Newspaper Page Text
Wednesday Morninw, Jan. 8, 1808.,
Desportes, Wllmus & ()# ops
TERMS.---FOR HER*4 DC.
THIREE nOLI.AR8 pmr yeinr :# T0
fAr six muonlths: ONE DOili Air tli;IIH h
payiin In "greountmeks." Single oplies Teln Centi.
tr3- The paper will bo dissmnta nund oin the expt
rationi of ith 0ime for witiohm paymment has bcen tnilo
Subscribers who find at cross aark on t lie wrapper or
ia WTnoftetbir -IA'rt; wil undohtand that the tinW
A" vITIS'Nt RATEs-Ono Donlar per siuaro
for tho irst, and seventy-livo cents tr each uliso
uq tiont lainsortion. A msytjiro coiits of heplio uce OCCi
Ipied by twelve lines of' tIms sizo typo.
ULUi IIA1RhS -o10copIes one year Twenty~five
Dlarits. An extria copy to time ierson making up the
climb. aler the 1st Juntary, 1807.
*7- Withih omme month frim the ditto n elib is
retturned amii the nioney Is 1ni., tho person inaking timo
clmim, mm11i. tild any tmmiibur ofi mAnm es at th nonip rate.
tr- We wish it ialtinctly uniderstood that our
erms for sutbscription, advertising and Job work itro
g" JoxIt'i W.A.Ksa & Co., are ours
.Agouts in Charlesioni, and aro authorized to
receive advertisemints and nimke colleotion
for on' pnpers.
O'r Attention is called to an im
portatit, order inl tlhe rtli-nAI), froi
( on. Can by. It mod itiCs the famous
"No. 10" froml en. Sickle.e.
The Now Year,
This year was usliorcd in, cold and
iCy. It, rini and snow prevailed
Vin New Year's ve, and time white-clad
carth ioxt morning made happy faces
aiong the children just bcoause it
-was so clad.
Shivering, sitl'ring mortality, of
-riper years, thought diflftently. Tie
earth of virgin purity, gave 'liigns of
woo'" to their quiveriig hopes.
But the Now Year is upon us. Lot
all ho "braves."i Lot the disappoint
Iments of the past only spur the disap.
poillted to new energy.
The Prospoot for 1808.
lmpon inquiry yestorlay, we learn
Vid that in some parts of the District
the farm laborers, or in other
words, the colored people, wero very
dilatory in making contractL for the
present year. It is no use to oilr
any advice on this score.
But there is 010 thing that we learn
ed which gave u1 consolation; and that
was, that time cotton crop for this year.
will not be very largo. It must not
be understood that this information
comies from the whole District., for we
have made only partial Inquiry. But
we are pleased to hoar that so many
havo determined to make provisions.
The rolitical Calm.
There appears now to be little in
the polities of time country tq engage
attention. But it is only thle calm
before the storm. The Convention to
meet in Charleston on the 14tb will
into doubt scare up a storm of some
cnharacter. The prodonminating mcte
rial of that forth-eoming conclave
does not give high hope for tihe future
interests of the State at large. A
biody ini which so manny white p~eople
aind bliek onies fromi the North are
found, can searelhy so overcome the
seflli instincts of nature as to legis.
late for the undivided interests of all.
*Wo hope however we shall ebe agreea
The Representation of the Crib at Beothlo
homn, t the Sisters of lMeroy,
No conception can be formned, says
the Charleston Mkecury, of this- beauti
hul and truly wvonderfully arranged pic..
ture at the Sisters of Mercy, Queen
street ; it must be seen to be properly
comnprehended, and wve assure our fiends
that a visit and observation will cer
tainly repay thmf.
Stoin the room devoted to the
spectacle, tho eye is arrested by exceed
imgly tasty deccortionls of myrtle, wvhich
grace the apartment on either side, and
as the vision is throwvn forward, the
Crib in all its artistic beauty is seen.
'We must confess rliat we had no idea
of whlat, we were to witness, and as each
speciality was nt~otd, we were lost~ jit
wonderment and admiratien. 111ory.
thing is so true to natunro; so very lifd.
li'to. The biblical account of the aus
luetions e'vent, which gave to a fallei
world a haviur, is scrupulonsly follow.
ed ini the mo'st miinte r.articular, and
when we karned thia't 'it all was thie
wvork of thie Sisters alone iand tinalided,
able out of the material they had to
arrange such a splendid meruorial of the
ce bo and
n~ ta ei .,o, are
I ~ I ~ act of
.0i i, 4 ri .in - .... below
thom on the tichen-covered rocks,
through which the clear sparkling water
ice, stands the Shepherds, who had been
tending their flocks ;- bUt sud(16'ly d.
cupied by the thought of the event
-which had takenoplacerin.thybirthof,
Him, who was to be tl e good Shepher4
of thie all. P'lere are the S hlesla
keepig Oht wptch, .and there, aro
those w lIohvo 99me d'wnfolloved by
tlir.flocl s, to worship aid adore the
Babo Mossjah, who lies on the iangor
in a miatle hastily thrown on the
straw., Around His head is a circle of
li*hr, while ol ono.sid is Joseph,- and
ona hn 'other the blessed Virgin Mother.
Tradition tell us whon. ary and Jo.
sepli entdred the cave, ahqz they bad
fruitlessly soright lodgings'in the inns
of BoOIleheim, for it vas midnight ani
all wcre closed, they found an ox and
an ass ihcOip. and in tie, representa
ttonhtlbey areoas real as life.
The no6n in the distance, the stars
and the spanning firmament are appar.
ently "by Nature's hand divinely trac
ed." In fact, the 1ou1t Cnsemblc is ia coin..
plote triumph of art, and no single fea.
turo mars its beauty. The vory faces
of the wax babies, used as. ang.els have
a cast of countenance becoming their
holy character. Tho magi of tl e EIast
look as sag as they wore when they
lived, aid tie shecp int'leir fleecy coat's
scorned to bloat. As we observed be
fore, nu pen picture can do justice to
the spectacle. It must be seen as we
saw it, with the daylight veiled, and by
tie soft gleam of.two lainpa that were
suspended nesr the Crib, which threw
their sheen on thq rocker making then
as much like nature as possible,
1t must be .borne in mind that the
rocks and "spangled firmament on high"
are made of canvass sewed together and
painted by some of the Sisters, and in
dead, everything connected with the
entire representation, is the handiwork
of these good and estimablo wo
We advised all, who have not done
so already, to go and witness the Crib,
it is beyond description, and excels in
faithfulness of representation.
The Crib will remain on exhibtion
untll aftor Epiphany (January 6) and
the sisters will be glad to show it to
visitors, Protostants as well as Catho.
Oongress Swears not to Yield,
Thereeis no smer sign of a sinking
ca:se 01han a public declartion ofdeter
miniation never to yield-never to filter
until victorv is achieved. The iouse
of Itepresentadves, upon the -moti6n of
Mr. Bonjamin' of Missouri, swears that
it will take no step backwards, and that
there is no necessity to repeal the recon
struction acts. \Ve have maintained
that Congress would iot probably repeal
thoso acts; bit this defiant, air', this bol
sternig ip of courage by resolitions,
inggests suspicion. The catniry 'has
c6ndemned th m&recoistructioi acts--the
impeachment has failed-iled pat-tv
lures are biing drawn with roference to
the Presidency-and yet Congress ro
solves toe mnintain a position indefiance
of the punblic censure ; a plosition de
mandine a conrtinited Iarmony with ex
treme 1 andicalismi which wvas 'condemn.
ed in kicking impenehment overboard;
and a position wvh~ch' cai be anstainedl
by a c'onthintion of that part y organi
Zation), which .how comhiirations, with a
view to thre Presid6nof, must destroy.- .
h is all bosh.
The dlirect 'vetehbeig fo'reed upon the
Hrouse by tho barking tierrier of Radi
calism from Missorri1 mobirbers could
noti rtret.It map be,' .indeed,' thaut,
the rueea of the reconstruotion laws
may net be propused by'hny of the 11l
whlo voted fo dr Bnjain's resohition ;
but it vill' prb'ahly be s~on that when
questotis arb prlodontdd to ,Congress
grb6ing out of the attiud6 of sopie of
the StAres, there will be a show' of hadds
sttrpribing tb flcnjanin-a showing' not'
at all o'ongiste'nt; with tihe nialitions an
reckless('iritwhich led to the adoption
of the 'tin'oug I'econstructioit laws. ihot
theresolntipnb pess-let Congress awear
TFoldl 1f* n j(diot,fri1 of soa'd'ahtl r
'i & M' 'Rickmo ul Dispatoh
Krusw mm AN g/rcm.-A divinoe
preaiblid one Sunda'y diorning f'rdin
thit't' "Ye'ard children of thme'do.
vil," ad 'in tl'o afternoon, by a funny
coincidence, "Children, obey you pa
ly made in suits between privato indi
viduals and express compAnies have i.n
go .9 rd * e
curl i eo b' im P ,bs re
obl re 8~t to se ox
cee pa . diseeally olialu
and liberal institutions.
Tle first case was that of a young
gldyamed bivingaton, who returnjing
to New York from a visit to Washing
to), delivered her - baggage,. or rather
the oheck'therefor. to one of the city
ha geg expreas companies.. Her trunk
wgs st in their possession, and she
sued for the full value of its contents
some $1100 in amount. The defend
ants plead the torms of the check given
by thon, which limited their liability for
lostabaggage to a value not exceeding
one hundred dollars.. The judge held
that n'tipulation of that charactur wa
n'ot binding, and it having been proved
that the clothing, jewelry, &c., lost with
the trunk were suitable and proper for
a-lady .in hor position, a judgment
was rendered for the full amount claim.
Tho scond suit was that of a nercan
tile house in Springfield. Mass., against
the Adams ixpress Company, for the
value of a box of pistols delivered to its
agent for shipment to Vicksburg, and
which was lost by the blowing up on
the Misissippi river of the steamboat on
which it was being transported. A
demand was made for the payment of
the value of the goods so lost, but the
claim was rejected by the company, on
lie ground thlat the goods were seit by
tlie ordinary route and method of tranm
portation, that the steamer carrying
theon was not under its control, and that
the terms of the receipt given at thu
time the goods were received by the
company exonerated it from dangers
arising from iver navigation and steam.
Tlhd expi-es company gave no oilier
reason fir declining the responsibility
of the lose, and a suit for damages wa's
brought by the losers, before the Supe.
rior Court, in June, un the ground that
the company was a cotmnon carrier.
The court at that time so decided, but
the defendants appealed to the Supreme
Court of Massachusetts, which has now
sustained the decisions, and made a de
claration in fact that express companies
are commou carriers, and are responsi.
blo for the safety of the goods which
they are paid to transport.
STAnVATION iN Swrv.E-AN AP
PEAT. FO. ELTiC.-The news from
Sweden is appalling. Three hundred
thousand of her people are reported to
be on the eve of starvalion. The fol.
lowing eloquent letter hns been address
ed to Mr. Seward by W. W. Thomas,
Jr*., of PoAhiind, MNine
ed, potients Swedshi, sire starviII in
Norland. The-> crops for three yea.
have been bad ; last year they were anl
titter failnre; and noW even their mise
rable bread, make of straw and the bark
of trees, has given out. They sit in
their cheerless huts and dio. My pri
vate adrices from Scandinaiia repres
sent this calamity as even worse thn
the publ'hied accounts.
VATAr AOCIDENT.-On Tuesday
laat,:: the Greonville train brought
down ,a bumber of soldiers from New..
berry. On their arrival In Columbia,
an attemnpt was made to form them in
ranlis; butt some of' them being under
thn influence of liqjuor, strayed of',
and .gotbhind a Iocomotivo, which
was ban~ng through the yard, when
ons of theom was killed, and another
had an arm broken, besides other in.
juries. >Wo .could not learn .the
nemnes ofthe unfortunates..-Poni.
The ,peedle-gun now defluitely
adopted py the Russian War Offico, is
of-the. u ussian pattern, heit the neo..
dIe bein. somewiyhat shorter and thiok..
'or, the r pidity of the firing is said to
be sligh y iucreased. If Russian no
counts a e trustwvorthy, an ordinary
soldier ill ,easily accomplish eight
disoharg s in a minute, while a skill
ed hand s stated to have no diffieulty
in. repochng up to fourteen. There
ar~e not iany now rifles being made,
tho old 4 ies admitting of adaptation.
A lett r from Africa confirms the
re'ports y'inted In Einglish papers that
a whlite nan, sufposed tQ bp Dr, Liv
Tho ad ~itional inform'atiou is given
th~ tbo 9lothe~s wlii thiogrd sayi
the whlt man wMo cor 'espond exact
rly With. those :Dr, '1ivingsto took
~with bin fron Z~nzibar. Add itionli
faits le rvo, but -little doubt that this
mah is i no~ oiko'r than ivingstorie.
Some magnificent slanderer says:
"Woinhan needs tio eulogist-for she
spjeakS for hecrse!/."
SWEi,1,S IN A notLEtR-AnROw Es
CAPEC FnOM DEATH.
PSt eyertingibout 4 o'clock,o.4re,.
a66e JohIAVell, eiployod 'O
1ia'niond, lying inion
opongalisla very nearly camoe
atddei end. It .appears that he iet
about cleanjin' the boiler of the tu,
and having finished the exterior to his
satisfactioi, when inside, Ite entered
through an sperture in the end, and
a1pplied -himself to his task at, once.
Scarcely had lie been at work for more
than four or live minutes - when lie . was
suddenly sejzed by a cramp and coi
menced to swell. Well is almost pro
verbial for his rotundity-ordinarily
measures fortv.two inches arotnd the
chest, and is of a gravity proportionate
ly great. Shortly after lie had taken
ill, lie crawled to the aperture and
attnempted to get out., bu, so niuc hind.
ho gained by the swelliiig that to force
hinaelf through the hole was out of the
He bawled lustily for help, and his
cries brought some of the hands to his
assistance. They, however, were ina.
ble to relieve him from his plight, and
the cramps rapidly becoming worse,
messengers was instantly dispatclhed for
doctors. police, blacksmiths, etc., and
o ic alveit rous fellow, who seemed to
understand tho situat ion. hunted ip the
coronor. Things looked very bluo for
some time, and it was proposed to cut
away it strip of the boiler, as a last
resonrce.- This being objected to, cight
or nino stalwart fellows siezed Voll,
and through a "jong pull, a strong pull,
and a pull altogether," brought him
ttbrouglh by main force. His cloles
wiere lorn inl Iu ers and his body briii.i
ed and scratched inl various places. Ie
is seriously injured, and is at preselit,
we understnmid, under medical atten
dance.-Pills/irg Dispatch, Dec. 23.
MURDERn ANM ARsoN AT Sni.v;En
Ri:x. A.AI.M.-Onie of those terrible
tragedies whichi are so rare i his see
tion (oCCurried at Silver Rn, Alabama,
Monday iiglit. As our readers know,
the place is 22 miles from Colimbus, On
the Mobile and Girard Railroad. Yes
torday morning, about 3 o'clock, while
a terrible s:orm of wind and rain was
gning on, a fire was discovered break
ing out from the upper story of a two.
story wooden house ocenpied by Ai r.
Peter Yarborongh, an old ni who,
kept a small grocery. When discover
ed the fIames were ra gmg. 'Ihey had
evidentlv been started from 1.11o upper
floor. A son-in law of Mr. Y., who,
wTtlh his fianily, lived a few Imdred
yards oif, hurim1ried to the scene of confla.
gration. Ar aMenpt was made to re
move a br-d tIhat w;-t o 1 b n o,
the l(sI l lr. w s t se,..
On onw,.s seen tie b3od V el -. Y.
that a waike':tly lifeless. 'A. gnt of I
flame lurried all from the holso ei(fore
tho remiains could be reached, and whien
daylight came nothing could be seen but
the Charred flesh and bone.
The house had, from all appearances,
evidently been fired by some person or
persons, who had first killed antud robbed
Mr. Yarborongh. That gentleman's
family woro several miles in the coun.
try. He had very imprudently, tho
evening before, exhibited $500,and it
was thought lie had more mloniey. He
int~ended comning to Columbus ini thme
tuorning train. A negro who tume up
in the yeseMayV's traini is suspected as
having a hand in ihis dark and bloody
aflitir. As yet we have heard of no a'
rests. - (.'o/umnbus ABun.
As a proof of the scarcity of money in
Georgia, wve have the following account
of a sale of property in Hionesvmlle, the
county town of iberty County, Geor..
gia, on the 10thi mstant: -A Col. -Quar
terman died recently, and his execmitot
was compelled to close t.he estate. The
propierty wvas advertised, and on last,
court day it was sold. A handsome
residence at Walthonrvihlle, withi ten
acres attached, onthouises and all neces.
sary appendages of' a first-class planter's
residencp, was sold for sixty dollars.
The purchaser was tIme agent of the
Freedmen's Bureau. His plantation.
four hundred and fifty acres prinie land
brought one hundred andl fzftf dollars,
sold to a Mr. Frasor. Sixty-six acres
of other land niear Walthiourville,
brought three dollars pumrchaser Mr. WV.
1). Cacobi. These were all bona fido
sales. , Itaus court day, aund. lar'go
concourso of'people. was presenit The
most of themi were large property own.
firs, but really had not five dollars in
pockets, and of con sernene wvould not
btd, as th~e sales were for cash.
.Garrottmng is again, corming inito vog no
in London.. TJhe London press contains
letters describing garrotting robberies
and hairbreadth escapes, and lanmon toig
the want. of ioe amomm te ..lice
ro Our Subsoribors,
For tho scotnd ayd last tiulic tho
E I. #rs onl a reduced she'et.
Of- rsor road ers will accept this,
kothe iohldtays have beei ) upon its.
Th6 ligni.v has been issued with
out intermission, which n1o others ot
our weekly exchanges havo donie,
some 6fthoui even iiteridtttng two
Yestorday the Commiisioner inl
Equity and tihe Sheriff ontortainid
quite a crowd of "plain and colorod"
citizens it the djoirt Houso door. As
differenits lots of property were al
ounced, difforent local crowds soom.
Tihose who are poverty stricken, or
who don't want land or anything else
that has to be paid for inl cash,are every
now and then eitertainted, b/an/d, by
the great amount of whispering in
each other's 01r, which goes ou .11'r
those who are ilterested.
How to Grow Unions.
The Prairie ,rmer gives tilo fol.
lowing direotious for growing onions
"()no half bushel o' colmnilltI salt,
0110 polid siphnr, two oi-es car.
bonato of allulnonia. 'Tis mi onliti to
be applied at onio timoe-tho lirst ap
plication to bo miade as soon as th
oniolls come up. If the ground shon0d
got hard and weedy, the amount
sihould be doubled or even tripled.
This is the famous recipo by ivlich .so
many onions worO said to be grown in
Iowa last year. No ioeing or weeding
The compo. <ion for one are, to be
applied Once a week for eight weeks,
111)011 onionssown broadcast.
F~on 1 I mnin.:n LIvi. T:s i Lb AT 4--A
-WH K-C K i' E usN ( Sr18 i IAM .1n.
1o.<ro:, De. 2S.-A let oL- has beet
receivedl from Rio', dated November ,
and Iblished in thiTere/cr of ti
city, which containis this appalling sLate
"This morning it Brazilian steamer
i-is arrived from Montevideo, bringing
the news of thew loss of 1.ho Enghsh Mail
Steamer SaLtuii, in1 a, terrible gale off
I hint place a weeks ago.. She was iron
clad. am one of the'linest lookinr stenam
ers I ever saw. Site leftIh harbor of
Bahia wiile we were at anebior there..
When sie went down sio had onl. board
four Iudred persons, incindig the btew
and iassengers. Among tho lal.ter was
ihk Ai N ' -lis lt' lister, Vhto had illi-t beti
relh:ved 1o ww'le him t Imthko a shori.
U.ji. home. Ie, wih t e rest, was
I.4L. only fom teen ou. of C' wholA belng
A c cuij r., Kir. j.NG--TWO fteed
tnei01 1111inoed Charols M'1oreai and Ro
bert Williams, employed On .1tulgo -
(G reeni's f in met ink a store ill Co.
umb iouwhero Williams had gone to
returint a innisiet, which lie had horrow
od a short tino before. Tho men
were on good termq, and a friondly
senfillo occurred botween thoem, dur
in1g whlich the gun-loaded witht pow
der andi paper wad only-acecidetly
wvetit olT,) and1 theo conltents )voro lodged
m~ thle pait of M organt's stomached. Tfhe
wountded maun was carried htomo, andl
liigered unlt il yeterdaty morin g,
by Coroner Walker, and~ the ,jury re
turned a verdict that tho doceuse c-ame
to his death by a musket in the hanids
of Williattus, and "by mnisf'ortunte aond
contrary to htis wil"-P'hwni..
I. ,. .
IN onioNi'awANE.-A mtan
nlamed John A rnol, a passenger 01n thet
steanmer limperial, wvas killed by lIt'h mze,
tnar Fort. Peck, on the Up ~per M issE ZI,
in October lat TIhe l1mp~erialh ahter
wards getting hard aground, I lhe steam
er Benton, ont a trip for E.L H-. :Dmtrl,
of fjeaven worth, Kaisais, g.ook oni' heri
freight and passengers. Emong thes
goods .taken was tho property of the
mutrdered man. 'Te heirs, or any per
son proving htimslf, rightfully enttited
to roteive t he saime, erm~ getl on
dteasimg. with satisfactor prtoof,' Eu. ii.
])utfee, Leavenlworthl Kanisas.. None
of the passengers onti 0 -Impherial knew
amtythink of the deonsed, save thtat ho
wa on his way to St. iulvtm Call
fornija, via Montatna. Ili a posedI
toebo I'romt Virginia or Kqzen y1
Etasi 01ru and Son tithtpern gcao
Vralue the fricendship o(hm.whvlo
stands by you in tile stormfl;.swatrm1
of Insects wiill farround1( 'you in sunti