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THE :FAIRFIED HERALD
WINNSBORO, S. U.
Wednesday Morning, Sept. 29, 1869.:
Desporios, Wlliams & Co., Props
NiggepolR9y po1ned fbr the Phoenix.
We 'ldd thint' the rsultsof the
election of Grant being now conceded
alji prealalped by the Democratic
Pross of South Carolina, the so-called
)e6ifoorptio party of South Carolina
bihs stepped upon the platform of the
sodallpd .third party. as advocated by
the WVinntboro News, and is in reality
a onservative ,Republican party, that
clinge, with a delusivo 110po that 1na
tional Democratic polities ern aid it,
to a name most unpopular with the
eighty thousand black voters in the
State, who surely cannot be orpectod
to show more lntelligence as to names
not meaning things, than tho very
loaders of Democracy, whon acknowl
edging that things havo ohange,1, but
insisting that namens should renain.
2. We hold that the anti-radical
party (the paper of largest circulation
iu the State has suggested tho name,
though Vo' would prefer not a noga
tivo, but a positive name, such as
Jibeyal or Liberal RIei)ublican,) he
ing now a republican party, acknowl
edging all the just rights of the nogroe,
'hould now study the science of "nig
goology." By "niggerology" we
mean the study of the negroc character
with the 0lesign of conciliating the no
gtoo voto. Hitherto we could not
even cominenco the study. -But now,
the black man's rights being conceded,
wo defy the carpot-bagger incondiary
to mako a single bid for the support of
the black man, that we, if we will
only first exalnino that bid closely,
cannot honorably and offectually over
bid. The land commission bid, for
instance. It really seems to b)e the
main dependence of the Radicals.
But it is clear we can manage that.
The lame editorial of the South Caro
lina RepublcNan, in reply to our pro
p6sed method of dealing with that
cunning clap-trap, is sigiificant.
It is said that our open proclaia
tion of our programme "has united
the Radicals.' It cannot be meant
the suffraguns, but the politicians and
(ofioe-holder8. There must be power
in a : programme, that alarms and
unites the offio-holdors. Perhaps,
to, it i6y restraiA them tis winter,
to somb extent at least. It way make
soveral that we could mention bid for
fifty thousand votes. We are willing
to join with such as show respect for
our just rights, when it is in thoii
powor'to trample them. We propose
to watehi closely..
8. We believe that the next consus
will open ojos of Liao South to heci
natural allianico with tile intensely ro.
publican Western States. We should
like to see the poor, plucked, and to be
plucked, South earnestly attoud tc
State Govertonent, therefore, and, in
dopoident of all presont national par.
t~y organisations, quietly watching ani
Waiting on futuro events.
A4. In oolusion, we cannot comnplai
If 'the intended fun and humor o
some'of our remarks are conistruei
gravely and seriously, instead of be.
ing heartily Jaughed over and enjoy,
ed even by opponents. This is a mer<
mnattet' of taste.
W~hy,niot to know' the meaning of nig
gorology--that latest and most inter
esting of seiencos, that even Hiuni
boldt didn't live to see 1 We hai
thought the Plivnix wa~s really ir
earnest in advocating "a pioro practi,
oal, oduoation for the South?" but10o
it looks dorbtfully at one of tht
primary branches, the most practica
of all fog' tots years to come. A po
litical loader in South Carolina in 69
lgnoringinIggerology I Why, a doe
tor 'Could'as soon ignore Chemistry ; o'
a divino, the E~pistles of St. Paul
It is th'o most util of the ologios
either for runningy a plantaation, or foi
s-nraing for the hiogislaturo. Shame
If yankees continue to beat us at thl,
sco9noe i We have every natural ad
.vantage, and ougbt to take "first lhon
or" ; the yaukses tnay como in for thi
Weaenot disposed to be unfall
ehftio Dr. 86ott, and tv-ould not havi
6ot~&to his othertation to the no
g9to 4emanrId higher wages," ii
,Ji hde Ite5ame time, exhorted
h~to better', more skilful, anm
'90 t~adt w~k, Hligh -enges anm
t mfo neong th<
- 9N :99 I; ,thp'4rue test of nai
tienahrogressalbAteah only be at
taine-d'byildt.lgence ahd- persistent
inQ a nma
U~et emigda principl<
10anbienl ddvifo abor?'
N'foV tomW~hfdkrm that"i.l toa les
Neffrd it ifA tTofioally it
d ivisi 0i oflabor, bakd by a 414. Ur
cientp'itlag of capital, wo Ieannot qb
Jet. fluti to antal1 farms qa under- A
stod by the negroes, with griouIlturo
carried back to its primitive and least in
profitable stago, and worked by a soil- V
tary laborer with a solitary skeleton at
of a mule, or a bull-calf, on the five es
hour syston, every true patriot and h
intelligent man must object. They as
can neversustain theinsolves through m
a single unfavorablo season, much less he
increase the comfort, or add to the wi
prosperity of the laborer. Scientific dr
culture demands a combination of ni
powerful forces and several laborers W1
to manage them, as well as intelli.
gent direction, backed by a suflicient
outlay of capital. And it is to scien
tifio agriculturo demanding harmony i
and mutual dependence, that the to
iniedsof all agriculturalistsashould be an
turned as the ineans of bottering the to
condition of all. Mutual depondence th
i. the law of progress -the cause, as oIl
well the effect, of high civilization. Iy
The deep fallacy of much that is h (
wriiten upon the subject of "small 09
farms the need of the country" thus be
plainly appears. If smaller farins i
cairied with them the certainty of
more thorough and skilful tillage, fa<
they would be dosirable.. But ar
just it )resent, ithey d,) not ; and the to
unreasoning imsinet of the landhold- co
or leading him to hold on to his land, th
until a really soientific farmer is will. ey
ig to come and offer him a high t
price for it, and even then to make lot,
money by buying it, is just one of ge
those conservative forcos of nature, of th
which a deep observer will not com. "
plain. Improve your agriculture, f
and wages would rise, and land in- .
crense in value, and land-owners be thi
be willing to sell, and small farms to
would be plentiful. Lot the labor be. '
comoe more skilful, and let it be under th
more intelligent direction-there is re
the root to strike at, Dr. Scott. de
'8mall farms" and ' Labor Unions," th
without this, are the merest delusions, ti
and will prove the bitterest disap- tl
pointments, for they cannot in them- w!
selves bring higher wages, or greater de
profits to the laborer. ac
Apathy-Its Meaning. Wi
Great changes have taken and are is
taking place in our social industrial Ot
and political system, and the only a
choioo left us is, to take part in and
modify them, or to leave them alone o%
to be carried to their extreme by by
radioals. The apathy of our people thd
means, that these changes are d istaste
ful to them, that they can take no n<
earnest or enthusiastio part in them, hl
that they nauseate them, and that it. so
is useloss,thorefore, to urge thom tv P
take part in them and modify then S1
for the better. This is allvory na- th
tural. But it is not wise. To do b<
nothing ourselves, Is to permit a great W
deal to be done for us and our clil
dren. The result will be the untram
moled triumph and free course of ox. it,
tromoe radicalism. With the knowi- h<
edgeoof these facts and the expecta- le
tion of such a result before us, we yet
are calm and hopeful. We frankly say ,
it--we do not expect tho'poople of the ~
State to adopt thod istateful line of con- G
duet we have recommended with any a
earnestness until 1874. Meanwhile, .
many matters of the utmost imupor- d
tance wvill have quietly regulated and C<n
bettered thomselves. Immigration, ii
for instance, will have begun to be en-d
couraged and understood; a more sei- eo
entifie agriculture, to be practised; and 4
a fuller sense of the mutual depend. Si
oniec of all classes of our society and ir
the wisdom of harmony of action be. 0<
tween them, to be realized and to cI
Oharleston Survivors' Assooiation, b
One objeot of the meeting of the
Fairfield Soldiers' Relief Assooistion
next Monday, is to send delegates to
a Convention to be held in Colnmbia o
at the suggestion of the Charleston s
Survivors' Association. The objet n
proposed by the convention, is to take iv
steps for the presorvatio~n of a truth- E
ful record of the part played by the "
Conferedato forces contributed by
South Carolina during the late eivil *
war. There is, too, a oharitable eb- o1
jeet at the foundation of the move ; cl
viz to assist the orphans of the t<
We would suggest to the meeting (p
of hext Monday the expediency p
of inviting the ladles to form a La
dies Cooperative Relief Assoola
tion, from which the clergy and
such men as never engaged in active ti
service, will not be excluded. This I
Is a wrork of charity. There is very a
little to be gained by It, exeept the"
~pproval of, out consciences trhen tre b)
shall hee doneo whM wq can, The Ae.
-*0oiaion formed 1aet.yoar~ wedad have
dose mwork if ther olergy atid th. las ai
.died lad been drawn in te pagidigate
4 ktivelf iii fuirtlmriulktt bleee #,~r.
"Oh i 'wom~as, is our hours of .esser
ergat o oplae
fo ,d a .
ea n hu wring the brow,
rinest g Ie1,th ,I
But port 8s hattiig takoet to teachl.
I young ladles, -t4e editdr of th4
innsboro Naws is apt to oxagger
D the Itaportange of the gentler sex.
po'lally In niatteri of ubse1Isb
arity. Yet if the gadllnt sgljlir who
Led last year "what have the wo.
)n to do with it 1" will only tell us,
w the world Oduld got along at all
thout "%he women," we will with.
aw our suggestion, and leave the
&tter solely to thq #prat de (.Vurpx.
iere it belongs.
Any one who has read the bh10,l1(1 re
rts of the City of Charlestor', silie
close of the war, cannot have faitled
remark that the nmber of deaths
long the colored pe-)pid, ao d4mpured
those among the waite, has beenl in
proport ion of two to one. This pro.
rtion is, as wOA're infdirmed greater in
ier places; and the qllest-an renturalI
arises, why shoiild this thitag be.
fore the war mortality was abont
3t among both races, but since peace
a beeh re-ostatlished: the negro has
on dying out much more rapidly than
I whito man.
To us the reason seenis to be in' the
t that the colored people, as a ch1a,
! not laboring na earniestly find vigor
ely as they could be compelled to do
procure the necessary comforta wticlh
iduce to health and to I cIgevlty. In.
) competition for bread which we fnd
erywhere, the man who fplia bgl,
.average amounit, of work vhich,
lite man can do in a day, ~mnt at
at want, if he does not starve. Hun
r, poverty, and squalor-the fate of
)8> who fill below this average-are
t favorable to the- birth and-rearing
children, or to the preservation of
alth and life in the adult. They are
a parents of disease and death, and
D race that does not labor suieiently
keep them off must, be constantly
We notice thhi startclng fact, in orde-r
rat our colored p-ople may seek a
nedy. We aret interested not in th
struction, btt in the preservation of
a race. L.-t the Radical iianufak
rers of opitnion anong the colored poo
) attempt, to poison thir minds as
ey will, the day is not far distant
ion they will se-n that they leave been
luded by vile demiangogues, anxinus to
cumnlate phinder at the expensie of
a white and black man alike. They
11 soon see, as we see, that each ;race
interested in the prosperity of tihe
her. Every indcttrious laborer-is an
ditional source of strength to' any
untry, it matters not what mae he his
lor, nativity, or hiq religion. ' Every
rner of capital, every posse--sor of
am, honestly applied, adds pocwer to
n State and furnishes what labor re
ires, and what labor will produce.
iving side by side, the..White man can
>t spare the black man, nor can the.
ack man do without those who poq
as the soil, the capital, apd a great
rt -A the education and intellect of the
The remedy for this mortality among
e colored pepulation of the State is to
found in work, hiardi and steady
ok, united with prudence anid frncgahc
.By means. of habeir and economy
e material concdinmon of the race will
inmpoved, and with iniprokrement id
material condition wcllI come better
~alth, increase of birth~s and .greater
PLATronat op Naw Ydnic DnrtoonA
r.-General Slocum is nmeciconed .for
mporary President -and Lid'ntenant
overtnor Beachy will be Miade Py'rj
The platform will be rather conserva
ye. It will not go so far as the Ohio
amocratie platform, nor .will it. be a
>py of that of the Massaohusettes de
ocracy. Its leadinig points will be a
itmand for the restoration of the South
n States, general aminestv, a fulfilment
the obligations -of -the 'cobctract .with
gard to the govethment bonds, .oppo
tion to the ptoposed flfteenth amend'
ent, opposition to the amended State
mnatitution, excepting the erticle .con-.
'rig the judiciary..- Theje Is general
od feeling among the delegates, with
larger shnre of conadeo than ban
een witnessed at a Dreocratic Stats
onvetiti for years. --cse iYorkc
Jay Cookeididia nice thing this sum
er. As the world knows ,he hpas a
>dehdid estate at Puta4n- Bay Islands.
[o invited a large fimbo? pf clergy
ien to vist himn and spend a few weeks
boating, Bshiine atid othier recreations.
[e did not invite fashcioniable clergymen
tlh large salaries and great fame. .He
alected lowly mincisters-,-mean who eke
it a scanty livelihood otn stal-valion
larn, agents of ben.folent societies
ra poor pay, and city missionaries who
mnnot travel, anid who have no nioney
spend at fashionable waterin~g places
rr. Cook paid all the erpenses of trans
3rtation, made these clerical gentlemen
ary ha py,;and put thoney Into tielr
The Ulnlieity trnuse thicken.
0now hear that- lr. Joseph 4;
ones has declined thte chair of~cetecig
v to ,which lie had been elected. ~The
'amnu tells us tha6 Dr. hi ackey's -une
'ihlngnesa to join th e Univerusi .w
aot that he loved Crosrr leschbut.
c loves Ienie mor. Whiqi-I
ome ?"-CAkprken cNe.ws.
I Misslpina Ia ananA p) ig
HAvy WB a Oif so,
tould resp&fi ' Mr.
<~enia,the fIow quebt
bih, hold anIoe iq i A talative
and one in the g*eo4tive Department ?
How oan the General Asembly
'Inorease the compensation of one of
its. qw .b ers?. (Mr. Moses.).
How can the Le51slature pass Acts
re)ati g rtp ',re than "one subject "
Ho a the Legislature pass Aots,
the subjoote., of which are not "ex.
press#d1itfik title 1"'.
How can the Legislature pass Acts
aontracting public debts, which do not
receive "the vote of two-thirds of the
smembers of each branch "
Ilow can the Judcges.grant divorces,
before the mode and causes allowable
h've beezi "prescribcd by law ?"
How cau our Suprone and Circuit
Judges fai to filo 'their dedisions
tbin sixty days fromi the hat day 'of
ho t,-M f o the Courit aV which the
auses we, heard ?"
How oanth iLegial~aturo pabs Acts
which make "distitiQ On account' of
How oiRB taxes be laid i:ot "upon
,he actual value of the propertY tax
How ein the Legislature contei
apon the Governor the power to ap.
point to offiaes, which, the Constitu
tiou provides, must be filled "by elo
We pause for a reply. When an
1wored, yoq will hear, again from
[P11 n ix.
A MAN BuIo ALivE.-A laborer,
mamed Carter, was employed to go
tbwn to the bottom of a well, on Long
[land, for the purpose of fixing the
pump. lie had just completed his
work and was about to descend, when
the well suddenly caved and buried
him from sight at a distance of nearly
rorty-foet.from the surface. A large
tnumber of men immediately volunteer
ed for the purpose of digging him out,
but no one believed he would be found
dive, as soveral tons of earth and
stone had filled the well. The work
was prosecuted with vigor all night,
the workmen finding it necesaary to
"shore" up the well as they descend
ed. Thursday moruing the men at
work were startled by hearing the
man at the bottom of the well calling
for them to hurry up, as he was at the
bottom knee deep in water, and close
ly wedged in' 6n all sides, and unable
to move. A two-inh iron pipe was
immediately run down to him, and by
this means he was supplied with air,
and the workmen were enabled to
converse wiAV hiii. It seems that the
well, ino4vipg. in, formed an arch
im atediately ibove -his head,. Addi
tiofial gans bF men volunteered, who
workq oaletlly all day, but Thurs
day.,ijht aqt.cedd in reach
ing him. Ti onfortunate man had
been in the yell over thirty hours
without food. lie only complained of
being very sleepy.
Ku KLUX IN WaSUONSIN-MURnER
ER HANGED DY A .e.-In Portage
City, WI., .on Thursday, William
Spain, lawyeay add Barney Britt, far.
met met in tbe'street and renewed a
qUarrol thatiihd its origin when they
wee em sof theNinetenth Wis
coia- RAw n en s A t r t e a
a revolver, and on meeting Britt again
soon after wird shot and almost instant
lykilled hini, scarcely a word being
exchanged~ '8pain then deliberately
walked dowd the street, flourishing
his revolver, closely followed by Mar
shal Hiokey, who arrested him. While
he was passing up the street again an
excited crowd of people followed, and
when opposite the A merican express
office a general onslaught was made
upon the prisoner. The excitement
increased fearfully, and cries of "Hang
him," "Hang him," r-ent the siir. The
c~rowd soon increased at the Ex presa
uffic6 td the niutbei' of one hundred,
who took the prisoner in thieir posses.
slon, placed's rope about his neck and
dragged him to th e nearest tree, be
low the Ellsworth House, and hanged
A Washington letter to the Balti
more Gacaxe says; "The RtadioshE
at'a despairing of.th eFifteeth Amend.
ment. Governor Senter's organ, the
Nashville Press and .Timnes, is out in
doubleeaded leader spredioting thai
the new Legielatute *111 repeol Ten.
nessee's ratifloation of the Fifteenth
amendment,. Before the final ratifi.
cation ofan -anaendment to the Con,
stltitton off ihe Unitied Statee by the
re'qujired threefourtbs, any'. State,
whichbhaa passed a ratification ordi.
nance, may rightfully repeal it. 'Thu
doctrine was broadly stated in .th<
Senate -n1086f, by Hong: RBeverdy
Johnson,.aty.d its correctness not de.
nied by a sigle Radical senator. The
only pointmade was that, after at
amendmwent lhad been legally deolared
adopted, aeState could not reverse iti
action.e Doubtless,' whenever the
cotultry shall be restored to the away
of the conatitutioth' the Fourteenth
amnpdment (ao.ealled) will be' ignor
ad, togefhevtwith all the. reconstruc
tiott laws 4( Congtees.. This oertarit
result is tIle only .gitarented 6f; the
political lIbrIss: of the Southand
Indeed, of'?. Aoustrtt -large.
IM?0PoA tORlK , PnOPOS$D Jr
SOUTst'AI fa.1..-It ib propoued t<
out at oon ft"n th' f akeabf 864Iit
the Ashle ~Jer tot i I lor
asy ak s~tii eo bh ho atty
foauly Iet,, The oosl
* *I~a I~-.S 9O , an I'
LIttth, op~abl brghe thE
meada da t ofs. hiue.
W li ur ork 00d)04 ares
b.o No nYrk '0 , y ton
thous freiblj y i or .Clineso
would have no difiotly j, nding
kitohin work, ch ber workaqu 6otor
household service to p rforul so high
aro the expectations t lat, have .boon
formod of their intelligence, industry
We soo it stated also that a lead
ing merchant of Now Orleans has just
gone out to Chiuaz as the representa
Live of a number of commercial
houses in that city to establish a lab. r
agency at Hong Kong, Pekin or soime
other advantageous .point. He will
beaeompiaiied by a Chinaman of ex
porience in the business, uad will vis
it the various agricultural districts of
China, to find which will furnish the
best and cheapest labor for the cotton
and sugar fields of Louisinua. His
first inmportation, to meot the expen
ses of which lio and his correspondents
are fully prepared, will be from three
hundred to 'five hundred hands.
Similar movements, as the readers of
the Yews have been informed, are go.
ing on in behalf of our own and other
sections of the South ; and ore many
weeks we expect to herald the arrival
of the first consigninenut of the coming
I pigtails.- Char. Kees
Mrs. (-noral Rawlins was captured
in Vioksburg !)V the late Secretary of
War, and subsoqiently became the
wife of her o6'ptor. - it seems that
prior to the commiLcement of hostili
ties that lady went Soath, in the capa
city of governess in one of the best
families, and remained thus eimp!0YOd
after the war begun, was shut up :Q
Vicksburg during the siege of that
city by General 0 rant, and was among
those who surrendered. Ocneral
Rawlins then saw her for the first
time. Tihe house occupied by her was
taken possession of by General Raw
lins, the lady still remaining in it.
Intercourse aid friondly relations
were established, and soon the Gene
ral found that instead of capturing
the enemy, the enemy had really eap
tured him. The fair lady went North,
and not long after the general follow
ed-all ending in the general proffering
his heart and hand and the lady ao
cepting the same.
JAiES' TWIN COTToN.-An Alaba.
ma paper thus described this new
species of cotton: "This variety of
cotton, which is to give fame and for
tune to its discoverer, if it shall stand
thle test of. succe.fal experiment, has
bolls considderaiy larger than ordin.
ry cotton, and a staple longer than
the Peeler. One striking peculiarity
of this variety consists in the fact that
the stalks have no limbs. The cotton
breaks out in clusters from the stalk,
and sometimes there are from seven to
ten bolls in a cluster. INL. James is
confident that he can gather four bales
from one acre of this cotton. le has
no seed .to upare, as lie had but.thir
teen rows planted ; but from these he
intends to select the best seed, add
next year, if his cotton proves to be
as good as he thinks it will, he will
introduce the seed."
NEcno RIOT tN ALABADIA.-The
papers chronicle a riot at Wilson's
Station, on the Montgomery and Eu
faula . Rail Rad. Two negro men
atteked Mr. Charles MieDade, and
the latter killed one of them with a
knife. 1AleDaide then surrendered
himself, and while on trial before an
examning Court, the negroes broke
up the Court, and by last accounts
hold McDade and the S3heriff beleag
ucred in a house which they weie
threatening to burn. The Sheriff was
anxiously awaiting the arrival ofa
detachment of troops which had been
sent, to take him and his prisoner out
Qf the hands of the infuriated A fri
TIIE Poon SOUrh--A Washington
letter tolls how the South is to be
."The prosperity of the South war
rants the statemeut that the internal
revenue receipts from that section will
be nearly fifty per cent. greater for
the present fiscal year than for the
last year. Among the modifications
of the revenue law that will undoubt
edly be recommended to the necxt
Congress will be a tax of one gent per
pound on cotton. It is believed that
such a tax will yield fully fifteen
Imillions of dollars for a year. This
it is presumed is cogitated with a
view of relieving northern man ufac
tures, and would find favor with con
gressmen to the extent of. enabling
them to repeal that portion of the law
Impoing special taxes.
i dndleton, f9ear, will be beaten in
Olio, if the* Republican bankers are
not stopped from sending money into
that State. They have actually gone
around with the hat among foreign
banke aM'd bondholders to beat Pen..
dheton, and have succeeded in collect
ing a large stum, which is almost daily
.transmaitted to the Buceye State,
and they have promises of more, only
tojeofeat the greenback candidate,
hear of no Democratic nmovement to
offset the 'abuse. From Pennsylvania
theo pues is more cheering. Asa Pack
er Is' In a fair wray of being elected by
* handsomne majority, though a ~cod
deal of work will lmat'e to be $pne
during the next three weeks.-Cor.
* No PEA C IN RoDIE~-Le~don, Sept.
Sa-The London 'Jeraph estimates
the declaration of Fther- Hyacinthe
as~mnerely one of the mnany manIfest*
p long tevealIng the coin motion ini the
RomnaAihoig Church, whioh lomis
es toemk 4he IumdnicalCounell
the, ocoasiont of aiyiig but epiritual
orh'ma e don Natupd
Suabscribis io ui'e .in arrotirs fo~r
the Ni's wil grqatly ,bllgg 0slY pay.
ing at the carliust moment possible.
We will soonl comince another new
Volume. Unless those who are owing
us pay up, (and wonean particularly
those residing in town,) the visits of
the NBws to their homes will be dis
John Robinson Coming South,
John Robinson's great cireus and
menagerie is now in Virginia. A
correspondent of the New Yo-k Clip
per says, thlat. it will be in Charleston,
S. C., in October.
The alarm vf fire was given about
12 o'clock on Sunday last, it was
found to proceed from Mrs. McMaster
Hotel. By the timely arrival of soine
of the boardeis the fire was oxtin.
guished with very little damage,
The partioular .attention of on-r
readers is directed to the notice in
another column of the cotolidation
of Charlotte, Columbia and Atigusta;
Railroad. They are now prepared to,
issue certificates of Stock.. Read it.
Now Store-B. C. Rosborough.
Rend the notices ol Kotchin,. M'c.
Master & Brice, "For Carriage mual
era," "New Books," "Fiesh Crack
A i:cw eupply of Plain Gold Rings,
Sleeve arud Shirt Buttons, &c., at
Ladd Bros. & Co., are now receiv
ing a large stock of.Vall and Winter
Dry Goods, Clothing, Ioots, Shoes and
Hats. Give them a call.
A meeting of the Soldiers .Relief
Association for Fairfield will be held
on the 1st Monday in October next.
All me mbers of the Association and
Confederate Soldiers generally, are
requested to attend, as matters of in
portance will be attended to.
JOHN BRAT-rON, President.
SA'. 1. CrOWNF.Y, Secrotary.
The Barbecue given on Saturday
last by a number of our citizens, and
under the supervision of Mr. T. Mur
phy, was a complete success, every
thing dono up in style.
Cotton continues to cone in-slowly.
Most of our farmers, we are glad to
say, are in a condition to hold their
cotton for botter prices.
Policeman disturbed on Saturday
night by Opossu m hunters. fie threat
ened shooting, if they didn't stop
Our young friend Mo-, th-e
/jnestrhen, who was thrown from his
horse a few days ago, dlid good ser
vice at the fire on Sunday as "Axe
Ku Kluixcs roaming about, one was
seen, a few days slice, the alarm
given, criesi of "landlord I" robbers
ithe house, thieves I thieves ! Ku
Klux eaptured and slightly caned.
The wveather cloudy, with slight
falls of rain. Tfhe wind very high, a
perfect gale Sunday night.
Fall fights about to open, heavy
skirmiehing for the past few days.
Negro conmes to town and draws ra
Lions fromi his employer, and Is rob.
bed on his return home by highway.
Juvenile negro found in a groery
store, at a late hour in the night,
aslecep undelr the counter.
Negro Representative intends open.
ing a store, in the upper part of town.
(Perhaps with a crowbar.)
New buildings in process of con
struction, Lots of wagons coining to
town.. A ll dnos being settled.
Heavy firing- in town nearly every
night. WheVbro is the polic.
Cotton comini lnvery slowly, pri
?es slim, farimo~rs with long faces, the
low price of cotton another yankee
Several droves of horses and mules
in town, they sell freely. Whlere does
the money eomnef'romi ? we have not
been able to see any wvith our
Orir morchants are beginninig to re
ceive theli- falh stock, and if those
who owe us continue to "sport"
around, and don't pay up, we willhave
to banish the idea of getting a "stoye
pipo" hat this fall.
Messrs. Goo. W. Williams & Co.,
Fabtors of our city, have at their of
fice on Hasyne Street, says Charleston
Courie**, some spoolmnens' of cotton
plant groiwn by John C. Maekrell, of
Blaokstook,~ Fairfield County, 8. 0.,
which are suporior specimens of the
rioh growth wh4hh thme cotton plant
may attain 1:nc49, aisfl and splentI
lne onltivation.. Eaok- of those plents
'Lad ati t6a0: aente ,850 bbol., were
raised on lig1tsandy so9, that ~
on rich sroaak ,i.e at e ea
ly fruited. The seed used was of the
Dixon variety, and tho plant was tila
nured with the Carolina Fertilizer.
The Phrenological Journal,
For October is full of entertaining
reading. Among its contents are
George V. Childs the Philadelphia
publisher ; Philip Phillips, the well,
known Singer 5 John A. Aoobling, the
Rinient Civil Engineer ; oorgo L.
lililler, the Omaha editor ; Phronolo.
gy, is it a Scienca I - Armmwers-6 ob-.
jections ; the lbreinologist's Prophe-,
cy Salem Witchcraft-..an elaborata
review.; Our Convlets-what shall ba
done with them I Vaccination--i. it
useful I A new method of Warming
House; the Tiger ; the Chinese
Question 1 6ha1l we have "Celestial"
Laborers I etey with portraits an
other illustrations. Only 3octs. o'
$8 a year. A-dress S. It. Wells,
389 Broadway, N. Y.
The Novel-An Address by the lat
Barnwell S. Stuart, Eag.
This addreas, whihri we begin to'
pubbsh to-day, wasr defvordtf, by re.
qluest of a committee of ladies, to $0
very rarge audience, in Memphis,.
Ttmnesoearr sonsetinio in the year 1867,
and the money collectod for admission
to the liali given to tix widows and
orphans of Conf doeato soldiers..
Some readers may th-1i of the speak
or l-innsilf$, when they remember the
last year of' hiil i'fe id readi the fol
fowing e:ttraot from tile add're.s-: -
"Ile knew too well that "the pur-hi
heart may be fiuneli-liuked," that
the greaiest good iii life nkil 6o per
haps loteve"n to Doe happy.. "Pover
ty, illness, hum-iitionr may be re.
wards and conditions of good, as well'
as that bodily prosperity which all of'
as unconsciously set up for- worship."'
le felt life to bo-*no ilibore,"
* Bft. Iron dug frot ceitral gloor*.
And healed no4 qvith burningMey
And dipped ir baths e- hraaing fear.
And battered with th slh oksf doomn'
To shapo and uo."r
Give the Devil Ris I8ijo -The Radical.
and the University,
We are not disposed to join in the
cry of censure raised by the State
press, upon the Trustees of the Uni
versity. Their choice (arid the color-'
ed Trustees were not present) has
been good. Dr. Jones is said to have -
no superior in the South, and Profes
sor iart has decided merit. Dr. A I
Or. Mackey has written an excellent
book on Fren Masonry, and is more of'
a scholar than some politicians and fa.
voritoa that have been elected in
ties past. Wo are glad, however,.
that lie did not accept. And we are
rejoiced that the Radical organ has.
taken such decided stand in favor-of
separate educational institutions for
the white and blacks. This is all to
be commeanded. Let us give the party
in power the encouragement of a hear. *
ty well-done, when they deserve it
and not weaken the fore of our re
monstrances, or the pers.uasivess of
calmi, intelligent ad inaterested criti
cisnm, by thoughtless anud inidiscrimti
nate censure. We have lie sympathy
with the recklesa abuse so popular
with ninny. If we do not love Dr.
Scot t or the Ilog of Oh io ourselves, it
is because they aic both, the first, in>
seine respects through yanikeo igno
ranco, anid the second, through beast
ly swinishness of nature, incendiaries
obstructIve to the pacification and
harmony of an afiliotod State.
Jewels Set in Rhyms,
W~O commend the following to all
whom it may concern. There is
truth as well as poetry in It, that.
should rink deep into every dehin
quont's heart, anid eause him to come
to time, that lie may enjoy the sweets.
of a conscience void of offense towa rds
the printers and proprietors ?
H-ow happy are they,
Who the printers pay,
And have aquared up for one year or
Tongue cannot express
The groat joy of the pr'ess,
When delinquents have paid the old
Printers all the day long
La bor b ard for a song-.
A fate that is hard all agree
They have worked night and day,
An dof course want their pay,
To buy sugar and coffee and tea.
One could hardly beleve,
What small sams they receive
For the paper addressed to each hnm
B~ut the price Is so small
'That the good people all.
Will pay up for fear of the haie,
Th En~'glish ritlihitio cbnmrehnmen na
excited over ,ths thio decision.ol the
Pope not to receive represent~atives of
their body to seats, eithi privilege of
debato, in the Eumenical Council..
T ~he Mongomery (A.) Mail is au
thiorltf for the statemolit that 'ex-dov
erh1or James L. Orr, in conjuonctoi *ithi
other isnietly :anteriin and
Walkem uth Ogrolina.'
I. onr f nou health, girls.
I)on't mmnd being cajled ."old fogy" be
oanae you ta# 70 urselves up well and
"E~.*%R0 t 9img she Bte