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PACIFIC GUANO CO.
Its Produiets and Trade; Its Relations to
Agriculture; Its Interests, Pol.
ley, Character, and Claims
to Public Coaildence.
It is pi admitted fact that a concentrated
commercial fertilizer, of real excellence, is an
essential adjunct to successful farming in the
Southern and Middle States.
It will b admitted, that with the crude ole
ments of fortility afforded' by Nature, it is
within the scopO of human ability, aided by
capital, enteriprise and science, to furnish a con
centratcd commercial ft-rtilizer qf real excel
It is of the highest importaneo that suh a
fertilizer should be furnished at the lowest
possible cost, in order that the outlay required
may not preclude its genetal and liberal appli
cation. It is also necessary to the general usc
of such an article, that the character, responsi
bility and facilities of the producers should be
such as to afford a reasonable guarantee. that
the fertilizer brought into market may be
relied upon for present and continued execl
It is true that many farmers are detorred
from the use of fertilizers, other than Peruvian
Guano, by a want of confidence in 'their con
tinued reliability, though convinced of their
present value. They adhere to Peruvian
Guano, though its price be too high to justify
ita liberal use, and though experience teaches
them its defects, which are manifest in its
tendency to produce excessive growth without
corresponding yield; in its tendency to ex
haustion; in its injurious effects in time of
severe drought, &c., all of which result from
the misproportion of its olomonts.
I'This want of confidence is not unnatural;
and arises froin two principal causes: First
Fertilizers have been plaodI u pon tho Tnarktat
and commendel to farmers, which, either from
ignorance or the inability of the producers, or
fromi les..s exouisablo ea1' have p.roved from
t.ha first. or after awhile of little or no value,
to the serious loss of the consunor, both of
tmne anl money.
Cecon(ly- i Itrou seasons occur, in which
crops fail from the intervention of natural
causes, in w hich event the consuium.er i pre
disposed to ascribo the fail ure in part at least
to the particular fertilizer i.3ed, however ex
collent it may have been, even though his
neighbor realiza as great a failure from Peru
vianl ua noe., The thought is suiggeosted, that,
if Peruvian Guano had beon used, the faL"ure
would nIt at least. have been so groat; hence a
fertili zr possessinig lie highedt value, mIay be,
and o11en is, lm lily condentined, and ita use
retarded, to the detrimient of the agricultural
'There is no power in Peruvian Guano or any
other fertilizor- to periformn its functions if con
travened by natural causes, else rich bottom
lands would never fail to yield a crop, wvhen it'
is a known fact they do fail as frequently as
A beneficent Providence has aggregated the
~, utde elements of fertility in exhaustless quan
tities all over the wvorld-upon islands of the
sea, and in the sea ikolf and elsewhere.
Nature, ihowever, does not yield her treasures
without an equivalent. Coal is found em
bedded in mountains; the precious metals are
held bound in the quartz rock, and are adapt
ed1 to the~ uses for which Nature designied
therm, only at the cost-of lab~or, enterprisc and
capital. S~o also these deposits in their natural
state aire not, in condition for practical utility,
but. muodern science has developed methods by
which they are capable of the highest utility
to the most important, of all interests. Ilence,
while naturo c furn ishes the crude material, and
science t he met/od, still Ci pitail, skill, enterprise
and la!>or are required to adapt thomn to the
purposes dlesign ed by Natunrc.
The fertilizer introduced by us in 1805,
* nder the~ trade mark of 6olidble P'acific Guano,
is the product of the
PACIFIC GUANO COMPANY.
It has been extensively used for the culture
of all crops, from Now Jersey to Alabama,
with results entirely satisfactory; the instances
of failure, in consequence of unpropitious
seasons, being no greater than when Peruvian
was used. If the disinterested testimony of
farmers is an evidence of truth, and we are
sure it; is, then it is true that results from this
Gnruo, when applied in like quantities per
acre, have been fully equal to those from Peru
vian Guano, and in not a few instances, supe
rior on the first crop, whilo on grass and clover
crops following, it has manifested an effect un
known to Peruvian.
It must be noted that the cost of this Guano
is so much less per ton than 'Peruvian, that'300
lbs. may be applied per acre at little or no
greater outlay than 200 lbs. of Peruvian
Guano can be applied for.
In view of the importance of this trade, and
4he just deirand on the part of consumers for
assurances, first as to the ability of the Pacific
Guano Company to bring into market a con
centrated fertilizer of the highest excellenco,
at the lowest cost to the farmer; and secondly,
as to the claims of the Company to the fullest
public confidence, we propose first to show
what their facilities are; and secondly to show
upon what grounds they lay claim to full
public confidence. in their products.
First-The Pacific Guano Company is the
result of a private association of a few of the
largest shipping merchants in the United
States, engaged in the California trade, the
primary object being to furnish return freighte
for their ships from the Pacific. This private
association was subsequently organized into a
stock Company, with an actual cash capital,
invested and at command, of $1'000,000, and
is unquestionably the strongest company in the
country engaged in this important trade. Its
stockholders are limted to but few in number,
not exceeding fifteen, embracing some of the
most respectable and wealthiest merchants, all
of whom are actively engaged in business
enterprises of trade and commerce.
The large capital of the Company, is the
Aggrogation of curplun means, by reason of
which it is enabled to accomplish results un
attainable by private enterprise. Hence, the
Compiny is the sole owner of the extensive
deposita from whence it draws supplies of
natural phosphate of lime, and the other ele
ments which enter into the composition of its
fertilizer; therefore, with these facilities, it,
procures supplies at lowest cash cost of pro
(uction, and does not pay profits and conmi.
sions to importers or intermediate parties.
The Company has called to its aid the best
scientific ability that ample means and liberal
policy will command, and has acquired inval
iable experience by. years of patient enter
prise. Hence, the IAcific Guano Company
has the ability to bring into market the very
best fertilizer, at the lowest cost to consumers,
that. ample capital and enterprise, aidel by the
best scientific ability, can produce.
Secondly-Wo base the claims of this Com
pany to the fullcst public confidence, upon
reasons founded in the nature of things.
Respectability and private character afford
good claims to public confidence; on thcee
grounds none can have higher claims, but we
dismiss these considerations, because in a case
like this, these qualities cannot be knowvn and
appreciated, however excellent they arc.
Personal interest is esteemed to be thme
strongest and most universal motive to human
action and policy, especially in matters per
taining to trade and commerce. Ihence, if
this Company be judged on this principle
alone, its claims to public confidence arc of the
highest chiaracter, unless it be assumed its
policy is dictatcd by the grossest ignorance of
its best interests. It must be seen at once
that a Company like this, with such large
vestedl interests, mu:st look to pcrmanence in
its trade through a long futuru, to render its
capital secure andl r,calize compensation for its
invu.-tments. If it ceases permanently to earn
dhividlends, its capital becomes a total loss,
while it can aflord in .its beginning to omit
dividenda, so that it builds up a safe and per.
mnanent traLda for the future.
The Pacific Guano Company must, of neces
sitv. eontinue to bring into make te b~.t
fertilizer that its unequaled facilities can pro
duce, and, guided by an enlightened policy, it
is recognized by them as their highest interest
to put it into market at a minimum profit on
its cost, by which policy its use is extended.
The Company looks to smallprofts, large sales,
and permanence of trade to insure reasonable
returns on surplus capital invested ina legiti
mato business of great public utility.
It is a well recognized principle, that capi-,
tal, aggregated from surplus means, can be
employed at a less rate of compensation than
can be afforded by private capital; hence, it
is true that in all enterprises in wLich large
means facilitate economy in production, pri
vate resources cannot 'rompete with aggre
gated surplus capital.
For the foregoing reasons it must be con
ceded: First-That the Pacific Guano Com
pany possesses the ability to furnish the country
with a fertilizer under its trade mark of SOLU
BLE PACIFIo GUANO, of the highest real
excellence, at the lowest possible cost to the
Secondly-That the only true policy of the
Company, dictated by ordinary prudential care
for its interests, is to use all its resources to
turnish the best possible products that its un
equaled facilities can bring to the markets.
Thirdly-That its character, capital andina
terial interests are such as in the nature of
things furnish the surest guarantee of the con
tinued excellence of their fertilizer, and en
titles the Company to the highest claims to
Fourthly-That a Company like this, in
volving the permanent investment of large
capital; founded upon a solid basis; the opera
tions of which are managed by ,men of the
highest mercantile standing; the products of
which are adopted to the promotion of the most
inportant of all branches of industry; we think
we may say, it will be conceded, that a Com
pa ny such as this, sustains no unimportant.
relation to .he 00grncultural interes6 of the
NoTE.-, It is necessary for us to note the
fact, that in consequence of the reputation
acquired by the. Sluble Pacific Guano, as
brought into market by this Company, the
sane name has been given to fertilizers of
totally difierent. character and quality, for
which the Pacific Guano Company is in no way
reponsible, and it is not improbable some
have ben deceived. Hence, it is necessary
for us to caution consumers to see to it that
they procure the genuino product. of 1his Com
pany, the evidence of which is the names of
the undersigned, brand<d on meh bag, a's agents
for the Company, otherwiso the article is not
JOIIN1 8. REESE & Co.
Gorioal Agents for the
Paoilo Guano Company,
('rom the cotumbus Enquirer, &p! 191k, 1868.)
A Great Crop, Notwithstanding the Worms,
We yesterday visited thre plantartion of Mr. C. A
Peabrody, In Lee counly, A.la., and found his cotton
crop more prolific of' bolts thaun any we ever saw or
even conceived of before, but entirely str'ippcd of
every leaf', bloom and tender boll ! The caterpillars
hravo made aununary work of it, stripping it, in three
or four days after their appearance. We noticed
every cotton field on tire road between tis city and
Mr. Peabody's, and found tire worms at work in all
of them-some already denuded of leaves and the
late growth of fruit, and others only a day or two
behind in thre wvork of destruction. Thre ent ire
destruction of the later growth In tis whole section.
is now certain, and threreby the crop has p~robabbly
.been cut omre-th'rd shrort sf thre calculations of plant.
crs entrtmedr a week or ton days ago.
lirt Mr'. Peabody hais made a grcat Crop,, no(t with
stnndmrg tis sudden desdtruction of the top growthr.
lbe Improved modes of culturo anid jndiciours applhi
caicon of fertilizers .have ncvei- told withr mrore surc
cess than during this season. lie hras a haldf acre
mar the house that is certiin to nmako a full hale,
aind hris whole crop will no doubt averaget~ a bale to
Irfe nere. TFhough muchr of it has~ already ben
picked out, tire bolls on thre otherwise batro brche's
re so thiehk as to rinird one of c l'mr of cocklleI
bu11rifter the leave(s have been kilb-ud. lie aoppliurI
(G:anro (tire Sohtcble Pacitie) at tire rate of' four hn
dredl poundos per nere. Th'Iis I lieral applica:tion of a
plrfu'C'll fertilize'r st irmlbded hris crop to suchr an
early rand prr'ohiii gm-owlth of hoi!!s ars to secure anm ex
traror'dinary y/id( before thre worms mrade their aip
prearance. Ilia crop, even aft'er the havoc mande bry
tire caterpillars, is a splenrrdid amid con vinrchig ex hibi
tion of thre advnmtages of scentific cullmo an
liberal application of conmmreoalnmir ...
The Pacific Guano Coinpany ftilly appreciates the
unportance of calling to its aid the best sclentlao
ability in the prosecution of this important business;
henco the valuable services of Dr. St. Julian Itavenes,
of South Carolina, have been secured as sclentflo
advisor and director to the Company.
Dr. Ravencl is well kno'wn to th'o South f&om his
long connection with agricultural science, and his
engagement in this connection is a matter of no little
importance. lIe is fully acquainted with the Maen*o
ter, resurces and policy of the Company, and will give
full information as to the character and composition
of Solublo Paciflo Guano, if addressed or ollod on t
Charleston, 8. 0.
(Prom td &uthern Cultivator.)
Premium Crops-ilalf Acre of Turnips,
COMMUNICATED, Ftobt TRANSAOTIONS OF THER ]A
ALAnAMA AGRICULTURAL SOOIETY, BY TUB 89.
We, the undersigned, having examined one-half of
an acre of turnips, grown by Col. Geo. P. IHarrison,
and having seen ten feet of an average of the same
gathered and measured, do hereby certify the yield
of the same to be six hundred 'and twelve and one.
half (6121) bushels of roots, and eighteen hundred
and thirty-seven and one-half (1837j) bushels of
closely pressed tops.
J. Rt PADGi ,r 4
October 27th, 1808.
The above is respectilly entered In competi 'A
for the largest and best crop of turnips raisod ono
half of an acre.
The land selected was new ground, of a grey,
sandy soil. The timber was cut off in the spring,
and the ot cow-penned till about the first of July,
when the ground was thoroughly brokn u 'b
repeated ljowings. About the last of July, laId T
ofl in drills fifteen inches apart, and sowed, in the
drills, about one hundred pounds lub&e Puq
Guano; covered this br drawing the drill nearly ful
of 'earth with a rake. lie seed was then sowed on
the manure, and again covered with theo rake, "be
plants came up promptly, giving a fine stand.
they were three or four inches high, tih
worked thoroughly with the hoe, cleanin
weeds and grass; stirred the earth ge
thinned out to a stand. About the fir
her, it was worked over again with
variety of seed sown was "1 Ruta b
is exhibited by the abovo certeifical -t
I would atate that the tops , Ay fo
the trouble and expense, the I -.eragog, i
height, fron) three to three and I'cet.
G I!'. P1. IIARRISON.
( From thu* &utlurn Cuftivtor..)
Prenium Crops-411al Acre of Cotton,
CoMMUNIcATED Fitou TRANsAcTIONs OF Tn1E E
ALABAMA A ruxo3LrUnAL SOCIUTY, BY THES 8
We, the subsrfibers, and neighbors of Mr. Charhes
A. Peabody, being called in by him to witness the
measurement 6f a half acre .planted in cotton, do
certify that. fhls piece of land planted in cotton
measures Jht one-inlf acre. We have been familiar
.with the papnting und culture of this picce, from the
day of its planting up to the present time, and since
it began td open. Although wo have no means of
cong to n exact knowledge of the correct weights
of each da picking, yet we believe the o k
kept by Mr. Peabody to be correct. The fo owt
is a correct list, as copied froin this journal:
Aug. 2111 , piced ...... ............ 18 lbs.
Sept. 7th, " . ......60 .
" Dib, 0 ........
" 18ti 4 - -- - - - -. . . . 140 "
" 122d,1 ". ....................14
, " ............ ...... 70
2t,.". ------............ 100
22d, " .................. U34.
t 23d, " ...................8 10 "
Oct. 12th, " --------........ 200 "
44 23d s '........................0
Making a total of fiftcen.hundrod and nine -~nin~
lbs. of clean cotton picked. And from a carefu qj
anmnation this a of the half acre, we believe th
will be 550 lbs. of clean cotton more picked f-anm thle
half aere, which wvill make 'the crop on tihe half
acre (2,149 lbs.) twenty-one hundred and forty-ni e
pounds.S. L. IIULIJN
pounds.F. N. STAFF 3Rli,
October 20, 1868.P.. DAI. )
T~hze half acre planted in cotton as described, was a
piece of old1 >ine land, light sandy soil--would pro
due with ord mary culture and commnon seed, about
three hllmdredl potunds to the acre, seedl cotton. I
('ow-plennued tihe p~iece last winter. In the sprig I
turned the fmanure under with a turn-shore Ijlow,
and( followedl with a sub-soil. About the middle of
April I crossed the piece with tho sceoter, and fol
lowed with thne sub-soil again. Thle 25th~ of A~Jl,
openied furrows three feet. apart, and in the om't~
of tihe furrow p~ut in 200 p~ound1s of &'luble Pac~i
. -,"wn/ threw, two furrows (on this, with, a turn
shov.~el, and over the (uano plnted tihe seed. I
phlmted three seed to a ill, fifteen ir~ lhea npart, and
tianneid Out, to a stad of' two stalks. W hen the
cot ton was up three inchems high, 1 raui around Ii
with~ a sceoter-, anid finishledl the milddles with a horse
hoe. Thei variety of Cotton planted was tile Dickson,
hiybridiziedl h~y my long staple. In tile early enson
the cro p suifleret as mmuch as sub-soiled lan d could
suffer from drought, andl later, suffered from too
limlih rain. Thell 14th of September the worms took
It, smappmg every lear and young boll, lessening the
produc(t nea'irly one-half.