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WINNSBOROg _e 0.
Wednosday Morning. Jan. 29, 1868.
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What is Our Real Condition ?
Events have lately rollod liko an
avalanche upon us. The thunders of
a mighty Revolution are roaring in
the political sky. The upheavings of
the sea of polities are bringing up mire
and dirt, and we som to be socially,
politically, civilly and roligiously,
Compare to-day the condition of
South Carolina with her condition
when she was born a State. Go back
to Charleston thon. Contomplato the
purposOs as well as the malericl of
that grand aind noble (ollvention
which framed our first Constituition.
Look at the body now assembled there
to frame our last one.
WO say "last one" with a sad heart.
If imperfetions occurred in the first
(and all mon are liable to err), it was
from an error of the head and not of
the heart. But tho indications now
are that both head and boart will con
spire, perhaps unwittingly, perhaps
not, to mako what may bo our last.
Constitution a momento of our de,,ra
But who is to be blamed for the
present situation ? Evidently. both
the North and the South. But tho
former being in the ascondancy t hrows
the whole burden of blame on the
latter. And this accounts for our
now anomalous situation. The Radi
cals North and mean whito mu in the
8outliwould have the world believe tith
the native whites o the South lay th<
whole blame upon tho poor negro ; that
becauso lie is free, thorefore his form
or owners would vent his sploon upor
him. But this a grand mistako. Th<
wholo notion of the lato governing
class in this State was dictated b.y
honesty, wisdom and the highest light
And now we are called upon to lovc
A-id adore all that the Radicals see lit
t) inflict upon us. But can wo do it
' If the Ethiopian can obango hi.
k.inl, or the loopard his spots,'' ther
wo can recoivo bitter for swet and
swoot for bitter.
Our prostrate State lies at the mer
03y of tile Gloths anhd Vuadals. Theiu
hordes have overpowered us. I
them our sacred temples have beer
descrated. By thenm all thatt was
good and noble ini our State Govern
mont has been ravished. And non
like a victim to tihe altar, we arc
brought, to be sacrificed to the hiate
a id revenge of those whose mental
and moral greatness was as inferior te
these we loved to honor, as their brutt
force was superior.
Can a Southern man then be fountd.
true to his naturo, wvho does not feel
mortified whten ho reflects upon the
present degraded cond itien of a la irs
in our State-to say nothing of that
throughout the South ?I
Whena a State ignores the experience
of high intelligonoo, in the name o
all that is good and honest, what else
can it dcpenmd up)on ?1 T1he only an
awer is, it leans upon ai br,>kcn reed.
A nd that now is the destiny of oum
Stato so hangs, none can doubt,
Money is Boarco.
Thise Is the universal and well-ap
proved ory now. And witha whoni is
money not scarceo II 0:0 wvo are in
the South, a section ruaned by North
ern aggression, without anything but
the mtost prossing economy, and the
most appalling prospects before us.
But one of thie unukinidest cuts of all.
Ja the un-beard-of tax now about to bc
imposed by the great baboon Conven
tion in Charleston.
Our groat draw-back Is a want at
appreoiation of the pressure upon us,
What are we ? Nothing but a people
oppressed for conscientious op in ions,
We are no0w suffering just as those whc
were brought to the S8panish Inquisi
tion suffered. We are suffering fom
opihion's sake. We have been rob.
bod', abused, insulted and oppressed,
only because we wore consientious iii
And for this reason, money is scarce.
Labor is gone, the staple of the South
hab lout its prestige, and sot, a mem.
bar 'of the ring-streakced-and-striped
ha. had the boldness to say that to ro
o3pgmin debt. ineurred for the pur.
aIe of ales is to reeogiizo tde le
Convention, who is willing to face the
Constitution of the United'States,
framod in 1787, and the history of the
country under it, as to say that slave
ry, as it is called, was not legal under
the Constitutions both of the United
States and each State I
It is the evidence of extremo igno
rance, to take any other position.
Men who are playing into the hands of
the Radicals may say it, but those
who were nurtured under the teach.
ings of such ablo men as our State
once olimod as its leaders, will never
consent, nor will over any honest
South Carolinian consent, that Wash
ington, Madison, Monroe and Rut
lodgc, and a host of others, noted illo
gally in the formation of the Constitu
tion which gave un a stand among the
nations of the earth for moro than
thrce-quarters of a century.
Of courso, then, money is scarce,
and will be so as long as exotic op
prossion auna taxation are to be our
Our Terrible Burdoa for the bonofit of
that Terrible Convention.
Follow-citizens, iand sulbscribiors, Yon
cro likely to ho "gouged" to pay the
axpensos of tihe "nigger'' and "North
0irn", Convention nlow assemibled in
Charleston. 'Just think of it-$200,
000 to pay the expoens of a set of
[By the by, an old acquaintanco of
ours used to call tihe thing that now
forms the majority of the ol/aPd in
Charleston, "field officers."]
Now, when wo say a set of good
plough hands, we woul not be nider
stood ats intimating that wo would care
to have "old times" reinstated ; but
wlat we man is simply this, that
thrre is many a man (i. a. a Thad.
Stovens' man) who would be in his
sihre more when between the plough
handles, than ho is in the Convention.
$200.000 dollars I Think of it, old
citizens. Why that thing in Charles
ton proposes to pay itself ciyht dollars
a day and twenty-hivo cents milonge,
individually I Congross has about tihe
same pay. Of courso the great Con
vention in Clharleston thinks itself
equal to Congress, ind must have
Thus the majorically ignorant crew
that d isgraces South Carolina now, un
der Radical rule, votes itself, indi
vidually, over one thousand dollars
for what ?-why simply to put our
Stato in the catalogue of thoso that
have boen turned over to the tender
mercios of blind folly.
"Lot the Galled Jade Wince,"
The Grand Division of the Sons of
Temperance, at Albany, Now York ;
passod a resoluttion lately, oxclud ing
And thus the world wags. Ram
paniit liadicalism threatens us of thme
South with the vengeance of Iheaven
if we don't acknowledge thavt the late
class of slaves are judt as intelligont
as our long line of educated wvhites.
And here, in New York, a lovely sot
of Southern haters exclude the blacks
from all associations with thorm.
Well, the (lay will come, and some
of us ill live to see it, when the
black people wvill conclude that their
best friends are ini the South.
We are not going to flatter themi,
however, with the idea that they canm
themselves form a Constitution, or
frame laws for a State. We tell
them, on the contrary that they are
not able to do this very important
And yet men white men have de
ceivod themi into a notion that they
are compotoent to make laws for their
State. Like the maddened and vono
mocus rattlesnake, they are only poi
soning their own vitali ty when they
assume to be able to frame Constitu
tions and lawvs.
But we do not despise them on this
account. On the contrarmy, if weo n
afford to givo thmm from a cup of cold
wator up to any other relief or coim
fort, wvo would not hesitate to do it.
If the negroes in thme South could
only realize the fact that all that their
so-called friends in the North want, is
their votes, they would soon como to
their true senses. They may well say
to the North, "practice what you
preachi." And they may add, nyou
tell us we are your equals, but you
exclude us from an equal 6sttus."
Thme North will feel this Punie faith,
they are practising upon the Southern
negroes. Like thme great ochoating En
terprIses wve noticed the other day in
the Nniws, all this pelavar for eqiual
rights, &e., towards the negro, will
turn out to be a yankee cheat.
Yankee pod lars and yankee politi
claus are tarred with the same stick.
Cotton is Looking Uip.
Thoe price of cotton has somewhat
improved- We do hopo our farmers
will not be decived by this spasmuod
ie rise in thme price of thIs staple, un
less it be to soll it while the market is
The Issue betwoon the Presidot and
The President officially decapitated
Edward Ml. Stanton, the Radioa
Socrotary of War. Tle very digni.
flod and mild and honorable set of
baboons assembled in the desecrated
City of Washington (so called Con.
gross,) told Mr. Stanton, the Great, to
take the port-folio out of Gen. U. S.
Grant's fingers and finger that thing
hinself. And Mr. Stanton did.
Tie bold General Grant had told
Andrew Johnson repeatedly that that
little document could never pass from
his bands without a mandamus issued
against him to deliver it up. But,
presto / change ! the first intimation
that the Presidlcnt had of the groat
scratch the baboons made at him, was
in the shape of a /illet-doux froni the
bull-dog fighter, that lie had received
Senate's notice to shut up Vulcan's
shop, and retire. And so lie retired,
-lie did. Tho hold General with
drew fron his-poc:t-oorlks, not
Andrew Johnson ! where are yol ?
Comoo utIL ' that Wiito iHouse. We
know you are there, because we have
lieard you growl. (Joie out, Andy,
and bo a plucky Presidont. We'vo
known such Prcsideit's to be immor
talized in history. Take old "Hlicko
ry" Jackson, for example. Conie,
now, and show what Ic ind of' stuff you
are mado of. Show your grit, An
drow, and lot tim baboons and '"Tray,
Blanche and SwCothcart" know that
when your horn "toots" you are right
Yankoo Imposition and RaoaliLy.
Our roadors will reinember that
< ie nmonths ago, we advertised in two
or throo coliums of the N.-vs a no
tice of a hug affair in the way of a
lottery to conic off in Washington for
the relief of tho suiftering South.
Tho compensation received at this
office was a package of 99 tieko's.
Tholie contract was on the part of the
moan yankes to send us one ihundred.
The whole thing turns out to be a
Now we have a word of aidvice to of
for our Southern friends in rogord to
these baits thrown out by aby kind of
lottery, gift eiterpriso or any other
choat that is annonied from the oth
or side of Mason & Dixon's line.
Baso, vile, dirty, false, faithless and
perfidious yankee flood the South
with thousands of circulars, confiden
tial letters and all sorts of shects, only
to clinat our people out of their hard
oarned and scanty living. We must
ignore them. They are imposters
dooply dyed ill soidrelism.
Wo hop our District has given the
last encouragement to this vile scum
that floats so frely over the surface of
But there is one thing we ought to
have explained. In the grecat fraud
practiced on the Southiern Pr'ess late
ly the names of' many promiinent men,
and among them Governor Orr, ap
peared as honorary miember's of tihe
Association. And the advertisements
wore kept up for weeks. How~ weree
all these notables so imposed 01n ?
Will now repay any one whlo sub
scribes for it. It contains spicy re
ports of tho proceedings of that great
(?) assembly now sitting in Charles
By the by, the Mercury is the only
paper in Charleston which sends us its
daily issues. The News did for
awhile, but as soon as wO p)ut ini our
colunmns its Pros1 octus for 1868, and
gave it an edlitorial notice, we began
to receive the Tri- ilreekly.
On Saturday last thie Mercury did
not reach this degree of latitude, and
it is more thiaii an ordinary disappoint
mocnt nOW to miss it among our daily
exchanges. Don't forget us, you Mcr
curial mailer, if poss8ible.
General Sherman Coming Again.
According to reports from Wash
ington, tie President is about to dis
patch General Sherman down South
to investigate the condition of things
We sce ne noed ofsonding him, for
any man Who can put two idonas to.
gether ought to be abhle to telt that if
lhe himnself ruined a country, the con
d ition of the country is rusin.
The Rook House.
Little River is famnous, and deservedly,
for its hills, and theso have been famous for
their crops, but it is not the object of this
communication to notice either of those,
but to lead the mlald of the reader to a sin.
gle object eonneeted with one of Its most
precipitous bluffs, "The Reek House."
The eastern, (known on the map as th~
sonth) fork of Little River, is formed byl
the confluence of Hill's Creek and Lee
Creek ; a few hundred foot below the uaioni
of those streams, and in, whats was one
John A. Jtrico's nih1 dlam, Crooked Creek,
rising in the ,icinlfy of Concord Churek,
eontriburc onIts waers about. .. a -urere
Mile below he silto of the old mill, the
crook runu 4g wrestward over a considera.
ble strotch, strikes a bluff twice as high as
Druery's an turns off in a southeasterly
direction. n the face of this bluff is the
objoot to b considored. Instead of one
there are p'vporly tw4 Rock Houses, tho
larger and ltore irregular one has its floor
below high ater mark, but four or fivo foot
aboyo low at'r. The cavity extends back
into th hill about twenty foot. The key
stone of the arch in front (for It is not a
solid rook) is about sovon feet above the
floor, farther back it Is lower. The walls
and roof of this cavity are of imm'onso
thickness, and the columns in front ir
regular. The first timo I visited it, the
only inhabitant I saw was an owl which I
found and left sitting with its back and face
both towards me
The smallor and more regular pile of
rocks is a lhitl south of this and hilgher up
in the bluff, having its base near a horizon
tal plain with the roof or th e former. The
cavity in thiu is small but tihe external out
line gives it much more the appearance of
a house. Th front is l.crpontdicular, the
eaves are aImirably beautiful. The top of
this is about forty feet vert ically from tihe
water and fifteen horizontally.
Along the bluff, which is two hundred feet
in length, many perpendicular faces of
rock present themselves, other rocks have
the appearance of parts of an equitorial
triangle, towards the southernt1 ond an im
menso rock projects towards the river. The
bluff thoug'i almost perpendicular, is
everywhere accessible by the help of ,wind
ing courses, trees, and uhrubbery. It
forms part of a hill whose stmimit is about
one hundred and wenty foot west ot the river
and eighty feet above it.. This hill is visi
ble to the traveller on the left as lio ap.
proaches the mill site, on the road leading
from Yonguesville to 1Dcll's 31ill Road
Upon viewing the objects described, in
"c;rnoction with the heavy rolling stream, I
was impressed with feelings of suidimity.
Accident, brought m11o to it last, week ror the
first t imo, and although I was born andliave
lived wihin hearing of tile sound of tile
wators that lave its base, I have not heard it
mentioned once for every ten years of my
lift ; and though I ani only writing about
"big rocks," I fuel that. I am attempting to
call attention to a work of the areat Arohi
loot. that is exco.led in giandeiur by the
sublimer works of nature only as it is ex.
celled in mngnitude.
The Anvil Lock is known from t ite lue
Rlidge to the sea coast, and lives (perhaps in
song) certainly in prose comn position, and
yet Is not to be compared with the scenery
in question, but it has this advantage, it
stands inl sight of the old road leading from
the up-count ry o Columbia and Charleston,
nd, of the Charlotte & 8. C. Railroad. The
lines were not writtenm about rocks, yet they
como irresist ibly to mind, and are true.
''Full many a flower- was horn to blush in
seen, ant1..waste its sweetness on the desert
I cannot invite the reader to visit the
Rock House, it is in the phItation of John
A. Brico, bitl can say that, to the admirer
of naturo's works it is worthy of a visit ;
but should you visit- it when the river Is a
little swolen, a more interesting timo, be
ware of the ford above, lest you be made
sensiblo of tie fact that. there are but a few
steps "from the sublime to the rodiculous.
I would suggest that when "Spring time
comPs"if the young people of the vicinity
wish for recreation and amusemonts, a visit
to the Rook hlouse wouhel be as intcresting
as going a fishing and perhaps as profitable.
J. C. C.
Tlh~e columns of y'ourt paper are made the
depository of good news, and bad, of haugha
blejoke and fun, the advertisement of the
energetic, the merchants and others. The
poet hlas his corner. may not the comxplain.
er have his, ospecially when his complaint
Is legitimate and founded on facets? My
complaint is the frequent rillaging in a
small way of goods in tranlp'rtation from
our sea poerts. This has of Iato become mo
common that merchants cannot afford to
ship coffee In s.ncks, the usual way, but
must put it In barrels for scurity. Wo knew
one house in thme Bloro' which lately lost
some 20 pounds fromt a sinighe sack, and
they asserted that scarcely a sack was
without-its little rent made acidenthly cm
otherwise, but In all eases withI considern
ble tollage. I want shownt fo-day by a imer
chant who had just rceivced a lot of cheese
one which has a large hole gouged out, ofit
some p)ounds missing, evidently cut ott
with a knIfe, and the box lid put oni again.
And to all outward appeauanch in good
order. Now, Mr. Editor, don't youm think
that the officers of thme different lvansporta,
lion companIes might do someithingit to remoe
dy this cause .of complant ? Some ma3
say this is a small mastter to make
"to do" abo;ut. It would lie if the one timi
would satisfy the pilfered, but, sir, its the
frequoey of the thing that makes the loss
considerablo andl something wvorthi mention
ing and it culls for reform.
- ' EIMPa ON.
LEAP Ysan.--Ouar ladlies are no doubl
already aware of the fact that this is thic
ye'ar during which it is their specia
privilege to pop th question 'to any fan
young man who is pleasing to their sight
Time following, from a volume on courtshi1
and marriage, published half a centuri
ago, stIll show thmo antiquIty of the eus
"Albeit, it has now become a part. 'if th<n
common law in regard to the social relation
of life that as often as ever y bissixtile year
doth return thme ladies have tho. sole priv,
loge diuring the time it continueth of 'mak.
lng lovc Vnto men, which they may de
either by word or aby leeks, as unto them
seemeth proper, and, moreover, no man will
be edi.ftled to thebonofit of the clergy wh<
doth c~futo~ t6 aoe~t'the oil'ers of.a lady,
or who doth in 'any -wise treat her proposal
with slighteor conmely." .
Dmua'mn or itOfIANT.-1amo3 Dil~ g
Esq., whip he beet) engaged In merehman
dialog In Colun~ der a number of. years
dheparteud this lieterda...j., . o
DRATM OF JoUN JAUoo AsTer.-The so.
cond son of John Jacob Astor,the millionaire,
died in Now York last Friday, In the 06th
year of lise ago. Sinco his 17th year he
has been of feeble intellect, owing to a fall
upon his head at that time. The Tribune
The deceased, whose name was John
Jacob Astor, was occasionally to be soon
upon the stroots, under the care of an at
tondant, and two years ago Ie was sent to
E urope in [to hope of recoverijpg his failing
health. A good many years ago his father,
after vain efforts to offeot his rostoration,
built on Fourteenth-street, near the North
river, a mnasion for his accommniodation.
It occupios an entire block, and is sur
rounded -by a high fence, to prevent prying
and curious eyes from seeing tho movements
of the occupants. On the death of the fa
thor, one of file principal itenis in his will
was a provihion entrusting the younger
John Jacob to the cntro of a physician in
whomi Io placed implicit confidence, and
settling a handsome Income upon the Four
tecuth-street mansion Its brother, the
intonsely active business man, Win. 13.
Astor, has, ever sinco his father's death,
neglected nothing that could ameliorate the
condition of his unfortunate relaeivo.
The father of the.e Astors was one of the
most energetic and successful of what is
I~le "M!-1 lf-mado meon." Hc) was the wut
of a German peasant, near Ieidelhurg, and
sailed for Baltimoro in 1783, taking with
him a few hundred dollars' worth of musical
instruments to dispose of on commission.
lie became acquninted on the voyage with
a furrier, who advised him to exchange his
musical instruments for furs, which lie did,
and from this began his systematic devo
tion to the fur trade, which ho conducted
with such extraordinary sagacity, energy
and success that, when ho died, ISIS, his
fortune was estimated at S20,000,000. at
.that time the largest, sn over accumulated
by individual enterprise in America. The
increasing value of t ho real estate beqiueath
od by Mr. Astor to lis sons, and caroful
managemment, - have of courso greatly en.
hanced lie fortune they inherited, though
none of them have given evidence of won.
derful talent for accumulation.
l.Honitinmt: AcciDeNr iN CiuATTr.%oooA.
We learn that, a shockinig accidoent occurred
at Cliattanooga late on Saturday night. by
which two young and acomuplisied ladies
lost their lives. It appears that. Aliss \Ia.
ria Daily had been spending the afternoon
and evening with Niss Kato Harrington, at
tie residence of the latter. About 11
o'clock tie young ladies returned to Miss
[)ily's residenco, intending to sleep there.
It being culi, Miss Daily attempted to stit
a fire in th( stove ; but the fire not burning
brishly enough, aho procured a gallon-can of
coal oil, and poutred some of the oil into the
stove. In an instant. the oil exploded. In
aniot her instaint fihe young ladies and every.
thing in tle room were in a blazo. Miss
Daily threw herself oil a bed in an adjoin.
ing room, but only succoodod in setting tire
to the bed -clothes. She was soon rescued
by the negro attached to the house, who,
alarnod by tho screaming, rushod in and
bore her out. NIss IHarrington rushed out
into the street and was immediately rescued
from the flanmes by soveral gentlemen who
had arrived on the scene. 11. 1 h ladies were
so severely burned I lint they died early on
The bodies of the two unfortunate young
ladies presented a rovolt ing nppearance.
The victims wvere highly esteemed in Clint.
tanooga, and t heir melancholy fate calls
forth universal regret and symipathyi.
-Knoxville (7Tenn.) Pr~ess w;.! 1Jeraid, Jain. 21.
Tusi Coavsrros..--The Charleston News
speaks as follows of the present aspect. of
"A crisis has evidecntly arrivedl in the
policy of the Convention. heoretofore, its
tone has been comnparaitively conciliatory
and moderate. U ercafter, the negroes are
likely to form a compact, solidl body of vo.
tars in one direct ion. - The real animnus of
their action-t heir hate for thme landholder
-was yesterday developed to the full, and
no man not a member of [lie Convention
could o'bservo thto display of feeling, ill
conceived as it was, without seeing trouble
in the not dlistant future.
"Some supposeod that the body would be
nmodrato; ait South Carolina would be
able to boast a more intelligent and better
dispnsed array of delegates than any other
'rebellious' State; thle bubble has burst.
Negro shrewdness is likely trniumuphant in the
Cotivent ion, and thle whirl wind set in me
tion by the white leadersm is fast progressing
beyond their control. Trho excitement yes.
terdlay, after the Convention adjourned, was
very great, and wve seriously doubt whether
there is strength enough among the white
dlologates to hold it In check, unless this
desirable objet can be compassed by such
clover negro members as hipper, Wright,
Langley, Wilder andi others of thant class.''
CoNonress:AND TIE H Monusioys. - The Wash
ington Exzpress says: The Committoo0 on
Elections will soon have a novel contest to
consier, and one that will involve the ques
Lion whetheir tho government of Utah, as ad
ministered by Brigham Younug is, republi
can In form. Mr. Mciroarty, the candi.
dlidate of the Oontiles, has arrive:l hecre,
Iand Is now preparing evudence to submit in
contesting the seat of Mr. Hlooper, the sit
ting delegate from Brigham's domninions,
who was elected by tihe saints. Mr. Mc..
Giroarty claims that the elections, conduct.
ed by the bishops of the Mormon Church;
who act as judges at the polls, are not only
unfair, bitt wholly at varlasee with the
mode prescribed by United State. law. The
evidence will set forth all teo peculiarities
of the administration of clvil affairs by
Thme heirs of the late John A. Washington
of Virginia, It is said, have begun stit- In
Chioago for the recovery of once hundred
thousand dollars'- woyth of real estate in
that city, which was owned by Washington
at the time he was killed In .Virginia, in
11.A Chi.bago lafrmode hilr way,
thrughth lios an fnding the Washing.
ton heirs, represented that tlio estate would
be confisoated if it remained In their' name
anud hmad it do'ioded to him fer safety. H~e
Gen. Ouster Acoused of Murder.
PRELI31INAnY EXA3llNATION OY TitE OsN5gAL
AND AN ALLEUND Acco0tPLIOVa
The Leavouworth Conaervative, of last
Thursday, states that onl yodoosday (lona.
ral George A. Custer and lieutenant W.'W.
Cook were put upon preliminary examina
tion there, for the alleged murder of Charles
Johnson, private in company K,- 7th United
Captain It. M. West, of company K, first
testitles. We abridge his statoment:
Custer was lieutenant-colonel of theo rogl
mont, and Cook a first lieutenant in it.
Johnson died no-ir Fort Wallace, on tho
19th or 20Lh of last July. Up to 2 p. n.,
of tho 8th le was on duty as privato in wil
ness' company. At the timie;,nix men woro
scon loavinag camp. Two mounted parties
were ordered by Genoral Cusler to puirsue
atd bring none of thio In alive. A gov
ernment wagon returned, bringing three
mnat who had been shot, one of whom was
Johnson. Ile was very feeble, and seoomed
to be sufforing very much from tle wound
in the lead. 'ite wound which secaed to
aifect him tmlost was a pistol bullet wounel
entering the side of thae head near the right
temple, and ranging downtward, coming
out near the leftsido of the windpipe. le
had another wound in his body, and one it
his arl. lie was slant in tlae Territory of
Colorado, July 7, 1867. Witness applied to
General Custer for medical attendance for
the wounded maena, atad was told that they
were doserters, and a deserter was not on
titled to any consi'leration. Witnoess urg,
ed that tle wounmdod mno received surgical
at tenldance, Which was allowed after some
further conversation. Witness did not see
tle shooting, but heard the firing. Lieu.
tetant Coc.k was in one of thle pureing
parties. He told wituoss hao hadl done some
of the shooting, and haped notie of tle
wounded would die. Jolntson was hale
aid hearty before the slhootig. A detail of
his company buried him, and wit.nesas reand
tl Ep1iscopal burinI service at lio grave.
On cross examination witness ronembor.
ed to have conversed with Gon. Custer
about Johnson's being so desperate that lae
would not h brought, back without a fight,
and that Johnson's being so resoluto that
le maight. offer resistanYo. Major J. If.
Elliott comattatn aded one of tile pursuing
parties, and Lioutenatt II. Jaceksona tie
other, anl they were gone an hour or an
hour anid aft half. WitnOts did not hear the
order to bring any in alive, atitd cannot say
if' llook lcard) it. lcarl Caster say sonic.
thilng to the effect to go after them and not,
bring Any itt alive. Was not at th1e exact
spot where t lie parties rode off. but was itt
hearing distanee. The inedica attendance,
was ordered nt tlie lina it was applied for
after tle conver'sal iota.
When re-exanmined for tlo S.ato, wi n s<
said Ithat his rematarks to Gen Cislor about
Johnson were made after the order land
been given to tle mounted patty, and after
hey had started itt pursnit.
Goneral A J Samith anlad other Unaited
States ollicers, besides the defendanats, were
prescnt t lie at. examination.
On lte second day Licutenant IT.nlry
Jackson testilied thant lie wias ordered by
(Jen]. Custer to pirsuio the deset ters, to
shoot them, and bring none back alive. Hle
overtook two, who surrendered, and set t
them back. lie then setit after tle otlhers,
and found Johnson lying on the grotud
woatundel, bill saw ntahintg of i1l0 shootini.
Was left by Major Elliottin charge of' alte
three wotunded. Tle Majot' ro'aeturned, antd
a wagona otmo for' la10th . Witnaess thought
iienttenlaant Cook was ntot present when tie
order was given to bring none in alive.
Cloanent. Willis; dute of lie deserters. '.es
tified that le saw ieutenant. Cook shoot
Johnlson with a pistol.
Miles Moylen, first lieutenant and adju
tant, also said that tain order was given to
lrinag anone back alive, and thought Ltteut.
Cook was present when it was giveai. 'I lisl
witness added. that whean the loessago entame
halit three was wounlded, Gent. Cistr order
e.I t i ngonl senta after themta, andal a melical
offiaer' was i attendance, before Col. West 's
request.. Tie substance of the (eneral's
reply to this request was tlat tle maetn
could havo necessary mttedical attandainaco.
The St ate Conventiona r.t Char; eston 'coma'
sists of' li'ty-tfbr'e whikotemen atnd sixty.
thraee tnegr'oes. 'lThis is a disgauslitng specta
ele to be presented itt the Unait,aj '~ Sates be
fore thte eyes of mnankinda. It is strange
that even the wildest of ilhe Rtadiicails do nct
recoil faroma I henmselves whent they conatem..
plate the dlega'adat ion to wvhicht athey htavo
redueced thec country -if inadeed (lacy (dare to
contemplate it at all.
Bt it. is very pr'obable thtat thats con von
(iota in which the negr'oes have taucha a
maujor'it-y will do tao worse titan thae ctnveta
lions of Alabatma, GIeor'gia, Mississippi atnd
Louisinana. Imaaecol we do tact see how it,
well can, for thie fouar latter cotnventions,
I hiough cotaaning whito amajorities, have
acted an the exoclusive interest ofthec blacks,
fully recognizaing this as a par'ty necessity,
whichl thecy could net for a momeont. safely
But. we shtall see what theo negr'oes will
do wher'e thecy ar'o In a clear majorIty and
have full sintg. Of Couarse th' white
conafederatos will be all thae while busy with
them, not trying to keep things straight,
bait to give thecm theo righat c'ook, and that,
we suippose will be the Black Qrook.
(Loisui/il Journal, Jani. 16.
"I'I.T, CALL Anaam -A.5n Pa'."-..Whta a
world of wo is contaaned in Iteso few words,
to the poor art Izan and mechanics ! "I'll oall
roundl anal pay," says the richa man, to
avoid thec trouable of going to hils deosk to get
theo necessary funds, and thec poor mechanIc
is obliged to go home to disappoInt hIs
workmen, and all who depend upon him for
teit'dute. It Is an easy matter to work;
the only real glory in this life Is an inde
pondlent idea of being able to stutain ,your
self by thec labor of youar htands, and It may
be easily imagied what erushair~g force
there is in "I'll caill around andi pay," to
thte laboring mana whao deplends on that pay
for subsistenoe If thtose whto could would
pay at. once, It wouldl place hundreds and
thtousands In a condition to do lIkewIse,
and would provettnitach misery and dIs
A dIspatch to thae Now York Tibuina
states that on Monday a proposition to
make theo Internal Revenne Department an
independent bureau was uander considera,.
tion in thte Coamitioe of Ways aind Means,
and it Is understood that the cemmittee are
nearly ananimousa in favor of the measure,
and that a provIsIon looking to that end
will be emnbodiedin the now bill 'whIch
they are preparing. The question of a
drawback on the whiskey exported was also
under considoratlon anad It seems to be
enerally conceded tltalso 'will be adopt.
Diekons put his tiokets up to the
dollarsn \1 vaeingDonhro
Attention is called to the advert iso
miout of J. N. Robson, Nos. I and 2
Atlantio Wharf, Chntleston, S. C.,
who offers to our farmers soveral valu.
%blo kinds of conoontrated inauire.
Mr. Robson's long experience in
Ahis business of solooting and furnish.
ing the South with such fortilizers, is
x guarantee that those wanting thorn
(and who does not ?) can safely apply
'he Old Post Offioo.
This old uilding, adjoining s
McMastor's Hotel, is undorgoing quito
x transition. The familiar old piazza
lis. bcon tori- down, preparatory
to turning the building with one end
to the Main Street, to bo converted
into a store.
This old building recalls althousand
associations. Our late venorahlo
cit'izen, Mr. John MoMaste r, was
postmastor for about forty years there.
In spite of old associations, wo like 1o
Somio1 years ago the following in
scription, engraved on a fragmeut of
stono, was discovered among the rel
ics of an antiquarian, and its transla
tion was unknown to all, some suppos
ing it to refer to the Emperor Clan.
diai, till a lad one day sld'. it out,
and pcrhaps our readers can do the
A. T. 11. T. II. 1. S. S. TV.
ONE RE. POS. ET.
II. (LAUD. COSTER TRIP
.E. SE LLJER 0.
IN. GT. ONAS DO
Tr. J. A. N. E.
The uttention of Railroad authori
ties isi called to a comiunication in
the Nrws to-day, showing how, to
some11 extent, shippors of goods are im.
posed upon. Thore cn be little
doubt that it is at the Junctions these.
thieving propensitics are carried out.
The public denands solne protection.
in this particular, and they can get it
onlyfrom our Railroad officials.
North Carolina Flour--Ketchin,
MeMastor & Brico.
Noices.--y Commissionor in 'Kqnity
Dissol it ion--Thotpson, ..Wuhe &
Crackers & Chuese-Ketchin, Mrc.
Master & Bric. .
Inlmportanlt, Notice-Bf Cathicart &
20,000 Pounds IIldes-J. P. Mat
More Taxos--R. IT. Jennings.
WeeklJcy Review of the Winnusbo
ron rnsweu rslNGJANUAnL 25.
Theo domuand for cotton for the past, woek .
has been very free ; an advancing tendency
has brought quito a run with the markets
notwithistandin g the unzfavorablo weather.
Ihring thze past. weok about, 315 bales have
been sold, someo in storo, but mostly In wag
ons, prices closing on 25thz inst., at 9@10O'
for Low Middling., 10611 for Middling
and 11i6@l2 for 8t~rlct - Middling, free of
tax. Wec must again urge upon our plant
ers tihonecessity (and for their own special
advantage) or preparing their cotton in bet.
tor or1or; a taxt is imposed on all cotton in.
bid order, and very properl1y, f'or some one, .
either buyer or seller has to pay It, before a.
oloin hill of lading will be given for tranls.
portation. We also understand that, a tax.
of 250. pier bale is now charged nominally,.
for weighing Our cotton bnyec s are very
willing to weigh and mark their own cotton
withodt olhargo. but government ofleoors are
still more u'illing to claim their perquiaites.
or oflice, without r'eturning a guil pro guo.
We hope the day may not be far oft', wihen as...
*essing, taxin~g, taaoing and skinning will be
finally and forover abolished for the general.
goodl of the planter.
Cotton Yarns, $2.00.
Gunny Cloth, 25a 26.
liacon Sides. 16a17 ens
Lard, 17 a 18 cents. -
Molasses per bairrel 05 a 76.
Country Flour, $0 50 iz 7.00.
Baltimore Flour $1Z000 a $12.00 per bar"
Peas 00 a $1.00.
Dry Bildes, 100,
HE co-partnership of Tho-opson. With.
Persons indebted to lhofi'm' are notified
to settle upi by the 10th February, as longer-'
Iadulgence cannot be gIven.
* Og 1. TIIOMPSON;
'i!C W. WOlDWARD.
1 I1E subdirjbore ha'o o~e'ed ihjo a co
-L partnership tinder ie nam. of Thiozhp.
son & Woodisard, uadd will stive to merit a.
share of public patonaT'Ue -~ ~