Newspaper Page Text
0ontinuation of the Message.
prevenited ? If his ; Ili . the -plil'b
HeIvICe1 shoibil impel hinll)' to antcipite
tho overt, ini, mitist e ho moY at ieo perit
Of being: tried himself for 'ie offbiue of
slandering is' subor4inoato, ?: In th0
present, circuisiatices of the couintrv
ome one0 1nm11t be( held respons11ible for
oeticial deliniqu ey of every kind. It
Is ex;treiely diflictilt to say where thim.
Ie spoisibihty should be thrownl, if it be
- i lft, wher it ha1s beeni plicedl by the
('ollstititionl. 111 aill julst menl will
*.dImnit tha11t the President, oughIit to be
4nielrel rclieve(l fronml such responisibihi
y, if he(, cain1ot. ieet. it by reason of
r.-str'ctioLs placed by law upoll his ao
The un1rreticId power of remiovPl
from o1:e id a very great, one to be
Itrusted even t.o a1 Magi-Irate chosen by
th general suffirage of the whole poo.
pl, ntid a1cihItiI1le (irectly to thiem
fir hi.3 11cIS. )-t is8 undoltedly hablo
to A bise, and ait some iool of our
hiistury peirhai has boon abli(. If it
be .hi.gli t, deinbilo and consti ional
1hat it ShoulI J IW. SO liiedW 113 to make
III Pr4'side:IL mevIl21 a. Co1o111011 itiform
41' agAlinst, oliher pulblic a1genlts, he shouiitld
at least,bo perruitte( to act ill Ihat, ca
Iacity befor4e soi4 open tribinal, imde
pilene mof partiy pohlties. ready to mit.
vestigtLe the merit of every easl,
furished with hilt, iean of taking evi
d11c,1an bouind to dieido acecordinge to
cs,alihed rules Thlais woilI giarai
'ue hl saly of' Lit e acuser when11 j ie
actsin oodfaith, nd tite samle tilme
warell (Ifh rigdtsi of thel' other party. f
(pek 1o course it all- proper re
eet for I he l il lnt, Seil -, bu1t it. d1oe.s;
nit seil to 1Me tl.It anly legislative
b)1h v'nn Ib so ('441st1 1a Ied ats to. ill
llm0 its fl 1.r Ilose h1uncIolln.
It is nyIt lie t liwOry of this Govern.
meont that public, oflicevs are the pr>
pt rty of thoseo who hohll Owhem. TheyI
are. give Ierely a- a itrus for th4e pulb.
lie beneefit, sm1t111 1es for a fixei periiod,
sowi' timeos dirling god behavior, bu1t.
generally thoy are hlalel to be termiiu
tud at th pll':sure of the nppoinlillg
power, which represents- tho col~ective
laj'sty and rp4aksi the will of the Iwo.
pOe. Th forced reten'-ion inl offlie of at
slIlgile 4l:4Maonlest, personl 1uay work great
injury to till public limterest. The dan
ge!r to the public service conis not from
tile power to remove, b1111. from the pow.
er to apipoint. -Therefore it, was ilhatI
1)mt framors of the Contititiion lft t.he
power of remloval unrest rietedl, While
Ihy ga 'e till' Senal e a right to reject
all appointmients, whicb, in its opinion,
wvere not lit. to be nlaile. A little reflee.
tion of)nI this sullje'ct will problably satis
ly aill wh-Io have thle ood of Ilhe .outryl~
at henrt that oult WM comses is to 1,ak;1
1,h1 OMNIituillion Nbr our1 gm'1de, walk11 inl
the 1a111 marked ont. by th 1)lund(rs3 of
the R.PlIbble, and obey the riules Inade
satcred by I lie observance of' our great
IEUMP~TION OF SPKEV:0 PAYMEONT RE
i1llo prosent condiltion of otur fInances
and ciru1rlaling lediiun i'4 olin io which1
youir early conidleration is invited.
Th' proportion whichi tho curroncy of
:nIycuntry sholdh bear. to thle wholo
vaie of till' ainum I produce circulated
by its me(2an1s is a (es1tion1 upon which
political economisis have not ngreed.
Nr ca11 it. b controlled by hi-g3ist1ion,
hat muilst he leit, to the itrrevocable~ law'
('ver irresistibly ii av to those ploints
law (of' demand 0( and~ supply2.J is as1 nner~r
ingE as2 that which1 'rgulaites the tid~es of
huea ;I(l and1 indueed curren('Icy, like
the tides0, has its1 ebbs~ and1( flows thr1oulgh
OUt the commrcia'~'2;l w4orld(
At the bein~inig of the rebellioni the
bankll no(th ciren12ttion (If the 2111 co 'ty
Ii 111d'redul millions1 of dollar1's ;1now the
('ciculhtio11r of N at ismal I Wuk n1otes0 and(
thoso50 iio Wn-ns1 "legal tender"'3 inarly
21 een hunlfdred 11m11ionsl. Whlo it Is
u4rg4'd by' some1 thiat. thlis amount111 sholl
be~ IIirea$d, others'2 cont('nd that a1de
e'i'iIed redc1ltio is013 a bsolu111telv Vessen11t ial1 to
the best inltere'st of t he country. riu
ie lof ) tillse' di verse. op~lionls, it 11'my b1(
w~ci to ascernunt the1 rea11121 valuett of 0our
paper0~ issues,21 when'l compliared withi a
meIta1llic 0 o coner'tile curirenev'. For
gold an ld si Iver' co1n11h b purcha!~sed by thei
51even14 hundred4 mdlions11 of pa per mon01ev
n10w inI circulationI? l'rolbbly not moro
sho1win1g t hiat I'wen our1 paper cullrenlcy
ia ('ompared'O~ wi'th1 gold and1( silver, its
commer14'tcia1 l ahte is comlpreslsed into
striking fatct,417 mkes2 it :he obv'ious dilty
of the G'overnlment, as enrly as may01 be
couisistenit withI tile pr'inciples of' soun~d
pliica011l'LeconomyV to take1( sutch me'asures
as will enab1 t1h1I e14 hlde1r of' it s notes
n1114 those211 ot the N ational:1 Baniks to
ce4V'rt 1them1, wit hlout loa2, into spcio
or its eg-'tivalent. A redulction of' our1
pape ir2uitinlg 11dium n111 eed lnot
wo(u11 lhl epend upon11 thle 1:11w of demand1ll'
and14 supJply', thbough it sh1iould ho bor'lo
inl linid thalt by Ikinlg legai-tenider
alnbi boni~ nlotes conv~er'ta'boleinto coinl
hr its ((1 quivalnt t heir presenlt specio
v'arlm ill tihl hands of( thei101r kolders
wold be4 enhairgenId 0110 hundred1'C per'
Ilegislationl f'or thel accomiplishmont of
n1 rI sult so desiiable is demlanded by tho
highest pu~blic con .rations. *Tile
Cotls~tit ition Con ttemlplates that the cir.
ciiialtIng meidiuim of the coun~try shall
be untiformn in quaity and vah te. A t
i~ho t'une of the t'ormationi of that instrtn
ment, the coun1try had just emlerged
frotn llh' W ar orfIio lhiYolution, and
wni difd,, fdtil thaoefints of a re
Tlie'anges of that po'3r1(rt weref atixioits
to protect theci frosreority frem'the evils
whleh Ithey t~orttsel'ves Ild' experienced.
J'tiwdt, in pr~iintg a1 Circulatinlg medi(1.
pelver to coin mnony' and regullate iho
vahl r harho(u th an o time ...e1,t.
iing the ais fro'lntmking alything
buct gold and silver atendt''in payment
Tihe anomnalblus canditio'nof our otterenoy
s In striking contrast with that whiob w18
)ragiaally designed. Our ciroulation now
tmbraces, first, notes of the National Bank,
wviilch ae madh receivable-for all dues to
lie Govermtont, excluding imposts, and by
ill its creditorm, excepting in paymont of
iattere-tVupon'its- bonds anid the securities
themselves; second, legal-tender notes, is
ued by the United States, and which tihe
law reuaire sliall bie received as well lit
payment, of all dohts between citizensti as of
all (lovernment. dues, except inposts; and
tlird, gold and silver coin. By the opera
tion of our Present system of finance. how.
over, the mnotallic. currency, when collecotel,
is reservedl only for one class of (Jovern.
ment creditors, who, hokt'ing it" bonds,
Heni..iintiually receive their iiiterests in coin
from the National Treasury. They ate
ats itiald to occupy an ividious position
which aty be used to strengthen the argus
ments of lioso who would bring into disre
pute tihe obligations of tlhe nation. In tho
ptyimotts of aill its debts, the pliglated faith
of tla Uovermient. sthoild be inviolitlily
nilntainiled But while if acts with fidelity
towarl a hoo liholdor who lonod his mon.
ey that tie integrity of the U nion might
kie pretserved. it should at the same time Obl
Serve go-I faith with the Innases of. tlie peo.
plo, who. having rescued the Union from
lihe perils of the rebellion, now bear the
burdetm of txittion, t iat. the Government
iay be able to Iil its engagements.
Thore is no reason which will be aecepted
as [sti kfacat-or by tIe peoplo, why those who
de fenad us on tihe lanI tind proteet us on tile
soa ;ie pensioner upon 11ho gralitudo of
tlhe nation, bearing tlie scars andl wounds
received while in servico; the publie ser
vaIts in tlie various Departnmonts of time
Governmett; the farmer who supplies tihe
soldier< of iate army and the sailors of tie
navy ; tie artisan who toils in tlio nation's
worksholp, or tli moelanios iand laborers
who build. its edifices and conAsruct. its forts
mal vessels of wir-sbitl, itn plyment taf
their just and ha1trd-earnd dis, receive
depreciated paper, while nIother class of
tieir countrymen, tio more deserviing, tare
paid in coin of gobl.and silver. lEqual inid
exact justice reepitiros ihat. tall the creditors
of t he (lovernmet.t. should be paid in a cumr,
renay possaesing at tniform value. This ciin
otnly be accomaplished Ily tle restoration of
the Cnrency to lie at analard established by
tle ti onmst i I'iion: and by this mneanls we
wobtla- ritmovae It dlitri ala tinat'll wic lomay,
if it hIts nlot already doe so, Create a pre
julico that nty hecome deep-rooted and
wile spreal, tid imperil I lie namtiontal crelit.
The feasibility of matking our ourrenoy
cora1-04pon1d With the consat ituitiionail standard
mitay be secit by referenc. to a. frw faets do
rived froni our comnercial. statistics.
The prodiction of preouoats motalh in tke
United States from 1819 to 1857, inolisive,
ntnoumiuted to $579,0110,0011; froan. .18i8 to
I S110, inuisivo, eto $137,000,000 ; and frot
IaItt a 18t67, hiclusive, No $5l7.510,000
taa tig tie gr0 ad aggregat of lroad'tet
sinaco 181), SI ,17 ,0)it). The atiount.
tat specic coined from 11 to W867, inelt
ive, was S439,000,t)00 ; from 1858 to 1,10,
inesive, Wiiutit: ta Isan from . Is8 to
Im87, iniha.ive, ilia,t )--amking the
lot.nl C. oitlage since 19-11, 6.87-1,000,000.
From 18-19 to I857, iclisive, time net ex.
ports of spurio tamoutedi' to $*27 1.000,000;
from 1838 to 8110, incltiive, to $1-1 ,000,
0i)0; atid- f'om Iitl to 1.8117, iiclusive, $322.
000,000-nalking tlie aggrogato not exports
since 1810, $7411,000,00. These figures
show aii excess of product over not exports
of %.4113,000,000. There ar in tile Trcasu.
ry, $11 1,000,000 in coin, somiethiing more
ttan $40,000,000 in oiroulation ot the Pat
cilic Coast, and a few millions in tihe Nat ion
al and other llanks-in all about.$0160,000,
000. This, however, taking into account
thi specie in- the country prior to 1849,
feaves moro than t-broo hundred millions of
dltlars which have not heot accounted for
by exporhitation, and itherefor fully yet, rae
main itn tie Country.
Thmese are important fatt, and show how
completoly tle inforior curr-ncy wil' super.
aele the taetter, forcing It from circulation
aimong the tmassecs, tial causming If to tae cx
ported its a tmero article of traide, to adad to
tmney catpitali of foareigna lanids. Tlhe'y shmow
the necessity of re'tirinmg otur ptper maoney,
that tite returtn of gald anad silver to thme
avenues of t radoe may bo invitead, anid a deo
mand uireatcd wvhichl will cause the retenitiont
at hmomte of' at. ceast, so muatch of' thle produtc
tious of ouir tichm and inauiist iblo golal
bearing fielda as mtuy ho sullienat fort purl
1pesos of elrbatlationt. It is aureasonable to
expect a roturn to a sotund currenioy so long
as time Governmenett, by contiming to issue
irredcemable notecs, fills thle chauincas of cir
oulatio with deI aprecitat ed lpaer. Nati th
sattanading it coinaige by ourt tmints, since
1810, of eight hutndrt'd antd seventy-four
millions of dollars, the people are now
ttraniger'sto eur'mentoy which was designed
for their uase atal benmefit, tama specimnend of
the preciouas mnetails beang the niationtal d'e
vice are~a se'ldoam Sena, exce'pt. when producted
fta gratit'y thew inlteos excitedl by tihe novel
t.y. If deparecite~d. paper is to-be) contin~uedI
as t he permiianent curoney of' t ho countrmy,
andtalil ouar coiin to biecomne a mtero artile of
tiratio andl spiotnlat iona, to the enhmancemnent
han jrice of atilha t. is indisenmsable to athe
coaantort of te people, it wottld be wiso
conomay to abolish our taints, thu lae avintg
the nat tion thle care atnd e xpoise intcidet. tro
smach e'stablishtmoets, and Iii all our pt ecious
mectatls he aexpoted ina bulliotn. 'rThe t itti
hias comoc, however, wvhmen time Govertnent
and Natitonal llzanks should be reacluired tao
take theo most ctlicient, steps anal mako all
necessary arrmangemients for a resutmipt ion of
specie payamnts att. time earliest practicable
periodi. Speecc paymaents hiavinag on-ce beeni
resuamodt lay athe Goviernmtent and-lianks,. all
ntotos or bIlls of' papetr issueda by either of ia
less adenomuination- thiatt twenty daoliars
shaould bay ltaw, lhe excludaed from circutlationi
so that, tle people mtay hmavo theo benellt and
comnvenionoe of goldl and silver itrroneoy
wvhicahatn all their busianessi transactionus will
be unifom itt value at htonme iand ablroa.
"Fnvery man of property anad induistry,
every amain who dlesires to pteservo what ho
honestly possesses, oiv to obtaint wvhat ht-y
can haonestlhy earna, hiat a udiict Inteet in
nmaitaining a safe circ-ulatimng mtediuan
atuch a meditum as sall be ireal amnd substan
tial, ntot liaible to v'ibrato wvithm opimions, niot
subhjct to be blownt up or blownt downi by
time breath~ of speculation, bt to be mtiatt
stable and secure. A disorderoted currency
Is one of the gr-oatest political evils. It un-m
domines thoe vituets neooessary for thme sup
port-f of time social systemn, atnd eancouaimges
propenisities destruotive of its htappiness; it
wtars against littsty, frugality, mad econ
omy, anid It fosters time evIl spirits of cx
travatganmoo anal pculaion" It. hast been
asseted by omne of' our profound~ anid miost
glatedl slatesmien, that "aof all thme comntrl van
cos for checating the labor'ing classes of
mauaklnd, none hasb ben t'e effectunal than
illat which doludhes thoam with papermouney.
T'his Is the most effectual of iniventl'ams to
featilize ltho rich main's filhis by Ihie sweat
of the poor man's br'ow. Or-diniary tyranny,
oppression, exce~'ive taxation--.hese bear
ligihtly otn the htuapiness of the mass of the
Commuanity comparedl with a frandulent our
teney, andl thme robbeiesommidtted by de
preatinted papoem. Our ownt history bias ro
corded, for our instruct Ion entough, anal more
than enough of the demoralsing tendey,
t'he injatite, anal the intolerablo oppression
on thec virtuous and well-disposed of a (10.
gradead paper oau-mrency, author-ised by law
or hn any way counttenaoed by Governmtent."
tines of pence or wnr. expenslions or0 oyl.
alone, to .eocoinpilishli Ae transfer cof tli the
pr'ecious metals f-om the great inass of the
people into Ahe hatt's' of the few,. where
they are hoarded in secret places or deposi
ted In strong boxes under belts an4 bus
while the people are left to endurp all . the
inconvenienaea, sacrilice, and demoraliza.
tion resulting from !tle'tuse of a depreciated
and worthless paper money.
[Concluded in our ncxt.]
WINNSBORO, S. 0.
Wednesday i&oming. Dee. 11, 1867.
Despories, Wiliams & Co., Props.
THREE DOLLAT4iesr ytnr: TWO DOLI.ARS
ro six antonth.4; ON B Do .1.A I li r thim- t.tit (s -
p.ayatble In gremihi ck, " Sigle enipl4 T i'rt e s.
m5-* The p-% tier wIltl lie clin-:,1n nie-lit 411 111n.-x. I
ratiotn of theo timno thvr whichi pitytautit ins hie'vn tit dIu
Susicrlbers wItu flina -t cro- snark i-t the wr .:1p-r sr
itmirgit, or thoir Ipiv-r, will tilerbant th:it thu timo
imiti for hin% expireil.
ADVEItTISING' RATIs8 --Ont Duniir'rcr sq18vo
lor tho Iirsit, itt ,1 ve-'ty five cli 'u I' r etaui siubso
(lt1wnt invertion. A -Ilo re conis1 t41S4 oftitoe s'ee tic u
pi1V hv welvo 111ne. of' tht 4 41.41 typef
CLtUB R ATU'S - M0 copies milo ynnr T went y-tive'
Dollars. An% vextropy tirbtheorentsa naa!; g tky thre
citih. Ilor t n it Jl Irasar 1 7.
- D'T Wititi i o i nth t'lrom tlie 4Ito n chil is
en8itrind mid the ImoSey i ihi, tho 1er4sn nakitig the
cl1i',. mty seltil ruy re lib r or' ittes tit the.-Iainto rato,
Tfj - W ewidi lti li'8ti(l'r 1ttIsiertttti Ih1it (ir
orans tor siib yn alvertislting an1 jul work art
jif" Jost-in WtiaKtc & Co., are ours
Agents in Charleston, and are authorzitl to
receivo advertisenents and nake collection
for our papers.
The Preidont's Mssage.
From the longth of the d mumelnt,
and lin'iited space we have, we pub
lish only a part of Presideit John
sol's lessage to-day. It will be-con
clidole ill the text, i.ssue of the Hln
A 1. 1).
There are polhts- in the messtyo
upon which we of the uni fortunate
South can meet inl mutulal s% mpatily
its anthor. Like a man of tho triue
grit, 1Mr. Johnosoi holds onl with landa
blo tenacity to. his1 origitml iwos of
Recoistruetion. Whttt we are to ex
poet, what action the proient Cou,
gross will take, what further dograda
tiol is inl storo for the dowl-troddllen
poople of ai honest but ruined Bonth,
is known only lo- o mniscience.
Though it is not out of order to 1(,
tlat, from 0111ur experiene in the past,
it is fair to say that Sitan kntows what
devilish selemes are inl the heart. of
Wa lideI- aid Stevens..
W. P. Nash an-l that Speech.
The 00111111 tilt cat ion an1(d allidavits'
below speak for themselves. '1'h
gentlemon who give the cortificates
tre Iot willin g that such uncouth It1114
iugenteel charges as I false" anid "base
falsehood"should go unnoticed. Ifere
are the coummunication. aid the certi
it. E von : In the Naws. of the
26th appenrod at synopsis of an l
dresss deliverod by W. 13. NAIu of
Columtlbia, near 3ookiman's ill in
Fairfiold District. In the Columbia
Placnt.r, of the 28tht appears a copy of
the same,1O with an1 4append(lix int the
forml of ai letter fromt Nash, whtieb is
"with mucht ploasure'' inttroduiced by
the C l1itor of the ikeniax, an~d whlich
letter is as follows:
Massns. Enrrou(Is PunoNx: I s.e in
the4 ChltlOSton1 /Jaily Mlercury, a p~ara
gu'aiph relative to-4an inct1ndiary rad(i
cal spoech1,sa41idl t~o ha4v0 been mad1e1 by
111 beforo onto of the 1Oniont Leagues,
inl ].azirfiebh., This I pron1ounce a1
base falscheood. I tnever addtressedl a
lUnion. Leaguo in Fairnld. rThe
whole tenure of that paragraph is
false. 'Will you please giv'o this a
place0 ini your paper,. and obligoe yours,
W. B. NAsu.
Now it is no rumall ma~ltter to cavort
as Nash does in thte letter above. lIe
nuitst remnemlber',48as tiew maln in pub
lie life, that he cannl~ot with impunity
charge a falsehood upon othlers.
For htis edification it may be stated
that 1he thinks Ito never spoke to a
League in Fairfield, because in the
very speech now in dispute, lie ad vised
la~ colored aud ience to go eithe~r to
"Camp (i'round" box or to "the City"
to vote. Now thoro is neither a
"Campll ground"l box inl Fairfield D)is
trict, nor a "city."
But a mnagistrate ought to know at
least whten hie is insilo or~ outside of
hlis official jurisdietiot. Bunt Nash
didnm't scem to ktnow ; and yet, if the
oldest in~habitantse ot* the southiern
part of Fairfield know whlero thte di
vidling line hs, between Fairfield and
Rtichland, they know that when Nash
told tito liegroes to v'oto itt the "camtp
ground" or at the "City," heo wais ad
dressing a crowd about two (2) miles
from the linto, iand on the Fairfield
Not to det ain you, JNo.wn'Ser,. Mr.
Editor, you will find eneloaood four
certificates of the fact that.,..3,
Nash miadoe auch a speech as was re
ported, and thitat in F'airfleid tistrlot.
If' more cortiffeaa'os are required, they
can be obtainedo, Zt Ia , crttain tiat
BuchI a speeeh was made oni the day
and date stated, and by one who was
Introduced on the stand as "Mr. Iroy'
llero are the cortificatos:
"S-rA-r 01OF SOUTH OA ROLINA,
A;"Iinnait, who ninkes oath aid'sayp
tht on. the 9th day of Novemboki last
passod, he heard Bivorly Nash make
a8p coh at a barbacuc given bytho
Union Leaguo in Fairfield Distri't, t
Uiear JacobK'Bookman's mill. Nash
said the nogro never would get. jusbico
at law while the jury was-composed of
whito men, that there had beeii al- i
roady two hu idrod and ton nogroos
murdored in South Carolina (moaning
those that had boon hung) and Gover
nor Orr dare not carry into exoution
the sontence passed by the Court of
Piokens District, on the SiL negr'oes to
bo hung and eighteen to be sent to the
penitentiary f6r killing a, boy four'
teen years old. If he did, he would
not roenmain in oflice siix days after the
C 'nveitionl mot. 11 told the nearoes
to IVIit and not, cntract yet for there
was better t imcs aihead, and not con
tract at all for the third, for it was the
little end of nothing ; and if they0
would wait tintil the 1st day of Feb
ruary next, the wlhite imien would get
t ow oil their knees to them ; tle lie.
gr'os could do better without the white
man, than he can without the negroes.
lie farther said that the white .man
had always been inl power and would
always remains in power, if they did
not gain it at the ballet bc x. If' the n
Republican party failed in the coi
ing eleion, rather thn see the N ite
man remain in power, he would
shoulder his musket and see these hills
bleached with bones, and tho gil lies
run with blood -rather than remini
under the white man's power ; and,
pointing to the crowd ariound, asked,,
"would they follow him 1'' and tha anl.
swer was "yes,) "yes."t
[Signed,] J. A. IINNANr.
Sworn to before me this 3hrd day of
(Signed,) W. P. Isnoom,
"Personally appeareId bofore me
Thos C. Smith, who imlakes oath amiult
saysthat he was presen t at the Barba
eue near Book man's mill on the 9th of,
Nov. last past, aiid herd lDevrly
Nash's Speech, anld knows the facts i
stated above in J. A. 1iinaits affida
vit to be strictly true.
[Signed,1 Tjiom%.s C. Sm-r.1
Sworn to beforo me this 1th Docent
(Signed.) W. P. Baoo;%.
" Personally alppea red beniore mi
llenry B room, who imaoke.s oath, and
says thiat he was preet at the Barbah
cuo near llookiman's imil!, on the 9th
day of Nov. last, past, and hearId l3e v-.
orly Nesh mnvke his speech and. knows:
tat tie ftets . 4ste in1 J. A. Hin
i:miit's a flidavit above, atre strictly
true. and thiat i Vml y Na1.1h1 said every r
word therein stated. his
[Signe d] Ilr'.surv 13noom.
Sworn to beCore me this dth day of
Decemberh, 1 6G7,
(Sigued,) W. P. Bnoom,
"P6esotially appeared beforo m1e
A nios4'ru, wh io mukes oath nad snym
that hO.was prosent at the Barbacue i
near Bookman's mill, on the 9th of t
Nov. last, past., and heard .leverly
Nash make his speech anid knows that
the facts stated inl J. A. Ilinniait's af
fidav t .above, aroe strictly tie, It at.
lleverly Nash saiN2 every word th1- inI
[Signed,] A MOS y Tu a.
Sworn to before mue this dth day of D~e
(Signed,) W.I P. Inooir.
A rrivalof the Romainis of Colonel John
Theli remains of Col. Means arrived
here yesterday morning from Vir'
ginia, ini charge of (Col. R. Sta rke
Means. ft will be remiembeired that
Col. Means fell, in the seconid bat tle of
Manassas, 30th. August, 1863, wihile;
in- ommiand. of his regiment, the 17th
S. C. Infantry. The- commiunity,, on
account, of the telegr'ami being reeniv
ed too late for publication in the last
issue,~ wore not aware genecrally that
the remains woro' expected.
Th is arrival brings up sad r'em inis
conics in connection with our late Le
loved Giovornor. The gaillant rswin3g
of the.Govei'nor in the late war, fired
the patriotism of many a .eairt. Iliis
deoparture froiiM our intidst, useit :l
many a heart to tears.
No giit toting pageanit mnark ed tht way
of tl.e roen'ains 6o their final resting~
place, but the- Immor'y of Col. M c..
will again be cnsecra ted by floods of
the tears of afeooton. .
era of t he lue Rlidge Rtairnd meot in
Chialestnz,on the 21st it. The reports of
he Precsident', Super'intendant anid Seer e.
tar'y and Treasurer wecre read and ordlercd
to be filed.
JTudge Frost eofi'od the rollowing r'esolu
tion, which wats uinnhnoiusly adopted:
'lhsolved, Thait the stockhoulders of thais
Company have undiiniihed confalhencei in
the Im'pornce of the lituo Ridge Rnih-ondc,
and its ulimnto success; that they approve
of the ef'orts now becing made by the board
to insuro its early oplpetion, and aut haorizo
ad ri'ues~lt theo board to conminuo such ef..
Glen. J. W. Tharrison, of Anderson, wals
tn-elected' Prdsident,. and Mleses. P. u,
Q aillard, Obnarles T. Lowndes. Edlward
F'ros,ilieng.y Gourdiri, C. Mt. F'urmnanA. 1?.
Lewis, J.. U. Sitfon, J. Hi. Homs George
Afr. W. H' D. 0'ailrd was elected Super
intendent id.Scoretary and Treasurer.
.Tihere is sasolemp on-'foot,..whiphli if suto.
Oessfu), wgl1 oventzato lai the comlpletion of
this~ great enterprise.
A boy af, school in tre l'y to the:n
nfwry why a elhp s on)d I sn, qtoniish.
ed ht is teacIjor lg gaLy jng,. Wccua6 The
hermens cosis mnore thajn tna, hu~ n!'-..
Below, says the Charleston News, we
mblish an intereting lett6r to the Commis.
ioier of liniolgration for this State, Uee.
"i' John a Wagenei1 front Mr. F' Melchers,
V1ho has, for somo unonths, bouon presctitig
In erniany the interests of South Chrolina
,. a home for tihe cmigrantt. We fear Mr.
1. will be disappoiited in I.'C.ard to any
ppropriation fronm tho L eis tatre, either
or* thui or any other object; reasou-there
einig no Legislature or South Carolinia.
Yo lopet however,. (tt1t, our mzerchnmts w ill
liko Into considerat iou t ho suggel ion
hrown out by Mr. Meleliers, and do what
is in their power to provent (he failhur of
,n ent erpriso that promlOises to contribute
n imich to the butterial no loss than to
lie political prosperily of the State.
Ot.ointuta, November 1i, I&7,
knteral Ais A. Waynner, Crmum~uer r
P"% ,Sl, --Iy . o-day's Itil i s n I you
v'ar'iety of pt ers, Imoig them yiu will
otice a pap 'r t'.-n friend flerimm .\lier,
vhtich he is niow publishing. I have writ
enl It, him, und expect soon I' iiSe some
riieles tibout 8-ih (Ca tollit, in his paper.
\ new Einigian11 paper'1. a: beeni shrted ina
reiet: I sent fil adverti'emein, and the
dit r wrote a rnmiit -'eic at iho rato of
gr. per ltie. It is hardly worth it, as the
Apetr seiis to be ent it-ely inl the itterest.
f Califlornik. O.r frh-ml hlre's pIer
as also been sIa-ted in 11luover, and- he
as kept his word andi wtroto -at excellent
rt icle about S'outhI Carlolina, I will senld
on a copy of it. by utxt mail. I inid tigain
,'ew applietionls from tio people who
-.'ire to go next Spring to (h12alestoni,
ni(A' hei a younlg imachi'c builder ftomi
I ln'ver, and a family frot Ellwurenl .who!
Oire (o buly land-cash capital abut
1 .5(). Tie tive I thousa tid pamtz plilets I lnI
>rinted hero hainvo boen nearly all distribut
d throughout Geriany ; Otto thousand of
hem its been .-ent to live hundred different
ookstores. I ntowy have transltited the
upplement, and wi'l contribute them as
oon as they are pritted. The contingent
nAId for printiniatg, etc., of $500. is drjwii,g
apidly to i close, anl still. it, would be very
esirable to adve-tise tmore, ospecially it
he sumll country pallers. There are more
hatn live huntt1dred of thim, and"I if we could
ive each two dolltrs' worth of-advertising,
. would. be r otred to fle S1ato a tlhou.
andBld. hilt I supposo nothing more can
'e doe tlis year until the I egislature
tmkes tanolter appropriation, unless our
iheral Charlest otn merliaits contribute
oliething towards it. The weiteir tt
resuit is ttild, Spriingliko, but we have
ad it great deal of rain, and sotte very
o1 liays, nlthotugh no frost as yet- To
ay, espicially, is a heaultiful day. I have
iy window open, and sone roses tro st.tll
luoming in (ie( open air; it, reminds ao of
tr beautifutl Carolina.
As Olin1NANCEl To Uivouce11 ALr TF
'ivt:s or -rim: iU:tI-:s IN ALAnAA.-M~-A col.
red delt.4ate drew ip ( lhe following, but
eintgeo)isideied out of order, was-not, itt.
Wherens, By the Iato rebellion all iho
articited thunrcin in the State of Alaba.
i- were guilty of t reason : ati whereas,
reason bing lie gTreatest of criies, itvolv
'Iall others, anlld soulld be puishaed with
c1rfoiture of all rights, privileges nd iatimnt.
itics ; atid where i, mIrriage i n-Volves on1e
f the tost valutid t' s so i nd legtl
Ther'efre be it ordained by tihe people of
dlibaan, in Con vetO ion asseblnled: 'lhat
11 who pa ticipated i, or sym ipathized with
Ito late rehellion-againsit the United States,
tre guilty of tretson, and-ttre hereby declar
di to le traitors, and are hereby declared
o hnvo iticurred all. the petilios of
orfeitures, rightlly anud .instly,- inciden
al to muohi crimintals and weliens. suich
raitor.s are civilly doad, and all who
re boutitlo I 1 sh1 eliould be absolved it !aw
romti ni0l-obligatiois of every kind, moral,
ocial, doneslic and political. Therefore be
t fultrther ortdainted, tl-iat nty womati who
na.y havo enterod into t ho n of mat rii
aonity With stuchI trait otrs shatill Iet, andil is
teteby antutoied aind emop'wotreid to file in
Ihe Prlobte (Court of (lie coun ity in wvhichr
hot resides a dlelartion of hter willI anti
mr Ipose to be divoredn fromi sutchi tra'itor
iad upon thie tiling of' suchl dlelarti on, ii
shtould lbe the duty of the Jiudge of Prtobate
0outer upon01 thle rulintos of thIt Cout't o1
lecoree dlissoling ('orever (he bio..ds of mia.
r'itntfny it suchl crae, antid giving the sa it
ipplicani all the rights. pliivilego ad cit pa.
nit ies of a 'imm.w le,"' tand all childr'eni b.
gottIen of such moarria'ge, bhi wen (lhe 2 It
lay of' dainary, 1801, amal (he 21st of' Jully,
180, arec heteby dlelar'ed as bastards.
Ta m~i Tit 'r T HtanrPutsa M ts.-Thtz. f wv
Iiun'redn idllars shioutl i~ oe x penideid. ani' it.
lIlly for coats, sixty for boots, forty I
tat , one hundrl e<} ad eighty-thtree fo
:i~ty ninety for hair dyese and 'sha ve,'
Iwenty' for kids. andti tour htendred. foi
llabrany st rai 'It.I,"' by3 dli'sent.ohdei yi3otint
mein who "Witulid marrt'y were n2 t womenlC a5
Th'at th linrs 0on tept ili "i ped cnense(
at clhothi sirt xIed wiith "ight-lotmin;
i' / id ithl '.ix hairs fot' at motalchet
wlrn i bt- too happ~y ro h o cessed ant1
JThat girl" w-ill pmrn' in risking (teii
rteeks un icer abiri ma imoanal yoke upon0 I1
me ollta ar,1 hoguelto acuaina.tancte anad
winrl ini "'-ll : netver I'nii' stfpiniiitg te
iwtpture if the~ 'cooon Otne"' nncomplainainag
ly carrhii'ih ster' banri-boxes, or wil.
Ii 't'y in-i pijtecly accompa,.niis htis mo then
iln Ihoinjig expehlitionts, or kindly atssistn
L~ w yoiuno-r brhot her witha Ithe mai'ket, hao
'got, oJr I o-04ptly lifts hie ~iwo year obl to lii
ko~e ondl moot hes its sorrtowsm, rt restpectu
lb-n aunt's nerves(' 1by sofinly Iiheing lao
d'ooui. antd r'temees ott t'ainty dayai to wvip
I - t'eet oat (the mat I TIhese at'e iportii
iatms, girls--reflect I.
'Thit tiny sono per.so'b male or f'omnne,
w.ill tailk of' girls "gemtlitig hutsbanis"----.juig
as 1 htonph Iit. were some0 wonderful clovat lot:
nnd gooud f'ort'ano. Now, tell tme, who is
elovaited atd fa'vored moost, whien a snarlish,
growlinig an setures for' a wife, a gentle,
Itiving womnan i-and shtow me a- man (hat
tioesnt't belonag (olthat class !I Dtear, dea
moe! '(is stranigo that womon will fsometimet
love those hor'riblo etreat ures!I-Its iunex
plainable--yet it is a fact--we (101
IfIAtto ON 'Tnr Fina!.ItssN.--The Auggusti
IRepau/icaun gives (lie following as an exaam,
plo oft th yarns whtiht are told by the fire
teit of that cit-y:
Onic of No. (tno we wont tell) -----'s meii
haud rusthedt into a biumng building te
roecue a child. The fhamou had et, off biy
egress, and driven Ihha to (lie fourth story,
All inetans of Oeapo appear'iang to be gone,
le opened one of thte wiradow. and called
out: .L any, Jackey, jun' you bring thte oli
squairt dIowa to (tho kerb, pitt on a three io
mullzzle and let her come I" Jackey ptut oh
lhe nozzle, Ithe boys mannetd te brakes, us
tomes a streatn as b!g as a bolony and- stif
is a pokor. u-IJus' trapped the lIttle 'us
in (he old coat, putt my l egs and arms tighi
tt'undit te stream, and slid down tQ' th<l
pavement withboit burnin' ro or the child
If yout don't beliveo It, yout can jnts' cona
down to the htouse and see the baby I"- -
When a mim ij. out of money3, ht
shows the least ~f- IE.Whna
is out of temope-, o hWiltef mofl
fust, Niot Lot the White Men Know
We have a letter bef'ero 'Us, whiob
the Bureau Rascal mlisdireqtod, and
which -lias fallen into our lauds. It
is oicloseil in an offlicial eonvolopc
stamped "lleadquarters, District of
Alabaina, offleial buwiness,>' and ih
signed by one Mark ). Braiinard, who
ii' an iinported' ]B'iroau man, living at
Swayno's lIeadquarters, a td represellt.
ing the couldty of Ionroo in tile Mo
nigorio, a couty whoso existenco be
wad in total ignorance of threo doV:
before his< election by tho negroes.
Hero is the letter :
IoNTCoMsinY, ALA., Sept. 21, '67.
Akn. U[arrisUn, Esi., 1orter's PI 'ecinc,
Ml a :
U n Sin: Your letter of the 22nl
hist.. is reecivedl. In reply to your
statement that the planiters will not
le> you hold mcetings on their plaei.
I wold adviso y'ou to. hold vonr meet
ing in the woods, as tilis is the only
show.. Many colored people are do
ing that way.
You can put out guards so as not, to
be interfered with by any one. The
whitu, men inmust not know when or
where you hold your nectings.
XMin D.-.rAUIt Dnn
'The letter is addressed to. a ietro
man. It will- ba observed that this
iagent of Swayne and member of the
the Radical Convoution advises the
negroes to icet in. the woods,. not, to
let the whites know of their proceed
ings, and to keep out sentinels, armed,
of course, to threaten the peace of the
United States irouit Uourt.
Hlon. George S. Bryan, D. J., presid
ing.--Monday, Dcember 2.
Tle Grani Jury, through their fore.
main,. retur md a true bill against Frna k
Arnim, charged with oppression am1
extortion as revenue ispector ; and a
bench warrait to nrrest him %w:i issumil,
ol motion of D. T. Corbin, District A t.
A bench warrant ngainst S. Bottl-s,
toanswer for distillation without paing
United States vs. J U. Tfanning. The
defendaniit haviig plead gniihy of viola.
tion of internal revenue laws, subamitted
an afidavit inl extenuation of pinlish.
ment. A. Mislhtim was Sworn inl reply
after which the court sentenced the d.
fundalt to pay n fino of tel dollars and
cost5, and in) default of payiment to be
Imprisoned one month.
r. & M. nlise vs. M. instock
Arthur, Melton & Melton. Jiv No.
1 rentdered'a verdict, 'or plaiiitill for
~9 15 4i 12.
JE'parte Pierre Unet, Naihan C.
11oberison, Isaac K. JameL. - i.it ion
Car Vohntary ba'i kruptcy. Coll J. 11.
Ition, proolhiimant's paetitioner.
On motion ol J. I. Rion, Elq., the
Jurigo approved' of the appointment
of Samuiel 13. Clownev ns assignee in
the abavo cases, and it. was olered that
the notice, by said a'signve, of his np
poiintileit, be pubiid-h:Il in the viniis.
On1 motioi of Col. J. I. H. Ri, it wn;s
orl-red, t hat uin' il suevss.or to J amies
M. Rtlahind. na ll-gist er for Third Con
gressional Dtrier, hie appioinate.l uand
qualiified, atll piroceoedmiga in bnrpe
hbr 1Fairtield D)isitrict, that imay heren:ftrei
lie commnirced, be referred to tinat oer
upotn by W ni. J. Clawson, flegist er. i
IBaniikriiptecy for' Igor tt Cungressionia
TNTO A nyssm.st.-Thel Engljilh, stys th<i
Spr-inagfi'd Re'publican, aro jni:st beginnin a
to finad ani tiat nn immanenscox expend'il u
he Abyssiniaii ex(peiion inv'olves. TIiu
(eitirnf ore which hais left In hu is I12,0)(
effectives, 8.00)0 of wich are I ndlian na
I ives. Arairrng hia*tterios, eleph!ant car'
rirges, mountali iris, *:'ni ler ithm, iin,
ili then etetera of bat le, arc furnished hi
prlofusion. Miire thn 10,000 i'ollower:
W'll, of course, suick upon bhe subsitanice o
thec amy. Aiore thanmi 25,000' mule: hiav<
been QiollOtedl.from Indin, IBandild, Egypt
and'Syra,. adl it, isi said that. tho'e will al
prolve usolees in t ho haid travel; so imnan
hiorsos are nlso taken along. TJI: a expeti
liore o athei enmirin i' dopartmt nlidoml
is hailf a iliini dlollars montibly. Itht'ens
oftrnasport. is immenu~isa. Sa ling vessel
get. on an averaige S5 per t on pier umont bi'
empjloymn, l'hie intoal( cotof the expedli
tion is estiated roulg~iily al bet ween fivi
and six million poands. liarrowing as t his
is to the lliitish tax payer's'feelingus, in
musti pay and bean' it in silence to hie ic
wardeid, peac'aps, in thle dinm tutre, by tht
annlouniicemnc t t hat Abayssinaia is ani English
colony. Bit then RnOritice ofmnia tad mnonie
mrust be trenmendlous be-foro taly such victo
ry Its could( Ic-nd to thle organizailoll oi
Ki-ng Tihoeodorec's domniaon canu be gaia
Tiui Erterox ax linny D)lsTnacT.-Al
lhe recei elect ion behld in tis Diu)st "ict, uni
den the pr-ovisions of the lleconastrunctior
Acts. only 4450 ut of 1,T31 registered puer,
sons voteda, antd of this inmber liut 211 weis
whlile Th'ils exhibits a mnnjoritry of I .iA'
against a ConventIon. Th le delegnte-s e'.eci
are heonry W. Jonies and Aiuguistus lleaves,
ijoolh colored' Thec former enin readl a- little;
thec latter can neither ra-d nor' writo.
C.tvuortm lisT'~s ANnI Ncans Ainnrsrn,
The shleriff of Cape Girarde-au Counity, Mis.
soui-i, arreited Inst, week, a p:-iest., gani
Alezeri, P'resident of'8t. Vincent's College,
and several nuns at,(the convent, there, fot
Ieaching without, Iaking thlo new constitu
tion test oath. The oath hiais been dIecided
unconstitutionaml as to preacher-s and att or
noys, but aio decision as to teacoers has beer
Dean. Swift could'not, have concoctedr
more bitter joke thnli that, of the testatol
who, after rejeoilng the obligations lie wais
under to a particular fiend, bequeathecd t<
lhims. at ieobottom- of the lir-st; pageof bith
will, ten. thousand-pouinds' of course
to thme delig~hterd legafee;. bait, oni turn
lag the leaf, the beqmrest, waA" discovered t<
be ten thousand "iitaki.
AN EXPLANATJ0on NKRDU.-TheO Nev
York 2Emes pointedly enfla upon Mr. Chtu'oh
ll to expiln how It happened thant in Juhi
last,,he voted that tihe testimotiy devolopec
nothing to Justify the Impe~chmeat oft,the
P resident, and In Novemabq v'oted exa'ell~
the opposiloeway, nuo new feiy ad~vhig beer
developedl in the Interval. No..dabt " th
money hrokcers could oxylabi t(jwhole af
faIr, and In a iaser. tanythlbg oleo tbhei
credltable to tlho Imporable gniat eagli frof
Key Tark.-Armcomt.g ...
Death of Mr. Jas. S.-Barber.
'This young nmi, a native amid citi
zeu of this District died at his resi,
deuce last Friday.
Death of Mr. Robort MtOright.
Tis is the 1if6h one ol our aged citi
z IIs who IIs Ia t l V die dI,and all of whon'
lived on the road leading west from
Mi. .Mucreight lived toa good, Q14.
age, 11d was one of the( purest men who
I furnned t la Ih hk whicb ceuiLtS us with:
two gpnsra 'us1past
Death of 1Is A. S. Douglas,
A fa- lingering for several Imonth
past, Mrs. A. S. Dougla~3of this place
diicd onu Friday last. leav'og a bushaid
anid wo little chliliren. lter reima ins
were taken to Union to bo interred ink
her familf. s btuying groind.
Election 0. & S. 11 R.
At a recent meetilg of the Uloard of
Directors of tihe Cliarlotto and South
Carolina 11ailroad Com av, buel in
Co'lumbial, our fellow-townsman, Col.
nel Jas. 11. Rion, Was u mnaniimously
elected a imiember, vie Ion. E. G.
The Address on Thursday Night.
On Thursday night Judge Camp
bell, of (reenville, delivered, accord
ig to previous announcement, and tlet
invitatiojn from the vinousboro Litera
ry Club, ani address in the Court
I [ouse. The audi enc was not ano
iarge as we hoped it wouli be, but,
tho:, who were present had a treat
and enjoyed if.--Oxcept perhaps soee
hors who ioeded a little of their
imothe r att enti.ion.
Tle subjcet was the tragedy of'
"Maebeth.'' 'The speaker's statement
of the hlistory which gave Shake.
peare the clue to that most remarka
ble prod tictioi, was picturesque deci
dedly. It evinced the orator's thor
ouhri kno.wlbaIge of'his author, as well
i as the incoiparaie e'lcins of Shakes
peare. 1is CIIAering of the most'
prominnt parts of tho tragedy was
pr'odlneed wy iti tone'hing efTect. IHis
rearsa:l; from "Ma , eth" were given
with tragi! eo 0.en 'e.
We hope Ite Club will not lose its
initerCst inl mental iliprovemnlt, if the
conanuity is willing generidly toloso
the opportunity of high imllectual
Printing Offlee Rules.
Gentlemou tmaveling, and all othera
inl tie habit of visiting newspaper Cs
tailishment, "ould do well to pocket
this scrap, it might be useful to all
concerned, and it is expected "the.
rules' will be u-tiverslly obsorved
1. Eler softly.
. Don't toh the poker.
5. Say notiig interesting.
6.I' Engg in no controversy.
8. Keep six feet from thre table.
9. Don' ialk toW the'. workmen. a
10. IIland.s ofl thme Ippers
ii. Eyes oil the aannermit,
12. Let' thme "devil'' alone.
tintlemnen observing these rules.
whlien enitoerin g a prinmt ing oilice will
reg'fatIly oblige tihe propiemtors, and
need not fear the "devil.' TIhme la
dies, who sometimes bless us for a fewv
moimenits with their presence, are not
'xp~ectedl to Vtop those rules strictly.
lioys aicconi edmii by their fathers,
are( paritienlarl y regneioStedh to kecop
themmi hands in their pockets.
S cnd and Tfhird Arrivals-.Jacob
Fre'sh Sunpplies--J. R. McMaster.
C omomission Mi~erebant, Charlreston
J. II. lolmes.
lleduction of Rates-C. & S. C.
Ditto-Southi Carolina llailroad.
Df. R. 1"lenniken lhas '"Freshu Arrivals."
A d .1niisrators Notice--J. 0. Fur
WuIxxanona. D~ecember 10.-Cottonihs
We quote 1 1v~4 centis.
Coitotn Yarnsi 3 a 2.26.
(1 nnoy Cloth, 21
lincon Sides, 18 .e 'nts.
Shioniders, 10 a ents.
Lard, 18 a 20 ee
Molasdos per bar' 5 a:76.
Country Flour, i
Unilitmore Floutr. 10 a $12.00 per bare>
rel. 'Cotintry, $0.'> -0..
Oats 80,a 09.
Whent $2.25 a 0.,
Salt, $2.90 a, $3.00
lint ter, 20e
Dry 111(dth, 10o, -
RESH SUPP[ OF
JUIST RECE1YED BY
1)ACON, Lard Mnoketo11. SardInes, Plokie*,,
.)Cahdhes, Flonr', Sugar, C~offee,-..Teth
L 'fRaisins, Cb~ee, 'Oraokerem Sony
(.oimont'rate'd Lye,- Pot ash,; Erdesior -Yedes
Co .toba, Biluo Stone, &O.0. &.'Aleo'BL
or' a Washin~r Mbaebi'1o, " 0(/ Ak a
doo'10..$2.t ,.: (t)I