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Aeshpartes, Williams & qo., Propietod ] A_Family, Paper, Devoted to Science, Art, Inquiry, Industry and Literature. [Terms---$.0 per Annum, In Advance.
VOL. 11.1 WINNS1ORO, S. C., WEDNESDAY MORNING, MAY 19,1869. [NO.4
Is PU11.SII31D51) WEt.K1.Y' tY
DESPORTES. WILLIAMS & CJ0
.2 erm.---Tns 'lI sRALD is publiahed Weok
ly in the Town of Winnsboro, at 03.00 ii
vareably in advance.
@ All transient advertisements to b
paid in advance.
Obituary Notices and Tributes $1.00 pc
This world has fallen almost,
To the very last notch on the stiok,
It grieves me to see it, thus lost,
And covered with sinners so thick,
The folks are all on a level,
Each one Is absorbed in himself,
And they all seem bound for the devil,
Or governed by some wicked elf.
Even the preachers'have taken to farming
Or selling whiskey to darkies at night
The idea indeed is slarining,
That a preacher should get in that plight.
As sooti as the spring time commences,
They turn out their cattle by the fleet,
And utterly regardless of fences,.
They jump over and eat other folks wheat
Sun.lay they look iniiocent, as the dt,ve tha
11er notes among the green boughs.
But on Monday Ihey'll be at court sneing,
The neighbors for killing their cows.
The notion itself is right funny,
But indeed it is quite a rule,
That a pieneher for the snk3 of money,
Should teach. un Sunday, a free negr
I'm grieved, I'm grieved, alas!
That the world has fallen so low,
And sroiety has come to the pass,
That you don't know a friend from a foe
Backsliders, I must tell you good bye,
And that with a very good graoe,
But if you don't froni your wickedness fly,
in heaven you'll nc'Or find a place.
Juvenile. Slavery in .Massaohusetts.
It is a tnatter of common informa.
tion that children' a-re employed motc
largely in manufacturing establish,
meets in Massachusetts-. than in anj
other section of the country, and it-ii
equally true, but not so generallj
known, that their condition is littb
better than that of the juvenile negr<
population in the palmy and flourish
ing days of Southern slavery. . Edu
cation, morality and Christianity.hav
always been advertised as the dhie
products of the old Bay State, bu
there has always been an intentiona
or accidental omission of les worth"
characteristics of this Ptritan land
While there is undoubtedly nioh'. t
praise and admire ii Massnchisett,
laws and customs it' is neverthelce
true that there is a very gr'aat deal t<
denounce, and it would see to b
well'if some of the long-haired phi
lanthropists would concentrate thei
efforts upon needed reforms abou
home, rather than attempt' to atmelio
rate the condition of the less deserv
in% in distant looalities; The, matte
of the employment 'of ouhildrets ii
manufacturing etablishiments' Istors
in which there is an opportunity fq~r
Wiso reform, and the ditbmatida fori
has been so nuimerous that. the last
Legislature was forced to taktiearom
decided aotiQu, and* in 'response to'i
cartload or more . of 'petitions an ihi
tiatory step was'taken in the ptessag
of a law .forlkidding tbetmlof'mdn
S of any children less than' ten years 6
age, and.the employment ofkny9 be
tween ten and fifteen unless they shial
attend school three anonths in th<
year, and none of these to be empihy
ed muore than si*ty houruper-week
the .pensa~yy for violatiew" being$&flti
of fifty dQllare froin the'parensts, gt1aT
diane, or' ovbraders of the' establii!b
ment. ' ..'
Further aTong itithis report sp'pdari
an extract of a lettem, to" Mm': Olivoi
from a person famiia with the fa to
ry. life in Massachusetts:--"The in
ciple of slavery, idIagnlse it ' rAs
may,' had always exi'eteil~ and alway
will' Thk atpuf4sturer *,1l pay by
help as lIfTe as 36sbble;, ' and 'ke
thepi as.olonely a~t wrkc a:s possible
and all he intends th6iz Ahall have'~
Anough to fedd' hlits to oldthe 'then
an'd'to lkeep th,esn ju hdart as lotg 'i
ho can profitablg use 'them,' aba'then
the supply having" 'aiayered the .e
ni 0d,teymajgo their"Wa .*'- e
iifacturop of' r' oew N'ith
hdvo ben pngag 's C
'tatlonsa; y h'd" m'%Ymc he'
oa decent intertidnt' I' ,MedW
anid. N"bn when- o I f U"be,
no'.work'de biije'a wat.e eotr7 di
if he.uses steatii 'he selecte g,e
where help inway b'e'hiWo anMd 'o6tl~
buys alItli6' land Imithd vIljt g,hf
as soon as hie 'hegins the voI6 bd
tion of he siilt he~ s *4 h Idesti
ed a str,tde tt
and' builtihAm rai ythe 'tery&
he paid his people for their warK,in
which the pay back to hi.m for sup
plies at the store, with a good percent.
ago of profit, and from being thei
debtor, they have, before they know
it; become his. 'And sheci as this is
'what the matter is,' and is the greal
lifting lover which lifte hirw up by the
force of others' muscles. Every.tocl
at work in the 'new city' 'buys aiid
must buy at the store all needed qup
o plies househol4.and.porsopal... Whet
pay-day comes round the employee
get no monej, but only a're'ept"or z
store credit for future supplie: Usual
ly they are in debt to the . store, .ani
if they want to leave the place thej
find themselves tied dowh by the let
ters of such debt and they cannol
leave. The result is a helpless crowd
of workers, the.oppresbion of,low wa.
ges, inevitable. poverty and a disguis
ed surfdon,, a rich riaster;'a poor ser
vant and a mean populatitn. Such is
the story of manufacturing in Old
England, and such is. the story. o
manufacturing in INew,1yngland. Lei
the people of Massaohusetts see to ii
that the evil be h muzzled dn'o here
and they themselves bb protected
against its biting by the shield of edu
cation that shall keep it from eating
into the bowels of 'th'b body' politic.
V. Y. Herald.
MEXICAN TERRITORY FOR ALE~ -b
special di.patoh to the New Yorl
tIorld, dated' Washington, 30th ulti.
There was a fall. nieetigg of th<
Cabinet to-day. .,Three of the mew
bers, who were absent on yesterday
were sumninel by, telegrpph to b<
present.' The isQ 'of tids ext'rntirdi.
nary- sOesioi was 'the reoeption' of im.
portant dispatohes from General R ose,
crans, Ministgr-toelejoQ. Dr. .
Brink, United Sptga, Consul qt Mexi,
o, arrived here yesterday, ai'reeo
finit'he Mexican dapital. to wsi
the special bearer of dispatches tc
Pregident Grant 'and Secretary Fis"h
from Genergl. Itoseerpns. . A3 the
President and Secretary of State were
both a bsent, the dispatchQa were not
opensed3 and.4heir,purport, oonsequept
ly, did pot transpire ; but i is'k own
that they ,were regar,dedb,y Genoral
Roseerans as of the rentest irbpdr
tance to our Governnient., end n quir
ingspeedy action. - heno the,ueees
sity. for .,tho,presencef'ot the. full Cabi
nsthIt has tr.anspired sioop.the moot
ing that when the dispatches 'wera
opened they. contained a ,direet propo
sition from the Mexican Government
to cede to the United States a certtit
portion of its territory for a specified
sum in gold, the object being 'evident.
ly to replenish by such-a sale the pre
sent depleted treasuary of 'Mexico.
The territory which. it is proposed te
cede lies on the Gulf of .California,
and is believed to include the 'statet
of Sonoria and Siniloa. Th '>negotia.
tion originates with Senor' "Romero,
the present Secretu ty of tle4 'reaspary
of the Juarez Go9ernnient,'who'a wi
ftirtnie'rlg"Mexieadi1lMihiste'r to' the
United States; buttlioy, 'o . oired
meet, .the iapprbvxl; of, Jflesideot
.ugrez. No agnol siop twas roaph,qC
by the Cabinet to- a, and it is like l
that the negotiatfons will be hiibjeet
ed to several consuliatidns before an3
decision is made;
Too MAY -IRoNsN-UnDee Sam tha.
a great'itnny iJQoJs,in th~eOrosjust now
,and,if he is not,very.' car:eful some o1
t 'Ti. ays : W-"a
"We'ha%&jist'tiwI-1wthe '2 fre th<
co.irqa, the West In4i~ iron-----not,.tc
sp.eac of sevga,1 d,n s. ieirpas -such
as the nationaitt <L pon''te/'ToNg
r streetfo9 frod,'th'n"'' terial ev'e6
. rob, 4he-" Pains IniadiA irod4-rand
I many more iroar which lie 'altogethe,
e' in the fire, 9:d beg in'va,in efor '#the
forge. Oj', to take theIFroph9 %Qur
again,'while 'hi' ?5edl' . gsBa u
y "efibraob" Caniads,' sk
emibreee.Haf.ti' and BanfVb'omingo
- Mayoi!Halto' e0brapiet.Cuba M1a
the Sand#ioh -Th Iddde?BS Th ng
- onorag8Sihaloa,f Chihuahuay-Califor.
nia,-Coeitral Aeierica 4nd herCap.bA
in the eh dg narme tse
is quite tftnfuehiig o'hd46 3 s
afranged that we shaHl haye' quiwai
at a timet: I th d:i. nPon
A Ftenel.ea inser, by name Oasal;
'haa-made,a-li enei.etrid) engine foi
attUbbeiient toK dow1tg'maohioehV'he
"spile,"~ placed in-areonvenientreorner,
'or concealed in a foot stool,.'sippIbQ
the brtwapQulEr ;tobqheldegitori
te a In .s esmn
it may be ap g , o
REydklea te s9I * i
i annexation party - 9 Ed
, .... Iai,,ia Chr1..,
How X r. Deloach Saved Gen. Grant's
It has been stated that Mr. Deloach
was appointed Postmaster at Memphis
by the President because he bad, sav
ed hie life on one occasion. Mr. Do
loach gave this account of the inoidont
to .the Memphis Post:
"Soon after Memphis was captued
General Grant commenced extending
his lines in this direction.. Sherman
and IlIurlburt advanced from. Corinth,
and had reached Moscow and Lafay.
etto, Our scouts were traversing
' the.intervening country, and it was
regarded as virtually in Federal occu
pation. General Grant was eager to
reach Memphis, and started without a
strong escort to ride towards the city.
IIe reached Mr. Deloach's house near
noon on a hot day, in June, accompa
nied by fourteen staff officers and or
derlies. . Mr. Deloach was known
through the scouts,, to be a reliable
Union man, .and General. Grant greet.
ed him warmly, and, having dismount
edi asked for -water. This. was
brought, .and Mr. Deloach offered the
General a Nort,hern paper which he
had just received.. Ile eat eagerly
reading, when a neighbor known as a
violent,rebel, came in and took a soat.
In a few minutes a colored boy enter-.
-od by.a back door, looking much per
turbed and alarmed. lie1. beckoned
to Mr. Deloach, and whispered to her
that Jackson's rebel cavalry had, en
oaiupod just back of 1Ir.. Deleach's
plantalion. the night previous, and
were then breaking up and preparing.
to move.. Mr. Leloaoh -copimuioat
od this,in greatalarp;: but.in. trict
secorecy, to her husband, for their re
bel.neighbor was watching, as tlley
supposed, and would denounce. them
if he observed any indication of
friendliness to. the Union General..
Mr, Deloach at once returned to the
room, much excited, as.he says, but
he.is informed by the President that
he caught a wink from him and a nod
of the bead toward ,the.road leuding
to Mlmphis .:Goneral.Grant imipe-.
diately. arose, and -said.qietjly, that
they had a :long ridq beforp thom,.ail
niustdeoline Mrs. Deloach's invitation
to. dinner, Mr. -DeLoach followe4.
them to the gate and informed the
General of his danger, suggesting that
their pafety would depend, upon .the
fpegd of ,t eir horses. They. left at
full gallop, and .when they had rode
about two wiles they caught sight of
a squad of mounted men coming down
aoross road, and were unable to de
cide to which side they blonged.
General Grant told'his escort that
their only safety waa to 6harge through
this squad, tf tlhey were rebels, as a
heavier foice was bobind them.. They
quickened thoii-pace,and were agree
bly rlived soon to discover, that it
wac a party, pf our. own soquts, who
had just been reconnoitpring Jackson's
pQvepients. .3ut in .a, few' miputes
after .they, bad left , ) . Daloach'd
house a yaid: of .Jaokesn's' cavalry
rode up.tQthe gate.and" halloed.-d
They, aslcd 'if General Grant. had
ben 'there, and Mvr.. Doloach replied
that he had.' They demanded what
he vas doing. Uie told them that he
gave him a drink of water, as he
wopid them, if they had ,asked for it,
They commeneed..abusing him, when
~IIrs. Delq&aoi. interfere, as d .told
phem they"had.ng .ight~ to blame bli.
D eloach ,; 'ihat,he was,n'psyj by eve-'
t,yh9dyr p he a .Jpioiu -mPla, 'bug Iie
stayed at liomnp ad: wraq attetdi4g to
his, own busi,iees., '.lh'ey finally left
afteF' boriidorable 'bickering, and
rode.rapidly in'thi "direction whjoh.c
G rtnt'V&itakibn b1Ai thil dfai and
the ejeo'f bis'lto seea dd bini'ft-out
any afto ade. ' "
Chlof Justice OCbase., arrive4 lti4
afternoo , ' 14y. 8, gnd opened . the
ra tbeCrcuit Qont , a
Tu leip1y . el.rg94. "tWe Gz
3pry.. ,E ni ury was composed.onty e
l yof,y m,,~ ani to, igo'-ea ,'
beingsdsappsjef wt, vanapy, gid ,o t
: eps.appeag,ed, 14 teoury , dZfr' p
T~heeaseof ,, ntq8O k t.ptvo n~
gality of d eywo STeA.
Jle.pr 4tfieureeth awnedraqp.6,
The Seventeenth Ifarn$j' arri ae
~p e 4 vy, tg,a
or the epbe
land ounrfogth et uryears. ' an
es tig' Go a
revolted, killing one bergeanF!?T
Sof the Indians were ki11ed.
The following was received at Lieu
tonant-General Sheridan's headquar
ters to-day, May 3d :
Writing under date of farch 28
from Fort Sully, General D. S. Stan
ley say: "Everything'that hs been
done to make peace with the Sioux as
a nation is an entire failure. The In
dians are - just as far from peace as
they were two years ago. They have
boasted, while near this place, of hav
ing killed white 'mei this winter over
on the platte, and of tealing horses.
I believe there are war parties out
now to depredate on the line of the
Pacific Railroad. Their hostility
may run on in the same *ay without
showing itself only by, an oocasional
murder, though I fear it:may develop
a worse form in the way if heavy at
tacks on the frontier. UTnfortunately
for the ideas of our pace' advocates,
these Indians say they do hot want
peace ; that tho,whiteq, are afraid of
them, which is the ien-son w' seti so
much for them to eat;th'at' they /ill
make us leave this cOtii ,J and will
stop the boats on the iekquri riber.'"
The"positioi of thdSi'u4 who were,
ftiendly two yea'rs ago 3e unahanged,
aid they are friendly 'tb-a , he
have gained mbt'e in buItbars, and An
reporte that' they s'inte 0c646f6 ,
as has been ,ifr ted4t W+Wahin tbn, ;are;
fale.-N . 1Y id " ahl
Rumots agaih abbtid'th'at $eoveta
ry Fish will soonVithdi i - fom'the
Cabinet, porffetly disgusted" *it',
Gtant's fllibusteritidbs' about"Ot e
ba. I oan 'say a'dthoi atfrely th'at
Mr. Fish *ould haiie :digned:'tr
this, but' for the' great' eonseitivb
prEAsure broughtt'6 br dirbdn him by
capitalists a\id -therOhelnts to' 'fett
hie seat'In the 0abknet in ord'efi
possible to keep the'ship'of-StateifM'e'
falling into foreign troUbles,ff1 *bihio'
Grant and BJrie nbW sees6 anTiohe.
The true news from Cul ig notWery'
hopefti for the in'dtirgdiit#,' abd1the
Oibana'in New York 'Ind*it"*el'.
They areihot so hilariths they w'
a month ot two ago, aild Wnr r6ther
bug fates jtit no*; I''dew dboitt tor4
ty or flfty of them at'th'e Cuiban laiir
the other eveningi ahIth was But. very'
slimly 'attended, and "dtltt;not Iittder
stand why there etrapging fellows were
not in Uabk fighting for their eoubtry
insted of scrdping lint at a safe die
taib from' bullets. But even" the
public interbst is flagging in'all that
relates to Cuban matters just now. At
a-mass meeting to'be held to-morrow
evening - only secobd and third elaAs
speaker'a.eoatindunded, and the FaiW'
has oily "received few cnt*ibtiona
but leAm viaitors.--N., Y. Cor.1Charle.,
too Cour er.
4 Cea;i Co. ciiess.-?While th@
apish aut orities in ITalana ate
lotdly nss'1n''t we"ol' that the
C0i n inAitreoto1 is v y nearly
wilse the: eti ;f(9'eluti,w
are"t rtldd with a telegram-sup:
Ar h d i 9t 19.4ia via
Key t-annonneing tha' the tOu.
ban Congress has assembled at Sibani
el under the-'I'residenoy of General
Cepdod,e, aid' e'almly d'elareed the
objeetI of the tevoliitioi and'itt donfl
don'e in the io6aees of the-eaudaek
1ErdellJom and annexation to ' the Unis
ted Sta'tes ae the unanimions Ivote o~f
the masembled patriots; 'Oeneral
Quiea atid~ppoin ted" Cobiander.in.
Ohte f of- thbeforoes, and the' just det.
t;drtninAdi spiitlbnIitated the InembarA
of lfe aAenbly.'' - ..
lagth ough Amerlos and Efrmop.:
r*.. - ~' '.' KV. Herald.
- i 'N .r PoA1-r.-4he New
..r....i,l/WCd saiys that the stee
potato iru 'Vprlsheos the soil fat les
jt.ha r~Ain crops,; and Is' rodtied n
'I5;1 to-'20,00t6 ponns -.'the 'a*ti,
*l j&oionly di~ds fv'n r,0b0''
thatthps'iotMtoe~ ould iiot bb'kp
A pfdess bf dAicosatioi "' Whioht
e (0140#4ad fres'er ed',W Wto
y Andthet 6f $ears#e
or the lik wit'ntire-aftyi.,t -
ma i erne - e 1* s
. Borad PP,~~r ~ qerlb
"Wa r f Net lin
lad 1.tatI the CnnW UI
mahn ensbredo bot hos ry~ wd
A Canadian Mira'le --A Man Pid by a
A Canadian paper, the Unisdes
Cantons, relates the following curious
A young men, named Joseph Le
Clere, son of a farmer living In the
township of Somerset, Eastern 'T'own
ship, aged about thirty ears, and
dumb from his birth, who is describ
ed as a "model of piety," tshough ai
little imbeoile, left his father's louso
on the 2d of May, and, to the^groat
alarm and solicitude of his parenta,
could be found nowhere up to the
18th of the same month.
On this day ton mon went out In
search of the tru;int,. and, after sovio
search, fbund him on the banks of the'
Reviere Noire, not far from its june
tion with the $gcaqour. Ho was
without, shoet, and lightly ela byt:
although the, weather for some' tipo
provious, had been alrh it wliitry; ho'
did -not seem to have -uufered from
cold.', To the eager. questiong put to
hin by t odiscoyorers, be.. gave: q
foliiv ig aecount of himself , Ong
that be had lost his way, he Yy down
ahd considered how he might b'st'
etiploy himself. 1
Ho-then pet:to .wotk to clear the
bush, and had 'actually - succeeded in
making about a qiarter-of,an acre of"
gtoun.I tolerably 'preseitable' He'
avorreiJ 'thutbo had 'ncvo'rsuffered
from 'htinger:' that a' tall" lady 'in
white;"-very, beautiful and' amaiblo,
hnd every-day brought him.-two-.sup.
liOs o6f .food;tbnsidting of a sort of
'large roun d bisoutt,fni' better, tJbai
nny biscuits hohad ever' soon before,.
Sie osmo to him,'flyingg:-and , at bight
edvered im ' oarefully "with a- large
quilt, which kept him - quito worm.
All'this ho relnted in a simple-natur.
alinfntieri without a'ny sign:of dboop
tion. . ,
The article concludes thus
These 'ark -ntdin" fats. Who can'
explain tlothem'otherwise :than 'by a.
uyaterious piotection of Heaven? If
not .we niust start; many suppositioni,
and., it is morenatural. td believe that'
the -Poly Virgin''condescefded f to
take -care of . this' young m'dn, And=to'
restore him in' nfoty.to "his family as
a reward for his Virtue.
CA,t.e Dtsresncias.-The outside
tone of the lingiisb people Is- anti
American, and more sO in cousequeboe
of having read obly a part 'of the pub
lication of Sumner's argument.
TheiL,ondot Star assorts that Sum.
ner's demands are new and startling,
ad"must be tegarded merely as enor:
mous, and if they only shadow in.
struotions given Motley, that gentle.
mati Will stand In a" veiy different
positiod- from that 'oooupied by John
son. Motley's rejeotion as Aimerioad
Ministet to St'Jam6s''was threitebed
in ibase" hi'instructons nearly coineid.
ed with the , expressiobe of :Sumner.
Suoh demands are ntterly untenable,
and'Her Mijesty's I Mfnistrsmnet.be
oifulin entertainilg them.
"The& Lotidon Times breathes forth
thespirit of war in defence of the
easury, claiming that Sumner's
Money ebtimat6'of damages is perten
tons afd''enotmouer- adding thaf al,
thpngh' his addrese is worthy of atten.
til'e consIdeo'ation no 'Oontrltidn 'pr
belliation bbould *.Ither .be express
44 or~ endured by England, 'for If
'ttseeto be taketi the 'case would
be ptidieed against her,. ?nd an~y
y beot of' an -equItable settlomne t
would be defeateds
The Standard, a TIow'y otgan, bro*
hinite a spMrt'of deflauce towardP'the
A%perican:peopbile and: wll"tesist tk
ihe'last ety es i al6den by Jland.
This pioltIo i~ outnbate'd by th iv.4
eYpodlj'oE, *he4ays that En igand
ocbnot, affdid a qua'rel; iafge of enfall,
A Pld(:adeil1tieind'roe t.drunk
roowbkW~'i jn #'l' patt
of r defraf,
Mrs. . Stoer, :ex-President Jhn
sonrs' dau htet, ,was married .4pril
.WIllibnV 3(bwr a properons a me
'ehent oftnat,pity. W.
o bd ovys'f# t oll Ors'si
dt at n:h r 1vhis in'oth'Er's
o- A hail stone iiix.4n1 #sI,4'ate,r,
$9% Rpwnr M. teo11 yalW,f ,b4epg$
*shorpud otat typygoq
.d ' cbldrVd tieeeatN-r-bas ikttv..
tUrej d'to feV#t. "Md#ri obfe.'
'NbUffBWAdYtnh m@utrI 4 i
MyA #8 a .' b-> be
~.mtoww4s aas ed to one.
meas1les? Baeausa she'd Adam.
F,~tezlg ~rospiots of Ouban Affaixr
egotiations for the Purobaae of the
eianlau Montora-.-Amerioan QOu"
boats for the Oubau ifavy.
Mr. Domingo Ruis, the Cuban Envoy
to the United Sttes, returned to this
city to.night ttftr a weeks' absence,
which was spent in visitiug different
parts of the country in the interest of
his cause. Mr. Ruis declares that so
far from the Cubans being in a weakly
condition thev are really stronger now
than at any time sinee the commence
ment of their revolutidn. Despatches
htve been received by Mr. Ruic from
Cespedef, which represet the staty of
tf'Hirs as being in the hielhest degree
cheering. Thoisands of arms and two
thousand menj amoug whom were two
hnndred Atmerican,artillerists, have ro.
rent1y reacted Cuba in pafety, and, treeh
supphea art' leaving Mexico and the
United SttiWs alrint eery week. Mr.
Ruia-etates.that the. Spaniprde are very
sgch mistaken in. supposing that the
Ub4ns ti)1 lot thrn remqig idlle during
tho warm sea,on. CeSpedes intends to
force the.1 aniel troops to fight during
he sickly seasoi; iiid *ill permit them
to take no rest until they consent to
leave the country or Are taken prisoners;
If) tils kjnd 9fwarfnrg.tle Cubrlns, will
k1nve an immetise. advaninge, heiig
proof against tfp hat nhd the fever.
whilo the .panihrds Inust haturtilly fall
viCtims to both. rt aboutt a mont'h Mr.
Rlti e.pe4ts . to receive iitelllgneo
from the Cuban agent aelt to Peru an.
nucink iin bcLessful ncgotiation of
Lih rcht'de 6f" the two Peruviat iron
clad. Mr. Ambrosio Vnliente, who
Ia" tintertakeithlis; businlpes, has been
given full prowers, and np dubht is en
tertained aboitt hik citihplete succes.
T'he condition will , hd'that no money
need, be paid for the monitors until aftei"
Lte aehiovemnuit :of Cuban indepen
dence.., The ntonitors are gnietly wait
ig at St. Thomang the conclusion of the
Prncllae, and it is said they are ready
td sthrt on their Mission or dehtruction at
twenty' four hours notice. Besides these
two -Monitors the Cuban Envoy here
hopes soon, to be pble, to despatch three
of the fastest vesauJse vnr naty to Cu
ba. ,These. three vessels which molude
the Hornet, now lying.at the Pltiladel,
phin Niy Ynrd. will he purohased by
Cutban g'' le1n,..4 iri vt le parties and
then transtvrt"d to, Lie Cuban,Qovern,
mlnt. In this way : the international
difficultiea will be got over. . This ar.
rangemont meets with the approbation
if our government. The Secretary of
the Navy hos informed Cuban gentle.
ttlen who consulted him on the subject
that our governnent is ready to sell
Vessels to .nybody willing to purchns,
inaaninth as Congress has by enactment
provide4 for a,decrease in tho force . of
6.ho navy,.lhoreby ; rendurng the sale of
itaveral vess"le obligatory.. At the same
lime it is giyen out that, our government
will pndeavor to prevent the transfer of
uny such vessela'to the Spanish govern.
munt.--N; .Y. Iarold.
There is a legion of disconterited Rn
ublicans in Walhington, Cameron open
yv save: 01Wit,hont tdking my advice
th President and Secretary of State
succeeded in giving a constitutional
drunkard a:good mission, and a consti
tutional thief a consulate, besides credit
ing~ Pennsylvania with a Secretary of
the Navy wiho has sneceeded within six
weieks-in ridding: the ' party -o1f try
workman', Vot., The. only .ninister
we-have (except. a negrb, who coannot
be a voter in-aur State.) is a -man set
down for Russia who ought to be sent
t:a the Leboa islands vice guano remov.
ed.'? Sohurs ays-to and of .thiePresi..
dent:. "Your solecLiones are sunknown
m"n who do,rfat represent the .party dr
nondluce to ites.rength in, thel State of
Missouri ' ,And. to. th ho nate : "I
h6po' the men .Vho have' dared to inm
peach on' -Paside.nt.will not -linch, be
fore the face of anothot." -Ross, Fowler
and Brownlow 'ave.'openly broke with
thd Prehidebat,;a'fd Spraghe .SRysHe
ro tttevriy tie4up byd'the foliticians i I1
havegio hope of ii; T. -bave departed
fromi bla. a.MrLl, rnfs .tdtes pains
toa'k)hiei ufop Every gecaiion, and
Gen.' BUt? Raidlfe'riGrant'oav'e4dion
the tennre-of-office qngestibn i '9The
Vvresident'doesntita.w', anything. more
abotut law tharn an o1d hen, and any one
can whlid hire atqun:d his lingers..
General'Ellhison' Ca bra, ohairn n~ of
the board4 has imade a wprt.of the opw.
retions- of'' the Grvenville -Peabody
Schools io the past '12 :motsths.. Th'e
dontia of l4f Peabody ' was $6,
and the ind$m8nal anbacriptions of :.ihi
f fr.e sEhoo)s:rmte beerr onducted8 A
pthwdry.ehol .for: beginnera, an acade.
trnabhnoliforEMaJest,-;and 'i f academic
behbol f,r feniMeles4ffwh'fehthe.ew-pen6
vaq'4704( -:'i theb.eohools 200 chil'.
Iih-wv haee'besi4adgh~'tva an average
oostiof $4 0 epr.qnattet 'for'4~eho)o.
1av; nd'the .bcrdele persnededl thst
rvm 4ipdf'at .lfrastJ ense sedgsatioggl
advantage~s under %t~ 'systAdr which
the e ns-therw have embr d
nut takisg the test oath."
HOW TRAVEL 18 TO nE CONDUCTED.
In expectation of the j'tictiOn of the
two roads, the CentrAl and thu Union
Pacile, both companies have made am=
ple preparations to accommodate trade
and the travehng public. The first
thing upon which they had to agree
was, of course, the rate of paa4ngn fron
oeean to ocean. The respective offlceri
of the companies were in cdnsnltatioin
yesterday, and they came to a tempora
ry understanding that the fare frQm;
New York to ban Francisco for mi
gtant and second class passengers should
be $76, and for first clays passengers
$175. In regard to the charge to
for through freight nothing definite.
has yet been arranged, but a tariff
will be determined 9n in a few days.
It is expected that the trip from
shore to shore can be made in between
six and seven days. - For the present
the time ofruning w,l' be rather ulo"y.
er, as the track is new atld wants b,l
I4dting and "surfacing." After that,
whIt from running trains (lie proper
firmness is gained, the tipne will be some.
what inside of at y days. So that, a per.
son leaving New York on Mondav
morning manty spend his next Sunday in
si ht of the Golden Gate of the Pacific.
Union Company, tl well Aa.
the Central, have each over 2,000
freight cars tn re'adiness to transport
Whatever of merchandi:ie may offer, and
while the first has over 150 locomotives,
the latter counts 190, all in good work.
ing order. They were all nmade in the
Eastern States, excepting two, which
wero constrnctod at San 'rancisco. Tlv
Centrail hurre wood only in theit en
gines. The Union was formnnate enough
to find heavy and extensive coal b.d on
the government lands donated along thu
line, snficient, to yield thetn fuel for e't.
tures to come, and they had their loco
motives constructed to burn coal and
they mine the material themselves.
Un passenger trains everything will
be proviiled that the wants.f man may
suggest, Sleeping cars, drawing room
cars fd;adies, etluon cars fArgeutlemen,
restaurant car, with kitchitta on wheel,,
in fact, everything that a first class ho
tel in a city can olter, witl there be
found in the comparatively small limit
of a ra,l way train. A ndt, iae been
stgested--and the suggestion is not;
a bad one-that to each train there
should be added a printing car, where,
every mornittg and evening, the news
from the East and the .Veat may be
githered at the telegraph stations, put
mo type and printed inl sheets, so that,
the traveling passengers, during the
geveral days on the route, may have the
regular ngrung papers as well as their
No name ,as vet been fixed upon for
the place where the two toads cottnect.
Union City, lunction City and other
names have been proposed ; but nor.e of
them is as yet approved, though it is
probable th1, before many days the
name of the "groat city" yet to spring
into life, pti4whero the East and Vest
will shake their iron hands and ex
change greetings, will finally be deter
DowN WITH VnITrc Mxx--U.' wiT,t
NFo.os.- Waahiing1un, May 1i.--.
F'od.l)onglass, the, negro spouter and
politician, has two sont' (at le'aa) in theu
*Government employ hter. One is ini
the-Treasury, quiietly..at, work at his
desk as a olerk ; heoi oher has been as,
stmgned to ':a cata&n at the National
prit:ng:0rnie.. Titere may be iomet
trodhle in respeots to ihe~ last-nuamedl
'tcase.1 I tundersutand the printers out
-sidesof the Goveronmet oflice are in a
rnaoxi6y in this city, .. Amon~g the rile.
ef:their "Asnintion" is one prohibitmng
any other'than membjers front employ
tnent in any. r .cogniz~ed offIce. Anoth
ir prohibisza negro from .memaberehaip.
It.remains-to he seen whether the Gov
ernmmnt is pre'pared1 to rnn a tilt agatinst
the mechanaical assoaintions of the cotta
try to the extetn. of ign6nrirg them alto
gether. 'Two.white Rediteas wore re
moved to make room for those two ne
groos.--S'peek4l Correspondence of the
~SPANJsu OUtrAioP Ofi BaRrit
At.Adispatch Was received in
WVAhhngton' on Wednesday by the
Briltish Minister fromt the English Con~.
sul at Havana, giving an accout of an.
tb:e4 panis. outraga on the high at as.
Agog~ ing t1thi dispatch. a Sp.ani<h
,wr nesl aled aff En'glish br:g at
SiW,~ mia th&e te'a refusing to etnp was
ffr'ed into by thes Spimlard and suank.
This is the substance of thit di putch,
)vJch, r..'hgrgjn, imnmedi a tely so-nt
to hi. oerrli,ent over the cable. .A
th 'dis Afri'yineWgre, not
sta Ing JI t tthrorinfureloh respr ct's
itig the b'ntra'ge- iWa received~ .nfirmall
irotth tite.Spatiul' mana~f.wart or. from
o epur)v fj he, ,utnggen. bwr, th*'
,'ht ti .n scarcely know
'a,siititdei Mitre Mf the 6th jm in
V ret' to ltmioit aeA