw
?iit',er, into not ioro than half-mch t
lengI , in macorated for seven hours 1
with cm:it 4i) soda and hot water iii ai
iuge Ivklving boilcr. At th end of I
.a to the silehu ix in the -trav ins
:oinitiel w-h lhe soda, andl rimains in
wOhltiol as iiihl ito of soda, while th
unaS of ve-ealdflte hre ha:s beeni Coil
e l1 I int) a soft pulp reulady for bleach
nig into "il- P uck. ii eIr* would he ai
noIst adi I;ra le special naaa v nre Chr wiltent
:l""d i' be utilz ad ; butt, with many i
>hrv aai: ble arLicles, it i. usually
hroewn away at. t Ip autper miliS. Cons- I
nona Sa1Lt i, dotbtlss, it cuncentrated
tod portable suibstiliute for this article,
Ind it is to be hoped that many farms t
vill give it, a trial, on his crop, th~o pre
wilt, season. Could we bti, add one
iushuel to :ho aere of thie yield. or su i
lat. iutich itn straw, obviating risk of I
iii1ina, o' li:bility to insects or rust,
.irog, suipeior s rengt h of constitution
Ov to tho plant, or earlier ripening of I
hei berr, as your correspondent claims,
what, an iamilse 4o n it. would bo to I
.he ariluiclmiial in'tere.st or the cointry.
A ga'in of 01only one biushel par acroI
.vould certaiily be a gain to the farmers
>f the I Uinited States of millions of do- I
;ar. lilt catitioi nust bo exercised, I
uid great care mui it be used to prevent
oo muich iming applied to the soil. Too I
n ,X mc . liro aicre Wl. 11f GIatbiless Ue
ly all 1eals let us have this impor- f
ant quesLion, thoroighly tested this sea. I
II 1W [ IC iTottLA lil:uovES A FLIRT- 1l
S1) r rrrn.-Th iaecdote illus- p
ratilug ictoria's admirable good s
vn$C aInd sriet domestic disciplin1o is 1I
-elated by o who witnessed the o- '
-urrence. One dly, whens tho Queen n
vas present ii her carriago at the i
nilitary review, the prinacess royal, v
hen rahller a wilful girl of about thir- a
eenl sitting oil the front Sent, seemedl
'IiSpo0sed1 to be fata1111lir andecoqueicttish c
with some young oflieers of tlo escort. I
Hier Majesty gave sevoral reproving (
ooks n ithouit avail-"winked at her, I
tt she woul(dn't stay wiinked." !k i
tl:!tlh, inl flirting hor lunnaaikerichief S
m-,.r tlhe ide ofl tile curri;ge .he drop- i
ped it-to e Vidintly not atcideital- %
Y. lI-tantly two or three young ihe.. I
roessin-ag from thoir- saddles to ro- I
Irnm it to her fair hand, but the aw
ruil voice of royalty stayed thcm.
'Stop, gentlImon , exclaimod the i
Qeen, 'leave it just whore it is.
Nov, ,ny daughter, got down from thA
ear ringo anid pick upj y'ou hiandklor
:ie f." There was no0 hlip for it. r
Thec royal Ifootmnu lot downl the stops
rz the litt le royal lady, who procood
red to lilt froll tile dust the pretty ~
:4icco of eninbrldIic and lnoe. She O
beii,5!' a ffod1 deal), though she toss
dI he0 hea~d sou tcily, and sh ae wa'is doubt- j,
essa angry enough, bit the mlortify- e
ti le o may50 hhblvo Iippe11d in thai bud1 1
aer first imnpulse towards coquetry.
Et, was lhatrd, but it was wl~lolOm5oi.
m0 equial to such1 ai p)i0co of Spartatn
On the 9th (of July, 1865, General
slioridain gav'o hits opinionIt of negro
uff'ago in an address to thte returnled
oldors at Chicago. lie said :"I ~
uiant 111ose who hav~e been1 ini the
,outhu to0 bJoar testimo~ny to tile condi
in of thosme freed negro~es. My own
upinaion is that they auro not fitted for
ho exercise of the franchi'o. 1I want
hemin to got a fair price for their la
>or, but 1 do, not think they are fittod
o tal l pirt in tho legislation of the
unitry." Th'loso are the persons the
Radicals are in favor of mtiking the
finials of wivlte men at the polls by
News FROM CAPTAIN hALL, TJUE
ncric Exr.onzia.--Voptain White,
1 tei a whlaling bark JBlack Eagle, which
irriveO rat New 3ledfnrd on theo 53di
na~tanlt, bringsne flW 'Jfmn Mr. ;Half4j
hoe Arcthioeoxplorer, ~Io was at 'J0
pulse Bay,~ whre rd~hiebJar
blotft two yearsM' p 4~ gq t a
viniter .110 made 11j 6
(by, about 180 m4, *A C
tpring, in oompa t*l~4 wh it
suen, who hanve
vholhing flockli h
oKing Wil 4i sip,
('he wild Nke injin on
Rtighit o'er the6 Sky Lark's No .
[From the London Timos, Sopt. 17.j
The Position of the South,
TiE SOUTH WITHOUT PROTHOTION V(oR
i'toiE'TY onl RDfPICnS l FO OR!lRVAtA
CES-TilnAli POSITiON UNDER A TY4
AIiNNY-TiH PEOiA: AT DAY.
The position of the excluded States
luring thbis discumson will be memora
ble in all future history. They know
nothing of the qonstitution or of fedeml
[aw in any form. They have no pro
eetion of property and no means for
edrozssing injuries or grievances, They
ire being taxed and governed, and their
Rtato laws are cancelled and new laws
nde for them, at the uncontrolled will
,fa majority of twenty -six States. It
! said by Northern writers that the
yranny of subordinate officers of the
nilitary governmont. -.harau agents,
ax asst's.ior, collectors-it oppressivi'e
lid irritating to iho last degree. "With
cry few exceptions," wmrites a corres
ondent of a Republican jourr:al front
reorgia, "tile lessor officials are bitter,
ostilo to the residents, and speak to
hein and of thom in thc harshest man
e'." Since these oflicials must knoV
hat, any excess of authority up1on1 whilh
hiv may venture will he regarded as
certaim indiCation of loValtv in the
orthI, and that elemeney woul
xposo them to suspicion and uinp1opu.
trity. their alleged ie of conduct is
'cry nutural. The Southern peoplt
till exasperate thie rulers by refusing
o extend to thei the commonest, hospi
alities or civilities, and Congress has
lot yet attempted to pass laws compell
nig the Southern citizens to give Fetde.
al soldier a welcomo to their house
The legislaturo is, indeed, tipreme,
ut there are soie things it cann dio,
mi .1 one of them in to eradicate the hn
red of' the co(liered towards the con
inwror. General Wade 1.Lampt)on, while
tdvising the peopl of South Garol ina to
mcourago tho exercise of th1e franchiso
>y thbe blacks, urges them to ab rnin
rom takiing any part inl the governtle.t.
,It is," ho tell them, "my honest, and
run bheit.f that the volintary iee i
Voof t iese measures Il)v ". pe
atisi rrely u(ri ,i'g, oily 13 tie
;outh, but to 1.e wiole coNtry, evils
ir greater than any we have
d." It imiay )ossibly be recognized he.
her, eve' by tho inost.stronuous advo
ato of total disfranchisement,that noth
ig was to be gained by asserting the
rincille that a Stato government. Is a
ystem which exists only so long as the
11jority of tlhe hiour choosers to permit i .
'Ito whole Southern population, il -we
ily trust the accounts in Northern join -
als, has been drivon tio bay, and StateI
dhich Assistb'd to miko the constitution
ie demolished at t.he fiat of a Congress
I whicti the maj riLy of a section bnr.vo
btainmed tho exclusivo representai.o
it this atnomnilons state the Govern
f the Uit ed States must remail.
Io peoplo consent to listen agtin '
iteprieters of a writtei law wihi .
opposed to be incorrnpi iile. W V a
iiiiroversion of then protecting ii'
v'hieh might be amuniusing to the CyI !(
in a negro candidalte for Congies, in
he Stit of Georgia, promising, if eleet.
d, to 'd> all he can to ameliorato tho
ondition of tie whiles." Could we find
striking commentary upon the work
of reconstuction done by Congress, or
pon tIh condition of the Souh , than
hant which this single senitence pro.
Tur WVANDER i No Jr.w.-Fromi the
ear~ 1818 (perhaps earlier) to about
8:30, a banids'omi-featuroed ,Jew, semi
aen eostumoe, fair hazired, baure
eaded,hiis eye intently fixed on a lit- 4
le ancient book ho lie old In bothI
ands, mIght 1)0 seen gliding through
lie Atreetsi of London, but was never
een to issue from eor to enter a house
r to paluso upon his~ way. He wasl
opuilarly known 08 "The Wanudoring
ow," but there was soinothing so di1g..
ifled and anxious in Ihis look that lbe
ras never known to suffer the slight
st molestation. Young amd old look
d silently-on as lhe passedl, and shook
heir beads pitifully when ho had
;or.o by. Ho dihsappeared ; was seen
gain im London some ton years later,
till younrg, fair haired, bare hieaudd,
is eyes bont on his book, hIs feet go.
ng steadhily forward as lie weont on;
non again whiispou'ed as lie glided
brongh our streets for the last time,
'The Wandering Jewv 1" There woro
nany who believed that lie was the
eory manm to which had .been tittered
he awful words> "Tarry till Icomon."
OOR 8AMsQI-.A derreBpondent of
be Journal & n&Ifsengft vouches for
A %od d9 for~~i- ydinor all
il cond patacaful~ ft~d inuolV sooner
~i~o ' <fh ellcontinue to
g11.' inoja dis,
~ ~e~ooly ma negro
" Gy'.overn ot,
SWhy i#edgeb~ ~ryor like a dul
maj3 llOeQ gp~a proughy
md the other Mhave,. tronab~lv. ~