Newspaper Page Text
'TM FAIRFIED HERALD
WINNSBORO, S. C.
Wednesday Morning, May 19, 1860.
})ospotOs, Willians & Co., Props
We havo called attention to the ab
aurd position the United States Gov.
ernment holds towards the rest of the
world, but we cannot improve upon
the following from the Richmond
Thu Cubans are said to bo anxious
for annexation to the" United States.
We suppose the dubans understand
that in this country we sympathise
with all revolutions, and attempts of
a people hto ave atd independent gov
eronment, ekcept, tkose in which our
own citizens are personnally conoorn.
od. We Americans believe that Ire
land ought to be itidependont otEng-.
land, Ilungary of Austria, P,lnd of
Russia, and ,Cuba of Spain ; and we
may per haps annex Ireland and Caa
to the United States. But we wish it
to be distinctly understood that one
revolution is all that we ,*p allow It
is very well to revolt when yu have
other Governments to revolt against;
but-as to changing again after you
have once come under our flag, thst is
a thing not to be thought of. Other
Oovernwents may be despotic, tyran
nioal, regardless of popular rights;
they mny suspend the writ of 'habeas
cbrpus; they may suppress popular
uprii+ings by tire and the sword ; they
may substitute military governors for
civil ones; they may rule thoir mise.
rable subjects by military governors,
military auditors, military judges,
military mayors, military justices of
the peace, military overseers of the
poor, military constables, and milita
ry overseers of clain-gang. Other
Govern ments may disperse legislative
bodies, and for regnlarly-enaeted laws
substituto general orders. Other
Governments may impose high taxes
upon everything you eat, drink, and
wear-upon your sugar, tea, coffee,
wine, salt; your bonda, your notes,
your deeds, your receipts. But in
this land of the free and this home of
the brave, where the star-spangled
forever shall wave over none but the
eons of the free, we are not troubled
with any of those things. Every main
sits under his own vine and fig tree,
and there is none to molest him or
make him afraid. The people of
every State are free to do whatever
they please, unless, indeed, they
should take up a silty notion thatthoy
want to have a government of their
own choosing, or something of that
sort. The intelligent voters of this
favored land hold that all Govern
monts derive their just powers from
the consent of the governed, and that
that consent is most easily obtained
at the point of the bayonet. Our
Cubin friends must, therefore, make
the most of their present revolution.
It is the last they will be permitted
to enjoy if they are to be fellow.iti
zens of ours. The Government of
this country never does wrong. It
cannot do wrong ; for whatever is done
is done by a majority, (so-called,) and
therefore It is ,impossible that any
unjust, oppressive, or tortious act
should be committed. Majorities, we
have learned, are always right, and
amorities alwa ys wrong. The few
have no rights which the many are
bound to respect. No other Govern
ment has the right to suppress the
popular will by fore, and compel un
willing subjects to pay taxes and all.
guance to a Governmnent not of their
own choosing ; but ours has that right;
and for the simnple reason that ours is
the best Government the world ever
saw, and if any set of meon are suoh
fools as to desire to be free fronm the
rule of such a Government, and to
institute one whieh necessarily could
not be the beat the world ever saw, it
must be the bounden duty of our rul
ers to put a stop to such folly by fire
and the sword. And sine the Cubans
can hardly be better judges astoi such
matters than are we who have enjoyed
the blessings of this Government so
long, it follows inevitably that it
would never do to allow them to have
any more revolutions after they have
once tasted the benefits- of our free
institutions, nor to govern themselves
after they have once been governed
Rea rorss utow,
During one and the name week, we
have beon refreshed by two Items of
neows quite-enough for one man's life.
time, the completion of a Railroad
across this continent, and the estab
lihlinont',of freedom of Religious wor
n'.ip in Spain,--a material triumph0
nda spiritual victory. .On the
same week that the idea of a Colum-.
bun of a western route for trade with
*Asia is realized, we are told that the
landl of Ferdinand and.Isabella in free '
-fromn religions bondage. It is.-in
r4eed, useless for malcontents to deny
'tho progres# of humanHg, but it Is a
.nd reflection that human progres s s
so slow. Lt Is.. melancholy to review
t)mhg -pas.t and see how unreO55gnably.in
b'eaxntmapkind bave been, and for
the moist.part, still are, tqwards those
h'lo do not -Agteo: in ppilon with
,tu..' M has.'tldn c.ntifrybjop4
.antry tSrtbe .ardia3 truthQffte.e'
d om, of religious- uors)mIp .4 gEt a p
4feting in Spa1a,pAm evepO!ato piagjr
nority.f forf ea.q.aof - te
have vteI aga4 -t i 'But
God 1, be is ; progrtsb, and in $ke A
right diret1on, lbowove. lot, and We
naturoof this progress la thus adpni- is
rably indicated by the South Carolina fi
"One of the grandest messages over ft
lightning sent across the Atlantic has Rc
just come from Madrid, announoing th
that the Spanish Cortes has adopted,
by the emphatic vote of 186 to 40, an f'
article guarantoein$ freedom of re- ti
ligious worship. To futlly'apreoiate d
the deep-set eloquence of.tbis ,m"s ti
sage, the depth of meaning, the mag.
hifibone of jpromise, we nust'eifom
bor'the past of Spain ; century on l
century. of the publio thralldom of
thought ; soienre-bbund ; pr14st.rid- t<
den ; enfolded in superstition ; a hul. ir
limb inquisition, nIow of one form, fnow
of .another, 'master of the bodies of
nea, shtiveling, blasting the souls ; t
the Bible- ohain'ed ' inquiry, reason es. tu
topped,; a 'blind'uuqustehling obedi.
ence to: the mitre ; the very powers of cl
darkness ,suprome,: a: supremacy; of
bolfiehnems, ignorancei -passion, and
brutality. : And now'ab last old'Spain, Oi
lsireed, and comes into the " tiroad so
tnay light of theoentu4y' ri
The Chinese as a Politioal.Element.
'Thero is another view that may be
taken of the Chinese as a political
eloment more hopeful than that they
will be used, under the hypocritical
pretence of equal rights,as A means of.
paralyzing those states in whioh they el
settle. It is pdasib e, that their'rap' i
id influx may lead to a reconsidcration in
of the quostion of races, ant through to
then, the truth of the theory that to
this is a white man's government and be
ought to remain so, will rlawn upon fo
the country. In that case, politioal T
power would return to the South, and hi
the elevation of tone, that lofty scori el
of.what is base and mean as only fi, t,b
for the inferior races, which will d- Iei
tinguish the Southern gentleman, will e
call to mind the palmtest days of.the rf
A Theory of the Aurora Borealis. a@
The New York Journal of Com- at
merce, in a carefully considered arti- de
ole, as if from some scientific pen, ea
submits the following theory--origi- us
nal as far as it knows-to explain the w4
phenomena of the aurora borealis as b
displayed in the magnificent oxhibi. D
Lion of last Thursday night week.
"The aurora borealis is the silent of
di6charge of accumulated electricity pi
in the atmosphere, furnishing the in
Anme relief to nature as flushos of hi
lightning under other conditfons. re
The pher.omena of the northern lights co
are, in all respects, eleotricul. But tv
the electrio nature of Thursday'vsau- tb
rora was demonstrated conclusively a
by its effect on telegraph wires.
When a thunder-storm occurs the te
wires become charged with electricity, fu
which sometimes affects them so-per. G
versoly thut. they cannot he worked, I
and at o!her times furnishes an ef- fa
rient subttituto for the galvanic bat. w
tory. Precisely these effects were ob. ee
served on ''hursday night. At New al
York, Boeston, and Philadelphia, and et
some other places, the aurora'eleotrl- te
city chiargedf the wires, and enabled.
operators to work them without re- oi
eourse to batteries. At 8t. Johns, N. gi
F., the most northern point fromn fe
which we have any report, the aurora ni
seriously interrupted the operation of 8i
the telegraph-possibly becanse the at
current sup plied from the air was too oc
strong for the work to be done. No fit
doubt remains, after the testimony tL
given ,by many intelligent observers ini
n various parts of the country, that ji
the aurora is attended by the release et
of enormous quantities of clectrity. n<
"The theory which we propose is m
the only one which explains why the ha
aurora borealis isseen only in the are- cm
tie (or antartic) and temperates zones, TI
-never, or rarely, in the . torrid zone, af
-and also why it is visible he, e only ti.
(or chiefly) in the fall,. winter, or
spring months--not in the summer, to
In the tropic zone, and in the warm tli
months, the accumulated electricity in wi
the atmosphere is discharged under pc
entirely different conditions, as light- is
fling, with thunder, during heavy at
showers of rain." or
Castelar, before the Cortes, in a wi
speech against the lmjoaition of a la
State religion, a spedoh a part of '8
which the Now York TrW6u,s do- w
dlares matchless in the original Span- ~
ish, bravely declares . n
"Groat is the religion of Power, but 54
~reater is the religion oft Love. Great af
is the religion of im placable Jastice, th
ut greater is the religion of pardon. th
mng Meroy. And'I, in the name of ne
that religion-..I, in - the. uame of the dt
Jospol, come here to ask you to writo.
n the front of your furidainenta
lode-w.Liber tyy Equality, and Frater- l
alty among all mankindh"
hI8ssIoNAmhas - WANTkEi..* .roll-,i
ilous riot has takeb place in the mi
treets of Teheran,-Peruian, during~ Jet
he progress of which, three hund red A4t
ben were killed, but ohr cable toport shi
Pee not state whieh- aide *on' In the vii
ray of .Oonversionv. -Au oexeollent
pportunity for out antiiversary men W
nd missionaries. Don4t all speak at tel
nce --Ne E hkrakd. m
a~3t GoUs o3NYFL ICT. -- Ofi),el
lay 12, 1869.wNews. has.- been re-og
roots etwpeq tW(t, elIq*AP?
wth sde raygd?,4 It
Dd ur4 uion our farmera, mechan,
a and btsiness tinio join the Fair
ld Agricultural'and' Mechanical As.
eiation. At the North all the dif.
rent ocoupations have organized as
ciations, which protect and advance
oir interests. If the wodl raisers,
rmers or iron manufacturers think
i retenue laws-need revising, in or.
r to lut -nonoy into their pookets,
eir associations use" money. and -in
tence. to induce Congress to adopt
ensures agreeable to them.
With.proper organization the cot.
n raising interest cnn exert more.
fluenco than any othoi' in this coun
Without organizatiotn it will con
nue to be the-prey of the Northern
anufacturer and n)oiebant.
Our farmers, mechanics and mor
ia'ts, thorofore, must join the Coun.
sontin; 'formi neighborhood
ub lnd, push f.orward.the SLate As
elation., By. meeting and confor
ng together, our.- knowledge and
ility to make money will increase ;
id by union we will get power.
revious to the last Presidential
eotiot a great many.. persons were
iking liberal oilers of land, to or for
Iiii4rantak - Why have they ceased,
#t indUbements to foreign white
come apd settle among us ? Is it
oause there is no longer a necessity
r Increasing the white population ?
ye necessity is great as ever, Mnd
oomea more . and, more apparent
'ery day. -I express the opinion of
e majority of the SoUthern people
saying so. Some of the older esti.
us may think differently, ; and for
aeons obvious to every one. My
jeot is not to -add to the troubles of
e grey-haii-ed bree, but to encour
e that which will benefit the present
4 future generations. "Let the
ad past bury its dead ;" but I will
for once of twice to the past. Who
t down nearly all the beautiful and
oful forests of our State? Who
>re out nearly every field that has
en cleared ? Who drovd out of our
strict more than. half of the white
pulation? What kind of a condi
n was our State in at the beginning
the war in regard to her ability to
otect herself against an enemy, and
regard to her future, say 100 years
noe ? Every one without a moments
fleotion could answer these questions
rreetly. In nay recollect ion, say
renty years, some twouty-five or
irty familes have disappeared from
space of five or six miles square.
The negro did it. It is sad to con.
mplate what might have beep the
ture of this beautiful country if
od had not interposed in its behalf.
ant no abolitionist, and am not in
vor of taking away from a man that
]ioh justly belongs to him. I ao
$t-tbe situation as being one favor-.
ile to the future prosperity of our
tintry, and am going to do all I can
wards its advancement.
'A ship. without ballast ; a kite with'
it a tall, and-the South without no
oes.at present,-would be alike un
dtunaten fly..the assistance of the
gro the South, has risen from a
ate of nearly universal bankruptoy,
d will, with proper management,
oupy a very respectable position,
ancually, an a few more years. Give
e devil his dues. Stare truth full
the face. Treat the *negrQ with
stice and equality, but never as an
ual, socially nor politically. The
gro cannot make laws for white
au, nor ean they be a friend an4
other. I1 am not for argueing the
so. An axiom cannot be argued..-..
ue-good of the country is what I am
ter, and if the negro can stemn tite
le let bim do it.
We oeoup; a position very sluiuiIar
the "dog .. is .the manger" Nfot
at we' are r illegally holding' that
itco. does not belong to ps, b'ut In op.
aitiop to our Interests. What pse
there in a man having one thousapd
res of lakad when be only em4ivates
e hundred b.idly ? ICeeps disagree
10: neighbor.,a little furtlher off,
mid he the reply of sopie, have more
ude,~ reply of others, and avery one
doubt 'wpuld lave sons "reason
uleb seemed. plauslble to himself.
1862 1 expressed the opinon that it
kuld beto our advantage'to offer a
gio and-one hundred1ieres 'of land
every eniistea soldier of the Umilon
IUy who would desert sfaa 1% in
s South. N ow I express publioly
it in a few years we-will have more
.d for soldiers and faruiere than
ring the laqt war, This gov<ra
puat is getsting toeb, e1lmilar A4 Gen.
a's line of battle In tbN.beginning of
65 "to mu9h .stretched." When
aif iia tei Wwill'W p6"ie able' to
#U 'dotthy tton to ootatuse so
teb spe oia that.part of the sub.
Si but itsetnod'ueeasa.y to mew.
n Aom# of thaee. reasons why. we
mIld liereage the .n.paber o( our'
de In or niig a 8tate -gks
at:eb'sy.:1 Orgailbe DbttBo
bstool -But araf the offimg and
send vou anothb ese ion uul*'i
one do as muoh as he likes gratuitous
ly, but have also some paid to carry
on the work when gratuitous donations
eease. Qtimulate every one to do the
beat in his line of business. Publish
in newspapers and circulars the results
and spread them over the land, and
send some to foreign agents, and show
to all who desire homes that the South
offers greater inducements than any
other country. Publish the different
products of the land and the undevel
oped r9sourees of the country, and
give o i renft a cordial invitation to
come and make their home among us.
People do not like to go thousands of
miles to be coldly received. Mention
the different erops that will pay to be
cultivated. When I say pay, I do not
mean as compared to cotton, but that
will actually pay for the culture. It
is calculated to make a man cramped
and narrow minded to be confined to
one subject. Givo diversity and lati.
ttido-variety .of crops--variety of
occupahons--"Variety is the spice of
life." Nature has given us the varie
ty of land and products, but- we abuFe
nature in neglecting the variety of
products and endeavoring to compel
the variety of soils to produce those
things to which it is tiot adapted.
One man might come only, provided
he could raise indigo, another, wine,
another syrup; another pinders; anoth
er ramie and so forth, through a long
list. Thousands would come to work
in factories, provided they could live
as cheap as at the North and get a lit
tle higher wages. That brin s me to
the foundation of increasing the white
population. Cheap living. If the
labor we have could be controled so as
to produce twice as much as is now
proluoed, the consumption would not
be increased, a surplus would be pro.
duced. and bring down the prices of
meat and bread, let cotton never cowre
below where it is. Bread and meat
cheap and money article dear, would
bring in settlers. Plenty of bread and
meat at the North for the farmer but
very little money.
Then let every one put his shoul
der to the wheel and lend his mite
whether it be land, money, time or
btsins. All are needed. The differ
ent-ooonpi4ions and professions are
jealous of each other. If the buyers
are increased without a correspond
ing "itorease in sellers, something
goes wrong. Let no one think he can
cheat his neighbor. Throw aside all
such schemes and come boldly up to
the work. Ono good honest white
immigrant will be worth more to the
country than a ton of guano. One
good white laborer wou d clear you
one hundred dollars, besides stimula
ting your freedmen to work better,
whigb would put more money in your
pocket and give you more ease and
satisfaction. On the other hand one
ton of guano would stimulate your
ground to produce so much that it
would .ijpre It, apd. then the cotton
would be so manipulated by the Yan
kees as to bring into their country ten
or fifty times as much money as was
paid out for the raw material-and
they would manage to get back all the
money they paid you for the raw ma
terial and what little you might have
fromi the sale of a few bushels of corn
and chiekens and eggs. Besides mak
ing them feel important, and causing
them to look down upon us as being
of little consequence. Old things have
passed away, and a new era has dawn
ed upon us. Let us prove ourselves
egual to the situation. Let us take
the tide at its flow, and future genera.
tions will have abundant cause to be
thankful for the freedom of the no.
THE PROTEBTANT Co.NGniEss AT
Wpnase-Some few days ago we
logrned that a Protestant Congress
was to be held at Worms. By a later
cable despatch we are informed that*
the Congress is to meet on the 31st of
May.and that the object o-' the Con
grose is to take into consideration the
recent invitation of the Pope to the
Protestant Churches to send represen.
tativps to the Ecumenical Council
and to frame a reply to the same.
Worms has a histoulo connection with
the great revolution of the sixteenth
cestury. It was here that on the 17th
and 18th of April, 1521, Luther con
fro.nted the combined forces of the
Church and the world. At worms the
1loormation properly began. Since
thou the Ch,urh of the West has
been split Into two great hostile divi.
slons. Since the Concil of the
Trout, which was a complete failure,
no attemipt has boon made to have
the .divided Church represented In
one congress until now. We have no
expectation that the Protestant. of
p~rmany will agree to nocept the
roe's tnvitatin ; but as their repl
wi fbe a document of some- historic
Interest we shall await the result of
this Congress with a certain amount
of interest.---.. Y. Hertald..
We are under the conviction that
there Is a revolution goin en In 8pain
which is not proclaimoe Iq the Cor-.
tea and yet..has intimate conneetion
with the advanee of the p99 le to
wards intellectual freedom. Itis the
revolution being efoected by ~he .cop
struotion of ail[road.s and by thp armay
of French cooks and, 4Llitos whiohis
9t9r?tinl9g the Peninavls, '1be.e
ar~ eIn more to. break 'up the olii
rts a sh oughta hn any
used a r~ o
ywith Georga. No new atsha,.
Rose to igb about the shootln.
4er 8says of ,a etaIs la
t, se efsy f d uis liste en 1
Prospects of an Europemn WAr.
A London letter, dated 24th inst.,
pt.blished in the New York Berald of
It is the intention of Sir Henry Bul
wer to give notice of a motion for infor
mation in regard to the Alabama treaty.
as it is called, made between the late
government and Reverdy Johnson' and
he will probably couple with it a request
for such information as to the complica
tions between America and Spain as
may be in the possession of the 1-resent
government Sir Henry designed bring.
ing tip these interesting subjects on the
4th of May. but he will not probably do
so before tho I t ih. He is opposed to
the Johnson-Stanley treaty, tooth and
nail, and will very severely criticise the
action of the late Ministry. Nor will
some of the present Cabinet. escape scot
free, notwithstanding Sir Henry's
friendly relations with Gladstone.
The rumors of troubles on the continent
of Enrope begin to com - upon us thick
snd fast, and those who are best inform.
ed distrust Napoleon's professions of a
desire for peace, and anticipate a dis
turbance before the summer shall havo
passed away. One main fact is evident
to every sensible mind--the intensified
hatred between Franco and Prussia.
These two great powers are actually at
war so far as preparations for a mighty
conflict are concerned. The two coun
tries bristle withb bayonets. Their arse
nals are packed with ammunition. All
over the country their agents may be
met with purchasing horses. They stand
with braced up muscles and flashing
eyes, ready to spring at each ott.her's
throats. In such a state of affairs, who
can say how soon the first blow may be
given, and t he two enem.es be, grappling
it deadly conflict, and who can place
any confidence in expressions of peace
ful intentions coming from stic sources.
Yet both nati-me profess to be anxiois
to preserve the pea-:u of Europe. Bel.
gium is in the way of the Emperor and
his schemes. He desires to brush the
little kingdom aside, practically by de
airoying her independence and making
her simply a highway for his troops and
munitions of war, yet he is very anxious
for peace. It is rumored, by the way,
that Mr. Bancroft has excited the dis.
pleasure of the Emperor. The latter, on
a recent occasion, half jokingly informed
Gen. Dix that Mr. Bancroft had made
to the King of Prussia such warm pro
fessions of friendship and sympathy on
the part of the Tnited States as to al
most amount, by implication. to an un.
friendly expression against France. To
this Gen. Dix replied, with his usual
tact, that the United States Govern
ment desired to have the most friendly
relatiot,s with all European countries and
that as the nations of Europe were at
lece and on such friendly terms with
etch other, it was possible for the Uni
tel States to sympathize warmly with
all of them at the same time.
Tiit DEPARTINO OF Tilc CUnAN Ex
PEDITION TAOITI.Y A t.LwF.D.--Ote
important fact regarding the probability
of our government interfering to pre
vent the departure of war material for
the Cubans has transpired to-day. It
is, briefly, that our government has not
resolved to prevent the departure of any
ve ael, whether loaded with arms or not,
providled their apparent destination is
not direct for Cuba. In other words,
vessels cleared for Naan Jamaica,
Mexico or any other place with which
we are on friwndly terms, will be allow-.
ed to leave, no matter htow miuch war
material nor htow many passengers they
may carry. In reply to inquiries from
parties nte,-ested, including, it is at id,
the Spanish Minister, our government
has declared that such war material
must be regarded as merchandise, and
the people en board such vessels as
travelers or persotns lea ving our ports on
legitimate business. This is a very i.
portant announceme'nt, as it will enable
t,ho Cubans to sand ofYas ineny men and
war material as they choose without, em.
barrassing interference. Informatlion
derived here to.day is to the effect that
twe formidatble expedItions left New
York for Cuba yeslerdlay.
[New York Herald.
FATAL AcoOInKNT TO A CiRous Pza
Foahsa,n- -At. Danvilhe, on Friday last,
as the performera of Joe Rutledge's eir.
es were practicing in the tent, one of
the athletes, named Charles Miller, met
with an accident which, it, is expected
will prove fatal. The accident occurred
while turning A double somersat
through a hoop. Miller had been turn.
mig double somersaults in ti,e ordinar
way, when, against the counsels < f hfs
comrades, he undertook to double him.
melf through a hoop ; butt alas 1 his foot
caught against the hoop, and he fell
upon, the back of his head and shoulders,
mnjurmng the vertebre to thle extett
above indicated. Communicstion be..
tween the brain and the lower part of
the body and the lower limbs was m.*
stantly cut of!,so that a pin might have
been run into him up to the head with
out his knowleago-sp,t,fag (il.)
J'ournal, April 30.
Paraguay is to-day, no matter in how
barbaric a manner, 'Jefemnding the cause
of ripuiblcanism against monarohial
chminatoionm Sotuth America. Gen.
hItcMishon, Who is with the remnant of
he force wlhdt Lripts retain* in tile field,
as behasving wallI f or our contittental
Fnteet. fiu pinee elves to the
Paragttayath governinebt a legal recog
tition by ours. But we bhanid go fur-.
hi'; we shoald st.op thia inhinman afrd
iutbatons war. We have often proffer.
4our ertices to settle- the diffeicuty
etweets the belligereits. The moment
i ried wuh'en wt abbetl "di6tate to
'he l4ew York 2'ruu,de refer* to
be Legislature of that &tate, and it.
iuitor,, by epea1datg of the "gratid rats
thieb the thia.tn ase.thsn a t .I
Sheriff Sale--I,. W. Duvall.
Notice of Dividend--0. -If. Man
son, Treasurer, C. & S. 0. R. R. Com
Just Arrived-W. M. Nelson.
State Medical Association-John e
Douglass, M. D.
Notice-Calvin Brice, Deputy Col
South Carolina State Agricultutral I
and Mechanical Magazine-Walker,
Evans & Cogawoll, Charleston, S. C. 1
Militia-Headquarters-F. J. Mos. ]
os Jr., Adjutant and Inspoctor Gen.
Notice to Creditors-S. B. Clow
noy, C. C. P.
O One velocipede i. town and the e
young won and boys have been trying I
to ride. Whether they have succeed.
ed in riding up-hill or not, our repor- ]
ter sayeth "notly." s
To Our Friends.
We would be obliged to such of our
friends, in every section of the Dis.
triot, as will send us a dotting of the
various local items of intelligence I
that may transpiro in their respective '
neighborhoods. We do not oxpect I
themu to be put in good shape for pub
lication ; all we ask is, that they fur. t
nish ias with the facts and we will i
put them in proper form. t
The 0>ld Snap and the Orops.
From every portion ,;f our District
we hear of the serious dame.Le done
to the crops, especially cotton, ba the
late heavy hail storm and the cold
wind that has followed it. Some of
our farmers tell us that their entire d
cotton crop is killed outright, others .
say that at least half of theirs has
been killed, while the other half is
so badly damaged that it will not be
worth anything. If the cotton crop
falls this year it will be the heaviest
blow that our farmers have felt since
the war, as a great many of them have
spent their entire crop of last year in Y
commercial manures. We sincerely a
hope it may not be as bad as repre
sented, but fear it is too true.
The Seaport Appeal.
We welcome to our exchange list
the above neatly printed and well- k
edited sheet, published in Brunswick, ci
Ga., by our old chum and follow. it
townsman, Mr. Thop. F. Smith. We i
wish our old friend Tom and his under
taking an abundant success. b
The South darolina Loan and Trust Com
This Company, whose advertise- a
mont appears regularly in the col. w
umns of this paper, has opened a de. -
partment for the deposit of Savings, j
allowing 6 per cent. interest under i
the rules of the late Charleston Say.
ings institution, which have been
adopted by this Company. 7
Fairfield Bible Society. tl
According to previous appointment li
this Society held its 51st anniversary ~
in the Baptist Church-Dr. Boyce in N
the Chair. The attendance though ri
respectable, was not as large as could a
be desired. Having failed to secure
the services of either of the ministers a'
appointed ; the Society was denied the jy
pleasure of the Anniversary Sermon. ti
Rev. E. A. Bolls and Jas. R. Al- is
ken favored the Society with Instruc.
tive and appropriate addresses, which p
In some measure atoned for the other vi
deficiency. The necessary bibles were
ordered to be purchased, and the re- t
maining money if.enough to be dona- d
ted to the A. B. Society In the way sa
of making 0. R. Thompson a life i
member of that Society, is
Rev. IL. McDarnald was appointed to
deliver the next Anniversary, with ,
Rev. W. W. Mills his alternate. "The d,
former officers (i. e.) James Boyce, fr
D. D., President, H. IL. Elliott, Re. T
cording Secretary, J. H. Cathoart, T
Treasurer, and R. S. Ketchln,Librari
an, were eontinued in office.
It was determined that the roll
shall hereafter be ealled, and mems- w
bers not answering to their names
shall be maprked as delinquent.
After prayer by the President the w
Booiety adjoursied to meet in the at
Methodist Church 1st Tihureday in A1
May 1870. By order of the Society. P3
0s Bi. BE~T T, to
This monthly for May comes to us te
n grood timne, fresh, vigorous and orig- A.
lt, as It beg&t its oawer. It is cop.k
l'oted by Capt. Mayne Reid--0arlq.
ton, publiebier, New tal
Qedey' Lady's Book for Junie is
2pon our tabtle It has a lif6 and r
resbness whio6"renders it an uniiver- t.
at favorites and we san safely eoin
nend itto all of ouraders, on
.We will senda outr paper the NaWS t
an d t,-n p ... e sr,t a a, be
)ePow's Monthly Review,
For April, is on our desk, with the
ollowing table of contents : The
dississippi and its Mouth ; British
Eionduras ; the Tennessee River ; the
)arien Canal Per Contra ; the Cot
on Trade ; New Orleans in 1802 ;
)ur Trees; Napoleonic Polley ; Nov.
r Complain ; Gutakow's Liesle ; the
rish in America : the Chiongo Lake
?ront ; Natural Maa as the Cotempc
ary of the Mammoth ; the Louisiana
W. M. Burwell, Editor and Pro
iriotor ; R. G. Barnwell, Associate
ditor and Agent, New Orleans.
L'he Carolina Farmer.
The May number of the Carolina
Farmer is on our table. Like all its
>redecessore, it is handsomely printed,
nd filied with a large number of in
eresting and seasonable articles.
Ve are glad to learn from the pro
)rietor that the Farmer is a decided
uccess, its patronage already being
unch larger than his most sanguine
xpectations had predicted. Pub
ished monthly, at Wilmington, N.
;., by Wm. H. Bernard, terms, $2.00
er year. Specimen copies sent on
oceipt of stamp for postage.
'eters' Musical Monthly,
For May is to hand, and well sus.
sine the proud title it bears--"The
'rince of Musical Monthlies," for if
here is any one periodically adapted
o suit the wants of all lovers of mu
ic, professional or amateur, it is ocer
ainly this magazine.
When music is furnished so cheap,
-hat musician Can afford to be with
vt sun - . blication ? $4 worth of
ood music cai,noi be picked up every
ay for 30 cents, and we feel justified
saying that a subscription at $3
'ill give as much music (and good
usio, too,) as you can buy for $50.
This valuable magazine is publish
d by J. L. Peters, 198 Broadway,
OUR DEDT.-But, says the New
ork Herald, to go back to the debt
atement, we find that the national
debtedness has been increased dur
g the last year-that is, from May
1868, to May 1, 1869-nearly
venty-nine millions of dollars, and
uring the last two years over eight
illions. To get an idea of the rock
ss extravagance and miserable finan.
al management of the government
must be understood that the debt'
as been thus augmenting long after
e war closed and war expenses eeae
1, and at a time when the revenues
rought in four to five hundred mil
ons a year-at a time, in fact, when
to people have been taxed enormous
and to the utmost limit of forbear
ice. If the debt has increased so
ith such a stupendous income, what
'e we to expect, unless there be a 1
4dical change in the management of
ie Treasury, when the income is much
ELECTIONS IN INDIANA-The result
the city elections in this State on
uesday last gives healthy evidence
bat a reaction is going on in the pub
o mind. The Democrats carry Lafa
~tte, Terre Haute, Fort Wayne,
ogansport, Michigan City, Madison,
ow Albany, and Jacksonville. The
suit in Lafayette and Terre Haute is
great triumph, and the victory in
sch place is most decided.-Indianm
[ The northern Democrats are like
lman Low's horse-they never balk
1th etoa hill. Then they
THE GROWING COTTON CRo.-The
oatrated cold weather which has pre
diled this scason so late into the
pring, is seriously injuring tbe cot
n plant in some sections, and a let
r received here from a large planter,
Eted, Camden, 8. C., May 4, 1869
ye: "We had frost yesterday aud
is morning, and I know the cottoa i
dying out and turning yellow."
COTTON WVOns.--We have been
own a number of the eggs of these
istructive and much dreaded inseots,
em the pilantation of Mr. John
Eompson, in St. Andrew's Parish.
boey were found on Friday, and, we
e informed, in great abundaie.
key can be seen at this offie.-lbid.
CONFEDER ATE Sol DIER.-Forn$ey
rites to his paper: "Let me mention
e Confederate soldiers as among the
ast friends of the northern people,
have had a hundred conversations
Ith those, soldiers, officers and men,
d in no instance have I failed to
id courtesy, sound sense, cordial sub
Isulon to results, and good feeling
r their northern brethren."
TnE LAsT FronT IN CUnA.-The
iario'e account of the fight at AlIa
aria says the, rebels fought more de.
rnlnedly th an heretofore. The Span
rds lost a colonel, captain, six men
lied, and thirty wounded.
The rebels have burned San Mi
Geneel Plumb), the new 8psanlab
muander, has airryod fror, 5paig.
Whatever may be thIe case in ,au
pe,,there are reasons for. the belief
at in this country we have nearly
incbed the point at. wh:oli&a part of
, amb$tion of t,he Litgher education,
t will be-forelt supee t
Rp)ne manua)l inread winning dcex