Newspaper Page Text
Desportes, Willlms & Co., Proprietors.] A Family Paper Devoted to Science, Art, Inquiry ndustry and Literatrpr
VOL. 11. WINNSBORO, S. C., WEDNESDAY MORNING, SEPTEMBER 16, 1868. O. 1
-V AIRFIELD AEALD
18 PUn113111.:) W-::KY BY
DESPORTES, WILLIAMS & 40.
Terms.--Tul lIrt.%jo is published Woek
ly. in the Town of Winunboro, at $3.00 in
vareal>dy in advance.
"" All transientt advertiseme'Ais to be
paid in advance.
Obituary Notices and TriVites $1.00 per
DON'T STAY LONG-.
A look of yearning tenderneti
Beneath her lashes lies,
And hope and lovo unutterable
Are shadowed it, her eyes,
As in soine deep unrunefld streata
Are cloude and sumer skiet.
She passed to early womanhood,
From dreamy. sweet. girl life,
And crossed the rosy threshold but
To innd herself n wife;
Oh i gently ishould ho. lead her ti*d's -
Along the path of life!
And as she claspiq' he simal while hands
Cpon his arm so strong,
How often, like a summer gli'g,
Or a sweet pleading song,
She whispers, wit h a parting kiss,
"Belov'd one, don't stay lolig-."
It's almost always ii li'1p s,
I1er gentlest. Pitih5g word,
Sweet as th h-agiince filoni rose leaves
When by soft zephyrs stirred,
And lingering In the memory
Like song of summer birds.
And in his heart. they nestle warni
When oth'begednes aiid;
11eh14ys fot till she weary grows;
And her fond eyes are hid
In tears which lie in bitterness
Beneath each veiling lid.
And dh, how many hearts are kept
By that love uttering song I
There's searcely one who on life's waves
Is Iitily bornb I1ig,
But. whit, hd'i herd from some dear lips
Those sWeet words, "Don'tStry Long."
LECTTE':S nETWEEN 0I@*N1l-*lA ntopK-.
I ANS AND 011 .:nl .. .-E.
WASINixGTON, Septemlber C.-The
Corresponldenclo between Gto. Rtosecrane
aid Gen. Robiert. 1G. Liee, will b pub.
lished to morrow :
Gon. ftose!drans commences hi.< lILtcr
-9 f6llovs !T11ll of solicitude for tbe
pur4tor t7ennt.ry; I come with iv
lilt in hly aiid to learn Lhe condition
Aj "e'".aild'intentions of the Southern
6and specially to obtain the Sen
Mts646 of. that body of brave, energetic
6n , self-sacrifleing mon who, after sus
tailni:,, the Confederney for four years,
laid down their ainis and sWvoro alle
gince to the United States, whose trust..
ed and beloved W.nder you have been."
Gen. Atosecrin's lettor is quito long.-.
The following is
0XCNEIAL L1C'"S IMPLY.
WwrITE Su-Ifrut SrniNos,
WIST Vind(NIA, Aug. 26, 1868.
i General, -i havo had the honor to
kocikvo your letter of this date; and in
accordance with your suggestions I have
conferred witli a iumber of gentlemon
di thlo 9outh, in whose judgment I
h.ave confided, and who are well ac.
qualinted with the public . sentiment of
thdir respective States. They have
hindlv consented. to unite with mie.. in
replying to your com nunication, and
their natnes will be found, with -my own,
appended to this answer. - With this
e xplantiton we ploceed to give you a
tUandid statement of wvhat we believe to
bo the gentimeL.nt of the Southern people
In regard to the subject to which you
Watvtopinions nitty have prevail.
- eiin Lh6 past in regard to African sla.
v9ry pr the ilght of a Suteto to secede
from the. Union, we believe we express
e ilmost unnimous jud~gthenb of the
QtIiern~ people when we dleclare that
t logo qpuestions wore decided by the war,
nd thast it is their intentiott in good
tilt abide by thaat/doofsidtl,
)A thu(elose of the war the Southern
de lSfe laid down their arms and .)ughit
to resume their former relations with thme
UJniteI ,dtates Governmnut. Through
their Stale conventions theor abolished
slavery arnd. annulled tiieie,rdinaricee. of
ecessionl atd hef -rettned to, their
Spu triths a sincere lfurpose
to fulfl all t'* dutties inder the Qon.
stitution of thetunited States which they
had sworn to protect,. If their action in
these particular& h%d booi*tacnt ini a spirit
of frankness and ~cordiality, we . belfove
that ore this old irriaons woutld have
passed aiway, and. the - ounds iniflicted
oy the war would laa bon, in a great
insoasure, healed. ~*uid we are ad
vised the people of We; 0ih lter tain)
no unfriendly folng te Goy j e.
ernent of the United ia4%lt they
complain that. their ri hts Jfo Mh
. Constitution are withhaell ~Iro 'th& -In
the admmaistration thereocf- -.
'The idea that the dontheorn popt~
lmostilo to the negroest ind wvoulc
presjs them if it were in, their ~ower to
'dj,is,.itirely unfoundell, -.'hoy I ave
growls uVin ofir mitt, - and We 6y
been aceustoaed from. chilhooj o 'loyk
upon thomn with kindnes Tlao changb&
in the relatiotns of the- 4jyo radas hA*
wrought no change mn our' feelingc .to,
wards them. They still tfontitueto lle
implortant part of our lab0rhg op. l
lion. W about their labor the' lan~ds of
thes South would be comprn ef n
pi)ductive. WiVthu, the eomplo,ymtiIt
w-hi- nn, hen agr.iu..r :ifr.A - hsy.
iWould be destitute of the mnealns of F '1b
sisteneerhand beCom114 pal.pers, d,.pilendenL
oi public bunty. Self-interest, even if
there wNeir no iigher 1' olvo, wotild,
tlerefore, pronipt. t.e wiites of tle
Sout.h to exteid to 1lio negro.- Ca1r, aid
protection. The important fact, that
the two races are, under existing circimi.
tanices, necessary to ealch other, is
gradually becoming apparent to both,
and we believe that but for the influence
exerted to stir i) the ;astions of the .e.
groes, the relation- of the two races
would Adon adjust themscives oil a
basi o' mutual kindness aim advan
It is true that tLhe peoplo of the South.
togethir with tha people of the No'rt,
and West, are, for obvious reasoil , op.
posed to any syseni of laws which will
plftce the politid power of the co0ily
In the liaids of the negro Ia'e. Blit
this oppositin-springs from no feeling
of enmnity, but from a doep.seated coi.
viction that at present the negroes have
neither the intolligenoe nor other quali.
flcations whichi are necesqary to mako
the4-4afe depositories of political power.
TOY eould inevitably become tho vie.
.iUM of demagogues who, for selfish pur
poses, would mialediki thMIC1, to the serious
injury of the public-.
. Tho grent *nt of Ithe 3outh is peace.
Tie people earnest'ly desir0 traniiuility
and the restorition of th Union. Te.y
deprecate disordt r and exciteient as
the most serios obstacles to thwir pros
perity. T ey ask a restoration of their
rights under the Uonstitution. TiIey
desire relief frofh opprfess.ive inisrule.
A bove all, they would appeal to their
couitrymen lor the re-establislment inl
the Southern Stat us of that which has
jtust.ly been iegarded as tie birt.hiriglt of
every American-the right of self-gov.
ernmient. Establish these on a lirm ba
si., amid we cni afely promise on behalf
of the Sout.hern ji1ople that they will
faithfully obuy the Constitution and laws
of the United State:, treat the negro
with kindness and humanity, and fulfill
every duty incumbent on peacefill cili
zenls loyal to the Constitution of their
We believe the above coitnis a sec.
Cilct reply to the leera! topics einbrac.
d ill oUIr lItter, aid we veliturie to
say on behall of the Southern1 people
aitd O the oliers and soldiers o* the
latw Confd'rate arlmy that. ti, i
concur in all the senllimenLits which we
A ppreciating thie patriolie Imlotives
which have prompted your letter, and
recilprocat,lig Yomr expressions of kiind
regard, we liive the honor to be,
Very respectfully an trulv,
R. 1. [e, of Vrginia ; G. T '1.1eaure
gard, kotit iula ; A lex. If. S:ephens;
Georgia ; C. M. CuI rlad, Louisiana ; Linl
ton S-ophlens, Georgia ; A. T. Ca pter
ton, Vest Vrira ; Jolni E,chmols, Vir
gilia; 10. S. Stoekduah, T-xas; P. W.
Pc<eng, South Carolina ; Wm. J. Rob
ertson, \rirginia; Joseph It. Aderson,
Virginia ; Wml. T. Turnevr, \Vest ih-.
g!inia ; C. 11. Subee, South Carolina ; F.
Fontaine, Virginia ; John hteliet, 'Vir
ginia ; 13. C. Adams, Mississippi ; W.
J. Green, North Ca*rolina ; Lewis E.
Harvie, Virgiiia; P- V. namel, Jr.,
Vir#ila ; W. T. Sutherland, Vireinia ;
A. B. Janes, Louisiana ; Touton Beau.
flegard, Texas ; M. 0. 1. Norton, Lou
isiana; T. P. Branch, deorgin ; Samuel
S. Douglas, Florida ; Jeremiah Morton,
Virginia ; John B. Baldwin, Virginia ;
George W. Bolling, Virgmnia; Theodore
Flournoy, Virginia; James Lyons, Vir.
To General W'. S. Rosecratns; Minister
to fioxico, White Sulphur Springs,
LICTTER PROM GElf W4nD IIHAMP.
TON, OF SoUTir CA ioliNA.-.-'"o lhe'Edi.
tor' of the 'Tibune : Sir,-T hm Timecs
last week inserted a corresplnd'ent?': ar
ticle, signed "Hloboken,"- -asser'tjutg:m
qualhfiedly that (Gon. Wadeo Hittiton
at the battle of Mianassas, in cold. blood
and maliciouely, shot Mr. Came~ron, the.
brother of the Secretary of WVar', .W
seemned so utterly inconsistent with deni
Hanmpton's well-known characterfo
bravery and hotior that I enclosed himt
the article, and sWid you his answer. r
ami as thorough a Reipublicain as any
mian~ can be, but despise, as I trust all
oi3r party do, suob mial.ignant aiYd unjus
?iflable:attacks ne the honor and in..
tegrity of an op olfert, J. LP.
Your lot ter olielmsing an artic'lo fromi the
Timnes of the 17th~ mat., has jiist roached
me, anid it is'dne to you that I sih>ulud
acknowledge the divility yog.huave.shmown
in calling my ai.tontionv to this attack
uponi me,. I feel such a profounad cotomnlt
fo'i the Times, andl oter paper's of that
sort, That I shoulld not hAvo hum:bled
mnyself to noitico t.he tlo ini question,
Jipr sihonld I do so nowv, but to respond
tMyour lette.e Tis I de tranikly, and (
*.rononntlo the statement made by "Ho
lyken" in referenoe;to miyself at the bat'
t1t of,Manaenatainturly falso. 'ro be
tore speoillo, .l- assert ."that1i never
e nmanded -at any Aigpo .tbe .Black.
or Cavalry' - ty ,.ooan4 in
flnt; fighlt Nsa~ re4ioe of '"ir'ntry;
AtMhMl novorshot at Col. C#fkn a
3hbteI n1evO?tA sa um; to S roldo
:Mikj}e alive:or dead, The tingjeu. for
youtlkindness in seuiding me thie~ piper,
PI aml, very respectfully, yours,
Tho Political Prospoet.
.4i 1'alik teil .- /e1th4 nd II. I/p,s - li P i>ro
p11weics Dhspoline,, andaln uipr irawt
L'ndlerrat I-O .piniono the C/ic m.uiit.
the 'resi.ditlial Ele'clion - 7'. u,'e i n.
ticipated ditring tht E -'!t',ion- -ifis I'j, ex on
lion. Alexander It. Steplins huld a con
versatioll, it few days sile, at the While
Sulphr Springs wiit orrepllonlent ot:
the Now York /Herald. We give his mnlost
st rirkin g rnarks :
AWoN , , o'u rygArd lho prcked' 'condi
lion of tAn, country, .\r. 15phons?" I
"As exceedingly deplorablo. The last
vestiges of 0onailtutional. freekdm are rapid
ly disappearing, and we are fast. verging
itw centrAlizallon and despotism. Unless
som1e iouderful change takes phice -Ul..vss
tle peuplo of lho North exerCise (hat. wis.
dotn for which Aiericans Ib ive beeit s-.
remnarkAble in the past, Oungh they seemt
to have !OF( it tterly--the world shall ere
long WilneI 1 e110 PS'S IblishinentII If al1 C11m
pire on the rins of this once great. republic.
'The Measures inatigiuratedt by thll dom1ilianlt
party are h le surest. inil 1tio1' coming
dempol isinl. W'ilhotil a ! (litival revolu t'll
OCCur11s llentllile file n.koverillent. will be
11ierged into a de:1) sponm - an vumi'ire I if
Grailt, is eleclel m.txt Noveinber. i never
expect to Sre another l'res idenltal ele:r.
"What is ymur opiniQn "f I! iran!, personad
1T1hat lie is eny tirelyi ilrrt by the
C0ou11(ry anti presis. I'know lun vrll wV vell.
lie in a remnarkldbe "ui, and on. that it-w
alpi-eeiatt. ; of, decitvil military geni n-, in.
doIlu t livnergy anld deleril ined will: ju Jst
lte 11na11 for :a - d siz F lth :as te pllreent
-ii I-ror I l Iis N 1pole.1 peror-144 weltn1i
helaced himnseoli tho- hrune or' v.'ninee.''
"o yo li no, y Iu v t e lt t h r Callid: ates. :tI
WbhIt wNbeli reunll frOmn the VIk:t." elti1n Vf ilt
f t, i k111 o1 Cult11 x 1 know - I -m<>u1
to b w Thiey llI lie le uvey eletver,
tioll Iellowys I Iair antollIx I served in
Congress with, aIIA, per.1soi illy, j lImIl t; 1.1it
oh.jeotion to anly n l ih Illill. t air a ni
of ability, integrity, rIdI ch:aract er : s:o izi
seymviour, as lial. its i know, 111i' Colrifx
iay be placed in lhi s:ae category. luit.
it. is not the initn : it is not "rant r"d.INTel
fax, it is not Seymr ind lihn : (ht are
to be regarlded in the next election, It is
the principles they representi thnat are. at
iNsse The lightll is oIL againSL Wtant andI
Colfax, bllt against the iniquity of the doti.
it part , ( lat has brolight tile o ue i v y 1
thi. ' rIr-ft u'k-itil and tn tt 114 finally iti
ic slioil tOl il I v , I , tl 1;0' 11 izc 't
'lyow wothl (he uouthern l'e ct willh
rvg:arl to uninvrsa Wuho:p in 1 hp ovem 0of
tile et of Stypou. :a d lailt ,
''-Thwy wl)*.( abley J!he.ilou ltvviAl n
and111 t here is 110le dol lt(t tit al t i p:1k0la 1'y
lt-gi.shIn it'l wat r -i. Ir V..ml il '1 , (,%. v.
h11rown. Converilon'i I w-111d1 ll c:klie a111n1
(te people would regllate silfrage ats bes
thitey thoug p11 ro Ill -lieV ni l 8 Siij of
qualitiedl stil'rage Onl an educational b16h
wvoilld he 0et 1 rally adolted in the South in
fOr,' ,11 1 1 )ii iet iih soliet
"Do yo anulticitpte any frouble duning Mhe
PresideIItI elecon het" lho races in
the newly-rtiorcted St lates ?"
"No; oxcqpt whel it is provoked by lie
uillprinel Ile.1 whitv:i wiho have assm.iale.l
buthemdelves with thle ne'!roes to get oliee.
ile whites will r1evain, as thiey have been,
peavellble aILnof 111iel, relying 1minly on t.he
North firg deliverance From the rrighdto
condition in which Mhey as placed. The
cry of t.he y adicals, .L0eits have peace's
neans lelts: latve Iwar. They dsire it, and
to iahe polidial captal inauguraL.o io0 and
bloodAted, if not thwartitPy the ferbear.
ance ofthe whims. They raise Lhe cry
that the Houtll wts .war Ty Aie when
they say i-. Thu 8othliern people have no
means to muake war; tin diposition t0 light.;
to enmilly 1lleet.. Po<ie Is fll t.hey wish
for, And thle Civil WierY which as oitizens
of this repbellhe they aire entitledl to."
"Wouild lie tegroe-m resort it) aris in case
they were deprivp(d of suiffrage ?"
" If they would and did, antd fought for i,
toy would then etrtainly he enttiled 0 Pi ;
but as i body a peoio t hey would not, do
ipL An tocasional inisance there iniiiflit ie
among pthiem reore anti would, underi the
inrec ation n gu ic tfi es clamore1'
hlOll scarcel noticeabl0 tIe.' As irae, a11 peo
pl~e, heyd o appreciate1 yo berty. 1In pisi
n%oI inooli l i na tes. l1 They tare ile
chiyldroni of th1e sun, w iIon of eihietioenu
ile aiaions of 0x)thIe whtsto $be free,out
if an evidono, of wald I0say hor wa,an dI
tian piitlni tonnessee,j wheret teig Sous-C
sane.iitd whte-Ango-Saon- hiaver been5
disfrnelisd, andcv~ tah do~ no1notO rsr
wore in hi Geogia ter ex0l~are'(ontyv
lhIe pe~andlnr, and aoutth Sout oin lh
gsitmed 10 prprio'.blite her~ of oinsur-lgh
ftotps lt tngo w'flO Iisb illg ticarcl lh
nd.1ieftko ato.pa 9 rstndes; not wthy
oflndis ofa bend emy. repid,d /And the col
"fmlao6ey teard thich aridn."o h
deIte(le oithern epl in deitoo
pa h oieltofdeiti 7o a1A
"NnetatI m ow' of, thirsnapes
they ve atd rdatd uliy. ra
-lert ve foosn ,ad toIn t ni,d clse to
wariwshh pbic reit ot, and.th -d- an .
t,a first r7nfestr const iutonl frdduit,
teon, ande enrnoteevr whi.te mntowl
di'ofranchpid, 0'ady then yoIlul find11110t pliay
'ther aiil hon'o than oud thleSoCu hern
.ptiring it s'uiI1 a'ion.
At 1his ijuncitre Mtr. t jhen, renetub.
'ld lit! had Iti . elgagenitO :ld witi hil
tsuIr1l pu i. ttilt'iy lie left tile cotage to
keel it, after wishing me : very rood evenl
Who is Governor Pcott,
The following lettei. addressed to a
Citizeu of Colutl)bin, i. froim the pel of
a distinguished Demoerat, who resides
Jn th adopted home of 0overnor
Scott. It explaiis its'] and will be
perused witi iiterest. (omling as it,
does, fromi a life long polit ical oppo
nent. of (lovornor Scott, it is ent.itled
to great consid"'rati.ol
DIit Silt :--Youlr li,tcr of the loth
in.s.tantt has been receiN-d, un ikig Col
till (AlliliriCS ill FUtt, '1oOt l Il
tain nquires inrelati,a to the fr:
or history of (Iovernlor- h . K. Seit, of
You say that there is a report, in
cir41ulat ion that lie wa s a '*de faulter
while practiving law &in P'hiladelphia,
Te 0revceipt, of sne-h :; lt,11r ocea.
sioied %ery grea t smrprise, I nssure
.w4.1u :nd w t wh ohmld give- risq. to suehi a
rep'ior.t is still mor, surproni.
There is not the slibite foiunda
tion inl tiht, world for slchti a chi:rge.
GlovernIIor Scot t.is not :mi( ne(vI was
a law.yor, andl never liv.-d inl Philadel
lie was boln1 in Arimstrog County,
Pa., atl camelk. to Olhio %ith hi.<parent
whl lie was about eighou- 1e:rs old,
11nd resided inl Colobuils uit,il lie
finished his Iledical edloatiom, after
whilAh lie tookl up hIs r-i.le:e it! 0t
(Ilenry) ouity, and < n.:, ( he
Ir-actie: of iedicine. lie wa., egag
ed ill the practice of mi.licinek inl this
counltry fr-om the year1 1>:: >, unilI
IabLou t the time the wr lrok0 out,
wheni lie entered th6 ai."* "i :i1 n oi.i
cr in the 68th regiment, Ohio infan
try, anld Continued inl the servive ul
til Ie was elected Uove"nor ot' SotI
I have bLXn inltimal:t )l l'(11lainited
w Ih t1 Govelnor ;cott foi I... lit sixteei
.sear.s, and kno ' hii to lie a high
ddhonOra1ble go. loillm.n, at ill
times onc of wir first -nd respected
I. will also state that he is deserved.
ly One of the m1ost popular m1e ill viur.
Go\ ernor Scott owns a large amount
of real estate and other property inl
this couity, is onsidt-red (lie of olir
wealthiiost illl, and owes ilo na 011One
dollar, here or elsewhere, to iimy know
Allow me to say, inl conclusion,,that
I do not, agree with i Uoi ernor. Scott inl
politics, but imake the above state
ment cheerfully, because truth and
justice rlquire 11e to do so.
Hoping that this let Her may contri
bute to put to rest the gross slander
you refer to.
1 -ellmil, yours truly,
#JAMls (l. A i.Y.
TMiIGRANT VS. (IPET-BAGGER.
'T,he differco of e10n11ing between
"immigrant" and "carpet-bagger" is
as wide as the diffcreinco between 0one
who arrives in a country to fix his
residceo there, and one who coles
into it for the purpose of conlifiscating
the silver spoons if its inhabitints.
Thlie former is 11n "'iniainigranlt, ;"' tle
latter,hIowevers is onlIy a partial deft
nlition1 of the cairpdit1aiggor."'
Th'e wlor'd is a cotii Jomld of' "dal
pet" and "bagger'." Its Imeaning is
the c011omolut of' two ideas The first
half, "c(arpet knight,"' a blovant swash
bucker of miighty valorousness inl a
drawing room, wian there are 1no bel
licose nale persoins presen1t.
"Bag, n.-a sack or' pouc1h to put
any thing in:'" "Bag, v. a.-to put.
ilto a bag." "Blagginlg, n .-the act
of putting into bags." "Bagger, n.
one who performs the act of bagging."
F?romn theo stand ing definitions, thb
mioaning of erpot-.bagger" will
plaily appoar. Tile "carpet-bagger
is a blovia nt ewsbclrof mnigty
idnoan foir somnothIng ohrthan nili -
taffseaIen, who goes lato the South
'o'tWe16Th~tig disolumaents of ofilco.
I[1ildidda If bye havo aniy, is in a
NdUi(f tc. ils tale'oofteats
exist # inf> agtntio. . His
Worldly 6bd!/ ct)onltaluca.tu a $ntal
hiand-sa, ustialty 'made of carpeting
--a oircumlistanno wic id s supposcd
to have suggested to the inventive
Amierican minld' 1?6 word w~ihilh so
forcibly and adcurately expresses te
true character of this waindoring po
litical M~ioawbr-tltis vagrant dema
gogue in quest of s1>'oils. There is no0
other word in the English hianguago
which will express the truth, with all
its iio shades of meaning, so corroct
ly and so well. Thore Is no namte fdr'
cideombination of ideas which an
oflice-hlolder in the Soulth involves,
but the name "carpot-bagger."
( Clscago 'Pemes.
Joseph, dul ol Savaiinnah :pllot, *lho had
comlie oro Sunday morninig In a )frofbusion
al capitelty on board ihe Ohit#dtlfdha,.semo
tinte dtifAli junday nlighl'fell dlown the
steps 'gbing down for ward cabIn, and yes
terday miol'nhg he was fo\udi dead; with hls
neck broken. 'Coroner Whiling held an In<.
quest over tie body, and tho fury lgod1ght
in a verdict in accordanco *ithC th$Afacts.
Mr. J, leaves a wife and fot chilldron."
[ Charleston Atereury.
Fromn the New York Ifcrald.]
The Hadioals and the People -fiospoots
for thb Presidonoy
Otregoi is normniy a lepublican
tae, blit this yea it. has gone coml
pi.tely over to the Democrats. In the
previous elec.ionl it hmd about. its usual
lepubeicai tiamiority. givinlg that deci.
sion oil plitil issues that ii 11attral
with a population sipp!ied inl a great
degree from regions having the most
active syttipathy with the ladical spir.
it; yet this year it gives an unjnistaka
bly delinito majority the other sido.
'hi is a very i.ignificant ffct in an eloc.
tion in such a Stae, coming nmled:ato
ly after the party Witi whi:ch it usually
acts has pit its Presiuiential candidates
in the field. Kentucky is another Stato
Whose People hamve recently given for.
I-I] exp;ression to their political predilec
otis The eletioin inl t.his State han
talkeni phlce sitiec the in of the
Presiiiintial calidales onl both sides,
ait Ketuticky 1o0.only goes for tb
Democrat1011n hod'expect tOat,
b6t, it. gos thpir way b)) tteht in over
WhOlIlin,g moi'.y as indieteS titt
other political opiniioIa Iav hardly force
enlouigh IIero to keep themselves alive.
Here, then, are two Stat.s that have
gono to d.be len?ocrat.s after their peo..
pli have beeii able to perceiv"e We tr Ift
oh,P'sidentia mdi-iits. Otic is an
I'l "lave State, t, hiowever, the iost
fiere<-ly Democratic of tEi slave Statei
even inl olden times-a State that did
not nominally go with the Souith in the
war, iut had its sympathiles that way,
Yet w.as thoughtt. to b safely eilough
orgalizd to do better for tho Rei 1 ,1t1i..
an thtan itn previous years. The
0Othe is a free N INthern SthateO, peo
pled by that sort of comntil ity that
ou 1.political history shows im a ways
tht reat iest. to be aggressiv.e,to take tile
ide of aty party that calls itself th
party of progres, aud that is natural
ly imu ith less susceptable (if conserva
li i f iteluence than old conimunities.
F Il these facts of the situation it
is evideit that the popular impulse
against the ladicals. which began two
yeat's 1go and .bomed to culminate hi
the fift-y thou,;and mijority igainst.
that party inl tile Empire State, has
yet lost nonle of its momentuml. it
was deper thatI most min thought.
It had fast hold upon the ultimato
odctio nt tis of (atch man; aid thus bc
6amiia the positivo purpose of the mass,
Aud it is doubtful if there is any pow
or to stop its progress. The noiniautt
tions hab had no effect upon it. The
sudden roecognition . of the Radicals
that they had gone too far it their
assaults on everything dear to the
people; and thir bituscqueht hiit;
oame too late. The proti8 of honest
government that they make inl pre
sentig the namt1le of G nit, the assu
ranco that thoir future .iews of na
tionil necessities shall be twhIcen from
the stanldpoinlt of the co)manaer who
siavedl [U- fUifitry---all this is quito
unheeded. So is the throat from the
Dthor side, given with the name of
Soyinour. that everything shall bo
construed inl favor of the men who
mideavored to breakc the Government
to pievos. Popular will goes forward
blind to all, conscious only of its stor
Ad up dotorinination. Individuals nre
nothing. There is no charm in aig
name. Tho contest of great prjfni
pIds ust be carried to its final r:Ail;
.uch as the popular temper. Only
tho deepest sense of the outrages
againtst the country and its iaws, as
elas against htumtanity j;i:utLiced by
the liadical leaders, coulid have
b)roughtt the peCople to thiis mtood and
wvrought the conviction that tno other
[langer is so great as for that party to
iontiiluo fri lidwdif. Perhaps, also,
thero is another thought active in the
saso. Thero is a wvidesproad uneasi
lsess tjndor t,ho burden of taxation itn
volvdd by the deCbt ; and though both
parties tend towards repudiation, the
people will have thoir ,revenge off ti
i1t1 whti ufadd this debt, and who
therefore put the country In position
to require repudiation. Rovolutions
always repudiato the dets 6f. ivil,
war- Suoh rpdiation is the '~Higi
ionijfrotfl, fd iiether onet sido p6r
the other will - oon'sept ,r epif
runey ' borroiwed .fynixt; ddi.
Ropudiation is, then,.o' lik,oly the
(altnatobo.rp cf'tIis i i dgand
ioepbdasadw alyet soe
a. CongreAs eleotod strictly to ropudi
ato the debt, In the nmeantimno th.o
same imipulko must act .consis66itifl ?in
swooping Republiennismi from power
at all intermecdiate points, of' wh,ioh
the Prosidencey ie a very liaopottant
It soms consistent with all the
facts, therofore, that the reaction
against the Radioal ldgislatiduifd
reconstrutidh Ithall g'gn af s It b6gan,
doping~ State after State, and lilnally
swoigt,dtitut and giving us an.
ote rsideiTu like Pieroe--only
instead of' poor P'Idroo it will be Billy
Seymour. Jogard ing the olharacters
of' the two andid9; .it rdudly de'
outrs that the two parties hitye respoed
tively got the wrong mn, .8eymour
is the cf-eature who should.b i the
hands of' -the ltadicalg-a f f~~1 tooh
t6 bo' uso4 a Piet'oe was used by theo
Southinra iadioals, itto Whtose hiantd
hiefell.te-andtf*ant should stand itythe
head of .tha advancing Doeodraoy, 'to
wreak its roletitless will 6gaf##6 RadI'
esal power. Butt t.aking the nmen as
they are and the stna,ma na It is, *r
Oan only hope t.hat to whichever sido
victory inclines it w1 give no doubt.
ful voice. Let the decision bo posi.
tive-one side oi the other-for
therein is our only safety. V'roir an
election that-either one side or the
other can ,y any inrnnlity dlsput'o
we will have a civil war. Some
of the Southern States are preparing
for this possibility in uimaking laws to
take the' Voto for President from
Democratic comniunitiNs and give It
to Radical .Legislaturos. Should tho
Republican opindidato be elected onu'y
in virtia 6f hs6 man<utvres it will
take another war to putdown the
protost against. him. Shotld the
election turn on any one of many
such contingenoies peace will be ar
ther away than over,, and, thdrofore,
it is to be hopod the Northorn peoplo
themselves will make the decision
T11.- TAmu.i -i'c dF I i i.- I
Sano1s-SVo-'Oh A-k Ai-sW-i.
-rioN or NnooEs, LT.-The early his.
tory of the Colony of' South Carolina
provos, beyond c.vil, that she wals Ithe
first of the original thirteen Colonies to
establish, by A ct. of' Assembly, 11ree
Schools for the education of the children
of the Colonists. South Carolina ini her
I-gislative Ca1pecity, lies always made
apl ro.vision for the support1 ol
ScolIo0. If any liortion of IeIr citizens
have faitiled to profit by her hbncrility in
this respect, no blame can be attached to
her lekgilators. To South Carolina also
is jilly dio the er,-dit, of bing tho first
to cidow a Colh14e by unctient
of tle liegisltutre. A! ao, we
1-1d1wmdIA .hw first 11196itutionl for 11-1
1)(tf, D11mb1 :11d Bliid, as wVll .: the
first Ilsano Avsylum. Ifer licitors
have alvays feit it I heir sacried duty to
WroVide ampy for the care of tho.de who
MVe bein berelt of re on, and to
provido for and ist.rtit thoso whom
Providenciw has cleied tho blessings of
vision ind speech.
If the Free Schools Ilm South Carolina
lacked that, thorough system of orsani
zation whiebl has attetihled lo.ser elforts
6i the jiait. of oi lier -tates,'it was owin
to 1.e fact that, her popition was scat.
tired over a vas. XtUIt of cOu1t-'v--in
some cases families residmg five or ten
miles apact. iesid,a a liage hiortioi of
Uhe soil was larren, reoIl41:rm1 the ndi.
vided lahor of entire housholds to make
rt scanty living, thereby deprivimg the
youth of many worrhy framilies of an o1.
:ortuiiity to atteild schodi zts roularly its
tlwy dmired. n
In cities, town and villages4, where
the population was more concentrated,
,t liberal educar.ion has been afforded to
Ill who Chose to avail theiselves of the
States's liberality. In addition to the
Free Schools, there has Ueeii larbe
number of pritite schools, of a high or
cer, most. liberally sustained.
Our sketch will likewiso show that
public instruction was imparted to the
negro for a period of a quartei 6 century
In Coloiiat times.
( Charleston Courier.
Niv Youdt, Seitemliboi- d.-Tho Do
mocracv are not at all scared by thu
Radical checis which rent the air
todhty,.. o v 9 - tho Vermont eCc
iion. Probably too; by the time these
Radicals have sobered down somewhat
tind commence to count the votes izn a
more cool tomperanment, they will also,
lind ont thuat after all "there is n t such
ii great deal to blow abusut." Nobody
llenies them the pheksure of getting mer.
ry over the Vermont election, buzt
when it comes to counting aind cornpar
ing votes of this and previons years,
L.hey will*be compelled to acknowledge
hiat their cause, after all, is net taking
that stndo forward as i9 the 1 0iiratto
sanse, and evenl tis Verntofit election,I
if you will only look at dieo figures,
brings out this all imnportnt fact. The
vdte yesterday wwe one-th,ird barger than
liffat of last year ; wvh4fe, In:.,yL'ar; that
State polled -some. 42 or 43,000 votes,I
there wore over 60,000 polled tis year.
The Republican vote this year show s
liti Iporeaso of thirty per cent. it is true,
but the 11errileratie vote shows , a in.
creas6 of over forty per eent, The fig.
tires tell the story, but it takes a gniet,
anti-Radical eye to look at them. Give
its the same ratio of increase in all the
rest. of the S3tateu; and uno.'bd itll' ob).
ect to the Radicals'oloegrifig li#rtigoty4e
hoa,rso over the eleotioni iYVri QI$
( cor. Oarhe(bsoki Courior.
Oake4n Al, MAanopen oN JE1xIt5igi
fAr;'eA Srtratoga corresponiderib of
Aho Waiainton Bla~ glyo's iko fo1.o'
'Amuong the not,abl4s bpro is the
oodraeGeneral J. 1. slgrtds
lerea hIih or two #;-de ini i
Unio Hoti IwL lioii SZunfiduiJj
Iin wkot6 ##tId~o he' was le s4*.en
mniths. Heo had a largo. 4itd bl
hent audionoq, and tho logtere was
full of interest, XIo jeIgetd tha,t.,
wau lNajtdAtenla desir6 ,o 6boourago
the donufederate oauso and to break itp
the UnIon If possil1e, end' the inr9a
sion of Mesloeo was mod to.~4*m
plish those end$ ad .at tj gawo
to gala a f'do'th61do ti 4Q~ a
MaximlIgn; esa on. ,odo tiT
tardre'd thei Unioi, and a
with the !(ortb, and haop dd,- lS4btl
Ing recognItIon of the N orth, to Iutro.
duce Armerican ideas and enterprise
Into MezIco to deveolop its reonoircen "I
el'oos. --The Cincinnati Commlercial has
the following from New Orleans ! "Mei bf
veraoity and sobernesq, belonging to tlis
city, pain my cars with stories of theft and
pillage i- liotilaa - the uei and officers
of the New inglatid iviUlo I. Une o'f these
gentlt\iief remarked to nue that IL, A no
been his good fortune to know the ppopo ar
Now -n1gland by other signs (Ian thoso af.
torded by i portion of (he soldiory' in this
Stato, he would have colaie to the coU0oi.
ioli that (ho peol of that leti'l wiroe
lh (lo bettor than a raco or ieQVOU4 14 fact
I at more than half convinced of the litoral
truth of the allegations ngainst Butler of
approprinting silver spoons. That lie did
carry on an Lilicit tit to with tle rebels is
authenticated. This ostablished, why
shotld the 8potin story be 4oulted ? A
gentlenian at iy elbow, who loes 'iot bo
liove that tle people of the North aro
thieveI, says lie had frequent opportunities
during th. i'.r oeoupation of purolhsifng
11-oi. Unio-t .dier, for a song, rare paint
ings, filab ailw.trasses. &o., of which houses
,ilong the ipe" rivei- 4it h'ilite'i de.
,1poiled. o3inaller articles of value anti
ertiu, obtaihed in the sane way, %eo bo:c
uip and h ipped North to 1.ho fonds of
aptors. Near the close of the summer of
18t! a 1am11boat, arrivedl here from Baton
Rottge, having stopped tit. a number of
plantationg on the route, with sixty.nin'o
pianos, for which no roturn was ever ri-ide
to the 0overnment, and Ililtl 'iow doubt
les3 adorn the privale northern residences
of many ot' our volunteer oIcer."
Conttriox dj NNd6es.--In our tele
graphio coluni; iyill be found the slat omett
hat tine assmbly of negroes at. Columbia,
441.itiously actfilg in the name of lihe State
if South Cartolini, livo pretended to dontlei
wa' th11.ey caldl I a chart ', on tihe I'lit'thall
iailr-mid Conpany. It is admitted by tie
'opresentativo japer of' ite sallawag Ifol
Ion, t0hat tlse individuals have i"011,1i'
1heso tiegroci $26,000. It is U 'hil:i
rported that they have "Joaned" tlet,,,
$125,000. A we hadl feared, al stated in
our issue some days back, these nogroes
havo got. their pay through these itid11A
IAilroad 0ororjit6ulions. Wi trst tinlt every
white manl in this State will -oar this in
1inid when we comno to our own. Let. this
-oupany bo imarhod for universal condon
liationl. We irtust that tihe people of this
State have virtue enough and self rospeel.
31o1tgli to vindionto thomselvos against
.hose their public enemiles. .Let this chi :
er be tr-impled in the dirt. Lot. tine wen
,Yho aLtempt to put it into exeution be hold
;o the btrictest, personal and corporat6
es1ponsibity fort thle tros>dsies; di'd aq.
muanpilons of autindiliy. 'h cdettors oi
mr enemies, miorcenary adventitrers, reek:
ess emissaries; let. ithem be remembered:
L'hey havo attou,pted to sell their Countr
,nd Ilioir race to negro incendiaries.
[ Chr arleston Mercury,
Tu l1U31,A.11a STATE CoNifN'+'di.
We give (lie following extract, fronm a com
1unication in the 'ilix, signed 11FdIf
Play duld 3tiittiod" :
"Give us justice , white delegates, and
don't deiny us tihe samo rights whit fokr
solves. We have already given your dolor
no iwd 9eudtdi in Congroess, and we also
lcoted, last April d1l fotrdf tMe aeloesen-'
tatives fronm your raoe. NoN i4o " oI (
Il,hare oiloes of honor with us. We think
we have as good and competent men among
our color as Mr. Whittemore, oi Me., 16g0
or Mr. Jonks, or Mr. Bpping, or Mi'r Allen;
or %ir. Dowon, or any othey k% Im i Alt'; Why;
thcn, should these whIt'o t'eff RFLl'I ih&
meat and throw us f lie bofte? 1iy should
liet such in'telUfibt edI'or& as ad Wi'der;
Ransi, l'afn'e, Wrl'ght, Whipper, Raid8i'bb;
Dain, Lonis, Wimbutsh, Swalls, and a host
if others', b'ojiet as mueh entItled to a seat
to Od:ngross, og to'the offioe of Presideiitl
talector, as Mir. Whittomnore, o'r higd;
Dr any other Mir? 'lhoy are entitled to
them, and we will be falso, to ourselves I
y4e do'ri't olalim lifem iMut~s ght hIh. 1..
high time we should kIok iif ~ if 16i ust
simply for votin'g far aLbjI6 *lite peof .
wiien they wgat l'st (t hitvo none of t6
filoos they wsani 'Id'y ll us, 0 i11*0
lo to send o6ddilens to Congtess, or'
asako them' 194411tontIal .IEloole%4rlt >wi
burt the party. . ow,- .his Is aU stut,-.
They tell us hId's because' jheyr .wapt, -a!
these higli pliied tL'Ntneelves; Do'a't it, -f:
be fooled this way Any mnors fist (tb Soib
tend ter dii' 'vghts,tnd it lt iiutt Lhe pdri'
for us to have ours rights, ltiff/ hurti
When's 19uJppog: tls,tt Thatil -wflhltt
hi. Volty tW' 4' 4e se in
tep; w&o do*ik foi Qo 611
t'!ev pa/6ofiIat &f ftodjli k(
pa1ty iWakes to tilt. ~ so 1a
'The la Croose (Whscopit)' puik
says that abut' 2,600) gm$ ldeIn tbM
of latygks moI'7 6go( on- he
NgA t6'laeV' WMi.A ~j~ ds, and thws
to coine frandte 'A' .b~ dii of whom
(Yp Y ho ute
rei p tsanihjp
~g, Ain halt.
theorteg eunkownl bsit i