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Ptes, W Proprieto1 A Family Paper, Devoted to Science, Art, Inquiry, Industry and Literature0
VOL. 111.1 WINNSBORO, S. C., WEDNESDAY MORNING, SEPTEMBER 1 18. [N. 13
is 1101n..41-is p n:: ta y
DESPORTES. i t1:l MS & t0,
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ly in the Town of Winnsboro, at 03.00 in.
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K All transieut advertisonents to 1>c
Pid n Titavan0ce,
Obiltitary Notices al Tribuits $1 00 per
In tho Right bt) Strong.
0 *oldly forth and fear no ill,
When fierce oppressors rise :
Lot nuental strength. nbounrling still,
Such puny foes diespise.
Though stung witl *niany a bitter word,
And persecuted long ;
Let theni pass, as ir unhear<d.
Audin the right be strong
The noblest entsee ever known,
llave net with scotr and jeer
The brave, though jottruejing alone,
Should never yield to fear !
Go onward-up the rugged sleep,
Beyond the lagging I irong
Thy own heart's vounsel wisely keep,
And in the right be strong !
Although grown weary, strive not less,
No diuy leave utidone ;
Soon will oppressors jolit to bless
The tcuds that daring won.
The strife once over, then will earth
Senl fort h her svetest.soig,
To laud antid bless the noble worth
That in hi1o rigtaL was stronig .
lave fith-Iivc courage-never fear,
The promise is i sight ;
The latip ot' Truth io shining clear,
To banish Error's ntglit.
Though Irials-gather t hick aind fst,
And all the worldi be wrotir,
Onward. still onwnril to the last,
And in the right he strong.
Attorney-Geueral Hoar's Opinion in Re
card to the Test Oath in Virgin.a.
PIcuIMON D, Septetmber 4.
Tih following is llour'.. opibion, re
ceived tias mornitng by Ger Canby
A TTOnRNEY G trNViit A .'S OFric E,
W.AsilNUT'.N, D. ( '., Aug , 28, 1869.
Mmn. John A. R1awlinOV, MenCr lar| (!f
SIR I i.' ih h1 ,1n0r to a'know
j e 7: 1.-6l, I I .Vilil you reques
MY TIPIIom g .4o 0 .n'l t' ile CrIs
t 0Ab e , theJ1 letter Ut tfe
itt~ia n' aaiti G neral j: tht,- Fi .t,
Shtlitary D.,: , thute'i )Oh, in't.,
aitl 1 0 ac iing: .:y hng ft Ijian, ,- ie oft
which arte , ni tweti, .1 'et-rs t athe
legal qualiliutations uf villee0r" to be
elected under the pro).)sed Constittu
tion of the State of Virginia, and c
f ecially upon the question whether
persons elecoted to ofib e in suelh Sttte
u ider the said (Cutit utit tre re
quired by tht suppltmntita 1 R.,0 t.
structioni Act of Joly 19, 18, 7, 1
take anti sub.iori be the trith pt en, ib.
ed or referred to Section 9 of staid Act
b.fore entering upon the dttios of
their respective offices. 'Tite latter
question is the only one indicated with
such distino'n-ss as to enable ne te
b3 fully satibfled that its purport is
apprehended, and I propose to Confine
my answer to that. By the statute of
April 10, 1869, the registerped votern
af Virginia were authorizltf 'to ' vot
on the question of the adopi-' ,of
JonCstitution for the State, and at tI
same time to elect offiders undeur it
subjectto the appSroya.E of CJongress
Tevote has been taken1 int purmanettc
of the provisions. 6f the Act, andt~ tlic
election held, and 'soudo patrt~ of th(
C onstitution subihitted havn e e
redopted by tho'p oople and others re
y ~jeoed. Tbhe parts of the proposer
onttution thus adopted, it they~
sabe approved b y Oonagress,' wvil
* be the Cnstitution: of Virgini,. uin
der which its oflioer's will be required
noat, and the quallioationd ats well at
o duties of-tthese difiocrs will bo de
Stermnined by it. Whben Virgintia is re
Sstored to Its prdpef rblations to thi
eduaitnfy as a S tate 6( thd' Wailon, 'it
'officers and Legislature will be'suei
as the Constitutioh' of'the State pro
vides, deriving theh'V okeregfrotfi thti
instrumnt;- and It will olearly not b<
in the power of (Jangress to imposc
anytequiremtent of additional qgaal
fleations upoti 'thooI1~diffrenit fron
those wich, tit4derthe Consrttrloh 'o
the Udited States, raiybe -'egulret
in all other States. : "
AIf, therefore, anytests -. ete td b<
Simposed upon inidsbes oif'th'e Leghs
ture not proVided- by the (Jout aita
tion'of Virginihtg of any9 restraint im
Sposed upon the~ liople of the State ii
Itheir coholke: of 'thel State in- thei
ohoide of offiseri'ntit rebogniv~edi by It
and udt made a~~Iidableu1dddrithe le
BeSates, the Legislature enud oflicer
would Ootb.itfbyvopiwida,;bsr- the-he~
Sgislature and.-ofloeorsof Nigii un
d ter. Its Constittltion. I do riot-'see. tha
Cougrese an unddrtake to furnisth th
SState with a suitable a Legislature to
start-withi, or to '6ercise anty' "ontto
* over itts coinpositionfwl'oh'onld 'no
' be exercised over atub4squent .begha
latsures. I am, therefore, (f the oplin
ion that the oath presoirbdd 'by th
statute of l8fl2,'and'by thte-tatuts a
July 19, 1867, Ohapteria0, 85t6tion 1l
required to betttan'tai1-potsorn
elected or appoinltbd tet,ffic4"i tth4
Mititary Districts, under'an'y ab calle,
Saeor municipal authority, is not t
ba ranuiend of the amliara of th
State of Virginia or inembers of the
Legislature elected kinJer the. new
Constitution. It does not seomn to me
that the provisions of this seoond Ree
tion, Whioh arwapplicable to the gov.
ornmont of the State under military
antlority, wetre intendel to apply to
the Logislature and offeers' under
whom the State is to.be restored to
its proper relationis to the Union, and
) . h: the golverniii..it of the State
is to le :idi.ud nDt.er ith restara
tion. Thi:- piion irtronngy n
lirimed by a reference to tO second
section of the sane Aut, which ou
tiorizes the ommander of any )is
triet named iu the Act to remove or
suspend fron ofh.,e or from the per
foriance of ofliuial power any uffiter
or person holding or exerci.ing, or
professing to hold or exereic, any
civil or military oflce or duty in said
District 'under any power, election,
appointment or authority derived
from, or granted by, or claimed un
der, any so-called State, or the gov
erninent thereof, and to detail a com
potent officer or soldier of the army
to perform such duties. It would be
impossible to suppose that Congress
could intend that a Logislature, under
the Constitution of a State, could have
its neiibers appointed by a detail
from SBldiers of the army.
The only reasonable conclusion
seomis to me to be that it was not in
tended that any such Legislature
should be allowed to exist and act
until reconstruction was completed,
except for limited and qualifled pur
poses requisite to reconstruction ; but,
on the other hand, I fully concur with
the view of the General Commanding
in Virginia, that, under the Reccon.
struction Acts of Congress, no officer
or legislator is competent or should
be permitted to exercise any of the
functions or powers of his office with
in that State, except as far as those
Acts themolves provide, without
taking the oath which is referred to
in the statute of 1867, requires the
legislature to meet at a time whiob it
desiguates-that it is to meet implies
that it is to come together for sonic
purpose. It is required, under the
previous law, to act upon the questio i
of adopting the fourteenth amend.
ment to the Constitution of the Uni
ted States before the admission of the
State to representation in Congress.
I am of opinion, therefore, that it
may come together, organize and act
upon that amendment, but not until
Congress shall have approved the eon
stitution and the action under it and
shall have restored the State to its
proper place in the Union by recog.
nizing its form of government as re
publican and admitting it 'representa.
tion ,the Legislature is not entitled
and could not, without violation of
law, be allowed to transact any busi
nea, pis any Act, or resolve or tn
dertake to assume any other function
Of a lregislaturo if the test oath has
not been required of its nembers, and
that no officer elected under the new
constitution can enter upon the duties
of his offiie without taking the oath
while military government continues.
E. I. ROAR,
Tur. 16nas or AusTrA-An
-i it rI T P_ wt v .n LUXRInTr
Tu <II ---A~ ir p'rndept of ilhe
B ["st 1:rite" *a follots :-"'The
oprt of Austria is enjoying the
ivigolr~ene air of tihe Tyrolee Alps.
lI.r heaih 'e.-no ti be restalishe'.
A\ R ien i lys behmjng to the
houseohold of t ho (z/in Jhax ja rde.
late.d to mie ,somue initerelstinig anee
dotes~ (of the Eumpress Elhizabth~ I, whtom
she used to see, and converse with
1dail'y lIst y'ear at the. baths od the
Kissengen. -'The Ei mpiress is averse 'to
to Franeodunstrian' alliance, from
a fear that .the lE-nperor Napoleon
may prevail on Franci~s Joseph to do
par~ from the ,lhberal policy of Von
He s.''a l s ni~tural joyous, but
themmisfertunes ohr husband 's re
lations, the political perturbations
through' phiqh Austria has pased,
an~d an intense sympathy 'vjith human
su11~ring,have infused into her apaspive
strain. She has a keen senise of the
beaut iful, and paints and sings like a
r .poet gud. ap at~tist,. The personalap
pearance of the Empress corresponds
withlier delicate,, hiving, high-strung
nature. 11cr tall form js beapitifully
Imouilded, her eyes are large 'and ex..
Spressive, .ind speaks oftei' things
hwhich, correetlyt, 'eti uette torbidea
hler, tongue to-utterj. IIeor comp leiob
is exquisitely transparentk., ,o
1 xrL'os1oN.--AbO t half pa, fi ye
o'clock yesterday afternoon an acid
rptort MtW The"' wofka of the Pacific
. GJuanmo Company, at Rtikersgville,' enc
. i wbyhieh *esupojiotpadent
of he rks, Mr. Ebaug i, wps sqelds
ed in the face, The injuries sustain
e d, thoug'is extesalvely~ t4anf61ly, are
I.not considered serioue." ' e oanae to
Stown enireceited, medlgl treatment6.
-Charic don Netas. ~
T 'he parents of a H~ebt'ddtafden et
f 'the.hips havlg .,ithhold their per.
, mjispion .7her marrying~ a, youI3.
a 0bristian,'e' drowned herasit an<
I trng'ady' ceenitred deu Cubi add
a turesqute locality well known to tour
'rihe pliban IlI uinatum-Text of Ministe
ickles' Proposition and the Proposi
tion of Spain,
'here hos been a great deal pub
lished lately concerning the negotia
tions inaugurated by M inister Sicklci
with the Sp-Miih government for thi
stetaleueinit of the Cuban difficulty,bul
it appears from ofloial documents on
file in the State Department that ver3
much of it i8 mere speculation an<
miost ,f it wide of the mark. Th
4rigioal proposition prosented to Re.
ge-nL Set rauio and his Cabinet sets forti
that "whereas there is now prevailin
in the i-land of Cuba a devastatin
ivar, destructive of life and property
and11 inimical to the interests of trade
and coin merce,the United States in the
interest, of humanity and with a view
to bring the sanguinary struggle to a
close offer their services as a media.
tor." The proposition submitted by
General Sickles was in the following
Ist-The Spanish government la to
acknowledge the independeice of Cu.
ba without conditions.
2d--The Cubans are to indemnify
Spain for the Spanish property on the
island, such as castles, arsenals, forts,
custom houses and other publio build
ings. The aggregate amount of in.
demnification, however, is not to ex
3d-Slavery is to be abalished on
4th-As soon as these propositions
are accepted by both parties hostili.
ties are to cease, and the United States
government will guarantee the fulfil
inent of the agreement to both par.
About two weeks ago Secretary
Fish received a despatch by cable
from General Sickles, which was the
reply of the Spanish government to
the above propositions. After stating
that Spain accepted the mediation of
the United States, and thanking our
government for the interposition of
its good offices for the settlement of
the difficulty between Spain and the
"Ever Faithful Isle," the despatch
goes on to say that in lieu of the ba.
sis of settlement proposed by the
United States Spain offers the follow.
1st-The Cubans to lay down their
2d-Spain to grant a general am.
nesty to the insurgents.
3d-Cuba to pay Spain for all the
Spanish property on the island and
for all the property of loyal SpaniardE
destroyed by the insurgents.
4th-Suffrage to be granted to all
the population of the island, so that
the people may have an opportunity
to decide whether they will remain
with Spain, or whether they prefer to
be separate and independent.
65th-Spain will guarantee full pro.
tection to such of the insurgents am
may be selected to come through the
lines of the Spanish army, for the
purpose of treating with the rep-ro
scntatives of the Spanish government
for a settlement on the basis of these
6;h-The United States to guaran.
tee to Spain the paymant of Cubas
proportion of the public debt.
In reply to the above lleoretary
Fish sent a despatch by cable statins
that the government . of the United
80tes was glad to know that Spair
acc.epted its mediation in the difflcul.
ty which had arisen heiween Spair
and Cuba. Inasmuch as the attemy
at negotiation for a settlement hai
beent t hus far succesful ; he trustec
the Spanish government would deo
it to he for its besti Interests to accep
the proposition offered by Ministel
Sickles. Mr. ish in this despatel
made no allusion to the substitut<
presented by Spain, may be regarde<
as a refusal emn the part of our govern
ment to accept it or indeed to tak<
any notice of It. The r'epresentativei
of the Cubans in this country hav<
already signified te Mr. Fish.- that un
der no circumstances will they acoep1
the proposition of Spain. So far as
,i~hby are con3erned the baseis of nettle
ment submitted by General Biekles i
their ultimatum. Since the receptioi
of Spain's substitute and the reply o
Secretary Fish thereto about half
dozen toelegrams have passed betweel
Minister Sickles And Bceretary Fish
They are merely advisory of the situ
ation, however, and repott no materi
al progr ess. Judging from their eon
tents $1r. Fish i8 of opinion that Spaii
will ultimately aecept the origina
proposition offered by the Unites
Sates. It appears'that recently 8er
rano, ras well as a majority of hi
Cablinet, are opnvinced that the wises
and best talog for them to do is t
take the Cublans at their word and go
thehundred millions, of which poe
Spaiw standeugo mucxh In uneed." Tb
trouble is,. however, that heretofor<
tlre Spanishp,,ople have been kept il
prof'oundtignorageo as to the true prc
portiens and oon~trdn tf thb ine
reetb'oa Cuba. The~ ham'been Ie
to believe through their 'pro., vii
1s controlled by the government, the
the rebellion was inignIh~iboksi .at
bb gutds gnd dba boiila beOde og(
his eoussellbd atehV 1~~1t aida
the United States woul do, It
thought, therefore.. that, an alran
r stated in these despatches, final action
will be postponed untill a king is se
leoted.-N. Y. Herald.
"low Shall the Aspirations of the South
era Heart be Realis3d 7"
We ft ser, by a wise political
course, and by a steady inditrial de.
volopment. We regard polities at
the means whereby the prsperity of
States is scoured. It Id a practical
thinc, and means not only principles
but business. It is the duty of the
legilator not simply to declare the
corret principles that hould be car
ried out in the adminstratioof ptab
lio affairs, but he should prdvide the
solid eians to make the Pi-inciples
effective. Not by rhetormi , h not by
logip alone, can tho rightve of the
Stateii be secured. Around hr politi
cal ground solid muniments .must be
thrown up -such munimentsa wealth
and tomew a, d activity and intel
ligene in the peofe, provide. In
our opinion, then a We Political
fourse at the Suth tonsists in .hr
adherinig to tho.so political convict~idina
which her intelligence approves; and
at the same thie making hoe polities
practical and promotive of 'er iute.
rial intere ta. ut to fuke ther poli
tis such, she ousth get power ; and to
get power, lheo must acquire wealth;
and to get weal th, she mnust -scoure a
full development of her resources,
varied as they may be und aire. Thus,
after all, the answer to our question
is in a iutshell. The aspiratiois of
the Suthern heart are to be realized
by WnR. Out of Southern soil, out
of Southern metals, out of Southern
wood, out of Southern fabrie, brought
out by intelligence, seal and activity
must come the sceptre of our restored
power. With us "to .labor is to
pray." And in spite of the political
incubus that rests upon the South, it
is in hweessr to pass with triumph
through the ordeal of her woes, and
to plant herself upon the solid ground
of a substantial prosperity. That
impetuous sipirit that rallied her sons
under their chosen banner ; that per.
severance that grew not faint in the
Wilderness; that fiery valor that
charged the heights of Gettysburg ;
that sublime resolve that ket up her
flag amid the ruins of Surv4ii ;.these
qualities, that show a brave, high
spirited race, still animate the South.
And when these energies seek a peace
ful channel, as they now do, who can
doubt the result I Let no man, then,
despair of our future. It is within
the scope of our means to secure the
realization of our just aspirations,
IIE JmPTEENTH AMENDMENT.-The
amendment has been rejected by
Delaware, Georgia and Ohio.
The following States, Alabama,
California, Iowa, Kentuchy, Mary.
land, Minnesota, Mississippi, Nebras.
ka, New Jersey, Oregon, Rhode Is
land, Tennessee, Texas, Vermont and
Virginia, have taken no action yet,
The resalt is as follows
Not acted, 1f-7
Thus far votes of fourteen more of
the States is required.
Negro suffrage already exists in the
Sothern States. And against it,
upon a safe basis, there would proba
bly be no dissent,
T1he reason why the cottntry is op
posed to the amendnment, and why it
has net heretofore been ratified, Is be
cause its adoption makes the Govern
ment one of consolidation.
It takes away from every State all
Jurisdiction over suffrage within its
IIt therefore chainges the whole form
and character of the Governmtent,
and makes every commonwealth what
the States of the S.,uth have been for
the past four years, provinces of a
IGovernment, Repuhlican in name but
imperial in its action.
What the higheist polley of the
States should be as to suffrage, is one
But their voluntary surrender of
their rights under the CJonstitution, as
to the suffrage of their own' oltizens,
as entirely a different matter.
-'.The Southern States, who have vot
:ed for the ratification of this amend
ment, have done so not of the volun
tary will of their people, bet under
the systems enforoed by thie R'eeom.
But there is no such pressure on
a the other mates, The rdin itts b.'
.b hf has certainly declined.
And it may be that tinkering It the
t Cvnstltuttioa has at least reached its
r limit. The land has had oret than
a enough'of it.-Ch('arcestm C.ourecr.
i The New York-Wortelseys: "Gene.
rat Meade did not go to Geity 's gu
bertatorial an~d Bacheldet's bucolio
M book ganse at Gettysburg. Os the
if .ontrary, at 'tit mooment" ty ,fau
t toasting (eatjs Pueuesssou' th the
I sentiment 'Our heat, the tlon. Ana
d Paoket---ma' his success i,. the psat
* e hel I psd byhis sdecess% they fa
d tote.' TPhe one Al roetebets that
& Geavy wa den t.ruaiise %f Sliak.
5 s dttabordiun enatotineatly qo)
Pf e derats tbir ght, awadid 'os4
is ~hem thousands of needless lost lived
y at Gettysburg."
Ort. Josternl E'. JOiINSON.-As hai
been tannliounced through the publi
prints, this eminent citizen has recent
,y bnvisitor to this State, havin
st~iourned for several days at Trao
City, at University place, (the .sent o
the Epscp l Uiversity of th(
South,) atld in Warren County, tih
g ost of Gon. B. 1. Htill, formerl
Provost Marshal-Oonoral of tho Con
federato a'ny of tho South-wes
while under his command. It wa
greatiy desired that ho should extent
his visit to the capital, but tho naturc
of his engagements forbado, and hi
has returned to his home.
We were inform ed, on yesterday
that during his staly In the mloulltains
0(onl. Johnston was approached ol th<
subject of becoming a citiion of Ten
nessee, und that fil Ihformal tende
Was mado to him of the presidency o
the University of N-ahvillo ; or ti
least that the matter was presonted
for his consideratloti
We but speak the sentiment of th<
citizens of Nashville in saying that
under the presidency of Gon. Joseph
1. Johnston, the Univ'ersity wouh
timmedlately take rank with the firs
institutions of learning in the South
nay, outrank them aill ; and In tim
would securo a patronago wihiel
would onable it to colipeto with tih
older institutions of tho Eastori
Sta tes.- Mash rille Union.
We protest. Gen11. Jolilston is too
good a citizen for Savannah to spar<
him. Ho has a lucrative positior
hore, we believe lho is contented wit1
his new home, and we hope lie will
allow no one to sedueo him Ulcavo it
- Sa.van nahc Repucb. ian.
DEATII OF Ex Gov. \VOnTI.-V<
learn from the Raleigh papers thai
Jonathan Worth, 1Fx-Governor of
North Carolina, died at his resideno<
in that city, on Sunday night, at I 1
o'clock, after a lingering and painfu
illness, aged nearly 67,
The Sentinel, in speaking of hir
"It is not our purpose to attempt a
lengthened eulogy on the life and
character of this greatly csteemed
citizen, and, for a number of years
highly honored public servant of out
8tate, but leave this meluncholy dut,
to the pen of som1e one bettor quwkli
fled for the task, In all the relation
of husband, father, neighbor and citi.
zen, he had the love, esteom and eon.
fidence of all with whom he was eon.
nected. As a public officer, his hon
esty, probity, modera'ion and firm
ness, were known and read of all men
Holding the most responsible posit ion
in the Financial and Executive D.
parts of our State government, at a
time the most eritical in our history
when obatacles and difficulties nol
met with in ordinary times were to b<
daily encountered and overcome, he
discharged his duties with unwontet
fidelity and almost universal satisfac
tion, and cnme out with garmentt
unstained, and a name oni whiuh th<
breath of slander dared not breathe
The remarkablo sormon of the ven
erable Father Hyacinth, and for th<
delivery of which he has been sumn
moned to Ibmne, concludes with th<
following strong sentences : "Da yoi
know the way Prussia triumphed ii
the field of battle? 'Twas not bi
cause there was alack of bravery ot
either aide ; it was not the effect o
that isondrous weapon, for the aeqri
sition~ of which men arc now so eager
but it was because the assailant wa
better educated than the assailed, an<
bad a superior religious training ;i
was because every Prussian soldie
had a Bible in his ersp or hamlet. I,
other places I have asserted, and
assert it ogain here, that which eon
atitutes the strength of Protestan
nations is, that when the people coin
from their work, they ontor the famni
ly circle, and sitting by their hearths
read the Bible and the national poe
try. We are behinid-hand with Pro
testant nations, anid especially with
those that dwell beyond the Atlanti,
and the Straits of Dover. I havy
trodden E~nglish soil on -two occnsions
and have come to the conviction tha
the strength of that country is froa
Southern plantera have been mak
ing efforts to scure labor in Virginis
but thus far, without success, th<
darkies not oaring to go so far frem
home, Of available labor, there I
a scarcity in most of the cotton grew
I lag 8tates at present ; but the pliant
era are very sanguine with regard t
imnportation of coolies, and say tha
Iwhen they can secure a' suffioiency c
thin class of labo'r, a few yeam's wil
mahe them aleher than they eter Wer
CRors IN E~A5T 7:CNNse~.-A Ioi
ter frowg Morristown,'t'ennessee, date
Sept ernb er 3, safs :"Our crop proi
poets are bettor than -was thougl
they ceuld be ten . days ago,- and w
shal bvo cora to,,parm pand san abut
damie. of dep aend o~ta to, shig.'"
Sellersq 4'th, hapfldsa,potitipp j1
bd~ygpe from her. husb4,qdK
Charlotte, at an~ early day, a soho
fror young mnn
Ouni Du.ik-ric A LANc.-Does
not tho radical party in South Caroli
- na derive aid and comfort aini confi.
r dence from its connection with the
general radical party ? It ceortaInly
I does. And we tako it that it is tot
the less truo that the anti-radicalists
of South Carolina would derivo no
little advantage fron finding themi
solves in accord with a body of 11en1
North, South, East, and West, haviig
Ia common purpose and a common
banner. 1lence it is that, in our opin
ion, our "Domocratio alliance," to
which we have before refer red, is not
a suggestion to bo contemptuously
thrust aside. That "third party"
movement is very far from being a
SUCCC8s. The elements that go to
compose it, aro yet floating in empty
space. And who knows but that they
may yet quietly enter the Democratic
mass, onlarging, and strengthening,
and vitalizing it-leavening the lumtip
if you please. Who knows but that
the Now York Hera(: may not be
right andisagacious when it suggests
that all opposition to radiCulisin mlt
conceitrate in the Dentc-aic organiza
tion, or else le frillered away. Our
hope is, that the Democratic party
will wisely adjust itself to the circum
slanees around it, and be a party for
fthe country, and the whole country.
(Our hope is, that it may stop out to
resono the land from the reckless rule
of the reigning power. If it, shall
1come up to the measure of its duties
and responsibilitiew, who can say but
that the nm111o of /kmocrat ma1y not
yet be a pleasant one in the ears of a
united country.- /'nix
Tn : CA 1.11n Eii.A IC-110N.-SUn
Francisco, September i.-Thro is
unusual delav in counting the vote in
the city. The Inde londento have
elected Selby, mayor; lanoa, county
clerk , Freeman, fire commissioner;
three superviors and three school
The Democrats have oleeted White,
sheriff; H iggins, iooorder; Klopen
burg, treasurer ; .Rosenheim, assesor;
hrarn, district attorney ; aud Marks,
hat bor commissioner.
The Independents claim that they
hvve broken the "ring" in the board
of ku mi iw; det royed the 'parti.
*au .4c . the polico dbpatb.
nit ; preventrd the fire dopartiuent
from becoming a political machine
and achieved a great victory.
The Democrats ihave carried every
thing in S fir n nd Nevada coun
tios, uu it 1 1 R. . ~ lepublican.
Ilon. W . .1. , J.., ..,; been oloot
ed to the State Senato from Calveras
county. It is asserted that his father
is an aspirant for Mr. Cole's place in
the United States Senate.
It is statod that Governor Iaight
claims that two'thirds of the Logisla
ture elected are Democrats.
By inspection it Canl be oasily die
covered that tiese fields, whose own.
era complain so much about the blight
ing effet of dry weather, have not
been plowed any timto during the year
deeper than two inches-below the
the ground is as hard- aind compact an
in the maiden state. Who, then,
skilled in agricultural science enough
even to follow farming as a business,
could expect any other result upon
ill-prepared land? h'e lands, judg
mug from every surroundings appear
ance, are productive ; the weeds and
grass have a luxuriant atppearance.
Near Anderson Court Ihouse, whecre
the fatrmers have been itnproving upon
the old semi-barbarous system of
agrieultture,by deep and thorough Cul
ture in the s prink season, whten such
is so esetntial1, although their lands are
niot so good as those of A bbeville, the
crops have qjuite a difkhront appear
ance. Both corn and cotton
are good. Why is this difference?
It, cannot be accounted for in the' sa
sons i therefore it can~only be in the
cultur.-Co0r. S. C. Repu~rbi-can.
A Pavina Cnor.--A great many of
the people in South Carolina are not
aware of a new enterprise in upper
South Carolina. There is a sorgo
sugar manufacturing company located
at Greenville, 8. C. I have seen sami
ples of sugar manufactured from the
sorghum (Chinese osne) thbat would
c lass with the best light brow~n sold in
Charleston. From gentieotden in New
berry, who are making the stigai- un
der thits new patent, I I lrnu the-foh'
s lowing facts as to whagt one .aere of
ordinar-y Jan'] will produop:, Ope
- t.housand pounds fodder, worth, ez
, fiiteen dollars; fil huldetpu
t sugard wdrth eighitben'dollat ptel' Owth
f twentyfiw'o gallons sytup,'.*orth, onle
1 -ld)llar per gallont-t o ,eod 'on the
c ane being equatl to freon buebels oj
corta for bogs. Some will soy ffreer;
dollars for fodder, twentytvidbltare
and IEfty cents for, oa'no seed, one,bus
~dred and eiglht doIIars fox sugarma.nd
-twenty -five olhtlgior syyp p,.w pkipg
t atota ofe 1andid and' sovent
o ddllars 'and fiftyv deht4 bfdfiede
-land.'. We ink that ottlereCrop c
thin elay lands caia equalthis~t A C'ap
s Didkens says I 'Ihakkcnewm %vs
,oquattitles of: ndusensO .4 tdktd a
bad men not, lookinglyousin the'ifs
,Don't trust that conversational ides
n* Dishonesty will stare honesty ou6 c
ol countenance any day in the week, I
there Is anything to be got be It.
SITIOUS CoxFLAOn.ATION IN THE
DISMA. SWAMP.--ishinyton, Au
gust 30.-Tho following has been
received from Richmond: A destruo.
tive conflagration is raging in the
Dismal Swamp in this State, the or1
gin being accidental. Miles of feno
ing, oor( wood and other property ard
boing destroyed. The area of the
conflagration is confined to the territo
ry between the Norfolk and Peters
burg IRailroad and the Seaboard and
Roanoko Railroad, abo si ght miles
from Norfolk, and the passing traln
are exposed to such an extent that the
doors and windows are tightly sccur;
ed to provent injury to the passon
gorr. Swamnp cattle, black bears and
till sorts of wild game are being driv
on from the Swamp, and the farmers
are snduring largo quantities. Tho
vicinity of now libro factories ort the
verge of the Swamp is particularly
endangered. The conilagrations ooour
frequently during severe dry .spells,
but on this occasion the fire is unpre
SENSATION IN'TIlE WEALTHY CIRCLE..
The following has been received from
About the middle of the present
mnonth W. (. Ooorgo died in this city,
intestate, leaving an estate Valued af
$100,000, to which their soveral blood
relations claiming heirship. He was
understood here to be unmarried ;
hut, to the surprise of everybody, a
Philadelphia lawyer has inade his
appearanco here to-day and ereated a
sonsation in legal circles by exhibiting
what purported to be a certificate of.
the marriage of deceased to a colored
woman, formerly of Richmond b b,
since the war a resident of PidadeI
phia. Tius woman has grown chilt
dreti, nearly white, of whom, it ii
claimed, the deceased was a father.
The marriago between the parties, it.
is averred, was solemnized some $hnW
last year. The relatives and fgends
of the deceased deny that any such
inarriage ever took place, and, as the.
wonian is bold in the assertion of her
claims as widow 9f..tb deoeasesO and
that the alleged marriage made the
children legitimate, a suit will doubi
less follow in the Uifted States Odurt,
where the details of this novl ad
sensational cane, even' to' the mibutesg
particular,, will be fully ventilated.
"oTl~'N FACTORY IN NASHVILLE.-a
The Nashville (Tenn.) Banner says
"The establishment of a Mama
moth cotton manufactory, which fia~s
during the past three months, been
0gtating the minds of the capitalists
of our city, is now beyond a perad
venture. The last dollar of the
.$,300,UOO stock ,required has Ven
subsoribod. The stockholders repre-.
sent some of the strongest moneyed
and energetic business men of gash'
ville. The manufactory will be 1o
cated on eighteen acres of ground, iri.
eluding the MuGavook Spring, denot.
ed by the North Nashville Land Oom
pany. It is a litttle sinltar that
upon the very spot where, in 17,
the pioneers first pitched"their tents,
built their stockades to resist the con,
stant invasions of the Indians, cleared
their first land, and raised their firat
crops, so gigantic and industrial a
concern as projected shoud be orect
Tnu,r,a wN -rirv P, 0.01'P.-W o earn,
says the Darilington .O'embc at, that
the colored Methodist congregtfon fn
this place is aboa6 to split, and a new
church is to be erected by the sece.
ders. They have been paying money
by the hat full to Whiitemore, and
were under the .angreeable, delusion
that it would be "all right." -Now,
that sanctimonious swindler, tells
them that the church belongs to some
Northern organization, and that they
also own the congregation ; in other
Iwords, have complete control of their
thoughts and. piirses. The 'sensible
colored people,, who dont wish to be
slaves of the "carpet bag," are flea,
ing the concoern. We have A1ways
thought theIr eye. would be opened
some day, and hope they -will soon
drive the rascally. "oarpet-.baggere"
from the 8tate.
FFIMA t, O01,ONVf FOR N6TSotru1othd
AA.-We learn fromn the aWarrentou'
(N. 0.) Piesent, that'four negroawomouI
and one nero zman woeontciopod t
the Iast W~arron county court to.
ishmecnt fo South Caroflnd, "#tb th6
T verbal promnise -of: a "beiwy ' potialt/y
s1 hould they ,evous ahown'ftbetr ftoda'f
mnentwe wasipogod attCie: t4 ji
l1cfoepthbe dounty Oourt,. ,
I *loir'wifl; the Ald't'$deSi
thatt ie fhtmay rMsdallt4 -If shhIe/kr
with inter~at ;by banishinghes,tegune
to North Carolina.m.ipach~ , a .j.
oU~Htate~ WIvase, we heg~ 1
snob bnrfon' cuotone9 ,faeWuide
cs, p14tJvi aloeung pggueg.s
osesI eis rem.ioved1"
Woe plt thttth C M ##
pa~per, in tall $tt q s oef~nti
f Radicalisenrpure anid uimple. .har