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"DINCE ON THE RHINE."
lY MRs. YoUTON.
A sohtler of tho Legion lay d'ying Ia Al.
Thero was luck of women's nursing, there
was lack of wontn's Iears:
But a comitrIdo sood besido him, whilo his
life-blood obbed away.
And bent with pitying glanccs, to hoar
wht' it,e might aV.
Tio dying soldier falcred, na he took his
And ho said, I never more siall see my own,
my native lnld ;
Take a messamgo and a (osen to soulo dis.
tant friei s of mine,
For I was bo'ru at Dingen, at Bingent o, .he
Toll my brothers andl coin pan ions, when
they meet and crowd around,
To hear my mournful story, in the pleasant
That we fought lie battle bravely, and when
tie (lily Wts' dono,
Full mny a corpseo lIly ghastly ptlo, be
neath the setting sua ;
An. 'midst the dead and dying, were soic
grown old in wars,
'rhe deatih rounids on their gallant breasts
the last of Imally scats ;
And some were yotng, and ,udldenly behold
lile's nooin decline,
A id ion lid com1o frotAn Bingen, fromta bin
gen on i lie Rhiiino.
Tell my motlier that her sonls liall comfort
her old age,
Atid I was still a Iriant bird, that thought,
hip homlle Ito eage;r[
For lly father W.as a soldier, and L even as a
'y eiirt leapell oirth to boar him tell of
stiuggles tireo 8iiI Wildt't
And When le died and left us to di-itto !is
I let the litake whalet they would, but
kept imy bather's sword,
And itgih boyish love i hunt it whTero the
bright light ni.eid to shiie,
Oo tihe cotlitge wall tat BinenVII, calm llingent
on the Ithine.
'Toll my sister not to we- top for me, aid sob
witt dtrooping heath,
When fihe troop-s are 1marobling home1i ngin
wiili gay 'ind gullt rit iail ;
But to loo ipon ttheii iOUdly, with a cali
anld stemIdCast eye,
Por he br h Ii i't' wits a sold ier too, ttint not
afraIlid to die;
And if i cOmrllado tced.s her love, I ask her
in mty niine ;
To liten t him kindIly wiithut regret of
Aid to hilig tie o'd swoid ink its place,(my
Fot the lonor o' o I Bingen, dear I in ;eit oil
There's another.--nt a sh-ter ---in the happy
(ays gone by,
You'd iave known her Ily tle merrillitili
!hat sparkled ill hier eve,
Too innocent for et)cqlety, 'too fond fotr idlle
O frieril ! I tear thei lighlteit hteart matitkes
Tell her thle latst mnght of' mly life"(f'or, ere
thle stin bli:-en
My huly) vill be out ofmiitt, ttmy sol bo out
I dreamiud I Hlood witli her, iid saw the
Yellow sunilight Ahine
Onl fihe vhie( Clad halh of, Bingen, fir Bill.
gen on th ike ithine.
I saw tile blne Ithilne sweep along; I heard,
" r seeied to Iiti',
Ihw Germi ings vo uised to sing, in cho
rus dwe't ntild clear,
A td don i the pleasnt river, anid up I Ith
ThIeI ecloiig chornts Sonl idedi4 t hrouigh lie
treniitg etln aid still ;
A il her glad bltie eye.i were ol tile, as w le
D4wn t a11mth bjeloved1 and4 vore, anld
11iut wo'l me iet n10 tnnic at lHingenl, loved
Bingen on the R ine.
II is voice glew faint and htoars', his graspi
was c'hiildh-:h weak,
11 is eyen lut ont a dlyinig look, lie d ietd,anid
11iis eoinri'ade hiett to lit himit, biut the spar'k
oft Ii Co hald tlid..
Te solie.r ot' t hte Logioni in ai toreignt land
Andi the soft mtloin rose til ttliwly, iind
cllyl she looked down,
On thle ted sand of thle bat tle-field, with
bloody corplses strown ;
Ven. unhlly on t hat dreadful s'enie, her palo
light senmed to shine,
Au it 'did ini dista14n. Ilingenl, fair l'ingen oin
THE SONO3 OF OLD.
'The 4ongst of' old ! Iow deep a spell
hies ita thle ol familiar' words'
Ooe sunag by those we lovo so well
,In othier days, ini happier years!
\'isionts of itopo) long palssort away
Comaio o'er theo hteart so lotte and1( coli
.\ndi mtemotry asiks, 0, w hero tare t hey
Who sweetly sunlg the songs of oldi ?
W'hei'e are't thloy ? Somne inl silence sloep
lineathI the~ miournfl yo 'w-tre'e's gloom;
ther's withIini t he bloun idless deepi
llavo early toun rd tt ocean111 tombt.
lAim ai'e t hi' 'yes tht gently shone,
'VToo w0arm't I heart lies still and cold.
Anil huished for aye, toreaver gone,
STo voice that suing the songs of old.
Wherie ar'e they ? On some foreign strand
For many a weaa'y day t hey rotm ;
Chteerlosti they tread (lie stranlger's' land,
Fromt fri'ends afar, afar troml home.
Do theoy not long to joini onice m~ore
Thte joyous diace, thte social throng,
And mtinglo. Its in days5 of yore,
'Teiir voices tin lie olden song
Fondly the htear't still loves to linger
Anai lthe rutinis ot' I ho past;
Tlracing with fantov 's air'y linger
V'il'oni t~o bea'uat ifCul 'to last;
Rrintgits to meomot'y's eye atgaina
The lonag-los. Iiind~s, the ohorisheud ones,
Wakintg thIt ptast withI notmo sad strn in,
Somtet welt -reember'ed olden sonig.
A D~saarIxy r A*r--We learntod, last
evoninig, says thle Chatt ul'uletin, of yes.
teridly, of a most tiendlis h act, having in its
object diabolical mutrdert, perpet rated on the
traeck of the Chairlot te antd Son ik Car'olina
Railroad.t about one tand half miiles from our
city, on Sundiay' night or Monday morning
last. Somae one hasit drivent a linge log deop
into the grounid and up against onie of the
oross ties htoldhig the raals on the road5
and just at the com 'encoment ot a deep
eait, leavinig aibot twot feet stickIng tap, so
its an engine woudld strike it, amti would
thereby be thrtown froem the traok. The
t'ainl whIch left ouri city Monday miornting
camse in contael with thtis projcture, but
its asaie'dt ph ;o gr'eat that thte log br'oke,
An'i Antt perhlaps, savd a terrible sacaline
[I rom tho Charleston Moroury,]
LMNG STREAKED AND STRIPED
The motilng was opened with prayer
by Ve L Cardoza.
'[le roll was called, anid a quorum bo.
ing present, thu assemblago proceded
Tiu minutes of the last mootiig were
reakd and contirmed.
Riol lanld, from the Committee on the
Lfj slait ive part, of the Constitution, ro
ported on sindry ordinancess and roso
Intions. The reports showed that a pro.
vision for it homestead of one handred
acrol, and i provisioi changing the title
of "districts" to "counties" had been in
corparated by the committeo in the
"'legislative part of the constitution,"
and that the committoo were unfavora.
ble to stay laws and the issuo of State
bonds to be indorsed by Congress and
made payable at tihe end of twenty
years. All theso reports were adopt
Rose, from tire Committco on Peti.
(ion., reported unfavourably on a reso.
lution for the appointment of a commit
tee to report tihe names of persons from
wh'om political disabilities should be
relmioved. Tho comnittee were of opm.
ion that persons desiring their disabili.
ties removed should mako individual
application for such ptrposo, and it
woltd then be timo enough to decide
Iuiipon their respectivo merits.
Randolph, from the Committee on
Miscellaneous Provisions of the Constitu.
ion. reported ifavorably on Coghlan's
Itllndolphi, froi the same committee,
also reported the following militia ~arti.
ci as part of t he constitrition:
'lThe militia of tho State of South
Caibolnit shall consist of all able-bodied
imile residents of the State hetween the
ag)s of igh iteen and- forty-fivo years,
except such persons as now are may
hereafter be eximipted hy the laws of
tIhe Tni.d States, aid shall be organi
', arnmed, eqiipped and disciplined as
thet General Assumbly may by law pro
The artielo was read' the first time
and ordered to be printed.
Tho roll having been called and a
quoruim being present the assemblage
procceled to btusiness.
Donraldson and Elliott were an
nonniireed is the additionatl membors or
dlured to bt appointed on the Audit
Dill offered a resolution authorizing
th Cbairn tui to draw money enough
(o pay the delegates on Saturday,
which,,on motion of DCLaigo, was
laid on the table.
Thi unfinished business wras then
taken up, which was calling tire yeas
anid nays on striking out the twenty.
third section of the bill of rights,
whichd is its follows :
Si..c. 23. Treson against the State
shalI consist in levying war against tir
s:tune, or in adhoring to. fts onemies,
giving thm aid and confort. No
person shall be convicted of treason
uniess on the testimony of two wit
nesses to the samo overt not, or on
conrfession ini 0op0n court.
Th'le nmomborsi of the groat unlaw.
ful then put thremselves upon the re
cord as follows:
Yeire-A. U. Maokey, Alexander,
A rn imn, lletkor, Bell, B3owen, Jionumr,
Ihurtoin, IHroclfnton, Bryoe, lByas,
Ca in, of Orangeburg, Clamp, (Cardoza,
Collins, Corloy, Craig, Darrington,
Debarge, Dickson, Dogan, D)riflio,
Fostor, (Jentry, (Goss, Gray, Harris, J.
[1. Ilayne, H. lF. Henderson, Hum
bird, IHunter, 11urloy, Jackson, Ja
cotbs, Joivey, Wmu. B. Johnson, J. W.
Johunson, L. B. Johnson, Joinor,
J1ones, (Jeorge Lee, Sam. Lee, Lomnax,
I e'sl ie, Mc G rer Mackey, Mauld in,
W.r J. McKinlay, Wmn. MoKinlay,
Miller, Milford, Moses, Nanoe, New
ell, Nuokles, Owens, Parkcr, Perry,
lBamiey, Ranisior, ichmond, Rivers,
Robcrtson, Roso, Runnion, Sanders,
'.Thomas, A. Thompson, Benjamin A.
T'hompson, Viney, Wcbb, White,
WVilliamnson, C. M. Wilder, Wingo,
Nays-Chuamberlain, Chosnut, Clin..
tton, Davis, Dill, D~unean, Edwards,
I loinmes, Jenks, .Jiilson, Samuel John
son, W. E. Johnston, C. Jones, Lang,
Langley, McDanniels, Mend, Nash,
Nelson, Neglo,. Pillsbury,. Randolph,
Rutland, 8. B. 'Thompson, Whitte
more, F. E. Wilder-26.
Absent--Allen, Boozer, Cain, of
Charleston, CJoghlan, Cook, Crows,
l onaldsoin, Elliott, C. D). Hayne, Ju
lims M ayer, Middleton, Olsen, Smnalls,
Whipper, Wooley -15.
T1his ordeal having been passed
through, after a fow motions
not requiring a superabuntdanee of
thought, the assemblage adjourned.
The meeting was opened with prayr
by Darrington. [ Wonder how many
preachrers there are in this precious col
T1he roll was called and a quorum
being presenrt, tire assemnblage proceeded
TLho minutes of the last meeting were
read anid continuend.
The Lommittee- on Audits recom
mended the following payments which
woero agreed to : HI. Jndge Moore for
printing, $406.75; J. W. Denny & CJo.,
stationery, $228.88; Mackey k Ba.ker,
hire of furniture, $267.10.
C. M. Wilder, Neaglo and Ohesnuit
obtained leaves of absence.
Park~er, from the Finance Committee
mradet a long report wich was ordered
to be printed.
'rho report of the Legislative Com-.
maittee was then taken up and the fol
lowing amendment offered by Bowen to
the 8th section was adopted: "Except
the County of Cehhamto mi.;.ih sha-n ho
dlowe& wo Senators."
The ith Section as amendod was passe
id b a voto of 65 to 54.
"Theo Coiumittee on Petitions reportedt
avourably on the proposed petition to
J"ongross for $1,000o,000 to be appro.
priated to the purchase of lands in this
ILeslie and Pillsbury entered' into con
iiderable discussion on the subject, when
,ie hour of adjournment opportimely
[Trom the- Southern Oultivator.J
Letter from Mr. David Dlokson:..
We take the liberty of pihbshing, the
ollowing extract Froni a piivato lhlu (.
Mr. Dickson to us. which aeeompaimed
the colminunica' ion. helbw :. " W i h I v
pr-setnt business, I cannot aiswer pri
vate letter. and at the same timo con.
Lribute to the C'utivator. lint I do,
tierefore, must be for 11h1 benet. oft all
through your paper. I repeat, from no.
tual observation, tult nearly on half of
the Agricultural fabor of Georgia is
thrown away, f'rom want of knowledge
and skill inl its n pplication. There is as
much for the farmer to h-atrii about the
use of a plow and hoe, as there is for
the painter, concerning the use of. the
ErrITOns Sot:-ruNiX C'(VrrvAvoV:,
Thero is. a great demnid for mo to ro
write my plan of cultiv-itin. corn, pre
paration of land, manure, &C., by new
subscribers, and by persons that are not
subscribers to your paper.
In the first place, I refer them to my
System of improvemeni, rc-sl. nid rol:.
(ion, givenz in the &uthe.rn ('1/f jimt"r
last year. Mn ny inqiir<-, what, is the
proper time to break ill) hind. I write
for this Fatitud'e, aid every person mist
make due all ,wanoi. z hi4 furam may
be North or im0i 9 ulthis hue. The
plowing must be conmmenced th first
day of January, to get it doll! il l.im,',
or as soon as you are donesowing whea4.
If I had1 my ch.s,ico, .n1I C.slifi go't ill
the work done ill one day. I would not.
have the plowing lote more Ihl l I ten
days beforo plm iing, f[r the following
reasons, deriv-l frr..m actual experience:
If it is a dry, coM!( frelezinie witiler aii
spring, the fall plowm iiig is the best ; it.
some spriiigs of this kind, as thoso of
1839 and 1854, I lft hobs hirongh the
middle of a field, which were nlot 1lowed
until a few da11%s before p1 lnine, ani1 I
could distingiuish ilt ,hs all thruegli
the year-the co -i ill ih.-, bet-ing fromiii
18 to 22 inches L w,-r iliai lie rest. --
10or the crop and th. imipriielint of
the land, in a)oit one winttr out of siv
on, fall plowi g i i.h bst.i T Ilhe iCases
where the bels were I fi, when t-li, win.
ter was warn aiti rai s abundant. ilie
lhie plowlig woidl bent the early p1low
Img tweinly.fiv" !I-r ceni.t in ihe er,,p;
besides, accord .ni to my experience,
there is less lo-s frmi wa.,ling. Land
iust. be well br(okent br-f,,re plantiig, so
commence in time to () it-the later it
is don1 the better for ie. 1.,ni,. raking
seven years together, hiu. no4t. uite So
good for teams.
Have good tirniing plows, and' ne.
cording to your abiliy, use one or two
horses, and sib-.il;. ride over the field,
and lay off the Iniml so ilht the- horses
will go round in a hevl, ani d the diri.
will 1a01 down hill-a tean will break
up the soil nine inches dtieep inl this way,
ats easily as they could seven inches, on
a level pio of land. Contiinue to take
the lands in t he same way until the
field is finished, one team followinig an
other-all the time goinig round the
circle ; and if y'ou sub-soil, hate one
team between each tearning plow, rumn
ning mn the bottom of the furrow. Wheni
you finish, the field is ready for plltnting,
if the pr~oper time has arrived. In de
ciding this point, you, must be governed
by the weather-it varies from the l~th
of March to the first day of Apri. Ac.
cording to my expc.iencee, a man only
gains hard work and miore of it, by ver
early planting. , r
Now for the planting. rLay off fur.
rows with a long sI "vel plow, on a lev
el, seven foot aipa. Commenee at the
opposite end withl a. longer shiovel' and
open out the same furrow. The reason
for this is, you g.b up to trees and
stumps and make a better fii~h at the
ends. This furrow should stand open
seven or eight inches dfeelp. WVhether
you use compost, sottoni seed or guanos,
let each hand have-his thiree-foot mecas
ure, and deposit. the mmare in tihe bet.
torn of the furrow, juist three feet apart.
T1hien drop the corn within three or four
iiches of the manure, or one or more
grains, as is your custom-dropping on
the near side of the mannre, as the drop.
per goes ; then, with a very light liar
row, cover the corn-one or one and. a,
half inches deep. The harrow should go
the same the dropper does, to keep
from pulling the manure on the
If you cover deep, you hvmso all the
advantages of low planting, (but nOt the
deep breaking.) anid for this reason-,
corn, in good weather, will come uip from
a depth one to si5 linches, but will. strike
out roots about one inch from the surface
of the ground, and all below that will
perish. That is one reason why I am
opposed to- dirtiig corn as- soofn as it
comes tip-it briings the root. of the stalK
to the top of the ground..
My plan is 'o finish iho first working
from the 20th of' A pril to th~e 10th sf
May. Someuimes I have noit finished
before the 25th of Miay. WVith the hmnd
wvell turned, very little grnss nna woods
will come up except. in the. botto~n of
the furrow, and this is easily mainag
For the first plowing, have a heavy
Lwenty-two inoh sweeps with the right
wing so sot, that its baiek ond will
spt be more than one inceb above the
r;round. . This is to run near the corn,
and should fill the furrow within one
'a half inches of the general surfaee.
Break out the msiddle with the same sis
d sweep, with the back of both. wing.
~urned up;. if the plowing is well done,
our furrows will finish ottt- four hand.
oimpleting fourteen acres every day, b~y
~omg sixteen mile. a day.
Second nlowhina..hiays te w.t.. of
the siding Sweep turned a little more
than half up; run close to- bhecorn, leav
ing nothing for the- hoo;. for if all the
plowing is well dbne, Chere- it no use- oft
a hoo. Break out the middle with three
futrrows; to inake a good place to plant
peas. From the lst of June to the 20th,
ie- agood time to plant peas. Proceed
in this manner. After the second plow.
ing, run a shovel furrow in the middle
of a corn row ; drop one bushel of peas
to- every eight acres-say nix to eight
peas to- a hill. You can plant rsixteen
acres per day, and will use two bush
els for each plow-cover with a liar
Third' and list plowing-pair yonr
handl; one to sile the corn, anid one t
si-l the pens ; the hand that sides the
corti will need a twenty-two inch sweep,
right liaid wing well up, and it should
run close to the corn not going more
tLan a half inch deep ; tile left wing
sou be- nearly flat. The hand. that
sides thw pens, will need a heavy twen
ty-six inch sweep, with the right wing
set at medium, height. and should run it
near the peas, and fill the pea furrow
entirely up ; the left wing should be up
to puish the dirt nevr the corn..
This is the last pU owing,, and if well
done, the around will be ai smooth and
level as a floor, with not a spear of grass
to the 200 acres, nor a weed to be soei
in'the fiel'l. In old times, I reqtired.
every hand to clean the crop.ae-h went
-what the plow .f,. to be romoved
with the foot and hand. Frim thirteen
to sixteen miles, according to the condi
tion of the crop, was a day's work.
Such pine land as mine, (some of it
very poor), should average 20 to 25
bushels per acre; and wet or dry, if the
work is rightly done, there is no such
thin g as a failure, as my niany visitors,
fruitt all iarts of the country, will testi
I Misa. blitors, I have been too
heigthy in describing the preparation of
lund and culhivat'ion of erop, to give my
i-aons for a choic' of niain'ires. I use.
after a long experience, Pernvrian Gi.
a4i1o, Diusolved Bones, Land Plaster and
Salh, au-l h:ave them niixed at lionie.
I wish tho Suthern Culltivatlor was
in every iian's hands. It would pay
Very respect fully,
pSirta. Ga , Jan 6th, 1868.
Fearrui Bono in, a Be '-rbom--A Robber
Shot to Pieces.
The hope is freqnently expressed by
"'pa rties in interest," and especially by
the ladies, tint the sneak-thieves who
:are oceasioil' detected crawling
throungh people's housrs at midnight in
sear h of spoils, will get ball holes )It
throiigh them. It is the very geieral
d'-sire of the householders that these
scound'reli shall- come-across fellows with
pistols in thei latds, and who are not
afraid to use them. Here is an item
whih will delight those peopfe who
have been waiting and watching to learn
of these "dreadfu[ villhins" getting shot.
A few nights ago Smith an lis wife
went utit; to- spend. the evening with
Jones and wife. They returned riom
at at late hour, to find that, while Biddv
had peritted thu firo in their bed-rooi
stove to go out, she had kept ip the fire
in the grato in the sitting room ; and
while Mrs. Smith didlied a short time in
thte genial atmosphere of the sitting-room
to arraitge her toilet for. the night,
Smith, who~was rather sleepy, went on
im advance to their bed room, tip.stair-s.
Smith was iii excellent humoer, having
beaten Jones at a game of chess, al.
thouigh Mrs. Jones had aided Jones to
take both his castles and check-mate htis
king twice ; andtihe was enigaged ini
whistling a tune-that is, if the rather
uncertain sound Smith makes when ho
puckters his lips and blows, or bh'ubbers,
can properly be termed whistling a
tune. But this is not a musical criti
Just as Smith was onterinig the room
and was preparing to light the gas lie
es pied the legs of a man under the bed /
1Id lie conso whtistling? On the contra
ry, he redonbled his exertions.|and al
though lie felt his hair rising on his
head, lie walked squarely out of the
roeom, getting the glimpse of the robber's
hat ais lie passed- out at the door I His
mind was made up--the villain should
not, be tnken from under the bed alive I
hastening into an- adj.oiting room,. ho
grasped his- revol~rer from- the sideboard,
and ret urn ing to his bed-room, ho rushed
in and fired at the figure undler the bed
--ba-ng lV bang r' buatng f u~ntil' alt- seven
shots were emptiedl out of his revolver,
and the room was all ablaze atnd filled
,with- smoke. His wife,, inanoceint of uhe
situation,- and just getting a- gliimmer
through her little sleepy htead that prob.
ably her husband had been alitacked by
robbers and murdered, rushted frantieallv
up stairs en dishabille', screanming most
frigh d'illy, and' terrifyiig the chuild ren,.
who were suddenly awakeined, and whoe
punt in first treble screeches to their
mother's second I It was a sorry fami
ly group-that met Smith on' thbe thres
hold of the paternal bed-room as lie
caine forth, the smoke rushing out after
.His wife's joy at lbeholding him' alive
was so great that she hadl an almost ir
resistible iniclination to swoon ; but she
obeyed the better impulse of rushing
,to his arms,- exclaitrning. "0Oh, John I"
And' tiat was as fhr as she could get in
the'sentene; bitt Smnithi understoc;d her
to ask for an explanatio'n of die dreadful
shootiing, and, steadying' her while lie
puit his revo' ver in his pocket and took
thne baby in his arms, lie told- his torri
fled, wife and cl'ud'dren that lhe hadkisd
a man-shot hAin all to pieces 1' When
the shock which lie had caused his
household had somewhat subsided,and lie
had conducted thorn into the chlrns
room, where they would in any event be
safe, he reloualed' hi. reyolver and ven
tured into his bed-tooni. All was etill
as A4eath, and~ smelled dreadfully of pow
de'4 a wreath of embke hung about the
gaslight, and the counterpane was born,
Hoe nut h fnr, .~d' o&iou
looked under the bed-will. the- ronder
believe t ?--he had shot the robber clear
out of his broeches. Nothing remained
of him- but his pants and' ar old' hat.
Pulling out the "remains," he was rath.
er beaten to find that they comprised. the
pants and hat which lie had taken off
prior to changing his suit to "go out,"
and his wife had chnoked thorn under
the bed temporarily to put them out of
sight. The pants had' seven more holes
In 'em than were actually needed; but
the family quiet was restored, which
was worth more than the breeches. If
you want your burglarb killed,.shot out
o6 tdheir clbhis, ta e. 'em- to Siith's
house. You don't know him !he's an
other Smith ; but that's n1o mat ter ; Ie's
a clever fellow, and'll do a smooth
General Leo and the Old Soldier.
Ono of General LJee'sfamily tells of
a most touching incident that ocourr.
od between the General and an old
soldier, soon after the surrender. It
is as follows :
"An old man, tall, rough and ragged,
but a true hearted Virginian, from.
the mountains called at the residonco
of the Goncral, and speaking low, em
phatically and nystoriously low, said:
'G0inral, I havo come down here to
take you and your wife and darter up
to- Ou' plac0 inl- the mountaies--the
Yankee has cotlied Presideint Davis,
and they'll be arter you sure-they
hates you, 0 inral, kase you licked 'cm
so.. I hnint no niggers to wait on you,
but ino and the old woman will do it
and, lowering his voice to a whisper,
lie continued, 'Giinral, there's placo up
thar where you can hide, and nary
Yanke can find ye..' 'lit,' said the
General, 'you surely would not have
me, your General, hide away from the
Yankees 1' 'But, Ginral, 'taint no
fair fight now. They'll sneak up un
beknownst, and if' they ootoh you
they'll hang you sure.)'
"The General satisfied the old fel
low that there was no danger of his
hanging,anid shaid, looking pitifully at
the stockingless feet and tattered
clothes, 'Wait my kind friend, while I
go up stairs.' He went ill) and re
turned with a package which lie gavo
to the old maii, saying, 'Some kind
Baltimore ladies have sent iiio some
nice clothing--wwr than I nood. I
have put up here ! part of it for you;
you will accept it and wear it for the
sake of your old commander and
friend ' Tl1. old man held the pac,
age at arm-'s length for a moment or
two, then pressing it to his bosom and
folding his arms over it, lie held it
there. .ig tears rolled down his fur
rowed checks. Soon as lie could
speak, lie said "Ale wear these
clothes, Giural ! No-not while I
live, but PIl keep them till I die, and
they'll put them on the old man when
his work is done and they lay him in
his coflin. I'll sleep swet in them,
Ginral, sure P le went out sobbing,
and holding the bundle to his breast
as he would havo',dono an infant.. I
bolieva my father was erying too-I
know that I was."
Tim CIIINmi. BxnxwiCLoN--Witorx
SALiK SLAUGoim.-According to our
latest advices from China, (Hong Kong,.
December 10,) "the var in the North
between th imiperial an rebel forces is
bieing vigorously wvaged." To shaow
how vigorously, we are told that a great
battle at Shaumung pirom. ntory resulted
in the defeat of the rebel arniv, which
lost 80,000 men. But subsequently the
impon alists weore defeatled ini their turn
"ini several- severe engagements, with
heavy loss." A less thlat niay be de..
scribed as ',hioavy" in comparison to that
of 80,000 men, which seems not te
amlount to much- in China, amust have
been heavy inideed. Perhaps it is safe
to put it at five times 80:,000,. more or
less, or 400,000. This Chinese rebellion
has been going on for somewhat more
than eighteen years, during wvhioh it
has been estimated that fronm thirty to
forty million lives have- been sacrificed.
If it continues for twenty years longer
-and there seems to be iio special rea
son why it should not, unless foreign
imtorventieon puts a stop to it--eveni the
500,000,000' of Chiiese population. will
begin to be pt.rceptibly thined oun. -
Should the Chinese persist in. destroy
ing each other at stich a scaleof wvholesale
slough ter,.as in the recent battle at Shian
tung promonto~ty, the R~ussian. Czar may
be constrained, if only by umotives of
humanity, to step over the "Great.
Wall?' erected as a protection. agoainst
Tartar incursions, to overrun the empire
and( sack Pekin, like G-enghne Khan, in
1812.--N. Y Herald.
IRiELAND.-OaK, February 10.
Last night a squad of policemnen
.vho- were patrolling the city were
confronted by a crowd of men in the
street, who commenced an a tt ack up
on thiemi with clubs and stones.. The
policemen being greatly outnumbered,
they retreated. They were chased
some distance by the imob, several of
whom (luring time flight of the p)olice
fired upon thenr with firearms. None
of the latter, however, wore hurt. As
they reached the neighborhood of the
station the pursuit ceased, and when
the police, reinforced. againo sal'lied
forth,thie crowd had dispersed, and as
the night was dark and thick, iione of
the attacking party could be distinctly
seen or recognlizedl ; and though the
officers arc actively searching for the
suspected ngador, they have not
been able to effet any arrests.
CORK, -February 10.--Eivenng.
Tme police' have succeeded kI. arrest
in aypersdbs who are suapected
ofhaving taken part in the riotous at.
tempt to resoc Captain Mackay.
At a sohoof esatlnatibn a young
tyro in declamation, who had been told
by .the -teacher -that h~e mttst
gesticulA. adcordipg to the setsse, i
comp~en'omg.a ?lee with ' the .comet
lifts its'aery taid, l i(ked tlhe tail' of his
edWV t6 a hvtltotital 'p'itioii 4 ausing~
roars of laughter.
[From the Southern Cultiyator.]
Work For the Month.
Do not forget that cotton is heavily
tW ed. and that the groat need of tho
South, at present, i4 an- abundance of
provisions. With well' supplied barns
and granaries, commercial independence,
at least,, is secured. Tho operations of
this month, enter largely into the food
question. The oat crop is to be sown,
and in this latitude, (Athens, Georgin,)
if the weather is favorable, and ground
in good condition, the middle of the
month is about the time to begin the
work. We would again urge our friendls
to sow very hirgely of this valiable
grain. Diring the last fear, it has com
manded a very fine price- in some cases
approximating dhat of corn ; the labor
re(ired by the crop is comparatively
light; the yield is usually hargv, wisen
the (uality of the land upon which it
grows is considered, and there is no
botter food for horses, cows and stock of
every kind. Not only sow a large
breadth of land, but take pains and put
-the crop in nicely. Experienco ins
prettv generally decided. it favor of cov
ering this grain with a turn plow.
Take as much pains as you' woud) with
a whoat crop; do not thmnk because this
is a hardy, thrifty plant, which will do
sonethig even on a- poor half-plowed
field. that therefore it will not hear good
treatment. Just think of 40, 60, or 80
'bulshes per acro, as, is the- ease in'
Scotlaid, and even as far South as
When not engaged with the oat crop
mako full preparation for a large corni
Ikad Mr. Dickson's articib- on corn
culture in tins nmmber. (This will be
foumd in to day's issue.) You can there
learn how to make 20 to 25 bushels on
the very poorest land, and in any sea
sn Contintie hauling out and plowing
in mnanure. Tesides furnishing food to
plants, inanres act upon the mineral
constituents of the soil, settmng free some
which were previously locked up. Time
i; required for this. Again the rains of
winter difftiuse the manure through the
soil, placing it in contact with a larger
number of roots, and bringing it into the
proper degree of concentration to be ab.
sorbed by the plant.
This isi a trying month to stock of all
kinds. Look well to their comfort. If
your mules get poor now, itis very difli..
-ult to bring them up when regular
plowing in the crop bewins.
INTiMI)ATINo Ni.onoi.:s.-The de.
feated baggers have Ohe impuidence to
charge Conservatives with preventing.
negroes from voting; by intimidation.
This we have mildly' characterized as
imqpudence, but in point of fact .it is an.
toutraigeous slandt&r. The Radicals them
selves resorted to every imaginable ex.
pedient, however mean or criminal, to
force unwilling negroes . to vote bhiciv
Jacobin ticket.. We could. fill our paper
with, veritable accounts of their vile
doings in this re rd& Iut ftr want all
spacc.,. wecatna on.y mention- a few Ilus
lin Mobile, a well known porter of a
prominent business house determined,
that by not voting the true interpsu off
himself and'his race would be proinouedt
On Friday night a negro mob went to
his house and threatened to shoot him
and his wiife if he dlid not prom'se to
vote. But lie boldly defied the mob,
and. the insolent gang' cowered. before
Among tihe various items in the Mo
bile papers relative to the election,. we
fInud the following :Every means was
restored to, to bring up' thi- negroes.
They "'ore threatened iihi viol'ence,.
and told thamt if thoy did net vote they
would be pt~t back mate shivery. They
~were bribed,, hod to,,and-thnieatened ; and
eveit negro wvenches were- emnplbyedr to
grab utp those who had the sense to keep
away frem thte contaminating in~uonce
of the reinegades,. and. cajoled them to the
We knew of mainy instances iii' thi
'city and county in which negroes wvero
frightened' from their homes by threats
that they would be pur in the' peniten
tiary if they did not "vote for ratifica
tion and the regular ticket." Bitt it is
.useless to attemupt minte details. Thme
cases above cited are examples of what
was done all over tahe state. R'adicals
can't evade the consequences of their
owvn outrages by charging intiimidatioti
upon their opponei.ts. They wvill be
sick of this business before they ar.e done
ithi it. - .ontdjomer'y Advertiser. .
Senator Doolittle tore the veil off Stan
ten's face on Wednesday last, in. the
Unhited Siates Senate, and clearly ahow.
ed that the tusuirper in the WVar Office
wvas at one time m close accord' with the
"rebels" and "secesinnists.''
"When Albert G. Brown withdrewv
from the Senate to join_ the- rebellion,.''
said Mr. Doolittle, "Ed wir. M. Stanton
met him outside of thme door, andi urged
him to go on his course wishing him
'Godlpeedi,' anid saying he was right."
Alt houigh publicly stated before, Stant
ton has nefer denied this, and yet ho is
now one of? he puny gods before whom
theo hcobins fall down and worshir. i
(&aneer of Liberty.
CI.ArMS 01' SoUTIV.RN- RAII,noAD.
The members of the Special Comnmittee
on Southern Railroads feel confident
that their resolutions prevositing the
payment of all claims, fied: by the yva
rious.Southern rQads for use of damage
during the~ war,. and compeling prompt
settlement for all purchuasos on thme basis
of agreemeht taleady made, will pass
both the H~ouse-and S'enate with great.
Thu project of tunnelling the Niagara
river hass been revived, and, according
to the Buffalo Cou'ier, it is likely to be
carried into practical effect, thereby
fornming a direct and uninterrupted ratil
road connection between that city anid
'The Eruption of VWauviUs.
D'ayard Taylor paid a visit to Mount
Vesuvius on the 7tI ultino, and thus
deseribes what he saw when upon thYr
mountain on that day, in a letter to the
The double stream of lava from the
cratbr was pouring its fluiidl, incando.
scent rock into the valley, and the burn
ing massI constantly pushed from be
hind had already entered the ravine we
had crossed a little distance below,
moving downward over the distorted
lava-beds of 1866. There was much
smoke, but little flame; at times a roar.
ing. rattling noise was hoard, but I noi!l
ced no tremor or oscillationi in the eavI h.
either then or later. At the edge of'
the old lava, whb. here took. the hapin
of looso stones, we left our horses ag
went forward on foot. There was iv
troddran-path at first, but it soon disap.
peared, and our progress over the roll
ing and slring heaps, which. had the
sharp grit of ground glass, was ratheir
painful. We had' already passed tie
lower point of Ole lava current andi
reached it at a point whero the larger
eruption of the previoue night had como
The heat and smoko increased with,
every step ; the rattling noises wero
continuouq, arnd lines of creeping. ire
becamo visible. There appeared o-bo
two streams, both inovig the samwr
m9anner--that s .only partly flowing
upon the surface of the old lava, bub
burrowini undbr its loose crust, spitting
and upheaving it, and mixing its mate.
rials, with the new mass. The noise of
the flow was thus produced'. The fire
was silent and irresi-tible ; there was no
hiss or sputtering of the molten ele
ments. but tlo stream lifted' and throw
of'solid masses, even tons in weight,
wi',hout the least apparent force or
check. I had always imagined a thick,
shiggishmetream, with a tolerably smooth.
surface somothing like the flow Prom. a,
smelting suface-but here wvero mov.
ing mounds, rough and shapeless, the
chief power of which lay in their base..
hiddeni frot sigh t-srange creeping;.
mining forces, moving forward with IV
horrible, pitiless certainty in itheir man
ner of locomotion.
If the scene was less grand inl its fea.
tres than one would accept, it was at
least diabolically impressive. It ex.
pressed only (lest mt ion,. and of the
most cold-blooded, deliberate kind. Thu
nmin stream- had raised a long ridge,
some twenty fuet inl height, apparently
ont the surface, until' some squirtming
niovement in advance shook oil' the
crust in scales, and showed fiaga and
throats of intensest fire. The front of
this ridge was constantly hurling huge
masses, some of them red ho, dePwm
the gorge. The nearer stream was niot
moro than' four flbet in height, nid' at
lowed its to approach near enough to
poke its glowing sidus- with a stick. All
along its edge boys were roasting.eggs.
for travellers, or imbedding coins in the
fluid lava). whieh they snatched ott of
the mass and twisted ofi, very much as
I have seen childten; manago molasses
candy.. The- hoat,. even at a hundred!
yards distance,. was uncomfertable, and
I could not - stand beside the moving
lava for more than a fbw secoudh at a
time. We oouil'distinctly see the new
urater,.just under the- summit of- the
It wvas not a violent action,. and' an
etnterprising person mighit ha ve climbed
to withmn a short distancr, of it. I wvas
not strong enongh to undertake tho
ascent/nor did' f feel sure that the fa
tigue would be repaid. Such atn amount ~
of steam and smolte issued from thme
opetning anid' rose from the lava, as it
overran the lower rim, that I doubt
whether much else could havi e keen
seoa- I was n~ttch' interested in' Obse~rv'
ing the nmaniner in which the lava ahoy
ed itself forward, and. the possibility of'
ito aeolhng in such. irregular forms was
now explained. 'to is not likleer thatt
the present flow will reach' thin
lower parts of the mountain, as the- oldi
fields over which it must pass will inter
pose greater obstaeles to itts movement.
The smoke of the eruptidn,. howvever;
finding its wvay through , subterranean,
erovises,. already issues from all parts of
these old filds,.and, at e present rate
of advance, the road' to.-the Hermitage
will be eut off in two or thiree d'ays
On d'escendingt thme mountains we con
stantly met parties of travellers on their
way uip. There were at least fifty in
all, a goodly portioni of thleim Americans..
Theo atoelo ,f' horses in Roesina seemed to
he-exhausted, for many of thorn were
nmounted on donkeys. Though late in,
the day, the incomparable weather was
thbeiir luck, as it had been ours. In the
suburbs of the town wve found other
parties waiting for animals, and, on, ar
riving at C~ozzolini's ofice, our own- ti'r
ed horses were immediately turned over
to a party which that moumeint had', ar
rived from Nanles.
January 8. -My glass shows pt
the left hand stream of lava has doscend.
ed considerably since yesterday. The
other biranch toward Torre del Greco
has entirely ceased to,flow. The flood,
from the~ crater is evidently narrower.
andJ more languid than litetofeo, which
wmuld seern to indicate lhot tle.eruptin
had spent its chief foree,.
A .Nxw 1';vmal f A ari, .-----A'n) Em
glish lawvyer,. whlo evidently asp irit- tha
timgs of earth, has forsaken the gown,
antd bar '.o invent antd-portect a flyinig
machine. IHe proposes to con vey. par
sentgers throngh tUfe air by a steam bird'
or flying steam engine, flitted with wings,
flhpped by the actton of steam." A
patent has beett' taken ouit for this con-.
trivance, but the- machin is not y~et
A day or twoago a THytiatn.oflcor,
having the audheltiy to walk abroad in,
tIs city with a black- skin and a ni.;
form, was hooted through the stroets by.
a mob of vagabonds.--No T'ork f(-.