Newspaper Page Text
THE FAIRFIED HERALD
WINNIIORO, S. C.
Wednesday Morning,Jan. 20, 1860,
Desportos, Williams & Co., Props
Higher Wages and Our Merchants.
Somewhat higher wages are already
being offered to laborers by our farm
era, and we only hope that tolerable
crops at tolerable prices will enable
them to pay them next winter, with
out repenting of their bargain. For
instance, about cighty dollars is be.
ing offered for a ploughman, which is
at least twenty dollars mnore than last
year. A third of the orop, but with
fifty poundsof meat, is another con
tract in general favor, which is also
better, all things considered, tian
last year, for the crop promises to
prove more valuable than it did at the
samo season lastyear. Let the freed
man but work steadily, and even bet
tor terms may be nado by him for
1870, and no one be a loser by them.
If he would work more skilfully, that
is, give as hearty attention to th3
making of manure and to the prepa
rat-ion oC 'lhe soil, as to plonghing and
hooing the crop, highor wages than
the present higher wages would be his
for 1870, to a certainty.
The class that will be most imme.
diately bonefitted by such a course of
events will be our merchants. "All
that the laboring man makes" says a
high authority on such subjncts," is
immodiately spent at the retail mner
chant's Atore that is most convenient
to him.." Our merchants may calou
]ate, therefore on a good trade, for
cash, hereafter. They have had it
this winte. They will have it, but
with greater completion, greater
risks and reduced profits, next wintor;
and.so, for every succeeding season.
But overtrading and too crowded a
con:potitivii will suu have its natural
effect. Tile mercantile class differ
from the agricultural in b eing rendy
to combine in business, whent an invest
inont promises well. They will soon
perceive that there Is too munch capital
invested in trade, and will commence
to transfer it towards such -mantilac
hring cnterprises as promiso greater
profits, and to innprovemits in Agri
41lture. Immigration will .then re
ocivo a surprising stimulus. Our
towns and villages will grow. Skilled
labor will be in donutid. nil fnr C.wn
generations at least, while we arc in
the progressive state, the domand for
labor ever increasing, the wagoi of
steady labor will increase.
If these conjectures as to the future
havo any foundation in tihe faet, tihe
day of "an aristocracy of jlanters"
has gone, anid that of 'morchant
princos'' has begun. And it is outr
meorohants wise are destined to im
prove our Agriculture, by ensgrafting
upon it scientific inventiotns and d is
coverics, and by trusting a greater
amouint of capital to time soil, with a
firmer faith thsat it will return a sure
profit, than even those hsave, who
have worked it fsonm boyhood. For it
is a fact, thsat merchants who turns to
agriculture for rcercation,, ever manage
Lo make it pay.
Again, If wve htave comnjetured at all
near the truth, htow beautiful thme cir
ole of agencies by which tihe class lir?it
benefitted by Southern Agriculture un.
der its changed condition, will be led,
by its instinct for profit, as the matur
ost fruit of its prosperity, t o issiprove
and vary'agriculture throughout the
Souths I The philosophter, amidst tihe
perversity and blindness of his coun
trymnen to, their own best itntorests,
can afford to be cnlm and p)atient,
when hIsos0 thems travelling round
the circle,- to the point from which
they despise hnim for saying thant just
there (at improved agriculture) it wore
better that they hsad started, since,
by tlso wasto of a genoration, and all
ofoenergies, to that we must conmc, be.
fore we shall move onward to a hsigher
condition of material and social pro
gress and imaprovemont.
The Share of the Orop Eystem.
The imremsion prevails amongst
someo t,bat Atho share of the crop con
tsra nbetween landlord and laborer is
scothhsg new under thse sun, and has
arisen from thme exhausted condition
In whIch thme war loft the Southern
people. A gentleman said to uis but
the other day, "We could get on very
well, If we could obtain labor for sitm
pie wages as in Europe" Now the
truth is,that In perhaps thsrees-fourths of
Franee and one.half of Germaniy, at
thhevery day, "the umetayer systems of
farming prevails," which is a smodifica.
tion of the share of the crop contract
system, and from what. writerB on the
sabjeo6 say, we believe that very many
of- the contraot, are identical, in every
r apee, with those which have boen
rende is the South daring the last few
yearas Adam Smniith whose' work was'
piulsed ins 1770, cmments uipomn
tury old at least inl Europe. "What.
over . theoretioL objoections .may bp
mado to it., says Tucker, in a work
published on "Political Economy for
people" long before the war, "iii
Fr-ance and many parts of Europe, a
happy and prosperous peasantry flour
ish under it." When our planters on.
conuter the trout los inherent and os.
sential In a now social condition, lot
them tint despond, let them tako heart,
for others, yes million1 lave encoun
tered thom all before, havo overonmo
ovory 4iffloulty aid prospered, vnd we
can do tho samtio,
In our reading on this subject, the
results of which we prefer to state,
rather than eneumber our article with
enriousm quotations, one fact lias Cape.
eilly struck us ; viz: the viruilcat
hostility of every writer on political
economy, English and Froeh, to the
share of the crop contract. They do
nounce it in the severest terms that
laIngage can comanid. Universally
they favor a moncy-rent, a fixed
money-reit, as the propor bargain Le.
tweeni the owner of the soil and him
who cultivates it. A fixed money
rent acnd a long lease, is their Invaria
ble cry. It is only vunder much a sys
tom they contend that farmers will
practice science, and agriculture be
Moreover, in discussing the share of
the crop rent, it is not the landlord
that they specially commisserate, but
"the miserable tnant," "the infor
tetuato laborer upon the soil uder
this wrecked systen," &c., &c. We
do not care to attempt all the think
ing for our readers, but having stated
facts--facts well worthy of aittention
(for though ouer circeinstances differ,
principles remaini cycr the same)
we leavve our readers to make a bet
ter use of them thuan one who has had
but three years practical experienco
in farming can possibly be expected
Patienco I Improvement Comes.
Radical progressionists are always
in a minority, but in a ninority con
quering, and to conqueor. The advo
cates of improvement of all sorts,
whether physical, intellectual or mor
al, should not therefore, be discour.
a-g,,d, when the manjority prove duaf to
truth, or met it with a stupid' shrug
of the shoulder, or by a derisive smile,
but should fal'l back upon history,
knowledge of the past. We have of
ten advocated agricultural improve
ment. Some of our roadors may
think that we have lad, however, no
practicalexperioenoo in farming This
is a mistake. \Vo lave planted three
crops, in tle couirso of our lives, and
givenl daily attontion to them, in tle
spirit of a stuedent. And It is becaneso
we do kneow someethuing abouet fairmuing
aned Freedmen, thcat we ar'o the advo
caetes of inmprovenenvt.
We ae now hopeful. Iligh prices
will br'ineg imnproveenvt, or the heisto
.y of the past is a deseeptione and; a
lie. Prosperity breeds pirosperity and
the meetheods of progress. Those wheo
are doing badly, it is true, lhave the
greatest need to do better, but the
less disposition aned the loss opportun ei
ty. There is no morer treuthful touch
ice thee exquisite parable of the talents,
than that le who lead bst one talent,
went vand digged a pit, avid hid it in
the ground. Of all the rest, lhe should
lave been the emost diligent. But
what is the faet ? Wheat says history?
Whey, siemeply, lhe was the exact contra
ry. Avid so the more stupid and
heopoleBs theQ conditione of cegricultuero,
as in parts of Ireland and of Franoco,
reason would tell ucs beforehaned, the
less chaneec of its chuanging, avnd the
history of two centuries conflirms the
expeotatione of reasoni. But high pr'i
ces for cottone are goinig to imeprove the
culture. "To theoso who leave, shacll
moero be givene." It' our readers
doubt, let them read and reflect eepon
the following instructive pice of his
tory, extr'aoted from the highest liv.
ineg Envglishr autheority en sueoh sub
Ine the vast majority of cases improve'
ments apply to all sorts of soil. They
take place prinecipally in machineerv, iin
the rotation of crops, in thce breed of
stock, the composition aned appjictione of
meanures, &o., which are geceraelly ap.
phecable not to one or a few ocnly, but to
ablncost every descripion of laned. vIm
p,rovemcents, too, raerely if ever precede,
but alceost always follow, a rise of pri
ces, oc'casionved either by ane incresed
demand for raw produce, or by some
preionis, scarcity. Neither dho they
evor rapidly spread over any* considera
ble extent of counry ; they m'neke their
way only by slow, vivd indeed almnost im.
perceptible degrees ; anid tend meet so
neuchl w occaeseon cnv neoteeal reductionm
of prne's as to prevent their rising to an
oeppresid v' heig*ht. Im)provemeus aire
aet first, adopted by a few iAf the more in.*
telhligent proprietors anrd fvruie.rs icn dif.
fereent districts, aned are thenvio gradnaclly.
difl'ise~d througheou, the 'oeuntry. Trices
progreessis, however; mch more tedious
than onie not acqeainited with the ob
sta'cha he whk',.i is ot. mse niiht. be
inclined to b'lievo. I mprovenents
Vhig1h lfifeme I-terial changes in long.
have hiav . been
vlowovly alid reliletant) admit ted'; but the
agriculturald 6lss is I lit! Iea it of all'lispoi.
ed to inovatiol;"tiid Ihe tuost peculiurly
aItileled to aicient cu soms and routino.
"The former is not so mich within the
reach of itformation as the merclhant
and matinfacturer ; he has not, like those
who reside in towns, the means of ready
intercourse and conmumication with
others engnged in the same occupation.
Hie lives retired ; his neqiuaint anei is
limiteA and but little vaiied ; and uniles
he is accustone-1 to rold, lhe is lit tle
lioly to nequire- .y oi he-r koo I.-dgo of
his art thal wh:. i< .nolit.>nnrv--wh :,
ik traistnitied froti fat'e.r it) stie. ;,ili
limited in its ap,pl- ., own i.il
ilhese cicuil;l,-, lu o . it ,m tl
inig the Ildvane.c.., is Iagl Ic !,ar:l! wi..n11,.
d lring thi list co-io ry'%. n..d :h- .(.. ,
ml e to lifftise i. h,-r. i, b- a i,n iee.n ;r
Scoilaind wvhvro - ti o it imlpl,-m IdSYs.
em of husmballilry is in rodliced, %% lile in
Ireland it. cannot b,e siid to bt. imtrod14t;
ecl lit all. lvel tin as, tnn. (,l I1:p c ilties
nlJoinling Iihl Im-t nl-i 1U:, nr p ices
persuvered in th art- .0-r icoisist.
ent with till tIhe riile-s -f -oindasva g ielli ire.
It, the riei soii 1f NC srx. tle- wretcheod
systeI of fi-ei plow,ioug n i1 wIh iile ven r
fallows, is still p ivii% ii-m-rnil f..llow-.
ed ; tho sgricnll,r of . s1.ex is n,1 il to
be at least n ceniily hlikid ihnt of Mest
Lothinn or Nor folk ; ad in Pom1e of the
nmidland coi tlie-s it i, csiomary to voke
four or five horsc.s to a plow lr lti-0 till.
nge of light 1an-. '-Those itprov<-mens
that nro well knewwn anid sv,ti-t e cnllIy
practiced in ool- county. u r;t Iripiwnl
unknow( i or ntterly ivregar<l in the
ittjncent thst riie ; and na %%i is t o e ver y
iiprejuliced obSr-rveri videtly erro.
ilous nuld injimri;s o ihe land, is, in
s0mill (itrters iis!el in mo.:t pi-nliln.
cionsly, thou At jii.mirney of' int many
mniles Woli oll el View thev bl i-vicil
v-(Tects of a coIi ra ry pwt iciicp."
Practiclly, thIefore, notling can ho
more fiutile id visifmarr than to slip
pose tiat thiere is ti- 1.-ast. c nie ti I
unprovements e-v.-r bi-comig. -ve' for
the sho)rtest Dneio1, ni i i'ms to I..
landlords, iln (i n-g.-w ..f I t e i r
intro-lction ie,nsing : C'A It t'-i* r
Their is Iiot a 8.4how of a .grounlid for
suipposing that they :nt e I e so rap
idly diftised as to prodnee thi eIlet
Inid thle umst ext-iv ill sitem-ssful
improver may plo'ccto( Iiis puttiotic
Ia b ors without any alptrehlension that
eitlier his efforts orI example will be
suflicinitly pow-erul to oceasonl nV
glut, of the tnirkot, or 'all of ipirice.
Tho Tonniament at roastorvill.
Mr. A'ditor :
On l0riclay, th-- MR I i ill .. lt eyery' .niy it)
this ,vicl y kliows. 1 ho I the uen t tued,
a bright Clear diity with a sun1 that poured
Its ardent. favort niviiciously upon the
80ce. It wis n Sonention, nut oir ctm
munity was shake,, from its torpor, for at
least a day, the ilhing yard was crowded
withl ladies, genilllemen nild c.ibire. all en.
ger 10 witness Ihe riding of the klighlts.
The following is a corret list of the knights
and the characters which thiey reprosented:
1. Conradl, (Capt of the k.ights) J. ii.
2. Arabiatn Knilght, W. A. Milling.
8. AmerIenn Chief, iR. 1.| Qutinn
4. 'Aonave Ktnight, ii. C. Coileman.
6. Ind(epenliant Knight, Jtno. ('lowney,
7. Texas Ratnger, T. D). Owens.
8. D)aniel Mlor.gant, D. Rt. Feaslietr.
0. Knight of the Lost Cause, 1t. L. Cole.
10. Green Forrest, Muck Coleman, (a
I1- Knight of ihn P'inc;. Clynn Blilt.
12. Knight of the Messeongcr, Datvid Mil
18. Knight of the Temple, Jacob Shiel.
14. Persian Kntighet, Robert Ashftord.
15. Golden Cross, Sami Coleman, (a small
16. Knight of the Cresent City, A. F.
17. Lone Star. M. C. Feaster.
18, Knight of the Turf, .J. A. Mol! ray.
At. the honr designated the cavailoade of
knights moved froma lihe somahertn extrenniiy
of the field in double tile, all dressed in cos
tume., and were soon formed at the lower
end of lIhe track, In vie-w of theo spectators,
atnd being mounted on tihe finest stock the
District, can affor-d, at preliminary prance
was. performed in front of the rings, dig.
playing the mettle of the horses and tihe
horsemanship of the knigts.
'lThe track wats thent cleared, thce crowd
moving back tihity paces 'eaebl way, atnd
perfect silenco reigned.
Thce judges to'ik their positioni near the
center post and the llerald suimmtonled Con.
r-ad, (lnpt. 'of the knights,) acnd at once
this knight, with gitlantt bearing aned sill.
futl horsemanship, bounded away tand open.
ed the tourney with sticcess, bearing off en
his lance two rings and knocking the. third
to tho grounld. We eoatmot recount the feats
or defeats of eachc knighct, as le tmeaeured
lis skill hn the tilt, nor'do we veture to
chronicle the feair<, hopes and agitations of
mnany expectant tlueens,4 as they wiatohed
the fluctuating foritunes of~ favorite knights.
WYe wadl only say that) ait tile end of the re'
gutlar trial the contst stood as follows:
Thte Independent Kncigiht and Oreni For
est, had each carried off 8 rings, antd the
Tozas IRanger and 'lie Knight. of the Mosa..
aenger- were rivals of six rings, and Conradt
and Unknown Knight were rivals of Aive
ringe, this,indtoisive result necessitated an
other trial between th~ rival knights.
They again formed at. the -end of the
track, the Herald ealledi otid the Indepen
dent Knighat darted away. and was suootsa
ful over his rival. The tie Was next wan
over by thce 'eas Ranter and Messenger.
Messenger- gained, Then -Conrad 'and the
Unknown K~nightL tilted for the second lhon
or. nnnoamanh r.ng ony.
Conrad was entitlel to the third honor. The
knights thon movcd forward in a well dress.
ed line to the judges Tie ladbs were re
quested to get outof their carriages and
;stand in frcat uf the knights. The prizes
and crown* were Ien distributed to those
who deserved them by the judges through
1st prize Independent Knight, liridle.
2d ' Green Forrest, Bridle,
3d ' Messenger, pair of spurs.
4th " Golden Cross, whip, for good
The Kinght of the Pines had taken soven
rings and bentowed the crown of love and
lwanty upon Miss Ilestor Clowney.
The Texas Rtangerreceived tio lst wrentlh
and crowned Miss Laura Youni; an lst Maid
The Unkitinwni Knight receivedi the 21
wrel th ad1f crowie.l MAiss 100llo Stevensonl,
Ia lSiid of lonor.
Conral receiivel ile Id wrealb and crown
V.1 \144- 4'i,.tet as 31 MaiL of fliun
rhe i n'd !adies were then recompan
ied to a carriage by their respecolive kIigh(is,
nit.1 were escorted o the boardifeg ioi o,
where they found n. nice suppet in wail ing
for them. Aflar suppor tie lailes wer,
dressed in Costth:e, we ha-l ntsio nnd a
good time generally. *x
Mn. Ei-ron : I noticed your admo
llitlti sonme time 1go, to 1iechalis ill
regard to iustanipel articles, and you
had reference particularly to Nardine.s,
it lot of which I had oil hand without
stamps being upon them. I immedi
Iately packed then) iway, and wrote to
the gentlemen from wl om I pitrulrsed
1sking information, &c.; their roply, I
give for the benefit of all ilo, like
myself, are groaning beneath the heer
of reconstructed, perjured, ignorance
Niw Yong, Dec. I1th. 1868.
Sit : "It if not necessary to stamp
Sardines, they are an imported arti
clo paying at dut*y, and your Collector
is mistaken in his interpretation of
Iast year we answered the samne
1ine-tioll to parties at Union'C. HI.,
nIrd they lddressod the_ lit. Revennue
Com'r at Washington, aw not having
hea rd from them again ill regard to it
think wo are right,-at least we know
in th.is city they seized several stores,
ild then abandonod the case, tihe law
not applying to Sardines.
If you are trou'bled, make tile Col
lector show you the law.
[Signed] '' M. J. & CO.
This house is vie of tile most relia
ble ill the City Of NOw York, and is
we:ll known througlout tle South.
PRIME Will E O0N
r WlV,O VToutsand llmuhelS on hand1( for sale
I No sacks can be' taiken out of Store uin
less paid for, the miouney wll be rs,undedu fo.
1.the whn returned, if in tiood order.
Juo. P. Matthews, Jr,,
Believe and Save Cost,
P AV us wht. you OWe us by 1t Febratary
We are tiled begging for it and intend
to stop it CATIICART t & MATT iil-:WS.
D)UNL.tP & MIATT IlW~s.
BBLS. SUGAR, all gr.ades,
FINE S. C. CANVASS HAMS,
LARD, in Kegs,
FANCY 0 ROCERI ES,
All kinds CANDIES,
Finest French Confectioneries.
Ale and Porter.
WM. NE LSON.
WM. C. DUKES & C0.,
Oeneral CommissIin Merebants,
South Atlantle Wharf, Charleston, S, C.
Consignmtents of Cotton, Rice, & .., re.
apeetfully solioited, and liberal advancs
EUTCANDY, Lemon Gum Drops
SgrPlumne, Jellies E Ws mt
and 8arines. For se ;;
nov13 JOHN AIfYlTYRtE & CO.
ANIONSr Adamentine Candles, Celgates
'JFamily Sa &o., fot sale at $(0
Fow A&M Ab I LA ASA AM5
ESTATE SALE AND RENTING
IN pursuance of a Deoree of the Court of
L Equity the undersigned will rent. to tho
h1iglhust lddors, at Fairfield Court, House,
on1 the 1st Morday in February next, at 12
M, th following Platations belonging to
the Estate of Nioholfs A. Peay, deceased,
for lie year 1869-to wit :
The Home Place, containing about 1000
The G ralant Place, containing about 2000
The dutchtnn Creek Place, containing
aboul 2000 acres.
The Behon Place, containing about 4000
The Ross Place, contlaning about 2500
The Flint 11111 Place, containiig about
Ilentors will be required to give nores wit h
two good sureties to clich, or fiens Onl ithe
crops as ithey- ainy prefer.
Wo will also seU it lie highest bidders,
for cosh, on ruesd:y tie 2d day of February
next anld 'te dloys fvomim.e encingt
em:h dIly ai 11 A-.. l at Ilh, !everaI philces
above na1n1ited, i ft he (.order hovo given,
conmncitg ath ile lom Place, all lhe per
sonlal prop-t3' belon.;ing 10 the"aid ENtate,
Ithead oc Nittles ;)ndl IHorses,
100 lenl of (ntltie. im1or1e ori less,
A li0 of Cort, Fodder itil Colton Seed,
Waggons. Cotton Giins. Phu11tatio.Unton
sils, flultschold nn Kitchen V1un1iture, &c.
C. FultilIA'm FORl, I' ,
.JAS M1. RtUTLAND, f l"t or$.
Ui-y" Colimbia I/hani:X copoy till day of
sile and seid bill to this ellico.
r1lhE Wando Mining and alaiifaitring
I C011.pany olTc r10 to le Plnitters nid
Fni'mers of the Sout.h their F:mn-ii.mn,
ktown as the
hichI lie experiencO of the pat season
has proved to he ole of' 1t most v:lua1tble
il our maket. It, has fur its base the ma
lerials from the Ihosphate ]teds of lI h 'omn
pany on Ashley Itiver, mid is prepared It
their works at
East End of Hazel Street,
itn this oily. Ii order to aunnittce ils uni
formity anti nh:lilin i:s ligh slandard, ithe
Coinpanly has itade arran-3111genl(ts Will Ie
distingibbied Chemiist, Dr. C 11 Shepard.
Jr., who eareftlly amnlysi's all t lie aI niolli.
cal and oilier mtterial loireased by te
Companiy. and-t he preplatre
before being 4-erl I'or sile. The Company
is resolved to make :.n article which will
prove to be a Caiimi r,Ttr A.tittu and give
For terims, cirlU1tirs aid t her i' intorm1a
titton tpily to
WM. C. DUKES & CO., Agents,
No. 1 Sou-ru A-.ANTIC WHARF,
CA rlestonl, S. C,
B itie of unsdiry Exetions to e di
reeled, I will (11Ter fllr sale at Fairtiel
Court 1(ime on lhe Mnit .\londay aid tho
day following. itn Februlary n'(t. withlkin
Ile legal lotls of sale, to IIe I highest bid
( ler, for Cash, the following .eal lro.
pierty. Ilii-tAmsers to pay fur Titles. To
One tract of 200 acres, more or less of
land ilk Failiehl Coounlly, adjoinling lands of'
J. K. Davip, Estate of Dir. Furman and 6th
ers, levied upon as fhe prA)perly of Johini,
Willinghiamn, at 1 lie stui, of' T0hom1as Stamon,
for' another and others, vs. Daniel 11. Kirk
land, N. B. Holley and John Willhtigiam1.
One tract of 700 acres, .more or less, of
land in F"airtfield Coutinty, adjoining ll,imad of
har'gr'ove Olenni, Rt. t. Jenniiings, Jesse
Wyiik and other's. Iuevied upon as the pro'
prtopety of Jab itihJookmtan i, at. the su)it. of
I1. C. Castles, Ad-int F. Dubi ard for antohler'
antd others1', to beIt soldl at thte risk of (lie
One tract of 107 acres, imotre or' less, of
bitnd itn FaIIicid Coutty, adjoiniting It.ods ot'
- W1ooteni. - boy aind ot her.4, leviedl
upon~~t as the prop)er'ty uof IIlentry Isltm.l, at
th4$init of Williati Rt. Sikes, Excc'r and
Otne tract of 818.ncr'es, mor'e or less, of
land in Fairfield County, adjoiing laitds of
Jolhn Johnistont, P'. hi Flanegian, Jlonjnminm
Cloud, John shtarp and otherds, levied tupon
as the pr'opety of IIleury' Ishell, at thet sit
of Ralph Wilsonl, Jr., and others.
[L. W. DJUVAL,
Sheriff's Ole, OtI hianuary, 186)9.
BY Virtue of ant att ticent 1o me di..
Brctedj, I wjil oler for' sale at Feril
Cour folowing in thefir t day ndth
dayfolownginFebruiar'y next, withIin the
legal houts tt' sa'o, to the highest bidder,
for Cash, ithe following Per'sonial Pr'pery
Putrchiasei's to pay for titles: 3
, 83I5 pountds seedl Cot ton leviedl upon as
the prop)erty' of Johtn Parrolt, at the sutit of
11.. Gibson, Trustee.
L,. W'. D)UVA L[,
8. F. C.
Jan. 16th, 186)0.
BY virtutre of Orders; miade b'y the lion.
BGeo. 8. Bryan, Judge oIf the District
Court of thte United States, for (lie Wester'n
District of Sout h Carolinta, I will sell at puibs
lie otcry to thio highest bidder for cash,
befor'e (lie Court Ilnuse door, in Winnsboro,
at 12 o'clock ont Monday, 15th February,
nest, the following propet'ty, to wit:
more or less, bounded by lands of the Es.
tate of J W Dur'ham, Estate of Sarah Pick.
ott and John P Matthews.
tet' A LSO,
bounded ky lnnds of Eli Itarrison, Thomas
II DavIs, (IID Ford anti Mlra ( Rains, lyIng
on waters of Duchmamun's Creek. Belonging
to Estato of hionr'y F.Gibsoni, B3ankruptg
An undIvided eighth part of a traok of
land belonging to the Estate of Johna Plck
ett, deceased, and to the Estato of the Es.
tate of Susanna Cason, deo'd, situato In
FaIrfIeld Cotunty, In the State of South ('a..
lyIng between Dutchman's Creek and WVa,
tereo RIver, bounded by lands of John Mo.
Oully, icbhard Matohett, C D Ford and oth.
era. BelongIng to Estate of James 1' Cas
Purcases tpayfor paera and s1lamps.
S.B LOW NEIY, Asslgnee.
As signeo's salo on the 15thlu Febia
Prime White Corn at Jn1o. P. Mat
In Equity-Bill of Review gupple.
nental antid Relief-S. B. Clowney.
Notice to Tax-Payers.--J. S. Stow.
art, County Auditor.
An abundant supply of luxuries by
W. M. Nelson.
Mount Zion Instituto.
The addition to the advertisomotnt
of this intstitut.ion, which deservedly
ranks amongst the first schools in ite
State, may have escaped tle observa.
tion of our readers.
Death of David T. Hopkins.
Tho teachers and pupils of Mt.
Zion Collegiato Institute, and our
community generally, have le-ird
with sadness of t3 ( death of this
promising boy. Ile died, in ich
land, of congestion of the brain.
During the last session, he was one of
two pupils who reached tle maximum
mark, upon the ntthly report in
every study, as well as in depr .etuent.
His tasto and executio- in eloct$ inn
exhibited a rare gift *for orntorea' ef.
fort. IB't the hopes of his frionds are
n1ow blhstof Mi buried inl, the- tomb,
and they can only eonsole tlieniselves
by the reflection,that death hits per
potuated and embalmed forever inr
their te mory the promise of h is youth
Ile catn npw never grow old. We will
think of him only as the promising
boy, with eye undimmtned and brow
unfurrowed by the experience of, pain,
sorrow and atiguish-eares, anxieties
and disappointments. ''Whon tlie
(ods love, die early."
David Iopkinis was ain orphan hav
ing lost both father g4nd mother, and
had the retiring, sensitive manners
that sometimes distinguished a child of
doep feeling, who hasexperienced that
unutterable grief, that irreparable loss.
Well might the Almighty claim for
himself alone the exclusive proroga
tivo of being "the Father of the fath.
orless." There may possibly be some
thing kinder in the tone of our address
in dealing with an orphan ; but if'so,
it sprinigs froi a constant habit of
comenicdg then, inl our utimiost soul
through a senso of our impotence, to
the kind providenco and eternal 1.ity
of "1our Father which is in Heaven."
The hereaved famuily of the deceas
ed boy has both our sympathy and
our tears. Oh ! who that has bent
over the grave of a brother truly lov
ed, and yet not loved one half enough,
the grave that covers' his hopej his
glory, and his pride, but will weep
afresh ovri the bor'eavement of others,
wh'ien like his own, or can restrain, at
titmes, an itntense olngitg for thie
gr'ave, that lie many rest his head upon
thle bosom of ihis mnotheri, earth, and be
at peace ? For "there the wicked
ceare from troubling, and the weary
are' at ret'
Lot us all who survive our young
friend, lay his death to heart, antd so
live, that we may not be unprepared
to die. For life is uncertiin and soon
vatnishes away as a v'apor.
itavs ave mneir taro to fall,
And llowers to wither at. thme North winds'
And tar's to set ; but all.
TPhoum hast all seasons for thine own, 0
We have the pleasure of directing
(lie attention- of our planters and mer..
chants to the advertisement of the
Wando Fertilizer, -in to-day's paper.
It is prepared by careful chemists
and sold by responsible gentlemetn.
Cannot theRoads be Worked ?
Planters cotmplain that the roads
are so bad that they cannot bring
their cotton te' Winnsboro, as they
wish to do, for they rightly considered
this an excellent market, and are oem
pelled to carry it to Chester or Co
lumbia. A lar'go and profitable trade
is thus lost to our morobants. Cannot
thoso whose duty it is, find a remedy
and at once ? Cannot the roads be
Tnesday night, (lhe I 2mh, about 8 miles
tliiS Bide of Charlottee, the coupling he
tween (lie etngi~ne and tender on the
down passenger tr'ain broke, tightened
.the gong rope and'eantsed the bell to
strake. Tbjnkjhig it. Was thie condnetor's
signal for stonpping, Tyler Arnold, freed
man, jezmped for the brake, and falling,
his h3ead, leg and arm were crushed,
causing instant death.
Viok's Illustrated Catalogne and Floraj
Guide for 1809,
This is a beautifdl pamphlet, adorn..
ed by- many excellent engravings, and
will assist greatly those who love a
flower garden. Address James Yiok'
Esq., No 10 Mill Street, J onhosteor
The Southern Cultivator,
For January has been received. It
is, as usual, well filled with practical
information for the farmer and garde
no', besides containing interesting ar
ticles on other subject. Published
atAthont, Ga., at $2. por annuen..
Demorest's Monthly for robruary.
This adniriible parlor magazino re
coives large add itions to its list of-sub
scribers, with every returning holiday
season, because of its popularity as a
Christmas uand New Year's gift, and
it undoubtedly deserves them. for it
is always welcome and sensonable.
No better invest ment can have been
made for the New Year than a sub
scription of the small sun r.,,quired to
soecure its monthly visits. 'To house
keepers, motlhers of fanilies, and all
those who wish to know how to do
woman's work, it will prove a treasury
of wealth and knowlodge. $3 yearly.
Published at 838 Broad way, New
The American Stook Journal.
1 here is the Farmer that does not
admire fine blooded stock or take
pride in caring for it. Every farmer
has now an opportunity of obtaining
some choice cattle, sheep, bogs or
poultry free, by getting up a club for
this Journal. Specimen eopies, show
bills, &c., sent free. Address N. P.
Boyer & Co., paublishers, Parkesburg,
Chester Co., Pa.
Good Agrioultural Rea ling-.
Thousands cf our farmers have new
er thought of subscribing to an agri
cultural journal. Every . fan:mor
should take at least one h'o ught to
glvo his home paper st preference.
Among the best that we receive is the
Carolna Frme, published monthly,.
at Wilmnin gtlc, N. C., by Winm. 11.
Bernard, a $2.00 per year, in ad.
vance. Thb Feiomcr is not only a
handomn 'wurk, but is filled with an
unusuahitumber of articles devoted to
the interests of the planter and farm
er. Setid $2 for a year'd subscription,
or 15-, cents for a specimen copy
The ptie on peannts in the January
.nuIber is worth more than a year's
281 East 31st. Street, New York
DiAn Sina:-For three weeks past I lave
been using your l'LA-rAToN BITTias. For
more than four ni, th, pas. I have been suf,
foring from whnit iwy doctor said was ne.
Vous prostration, being unable to endure
hardly any physical or went allabor without
great fatigue. lut 1 had not used the
ilners a week before I was conscienoo of
their benefiting mo as notihing cl.1 had,
and I have contintued to gain very rapidly
since, till now I am able to be about my
usual household duties. To all who are
atllieted with general debility I can testify
from experience that the Bitters are invalu.,
able. Yours, truly,
ManlAanl-r B 8voss,
MAUOxorIA WA-ran-Superior to the best
imported German Cologne, anid sold at half
thce pcrice. Jian 14-tx w
Notice to Tax Payers; r
r plIE following persons hnving been ap
L pointed Assessors for lice County of
Fairfield ; will proceed immediately to list
all taxable proper-ty in their respective
No. 1 and 2. John C Cishaolm.
" 3, Ifugh B Mocanster.
"4, J. T. Dargan,
?4 5, .J. W,. airt. -
" ' 6, J. T. II. Jones.
"7 and 8, .Geo. Rt. Ihunter.
"i and 1. 3. A. hhinnant.
S12, WV. M. Martin.,
"I1i and 13, D. B3. Kirkland.
The cit izens of thce County, are request
ed to meet the Assossors, in a spirit of kind
ness, cad to do all in their power. to rend~er
thce business of Lice Assesors, as pleasant ase
possible. A complete and full retun, and
a just and facir valuation of pc'oporty, is all
that. is required. J. 8. 8BW A IT,
Jan 14-t~x3 Conty Audit or.,
MT. Z[ON INSTITUTE
WINNSBORO, 8. O,
TIE Scholastic year for 1869,
iwillI open on MlONDAY, tihe
1st day of February,
Terms per Session :.
Board, in the family of tice Principal
(or in ether eligible private fami.'
lies) including tuition In all ice
Tuition of day seholars In the Clas
slos, or other' higher branehes, 25
Tuition of clay soholars In the Inster.
cnediato Departments, fro'n 16 to 20
Tuition of-day scholars .in the P'ri.
mary Department, 10
Persons wishing to couroe board in thce
fatally of the Princoipal, should make appli
eation without delay.
It. shall be the aim of the Principal, in the
future, to bring the Primary Department up
to thce ftull standard of the' others, in
thorough training and sound instruceten
Arrangetments batio boon made to senfour
tis deparfmenct, lice most ceopetent toa h.
era, and it is hoped the oiihens-of Winne
boro and riolnity will send forward their
seas, small as well as large, and in til
praotioal way, help to restore life and pros
perity to this venerated Institution in uiheir
This is hce mdst feasihlo and sucre way of
ro bulldlng bit. Zion. act enterprise that In.
t emately concterns ever'y individucal ini the
eocn"lnitcy, if not tihe ehtire 1)istriet,
doe 19-tf. 0. A.. WOODW ARD,
The Due West~Fentale College,
IS is one of the amost flourish.
Stflag Institutions in thme
l'uptle raebived at Aticy uinae -
n i eharged from timte or en(br
Tiion, Including Latin and French,
. Boarding, including fuel andi .a1:~
.p1.00t per month, --
deo I9-8m JJrBOfNER,