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TH.E FAIRFIELD HERALD.
S UPP L E MIENT.
PACIFIC GUANO COMPANY---CAPITAL, $1,000,000.
*. - ~ JOHN S. RtEESE A CO.,_General Agents, BA~aTIlYIRE.
J. N. ROBSON,
Agent for South Carolina,
To Consumers of Soluble Pacific Guano.
The high character attained by this
Guano for superior excellence has, it
appears, instigated the appropriation of
6 same name to articles of little or no
real value, which, we are credibly in
formed, are freely offered in New York
and other markets with assurances of
genuineness. Hence it becomes neces
oary, both for the protection of con
sumers and the Pacific Guano Co., to call
attention to the fact, in order that proper
caution may bo observed.
The only guarantee the purchaser can
haye is that afforded by the name of the
Company's general agents stencilled on
the packages, and buyers are advised
that 'unless the name of JNO. S. REEiE &
Co., GENL. AGENTS, BALTIMORE, is found
-4enoilled on the bags, the Guano is ficti
tiouand not ge'nine.
North Carolini, South. Carolina, Goorgia, Ala
bama, Mississippi and Florida,
It is a recogniued fact, that under the sys
Oem of free labor, land that'vill not yield more
than a third to a fourth of a bale of cotton
per acre, vill not conipensato for its culture.
The average yield of the lig/t pine lands of the
above States, we are advised, does not exceed
a bale to three acres, and many state the
average does not exceed a bale to four acres.
This being true, a greater part of the soil of
the South must be abandoned, or it must be so
fertilized as to bring the yield up to a com-.
That this is practicable, at a moderate outlay
per acre, is demonstrated by abundant experi
The use of the Guano brought into market
by the Pacific Guano Company, under their
trade mark of
SOLUBLE PACIFIC GUANO,
has realized the practicability of increasing
th' product of cotton to a bale per acre, at an
oulluy not exceeding eight dollars, on land
that without its application would not pro
duce more than a bale to three acres, and
- wre liberal application will produce a cor
'spondingly increased product.
It may appear incredible to those who have
t 'itnessed the fact, that this Ehould be
true, but it must bo remembered that incre
dulity is not an evidence of fallacy.
tis of the utmost importance to planters
a d farmers to realize the truth of this matter.
Cotton must be produced at the lowest pos
sible cost to the planter; to do this, the labor
employed to cultivate a given number of acres,
must be made to yield its highest possible
results, for the cost of a bale of cotton to the
grower, is governedl exactly by the quantity
produced by the labor employed.
Ifone plan ter realiz~es twelve bales of cot
ton from twelve acres, and another realizes
fony bales from twelve acres, the cost of the
latter per poundl is tlhree times greater than
the former, and tho profit reaLlized frm its
sale is in prioportion.
If in- one case the cost is 12 conts per pound,
in the other it should not exceed 4 cents per
pou~nd, for in both casos the outlay for labor,
in both men and mules, is the same.
By reference to the correspondend on the
next page, giving the experienue of nliuerouse
p lanters who have applied this Guano, it will
be seen that applications of 100 poundspr
acre doubles the product of cotton. That '00
pounds increases thie product three to four
.times, and it may he safely assumed that 400
1inunds will increase the product.five tn na
times, as has been realized, and a still larger
application will produce a still greater in
The experience of planters, as given in this
correspondence, must be accepted as conclu
sive evidence of fact, else human experience
and testimony is no evidence of truth.
The manifest policy now is to cultivate less
land and fertilize it highly, by wbich method
the labor paid for will give its highest return.
Let us see by example the compensation
realized from the use of this Guano, assuming
the facts stated, as remilts of experience, be
true. It is assumed that one hand will tend
twelve acres in cotton, besides tending other
12 acres producing, say I bale
or Bay 100 pounds lint cot
ton per acre, is 1,902 pounds
cotton, worth at present
price 20 ceits per pouid... $.08 40
12 acres prodiicing, say 1 bale,
or 0l0O pioutit I.iit per acre,is
'1,000 ounids cottiOn, wor'th,
at 20 ets. per pound....... $1,200 00
Deltect froim this the cost of
200 pouids Pac% 0uano
per ntere, say ,400 poniels,
at 32 ets. per pound, or $J
per'ton.................. 90 00
The labor being the sme In
both calses, we get the net
result of the use of' the
Guano, by deducting the
natural product of the soIL 903 40
Increase resulting from Invest
ment of 4600, " 700" per
cent..................... $711 Go
This, we think, is in no wise an extravagant
exhibition; results of this kind have been
rea/iard, and may be realized by every planter
whose lalid is naturally unproductive or has
been exhausted by long culture.
We refer the reader to the article in another
3olumn entitled, TH. PACIFlo GUANO CoMt
PANY, Its Product, Trade, dc., in , order that
planters may realize the charac/cr and resomrces
of the Company, which brings this valuable
Guano into market, and which, we venture
to believe, will exercise no little agency in
restoring the monopoly of the production of
cotton to this country. With the aid of a
powerful fertilizer, such as this, brought into
market at so moderate a cost, cotton can be
proluced in these Southern States and sold at
a price (yielding a large profit) that will pre
elude its profitable culture in all other cotton
JOHN 8. 1EESE & co,
General Agents Voa Pacific Guano Co..
-2.4 JrJMO RE, MD.
Soluble Pacific Iuano
Its Fertilizing Power, Economy
If it is true that an application of .Peruvian
Guano, which costs the planter thirty dollars
more per ton, produces no larger increase of
crop per acre than Blhublc Pacific Guano, (and
which, besides, renders the crop liable to
greater disaster if drought intervene.) If this
be true, it is certainly a matter of individual
and general importance.
irst-Because its use in place of Peruvian
Guano would save to the planters of the
Southern States a very large sum of money.
It is estimated that fifty thousand tons of
Peruvian Guano are sold in the United States
per annum, and It is all bought by- the Soth
ern and Middle Atlantic States; hence the
actual saving in money to thme farmers and
planters of these States, in the use of Soluble
Pacic Guano, would be $1,500,0C3; and in the
one ease more than $3,000,000 of gold are
adlrained from the -agricultural districts of the
country to replenish the treasury of Peru,
while in the other the outlay remains in the
country to contrihute to the general welfare.
If true, it is important, secondly,, because
the use of
50,000 Tons Soluble Pacific Guano
Would furnish to the soil to which it was
app lied, eighteen to twenty thousand tons of
Phosphatc of Isme, while the same quantity of
Peruvian Guano furnishes only twelve thousand
tons of the same important element, *hich is
so necessary to permanent improvement. In
other words, the use of this Guano w,,u .:..
the soi si I/wund tons more of Phosphate
of Lime, at an actual saving in cost to
the country of $1,500,000. !
Certainly if I'lioqphate of Lime bas value
as an element of fertility, eighteen thousand
tons is worth more to agriculture than twelve
thousand tons; hence if it be true that an
equal weight of this Guano, applied to cotton
or corn, produces as great an increame of crop
as results from Peruvian Guano, and better
results if the season bo visited by drought;
then it is of the highest importance to every
consumer of Guano.
HAS SOLUBLE PACIFIC GUANO
Fertilizing value eq'ual to Peruvian Guano?
There are two methods of arriving at the
truth of a question of -,this hind. First
Theoretically ; if rational deductions from
known facts lead to the conclusion that it is
true, inferential ground for belief is afforded.
We do niot propose, however, to ind ulge in
The second and conclusive method of
arriving at the truth, is that affordod by expe
rience as the result of practical operations; the
general and concurrent tcstimony of disinter
ested planters, from different parts of various
States, running through a period uf several
years, as the results of personal experience,
must be accept( 1 as conclusive as to the truth
of a question of this kind; if it is not, no
trubt can be establiebed by human eridence.
We refer the reader to the communications
received from the following named planters
and farmers of Alabaina, Georgia, &mzth Caro
lina, North Carolina, Virginia and Maryland,
(many others could be added,) published in
another column, detailing their experience.
H. S. ANDIEWS, F. G. McE,11ANY
T. J. TUNEIR, aOo. c. I)Ihd.ARD
H. L. DHRARE, J. W. WILLis
W. o. MooE, J. W. MYRlcEll
E. T. GLENN, J. it. JONES,
clAs. A. PRABoDY.
WM. if. YO1NO, c. s. YOUM A Ns.
ASHER AWK EIS, P. NY. iWI'.'I'1. P l:TON, H. P.
J. 1). WA ,-. U. W. COWAI,
J. D. NI.AL.
L. I. BECK WIT1, .1. N. iohISON
S. A. DUiIIANM, REV. T. S. Bo1NMsT,
.1. A. CANNON, F. WY. P'ICKEN3,
W. B. FLOWERS.
T. W. EcGLESTON, W. 1). JONFS
K. E. (I I,, P. I. MANG16M
J. c. i.EIlei, W. B. DUNN, 3.
IL NOR1FILET, WM. I. McRARY & CO.
A. L. LAND A LLISON & ADDIsON,
A: Y. hTOKNS & CO. SfD. THURMAN,
G NASTAJI;E, WM. B. MoRTdN,
T. 1R. JOYNKS - CHAS. OCISON,
13. W. LEIGHi N A RUBY,
K. E. JACKSON, J. I.. ADRINS, It. D.
I. T. DOWNK, WM. 1RIU1
ISAAC CoNNoR, 1X. A. RicHUIRDaON,
It is not impossible there may be excep
tional cases of different experience, but we
venture to submit that it would be simply
impossible to acquire such a volume of testi
moniy from such a variety of persons and
extent of territory, if it were not true that the
fertilizing power of this Guano is equal to that
of Peruvian Guano, as a rule, and in certain
contingencies of season actually superior.
JOHN S. REESE & CO.
I3 I . o T I 'll-T 8
Soluble Pacific Guano,
FOR COTTON AND CORN CULTURE,
The principle which governs the method of
application to various crops, is found in a
knowledge of the character of the roots of the
plant to which it is applied.
Trhe guano must be so placed in the soil that
the small fibrenous roots, which are the feeders,
may find it at all stages of the crop.
Cotton has a tap root, which penetrates the
soil and furnishes support for the weed. From
this tap root a multitude of small fibrenous
roots.branch ofl' in every direction, extending,
at the maturity of the crop, from two to three
feet or more from fthe'.tap; through these fine
fibres the plant receives all its nutrition that is
drawn from the soil. If all the guano applied
be placed in the hill or drill, its full benefit
will not be realized 'by the plant;i because, after
its early growth, its feeders wil ave gon be
yond the place of its deposit. Hence, the best
method, as dictated by the nature of the mat
ter, and confirmed by experience, is to apply
one-third to a half of the quantity used by
strew'ing itin the hill or drill, under the seed, and
sowing t he ot-her two-thirds or half broadcast bo
fore the plows, when the crop comes to a stand,
or is about fivo *to six inches high. By this
method, so soon as the seed germiiates,.it takes
the nourishment placed within its reach, and as
it sends out its feeders from the hill or drill, it
comes in contact with the guano sown broad
.cast, and is thus supplied throughout ita
Corn has no tUp root, but sends out lateral
roots, through which its nourishment is re
ceived; but in its earliest germination it needs
the food to give it early vigor; hence, the
same method of application should be used as
above for cotton. If applied only in the hill,
the crop will suffer and partially fail at the
most. important period of its growth, when it
needs all it can realize to form the ear.
JOHN B. REESE & CO.
Liberal versus Small Applications,'
It has been shown by experience, that liboral ap
plications of &htloe Paci/ic Guano, pay a much larger
profit on the investment, than small applications per
It is fot'nd that 200 lbs. per acre often produces
three to faur-fold increase. It is reasonable, then, to
Infer that an application of twice that quantity, would
.produce a very material increase. If 200 lbs. addi
tional be applied, it would require only an increased
prodtct of less t'.an -10 lbs. cotton at present price, to
cover te cost of the ndditionmal outlay, whilst it is
certain that if '00 lbs. proiluces a three-fold increase,
400 lbs. of tie same powerful agency would produce
far more titan t) ).. T'o perimmnnent benefit to the
*land from so liberal an application, would of itself
('ompensate for thme outlay, even if no more thani the
co:it was realized from the crop.
Cotton and the Caterpillar.
In many parts of the cotton regions, the caterpillar
has made havoc with the crop. It has been found,
however, that planters who made liberal applications
of SoLunu PACIFIC OUANo, succeeded in making
good crops, notwithstanding the ravages of the cater
pillar. The powerful effects of the guano in promnot
ing vigorous growth and early maturity, has made a
good yield before the-work of destruction commenced,
so that in some cases a bale per acre has been realized,
aliLhough every leaf and tender boll has been stripped
from the weed.- [See article copied from Columbus,
HOW TO PRODUCE COTTON AT MINIMUM COST.
The profit to the planter arising from the culture
of cotton, is exactly the difference between what it
co.sts per pound to produce it, and what Is realized
per pound from its sale in the markets. The coat per
pound of a crop to the planters is governed entirely
by the quantity he realizes per acre from the land
cultivated, because the expenditure for labor is nearly
or quite the same, whether the pro:l,.I be a bale
aore, or a bale from three acres, but the cost of the pro
duct to the pianter is naerially different.
If one planter'gets a bale fromn three acree and esti.
mates the cost of his cotton to be twelve cents per
pound, and another planter gets. three bales from
three , acres, without additional labor, then it is clear,
that the cost per pound to the latter, should not ex
ceed four cents per pound.
If in order to get a bale per acre on land that
would not otherwise produen more thn a third of a
hale, the us'e of a Comnnerial fertilizer be necessary,
then to get at the net profit arising from its use, the
cost of the fertilizer nmust be deducted from the in
Let us see.
3 acres yleldi.ng one balec cotton, 500 lbsi. ts worth, at 20
aCent pr pond...*.''.'..'.'.-.-...--..........100.0,
It has been demonstrated repeatedly, as will be see
by reference to letters published in another colmna
that 200 lbs. &iublte l'aci/lc Gtuano per acre produices
three times the natural yield of the land, but we will
assume it would requirQ 800 lbs.
8 acres fertiltzed with 800 lbs. Paet!lo Guano, rield 1,60
lbs. worth 20 cents''''*****e---................... P,0
Dcduct natural product... ..500. niss worth 20 cena 100.00
Deduct cost of 000 lbs. ouano, say at $70 per 1os....,,. .60
Net profit on three asre'.. -~....... $i...76
These results have been obtaIned, and can bt e
peated by any planter who will make tihe experlm~ent.
JIN n. nIU'ES &..