Newspaper Page Text
Desportes, Williams & Co,, Proprietors.] A Family Paper, Devoted to Science, Art, Inquiry, industry and Literature. (Terms---$3 00 por Aum In Advance
VOL. 11.] WINNSBO, S. C., WEDNESDAY MORNING, )ECEMlmij 18, 1867.
DFVORU'>N, W1 ;L 4.i & 0.
ly i I- h' - T 0,! o .iL o r. 83.00 i.*
Ulm 'y Nc:ile: a:itd' T(e 1.- p
Preslienl ol'the United States
The cond!ionu of oir ancs andt the
opetlion1 of o11r reveite syteLll aire
set fortli and fully c::pla!a1tid im tho able
and instructive repo!r ol' tilo 3ccretary
of the Treasury. On tho 30h or June,
1866, the pihlic dolIt amionisted to $2,.
733,425,8 0; on tho 30th of June last
it was *:2,002,1'09,215, showing a re
duction during the fiIcai year of 91,
226,GG4. During thl fiscal year ending
June 30, 1867, the rCceipts were 9t00,
6341,010, and tle exp ditures $40..
729.129, leaving an availablo' surplus of
$143,901,380. It is cutimated that the
receipis for the fiscal rear ending Juic
30, 1863, will be k,117,161,928, and
that the oxpeldit'ures will reach the
Cum of $393,269,220, leaving ill the
'lrensury a surplus of $23,82,702.
For tile fiscal year ending June 30,
1809, it is estimated that the receipts
will amount to $381,000,000, and that
the e :penditiirce will be "372,000,000,
showing an excess of $9,000,000 in fa
vor of the Goveolrent,
The attent ion of Congress is earnestly
invimld to the necessity of a rovision of
our rovenuO system. Our internal revo
nuole lawis and impost system should be
so adjusted as to bear most heavily on
article's of luxury, leaving the necessa
rios of life as free from taxallon as may
1)0 consistent with L.he real wants of the
Government, economically administered.
Taxation would not tien fall unduly on
th man of moderate means ; and (while
nonio would be entirely exempt from
assessnlont, all. in proportion to their
pecimti ry abil.ics, would contribute
toward the( siport of the State. A
modiiica tion of the internal revenue
system, bv a large reduct ion m the num
ber of atil es now suiject to tax, would
be followed by result- eq:idlly advanta
goonis to Ih ell'!n41 aidf tie Goven-ll
Men t. It wouild 1 . render tile eXCetiill of
the law loss e-pein:vy and ior! coain,
removo ob ractiowf to industry, lesseni
the tein pt ations to Cvadc lie hit, di.uin.i
iaIi the viol ations ai frdii mpeited
up11on1 its provi:;!ons, aink :ts opl'.nrations
lessijnqmaitoril, and greatly redulco in
nubtiers tile army of tax galthere'rse oa.
ted by the systcm, who "Itaho fron tile
mcuith of hlonest labor the broad it lis
earnied." Retrencliment, reform and
economy should be carried into every
)ranzch of the public service, that the
oxponditures of the Government may
be reduced and the people relieved from
oppressiv etaxation ; a sound currency
shonlid ba rostored, and the public (1ai4h
inl regard to tile national debt sacredly
obseived. Th'Ie accomnbulshmnent, of these
important results, together with the
rest oration of the Union of tihe States
uponl the prinipjles of the Constituntion,
would inspire confldonIcO at hiome and
abroad in the stability of our inlstitluionls,
and bring to the niation prospecrity, peace
anid good will.
The report of tihe Sdceoarf of WVar
adc intwdinM exhibits the Opelrandns of the
army and o~f 11he several Dureauls of the
strength of ouri milliary force onl thie
30th of Septembler last wais 56,:315.
The total estimate for m1ihtary 11ppro-0
pialtions - is b'7, 1 2.,70", iniding a
dlticiency in last year's appropr'iation of
$13,600,000. Tile pnmet at the
T e s r o account of the service of
a /ar Departmeont froml Januaryll' 1
to October 20, 1807.-a period of ten
mnlths-amlounted to $1!09,807,000.
Th'1O 0xpenses( of tile mlilitar'y ostablishl
mnn, as well as t.ho num1lbers of the ar
lmy, are no0w thre times as great as
thley have OVer 1)een iln timels of peae;
-while the disoretionary powe~'r It invest
ed in the I~xecutive to add millionsa to
this expenditure by an increcase of the
atrmy, to the maximum strength allowed
by) t he law.
Thme menacin )ttitiido of some of
q thme wairlike 1)11n( a of leiidianst inhlabidnlg
!tho distiit of country between the Ar'.
kanlsas and Platto rivera, and portions of
Dakotahli Territory, required tile prot.
oncoe of a ilarge iiitar~y fore in tha~t
region. fnstigated by real or imaginary
grievances, the8 Inisus occasioitally
committod acts of barbarons violence
upon emigrants and our~ frotier sette.
ments; but a goneral Indian wat has
boen pmovidentially avertod. The..com-.
mlissionorTs under tihe act of 20O.h Jully,
1887, were inlveated with full power to
odjust existing dimenuttiea, negotiate
treaties, with the disafrocted 'band;, anad
;et;1 thomn reservations romote from
traveled routes between tha Mississippi
and the Paciflo Thef entered without,
but hae ot yet madeanyollra re
imporiance that our distant Territorics
ulionll be exempt from Indian outbreak.q
and that the construction of the Pacifi<
Istailroad, an object of nat ionil import
anco should not be interrupted by hos
tilo tribes. These objects, as well as
the material interests and the moral and
intelectual improvement of the Indians:
cin he most eifectuallv secured by con
centrating tiei upon'portions of' coun,
try set. apart for their exelusive ise, anil(
located at points re:not from our hiIh,
ways and emroelhinig white sOule
TilE PACIiC nVAILROAD.
Silice the commencement of the sce
ond session of the ThirtyN-inth Con
gre. r, fivo hundred ald terll miies o
iroad havo icen constructed on the mai
line awl branches of tie Pacific 1:ail,
way, The huc., from Omaha i~s rapidily
nIproachiig the eastern lbaso of th'
R ocky MIotntains wivhst tibe teriinua:
of the last section of constructed road iii
California, accepted by th Glovernment
onl the 24 ih day of October last, was
Wut eleven iles distant, from the Sier
ra Nevada. Tlho remarkable energy
evinced by tihe Compales o'el:s the
sirongesz ISsuranlco that the completion
of the road from Sacramento to Omaha
will be long deferred.
VUPlaIU IAN DS.
Durig tih lint Iincal year seven mil
lion forty-one thousand one hanld.ed and
fouirteen 'acres of public lands were dis
posed of, and tle caish receipts from
sales and fees exceeded by one-half' mil.
lion dollars the sum realized from those
sources during the proceeding year.
The amount paid to pensioners, inclid
ing expenses of disbursements, was
$18,918,956, and thirky-six thousand
four hundred and eighity-two names
were added to the rolls. The entire
number of pensioners on the 30th of
Junio last was one hundred an( fifty
fivo thousand four hundred and seventy
four.- Mloven thousand six hunided and
fifty-five patents and designs were issued
diring the year ending September 30th
1867, and at that dato the balance in
the Treasurv to the credit of the Patent
fund was $28,607.
The report of the Secretary of the
Navy state that we havo seven squad.
rons actively and judiciously employed,
under efficient and ablo comnimaidors,
in protecting the person and property of
American citizens, maintaing the digni
ty and power of .tie Government, and
pronotimg the commerce and busines:o
iilerests of our countrymen in every
part of the world. Of the two hundred
and thirty-eight vessels composing the
present navy of the United States, fifty.
six, carrying ono hundred and seven
g(u's, are in squadron service. During
die year the number of vessols in com..
mlission has been reduced twelve, and
there are thirteen less on squadron dutv
than there were at the dato of the last
report. A large number of vessels were
commenced and in the courso of con
striction when the war torinated, and
although Coingross had made the neces
sary appropriations for their completion,
the Department has either suspended
work upon them or limited the slow
coipletion of the steam vessels, so as
to moet the contracts for machinery
made WiLl privato establishments. Thc
total expendituros of the Navy Depart
ment for theo fiscal year' endmng June 30,
1807, were $3l,03i4,011. No app'ro
priations have been made or reqnired
sirace the close of the war for' the con,
structioni and repair of resselo, for steamr
maclhinery, or'dnanrce, provisions anml
clothing, fuel, hem p, &co, the balance
under thise soveral heads having been
moire than sufleient for curirent expendb
tuires. Itt should also be stated to the
credit of the Dopartment that, besides
asking no approprmarions for the above
objects for thielast two years, thre Secre
tary of the Navy, on the 30th of Se:p
temiber last, in accor'danco wvith the act
of May 1, 1820, requiested the Secrestair
of the Treasury to carry the sunra
fund, the sum11 of' si y-fivo milIlions ol
dollars', being lie a mount rceived from
the vessels and other wvar pr operty, aind
ie loemdnant of forider approria.
PoSTA L. D),PA RTMElNT.
The reoport Of the P'ostumater Ociic
raLl show3 the busines;s of the Postof'.
fico Deopart ment anrd the conidition of
the posit~a1 servico in a ver'y favor'ab).e
lighmt, and tho attontion of' Congrecsu
is called to its practical recommenda
tions. T1hie receipts of the Depar't
ment for the year ending June 30
1867l, incluiding till spo'clal appropria
tions for sea and land~ service and for
fe'co mnailmatter', wvere $10(,978,093.
The ex pepditures for all pur'poses
wvore $10l ,235,483, leaving an uer
pended balance ini favor the Dopart
mnt of $3i43,210, which, can 1h0 aip
b~led owaqlthe expenlRs of thr
par tmonwfr4 the ourrent year.
the . ::tmf pohtal revenue,iindo
the4yo . s oer .t i f16, yal
$850,40. oioad .of revebU(
frem the safe ~f a rand Big-.npa
envelopos was:~t $' 04 ijo in
crease of expond ianes i ro yeJ v
those of tht peov14e. :6 iwl
chiefly to the extenusm ot the a
#nd ecoa'mallisorvise. DuaIto tihe
past year new p~ostal coatenbtionlItta
beenMat164 and oroh ao4 with t45
Uited Kingdom of Groat Britatu eaus
renland. 1ioalim. the 11ihtlaniw
Switzerland, the North Gcriman Uo ion,
Italy, and ti colonial (overnmcu at<
llong-Kong, rcducihg ve.y largely
the rates of ocan anMd i..ad postages 1
to and feou and wi' the con.
AoRIrUl.TU: AL DIVAn:rm N r.
Tho report of the Acting Coinus
sioner of A-;.iculture conci.:C y p e
.1,j the c'ofldi o, wzVhni- and pro
gross of an inte.cst emiinnty woithy
the ?o:euc ca:-dO of Con:- e,: and
Cx': 'id a k o meaureof r ul
resula. achieved duro tj e ye.r to
The re-st~thi.-U m n oi' :.cace a.I
home, anid t ho resuupt. n <E oacerded
trade, traveluu~d connnel,:e ab:oad.
i:.e .cived to incec the nC:
yo e in iho de
partmnct for i-cian a fir.:. N on of"
the-eo auet ions, however, Irv e srci
ou .y d(1urbed ouro K.o: i h
The llepublio of Mexico,
becn rolieved trom foreign interven
tion, is carncstly cigaged in cio rt.s to
re-establish her constitutional E-isem o
of government. A good understand- t
ing continues to euist betwocu our I
Government and the Ronublics of i
Jlayti and San Don'n-o, and our co:
dial e-at ions with toe Centra! and
South Aio:'enn States remain un
c.:auscd. The tender, made in con
forriLty wi.h a rcsolutioni of CouieI.s, .
of tho good oflices of the Govermncut. c
with a vie w wan amicablo ajust,
monA of peace between Lhazil and her
allies, on one side, and Pa-aguay cu i
1,he0 other, and between Chili and her
allies, on one sido, and Spain on to e
other, thouwi k-Idly received, h. ini
neithor caao been fu!!y acceptod y the c
bel li'cen. The war i the Vley
of the Parana is s ll vi sly mal- I
taned. On 11he other hand, aciual i
hos iotis betwcon the Pacilie Statx'i
and Spain havo been more thana a year
1sIsciid. I shall, oil any p opovr
occasion thatnay Occur,) reac~w the I
conciliatory recomancadations which <
have becn already made. .lazI,
with enlightened sagacity and compre
henIsive statesmnlliship, has opened
the great channels of the Aianzon and I
its tributaries to universal commerce. r
One thing me eoms need 1'ol t o asure <
a rapid and cheoring piro ews in t
South Amierica. i i..for to thioso .
peaceful bz.bits widoul wh ich Statcs 1
and Nntions eainot, in th is age, weHl I
'.t l'ho::p*sii on of U'v en-l Ind is
(11 is hai paf s se, -1111d s(1 oon k
ha Iyl dc.eie h e ~-d.
-i a ofl the Frenc Gi e ouv I
due allownan< c Ohe -uado f-. tbe 1-e, Cu..
here, -Ll N:: , wh' I -h) i U Ch.ed t
Stas bas borne in t11h e.hibtion of c
ilventon and att maybe regarded 'J
vith scry hih satisfaction. Duing
the Ex-posiin a conIrOcIle wa shold 1
of delegatcs from sovoial nations, the r
United State.s being one, in wlich the
inconveniences of commerce and jo
Chit itercourse resulting from the.
diverse siandatds of money value I
wel t ery fully discussed, and phius
wore developod for e.stablishing, by'i
uivein!' conIsent, a commonIO principle
fouh oinge of gold. T1hes;e con.
with the attendanen of manny foriegn j
States not hitherto represented. .Aji
reporit of thes'i intereding~ proccodings.
will be submit ed to Congressr which
will no doubt justly appreciate the.i
great object, and be ready Lo adopt9
any measiu re wich io ay tend' to I
facilitato its ult imate a ccomiplish.
On ~ the ~5thi of Peknariy, 180J2,
Congren' declared by law dhat Treanie
j y nmos wih bout 'ntoCrest, authorizedlI
1byt lmt act, hoah 011 e . lega l-tonider iu
paymentC~ of all 'ciS p~lulic anldpr
vate, with in the Uited States. An i
ainnuial reittance of S:h0,000, les
eaultd exilenas ace.-ues~ to clhim-..
an u dite Courent ion -nade wilh
Spain in 1 834. Thjeae rem!ittruces
Sinice the paaS~;.ca of that act, I va
heen~ paid ini sOUc' notes. Thei eki m
anttsinsist thati~ tho Governmein ougiht
toreui paymeint in COin. T1he
aubject, may be doomed worthy of your
Noahe :angemenit has yet. been
claims~ for British depreda tinS upon
the conmerce of the 'United dEatos.
I have felt it miy duly to, declino the
itoposition of arbitration imade by
I fer Majesty's Governmen1011t, because 1
it has heretofore been accompanied by I
re'ervations and liwitatiousincom~pa- I
tiblo withI the rights inter est and I
honor ofour11 counitry. it i.s not to ho
ap'preheanded that Vroat iBritain will <
p~ersist inl her iefuanl to satlsfy theso<
just and reasonable eltaas, which t
involve the9 sacred principle of non
interventkin a principl. he~nceforth
niot imore imnportat to the United
States than to all otlier cominored i
The Weost Indift Islands W'oro set
tied and-colonized by Euiropoiui Sids <
slutuktatio~Qusly with the 5etthlog t
ind dolonization of the # eean
dondnaont Most of tire coloies~tplite s
ed hereLke)a1p indepenidedt untionls
rthe elos6 of. the last and the begin-.
ning of the preent century. Uut
own ou~ntrey .embaaos oamwnim.
,vbiich at co period, woro co!onieo
and, Sweden and l'ussia. hio poo
>lo in the West I[udic., with the cx
option of thos-e of Uto t 1h!nud of'
fayti, ha'vo noithoier a;tained or aspir
d to independene.,: nor have they
)CCOmUo prepared for sel defence.
XIlthough p~ossessinug considerable comi
ioruial valnec., they have been held
>y t!o svoral .1uropin 3States which
o-:.,ed or at some timo con(uered
hem, blecily for purpioscs of milIitary
UPi aval stlAteny o carrying out
uroseau.0 pobe and dys.iur-d
o ths conutruen. .I our Iev.olu
'ouv. v War, ports and hro11S in th
estIndia ishnds ,.Cre used by our
10iomy, to th.e geat i:jury nd em
>) r uont of tie U.itedt:ts.
Ye hard th1e snmo cpvincUce in our
ecodmd Wa11 iith Grea1t, ritain. 'I ho
ame Europeau pulicy lo:- a lon'.tim
Xcluldcd -. even froI tradle. with tho
Vest indie::, whilo we w:- a pac
vith all iations. (In our 66ai ; i
var with rebels, and their p'htiei
ud blockade-breaking alliuo, found
acilitics in the samo ports [or the
vork, which they too succeslrully
ecollished, of injunkng and devs
ating the commorte whiUh we are
ow eignged in rebn!diig. W e la
ored espocially under this disadvan
age-that European steam ve.sela,
nmployed, by our enemies, found
riendily shelter, protection, and sup
lies in Wstc Indian 'orts, while our
w'nl naval operations woro necessarily
arried on from our own diktant shores.
'here was then a univcrsal feeling of
he want of an ad van:ed nava.l outpost
-ceca thle Alantac a d Lu
opo. Tho duly of ubtaining u n
utiost peacefu~ly and lawfully, whOic
veitlhor doing nor ionachig iitury to
dier States, earnestiy engaged ie
.tteotion of the Execitivo Depm unut
efore the close of tho war, and t has
ot ben lost 'ight of minc th l. -0.
io. eutirely (dimisiilar n
cvealed itself during thesonc yo. ic
n tile Pacifio coast. The require
(1 by our h-to treaty witii he 0mpo
r of ltuisin, and non, it Sconms imnpera
ivo that the more obvious r ecesitiesj
. tho Atlantic coast shocld not be
es carefully provided for. A good
Id convenient port and harbor,
pablo of asy doftco, will supply
hat want. Wh th. 1A.3 CeUsion of
:fh a station by the Uiited tates,
ioithor wo nor any other American
ation need lon'ger apprelend inj!.ry
. Ofonco :roma any Traim-Atlai:tic
ncly- f greo with our Carly states
1Onl thaL the VCst iui0s natur.!!y
ta.tio to, and may be expeCtcd
itimately to be Absorbcd by tie
~outinontal Ltn, IIaedding ourown.
.agr ce Vi t1em aLso ti it is wise
o icavo the question of much absorp.
ion to this procef of natural politi
al gravitatiol. The fslandso
'lho.mIao and S". John'. wh M onst
ute a part of tme group called the
/irgin Islands, Scemed to of.er us
avantagos i:m.-odiatey desirable,
vhile their1 equimition could be sc
ired in harmony with the principles
o which -I have alluded. A troaty
ins, therefore, been concluded With
he King of Denmark for thi cm.sion of
hose islands, and will be submitted
o the Sonate for consideration.
It will burdly be nlocc:mry to call
ho0 attention of Congress~ to the sub
ect of providing for thie pa:'yment~ to
idisaaOf theosum stinulated iln thec
essioIn of Ainka. P'ssessioni having
>cen forraally delivered to our com..
hlion~, dh. territory remains for the
iresent in care of a military' force,
waitong iuch civil oigamzations au
hall! be dhired by I) Cotngres.
Th'le annelxation of imaniy smalml IGer..
inun Staites of Prussia, andl' the roor..
;anization of that country undera
hIcmed mle to renewi the effort to) ob
ain a jaL : d pgompt setlemont of!
ho louig-Vexed queiition conlcrnig
he clijms of foreignu St ates for muilit a
y service from their subjcts m~.ir.I
zcd in the United Staten.
In comnnection wvith this :.ubjec;, the
ttientioni of Congress is respectfully
alled to a lsingular a1 ad em~ba transing
oumflict of laws. Thelm Excutive De
martmnit -of' thin G~overnumenit has
titherto uniformly~ hold, as it 'now
mlds, that natural izat ion, ini 0011formiii
y with the constitution and laws of
lie Un ited States, absolves the roei
dient from hisi native allegiance to thme
iritih Crowvn is indefeasible, anid is
iot absolved by our laws of naturali
ation. Biritish judgos cito courts amnd
aw authlorition of time United Statos
n support of that theory agis the
>nositlin hold by the Execumtivo au-.
hiority of the 'United States. This8
ohflict perp Iades thmo publie mind
ogeingfll1 t he right a of n)aturiailizd
itkns )1d iipairs LthO natiqual au..
h, rity ro~ad. I called algentior, to
hia subjet i my laist annuai moas
bge, di no w again respecti'ully ap
pal to:'Congrose. to dleclare the na
Ional will-m~uinstakaibly upon this ims
Thme abuse of- our laws b~y hclan
ecstinu tiecution of the African
d@ rd.fpgAimoricant ports by
Mie uhsn has altogether ceas
ad, an under oxisting oiroumatances,
to appreheniskne of its %tnewal in
uhis ar!I of the world aro entatainedl
IJader thmoso eltrastanoos it beomes
I question whether we shall not nro
forco I'veth 610 tp~ oft oth
trade. V 'it) 1"..
NYwiIi.toli, l.)eCcittl 3, 1 'I '
Taxes tn'v 1860.
(;,icratl Canhy Ilan :z,,ue'4 ho
S.,rcoNIS Mt 1.i ily Dl,3sttiix
C:J~ ,% ;.-'. , . C ),:h . . '
L o' 13.iV hit I , 'ti
1. ilh'' 'n 've11' .'.
hie 1st mhy oh' amm:~y IIcU. an Q can
wolco d: o ) he c al .1 .k or nuq
.glit crurtitiztills. 21.5 coll. -, oll PvCC ,I II
;-i.-i c1 Lle iinnfact ui'cl for se, 1mviv t,
oxicltuiigomlttw n we0 1110 dvy~ -III r C -'
1867'., and tho 1ISE of .J n"i'*v, Pi- ' - ev:'
mi every 8100, (o0 be Paid by the maitullac.
tirci ; onl (to ittikol i'tilit of (lie gros'j
I2UOUUl of splirit 00i2 liquor01s t1uIr.i''l
AI MemCttber, IM 83 SPrin cclii, 11 be lo Ii:
'jwlt'io:'I at ilho ewud 0l'eacis (1triiii 1. 111.,%
manl flittunIziw ed: ont1: ':
IFG'3 -c:xetpt whellt &ri by dw-.- fol. 1.14
u'pon nA "i' *"cr'ti" AT. ' ,
0 r q1 t tl1.-!.t(1:1, .c : vi
:Ijg or' don0c, 01~' ilti ,) r
in d ie. ucigotiablc jiapeil' o il CV'IT
"Ji00; f.-Oan Proulitis rQceivCed by it'u.,11-t'uv
:0OttIt3ttI'n Or' ttttdewrit iii., k' (it e'very
hjId : fiomth I b tcoptim of ei e, ' 6v, Ihei
vlttpOviation cotitpau :c] ("1P itOI ir it
1o litaiui8 oh' the S(tate :, I pert S I i) ; frolli
rcolp:a of tclCZI'tlth ciltljpnot nra iiert
100o . tor .idec of ttewsno lic Psi ne wagnis
11 PW '~A)0; oan gt'omi rei p. e o I
eyet puibui~hod An the tta rr
'Or itiloi 01, goodgr. Ivnve"I or II(~:
mltaihi~g atll;.:e of I valle, ,~i e. 1:iin
xi' xchantgo, cot (oil tamd byl.
'_%copied. ) lvdabitly mlthic' I
%c Wooti It. Of J!1111111y ltId AML 0'7 De In
I.v R'68' to be juitd fjitith ctrly, ;,I 't Itt
L)f each dlttartci', (o (lito ,,orcrali o, ,
's,2043. Pol. $100) ; Gil "".0; 0: . :flt
i :tki or Ijtikt limt it ion, ' pe I'.10,():
DOPPf~04M itout's ilt';verl 11In ;IVt am' .
osf lhioto~ jhint' l iaie Per '
NO., oil ail iucoaiie':, 'i;ai.tr.
Iividettd, a A tmontey at :t ticri, ,w
IJ'ill cxce.,is 61 , : ;) 0.1 illw'' iles t
Dr aill riiroad ' (n101 excitjt eta Ity lawi,) I"
All 110.30o114 k-cepittg Iticl tite"fil pa .i ax
itot' $ 100 ; fromt I i vevy i~lboni :-.2 per' S 0.) -
DOLL1011110111 ai( hiitciisiei, S$ i et' :: UJ:
)nt bowling allqaS, 5t idol:tm per IOU1 NA't -it,
D11 bar' voutttii, 1,111t atet cutittee'vi wrtid I
reiurlIlA to anl paid 1ire(tly into the
re!'uvry of 0he State anl thio return shall
AeI. mldivi-1ual taxeS Will !'Z e se
i u n :rl-I -'.llecte I direcetly fromn
.x . htL fta wh+omn Ihey are Ic.
e ' - ti i i n t u3tll ivati's [s.
., ia he imtua tro h Tam Ccllectoi
o' Gh tax itrict in wioh they are 20la.
ted, in thounie situlter :i ot l wnit lultu
:1.1i het'e a, nul ;dl Le lia~bt to tho same
rales of ination.
8'. l)vIor t tihe cilleci.. f1 (th0. tAxes
Aerein provided for, every A c.or (nr Tax
*oIle! v (ac ting ini ile cpacity of Assessor)
- . n, .9 pr : ed' t') tiake an
i .o a l l l. ' . l t i t -
n renta, with u dviitne
n ",:N'i Wa !: '-:'ment ; anI
re h:1l1 !.' , ee forevieionl
b V. 1: - Ait A e, or awl
in. AI 'or, -
Iha b , h I.tumi (': on.
--, .\ i;. . a and wea1 r that I
1, to i s.Kt. of my AL;!:y, execul the
eh of A'vrX' ;ao)' ily Xcellection .)i,t.
Sa l will, itlioit tivor or patiat lity,
a Iiti n n Ijeu It ntal :l Iadue Of tle
ro n. ir. rol ni1l perional, upon whtich all
I - n x !: leviel, h'fore and For tI Ihe
'5 ch Tax Cllector slhall a W end at he
C oi-f llou'a of tle Tox D)istrict (or if (tere
i . is C'in I Iloue, at :omil other puiblio
hIca) daily" for (inO week previol' to mti.
ing his final roturn, for thi receipt of taxes
vf Ii! respeelivo District or Parish. All
i lal prolerlty imotposed]. by the provi.
I f I l 'i : .)I-ler simil hmve reference both
n' 10 1wsn ''i)on Hn I valuition to the let
I.'.nmry. 1' exerit where onio other
:C i- ,: iL ly d lsaig nte.1. Ali Iaxes on
I A tmAC 2itl "'I by ih11 povisiOnS of thitt
a i 'l haVe re''l'nICe to t 1110aoiunt of
1"..Ih icomei receivo4 betwreen-he0 list of
I -l It' 1lp' 1h of Janlary,
I ".. :awl all snh in-nome u hall be due
ao II a yalde vi or before the "Ist of AMarch,
- " v herin levied shall bo pahl
oio it) ill. : liver coa, Uiniled States
yt 1 t1 o t OF li Cf'.ec tared t ho a
I- ,:I ld Iy tie Govert nent or (tho
l ob .e cat r n. ''q o f 'national Uillalk,
v [ dI bill, ye'vir of Ihlis.Slale ; and
1, Iow , k Y - iI to o I 's t tand Contlieof1i'tt
C.1':'i n I c i e thle courti . The Tax
Q Qwlcs of Whe reverail election distriels
.'.i rtltlow ' on m ill sumlls 0of milongey Paid
t' iteir. 1 ha I*o t.. (f ax , n a comtision ai
"i'llows at, i4 to say: file Tax Collectors
of Abb~eville, Anderson, Blarnwell, Chester,
t'larendion, Ibu-lin~g, Edgeliel.ll, Kershaw,
ILaiuenls. Newt m y, Oranlge, Rtichland,
C i Imanhm, m.P 'er, lUnionor, Marlon.
.,I. P'illip'n and V S lt ichael'i , a (li e 1ra110
' (!v otl . : the Tax Colloc ori oftiChs
' 1il (Ia irield, Gree tnville, VLn casfer,
Le.:i (ln "a r ilC ' , "1 2Pinkens, St.. la.
w'20s ,. ' ince '. ( ' Wit vi 'ah, St. B r-.
holonew's, Williaib r, to the it irat of 6
re. n ; thel ,I 4 Tn X UvColle or (if All saints',
t :1Ji (1Church, 1101-ry, Prinlco Wvilliamil's,
Peter':;, .'I. .vph n' , la h rate of -' per
nt.; itho Tax ('ol.clltr4(2 of .t. Andrew's,
. 8ue 1,S .l''. St. Th'loma'14 atid Sc.
12 'ttit ,.I tie ra rite o f10 percent. : provided,
Em,t in anv lti'mri't vt'nre grno!;. -nrit nt of
-iANe pid in .A& xucl the sumn of
on,000 the cowm~Aiin of the Tax
CIollector.3 V ill be 2 pur Veta. n much ox
1if. Iia s.' of reail etaite up~fonl excu~it ion
for no"ngmyment of taxe -, if thu amount bidl
iir teuh i Oa l 6e A e nQ t wotreater than tho
anitut f1 7 l ho exoenition itil co0tis, it ihiall
be the dI'uy of the( Sheritl' to hil inl the
properly fo il te St ite, n tho title thereto
siall thtreupont ho pased to Lthe SIat, sub
ject, to such orp ilable gigis of redomnption2
aI mPy hre2' 1l0 be detmined upon by
Irhsatv auithor-ity. 'ttaptrfionmttnt. for
over-dus!ie tatXa i'it abuolished ; bt. whlenevor
the1 ana ia~aji of' tho lix, ct'021, &C., ofatiy
1.:312 Ci::o241 he inalt otit of 112ly pr1oper'ty
w s~i 1he i 1-ao.e tli, t he Sher'i'if htold
otie e:.sti jnt 'hall imarko return'i theouof
i the' (Co.unIaii.ioners' oh lioadslt or' 'utbli
til:horil'ny, who muay enfIorce' the paymnet o.f
the tax dute lay labior upoun thet roads, br'id.g
e': andli olhea' pubtl ic wotrks : l'rovideid, thfat
Ihe comiatt is ot vI au of sutchi laboir shatll
slit bei lessi~ tan I, t y cntsa for a laborii dlty
of oightl hours.
I .. All t xcr- tles~led bty I hii order, excepat
'hii: b1 h te ait til py rihlt nus foallow~s : One.
f.1o rbe a iho 'lu't ofhat hfaeb INti,
an i t vennhin aljjti ona il o hoore lhota
ab of~ 0.n4,ut of Anyt ott. peront24 deirling
(to a1.'nya te ~ wh10O ie ..IU I of i 42xes
I i t: 1h u ict ' o A sall hao Hthei
p ivl: ofu~ 02' dohin, land auhal o nitl ted
ola::'nt ..ing liuei o the mdt fi'ine,
1t'ri IjeorTo nCtoll. rAmo hl
teny hotisi.tl cofnist.n until hial return
1A ae oied by CmtipalitiAesco.
para l'ios or ohe loal auor eliis, under
(i any gera Io spreciala of' ithe Slnll, illg
ciofrmt- in pincipio~ tSo brt m ofItin
hae.Inhfor adoib~gt~g~ iht
ri!ly, omman of vt.i M'Iajo-Genera Ed.'
Iit.cl8.t Canby. herit '0lCrlig
esnfltneosa fwtdays ag, we fean, pa Iss-o
edl t o l)he streets of toe ty As11 fi.ing
fmOt d tiotherwcise breaking of te pulir
tOce 111 uforma'i Stitn being hodedt the o
mi.lary ive of0I)it t th rin gde s ofr
arrested, and t'rhelD mates nrowdrging
common i overywhoeresrd and, ofai Ifo
o llh reginin tuof teond. Asoot wasm
*oeltf' of the ar oths of the Mltary
llecostuctio uto rish oernmn~ts
ariy N'ood governsadt, sprordta
-tHow Impeaoliment Wam Defeated.
The Vadhington corrospondlent of tho
ilichnond DIDi'oatoh iwrites on 3atu:
litimeliatelv after tho reading- of tLho
journlu. in th I Hoie today the iipeach.
41.r .x hibited a disposition to in
resort to filibusteriv-, of forcing ti
f pponeits to y iIl to the demI i.uid Phr
filrther dissisiuln of the (l0stioln ot
impeachment. From a Comlparion< t
viewp, privately, it wis found (hat end
part y was ai determin ed a. the othuo
alld that fi!:histeinig1' voult Cotillu
to the end of the Fortieth Congre7i
uIless lsome compoiso conl be mlade)
i:l the mlean timeo. Under the im~pro-s.
n that m11 an0 y 1,1Rui'tcan l who ont I
vole for ) ying the subject uponl t ho
I able would io't, dare to vote squarely
agamatt ii impenIhment of th Presi
dIiet tho lopeacler proposed that if th
motion to lay on tle table should bo
with VWl, and a vote taken directly
upon .:> merits of the case, thcy w.othdl
ccase ' oer filibuVstering. This propo
lion -as at once aevopted by t10
iItopubibeans who opposed impeacliment,
11nld a voto being talX n, niuluted in 17
in favor of impeaching the President;
ainil 103 amginsi. If a full 1f ous had
beeon present, the impeac I hers would lhavo
iad (300 ) votes anid 11h e oppositioln 1 21.
DrinIiug 1110 Call of liailes to-lay Lho
Inost profoind mi(rest was manifesited.
by llellibers aiul poCtatorr. As eac1
niember's nam11e w3s called, eyes wero
(Ii rected to him mlil he respOlidel to
his name. No noisy demon.;t ration wi.
ilade- but never was a scene inl Con.
gress more impreussive, adi sensatioli
nevertheless ; awl when tlo reult of tho
vot was- declareld till seemil to b-riath
freer, and ill felt as though a Iavy
wight, lad beel taken oil the body
'T'hero is geerali rejoicing to night,
and members of Congress are calling oil
tihe President to oT'er eolgraLtulatiolls.
Mr. Johnson()I besm w%-tb exceeding'.
good Iaste and becoming dignity under
Thio Washington lt of Saturday
"This decisivo voto pllts an1 eld to,
the matter, beyond any clianco of resus
citation. The vote was takon amidst
much excitement, and with proflound
silenco on th part of the nuidience, savo
when a buzz ran along the gallerics
following tpotn Soeil lillexpected Voto
beilig givon pro or con. Tho fato of
imi eachient, wa prett *y 1soon settled.
wlien ienl of the promntence in tho
Sllpubbeian party of Messrs. 13ninki,
a win, Bingham, llain, Dawes, Eliot,
L Ali n, Ingerioll, Garihbl. Poland,
Spaling, V\an Wvck, 1te Waslburns.
Wiulker, vooihirillge 11 James F.
\V 1ion were 4oun1d Vuting dead against
101m. vent to the excited feeling Was
affordud from timo to imo1 by the laugih
Ler occais'ioned by odd exenIse3 f1nd ex
planations made by v diffe-rent members.
Mr. lroomall rosto to say that his col.
ih-agie, Mr. Suhofied, was not !ire, bIt
if ho woro here lie had no doubt, ho
would vote-righ t. [Great. laughter.
Mr. Miller, of Pennsylvania, raid ho
Aionlii vote 1io," Ol 111e groindl that
the evidoue was not strong onough to
sustain impeachment' MIr. Eliridge
(IDemocrat ) said that, was precisely the
reason why ho voted againast it. [raugh.
Mtr. Stevens. was noct in the IHall
whenm tho vote wasi takeni, but cameli in
su~bserpiently, and( walS the0 last, or Iifty
Sovelnth man11 to voI lo airmallti vely for
impe uachitument. .All the four Wash
burnis (Caltvalacer C., of Wisconsain.
dlinna~f. and1 WVm. 1B., Massacho~usetta,)
voted itn a row agalinst, nu)peachmenlt.
Cosis 'rmi lIv.An.-Thle recen1t
chanigo in) thio woather has produced
mariny "bad cohls" in thio htead. A coio
brate d physliin of li'ance has11 d iscov..
o'redt a met hod of einr is this prevail
ing~ malady. Iloro is the proscrip
It, cotnsicts itn inbahngtt1 through the
nIose the emantationls oJf amminoma con
tainedi in at smellinig b~ttle. [f the sense
of smet'i ll is omphlletely obliterated the
bottle should be kept uinder the nlos.
until the~ pungentcy of' tbo volatale alkali
is felt. Thte hotido in then't removed but
only to be aplied after a miinte; the
seconid apjplicationt, howet'ver, should not
lbe lotng, that theo patient may bear it.
Thils easy operationl being repeated sev
en or eighlt times in the course of five
minutes, but always very rnapidly, except
the first time, tho nostrils becomo free.
the sense of' smell is restored, and the
accretion of' the trritating mtuscus is stop-'
pod. Tile remedy is sajid to ha partietn.
I ary advantageous to sinl~er s.
Thiere is a conviet in the Philadelphi'
jail who has beeni under enltonice of
dheath) sixteen years andi has been ro
prieved each snecessive year. There
are several Caulca sommtwhat similar in
Maine, whore murde.rers hitvo been con
fmned for nearly or quito twventy yea5r
anid .whom any. G.overnor mnay hang at
Go'r HrE, F'okry AorRES.--Unclo.
,1111ly Sim-ons, of jtnson edmalIy, t'. C.,.
voted the onservtv tok t. He ika
nIEgroand had to ccont% l the Ilay-.
al Leagues, VThe Plit# A Iwon
cotmtj have arrantged to gWforty..
acres 61the best hiand there or thtoti,.