Newspaper Page Text
THE FATRFTED HERALD"
WINNSBORO, S. C.
Wednesday Morning. Fob. 19, 1868.
De.palrtes, W1i11m11s & Co., Props.
Ootton and tho Yankee,
Cotton in tie South, and the Yan.
koe in the North atu- two coirlcldenits
weV wailt, our4 people to recogntize.
Last Fall Coigress relieved the
South of taxation in the f/arc. Po
*did that same Congress through their
best meti, vow that the Military Bil,
(so-callod) bhould be the lust form of
Governmetit adopted to reconstruct
the biroken Union. But they told a
dowi.-rigrht lie. And we say "lio,''
because things ought to be called by
their right names.
Now, farme r.i of Fairtield, ftor the
sako of your fianilies, do not be do
OCive0d by the present rise in the priceo
of cotton. Don'(, for the sake of yCur
families, and of your abused, but be
loved State, don't be deceived by the
meati anl coitemptible bloodsuckers
that we are accustomed to dub as
We do not mean that all men at,
the North aro trying to client the
Southern people ; but (ihat. ther are
thousantdi of Sitylocks theile, who
would, if they could, cheat, you out of
Now is the ltm for preparing for
the planlting )f a
nAo01 ER I ! wi you i 1ow t he nr.
tm-rvu. rise in the price of cotton to
loal yu into a ciii', %.It ion of that
crop. to the xclusion of a crop of pro
visions ? Bo not deceived. As mure
as the sui rise.S, so sure will tle van.
koos agaiii imposeo upoi you a tax of
two or three cents a pound for all the
cotton youi raise.
It is tru that COTTON I S
MON0E Y. lhit what is money with
(1it, edMlit ? It' mor tin the proit
'ot cot.tou i.1 di inl New York, or
Phi1ldelphi, or Bl It im)ore, for the0
cultt1tivation of that crop, what-'s tie
use of ilanting so large a proportLion
of cot ton ?
Citizeis of vairfield ! are you vuil
iicrable, whiere your own interusts are
conce rned ica Then liston tol, or rather
road, I hat we have to say for your
Slaves have belen set free. You are
all delubtr iorI erelitor-.4, (and perhaps
both) on papors duo for their sale.
Now without any r(gard to the ordi
wno ofi the Cont tion igloring all
obligat ions teiinhug sich contracts, go
to work in tis yca r, Anno Dom ini,
1808,: id raise as ithiici graini and for
age, fruit, hogs, eattlec, vegetales, anid
everythIinig else xrxeerr co-roTals you
cln aiwl we are willing !o give youi a
ion ha w heni you~ at tempt to~ rise ?
Buti farmersi, you ha11ve~ th m1 tost dhe
cei tful race in thbe worb toI deal withI,
wvhien you have thait Yo1N i uo eo on
trol y*oui. Iflis proise~os are hike pie
crust. T/1// are tnik to be ,bra keni.
W ill youhieedl 'IThe ta:ix on cot toil
will be aga iiin mposed, it thle Southi
persist in niaking it the chietf staple,
N\ot. another year will rell over your
lienads beCfore thle b tloosinekeris of the~
North will ''ery aloud and spareI not,"'
for a neuw and1 tOI renwd tax ont cot ton.
Ilideris andI~ cit i/.ens of Fa i rtield !
lie not di Ivied.h I.'r thle sak of
your it i i'li , o y urI) ist riet, oif youri
credit, and of your ecomifort , do inot
be deceived by the deceitful yankee.
Let your outhe'rn creditor see your
corni-house antd me at -honuso wetll-tilled,
anid thlerme will be ito da.nge r tf conist a
B 0e'der,4 Farmerio, S'ubl~scri iber, (Citi
z.e'1 urge, urge uipont the inhabitants
o'' thIiis Diit rict, of I~nirilold, thle vital
imInportaneao. of inak inig entought of all
kinds of ginii, rout anid vegetables,
to obviate the niecessity of seinding
vlny/l!re fotr someOthinig to eat.
Urtgo up~on them the necessity of
gnuard i uga~ninst thet deei tful ness of
the yantkee. Telcl thein in the old1 fa-.
im i lar ph rase, '-to stay at homte andil
'drinik out of the branch'' ; i. c. in oth
er' wvords ; to mnake thettselves inide
penident of thlos" .' if they were
catnibals, woulu hanve many a dlin
ner out of them.
The Explo)sioni of Kerosone;
In V'ermonut, on thto 10(th oif this
tionth. Miss Groeonoughi, aged sevent
teen y'ears, was burned to death from
thme ex plosion of a kor'osonc lamp.
The Coune,,(ugi.laUar, ono of our
ex ianges, hats aittemiptod to make
light of this subiject, but .we advise
our readers to be extremtely careful
in the use of keroseno oil. Others
may think the life of a mother or
sister i8 a small matter', but this not
our way of' thiiking.
Kerosene oil is of fonr or five gradua,
just an cotton is. Th'le inferior oil is
lliedewith ah'd ~ine ingr.d n,
most as inflammable as gunpowder.
'Now we have a fow suggestions to
make in regard to this oil, and the use
of it in families.
lin the first, place, select that oil
whien reqiuires the most coaxing to be
set a-flain ulien a )uriing match is
placed above It.
Tn the second place, do not allow
the fomales of the family either to
'ytd the lam ps or move them after
they are lighted. Better, by far, to
have candles for portablo illumina
The danger is this, viz : Thore is
no telling when the lamp may explode,
and whien it does, the oil flows out
on the floor, and the skirts of the
wife or daughter are "set fire to," and
then there is a mournful catastropho.
A Move to Abolish the Distriot Courts.
The Convention ini Charleston,
wh1 ich1 presin iies to represent the "Con
stitutional" Intelligence of South
Carolina, has adopted tle following
resolution introduced by Parker, and
endorsed and urged by T. J. Robert
son, a native of Fairfield District, and
a whi(e delegato from Rlichland to
the Conveitioti, viz :
'hr. N. G. Parker offered a resolu
I a rep1wesIt in g ('tell. Canby to abolish
the )istrie t. Courts of the State, and to
declare vacant all offices connected
Mr. T. J. hlobertson aid lie held in
his hlnd a petition signed by nearly
very 'inembor of the Convention, qsk
ing General Canby to abolish the Dis
trict Courts, and to dismiss from their
ollices thn Judges and all the oflicers
connected with that Court,
These Dist riet Courts lie regarded
as the off-spring of the infernal code
adopted by the Legislature in 1865, a
code only intended to punish the col
ored people. Theso Courts also dis
criminated against the poor. No per
son cnhal d bring a suit inl thom against
anher niless a deposit in advance to
uleet ('ists. A person utnable to make
this aldvanco is debarred the pri-.
loges of the Court and the rights he
should enjoy in coi1mmon with tle
more fortuinatto and wolthy. He il
so knew that most of the Judges of
the- )istriet Courts elected by the
Legishatnre of 18(5, are unfriendlyto
the colored peOle rii ol opposcd in toto
to Ile Rlecoinstretion Acts of Con
Their prejIldices are so bitter
thatit is impossible for the colored
man to ob)ta1in justice.
These Courts are now in session it
the different country districts every
week, and colored persons are being
tried, coivieted and sont to the peni
bontiary on the most trivial offeuces.
It was npon those grounds, and in the
performance of what lie felt to be his
ditty, that ie had drawn a petition
reitnest ing (Ieneral Canby to abolish
the I)istriet Courts of the State.
Now it will be observed that Park
er proposes to abolish District Courts,
and tobertson says those Courts are
the off-spring of the . "infernal code"
adopted by the Legislature in 1865.
Mr. liobertson ought to be ashamed
of himistilfI as a public man, in ex
presing hi mself thus en this matter of
so) great i iiportanmce to the State.
M.Ilohortson says the cede was in
ended ats a puniishmienit only for the
colored people. Hto should have at
tended~ all (lie Courts of the District
bold in Fairfild. He t would have
A iscovered something which would
have ben a strange thing to him.
J ust ico was aidmin istered In out'
Court Iouse by na partial Judge.
White men have been dealt with for
assauult and battory upon black men,
without any regard to color or previ
ous cond it ion. The law has been ex
pounded and enuforded with the sante
Mr. TI. J. Rlobertson forgets that
since thie f'our millions of slaves were
se't free in the South, that a larger
sphiero otf legal administration is laid
uponm lie State.
During Slavery, thie adjustment of
thousiands of' cases of burglary, larce
iiy and other crimes, werd adjudicated
by C'ourts wrhere only the master pro
sidled. .ihut now, all such eases are
thrown uploni the Country, and to
their Country, must the litigants ap
Rut the Oenvent ion has net sense
enough to understand that the eman
eipation of tuillions, leads to- the in
crease of Courts. It is a merciful
provision to allow the District Courts
to sit, because, if the power of arrest
is to be continued, it will always be
bet ter for thec accused and for the
State, to have him brought to trial as
soon as possible.
The District Court in our Distriot
of Fairfiold, has proved a blessing to
this section, and when we see that
members of the Convention Ignore the
District Courts, we see nothing but a
bid for negro votes.
Tfhe ignoranee of the Convention on
this point Is in keeping with bot the
matderiel of that body, and with its
knowledge of statesmaiship.
It is a sad contornplation that our
old State is now in the hands of al
body that has neither the intelligonce
Cotton and the Tax on It.
Congress has passed a bill that all
cotton grown in the United States after
the year 1867, shall be exempt from in
ternal tax, and that cotton importedfrom
foreign countries, after November 1, - of
this year. shall be exempt from duty.
The President has signed the, above
mentioned bill, and of course it is now
We trust our readers who cnitivate
cotton, will not be deceived by this act
of the most deceitrul Congross that ever
disgraced the United States.
Cotton will be t.red next Fall hv the
same Co'iger. that iuv promiui-es s
muitich. They I ave deceived u. of Im
South in nine clses, 1nd they will not
fail to deceive ui in t he nth.
Don't trust Congres.i, reader, don't
trust it. It has shown Punic faith in
moro cases than one-, aid we advise you,
you who are cultivating the soil, to let
your whole indlItry this year bo guided
by the prospect of realizing the greatest
amount of provisions from your farming
Do not be deceived.
The Bill of Rights, and the form of Gov
ornment of South Carolina.
The Convention which Radicalism
has pu6 in Charleston, ;ua:' before it
now the various fotures of a Consti
tution, which is designed to be the
basis of Legislation in South Carolina.
The Preamble to that bill, is al
most identically the sanie as that
adopted by "Massachusetts in 1780.
It isevidotit that the Committee in
adopting this Bill, had an eye to that
proamblo. It has been proved by
history, that Massachusetts took great
care to make the most out of the
slave trade to this country ; and then,
out of the salo of her slaves, to make
the most out of those who were dispos
ed to buy thon. The Puritans run
them to the South, sold thei, pocket
ad the proceeds, and now witl more
decoit than language can tdopiot, they
cry out to the South, "you sinners !"
"You barbarians I"
In the Declaration of Rights, see
tion Ist, it will be observed that Thos.
Jefforson's colobrasted "Declarat ion of
tIndependeneo" is diitorted. It is
both verboso and tautological. But
as "Greppo," the funny character Il
"Black Crook" says, "what's the use?"
-i. c. wh at's the use to object I The
Master will go, com and do as lie
pleases, and there is little uso to
"iblow the horn" of trouble.
Second sootion is anmost the samo as
Section 11, Art. IX, of the Constitu
tioni of 1865,-onily it is not so grnamati.
cally worded. Thi, could not be ex.
Now there is one important histori
cal feature connected with the adop.
tion by Conventions of States of Bills
of rights, viz .In 1828, there wvere
in the Union twenty-four States. Of
this number, nine adopted such bills.
Of those nine, four. were Southern
States, and five *4ro New England
This is not adduced as an objootion
toa Bill of Rights, but to show that
upon examination thme Constitution for
our State, now emnbryotic, is an off
shoot from tihe Constitutions of those
States which have ever been) antipodes
of South (larolina.
And of courso the plain iinforcoe
by every man of reason, is, that whlat
is now given out to be a Convention of
the ropresenitatives of our State, is
only an assemlaigo of outsiders who
have come to de ouir publie affairs tup
as the think such a matter ought to
be carried out.
Gone to the Poenitirp
Os Friday, the twio negroes we have
already reported na setnteed, were
sent to the penitentiary. The enl.a
prits seemed to realize their initial
penalty, and it is to be hoped that the
example which Judge Robortson has
made of them, will be counuivo of'
The Judge in his remarks uponf tihe
occasion of imposing theo sentences, ap
peared to hmpress the colored attend..
ance somewhat deeply.
And they ought to be im pressed.
They should know that Law Is invest
ted with a majesty that attoos to
nothing else. A cuntry wvith'out lawv,
and respect for, andi an~ impar
tial administration of, that law,
is nothing more or less than a den of
Negroes are a new elomnit in the
Government. Before law, they stand
just as White people do. This point
Judge Robertson explained to them,
with, wo think, impressivo clearness.
It is to bo hoped that the white peo
ple will impress upon the illiterate
blaoks, in a proper mannor, on overy
occasion that ptesents Itself, the im
portabce of abiding by the. laws of the
nobhof gyps, twobshels itf
ashes and opo bushel of tAne bone dust sown
at the rate of forty, btuhels to the adteofo
one peek per aquare rod, is commended a
a forilizerzc for lawns.
ay Oooko& 00.
In your last number, I rea4i n extre't,
from a Northern paper published without
oOthment, in which Is slad, "The Jay Cooke
& Co., the great capitalists of the country,
live iu luxury, and have not an earthly want
ungratified; while starvation Is taking
place in the ruined South, &a."
Now you and your readers may be somo
what surprised when I state, that (here is
a certain church steeple, lately erected in
our Town,: to the cost of whioh "Jay
Cooke" and the "Co." largely contributed.
Also that last year corn and bacon weredis
tributoi in &lia Town, bought in part. by
contributions by this "vampyre" firm.
Again, tlint in two adjoining Dictrlols, live
gentlemen *Io were prisoners of war, and
oi their release from prison, were .he re
cipients of timely aid from this seine
IN TilE SE1MET.
Washington News and Gossip,
A ost unique scene occurred in the
House this morning. It has heretofore
boon stated that a new deal has been re
solved upon to determino (lie possession of
"available" seats--that is, seats from
which, the "Speaker's eye Oan be caught."
A characteristic circumstance at once oo
ourred, illustrative of the Yankoo charao
ter. Poland, of Vermont, who moved the
resolution f.r a new lel, fortunately drew
the first choloo-I (o not believe there was
the slightest unfairness used-but a whin
ing colleague of his imnediately charged
him with bribing the blindfolded page and
the officiating clerk. These Vermont states
men know each other and I leave-liin to
sei le the diliculty. It must be borno in
inid that preparatory to lie ;draw all (lie
members withdrew beyond the bar and
stood in a circle around it, and as (the name
of the lucky inan was called out he was
obliged to step forward and proceeded to
his solecoled seat. Poor old Poland was,
therefore, compelled to run the gauntlet,
ninii an uproar that no bedlam could equal.
When he seated himsolf, pretty near!y in
front of tie speaker (ii order to sectro a
prospective chance), (lie people in the gal
lories began to look for safety-the roar of
voices, kicking of desks, clapping of hands
and sniashing up generally exceeded any
thing I ever beheld, even in a mass meeting
for (lie nomination of a police constable in
Know Nothing tinies It would seem (lint
in anticipation of this fun about half the
members had prepared themselves by inter
change of civilities. But why minoo mat
ters t The whole scene was disgraceful in
the highest. dogree; and unworthy "half
grown boys." I fear much that tlie exam
ple of Grant is already making this kind of
orgies fashionable.- IWashinygoa. Cor. Ball.
Gazelle, Feb. 10.
To-night, everybody is discussing the
Presidqizt's letter, and the '.iadicals are
using every dovice to break its force. They
s:ty tle people would never believe Johnson
as againist G1 rant if a hundred Cabinet of
icers should testify in his behalf. On the
tjher hitid, .tho Conservativeo, nany of
whon havo boon General Grant's best
friends, express (the deepest regret at his
mortifying positlon and feel that national
honor hits been tarnished. General Grant's
rejoinder to day does not reach the point
in issue. --bid.
An ox-member of Congress from Illinois,
who is now here, and who lins beeni a friend
and companion of Graiit's fronm boyhood,
had a long intervie': with (lie General a few
evenings since, andl learned from him that,
tie blames lis pretended political friends
for all his embarrassments.
IIe said that lie had endeavored to keep
cut of their mieshes, but (liat they hnd on-~
trapped hinm before lie kntew it, anid had in
volved him in his present dlificulies. If,
said (lie General, I can only manage to get,
out of' this scrape, I promise they don't
catch me again. During (lie recital of (lie
manner in which lie had been over-reached
by politicians, the General exhibited a deep
feeling, and left the Impression on (lie mind
of his friend that lie wvould wvipo his hands
As General Sherman's name lias been
brought int o (lie controversy bet Ween (lie
Presidoiit and General Ora, it may not lie
Amiss to state that. (lie President Is in re
ceipt of a letter from Oeneral Shermian
which is understoodt to have this paragraph
"It Stanton won't resign, and there is no
other way of getting rid of him, ulterior
measures should be resorted to,"---bid.
The Alabama Radical constitution is now
giveti up as defeated, but Mr. Sumner in
tends, if somebody does net, get ahead of
him, to introduce a 1h111 declaring that It is
legally ratifled, having received a majority
ot al' (lie votes.- TVdsh. Cor,. Ball. Sun,
Smnacit Dis:ASI AMOxo viun Exaor.isnt
lionss us Anvsssa,--A curious faoe, in
connection with (lie English expedition to
Abyssinia now' absorbs tho attentIon of
vetirener'y surgeons in Europe. On arriv
ing at A dala, the cavalry horses and tm'ans
port mules woretukeon withI a sudden Illness
wihloh Dr. Lones, of (lie expeditionary
corps, asserts to have its seat In thie heart.
So fai- it, ha~s proved Incurable. Ouit of
fonr hundredt and seventy-five horses land
ed at Zoumalla, October 2fi, :' hundr-ed and
1twenty dIoed, amA fort7 hal to ho heft be.
lind. About two hundred and afify imiules
hail fallen victims to the disease. This
leaves' about eo-third of the van
guard dismouinted. The natives asert
that that regloit is mortaT to the genis
hors,;. they never bring (lie animal there.
Sirt so GnWrI O'tt tt SrU8TAIN,
Coemmissfoner hollins 0eeredi a reward of
$800 for suoh informatien as would lead! to
the deteetion of any Illicit still andl the edn
viotion of the projprletorT.. Sh*arp Yankoos
Ji~o hoon putlpg up $80 stills, and then
informing thestorities andi obtainlng the
rewar'd, This ithe latest fraudi oki the re.
Tug CommtruTIosS ALE TO DR AccEPTED,
It will have been observed, say; the Wosh
ingtni oorrespqndentof the Baltinore Ga
zettejtat whenever itis found that, upor
counting the votes in the bogus elootions ol
the SQuth, the. Radicals have Zqi a stili,
cieney for their purposos, the polls ar<
roopened again and again by the satrAps
In command; but as soon as the required
numberis reached by re-voting the negroom
the ballot-box is, presto I hermetically seal.
od. A caso of this kind lias just occurred,
or, rather, is in progress, as the story goes,
in Alabama. Some of the Conservative
corrospondents at this point are indignant
at such tactics. But why ? - I can assurc
thein and your readers, upon the most
reliable authority, that it has long ago
been determined by the leading Radicals to
accept by congressional enactment the
State constitutions to be sent hero by the
negro conventions, irrespective of the ao
(ion of the people, and that the requirement
in the reconstruction acts that. these consti
tutions shall be adopted by a majority of the
registered votes is to be repealed, or(whioh
Is the same Laing) wholly disrogardol.
No PAUTY CANmrmmaFs8.-We se it stat.
ed that Dan Rice, the showman, U. S.
Grant, the butcher, and Georgo Francis
Train, the woman, are candidates for the
Presidency on independency tickcts. The
last named individual has undertaken the
political regeneration of Ireland, having
saved the Womans Rights cause in this
country, and is out of the ring for the pro
sent. Of the other two, we infuinitoly pro.
fer Mr. Rico. lie is the better mnan, loves
his country more, has no blood on his skirts,
has heretofore been a Democrat and ergo-a
patriot, and has strong claims on the grati
tudo of the American people for services
rendered. lie has not, lied that we kuow of
as did Grant to the Presidont., (oes not get
drunkwhen lie should be sober, as the oth
er gentleman ia in the habit, of doing. and
is too nmuch of a man to keep his mouth
shut like an oyster when his influtence
would be so potent for good. If there is to
be a no party contest, put us down for
Rice.-Clark Couny (Ky.) Democrat.
GhimnAr. LosustEr.-General Long
street. his been the recipient of munch at
tention during his visit in Wnshingcon, both
from the army otlicers and politicians. At
deneral Grant's reception on Wednesday
night lie divided with Slheridim the honor of
being the greatett attraction. When his
unme was announced be tie usher, General
Grant Immediately turned from the person
with whom lie was speaking, and met Gene
ral Longstrect half wry, presented him to
Mrs. Orant with great cordiality, and re.
maned in conversation with him for several
minutes. It is said f lint. on his recommen
dation, and in consideratton of General
Longstreet's support of the reconstruction
moasures, Congress will soon pass a bill re
moving his political disabilities.-Baltimore
The Chicago tribune (.1acobin), in xpank
ing of paying th.3 bond.i with greenbacks
"What Iame and impotent conolusion It
will he if we lirvo fought four year, and
sacrticed half a hiilion ot our sois, to cc,
ument a union belween slaveholders and re
Would not the conclusion be fully as
lame and impolent. to coment a union be
tween negr-oes md bondholder-s ? One i
about nis sensible as the omtheri, which is not
saying muchi for oither.-owa Democrat,
Telegrams from Mexico, via tiho Giulf
eable, to the 7thI inst., contain importni
news. Pronunciae~tos against thle gover-i
ment were miuhtiplying, and~ General Corona
had fallen under suspicion. A revolution
had biroken out in Sinaloa. Senor Morales
who had been kidnapped, was shot by his
captors on his failre to obtain tihe required
ransom. A naval engagement. is ropor'ted
at Sisal. The rebels Wore defeated in Yu
catanw, and General Alatorr-e had etitemred
tihe capital with tihe national tr-oops. Thme
fight lasted two days.
Cor.n WVFATIr naniaveb.-trispatches from
ditforoent par-Ls of Illinois and the West in,
dicato that last night, thie 10th imistamnt, was
tihe coldest of the seasort. The themme
ter this morning at 8 o'clock, Rook Island
stood at '28 degr-ees helow zero; Fmreeport,
28 dlegr-ees bolow zero ; Cherry Valley, 110
degrees below zero; Bellville, 27 degrees,
below zero ; Dubuque, 22 'degrcees below;
Museatino, 82 degrees below zero; Keokuk,
10 deogrees below zero; Sparta, Wis., 51 deo.
grees below sol o; Winona, MInn., 42 de
grees below soro.
THiE NEw LINoo -Anx exchmage says tmat
the following is a spocimen from a niow
grammar to be grat uit onsly circulated for
the use of conventions:
TH 5 va 'ro DO,
I done it,
Thou doniest it,
lHe done it,
Wo uns done it,
You tins done it,
Thyuns done it.
[ gone done it,
V on gone done It,
lUe gone done it,.
We uns gene dotte It,
You tins gone (lone it,
They nins gone done it.
I done gene dlone it,
You done gone dono it,
lieo(lone gone done it.
We uins dono gone done it,
Yeu uins done gone done It,
They uns done gone done It
I gwine domie If.,
tou gwine done It,
lro g wine done It,
-We uins,gne deto i
e~u tlne'twin <done t,
Ile genot done Jt,
You kle gone done i.
Hie gwlne gonie.dons&t.,
YouII un inn dfto sta,
VAMI'YRES FATTENING (M THE LIFE.
BlLooD oY -it NATION.-IVY Cooko'is
worth fifteen millions of dollars. He
r.ado this hugo fortune in manipulating
that "public blessing," the three thou.
sand million debt.
Six millions of working men are sweat
ing and toiling to keep up the interest oi
this fifteen millions made in four short
years, and the interest on the balance of
che three thousand millions. other money
bloated non-producers hold in shape of
public bonds. Tho mechanic works ten
hours a day.! three hours a day, he toils
for the Jay Cooke tribe, who quarterly
expect their it, Lrrest. The workingman
paya for all lie or his imily require,
double what he would otherwise have to
pay, had we none of the Jay Cook class
of public bond holders to takle care of.
The Jay Cooke Co., the great capitalists
of the countrv, live in luxury, and have
not an earthly wanit imgratfied ; whilo
starva tion is taking placo in the ruined
Souith, and hundreds of thousands in the
North are approaching that condition.
Oily toigues, and facile pens, are paint
inig the "blessings of a public debt,'
whilo penury and want are spreading
over the land. The riches of the bond.
holders are the burdens of the people.
Poon ORANT.-In One of General
Grant's letters in the now famous "cor.
respondence" reference is n ado to his
intention to wait upon Mr. Stanton and
advise him to resign. le urther stales
that he did call, but finding it, "useless,"
lie refrained from touching the subject.
Tho very natural inquiry is nocessarily
uppermost in everybody's thoughts, lo'v
the General ascertained that it would
be "useless" to suggest this particular
mode of set ing an "unpleasantness."
I have it in my power to gratify the
public curiosity upon this poumt. Whenl
Grant entered tIi Secretary's room,
Stanton was sui rounded by a promis
cutius crowd, among whoi were several
prominent Radicals. Grant had not
reachid a chair, when the autocrat of
the War Department, fastening a corn
mandimg eye upon him, exclaimed : "I
know what, yon havo come for. You
ieed not mention it." The General was
instanttly reticent, and soon after with.
drew, to the itinost astonishment of some
and the amusement of others, among the
latter of whom was my informant.
Wash ingtoa Letr-Baitimore Sun.
l.FFFcT cF AsmENCE oF SUONi.
De. 11. Ralls Smith, of Louisville,
Ky., by certain investigations, claims
to have established the truth of the
theory that animals living permanont
ly in the Mammoth Cavo of Kentue.
ky are not only without a trace of
the optic nerve, but are also destituto
Of the senso of hearing. At one time
he penetrated about four miles into
the interior of the cave, and some four
hundred feet below the surface of the
earth. The solitude and total ab.
sence of sound preduced a very dis
tressing and almost insupportable
effect upon him, resulting in a very
perceptible, although temporary, de
fection of hearing atd aberation of
mind.. This explains the fact why
personslost in the *cave for one, two
or three days have always been found,
when rescued, in a state of temporary
insanity, The mind an pecialsen
ses, deprived of their natural pabu.
lums anid stimulus, gradually become
wecakened and paralyzed, and finally,
as far as external manifestationsa are
contceriedl, nearly, if'not quite, cx
tinct. This fact' may afford sonme
clue to the cause of cretin ism in the
Alpine valleys.-Mfaron (Ala.) ews.
Tnn, FLOnlIni Oostx-rfo.-Lato
di'spitchtes from this body inform us
that it is cotmplletely disorganized,
and at a stand still. The majority of
the Convention are operating in one
assembly, while the minority are in
secret session by themselv'es. It
seems that the ininority have adopted
a constitution, and are awaiting to
hear from Gen. Meade as to what
the~y shall do next.
The inajlority refuses to reeognize
the minority. The Prcsident of the
Convention is with the minority, and
refuses to allow appeals from his de
cisions, except upoir a inotion sustain
ed by two-thiirds of' the members.
The majority not having two-thiirds,
are therefore powerless. It is a par
A THuISFTY YOUNG MAN.-Some
times people havo entertained angels
utnawares, but a Greeni Mountain boy,
who has breen peddling maps lately in
Westflold and neighboring towns in
Vermont, does not answer to that de.
scription. His plan is to go to a farm
htonse and ask for a night's lodging and
food for himself and horse. When thie
bill is preseted in the morning he as
tonishes the farmer by askinif to "see his
license to keep a tavern I" oI'course the
licentse is not produced, and the bill to
not paid. The difference between North
and South is, that (in old times at least>
noe bill would have been presented in the
South int such a case.
SUSP'ENSION (OF THE PREShIDENT FROM
OFFioE.--The a3onate Judiciary Corn.
mittee, at its sessionton Saturday, coni
sidered tliq bill of Senator I~dmunds rog
utlating impeachment. No definite con
clusion was arrived at. It is said that
three members are in favor of. the prop.
osition to suspernd from offle whilo on
trialan y omUcaal aaahmst whom articles of
hop~ieh ment have been, presented.
We hear a grat deal now-a-days
abou4 the "rights of Amorioan oiti
sons abroad" "woman rights,"' and
the rijghts'of Samnba, but proolous little
about the rights of 8o09thei's white
moen. By the by, the devi~l li got
his rights ; itnd oi, what a Jaxc in,
walling- and gnashing of toeth will
come up from the infernal regions.
Wh en was Noah in A merice? When
hwas on the (k~nd-sai,
The Distriot Court.
Judge Robertson, presiding, passed
tho folloving sentences on Tuesday,
before the adjournment of the Court,
"State vs Georgiana and Mary
Brice,-Larceny-Each to pay a fine of
$20.00, or in liou thereof, to bo impris
oned one month.
The same vs George anird Milto'i
Thompson-htog-stealing -Ench to be'
confined for twelve months at ha-rd
labor in the Penitentiary.
"The same vs Davis Proctor,-hq.
stealing.--But Davis was non est v I
the time for judgment cao. T
himself had a hankering judgment
that leg-bail was a good thing somo
times, And he bailed.
The Publii W^l
We moan the one just in front of
this office. When we see clover young
gentlemen engaged in clorical mer
chandizing, coming to this well long
before their "lasses" go "a shopping,"
and tio the "unbucketed" chain to
their respective water-buckets, we
heave our now familiar sigh-'Ohi,
"for a guardian of our town" I
The fact is, we trava a well here
without a bucket, and we might just,
as well have a cart without a horse.
"Who-o-o I"-Eho answcrn "who
o-o, "will put a bucket on the chain,
"or take the one in the well out
W,3 have received several copies of
Kielley's Weekly, an illustrated paoper
published in New York, which ap
pears to promise a successful rivalry
with iarper's dirty shot.
The following reasonable terms are
offered to subseribers
One Copy, three months,.. $1.00
One Copy,sixmonths.. 2.00
Ono Copy, one year,...... 4.00
Address A A. Kelley & Co, Pub.
lishers, No. 808 Broadway, New York
Amerfoan Stook yournal.
The January number commences a
now volume of this unrivaled Farm..
er's and Stock Breeder's Magazine,
It contains the usual amount of valua
blo articles among which we notice,
Health of Dairy Stock in Winter, Tho
most profitable breeds of Sheep, Ayr
shiro Cattle, Winter diseases of Hor
see, Jersey Cows, Founder in Horses,
Hints on care of Stock, Improved
Manger-Foding Hlorses, Rural Eco
my, Ventilate your Stables, Keep o,
ly tho Best Stock, Short-Horns as
milkers, Chma or Hong Kong Goose,
Goiter Lambs, Winter Work in the
Barn and Stock Yard, Hamburg
Fowls, &e., &c. Every farmer should
subscribe for it. Only $1.00 a year.
Specimen copies frec, with list og
splendid premiums to agents.
Address N. P. lBoyer & Co., Pt,.y '
lishers, Gum Tree, Chester Co., Pa..
Ihere is a forcible paratgragph., Tf 7'
we wrote columns upon local matters, '
we could not be more suggestive:
If you wish to keop your townr from
thriving, turn your shoulder to every
young mechanic or beginner in busi
ness-kill himn off if possible. Look
upon every new comner withi a scowl,
and discourage him all ,you can ; if
that won't do, decry his work and
rather go abroad for- wares of his kind,
than give him your money. Last
though not least, refuse to patronize
the local papers.. "Then go to seed 1i
There is no more effectual way to re
tard the growth of a town thtan this.
Just Received-John Mcintyre &
Get theo Best-Ketchin, McMaster
United'States Internal Revenue
J. V. Clarke.
Weekly Rleview of the Wilnnsbora'
Yon rH1 s wBRK ENDINo FE DRUA'HiY 1h.
For the-past week the cotton has
b'een'quito animated, with a gradual advane
ing tendency flomn day to day. At the first of'
cte past week Middling Cotton has sold
freely at, 18@18t, and improving daily,
ehosedl firm at, 16 cents on Saturday, free of
bax. Sales of the week about 426 bales.
On yesterday, a further ad~vance was re.
ported; wth- larger salos and an excited
market, in New York, which will have a
tendency to further advance the staple
throughout the Sout hern cotton shipping
porle.- How long the prices msy keep up ia
all conjecture. Spinners and speoulatorse
have ii all in their own hands.
Cotton Yarns, $1.76.
Glunny Cloth, 25a 28..
Ilacon Sides, 16a17 cents.
Eard, 17 a 18 aents.
Molauses per barrel 65 a 75.
Country Flour, $060 a 7.00.
rialtimore Flour $11.00 a $12.00 per bar
Peas 90 a $1.00.
Dry Hides, Z0o,
. Silver,, 256. . .