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THE FAIRFI ELD RAt
TOL. 11.] WINNSBORO, WEDNESDAY MORNING, JANUARY 1, 1868. [NO. 28.]
WHAT IS A YEAR ?
is a year ? 'Tis but a wavo
life's dark rolling sti can,
h1 is so quickly gone thxt we
count it but a dream
tit. it single earnest thirob
Tiino's old iron heart
reless now and strong as wh m
first with life did start.
t ia year ? 'Tie but a turn
Time's old brazen wheel,
tit a page upon the book
hich death must shortly seal.
ut a step upon the road,
iioh we must. travel o'er,
few more steps and wo sliall walk
hife's weary road no more.
hiat is a year ? 'Tis but a breath
From Time's ol nostrils blown,
rushing onward o'er tho earth,
We hear his weary moan.
19 like thle hubble on thie wave,
r dew upon the lawn,
transient, as the mists of morn
eneath the aimer sun.
at is a year ? 'Tis but a typo
f life's oft changing scene,
th's happy morn comes gaily on
ith hills and valleys green.
t, Summer's prime succeeds the Spring,
hen Autumn with a tear,
en comes old Wint er, death, and all
lust find their level here.
[F*ron the Charleston News.]
A FIRE AT SEA.
.fling of the Stenniship Raleigh.
A F h A IF I. 8 0 E E .
AT LOSS OP LIFE-NAMES OF THE
SAYED AND LOST.
On Satuirdav last the fine sidewheel
*Leamship lIeigh, commanded by Cap.
% AniC. P. Marslunan, left. Pier No 3Q,
North . River, New York harbor, for
Qrleans The vessel wnas stanitoh
nd coimnmanded by an experienced
an, so that she had a good passen.
list and fair cargo. Her living
r it consisted of tihe oflicers and
,40 numbering thirty-nine, ial twen
t laqssene three of whom were
1; s, making in all fifty-inino peirons.
8 the Ittalmigh steamed d]own the
or there was no thouglit or dan
No one cared to remember that
bg een them and eterity there was
n, hing but a few inches of wood, and
th at iery monster lay in the hold,
W , though ironed dowi. to the service
of in. might it any time assert its
nstery and avenge iII an hour the
cop.straint and bondage of years.
No incidot of anv moment occurred
ofrSaturday or Mmiday, but, a; about,
entv ix11es southeast off the Charles
t*h light ship, the passengers and crew
re awakened from their fancied secu
r, and the cry arose that the ship ivas
A FinIE AT SEA.
A stiff brer-ze was blowing from the
rth, and when'the alarm was given,
and it was know'n that the fire had bro.
ken out around the forward end of the
ler, there was a panic amongst the
asengers. Men and women ran hur.
ly to and fro shrieking for deliver.
ind crying to heaven for aid.
1; did iot last long. Captnin Marsh.
a, man of coolness, soon restored
er; and the ship at once put before
wind to throw the fire forward.
was any measure neglected that
ked to the safety of those aboard.
preservers were distributed, and
boats were held in readiness. Cap
Mars manx himself superintend
ad u1rec'.ing every step that was
uti the fire fiend was not to bo
eaied of his pro7y. The flames spread
th amazing rapidity, and wvithini fivo
nutes t~me of the first aippearance of
aflames they lad extended themselves
m the forward hatch to the smoking
' o0on. Again a fearful excitement
ied uponi the passengers; and now it
nld' nmot be -qtuelled even by the thor
pugh self-possession and tried skill of the
Ca ptain. There was no hope) of say
Sng the ship; there wvas some hope of
aving every lire. Then, was theo order
ivon to lower theo boats.
D Tefs oat werTH nwAsThs. i'
boat No. 4. A German was the first
man that jumped in, but as he did not
understand the patent lowering anpara
tus soene precions moments were lost.
Finally the boat was lowered, and ten
person s got safely in. Only a moderate
sea was running and there was a chanoo
for the lives of those ten persons; but
the rapid motion of the vessel, and the
swelliug waves upset the boat in an
Instant, and the whole of its inmates
were thrown headlong into the sea. The
persons who were in this boat are sup.
posed to be lost, although nothing cor
tain is known of their (ate.
Boat No. I was then taken in charge
by Purser MeMannus, who succeeded
in lowering her safely It was however,
a dangerons and diffiult task, and,
owing to the ship's headway, it was
only acconiplished at great and terrible
risk. I) this boat there were thirteen
persons, but as there was some danger
of the boat swamping, three of the num
ber were transferred to another boat
as soon as it was fallen in with. The
ten persons left it boat No. I have air
rived in safety at this port.
Boat No. 2, in charge of C. W.
Bartlett, chief officer of the Raleigh,was
lowered successfully, and, with eight
persons aboard, put ol Iromn the flaming
wreck. This boat which, with boat No.
1, was making for this port. fell in with
the brig Tangent on Monday evening,
and its crew and passengers were at
once taken aboard. These eight per.
sons were bronght in yesterday morn
ing from the brig Tigent by the tug
Christiana, Captain Sly. This tug also
brought in the ten persons who were in
boat No. 1, which she picked up at sea
at an early hour* on Tuesday morn
Boat No. 3, which was boih large
and sea-worthy, has not yet been heard
from ; but. as she was in charge of a
good semalna, it is hoped that she will
prove to be safe. This boat is known
to have eight persons aboard.
BICLIKYED TO nI LOST.
In boat No. 4, which capsized, there
were the following ten perzous, who are
sup1poed to he lost: I lenrv Pelvin.
chief steward ; Thomas Collopy, third
steward : James Pen ield, wailer ; Thom
as Brannan, pantry man ; - Martin, a
boy, waiter; William Welsh, boy, pas
senger, of New Orleans; Joshua Silver.
nail. coal passer; D. Lovelle, firenimn,
and two others.
SAVED IN IOAT NO. I.
The ten persons who were left in
boat No. 1, and who have arrived here
safely, are named as follows:
Purser Thomas McMannus and wife.
1). B. Rice, chief engineer.
John Smlih, seaman.
Thos. Keating, baker.
James Crowley, third cook.
John McDonald, seaman.
Margaret. Murthen, stewardess.
Captain N. I. Mills. Captain New
Chas. Whitron, passenger.
SAVKID IN BOAT NO. 2.
The following eight persons who
were in boat No. 2 have arrived here
. V. Bartlett,chief officer.
Gordon Young, second officer.
Chas. Smith, quartermaster.
Michael Gibbney, inesaman.
ThIos. P. BrownI, firenll%.
E. Rabbars. steerage passenger.
J. Short, steeragui passeng'er.
Francis Mehal. steerage pasengars.
NO TIDINGS 01F nOAT NO. 3.
Tile followving persons are known to
hlave been aboard boat No. 3, which
has not yet been heard or:
Patrick H-arrington, fireman.
John Larkins, firemanl.
Eugetno Ellbs, captain's boy.
0. P. Marshmnan, Jr., son of the Cap
tainl and acting quartermaster, and four
steprage passengers, names no. known.
Allowving ten persons to boat No. 1,
eighlt to boat No. 2, eiight to Ioat No.
3, and ton to boat No. 4, as already
Smentioned nearly twenty persons re..
Imain to be accounted for. Some of
these probably fell overboard iln their
hurry to reach the boats and woro
drowned. Others clung to such light
articles as were floating about anlid may
have been saved. Il this way Mr.
Bartlett the chief officer. and Mr' Gor
don Young the second officer, male
their escape. They got on a hatclw y,
and remained thero until picked ip.
Fiour person- were seen upon a raft,
and a boat was making toward them
which may have taken theta off.
TiIM CAPTA iN.
Captain C(. P. Marshman, the com.
miander of the Raleigh, im well known
in Charleston, and was for soio time
master of the steamship Keystone State,
runmnig between this port and Phila
delphia. He had beei a ship mieter <
for over tweni1.v years, and no man on
the coast bore a higher reputatLion for
seamaiiship an11d thorough knowledge of'
his profession. Captain Marshinain wasi
about fifty years of age, but still i the
prime of his health, strength and abili
When last seen Captain Marshiman
was near tie wheel-house of the Rai
eigh, apparently anttending to the wants
of soe of those who wIre still onl tho <
vessel. Tho Raleigh had. in all, six
boats of the best description, and it is
hoped that one or more of t hose left
nilowered may have been able to reachi
the land. Captain M arshman will, it is
earnestly hoped, he saved ; bit, what.- 4
ever his fate, it may be said of him that,
like a true sailor, ho st-ick to his ship to
Til. n)OMiD) SinP'.
The Raleigh helonged to (he A lan
tic Coast Mald Steanisiip linle, was built
at Greenpoint, L. I., in 1 $65, and was
868 tons burtlien. She was in evere
wav a staunch and sea-worthy vessel.
It is not known whet,er ! P sank (r
not, blt one of tlie boani rep -a that '-.
in flection of the flamis was seen I utmii
about eleven o'clock Tuesday niyht,
when it sidldenly ilsapp-a reti. E veil
if the Ralimgh sian1k at this hiour, Cap
tain Marshman wonld have had abin.
daiit tune to get out, aliother boat or
rig kp a raft, animd this wohavl hae been
itimdo easier by the fact that the sea
fell alter the sun went down.
TuE CAUSi, or TiiE u111E.
This is unkmiown, i but, it, is supposed
thatit originated i the over heating of
the boiler, and the consequient, ign itioun
of the wooden bulkheads. The Raleigh
had aboard a moderato fre (ightt of gene.
ral merchandise, and, as several explo
sions wero hea.d after the ship had been
burning for sono time, it, is suimnised
that ex plosive eompouinds forned a part
of her cargo.
MONEY Oil DiEATir.
Many' incideits of' tragic girotesque
ness-took place Oi the burning ship,
and one of these will point a moral if it
will not adorn a tale. A lady nrmed
Bryant, from Mobile, about fifty years
of' age, fell overboard during the rush
for the boats. She had on a life pre.
server, which would have kept her
afloat, but around her waist she had
belted a largo sumn in specie, and this
additional weight carried ile unfortu.
nato woman like lkad to the bottom.
"FOR GOD'S 9AKE SAVE HER I"
When Purser McMannus was ready
to leave lie ship with his boat, he jumip.
0(d overboard, having previouslyv in
structed his wife to do the saume. When
he had made t he leap, he called out to
his wife te jump off, wvhieh she did with
out biesitat.ioni, ninfortnnately however
someu portioni of her tjress caught in the
gangway, and she hung suspetided for
somi inlutes, being ralternately phmig
od in the water and tossed in the air, as
the vessel rolled from starboard to port
ICaptin Marulhman, who was watching
the scene, with acute interest, sihouted
out to the Purser "F~or God's sake save
her." Help was obtained. Mrs. Mc
Mannnis was ena bIled to let. horself down
into the sea, andi was infoly put aboard
Pumrerur and Mrs. MoMannus are stay
ing at the Mills House, biat most of tihe
officers and crew who were saved are
aboard of the Saranosa, wheren qme.
0:Igin and History of the Ohristmas
The- firstutthentid traces of the cele.
brOi io11 mong ile early Christians of
tht advntm of Christ is found during the
reign of the infamous emperor Commo
(d 'Is near the close of tihe second cento.
ry. Sonw. have stated it at nearly one
huini red years earlier,. ditring the times
of Antonljis 'ills, but the accomitan are
not easily substantiated. IUnring the
incidlo of the fourth century we have
the first proof positi vo Hl the existence
of the custoin, for it i recorded that
durinD hg tie reign off l)iocletianu tIe doors
of a church i i which a iumber of Chris.
Liansiad gatlhered together to celebrate
the nativity of Chrisf, we're Cl ,sed by
order of the emperor. and the building
fired, when all that wero w ithin it, per
'I'he exact fatce of the birth of Christ
iS un1kniowni. It is Su1plposed to have
o(eirred noar Ilhe W!iInter sol4tice, but
h is ,upposition has been refuted by
soe, on the plea that, ";n December,
which is the height. of the rainy season
ill J uden, neitiher flocks nor shepi rlzi
cold iive been at night in the fil-1 Is of
Bethlehem, which w e are told was the
case it the birth of Christ." Thia r'-.t
soning is excq.ellt, and Cmmiit, with
stch ficts flow to be obtainied, be dis
proved. Therefore, the day which we
now celebrate a8 the n:auvity of our
Lord Cannot be hIe day of 1.is
'The obs,-rvanee of this day. iat derived
From tie Vestern Church, which cans
ed the inativiiy to he celebrated on tle.
daiy of the oldl Roian feast of Sol,
which occurireid on the 23th of Decei
hier, though n i.formation was possess.
ed relative to t!he day of Christ's hirth.
In tlie Eastern (Chiurch the celetbration
o1141rr1,1.. onis tho '.'h .;f January.
Sl. Luke tevll na that Christ was born
during the night., ind hence the name in
the (eninan of, Weihnactar, i.e., Holy
or Conserated1 nigiit.
Fron> Eiigland and Germany, irmci
pally. do we derive tie customs incident
C, tle clebraton of this festival in tile
So Ii. In tIe former it, was at, one
time the li iversal practice, anl is now,
to a consileraible extent, to light, larg
ciinidles on Christ imas Eve, and to throw
on tihe hearth a tinga log, called tie
yune log, or Christmas block. Ii the
upper classes a "Lord of Misrulo" was
alpoin ted to superintend tie festivities.
Il Scm land hI iel sa me oflicer wias desig.
tinated "A bbot of Unreason." The reign
of ihis oflicer began on All Hallow Eve,
andl hisied till Candlemas Day. All
kiis of' pastimes were inangurated,
and14, forI the Season, thle u1tmost license
wasi allowed to servants as well as to
the others. The honses and churches
were decked with overgreens, and the
iimistletoe Ilas ever sinco had a peculiar
sacrediiss. These festivities were mat
telr of such great. horror to all Piritans,
thit it, becalle 2 point of orthodoxy with
till goad Cavaliers i.o partake of them -
The custom is therefore the legitimate
inheritance of anillily of the p11)le of tho.
The making of presents on Christmas
Eve and day is an-old hoatheni usage,
and lates back beyond the Christian
era, and was originally derived from o,
certain practice at the celebration of the
anniversary of the birth of Sol, which
the Christian observance has displaced.
In thle Nor th of Germ Mly this custom
lies for a lon~g time provaled, anld no.
whore else, plerhatps, is it its closely ob
seired as here in our sunny South.
AN Oucr.-A Scotch highlander,
a very heavy whiskey drinker, took
the pledge, and wilted day by day
thieroefter. Ils physician ordered
him an ounce of whiskey ~per day.
-How muitch an, ounce wa~s Donald slid.
not know, but lisa boy consulted the
arithme4tic, and found it was sixtoen
drachmis. "HIurrah:," shouted Doni.
ald ; go for. Ivan Mohir, John R~oy and
D~ougall Grant, anid we'll have a night
of it before we die."
In i'ep ly to a paper vhsicht called
General Sher'man "the coming mail,"
a Georgia journal pe ttishily says it
hopes he is not coiming thait way again.
,ers were kindly olf'red to them by
1aptain Crowell until the v coub'Il re
orn on his ship to New York. liose
vho were saved lost, of course, all their
iaggage, and efl'eets, anid some of the
lasseigers are said to be cmlbarrassed
or the means necessary to enable them
.0 proceed fo their lesti tint ion.
The New Yo'rk /I-ral is analyzing
ie speeches. ote., of the n(e'ro dllegates
n srime of th lie :nonrIel colveltions;.
3o111 h, to show the spirit whicb animates
,hbm. For inlstalice
"In the lJouJisialna Ieconstr ict.ioln Col.
"elntion th1e inoralit and fanatical negro
1adical delegttes seem to lie making
!esidelal!e troul1. (.)n of them in
i dcbate the other dav-Crom well by
ame, and Cromwell by nature, on ~a
mall seale-deiared him4elf readv for
war of rac,*s. 'We don't ieid,' said
Ie, 'to gir. down on our knees and beg
or ou rillts, but 'we Vill rule till the
st one of ui goes down forever. Gen
lelmen1-, mnuch i..; said of arndder rebel
I IIion. I may if we can't get ouir rights
>nI a faIll e'(ipia1ly widI de whites, let ii.
oiiie---l ti d. rebielllt.on coale.' A rid
o goe on the work of reconstruction
11 LIouisiana. General Harcock's re
enit order, subordinaiing tihe mlitarv to
be civil authorities and the law, hias
-vidently taken somiet'lhing of tihe con -
!it. ot0 of the ultra Radicals and giving
Omle hope to the Conservatives of fair
'lay. To get id of him as soon as
>1sb!" the RadIical cionveition wil
louys linsake haste with dhe work
iefort, th em. i anil get. un1ider the wi ig of
'ongress as a full blown reconstructed
Theic Cnirhrbu (Ga.) E'/urer says
hat the trial of the negro conspirator
m1d re volIIt ioin is(, Ge o. Shorter. t
.1 mon Springs;, Alaba ma, resulied in
Is conviction and senteWe to jal for
ix 11mnth s. Oi the trial. materl. Ifact s
hreretofore published) abot.his organi
ion of a negro G overntmem in Hul
Ock County, were proved. Tho report
hat he claims toi have been sent to do
hi3 work, by radicals in North-westernl
ltls i1 confiirmed. But for thie timeilv
liscovery (if this secret orginization,
ild the active anrid einrgetic ieaseSil
1iopted to break it up, it, would doubt
e(s have been mexteded among tIe
gnoranit bhuck9. and prouilced a grea t
h--al of mrisellief. It wns reported ill
Jnion S'priig-, early yvesterd(ay morning
vit Mhecars left, that Shorter Ia
)roken out of jail the nigh. previous .nd
IM1aped. W hether he efl'eted his es
ape unnidel, or wa: nssistet'd bY i
,roe's hlongingri to his so-called Gloveni
tiwI, we coilid not learn. The no
rroes generally, as ieretofore tated.
vere much incensed against him.
The Green ville .A d"reic sa vs the
legro who, a few days since, shot a
voman, because she refused to marry
im11, was apprehende(i on yesterday by
everal of his own color, who had sworn
'engeance for the black and wicked
we(. 1Ie was armei and showcd
>lck, andU ii. was riot until after fh0 Wts
iverely wou ced by it gun shot. which
xill in ll probability prove fatal, that
ic was mado a prisoner.
-SoLOMON' SSoN.-A Eenieman in
air 1and] reguhir stanling ill one of the
'ashionable and city churches, entered
mie of thle lead ing miiusic sheps :.nme
ime since and stated his wvish in this
w'ise: "liave you Solomon's sonlg?
[ wan'. to get a copy."1 "No-no," salid
lie salesman, not being able to remem-*
er any lit.hiographe'd sheect with that
titlhe ; "nro, I'm afraid not." "A Ih," said
lhe amiatoutr, drawing oil Iris kid, '"por.
raps it Isn't out yet. Our rector sp)oke
>fit last Sunlday as a production of
~reat genius andl beauty, and I want mny
laughitor to learnl it." Thle shopmaib,
wit hi what gravity lbe coul commnd~(,
re'gror.ttedl that Ihe had no copies in yet;
anrd tihe customer left itn seasotn not to
hear thn lould laugh at tire desk behind
Fourteen out of two hundred g irls
otmployed by a di' goods firm in Bios'
ton wore reently taketn the satme day
with the smra li-pox, snpposed, to have
hecu1 conitaitnnd in imniotod nnds.