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Desportes, Williams & Co., Proprietors.] A Family Paper, Devoted to Science, Art, Inquiry, Industry and Literature. [Terms---43.00 per Annum, In Advance.
VOL.11.] WINNSBORO, S. C., WEDNESDAY MOR~NING, APRIL 21,1869. [NO. 42
18 1'UI.ISil':D w\ICKl.Y 1Y
1)ESPOITES. WILLIAMS & UO.
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I walked to.day, in the ancient wood
That the brook meanders through,
And I thought that again sweet, Annie stood
On the bank where the violets grew.
That ngain I gazed ini her clear blite eye,
And helid her hnnl in mine;
While the little streamlet, murmuring by,
Made melody divine.
I thought that, she culled from the bank at
A bunch of the fairest. there
And once she kissed the violets sweet,
As she bound them with her hair.
But alas ! I dream ; (lie olid oaks sigh
O'er the violets fresh and fair ;
And the streanlet sings as it passes by,
But A unie is not (lucre,
And lie only thing that remains, to tell
That my dreamings once were truth,
That once we stood in the leafy dell,
In the golden Sring of youth.
Is a bunch of dry and withered flowers,
And a look of sunny hair;
But thcse sing to nme of happy hours,
Like voices on the air.
And forevet that spot in the ancient wood
A sacred place shall be :
llecause 't was there sweet A nnie stood,
And plucked the flowers for ine.
A Ni4it in the Life of a 1achelor
The eveiitn al...h I am about to
record, occurred in the year 1855 at
my farm house, y-olopt ischelor's
Don, situated in vicinity of the city
of --. I will premise here, that
at the period above indicated, I was a
lawyer of the highest respectability in
* the aforesaid city of , and paidou
ue, if I avail myself of this opportu
nity to add, for the benefit of those
who desire to give me their future
patronage, that I continue at the old
stand, No. 44, where I can be consult
ed. daily from ten..o'olook, A. i1.,. to
three 'P. M. To pioceed-I had been
at the Don about a fortnight straight
ening my affairs there, which were all
at sixes and sevens, when I received
an invitation to a party at a friend's
house in the city. Accordingly one
bright moonlight, but cold .ight in
1).3member, I afmttw4 nyself in my Cah,
and set off with the intention of mak
@ ing one of the party. It was not my
intention, however, to proceed direct
ly thitherward, for, by a previous
arrangement I was to deviate from the
direct course a little way, for the pur
pose of conducting my Cousin Fanny
(who writes her name Fannie) to the
aforesaid party. .I said it was a cold
night, I should have said rather,'that
it was a very cold night, for I rem
ber now, that Tom, the coachman, was
at considorable pains to envelop him
self in his great coat, and I also re
collect, that I heard frecquently en
route, a noise.liko that of cracking ice
in the ruts-otherwise, with my pulse
up to a hundred, I would have been
perfectly unconscious of temperature
ofthe weather ; nay-as I reclined
upnmy seat, and gazed out upon
testarry firmament, I thought the
ai,as it fanned my hot cheeks, as
of,and balmy, as the south breeze
ofaJuly evening. The truth is-I
wsin love. Nov I would not have
yuto suppose for a moment, that it.
wsonly some light, ephemeral ifancy,
auhas' a man inight eeneeive a dozen
times a year, for as many women,
* this had thus sot me all aglow upon.
yA pollo-no I This love of mine
hand germinated in my. heart before I
was out of mny round jacket, since
when,'iL had grown with my growth,
and strengthened.with my. strength,
until-wel4 it. had' out grown me, and
now held m'e in comnplete subjection,
soul and body. Had you knowni, ol-,
so much as ever beheld eousin Fanny
(there now the aecret is;out) not a
word more on.this point.need, be said
-tbe ease woul(d be fully' made out;1
)as it is, I otuiyrgtet tlVat I have knot
the pen of a Byron, or the genoil of a
~ taphaeli to enable me to presenb you
with at least, an outlige of her por
trait ; -on second tibughtL-I would
not do so if Itcould, fqr feai' my ile
readers, hWi~nk been "treated to e vie#
of 1?antifs charms, wou1ds be, forever
dissatidlied - with - those of heir,.own;
milstrgsqos awhilq my female, raes
snight-butno-thef would, feel' nd
enivybdo rrseethedjuoeser do, 'M4r
barn aMiNIbelieve'ther i a'tide iti'
the affairs of alN' lovpfag that;leadd o1k
e to confessiotig I least, thtga it was gitlh
myself, pud 4otild 'ioui beiieM ft I I'
was aeojbted. rTh6ttIh# tI l wky't
appear enigmyatical to me.-.. facti I~
was s' W6th l~eIy <betylldekod 't tha
time, thzt a(er pasitug thb Aleepl1ess
-nihf 'I tsdiidto go bek fa
Fanny, to6ndhiee tnyself thai I. web'
not la'bot'ist Uhderw a luOinatiith
It''AW all odr6'd4 'h"ldtrisiied
you can, but no-;-s would not.b'po
uldb'le T6itlrh braka-of-:' merA iA
to obmfeh.aNhe raptiouoooolm
feelings, for the Space. 01 iwezy j
.Alas!i why d1iz1 S hn1aspeare ever a..'
sent that "The course of true love
ne'er runs smooth I" It is my belief
that Fate has construed his words into;
a prophecy, and cruelly delights in
fulfilling them. Be this as it may,
a tremendous braker appeared upon
the current of my love, in the shape
of a handsome young follow, by namo
Augustus Beauclerk. A disgusting,
conceited popinj"y, whom I hated
from the very first moment I behold I
him in compauy with FaJ.nny.
Now, I am not ungenerous by na
ture, and I really believe that I could
have forgiven the fellow if he had
only loved her-and indeed, what was
more natural than that he should, as
well as the whole male population of I
the country and city, to boot ? But;
that he should have preiumed to rival
me in Fanny's affections-I who had
loved her before she was out of her
long clothes. Zounds I It was more
than human nature could brook, in
fact, when, as was frequently the case,
he would thrust himself between us,
and with his molo-dramatic airs, his
ringlets, his band-boxy clothes and
perfumery, he would contrive to lay
me completely in the shade. It re
quired the greatest amount of self
control to keep my fingers off his
What made the matter worse still,
Fanny herself, instead of sharing my
sentiments with regard to the cox
comb, would pronounce him a "love
of a creature-a perfect Apollo Bel
videre," &c. I sometimes ventured
to remonstrate with her on the impro
priety of receiving the attentions of
one man, while engaged to become the
wife of another, whereupon the pro
voking little witch would stop me,
either by thrusting a sugar-plum into
my mouth, or by laughing at me for
being envious of the superiority of my
There had not, as yet, been any
time specified for the consummation of
our marriage. Indeed, whenever I was
so fortunate as to find Fanny without
guests, or otherwise engaged, uncle
John was sure to want a partner at
ehess, or else got up an interminable
discussion on politics, besides which,
it was the especial delight of two
juvenile imps in the family (confound,
the,,,) to prevent, by all possible 4e=
vioes, anything like a tete a'tete be
tween their sister and myself.
Thus matters continued.up to the
late at which my story opens, wherein I
[ described my setting forth to escort
my cousin Fanny to the ball. I be
lieved I demonstrated that m y bloo d
was at fever heat-any wonder if it
were true ? Was I not the accepted
wnmitor of darling cousin Fanny ? Was
I not about to have her society all
alone to mayself-no rivals to par
take of my happiness-not hated
Beauclerk to rob me of her smiles';
and more, was I not about to learn
from Fanny's own lips, the day-the
supreme day-that was to crown me
the happlest among mortals.
My horses, as if they shared my
impatience, flew like the wind over
the road, and soon the gleaming lights
from Uncle John's windows were visi
ble; a moinent more,and 1 had bound
ed to the floor of the portico.
Uncle John spectacles on his nose,.
and open newspaper in hand, pre
sented himself in the doorway.
"Come in George," lhe said, giving.
me a hearty squeeze of the hand, "I
want to read you whfat those audacious
scoundrels have been doing in (Ion
"I beg you will excuse me to
night," responded I, following him to
the .parlor, "I have oome "to carry
cousin Fanny to the ball," and I
glanced around the room at the fore.
mentioned youngsters,. -whose faces
wore now distorted by a diabolical
"What I' cried undol John, with
an air of astonishment, y'the devil
take me but you are too late, thon."
"Too late ! You d on't mean td say
that Faniny has gone 1" I gasped out,
almost choking with apprehensione.
"Yes, she 1ef about ten minutes
ago with Augustus Beaucler%.".
Great Jehovah ! 'But I must leave
y~ou to lmamging my sensationsat this
intelligence, as it would be impossible
fot'mo to describe them.i With 4
eysa4oooe.it ,J uhed fron3
heh us,ad throwing myself into
the cWtliage, elamined the do6r *ftee
me with such violenesthat the iorues
took fright 'at the noise, and Aartig
forward before old Tom could tighten
the reins, ran against the gate, shiver..
mng It to pieces'audiwell igly ovettrn
ing the carriage. Then, amidst the ye
elferations of the assembled houeelkld,
the barking of curs, .and the. .cacdling
WOk,uty weonQO. - ,or took tho,
toadI.to the elt .
In thirt -eh minntes an fiff on
fexo6d7i oxl i !laded 'at Ue'ddo
ablaze with.> gablgk4 : and resonan6
with the muio of a $e bygdt y
enter. Iddeed, I am somewha6! at.a
loss-to'know wha6 dook 'nther'e .
M"Toduwh 6f afy id43frd&~ ugd
disposed to turn up thefrnosestbel
svidenoe of my weakness, I will aan
repeat that mine was an exceptional
oase, and therefore beyond the pale
of their judgment-the magnitude of
my love over that of other men being
in exact ratio to Fanny's superiority
over the rest of her sex-present
oonpany, of course excepted, madam.
Assuming as bland an expression as
possible, I advanced to the door of
the saloon, near which stood the hos
pitable host antl hoster-s, and after ex.
ahanging the usual courtesie.. prssed
on, and joined a group of gentlemen
who were alternately regarding and
criticising the dancers, comprising
about thirty couples who were danc
ing the muzourka.
Whilst returning the greetings of a
brother chip, I heard some one near
me exclaim : "By heavens! what an
angel of grace and beauty 1"
"To which particular celestial do
you allude, in this galaxy of heavenly
bodies ?" responded another.
"To the one in rose-colored silk and
lilac trimming, and who moves like
a syIph," said the first voice.
"Oh ! that is Miss Fanny I):, one of
our rural divinities, but I must warn
you not to fall in love with her, for as
you are a stranger, you may be igno
rant of the fact that she Is already on
"Thank you I I shall restrain my
admiration within proper limits, tak
ing no further interest in her, than
hope that the fortunate individual,
whoever he be, deserves to wear so
bright a jewel," replied the first speak.
"I am sorry to have you disappoint
them," replied the other, "for I am
informed that her intended is some
stupid cousin, as ugly as Lucifer, and
with barely wit enough to conduct a
Swallowing the above compliment
as well as I could, I then gave all
my attention to the whirling figures,
in the hope of catching a glimp:se of
my cousin. I am extremely near
sighted, besides wLich, owing to some
idiosyncracy, I never could for my
Life distinguish one color from ano
her, so that it was in vain I sought
for the rose colored silk among the
var ious shades of pink, magenta, cher
.At length, however..I heard a laugh
near me-a laugh which thrilled me
is no music ever did-and there, sure
.nough, was Fanny, reclining in the
rmns of Augustus Beauclerk, whirl
ug round and round, her blonde curls
lashed right across his mouth, ming
ing with his cursed moustache. Well I
[ was fransied at the spectacle, and I
annot tell you what ensued for the
,pace of several minutes, for I was
oupletely oblivious of everything.
When I returned to consciousness
igain, a friend was holding me by the
irn, and pacing me up and down the
baloony, the while expostulating
gainst the impropriety of getting up
oenes, and of making a public de
rnonstration of one's private misfor
unes, the conclusion of which edify.
ing discourse I did not stay to hear.
Rushing off in search of Tom, ordered
ltim, to his great discomfiture (ho was
in the act of receiving a glass with
muspicious looking contents, from the
aands of a pretty servant girl) to har
ness the horses quickly to- the cab,
md bring it to the door, as I intend
ad to, retmurn immediately to the Den.
On reaching there I was met in the
loor by my old housekeeper, who with
me hand, held a candle high above
oer head, while with the.other she
rhaded her eyes, whicho seemed -to
squint at me curiously.
"Lank, now whlat.on earth could
[ave happened, to make master George
eave -the, ball so- soon 2" "Stand
oside, thou ugly specimen of a treach
3rous sex," I said, with a savage
~rowl, whereupon the old woman
nutterin g indignantly, retreated has,
~ily, treading as she did so, upon the
~ail of poor Ponta, who thereupon set
:a lamentable howl, in the midst of
which 'I retreated' to my: chamber,
where I began paeing the .floor with
rapid strides, a prey to the torment
ing demons of jealousy atod rage.
IEre long, old Tom having disposed
si the horaos, thrust his head in at my
leer, and wanted to know "if mass
1or6e wanted- anything."~ 'Yes,"
srled I, uaning .and glating at him.
Vengeance I want, and vabgeance i:
"Tom eydd me 'for a' moment, r
>pen-mouthed amar.ement, whenbhis
reattes relaxed thto a Inowing gring
and ho stzgested) that a.str6pgcog o
soff'ee womWd be b,etter," I snatohed
gpj bd6t'jo6k, atid Toin NanIsbe4.
'At' length, exhausted .and in'4:'pro'
!use perspiration, for I had walked
fully five iiles,Tl ani'eertain, I p ye
par'ed'1bl, 1bedd'M* The old tIMe-piece
shat stood Irr the' balli ifad: Jut't,41$
ahe 'hdir of two. Softly I 6.iose 'from
af bed and p*obed( dgi~I elf
thIslghof the AlIeodn u,
that streamed through the' ok #ti
wd thpn'ca6t d ~ h 4 rayer
rbseiot ' d''ti Pit' *s6
,ltide theilhionid PostbAro,
to uncle John a dwelll dlbesike
oak, which had been uprooted by some
whirl-wind, I took my position, with
the murderous weapon upon my be
som, to await the approach of my ri
val. I consult( my watch ; it want
ed a few minutes of three ; and now
the sound of human .Voices comes to
my ears on the breese; now the rum
bling noise of wheels 1. audible; then
a dark object appears against the sky
at the top of the bill; on. It comesa
was it the carriage contaiLing them I
Y os, I hoar them ; ? recognise his
tones. They were prdly, gposite,
before I sprang out of .the tood'he
fore the head of the hoWies,and pointing
my pistol at the drive'ordered him
to stop. I heard Fabny scream, and
saw his head thrown.through the win.
dow. Sp ri ging upon the wheel, I
grasped him by the collar, and drag.
god him from the coach. "Drive on !"
I shouted to $ie oo;ohman, and he
obeyed me, leaving.me alone with my
struggling viotim, I gathered him up
in my arms as if he had been a child,
and bore him into the woods, still
keeping a tight grasp upon him, I
stood him upon his feet and confront.
'-Do you recognize me 2" I asked
"No," he replied, "I have no ac
quaintance among thbives and assas
sins, who c.rylay unarmed people
upon the roadside."
He affected a bravo tone, but I felt
him trembling bonea<th my grasp.
"Well spoken Augastus 33eauolerk;
most praiseworthy sentiments; did
not your actions belie them 1" He
commenced an angry ,rejoinder, thou
hesitated, and with forced dignity
said, "If.is this intended for some prac
tical joke, Mr. Danners, I think it has
proceeded far enough ; release me
sir." "A joke I ho i ho ! D,) you
call this a joke ?" and I showed him
the revolver; upon which he blanched
whiter than the linen on his bosom.
"Now mark ne, Beauolerk, when I
said just now that your actions gave
the lie to the fine sentiments you ut
tered, it was no idle jebt. I call hea
ven to witness, that you, yourself, are
a robber and an assassin." "Liar I"
almost screamed Augustus Beauolerk,
at the same time. reeowing his strug
gles to.disengage. biris if from my
olatoh but the 606eiha te oroature's
strength was no match for mine.
[To be coitinned.]
THE LATE' STORM IN ENGLAND
Loss of ' .-The English north
country papers of the 29th and 30th
ults., are filled with annonnte of the
extraordinary weather which has pre
vailed during the last few days. The
greatest depth of snow appears to
have fallen in the midland counties.
In the north there has been a great
deal of thunder and lightning. On
the Newton Moors a shed was fired by
lightning and some sheep wore burn
ed. For some hours the lightning
continued, lighting up the snow-clad
landscape in a dazzling mnbner. On
the Northumberland coast the light
ning flashes are said to have been
"awfully grand." At a place called
Shawend, near Lealbom Bridge, on
the North Yorkshire line of .railway,
a cottage was struck by lightning
and completely demolished, the frag,
ments strewed in all directions. The
occupauts of the cottage--a'man. nam.
ed Watson, his wife and a child seven
years of age--were in bed it the time.
The house is somnewhat iholated, and
nothing was known of the terrible
event-until next morDing, when the
person living in the nearest dwelling
made the -d isoovery. eThe Watsons,
husband and wife,- were found quite
dead, locked In each others arms, the
bedding burnt to ashes and their bo
dies mnuch blackneed; the child, who
d'as in the same bed with his parents,
had managed to escape, and was dis
covered almost dead with cold In an
TUN!NELLINo UNotai-rTa S.a.-A
scbeme has been proposede for unitiug
Irelan(land -Scotland, so- as to do away
with the! necessity of ulaking!a sea
passage altogetherc The ! entrance to
the railway tunnel,,by which-it is to
be accdmphishod, on the Irjsh side ,is
to- be frodi a poiht about-(midway be
tweei'Odshenden and Cushe4haIpon
the coast of Antram,,and on the Bcotch
aide.a6 . Genstr90e, from/sAo09qe it1
would run throug|h .the ,heml.,f,the
hull of,0Oantyre. .T be -4taMepgt. of
the tunnel under wa rowpuld ik thir.
teen 'iuiles three 4i. ogye, Rpd- itug
naid.that the group .rtg ,wldeh I
would htave to bs p aeget
suited fp,r Anes)ljg, qerstangan
the safsistoop ferM4i ha.
In aiiy quantity on the ,J.i
Is proposed to qonjttgot ~Otunnet
#for show. -Tbse.A& hot one' person
e.4~1el fi fetpowr4
ecing, false and. anner*oIal ai rs
LETTER FROM tzNATQ , ROB*iT50N.
The following letter was recently
torwarded by Senator Robartson, of
South Carolina, to a lady residing in
Whiteside county, Illinois, who address,
ed him, asking his advice in regard to
the desirability of emigrating hitber.
The reply of the Senator appended will
be found full of interesting facts relative
to the soil, climate and natcral produc
tions ef.South Carolina:
U. S. SENATE CHAMBRR,
." WASUINGTON, March 20, 1869.
MADAM : In reply to your letter, in.
quiriig as to the indtcements to emigra.
tion to South Carolina, I beg leave to
'As to geographical division, the State
may be considered in a thee fold as.
1st. The mountain or Piedmont re
gion, embracing the counties of Ander
son, Oconee. Greenvillo, Spartanburg,
and Pickens. Tl:i pirt of the State,
being in altitude a thio'sand feet and up.
ward above the sea, is more northern
than soiuthern in its climate and produc
tions. It has a fine bracing climate
without the long winters and deep
snows of the Northern States. This
region is adapted to the grapes, grains,
corn, &c., but is not so favorablo fur
cotton as other portions of the State.
The lands are cheap in this section. The
water power is very great.
2d. The middle country, being the
region lying'between the low flat land
of the sea coast and thu above described
counties bordering on the mountains,.
embracing, among others, the counties
of Fairfield, Kershaw, Sumter, Darling
ton, Orangeburg elgefield, A bbevil.e, I
Newberry, a d portions of adjoining
counties. This is the part of the State
with which I am best acquainted, and
therefure of which I will principally
3d. The seacoast and. low country.
The choicest part of the sea coast con
sists of the islands that produce the 8ea
Island cotton. This beautiful produc.
tion of fine grade now commands one
dallar and fifty cents a pound. The cli
mate on these islands is made delightful
and healthful by the sea breezes, no
that in summer residences near the
beach are perfectly salabrious. The
land here'are fne and caad of eon.
stant improvement from the quantity of
marsh mud lying within convenient
reach of the farmers. The roads are
excellent. Every luxury of the land
and the sea is to be fonnd there-the
choicest wild ducks, quantities of the
fineit game, birds and deer, with an
endless supply of fish, crabs and oye
These islands are the garden spots of
the United States, and physical exist.
once is absolutely delightful there. They c
realize in perfection the ideas of .li
mate we have of Tahiti and other
islands of the Sandwich group in the
These+islands in time : will become
what the ialands along the Mediteranean
coast, were to the ltxurious Ror.ans.
Lands with -ine old family mansions
can. be bought cheap on these Islands,
and the enormous price the cotton pro
duced here brings, insures the accimula.
tion of great fortunes to the cultivators.
To make money, to enjoy life, these is.
iands . present. advantages that exist
hardly anywhere else.
ji return now to the middle country
embraced in the second division ab~ove1
mentioned, This part of the State has
ala altitude of about live hundred feet,1
This gives it a delightful climate. It is
bracing in winter and pleasantan ]
healhhful in summer. .It abounds int
rimning water and cold springs. The
land in its, natural conditin is. cov9red
with magnificenti forests of pine, oakc,
hickory and dogwood. In the spring
the woods are gay with brilliant wild
IThis is amsup'rior 'cotton region, and
the cotton crop is ajmost a certainty ; it
i.i free frqm the ivedr and uncertain
ties whidiatlabk'Il' the southwest.
By jr6. ultjatlo., a farmer mayj
count glmost cet "'on rneking five
biles deordbh to th . n or labiorpr;
Tis, at Jhe presien e.Is five han
drel dollars to the'fi nd in rhe, flgIe
kithi oflot top
1#45td, thi Isa tMo regipYr corn,
wei 'osti, &c2 Y futa khoewi, on|
trial" 'tA as )ibc ,a t*o'anod al I
balek of t toli,.dVr bak bmhdred btt
shels Uf dotn,'kud over Aifty bushels of
wheat, raise~d to thie ye.
, is rgi nt al Ye for' fruk.
Reaohes, pey 9)P ;pir '
ne*ctarmns. irrepesy ~ ge r .
ries and bila k oprries.nokkemer
s b~ ro h th.e abo,s4I
milo af sa
The early spring, the surnmer, the
late fall, furnish so great a supply of
green food, that it is a small matter to
carry the stock through the short winter.
In the winter the evergreen canes keep
the stock in a thriving conditiou.
A farmer, unless he tries it, has not
the fs:6test idei how much less work it
takes to live in a mild Climate like
South Carolina than in the colder
North. If the small farmers North ful
ly realised this differet,ce they would
fly from their austere homes South
Labor here is abundant and cheap.
The farmers are making money. and
will soon be richer than they ever were
Any sagacious farmer who will settle
at the South and learn how to raise cot
ton, can, on a capital of a few thousand
dollars, soon make a handsome for
To illustaate, a farmer, with a capital
of Rve thousand dollars, settles in the
south. On this capital he can rent
lands and work twent y hands. Each of
these hands ought, at the present price
of cotton, to bring him in five hundred
dollars, half of which should be clear
money, and with an income of five
thousand dollars a year clear, he can
ioon have a fine estate around him. It
must be noted that a good ihrmer ought,
in addition to his cotton crop, to make
provisions suflicient to supeort his farm
%nothor year, thereby diminishing the
expenses of the next year's farm.
Never, in my opinion, was there such
an opportunity for farmers of small capi
tal to make fortunes as is at the South
Lands are very cheap, ranging from
two dollars t- fifteen dollars an acre,
with farm houses and farm buildings.
'hey have been selling for a much less
r.Ce. They are now, however, rising
n value, and will continue to rise from
year to year. To instance the immense
protits of cotton planting at the present
timp, I will state that, in some of the
:ouuties of the middle country, the far
mers have more money now than they
aver had before.
Churches abound, and good schools
ire in almost all villages ard towns, and
in many neighborhoods.
As to the peo ple of .outh Carolyn , I
tiulkvo'bytaetia hp are' 1bho ker
Iore honest, hospitable, and better
,enerally than the mass of our citizens.
[n some part of the country there has
oeen considerable demoralixattion almost
is a natural result of thte war. But the
3eneral bondition of society, and espe
3iully of late, is rapidly improving, and
[ believe that I speak for all classes of
mr people in saving that we are anxious
.0 see harmony, peace and prosperity
-estoted, and are not only willing but
lesirous, as a means to secure this result,
o have strrnger: coma and settlie among
is, bringing their capital to build up the
naterial prosperity of our State; and
hough not representing myself an unili
rided pilitical sentiment in the State, I
,hink I can safely assure those who .de
ire like yourself to come among us a
avorable if not cordial welcome from
ill classes of our citizens.. I would be
rlad to see thousan's of our Northern
riends sttling in South Carolina. There
s plenty of land and plenty of resources
eh, for ten times the present popula
ion. t would be a sumcidal poyo on
mrt part to refuse a welcome to all who
wish to share them with us,. developing
>y their presence the wealth and in due
ties of the State. We invite you and
insband and all others of similar diapo
ltion. The beautiful South invites the
>eople of the North to her pleasant
eats. Wh,y should you exclude your.
elves from her delicious climate, her
ertile soil, her beautiful skies?'
I am, madam, vIity respectfully,
WMA AarS or TiuN fEBEL STATERS
kne TO Dir HJtao VALro?-mIn ansgwet
o this question, the Supreme Court! of
he United States, in the Texas case
oat &ecided, laid :
"It is not necessary to attempt any
I)cet, definitions withi' which: the act
>f such a Sttate government must be
.rested.sp velid or invalidi It ni*y be
aid, perhaps wi'h sufficient acouray,
hat act,snece a~ry to peace and good
rlergmongJptsens-such, for. exam..
>Ie, as acts sapisio~qizg and prptectig
narriage and sthe domestio relations,
:overnn tiie oeures of descents, rigu
Itig th, #bhevay*toe a,idi Itait of
property ri.al adid pereonki,' and proid
rigto ls'for lutJties to' person and
s6t*e'u 4tAr similaw Aot, whieh
mould be valid If emnann fl'om amlaw'
sigov#mn-wes regarded , in
pralese valI4wbem pgoceeding from
te;aetplth,opgh sptawIl governmern
mnd that aots In furthereeor sipport
t'pbellIog ejhe,s n?ite*ts
It 919 pt thej t r%gb(a of
~s6 rag reg,ayed ap
HoN. A. H. STEPEeS--l131 HEatr
AND Vlews oN PuLtc ArnAIas.--A
traveling correspondent of the August.
ChroNicle and Sentinel called upon
Mr. Stephens, at Lib.rty Hall, on th
2d inst., and says:
I found Mr. S, still unable to stand or
walk, and .only able to move from the
fire-place to the bed, from ehair to chair,
without any assistnce, etcept some one
to arrange them. For several months
previous to the accident which prostrat
ed him, he was so weak as scarcely to
be able to raise himself when down.
He now thinks there i,riot suffiint fr.
tAliy in the organ affected to recuperate,
and has little hope of ever being able
to walk again. The burden of has anz.
iety is the completion of the second vol.
utme of his history of the war between
The material for the work is all ready,
and nothing lacking but physical
strength to put it together. I learn
that fifty-seven thousand copies of this
work have already been sold, through
the agents of the publishers.
Mr. Stephens deplores the demorali
zation which prevails, and thinks all
good people should unite in suppressng
the mobocracy and insubordination
which threatens the usurpation of civil
government and the ruin of the coun
io has confidence in the virtue, in
telligence and patriotism of the people,
and hopes they will not be blinded to
their groat interest, in a wise, just and
strict maintenance of law and order. On
takin my leave the next morning of
Mr. Stephens, he cordially invited me
to come and spend two or three days
with him, and always to stop with hiia
when on business angagements in town.
He said his house had two names,
"Liberty Hall" and "Wayside Rome,"
and in every respect at answered to the
appellations. I am loath to believe thar.
he "great star of the South" should
ease to shine in his civil heavens, and
.he people be deprived of the counsels of
mne of their wisest and purest statesmen;
)ut hope that the more genial seasons
nay revive and restore, and we shall
oon meet little Allick again, upon the
arena of active lite.
.be' Oitarleston"Cowr'er of[,h a ith .;l
nat. contains the following : "Ii ao
:ordance with a resolution passed by
he City Council of Augusta, Ga,, at
ts meeting on Saturday night, the com
mnittee on railroad, consisting of Messrs.
Bibley (chairman). J. T. Gardiner, J.
V. H. Allen and W. M. Jackson, left
that city and arrived here last evening.
The object of their mission ig to try and
effoet a compromise between the two
eorporations, the South Carolina and
The Columbia -and Augusta ra.iroads,
and will proceed to work at one. Gen.
A. R. Wright, Attorney for the City of
ALugnsta, accomp'nies the committee on
Some mischievous boys in Natchez,
Sliss., a few nights since introduced a
aew feature into the lestivities of a col.
red fair being held in that city. These
,dion wretches placed cayenne pepper
ipon the hot stove and set all the dusky
lamsels to sneezing to that extent that
ill thq hooks and eyes were bursted off
.heir dresses. They then, for the bene.
kt of the duky lords, introduced in the
sgg-nog crot<m ol as a lubricator, and
possibly to equaahiso or neutralize the
affects of the fusel oil already in the ad.
mixture. The lair did not prove a very
SWINGING AnoUND TH1E SoUTHEKPIr
h:nor,c.-A correspondent of the Louis.
nille Courtcr-.JournaI states that ex
President Johnson is aid to have dia
'losed his intention of visiting every
3outhern State to talk to the people and
iay to them arnd show to them that he
1sa beena the friend ol the South. It is
wvident that adage about the burnt child
as no weighit with MT. Johnson.
SsvLmsN?x.or TJIK,PAoWIrc RAu..
loan) Diwriu.,iT.-The difcilety be.
ween the Un'ioji Pacific and ih6 Uen.
ral Pacifto railroade, Whk hae oeupled
'o mutch time in.the ben~Ita, hae been
ettled. .It is I%ow expected -that the
'ntire road. will bq in running order 4ure
ng the month of }Xay. The roads are
o meet "at dr hear" Ogden.
It Is understood that the~ President
asstired Eatler that if Congress should
mas a bill embodyin~g the reonehdai
ionW contathed in the meag. he wonld
ndevor .to se his infwunce in favor of
~ha anccess o?fthe Ipublican party .at
he4 electr'ons to 60eh rith areon
tilthat Butler wanted..& .B3?ee
A. letter from Macon, Ft~,sy
hat she, fnnSri of4 Iamsft!p~~ e
veid ofEl'ou and nowas
Ieliwdrd Otdr his grete; as tt ~ poe bad
tildgv A. few fHde u6t litera.
,stood round the kre Ut*i and
~tdtheir last dIe 4 tW 'ete au
blest'ibute thian a e4~g e.nt.
erad IQ~ qm.
na oee.' s
V. 4 at he