Newspaper Page Text
WINNSBORO, S, 0.
Weduesday Morning. Feb. 5, 1808.
Desportes, 11iIinims & Co., Props.
"ft- The offico of the Niws ind Ily.a
Ai, is, for 1808, in the Market Hall, just
under the Town Clock.
Parties having business with this office
will please note (ho above.
Address all business comiuntiileations to
DaSPonrT:s, Wi.i.IAMS & Co., and all com
municatious for ciiher paper to the Editor.
Debte Duo for Slaves.
Those who read the last issue of
our paper saw that the latest news was
that the Coivention had passed the
ordinance rendering null and void all
contracts, judgionts and decrces
made or entered upon, whore the con
idoration wa.is for the purchase of
We are very 1lal to seo that our
oily wlite represontative, Mr. J. ML
Rutland, opposed the adoption of thi
Ift; has been a purfectly consistit,
Unlioni 1nan, anld was so through tll
the W-ar. VO respect his sentimeiits
more than those of any othler m1embil)er
of' the gencrally ignorant Convention
which now sits in Charleston. On the
subject of the ropuditi on which the
Conven I ion has patumed so generally,
Mr. Rutland stanlids right upon the
r,ord, 11and we are glad to itiounce
We knov that citizem of our )is
trict will ijler by this ordiiance.
There are imany who hold notes and
bonds for the value of slaves sold to
othere. But aro they to suffer ? So
payi that iguoraut crew that obeys th
nod of the Radical rule that prevailb
in Washington. Lot them obey
Let the wel'l paid crowd now assom
bled inl Charleaton get all they can
from the down-troddeni peoplo of the
Stit e who hav.e not lost their respoet
ibily. ''le day of retributionI will
q-4C. Evenl Mr. Ittitland ilay say,
Vith all his e1a3 and Constitutiouin
- aet s hie in' reported to have said,
that "'hit neve r l id believo one manl
"'hiad the rih to ni akI)O poerty of ano
But tlis does not destroy fth greal
truth of Sacred Suriptur, thalt lve.n
w-r ( . c. thle posso.Sioni of -olie ma1n11
)yv another,) conli iioun imolimg 1h:11
peoplo whoim tlio Creator it' of Mani a in
the World lie inliabits, was the "pocu.
liar poople" (if Ili., Caro.
What are we to think of tle ia
who says that a slave was not proporty
bofor the war I
le is either for us or against us,
If he say, that the use of slavery wat
*ilii1 tul . wn non "'-I " v WiV ll
him. But whetin he says tliat it was
not right, or not legal, or not Consti
ttilonal to "ma1e( property" of that
which tlie !Bible and the Constitutior
of tlw Ciiit ed States, anid of1 SouthI
(Carioliim, clearly sancitionetd as5 pro'
perlty, then'i we intt say with the ut
miost respc4.t (whichl wo hImvo towanhd
Mdr. Itutland ) thiat lie is e4.'i irely imis
Uu t liee t i e thin g we dO give
ixr li nthn i great 'rod it for. le
doe:, respet thie lawut. Ile is too in
telligenit a niun not to take this ground
ini opposition to the unjust and op.
pressive ordinance to which we allude.
Mi'.l1iutlaind, as O louRpresenitativc,
knows thie injustice which is to be in
fl ~ieti n t hoecountiry by the p-rissage
of' the unjust ord ina nce which ho no0
clainms fori e)venl seri'ces r'ende'red by
tho'.se whwo whole time belongcd to
We can See, however, how it is that
thIie Qonivent(ion no0w asscmnbled in
(Charleston canil adop~t this extreme
meansure. 'lhat body is under orders
--orider1$ issued by the mean and1( coin
tempitible .lidicals of the North.
IFa1vC t hey not1 induced thie bold and
bull--dog (Irant to 'toll a lie ? Did
they not suborn C2onover alias Dun
ham, to swear falsely ? At what
poinit do thbey mean to stop ?
We know, or rather we are sure,
thant the spirit that keeps9 a boast like
1U. F. Butler in position, at the North,
is poerfctly willing, anid would be de
lighted, to have and see the white
piopla~tion of our dear old State bu
ried in "dust and ashes."
And in passing the ordinance in the
Convention, ignoring all obligations
for debts cont racted f'or slave property,
tht body has only obeyed the behests
oft that same Radical olomoint.
Ilunman naturo revolts against it.
Not algainist the emancipation of alave=
ry. But against the unlawfal abuse
of pow~er by thosolho once recogniz
ed .slavery, and whose ftnoostora sold
aill the slaves they possessed to those
whonm they would nlow destroy..
Men of the South,-to what tribu
nlare you to appeal t-to the Great
God who rules the Universe ; to im
weo can leave the issue.
Itmmorality and treaehory are charg
od, upon you. - We call you not to
trm 09~ yourselves, but wve do
.r you to leave the issue with
that God whom you have revered a n
respoeted, and abido pationtly and
prayerfully li8s disposal of the great
11suo now upon us.
- Below we give Mr. Rutland's red
marks on theordinaice -he notice.
Mr. J. M. Rutland said ho had not
intended to speak upon th subject, in
consequonce of being somewhat india.
posed, but he was surprised to hear the
gentlemAn from Newberry set out with a
very remarkable asserlion that he is no
ropudiationist, no stay law man, and then
repudiate in the very next breath.
In order to got at this question at all,
in order to have an opportunity for ar
gument, they, had, in the first phice, to
set aside tie Constitution and laws of
the United States and the Constitution
anud laws of South Carolina, as they IILVe
heretofore existed, and tie opposite sido
haid commenced by tirades and appeals
upon a question which is peculiarly a
legal one and peculiarly witllin thie1 prov.
inco of thie courts for their decision, and
not for this convention to waste its time
upon. They speak of getting rid of log
islation, no one argument in favor of the
passage of this ordinanco. He would
likd to know of the party favoring repu.
diation, how they are to do justice and
carry out their doctrines to do justice,
without. imore legislation than was ever
heard of in this country. Hle would like
to know if the man who purchased a
slavo and paid cash for him was not en
tilled then to bring action to recover
what lie had paid, as well as tho man
whose debts and note for a 1,000 or
more were declared mill and void. If
the slave was not, property, the inan who
paid has a right to recover his thousand
J. J. Vrigit.. Is it youir deire. lhat
the-constititiouial ntiendieint should be
apopted wheni the legislaturo assei
Mr. bit.lail. T in in fnvor of the
Reconstriiction laws of' Congress, and if
the Goveininent of the United Slates
iiiidertake to ropiuliale these diebts, I
wonl 1 say noth ilng iigainst it, for they
have the power. Biut Io contended this
convention lis not tle power to repudi
ato these- debts, an11d the situnio legislationi
in reference to tliii would he carried
oil in the coirts as if I h- ordiiance was
not passed. They would declare it an
unconstitutional ordinance, which, -o.
cording to ite ol laws of the United
Stia t es and the la ws of South Carolia,
it ui(oubtedly is. 1to never did believe
Son man 11111d tihe right to make property
of another. But they were bound to
respect the laws as they existed, an(d lie
wishiid to let. tIhe courts decide whether
a warriant or title to property to iake it
bindin g, shoull enlsiure. against rovohi.
tion, eartituaker, and everything else.
Cil versing with a gentlenian on tihe
sibject, lie put two or threo questions to
him- lie asked where the cash wiis
paid or a sIave, what would Io do in ia
cas ike thait11 ? Ie replied ho would
make the seller pay the money. Ile then
asked what courso he would take, where
the man had ised slaves twelve or six
tOen years, without payment, of either
priiciple or interest ? 1He roplied lie
The result (if the action of the conven
tioii in repudiatiig theso debts would be
to saddlo the country with a legislation
which would have no end. It would run
back as far as slavery itself. There
would ho no such thing'as a statte of
limlitationis, anud the legislation wvould de
your the' count ry and ruin it.
The Semi-Weekly (Chester) Standar I.
Messrs. Pithor and Baboook, of the
late ( huter Xtaundard, a weekly, have
commenced the publication of a semi
weekly in place thereof.
We congratulate our neighbors en
this evidence of thrift and energy.
Cheater District ought to support such
a paper with alacrity. The town of
Chester is the centre of a vast amiounut
of trade, and if the morcehants there
can only realize their true iintorests,
they wvill give the Semii-wveekly a
We hope Mossrs. Pither and IBab
cook will succeed beyond their antici
pations in the now euterprise they
What Race Inhabited South Oarolina be
fore the Aboriginal Indians ?
Ihere is a question for the scientific
to consider, According to a1 report
from the Charleston Couarier, Prof.
Franois 8. Holnes, of Charleston, has
made discoveries in the beds of marl
on Ashley River, whero operations are
now going on, on a vast scale, which
will lead thinking mon01 into now
avenues of thought.
TeCourier has been shown three
spoeimoins from this bed, vis: (1) a
brick unburned, wvhich,:say>s the Con
rier, is evidently the handiwork of a
race who oxistod long before the red
men ; (2) a sectioni of an elephant's
tooth, and (3) a perfectly preserv'ed
tooth of a hmorse, which was petrified.
Strange to say, Professor Holmes
has, for years past, says the Courier,
zealously advocated the theory that
before the so-ealled aboriginal In
dians obtained possession of the loalI
ty of the coast of South Carolina,
there were pro-existent races.
- And now for the inferenoes.
1. The Indians were never known,
we believ, to ake even unburned
2. The elephant and horse are both
quadrupeds which, as far as we ever
learned, have ever been found near
where some portion of the humnan
family livcm1 Both specie h.. .t
ways been traotable, and both are
- Objections. But objections may
ariso in the discussion of theoretical
ly8scientiflo questions, as to the pro
bability of mistaking an old fossil
tooth, z'nd espoeially the fragment of
on1o, for a liviu tooth.
2. As Indians to this day are skilled
in fanciful, and to 'us remarkable,
mouldings by the hand, from clay, we
3annot be certain that the unburnod
brick of handiwork, is not simply a
rorm in which the Indian blocked out
the clay for other isos.
"The Lauroriville Horald."
Brother Ilcrald :--"liook up" your
ccond sober judgitiment. You mako
run of our request that you publish
tho "particitlars of the minuti" of
the explosion of a 1.lamp, which, as you
reported, ondangered tho life of Col.
Now you are entirely off the track.
We had anl explosion iU" this town
lust about the same time. The par.
ticulars wore reported for the benefit
or the public. For the same banofit,
wo asked in a very respectful manner,
that you give the particulars of the
explosion you reported.
You also become, or assume to be.
cono, rather, the conisel for our very
valuable contemporary, th h Vcwberry
lb trbl. Of oirse that ably conduct
od paper can1 taim eiro of itself. No
one doults cl . But you misropre
sent the inquiry we made. We did
not. "arraign" that patper for "bad
En"I ish," but - simply as ked its
authority for thle use of tiie "objec.
tionabe" Eigli.'hu. We did it in a
mood far differiit fromn the spirit
which seems to pervel and dictate
the second paragraph of your "Ed ito
torial" in your issue of January 31st,
headed "Ti FAIIFIELD 'IIRAJ.n.'
More Efforts at Yankee Trieks.
Wo are constantly receiving at this
oflice all kinds of advertisements from
the City of New York, of which we
are requested to gv it certain num
ber of insortions, aid charge the same
to Tom, Dick and Harry. We have
out our eye-teet.h on those inatters and
are therefore able to see onough
"with these specs," to sve our
selves from further yankee choats.
We announce' once for all, that no
advortisemnent. from north of Mason's
& Dixon's Line, can e the light of
day in South Carolina, through the
colulnais of the two papers issued from
this offic, wnles the money eccompa
nies the order.
We have been, and hundreds of our
peopie too, cheated by that porfidious
set of Northern ce/ats, who are al
ways seeking what they can steal
from the South. We hope the do
cent and honest- mon of the North
will continue to ferret them out, and
bring themii to punlishmeitnt.
The Judiclary Committee ini tihe
Convention lhas subruitted a very im-~
poyrtant report upon the mnattar of
debts still dire for negroes purchased
before the decree of enmancipationr.
That rep~ort proposes to expunge
every cent due for debts so contracted.
We observe that Mr. Rtutlanrd anrd
Whiitteomoro, of Dar'li ngton, opposed
the adoption of the report, on Monday,
butt while in the midst of the discus
sion, tire hour' of adjournment arrived.
This is a questioni of very vital im
portanree for the Convention to take
np ; and if the repor't submitted by
the .Judiciary Committee, anrd which
will be found in the report of the pro
coedings in this morning's Naws,-be
adopted, it will be sur'pr'ising.
There is a growing tendency on the
part of that elerment which mainly
represents the State in the present
Convention, "to mnake slavery odious?"
To accomplish this, they are wvilling
to ignore every moral obligation that
formis the comrent of a community of
Slaves woere proper'ty,-and why
not acknowledge it ? So there must
b)0 something duoi to the owner of that
property, who transferred it for a con
sideration to another party, but wvhich
consideration is still unpaid, Now
what does conmmeni sense and comtmon
justico declare ?1 Simply that hre who
ownred tihe slave, and sold htimt "on
time," is entitled at least to the value
of his ser-vices from the time lie was
sold to the time lie was set,fr'ee.
If the Convention take this born of
thoe present dilemmina, that body wiill
not only show its conservatism, but
also its good sense.
Military Stay Law..
Geo. Canby has responded to the
eall of the Convention, to stay execu
tions issued upon judgments, for three
mnonthls from the Sist of January, up.
on certain conditions.
Those conditions are as follows :
1. Thme Judgmrent must be render
ed bef'ore the 19th day of December,
1860, or after the both -day of April
1865, unon a: canan of atn. aisR
On cly Contract entored into before the
19th day of Deember, 1860.
2. The sale can be ordered, both of
personal property, and real estate.
But, the officer in charge of the sale
must soo that not loss than TWO
T'IRDU of the cash value of the pro.
perty shall be offered or bid at the
saleotherwise, he is authorized to
adjourn and postpone the male.
3. The appraisement of the person
al property is made by three persons
one named by the defendant, one by
the plaintiff, and the third by those
two, (i. e. by both plaintiff and defen
But in the ease of real estate, the
appraisemnent is to be the valuation of
that real estato, as assessed in the
last precoding assessmont for State
But in the last place "the provis
"ions of this order shall not apply to
"executions for the collection of over
"duo taxos, nor to any process for the
"enforcement of any lien for labor or
"material rocogni.ed and guaranteed
"by tho laws of the State, or by Mili.
Being a great admirer of the beauties
and wonders of Nature, I read with mchi
interest, J. C. C.'s description of "The
Rtook House, or Houses," on Little River.
I had no Idea that dear old Fairfield con.
tained asuch a romantic upot, and 'when the
Spring time comes," I propose to niake one
of an excursion party, (including the Edi
tor of the News,) to visit this spot, and
wh.ilst, admiring the works of Nature, per,
haps our t houghts may be lit ed upward to
admire "'Naturo's God," more than ever be
fore This is a beautiful worid, Mr. Editor,
hat our H[cavenly Father has placed us in,
and I am not one of those who thiunk we
ought to be so absorbed in, and cast down
by, the ndiverso circuistances by which we
are surroundod, as not. to be able to love
and enjoy thE gifts of a Bneitlcent Creator:
"If Cod hath matte this world so fair;
Where sin and death abound;
hlow beantiful beyond compare,
Will Paratdiso be found!"
IHaving a piece of poetry by mo which ex
pressess all the beauties of na-u tre, I copy
it for your perusal:
There Is beauty iii the skies,
Whlen noon lay suns are bright,
It glances withim ten thousand eyes
Through shadows of the night;
When morn with rosy blsh is seen
To wake-thiero's beauty thero,
And evening's golden clouds proclaim
Wo, too, of beauty share.
Old ocean's ever swelling tido,
The ilacid lake and still,
The ri ers rolling in their pride,
The ever sparkling rill;
The jimntain top, the verdant plain,
The esort rude and bare,
Attest, y every varied scene,
TIo1bgauty dwolloth there.
The opening buds of joyous Spring,
its choral hymns of praise,
The velvet bloomt on Sunimer's wing,
its bright and cloudy days ;
The Autumn clad in russet shroud.
With treasures rich and rare,
Old hoary vWn iter shouts aloud
There's dazzling beauty here.
Thore's beauty in the hut and hall,
Where sweet contenment diwells,
Shoeuld solenco move or knowledge oall,
The voice of beauty swells;
With childhood's silken locks 'tis blent,
With maiihood's proud career ;
While age mastutre in virtue spent,
Both heavenly beauty share.
A LoVsn oF NArTUH.
The procoedings of the convention yester
day~were devoid of interost. Emptiness of
pocket, ovidently affected tho dleliherative
element, and at an early hour the body ad
lourned. T wo or three facetious resolutions
were offerod, and several distinct, smiles
rippled over the "sea of human faces" as
the reward thereof.
Beyond all question the man most drolifio
in resolutIons, fright fully long and terribly
reconstructive, as Simeon Coricy, of Lex
ington. Like the maisine poetry invented
by tiho immortal Dow, Jr., ho has only to
turn a crank and language flows from imu
in an unbroken st~rip, which lie cuts ofl' by
the foot or yard toe suIt, the occasion. At
tontion is called to some of his fragments
yesterday. Resolutions, ini theo eye of a
i'oportor, are like pie erust, they should be
"sh<,rt" to be good. "Short as pie aruist,"
Is an aphorism, which applies with equal
force to pastry, resolutIons and proverbs.
T'he rumors on the street that any trouble
occurred in the convention, in consequence
of theo presence of the police, are without
foundation. Nevertheless tho well-meant,
offices8 of General Chitz, in tendering a civil
guard, were not-judging from the Ian
guage and manner of delegates-received
ina corresponiding spirIt, and the pollee are
bitt to enjoy their Innocent, refloctions out..
aide the hall.
Today members will be paid ofl', and
great will be the rejoicing thereat. Elovon
dlollaj's a day!I Gee Whillikens I !-Charles
ton News, dth.
Nawr Haur sun..-The people, anys the
Hartford 2Vmes, are flecking to lie Union
ad Constitutional party in Now Hiamp
shire. They are leaving the radicals ; and
their Btate committee are quarreling -thle
ohairman htaving cotne out in a public ad
iress abandonIng the radicals and jioinlng
the Democrats. The radical party baa gone
to pieces la New Hampshire--and all the
organs to "circulate 'documents" 'wIll not
lielp them. Radical speeches and pamph.
Lets onl~y sink theta lower, fer they show the
people that the radical party sticks to negro
sua'rage and neguo denomination..
A young mani amell.Bejamin F. lBache,
son of 8urgeoni Becho, of the Naval Labo
ratory, sho6- himself ii the he~d, in the
presence of hi. a~attced, at-her tesidohoco
Orooklyn, on the 80h, The cause Is sup.
posed to havo beo# utroasonable jealdmsyr.
The Assault on Roswoll T. Logan, Esq.
Interference by the Military.
Attornoy-Gencral Ilayno yesterday rc- e
ceived the following communication from I,
Military Headquarters : U
H[EADQUARTRS 2D MIJ.ITARY DrsTRoT,
PROVOsT MASHAnsA J Gr.NEnAL's OFFIUM:
CITIDAL, CliAnLEsroN, 8, C., Jan. 80, 1808.
lion. L W. Hayne, Attorncy. Gajeral, Charles
ton, S. C.
SIR-Will you pl0ase inform this office at
(he earliest convenience, whether any ao
tion has boon taken by the civil authorities I
in relation to an assault committed by one C
Mackey. a delegate to the convention, now
sitting in this city, on Mr. Logan, the ro
porter of the Mercury newspaper, and if no
action has been taken to bring le matter c
before the proper authorities, will you ex
plain thile reason thereof. c
I am, sir, very respectfully,
M o. A. Wi al.is,
Byt. Lt. Col. and Maj:>r (th U. S. infanatry, 0
Pro Mar. Gon. 2d Military District. a
Colonel llayno, on the receipt of the .A
above, promptjily comnicatedl withi 0. El. 0
Kanapaux, Esq., magistrate, and instruct- t
od him to commenco proceedings at once.
With equal promptness, the magistrato dis- 11
patched a imessenger to It. T. Logan, Esq., il
file party asailtd, with file request t imt. ti
lie woild urnisi lthe n3cessary affidavit on fi
which to base a complainut. This was the e
the lirut intimat ion, as we are Inforited, 0
that. Mr. hogan received of any proposed t
act ion in the mait er, and having no desiro r
toprosoto aNfAckvy for the assault and t
battery, hto dclield to acocede to the I. V
quest.. Theroupon the magistrato sont for I
Mr. J. 11. Simmion: . a roporter of t le News,
explained that the military auuliorities had c
pressed the matter, and insisted that he o
take his aflidavit. as it witness of tihe affair. o
The allidavit is as follows: I
Perso.nailly ailcIpatedl before Charles E, o
Kanapaux, a imagistrate of the city of
Charlesiion, Jaunes If. Siminolis, who being 2
(iuly sworn, says: That he was, as Ieport,
er of tho /tily Niex (a paper published in I
the City of' Charleston), on tle floor of the
hall of the convoution assembled at tho Club a
hlouso in Meeting-streel, on the 271h day
of .January instanit, tand was at the table e
assigned to lite reporters of the press, in
conpany with Rlo'well T. hogan, Reporter p
of tie Clisrleston Mercury. When the col- b
vention adjourned E. WV. M. IMickey, a
delegate fromn Orangeburg I)istrict, ap.
proaclied the said Logan and asked him b
whet her lie (Logan) was the author of a e
certain article published in the Mercury of u
that mornitig relative to his ather (Albert
0. Mackey). Logan replied "I ant," where.
upou the said Mackey cursed Logan, and r
struck hlim a blow on the side of' his face. A n
tussle ensued, and one or t o blows were
passed before the parties were separated.
Deponent, assisted in quelling the distur.
bance aind separating tho partios.
-.Deponent makes the above aflidavit,[inass e
nuch as lie wits prosent, and has been call- 0
ed upon by tle civil authorities to state ,
what hi octcurred in hisl presence, under a
letter addressed by the itilitary to I. W. 8
layne, Eiq , Attorney-GJeneral 'I
J. 11. Sios
Before the arrest was miade Dr. Mackey,
(the father of E. W. M. Mackey, called at 11
the office of Captain Kanapaux and gave
bonds for tile appearatico of his son this d
morning, at ten o'clook.-Chaarleston News.
THE M CARDLE CAsE.
The McCardle case came up beforo the
Supremo Court. to-day at about two o'clock,
upon a motion of Stanton's counsel (Trum. t
bull and Hughes) to dismiss the appeal for t
want, of jurisdiction. Mr Hughes stated i
generally the grounds of the motiou, which t
Judge 'ack called cobwebs, and compared t
to which the attenuated threads of the spi
dcer were cords of strength, Hie sn'd, in j
concluding his triuly eloqunent and irgumn- a
tativeospeech, that ''the lib. rties ot' this I
people mighat. be lost, but they could only I
be lost by the dextcrous use of ai'tihlery,i
cavalry and infantry. They could not beC
impaled by (lie baby-pins used by the attor
neys of the War' Depar't mont,, ]'hey might,
be destroyed, bit this was not the way to 1
doe it." TIhe argumnent is to lbe cent inued~ 4
by Mr. Tr'unmbull, who moved an adjourn
meat of the court at half-dast three o'clock.i
I suppose it would be dangerous me venturoe
a prediction as to the decision upon the
pendling moot ion, especially if the decision I
should happen to be verified. I thereforet
refrain from all speculation upon the sub
ject. The Supremie Court room was dense. t
ly packed insidle and ougtside the bar by ciui..
nont, men from all parts of (lie country,.
There is a mtovement- oat foot amnotng (lie
friends of Geoneral Girant to have President
Johnson to nomninate heon. N P tlanks, of
Massachusetts, its Secretary of d ar', and itt
is confidontly asserted thiat. Blanks would lbe
contlred. Tihis move is iiitended to atrrest, t
the tidle of populair indignation wvlich hasa
been threatening the Presidential prospeotsa
of General Grant, by soothing and quieting
tihe public pulse. As long as Stanuton re-t
mains in the War Department under exist- I
inig cironmetanees, theay say the sore wvill
remaIn unlhtealed, and that the dangerous 1I
symptoms must increaso,but if Mr. Stanton
can be stored away out of sight, like a
piece of wvorthbless and forgotton furniture,
the Radical loaders hop1) that (lie events of I
thme few weeks past, so terribly damaging to
General Grant's prospects, niay likewise
pass from public recolleetion, and the tidoe
of indignation which has manifested itsolf j
in all parts of (lie country be turned inside,
if not entirely arrested.
A desperate attempt to break the jail of
Marion, C. 1I1, was madlo last Friday morn- I:
hag, by its iitmates, seome twenty-lAve in d
number, headed by the,'notor'ious Jeff. Gee. a
The bars of the windows were smashed out., e
and great damnage dlone to the building. o
Tile sheriff' was compelled to invoke the aid a
of the citizens, and by their instrumentall- q
ty, the blacks aiding the whites, and after c,
the prisioneors had been compelled to leave
the windows by the usme of lare-arms, the In.
surrection was quelled. Four or five nrls. tI
onors were wounded. The Insurgents said r
that they were driton to extremities by L
hunger, but tho afddavits of jail oflllals, g
corroborated by that of Ite agent of the r
Freedmon's Bureau at that point and others j4
show that no. such cueoitd
The experitnent of stocking the Connectl. b
out with salmion, 'undertaken by the New
Ihampshire commnissioners on fisherles, hs a a
suecess. " 'i
Interesting to Merohants.
The following letter, In reference to tax.
9 to be collected on sales, will be read with
itorest by our merchants and bilsiness
SecosN MILITARY DISTRIoT,
CHlAnLESTON, S. C., January 28, 1808.
Yrm. S. Hustie, E'a., Sherj Charleston Dis
irict, Oharleton, S. .
Sin : Referring to your communication of
coemuber 20, 1807, I am instructed by the
oinanding General to reply ta 'your in
uirics as follows :
You inquire, "whero goods wore sold on
Dnmission in 1860, and settled for, previous
> Lb i passago of the Act of 1860, is 20
ants on the $100 to be collect od, or not?"
Although your inquiry is confined to cases
f sales on commission, where the proceeds
ro accounted for before the passage of the
,ut, the reply is applicablo to all other
ases embraced under the clause in qies
Assuming the fac(s, out of which your
iquiry grows, to be as stated by you, and
appears lint, during the year '180, prior
the passatr of the Act raising revenue
)r the year 1867, thoro was no law in op.
ration subjeoting to taxation transactions
f the class referred to by you, but that by
lie last preceding Act on tho subjoot, the
Ato of taxation was fixed at 20 cents on
lie $100, that being the ailolit, fixed by
tio last law preceding that of Decenber,
Your second inquiry is as follows: "Mer
hants having done business continuously
a their own account, or for account of
thers, during 1860, delivering their goods
they sold them, are they to pay the tax
f December, 1866,'as passed by the Logis.
ture, or is their tax to be scaled down to
) cents on the $100, or is no tax to be col.
Merchants doing business on their own
3count, stand on the same footing with
mmislision timerchants Sales accompanied
y the transfer of property effected by them
ror to the passage of the Act of Docem
er, 1866. arc not, liable to taxation, under
io provisions of that Act As to this lia
ility of suoh transaction to tld tax of 20
3nts, an answer has already been given,
nder your first inquiry.
Your third inquiry relates to the proper
1to of chargeable taxation, in the case of
The business of publishing and vending
ewspapers, including the sale of advertis.
ig space, is regarded as mercantile in its
baracter, and accordingly the provisions
f the first clause of General Orders No.
2 are applicable to taxes, laid upon tran
xctions in the course of suobi busihess.
'ho rates chargeable upon tihe gross earn.
igs of such establiahmnents. are to be fixed
,ith reference to the principles hereinafter
id down, in regard to the general mercan
le business. Very respectfully your obe
Louis V. CAZIARO,
Aid-de.Camp, A. A. A. G.
FRAUDS IN BANKRUPTOY.-The latest
odge of those who wish to get a fraudulent
isehargo now seems to be for the bankrupt
D file his petition and procure his notices
o be published. He attends the first meet
ng, and observes who of the ereditors prove
heir claims. Then lie takes a olose inspoo
ion and considers who of the oreditois are
lisposed to fight. He then procures anad
ournment of the meetIng before any as
ignoc is appointed or chosen, and then sets
bout- a compromise with those who are dis
'osed to fight. Hbving got these into his
nterest, lie attends an adjourned meeting
f the credit ors, and by the aid of the cre
ihors whoii havo so become friendly, he
hooses an assignee of his own. All this
icing done, his own way through to his
iselharge is very straight. and sure.
What we advise is, that the creditors (do
oct take the fact that the bankrupt has
tated in his schedules that lie has no as
ots as a conolusive reason why they should
ot prove their claims, but attend, and if
here be assets in fact--and there always
to in these fraudulent cases--share In
The honest bankrupt, who truly gIves up
11, cannot be annoyed by this. Nothing on
arth can defeat -or even hinder his dis..
h arge.-Blankrupt Recgister.
CnTros -ron CnAustow.-Last Sunday
lorning, we witnessed a sight on theo
ireenvillo and Columbia Railroad; a train
f cars so heavily freighted with cotton,
hat it required three engines to move it
long. Qo engine pulling, one pushing
ndl another in the centre. It was a long
rain, and a cheering spectacle. We learn
hat there must have been something like
,200 bales on the train, and all for Charles.
on. T'he like we ha not seen since auld
md syne.--N'ewberry Herald.
A VIrr.AINous TRzoK.-Thie negroes from
'very portion of the county were assembled
ore yesterday for the purpose, as they
rere informed, of listenhng to a speechi from
'resident Davis I Ofocourse the story was
lie, but),it served its purpose, and brought
lie negroes thronging in from every quar
ir.- Vick'sburg~ Times.
'The object was to get them together to
ear Radical speeches.
In his message to Congress recommnd.
ig tno constitutional amendment, Presi.
enit Lincoln said : "The plan is proposed
s permanent constItutional law. It ean
ot 'mecomo such without the ooneurrene
r, first two-thirds. of Congrejs, and after.
ards three-fourths of the States. The re
dt.t thiree.fourths of the States will no.
issarhly lnclude seven of the slave States."
Mr. Sumner's term as senator expires on
to dth of March, 1869. There are aeve..
hi aspirants, and somie of them doolare
mat they will take baek seats no longer.
enerals Blanks and Butler are both deal.
>us of the position, but Governor Bullook
said to have the Inside taock, and. Mae
iobusetta people say that Sumner wll lgo
A ooachman in Dutbuque has. ,uddenly
rad unexpectedly inherited $2510,000 by
me death of an uncle ia Ireland.
Tiho proceedings of this body for the
19th, 20th and 2 1st, days, tre so devoid
of interest, that we cannot sin 'e room to
The Distriot Court.
This Court convened yesterday
(Monday), with a largo crowd, espe
cially of the colored population, in at
tendane,-his Ifonor Judge Robert
Solicitor Molton's faniiliar face was
absent, and in his stead . was a*.
Sollitor McClure, the District Court
Judge of Chester. Few lawyafs were
present, the only two being Messrs.
McCants and Douglass.
The Jare of Public Property.
It has often been said that what is
overybody's business, is no-body's bu
As a public journal wo would onll
attention to the condition of two pub
lic structures in this town. Tho first
is the Market Steeplo, and the second
is tho Baptist Church. In both the
spires have openings into which pours
the copious "rains now flooding our
Something ought to be done by the
respective guardians of thoso two pub
lie buildings to secure thom against
rapid destruction to which they are
both now subjected.
A word to the wise is suflicient.
Just RUceivod-Bly an old house, so
well known to our subscribers, that i,
by Thompson & Wood ward. Go and
see for youreelf, reader.
Ladd Bros.-And while you go, don't
forget to call at Ladd Bros., where a
host of good things can be found.
Weekly Review of the Winsboro
FOR Tn1 WEEK ENDINU FinBUARY 8.
Cotton steadily advanced to the close
of the week. We quote 13jo. free of tax.
Cotton Yarns, $1.75.
Gunny Cloth, 25a 26.
hacon Sides, 10a17 cents
Lard, 17 a 18 conis.
Molasses per barrel 65 a 7.5.
Country Flour, $6.50 a 7.00.
Baltimore Flour $11.00 a $12.00 per bar
Peas 00 a $1.00.
D-y Hides, 10o.
NO. 2, BANK RANGE,
A RE weekly receiving fresh additions to
their large stock of
DRY GOODS, SHOES, &c.,
Which will be sold at, their usually low
ratos. We now offer our entire st sk of
Heavy Wool Goods,
Rock Island andl
Kentucky Jeanv, Shawls, &e.
AT FIRST COST.
WVe will also close cut cur stock of
Five per Cent Below Cost.
THOMPSON & WOODWARD,
FINE CORN MEAyh,
Pink E~yo Seed Pot atoes,
To all Whom it May Concern.
T SARAH S. WOLFE, wlfe of Baling
, Wolfe, a resident, of the town of
Winsboro and State of South Carolina, and
emploed as a salesman in thoe stare of Ja,,
cob Wolfo, in said town, da hereby give
public notice, according to the requi remonis
of the Acts of the Goiloral Assembly in
such case made arid provided, that It Is moy
intention to trade as a . sole-trador at the
expiration of one month from tis dlate,
and that I will at that, thne claim all the
rights and privileges, rahlowo to a free deal,
or. BARLAI . 1iOl4?J,
AFRESI[ (GADEN SEEJiDS.
ALS0 Onlont Setts, and theCoodric~h Irish
Potatee, said I4 he better than any
other potatoes for la~ntin~g
Also a frj supply of Groedries, as
Ou ar, offe9, Moasses, Baooa and Lard.
*. -KETO? IN, MOMASTERn & BRICE.
Cahd shodtwo ply Ingrain carpeting,
LoE'Cas [- cAlEt 31IE