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A--.atELU'Jib . *tA.. 6
o w iini Ob. froretoit] A Family Paper, Devoted to Science Art, inquiry, Inustry'and Literature [
A WINNSBORO, S. C., WEDNESDAY MORNING, NOVEMBER 11 1868. [NO. 2t
1AT,RFIELD W1 YAL
b slPOi'ES, WILIAMS & (O.
I cPr1i.--.'tTlc lb:Ar.) is ptblished Wpo)-..j
y in thd Town of Winnsboro, at 9*.00 in.
vureably itt advaince.
-gy- All transient. advertisements to be
n)idt in ativane.
Obituary Notices A' 'tribtS i.00 tir
h taing hours ar hero-the hoUrs I
o day's work over', all my ihouglhts are
turn 'd. -
T,the.sw6et rest.whieh head and hauds.
To.SF who Is so pleaisant in my eyes.
fmie Af iadia ainuous shady lano,
A .path qf .wood, a bridge.-rtliero stands
_ny .1 --home
-o fairer ever yet in guilded ton: o
.oi th h alor window
$00 1s o picture tiat adorns its walls.
araoes each room, grasop)u1,jiner life
-The '6ture'of a liappy..gooe rmAns's wife ;
I hear tho' welome fnoa her 1ips that falls.
U rg yet 1the sun op wi,the little bi-ook,
Into tho wood We tAke an' hour's soft
Or, seated thbre, petlhiance some mnighty
. soul . -
Communes wiit ours from his undying look.
iNohlefly after all the oarqs'ot day,
-I love to lier road.hosei' tes :nongo ta
I-orten think the wild birds stay their
T iste to a yet'pore thrillitig lay.
Not nll alon't.we W 6pdgr. 6'e Ite 4 I
A.14 f merTy sarie,. h 1f. blaft- half
r i a dog, a'dyot t, to m
I1our d 1mpanioin,jost6r, frien anud guard.
- Just half way up 1ho.road a.gQntlo riso
Reveals the Ian% ind iete, wit I mingled
Ali.d't enr, I soiIrh eio t irAs) od'rvo and
Fpr, itt WhQ le Po pleasant in my eyes.
6heIten est ni' me iIe '; wvill slte come,
And4flidildU'it116h d'tr of, the'l,anb?
81h 1,s tny l e2.:.d will sli.. oine
And piko.me, by hor, 6ning, nearer hoine?
tTwas thtihs.u;.aarjy? q used to
Yes I thp.a,oli as gro a aut?.
While the broad sp iee oq Is 4row
no les* -. , -.
fy busy oyo and aetl 'al'trl y, ntos)-,
Ail whiem heNarl ea 6140
lythoughts 6,di-6 tle* prseit iud my
say,."Will be thus 6do', ia e0oing
ohnevet iug fat5Abtoh ewri~
wil lp OttI.. ppreV.1t 11sie 1 01, woud
Bill et nP it the corner pf he ine ?
Or s t Iliav, to16ok.for tei- in vain11
i 0~~Ol 19 , 4 11 .11 o
lie 01 6nihsea;r oud
.T 1MtAa EWING'
Thi&S46 s of c mtMO Unit6d tt
t4 addrossUd tIo fol6wing W6ttir.to
DcIVA- .-Int a tI tiotivera
0 tponti t ubfoot of thhfinao'ad
vou :oxprossod a doshro to be fux,izzhoedL
c ith sordpofitholend ig fadts~ thiei
noen tioned~ t6itohing- 'the iational on,!
~endituresC4nd the pu lipcoedo .L
now rolpi? 'wtht your request, re
pressinlgriptdys' Tass prbiento'd ni,s
fron *rndre oar1. IllustratIng: thei
sbgoluto boss (-ftupft rG
forml n$e> te alet ais of. tlhe
. t11otlfziatlonal indopendence
* proelaitned antflni an ha
pareht4g6t,ornnn. . p j.. 8 t!
Fed nnastitution was .ftAed) ncl
in",.(89: $1h9govertUmoti.wont winto
61110*1 'fdoilab,', Middf atirI -
ately #)bM dordis iof go
d Ec4ida nf thd.Apbo orea
e a9 a dtOrea 6r1:i, eLi.db
istration.- 4lti A
ourselv9a invol*ad its4 0' 51
'our millions ; Id. this wq, tlat
iuount od by th6 Govornn\ent.ii
L8Q0,%iust 'ri6r 6't'he outbretif t i<f
In ti6 'spring of 1861 the war o1
,he rebellion conimencQd-. Each yb'a
'i.: .jhnn) niade all enormopi
ddition to the debt . 26 ti t,1vljon',I
he spring of 1865, the nation u s
ully enorged froei the droadful con,
lipt, it-he 6bligitions of the govern.
itnt lad reached the vast amount ol
venty-six hundred millions. Th
,i0t,yt, however, attained thliA
ighest point; T6r', wl en the army aii
iavy, had been paid', the volunteer
orees dgbnitidod 4n. the navy large
,y redn1ed, it i..s foud, 'in February.
1866, that our indebtsednes* excpeded
wenty-eight hundr'ed niillion's 6f d'0l.
Having thus'ref6rred to the indebt
dness of the government at various
criods of its existence, it may bc
voll to eallattention. to a brief state
nent of facts connected with its ex.
!roi the. TU1tri dhy 6f Mareb
L'89, tothe *thirtieth of June, 1861:
he entire pibllo. expenditures wer<
ovonteen hundred millions of dollars.
lth.o64i e6veritg , porldd :Ysan
y-tio years, this aluount seems small
vhon coalpa-rd witl., th .POenscs of
,ho governinent during i1c recent wai
>r four yearb auration; for, from th<
irst of July, 1861, to the thirti ith of
June, 186M,.hp,y renghed ,to enor.
nuns a regato of thirty-tt1roo 1
Ired millions 'of dollars,. An Invcs
igation Into tho .1disbursements sine
h(.iit .,ny of July, 1865, furtho1
ho h, tlaa by,Adding. toe egendj
,ures of the laAt three r 0i the esti
ntted'eosts of administering the gov
rnment for the year ending the thir
rieth of June, 1869, wo obtain the sun
)f sixteen hundred millions of dollark
is the amount.required for the ,fou1
ars .niffed igtoly following the cea
Imn of hostilites, or nearly as muel
is was Okpenodd duriig the seventy
We years tat }44eded tho war.
SIt *111 be seen fyom this brief re
Aewtfit fro 6 I'*1 to 1861 our pub
lc debt*% at. no ,tineimpre,tDan ont
'd 4 ,tyve'n millions 01
ollas,'-w .4 subsequently, four yeari
)f Ovil war expanded it to twenty
it . roqudrjd idion-n..t; win 'Ia
Y 'd. i-hile ptia to 1861
h~ l hrgest nnual disbursemont wa;
iot quite seventy-four millions foi
,hoyoar 1858,the oponditures dur
Lmjgjth' ).t tbQ 0 Yrs otjaoe. havi
Wucces31 fiPe ve hundred ai<
pwenty i Oon ,thred ..lunndrea 'an
Porty s 4i143 UpJ,three hundrei
K1,i6it.li Es-t h r oe
and gnytw nil
ieu' g thaniout w%Moh itis. tilatei
.be n'e an jfor. . hedin
thq.hrfle'th o6'Jtine nexte
8,.onen~r. 1.Opreio nw
-In kitkd h Jiom' di, wv
4ou)d rememibvr. ngt rtIthe lon
iOervat betveum, 7. 1861 th
g9rjnb wai freuon require
totul enedtures ofaa d4tirdI
ndOy 'ham'oterf T1qrgq,, Alts wdt(
Idt.t'dd.PiJ as;,annuities and fo
o; pprmg aso Qf th4.rs, laids,.a)id cx
enisivoy wierey wgaedeagansIi pow
rful fr t . i,Ina was apqutre
t 1t f fifteen mi
aMta 6 Onl waode
by 0tl Clf b.opejng rt c
To alit' tritdry of .1o 'eMoxiec
w,e were~ * aMo 6ngae .n wars- wait
droat Br,i amidnda le-the firs
tragdtaginat otoitk moppwr fu
additionally expensive 'by the jiros<
cutioki of military'-.:operations'In th
lhe ttarLiig facts, thds ecne),self str
Au';gest an in(umry dea to the causo <
this iwanipnoe indrese in. .the expend
IX[es agim h idseoe ofe the bountLr3
Dr m~auwar thai; tbhaneq 4
the o'vdinen .as thme oii
a n t a ,e g ho g / * b a l i ,6 i M o Al w
chaaracterige of nsihwi] operatiofa-er
'Sverlooked lin th'e greaty(foty,of thes i
*ien tq Neyrv es, existence 'Mnh
(bl(ses; w?ineu heh.ir draii in thi1
MMnnhed td exist long after:41,l ha
l41ri'f iglj 4 triurlipi)ant- e'nnah
uioman fthe lmepelsa#i,g bobme an
99WiiIo1 0 t a hibh padigbodof. ci
pbiamoney jfo463t dt'eow d'eapl
didW .lO texthko)if th ritteg:
Nheirir 'sthale pa ten
4 It ~ thlcos'i mp ter
the a3be4p~,th a
mnay soon be iaterially reduced, n
merely for the benefit, of a few, bir
in the intorost of all. A revene wyoul
et reniain suflfiNeilt T'r the administra
Ibn of tp govtrnent, as woll as fo
uch a rfedaetio;o the public debt a
would in a frow yeprs relieve the peoph
froin i,illiois ol iite(rest now anti mall
draW,n 'I'miji th.eir. ysondrcel,.
'i'h idea thaht -Jlo A6bl k t Icom
perimanent should be at all timles dis
countenanced, aR involvinlg taxatoil
t o. ltpy to 4, bornea tilid payioll
Of an amount in intorest evry, ti.teei
year eual to tAe original .uun. Th(
gradual liiuidati6n of the public deb
would by degrees release tio larg<
capital iiveted in .f,hQ securities o
lie loveruni'ent, which, socking re
Winueration in other sources of in
qo ne, would add to the wealth of the
na1ioni ulon which it is now so great v
drain. ' his immense debt. if permit
ted to becomo pernanent and inorons
ing, iat eventually be ga.thered Ant
the liantds df the few, and enablo;the
to exert a dangerous and controllinp
power in the affairs of the govorn
mont. The debtors would become thi(
servants of the lendors:*-thei creditor,
the masses of the people. It j.ov
pAr.boast that we have given ircedon
to three millions of slaves ; .it will
6th b, otr shame that by their owi
toleration of iusurpation. il profliga
cy,forty millions of people enslavd(
themselves, and exchanged slavehold
ers for new taskinsters in tho shap
f hoid.kqlders and taxgathers. Hone,
the vital issue whether Congress an
its arbitrary assumptions of authorit;
shall supersede the supreme law o
Jig Jand-whether in time of peacc
the-cotry shall be co4trolled by o
multitude of tax collectors and v
standing army, tho one almost as nu
merous as the other, and making th(
debt a pqrnlanent biidr up6n th(
productiv industry of tha people; o
whether;the 'doQpttption. with cal
and all of its guarantees, shall be sa
credly preserved , whether now, as i1
1789 and 1816, provision shall b(
made for the paynint of o0' obliga
tionat ns early a period as praction
hat the fruits of their labors ma3
be enjoyed by our citizens, rathe'
than used to build'up . and fidstain t
moneyed ihouopoly at home an(
Ahred.n- VIVOa -ht nontl
who $)lll oeblpy the p )riagip.l (lico
in the pCopl "s ;ift,. but wvhether thl
high behosts of the Federal Constitu
tion shall be observed and maintain
od, in order that our liberties may b(
preserved ; the Union of tho State
re'tored, that our federal system nia;
be unimpaired ; fraternal feelings rc
establiblhed, that oill- hiUoni strengtl
iay-be renowod ; the eponditure
diminishod, that taxation may b
lightened ; and the, public debt one
more extinguished, that it nay not ini
judiciously offoot the life'and energy
the prosperit-y itid-diorals'of the no
Believing tlat for the redress o
t4e great wrongs, and the correctio
of the many-abuses under which th
country is now -laboritg, woills
look, to ,thp Aierioani people, an
thatfii them is our hope. I- am, ver
truly, your fring,
doldial TjiomAs. IWINo.
* ok~.PL00DY WonK.-A .)
friend, oni ''Tuesday afterno.on,,, ud19i
.dusk, on the roadsidt a phort. distin
from V illage of Laurons, lbe was fi
e d upion by an nnknown person atnd kil
ed.r No further p)articulIars of thi
blotod.y aflhir have beeni gepyjed. -Thi
doct.or vis a-respectod otiihen of Lam
* A'privatlet hter from Leuret}s P%
a:&~ tos 'that ,several itndividna
entled .at clhe hohse oi ,He9rry McDanir
ainembor of the Legislature, and on hi
nppearilg, fired .upon hjim 1vougdig
hilmthronigh the slhoulder. , It is repor
ed that soveral dolored -people wet
taken fromr thei' houses siidr ben;on. TI
riter siuggests that the IC. K. .K,'s al
S Pass njEers by thme Greenville, tral
~ te e..thnit White'HIall, in Abili
Uollaty, tIhe ng~roes'tcjok pWs9seAsie:
the pollsa ruidirred on thme Whiites,,; 'T
.freoweniihd'ad a .r:
k,illed anl soyeorm edee , voankded
*sturday ,old *p anu;wIh ha
an en wt n 9ppa
ni ter $ fuestina 4t dq&I p -t
es t r stt
Murder North 'And S: Ath.
The New York Herald has advoca.
I ted the election of Gen. Grant, but it is,
by no means, it lover of the llidical sys.
r tom of recoistruction. Whilo varlisan
0 journals klic the P''es and 'liibune
are dpvotie t.he.8othil,i to dellruction,
bicats of several imiurders committ,
the Heralul tk(3 an nipartial alnd just
view of the matter ; so just and bo im
partial that it i1py inake men vonder.
I l rp i. )ie itrilcle rveerrej to:
"Ve have been made famihar for a
I long time past with stories of frequent
murderm, violent assaults, 4ispavs (of
force to intprrp1L poltilad pruc'ssioos
in.tho'Southern State,, negroes assail
r ing lwhite men even unto death ind
whito iien assauthing negroes. This is
-all the natural result of the Hadical avs
tem of reconstriction. The reconstruc
tion laws were the basis of a war o'f
-iraces, We crUn't, i!e'rel'o'E, be sur
prised at the 'rmits. For example,
wiute men in opeti d.;'y iinyder Aaa
dolijh, a black member of the South
Carolitia Legislature I black men in
Louisiana huit dowo a wh'to man.
chain him to a tree, threaten him avitli
I death, and tjie result ig a general fight
bbtwecn negroe.sand white men, end
ing in the death of thirty of the unfor.
t,nate blacks and two white mien. So,
also, at Jl'erson, a city situated above
New Orleans, tho old poliCn force and
i the 'neIv one appointed by the Louisiana
'black and tani' Legislaturo camo into
collision upon the latter attempting to
assume an authority. Whereforo?
Because the now organization is com
posed, in large part, of negroes, who, it
appears, go heavily armed throngh the
streets, displaying that effrontery which
always characterizo ignorance invested
with authority. A newspaper oflice in
Alexandria, Louisiana, is also sacked
a mob, whother white or black the
dopatCh dloca not state; but that it was
nevertheless the result of collision be
tween the races we may safely assume.
Tho latest murder is that of tour peoplu
in the streets of New Orleans on Satur
day, in a fight between a white and a
black poliiqtl .. club. / From yarious
quarters inl the Sodth ve hear.of similar
r conflicts, which make good tho prophe..
Ly tg the reconstruction laws, wheth
er 'unconstitutional, :1ll and void,' as
I they have been denlaib.*jii.t.. n
cratic platform, or not, are certainly
pr,ov ave of muih f\ischief, anarchy
and bloodshed. So much fot the South
urn record of murder, ind we havo not
noted the half of it. But what of the
imurder record of the North' Perhaps
s if' we.were to strike a fair balance. there
r would not be found ap miuth ditTerence
- after All. The npparent difference is
i that homicide at the South is invariably
a plt to the credit of pplitics, and in . ex.
3 citing times like these thero is muc)
3 made of it by partisan newspapers. We
- -are told that in one single county of
SNey tnanipashi.rojh,r gio now qwait.
- ing trial no less thai five mur4orers. In
our own city 'homicides are almost as
f numerous as the nights in tho year.
I Noy, E.10alid, trihs* acbordids (q
e the 'record, nearly as many murderors in
A proportion to. the popilation as the
I Southern Statee,,
"The mral .of, it this is .tfat whlRe
Radical reconstruction car.nokcelcl; the
progress qfcrj.j i tbo S3Qthern.,8tatek
but Athier fosters it, so New ig*l4nd
Puritunisw cannot elevate the moral
conidition 4f its people above. the gf
the khife, the pitol.6iisd, t.he poison:.oup,
aT'he cause of,theuincase o( njurdet iz
L l~eio.t\i. is td-lba-traced. to th's wgar' .o
0races, the inevitable result of Radicoal
:policy. In New ngland it ba-lonig to
the war-of bad passions, to --irpeliip
e adi.epeNaseN plaedi1, yohuii
exar,poration ean be put in. there, for
everftin is-.sort ne and pleasatit in
Now: lib and ; no .nnilitary governdtk
IEnglands takes care that the, ,negro -is
'kept in his proper place ;. .no dilsfran
c htsontant of white citizo'ng. ocists
Stt6r& . o. ..pro*xke egal)iliot find .kepp,
men'stemrper up eliiepgills on a frottul
eporeupine ;'-and yet, wihalIthe hideous
Sreport'of' nmurder~ and* violeihee in the
awoil ajpearfrani reseiit statemnn
North than ouar neighbors in that wretch.
cdly mlsgoverhedportiona of, our ocoun-.
* j% . tt0 e 1
A tordAed4 tht~ the, counneI 'for oura
*citizerse,whbo.vereslately on trial .befpre
Ia hilitay'epueipn.. at Adtanta#K )idi
r, masde a r4ipljto4:df dt(jbJ.td04;for,
a' re6ituntf1, etnetrystgattlet them
~P itrmo~ pfr Jpage y a9steVhid~
~i~ 'ero nt itter rests to ai as wd *rs
41 4 .1I,
11bIlt as a Ootton Produoer---Tho South.
The cable announc1conent of a .heavy
yield of cotton in Egypt is of great in'
portauce to the people of tho Soilternll
States and to our country generally -
The Held thimks not, but tlut. sheti.t is
no better aithority oil cotton than poli.
t1cs. When it expresses .contillt ,.oy
11ypt as a cotton grqwinr riv , it -bc..
trays la< of knowvudge, for it is a fact
wlich no onec properly informed will
a' e-not even Commissioner Well's
Ina I (ks i-- a ,;f [Il Comlpelitor's
who have taken the field againlst I..,
llgypt is by all odds the tost foriiiida.
ble. A nd wOhen it states that. the cot
t.on of that country is "a poor, short
staple and dirty article," it asseits what
is not correct.
)otki#lls jong been lihe m 3st im
lMrtaint item of' coimilerco aiong na
Lions. This country held ni unititer.
rupted monopoly of the article up to the
Womn1111cemlent, of the . A large
portioii of Eirlan'd'" commercial great.
iess grew out of aiid depends upon it.
To give viployient to her 3.000 mils,
33,000,000 spindps , 'piql I,000,0.00- op.
erativlc, f6d'has looked to oir Sea.
Island aind Gilf-Stato plaitatious. III i
single year she actually piid out $412,
000,000 for a supply. These facts sufl.
Uiontly indicate the il por Aie. of, o
ro doing all Im our power to reg:in the
ground we lost by the war. Thit re
sult is certainly not to be reached by
tisleaditing our cotton platiters iq.to.thoir
real situation. To tell them tat there
is nothing to fear from Egypt is a fila.
cy. There is intich to fear ; but -it is
certain that, un.der i, stablo political
government, perseveranco. .z'. *V'1.
directed labor will eventually place tho
South first again on the list, of suppliers,
and make cultivation of the Staple in
Egypt too unprofitable to be continued.
ThOro is a point bevnd which it benonea
niore profitable for that country to iend
England breadstuffs than cotton. It is
to that point our planters nmust. 'orco this
riv4). Were it not for the fact that shte
cannot devote beyond a given acreago
to cotton, without being cqompolled to
import tho cereals for lonvo constip.
tion, her rivalry would be . emmently
threatenin' The Ioiltumeroial roturpis
of the world s market. tell tis ow pros.
since 1861. There is no wisdom in
affecting contempt for the staple site
produces; nothing to be gained by as.
suring our plantors that our own staple
is so greatly superior 1pt, no other
growth can stand besdo it in tho mar
kats. Let ts not disguise the faet that
the Egyptian staple is a good o1 ; that
it commands a good price; that it is all
bou It ; and that i his eel tjOkht
eor LhMile to introduce 1gyptin seed
on our own plantations for trial. It has
ber, demonslrated that our Sea-Islan-i
variety, the best grown, catmot be pro
d\teedin any ot.lief i,ortar, f the world
excepting AlOng, the region of tie Nile.
Proof thatAgyptlan stplo is held ligh
nitty be found m thp fact, takhO seeds
cotnmonly selected (or exprimental cul
tivation'in now and favorable localities
are the American and Egyptian, and
the. value, of the. latter ha.p ben attested
1q1 4'iptk O :t gr,wh thrifbily
nai we plint oily yields in.eiiht. . Who
the Sultan . piourageue tivation in
Morocco, in 1863, Amerian.fnd ' ypti
er)to g g.lbgi, ,ric Iiqual
of. u t leactnA cotton -ope,rations o
Egypt. sinco 1881 are the best test
snlts.oU wi . ,ale is.capa o. i al .nter
enoy. And it must always.bo remom
bored thastEingland is disse.iafied with
her depenidence utpog 4oria for rawv
gogtep;jnid ilhl leld all El~ Lthiatcotpn:
;!y..w,hichh otTers her tlie prospect of in..
dependence of tie. Egypt fuirnishied thtt
ntation with) the following amlounts in
the years namned :
1862 . 50,000,000 "
1868 93,000,000 "
1864 125,000,000 "
180$ l77,000,006 "
Those fgueras ara.Qfflialpad.rmay.,be
trustedYI 1884 FAighnaz paid lypt
over $6i4,900,0'0.for ~ttn. Th'li year
befoe I .yar'& ,r pse thp.
e0 . her , .. j'e
far the rF0O nt crop of LhImt
ity*1 lnterr iti hIW em , e
B tll aarlfets w& .oj lrtfM
4onl tti a e 041a'thAi
se o tl 7 uffity~ i
& e T d tLii4%'N ipt~'
en a ffUp4 p Me.w
TnH MosiK MAntu.'r.--There was a very
full denmand for money yesterdity, Ile ratt,
to be paid for it .being altogether a second
ry pqalbleration, thi. primary purposw.be
ing to finld Ihose who had iioney to lelkd..
On call, on tle street, N' per cent. was pnid
onk (lovernment collateral. wiith very little
ofrering at eveit thnt ligh rate. The bank!i
have loaned down to le legal reserve, u1id
say below that they dare not go. At New
York tie banks have lost largely of their
1iin11 Ipgal teiders,. w'iH- tie increase of
sipecie hais increllsed tle proportion ot cer
Iilicates beyond tIe per centage illowed by
law. Owingot to tihis fact tIhe Tvreaur V iats
had to redepin, withiig the current - iionth II,
$1,521.000 or thu per entt. eertifie-ttes.
These :edemptelions must have a very in- or
trit bearing iponi the it.ineite hiuture of
the money Imarmket ;or as tle eertili--atez
have bcou deocided by the Sreteri-1 of ie
Treasury to be nh.sitrabie, theia cancel.
intion amounats to a coOltraction, to that ex
(.Ylt, of tle legal tWrdej. circula.t ip,. Such
a Ilat:ge nitracien occulmrring suddenm tly in
(lie inidst of tle crop Ilovemeits, and si
mnult aneomlly with extronneolls tiampes ing
withli the money uarket, is not unlikely to
p>roduce more iniconlvei ience tlan has yet
been de'veloped. The Iopression wits itoro
general yesterkt'iy Itat the present .stringen
cyis not so lucil dr mo teinpurn'ry as wa
generally stiuiosed tree or f(1tur day ago.
There is io doubt oliat speculilt ors, ailed
by banks, hava done 1m1ch to nggravate tihe
stringency, but tle sea:oity in th e money
parket i" u>on ks, al while itimust neCs
sarily immir credit and Affect. .11 - prices,
cannot be ensily or tpeedily removed. Con
fidence, While most perisiltble, is of olow
growls. 'fhose who ire eumipollol to bor
os 1A htheir l'eshiess will bho - V,ildoin by
extending their preparations some distanco
into the future, for nn ensy money market is
not1 as near Is could be hoged. lcon'1.i1jse,
annk a- far as jiossible, avoid debt, should
now be the universal rulo of a-ition. The
operations in (t, slo,k Mair.iket. y.estryy
poi t In thfu tirection., litsmiess %ua lighlt
and inuoh loss speculativo thanI ime has been,
The ahate list was loss active at about, hlie
previous day's prices, except Reading.
Lvhigh and Canidon n.d Ainboy1 all )yhi#h
wore a . fritloA highor. COnipaniy bonds
Wdro (Ilet, mnd StaltO amd Cily aloas ui
changed. 0overmet bonda wore firm yes.
nose. -P%iladelpda Ledyer, Oci. 81.
A1s'9saAiATIO n--Smill11e S. LAW, yoUn1g
est son of Judgo Law, of tills 1ly, with
four otIhors, rode out on the Ogocohoo road,
to ascertuain whethiei Or 1not tIme report was
true that a largo body of negroes was ap
pronol.ing time oily. Whon they reached tile
second bridge from tihe ciy they were fired
tu on.frdin tle brishes, and Air. Law wa
killed. The romainder or the party roturn
ed to the city and obtained reinforoenents
went back and roovered the body, and
brought it to the city.
1ince writing the above, we learn fVQjin
reliable autliorily that, Mr. liplbil J1. l'ren'.
dergast, and Mr. I;w, iitlh three others,
were sent out oin thie Ogeohee road to learn
wietier or not a crowd of armed negroes
was approaching tihe oity, and if so, to inm
form'om that the AIayor would not. poynijl
gmi to kt,qrjho.o ilty ,.Ci grmps 1i their
1pYd. -W.ion. they reached tie bridge,
throo milo,%.from the city, they asoortalnoal
that a largo body,of negroes were approach
lag, And waited for 1iJet toAprrivo. *, When.
they arrived, they defivoraed time mea
fr'ony (pp layoi, p,nmd wor.o,imuola.tgly, fir'
odgzp6n. Theg retitrned the fire and time
negroos fled... -~ .
Mr'. Law itana .ied, and his body broumght,
to time cit,y,.a first stated abov.--9aannamh
T..Va,oorn.-It Is said thmat limo
veloopede, whmich now attracts so much
Iallhion, is by no means a now invention,
Iwritor says: -
"It was invented sixty years age, its
pr;opelling power was thein, as now,.tho feet
t.he.rider, except, thatiline put t,hem on tIme
gr'ound and tretted aiong with his machine.
Thme present form wns dov ised In 1980 by Mr'.
Drouze, an employee of the rer.olh pos,L
omeie, who'thought, lie Jnaq made ji Srot,
Ibst.lug forl letter , oder:ors in the rutai dis
trliots. The badnegs ef-the roatds, hovover'
mittlilfed his hopes, andihis Invention fol
two obisetelty.'. It .1 ?e 9,9t, ;revived, gwith
ame brilliant, prospeots than- ov,er, and will
pbabhy soon be fully nu turallped In overy'
prt 4 14 eiord.".. .
~LA'titr Nq'vws :rox DR.- itdrd
Str Roderiekliuohisono tisoouhoes thme rd'
colppt )Jooets from, limo, exploier Tiving
fAteo, g,1tfnIt d obeg nd D,eqpnbQg,
18' and tod gt, aggr
lea )y g toit.hi' i~'ddtbI4*tr,
three montkhw*lh frietf(if rA*ligiting
p th the I r Jlp4' orsp b pMdi
1nUf po%I6rfil$fr ab'
espaggr) e leQ48 g~P
t 4141g. gd*t.soud,euAtque,,te.'IJM
Sou I[ Ca no., iCttUoMv. A..C1 .UI lSIA
-AN> AM t:s-rA l).An --The hearing ot'
the appliiationl fVra it felnporary writ of in
jiuniction inl this misa was.otw\titaled .yester,,
Aty befure Jastice Willard. 'ilo couniel
tor the letitioner btrvought Io th notico of
the Justice thait te agreement made by
Counisel at h l ast heariig had n%t beoln
carried out by revpoAn0detls. ,IThat Igree.
laetit was that respotalantsl sIotId telegrapi I
inttiuC.ottn lo.Iop all work intertorig
Wit it nti le t k or mide tracks 'of' the
8th1 Caulirollanit 16illroad during lie pelndilig
of I lie applie!ilon f'or nt% injunction. Atli -
davuitu wert rea,l slaavin that tho agree
lent wawis being violate.t , a11d that tlie a es.
ponidenft 'a were u!olIilutinlIg the o>jectitb
ivot k 1-.; haill at1; Prikly. Ial d te legrat ti wias
rea:i to 1hmy uhiat th Vito-ati Conitil.led
Il) tt 'ev'l W'0look yaeetity .iaotrtig -
'I'l cov tl 'Vt ts reapotdeot exphiilled
that I they ht1a nltde effort! to carry out, thaI
ilgr enti, and Stated that it wall their iln'.
let itiolk to Carry It out. .li'tice Willard
State Ilhat, aj to order had bee conlfirmllitg
tie agrelt-ntellf, there was 1l1) tiitadaton fol
a proceeting tr contempt, and it wais only
at tita'tr for tte coti4iderattioa of tie 'petil
tioner's Counltsl whethller it a1fordud thelp
awnus for ptiiltig their appliatiotn lor ant
Tile votilun.,4 for tle responldettlh tieu pro
eeedel to reebiflldaivit rehuttir hile temi
illonay of the allidavits rend by petitioner's
counasel ot tihe pre-ivus hearing. By the
allidavit of the Pretilent of tilh) Columnbiu
itinld Allguista Itailroal, It. appoared thaIM-Ia
certain letter alluded to In t lie alie
I he lr-sidetit ot, the1.South 1 Caa*111 italAroad
I.lavintli beet writlent by him to tihe Prest.
dent of the Colutmbia atml AtigItinItailroatd
had never betet reeivaM. Tisia. letter pra,
posed to tibmit. cot-lta lttattors it dispute
to th arlitratioi ot it cotiltit teo to Con4ist
of mi.x of tie directorn of Ihe h wo itor port
ations-iiie of each. 'rmi4 p6postion
lte Colilnsol f1or, I It1 rosj'oilenta tnow propoij.
CA toAccei't. Tilhe Coullbol ror tihe peiuon
era saii that of cotirso tio proposition w,
conlllitional oit the r-0spndetis slopping thi
work contitinied of ktnttil lat agreement was
ma1:de. Th1 0Counsl for h I espoindtoItH
were wiUllig to.stop work at a certain luoli4'
ity ktowt as the Deald Fall, where 1 16ey
Said the ontly ha1nodilik1h dtamago was beig
akvne, but. olisoetd to extMnd the order tb
tho work conplained of. This did tiol. satis.
fy tIhe couisol for Iho poitioners, fand so th
arrangement oould not i be made, .4d telb
coune'okfo6 'l1o respotndenti, procoodod with
the rending of ilte pipllers on (I elp side.
Among these was a plet in har of a (16d-00
alleged, to have boen already rendored onl
the 111o st0bject mnatter.
Just ice Wil-ard then adjoturned tha loala.
Ing until Wedojesday at 10 A; M.-Chale.
lon ffewi., a inat,
"UNALTRat.la LAws."-Tho- big thump
a torablo.laivs" pooplo. lie that 11catives it
(0 'ralpa oq.ofl..e it(, and not to,.tjaj 9 fanol
cther," could Y,h iual case,oauso hile ctar
rents of gas expdIQded by' the iternal firei".
that tare over eatinag tooward.1 the crust Oi.
whiol we ,ive, to take thir direction by ong
crevico.towards Cl4oinnail,as,'by anpilier.i.
wards 4n Franulsoo. aYloienoo haIs nt11
pointed out that comots pursuo. their orbilA
yithout doileo0ions and var ti'o, is. Oal thq
contrary, it i3 most oortain .iAU thfy, d,o
vary in their ootirsos, and speculative ooAt.
joctures are tuutitplied as to hile "planetio
intflueloos," or "rosidtfoes of pledia," that
mlay,oauae Ofose variations. Tho.. swdy of.
0.str6noi is fatoikatl$j,, os'peclally for th?jO
to whota lIhQ doubtful and1 the conjeoAtrjk
are agreeablo. It has Its uses. and pIa...
tres. But it is only another form of "bp.
ing down to stocks and to stones ;" a giving
that hon.tor to tho eroptutire. thtgbqj.n q nly
to the Crotorf excopt. pUrsuIp4.Wtht.pqp
tilat porception that, aill. theio ,thinp,hS
but, foras of ord9r that depond on no;for -eo
caEt, of dod's ovising, but have t0lt"86o
law .In is B'cr-Premen Jfit . 'IPd l t.s.
rtin their cottrses ats Ootl 6;.Dp, and,, taa
tponati JLe wille, thej' clash one siglst,
anotheor, andi shall be o etroyet. - e rpy4l
propht, David, whaen he fo d' laogg*Leo
wisest or asLttqrmers ; and his f rentilo oti
t he "seonc," .Is theo most it)porten't, Afor
inen mtovinag about on a Dal iten tire at,a
gente,,rnd.qonstar.ctly burning and consunrya
ing toward its otrouthforeng - .
.t(Freean ,ta Journpal.
local or thte Indianapolis 1Setble~l sayst ,
Every Indiana statesman who' wont; to
Ohilo to oranas for negro artifrage is f i441.
aer 'opudiator of the oG d d
contraOts with it Isoldi,rg'Is s'R asL."t
Wendell Phillips,. ob pddeant
tutlpn at.F1 qgbygton, Is a-Radical, -
Genteral' Ianks, Mf aateel (o'"1 ta~~t'Ifo
Union.slidoI l' ~ion).: ) '.r
T fhtraOrWf0 i pft in indianapoIsy
dho ntegro ftrnort ouldiratta Ig
R of "
a1lls joattioilotebe t
ton lbth whale tract *