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VOL. .] WINNSBORO, S. C., WEDNESDAY MORNING, FEBRUARY 17, 1869. [NO. 33
is PUiei,taD -i wRCKI.f BY
DiSPORTES. WILLIAMS & UO.
Terms.-Tis lin.IAL is publishedl Week
ly in the Town of Winnsboro, at 93.00 in
vareably in advance.
y"' All transient advertisements to be
pIaid in advance.
Obituary Notices and Tributes $1.00 per
HAVE NO MOTHER NOW.
OD! vow I have no mother,
For Death has called laer hence,
lins cast his sombre mantle
Around her cherished form.
lie came with hasty footstep
And entered still our door,
Then whispered to my mother,
That God had called her home;
Oh I when I saw her loved form
Lie in the silent tor.ib,
My sad heart came nigh breaking
I have no mother now !
The gentle breeze still murmurs,
The sky above is fair,
And flowers as sweet as ever,
Threw perfume on the air;
lint onoe of these can cheer mne,
I am lonely, I am sad,
This earth to tne is <freary,
Since mother (tear has gone.
(h I for one hour of childhood,
Vhent .t my mothter's knee,
Bile taught me first tu "icr
A prayer to ilim on high;
With tears she hade me early
To seek my Father's face,
Her spirit :. beh^id::!!r
My mother is in Ileaven.
Then guide me my dear Saviour,
Teach me Thy ways to know
That I may with my mother,
Praise 'hee for evermore.
Life oi the Turning of a Card.
Some eighteen or twenty years since,
a well-known resident of Tipton county,
Tennessee. w as put on trial, charged
with the murder of his wife. As nsta!,
im such casel., popular feeling was large.
ly against him, and the eloquence atd
ingenuity of counsel were required to
make an impression in his favor upon a
jtry which, however impartial it might
* desire to he.in the conclusiveness of
sworn dut y, could not but see the waves
of popular prejudice surging in upon
Ihe case was ably argued The cotn
sel for the defense made most vigorous
and passionate appeals. The case was
aubmitted to the jury, and they retired
to tnnke up their verdiet. Time passed,
and as the set ting sun warned all of the
approach of night. the large throng in
attendance, the judge, counsel, etc., re
tired, all anxious. the accubed not the
least so. to learn the verdict of the jury,
and some wondering that the jury heai
tated for a moment to bring in a verdict
of guilty. In the meantimu the jury
had come to a point beyond which they
could progress no further. The appeals
of the counsel for the defense had not
been without their influence, and the
jury stood unchang -.l,le-six tor con.
viction and six for acquittal. Some
thing had to be done. In those days
twelve good fellows could not be got.
together for a night and -sleep. Cards
appeared mysteriously from the depths
of sundry large pockets. and exercises
in seven-up and poker were zealously
About midnight., one of the number,
Col. P., proposed that they should pity
a game ofse.ven. tip, and the,result de
The proposition was heartily and
unanimously agreed to, in all serious.
ness, and the whble crowd colle"ted
aroiud Col. P., atid his opponent, who
proceeded to play the game, on which
wvas staked a hum1an lile.
- Col. P. played to save the accused.
The bickers, five to five, stood Ibehind
thoem encotiraging the chanmpions, and
watched the game, dimly seen by the
light of t wo tallow candles with t,he
most intense interest.
The gamne proceeded with very equal
Kfortune, till both parties stood at si and
*six. It, was Col. P.'s deal, He dealt
Kand turned tip Jack. The prisoner w~as
acquitted, and every member of the jury
joined in the shout which startled the
village, oven the revelers in the "groce
ry. Next morning the jtury went into
~"court and gav', to thid astonishment of
.many, the verdict of "not, guilty," The
.juryman who played at unsucesful
game (or human life still lives, and i.s a
SOne of the counsel is a very distingmish.
edI member of the Memphis bar, and(
, the aiccused is go ne to a higher court ;
bat neither of them, nor the court, who
marvblled att the verdict eighteen years
ao hts ever knowni that a human life
wa saved by turtning Jack. There arc
4some curious episodes in the history of
our early setihimenes; but who would
think of' venturing life on turnuing Jack ?
O PUiTSIKnN CAUoUm.-A enucus of the
S~ outhern Sentators was held on Friday
4 n ight to secure umiteul action on several
,a atters Iel,ating to the South. Otno is
Sto secure g fair share of t,he F1edral ofB.
oes r prvet donArmati.on of' othuers.
SAnother is to talk over railroad matters
Sand to doinhe to oarryr throngh their
lpe~,alschemes,, toehrwt the new bill
'of the cod&bitned Patciio ra i.road comnpa~.
nies. A thuird, and the on. uder' dis
* eussion, was a plan to insist on payment
< of alariesa for the full periodt of the For,
tielhi Congress, and block legislation on
some vital meaSure, if tiecessary, until
tho demand is olen=d with. .r
any conclusion was arrived at the can
cus was broken by the sergeant-at-arms
of the Senate, in search of absent Sena
tors to secure a quorum for iho evening
session of the Senate.-Na tional intclli
FOnTY E:tOiIT11 DAY'S PnOCDINos.
The Se"nate assembled at 12 M., and
was called to order by the Pr,sident pro
The House returned to the Senate,
with an amendment., a bill to ree-en:act
certain Acts lending the name and
credit of the State to the Greenville and
Columbia Railroad Company, and to
validate the action of said company
thereunder. Concurred in, and the ti.
tIe of the bill changed to that of an Act,
and ordered to be enrolled.
Report of the Committee on the Ju
diciary, on a hill to provide for the col
lection of capitation taxes was read,
agreed to, and in accordance with the
recommendation of he Committee, the
bill was ordered to lie on the table,
The majority and minority reports of
the Committee on Elections, on a bill to
confirm and declare valid the recent
election of Mayor and Aldermen of the
city of Charleston, were discussed and
finally made the spet.ial order for Tues
day, February 9, at 1 p. m.
The Speaker of the House of Repre
houtatives attended in ihe Senate, whent
the follwM : om Itand Ai"t.s
were duly ratified Jint resolution au
thorizing the Governor to estiploy an
armed force for the preservation of the
peace ; an Act to alter and amend an
Act entitled "An Act to anuhorize the
sale of the Columhia Canal ;'' an Act to
incorporate tie Aiken Sanitary Asao
elation ; an Act to regulate and provide
for the pay of Commissiuners and Mana
gers of Electiena.
The Senate adjourned.
HOUSE OF RI:PRESENTATIVES.
The House met at 12 M. The Speak
er took the Chair.
The Committee on Incorporations, to
whom was referred a petition of t. Y.
lice, asking for a charter for the naoise.
le;s traction engine on the highways r
and streets of towns and cities of South
Carolinaa, reported by a bill to incorpor
ate the Noise;ess Traction Engine Com.
pany of South Carolina; which was read
the first time.
Tho following resolut ion was adopted :
Whereas the State endorsed bonds of
the South Carolina Railroad Company
to the amount of $2.093 312.40, which
became due in 1868, and this House is
not-informed of the p aymnent of said
bonds and the interest thereon ; and
whereas the State is secured in said on
dorsemente by a first mortgage lien on
the road of said company; the Govern.
or be requestel to inform the Flouse if
the interests and principal of said bonds
have been paid ; and if not, what
amount of interest is past due, and what
legislation he deems necessary to secure
the intereste of the State.
A bill to require bonds for *ahre of
whole estate, real and personal, from
administrators, with will annexed, was
read and referred.
The following from the Senate, ras
referred to the Printing Committee: -
That the Clerk of the Senate and the
Clerk of the House of Representatives
be and thie same is hereb.y authorized to
have 100 copies ofrtheiouornals of the
Iast speCi al session oh the General A s
aembly, and 100 copies of the proceed
ings and debated of the Constitutional
Convention, bound, and to forward cop
ies of each to the various State fibra.
ries in the UnTmited Sta.tes; and also to
forward tweat-y copres5 of cachi to the
national library att Washington, D.
A number of bills were received from
the Senate, which vrere read and refert
THEc SoUiTHiKnN PACIFIC RAilRoAD
Buy,L --The Memphis, El Paso and Pa.
cific Railroad bill will be introdneed into
both Houses of Congi essn very soon. It
diffsrs from others in tIs, that It asks
for no subsidy of land, inasmruch as Trex.
as has given it eight millions, of acrea;,
it asks Tor no aid nipont second mortgage.,
but simply for the guarantee of the in
terest upo'n its bonds, amid provides an
ample sinking fuind to secure the par
menit of the principal and jint.erest. 'It
asks for ino anch asssistance only an,er
the road is completed ir sections, so
that when this is doiie it may proceed to
the next section. Thie bill contemplates
'the construetion of a main trunk road
from Monmp his to the Pacfloe Ocean via
Little Rock, Ark. ; Jefferson, Texas;
and throngh Northern Texas to El
Paso, thence to San Diego, California,
connecting in Ciiliformiia with the Cali
f'ornia and Sonthern Pacific, if arrange
meats can be made for this. The bill1
asks also for the same assistance to the
Cairo and Patton, the Vicksburg and
Shreveapo~rt roads, which will be regaid
od as branches to the main trunk, and
thus the road hadi three tertoinl upon the
We trtist that this redd will rEoelye
the hearty sapport of. every 9uthern
member of Congresq. It is hig time
that the South had son1. helps frl the
Federal Government, anid 0 'know" of
tio pasject'that wiWho of greaer pdvyri.
tage to the Southers States thae the
'Snnthern Paciflo Railroad.
Affray:at Lowndosvillb, S. 0.
The Abbeville Jiannc r, of Vedne
d.iv last., givcs the folowing particula
of an affray which occurred at Lownde
vilo , in tha. district, on Thursday, ti,
On b'riday, 29th hilt., a Tennesseeni
by the namec of Wrlch, who had bee
residtng for some time near Calhoun
Mills, called on M1latth ew M11cDoncah
Esq , Ch-rk of t he Court in Ablieville
ttnd maele the followmg s:m taitt,t
wit: 'Tiant oi the previous day t
liowndesvtlle, as lho was about to lea v
I atore, in which he had been buvin
zoods, he saw sitting upon his ho.re.
l'ennesseean by the name of Briscoe
.hat without waitinig to hear B3risco
ipeak, or to see him act, ho drew hi
evolve , and leveling it at Briscoe, sail
o him: '1y G . von are mine,
ta.d shot him through ihe body ; that, a
Briscoe attempted to riete off, he slto
aian trough the arm, and that, pullin
he trigger the third time, he shot th
torse in the head and brought him an
is rider to the gronnd ; that he wouh
tave fired again but that his pistol wouh
lot go ofT. Fe further states that whil,
o was shooting. Briscoe and a mai
amed Curtis discharged four sl- a
umn (WVelch) without. eflect. The reas
>n which he alleged for his attack o1
3riscoo was that he had a warrant fo
,he arrest of Briscoe for horse-stealing
hat he had heen upon his track ami
hat he had been told that. Briscoe ha<
maid that ho intended to kill him a
uglit. ie firther stated that. lie be.
ieved he(- had mortally wounded 3rtsco,
is he lad >een in,forned that the stir
rcons in attendance did not thmak lu
In consequence of this informa ion
riven by himsu"lf, Squire McDonald fel
t to be h s duty, as a civil oficer, ti
s:e a warrant, for the arrest of Velcl
an a charge of murder. Th a warran
,v.s placed in the hands of Sheriff Cason
avhose oath of ofiee bound him to cxc
mute it. The samtate (venting, the Sheril
accomp-mied by Guflim, oi,. of the Stat,
Jonstabies, undertook the arrest.
W'elch resisted, knocked the Sherifl' it
)>,ca direction. Gaafun in another, anl
r.ade his escape. It. is heliev ed that Ii
& as harbored here during I he 'ight b:
t party that. woull he ealled "loyal" a
teadquarters. At any rate Welch ha,
aid to Ex-Sheriff Jones that n thinj
vould he done with him, as lae had th,
RLadical party to back hait. lie ham
id a warrant for the arrest of 13ri.cor
tiet lie had turned it over to the Guffin,
Ile was only the prosecator an the ease
Flo wa not known to any civil office
na this place as a Constable. He dii
iot pretend to show any authority. Tih
;lerk and the Slaeriff attemipted to dis
harge their duties as civil officers. Hat
hey failed to make the attempt, a hnti
ind cry would have been again raise<
itGov. Scott's office against the peopl
f this district, and against the officer
,f the district. But what have we here
Rend the following:
STATE OF Souru CAnO.INA,
OFFICE OF CituiI" CONSTAni.a,
COLUMnI., Jan. :31, 1869.
ro the /i eri'of Aibbeville County :
San:--F'rom information received a
his office. yo have arrested one Veleli
in officer who Wasattempting to arres
Briscoe, an ontlaw in your county, an
ava i comtielled to shoot him in seff
lefence. T will inform you that yo
aiaall be held strictly responsible for tha
irre.st, and I wouald also say :If to
wPould make it a more praictical point t
try and arrest, some of the onltlaws ana
iesp"'radoes an A bhe.vile, inasteiad c
State officers, it would add to your
imaall amount of crodit, as S'heriLVof AL
Aetig CIhief' Coaastable.
A FaonT 0ov1R MR. WBY.Is.-Mr. ldi
he special commaissioner of internal reve
iue, has origlinated a very nativo quiarar
by his late report upon the matters entruasi
ni to him. In thts ho grw1e a history c
many gross abusce, and1 suggested the prc
priety of more stringent measures to pro
'St thes revenu-io iroa- frauds of rings
rarious kindw, estpeoiWty whiskey.
Ile was indcpcaident. onouagh to- expres
~he opinion thiat thae oustomns duties wect
njudi'ously laid withaout respect to 11h
~eneral weltare,. but niaiinly to prot
namrlberarers. H e aigued, thmat congret
ional fegislation on alibi and othier subject
etfedtao make the rioh richer and tlae poo
poorer. Thaia lasa inoensed thae proteoti,
ariff party, and the Tribne,. hae org-aw c
bth. jarty. reads ha a shlarp ecoturo fo;
rho New York Times take nrp thes cudgel
for Mr. Wells, and aclorts witha spirit upo
la os.sailants. it derlarce ihat thes puibli
knows (lint -'tha whole tribe of lobbyists
whao are on tlae watch for opport unities 6
push schierne i.otagh Congress. hiavo mad
sommon cause againist" Mr. Wells,
Mr. WellA's report laos bcean tha, subje<
1iso of a warm debate int the Ilcouse of Re,
preselivols. ils prominent - asilar
was Mr. Kelly, of Pennsylvania, anh l
defender Mr. (Garfold, of 3lhid--both Radi
ThIs it. anoahier of the.. sigai.tha, ith
party sttagggle whichl Mtept the' patis4iie I
lice beinmg ove r, ihero . Ia niore , freedora
opinIon and speeh, aand that the process<
dlibt'mphloai and deformatioai af pArtieshba
Ing gradumally developed.
The lington So*Akerer has,been rolUnb1
ing:ndthat a gentleismsa of: capital, late
bureau oiterv in a neighboring ooo.,h
p urolhased two haudred acre. of laud nea
Florene for the. ppfe.eQpatigai
yard, groWinig ' atbldk,; (atin i
tv(y and at46k .fall kide fot'rli~
copiract lyta bit''otbut fordthte tio
edaaw tlity bfildr on the plaoe;r d
soon as comipleted t y will bo oooupled I
as many famIlIas of Germnns.
The Ma.nor in whtoh Congress Attonds
to the Affairi of the Nat on.
s We clip tho following from the
- Philadelphia Age,,of last Saturday:
e King Caucus iules Congress just
now with a rod of iron. All ques
, tions of any considerahlo nfonwnt are
a decided by the Radjeals outside of the
s lIoiige, and the mere forms of consitle
I, ration attended to in the halls of leg
isll t ion. Dturing the debate on the
Switzier and Anderson case, in the
t House, Mr. Whittenore, of South
I Carolina, obtained the floor for thu
purpose of getting off a prepared
i speech, which he had been previously
unable to deliver, on account of not
having been able to catch the Speak
s er's eye in time. He ha<d gone on for
I about three-quarters of an hour when
the following colloquy took place.
s Mr. \voodward--I rise to the point
I of order. I have listened attentively
to this discourse, and have not hearul
one word in respect to the pending
1 case. I make the point that is not in
I order for the gentleman to discuss
I elections in South Carolina on the
question now pending.
1 Mr. Whittemoro--L am speaking
in general of the question involved.
- Mr. Woodward-I insist on my point
1 of order.
The Speaker pro tempore (Mr. Schio
field in the chair)-The chair over
I rules tle point of order. So far as
I the chair has given attention to the
t rOm: flin ntleman from South
Carolina, they s'eem to be something
Mr. Woodward-They are in refer
ence to elections in South Carolina,
and not this election inl Misssouti.
The Speaker protemp>rc--The chair
t has not been giving particular atten
> tion to then.
This is a fair illustration of the
I manner in which the majority in Con
gress attend to the aflairs cf tho na
tion. The Speaker occupies the
I Chair, a Bill is called up, soine one
imakes a speech, to which the Speaker
- pays no particular attention, and
when a vote is had the Radicals act
I .upon a caucus -agreement, and with
out the most remote reference to the
merits of the nionsuro proposed]. All
the "reconstruction' Bills were enact
1 od under this system. In some enscs.
? Denocrats wero tihowed to stuto a
few objections in tlhe briefe.ot possibir
I narner ; in others the gag of the pre
vions question was forced into tie
mouths of the minority, and laws lut
upon the statute books of the nation
r to which a vast majority of the peopl
I were and are opposed. It is a favorite
j theory of the Radical party that Con.
gress is the Government, and acting
I upon this despotic idea they wish to
exercise power with the least possi
I blo recognition of the rights of the
A SinooxiNo OccURnIFNCu IN Oionnos
rowN, S. C.-Two Coi.onru: Cin,nRn)'
IlURN'r To DF:ATi.--We learn that on S1n.
day evening. the 31st uIt.., t fire occurred in
the Nortiienslern portion of the town of
Georgetown. deslroying a building belong.
ing to a colored man named I eanrmon Small,
and burning to ashes two colored -bhlildren.
The Times, of Iho 4th instant, relves the
shocking,ocourrence as follows:
Last Sunday evening between eight and
I nine o'etook an alarlri of fire nas heard
which the diffused light of the sky pointed
to the Northeastern part of the town. 'I'ere
appearel to be much constrnation and ex
oomenvt, ftmYong trio colored people ant ihr
t crowd generally who were bpstening to the
) burning Ibuilding, the property of a cood
'I men name'd 1lammuond Small, which was
dliscovered whien becyond all hope, the fire
rhating bu:rsted froni the inuerior, thien one
masof flanmos, and horrible t. relate t wo
r.e'gre children who were sleeping in the
building fell victiams to ii o nm-de es ele
meont. le-rum w,hat we cn 1drn fbli paleeems
of the children were absent at CheToh and
left them in chargu of two somuen,, one of'
*honm wrt absent at fihe time of the occur
The gtateSnent of the ether Is that. se
had pust the children to bed:withi a lighted
. torch which she afterwards thraw in the'
f ohlmney M,nd rolired for th6 ighf', ifiat site
.arept pvrouondly and was 'only awaked from
. her slumbers by the roaring of the flames ;
f that she hastened toward the room whet e
the children slept, but was obliged to quick
a h retreat and barely made her escape. Our
, fie companies wero protn4tly at the spot
e and b,ome efforts were made to rescue the
t. unfortunate victins through tihe flanme, bumt.
. the heat was so intense that the at tempt was
a fruitless. They perished amidst the burn
r lug ruins.' Search was soon ,'nade for iho
o remains and, two shapeless asses-a of oha'r
f red metteor fco'. discovered.,. A jury of
,inquest, was held ever theye romanants or
hmainniiy and,Laverdiot given as aboive.- The
a names otf thet children were respectively
a Jacob and Edward Rtuo arid their ages three
Agi-eat, ship is t.obe buiTtin San Fran.
e cisco if lihe plans' already on eahibition
meet with favor. .1. ls.te be as large as t he
tGreaLEastern, byt will dhrew enly .'ght.eent
.feet, or two thirds the dranght of tIs liGreat
liaiterhi. Commnioin boe Vilt be ubstituled
~.for bunks: the stater6rom will be vor,j unuch
lartger than In common ships, and will be
arranged. along thin coni)'. lnstead of sa tie
* sides, making the rolling of tiho buge eran.
ledI 6. 1 is d'dsigmgd th'at p at
dal bedt by the#da,
fbeing pr64idbd by IWe coldputing* - estelua
s.t6A he loon 11 h ,io fude
~-The Art Eplscopal esthmedrM ever bailt in
New Englandwasopered for tpe lt t,I. time
d a Obdristh.- It. hiSs been .full)t organied
r after t, English system, by the RighRei.'
r. ,Neely, thTd''nsud pf -Mi Th
46U hanits1 fuhI- etbeda at*' 49 '90bfid',~
yDufal, Pi burg,and wM #6t?e' dide..,
Nogro Su fl\ra'ro - Reconstruction and Dis
)ot 'iatt writes to the Cincinnati
anne reio1 (iepubli:i) as follows:
"That n egroes are eit izens, and ought
to be end owed with the right to vote,
is asl hard for a Democrat to swallow
at it is that, other ftet that the lato
rebels are tnow citizens, atd ought to
have the right to vote, s i'."ks in the
throats of our Republican i'l tends.
"To see the feeble-tninled men,
such as Kclly and 3Ioorchend, bit tIg
their slkulls agaiust a stone wall is no
unusual 1ighlt. We are taught, by
long oxperienco to respect tlalt sort
of' a fool's fightt. But to find gre.:
organizations of mon doing precisely
the sate thing is realli wonderful.
Tho negro at tho North 'is not worth
fighting over, and the late rebel ele
ment, as it is called, of the South, can
not be fought over. . We want peace,
that time nay heal the wounds of
war, and give uts onCe more a united
peolle. 'hitis cattnot now he accot
plisted by disfranchising the govern.
img element. We might have necomt
plished our end by turning the Sothtt
into a military province, and govern- ,
itg it as such not it the mten who took
part in the war htnd died out. But it
is too late now. We are remodelling
tho Constitution for all time, and to t
insure its heartfelt aeceptance we
ought to baptize it in forgiveness and
niercy. We secre the negro his right
to vote, od4 return to tho I' miasIer
his privilego to vote, and we haveiin
done) all t hat a ( overnmenit~t can d(1 itn
the way of reconstruction. If we at.
t.tutlmt by etendations of the (onstitt
io and legal oetacment to back the
negro agaiist his master wo e nter
upon an end less task, for we keep alive
th, onmity and henrt-burunig that are
the elemonts of discord and the dlead.
liest opponents to reconstruction. The
time has come for us to say to outr
colored friends 'Now youn inust stand
"1.r:'... A1t.1. M i :1.:v" An A IN IN T'll 1.
MoI1Nl1."- neh nwas the exclanation
ft a dving child, as.the red rays of sutm.
mner stre:aned through '.t(w c.tsemntn:
"(God bye, p:,p., good le I lamina c
has come for me to uigit. 1)o't. r1 rv
para ! we'll all meet again in the torn
It was as If an angel hal spc kento thnt
father, and his heart. grew lighter under <
hi~s huirdeh-, for somtethtintg a stture him it
that his little one had gone to limt,
who said : ''Sitffer littlee chilren to comoe t
unto ute, for such is the kiiigdot of n
There is someting cherrful to all who I
atrc in t rouble : "we'lt :all meet aga,:int
I the morning." It ronss tip the faint.'
ing soul like a tron pet Ia it. and fright- i
eni away forever thle dlark shades
Ihron!ging the areitin of the outer if' .
Clouds mty galitr upon our pat hi, -dis4
appinmttmlenits gather arotind its fike ,t
army with hanners ; but, all this eniot
destroy the hope within, if we have the
motto npan our lips "All will be right
in t.h tornirrg?'.
If you wteru to dlie to..tight. wutnid it
be weIII with yot inl the mtoruing ?'
A Contrr Fn C,tcFn.-A writer hr
the P.rhiladelphia rIvening Journal
claims to have an infalliblo ott'o for
cancer. The recipo is: '(The iee of
sherep-sarrel prtessed,- and e$ijo.sed ott
a pwte pltein thec suian ut il somtt.
over unid atoutnd (the canicer, the ap.
ptlicationi to be, confnned liltt il its1
toots loo.ent anid' d'olf onIt5 wIhich will
be in te course of three or four days.
'IThe intgred ients of wh icht the pe'wY
ter 13 comp'osed, comb6inintg with the
acid of thte planit, tire believed to) he'
itmpor'tanit int the comound. 'lie
leaves of theo sheep sorr'el iare wha.t
hotanuists cpull sayi/ia", whtich r'esiemles
in shapo the head of atn arrow. ThoIi
merftet' also sfates that lie cured his
corns by an aipplication of thie leaves
of the sheep sorrol to thtomt which in' a
few hours softened them so mucth that
they wold be pealed oil' anud cure
N.w POS-raas S-rrAts.--Tho new
series of postage stamtps, shtortly to ho
issued bey to Postoffice l)epar.ttetnt,
will dift'r frotin previous ones ini se,1
baii'g smalle1r, and in respeeb to thie
otngravintgs, which wrIl nuot, us btoreto~
fore, all be likeness of. p.M.o tmen.
The desit'gns are thuts: Oh te two
cent statup is an engraving, of a post
boy on bonback ; on t.io,three-cent,4
a locomotive utnder a full b ead of
steant ont tho fivo cet stamtp, a heatd
of Waoshtington ; ont the tcn-et. stamap,
a pitargof the Deelarafo Qtldo'
petIle nce ; n.the, t.wolyc.cotut stamp,
all ottgr'avinig of' an occt eteam it shi'p,
and on the tlairty-centt sttamtp thO sut'
i'endler of' I urgoyne..
FIREMEpN'8 RIOT INPrnJ.n.
9i;o of thte companies .of thyt preset
vbluinger fire. dopptrfment of, tits ' ty
f'elnov'd to rinew' location 'yes erdaty,
ad1d 1j nanutr1 in such cason 'a butiding
"njdrj by was set offlto 6idebit the
event.' Thi.' brdight 'n(Ihe uim' kh\el
bIh tIifdrduai, antd ft tlot'han~t)&ed ttlti
inff~hi t'ortnlfy W1ottialitig' ior '0,,
'taui *ith -ii iron ' bttV.' '8&.bseqhntly
JI'h'4frteciy 6fiMitllarhite las'tirL
ed a movement in tho Cit Cut*neil 'A'oz
a naid donartmeint
Thera Is very good attlihority for the
'aleutent tltt, int a conversation of (len"
rit (3rant's lthe other evening, at his resi
lence, lie retmarked that he hal made up
his mind upon his Cabinet but .hint as yet
he persoIus whtom he shoutl invite to accept
positions hld been gieti no tntimntions of
Iis intetions. , Mrs. (irant retnut ked,
"That is more thin you have ever lold tme,
ineral." lIe answered, "Yeo. mro thantlt
I havo ever (told tny e yet." A niumher
Slfeelers were then thrown out, but nil
riled to elicit any hits upon that sub.
A Wa'shington letter to the Baitinore
r/..rtrle says : "While I here is great uncer.
ninty prevailing ats to who will anl who
will not he inviteld ito Uenelnl Glrant's
hul inet, thore is good attth"oity for saving
Il Cabinet when formed will inclheit a
outhern man. 'Thisi has been pretty det.
titely settled, though it is uncert int what
lepartment of the governienIt mny be en
rusted to his keeping. The gentleoman
low in lieneral lIrnut's eye is one of the
nost distinguished jutrist of the ounltry,
,ul one whose ability nod experieno
rould well fit him to'r any sttlion to which
e in:y be assigiei. It is also lellevtl
hait (leneral (hrnnt hna tleetrminctd upotn Iho
lher members ot his Chinot, hut will ntt
Itake knownl his choice evet to the g;etlie
nc'n themselves ututii ni'ler the P'residtal
010 has been counted and he has been
flicially notitied of his election.''
Tu lloM asiA.-Quite an interesting
use under the lomestead law cnle bet'ore
uge tutland list week, in whiht the I'o"
Jwing points were made:
Was the act of the Legislature made in
onfr'inily with the Coott!ulion ill provil
ng that" Iho defenlannt. may ".'elrcc'' his
otnestend, the constituttion appenring to fix
a1ns nu exemption of the dwellitng aind laudv
i' utel:ant ?
('iln one, though (he Ihentd of a faiully,
esi ling with his panto1ts, have a lonesteai
f lanns upon none of which he has Ia resi
Can the hom estead ho of lanl ,d b d in C . t r i
airt flcrsIp1 ?
Can an1 int eresi Anl a Mill1 be set aparil as ia
ortion of the homestead ?
These questions all admit of argument,
mi n i the Act is a he.v one, andl will give 4
iso to nuch Iitigatiotn, the Judge, after
earing conniel, retuindti them for further
onsideral ion.- Cheste:yi,rld Ikmocr~at.
.TI'rl.ItntoN o' \l.\u1Tl tAurrs.-In the
'hurt of(1eneral Sessions the question as
I tlhe jurisdiction of Mlagistrates in crimni
nil cases came up before Judgo Carpenter 1
H the ret urn yesterday to a rule to shew I
atuse why cellain I ersonus were detnined in
uslodly. 'I'he jutlg decided tint no power
'esied in Mlngisttitos to hear and deter
nino charges against persons aceosed nind
o commtit to jail upon such trial. That th I e
uthority vested in tt uinder the recent
tot of the Legislature was c(nillned to tIle
enring of t he causo and the commit ment of
ho a ce,ised 10 jail upon Suflicient cvidlenc,d
a at and trial at I he approaching tetrtl of
he Iourt of (ienernl Sessions. Soveral
risoners, therefore, sen tienced to jail by
lagistrates, ntero ordered to be released.
f C/iarlesfon Courier.
''n aius.t: Tnlt.ans.---''hero has been, for
omo timuc post, an unusual demanduu for
miles in Southwesturn Georgia. From th
,lloInig paragraphs if appears that. the de
andtnt still existi. The Atlanta C'onslitution
f ;:atn urlay, snys .
Siice January 1st, 1809, and up to yes.
etiny evening three hundred and sixty.
even car loads of mules have been brought
o this oity, pIr Westseru and Atlnti tail
h,nd. limating a on load at twenty-one
en,we havu rc?en thousanod sevenI lulti.
read and1( seven 0mules. Abhoot threec I hun,
red have airrived by dirt rondt, ming
uMh ft 1lhousand in rolnd nil nnhers. Not
I iqt oanding this large illflux, the moaiket
ltilIlues livly, ad the dlomanuld active, at
Thlae Columbuols '/'i.., of Frtiday, iny:.
TJen mnlos10 were sioldl at ilalrrison'8 nueI
l'is $125. Some brought $100. Tfhe ani
11n15 were wvell broke, butt commoni ones...
tiler property brought good prices.
Scoor, Cassus.--TIn Chesterfield Counity
he f>llowing eenisus of' t hO childreni who
re tiable to 6e pot to' echool, uinder the ro
ent Act of tile begislature, huas been maile:
Yhite.s--boys, 1,1105; girls, 1.35. Islacks
--hoys, fl92; girls,86l. F'rcin this~ it.np.
>enraS that the whitos exceed the blacks
~eiatly 0ne thiouisand, and. tile boys exceed
lie girls ablout fity. Tile nlumblle1 of echool
lOtrsda in the County Is only twelvo.
In York Vounty the numwber' of children
let WCoIn the ages ipeollned Is 6,901, of whlom
,0Aty are males anid 2,8i5' are females. As
a race, they ar: 'Whites, 8,273 ; ,Indlans,
7: negroes, 2,061. These oblldren belong
o 2,287 ftillecs, nllno Of whatfln have eabh
elen chil'ion over' ffve and uinder eighteen
'ears old, there being f'orty-two boys and
wenty.ono girls In thesoe nine families.
.live youi men in Blerlin lately mande an
greemnt, for a wager, to see who of them
~ould Reep a*'ake for a whole week. They
Lll;liold otut foer about fve danys and a half.
>y drioking largely of strong ooffee, and
:eeping up a constatit round of active ex
irolses and exoitIng aiuenments. At the
tanl.Qf that time two of thieia yielded to
lrowsitioss; a third soon fell asleep while
riditig,ftumabled from hisi saddho and broire
l,ld ?rif I s fourth Was attack'ed by a seovero
uiokneae, and compelled to~ retire froanthe
60ti)iat; he Afifh held out tothe end1 abut
6IMwenty. Aye pounds of flesh In .winning
o ew6ge: Long ago, Filoderick th.e Jreat
I 4'~ tir0 my a *1'mildr' oxyerimen',
rd loIt n'al o6l hehi bidiN,nhbai strong
mras' sleep for more than four days.
A nr. (1 s. Goxaz:Ii:..-- We
extract the fl!owing fromi the SavannaIt
llorniny Nes, of the 9th iust.,
The Tri.mpa (F'lorii'a) /\<ninsular, of
the 30th tllh., savs: "Gvneral (onza
lI.z, who was the second in coinmu.d in
the ill fate:i i,op1'z e'xuedition to Cuba,
aid who has bein residing inl ,South
(':trulina sinco tbo liilure of that expe
tlit:on, went over to Ilavana on the A1.
'a'nce w"eek before lait ; but we learnt
lhnt he was atrrosted mn tifteen 'minuttea
ilter landing and lilged it I Io Moro
in reilation to the above the K\nes
(aeneral 0;onzaler. served gallatilly
througlh the late war in tin (onfederate
1y111), and lie has manly warut Iersoill
friends in this cily and throighout io
outh,'who will be psai11ed to learn that
Im' has. Iall, i nt.J troubtle with the
jp:nish G.ovri.mtnent so ittmmediately on
hs retorn to iS i;tive country. to a
:'onv "ersatiei with hini while in ihis city
-n ru'ite to niha we :slhei himt if ho (lid
lot runi1 Somie risk returirng there in th
resent di-tnrbed Coli'litionl of'atllhirs ill
Islaind. I lo r'pl'u0l that lie ippiehtenl
'-1 no lilhictily with tlhe (ovornment
hat having lost, witlh 'he iefeat of ti,,
ui nfeodcetec ctaus, tall he 1,ossessedl he
'turned to his inaive countrv to earn a
ivelihood for. his family, :n Inv callcity
1: whlich he could l "mIlmlimnsclf u'lefnl,
'n:a witt a ;I"ttlcd resolh- to ha-' noth
il llorc to do with 'Iolitie.I. \Vltot.
ver ma y i i' lls sViml,:tthi' with i.e
evoliiiarv m11ov i,iniit in Ciba we airo
ssured that I,- is in no miiainner coniect..
d with it. I li has probibly been a'.
"st,Iil for hi. Iairicip ation inl the Lop17
ttlaii maiiy yeariis ago.
"'Cot.ttm.:n" on ''N I.:a ito."- -/1Silr
1/i illrIcAppe/: \V In t do you news.
,:11p,r men mean by "colored people."
'colored citizeiis" ainid "colored individ
is'?" W riters on natiiral history and
>hy sics generl'ly), tll us there are sev..
mII colors, to wi : ired, orange, yellow,
ree'n, bhIue, intligo and viol-t. \V hat
1001" are Ilhcse i('ople that tehe papers
r so contin ally mietionig as a part
if our poInllation ? I have seen a "yel.
ow ft"llow," ocewi'iually, and havct
'heard t"ll" of the "yalle' guil." Go
tbout Ithe lunch hoit' and you will neu
I "red faced" mInn now anw thlen'' ; but
I treten, blit, ilfigo or viiet colored
man ce hardly ever see theso prosper.
)>s rirmes. \ilh th greatest deference,
hen, [ wouhl suggest thut you news.
>niper folks designate ihp color of tho
sldividul:i alluded to in f(uttue. It enls.
tot be possible that the negro is tho
,erson so oftEn inentioned, for ho is
)lack, and Webster tells us blaclk is no
We are glad to :io' somebodv besides
murselves Ino - up cndgels agninist ~the
m.lc"lievonl al uso of t he term "colored"
is a11pli', t the negro.
Southern palpiers by their use of it,
'rtdorse the pierni(ious New England
allacy that the negro is a Caucasian in
GKN. (InAN'-No-r "1io'I1 01.nEN" To
A NYnony.-'Th New York .'Imes, con.
?idered as icnh Gen. Grant 'Ii organ as
iny paper. has this piiitin talk to Iiscona
entid Rpunnblcalin, who think (#one
'ml Grant ought, to tell them every
''G'1. Grantlt will not be, in out' juid'g..
men', so mneh at thie mercy of party
>rigctnz'tions011, inr co dependent uipoin
horm for support and suecess, a's Presi.
loents usually find theimselvyes, for the
-easo tO3hat hio is not mndebted priminfi* v
.0 any such organlizat ion for iins nlomm'n.
11no' 1o party conisiderat ion of' any
(aid for his~ election,i rficl servies iii
oppfressing the rebellion gave him a
itre Iig th with thle country which mado
t ai iiecessity f'or the( Repubbeanii party
.0 make him its candidnte ; and Lthe gon
'a mfI;ndence of the whiole c'otuntry in
us sound judgment, practical prudence,
mnd disintLerested patriotism, will give
)is' atdministrationi a degree of' strengthi
wh ich no0 party organlization cani ro -
IrTiE SouTir A<>M'N Ivaler,.--The
MAfcopolan liecord, after a cheer ful ro
view of the now very prom:sing com
miorcial sittion of the South, comes toi
le conohuision that three millionf, of bal'es
r>f cotton next year will p'ut tho qmetus
an Radicailism, and wind up the whole
machiincry of reconstrumction.
"Thei spirit of trade, we are renmdod,
is an obseq.nionw one, and worshIpR saca -
Dess. Lo0t the giouthi raise three ihil.
lion bales5 of cotton this year, anid thta
very men who called londast. lot~ the en
Iorcemient of the reconstruction policy
will solemndy disehiim ever having beers
the eny of itis peoplo? "
A novel miode of' difn:ttg, hitely in'
troduiced in New York, ~is io hire a
ebuaiae painted in filiMing ved lotterm,
"Collector's Chaia," ut which hie makes
his dhaity rotmuas to the, douiilhI of
slaw-payinig detI)brs, f in ver." ot)tihto
eases, ahd' whisn tfle d'elitor' . litWsg i j
fashlionable hIouse iL id kepastahdlng t'
frontio the11 premtiiB'tses le al hohita it
L AItog S4A ,P. O, StTS C I4A$NA
inEdgeflie Cd d adtit ijna