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Desportes, Williams & CoW, Proprietors] A Family Paper, Devoted to Science, Art, Inquiry, Indust,y and LitN .
VOL.11.1 'WINNSBORO, S. C., WEDNESDAY MORNN MAC-3189[O03
IS PtJI.IShi) WEEKLY tY
DESPORTES. WILLIAMS & 00.
Tarns.-THt 1i:IALi is published Week
ly in the Town of Winnsboro, at 63.00 in
vareably in advance.
fig All transient advortisements to be
paid in advance.
Obituary Notices and Tributes $1.00 per
The G.rl With the Calico Dross.
A fig for your upper-ten girls,
Wilih their velvets, and satins, and laces,
Their diamonds and rubies, and pearls,
And their milliner figures and faces
They may shino at a party or ball,
Emblazoned with half they possess:
But. give me, in place of them all,
My girl with the calico dress.
She is plump as a partridge, and fair
As the rose in its earliest bloom;
Her teeth will with ivory compate,
And her breath with the clover perfume;
her step is as free and as light
As the fawn's whom the hunters hard
And her eye is as soft and as bright,
My girl with the valico dress.
She is cheerful, warn hearted and true,
and is kind to her father and mother:
Shen studies how muctteh she can do
For her sweet little sister and brother.
If you want. a comnpnnion for life,
To comfort, enliven anid bless,
She is just the right sort of a wife,
\Iy girl with the calion lrest.
[Frt tt the h o ttuttt a t'hiunt x.j
Under Whioh King, Bensoniain ?"---Law
and Order, or Outrage and Murder ?
NIit. EmITRn: Your paper of Friday
.orning contains an clahertate commtnt
nicatton, devoted to fault finding with
carpet-bnggets and Gov Scott, and par.
ticiu laly in refe,ence to his recent order
to the Adjntant-Gener.al to catry into
efTet a riecentt Act. of the General As
-.tliv, prvt 'itiig for an armed fo!ce for
the" , e-ervaliots ''' the Iteace. In telt'
t-nst1' 41 his hiconmunmttcatton. Ithe writer
"Thi N"'lsitdinL citiz..n'ts of South
(' are lmi.. rrer Fin.-"" er01 tec?ptanlce of
tS e ' w:ai onst, q 0 1jf1'b hei-)" i',"e"ln fI.t'1"'l
upiI1n th.-1n1. hIt VI". tm the m m tin- t: 1 t,,
tllh , eaboar,t , tvinte"d at '%esirl", itti 1'x
hib,ited' b,Y thi1-i ("t11Ilue , a dlispotsiti')n
for g iet and I -,1)tu leice to the lw,
:e.ld, oetht-r fotr Sta ' oleiiers, for Con.
res i, or t.! I'rtiet:He v of t he T.Tlitetd
tats(! . there stiV li t ve hltt slight. dis
turletcs, but ittt.o oeIt( mstance taking
the 'roport itont of'. vet a sanI mob.
And here tht' quest ion may be well pu.
to the aslhorit".', (the les-r authori
ies. Sit'riff, Connaib's anl Mningers
of Elect jot ) by whom were tlhesc lhis
turbances wrought, up, and by whom
. 'part icipated in ?"'
I propose to aiv"r t,he questions of
youir correspondent, by adding the tes
itmony of one who was thoroughly in.
formt'd on these inatters, all of which he
saw, and part of which he was, and
whose aut horit y on lie subject tust be
deemed as indisptatble.
Depostion of William K. Tolbert,
taken before Hon. William Hutson
Wigg. Judge of the Probate Court, Feb.
ruary 12, 18G0i, in a contested election
ease, het.ween S. L. loge and J. P.
Reid--J. D. Pope', Esq., counsel for the
WVm. K. To!bert,. bein-,of !atwful age,
being duly sworn, says:
Queston-Whsat is your niam-e, where
do you reside, anid what is youir occsspsr
Ansswor-I live at Greenwvood, Abbe'
ville Cjounty. Farming.
Q.-HIow long have you- lived in.
Abbeville Jotmtv ?'
A.-All my lile.
Q.-Were you.in A bbevilles Couinty
during the msotnths of July, Ausgust,
Sepsember, October anid November,
Q.-Did yosu belong to esther o6 t
politcal parties, dutrig the last cam
pa ign ?
Q.-Tos wlhich one?'
Q. - Hlow was the Dt'mocratio party
organsize.d in AI)bbevsle Cosittv ?'
A.-.nto Cinsbs. Democratio- Clubs.
Q.-Did you belotng to onse- of those
A.-Yes, to Greeniwootd Cluib.
Q-W here did your Club hold its
A.-At the depot. Met onice as
S Q --Wsere your mneetinsgsptublic ?
's A.-Pubhlic to Democrats, bitt not to
ruadicas. No radioal-allowed to come
Q.Ddyost takse an oat,h as a mem
ber of theRe Chubs ?
A.--Not wttisn I joiued.
tiots connected with these Clubs?g
A.--Ys, sir. Committees were'ap
pointed which met in secret, and they
appointed men to patrol in each different
el ~ neighsborhsood.
Q.--Wor what purpose were these
.mesn detailed to patrol?
A.-To find out where the negroes
were holding Unsions Leaguses.
Q.-Whast other instruttions had
A.--To break thetm npi. kill the leadi
ers, Are into them, and kill thei leaders
if they could. e
Q---. Were those thd inbtruction~e liv.
en 10all the club.?
A .-Can't nwy throughont tcotta
try, but believe they were..
Q.-Were those instructions giveii
and en&frced at any time, and put mo
execution against any of the Union
Leagues in Abbeville?
A. -They patrolled for them, but
could not find where any were held.
Q.--Were there any othet instruc
tions given to these committees by the
Democratic clubs in relation to the
election to be held on the 3d of Noven
A.---Yes, sir, the day' bofero the ele,
tion the tickets were taken away from
the Republican party, from those wh.
had charge of them, by these commit
tees. The c.,mmittees w%eri riding for
them the night before the election, tak.
ing them wherever they could find them.
I was one of the gangs myself. Ten or
eleven were with me. I was a mnem
her of the committee myself. Destroy.
ed the tickets. All of us were arm
Q.-W hat were your instruct ionQ, if
the persons having the tickets in charge
refused to give them up?
A.-Shoot them, and take them by
Q.-Have you the menns of knowing
and do you know, what was the polhti
cal sent imtents of the ne.?ro popultI, ion
in A bbeville County, and how they
would have voted if they had been al
lowed to vote ?
A.-There were at reast. four colored
votes to one white vote in the (ount v.
They wonld have voted for the Repih.
lican candidate-far you (Judge Hoge)
-at least ninety-ine out. of each hutin
Q.-Where were you on t he day of
election, November 3, 1868?
A.--In the fort part, of 'the day at. a
voting precinct, Greenwood, in Ahhe.
ville County. A conrier canr, mo from
\V hit e 1i11 plrcie, Ar bbchci, e h. o -
savimg tly were lighting tht-r.., (- !
was a'oiit I I 4'e"l .<-k. al l:. l .- l -
publit-lans w re- :iI,;lilt vbr,:up-i . A
stluina of ntv. armned, aboni 3.0 in OW, ,.
besides invsel1, wan snt. there V hen
we got thiere, the Republic..ns were all
golie, etc(cep. 1:-, w h> wa: lying Il-r
hlead. lea l hat. other" were wonh-".
Th'Ir.r,. harl h~"en1 somIe whoi ettu f).. .
kInow if Ih R .p blliui.;r hot
w hii m: wil i s .hot Only1 t cr , r .ut
metn we",re allowedt"c to v"otte beforr" slow.
i.. conon.-n(j t. oii to five hun.u1-.1
,olored mn,n uisii.,oliy vOjtd at I - i pn.r"
rine"t, who, if all:lwed to vot " wonu,d
lime votted the Rehuhl,h e,l iiekrt.
Q.----Did the Dtueocrats c'me to th
\Vhte Iil p~Illig precinet ariu"ud or
the hday (if I he elemtion ?
A.-Everv one, so far as f i;new.
It w- is a general unlerstanding tirinigh
out the Count.y, th al. il were to g.
Q.-State what. occurred at Green
wood precinct up to the time you. left to
go to White Hall?
A.-Well, the negroes, to the num
ber of about four hundred voters, asseu
bied about one hundred and fifty P ards
[rom the polls; the white men,v Dem.,.
-rats. were all! around the door; Capt..
J. G. Boozer was sittiag right by the
loor, to examine the tickets. Two
Republican colored men ca me np to
vote ; theycame from the main body.
He said, "[jet me see your papers."
They pulled out the gepuhlican ticket
with Hoge's name for Congress. fie
told them they colki not vote them sort.
there ; they would have to go soe
where else to vote those papers. Biooz
er was armed. The negroes turned
back to the main body, who saw there
was 1no chance to vote, so they disband
e.d and went home. There were about,
four hundred of them, alil voters in Ab
bevilhe County [The oflicial return
madet the Democratic majority 1,920.]
There was a e:ear understanding that
the Dtemocrats would force the Ri-publi
eans from the polls if they utndertook to
vote--fore~ them by arms. We were
all armed,. and intended, if they rushed
in, we would rush- them back, shooting
It was not safe for Republican
speakers to can.vase the County. The
general understanding was that they
were to be shot, killed, stopped. Hie
knew of' fouhr that were shot. One
got over it; three wore killed. Seve
ral othero wureahot and wounided, but
he does not k,now the persons. They
were killed- because of' the influence
they had in the Republican party.
The killed were James Martin, -a
ndembier of the Legislature from Abbe
viloe, B. F. Randolph, and another
man at White Hall on the day ,of
election. Randolph was killed at
Hodge's Depot, on the 16th of ~Ooto
bor, about 2; o'clock in the afternoon.
Hie (Tolbert) was prosent, was known
and recognized by the olthzens living
at Hedge's Depot, and talked with
a half dozen of themn-Fletoh. lodges,
Langdon Connor, Jim Cochran..
q.-State bow.you happened to be
at Hege's Depot the day Randolph'
was killed? -
A.-! heard lio was going to make
a speech-there, and I went up to hear
it. When [ got there, they told me
he wqe not going to speak there ; that
he:had gone 'up to Abbevlhle, 0. HI.,
and was going' to Anderson that'night
--onu ther afternoon trine. 'Joshua
Logan and J. -W. Tolbert oames to the
depot. wylh me.'. Moh were del
knoiyo at Hfo$ge'q D~epot. .When. we
arrived thede, we foun~ a-orowd of
men, sorde lig1s '6 t'eh, besitNs our
number. We commenced talkig
about Randolph; that he had threat
toned to Colonel Aiken to burn up th
Scate ; that he could do it in thre
.vords, and that we must kill him.
Langdon, Conner and Fletch. Hodge
-aid to us, after we came up-we al
were armed, I mean Fodge's Depot
L'hoy pnt up a target, and we all oho
.if our pistols at. We did it to re
load our pistols, so as to be sure the
would fire, being freshly loaded.
1'hey put it on Logan, Tolbert ant
myself, to do the shooting, saying tha
is.we did not live there, the negroe:
would not know us. If any nlor<
shooting was to be done, they woulc
do it. That if Randolph's guart
fired on us, they would fire on them
When the train came in, Langdot
Connor went to the conductor, and
asked him if Randolph was on board
and he came back and said he was of
the train. The train ran up to the
sidu of the platform. Randolph wau
sitting by the door of the car. The
rest all went to the upper end of the
platform, and got on the platform. I
went to the lower end. Just at thie
time, the Greenville train ran up.
Randolph immediately changed ears,
and walked back to the last passenger
oar, and took his seat. James Coch
ran stepped tip to me at that time,
and says: "Hill, you follows ought
to have been disguised." I said
"Jim, what do you think of it, any.
how ?" lie says : "Ho ought to be
killed, and now is the time to do it.,
right now." Fletoh. Hodges came
up with a roll of money in his hand,
and says : "A'l soon as you do
it, we give you this, and we will
back you ; if there is any more shoot.
ing, we will do it." By this time,
Randolph had got off his seat, and
walked out on the platform of the ear.
Joh 1 :..ks camale up with hi.l pistol
it hia Ii .d. .,u11 lhe : ,-: "Now is
: O I , t .- - e - " b . I ihe p at
I.ela t f.. ti t b,," i t :t a "..IIi
t i : bi iI.. :, Ile I, i - e s,l iI
his la1o , !- ,:et lu-1.w , Iindl
t..le 'Il. : ", t.- " mI, - t 0 (4m p 1e t
('e- otu We i - - ' rcitel tA:e q E lii',
t li'b1 ' t n 11" . Al -i. ie' 'ff i Iet
wVas t Jl t ii ih,t W I V.ell: ie'ied tdee
tl?' t)itut l t:ip :-.- | ti W.,. itut :.ihus
i;, lu ii ti. e l' -it welt, 'no
Lithre ill .t I) :.Sutn n. ting. They
cmee b: iuk t Ai L- iLg , ' h htim
-Ciel, 'atlc I " . i lee 1.1 I . t l tp teeI d Il
Th"-ti t.hOi no, tha t 1 lt t1: l.Ia. n:aiet
wa;s brou111ht upl InI th D<c1) mn It-I
mClet. I :I:I Itu -hat they sh.llubi do
w'Iith I 1! hi . Sono id,, 'C.It hiin up1
andll re , tl hIimn tto the dog " ".heIIrt
i,l,. "the( y wolu; il,box him up1, anld
explrels himl trl (1, . S"o as a1; ptlri"
teut." Ellis knews that hie was killed,
und.killed by us, and that smllie of the
inetuber-s of the Dcmoert i.' Club saw
it done; saw Rl,andoplh killed. [Wit.
ness was here warned by the respon
dent's counsel, Joseph D. Pope, Esq.,
to speak only from his own knowl
edge, to which Tolbert replied : "I
speak from my own knowledge."]
The members of the Democratic Club
that I remember as being present
were: James Cochran, Landon Con
nor, and Fletcher Ihodges.. They ad
vised me to shoot Randolph ; to kill
him, and they would baek me in it.
Q.-State if there existed in Abbe.
ville, or ini an.y other of the Counties
in the Third Congressional District, an
organization known as the Ku Klux
A.--Thecre was. I do not knew of
my own knowledge that it existed
in any other Counties ; but from pass.
words arnd signs, believe that it did ;
given by umembers that I know by
sign belonged to the Klan in other
Counties. It was a secret organiza.
tion of persons belonging to the De'
mooratie party, known as the Ku
Klux Klan, existing in the Counties
of the Third. Congressional bistriet.
I know that it existed in .Edgefield,
Abbeville and Laurens. Members
took an oath on joiniing. .Nearly all
the members of the D'enroeratie party
belonged to the Klan. Amiolg them
were : Ci'pt. J. EG. ILor'er, D.. Cross
well, Flectch. IHodges, 1angdon- Con.
nor, Bob Stansler.. Don't know that
D- Wyatt Aiken did. The object of
the Khan, was to regulate the RAepub.
liean panrty ;. break it up if thtey could,
and strengthen the Democratie party.
To do this, they were to kill -out the
loaders of the Republican- party, and
drive them out of.athe State. The
oath taken by the members was this:
To do whatever their leaders ordered
them to do. We had a leader in
every organization, who was known as
captasin of the company, and we were
sworn to 'obey his orders. He told
us to find out where the Union Loagues
met; to fire into them, and kill the
Presidenter if we could. It was un
derstuod that Randolph was the man
that organtized* the Union Leagues ini
South Carc'Ina,acnd that was one of
the reasons why he wats killed. We
bad a meeting the night before the
election, and- had orders from out
C'aptajin to some 'eal-y t;o the' pieeiniet
tiexti morning abasd,- and thoh Alow a
ttegroIReptblican to out a ydte.. Te
~tfy sto persado themi to Vote the
Dethooratiotokt.ad if -they insisted
upon rotig, t,o ftWes th6tn babk-;flghi
tbenm ; kill thea;> shbot theua. Joihi
G. Boozer was the captain. About
tw=nt mamenir that. T 1mnw.vp bul
? there were mor-, than that.
4 W. X. TOL LERT.
- I will not further intrude upoi
s your space, Mr. Editor, by attemptinl
I any comments upon the testimony o
coinmunicatIon, but may be permi tei
to express tho hope that your corres
- pondent is answe'red as to who wrough
up these disturbances, and who parti
cipated in them, and that he and ove
1 ry law-abiding citi2en of south Caro
Sli na will see the propriety of adoptinl
suoh measures as will prevent a te
petition of them.
ANOTHER OF TIE PEOPLE.
The Abbeville Press publishes tht
following, with reference to the state
month made by W. K. Tolbert :
This man, it aeens, has hoe. iidue,
ed to surrender himself-has beeu
hired by promisen of pardon and re
ward to do the dirty work of Solo.
mon L. Hoge. If not equal to the
"wickedest man in Now York," he is
certainly the wiokedest man that was
ever in Abbeville. Hie now adds per
jury to his many other crimes, and
yet he is to be rewarded for his vil
lainies. The carpet-baggers profess
great horror of violence, yet they claim
that they have a much greater desire
to promoto their schemes to secure
oflice and plunder, than to punish law
breakers. They have the preatest
offender now in their possCRsion--one
who by his own confession is a mur
derer-yet they forgive all, and take
their stand on his testimony, because
he commits perjury for them. They
do not wish to punish Tolbert half as
much as they desire to disparage the
D.Inocrat"ic party, by porjury and
subornatiOn of perjury. We wonder
whether the whole testimony of Tol
bert has been published, or only gar
bled extracts of the same? Was he
"kel whether he did not surrender
hu-- ? Whether ' he is not now
a in j:il ned guarded day and
igh! b r-alical ptiupga and procurers
of false testimony ? Whether he was
i1>. prmitisedt a pardon for sweariing
taiseI,, and how much of the reward
w:as i.rt'mised him ?
Until the production of this testi
miony we were not attiro that Hoge
--; hard pret-se:d .: i i i oflort to
claim a seat" to which he is not enti
th-d. V thought ho relied upon his
party in Washington to admit him
perfJas et nefas. We did not think
tae would de.-cend so low as to bribe a
,irolling assassin-to induce by offers
of elency and reward, so base a
fellow to beonme an informer, and to
lad to hi-4 other crimes the "deep
damnaitinn" of perjury. Verily he is
pressed to the wall, when he has to
iako such desperate shifts. Ioge
wants to go to Congress, and truly the
prize must be very alluring which
could prompt means so despicable to
So far as the Democratic party is
concerned, Tolbert's testimy is a tis
sue of falsehoods. We trust to pro
cure for our next issue the testimony
of every one whom he names, flatly
contradicting his statements in every
particular. In another column we
give the testimony of managers at
Cokesbury and Greenwood, which was
taken before Judge Hill, during the
past week, and before Tolbert's testi
mony reached us, and which establish
es the fact of the fairness of the elec
tion at those points.' We also give
the certificate of Major Leland, which
furnishes a full vindication of the
Democracy of Greenwood.
CERTIFICATE OF J. A. LELAND3 EsQ.,
My intention having been called to
that part of the published deposition
of Win. K. Tolbert, relating to the
"Democratic Club at Greenwood," I
cannot hesitate,'in justico to that club,
to make the fol.lowing statement:
I served as rosi-dnnt of that club,
from its organiAation until about the
middle of September last, when. I vis
ited. the Nortit to- eeek aid for an
educational enterprise, and was gone
until after the Presdential election.
The cl'ub l' eonsid-eros- a legitimate
party organization, most of its consti.
tution and by-laws having been copied
from a printed pamphlet emanating
from similar clubs in New York. A
full record of 'its proceedings was kept
by the Secretary at al-times open, and
now open to the inspection of the
public. I deny most emphatically
any connection directly or indirectly
betwen what is known as the Ku Klux
Klan anid the Democratic Club of
Greenwood. If there was suoh an
organization in -the neighborhood of
Greenwood or any where else in the
(County,L knew nothing of it while serv
ing as Presidenti,- nor have I been
convinced of its existence since my
return. As to the appointment of a
seoret committee to break up Union
Leagues by killing their leaders, a
sim ple publication of the list of mem
bers of that club would be th. most
J. A. LELAND.
DEP~OstTJoN OP )(LTON4 O8sOR3E MA,NA'
GErt AT .ORSENWOOfr.
Aeswo, to' .et intertogatory;
I'amia a ottien lof the eniouy 01
Abbeville. ' v dtod ae theale9tIot
fot MI6bet'of "Obng'res' hld on thil
8d d fofyNodniBet~ l&trat4oe
Ane'ver to the 24 Interrogatory
I w :9 one of the ro,anagera at said ]
prerlei t. Thomas H. McCurry and
John J. :hsrp were the other mana
r Answer to 83 interrogatory:
The said managers were all regular
-ly worn, and the said elccti rn was -n
t all other respects condueted according r
Answer to 4th interrogatory :
The said managers did not receive
the vote of any persons who was not
regularly registered. No "ncn-rai
dent" offered to vote.
Answer to Gth interrogatory :
The saia managers did not refuse r
to receive any legal vote of any citi
zenl who was; regularly registered. On d
the contrary, efforts were made to in- i
duce several persons to vote, who
wcr huown to tho aaid managrs to . ti
be registered voters. Such refused 0,
to vote, giving no reasons that I heard 1
for their refusal.
Answer to 0th interrogatory :
The said election was conducted
peaceably and quietly throughout, a.'l 1i
was in all respects as orderly as any
election I ever attended. There was
no disturbance at the polls. There s
was no show of force whatsoever that (
I saw or heard of to deter or prevent il
any person from voting. I was at tho
polls all day. c.
Answer to 7th interrogatory: ar
No person at said precinct was tb
refused the exercise of the privilege B
or right of voting.
Answer to 8th interrogatory:
The said managers did notrefuse to p
receive the vote of any one, either p
white or colored.
Answer to 9th interrogatory : at
I cannot say positively how many
colored men voted on that dlay at said do
precinct. I think about forty. All
of these voted the Democratic ticket. tm
There was not a radical vote taken on ta
that day at raid precinct.
MILTON OSBORNNE. I
DEPOSITIONS OF L. D. CO.NOlt, MANA- .oi
CER AT COKEsnURY.
Answer to 1st interrogatory : Si
I am a citizen of the County of Ab- o
beville, and voted at the election for ra
inetuber of Congress, at the election hi
held on the 3d of Novomher laut, at .it
the Cokesbury precinct. ei
Answer to 2d interrogatory : th
I was a manager, and the other G
managers were M. G. Ziegler and P. In
W. Conner. al.
Answer to 3d interrogatory so
The managers were all regularly hi
sworn and the election was conducted an
strictly according to law. co
Answer to 4th interrogatory :. t;
The managers received the vote of tr
no persons, who were not regularly re
registered. No non-residents were ra
allowed to vote and none offered to A
Answer to 5th interrogatory: w<
The managers reinsed to receive the be
votes of none who were regularly regis- tt
tered. All were admitted. I know of sh
nothing further onl this point. p.
Answer to 6th nterrogatory: in
There was a detachment o(, United th
States troops, under the charge of a in
peace officer, stationed near the polls to th
preserve order, bit- there was no occa- in
siun for their services,as the eleeton was di
conducted quietly a'nld peace.ably and ar
here was no disordervor distuI)bnco in
Answer to '7th int errogatory : eI
There was no intimidation wvhatever, ol
and.*no co was refused the right, of to
Answer to 8th interrogatory : to
T1hie managers refnsed the votes of v<
inone. No colored men wvere refused. er
the right of voting. Pt
-Answer to 9t.h mnterrogatory ? . a
T[hiere wvero 150 or 200 colored voters, tc
of whom a majority were Demoern, tie. i
L. D. CON NOR. th
Sworn to and subscribed before me, ht
this 19th Fei'bruary, 1869. Ic
J. I'ro., A. C., S. C. w
GENEnRAL WIGFALL.--A. writer in a K
Western paper, on "the exiles of the et
war," says: w
tewis T. Wlgfall made his way B
abroad at the close of the war some- gt
how or other. He is a ma of despe. TV
'rate energy,-and he has been practis- sp
ing law, I believe, in some irregular at
way, now in the courts of England, ci
gets along somehow or other. Hie ti
cannot have much money, arnd I fancy at
would be glad to get back in Texas at le
the law once more. He is in many ti
respects an ext.raordinary man, a born of
revolutionist, nover disheartened, what C
ever the storm or the tempest ;. best. ei
pleased5 perhapi., when the waves run'
high, devoted-to his own pet schemes
or ideas; has a passion for -some peo- i
ple, and can hats others like the glowj
of an anthracite furnace; is always4
driving sway at something, yet never '
depressed by 'failure, ind will never
givenphope as lonif as ho can find a h
listenevs Give him half a doxten li.
tenera andhe is perfectly happy. As r~
wie are to have peaoq, I thikhk WIgfall
anti :the Vnited States could'hartoon.i
1se fnatifr by allowing him to- bar.
anngue a Tessejt:rye What barfn would
'it do? I
r*'hW ogr1t~ heet weomar heoid of I,
was a darkey in a dar l '16vIth ab b
extinguished candle, looking for a h
black eat that wsn't there. jfi
aeoture by Mr. John Bigelow-Interest
Mr. John Bigelow, the predeessor I
f General Dix as American Minister
t Paris, and before that the Ameri
an Consul General in France, deliver- t
d a lecture, giving his own personal
eninisceees of the great French
arrister, M. Berrycr. The lecture I
oom of the Historical Society, corner n
:leventh street and Second avenue,
ras well filled by one of the most <
utelligent audiences cver assembled
listen to the lecture of any literary
inn, and the applause Mr. Bigelow I
eceived must compensate him for C
any disappoiutnients and many n
raw backs he must have experienced t
i his diplomatic career. q
Mr. Hlamiltou Fish, as president of t
ie society, oailed the assemblage to if
-der and introduced, with a few well t
at remarks, the lecturer of the even- i
g, Mr. Bigelow, who had been the f
rmier secretary of the society. Ap- E
ause greeted the introduction, and c
a discourse. He said that Berryer a
us a remarkable man and probably c
o most remarkable forein:;ie orator C
nec Mirabeau, and, perhapa, ainee 0
icero. From his youth up he was e
ibued with the spirit of feudalism; e
t such was his character that he a
uld comprehend the spirit of liberty in
d of republicanism. The lecturer w
cu referred to the contemporaries of di
erryer, the greatest of whom was ti
uizot, who for some time after 1830 w
is the Prime Minister of France. cc
irther reference was made to the it
irliamnentary triumphs of Berryer in
e Chambers, from 1818 to 1851,
d to the great effort the deceased
ide to have the then Prince Prei.
nt ousted from his ofliue. Theii
:vement was unsuccessful, but the
lent of the leader in the movement
s acknowledged by all. At a oriti- in
I stage of the American war-in
63-the lecturer, being the Ameri
ni roprosenativo at Paris, made the
rsonal acquaintance of the great S
-ech lawyer. Messrs. Mason and
idell had made great exertions to li
,tain the recognition of the Confede
to States, and there were many o
gh and influential people in both
Lltand and Franoo to oooond their
fort. N. Berryer was a member of
e French Chambers in 1835-6, when Ic
anoral Jackson made his stern de- di
rind on the French Government, and v
old grudge still lodged in his be
mn. But when the speaker visited t
m, on the 15th of September, 1863, t
d gave him a full history of the th
nspiracy of the South, M. Berryer of
>ted that the proclamation of nou
ility by France and England was
cived by the people in utter igno- a
nec of the true state of affairs in
nerica; that the Mexican expedi
mn would bring to France neither
ialth nor glory, and that any distur- M
nee of the friendly relations be- Fi
en France and the United States lii
ould be deeply mourned and do- re
ared. Mr. Bigelow then entered N
to a description of the character of at
o hero of his lecture ; how his senti- in
mnts were religious and dynastic; pi
at he opposed the Emperor as load- ti
g the people no one ki}ows whither ; oi
nounced the Anglo.Frenoh alliance, in
d always expresseii his feelings as pc
favor of the United States in their ei
orts to put down rebellion. Refer- p
cc was mnade to the legal. opinion tc
tained from M. Berryer in regard or
the building of wait steamers in s
anoe for the C on federate States and tr
the sentinients of t.hin eminent ad- 13
ecate when, in 1865, peace was again tr
me to America. .The lecturer, after sI
ssing a high eulogiumn on the char- I
ter of the deceased French barris-.d
r, gave some anecdotes showing the a
tense adherence of M. Berryer to tI
a Bourbon family, who, althiough ho 01
d defended Ney and Louis Nape- ti
en before the House of Peers, still
apt up a constant correspondence
th the Count de Chambord, whom Irh
always addressed as Henry V., d
ing and Majesty. A very telling I"
ary of Count Bismarok was inter- p
oven, the point of which was that o
ismarok considered Berryor the oa
eatest and Best Frenehman living. 01
bis great 1?renehman never wrote his a
eches. They came fromi his lips
complete as if they had been studi- 1
I; and a comparison with Demos- fi
ones, Burke, Palmerston and Web- o:
or was the most happy,r though the cs
oturer diMlnot forget to mentiong
at 1M. Berryer, to the last moments g
his lifit, was faithful to the Roman si
itholic Church. Dying, Mr. Berry- sa
' left no rival to take his p lace. hi
TIhe Livingston Journal says that
to cause of the scarcity of labor in
InAt section is from the mania of the g
>grees for planting "on their owth ~
ok" this year, hoping on account of
te present high price of cotton to got
ob In one season. One of these I
ould-be-plantres was seen in a store y
few .days ago trying.to get a pair of Ii
has for a bater of otton yet to be o
A Minnesota steer reoentlyhbad theh
isfortune to -hate iliay eitaok oave
ovisfhi His"' ownte' diadoveed
Itf t*o eoeeksaftW#ad.j fat and
sarty, having eaten his way thirty
da hnh h kn
8OUND OCOTRNE.--The Providonoe
:R. I.) Journal, a conservative Re
ublican paper, at the conclusion of a
vell-reasoned article in opposition to
urther amendments of the Constitiit
ion on the subject of negro suffrage,
rpresses the following wise opinious:
"It is never wise to engraft mere
betractions upon the Constituttod,
or is it wise to change it at all un
ess for some groat benefit to be scour
d. The frequency with which chang
a have been recently proposed has
,eon misehievous in its effoots. The
copln, not without reason, have be
omne alarmed at the prevailing readi
ess to alter the fundamental law of
he land. They see that by these fre..
uent changes which are proposed for
amporary ends the Constitution itself
gradually wearing away, and that
he Government is likely to becumo at
ingth a very different Government,
'om what it was at the beginning.
|xperiments in legislation are mis
iievous enough in their effects upon
people, but they are harmless in
>mparison with experiments upon the
onstitution. The practice of change
ice begun is in danger of going to
scess, and the facility of change onco
itablished diminishes the sanctity of
ly obligation which the Constitution
iposes, and imperils any guarantee
hich it contains. It i:s better to on
ire hero and there an imperfection
an to incur the risk of having our
holo system of government destroy.
I by two many attempts to improve
CoNonr:;:s.tt.1N i>,'ortA.l.--Onea CAn
e, wriles a corrospond+'nt. (Dont Piatt),
at. a joko can be gol. into thi, gentle.
an only by a surgical olmration. le
as calm as a cowpen, and solemn as a
ice post. W ithl him life is real, life is
.rnest, and he aailh over its sonbire
nin in search of those footsteps that
Sliipwreck,d brother itas e[t. as a
gacy, to take heart againl, or worda to
at el' et . Tiis solemn coluntcnance is
written over by t.he ha of thonght
at lo tk-s as if a bwil,leredt straddle
ig, dipped in ink, had rim furiousle
'er it, whlile the lof: yi" forehead appears
it it were retiring iro the brnin for
rtlier reh-etiun. Ilia l:ig gray eyes
e(iin sit voul as 1 :nyin, "I nm m
ther's ghost," while tihe few grizzlv
cks hang over his head lil: thie 1od
ng plumes of at battered hearse. Ii a.
ord, Iingham is a conden.,ed tmera!.
id when he says, in sleep sepulchral
ner, tlut come hush whacking up from
e unknown recesses of his stomach,
at "about us are the gathered wisdom
sthousand and life's solemn main is
intooned with honored graves," wo
iver, and wish Bingham would go
d order a metallic case, and have done
THE RECENT POISONING CASE IN
ADISON STREET, BROOKLYN.-On
-iday night last, as previously pub
led in these columns, a sad occur
nec took place in the family of Rev.
r. Alfred Pinney, No 67 Madison
rot, through a most unfortunato and
one- instance, fatal mistake or stu
dity on- the part of a femalo domes
3 in mixing a pudding with arsenic,
ratsbanc, which i'ngredient was
ixed up through Indian meal. Ton
rsons of the houzehold word attack.
shortly afterwards with sover
Lins,-suOh- being the number that par- -
ok of thme deleterious dessert.. Modi.
I attendance was procured, as the
mptoms grew alarming, and! the
no-cause of their illness was speedi
arsived at.- The prompt aduminis.
ation of antidotes had the effect of
ving the lives of all but ono of thme
etimis. At three o'clock on Satur.
y afternoon Mr. Sylvester D)en ton,
young man who was on a V-'int to
e family and had eaten of the pois..
id pudding, died from the effects
creof.-N. Y. Herald.
A single handful of manure puis
to a hill of corn will often make the
ifrenc between four or five little
3ubbins,"~ and six or eight gre at
ump ears that will shell their- bulk
sound-corn. A thousand handfulu
mnt up lhvily in the autumn corn
ib. How many handfuls of manuro
e daily lost in your stock-yard that
ight be saved in nice order by a lit
e care in, heaping up, and' covering
em washitug rain I These handfuls
'manure are more valuable to 'the
mltivator than the separate gralnb of
>ld tliat the miner, with careful toil
ithers and washes from the earth and
and bank. Hie hunts, gathersf and
aVes'them all, au4 thus accumulates
la pile.- PhilodUphicaly suseosful
altivators can see the glitter of gold
ren in sne manure heap ; tney only
alt a little longer than the minor for
te pure gold to be washed out by the
rowing prooese, instead of in' the
"A word to the wise is sufficient."
The HIuntsvillo Independent of the
Slth inst., epntame a detailed accon of
e assassinatijon of a Major F. W. Rag.
nd at Sum mervills, Ala.. on the night
the 9th. While sitting In a .baek room~
rhis house in company witha his wife
o was shot 'hropmgh the: window iby.
mnre person outsm4e the house1 and. felt
The seoretary of thme State of T101'
a w'as born in Africa.