Newspaper Page Text
THF FAIRFIED HERALD
WINNS1101O, S. U.
\.ednoaday Mdornmng, Fob. 17, 1869,
Diesp:)".v;, W1lliamns & Co., I''op
- Tho Cost of a Fairfield Ootton l'actory.
The establishment. of a Cotton Fac
tory is tho plan for encoura"aging im
migration which especially ionulilcnue.
itself to one of our citizens of sieriing
vorth1, but of retiring calraeter, and
doubtless, if operated by Vorkinen
from the North, they would spread
infor mation that would bring their
nanmeetions and acqnairntances here
in search o l'!ortuno. i e understand
that, we have in our disrict more than
one splendid site (or a Coittou or anly
ote uaaufactory. 'iTh cost of one
way, therefore,. interest those, who
'havig sonic money, iway desire to
form a 0conpaay and coln :eno to
inaannfactur"e the Kfinq For their in.
form+ttion wo pubdish the following
est i:nate from the Augusta ('hrnich"
A N orthern machinist. gives the
following estimitte cf tith pmlinI eost of
tho machinery neded for a cot
ton factory of one thoulsaid spin.
dI3 R 1it tl necess:ary prt ei:mrat ion
and movitig machilery to rnn by
ste:an 1 :
COST Cl' ONI . -IrLU.A ' I) aHIS" rl:c
1)1.'.3 A N1) Pt1.1 S ATl ON.
One !aun's whipper, 3 75
(ne picer and lappier, :i5l
1'ur doubloelu lol'ing (aitrds, 100o
One ii wing fran '1, heads 225
l)nw :dnhlbber, thirly-.ix . pin- ) t
One fly framnle, ei"hty-forl.
(l:e thou:nni ring; spuintd!ue,
aat $1 : -h, .1V00l
'"T' rcel-. ,35 ach, 711
One bltlling* press, 5
I'hnr sets rardi elothinr, at.
$G0 00 10
(Cans and b+tubbins, 200
Shafts, pulleys and helts, 700
Turt ing lathle 5,(
)ne tell hor>:t. lower engine, 1'00
Extra 'h:arg for fitting ipt, 150
Total ccos; of m'ichincry and
fixtut e., So,85
The abovo is n deotail of the cost
of one thousalul spiinlh, :andllprcl mra.
tion, without looms. W\ ithoutt going
i1o detail, ,10 per spindle is a safe
calculation. One luntlred spindles is
thlc conil.-nt estilmat0 per horse power.
Twelve lu,lms, with accompanying
machinery, onll,ume one horse-power;
fort y loulm lhould be allowed to one
t'lousand slildles for spinning modli.
nm numbers, say twenties to thirtic.s.
Loomts coit- $65 each.
'T'he cost ('f o Ilmnail :pindl's
with prepara'c tin anrt Il d i 1eavillg 11a1
c:hinerciy wouild bc ais tol lows:
WVholce o.st of onei thloulsandl
spinIdles anvd prepara*lt l$n
(dlednelting ric of10 reels5
and1( hnn(dliing p r o a s
wich rel n ot nede for ci111
weav ing) is, $9,765;
F'orty 1 oomns, at 1G3 ech 2,6100
()no dresser, d50O
Omne warpeI1r, 100
O noC spooler, 8(1
ExStrIa charge for steam enI
E1'xtrai chlargo( for .1hafts anId
From this dot;il it aplears21 that the
cost p)or spind1(1 wc1ith1 lcoomsi is $13 6(0,
but a safocr calenlat ion would be $ 1 I
For one0 hunidred spinls 1withIout
1looms1, I wold recommenlCd ai one-to
ry buiildinig 0on0 hnnd1(red feet long aiui
fifty feet wvide. if 1oonis are addl(ed,
onei hlundreld andc fort y feet lne anid
fifty feet wide. Fo'r two or ltiree
thousaund spindles, lot thle hold( ig -be
two or three stories high, each story
thle samo1 iln capadcity as. above recomt
As thec cost of labor and lmaterials
in d ifferent localities varies, 1 refra in
fromi givinig any13 estinate of th 10cost
oft biildiing a mill to containil theo above
miachineory. Ally 01no canl do0 this
with th10 capaelicty and cost (If iimate
rials8 given. I would remarhIk, how
cror, thaIt a buil d ig at the SouthI,
withl theo same1 cost of Iabhor'1( and mto
rial, could be orete mu1 IIich ebo0apjer
thnanl on10adaptedl to our Northlerl
'Tho return from cottonl in well
mianiaged mlills is eighity-filvo per centI.
altthioughi 1many1 return~l seventy-five
por 0021t. A 1oom in~ fair operat.ion
will prodlue thirty.t wo yards por~ day,
runnmulg at ono hund11redl a11l ten p)icks
por~ m1inu1te, and malfkinlg cloth sixty
four picks or threads of woft per in1cl1.
Theo Mattoatwain Company have
sont mahmhiory to tho South for a
large number of'1 mitlIs, and1( conld pro.
bably furnish it as cheap and at as
shlort notioo as any maclino malikers iln
the country ; althIonigh t1h b eancan
for a Southern comlpan)y to start a
mnilliwell, and in theo shortest possible
time, would be to ongage a good pro.
tioal manufacturer, and lot him put
the mill In operat ion and1( furntish n
colmpetoult .iiporintendent for a speci.
fled sum. This~ plan has 1 con adop>t
od, and I believe with Rnecess, U e.
spoctablo p'orsons canl bo founld to
-take charge'of now factories if the Io.
A Tremcdoue Lost to Planters.
The loss from inoflicient labor, or
ha" seasons, or worthless manures,
may be heavy, but it is as nothing
compared with the loss that will fall
on our planters next winter, if com
pelied to sell their cotton to pay
debts or buy provisions. Each plan
ter now hopes that he will be the
lue;ky man that will escape, but past
eapericneo should havo taught the
wise how vain is such a hope. The
whirlwind of panic and speculation
will sweep away his year's labor and
earnings like a straw, just as in 1807.
Tl eed, the beginning of this year re
seles greatJy that most disastrous
period that ever dawned upon 'a strug
'ling people. And the press of the
South is but fultilling a most solemn
duly, in warning against tho infatua
tion of the hour. With on0 voice it
reit erate's-avoid indebtedness, and
llant provisions enough to insure the
power of holding and controlling the
price of cotlon. To ntako a double
erop of cot lon, at a sacrifie of all else,
antd tihen be compelled by debt, or
frightened by panic, to sell it at one
hal', or one-third of its value, will not
pr ve a remnnerativo proceeding.
Better not plant at all, than plant to
inerease 'indebtedness. Those who
cann,t. procure labor now, may next
wint er have reason to rejoice over
their apparent inisfortu ne. The con
tracts, Ioo, being offered are not justi
tied by the past character of the labor
ers. but (we sincerely hope) may im
prove it, on' the principle, that, when
trusted, even the most abandoned and
worthless bare often acted in a man
ner worthy .i the trust. But would
i sane In".i, therefore, put his life or
preini tihe power of an outlaw or a
rob- :1 is that ordinary prudence '
We thi'.k not.
Nevertheless, we do not hesitate to
express (he opinion, t hat, in our State,
a p rovI'lion crop planted on any but
rieh, bottom land-b, will not pay, with
ou nnwnure, one hailf so well as cotton,
even at ten cents a ponnd. If, then,
clmpelled to plant without manur
a mon re-t wr tched aInd destructive sys
tcn,,-.-and if at all within reach of a
Co1ven ient lepot. for forage and corn,
go a head, plant cot ton, but beware of
Uxp,ct in;g a sulden fortune thereby.
It is simply the better of the two evils;
for if you can possibly make the ma
nnro, or have cotton seed on hand,
provisions should not be neglected.
Gold a Good Inyestment.
To buy plantatiot? supplies of all
sorts now, when they are low and can
he convoniontly hauled, without in.
t.erruption to the culture of the grow
ing crop, would in many oases be the
hst posible investment. To others,
owing to the rattago, waste, and stoal
agi', ill thle famnil iar forms of ncgr'ongo
andu over'serago, such a purchase
wouldl be anything but a sa'vinug. In
deedi, we lknew of a fine imnager', whlo
beid, that it was chealper' in the cnd
to bny1 suipplies, when and as they' were
needed, and11 we do not doubt tbat, in
ord(liaary sceasons, he was right.
Shelled corn, for instanoc, badly stor
ed, may cost a planter one or two of
his mi ales. 11:11)n, badly stored, may
spoil. And oveiryth ing badly guard
eil, is subhject to neoaf. eid'
in or'd iniiry seasons, pr'ices frequently
in t he suunnerlC favor the buyer, and
be thus both gainls on the price and
D)uring tlhis rsennon, prices will ro
bably steadily increase. It is there
tor'e, a giood policy for thloso who can,
to buy at onlco, if sure of good stor
ago and ofl'eotual guarding. But to
thlose who are perfectly sure of the
exact. contriar'y, who know thlat they
cannout safely store 1nor seem ely guard,
we suggest an inv)~estme)nt of their
money in gold. or' whllat is much bet
ter', a loan of it upon a g'old b,asis,
bearing inter'est, to theo tirml that usu)
ally supplies t hem dur'ing thle y'ear.
A mlomnent's attention will convine
a pilanter of theo great u'aatage of
taking this advice. While the cotton
is being moved, the demand for cur
roney is so strong, that, as compared
with gold, for three years past, it has,
inv'ariably risen in vaIluo, so that at
this season of the year it will buy
more gold coin thlan in the s)umer
mfonthls; or conversely, gold obtained
now, will purchase more curreney
neCxt summern01. The gain to thle plati
tel' will be about ten per cent, in six
mionths. The following quotations
from a reliable table prove it.
Date. Price of Gold.
Jan. 3d, 1867, $1.32
Aug. 3, 1867, 1.42
Jaln. 3d, 1868, ' $1.34
July 31st, 1868, 1.45 '
01) the principle that lIke OcauBs
prodlue like results, we antIeipate the
samo11 rise in thme value of gold this
year, so that planters keeping funds
to buy supplies wheni nee4ded,bad bet
ter invest in gold, or lond to a factor
upon a gold basis boating hnterost.
Brief reasons for repudiation ; ap
plicable to the war debts of all coun- o
tries. By Isaac Butts, Rochester, N. w
Y. Twenty dollars per hundred. hi
Thirty cents per copy. pE
This a most interosting publication, et
and we hope it will be read exten
sively, that our Southern people may Pe
take care to invest their money at "
We rejoice witl you in the prosperity of en
old Mt. Zion. Ihe, school now nnumbers ii8 be
a n d a n e x p e c ta tion o f a e w m o re . e "
Mlr. Woodwnird, itbe Pincipal, is a gent Ic. v,
man deserving of IIthe- herty sippori (f oar if
whole County. 1!e his sacrificed more et
tempting and l,Irlrtriive otfers io go to oilier
States and take chnrge ot i-nrishing munle ki
institutions. to cilry nt hi . tei i-e I l d " Ie.
siro to buid up ohd .\t. Zion agnin. A of
hope which will be realic.eu very suon, if bi
our people only tipp're:"inte edecntion pro.
As a teacher, Mr Woodwn'd is one of the i
first, if not thefirst in the Stato. For those P'
you1hs who have been entire/g trninedl under hi
hi, ire prominent/y in ntlvnnco of ot hers
who come from abronal t. Mr. Woodwnrl's at
school. The exnmitlions of his candi u
dties for College nre highly flittering to
Mr. Woodwnrd's thorough and oleg-int
training of his scholars.
As P, diciplinurian, he is not severe. but ti
firm and kind, alwt a gentleninily towards
his pupils, winning their respect iways- C
Mr. Woodward his now for his assistant
Mr. Jas. Stewart, jr. lie was formerly a
student. under .\r. Woodward, continuing
his collegiute coutse at Columbia College,
N. Y. lie is a young nitn of intrinsic
worth and superior education and eminently
fitted to assist such an excellent. Priocipal
in building up a fine school for our County.
The farmers of our County should intme
diutely,embrace such advantages, for your
boys must, be ediucatel antd the earlier the i
better. Awake to your own interest ; for t
what will be all your gains if yriir sons
grow up ignorant hoors, ignorant evon of
the elementary branches of educt ion I
Boarding can be readily obtained in pri
vato families as weii ns in air. Woo,iw,ri'a
own family. It is not too late, to embrace
the opportunity, for the school is open still
for new applicants. I,et us reward the ef
forts of a deserving gentlemnn In a lnuda. C
blo enterprise, instead of sending our boys il
to other institutions and academies in other It
counties, inferior to the one at our door, at
their reputation only great in our estima. ti
tion because not known. And our opinions b
as to their excellence formel from the re- w
prescntatious of boys "rho julge of their ei
value, in proportiin to Iheir distance from ri
home and the restraints and espoinago of fc
parents. PATRON. P'
I.i.aNots AsnA'1uF:.) or CimAoo. On
Saturday, according to a dispatch from
Chicago, a bill was itirodneed into the d
State Legislature of lliniois and passed by .
a vote of seventy-eight to nine, fihe object
of which bill being to separate the city of a
Chicago from the State of Illinois and to
hand it over to Indiana. What does this
mean ? Wo know that it has- been more
than once suggesled that New York City,
including Long Island, Staten Island add
Coney Island ,ihotuld be cit1I off from New f
York State and cotnst it utedi a separate State.
This is intelligibule. New York State is
Riepublican, New York City and the adja
cent. islands are Deimocratio. No suchl dif
ference, however, exists between Chicago t
and the State of Illinois. The city is qulite
as sirongly llopubllican as the State. What
ecin this proposed separation mean ? We 1'
can only tundersiand It by siupposintg that in
the Iniquity of Chicago has beconmo so mon.. ri
strotus, so glaring and offensive that the b
sober and.order loving people of the State, il
filledi withI righteous inidignation, are dleter. p
mtined that, the oiutm shitll no longer In any Ii
sense attach- to them. Chicago is to be ti
abandoned to betr fate. If thie be any
righteous Lot, In this dloomed city of thte.
Plain it is time we were fleeing to Zoar.
LA. Y. Hierahi. d
en as-unsTttAnP.--The Selma (.Ala.)
Times and Messeng,er, of the 2d instat't, says:
"Last Satutrdlay, we had'the pleasure of a
visit from Mir. ii. T. Penke, the enterprisinga
and poputlar Gleneral Stuperintendent of thte
Souith Caaolitna ltailtoadl. Mtr. P'eakc was
returininig fronm a visit to Neuw )rleans antd
Vioksburg, which lhe had matde In an ehe
gant car from his own road, running
through to tho Miississippi from Charlestonc
without chango. Like the business mend
generally of Chtarleston, Mir Peake appre
ciates the valtie of the WVesternt trade, andl
lie hopest to control it by an enlightened and
libernl policy on the part of bis road anld
Its connectIons WVestward,
ANorusa Goon Stax.-.The Knox, ille
correspondent cf the New York Time,, writ.
Ing under date of January 25th, says: An i
omnibus railroad hill is now pending In the e
Legislatuire apropriating nmore bonds to C
our unfinished railroadls. Otir Knoxville I
antd Kentucky and Knoxville and Charles. s
ton roads are named in the bil, and the
amonet. deisignated for each of them ($450,.
000), will be abot sniticleijt, to compleic 2
them, which wilt be of inealculable bene
fit to Knoxville. We will then be the great
orosslng point of ihe national highways i
from the Atlantic to the Aliasissippi, andI r
from the Ohio to the Gulf. This hIll w;11 je
no dloubt pass, as its frIends confidently pro. s
The following personal advertIsement is
from the New York IIhrad: ''If thle party
who took a fancy to my ovtiooat was infiu
cnced by the Inclemency ofthe weath, all
right, but It by commercial consideration, I
am, ready to negotiate for its return, John
Broughami. 826 West Fourteenth street."
In the Court of Common Pleae at Colum.
bla Monday, 1st lust,, Representative W hipy
per, a negro lawyer, appeared for Pegg.(
Bllon, colored; charged wIth assault and
WoodrsoEKsR.-It is a common piaotice
nearly every farm to wage - relentless
ir against woodpeckers, on- the pretext
at they destroy corn. That tite poor
rde may have a showing, we transfer this
ragraph in their defense from an ex
ange. It says:
"We have seen planters killing the wood.
oker for sport. They are regarded as a
isance, because they peck holes in the
uck, and are charged with eating young
in. But In this last particular injustice
done them. If you will go to every ear
ey have pocked, and examine closely,
u will find that a worm has been there
ting the corn but it is not there then,
enuse the woo-pecker has taken it otf the
r and swallowed it. Insteud of eating
mr c'.rn, it will protect it from the worm.
e is, therefore, yocr friend and not your
lemy, and you should not kill him."
If this be true, we hold that farmers who
11 or permit woodpeckers to be killed
ould stop the had pratie, or at least
ange the form of indictmnent and give the
rds the benefit of tuartyrdom.
A Morlta ArrAr..-A Virgin I t edlitor.
ving exhausted all other knowin modes'of
ocedure to wake up tardy subscribers,
t upon this:
"If our delinquent debtors cotl,i see us
this 1:30, a. n., in our night gown rock.
g the cradle of the Junior Editor while
c dear good mother sleeps, they would not
te ithe heart to withhold what they owe
If the paternal instinct abides in any of
e recreats. they will pay up instanter.
The following beautiful episode is from a
tpe Cod exohango:
Two lovers stood upon the shore
Of Massachusetts 1tny,
Bhilding a sad fare-well befote
Seth tore himself away.
"I'll marry you when I come back,
My sally Ann," says ho,
And then tie took a little smack,
And went away to se-i.
TtlE I:tAUoUnATloN IBl.L.-It is eaid that
e negroes in Washington, on being refus
I a chance to participate in the inaugura
on ball, have decided not to attend as
aiters, nnd to get tp a ball of their own:
hich, they are assured, either Grant or
Alfax will attend in person. Many of the
ore respectable colored people any they
ould not attend the ball of the white folks,
t many of the white women there invited
-ing other than respectable.
We think it can be made evident to the
Dtton Supply Association of England, and
ie manufacturers of Germany and France
at they will be far more sure of a regular
ipply if they would turn their at t ct ion to
e development of the staple in America,
t promoting emigrAtion, and in other
ays, rather than waste more time in the
fort to increase the production of an infe.
or staple in India, the only other country
om which any material inorease can be ex.
SPRING Is CAt.Ls-rox.-The Chatle.ston
aurier, of ycstord4y, says : "The Spring
ason has come in advance of the day pro.
oted by the almanacs this year. Already
many of the gardens which adorn sever
private residences, the peach tree is in
ll bloom, and the early fig is covered with
aves and buds. Green pea vines are also
tfar advanced as to require "sticking."
NoTnNo GINUtNn.-Up to date we have
lilitated onrselves that oysters wern free
omt the machinations of the adulterants.
'e are the victims of misplaced confidence.
lhe World tan has discovered that they
re soaked in a cohtition of soda, which
vells them to a tempting size. When shall
iese horrors cease.
A PucaFECT WoMsAN.--Dora d'[stria, the
acliachian P'rincess, Is believed to be the
ost, learned woman of oar tinmes. She
~adsland speaks fifeen languages, writes
stiutiful novels and profound essays, has a
torough knowledge of the most intricate
Dsitlons of the Oriental question, is a bril..
att conversationalist, and,- at the same
me, very handsonme and graceful.
Mus. SunnATr a RLsaAu,a.--The Wash
tgton correspondent of the Baltimore Sun,
tys: "The President has issued an order
Irecting that the remains ot Mrs. Surratt
a delivered to her family for decent burial.
appears that a petition asking that this
e done, signted by about forty members
r Congress, was filed in the WVar Depart
let about two years ago, but cannot now
A wotnan divorced in Chicago last week,
uft the court room with the privilege of
loosing bet ween five names, to all of which
t o had an equal right-Warren, Groen.,
yke, French, Connors, and Grant. Ihe
tut was liar maidlen name, the rest were
oc names of four htusbands, the last of
'horn has just boon legally disposed of.
he lady is not satiffied with any ofthe five
ames, however and proposos now to take
te name of Sample, by a fifth marriage.
A Goon D)aY's Blusurrss tx WALL STnara..
then the scrip diviJend of eighty per
ent, was declared on New York Central,
ommodore Vanderbilt was the bolder of
15,000,000 of the stock. The price in
anly rose thIrty per cent. The pro'itu of
te transaction to the Commodore were
ierefore between four and five millions of
olhars. Not a bad day's business.-N Y.
Matt Carpenter, the new senator from
fisconsin, writes that iho is for equal
Ightp, without discrimination of race.
olor, or sex--that in his opinion "the pre
ant adljustmeat of the marital ;elatiens Is
relic of barbarism, and has no better
hundation in reason than the.lhetitptjon, of
lavery-vis., that mig~ht Is right.."
A bili against the policy at thIs times'of
ranting the right of way to the Memphis,
I Paso and Paeinoe Rail Road. .
'A Bill pganting land;-to the New Or
mans and Selmna Rail Roa4 Imtalgration
D*AT1f or Till Oznis, Maon.-T2he Erie
-. Y-) Aepaic/A states that Joseph Metcalt,
ho died In that sity on WeVdnesdaty- lAst; at
sage of' minetyfour, was the eldest Ma.
mn in fiti,, a e.
The recont lunr ecllpseoe'ela-bo seen
from the sumnmit .of tho Sierra Nevada
while the sun was etil' in sight. The phe-.
nomellbo was causcd by refraction.
DRATiI or JAars ''. BaADY.-The last
dispatches from New York announce the
death of this gentleman. Mr. Brady was
among the loading American lawyers, and
his death is a great lors to the profession.
lie died suddendly of apoplexy.
The Supriuo Court aflirmed the decision
of the Court of Oregon, requiring taxes to
be paid in gold ahd silver. The Court boids
that taxes are not in the nature of debt or
contract, and therefore the legal tender
l:tw don't affect taxes.
The honest men of the South have tried
to get aior.g peacenbly and harnioniously
with the scnl:twngs longer than patience
could he cexpeoted to endnre. It is very
well to pour oil on the trout led waters, but.
what. if the troutbles of the wit era increase
when the petroui has given out ?
SArTIsrActonY Ex'r.LAATIOx.--The Salt.
Lake Tolegraph wants strangors to visit
Uta! and settle Ihere. For the information
of all concerned, it states : 'You neied not
havv more than one wife if you don't want
to. There's no computl<ion about it.."
A Liv.s.Y Cnocoutra.-It is pal helically
told that the carpet bag Speaker of tiheTon
nessee Legislntnee wept eopiou,ly when he
resigned his seat in order to stand anl inves.
tigation of the embezzlinig of the school
Titr. Lose or Trtnr,n.-So,me of our read
ers may have thought our persi-tent. war
fare against worm fences quixot ic. It may
be itportant for such persons to learn that
the last report of the Comnmissioner of Agri
culture presents an alurtming view of the
wholesalo destruction of forests, and pre
dicts that "there will be n aclnal famine
for wood in this country within thc next
The Rev. l)t. .lohn Hall had occasion, a
few weeks since, to prenoh n sermon on be
half of domestic missions. Next day lie
received i note from a geutinan express
ing a desire to add as much more as the
congregation had given, and wishing to
know the nticunt. lie was iniirted of the
amount ($.1.700,) and sent at once $5,80)
in money, not wishing even his check to
itidicate his name to ainy one, and saying
that he wishrd to make the situi '-$1tl,t0)
BY virture of Otiers, tunde by the lion
(. e. 8. ltryatn, Judge of tie Distric
Court of the United States. for tle Western
District of South Carolinn. I will soil at pub,
lie outory to the iighe-t hidler for cash,
at the residence of (leo, II. Miller, near
Yongiesville. at 12 o'clock not Weudnesday,
24th Febiruary, inst., the following proper
ty, to wit :
1 Mule, lot hogs.
2 Cows nnd Calves,
4 head )ry Cattle,
1 old Carriage,
I small Wagon,
Remnant. of Wagon,
I Rifle and Pistol.
Sundry Notes an i Ace unnts;
And other property belonging to Estate
of George F. Miller, Iinokrupt.
S. 11. CLOWNEY.
feb 16-xkt2 Assigoce.
BY Virtue of an ntt tehment. t me di.
rected, I will offer for sale at Frirtiell
Court iouse onl the first Monday and the
d.ty following in March next, wkhin the
legal hours of sa'o, to the highest bidder
for Cash, thto following Personal Pr->perty.
Purchasers to pny for titles:
1800 lbs. Seed Cottotn and -40 bushels of
Corn, more or less, attached a the pronpery
Thomass Jenkins and others, at the suit of
Smith & Melton.
24100 Iias Se :d Cot toni, miore otr less, at,
inehed as the prtoperty of P. llistings nt
the stuit of -James M. Hiarvey.
L,. W. DUVALL,
Feb 13th, 18619.
SPRING 3'RINT'S, New York mills, Wnm..
sutta, Utica nnd Water TwitLn lte
11 and 10 quar-ter Sheeting, Ladios flne em
broidered IIandkorchiefs, Lace Collars, &c.
Now supply Plantation Hloes,
. Iorse Colinre,
Tin Ware, Ml, Shoes, &c.
WITiERS & LAWI,
O-NrONS. Tihu Potatoes, Corn, (Garden
JSeed, &o., for sale at.
.OlN MoIN'l YRE~ & CO.
LATE AIRRIVALS I
P LOW STEEL,.;Plantation IIoes,. IIrse'
Shoe Iron and o.Ware, a large as,
sortmnent of Knives atnd-Forks, TrnteobCains,
Shoiels end'Sptiles.;'Also, seed O4ts,yry
Geods, Netiis Nudt servi cable Sho%s.'"
I'HIOMPSON & WdObWAllD,
T EE D arrels Godrih's GeQnuine .se 4
-LPotat@e, just reoclived
New Ad tisq on .
Sheriff Sale -L WSa vall'
Assignee's Salg -S. 13. Clowncy, t
Spring No6ds and Planters supplies
at Ivitlier." & ljaw.
Internal Revonuo notiee of Ineome
Secrets of the Great City.
P'lantati .tools. ats T Iltuippson, &
Wood wiard's. .
hardware at Ketchin, M3e aster &
Onion Iluttons-Jolhn McIntyre &
Q-J Wo are so tired of "JLegislativc
Proceedings' that from to-day we
cease to "nblislt them.
Death of Miss Eliza J. Davis.
Wo regret to learn of the death, on
Wednesday, 3d inst., near Ridgeway,
of 31iss El iza J. Davis, cl.l(est daugh
ter of \ir. Wylie J. Davis, in the 20th
yoar of her age.
Many friends will mourn her e'arly
loss. With patience and Almost with
out a murnur, had she borne years of
siekers. She spoke of death with
the qluict calmness that showed a true
ciristian faith and trust in the love of
the God she was so soon to meet.
She had long been a member of the
l.s just coinuenced its second vol
ume. This magazino was coitmnenced
with the ostensible purpose of furnish
ilg yo ung men with attractive and
rcally useful reading mat tar, and so
far has really redeemed its promise.
We advisc every young man who
desires to know somet hiug, to sub
scribe to th muonthly, S. S. Packard,
publisher, 937 Broadway, N. Y.
P'rien $1 ia year.
Trouble All Round.
An Eastern editor says that a man
in New York got himself in troublo
by marrying two wives. A Western
editor replies that, many men in that,
section have done the same thing boy
marrying one. A Northern editor re
torts that he knows a number who got
into trouble by inerely prot ising to
matirry. And we know of a negro man
who married a white woman, (one
who pretended to white,) who had se
rious trouble to get rid of her.
A Cura for Waits and Coins.
Warts are very troublesome and
disfiguring. The following is a perfect
cure, even of the largest, without leav
ing any senr. It is a Frenehman's
prescription, nud 1 as been tested by
many : Take i small piece of 1a'M
beef, steep it all night in vinegar, cut
as much from it asq will cover the wart,
tie it on it, oi, if the oxeresencee is on
the forehemld. fausteni it on with stri ps of
sticking plaster. It may be remtoved
in the day, a d put on every tiight.
In one fortnight the war.t will die and
peel off. Thie samie iresoription will
An exchange makes the following
sensible remark3 :"TLhiere: are many
people in the world who make it a but
siness to sponge the reading of their
District pape w)Viithiout any expense to
themselves. They are found wher
over the paper is left--in a shop, of
fice, store, or barbor shop, and often
borrowing it before the o vrier hans
an opportuniity of' seein)g it. This is
(lone by very many who are abundant
Jy able and whoso duty would seemi to
be to suistain their' District pilper, by
subscr'ibing an~d paying for."
The Matrchi numnberof d.i;t ever
welcome fam'i ly visitant,,.Jemorcst's
M(gazine, hias ulstr- uvppear.ed in olur
scanetumn, bright, beautiful, and int.or..
.esting, as an elegant. display ofn.he
early spring fash ions and an: enter
taining colleet ion of. abandsomnely il
lustratedi tales and skuehbrs enhI-on..
der it., nunhberlens cuts, deteription1s
amndl Ints all rehuti'vo. . 9, mitters im
portan.t to thin fair. sex.. $3.00 year..
ly. Published 838 Brioad way, N. Y.
The AianSoc ounl
in the February. numbor. Just re~
ceivod, wo nlotide-a mnimbofo iArdeles
that flhonld be r'end 1b Overy farin-r
fimong thiem, 'TIroventtin pf1Diseagas
spaying hogs," "Tr6atnnt of sows
during pregnancy,'' "Feeding Stock,"i
"Cutting and stonuning feod," pood.
lun hior5ses Distengo in) hi'rss .
lin~, armhin g,' ''rain d
horsen 'thevarious breede
tie," Diff'eront vai-j ties of GQ
':Colly or Soo .
PweI d Lag on. I%orees, .&.. A
dress li-P -i eyer & Co., iish ~rq
'afkesburg, Cheptef go.4,
The Posidtitl yo
Iappa. rdhai ai shg. i ord-.
bonM9,n ..as oqcuri,edi rppact,ing hei
'formnality-of outing thbGDro.iitldl
'?oto,d 'ThdWas.nglx.. AV.,bi
'ubl can says : "After the vote is
ouutcd thu tellers wait ipcui the
'residlent and Vice-President, and in
orm them of the result. These gen.
lemon simply signify their accept
tnco in a written statement. to that of
eot. without tignature, whiqlt i ., 1o
torted by the tellers and entored upon
he Jounnl, vhero it become 'part of
he record. Tho President holds no
,ertificate o conilission of any kind,
nd has no other recorded evidem of
its right to hold oflico than this."
Oine of the most dificult things for
I person to do in selecting ai c.ow i. to
ell whether le hts found a good 'me.
30lud one in Veiinont, i lo han 1muc1h1
xpericnceo in this business, offers the
ollowing excellent ideas on the sub.
ect.. They are well worthy of a care
"First, get a broadside view of the
mitimrtl, at a dista:Ico of. about two
rds, as I have noticed for years that
there was a great similarity in the
zencral proportions of all first-class '
milkers, being very small in girth
just back of their forward legs, as
eomupar^d writh the girtli j nst forward
rf their hip:. 1 never know a first
rate milker of any breed, not thus
proportioned ; so that if t iis form is
wanting in an anin:al recoinmended to
me, I do not care to look at her more,
unless I want a breeder for some oth
er putrposo than the dairy. For
breeding oxen I should want a cow
of reverse proportions-i. C., lirger
,irth forward. I next feel the size of
the milk veins, and trace them to their
entrance into tIme chest, which, in su
perior cows, are large, admitting the
ball of the largo linger ; if tlivide<l or
stbd ividede, as is soniotines the on+--,, f
judge of the size of oncit orifice, as L
are less for, the vein itself than the
~rilee. Next, I examine, by sight
ini tonh, the udder or bag, which
mnust' bo capacious in order ti hohl
much milk, with teats wide.apart and
free from large seed warts, or sores of
inv kind ; I then inq uire how long
Ahl g dg hlr;i&u c cal vin g, as I don't
want a family cow to give milk less
than forty six weeks out, of every fif
ty-two ; also as to the <tuality of milk;
ind to close, I milk her with my own
Pr..ax'rA'rius lltr"rius combine rnre medi
'nl virtues wit a delicious aroma. and a
llavor grileful o thi e palat0. It- is purely
vegetlable, and in its composition nil the
requisites of science have been complied
with. It is suitable for all ages nid sexes.
It. is gentle, stimul 0.ing and soothitg All
rlyspeptio disorders nre cured by it, and It
repairs and restores nature's v isted pow
rs. l'r.tS.ATiON Birr"irs are incronasin
laily in favor with all classes. It r liomes
suflering, renders life a luxui.y. brightens
1ih present, nand throws a hopeful light on
MAUNo,iA WaTsu.--Superior to the best
mported German Cologne, and sol at. it'
the price- feb ll--txIw
In Winnsboro. on the ovening of the 91it
February, by Ihe. 11ev. Win. Ranks,, Mr. J.
1E. COfiD Elt, to .\iss AS[Iil IE. N. 110
Assistant Assessor's Office.
Wiss'anono, 8. C., Peb. 10, 1809.
J. AVING received instructions from II. 0.
IIerric, iEsq., Asaessor for the 31d Di1st.
of U ., lo receiv6 lacnc returns for the
year' 1808 I hecrowvIth.annex a form of re
turni circular to I le one requiired, -int ordeor
to enable all persotns'to maMo a a,rne .return
in a short timne.
1. From lrofils of any trado, businese, or.
vocat ion, fromt which income is netinally de.
2. From the payment, of debis In n for.
mier year cops5idere.d lost1,and~ which havre
not pa id a-proviois'income tanx.
3. Fromi rents.
.4. From farnming operatlons---Aonnt of
live-s.lock sold. -
Amiount of agriculiorval producte sold].
6. Fromt profits realijzed from the sales or
r'eal estate lPurchased since December 31,
18ti4, - -
6. From gains and proflts'6f Any indbirto
7-, Fr'om inter;est on notes, Nonds, *nitt
gnges or other seuritles.
8. Ifrom al' sources tot above enu mint.
1. lNxempi lby law, $l,OO0i
2. National, State, county, andI tbdnil1l
taxes paid wilhis, the year
3. Losses actually 'suslained durhig the
year from fire, ahipwreck, or riagurred in
trado,? and not already deducted in ascer
6, A mount paid for hilrtd laboir to ctati
vale land fi'om wvhih:ilnoomo is 'derived.
6 A mount. paid for the live stock~ which
wis sold.within the year.
7.- anun nitnalliy paid for 'et of home.
' 8; Anmount,.paid for usititl or ordhni.y te4
paIrs, excluding paymnents for ..new buIld- I
ings, perinainent improvements or better
9.t fe I.crest paid ot;t or falling dato witi
'I a*rdlc Income. .
Amount of tax at 5 pet' eent
"Carringe, phmton, ca'rryafh rocklwhy
&e., valued at thiree hutndriedl dollars anid not
exceedinig five hundred dollars, $6:.,
(lb,watches# compoaed, wholly pr in part
of gdr i la' t, kefo o, valuied et one
oGold wittches. compros'ed Wehi or #d puart
6f ged or gilt,:kept tfns', 9aied: tbovoe
one hunmadred dollars,:$, ,
9r. Plt of goIbly kept for,uso, por onne
JNO. W iAKI1
O~ovl4 Cakeo; Iciagebab,Pt~o
A9~nl~ ,,, ab fros ,4tPSly, Ufall ad ee